Duplicate Citations

Have you ever thought about why someone blogs? I know I don’t think about that question when I’m reading other blogs.

I was asked about my blog recently and I think my answer surprised the person asking. Of course, I want to reach other family members thru my blog. That’s why I have posts dedicated to sharing pictures or transcribing records.

However, some of my posts are more for me than for others. Even though my narrative report posts might help other researchers, I post them because they make me work thru the facts and sources I have for an individual.

I’m currently working my way thru my 2nd great grandparents, whom I’ve had in my files for quite some time. Thus, some of my citations are older and deficient, leading to lots of work to bring those citations up to today’s standards.

My current project is Thurston Kennedy Wells (1821-1893).

Fixing the sentences is a relative easy task. The sources, however, are a different story. As would be the case with a wide variety of source types, some of my sources are used for multiple facts. In RootsMagic 7, that means finding all of the different places a source is used and either correcting each one individually or using the memorize/paste feature to copy the corrected source from one fact to another.

That tedious work is why I’m sitting here wishing for the features of RootsMagic 8. It is my understanding that in RM 8, I can change the information for a citation and that change will be made for every use of that citation. To verify that I am correct in my understanding of this new feature, I decided to try it out with Thurston Kennedy Wells in my RM8 database. (NOTE: First, my understanding about the ability to merge citations was wrong. Second, I am using a copy of my database and NOT my primary version since RM8 is still in preview.)

One of the sources that appears a couple of times is a reference to a civil war draft record. Not only do I have multiple citations, but I have two sources that refer to this one source.

After carefully studying these two sources, I believe they are the same source and thus wish to merge them. To do this in the current version (7.9.300.0 dated 11 Jun 2021) of RM8, I highlight the source that I want to keep and then click on the three vertical dots in the upper right corner of the sources window.

From that menu, I selected ‘Merge Sources’. The Select Source window opened and I located the duplicate source using the search function.

Making sure that I have the duplicate source highlighted, I click on the OK button at the bottom of the box. This opens a window comparing the primary and duplicate sources. In my case, they are not exactly the same. Thus, I need to proceed with caution, making sure (a) I want to merge them and (b) that the source I want to keep is in the pane on the left.

Once I have verified that everything is as I want it, I can click ‘Merge Dupblicates”. Now, I have one source with 25 citations. Some of these citations are not very informative and will require some extra work to correct. Since these citations are not for Thurston K. Wells, I am going to ignore them for now. At the bottom of the list are two citations for Thurston K. Wells. One is attached as a source for his name and the other is attached as a source for his draft fact.

Since these two citations should be the same, I am going to use the ability to edit the citation from the Sources screen so that the two instances for Thurston K. Wells match.

After looking at the two citations, I have concluded that I want to keep the bottom citation. Thus, I take a screen shot of the Citations Details for that citation.

With that image visible on my screen, I can fill in the Citation Details for the other Citations. Now, when I go back to Thurston Wells and look at the two uses of this source, they have been updated to newer standards and they are the same.

Ideally, I would like to be able to ‘merge’ these citations. However, being able to see the citations and edit them based on the source is easier than trying to find them attached to various facts.

In RootsMagic 8, there is the ability to ‘Merge Duplicate Citations’.

It is my understanding that this function will ONLY work if the citations match exactly — spacing, punctuation, etc. It also goes thru all citations and merges any/all duplicates found. I believe this is a task I will need to do when I first transfer my data over to RM8.

Out of curiosity, I ran this ‘Merge All Duplicate Citations’ function on my test database and it merged over 40,000 citations. (Be patient, this can take a while.)

Going back to my civil war draft source, I was curious as to which citations were merged.

My two citations for Thurston K. Wells were NOT merged since one has a period after the K and the other one does not. However, the 5 incorrect citations at the top were merged — even though they likely should not have been.

So what have I learned thru this experiment in RM8

  • I don’t want to use the Merge All Duplicate Citations feature unless I’m willing to admit that some citations will get merged that I don’t want merged.
  • It is easier to clean up citations in RM8 from the Sources screen than having to locate each use of a source for an individual in RM7.
  • I still have work to do getting the sources cleaned up for my report on Thurston Kennedy Wells.

Crossing Paths 2

As you are researching your ancestors do you ever find a family living in the same county as ancestors or cousins from a totally different branch of your tree? That’s been my experience recently.

Yesterday, while following up on a comment on a blog post about a reader’s potential connection to my Garrard County, Kentucky research, I stumbled upon such a situation. I discovered a reference to Osbourn Bland as one of the survivors taken prisoner at Blue Licks in the Winter 2006 issue of Kentucky ancestors.

Trowbridge, John M. “‘We Are All Slaughtered Men’: The Battle of Blue Licks,” Kentucky Ancestors. Winter 2006 Vol. 42, No. 2 p. 61.

This would place an Osburn Bland in Madison County, Kentucky a little before my Crawford line. Now this may not be my Osburn Bland, but it might be. I have tax lists showing an Osborne Bland living in Nelson county prior to 1800. Much more research will need to be done to figure out if this is the same person – or NOT.

Again, my Bland line is on my dad’s mother’s side of the tree while my Garrard/Madison County, Kentucky research is on my dad’s dad’s side of the tree, my Crawford line.

Because of this instance where one branch of my tree seems to cross paths with another branch, I decided to investigate the ‘Who Was There’ report in my genealogy software. I’ve used this report to identify people in Kansas in 1950. However, I’ve never run the report for a specific county or for a range of time or both. Thus, I decided to try this report for Kentucky prior to 1800.

Because I have a relatively large database with lots of facts, this report takes a long time to create. To help speed up the process, I created a marked group using the option to ‘select people by data fields’

Then I configured the ‘Search for Information’ to find ‘Any Fact’ with the ‘place’ containing ‘Kentucky’.

After saving the group, I can now go back to the ‘Who Was There List’ Report and use that marked group instead of ‘Everyone’ for the people to include.

The report still takes a bit of time to generate results, but it produced a 24 page report of the individuals with a fact placing them in Kentucky between 1750-1799. To narrow that down to the area of Garrard, Madison and Lincoln Counties, I created a new marked group. (Note: This uses OR between each of the statements.)

Using this new ‘AnyFact Garrard Madison Lincoln’ group, I re-created the ‘Who Was There’ Report.

This produced an 8 page report.

I thought I was finished. That was until I scanned this report and discovered it didn’t pick up Osborn Bland. After much hair pulling, consultation with others and more hair pulling, I discovered that Osborn Bland wasn’t included on the ‘Who Was There’ report because I didn’t have a birth fact and a death fact for Osborn Bland.

This discovery led me to the ‘Missing Information List’ report. To start with I selected the ‘death’ fact and set the criteria to either be missing or with a blank date. I then changed the people to include to my marked group for Garrard, Madison and Lincoln counties.

I discovered three pages of people in the marked group for Garrard, Madison and Lincoln counties that don’t have a death fact. Thus none of these people will show up on a ‘Who Was There Report’ for Garrard, Madison and Lincoln Counties.

_, Hannah-10231
Abrams, Elizabeth-10219
Adams, Jane Jean-13252
Adams, Reuben-13286
Anderson, Anne-10225
Anderson, Betsey-10224
Anderson, Isaac-10227
Anderson, James-10226
Anderson, Mary-10223
Anderson, Samuel-10228
Banta, Hendrick-16927
Brown, Aristippus-13500
Brown, Margaret-10210
Campbell, Susannah-10212
Clark, William-10383
Crawford, Anne-1447
Crawford, Archibald-10209
Crawford, Elizabeth-10380
Crawford, Elizabeth-13499
Crawford, Isaac-1454
Crawford, James-8577
Crawford, Jenny-10217
Crawford, John-1412
Crawford, John-8574
Crawford, John-10062
Crawford, John-10071
Crawford, Joseph-10211
Crawford, Milton-10218
Crawford, Molly-8579
Crawford, Oliver-10220
Crawford, Rebecca-8578
Crawford, Sarah-6761
Crawford, Sarah-10384
Crawford, William-10385
Croucher, Edward-14946
Crutcher, Absolem-14949
Crutcher, David-14951
Crutcher, Elizabeth-14948
Crutcher, Lucinda-14950
Crutcher, William-14945
Davis, Betsy-10386
Davis, Elizabeth-9980
Dooley, Henry-13306
Elder, William-5260
Ellis, Sally-10382
Estes, Delina-10221
Garrett, Ignatius-10379
Gass, John-10232
Harris, David-16730
Harris, Leah-16734
Kennedy, Elizabeth-14971
Maxwell, Bazeleel-10229
McAlester, Sarah-6762
McClary, Samuel-172
Miller, Elizabeth-13541
Miller, Jacob-13498
Montgomery, Benjamin-10206
Moore, Alexander-11622
Morrison, William M.-10478
Reed, Joseph-14024
Rolston, Andrew-10216
Seever, Annie-16797
Sellers, John Finley-5252
Sellers, Nathan-5257
Sellers, Samuel-10381
Shuck, Sally-16928
Smith, Polly-10207
Yewell, Mary-5258

Thus, I have work to do if I want this report to include everyone in the region. I will probably use FamilySearch to figure out approximate birth and death dates.

Crossing Paths

As you are researching your ancestors do you ever find a family living in the same county as ancestors or cousins from a totally different branch of your tree? That’s been my experience recently.

I’ve been researching three generations of descendants of James Barr Ralston recently. As I’ve been working my way thru his children and their families, I have encountered quite a few of them with ties to Black Hawk County, Iowa. Black Hawk County, Iowa is where my ancestor, Julia Harding was married to Albert Hutchinson. My Ralston line is on my dad’s dad’s side of my tree. My Hutchinson/Harding branch is on my dad’s mom’s side of the tree. These two lines do not connect in my tree until my grandparents marry in Dodge City, Kansas.

Curious as to who all was in Black Hawk county at some time, I decided to create a ‘Who Was There’ report. Since this report takes a while to generate, I created a ‘Marked Group’ for anyone with a fact place containing Black Hawk, Iowa.

With the marked group created, I can now generate a ‘Who Was There’ report limited to the people in this marked group.

Not only does this create a nice report of everyone with a fact placing them in Black Hawk County Iowa between 1850 and 1940, but it keeps the color coding. The color coding is a visual clue to the fact that different branches of my tree were in Black Hawk County.

This report confirms what I was seeing while researching the descendants of James Barr Ralston. The color coding makes it easy to spot the various family lines.

NOTE: The above report may not contain everyone who should be on it. I recently discovered that if I don’t have a birth and death date for an individual, then they will not be included on this report.

What Happened Then?

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun — What Happened On Your Mother’s Birth Date?

 Calling all Genea-Musings Fans:  It’s Saturday Night again – 
Time for some more Genealogy Fun!!

Here is your assignment, should you decide to accept it (you ARE reading this, so I assume that you really want to play along – cue the Mission Impossible music!):
1)  What day was your Mother born? Where was she born?  What day of the week was it?  Tell us how you found out.

2) What has happened in recorded history on your Mother’s birth date (day and month)? Tell us how you found out, and list five events.

3)  What famous people have been born on your Mother’s birth date?  Tell us how you found out, and list five of them.

Instead of doing this for my mother, I’m going to use my grandmother, Winnie Letha Currey.

  • Born 30 Jun 1903
  • Born in Lansing, Leavenworth County, Kansas
  • Born on a Tuesday

What happened on 30 June 1903? A Google search of the date led to a Wikipedia page for June 1903. On that page, major events for each of the days of the month are listed. According to this site, the following happened on 30 June 1903.

meteorite fall, classification L6, is observed in Rich Mountain (Watauga County, North Carolina), United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_1903

For the second question, I googled “What Happened on 30 June”. The top site on the list of results led to the ‘On This Day‘ website. Below are some of the events that occurred during her lifetime on her birthday.

  • 1921 – U.S. President Warren G. Harding appointed former President William Howard Taft chief justice of the United States.
  • 1936 – Margaret Mitchell’s book, “Gone with the Wind,” was published.
  • 1950 – U.S. President Harry Truman ordered U.S. troops into Korea and authorizes the draft.
  • 1951 – On orders from Washington, General Matthew Ridgeway broadcasts that the United Nations was willing to discuss an armistice with North Korea.
  • 1952 – CBS-TV debuted “The Guiding Light.”
  • 1953 – The first Corvette rolled off the Chevrolet assembly line in Flint, MI. It sold for $3,250.
  • 1955 – The U.S. began funding West Germany’s rearmament.
  • 1957 – The American occupation headquarters in Japan was dissolved.
  • 1958 – The U.S. Congress passed a law authorizing the admission of Alaska as the 49th state in the Union.
  • 1962 – Los Angeles Dodger Sandy Koufax pitched his first no-hitter in a game with the New York Mets.
  • 1970 – The Cincinnati Reds moved to their new home at Riverfront Stadium.
  • 1971 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the government could not prevent the Washington Post or the New York Times from publishing the Pentagon Papers.
  • 1971 – The 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified when Ohio became the 38th state to approve it. The amendment lowered the minimum voting age to 18.
  • 1974 – The July 4th scene from the Steven Spielberg movie “Jaws” was filmed.
  • 1977 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced his opposition to the B-1 bomber.
  • 1984 – The longest professional football game took place in the United States Football League (USFL). The Los Angeles Express beat the Michigan Panthers 27-21 after 93 minutes and 33 seconds.
  • 1985 – Yul Brynner left his role as the King of Siam after 4,600 performances in “The King and I.”
  • 1986 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.

When it comes to the third question, it is easy to google ‘who was born’ on a date. However, it is more difficult to find people that my grandmother might have known. Of the several lists I found, Michael Tyson’s name was the only one that my grandmother might have recognized.

Tackling this ‘question’ from a different perspective, there is a RootsMagic report called, ‘On This Day List’. Setting the options on that report to “Famous Births” and “Famous Deaths” produces a list of famous people born on June 30th.

Another report in RootsMagic that provides a different perspective for this question is the ‘Birthday and Anniversary List’ Report. By removing the checks by ‘Marriage Anniversaries’ in the report setup, a report of birthdays can be printed.

Since I included everyone, this report is quite lengthy. There are quite a few people in my database who share a birthday with my grandmother.

I’m thankful I investigated the RootsMagic reports. I find it more interesting to see who I have in my file who shares a birthday with my grandmother than which famous people might share her birthday.

South Side of the Bridge

#52Ancestors

Have you ever counted the number of bridges you cross as you travel from one community to another? In today’s society, I know that I take those bridges for granted and am guessing that you may do likewise.

However, when one is on the south side of a river (stream or creek) and need to get to the other side, those bridges become important. That was very true for my husband and I when he interviewed for a teaching job at Nemaha Valley High School. We were students at Kansas State Teachers College in Emporia, Kansas and the interview was in Seneca, Kansas. Between Emporia and Seneca is one of the major rivers in Kansas – the Kansas River.

We had looked at the maps and figured out a route to get from Emporia to Seneca. Since he was a ‘poor’ college student, he wasn’t interested in taking the turnpike from Emporia to Topeka and then going to Seneca. Ruling out that route, he elected to take the most direct route going thru Maple Hill to Saint Marys and then north to Seneca.

Reaching Maple Hill, we discovered that the bridge across the Kansas River was closed for construction. Thus, a search of the map began for another bridge to get us from the South side of the river to the North side. We ended up going thru Paxico. Fortunately, we were able to locate a pay phone and call ahead to warn the superintendent that we would be late due to our issue with the bridge.

My Crawford relatives were greatly impacted by this need for a bridge when they migrated to Dodge City. The majority of their land holdings were on the South side of the Arkansas River while the Santa Fe trail, railroad and business district were all on the North side of the river.

By the time James H. Crawford and his family arrived in Dodge City, the Dodge City Bridge Company had erected a toll bridge across the river. Tolls to cross the bridge were $1.50 for a team and wagon, $2.00 for a four to six horse team and $.25 for men on horseback (or pedestrians). [Toll information from the article, “John T. Riney: the First Toll Keeper” by Kathie Bell for the Dodge City Daily Globe. A clipping of the article was shared in the Facebook group, Growing Up in Dodge City.]

Dodge City Daily Globe. 1 Jan 1878, page 7

Being entrepreneurs, the Crawford family established a Branding Corral one mile south of the river. They also purchased and refurbished the South Side Hotel. Both of these businesses would have attracted cattlemen and other travelers coming to Dodge City from Texas.

Branding Corral

The undersigned has a large and convenient corral for the branding of through Texas cattle, one mile south of the Arkansas river bridge. Apply at the residence south end of river bridge, or at my place of business inthe city.

J.H. Crawford

Dodge City Times, July 24, 1884

The South Side Hotel

Has been repaired, refitted and refurnished, and is now opened to the traveling public. Everything home-like and pleasant.

A good Feed Stable and large Horse Pasture in connection.

Prices reasonable. No drinks sold on the premises.

J.H. Crawford

Dodge City Times, July 2, 1885

Crossing the river was an almost daily task for J. H. Crawford and his family since he ran Crawford Grocers in Dodge City.

The need to connect those settlers on the south side of the river with the commerce district on the north side was behind the ‘Free Bridge’ movement.

Free Bridge

There is nothing that would assist business in Dodge City and the improvement of Ford county so materially as a free bridge across the Arkansas river. Complaint reaches us every day in the week from the numerous settlers who are locating on the south side of the river. It looks to them like an outrage to be compelled to pay a dollar for bridge toll whenever they wish to visit the city or haul a load to the settlements. The business men of Dodge City should make some effort in this direction, as it is creating a prejudice in the minds of the settlers against the town. A dollar is a small sum in the eyes of many western people, but tot hose who are just from the east where dollars are not picked up so easily it is different, and they will go a good ways around rather than pay a dollar. If Spearville or Cimarron should build a bridge we would lose a very large trade. It should be the duty of the county officers, whose salaries have been increased to a very handsome pile, to spend a little time looking up this matter, knowing it to be for the benefit of their constituents, and notify the people through the Globe just what steps are necessary to be take in order to build a bridge or purchase the old one.

The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas) 25 March 1879, page 3.

In April of 1885, an agreement between the township board and the Dodge City Bridge Company was reached for the purchase of the existing bridge.

At a meeting of the Township Board the bridge bond question was the all absorbing topic before that body. As was reported in our last issue, the bridge bonds were issued on the 18th inst., and all that now remained was to get the bridge company to accept of the same as per agreement, which we regret to say the bridge company, through its president, R. M. Wright, refused todo, unless certain further concessions were made on the part of the board, to-wit: That on account of certain expenditures on the the part of the bridge company, incurred in investigating the validity of the bonds and in subduing the opposition of the Santa Fe railroad company on the issuance of the same, he proposed to accept the $6,00 in bond for the bridge and would give possession to the same on or before July 1st, 1885, the township to have the interest on said bonds from time of issuance to time of turning property over tot he township, the bridge company entering into a bond of $10,000 with G. M. Hoover as surety, for the faithful performance of the contract so entered into with the township board. The board after consulting with a large number of tax-paying citizens, and finding a majority of the opinion that the proposition should be accepted as the best that could be done, accordingly delivered the bonds to the bridge company. So the question is settled. Before the great Fourth of July, with its spirit of Freedom, rolls around, the bridge will be free and those passing over independent of toll. The bridge is insured, and the policy will be assigned to the township.

The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas) 28 April 1885, page 4

Thus, the toll bridge was no more and the South Dodge was connected to the main business district by a free bridge.

Emaline Minnick Mentzer

(Note: her first name was spelled many ways)

Emeline Minnick1 was born on 26 Aug 1848 in Pittsburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania.23

Emiline Menick was listed as a 1 year old female in the household of John Menick on the 1850 U.S. census living in Franklin county, Pennsylvania.4

E. Minnick was listed in the household of Jno Minnick on the 1860 U.S. Census living in Kewanne, Henry County, Illinois. E. Minnick was listed as an 11 year old female born in Pennsylvania.2,5

She became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church on 14 Jul 1867 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.6

She married George Mentzer on 1 Jan 1868 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.2,715

On 1 Jul 1869, Charles Oliver Mentzer was born in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.12,1618

Emma Mentzer was listed in the household of Geo Mentzer on the 1870 census living in Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois. According to the census, Emma was 22 years old and born in Pennsylvania.19

On 3 Mar 1871, John Frederick Mentzer was born in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.12,1617

She lived in Woodson, Kansas, United States in 1872.2

Between 1873 and 1914, Emeline was a member Pleasant View M.E. Church in Woodson, Kansas, United States.2

On 28 Feb 1873, Susan May Mentzer was born in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.12,1617

On 31 Dec 1874, Henry Arnold Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.12,1617,20

On 22 Feb 1877, Philip Embry Mentzer was born in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.12,1617

On 10 May 1880, Earnest Everett Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.12,1617

Emaline Mentzer was listed as the wife of Geo Mentzer on the 1880 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, Emaline was 32 years old and born in Pennsylvania.21

On 20 Sep 1882, Clara Edith Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.12,1617

Emeline Mentzer is listed as a 36 year old female in the household of George Mentzer on the 1885 Kansas census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas.22

On 7 Apr 1887, Clarence Albert Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.12,1617,23

E Mentzer was listed as a 46 year old female in the household of Geo Mentzer on the 1895 Kansas census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas.24

Emma Mentzer was listed as the wife of George Mentzer on the 1900 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, Emma was born Aug 1848 in Pennsylvania. Emma and George and been married 32 years in 1900. Emma was the mother of 8 children, all of whom were living in 1900.25

Emeline Mentzer was listed in the household of George Mentzer on the 1905 Kansas census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, Emeline was 50 years old.26

Emeline Mentzer was listed as the wife of George Mentzer on the 1910 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, Emeline was 61 years old and born in Pennsylvania. Emeline was the mother of 8 children, 7 of whom were living.27

On 26 Jan 1912, she thanked friends and neighbors for their kindness and sympathy during the sickness and death of her husband in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.28

She filed a declaration of a widow for original pension  on 13 Feb 1912 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.12

Between 1914 and 1927, Emeline was a member in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.29

She lived in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States in Feb 1914.2

Mrs. Emeline Mentzer was listed as the head of household on the 1915 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, Mrs. Mentzer was 66 years old. Also living in the household was Hazel, age 18 and Cecil, aged 16.30

She lived in Woodson, Kansas, United States in 1919.23

Emaline Mentzer was listed as a head of household on the 1920 census. According to the census, Emaline was 70 years old and born in Pennsylvania. Her sister, Mary E Minnick was also listed in the household.31

Emeline Mentzer was listed as the head of household on the 1925 Kansas census living in Yates Center, Woodson County,Kansas. According to the census Emeline was a 76 year old female born in Pennyslvania. Also listed in the household was listed a sister Mary E. Minnick.32

Emeline died on 13 Sep 1927 at the age of 79 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.2,3335

She was buried on 15 Sep 1927 at Yates Center Cemetery in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.2,3335

ENDNOTES: 

       1. 1860 U.S. Census, Henry County Illinois, population schedule, [CivilDivision], enumeration district (ED) [ED], [PageID], [HouseholdID], [Person]; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.con : [AccessType] [AccessDate]); NARA microfilm publication M653.

        2. “Died – Mentzer,” undated clipping, 1927, from unidentified newspaper; Crawford Family Papers, saved by Pauline Briles and passed down to Marcia Philbrick; privately held 2021 by Marcia Crawford Philbrick, [address for private use], Seneca, KS 66538. likely from Yates Center newspaper.

        3. Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Source number: 122.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MP1.

        4. 1850  U.S. Census, Franklin County Pennsylvania, population schedule, Montgomery Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, image 52 of 78, family 692, John Menick; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication M432.

        5. 1860 U.S. Census, Henry County Illinois, population schedule, Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois, page 78, family 593, Jno Minnick.

        6. Lifetime Pass Certificate, Photocopy of Certificiate of Church Membership received from Doris Ryan, Yates Center, KS (Minnick.IL.014), The Atchison, Topkea and Santa Fe Railroad

        7. Mentzer, George, Family Bible of Emeline Minnick Mentzer (no place: no publisher, no date); Doris Ryan, Yates Center, KS, (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.006)

        8. Marriage, 24 March 1869, , . , photocopy of letter in possession of Alfred C. Young, Burtonsville, MD (Minnick.IL.029).

        9. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : viewed online 2016.

        10. Edmund West, comp., “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,” database online, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), George Mentzer.

        11. “Illinois, Marriage Index, 1851-1900,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (October 2017), George Mentzer.

        12. George Mentzer (Company C, 24th Regiment Massachuses Infantry), pension no. WC 741.913, Case FIles of Approved Pension Applications, 1861-1934; Civil War and Later Pension Files, Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

        13. Illinois, Henry County. Index to Marriages. County Clerk, Mentzer, George, Jan 1 1868 Index to Marriages, surnames G-N: image 620 of 751; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online August 2018.

        14. Illinois, Henry County. Marriage Register. County Clerk,  Film #1435944 DGS 4031862. Mentzer, George, 27 Dec 1867 Digital Images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online August 2018.1435944 DGS 4031862

        15. Henry County Illinois, “Return of Marriage,” Book A, page 313, George Mentzer and Emeline Minnick, 1 January 1868; County Clerk, Henry County, Illinois.

        16. “Obituary – Mentzer,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 January 1912, image 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed onlnie August 2018).

        17. , “The George Mentzer Family,” In the Beginning, Woodson County Historical Society, 3 No. 11 (July 1970): p. 9-12.

        18. Charles O. Mentzer, death certificate #55 011802 (1955), Kansas State Board of Health, Division of Vital Statistics, Topeka, Kansas.

        19. 1870 U.S. Census, Henry County, Illinois, population schedule, Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois, page 52 Image 52 of 106, household 382, Geo Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M593

        20. Social Security Administration, “Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007,” database on-line, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/60901/ : viewed online October 2017), Henry Arnold Mentzer.

        21. 1880 U.S. Census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, ED 56, Page 9 Image 3 of 9, household 97, Geo Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9

        22. 1885 Kansas Census, Neosho County, State Census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, page 1 Image 1 of 31, line 25, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2018); Kansas State Historical Society

        23. “Obituary,” Woodson County Journal (Yates Center, Kansas), 30 January 1919, page 1; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 27 January 2020).

        24. 1895 Kansas State Census, Woodson County Kansas, Kansas State Census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, page 8 (image 12 of 51) Image 12 of 51, Household 5, Geo Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online June 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        25. 1900 U.S. Census, North Township, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas, ED 184, sheet 21B Image 42 of 46, household 464, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); FHL microfilm: 1240503

        26. 1905 Kansas Census, Neosho Falls, Woodson County, state census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, page 206 Image 11 of 63, family 4, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 12 May 2021); Kansas State Historical Socity

        27. 1910 U.S. Census, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, SD 4, ED 145, sheet 5B Image 10 of 15, household 101, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016); NARA microfilm publication T624

        28. “Card of Thanks,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 January 1912, image 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        29. , Obituary Clipping (N.p.: saved by Mrs. Pauline Briles, n.d.), [Page].

        30. 1915 Kansas Census, Woodson County, 1905 State Census, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas, page 33 Image 65 of 150, family 284, Mrs. Emeline Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 17 May 2021); Kansas State Historical Society

        31. 1920 U.S. Census, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas, ED 160, Sheet 11B Image 21 of 47, household 276, Mentzer Emaline; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T625

        32. 1925 Kansas census, Woodson County Kansas, State Census, Yates Center, Woodson County, KS, page 18 Image 68 of 121, family 596, Emiline Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 17 May 2021)

        33. Emiline Mentzer, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas death certificate 104 1475 (13 September 1927).

        34. George Mentzer, 1838-1912, Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas. center drive, east of gazebo by road (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.001).

        35. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online September 2016), memorial for Emaline Mentzer (1848-1927), Find a Grave Memorial no. #56845678, created by Judy Mayfield, citing Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by Judy Mayfield, Emaline Mentzer.

Emiline’s Death

Emiline Minnick Mentzer died in Yates Center, Kansas in 1927. Her death was recorded by the state of Kansas.

State of Kansas
State Board of Health – Division of vital Statistics
Standard Certificate of death

104 1475

Yates Center, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas
Emiline Mentzer
Residence: 210 West Morry

Sex: Female
Race: White
Married: Widow
Husband: George Mentzer

Age: 79 years 17 days
Occupation: house wife
Employer: self
Birthplace: Pittsburg, Penn
Father: John Minnick
Father Birthplace: Penn
Maiden name of mother: unknown
Birthplace of mother: Unknown

Date of Death 9-13-1927

I hereby certify, that i attended deceased from several years 1927 to Sept 1927
that I last saw her alive on Sept 13 1927
and that death occurred on the date stated about at 10:40 pM
The cause of death was as follows
[Inanitions & lass f?]
of left [femur]
Contributory: Scolrosis paralysis
Did an operation proceed death: no
Was there an autopsy: no
Signed: H W West
Yates Center KS

Place of burial: Yates Center Cemetery
Date of Burial 9-15-1927
Hugh P Campbell, Yates Center, KS
Informant: Mrs. E. E. Mentzer, Yates Center, Kan

Filed 9-15-1927
Eva E Wirich

Emiline Mentzer, death certificate 104 1475 (13 September 1927), Kansas State Board of Health, Division of Vital Statistics, Topeka, Kansas.

A clipping of her obituary provides further information. This obituary was likely published in the Yates Center, Kansas newspaper, but is not available online. With the archives still closed due to COVID, I will have to wait to try and get documentation for the clipping.

Died – Mentzer
Emaline Minnick was born near Pittsburg, Pa., Aug 26, 1848, at which place she spent her childhood in the home of her parents, John and Mary Minnick. at the age of 12 years her parents with their five daughters and one sone moved to Kewanee, Ill., where she attend the public schools and grew to young womanhood.
On New Year’s day, 1868, she was united in marriage to George Mentzer, living in Kewanee until the pioneer spirit brought them to the state of Kansas where they located on the Mentzer homestead in West Center township in May, 1872. On this place she resided until Feb., 1914, when she moved to Yates Center, where she died Tuesday evening Sept. 13, 1927, at the age of 79 years and 17 days.
To this union 8 children were born and grew to manhood and womanhood. On son, Albert C., in 1919, and one daughter, Susie M. Tunnicliffe, in 1908 and her husband in 1912, having preceded her in death.
She was raised in a Christian home and early in life she was converted, uniting with the M. E. church in Kewanee, Ill., and later transferring her membership to Peasant View M.E. church in Woodson county, Kansas, and later to Yates Center, of which church she was a faithful member up to her death. She was one of the truly great Christian characters, who lived each day in faith an humility. Although her last days were spent in suffering, she lived in beautiful resignation and patience.
She leaves to mourn her passing, her sons, C. O., of Neosho Falls, Kansas; J. F., H. A., P. E. and E. E. of Yates Center, and one daughter, Mrs. Clara E. Williams, of Yates, Center,Kansas, and 38 grandchildren and 12 great grandchildren; one sister, Mrs. Ellen Frink of Shenandoah, Iowa, besides other friends and relatives.
Funeral services were held in her memory at the M.E. church, Thursday afternoon, conducted by her pastor, Rev. A. W. Johnson, assisted by the Rev. J. E. Latimer. The pall bearers were six of her grandsons. The body was laid to rest in the family lot by the side of her husband.
Thus passes away another of the early pioneers of Woodson county.

“Died – Mentzer,” undated clipping, 1927, from unidentified newspaper; Crawford Family Papers, saved by Pauline Briles and passed down to Marcia Philbrick; privately held 2021 by Marcia Crawford Philbrick, likely from Yates Center newspaper.

George Mentzer

George Mentzer was born on 12 Jun 1838 in Stow, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States.117

He was the child of Phillip Andrew Mentzer and Orinda Miles.3,14,17

George Mentzer is listed in the household of Orinda Mentzer in the 1850 census. According to the census, George was 12 years old and born in Massachusetts.18

About 1854, he was a farm hand in Illinois, United States.3

About 1856, George was a clerk in grocery store in Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States.3,17

He helped establish the first hotel about 1857 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.19

He learned the trade of comb maker about 1859 in Massachusetts, United States.3,17

George Mentzer was listed as a 22 year old male in the household of Cyrus Mentzer living in Northborough, Worcester County, Massachusetts on the 1860 census. According to the census, George was born in Massachusetts.20

George  enlisted in Company C Twenty-Fourth Massachusetts Infantry on 25 Sep 1861 in Massachusetts, United States.4,1314,17,2124

He  received medical treatment aboard the boat ‘Vidette’ when he was disabled by measles in Nov 1861 in Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States.13

George Mentzer’s term of service ended on 25 Sep 186413,2122

He lived in Northboro, Worcester County, Massuchesetts between 1864 and 1866.13

George lived in Northboro, Worcester County, Massuchesetts in 1865.25

In 1866, he was a member of the Methodist Church in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.23

He  purchased land being lot number 2 block 14 in the town of Kewanee from T. D. and Harriet W. Fitch for $200 on 29 Mar 1866 in Henry, Illinois, United States.26

George was indebted to Hiram Nance for $300 on 14 May 1866 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.27

Between 1866 and 1869 he was an a butcher in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.19

He lived in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States between 1866 and 1870.13,17

He married Emeline Minnick on 1 Jan 1868 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.2,7,13,2833

George managed a meat market in 1869 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.3,28

On 1 Jul 1869, Charles Oliver Mentzer was born in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.1314,23,34

About 1869, he moved to Kansas from Kewanee, Illinois in a covered wagon drawn by a mule team.3,17,35

George Mentzer of Shawnee of the State of Illinois signed a contract to purchase land being the NE 1/4 S6 T25S R15E of 6th principal meridian containing 164 15/100 acres for $738.67 with interest annually at the rate of two percent from the Land Department of the Union Pacific Railway Company Southern Branch on 16 May 1870 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.14,36

 Geo Mentzer was listed as the head of household on the 1870 census living in Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois. According to the census, Geo was a 32 year old domestic servant who was born in Massachusetts. Also listed in the household was 22 year old Emma and 1 year old Chas.13,37

On 3 Mar 1871, John Frederick Mentzer was born in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.1314,23

In May 1871, he arrived in Neosho Falls, Woodson, Kansas, United States with friend George W. Allen. They obtained a room at the Fall House for Mrs. Mentzer and sons and then loaded lumber to build a small house and drove to the claim that Mentzer had purchased from the M.K.& T. Railroad the previous year.3,14,23

On 28 Feb 1873, Susan May Mentzer was born in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.1314,23

On 31 Dec 1874, Henry Arnold Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.1314,23,38

On 22 Feb 1877, Philip Embry Mentzer was born in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.1314,23

George was a member of the Woodson Post No. 185 GAR in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.39

On 10 May 1880, Earnest Everett Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.1314,23

Geo Mentzer is listed as the 42 year old head of household on the 1880 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. George was listed as a farmer who was born in Massachusetts. Also listed in the household was his 32 year old wife, Emaline, who was born in Pennsylvania. Children in the household were Charles, age 11; Fred, age 9; Susan, age 6; Henry, age 5; Phillip, age 3 and Ernest, born May 1880. According to the census, John and Fred were born in Illinois while the remaing children were born in Kansas40

He  purchased land being the NE 1/4 Section 6, T25, R15 of 6th Principal Meridian containing 164 15/100 acres for $574.59 from the Missouri Kansas & Texas Railway Company on 14 Jul 1881 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.41

On 20 Sep 1882, Clara Edith Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.1314,23

He was listed on the 1885 Kansas State Census as a 46 year old male born in Massachusetts who served in Company C of the Massachusetts Regiment 24 Infantry and was listed as George Mentzer in Center Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States on 1 Mar 1885.42

On 7 Apr 1887, Clarence Albert Mentzer was born in Woodson, Kansas, United States.1314,23,43

George applied for a pension based on service in 24th  Massachusetts Infantry on 6 Jun 1890.44

He  purchased land being the East 1/2 of the Soutwest 1/4 Section 18 T24 R15 from Woodson National Bank on 4 Mar 1893 in Liberty Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States.45

George Mentzer of Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas purchased land being the north 1/2 NW 1/4 S5 T25S R15E contianing 82 acres for $800 from Virginia Lois Warren (formerly Virginia Lois rutledge) and her husband Wm B Warren on 17 Mar 1893 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.46

He  purchased land being the S 1/2 NW 1/4 S5T25R15 from Mary C. Orton, formerly Mary C. Rutledge and F. L. Orton, her husband of Illinos for $800 on 27 Mar 1893 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.47

He  purchased land being the SE1/4 S34T24R15 from Irene Hazzard of Texas County, Missouri on 28 Mar 1894 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.48

George was listed on the 1895 Kansas census as a 56 year old male farmer born in Massachusetts living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. George served in  Company C 24th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry. Also listed in the household was 46 year old E Mentzer, 21 year old Susan Mentzer, 19 year old Henry Mentzer, 16 year old Ernest Mentzer, 17 year old Philip Mentzer, 12 year old Clara Mentzer and 12 year old Albert Mentzer.49

A meeting was held by the Yates Center creamery association promoters to solicit stock in Mar 1897.50

On 5 Mar 1897, he held the office of trustee of Yates Center Creamery Association in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.51

He was listed as a director on the charter for the Yates Center Creamery association in Apr 1897 in Kansas, United States.52

George  contributed to the Easel Monument Project for a memorial to be created to the “Brave Boys in Blue” to be placed in the center of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park in 1898 .21

He was elected as a Center Township trustee for the Yates Center Creamery in Jan 1898 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.51,53

About 1899,  the Yates Center Creamery failed with a $5,000 debt. He took it on himeself to pay off the debt, expecting help from the other officers of the creamery.51

He  purchased land being the North  1/2 of Section 19 Township 24 in Range 15 from John E. Frost, et. al. on 5 Oct 1899 in Liberty Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States.54

George Mentzer is listed as a 61 year old male on the 1900 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, George was born June 1838 in Massachusetts. Also listed in the household was his wife, Emma, who was born Aug 1848 in Pennsylvania. George and Emma had been married 32 years. Children listed in the household included Susan, born Feb 1873; Henry A, born Dec 1874;  Philip E, born Feb 1877; Ernest E, born May 1880; Clara E, born Sept 1882 and Albert C, born Apr 1886.55

The stock holders in the old creamery association of Yates Center are engaging in a legal mix-up which will prove expensive to all of them.56

In Feb 1902, George and Fred Wilkinson brought a suit to wind up the affairs of the Yates Center Creamery Association to compel stockholders to bear their portion of the indebtedness in Woodson, Kansas, United States.57

He was  in court in Mar 1902 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.58

The stockholders in the Yates Center creamery association are being sued on the double liability clause of the constitution.5960

 In Jun 1902, George Mentzer’s case vs Yates Center Creamery Association, et al was continued in Woodson, Kansas, United States.61

The Yates Center News says the Yates Center Creamery at that place never did pay, and the stockholders are in a peck of trouble on account of a threatened law suit. The writer’s sympathy is with the stockholders. He has had some experience in that line. – LeRoy Reporter62

He was on the court docket in Oct 1902 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.63

The Yates Center creamery recently closed down.64

 In Nov 1902, Art Dutro, a defendant in the creamery case, arrived Tuesday to attend court in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.65

Yates Center Creamery property was sold for back taxes66

In May 1903, he’s  court case vs The Yates Cemetery Creamery Association was on the court docket in Woodson, Kansas, United States.67

 The value of the Yates Center Creamery was reduced from $640 to $350..68

The case, Mentzer, et al. vs Creamery was taken under advisement by the July 1903 term of the District Court in Woodson, Kansas, United States.69

The case of Geo Mentzer vs the Yates Center Creamery Association, et al  was listed on the bar docket70

The court found for the defendants in Mentzer vs Y.C. Creamery association.71

 In Nov 1903, Will Holliday bought the old creamery property in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.72

In 1904, George Mentzer owned land being the S1/2 of Section 25 Township 24 South of Range 14 East  in North Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States.73

He owned land being the NE 1/4 of S 6 and NW 1/4 of S5 in Center Township, Township 25 South Range 14E of 6th PM in 1904 in Center Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States.74

He owned land being the SE 1/4 Section 34 R15E T34S in 1904 in Liberty Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States.75

George was on the court docket for the case, Geo. Mentzer vs Y.C. Creamery Association, in Feb 1904 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.76

In the case Mentzer vs Creamery Assoc., the deed to Holiday was declared good.77

The case of Mentzer v. Burlingame (71 Kan. 581) was remanded, with instructions to proceed in accordance with the views expressed by the Kansas Supreme Court on 10 Jun 1905.78

He filed a motion for rehearing which was sustained modifying the opinion and remanding case to trial court to overrule the demurrer in Jul 1905 in Kansas, United States.79

George Mentzer was the head of household on the 1905 Kansas state census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. According to the census, George was 67 years old. Also living in the household was Emiline, age 50; Ernest, age 24; and Albert, age 18.80

In Jun 1906, he had cases (George Mentzer vs. Cyrus Davidson, et al; George Mentzer vs H. D. Burlingame et al; George Mentzer vs Fred Wilkinson; George Mentzer vs A. P. Fletcher; George Mentzer vs D. M. Ray et al) heard in district court in Woodson, Kansas, United States.81

In Jul 1906, George was left to stand the loss sustained by those interested in the old creamery .82

In the case of Mentzer v. Burlingame (78 Kan. 219), the former judgement was reversed by the Kansas Supreme Court on 6 Jun 1908 .8384

He submitted declaration for pension on Act of February 6, 1907 on 24 Jun 1908 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.13

George Mentzer was the head of household on the 1910 census living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas According to the census, George was 72 years old and born in Massachusetts. Also in the household were his wife, Emeline, age 61, and sons Earnest, age 27  and Bert, age 24. The census indicates that George and Emiline had been married 41 years.85

In Aug 1911, The Yates Center Creamery was listed as a delinquent corporation in danger of losing its charter in Kansas, United States.86

He was  affirmed in his case against H.D. Burlilngame, et al in Nov 1911 .87

In Dec 1911, George was  the plaintiff in the creamery case where the Supreme Court reversed itself and found for the plaintiff in Kansas, United States.88

He died on 19 Jan 1912 at the age of 73 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.2,67,10,1213,1516,8990

He was buried on 22 Jan 1912 at Yates Center Cemetery in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.6,10,15,23,91

 

For additional information on the court case, see previous blog posts

ENDNOTES:

       1. Vital Records of Stow Massachusetts to the year 1850 (: , 1911)

        2. Mentzer, George, Family Bible of Emeline Minnick Mentzer (no place: no publisher, no date); Doris Ryan, Yates Center, KS, (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.006)

        3. Duncan, L. Wallace and Chas F. Scott, History of Allen and Woodson Counties, Kansas (Iola, Kansas: Iola Register, 1901), “George Mentzer” p. 680-681 (George Mentzer Notebook).

        4. , History of Woodson County Kansas (Dallas, Texas: Curtis Media Corporation, 1987), “Mentzer, George Family” p. 198-199.

        5. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, George Mentzer, 12 June 1838; database on-line, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016).

        6. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online June 2017), memorial for George W Mentzer (1838-1912), Find a Grave Memorial no. #56845704, created by Judy Mayfield, citing Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by Judy Mayfield, George W Mentzer.

        7. Edmund West, comp., “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,” database online, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), George Mentzer.

        8. Ancestry.com, Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009), Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, Kansas; 1905 Kansas Territory Census; Roll: ks1905_172; Line: 19.

        9. Ancestry.com, Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Mentzer births.

        10. Ancestry Database, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

        11. Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Source number: 122.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MP1.

        12. “Obituary – Mentzer,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 January 1912, image 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        13. George Mentzer (Company C, 24th Regiment Massachuses Infantry), pension no. WC 741.913, Case FIles of Approved Pension Applications, 1861-1934; Civil War and Later Pension Files, Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

        14. , “The George Mentzer Family,” In the Beginning, Woodson County Historical Society, 3 No. 11 (July 1970): p. 9-12.

        15. George Mentzer, death certificate #104 49 (19 January 1912), Kansas State Board of Health, Division of Vital Statistics, Topeka, Kansas.

        16. George Mentzer, 1838-1912, Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas. center drive, east of gazebo by road (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.001).

        17. Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Biography of George Mentzer. typewritten copy.

        18. 1850 U.S. Census, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, population schedule, Stow, MIddlesex County, Massachusetts, page 404, household 110, Orinda Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed onine November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M432.

        19. Duncan, L. Wallace and Chas F. Scott, History of Allen and Woodson Counties, Kansas, p. 681 (George Mentzer Notebook).

        20. 1860 U.S. Census, Worcester County Massachusetts, population schedule, Northborough, Worcester County, Massachusetts, page 138, family 1128, Cyrus Mentzur; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2018); NARA Microfilm PUblication M653.

        21. Certificate of Contribution to Easel Monument Project, , (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.019) — original probably owned by Doris Ryan, Yates Center.

        22. Pension File George Mentzer (Washington, DC 20408: Military Service Records (NNCC)), Co. C 24 Mass. Inf., Company Muster Roll Sept & Oct 1864 (George Mentzer Notebook).

        23. “Obituary – Mentzer,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 January 1912, image 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed onlnie August 2018).

        24. “U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (June 2019), George Mentzer.

        25. 1865 Massachusetts State census, Massachusetts, Massachusetts State Census, Northborough, Worcester County, Massachusetts, image 16 of 29 Image 16 of 29, family 214, Cyrus Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2018)

        26. Henry County, Illinois, Deed Book: book 72 page 297, Mentzer, George; FHL microfilm Film #1255585.

        27. Henry County, Illinois, Deed Book: book 38 page 384.

        28. Marriage, 24 March 1869, , . , photocopy of letter in possession of Alfred C. Young, Burtonsville, MD (Minnick.IL.029).

        29. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : viewed online 2016.

        30. “Illinois, Marriage Index, 1851-1900,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (October 2017), George Mentzer.

        31. Illinois, Henry County. Index to Marriages. County Clerk, Mentzer, George, Jan 1 1868 Index to Marriages, surnames G-N: image 620 of 751; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online August 2018.

        32. Illinois, Henry County. Marriage Register. County Clerk,  Film #1435944 DGS 4031862. Mentzer, George, 27 Dec 1867 Digital Images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online August 2018.1435944 DGS 4031862

        33. Henry County Illinois, “Return of Marriage,” Book A, page 313, George Mentzer and Emeline Minnick, 1 January 1868; County Clerk, Henry County, Illinois.

        34. Charles O. Mentzer, Kansas death certificate #55 011802 (1955).

        35. Lineage application of , Marcia Philbrick, (Charles Mentzer Notebook).

        36. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Misc Book A page 108, Contract Union Pacific Railway Companty to George Mentzer, 16 May 1870; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        37. 1870 U.S. Census, Henry County, Illinois, population schedule, Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois, page 52 Image 52 of 106, household 382, Geo Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M593

        38. Social Security Administration, “Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007,” database on-line, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/60901/ : viewed online October 2017), Henry Arnold Mentzer.

        39. Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Bound Post Records, 1866-1931, George Mentzer, database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2018).

        40. 1880 U.S. Census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, ED 56, Page 9 Image 3 of 9, household 97, Geo Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9

        41. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Book N page 162-163, Missouri Kansas & Texas Railway Company to George Mentzer, 14 July 1881; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        42. 1885 Kansas Census, Neosho County, State Census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, page 1 Image 1 of 31, line 25, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2018); Kansas State Historical Society

        43. “Obituary,” Woodson County Journal (Yates Center, Kansas), 30 January 1919, page 1; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 27 January 2020).

        44. U.S., Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934, George Mentzer, 6 June 1890; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017). Original Source: NARA micorfilm publication T288.

        45. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Book 28 page 203, The Woodson National Bank to George Mentzer, 4 March 1893; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        46. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Book 28 page 197, Virginia Lois Warren and Wm B Warren to George Mentzer, 14 March 1893; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        47. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Book 28 page 198, Mary C Orton and F L Orton to George Mentzer, 27 March 1893; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        48. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Book 30 page 1974, Irene Haggard to George Mentzer, 28 March 1894; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        49. 1895 Kansas State Census, Woodson County Kansas, Kansas State Census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, page 8 (image 12 of 51) Image 12 of 51, Household 5, Geo Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online June 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        50. “Local news,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 March 1897, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        51. Entry;  , “Yates Center Creamery Association”, pp 17-19 (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.017); in  (Yates Center, Kansas: Woodson County Historical Society). CITATION based on TMG Source

        52. “New Charters Issued,” The Kansas Semi-Weekly Capital (Topeka, Kansas), 27 April 1897, image 5; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        53. “Creamery Meeting,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 7 January 1898, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        54. Woodson County, Kansas, Deeds, Book 35 page 142, John E Frost and Margaret E Frost to George Mentzer, 5 October 1899; Recorder of Deeds, Yates Center, Kansas.

        55. 1900 U.S. Census, North Township, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas, ED 184, sheet 21B Image 42 of 46, household 464, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); FHL microfilm: 1240503

        56. “Local News,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 21 February 1902, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        57. “Local News,” The Toronto Republican (Toronto, Kansas), 14 February 1902, image 4; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        58. “District Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 21 March 1902, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        59. “Local News,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 7 March 1902, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        60. “It Depends,” The Citizen (Howard, Kansas), 19 March 1902, image 4; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        61. “District Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 20 June 1902, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        62. “Local news,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 4 July 1902, iamge 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed onlnie August 2018).

        63. “Court Docket,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 31 October 1902, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        64. “Local news,” The Fort Scott Weekly Tribune (Fort Scott, Kansas), 30 October 1902, image 3; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        65. “Local News,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 14 November 1902, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        66. “Final Notice,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 10 April 1903, image 8; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        67. “Court Docket,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 29 May 1903, image 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        68. “Commissioners Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 5 June 1903, image 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        69. “District Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 10 July 1903, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        70. “Bar Docket,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 30 October 1903, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        71. “District Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 20 November 1903, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        72. “Local News,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 13 November 1903, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        73. Standard Atlas of Woodson County, Kansas (N.p.: Geo. A. Ogle & Co, 1904), pages 10 & 11; digital images, http://www.kansasmemory.org viewed online August 2018.

        74. Standard Atlas of Woodson County, Kansas, pages 28 & 29.

        75. Standard Atlas of Woodson County, Kansas, pages 14&15,.

        76. “Court Docket,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 February 1904, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        77. “District Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 18 March 1904, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        78. Ravel (ravellaw.com : viewed online August 2018), Mentzer v. Burlingame, 71 Kan. 581, Kan. Supreme Court (1905).

        79. “Local news,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 14 July 1905, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        80. 1905 Kansas Census, Neosho Falls, Woodson County, state census, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, page 206 Image 11 of 63, family 4, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 12 May 2021); Kansas State Historical Socity

        81. “District Court,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 22 June 1906, image 8; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        82. “Local News,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 20 July 1906, image 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        83. Ravel, Mentzer v. Burlingame (78 Kan. 219).

        84. “Supreme Court Syllabi,” Topeka State Journal (Topeka, Kansas), 10 June 1908; digital image, Genealogy Bank (www.genealogybank.com : viewed online August 2018).

        85. 1910 U.S. Census, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas, SD 4, ED 145, sheet 5B Image 10 of 15, household 101, George Mentzer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016); NARA microfilm publication T624

        86. “Delinquent Corporations,” The Toronto Republican (Toronto, Kansas), 10 August 1911, image 1; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        87. “No. 16,858,” Topeka State Journal (Topeka, Kansas), 14 November 1911, page 15; digital image, Genealogy Bank (www.genealogybank.com : viewed online August 2018).

        88. “The Old Creamery Case Ended,” The Yates Center News (Yates Center, Kansas), 22 December 1911, image 5; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online August 2018).

        89. Edmund West, comp., “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,” database online, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), George Mentzer.

        90. “Geo. Mentzer,” Woodson County Advocate (Yates Center, Kansas), 26 January 1912, page 5; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online November 2019).

        91. George Mentzer, 1838-1912, Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas. center drive, east of gazebo by road (Doc. #: Mentzer.KS.001).