Scavenger Hunt

Do you ever feel like you are on a scavenger hunt when trying to document a family? Well, that’s what it felt like today as I tried to document the family of Cornelius R. Hammond, son of Horatio Hammond.

I had some information for the family in my file that came from a published genealogy.

Frederick Stam Hammond, History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America: with an account of the early hisotry of the family in Normandy and Great Britain, [SuplAuthor], [Suplrole] (Oneida, New York: Ryan & Burkhart, 1902–1904), digital image, page 519 (image 1290 of 1659) viewed online 28 March 2021.

I also had some census records. When a hint led to an obituary for who might beCornelius’ wife, trying to match up the children was its own puzzle.

Mrs. Hammond Dies at Eastside
Mrs. Sarah Houston Hammond, 88, died at 6:00 a.m. today at Eastside at the home of her two sons, W. J. Hammond and L. A. Hammond. She had been ill for the past two weeks.
Mrs. Hammond had lived at Eastside for the past five years coming here from Grants Pass. She is survived by a son, Alvi Hammond of Grants Pass: three daughters, Mrs. Nellie McComas of Roseburg, Mrs. Olive Patterson of Roseburg and Mrs. H. R. Williams of Eastside and two sons of Eastside.
The body is at the Campbell funeral home, where the funeral will beheld at 2:00 o’clock Friday, with interment at Sunset.

“Mrs. Hammond Dies at Eastside,” The World (Coos Bay, Oregon), 21 December 1932, page 1; digital image, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

Since W. J. could be Warren J and L. A. could be Lorin A., along with Alvi Hammond, the sons appear to match up. When it comes to the daughters, the book shows a daughter named Nellie, but she is married to a Williams instead of a McComas. And Flora and Lottie are married to men named Harrington and Stubbs and not Patterson and Williams.

Hoping the FamilySearch tree would help figure out whether this obituary fit the family of Cornelius Hammond, I checked the tree to see whom the tree had as the husband of Flora B. Hammond. I discovered that the tree did not have a husband or children for Flora. I found the same to be true for Lettie Hammond: no husband and no children. The tree did have a McComas husband for Nellie, Joseph Leonard McComas. However, it did not have John Williams listed as her husband. Thus, the FamilySearch tree was not helpful in figuring out whether this obituary was for the wife of Cornelius Hammond.

Thus, I turned to Ancestry hints. Most of the hints for the children were for census records. However, one hint for Lettie Hammond was to a newspaper announcement of the marriage of Miss Letta Hammond to Richard Stubbs.

Mr. Richard Stubbs and Miss Letta Hammond, both of this county, were married at the residence of the bride’s parents, south of this city, at three o’clock on Thursday, Octtober 23, 1890; Rev. J. M. Wright, officiating. Mr. Stubbs is a brother to Sam. Stubbs, of the Central Grocery, and holds a position there; he is steady in his habits and has many friends among our people. Miss Hammond is a very popular young lady and has many friends amoung our people

“Local News,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 25 October 1890, page 4; digital images, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

The puzzling aspect of this hint was that it was in a newspaper from Dodge City, Kansas. The records I had for the family indicated that they were in Illinois, Iowa and Oregon – but not Kansas.

However, Cornelius’ brother, Richmond Fisk Hammond was in Dodge City. Thus, I decided to search the Dodge City papers for Cornelius Hammond between 1885 and 1895. This search revealed that Cornelius Hammond and his son, Alva, homesteaded in Ford county, Kansas.

Notice for Publication
Land office at Garden city, Kansas
March 10th, 1890
Notice is hereby given that the following named settler, who made homestead entry No 1,581 has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the judge or in his absence the clerk of the district court of Ford county, Kansas at his office in Dodge City, Kansas, on the 25th day of April 1890, viz:
Alva M Hammond, of Ford county, Kansas, final homestead, for lots 3, 4, 5 and southeast quarter northwest quarter section No. 6 township No. 27 south range No. 26 west, Ford county, Kansas. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz: S. F> Coates and Wallace Johnson, of Dodge City, Kansas, F. A. Etrick of Ensign, and Eugene Hall of Cimarron, Kansas.
Also at the same time and place Cornelius R. Hammond, final homested No. 1582, for the lots 6 and 7, and southwest quarter southwest quarter of secton No. 6, township No. 27 south range No. 26 west, ford county, Kansas. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz: S. F. Coates and Wallace Johnson, both of Dodge City, Kansas, F. A> Etrick of Ensign, Eugene Hail of Cimarron, Kansas.
20 25
D. M. Frost, Reigster
First publication March 12th, 1890

“Notice for publication,” The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), 19 March 1890, page 8; digital image, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

The notice regarding the homestead claim was in a March 1890 newspaper. Thus, the announcement of the marriage of Letta Hammond to Richard Stubbs is likely for the daughter of Cornelius Hammond.

Thinking that Lettie’s husband, Richard had died, I started searching for an obituary for Richard or a second marriage for Lettie prior to 1932. I did not find an obituary. Instead I found a couple of references to a Richard Stubbs having been divorced. At this point, I don’t have enough information to say it is the same Richard Stubbs, but it would explain a remarriage for Lettie. And that is what is puzzling. I found a marriage record for Lettie L. Stubbs to Sam R. Brisbin dated 21 Apr 1923 occurring in Douglas County, Oregon.

There is a Lettie Brisbine on the 1930 census in Douglas county with an 18 year old Charles Stubbs in the household. The ages for Lettie are almost identical between the 1920 and 1930 census. However the 1920 census for the Richard Stubbs household includes an 8 year old boy named Charles. Even though Lettie is listed as a widow on the 1930 census, Samuel Brisbin is also found living in Douglas County, Oregon in 1930. Even though the couple appear to be separated on the 1930 census, Lettie is mentioned in the obituary found on Samuel Brisbin’s Find a Grave site.

Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave ( : viewed online 27 March 2021), memorial for Samuel Rice Brisbin (1860-1931), Find a Grave Memorial no. #10686310, created by Robin, citing Roseburg IOOF Cemetery, Roseburg, Douglas County, Oregon; accompanying photograph by Ida Baker, Samuel Rice Brisbin.

Lettie died in 1941 and her obituary identifies her as Mrs. Samuel R. Brisbin.

Mrs. Samuel R. Brisbin Summoned by Death
Mrs. Samuel R. (Lettie Louise) Brisbin, of Roseburg, died at Mercy hospital Tuesday afternoon following a short illness. Born in Des Moines, Iowa, she had been a resident of Roseburg for many years.
Surviving are a son and two daughters, Carl E. Stubbs, Roseburg; Maude Stone, Pomona, Calif., and Flora Mason, Long Beach, Calif.
Funeral services will be held at the Roseburg undertaking company parlors at 2 p.m. Friday, Rev. John Barney officiating.

“Mrs. Samuel R. Brisbin Summonded by Death,” The News-Review (Roseburg, Oregon), 6 August 1941, page 3; digital iamges, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

Again, a Charles Stubbs is mentioned as a son. The names of the daughters, Flora and Maud, also match the names of the daughters found in the Richard and Leta Stubbs household on the 1910 census. Thus, I am concluding that Lettie Hammond was first married to Richard Stubbs and then to Samuel R Brisbin. No evidence has been found for Lettie going by the name of Mrs. Olive Patterson or Mrs. H. R. Williams as suggested by the obituary of Sara Hammond.

That leaves Flora. According to the Hammond genealogy, Flora was married to Asa Harrington. A marriage record for Flora and Asa has not been found. However, there is a 1900 census record in Coos County, Oregon for a widowed Flora Harrington. Also listed in the household is a 6 year old female, Minnie Harrington. By 1910, Flora is identified as Flora Williams of Myrtle Point in her father’s obituary.

Death of Old Timer
C. R. Hammond of Hugo, who has spent the past month in this city under the doctor’s care, died Wednesday evening, cause of heath being heart trouble. Deceased was 7[4] years old at the time of his death and had been a sufferer from asthma for several years, until death relieved him of his pain. He leaves a wife, Mrs. Sarah Hammond, of this city and two sons, Loren and Alva Hammond, two daughters, Mrs. Flora Williams of Myrtle Point, and Mrs. Lettie Stubbs of Roseburg, all of whom were with him at the time of his death. Another son who resides in Washington, and a daughter in Colorado are expected to arrive in time for the funeral services, which will take place at Pleasant Valley cemetery Friday at 2 o’clock p.m. The deceased was a kind husband and father and held the respect of all who knew him.

“Death of Old TImer,” Weekly Rogue River Courier (Grants Pass, Oregon), 16 December 1910, page 5; digital image, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

In 1910, there is a Flora Williams listed as the wife of Joseph Williams living in Myrtle Point, Oregon. Also listed in the household is an 11 year old nephew, Warren Hammond. This Warren Hammond is likely Warren Raymond Hammond, son of Flora’s brother, Warren Jepthie Hammond and his first wife Alpha Reed. Since Warren J. Hammond is remarried in 1905, his children by his first wife appear to be living with relatives. There are two obituaries for Warren Jepthie Hammond. One is apparently written by his siblings and the other by his second wife. A son, Warren, is named in one obituary but not the other.

W. J. Hammond of Eastside Called at Independence
W. J. Hammond, 66 resident of Eastside for may years and of Coos Bay since 1912, died at Independence late Thursday or early Friday, children at Eastside were advised by telephone. HE had been working in the valley for two months, his wife and daughter, Belva, being with him. Cause of death was not learned here.
The body will be brought to the Campbell funeral home here where the funeral will be held probably at 2 p.m. Monday, with burial in Sunset cemetery.
Survivors include the widow, three daughters, Belva, Mrs. Eva Hagquist of Bunker Hill, and Mrs. Flora Fitzpatrick of Vancouver, Was.; also three sons, A. E., Cecil J. of Eastside and Warren R. Hammond of New York. Mrs. Nellie McComas of Roseburg is a sister and Loren Hammond of Eastside is a brother. Mr. Hammond was formerly watchman at Broadway motors and for the McKenna mill.

“W. J. Hammond of Eastside Called at Independence,” The World (COos Bay, Oregon), 22 August 1942, page 1; digital image, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

Hammond Funeral Held Monday in Marshfield
Independence — Funeral services for Warren Jepthie Hammond, who died last Friday at the Wigrich hop ranch south of Independence, were held Monday at Marshfield.
Mr. and Mrs. Hammond had lived here for three months and in Marshfield for 25 years. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Fern Hammond, two sons, Alva and Cecil Hammond, Marshfield; two daughters, Mrs. Flora Fitzpatrick, Vancouver, Wash; and Belva Hammond, at home. Also a brother and sister, Loren Hammond of Marshfield and Mrs Nellie Commosoff of Roseburg.

“Hammond Funeral Held Monday at Marshfield,” Statesman Journal (Salem, Oregon), 28 August 1942, page 11; digital image, ( : viewed online 27 March 2021).

Flora William’s site on Find a Grave provides even further evidence that she was a Hammond and a sibling of Lettie. The image included on the site is of Flora’s death certificate. This death certificate identifies her parents as C. R. Hammond and Sarah Huston. The informant identified on the death certificate is Lettie Brisbane.

Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave ( : viewed online 27 March 2021), memorial for Flora Bell Hammond Wiliams (1875-1940), Find a Grave Memorial no. #136015467, citing Norway Cemetery, Norway, Coos County, Oregon; accompanying photograph by Ernie Krewson, Flora Bell Hammond Williams.

Thus, Flora Hammond was a Flora Williams. However, she was Mrs. Joseph Williams and not Mrs. H.R. Williams.

Even though I still can’t figure out the ‘Mrs. Olive Patterson’ mentioned in the obituary, I do believe that the obituary in question is for Sarah Houston, wife of Cornelius Hammond. I also believe that the information found in the Hammond Genealogy, even though basically correct, is incomplete.

This family is a great example of why one has to do significant digging and follow any and all small clues to piece the family together.

Throwback Thursday

Hammond Pictures

The identities of these three men may be lost. However, there are some clues in the photo. FIrst, the “Nellie’s Father’ inscription could mean either Richmond or Cornelius Hammond. Since the photo was passed down from Josie Hammond to my grandparents to me, I believe it is likely Richmond Hammond on the left.

The middle inscription is hard to read, but it may be ‘C. Hammond’. If so, then that would be Cornelius Hammond.

The location of the photographer tells me that one of these men lived in or near Emporia, Kansas. Thus, Lucius J. Hammond may be the man on the left

Below are some other photos of Richmond Fisk Hammond for comparison.

Richmond Hammond and his second wife, Mary McClure and her family.

Gentle Reminder

Do you ever see an image or a hint that reminds you to look in that source for small bits of information about family members?

I had that “Oh, yeah, I should look at that source.” feeling when I was working hints for Lucius J. Hammond, my 2nd great granduncle. The hint that caused my reaction was an image of an article in the Dodge City Daily Globe.

Since Lucius died in Lyon County, Kansas and not Ford County, Kansas, one might not dig deep enough to find the article in the Dodge City newspaper. However, Lucius’ brother, Richmond Hammond was living in Dodge City at the time. Since I believe the Dodge City newspapers from that time period contained a lot of town gossip, it does not surprise me that a death notice for Richmond’s brother was in those newspapers.

A simple search of for Hammond in April 1898 in Dodge City, Kansas turned up the death notice.

L. J. Hammond, brother of R. F. Hammond, died at his home in Reading, Kas., after a painful illness, on Monday. Last October an operation had been made for cancer of the stomach. The deceased suffered greatly.

“Additioinal Local,” The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), 14 April 1898, page 8; digital image, ( : viewed online 25 March 2021).

Thus, the reminder! I needed to check the Dodge City papers for other news related to Richmond’s siblings. Since Richmond only lived in Dodge between 1886 and 1909, I decided to look for events within that time span.

That led me to a death notice for Richmond’s brother Jehiel P. Hamond who died in North Dakota in 1907.

Word was received by R. F. Hammond on Wednesday of the death of his brother J. P. Hammond living at Orr, N.D. The cause of death was paralysis.

“Brief Items of Local INterest,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 3 May 1907, page 4; digital images, ( : viewed online 26 March 2021).

I then searched for the death notice of his sister, Juliet Simms. I had previously found notice that Juliet had fallen and broken her hip.

Mrs. Juliet Simms of Denver fell last Tuesday breaking her hip very badly and is not expected to survive the shock. She is the only living sister of R. F. Hammond.

“Local News,” The Journal Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 31 May 1907, page 4; digital image, ( : viewed online 23 March 2020).

However, I did not have a death notice and I did not have her date of death. Curious about what I would find in the Dodge City papers, I tried a different search. I searched for Simms in Dodge City in 1907. That search led me to a notice of her death.

Word was received by R. F. Hammond on Thursday morning that his sister, Mrs. W. M. Simms, who fell and injured her hip some time ago died on Wednesday. Mr. Hammond and his nephew Lark Grimm who has been visiting here for three weeks left for Denver Thursday night.

“Local News,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 26 July 1907, page 1; digital images, ( : viewed online 26 March 2021).

Not only did this search turn up a death date for Juliet Hammond Simms, but also uncovered a nephew of Richmond Hammond that I don’t have in my records, Lark Grimm.

Thus, the image hint for Lucius Hammond was a gentle reminder to search the papers where the siblings lived for news of other siblings. This ‘gentle reminder’ also provided reinforcement for why I’m currently researching the siblings of Richmond Hammond — and their descendants. As I learn more about these siblings, I also discover new places to look for more information on the family.

Nemaha County Newspapers

When doing your genealogy research, do you ever encounter a source in a different place? That’s what happened to me recently with The Courier Tribune, a Nemaha County, Kansas newspaper.

The Seneca Free Library had their newspaper collection digitized by Advantage Archives. The library home page contains a link to this collection of digitized newspapers. Several other public libraries have done the same. This includes Sabetha (Nemaha County), Kansas and Hiawatha (Brown County), Kansas.

Thus, when I followed an Ancestry hint for a marriage announcement in a newspaper, I was surprised to find this article in The Courier-Tribune (Seneca, KS) on

Curious about what newspapers from Nemaha County could be found on, I started searching using the papers menu. A search for Seneca in the state of Kansas turned up seven different papers, including The Courier-Tribune.

A similar search for “Sabetha” and “Kansas” also turned up seven titles.

Continuing to search for the smaller communities provided even more titles that had been digitized.







The digitization of these early newspapers has been facilitated by the Kansas State Historical Society as part of their Kansas Digital Newspapers program. Through grants from the National Digital Newspaper Program, Kansas began digitizing their newspaper collection on Chronicling America. [list of Kansas newspapers on Chronicling America]

In 2013, the Kansas Digital Newspapers program partnered with to digitize additional pre-1923 papers. This digitization of these pre-1923 newspapers has been completed with nearly 12 million pages available.

Thus all of the early Nemaha County newspapers are available on Kansas residents can access these Nemaha papers and all other newspapers from the Kansas State Historical Society collection for free by verifying their residency when logging in.


Do you use your phone’s map app or your car’s GPS to figure out how to get somewhere? I know I do. However, there are times when I want a good old fashioned map.

Recently, that was the case when my husband and I were planning a trip to visit the historic marker for the 6th Prime Meridian. Unlike many historic markers, this particular one is not along a highway. Thus, we needed to figure out which were the best roads to get us there. Yes, that is roads as in plural. You see, I live in Kansas where we have north-south roads and east-west roads almost every mile. That means there was the potential of approaching this marker from all four directions.

Hoping to find a paved road to the marker located in Washington County, Kansas, I googled ‘Washington county kansas paved roads‘ and found a county map showing all of the roads and their status published by the Kansas Department of Transportation.

The legend indicated that the roads could vary from a minor road made of soil (i.e. a dirt road) to a minor road with stone or gravel (i.e. a gravel road) to a minor paved road. Rural secondary roads are the next level up but they could be unpaved (i.e. a gravel road) or paved.

The Meridian marker is located one mile west and one mile north of the town of Mahaska. Thus we basically had to figure out how to get to Mahaska.

A study of the Washington and Republic county maps indicated that we would need to use gravel roads to get to Mahaska.

In the process of using these county maps to figure out the roads, I discovered that these Kansas maps have a symbol on the legend for the cemeteries.

Curious as to whether other Kansas county maps had cemeteries marked, I looked up the Nemaha county map. And found that the cemeteries are marked on the map.

Further investigation of county road maps revealed that I could also find maps with cemeteries marked for Nebraska and Missouri. However, when I tried to locate maps that included the cemeteries for counties in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio, I was not successful.

Even a Google search for “Wapello county Iowa cemetery map” did not quickly locate such a map. One of the results of this search was a link to Find A Grave where the cemeteries in the county were listed. However, a map of those cemeteries was not quickly found.

Knowing that Billion Graves automatically puts a tombstone on a map, I wondered whether I could access a cemetery map on Billion Graves. A cemetery search of Billion Graves for Wapello County Iowa produced a map showing many of the cemeteries.

By paying attention to that legend on the Washington county map, I now know that

  • Many state departments of transportation produce county level maps of the roads
  • County level road maps indicate the condition of the smaller roads in the county
  • Some county maps produced by the state department of transportation include a symbol marking the location of the cemeteries in the county
  • Billion Graves provides a map of the cemeteries in a county

So how can I apply this new knowledge?

  • Combining this knowledge of cemetery locations with land ownership maps, I can figure out which cemeteries were closest to where an ancestor lived and then search that cemetery’s information on sites such as Find a Grave or Billion Graves
  • Combining maps of cemeteries and county roads, I can plan a visit to a rural cemetery

Even though I like my GPS and map apps, these county level road maps are going in my genealogy tool box!

Smith Mystery


Here is your assignment, should you decide to accept it (you ARE reading this, so I assume that you really want to play along – cue the Mission Impossible music!):

1)  We all have “elusive ancestors” that we cannot find a name for, or one that absolutely eludes us, but we know some details about their spouse and/or children.

2)  Tell us about one of them – how are you related?  What do you know about them? Where did they live? etc.

I’ve written a lot about my Crawford brick wall along with several other challenging lines. However, I don’t believe I written much about my SMITH brick lines.

I have at least three Smith lines in my tree:

  • Martha Smith (1815-1871) wife of Nelson G. Crawford
  • Martha’s mother-in-law, Sarah “Sallie” Smith (1770-1856)
  • Possibly Mary Ann Smith (abt 1762 – after 1830), wife of John Ricketts — IF my RICKETTS lineage is correct

I think I know the given name of Martha’s mother — but that is strictly based on a memory. I’ve had the privilege of visiting the West Lebanon cemetery in Warren County, Indiana at least twice and probably three times. On the first or second trip, I remember standing in front of Nelson and Martha Crawford’s stone. When I turned around, there was a stone for Hannah Smith across the isle from Nelson and Martha. On our most recent trip to that cemetery, the stone for Hannah Smith was missing. Since there was a stack of stones against a tree, it looked like some visitors had knocked over quite a few stones. I even managed to capture those visitors on ‘film’. (Note the two deer near the tree with stones stacked at its base.)

After that last trip, I wanted to verify that I hadn’t imagined Hannah Smith’s stone. Thus, I dug out my copy of Warren County, Indiana Cemetery Inscriptions, Volume II by Rosella Jenkins to see if Hannah Smith’s stone was listed. I found her on page 87, the same page as Nelson and Martha Crawford. Since the West Lebanon Cemetery starts on page 80 with page 84 indicating that the following pages are ‘near Stack No. 3 and Stack No. 2’, the Hannah Smith stone on page 87 would be in in the section near Stack No. 3 and Stack No. 2.

Since my first trip to this cemetery was before the standards for taking pictures of tombstones changed, my photo of the stone was created using a procedure taught by many genealogy societies at the time: shaving cream. Since I don’t want to encourage anyone to use this method, I don’t usually share pictures obtained during that time period. However, my picture of the missing stone may be one of the few that exist.

I haven’t actively tried to research Hannah for a long time. Besides the information from her tombstone, her daughter, Martha’s marriage in 1833 may place Hannah in Warren County at that time. The work of Warren County historian, Walter Salts, may contain helpful information. Researching his files will require a trip to Danville, Illinois.

Even though I haven’t been able to find any evidence to support my belief of a relationship between Hannah Smith and Martha Crawford, I have learned some lessons from this research.

  • Books are still needed. With the stone now missing, the book is one of the few records that it ever existed.
  • Standards can change. Thus, I must stay connected with other genealogists and genealogical societies so that I will be aware of those changes.
  • Not everything is on the Internet. The research records collected by previous genealogists may hold the answer. These are often found in archives and local historical or genealogical societies

Supporting Evidence

#DNA #52Ancestors

Do you ever look at a genealogy resource with rose colored glasses? In other words, do you perceive that resource as the one resource that will break thru brick walls? That is how I approached DNA testing.

Unlike many people who are testing their DNA, I already knew a lot about my ancestors. Even though the following chart was recently created with the preview edition of RootsMagic 8, I had most of these ancestors in my file when I started working with DNA over 5 years ago.

So, learning that autosomal DNA goes back 6 to 8 generations or 150-200 years was a disappointment. (information from Mark McDermott’s blog, How Many Generations Does DNA Go Back)

Even though DNA likely won’t help me identify that ‘next’ generation, I am finding that it is providing ‘Supporting Evidence’ for my current research.

For example, my Currey line goes thru several generations of Hiram Curreys to the Hiram Mirick Currey who was the treasurer of the state of Ohio in 1819. Through the years, I’ve worked with other researchers and collected documents that appear to support the lineage. However, I don’t have a deed, will or probate record that ties one generation to the next.

Thanks to Ancestry ThruLines, some of my matches show up as descendants of Hiram Mirick Currey thru his other children.

Not only do I look for descendants thru other children, I also look for descendants thru a different spouse. For example, my 2nd great-grandfather, Richmond Fisk Hammond, remarried after his wife, my 2nd great-grandmother died. He had a daughter thru this second marriage. ThruLines supports this second family.

Another example is my ancestor, James Crawford’s wife, Sarah Smith Duggins. Since she had a previous marriage, I’m hoping to use her ThruLines to learn more about my Smith ancestors.

I’ve found that my Ancestry ThruLines data can also point out spots in my tree that might be incorrect. For example, I have James B McCormick and Sarah Hall as the parents of Nancy Jane McCormick Ralston (1818-1907). When I look at ThruLines, James B. McCormick has 4 matches with two of those being my brothers. That’s not a lot of support for him being the father of Nancy, especially when compared to his wife Sarah Hall who has 30 DNA matches.

I’ve taken advantage of the ability to download my Ancestry DNA and upload my results to other sites, including GedMatch and My Heritage. Because my ancestry is basically colonial, my Ancestry results are providing more connections than My Heritage. Thus, I spend most of my ‘DNA time’ working with Ancestry data.

Not only was I wearing rose colored glasses when doing autosomal DNA testing, but also when having my brother do yDNA testing. I was hoping that this test would identify my Crawford ancestors. Unfortunately, that hasn’t proven to be true to date.

Even though yDNA hasn’t helped identify the parents of James Crawford, it has proven a connection with the other James Crawford families in Garrard County, Kentucky.

As pointed out by several genetic genealogists, tools such as triangulation or segment data are needed to prove a genetic relationship. These tools are not available on Ancestry where the majority of my DNA data resides. With an over-abundance of DNA data, I’m content (for now) with not being able to use my DNA data as scientific proof of a relationship. Instead, I will continue to use it as a tool to evaluate my tree and as a way to connect with cousins who might have additional information.

Obit Finds

Do you do descendancy research? If so, do you dig as deeply researching those descendants as you do researching your ancestors?

I do research descendants. In my early days of research, I found that learning about the siblings and their families helped me locate more information about my ancestors. Thus, I’ve had many of these descendants in my files for some time. Now with tons of DNA matches, I’m finding that having these descendants in my database helps me figure out how I’m related to these matches.

However, I do not dig as deeply when researching these descendants. I tend to stick to those leaf hints on Ancestry and even ignore some of them. Basically, I’m after records to document their birth, marriage, death, burial and family relationships.

However, I sometimes get a hint from one record that causes me to want to look for other records to prove that hint. That happened recently when I had a hint leading to an obituary for the spouse of a distant cousin. Not only did that obituary cause me to look for the cousin’s obituary but to also look for newspaper articles to verify a comment in the spouse’s obituary: that her husband had owned a store in Marysville, Kansas. (For those who are unaware, I live in Seneca, KS which is 30 miles east of Marysville.)

So, my trek thru the newspapers started with the obituary for Mrs. Geneva Hammond, wife of Charles N. Hammond.

Mrs. Geneva Hammond
Leader in Womens Clubs dies at 99
Widow of Kansas City, Kansas
City Councilman Was Active for Y.W. C.A.
Mrs. Geneva Wier Hammond, 99, of 3118 West Parkwood boulevard, Kansas city, Kansas was a resident of Greater Kansas City nearly 70 years and a club leader, died early today at a rest home at 622 Benton boulevard.She would have been 100 years old January 27.
Mrs. Hammond was the widow of C. N. Hammond, who died in 1908. He was sales manager for the Pittsburgh Paving Brick company in Kansas City and a member of the Kansas City, Kansas, city council.
Helped Found Two Clubs
A pioneer in women’s club activities in Kansas City, Kansas, Mrs. Hammond was a founder of the book review club in 1896 and three years later helped organize Gunsaulus C.L.S.C. Two organizations to which she devoted considerable time and interest were the Young Women’s Christian association and the Bethel Neighborhood center.
The latter organization, a center of recreation and educational activities for all ages in the vicinity of Seventh street and Central avenue, was probably closest to her heart. She served as secretary of the board for eighteen years and was chairman of the House committee. She also served numerous terms on the Y.W.C.A. board of directors.
She was a life member of Mendias chapter of the Easter Star Lodge and a member of the First Baptist church.
Came Here in 1886
Mrs. Hammond was born in Cambridge, Ill., January 27, 1858, the daughter of James and Elizabeth Rose Cutler Wier. She was educated in the Cambridge public schools. On December 21, 1880, she was married to Charles Newton Hammond, who was then traveling for a wholesale drug house. Shortly afterward they moved to Marysville, Kas., where he purchased a drug store. They lived in Beatrice, Kas., for a short time before moving to Kansas City, Kansas in 1886.
She leaves three sons, Marvin J. Hammond, 2923 Parkwood boulevard,; Lawrence Hammond, Wichita and Arthur Hammond, 717 State avenue, also Kansas City, Kansas; eight grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren.

“Mrs. Geneva Hammond,” The Kansas City Star (Kansas City, Missouri), 14 November 1957, page 5; digital image, ( : viewed online 17 March 2021).

Since Mrs. Hammond’s obituary was in The Kansas City Star, I was curious as to whether I could find her husband’s obituary in the same paper. A search of for Hammond in October 1908 in Kansas City turned up the obituary.

Charles N. Hammond Is Dead
Heart Disease Cause the End of the
Kansas City, Kas., Man
Charles N. Hammond, who was connected with business institutions in Kansas City twenty-three years, was stricken with heart disease at 7 o’clock this morning while at breakfast at his home, 2059 Walnut street, Kansas City, Kas. He died in fifteen minutes.
Mr. Hammond was 51 years old and was born in Oneida, Ill. He came to Kansas City in 1885 and formed a partnership with Abner Hood in the chemical manufacturing business. Later he was a broker in chemicals on Union avenue, nd still later he was sales manager for the Peet Brothers Manufacturing company. After five years of service with that concern he engaged in the bond brokerage business. For the last two years he was sales manager for the Pittsburg Diamond Brick company.
Mr. Hammond was identified with municipal affairs in Kansas City, Kas., and in the ’90s was a member of the city council.
He was a thirty-second degree Mason — both as a Shriner and a Scottish, Rite and a Knight Commander of the Court of Honor.
Mr. Hammond is survived by a widow and three sons, Marvin, Lawrence and Arthur. A brother, Roland Hammond lives in Kansas City, Kas. His father is now living at Galva, Ill.

“Charles N. Hammond Is Dead,” The Kansas City Star (Kansas City, Missouri), 24 October 1908, page 2; digital image, ( : viewed online 17 March 2021).

Curious about this drug store that Charles N. Hammond purchased in Marysville, Kansas, I turned again to I was fortunate to find short articles about the store, including its purchase and its sale.

Mr. Hammond, one of the prorpiertors of our new drug store is in town, and expects to open his stock in a few days, most of it being here, already

“Local News,” Marshall County News (Marysville, Kansas), 26 February 1881, page 3; digital images, ( : viewed online 18 March 2021).

C. N. Hammond has an immense new heating stove in his drug store. Call in an warm yourself and take a look at the boss drug store.

“Local News,” Marshall County News (Marysville, Kansas), 21 October 1881, page 3; digital images, ( : viewed online 18 March 2021).

Notice: Having sold my drug business to E. I. Miller, I desire to thank the public for their generous patronage during the past year and would respectfully solicit a continuance of the same for my successor.
C. N. Hammond
Jan. 10th 1882

“Local News,” Marshall County News (Marysville, Kansas), 13 January 1882, page 3; digital images, ( : viewed online 18 March 2021).

I’m thankful I followed that one hint in his wife’s obituary. Otherwise, I never would have found him in Marshall County, Kansas owning a drug store.


Photos of my uncle LR Crawford and fellow Thespians at Dodge City Senior High School. I’m not sure of the dates for this play, but LR graduated from high school in 1956.

Lessons Learned

Do you ever have good intentions to share something and then fall flat? Well, I’ve fallen ‘flat on my face’ when trying to share some information on FamilySearch.

I recently received an email from support at FamilySearch indicating that a PDF file that I had uploaded as a memory was rejected. I received four such messages. These PDF files were created by printing one of my blog posts about an aspect of an ancestors life.

When I looked thru the guidelines for submission, the only thing on the list that I thought I might have violated was copyright. Since I wrote the blog posts and thus own the copyright, I sent a reply asking if that was the issue. Thankfully, I got a response back indicating that there was an URL that was causing the problem.

When I looked at the item on FamilySearch, I couldn’t see where I had added an URL.

However, when I opened the ‘offending’ pdf file on my computer and scrolled thru it, I discovered the problem.

There at the bottom of each page was the offending URL. Thankfully, I can edit the PDF and remove that link. So, I tried uploading a new file only to discover that the URL is somehow embedded in the document.

So, I investigated the settings on my non-business WordPress account and couldn’t find anything to allow me to print the post without the embedded URL.

Plan 2 was to go back to the post and try copying and pasting it into Word.

That got the information and the images into a Word document. Resizing the image allowed me to get the information onto one page. I then saved this as a PDF file.

I then uploaded this new PDF file to FamilySearch. When I go to the Memories for Mary Foster (where the file was uploaded) and open the memory, I can click on the file without it opening my blog. Thus, the URL is no longer embedded in the file. Unfortunately, there are links embedded in the document.

To get rid of those links, I go back to the Word document

  • highlight the text
  • right click
  • select remove link

This removes the links – but the text remains blue. Even though the text is blue, clicking on it won’t cause a page to open. However, someone might see the blue and assume there is an embedded URL. Thus, I need to change the text color.

I then save the file as a PDF and upload this new version to FamilySearch.

Hopefully, I found all of the URLs and this file will not become ‘restricted’.

Now, I have to get to work and fix the other files that have been restriced.