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James Crawford of Preble County

One of my brick walls is also one of my same name challenges. In her Jan. 16, 2019 podcast, Can You Identify Your Ancestor, Amy Johnson Crowe talks about finding information to make sure one is tracking the right person.

I’ve used most of her tips in my research, but I have one case where almost all of the details are the same.

James Crawford James Crawford
Birth 1770 1772
Residence 1820 Preble County OH Preble County OH
Marriage Year 1793 1799
Marriage Place Lincoln County KY Garrard County KY
Occupation Farmer Farmer
Wife’s name Martha Sally

The easiest way for me to distinguish these two men (and several other James Crawford) is by their wife’s name. Since the wife’s name often appears on a deed where land has been sold, I have used land records to help separate these two families.

In 1821, these two James Crawford both sold land to William Sellers. The two pieces of land were in the same section, township and range in Ohio.

1821-deed-oh-bk5p85-crawford-martha-sellers

Preble,Ohio. Deeds, 1819-1824. Preble County Recorder of Deeds, Eaton, OH. digital images. Family Search.

Preble County Ohio
Deed Book 5 page 85

James Crawford to Wm Sellers Deed Recorded 3 January 1822
This Indenture made the Eleventh day of December
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty one
Betewen James Crawford of the county of Preble and State of Ohio
of the one part and William Sellers of the county and state aforesaid
of the other part witnesseth that the said James Crawford for an
in consideration of the sum of eighty dollars lawful money of
the Untied States to him in hand well and truly paid by the said
William Sellers the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged has gran
-ted bargained sold conveyed and confirmed and by these presen
-ts doth grant bargain sell convey and confirm unto the said
William Sellers his heirs and assigns forever all and singu-
lar the following tract or parcel of land It being a part of the
South West quarter of section No. fourteen Township No.
Seven of Range two East in Preble County and Begin
-ning at the North west corner of said quarter and running thence
East five degrees north 147 poles to a stone on the side of the hill
thence South 20 degrees west 64 poles to a stone thence west four
degrees South 119 poles to a walnut thence north 5 degrees west
49 poles to the place of beginning containing forty acres
more or less And all the estate right title interest
claim and demand of the said James Crawford of in and to the
said premises hereby granted and every part thereof together with
all and singular the rights members previleges and appurtenances
to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining and the rents issue
and profits thereof to Have and to hold the premises afores
-aid hereby bargained and sold or ment or intended so to be with the
appurtenances to the only proper use and behoof of the said William
Sellers his heirs and assigns forever and the said James Crawford for
himself his heirs executors and administrators doth covenant grant
and agree to and with the said William Sellers his heirs executors
administrators and assigns that he was the true and lawful owner
of the premises hereby granted and had good right full power and
lawful authority to sell and convey the same in manner and form
aforesaid and further that the said James Crawford his heirs exec-
utors and administrators will warrant and forever defend
the aforesaid premises with their appurtenances and every part and par-
-cel thereof unto the said William Sellers his heirs and assigns against
all persons claiming or to claim by from or under them or any of them or
by from or under any other person or persons whomsoever.
In witness whereof the said James Crawford and Martha his wife
has here unto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and
year first above written.
James Crawford
Martha Crawford (her mark)
Sealed and delivered in the presence of us
Isaac Stephens
James Sumers

1821-deed-preblecounty-oh-bk5-p86

Preble,Ohio. Deeds, 1819-1824. Preble County Recorder of Deeds, Eaton, OH. digital images. Family Search.

Preble County Ohio
Deed Book 5, page 86

James Crawford Junr Deed to Wm Sellers recorded 3 Jan 1822
This indenture made the eleventh day of December
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twen
ty one between James Crawford Junr of the county of Preble of
the one part and William Sellers of said county of the other
part witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in cons
sideration of the sum of three hundred dollars to the said
James Crawford in hand paid the receipt of which is here
by acknowledge has granted bargained aliened conveyed and con
firmed and by these presents do grant bargain sell alien con
vey and confirm unto the said William Sellers his heirs and assigns
forever all the following described lot tract or parcel of
land lying in the county of Preble and State of Ohio
being the East half of the NorthWest quarter of section
No 14 in township no seven of range two east
of the meridian line
To have and to hold the said granted and bargained premeses
with all the privileges and appurtenance to the same belonging or in
in any wise appertaining to the only proper use benefit and behoof
of the said William Sellers his heirs and assigns and the said James
Crawford for himself his heirs executors and administrators do hereby
covenant promise and grant to and with the said William Sellers his heirs and assigns that before the unsealing hereof he the said James
Crawford was the true sold and lawful owner of the above bargained
premeses and was lawfully seized and possessed of the same
in his own right as a good perfect and absolute estate of inheri
tance in fee simple and had in himself good right full
power and lawful authority to grant bargain sell convey and con
firm the said bargained premeses in the manner aforesaid
And that the said William Sellers his heirs and assigns
shall and may from time to time and at all times for
ever hereafter by force and virtue of these presents
lawfully peaceable and quietly have hold use occupy possess and enjoy
the said demised and bargained premeses with the appurtenances fee
and clear and freely and clearly acquitted exonorated and discharged
of and form all and all manner of former or other gifts grants
bargains sales or incumberances of what name or nature soever
that might in any measure or degree obstruct or make void
this present deed
Furthermore the said James Crawford for himself his heirs executors
and administrators doth covenant and engage the above demised
premises to him the said William Sellers his heirs and assigns against
the lawful claims of any person or persons whatsoever. Forever
hereafter to warrant secure and defend by these presents
In testimony whereof the said James Crawford and Sally his
wife have hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written.

Sealed and delivered in the presence of us
Nathan D Sellers
Isaac Stephens

Signed by
James Crawford (Seal)
Sally (her mark) Crawford (seal)

The State of Ohio Preble County
Before me the undersigned a justice of the peace
in and for the said county came personally James Crawford and Sally
Crawford wife of the said James Craford the within named grantors she
being examined separate and apart from her said husband they acknoled
ged the within deed of conveyance to be their voluntary act and deed
for the uses and purposes therein mentioned.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
seal this 11th day of December 1821
Isaac Stephens, J.P.

As I’m preparing my application for a brick wall consultation, I am also going back thru all of the data I’ve collected. It is my hope to find pieces of information that will help me locate more records on these two men and their families.

One thought on “James Crawford of Preble County

  1. Pingback: Friday's Family History Finds | Empty Branches on the Family Tree

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