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When working on your genealogy, have you ever used a piece of software or web site that didn’t quite do what you expected. Then, when you go searching for an alternative find that the alternative is relatively expensive and you want to preserve your precious genealogy funds for something else.
Well, that’s the position I was in a couple of weeks ago with my WordPress blog. The one thing I wanted to include in a blog post either required HTML coding or a plug-in. The plug-in was easy to find – but, my WordPress blog doesn’t allow plug-ins. In order for me to utilize plug-ins, I would have to upgrade my PERSONAL WordPress plan to a BUSINESS plan — at a significant increase in cost.
It’s tax season again. I’m betting that unless one has a child applying for a college scholarship, most people haven’t started their taxes yet. I know I haven’t. I’d rather be spending my time researching.
So why was I buried in tax information yesterday? Well, I was going back thru some old research in pre 1800 tax lists for Madison County, Kentucky. I’ve looked at the tax information before, but didn’t have a good understanding of the various families to be able to identify the people listed.
Between 1787 and 1796, the following Crawford households are found in Madison County, Kentucky:
Everyone but Edward Crawford is missing in the 1797 list. This may be due to the creation of Garrard County, KY from part of Madison and part of Lincoln County.
So are any of these my ancestor, James Crawford (1772-1854)? If I have his birth year correct, then he would not have turned 21 until 1793. So are any of these possibly his parent or sibling?
The Mary Crawford in these tax lists is likely the same Mary Crawford that married Alexander Moore. She may be the mother of James Crawford (1772-1854). This is the same Mary Crawford who purchased land from Richard Cave. (Mary Crawford – wife of Alexander Moore)
In terms of the James Crawford in the 1787 list, he is shows as having land on Paint Lick that was purchased from Thos L Kennedy in 1796.
I found the deed for this land transaction in Lincoln County Kentucky Deeds, Vol. A page 219. In 1812, James Crawford and Rebecca his wife of County of Jefferson, Territory of Indiana sold 150 acres of that land back to Thomas Kennedy. (Garrard County Kentucky Deeds, Book D, p309) Thus, I believe the James Crawford in the 1787-1796 tax lists to be the James Crawford who was married to Rebecca Anderson.
When it comes to William, I haven’t been able to locate his purchase of 180 acres on Paint Lick that was part of the John Kennedy grant. Thus, I haven’t been able to use land transactions to identify his wife.
Other researchers believe that James Crawford was the son of James and Margery Crawford and grandson of Col. John Crawford. James and Margery had son named William. Researchers have placed this William Crawford in this area of Kentucky prior to his migration to Ste. Genevieve in the Louisiana Territory. Thus, the William in these early tax lists could be the brother of James Crawford. These same researchers believe that Mary is the widowed sister-in-law of James and William. I need more documentation to support this relationship, but my current theory is that James and William are brothers.
So, who are the ‘newcomers’ [James and Alexander] to the list in 1792?
Based on the possessions, James might have just turned 21, but Alexander is likely older. Could James be the son of Mary, James or William? William did have a son named James, but my current knowledge of the family indicates he was born in 1782 making him too young. James also had a son named James who was born in 1790. Thus, he is also too young. Thus the James that appears in 1792 is likely the son of Mary. A second study of the 1792 list shows the same date for Mary and the James with 2 horses and different dates for William and James (with 9 horses).
In terms of Alexander’s identity, I believe he is the Alexander Crawford that married Margaret McElwee in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1788. However, I need to collect more records for him to verify that these are the same man. I don’t know how Alexander fits with Mary, James and William. Other researchers believe he descends from Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters. That is possible since their descendants are found throughout early Kentucky.
A similar situation occurs in 1795 with the addition of John, William Jr and Edward.
Since Edward’s listing occurs in a different district than James and William, I don’t believe he is the son of Mary, James or William. Again James‘ sons are too young to appear on this tax list.
Assuming this William is the brother of James, he has two sons that could appear on the 1795 tax list: William (b about 1771) and John (b about 1774). The tax commissioner visited both Williams on the 23rd of May but visited John on the 25th of April.
A John Crawford married Sarah McAlester in August of 1794 in Madison County, Kentucky. A check of the tax list for McAlesters shows a Sarah McAlester. The date of her visit was the 25th of April. This would suggest that the Sarah McAlester of the tax list may be the mother of the Sarah McAlester married to John Crawford and that they were living near each other.
So what have I proven? Absolutely nothing! I need more documentation.
However, I do believe I have circumstantial evidence for the following relationships:
I still need to do the same analysis with tax lists from Lincoln County, Kentucky and possibly Garrard and Barren counties.
Below are my notes from viewing these tax lists:
Madison County, Kentucky
Tax Books, 1787-1874
Tax books 1787-1797, 1799-1807
List of taxable property within the district of Michael McNeely
Commissioner in the county of Madison for the year 1787
July 9 1787 Crawford (or Cranford) Mary – 3 horses, 11 cattle
July 9, 1787 Cooley, William – Willm Cooley – 4 hourses 7 cattle
July 9, 1787 Clarke John John Clarke – 4 horses, 4 cattle
July 11, 1787 Care, James
July 11, 1787 Crawford James – Jas Crwford – 6 horses 15 cattle
July 11, 1787 Coughron Dinnis
July 17, 1787 Crawford Willm Wm Crawford 6 horses 8 cattle
Image 23 – No Sellers
People recorded on July 9 (neighbors of Mary)
People recorded on July 11 (neighbors of James)
Kennedy J L
People recorded on July 17 (neighbors of William)
List of Taxable Property within the district of John Miller, Commissioner in the county of
Madison for the year 1787
A book for the solicitor
Richmond Sept 8 1787
A book containing a list of taxable property in one of the district
layed of by Court in Madison
County for Andw Kennedy
a commissioner in the year 1787
A list of taxable property within the district of Robert Rode?
County of Madison for year 1788
C’s mostly illegible
list of taxable property within the district of Michael McNeeley
Commissioner in the county of Madison for the year 1788
March 22 Crawford William– 1 white male taxable – 6 horses
March 22 Crawford James – 1 white male taxable – 5 horses
March 21 Crawford Mary – 2 horses
A list of tithables and taxa
ble property in the district of Aaron
Lewis Commission in the County of
Madison District of Kentucky
for the year 1789
List of taxable property in the district of Michael McNeeley
Commissionery in the County of Madison for theyear 1789
Crawford Mary – number of white tithable > 16 — ONE – 3 horses
Crawford James – 1 white tithable >16 – 7 horses
Crawford William – 1 white tithable > 16 – 4 horses
Duggan William – 1 white tithable > 16
Mary Crawford also on image 90
Kennedy’s are in this set of tax records, but the Crawfords are missing
Madison County 1790
John Pitman Return
Madison County 1791
Crawford William 2 (heading illegible – but likely 2 thitheables) — 5 (likely horses)
Crawford James – 1 (likely titheable) – 7 (likely horses)
Crawford Mary – 1 (likely titheable) – 3 (likely horses) — note on right side of page
Sellers, Wm – 1 (likely tithable) – 3 (likely horses)
Madison County 1792
17th – Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 males 16-21; 13 horses; 16 cattle; 180 acres
3rd – Crawford Mary — 1 male 16-21; 4 horses; 10 cattle; 100 acres
3rd – Crawford James – 1 male > 21; 2 horses – 1 cattle
4th – Crawford James TS – 1 male > 21; 9 horses; 25 cattle; 150 acres
6th – Crawford Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 9 cattle; 64 acres
Dark / mostly illegible
there is a Crawford
No Alexander Moore on image 165
image 174 — very faint
Crawford, Evan ????
Crawford, James 1 male >21, 8 horses – 15 cattle – 146 acres
Crawford, James 1 male >21, 1 horse, 3 cattle
Crawford, Alexander, 1 male >21, 2 horses, 5 cattle
Crawford, William, 1 male >21, 3 males 16-21, 13 horses, 20 cattle
Duggin, William, 1 male >21, 1 horse, 6 cattle
Madison County 1795
Crawford James – 1 male >21; 5 horses; 17 cattle; 146 acres
Crawford John – 1 male > 21, 2 horses, 6 cattle
Crawford William Jr – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
Crawford William Sr – 1 male > 21; 1 male 16-21; 12 horses; 28 cattle; 180 acres
Duggins, William – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 8 cattle
Duggins, Daniel – 1 male >21
Moore Alexander – 1 male >21; 3 horses; 3 cattle
Crawford Edward – 1 male >21, 2 horses; 3 cattle
Crawford James – 1216 acres Paint Lick Madison County Thos L Kennedy Grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 6 horses; 25 cattle [200 Acres – James/Rebecca]
Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
Crawford, William – 180 acres paint Lick, Madison county; John Kennedy grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 7 horses; 25 cattle
Crawford, John – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 13 cattle
Duggins, Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse
Duggins, David- 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 2 cattle
Duggins Benjamin – 1 male > 21; 1 horse
Duggins Daniel 45 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 1 cattle
Duggins William 50 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
Moore Alexander – 50 acres Paint Lick Madison County ; 1 male >21; 2 horses; 7 cattle
Image 406 – Image Downloaded
Crawford Edwd – 1 male > 21; 3 horses
Madison County 1800
but Kennedy and Maxwell families in this group
Quit at image 538
Madison County 1801
Do you have documents in your genealogy files with incomplete citations. Congratulations if your answer was no!
Unfortunately, I have documents with partial citations. One set of those documents is four marriage bonds involving Crawford family members from Kentucky in the 1790s.
I was able to locate the two Crawford-Sellers bonds thru Family Search. They are found in the Loose papers, files 1-6 1781-1809 (film #102262) in the Marriage Records, 1781-1961 collection for Lincoln County, Kentucky on Family Search thru a search of the index for Crawford.
On the off chance that the bond for James and Martha was missed, I scanned thru the entire roll of loose papers — and still didn’t find it. I was able to find verification that the record existed at one time in the set of records titled, “Extract” in the Marriage Records, 1781-1961 collection for Lincoln County, Kentucky.
I had a similar experience trying to locate the bond for James Crawford and Sally Duggins. I located the following in the Index 1797-1853 (DGS 004260348) set of records in the Marriages, 1797-1954 collection for Garrard County, KY.
Thus, I have two marriage bonds and little evidence of where they came from.
So, the question of the day: Where did I get copies of these two marriage bonds?
Lesson of the day: Create a solid citation for each and every source!
Does your genealogy have a brick wall FAN club that involves several branches of the surname along with lots of same name issues? Well, the parents of my ancestor, James Crawford (1772-1854) has such a FAN club.
While working with some other researchers from the FAN club, but unfortunately not my line, I created a ‘traditional’ time line outlining the information I had on the individuals in the FAN club.
This timeline included all of the facts for each individual in the time line. Thus, it is long. I used color coding to identify various lines and counties.
Even though the data is here, this form of timeline hasn’t helped me advance my research.
Yesterday, I started a different version of a time line. This timeline has the different family groups across the top and the year down the side. In the intersecting cell, I’m recording brief info about the event and the county/state where they lived. I’m using color coding for the locations.
For this timeline, I limited the people to the following:
By looking at the information in this format, I’ve been able to track the land transactions. This has allowed me to quickly see which tracts of land only had one transaction (purchase or sell), allowing me to look for the other transaction. I’m also seeing other ‘holes’ in my research of these people. Hopefully, as I fill in those ‘holes’, I will find records tying these Crawford families together.
I’m thankful I tried looking at the information from a different perspective!
I’m trying to use deeds to help separate information for two James Crawfords who resided in Preble County Ohio at the same time. They both owned parts of section 14, Township 7 North, Range 2 East.
As discussed in my post, James Crawford of Preble County, I use the selling of the land to figure out which James Crawford owned the land. I also use their wife’s name to help me keep them straight. James and Sally are my ancestors while James and Martha may or may not be related.
James (Martha) Crawford filed a patent for the Southwest quarter of section 14 township 7 North, range 2 East in 1812.
Four years later, my ancestor, James Crawford along with William Sellers, husband of Sarah Crawford filed a patent as ‘tenants in common’ for the northwest quarter of section 14 township 7 North range 2 East.
After looking at an article about Tenancy in Common, I now understand the exchange of land between James Crawford and William Sellers in 1821. Basically, James purchases the West half of the quarter from William Sellers
and sells the East half of the quarter to William Sellers.
The final land transaction involving James Crawford’s land is after his death. His step-son, William Duggins, and his widow, Sally Crawford, sell the land. Within the deed is a statement that the land was transferred to William Duggins by Nelson Crawford, James’ son and heir.
The purchase of the land as ‘tenants in common’ by William Sellers and James Crawford adjoining land purchased by another James Crawford just makes everything more confusing. William Sellers wife, Sarah Crawford, is believed to be the sister of the James Crawford (b1770) who married Martha Knight. If that is the case, then why is William Sellers essentially sharing land with the James Crawford (b1772) that married Sally Duggins?
Do you ever go back to a source you’ve likely used before and discover a very tiny tidbit of information that changes one of your assumptions about an ancestor. Well, I did last night. I was browsing the Internet for Madison County, Kentucky resources while watching the webinar, Trails of Daniel Boone and Other Western Travelers by J. Mark Lowe.
I came across the book, Glimpses of Historic Madison County, Kentucky on Internet Archive. When I searched the contents of the book for Crawford, I found a paragraph about Rev. James Crawford.
The Presbyterian Church
The first Presbyterian Church in the county was organized by
Rev. James Crawford about 1790 at Round Top, six miles from
Richmond, and was known as the Silver Creek Presbyterian Church.
Seven years later this group united with the Paint Lick Church and
one minister served both congregations. There was a schism in the
Presbyterian as well as practically all other local churches in the
early 1800’s as a result of the great religious revival sweeping Ken-
tucky at that time. Many new doctrines were being preached, and
large numbers of those who were once thought to be dependable
followers of the Calvinistic faith, succumbed to the new teachings.
Even the pastor of the above church departed from the Presbyterian
doctrines, became a strong advocate of the bodily exercises often
experienced during the revival and finally became a devout mem-
ber of the Shaker colony, which established itself in a neighboring county
during that period.
At this time, I don’t know which James Crawford in the Lincoln-Madison-Garrard area of Kentucky in the 1790s this is referring to. However, this short piece contains several hints that may prove useful.
So, could this Rev. James Crawford be one of the James Crawfords I have been researching? Yes, but it could also be another James Crawford. I will have to follow up on these clues to try and figure out who he is.