Home » Barren County » Using Land to Verify Heirs

Using Land to Verify Heirs

ne of the challenges I regularly face when researching my Crawford brick wall is trying to verify the identity of a James Crawford. That is the case with my attempt to rule out David Crawford of Barren County, KY as the father of my ancestor, James Crawford.

The 1812 will of David Crawford indicates he had a son named James, James Fisher Crawford to be exact. I believe that the James F Crawford in the 1860 and 1870 census records is this same James Crawford.

Unfortunately, I haven’t found a record that clearly proves that the James Crawford in the census record is the same James Crawford in the will. However, I have found three land records that may provide supporting evidence. One is a partition of land by the sons of James F Crawford.

Another deed is the purchase of land by the ‘Heirs of David Crawford.’ The third deed is the sale of land by Polly Crawford to James Crawford. I believe the partition deed is referencing the land from these other two deeds.

Overlaying the two images shows that the land descriptions are not an exact match. However, I believe they are close enough to consider the possibility that they reference the same land.

Below are the deeds involved in this study:

1828 Deed  Herod Bybee to Heirs of David Crawford

Barren County, Kentucky
Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935
Vols. L-M 1826-1833
FS Film 209725 DGS 7899154

1828 Crawford heirs David Herod Bybee Deed Book L page 298 tract on Beaver Creek

Image 156

Page 298

This Indenture made and entered into this 18th day of July 1828 between Herod
Bybee of the one part and and the heirs and Devisees of David Crawford deceased
of the other part all of Barren County and State of Kentucky Witnesseth that the
said Herod Bybee for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars
the payment whereof is hereby acknowledged hath bargained and sold and by these
presents doth bargain sell alien and convey unto the said heirs and devisees of
David Crawford Deceased a certain tract or parcel of land situate in the
County aforesaid on the waters of the [links] of Beaver Creek and bounded as follows
to wit Beginning on a red Oak the North West corner of a 200 acre survey
the name of John Bybee thence South 11 east 159 Poles to two hickories on Levi
Hollonworths line thence with his line South 78 East 128 poles to a Sasafras and
Sycamore thence North 12 west 198 poles to a red and post oak thence south 88 west
93 poles to the beginning to have and to hold unto the said heirs and devisees
of David Crawford deceased the aforesaid tract of land with all & singular the
appurtenances tot hem and their heirs forever and the said Herod Bybee doth
covenant and agree to warrant and defend the title of said tract of land unto the
said heirs & devisees of David Crawford deceased against the claims of all manner
of persons whatsoever In testimony whereof the said Herod Bybee hath herewith
set his hand and seal the day and date above written.
Herod Bybee

Barren County Kentucky, to wit
I William Logan Clerk of the County Court for the County aforesaid do certify that
that the foregoing deed of conveyance from Herod Bybee to the heirs and Devisees
of David Crawford deceased was acknowledge before me by the said  Herod Bybee
to be his act and deed, whereupon the aforesaid deed of conveyance and this certificate
hath been duly admited to record in m office this 18th day of July 1828
Test DWL

1842 Deed Polly Crawford to James F Crawford

Barren County Kentucky
Land Records

Vol. P-Q, 1838-1842
FS Film 209727 DGS 8568124

1842 Crawford Polly to James F Crawford Deed Q page 392 dated 1841 110 A Beaver Cr

This Indenture made this third day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and forty one between Polly Crawford of the County of Barren
Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and James F Crawford of the 
County and Commonwealth aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the
said Polly Crawford for and in consideration of one hundred & [twenty] dollars 
in hand paid the receipt whereof hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained
& sold and by these presents doth grant bargain & sell unto the said James F
Crawford his heirs and assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate & lying
in the County Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Beaver Creek &
bounded as follows to wit beginning on H Dickson SE corner two Spanish Oaks
thence N23E 50 poles to two black oaks thence S 81 W 100 poles to a stake
thence South 44 poles to a stone thence S 80 W 121 poles to a forked chestnut
thence S 70 E 12 poles to two chestnuts Wm Bells N w corner thence with his
line S 66 E 220 poles to a stake thence to the beginning containing one
hundred & ten acres be the same more or less together with all & singular
the appurtenances thereunto belonging [or] any wise appurtenances to have
and to hold the land hereby conveyed with the appurtenances unto the said
James F Crawford his heirs and assigns forever and the said Polly Crawford
for herself her heirs executors and administrators the aforesaid tract of
land and appurtenance unto the said James F Crawford his heirs or

page 393

assigns against the claim or claims of all & every person or persons whatsoever
claiming by through or under her the said Polly Crawford but from no
other person in witness whereof the said Polly Crawford hath hereunto
set her hand the day & date first above written
Polly (her mark) Crawford
Signed Sealed & delivered in
presence of
S Anderson
Thomas Lo[v]e
State of Kentucky, Barren County
I Thomas J Helm Clerk of the county Court for said county certify that
the deed from Polly Crawford to James F Crawford [was] on this day
proven before me by the oath of Samuel Anderson & Thomas Love
subscribing witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of said polly Crawford
whereupon the same & this certificate has been recorded in my office
Given under my hand the 21 day of March 1842
Thos J Helm BCC

1878 Deed of Partition

Barren County Kentucky
Deeds
Vols. 12-14 1875-1880
FS Film 469203 DGS 8150775

1878 Crawford David M & MB to WT & Mary J Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 127 A Beaver Cr
1878 Crawford Mary J W T to D M & M B Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 87 A Beaver Creek

Vol 13 starts on image 336
page 103 on image 388

Crawford to Crawford
This deed of partition made and entered into this 14th day
of January 1876 between Wm Crawford & Mary J Crawford and
D M Crawford all of the county of Barren and State of Kentucky
Witnesseth that whereas we are the joint owners of a certain
tract of land in the county and state aforesaid and on the
waters of Beaver Creek, we have this day divided said tract
of land and the said D M Crawford takes the following
boundary: Beginning at a stone running thence N 11 1/2 W 50 1/2 
poles to a post oak, thence N 19 3/4 E 72 poles to a Gum and
persimmon thence S 81 1/4 W 108 1/4 poles to a stone, thence
S 2 W 60 3/4 poles to a stone thence S 83 1/2 W 101 3/4 poles to
a double chestnut thence S 64 E 109 poles to a chestnut
thence N 79 1/2 E 100 1/4 poles to the beginning containing
87 acres
and the said W T Crawford & Mary Crawford the re-
mainder which is bounded as follows to wit: Begin
ning at a stone on the South side of a road, running
thence N 7 3/4 W 194 poles to a black oak thence West 93
poles to a stone thence with the dividing line S 79 1/2
W 100 1/4 poles to a chestnut thence S 64 E 116 poles to a post
oak, thence S 9 E 14 poles to a stone, thence S 3 1/2 W 23 poles
to a stone thence S 40 W 46 poles to a stone in Johnsons
line the lines and corners from the above post oak to
Johnson line were made by an agreement between
us and Nickols) thence S 67 E 37 1/2 poles to a Stake and 
pole north of a fur thence S 71 E 103 1/2 poles to the
beginning containing 127 acres and we hereby war-
rant the same reciprocally free from all claims with 
covenant of General warranty. Given under our hands
this 17th day of January 1876
W T Crawford
Mary J Crawford
David M Crawford
M B Crawford
State of Kentucky
Barren County
I W W Franklin clerk of the county court
for said county hereby certify that the foregoing joint
deed between W T Crawford & D M Crawford was acknowl
edged before J m Renfro an acting deputy for J P Nackols
former clerk of the court by all the parties thereto to be 

page 104

their act and deed as appears by his endorsement
thereon as follows “1846 January 26” acknowledged by
W T Crawford & Mary J Crawford, D M Crawford and his
wife M B Crawford J M Renfro DC for J P Nuckols
B C C “ and on the 7th day of June 1878 siad deed was
filed for record whereupon the same and this certificate
have been recorded.
Given under my hand this 17th day of Jun 1878
W W Franklin CBCC
by H C Crunshan DC