Early Crawford Families in Botetourt County Virginia

A search of my RootsMagic data for the CRAWFORD surname with events occurring in Botetourt County, Virginia produced the following list of families. A search for the CRAWFORD surname with events occurring in Montgomery County, Virginia and/or Augusta County, Virginia still needs to be done.

  • ALEXANDER CRAWFORD / POLLY CARPER
    • Crawford, Alexander (M)
      • Spouse Polly Carper
  • ALEXANDER CRAWFORD / MARY McPHEETERS
    • Spouse: Mary McPheeters
    • Child: Lt. John Crawford (1741-1832) md Margaret Crawford / Sally Newman / Mary Craig
    • Child: William Crawford md Rachel Sawyers
    • Child: Rev. Edward Crawford (1745-1822)
    • Child: Martha Crawford (1752-1823) md Alexander Craig
    • Child: Rev. James Crawford (1752-1803) md Rebecca McPheeters
    • Child: Rebecca Crawford (1753-1841) md Col. John Sawyers
    • Child: Alexander Crawford (1753-1830) md Elizabeth McClure / Elizabeth Hopkins
    • Child: Elizabeth Crawford (1754-?) md Humphreys
    • Child: Robert Crawford (1757-1810) md Sarah Crawford (daughter of George Crawford)
    • Child: Samuel Crawford (1759-1822) md Elizabeth Craig
    • Child: Margaret Crawford (1761-1786)
    • Child: Mary Crawford (1763-1777)
  • Son: Crawford, Lt. John Crawford (1741-1832)
    • Spouse: Sarah “Sally” Newman (1767-1850)
    • Child: John Crawford
    • Child Samuel Crawford md Polly Dudding
    • Child: William Crawford
    • Child: Nancy Crawford (1800-1864)md Leroy Newman
    • Child: Fanny Crawford md Henry Rippetoe
    • Child: James Crawford (1802-1872)md Eleanor “Ellen” Welch and Mary Ann Poage
  • Son: Crawford, Alexander (M)
    • Parents Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters
    • Spouse Elizabeth McClure
    • Child James E. Crawford ( – )
    • Child William Crawford ( – )
    • Child George Crawford ( – )
    • Child Robert Crawford ( – )
    • Child Samuel Crawford ( – )
    • Spouse Elizabeth Hopkins
    • Child Kitty Crawford ( – )
    • Child Sally Crawford ( – )
    • Child Polly Crawford ( – )
    • Child Betsy Crawford ( – )
  • ANDREW CRAWFORD / EUPHUS BATEY
  • Crawford, Andrew (M)
    • Spouse Euphus Batey
    • Child Margaret Crawford (1789- )
    • Child Phoeba Crawford (1789- )
    • Child John Crawford (1789- )
    • Child Theba Crawford (1789- )
    • Child James Crawford (1789- )
    • Child Eunice Crawford (1789- )
  • ANDREW CRAWFORD / AGNES BATEY
  • Crawford, Andrew (M)
    • Spouse Agnes Batey
    • Child Margaret Crawford ( – ) md Elisha Vansant
    • Child James Crawford (1757-1836)md Sarah Vansant
  • Son: Crawford, James (M)
    • Parents Andrew Crawford and Agnes Batey
    • Spouse Sarah Vansant
    • Child Jane Crawford ( -1836)
    • Child Mary Crawford (1787-1865)
    • Child Alexander Crawford (1789-1851)
    • Child Crawford Crawford ( -1836)
    • Child Ann Crawford ( -1836)
    • Child Sarah Crawford (1795-1827)
    • Child John L. Crawford ( -1836)
    • Child Henry Crawford (1790-1835)
    • Child Margery Crawford (1793-1836)
    • Child Josiah Isaiah Crawford (1792-1861)
    • Child Samuel Crawford (1799-1838)
    • Child Joshua Crawford (1804-1836)
  • Grandson: Crawford, Alexander (M)
    • Parents James Crawford and Sarah Vansant
    • Spouse Rebecca Alexander
    • Child Mary Crawford (1813-1842)
    • Child Alexander C. Crawford (1826-1851)
    • Child Thomas Crawford (1828-1902)
    • Child Martha Crawford (1832-1905)
    • Child Rebecca Crawford (1833-1909)
  • ANDREW CRAWFORD / JEMIMA WILSON
  • Crawford, John (M)
    • Parents Andrew Crawford and Jemima Wilson
    • Spouse Mary Weirs
    • Child Mary Jane Crawford (1828- )
    • Child Elizabeth Crawford (1828- )
    • Child George W Crawford (1814-1869)
  • ANDREW CRAWFORD
  • Crawford, Andrew (M)
    • Spouse Unknown
    • Child John Crawford ( – )
    • Child Phoebe Crawford (1782- )
    • Child James Crawford (1795- )
  • DAVID CRAWFORD / ISABELLA MAINE
  • Crawford, James (M)
    • Parents David Crawford and Isabella Maine
    • Spouse Jean Poage
    • Child Ellen Crawford (1799-1841)
    • Child Ann Crawford (1800-1871)
    • Child Jane M Crawford (1795-1854)md James Ledbetter
    • Child James Crawford (1802-1871) md Elisa Deyerle
    • Child Mary Crawford (1792-1844)md Thomas Goodson III
    • Child Samuel Crawford (1791-1879)
  • Daughter: Crawford, Mary (F)
    • Parents James Crawford and Jean Poage
    • Spouse Thomas Goodson III
    • Child Rebecca Goodson (1823-1867)
    • Child Samuel C Goodson (1825- )
    • Child George W. Goodson (1818-1888)
    • Child William Goodson (1828-1860)
    • Child James Goodson (1813- )
    • Child Robert Goodson (1815- )
  • GEORGE NIMROD CRAWFORD / ELIZABETH GRAY
  • Crawford, George Nimrod (M)
    • Spouse Elizabeth Gray
    • Child Madison Beale Crawford (1808-1891)
    • Child Ann Crawford (1810-1880)
    • Child Sarah Crawford (1808-1880)
    • Child Nimrod T Crawford (1802-1865)
  • JAMES CRAWFORD / JEANNE McCLELLAN
  • Crawford, James (M)
    • Spouse Jeanne McClellan
    • Child Jemima Crawford (1808-1836)
    • Child John Crawford (1811-1871)
    • Child James Wilkinson Crawford (1807-1883)
    • Child Nancy Crawford (1811-1834)
    • Child William Crawford (1805- )
    • Child Robert Crawford (1801- )
    • Child Elizabeth Crawford (1802-1834)
  • JAMES CRAWFORD / MARGERY
  • Crawford James (1724-1765
    • Spouse: Margery
    • Child: William Crawford (1748-1809)
    • Child: John Crawford (aft 1748 – 1779)
    • Child: James Crawford (1758-1836)
  • Son: Crawford, James (M)
    • Parents James Crawford and Margery
    • Spouse Rebecca Anderson
    • Child Anne Crawford (1780- )
    • Child William Crawford (1784-1864)
    • Child Mary Crawford (1786-1834)
    • Child Isaac Crawford (1790- )
    • Child James Maxwell Crawford (1790-1856)
    • Child Elizabeth Crawford (1792-1866)
    • Child Jane Crawford (1796- )
    • Child Cynthia Crawford (1802- )
  • Son: Crawford, William (M)
    • Parents James Crawford and Margery
    • Spouse Elizabeth __
    • Child William Crawford (1771-1855)
    • Child William Crawford (1771-1855)
    • Child John Crawford (1774- )
    • Child James Crawford (1782-1839)
    • Child Margaret Crawford (1784- )
    • Child Becky Crawford (1785- )
    • Child Thompson Crawford (1786-1851)
    • Child Robert H. Crawford (1783-1833)
    • Child Nancy Crawford (1790- )
  • JOHN CRAWFORD ISABELLA FULKERSON
  • Son: Crawford, John (M)
    • Parents John Crawford and Isabella Fulkerson
    • Spouse Margaret
    • Child James Crawford ( – )
    • Child William Craford (1774- )
    • Child Samuel Crawford (1777-1854)
    • Child Helen Craford (1770- )
    • Child Janet Craford (1766- )
    • Child William Craford (1768- )
    • Child Forster Crawford ( – )
    • Spouse Margaret Black
  • JOHN CRAWFORD / MARGARET
  • Crawford, John (M)
    • Parents John Crawford
    • Spouse Margaret
    • Child James Crawford (1770- )md Elinor Hunter
    • Child Samuel Crawford (1772- )
    • Child John Crawford (1774- )
    • Child Andrew Crawford (1776- )
    • Child William Crawford (1778- )
    • Child Margaret Crawford (1780- )
  • COL. JOHN CRAWFORD / MARGARET JANE BROWN
  • SAMUEL CRAWFORD / JANE MASON
  • Crawford, Samuel (M)
    • Parents Col John CRAWFORD and Margaret Jane Brown
    • Spouse Jane Mason
    • Child Janet Crawford ( – ) md John Pate
    • Child Samuel C Crawford (1781-1824)
    • Child Lucretia Crawford (1778-1864)
    • Child Mason Crawford (1783-1865) md Mary Jane McCreery
    • Child Elinor Crawford (1777-1817)
    • Child Eleanor Crawford (1776-1857)
    • Child Margaret Peggy Crawford (1774-1862)
    • Child Sarah Sally CRAWFORD (1785-1802)
    • Child Archibald Crawford (1772-1866)
    • Child Lucretia Crawford (1789-1787)
    • Child William H. Crawford Sr (1771-1845)
    • Child Mary “Polly” Crawford (1771-1854) – Edwin Pate
  • Son: Crawford, Mason (M)
    • Parents Samuel Crawford and Jane Mason
    • Spouse Mary Jane McCreery
    • Child Emily Ann Crawford (1818-1903)
    • Child Robert Mason? Crawford (1819-1848)
    • Child Eleanor Jennings Crawford (1815-1911)
    • Child James McDowell Crawford (1814-1878)
    • Child Harrison Perry Crawford (1813-1887)
    • Child Cordelia C. Crawford (1821-1881)
    • Child Elvira Crawford (1812- )
    • Child Elvira Crawford (1812-1866)
    • Child Margaret Crawford (1811-1889)
    • Child Morgan Crawford Sr. (1822-1906)
    • Child Jane McCreery Crawford (1808-1890)
    • Child Joseph Allen Crawford (1824-1848)
    • Child Barton Samuel Crawford (1807-1887)
    • Child John McCreery Crawford (1805-1865)
  • SAMUEL CRAWFORD / NANCY FORGEY
  • Crawford, Andrew (M)
    • Parents Samuel Crawford and Nancy Forgey
    • Spouse Jane Weirs
    • Child Matilda Crawford (1820-1870)
    • Child Alzira M Crawford (1823-1869)
    • Child John C. Crawford (1819-1864)
    • Child James W. Crawford (1832-1870)
    • Child Solomon Knox Crawford (1818-1847)
    • Child Julia Ann Crawford (1817-1858)
  • WILLIAM CRAWFORD / MARGARET KILPATRICK
  • Crawford, William (M)
    • Spouse Margaret Kilpatrick
    • Child Ufus Crawford ( – ) md John Eager
    • Child Margera Crawford (1783- )
    • Child Thomas Crawford (1786- )
    • Child Elizabeth Crawford (1789-1844) md Thomas Hardy
    • Child Jane Crawford (1775- ) md Andrew Kirkpatrick
    • Child Eunice Crawford (1775- )
    • Child John Crawford (1781- )
    • Child William Crawford (1762-1835) md Margaret Kirkpatrick
    • Child Elexandra Crawford (1760- )
  • WILLIAM CRAWFORD / ISABELLA McCLURE
  • Crawford, William (M)
    • Spouse Isabella McClure
    • Child Elizabeth Crawford ( – ) md Jacob Lybrook

Top Picks

This week’s Saturday Night Genealogy fun challenge is to identify my top fee-based genealogy websites. I’m going to modify this slightly and list both my top fee-based and top-free sites.

Fee-Based

  1. Ancestry – I use Ancestry almost daily to research my family tree and to manage DNA results for myself, my brothers and my mother.
  2. Newspapers.com – This is my number one resource for obituaries, wedding announcements and other family news.
  3. Historygeo.com – First Landowners database: Since many of my lines were among the first settlers in several states, I find this site useful to locate their land on a map and to see their neighbors.
  4. Family Tree DNA – I manage my brother’s yDNA on Family Tree DNA and am checking our yDNA matches and the CRAWFORD yDNA project on a regular basis. The CRAWFORD project has a fantastic manager!
  5. Legacy Family Tree Webinars — When you live 75 miles from the nearest genealogy society or library, you seek out opportunities for genealogy education and this is one of the best.

Free

  1. Google — Google is my go-to search engine for everything, including locating more information on members of my family tree and/or information on their communities
  2. FamilySearch – I love the access to records, particularly deeds, that FamilySearch provides. I also use their family tree to check my research against the community consensus.
  3. Mapsofus.org – I love this website! I first started using this with Kentucky to try and figure out how county boundaries changed in early Kentucky.
  4. Facebook – I belong to a lot of different Facebook genealogy and history groups and find them very helpful. I love reading the historical posts and learn tons from posts on the genealogy community
  5. YouTube – lots of great genealogical and historical information here
  6. Google Books / Internet Archives – great resources for finding digitized county histories
  7. Bureau of Land Management: General Land Office Records — land patents
  8. Kentucky Secretary of State: Virginia and Old Kentucky Patent Series — early land records in Kentucky
  9. DAR Genealogy Research — learning more about my patriot ancestors
  10. Local Genealogical Societies – The Topeka Genealogical Society and Peoria County Genealogical Society have really stepped up during this time of Covid. Both are offering programs over zoom for their members. This is a great resource – especially for people like me who don’t live close to a society. I also have to give a shout-out to the Kentucky Genealogical Society for their recent digital conference that was fantastic and very economical!
  11. RootsTech — I’ve been ‘not at RootsTech’ for the past several years and encourage everyone to sign up for this winter’s Virtual RootsTech.

Computer Issues

It all Started with the MOUSE!

A couple of weeks ago, my mouse started ‘misbehaving’. The first thing I noticed was the inability to highlight text. Instead of highlighting what I wanted highlighted, it would jumb somewhere else and start the highlighting. Even if I could get the section of text highlighted that I wanted highlighted, it wouldn’t ‘stop’ highlighting. Then it started creating a ‘double-click’ when I only clicked once.

The obvious solution was to replace the mouse. Since I live with someone who hangs onto older hardware, we tested several different mice. We found that a wired mouse worked as well as a different branded wireless mouse worked.

So, I was ready to order a new mouse. However, my husband was still trying to figure out why my mouse – and other mice – were not functioning correctly. He ran the diagnostics and discovered that my hard drives are failing. Yes, that is plural. Both the C and D drives are failing.

Thus, all of my genealogy files are at risk! Even though I am working with a dying computer, I am thankful. I am thankful for the lessons learned about backing up and restoring files while working as a high school technology coordinator. I am thankful for the monthly reminders from Dick Eastman and other genealogists to back-up my genealogy files. I am thankful for Cousin Russ and his reminders to test your backups to make sure files can be retrieved.

Thus, I do have back-ups — and I have redundancy.

  • I use a cloud backup service to backup both drives to the Cloud.
  • I use the program, Second Copy, to set up tasks to run overnight to copy my data files to a USB drive
  • I use a cloud service to store most of my files in the cloud
  • I copy my genealogy files – especially pictures — to a portable USB drive.

Knowing that my computer could stop at any moment, I have spent the last couple of days verifying that my genealogy files are backed up to multiple locations. (I also have new hardware on order.) Having all of this redundancy will make it easy to transfer my files to the new hardware.

Now, I need to verify the list of installed software and make sure I have installation files and serial numbers.

Even though the thoughts of a crashed computer is disturbing, I am thankful that my computer is still running. I’m also thankful for the chance to improve the organization of my files.

If you don’t currently automatically backup your files, take this post as a warning to backup your genealogy files — and listen to the monthly reminders to backup your data!

Disproving Same Alexander – Census Records

I’m struggling with ‘same name’ issues. Particularly in regards to Alexander Crawford. I believe there are two different Alexander Crawfords.

  • Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1788 and likely lived in Pulaski County, Kentucky
  • Alexander Crawford, son of Rev. James Crawford of Fayette County, Kentucky and grandson of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters

Other researchers disagree with me. Thus, I’m on a quest to locate documentation to hopefully resolve this issue.

Today, I’m working with census records. Since these are all pre-1850 census listings, they can’t be depended upon to prove family relations. However, they can help establish places of residency.

Using the family information for Rev. James Crawford from the book Descendants of Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford, I can determine approximate ages for the various census years.

NameBirth YearDeath YearSexAge 1810Age 1820Age 1830Age 1840
Rev James Crawford17521803m    
Rebecca McPheeters17551830f556575 
Martha Crawford17751831f354555 
Alexander Crawford17821845m28384858
Mary Crawford1784f26364656
Elizabeth Crawford17891845f21314151
Sarah Crawford18011841f9192939
Rebecca Crawford18051830f5152535

Using the above chart, I can then look at the census records for Fayette County and compare the tick marks to potential family members.

In the 1810 census for Fayette County, Kentucky (where Rev. James Crawford lived), I was able to find a Rebecka Crawford as the head of household on the census with 12 total people in the household:

  • Free white males 26-44: 1 – son – Alexander Crawford – age 29
  • Free white females 10-15: 1 – daughter Rebecca Crawford – wrong age – she would have been 5
  • Free white females 16-25: 3 – daughters Sarah age 9, Elizabeth age 21, Mary age 26
  • Free white females 45 and over: 1 – Rebecca Crawford
  • Number of slaves: 6
  • number of household members under 16: 1
  • Number of household members over 25: 2
  • number of household members: 12

In the 1820 census for Fayette County, Kentucky, I was able to find Alexander Crawford listed as a 26-44 year old male head of household.

  • Males 26-44 — 1 – Alexander age 38
  • Females 16-25: 2 – sisters Sarah age 19 / Rebecca age 15
  • Females 26-44: 2 – sister Mary age 36 / Mother Rebecca age 65
  • Slaves – Males 26-44: 2
  • Slaves Female under 14:5
  • Slaves Female 14-25: 2
  • number of persons engaged in agriculture: 3
  • Free White persons over 25: 4
  • total free white persons: 6
  • Total Slaves: 9

Alexander Crawford again appeared as the head of household in the 1830 census for Fayette County, Kentucky.

  • Males 40-49: 1- Alexander age 48
  • Females 20-29: 1 – sister – Rebecca age 25
  • Females 30-39: 2 – Sisters Sarah age 29, Mary age 46
  • Females 70-79: 1 – Mother Rebecca age 75
  • Free colored persons Females 24-35: 1
  • Slaves Males 24-35: 1
  • Slaves Males 36-54: 1
  • Slaves Females under 10: 3
  • Slaves Femlaes 10-23: 2
  • Slaves Females 24-35: 2
  • Free white persons 20-49: 4
  • Total Free white persons: 5
  • Total Slaves: 14
  • Total free colored persons: 1

The 1840 census of Fayette County, Kentucky also lists Alexander Crawford as a head of household.

  • Males 50-59: 1 – Alexander age 58
  • Females 30-39: 1 – Sister Rebecca age 35
  • Females 40-49: 1 – Sister Sarah age 39 or Mary age 56
  • Free colored persons – males 36-54: 1
  • Slaves males under 10: 9
  • Slaves males 10-23: 2
  • Slaves Males 36-54: 1
  • Slaves Females under 10: 7
  • Slaves Females 10-23: 2
  • Slaves Females 36-54: 2
  • Persons employed in agriculture: 4
  • No. white persons over 20 who cannot read and write: 1
  • Free white persons 20-49: 2
  • Total free white persons: 3
  • Total free colored persons: 1
  • Total slaves; 23
  • Total all persons – free white, free colored, slaves: 27

The above census records support an Alexander Crawford living in Fayette County, Kentucky between 1820 and 1840. Although there are a few discrepancies, the tick marks appear to line up with the Rev. James Crawford family structure. Thus, there is support – but not definitive proof – for the theory that the Alexander Crawford in these census records is the son of Rev. James Crawford.

If there are two separate Alexander Crawfords, then there should be a second set of census records. I used the information I had compiled on the family of Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County, Kentucky to create a similar table showing ages of the family members in the various census records.

NameBirth YearDeath YearSexAge 1810Age 1820Age 1830
Alexander Crawford17671823 / 1838m435363
Margaret McElwee17661832f445464
Adams Crawford17891869m213141
Andrew Crawford17911878m192939
Martha Crawford1801f91929
John A. Crawford18031838m71727
Shelby Crawford18051870m51525
Harrison Crawford18081870m21222

Unfortunately, the census records for Alexander Crawford in Pulaski County, Kentucky are more difficult to line up with these known family members. In the 1810 census, this could be explained if one of the sons and his family was also living in the household

  • Free males under 10: 4 – ? grandsons?
  • Free males 10-15: 3 – sons John, Harrison, Shelby
  • Free males 16-25: 1- son Adams or Andrew
  • Free males: 45 and over: 1- Alexander
  • Free females under 10: 1unknown
  • Free Females 10-15: 2 — ? granddaughters?
  • Free females 10-15: 2 – unknown
  • Free females 16-25: 1 – daughter Martha or wife of Adams or Andrew
  • Free females 26-44: 1 – wife Margaret
  • Number of household members under 16: 10
  • Number of household members over 25: 2
  • Number of household members: 14

The 1820 census of Pulaski County, Kentucky showing an Alexander Crawford is even more confusing. If this is the same family, then Alexander likely has at least one if not two daughters-in-law living with him along with several grandchildren.

  • Free white males under 10: 2 – ? grandsons
  • Free white males 10-15: 2 – ? grandsons
  • Free white males 45 and over: 1 – Alexander Crawford
  • Free white females under 10: 1 – ? granddaughter
  • Free white females 10-15: 1 – ? granddaughter
  • Free white females 16-25: 2 – daughter Martha Crawford and 1 daughter-in-law or 2 daughters-in-law
  • Free white females 45 and over: 1 – Margaret McElwee Crawford
  • Free white persons under 16: 6
  • Free white persons over 25: 2
  • total free white persons: 10
  • Total all persons: 10

A search of the 1830 Pulaski County, Kentucky census for Crawford does not include an Alexander Crawford in the results.

This study of Kentucky census records does support

  • an Alexander Crawford living in Fayette County, KY at the same time as an Alexander Crawford lived in Pulaski County, KY.
  • the Rev. James Crawford family unit living in Fayette County under the name of Rebecka Crawford in 1810 and Alexander Crawford in 1820, 1830 and 1840.

Since the Pulaski County, Kentucky census records are hard to match up with the family unit of Alexander Crawford and Margaret McElwee, it is hard to conclude that the Alexander Crawford shown in these records is the husband of Margaret McElwee.

Thus, I need to locate more records to support my position that these are two different Alexander Crawfords.

Same Alexander?

Do you struggle with ‘same name’ issues in your genealogy research? I know that over the years I have struggled to either separate two people or prove that the records I found apply to my ancestor and not to someone else of the same name.

My newest struggle is with someone that I currently can’t even connect to my tree. I found an Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1788. This marriage is one of four Crawford marriages that occurred in early Lincoln County:

  • 1788 – Alexander Crawford married Margaret McElwee
  • 1791 – Mary Crawford married James Sellers
  • 1793 – James Crawford married Martha Knight
  • 1796 – Sarah Crawford married William David Sellers

My ancestor, James Crawford married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. Garrard County was formed from Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1796 — the year Sarah and William Sellers were married.

Thus, these 5 Crawford couples were married in the area of 1788 Lincoln County, Kentucky within an 11 year time period. Based on the marriage bonds and some land records, it is believed that Mary, Sarah and the James that married Martha Knight are all children of Rebekah Crawford who purchased land in Garrard County from George Douglas.

Since my ancestor, the James Crawford who married Sally Duggins, lived in the same area as the James Crawford who married Martha Knight, it is thought that they are somehow related, possibly cousins.

So that leaves Alexander Crawford. Is Alexander a sibling to Mary, James and Sarah? Or, is he possibly a sibling to my James Crawford?

In hopes of proving that Alexander Crawford is a sibling to one of these two families, I’ve done some research on Alexander. Although I haven’t done extensive research on Alexander, I have established a basic timeline for him.

Birthabt Jan 1767Augusta County, Colony of Virginia, British Colonial America
Tax1789Lincoln, Kentucky, United States
Tax1800Pulaski, Kentucky, United States
Residence1810Somerset, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States
Residence1820Somerset, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States
Death7 Jul 1823Pulaski, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States9
Burial1823Mount Pleasant Baptist Cemetery, Pulaski, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States

Since my goal was to figure out whether this Alexander Crawford was related to any of the other Crawford families in early Garrard County, Kentucky, I started looking at trees hoping to find someone with parents for Alexander Crawford.

And I found several trees showing Rev. James Crawford and Rebecca McPheeters as the parents of Alexander. This lineage would make the Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee a grandson of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

Although Rev. James Crawford may have been an itinerant minister, he did not live in the Garrard County area. Instead he raised his family in Fayette County. Thus, I decided to look at information about the descendants of Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford to see if the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County was a grandson.

Thus, I turned to the book, Descendants of Alexander & Mary McPheeters Crawford: Pioneer Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia by Amanda Crawford Arbogast Forbes and Lucetta Crawford Smmis. This book identifies the children of Rev. James Crawford as

  • Mary Crawford – died unmarried
  • Martha Crawford (1775-1831) married Charles McPheeters
  • Alexander Crawford (1782-1845)
  • Elizabeth Crawford (1789-1845) married Joseph Galloway
  • Sarah Crawford (1801-1841) unmarried
  • Rebecca Crawford (1803-1833) unmarried
p. 205.

Also in the book is some information from the Fayette County, Kentucky will of Alexander Crawford.

p. 206.

Comparing the information I have compiled for the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County, Kentucky with the information in the book about descendants of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters, I don’t believe these two Alexander Crawfords are the same person.

However, I am basing my conclusion on one book. Since that isn’t sufficient evidence to convince others, more research is needed to support my conclusion. Perhaps in the process, I will stumble on something that leads to information connecting the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County to the Crawfords of Garrard County.

Sources for Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee:

        1. Dodd, Jordan R., Kentucky Marriages Early to 1800 (: Precision Indexing Publishers, ), p. 49.

        2. “Family Tree”, database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016), Alexander Crawford / Margaret McElwee Family; undocumented and unnamed family tree submitted by wendyhar, [contact information for private use]; Crawford Tree.

        3. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 September 2020), memorial for Alexander Crawford (1767-1823), Find a Grave Memorial no. #186274065, created by Sandra Lytch, citing Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky;, Alexander Crawford.

        4. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Tax Books, 1787-1875.  Film #DGS 007834472. Alexander Crofford, 1789 : image 104; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 4 September 2020.

        5. “Kentucky, Tax Lists 1799-1801,” database online, Genealogy Publishing Company, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2019), Alexander Crawford.

        6. “Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes ndex, 1810-1890,” database, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019), Alexander Crawford.

        7. 1810 U.S. Census, Pulaski County, Kentucky, population schedule, Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky, image 16, Crawford Alexander; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2019).

        8. 1820 U.S. Census, Pulaski County, Kentucky, population schedule, Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky, image 7, Alexr Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2019).

        9. “Family Tree,” database, Ancestry.com, Alexander Crawford / Margaret McElwee Family.

        10. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 September 2020), memorial for Alexander Crawford (1767-1823), Find a Grave Memorial no. #186274065,

        11. “Family Tree,” database, Ancestry.com, Alexander Crawford / Margaret McElwee Family.

        12. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 September 2020), memorial for Alexander Crawford (1767-1823), Find a Grave Memorial no. #186274065,

Work to Do

Do you ever find yourself so engrossed in researching those 6th and 7th generation brick walls that you overlook documenting earlier generations with obvious sources? That’s what I’ve found to be true with my research.

I recently read the post, 7-gen-1-sheet that suggests using a spreadsheet of ancestors to look at one’s data in a different manner. Thus, I decided to look at the sources I’ve attached to death facts to see whether I have sourced an obituary and their Find a Grave site.

See all of that red? Needless to say, I’ve failed! A few of these don’t have known death dates/locations – but I’ve been to some of the other graves shaded red.

Before shading the 7th generation, I’m going to try and turn more of these yellow.

To start turning the red to yellow, I started by checking the burial fact . For many of these 6th generation ancestors, I had attached the Find a Grave source to the burial fact but not to the death (or birth) fact. Thus, I simply had to memorize the source on the burial fact and paste it onto the death fact. That simple task changed a lot of the red to green.

For those still shaded red, I do not know a death date or place. Thus, they will likely remain shaded red until such time that I can verify their death date and place.

I doubt I would have ever gone back to update these death facts if I hadn’t looked at my data in this way.

A Different View

Are you overwhelmed with DNA data? Have you ever tried looking at the data in a different way to see what you can learn from it?

The Leeds method of looking at DNA matches is often used for this purpose. Today, I read the blog post, 7-gen-1-sheet, by Ann Raymont. In this post, the author explains how to set up a spreadsheet to display 7 generations of ancestors. Once the spreadsheet is created, color coding can be used to identify patterns such as European roots, lineage society lines or whether a specific source has been used.

Intrigued by how this spreadsheet could be used, I decided to create the page of ancestors. As I was creating the spreadsheet, I decided to use it to look at my ThruLines data. Since I’ve tested myself, my two brothers and my mother, I have four sets of ThruLines. Even though I’ve looked thru this data for each match, I’ve never compared the results.

By adding columns for each of my DNA tests, I was able to record the number of matches for each ancestor from the 4 DNA tests.

Having this data all in one place will help me evaluate my tree in relation to my DNA results. For example, does it indicate an error in my tree if I only have a few matches for that ancestor? Having this data side by side has also allowed me to see that even though I might only have a few matches with descendants of a particular ancestor, my brothers or mother could have quite a few more matches. In those cases, the probability that my tree is accurate increases when I look at all four tests versus looking at just my results.

Now that I have 9 generations of ancestors on my spreadsheet, there are several other ways that I hope to utilize this sheet.

  • Color code states of residence in 1850
  • Color code ancestors whom I have found an obituary
  • Color code ancestors whom I have a Find a Grave source for
  • Color code potential DAR ancestor lines

Thank you Ann Raymont for sharing your 7-gen-1-sheet method of looking at our ancestors.

New Connection

In your genealogy research, do you have a FAN (Family Associates, Neighbors) club? If so, do you ever see a name and question whether to add him/her to your FAN club? If so, that’s how I felt about Moses Dooley.

It was like that name, Moses Dooley, kept cropping up in different places and times. My first notes for Moses Dooley are from tax records for Preble County Ohio — living in the same community as my ancestor, James Crawford (wife Sally Smith Duggins) and ‘big’ James Crawford (wife Martha Knight).

Thinking that I should find Moses Dooley in Kentucky with these same Crawford families, I looked back at my Kentucky notes and discovered that I didn’t record anything about Moses Dooley. Rechecking the tax records, I found Moses Dooley in 1794 Madison County, Kentucky — on the same page as several Crawfords. [Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY. Film #8126 DGS 7834478. Crawford James, William, 1794 Tax bookx 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 197; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.]

Assuming the Moses Dooley of Preble County, Ohio is the same person as the Moses Dooley of Madison County, Ky, that places Moses Dooley traveling a similar migration path as that traveled by the two James Crawford families.

A brief study of the information about Moses Dooley on the FamilySearch tree [L66r-BYH] revealed other connection points with my research:

  • Moses Dooley was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1748. Augusta County, is where my ancestor, James Crawford, is said to have been born.
  • Moses Dooley died in 1822 in Preble County, Ohio. James Crawford was living in Preble County, Ohio in 1822 and died there in 1854.
  • Moses Dooley’s grandson, Silas Dooley married Isabel McCracken. Isabel’s grandparents were Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley. The Sellers family is part of my Crawford FAN club.
  • Moses Dooley’s son, Abner married Nancy Douglas. Nancy is the daughter of George and Rebecca Douglas. George Douglas is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford is believed to be the mother of Sarah Crawford (md Williiam Sellers), Mary Crawford (md. James Sellers) and James Crawford (md Martha Knight)

With all of these loose connections to my Crawford family, I decided to see what else I could learn about Moses Dooley and his family. Digging thru Google searches, I stumbled upon a biography of Reuben Dooley, son of Moses Dooley.

Not only does this biography provide a lot of detail about Reuben Dooley and his parents, but it provides details for their migration path. This path took the family from Bedford County, Virginia to Madison County, Kentucky in 1781. From there the family moved to Barren County, Kentucky and then to Preble County, Ohio.

This migration path is very similar to that of the Preble County Crawfords. Deeds place James and Martha in Barren County, Kentucky prior to moving to Preble County, Ohio. Marriage records place both James in early Kentucky. James and Martha were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1793. James and Sally were married in Garrard County Kentucky in 1799. Both James are believed to have been born in Augusta County, Virginia, one in 1770 and the other in 1772.

Although I haven’t found any relationship between my Crawford line and the Dooleys, this biography provides support for the migration of the Preble County James Crawfords South onto the Marrowbone out of the Garrard County Kentucky area prior to the migration North into Preble County, Ohio.

I am glad I followed that ‘nudge’ to do more research on Moses Dooley. He is now an ‘official’ member of my Crawford FAN club.

Tangled Web

A Sellers DNA Mystery

If you search your DNA matches for a member of your genealogy FAN (family, associates, neighbors) do come up with results? Do you ever scratch your head trying to figure out how they fit in your tree?

I’m sure scratching my head trying to figure out the over 300 DNA matches to my brother who have SELLERS in their tree. (Note the number goes higher if I click on ‘Include Similar Surnames’.)

I do have Sellers in my database. I have a whole lot of them in my database. Since the Sellers family is part of my Lincoln County, Kentucky FAN club, I have tracked the descendants of Nathaniel Sellers (1720-1795) for several generations.

Two of his sons, James and William, married into the Crawford family in Lincoln County, KY. The marriage records for these Crawford sisters, Mary and Sarah, suggest a relationship with the widow, Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah is also thought to be the mother of the James Crawford that married Martha Knight in Lincoln County, KY.

Based on the research of Rebekah and Mary, Sarah and James, the working theory is that Mary and Sarah are sisters to James Crawford (1770-1833). This is NOT my Crawford line. My Crawford line goes thru my father to James Crawford (1772-1854).

Thus, the mystery: Why do I have so many SELLERS DNA matches?

The search of my brother’s matches for Sellers yields one explanation: I need to look for the SELLERS surname on both sides of my tree.

Looking at the matches with a common ancestor, it appears that I may need to look for the SELLERS surname as ancestors of the following:

  • 4th great grandparents: John Reed (1800-1864) and Mary Buckles (1792-1867) on my mother’s side of the tree
  • 5th great grandmother: Mary Wright on my mother’s side of the tree
  • 5th great grandparents: Jacob Iglehart (1774-1856) and Ann Beall (1777-?)on my mother’s side of the tree
  • 5th great grandparents: Jeremiah Browning (1744-1834)and Cassandra Foster (1767-1830) on my father’s side of the tree
  • 4th great grandmother: Sarah Smith (1770-1856) on my father’s CRAWFORD line

If I go to my set of DNA matches and do the same search for the SELLERS surname, I come up with even more confusing information. I match descendants of James and Mary (Crawford) Sellers and his brother / her sister William and Sarah (Crawford) Sellers.

Not only do these Sellers/Crawford matches appear, but they have quite a few shared matches.

Thus, all of the confusion: lots of Sellers matches with possible connections to BOTH sides of my tree. I’d love to connect with other SELLERS researchers to try and figure out how all of these matches connect.

Dear Crawford Cousins

We finally have DNA evidence of a relationship between our James Crawford (md Sally Smith Duggins) and his neighbor, James Crawford (md. Martha Knight). In addition, we have evidence of a DNA relationship with the James Crawford who owned land on Paint Lick Creek in Kentucky.

However, this DNA evidence does not tell us HOW we are related. It might also be telling us that we are not as closely related as we thought.

Below is a diagram of what the yDNA tree probably looks like.

The bright yellow boxes represent the ancestors of other yDNA testers. The light orange box represents the yDNA tester of my line. This diagram supports an uncle/nephew relationship between the James of Paint Lick area and the James that married Martha Knight. Even though a will for John Crawford has been found that identifies his wife as Rebekah and names sons James and Nathan, documentation has not been found to help prove that the family in Kentucky is the same family named in the Virginia will.

For a time, it was believed that our James (md Sally Duggins) was also a nephew of the James Crawford that married Rebecca Anderson Maxwell thru James’ brother, Andrew. However, the yDNA information does not support that close of a relationship. Thus, Andrew is no longer considered a potential ancestor.

Since we are all in the same yDNA haplogroup, we are related. However, it appears that our James (md Sally Duggins) is possibly a cousin to the James Crawford that married Rebecca Anderson Maxwell.

More research both with DNA and with records needs to be done to prove these relationships and to identify that elusive common ancestor. Thus, your help is needed.

  • If on Facebook, please consider joining the conversation by joining the group: Clan Crawford Association Ancestry & DNA Research Forum
  • If my previous posts and Ancestry tree caused you to add Andrew Crawford as the father of James Crawford (1772-1854), please remove Andrew as the father of James at least for now. This will hopefully help Ancestry ThruLines search for someone besides Andrew as a potential father.
  • If you have tested your DNA with Ancestry, please look for matches that have the Crawford surname who were born in Preble County, Ohio or Garrard County, Kentucky. These matches are likely related on our Crawford tree somehow.
  • If you have tested your DNA with Ancestry, please look for matches that have the SELLERS surname. There are two SELLERS marriages in Lincoln County Kentucky to CRAWFORDs. These Crawford women are likely sisters to James Crawford (1770-1833). Even though my Crawford line has no known Sellers ancestor, I have lots of Sellers DNA matches. Thus, these Sellers matches might be a key to figuring out our Crawford relationships.
  • Please help by poking holes in my research or making suggestions for further research.
  • Since we should protect the privacy of our DNA matches, we should not publicly share the name of our matches or shared matches. Instead, please invite them to join this conversation.
  • If you are willing to be part of a collaborative group to further research these Crawford families, please leave a comment on this post or message me on Facebook (Marcia Crawford Philbrick).

Below are some links to these various families on FamilySearch

The ‘Collaborate’ menu allows one to add a discussion to an individual on FamilySearch. This is a way to ask questions or make suggestions for individuals on the FamilySearch tree.

Below are links to these same people in my Ancestry tree.

The comment feature on Ancestry should allow anyone to leave a comment on my tree. Unfortunately, I’m not sure how I would figure out that you had left a comment. If you wish to leave a comment on my tree, please do so, but please also notify me somehow so that I can read your comment.

Please help us take advantage of all of this DNA information by asking to join the Crawford Facebook group and by collaborating on this research. Together, let’s figure out who those question marks at the top of he chart represent!