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This week’s #52Ancestors writing prompt is ‘Crime and Punishment’. When I think about looking for criminal acts in my tree, my first thoughts go to murderers, gun slingers or bank robbers. Since I don’t know of any ties to those types of criminals, I immediately thought of my ancestor who was accused of a ‘white collar’ crime, embezzlement.

Curious as to whether his profile was the only one where the ‘Criminal’ tag was used, I decided to print a “Fact List” report for the ‘Criminal’ tag.

That report pulled up two people: James H. Crawford and Hiram Mirick Currey.

James H. Crawford was the victim of a crime. However, Hiram Mirick Currey was accused of what amounted to embezzlement.

At the time of this accusation, Hiram Mirick Currey was serving as the treasurer of Ohio. The state of Ohio was in a battle with the federal government over states’ rights – over the right of the state to keep national banks out of the state.

In 1819, Ohio passed a law implementing a tax on the National Bank. In September, 1819, Ralph Osborn, the state auditor authorized the seizure of $100,000 from the Chillicothe branch of the United States.

According to the article, Osborn vs Bank of the United States, $120,000 was seized from the Chillicothe branch. These funds were were distributed as follows:

  • $20,000 returned to the National Bank since it was above the amount required to pay the tax
  • $2,000 was used to pay the men who ‘seized’ the tax
  • $98,000 turned over to the Ohio State Treasurer

According to an article in the 26 November 1819 issue of The Ohio Repository (Canton, Ohio) a detailed list of the funds deposited in the Franklin Bank of Columbus.

  • $78,150 in notes of the Bank of the United States payable at their office of discount and deposit in Chillicothe
  • $2,090 in notes of the bank of the United States payable at their office in Philadelphia
  • $3,830 in gold coin
  • $16,000 in silver current coin of the U.S.

These funds totaled $100,070.

We give the following very extraordinary proceeding to the publick without comment.

The president, directors and company of the Franklin Bank of Columbus, John Kerr the president thereof in his official and individual capacity, William Nen cashier of said bank also in his official and private capacity and all other officers and servants of said bank, are hereby notified that the money and notes there lately deposited by Hiram Mirick Currey, as treasurer of Ohio, or in his individual capacity amounting to the sum of $100,070, to wit: 00 $78,150 in notes of the Bank of the United States payable at their office of discount and deposit in Chillicothe; $2090, in notes of the bank of the United States, payable at their office in Philadelphia; $3,830, in gold coin and $16,000 in silver current coin of the U.S. Belong to the president, directors and co. of the bank of the U.S. and were taken by force from the officers or their office of discount and deposit at Chillicothe in whose custody they have been placed by a certain John L. Harper, and by him transported to Columbus and deposited with the above named Hiram Mirrick Currey, either as treasurer of state or in his individual capacity, on or about the 17th day of Sept. last in violation of the annexed injunction issued by the7th circuit court of the U.S. for the Ohio district at their last Sept. session: And ye are hereby required and commanded to deliver over to Nathan Thompson, the treasure above described amounting to the sum of $100,070, who is hereby authorized to receive and receipt the same. And in case the same be not immediately paid over, ye are hereby further notified that proceedings at law will be immediately commenced against all of the as above described to compel the payment thereof with damages and costs.

WM. CREIGHTON, jr. Pres.

A.G. Claypool, Cash, Office Dis. and Deposit Bank of the U.S. at Chillicothe.
Nov. 12, 1819

The Ohio Repository (Canton, Ohio) 26 November 1819. Available on Ancestry.com

In December, 1820, Hiram Currey was accused of owing the State of Ohio $11,111.

Whereas, it appears, by the report of the auditor of state, made to the present general assembly, that Hiram M. Curry, the late treasurer, stands indebted to the state in the sum of $11,111.

The Ohio Repository (Canton, Ohio). 28 Dec 1820. Available on Ancestry.com

In 1822, the Ohio legislature passed a resolution where Hiram Currey would turn over land to pay off the debt.

Mr. Parish moved a resolution, to authorize the present treasurer to receive from Hiram M. Currey, and his trustee, a conveyance for the real estate of said Currey. Also, to release the securities to the second bond given by said Currey, as treasurer, from the liability, upon payment of the costs of suits now pending against them. Also, to direct the suites against said Currey, and the securities to the first bond giver by said Currey as treasurer of state to be prosecuted to final judgment, &c. Which resolution was laid on table for consideration.

Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio: being the First Session of the Twentieth General Assembly (Columbus, Ohio: Office of the Columbus Gazette, 1821), p. 284viewed online December 2017.

This fight between the state of Ohio and the National Bank resulted in a court case titled, Osborn vs Bank of the United States, that went all the way to the Supreme Court.

Trying to track down Hiram Mirick Currey and the details of this case has been a challenge for quite some time. There are still records to be found, but below is what I have compiled to date.

Hiram Mirick Currey

Myrack Curry was listed with 1 white male in the household in Tyrone Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania in 1783.2

He was listed on the tax rolls as Mira Hiram Curry in 1786 in Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States.34

In 1790, Hiram was a preacher in the Elkhorn Conference of the Baptist Church in Mays Lick, Mason, Kentucky, United States.5

Miriach Curry was listed on the 1790 Fayette County, Pennsylvania census with 1 free white male and 4 free white females in the household.67

He  resided between 1792 and 1794 in Mays Lick, Mason, Kentucky, United States and was a Baptist preacher and teacher at the first school in Mays Lick.8

He was listed on tax rolls as Hiram Curry with 1 horse and 7 cattle in 1792 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.910

In 1792 Hiram was an admitted as candidate for ministry in Mays Lick, Mason, Kentucky, United States.5

He was listed on the tax rolls owning 200 acres on Stone Lick watercourse of Bull Creek of John Craig’s survey in 1793 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.11

He was witness to to the will of Benjamin Thraikill on 27 Mar 1793 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.12

Hiram was messenger, along with Cornelius Drake, to Elkhorn Baptist Association meeting representing Mays Lick church reporting 9 received by letter, 1 dismissed, 58 members in South Elkhorn, Fayette, Kentucky, United States.13

In 1794, he was a teacher in Mays Lick, Mason, Kentucky, United States.14

He was listed on tax rolls as Hiramirick Curry with 2 white males over 21, with 1 horse and 7 cattle and also listed as Hiram Cury with 100 acres of 2nd rate land on the Johnson watercourse in 1795 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.1517

Hiram was listed on tax rolls as M. Hiram Currey with 100 acres 2nd rate land on the Locust watercouse, 1 male over 21, 2 horses and 4 cattle in 1796 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.1819

He was listed on the tax rolls as Hiram Mirem Currey with 200 acres of 2nd rate land on Ball Creek Watercourse with 1 male over 21 and 2 horses in 1797 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.2021

He was messenger to Elkhorn Baptist Association meeting along with J. Singleton for Stone Lick Church reporting 42 baptised, 9 received by letter, 3 dismissed and 76 members in Clear Creek, Kentucky.13,22

Hiram  was listed on tax rolls between 1799 and 1801 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.23

He was listed on the tax rolls as Hiram M Curry with 200 acres on Stone Lick Bull Creek with 1 male over 21, 1 male over 16 and 1 horse in 1799 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.24

He was listed on the tax rolls as Hiram M Curry  with 150 acres 3rd rate land on the Stone Lick Watercourse and 1 male over 21 in 1800 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.2528

Hiram sold land being 50 acres of land on Stone Lick Creek that was part of the survey granted to John Craig by patent to James Luston on 30 Dec 1800 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.2930

He baptized Elder John Gutridge in the Ohio River three miles above Maysville in 1801 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.31

He was listed on the tax rolls as Hiram M Curry with 100 acres of 3rd rate land on the Bull Creek Watercourse with 1 male over 21 on 13 May 1801 in Mason, Kentucky, United States.32

Hiram was mentioned in minutes of meeting of Bracken Association of Baptists held on 19 Sep 1801 in Kentucky, United States.33

He performed marriage of Aquilla Denham and Harriet Thompson on 26 Jun 1804 in Adams, Ohio, United States.34

He performed marriage of Phebe Cary and Alexander Reed on 4 Jun 1805 in Franklin, Ohio, United States.35

Hiram was listed on tax rolls in 1806 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.3637

He was on the list of voters in 1806 in Salem Township, Champaign, Ohio, United States.38

He performed marriage of Thomas Morris to Margaret Dawson on 29 Jun 1806 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.39

Hiram was listed on tax roles as Mirach H. Curry in 1807 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.36,4041

He preached at the courthouse on 8 Jan 1807 in Ohio, United States.42

He preached a sermon after the Masonic oration after 22 Jun 1807 in Ohio, United States.43

Hiram held the office of state senator between 1808 and 1811 representing in Champaign, Ohio, United States.44

He performed marriage of John Ross to Margaret Price in 1808 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.39

He performed marriage of George Hunter and Ruth Fitch in 1808 in Urbana Township, Champaign, Ohio, United States.35,39

Hiram was appointed W. M. on a warrant empowering the lodge to hold meetings in Urbana and Springfield alternately in 1809 in Urbana, Champaign, Ohio, United States.45

He was appointed trustee of Miami University on 9 Feb 1809 in Ohio, United States.4647

On 17 Feb 1809, he was a member board of trustees of Miami University in Ohio, United States.48

Hiram officiated at marriage of Mr. George Hunter and Miss Ruth Fitch on 20 Apr 1809 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.49

He performed marriage of Wm H. Fyffe to Maxamilla Petty on 27 Sep 1809 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.39

He  performed marriage of John Thompson to Polly Frankerberger on 20 Nov 1809 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.50

Hiram was a member of the Ohio State Senate from the county of Champaigne.51

He was listed on the tax rolls as Hivans Curry in 1810 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.5253

His election to the Ohio Senate was contested by Alexander McBeth during a hearing in front of the Senate.54

Hiram represented Champaign county on the board of trustees for Miami County, Ohio on 12 Jan 1811 .55

He was a member of the general assembly for the state of Ohio.56

He was listed on the poll books on 8 Oct 1811 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.57

Between 1812 and 1814 in Urbana Township, Champaign, Ohio, United States Hiram was member  serving as Worthy Mason of Harmony Lodge No. 8 in Urbana, Ohio.58

He erected block house on banks of stream in 1812 in Logan, Ohio, United States.59

He was listed as trustee of Miami University on 14 Mar 1812 in Ohio, United States.6061

Hiram was on a ballet as a Republican elector of President and Vice President.62

He held the office of member of Ohio House of Representatives between 1813 and 1814 representing Champaign, Ohio, United States.55

He taught school in old tavern stand referred to as the old George Fithian and John Enoch stand on lot No. 63 about 1816 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.63

Hiram was listed on the tax rolls owning 170 acres in 1816 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.6465

He held the office of Representative from Champaign County, Ohio on 21 Nov 1816.66

He was listed on the tax rolls  in 1817 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.6768

Hiram was appointed state treasurer to replace W. M’Farland who resigned on 3 Jan 1817 in Ohio, United States.6978

He welcomed President Monroe to the Capital [of Ohio] by a neat and appropriate speech in Aug 1817 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, United States.7980

He, Treasurer of Ohio, along with Ralph Osborn, Auditor and Jeremiah McLene, Secretary, oversaw improvements in state prison about 1818 in Ohio, United States.8183

Hiram was listed on the tax rolls owning 170 acres of land on Buck Creek in 1818 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.8485

He was listed on the tax rolls owning 170 acres in 2 parcels on Buck Creek in 1819 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.8687

On 17 Sep 1819, he deposited $100,070 in the Franklin Bank of Columbus at Columbus Ohio. These funds were seized by John L. Harper from the Bank of the United States at Chillicothe.88

About on 19 Nov 1819 notice was served on the Auditor and Treasurer of the State of Ohio regarding the seizure of funds from the U.S. Bank in Chillicothe8992

Hiram was named as defendant in bill of injunction signed by C. W. Byrd, District Judge of the United States, in and for the District of Ohio on 22 Nov 1819 in West Union, Ohio.9293

He was summoned to appear in case filed by The United States of America, District of Ohio on 23 Nov 1819 in Chillicothe, Ross, Ohio, United States.92,94

He submitted report to General Assembly of the State of Ohio from office of Treasurer, State of Ohio on 6 Dec 1819 in Ohio,  United States.95

Hiram along with Ralph Osborn, Auditor; and the President and Directors of the Franklin Bank of Columbus were served with a writ of injunction from the Bank of the United States for the recovery of their money on 7 Dec 1819 in Ohio, United States.92,96100

On 21 Dec 1819 he sent letter to Thoms Rotch, Esqr to declare receipt of $5.25 toward tax on Adam Hoops land in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, United States.101

He held the office of treasurer of the State of Ohio on 24 Dec 1819 in Ohio, United States.102103

About 1820 in Ohio, United States when the case (suit of attachment against Osborn & Harper) came to trial the opposing counsel agreed that an order should be issued to the State treasurer (Hiram M. Curry) that the total tax, plus interest on the specie, should be returned to the Bank. This the treasurer refused to do without a warrant. … He was thereupon placed under nominal arrest by a Federal marshal and all his property, including his keys, was attached.92,104

Hiram was listed on the tax rolls as Hiram M Curry, a non-resident, who owned 100 acres of 1st rate land on Buck Creek and 70 acres of 2nd rate land on Buck Creek in 1820 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.87,105

He resigned as treasurer of State of Ohio on 15 Feb 1820 in Ohio, United States.96,106107

He was  named in a bill concerning a memorial from H. M. Curry praying relief on 15 Feb 1820 .107

Hiram was  named in a bill read for th first time on 16 Feb 1820 .107

He was  named in a bill that was read for the second time on 17 Feb 1820 in Ohio, United States.107108

He was  was named in a bill that was discussed in the Ohio Senate’s committee of the whole on 18 Feb 1820 .107

Hiram was  was named in a bill discussed by the Ohio Senate committee of the whole on 21 Feb 1820 in Ohio, United States.107

He was   on 25 Feb 1820 in Ohio, United States.107

During a dispute with the Bank of the US an officer for the state of Ohio seized $98,000 in gold, silver and notes.  This was placed in charge of the State Treasurer, Mr. H. M. Curry.92,109

He was held the office of “late” Treasurer of state before 4 Dec 1820 in Ohio, United States.110

Hiram was accused of owing the State of Ohio $11,111 under a resolution proposed by Mr. Willson and agreed to by the Ohio House of Representatives on 7 Dec 1820.96,111

He was listed on the tax rolls as Hiram M Curry, a non-resident’ owning 100 acres of 1st rate land on Bucks Creek and 70 acres of 2nd rate land on Bucks Creek in 1821 in Champaign, Ohio, United States.87,112

He was  served with a writ of attachment commanding him to return into court a description of every note taken from the U.S. office of discount and deposit on 4 Jan 1821 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, United States.96,113114

Hiram was  excused from jury duty on 24 Mar 1821 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, United States.115116

He was  named in a memorial praying the state would receive real estate from him for the amount due the state on 27 Dec 1821 in Ohio, United States.117

Resolved by the senate and house of representatives, that a committee of members on the part of the senate, and five members on the part of the house of representatives, be appointed to take into consideration the memorial of Hiram M. Currey, and that they report thereon by bill or otherwise on 15 Jan 1822 in Ohio, United States.118

The senate have agreed to the resolution for appointing a joint committee on the memorial of Hiram M. Currey, with amendments and have appointed a committee of three members on their part on 17 Jan 1822 in Ohio, United States.118

On 18 Jan 1822, The Ohio house took up the resolution for appointing a joint committee on the memorial of Hiram M. Currey, with the amendment made by the senate thereto. in Ohio, United States.119

 Resolved by the senate and house of representatives, that one member on the part of the senate, and two members on the part of the house of representatives, be added to the joint committee appointed to take into consideration the memorial of Hiram M. Currey on 22 Jan 1822,120

 On 23 Jan 1822,  Mr. Parish from the joint committee to whom was referred the memorial of Hiram M. Currey, made the following report – The committee to whom was referred the memorial of Hiram M. Currey, report – That they have had the same under consideration, and after taking into view the value of the property offered, with reference to the amount of defalcation, a majority of this committee are of opinion that it is inexpedient to accede to the proposals of said memorialists. They therefore recommend the adoption of the following resolution– Resolved that the prayer of the memorial of Hiram M. Currey, is unreasonable and ought not to be granted. And on motion to disagree to said resolution, the question was decided in the affirmative. The yeas and nays being required by messrs. Atwater and Simons, were yeas 38, nays 26. 121

On 28 Jan 1822, Mr. Parish moved a resolution, to authorize the present treasurer to receive from Hiram M. Currey, and his trustee, a conveyance for the real estate of said Currey. Also, to release the securities to the second bond given by said Currey, as treasurer, from the liability, upon payment of the costs of suits now pending against them. Also, to direct the suites against said Currey, and the securities to the first bond giver by said Currey as treasurer of state to be prosecuted to final judgment, &c. Which resolution was laid on table for consideration.122

He was named in a resolution authorizing the Treasurer to receive real estate from Hiram M. Curry in Feb 1822 in Ohio, United States.123

In 1828 Hiram  conducted services held by Universalist people in a schoolhouse in Sheffield Township, Tippecanoe, Indiana, United States.124

He was listed as Hiram M. Curry with 1 male 70-80, 1 female under 5, 1 female 5-10, 1 female 15-20 and 1 female 30-40 in Village of Fairfield, Tippecanoe County, Indiana in 1830.125127

In 1830, he was appointed executor of the estate of Lemuel Lane in Franklin, Ohio, United States. 128

Between 1838 and 1839 Hiram was conducted services for Universalist Church in a school house in Sheffield Township, Tippecanoe, Indiana, United States.129130

ENDNOTES:

        1. Indiana, Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Amanda M. Thompson, 20 October 1900; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017).

        2. Westmoreland County Pennsylvania 1783 Census Reprinted from Pennsylvania Archives (: Pennsylvania Archives,), p. 17 (Doc. #: Curry.PA.013).

        3. “Pennsylvania, Tax and Exoneration, 1768-1801,” database, Ancestry (Ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017), Mira Hiram Curry.

        4. “County of Fayette – 1786,” Returns of Taxables, Egle William Henry, editor, Pennsylvania Archives, series 3, Vol. 22 (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Archives, ), p. 608.

        5. The Universal Register of the Baptist Denomination in North America for the Years 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793 and part of 1794 (New York: Arno Press, 1980)

        6. , Heads of Families First Census of the United States: 1790: State of Pennsylvania (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1908), p. 104https://archive.org/stream/headsoffamiliesa08unit#page/n9/mode/2up viewed online December 2017.

        7. 1790 U.S. Census Fayette County Pennsylvania, Fayette County Pennsylvania, population schedule, Bullskin, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, page 60, Curry, Miriach; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 1 August 2020); NARA microfilm publication M637.

        8. Collins, Lewis and Richard H Collins, History of Kentucky (: Genealogy Publishin Com, 1998), p. 564 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.002).

        9. Entry, 1790 to 1824 Tax Lists, 1792 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.005), Mason Co. KY; V20-266. Hereinafter cited as Tax List Mason County Kentucky.

        10. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort.  Film #007834483. Hiram Currey, 1792 [Book]: [Page]; digitized microfilm, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online November 2017.007834483

        11. 1790 to 1824 Tax List Mason County Kentucky.

        12. Clift, G. Glenn, History of Maysville and Mason Co., KY (Lexington, KY: Translvania Printing Co., 1936), p. 318-319 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.016).

        13. Religion on the American Frontier: The Baptists 1783-1830 (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1931)

        14. A series of Reminiscential Letters from Daniel Drake, M.D., of Cincinnati, to His Children (Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1870)

        15. 1790 to 1824 Tax List Mason County Kentucky, 1795 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.005).

        16. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry, Hyrummirick, 1795; .

        17. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry, Hiram, 1795; .

        18. 1790 to 1824 Tax List Mason County Kentucky, 1796 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.005).

        19. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry M HIram, 28 Apr 1796; .

        20. 1790 to 1824 Tax List Mason County Kentucky, 1797 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.005).

        21. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry, Hiram Mirum, 1797; .

        22. Fowler, Ila Earle, Kentucky Pioneers and Their Descendents (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1967), p. 109.

        23. 1790 to 1824 Tax List Mason County Kentucky, 1799, 1800, 1801 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.005).

        24. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry, HIram M, 1799; .

        25. Clift, Glen, Second Census of Kentucky, 1800 (Frankfort, KY: , 1954), (Doc. #: Curry.KY.001).

        26. “Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes ndex, 1810-1890,” database, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017), Hiram M. Curry.

        27. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry HIram M, 19 Mar 1800; .

        28. “Kentucky, Tax Lists 1799-1801,” database online, Genealogy Publishing Company, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 1 August 2020), Hiram M Curry.

        29. Mason County Kentucky Deed Book A-l 1789-1810 Abstracts (Denver: Western Heraldry Org, 1973), p. 97 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.030.

        30. Kentucky, Mason. Deeds, bks. F-G, 1799-1803. Kentucky, Frankfort.  Film #[FilmNumber]. Hiram Mirick Curry to James Luston, 30 Dec 1800 G: 97-98 (image 330-331); digital image, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online November 2017.[FilmNumber]

        31. History of the Miami Baptist Assiciation from Its Organization in 1797 to a Division in that Body on Missions, etc. in the Year 1836 with Short Sketches of Deceased Pastors of this First Association in Ohio (Cincinnati: Geo. S. Blanchard & Co., 1869)

        32. Kentucky, Mason. Tax Lists, 1790-1809, Curry Hiram M, 13 May 1801; .

        33. Fowler, Ila Earle, Kentucky Pioneers and Their Descendents (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1967), p. 109 (Doc. #: Curry.KY.003).

        34. A History of Adams County Ohio (West Union Ohio: E. B. Stivers, 1900)

        35. Ohio Vital Records #2 1750-1880 (: Broderbund)

        36. Jackson, Ronald Vern, Gary Ronald Teeples and David Schaefermeyer, editors, Index to Ohio Tax Lists, 1800-1810 (Bountiful, UT: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1977), p. 96 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.022).

        37. Jackson, Ronald Vern, Gary Ronald Teeples and David Schaefermeyer, editors, Index to Ohio Tax Lists 1800-1810 (Bountiful, Ohio: Accelerated Indexing Systems, Inc., 1977), Curry, H. Merack.

        38. History of Champaign County, Ohio containing A History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Map of Champaign County; Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Matters, etc. etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1881), p. 318.

        39. Antrim, Joshua, The History of Champaign and Logan Counties from Their First Settlements (Bellefontaine, OH: Press Printing Co., 1872), p. 260 “Marriage Record Champaign County” (Doc. #: Curry.OH.065).

        40. “Ohio, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890,” database, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017), Mirach H Curry.

        41. Jackson, Ronald Vern, Gary Ronald Teeples and David Schaefermeyer, editors, Index to Ohio Tax Lists 1800-1810 (Bountiful, Ohio: Accelerated Indexing Systems, Inc., 1977), Curry, Mirach H..

        42. Green, Karen Mauer, Pioneer Ohio Newspapers, 1793-1810: Genealogical and Historical Abstracts (Galveston: Frontier Press, 1986), p. 150 (from Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette, No. 24, Volume VIII, Tuesday 6 January 1807, Whole No. 388) (Doc. #: Curry.OH.034).

        43. Green, Karen Mauer, Pioneer Ohio Newspapers, 1793-1810: Genealogical and Historical Abstracts (Galveston: Frontier Press, 1986), p. 157 (from Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette, No. 48, Vilume VIII, Monday, 22 Juen 1807, Whole No. 412).

        44. , “James McBride to Rev. John W. Borwne”, Quarterly Publication of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio Vol 4 no. 1 (Jan – March 1909): P. 17.

        45. History of Champaign County, Ohio containing A History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Map of Champaign County; Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Matters, etc. etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1881), p. 249.

        46. Bowman, Mary L., Abstracts and Extracts of the Legislative Acts and Resolutions of the State of Ohio:  1803-1821 (: Ohio Genealogical Society, ), p. 97.

        47. Green, Karen Mauer, Pioneer Ohio Newspapers, 1802-1818 (Galveston: Frontier Press, 1988), Hiram Mirach Curry

        48. Bowman, Mary L., Abstracts and Extracts of the Legislative Acts and Resolutions of the State of Ohio:  1803-1821 (: Ohio Genealogical Society, ), p. 97, p. 144 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.038).

        49. Ohio Source Records from the Ohio Genealogical Quarterly (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986), p. 25 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.041).

        50. History of Champaign County, Ohio containing A History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Map of Champaign County; Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Matters, etc. etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1881), p. 593 (Curry.OH.068).

        51. The State, 1809 Legistlative Journal Volume 8, Issue 1 (: Ohio, 1809), page 338 — Currey; Curry on multiple pages. Hereinafter cited as Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1.

        52. Petty, Gerald M., compiler, Ohio 1810 Tax Duplicate Arranged in a State-wide Alphabetical List of Names of Taxpayers with an Index of Names of Original Entries (Columbus, Ohio: Gerald M. Petty, 1976), p. 39 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.021).

        53. Jackson, Ronald Vern, Gary Ronald Teeples and David Schaefermeyer, editors, Index to Ohio Tax Lists 1800-1810 (Bountiful, Ohio: Accelerated Indexing Systems, Inc., 1977), Curry, M. Hivans.

        54. Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio being the First Session of the Ninth General Assembly (Chillicothe, H: Joseph S. Collins & Co., 1810), pages 51 – 64 (Docs\Curry\hiram currey contested senate.pdf. Hereinafter cited as Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio.

        55. , “”, P. 17.

        56. “Protest,” LIberty Hall (Cincinnati, Ohio), 15 May 1811; Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). page 3.

        57. History of Champaign County, Ohio containing A History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Map of Champaign County; Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Matters, etc. etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1881), p. 399 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.024).

        58. Masonic Membership Card, , membership card Harmony Lodge No. 8 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.077).

        59. History of Logan County and Ohio (Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publishers, 1880), p. 364 (Doc. #: Curry.OH>033).

        60. Green, Karen Mauer, Pioneer Ohio Newspapers, 1802-1818: Genealogical and Historical Abstracts (Galveston: Frontier Press, 1988), p. 95 (from Western Spy Volume II, 14 March1812, No. 79) (Doc. #: Curry.OH.035).

        61. “Law of Ohio – “An act establishing the Miami University”,” Western Star (Lebanon, Ohio), 14 March 1812; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017).

        62. “Electors of President and Vice President,” LIberty Hall (Cincinnati, Ohio), 20 October 1812; Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017).

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        65. Ohio, Champaign County. Duplicate Tax Records: 1816-1827.  Film #004849021. Cury, HIram M, 1816 digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online November 2017.004849021

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        69. , “To Establish a Permanent Seat of Government”, Old Northwest Quarterly 15 (July-Oct 1912): p. 91. Hereinafter cited as “To Establish a Permanent Seat of Government”.

        70. Martin, William T., History of Franklin County, Ohio (Columbus: Follett, Foster & Co., 1858), p. 42, 194, 350,  (Doc. #: Curry.OH.017).

        71. Gilkey, Elliot Howard, The Ohio Hundred Year Book: A Hand-Book of the Public Men and Public Institutions of Ohio from the Formation of the North-West Territory (1787) to July 1, 1901 (Columbus, OH: Fred J. Heer, State Printer, 1901), p. 451 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.036).

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        73. Bowman, Mary L., Abstracts and Extracts of the Legislative Acts and Resolutions of the State of Ohio:  1803-1821 (: Ohio Genealogical Society, ), p. 254, 260, 277, 303, 320, 322.

        74. Taft, Bob, Official Roster of Federal, State & County Officers & Departmental Information for 1991-1992 (Ohio: Ohio Department of State, ), p. 349.

        75. Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio, Being the First Session of the Eighteenth General Assembly, Begun and Held in the Town of Columbus, in the County of Franklin, Monday, December Sixth, 1819: and in the Eighteenth Year of Said State (Columbus: Office of the Columbus Gazette, 1819), p. 30-32.

        76. Martin, William T., History of Franklin County: A Collection of Reminiscences of the Early Settlement of the County; with Biographical Sketches, and a complete History of the County to the Present Time (Columbus: Follett, Foster & Company, 1858), p. 449 (Curry.OH.009).

        77. Green, Karen Mauer, , Hiram M. Curry.

        78. The Franklin County Genealogical Society, compiler, editor,  Genealogical Name INdex to the Ohio Supreme Court Records Frnaklin County, Volumes I, II, III, IV with reference dates 1783 to 1839 (Columbus, Ohio: The Franklin County Genealogical Society, 1983), p. 18 Curry HIram M..

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        80. Moore, Orpha, History of Franklin County Ohio Volume One (Topeka, KS: Historical Publishing Company, 1930), Hiram M. Curry.

        81. Martin, William T., History of Franklin County: A Collection of Reminiscences of the Early Settlement of the County; with Biographical Sketches, and a complete History of the County to the Present Time (Columbus: Follett, Foster & Company, 1858), p. 350.

        82. History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Ohio with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of the Prominent Men and Pioneers (Cleveland, OH: Williams Brothers, 1880), p. 541 “First Penitentiary” (Curry.OH.002).

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        84. Tax Record Champaign County Ohio, 1818.

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        86. Tax Record Champaign County Ohio, 1819.

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        88. “Gettysburg Compiler”, (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), p. 4, 8 Dec 1819 (Curry.OH.125);

        89. American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia), 3 December 1819; Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Volume IX: Issue 102, page 2.

        90. National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.), 30 November 1819; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). page 1.

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        92. Aiello, John Douglas, Ohio’s War Upon the Bank of the United States: 1817-1824 (: Ohio State University, 1972), Hiram M. Currey.

        93. Smith, David, Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio being the First Session of the Nineteenth General Assembly Begun and Held in the Town of Columbus, in the County of Franklin, Monday, December Fourth, 1820; and in the Nineteenth Year of Said State (Columbus: Office of the Ohio Monitor, 1820), pages 53-65.

        94. Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio, Being the First Session of the Eighteenth General Assembly, Begun and Held in the Town of Columbus, in the County of Franklin, Monday, December Sixth, 1819: and in the Eighteenth Year of Said State (Columbus: Office of the Columbus Gazette, 1819), p. 66-67 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.026).

        95. Smith, David, Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio being the First Session of the Nineteenth General Assembly Begun and Held in the Town of Columbus, in the County of Franklin, Monday, December Fourth, 1820; and in the Nineteenth Year of Said State (Columbus: Office of the Ohio Monitor, 1820), p. 30 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.026).

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        98. “From the Ohio Monitor,” Evening Post (New York, NY), 24 December 1819; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Issue 5466, page 2.

        99. “Columbia (Ohio) Nov. 18,” Weekly Aurora (Philadelphia, PA), 6 December 1819; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Vol X : Issue IIXL : Page 336.

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        101. Currey Hiram M., “Hiram M. Currey Letter To Thomas Rotch, Columbus, 21 Decr 1819,” letter, 21 December 1819, , Thomas and Charity Rotch Papers / Rotch-Wales Papers; Massillon Public Library, . available online at Ohio Memory, http://www.ohiomemory.org.  .

        102. “Re-elected,” Scioto Gazette (Chillicothe, Ohio), 24 December 1819; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Issue 19: page 3.

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        104. Utter, William T., The Frontier State 1803-1825 (Columbus, OH: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1942), p. 307-308.

        105. Tax Record Champaign County Ohio, 1820.

        106. Gilkey, Elliot Howard, The Ohio Hundred Year Book: A Hand-Book of the Public Men and Public Institutions of Ohio from the Formation of the North-West Territory (1787) to July 1, 1901 (Columbus, OH: Fred J. Heer, State Printer, 1901), p. 451.

        107. Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio, Being the First Session of the Eighteenth General Assembly, Begun and Held in the Town of Columbus, in the County of Franklin, Monday, December Sixth, 1819: and in the Eighteenth Year of Said State (Columbus: Office of the Columbus Gazette, 1819), Curry, HIram.

        108. Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio, Being the First Session of the Eighteenth General Assembly (Columbus, Ohio: Office of the Columbus Gazette, 1819), Curry, Hiram M..

        109. History of Champaign County, Ohio containing A History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Map of Champaign County; Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Matters, etc. etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1881), p. 127.

        110. Smith, David, Journal of the Senate of the State of Ohio being the First Session of the Nineteenth General Assembly Begun and Held in the Town of Columbus, in the County of Franklin, Monday, December Fourth, 1820; and in the Nineteenth Year of Said State (Columbus: Office of the Ohio Monitor, 1820), P. 56 (Doc. #: Curry.OH.027).

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        112. Tax Record Champaign County Ohio, 1821.

        113. “Ohio Legislature,” Ohio Monitor (Columbus, Ohio), 13 January 1821; digital iamge, Genealogy bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). vol V : issue 26 : page 1.

        114. “Legislature of Ohio,” Scioto Gazette (Chillicothe, Ohio), 4 January 1821; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Vol VI : Issue 21 : page 1.

        115. Ohio Monitor (Columbus, Ohio), 24 March 1821; digital iamge, Genealogy bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Vol V : issue 35 : page 3.

        116. Canton Repository (Canton, Ohio), 5 April 1821; digitial iamge, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). page 2.

        117. , Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio: being the First Session of the Twentieth General Assembly (Columbus, Ohio: Office of the Columbus Gazette, 1821), p. 159viewed online December 2017.

        118. , Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio, p. 221.

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        121. , Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio, p. 254.

        122. , Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio, p. 284.

        123. “Legislative Proceedings,” Steubenville Herald (Steubenville, Ohio), 9 February 1822; digital image, Genealogy Bank (genealogybank.com : viewed online November 2017). Vol XV : Issue 6 : page 2.

        124. DeHart, General R. P., Past and Present of Tippecanoe County, Indiana (Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bowen, 1909), p. 253.

        125. Baier, Mabel Van Dyke, 1830 Census Tippecanoe County, Indiana (Washington, D.C.: publshed by author, 1959), p. 45 (Curry.IN.030).

        126. Interview with (). (), (Curry.Cen.148).

        127. 1830 U.S. Census, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, population schedule, Fairfield Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, page 23 (image 13)], Hiram M. Curry; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)

        128. Compiled by The Franklin County Genealogical Society, Genealogical Index to Chancery Book Volumes I, II, III, IV: 1823-1840 Franklin County, Ohio Court of Common please (Columbus, Ohio: Franklin County Genealogical Society, 1987), Curry, Hiram – pages 10 and 48.

        129. Biographical Record and Portrait Album of Tippecanoe County, Indiana (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1888), p. 334 (Curry.IN.018).

        130. DeHart, General R. P., Past and Present of Tippecanoe County, Indiana (Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bowen, 1909), (Curry.IN.028).