Dear Ancestry

Rumor in the RootsMagic community indicates that there is a limit to the size of a family tree when interfacing with RootsMagic. As a former network administrator for a high school, I experienced the need of students and staff for hard drive space while having to work with a budget that didn’t allow unlimited space. Thus, I’m guessing that this decision was prompted by your technical support staff indicating that the need for space to store and backup data was outpacing the available resources. If my guess is on target, then a business decision was likely made to set a maximum size.

Unfortunately, if such a decision has been made, it is ignoring the added value some of these larger trees bring to Ancestry.

My Heartland Genealogy tree of almost 20,000 individuals not only traces my ancestors back quite a few generations but also traces descendants of those ancestors forward several generations. This tree was created when RootsMagic’s TreeShare feature became available in 2017. By uploading my RootsMagic data to Ancestry, the source information that I had accumulated from almost 40 years of research was also uploaded.

Since that time, I have been working my way thru my tree to evaluate the leaf hints that Ancestry provides and to add additional sourcing to my tree. Thus, I currently have 15,539 records attached to the individuals in my tree.

I am sharing with other Ancestry users my work over the years to identify and document not only ancestors but also cousins. Even though I have readily shared my work in a variety of ways, my tree on Ancestry is the only place where that work is updated on a regular basis.

Besides my tree, I manage four DNA tests. Each of these tests is attached to individuals in my tree. Because most of the branches of my tree go back to the colonial days of the United States, I have lots of DNA matches on Ancestry. Since my large tree contains a lot of descendancy research, the Ancestry computers are able to identify the Common Ancestor for many of my matches. My documented tree also makes my ThruLines more accurate. Thus, my tree is not only helping me identify my matches, but it is also helping my matches figure out how we are related.

My tree also contains my FAN club research of the CRAWFORD family in early Kentucky and my efforts to identify various men named James Crawford and their ancestry. Yes, I could possibly pull this data out of my primary tree and place it in a secondary tree. However, that does not remove enough individuals from my primary tree to get it below the 15,000 threshold — AND — I’m continuing to research descendants of my 3rd great grandfathers which just adds to my tree.

I believe my tree, my research and my DNA data adds value to the Ancestry community. And, I believe that there are many other genealogists using RootsMagic to connect with Ancestry whose tree and accompanying research also adds value to the Ancestry site.

Thus, I am asking you to not place limits on our ability to share this research with the Ancestry community.

Marcia Crawford Philbrick
Heartland Genealogy

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible! music) is to:
1)  Do you know how many days you have lived?  How many hours?  How many minutes?  How many seconds?  


2)  For this challenge – do some calculating.  Figure out how many days you’ve lived, how many hours, how many minutes, how many seconds (you can round off to account for the time you were born on your birth date – do you know it?).   Tell us your birth date, birth time (if you know it), and then calculate your time alive up until your birth time today.


NOTE:  If math befuddles you, use the Age Calculator at 
http://www-users.med.cornell.edu/~spon/picu/calc/agecalc.htm

3)  What does all of this mean to you?  Think about that marvelous “machine” inside your chest beating in rhythm.  Share your thoughts!  

First off, I cheated and used the web site.

Based on the dates, I am

  • 69 years 5 months 2 days
  • or 833 months 2 days
  • or 3622 weeks 3 days
  • or 25,357 days
  • or 608,568 hours
  • or 36,514,080 minutes
  • or 2,190,844,800 seconds

Since I know that I was born at 7:05 a.m., I can add 12 hours to those totals.

  • 69 years 5 months 2 days and 12 hours
  • or 833 months 2 days and 12 hours
  • or 3622 weeks 3 days and 12 hours
  • or 25,357 days and 12 hours
  • or 608,580 hours
  • or 36,514,800 minutes
  • or 2,190,888,000 seconds

With a normal heart rate somewhere between 60 and 100 beats per minute, that means my heart has beat over 2 billion times during my life.

According to several life expectancy tables, a female of my age is project to live until age 87. Since both of my grandmothers reached that age and my mother is still living at 91, I would say that such a projection is likely.

How about you? How old are you?

Halloween

Tomorrow is Halloween

Have you ever wondered how your ancestors celebrated Halloween? Curious about my Crawford ancestors, I decided to search those ‘gossipy’ Dodge City newspapers for around the time the family migrated from Indiana to Dodge City (1877-1887). My search turned up some interesting articles.

The first references what was likely traditional ‘shenanigans’ in a rural area.

Halloween made its annual appearance and may have passed unnoticed by many if it had not been manifested, by vehicles, signs, plows and various other articles being disarranged. One man could be seen hunting his buggy, another a wagon wheel, an other a cart and so forth, which brought forth vehement expressions and expressions to the effect if their cart, wagon wheel, or some other article had not been disturbed their peace of mind would not have remained undisturbed. It is remarkable how ell the boys remember a night of so little importance.

“Spearville Splinters,” The Globe Livestock Journal (Dodge City, Kansas) 11 Nov 1884, page 1

Then in an 1887 issue of The Globe Live Stock Journal, we find reference to an interesting tradition.

Editor Globe:

Dodge City, Kas., November 2, 1887

Dear Sir: In the issue of the Dodge City Democrat of Saturday, October 29th we find that someone digging way down into ancient history has discovered the following superstition regarding ladies contemplating or desiring matrimony. “If a single lady wishes good luck and to be married in one year, she must be presented with a pair of yellow garters by a gentleman or lady, to be worn for seven days, beginning the first Saturday after Hallowe’en.”

Being strong believers in this direction and at all times willing to help and aid such movements, we would inform yourself and the general public that we have supplied ourselves with an elegant stock of the “yellow garters” and are ready to fill all calls for them. You will confer a favor by letting the public know that htis article of woman’s comfort and joy may be found at the store of

R. M. Wright 7 Co.,
Dodge City, Kas.

“Letter to Editor,” The Globe Live Stock Journal (Dodge City, Kansas) 1 Nov 1887.

So what was printed in the Dodge City Democrat? On page 3 of the 29 October 1887 issue of the Dodge City Democrat, we find the following:

The ladies in ancient times were as superstitious as those of to-day. In the ruins of ancient Rome was found a scroll on which was written: “If a single lady wishes good luck and to be married within the year, she must be presented with a pair of yellow garters by a gentleman or lady and to be worn for seven days, beginning the first Saturday after Hallowe’en.” It has proved very successful in the east, and our people will confer a favor never to be forgotten by their lady friends to remember them with a pair.

A search of Newspapers.com for “Yellow Garters” turned up similar articles.

  • “The Yellow Garter,” Minneapolis Messenger (Minneapolis, Kansas) 13 June 1889, page 7
  • “Story of the Yellow Garter,” Daily Mountain Eagle (Jasper, Elabama) 5 Feb 1913, page 7.
  • “A Yellow Garter for Easter,” The Indianapolis Star (Indianapolis, Indiana) 9 Apr 1905, page 36.
  • “The Yellow Garter,” Austin American-Statesman (Austin, Texas) 14 Jul 1889, page 9.

So what about you? Have you heard of this ‘yellow garter’ tradition at Halloween and possibly Easter? Do you have a Yellow Garter?

Lois Elida Crawford

Lois Elida Crawford1 was born on 10 Nov 1909 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.2–8

She was the child of Judson Foster Crawford and Josie Winifred Hammond.2

She lived at 2nd Ward in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 28 Apr 1910.9 Lois Crawford was listed on the 1910 census as the daughter of J. F. Crawford. According to the census, Lois was 5 months old and born in Kansas.

Lois lived in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 1 Jul 1915.10

She lived at Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 12 Jan 1920.11 Lois Crawford was listed on the 1920 census as the daughter of Judson F. Crawford. According to the census, she was 11 years old and born in Kansas.

She lived at 504 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1925.12 Lois Crawford was listed on the 1925 Kansas census in the household of J F Crawford. According to the census, Lois was 15 years old and born in Kansas.

In 1928, Lois was educated at Dodge City High School in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.13

In 1929, she was educated at Dodge City High School in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.14

She witnessed the marriage of Ralph Eugene Maden and Lois Elida Crawford on 24 Jan 1929 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.2–4,6,8,15–16

Lois lived in Regnier, Baca, Colorado, USA in 1930.17 Lois E Maden was listed on the 1930 census as the wife of Ralph Maden. According to the census, she was 20 years old and born in Kansas.

She lived in Edler, Baca, Colorado, United States in 1935.18

She lived in Edler, Baca, Colorado, United States on 20 May 1940.18 Lois E Maden was listed on the 1940 census as the wife of Ralph E Maden. According to the census, she was 30 years old and born in Kansas.

Lois lived in Springfield, Baca, Colorado, United States in Feb 1949.19

She lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1952.20

She lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1954.21

Lois lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1958.22

She lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1960.23

She lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1964.24

Lois lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1966.25

She lived in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States in 1971.26

She died on 18 Jan 1972 at the age of 62 in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States.3–4,6–8,27

Lois was buried on 21 Jan 1972 at Imperial Memorial Gardens in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States.4,6–8,28

Endnotes:

  1. Josie Hammond Crawford entry, 2 Aug 1950 Last Will and Testament, ; , . Hereinafter cited as Last Will and Testament Josie Crawford.
  2. Crawford, Judson F., Judson F. Crawford Family Bible (n.p.: , n.d.); Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, KS, photocopy in Crawford.Washington.Notebook
  3. “Judson Foster Crawford”, Gladys Crawford, compiler, The Crawford Family (n.p., Gladys Crawford, n.d.), (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.047)
  4. , Benesch, Esther, compiler, Descendants of Ralph and Lois Maden , received Dec. 2007)><, Lois Elida Crawford Maden>.
  5. Kansas, State Board of Health, Birth Certificate 27679 (10 November 1909), Lois Elida Crawford; Division of Vital Statistics, Topeka, Kansas.
  6. “Davis Memorail Chapel Obituary Clipping,” undated clipping, from unidentified newspaper; Crawford Family Papers, passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford; privately held 2021 by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, KS.
  7. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Lois Elida Crawford Maden (1909-1972), Find a Grave Memorial no. #28207797, created by Vaughan Mavir, citing Imperial Memorial Gardens, Pueblo, Pueblo County, Colorado; accompanying photograph by Cindy, Lois Elida Crawford Maden.
  8. The Maden Family Our Lives Today 2008: Ralph Eugene Maden and Lois Elida Crawford, 2008 (Pueblo, Colorado: n.p., 2008), p. 6.
  9. 1910 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kanass, ED 45, Sheet 3B Image 6 of 30, household 16, Crawford JF; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T624
  10. 1915 Kansas State Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 2 Image 73 of 279, household 9, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Kansas State Historical Society
  11. 1920 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 53, Sheet 7B Image 14 of 22, dwelling 161, Crawford Judson F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T625
  12. 1925 Kansas Census, Ford County Kansas, , page 14 Image 182 of 202, dwelling 3, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)
  13. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Lois Crawford, 1928; digital images, (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017).
  14. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Lois Crawford, 1929; .
  15. Kansas, Central Division of Vital Statistics, Marriage License #44483 (24 January 1929), Ralph E. Maden and Lois E. Crawford; State of Kansas, Topeka, KS.
  16. Ford County Kansas Marriage Records: Book I page 423, Ford County Clerk, Dodge City, Kansas
  17. 1930 U.S. Census, Baca County, Colorado, population schedule, Regnier, Baca County, Colorado, enumeration district (ED) ED 8, sheet 3A (image 5 of 14), household 52, Ralph Maden; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA T626.
  18. 1940 U.S. Census, Baca County, Colorado, population schedule, Edler, Baca County, Colorado, enumeration district (ED) ED 5-10, Sheet 3A (image 5 of 10), household 48, Ralph Maden; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA T627.
  19. “Judson Foster Crawford,” digital image, The Hutchinson News (Hutchinson, Kansas), 23 February 1949, obituary; Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online February 2017).
  20. Polk’s Pueblo (Pueblo County, Coolo.) City Directory 1952 (Omaha, Nebr: R. O. Polk & Co., 1952), page 224, Ralph Maden.
  21. Polk’s Pueblo (Pueblo County, Colo.) City Directory 1954 (Omahan, NE: R. L. Polk & Col, 1954), p. 377, Ralph E. Maden; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016).
  22. Polk’s Pueblo (Pueblo County, Colo.) City Directory 1958 (Kansas City, MO: R. L. Polk & Co., 1958), p. 312, Maden Dallas D; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online December 2018).
  23. Polk’s Pueblo City Directory 1960 (Kansas City, Missouri: R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers, 1960), p 345, Maden Dallas D; digital iamge, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online December 2018).
  24. Polk’s Pueblo (Pueblo County, Colo.) City Directory 1964 (Detroit, Michigan: R L Polk & Co., 1964), 376, Maden Lois; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2017).
  25. Polk’s Pueblo (Pueblo County, Colo.) City Directory 1966 (Kansas City, MO: R L. Polk & Co, 1966), 384; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2017).
  26. “Horton,” El Paso Times (El Paso, Texas), 3 November 1971, page 19; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online October 2019).
  27. Lois elida Maden, death certificate #01653 (17 January 1972), State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Health, Denver, Colorado.
  28. Ancestry Database, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

RM8 Documenting DNA

Have you had your DNA tested? If so, have you tried to document your matches in your genealogy software? Do you look at a match as ‘proof’ of a relationship or as ‘supporting evidence’.

Since I had my tree documented back 6 or more generations when I had my DNA tested, I’m not using DNA as ‘proof’ but as supporting evidence. I don’t need to prove a relationship to my parents, grandparents or great-grandparents. Instead, I look to DNA to help validate a lineage back to my 4th great grandparents or further. I’m not really interested in documenting segment data but in documenting the lineage.

Thus I want to document how I connect to my matches with known common ancestors. I use Ancestry’s ThruLines to help me with this. Since the accuracy of ThruLines is dependent on user trees, I research the descendants of my ancestors. Because I have a lot of descendants in my tree, ThruLines is not as dependent on my match’s tree.

To use DNA as supporting evidence, I need to get this ‘evidence’ into my genealogy software, RootsMagic. To do this, I created my own fact that I named DNAThruLines. Because the identity of my matches needs to be kept private, I do not include this fact on any report.

When I add my DNAThruLines fact, I fill in the SORT DATE with the date I’m working with the fact. I also make sure this fact is marked PRIVATE. Then I start adding sources, one source for each match. My SOURCE was created from a copy of the built-in Genetic Databases (online) template.

When I add this source, there are 3 fields that I enter into the citation: access type, date viewed and item of interest. I put my match’s Ancestry name in the Item of Interest field.

Once the citation is entered, I go to the RESEARCH NOTE and enter additional information.

  • lineage from common ancestor down to match
  • relationship
  • statistics for each Ancestry test with this match: number of shared cM and segments

A research note for a descendant of Horatio Hammond might look as follows:

Horatio Hammond –> Jehiel P. Hammond –> Carrie L. Hammond –> Orion C. Watson –> George W. Watson –> Private XXXXX –> XXXXX
4th cousin 1x removed
XXXXX shares 34 cM across 3 segments with MC
XXXXX shares 51 cM across 4 segments with TC
XXXXX shares 15 cM across 2 segments with DC

Once I have the source and citation completed, I follow the lineage down, creating a DNAThruLines fact and pasting the source. I repeat this process until I have this information entered for each person in the lineage.

As I was working thru the development of this process, I realized that I did not want to have to enter this information more than once. For example, I did not want to have to enter the information for a great-grandfather and then re-enter the information for his wife, my great-grandmother. I also didn’t want to have to reenter the information for my great-grandfather’s parents, grandparents, etc. To avoid this need for duplicate entries, I am sharing the DNA fact.

For example, the DNAThruLines fact for my great-grandfather, Judson Crawford, is shared with his wife, Josie Hammond, and his known ancestors.

As I work with these ThruLines matches, I have to be cognizant of multiple marriages. For example, my 2nd great grandfather, Thurston Kennedy Wells had a marriage prior to marrying my 2nd great grandmother, Salome Crandall. I have matches thru a child from Thurston’s first marriage. For this situation, Thurston has two DNAThruLines facts: one for his first wife (HALL) and one for his second wife (CRANDALL). I have used the Description field to help differentiate the two facts in his timeline.

The HALL DNAThruLine fact will not be shared with anyone else in my tree. However, the CRANDALL fact is currently shared with Salome Crandall and needs to be shared with their ancestors.

As I am continually learning to use the features of RootsMagic, I have learned of a feature that I need to incorporate into my DNA documentation methods. That is the use of the {} to keep my research notes private. The RootsMagic blog post, Tip: Keep Private Notes Private details the use of these {} brackets. Thus, I need to go back and add these {} brackets to my research notes. Thanks to the way RootsMagic 8 handles citations, modifying these research notes will be easier since I can modify one use of a citation and it will be copied down to all other uses of that citation.

I’m slowly working my way thru my DNA ThruLines to get these connections documented.

William Gillies Harding Descendants

William Gillies Harding (abt 1803-15 Aug 1865)

+Elizabeth Fowler (1804-29 Jan 1846)

. . . . 2-Caroline Harding (8 May 1831-17 Mar 1895)

. . . . +Fred Spragg (abt 1830-19 May 1863)

. . . . . . . . 3-George Frederick Spragg (24 Oct 1857-16 Dec 1878)

. . . . . . . . 3-William H. Spragg (1 Oct 1854-1933)

. . . . . . . . +Martha Peterson (Aug 1863-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Edith Spragg (9 Mar 1885-1950)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Earl Spragg (26 May 1888-25 Feb 1937)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Edward Vernon Spragg (25 Aug 1891-26 Feb 1957)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Blanche Spragg (Mar 1895-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Florence Pearl Spragg (26 Nov 1899-21 Jun 1903)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Clarence Harold Spragg (19 Jun 1903-1 Nov 1981)

. . . . . . . . 3-John B. Spragg (19 Nov 1858-12 Oct 1886)

. . . . . . . . +Mary Louise Nicol (22 Jan 1862-1942)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Bertie Spragg (6 Sep 1880-8 Dec 1882)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-John Brunswick Spragg (29 Oct 1886-26 Dec 1949)

. . . . . . . . 3-Charlotte Spragg (12 Nov 1860-1939)

. . . . . . . . +Charles Stewart (1837-1931)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Frederick Stewart (abt 1879-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Lawrence Stewart (7 Apr 1884-10 Dec 1972)

. . . . . . . . 3-Winfred Spragg (31 Jan 1862-13 May 1862)

. . . . . . . . 3-Caroline Spragg (6 Apr 1863-15 Mar 1918)

. . . . . . . . +Perry W. Southwick (17 Jan 1860-12 Oct 1913)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-George Southwick (12 May 1883-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Perry W Southwick (29 Aug 1886-10 Nov 1938)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Earnest Southwick (10 Apr 1890-22 Apr 1935)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Caroline Elizabeth Southwick (4 Jul 1893-24 Jan 1955)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Clarence W Southwick (9 Jul 1903-2 Sep 1951)

. . . . +Levi Orcutt (-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Mabel Ann Orcutt (6 Jul 1872-25 May 1952)

. . . . . . . . +William Clinton Bingham (Oct 1867-1934)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Chester Levi Bingham (12 Jan 1895-18 Apr 1960)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Grace Irene Bingham (5 Aug 1897-30 Mar 1980)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Harold Ervin Bingham (3 Jun 1900-6 Jan 1935)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Sharlott Carrie Bingham (11 Feb 1908-1984)

. . . . 2-Abel Harding (30 Apr 1833-13 Nov 1906)

. . . . +Cynthia Gertrude Edwards (Sep 1846-2 Jun 1926)

. . . . . . . . 3-Edna Harding (abt 1866-16 Aug 1930)

. . . . . . . . +William C. Allen (1864-30 Oct 1940)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Cecil Allen (abt 1885-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jessie MaE Allen (24 Jun 1886-24 Dec 1944)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Alice A. Allen (Jul 1889-15 Feb 1947)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Addie A Allen (12 Jul 1889-16 May 1913)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Flossy B Allen (23 Jul 1893-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Donald William Allen (10 Jul 1900-13 Nov 1964)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Dollie Allen (abt 1901-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-John Allen (abt 1903-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Wilbur Harry “Tink” Allen (6 Jun 1905-7 Mar 1964)

. . . . . . . . 3-Lettie Mae Harding (Sep 1867-1934)

. . . . . . . . +Edwin B. Hawley (1856-22 Jun 1925)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Fred Orville Hawley (15 Aug 1886-1 Feb 1964)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Harding  Hawley (16 Dec 1901-26 Dec 1988)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Birdie Jennie Hawley (4 Oct 1899-21 Feb 1996)

. . . . . . . . 3-Clara Jane Harding (abt 1872-23 Jul 1943)

. . . . . . . . +Frank Merrill (-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ada R Merrill (Jan 1892-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Hazel B Merrill (Nov 1894-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-James Abel Merrill (13 Dec 1896-10 Oct 1954)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Vivian Marie Merrill (16 Feb 1900-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Sidney Clifford Merrill (abt 1903-25 Oct 1941)

. . . . . . . . 3-Nina Belle “Mina” Harding (24 Nov 1876-1964)

. . . . . . . . +Albert Halverson (May 1863-10 Jan 1927)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jenny Halverson (16 Sep 1895-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Lloyd Halverson (Apr 1897-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Marie Halverson (abt 1904-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Grace Elizabeth Harding (10 Aug 1880-1906)

. . . . . . . . +Edward Quenell (8 Aug 1880-7 May 1952)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Hilda Edna Quenell (28 Oct 1903-27 Jun 1985)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William James Quenell (31 Aug 1902-25 Jul 1986)

. . . . . . . . 3-Lola Harding (15 Mar 1883-8 Jun 1971)

. . . . . . . . +John Beauchemin (-14 Apr 1933)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Milton Seymore Bushman (8 Dec 1902-1966)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Kenneth G Bushman (abt 1909-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Nina Beauchemin (abt 1912-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-August Able Bushman (19 Aug 1919-3 May 1964)

. . . . . . . . +Samuel Niles (12 May 1871-14 Jun 1950)

. . . . . . . . 3-James Earl Harding (13 Jun 1885-19 Nov 1947)

. . . . . . . . +Pearl Spaulding (10 May 1885-1963)

. . . . . . . . +Anna Augusta Ewald (Jul 1886-30 Jan 1925)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Earl Leroy Harding (14 Dec 1911-24 Nov 1986)

. . . . . . . . 3-Martha Gertrude Harding (3 Oct 1888-21 Oct 1931)

. . . . . . . . +Leslie H Corbett (abt 1883-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ralph Harding Corbett (13 Sep 1911-15 Nov 1932)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Shirley Ruth Corbett (abt 1920-15 Jul 1986)

. . . . 2-Thomas Harding (abt 1834-18 Nov 1885)

. . . . +Mary E. Brine (14 Jul 1852-10 Dec 1885)

. . . . . . . . 3-James Franklin Harding (10 Jan 1872-28 Apr 1962)

. . . . . . . . +Laura M Betts (Jan 1880-1923)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Thomas Carl Harding (19 Nov 1903-7 Feb 1946)

. . . . . . . . +Carrie Edith Wilson (11 Mar 1888-1957)

. . . . . . . . 3-Addie Harding (abt 1875-19 Jan 1910)

. . . . . . . . 3-Maude Mabel Harding (abt 1876-)

. . . . . . . . +Clayton Earnest Cook (abt 1871-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Raymond Cook (1893-1894)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Guy Clayton Cook (22 Apr 1895-1 Apr 1949)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Harry Harding Cook (21 Jun 1897-6 Nov 1974)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Milton James Cook (Apr 1900-8 Dec 1904)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Marie Cook (3 Feb 1903-24 Feb 1997)

. . . . . . . . +Conrad C. Funk (14 Feb 1865-1 May 1951)

. . . . . . . . +Harvey William Dean (1873-1945)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Harold Harvey Dean (5 Jun 1908-14 May 1991)

. . . . 2-Abigail Harding (abt 1837-)

. . . . 2-Julia Harding (1840-4 Jan 1892)

. . . . +Albert Hutchinson (abt 1838-22 Jul 1896)

. . . . . . . . 3-Gertrude Hutchinson (12 Jul 1860-1 Oct 1914)

. . . . . . . . +Johann Georg Layer (5 Feb 1850-30 Oct 1913)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Lidia Marie Layer (28 Apr 1878-3 Feb 1942)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-May Louisa Layer (7 Apr 1880-7 Jul 1881)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ernest H. Layer (23 Mar 1884-2 Feb 1885)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Albert John Layer (1 Apr 1888-23 Jun 1936)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-_____ Layer (30 Nov 1898-31 Dec 1898)

. . . . . . . . 3-Albert G. Hutchinson (9 Jun 1862-11 Apr 1922)

. . . . . . . . +Mary Anna Baker (abt 1863-aft 1922)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Mary Lidia Hutchinson (4 Aug 1892-5 Aug 1985)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Rachel Hutchinson (Aug 1890-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ray Gillis Hutchinson (21 Aug 1892-14 Feb 1942)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-John William Hutchinson (14 Apr 1895-16 Mar 1939)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Sarah Elizabeth Hutchinson (27 Aug 1897-26 Mar 1976)

. . . . . . . . 3-William Henry Hutchinson (2 Mar 1865-15 May 1936)

. . . . . . . . +Mary Ella Hall (abt 1870-14 Jun 1950)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ella May Hutchinson (abt 1890-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Alzeda Hutchinson (12 Aug 1892-30 Dec 1964)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William M. Hutchinson (7 Oct 1892-12 Jun 1952)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ruth Hutchinson (28 Jun 1897-2 Jul 1930)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ruby Grace Hutchinson (20 Jun 1898-20 Dec 1918)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jennie Hutchinson (Jun 1899-12 Mar 1954)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Thomas Guy Hutchinson (28 Aug 1901-12 Jan 1962)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Elmer Leroy “Roy” Hutchinson (26 Feb 1905-20 Sep 1967)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-_____ Hutchinson (6 Mar 1907-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Frederick Hutchinson (abt 1867-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Cary Hutchinson (abt 1869-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Winifred Mae “Winnie” Hutchinson (6 May 1871-23 Sep 1913)

. . . . . . . . +Hiram Miles Currey (23 Oct 1866-15 Sep 1943)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Infant Currey (18 Apr 1892-10 May 1892)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Henry Currey (25 May 1893-20 May 1906)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Herbert Miles Currey (3 Apr 1895-20 Apr 1971)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Hiram Currey (11 Aug 1897-24 Jan 1898)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Myrtle Irene Currey (11 Jan 1899-23 Jul 1970)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Mary Lela Currey (17 Aug 1901-8 Dec 1977)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Winnie Letha Currey (30 Jun 1903-11 Feb 1992)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Earnest Oran Currey (5 Apr 1906-25 May 1979)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Alma Jean Currey (5 Apr 1912-7 Sep 1989)

. . . . . . . . 3-Elnora Hutchinson (21 Sep 1874-21 May 1921)

. . . . . . . . +Zachariah Northern (5 Sep 1866-29 Jun 1952)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Maude Mulida Northern (5 May 1890-21 Jun 1949)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-James Northern (Feb 1892-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Claud Northern (abt 1893-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Hazel S. Northern (21 Mar 1900-30 Sep 1976)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jessie Northern (15 Dec 1910-15 Feb 1988)

. . . . . . . . 3-Guy Thomas Hutchinson (29 Feb 1876-12 Feb 1946)

. . . . . . . . +Ida Pasha Belle _____ (29 Jul 1888-9 Jan 1961)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Dorothy L. Hutchinson (21 Nov 1912-Dec 1979)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ethel Belle Hutchinson (18 Jul 1921-25 Apr 1935)

. . . . . . . . 3-Francesca Hutchinson (Jul 1879-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Howard Hutchinson (1881-27 Mar 1905)

. . . . . . . . 3-Elvira Hutchinson (abt 1884-)

. . . . 2-Isabella Harding (31 Aug 1844-27 Dec 1900)

. . . . +Samuel B. Palmer (10 Jul 1836-21 Jan 1926)

. . . . . . . . 3-Isadora Palmer (9 Feb 1862-11 Sep 1925)

. . . . . . . . +Ireneous Payne Burbank (28 Dec 1853-2 May 1936)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Herschel Burbank (16 Jan 1897-1897)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Charles P Burbank (16 Jan 1898-25 Jan 1898)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Verna May Burbank (12 Dec 1893-30 Dec 1969)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Frank Henry Burbank Sr (12 Jun 1891-19 Jul 1934)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Estella Maude Burbank (10 Mar 1888-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Vernon Burbank (30 Nov 1899-30 Nov 1899)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-George Samuel Burbank (17 Jan 1885-1 Jun 1906)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Hazel Irene Burbank (21 Dec 1904-26 Dec 1992)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Penny Mable Burbank (2 Feb 1883-30 Apr 1883)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Minnie Malida Burbank (19 Oct 1879-6 Mar 1883)

. . . . . . . . 3-Olive Palmer (26 Feb 1865-22 Sep 1927)

. . . . . . . . +John W. Stanley (1856-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-John W Stanley (24 Oct 1885-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-LeRoy Stanley (Jun 1890-25 Mar 1916)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Elmer Walter Stanley (24 Oct 1885-12 Apr 1922)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Brooks Stanley (30 May 1881-6 Oct 1927)

. . . . . . . . 3-Emma Abigail Palmer (abt 1868-22 Sep 1944)

. . . . . . . . +James William Kelley (20 Aug 1861-24 Oct 1933)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jessie Mae Kelley (Jan 1892-16 Feb 1919)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-James Robert Kelley (7 Jan 1903-16 Jun 1964)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ralph W Kelley (4 Jul 1890-21 Nov 1935)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Archie Richmond Kelley (10 May 1888-16 Oct 1963)

. . . . . . . . 3-Walter Palmer (1 May 1870-15 Feb 1932)

. . . . . . . . +Millie Amelia Snowden (16 Jan 1876-15 Sep 1955)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Elmer L Palmer (2 Jun 1893-16 Mar 1963)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Everett Joy Palmer (5 Nov 1895-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Florence Mae Palmer (25 Aug 1900-31 May 1987)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ruby Florine Palmer (1902-1930)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Earl E. Palmer (14 Jan 1905-14 Jul 1936)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Carl H. Palmer (10 Aug 1908-25 Aug 1986)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ray A. Palmer (20 Mar 1916-4 Mar 1945)

. . . . . . . . 3-Sophia Palmer (abt 1875-)

. . . . . . . . +Robert T. Burns (-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Myrtle Burns (Dec 1896-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Eva Ruth Burns (5 May 1898-6 Jul 1985)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Irene “Rene” Burns (7 Feb 1902-4 Jan 1980)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Lester Burns (27 Feb 1903-5 Jun 1972)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Robert T Burns (19 Sep 1904-8 Apr 1905)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Neal Eugene Burns (27 Dec 1906-6 Jan 1966)

. . . . . . . . +James Morey (1873-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Myrtle Leona Morey (7 Mar 1890-5 Aug 1964)

. . . . . . . . 3-Frank Palmer (22 Nov 1875-)

. . . . . . . . +Mary Elizabeth Evans (14 Oct 1879-25 Aug 1969)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Frank Leroy Palmer (22 Jul 1898-8 Jul 1900)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Fred Isma Palmer (29 Aug 1900-22 Apr 1975)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Geneva ” Eva” Isabel Palmer (28 Sep 1902-25 Jul 1978)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Thelma Mae Palmer (22 Dec 1905-Feb 1979)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Carl George Palmer (2 Sep 1908-10 Apr 1973)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Lena Marie Palmer (11 May 1911-3 Apr 1984)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Mary Mildred Palmer (1914-18 Jan 1917)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Palmer (29 Nov 1916-18 Jan 1917)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Walter E. ” Bill” Palmer (8 Mar 1918-25 Aug 1994)

. . . . . . . . 3-Irene Isabelle Palmer (30 Aug 1878-4 Sep 1940)

. . . . . . . . +Harvey Roberts (-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Alva Joy Roberts (1 Jul 1897-1 Feb 1936)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Samuel Roberts (Sep 1899-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Edith Mae Roberts (6 Oct 1902-2 Apr 1986)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jesse  Roberts (1906-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Alida Jean Roberts (27 Jun 1910-8 Jun 1966)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Irene Roberts (abt 1914-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Jesse Cecil Palmer (2 Mar 1882-16 May 1944)

. . . . . . . . +Mary L. Bossung (Oct 1879-31 Jul 1947)

. . . . . . . . +Ollie Harding (-)

. . . . 2-William Henry Harding (15 Apr 1846-15 Apr 1917)

. . . . +Sarah M. Orcutt (abt 1852-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Jesse Harding (28 Feb 1869-May 1939)

. . . . . . . . 3-Ida B. Harding (28 May 1874-28 Feb 1949)

. . . . . . . . +James Vinsonhaler (18 Mar 1869-24 Nov 1957)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Henry Vinsonhaler (27 Sep 1897-21 Nov 1953)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Gertrude Vinsonhaler (8 Feb 1900-26 Oct 1960)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-James Harold Vinsonhaler (19 Sep 1903-25 Nov 1963)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Wilma Vinsonhaler (abt 1908-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Maurice Vinsonhaler (9 May 1910-29 May 1984)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Lola Vinsonhaler (4 Sep 1916-19 Dec 2006)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-James H. Vinsonhaler (abt 1924-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Leonard S. Vinsonhaler (abt 1925-)

. . . . . . . . 3-William Edward Harding (23 Jun 1877-10 Feb 1954)

. . . . . . . . +Violet Mae Spicer (10 Jul 1884-9 Oct 1919)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Goldie Harding (1904-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Bertha Harding (1909-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Ollie Harding (abt 1914-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Grace Harding (Nov 1890-)

. . . . . . . . +Russell Conwell Bennett (15 Feb 1894-Apr 1973)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-William Russell Bennett (30 Aug 1922-13 Oct 2016)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Jack Bennett (1918-)

+Eliza Henderson (abt 23 Nov 1817-23 May 1887)

. . . . 2-Hattie C. Harding (Sep 1857-)

. . . . +William H. Everts (10 Jan 1855-21 Jun 1929)

. . . . . . . . 3-Harry Henderson Everts (2 Mar 1889-Dec 1970)

. . . . . . . . +Mary Belle Mitchell (1895-1977)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Dorothy Jane Everts (18 Aug 1920-8 Jul 1991)

. . . . . . . . 3-Irl A Everts (17 May 1892-4 Apr 1945)

. . . . . . . . +Genevieve D Brallier (-)

. . . . . . . . 3-Agnes M. Everts (12 May 1897-10 Feb 1920)

. . . . . . . . 3-Minnie Everts (4 Oct 1900-10 Jun 1968)

. . . . . . . . +Vergil Glen Dixon (-)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-Lyle G. Dixon (-)

. . . . 2-Minerva E. Harding (Apr 1864-24 Sep 1938)

Harding ThruLines

Are you a fan of Ancestry’s ThruLines or a naysayer? Since I believe ThruLines can be a valuable tool, I’m willing to research descendants of my ancestors and to make corrections in my tree when my additional research identifies issues.

As I’m currently researching the descendants of William G. Harding (1803-1865), I’m struggling with his son Abel Harding (1833-1906) and his descendants. At this point, I have identified the children of Abel Harding and Cynthia Gertrude Edwards as follows:

  • Edna Harding (1866-1930) – md William C. Allen
  • Lettie Mae Harding (1867-1934) – md Edwin B. Hawley
  • Clara Jean Harding (1872-1943) – md Frank Merril in 1890 in Pipestone, MN
  • Nina Belle Harding (1876-1964) – md Albert Halverson in 1894 in Yellow Medicine, MN
  • Grace Elizabeth Harding (1880-1906) – md Edward Quenell in 1901 in Rulo, NE
  • Lola Harding (1883-1971) – md John Beauchemin in Rulo, NE
  • James Earl Harding (1885-1947) – md Anna Ewald in Anacortes, WA
  • Martha Gertrude Harding (1888-1931) – md Leslie H Corbett

Hoping that I have this family correct, I decided to check my ThruLines for William G. Harding that go thru Abel to see if I have DNA data to support the family. Since my brothers also tested, I have three sets of ThruLines.

My ThruLines
DC ThruLines
LivingT ThruLines

At first glance, I have matches thru the 7 daughters. As an additional test, I analyzed each of these matches and compared the shared CMs for the matches with the expected results from the Shared CM project.

Looking at this data, it may support the following daughters: Edna, Lettie Mae and Martha G. Because quite a few of these matches share a very low number of cM, I can’t use this data as ‘PROOF’ that I have the family correct.

Even though this doesn’t ‘prove’ the family, it also doesn’t disprove any of the family. Thus, I need to do more digging to try and locate additional information for this family.

Baby Pics

#SaturdayNightGenealogyFun

Calling all Genea-Musings Fans:It’s Saturday Night again –Time for some more Genealogy Fun!!


Here is your assignment if you choose to play along (cue the Mission Impossible music):
1)  Do you have baby or small child photographs of yourself or your parents?  Please share one of them.

Me
Dad
Mom

Merged Abels

Do you ever feel like you’ve made a mistake in your genealogy research that seems almost impossible to undo? That’s how I feel right now with my research of Harding descendants.

I recently wrote about my confusing to Abel Hardings who are actually first cousins in my Multiple Abels post. As I’ve been researching the descendants of William Gillies Harding, I’ve discovered that there is a third Abel Harding. At this time, I only have an 1870 census record to identify this third Abel.

  • Abel Harding, age 36, living in Racine, Racine County, Wisconsin in 1870 – son of Abel Guilford Harding and Ann Nase
  • Abel Harding, age 36, living in Fremont, Fayette County, Iowa in 1870 – son of William Gillies Harding and Elizabeth Fowler; Also listed in the census was a wife, Centhy, and two children Edna, age 3 and May, age 2
  • Abel Harding, age 29, living in Bremer County, Iowa with a wife named Cynthia and two children Ida, age 4 and Ella, age 2
1870 Racine County, Wisconsin
1870 Census Fayette County, Iowa
1870 Census Bremer County, Iowa

Even though there is an age difference, the two Abel Hardings on the 1870 census in Iowa appear to have been merged on FamilySearch. FamilySearch shows Cynthia Harding as Cynthia Gertrude Edwards, born in 1848 in New York. This matches the information for Cynthy Hading in the Fremont County census. When it comes to the children, it appears they have been merged. Edna and Ida becomes Edna Ada Harding while May and Ella becomes Ella Mary Harding.

In 1880, the census for what is likely the 2nd Abel Harding shows the following family living in Mitchell County, Iowa.

  • Abel Harding, age 48, born New Brunswick
  • Cynthia Harding, age 33, born New York
  • Ada Harding, age 14, born Iowa
  • Mary Harding, age 13, born Iowa
  • Clara Harding, age 8, born Michigan
  • Lina Harding, age 3, born Iowa
1880 Census Mitchell County, Iowa

This 1880 census record caused me to assign the name, May Mary Harding to the second child. Whether I copied that from someone else or whether they copied that from me, it appears on 58 Ancestry trees.

Many of these trees also include the name ‘Lettie’. By using the name, Lettie Harding, I was able to find additional records to piece together her family.

After doing some digging on FamilySearch, I was able to locate what is likely this same family.

So far, I haven’t found additional information on the third Abel Harding.

However, I have been able to document Lettie Mae Harding Hawley’s family. (Endnote numbers at end of each fact.) Much more research will be required to make sure that I’m not making mistakes again.

Name: Lettie Mae Harding (GC7W-JS2)

Sex: Female
Father: Abel Harding (LJKW-BX4) 1833-1906
Mother: Cynthia Gertrude Edwards 1846-1926

Individual Facts
Birth Sep 1867 Iowa, United States 2–3

Residence 1870 (about age 3) Fremont, Iowa, United States 1

Residence 19 Jun 1880 (about age 12) Cedar Township, Mitchell, Iowa, United States 4

Residence 1895 (about age 28) Vinton, Benton, Iowa, United States 5

ChildParent-Parent 4 Oct 1899 (about age 32) Birdie Jennie Hawley (GC7W-KHX); Clear Lake, Deuel, South Dakota, United States 6

Residence 1900 (about age 33) Clear Lake, Deuel, South Dakota, United States 3

ChildParent-Parent 16 Dec 1901 (about age 34) William Harding Hawley (GC7W-VWG); Deuel, South Dakota, United States 7

Residence 1910 (about age 43) Seattle, King, Washington, United States 8

Residence 1920 (about age 53) Clear Lake, Deuel, South Dakota, United States 9

Alt. Name Mary Hawley (GC7W-JS2) 10

Residence 1931 (about age 64) Fort Ripley, Crow Wing, Minnesota, United States 10

Death 1934 (about age 67) South Dakota, United States 2,11

Burial Hillcrest Cemeter, Estelline, Hamlin, South Dakota, United States 2

Marriages/Children

Edwin B. Hawley (GC7W-GFB) 1856-1925
Children Fred Orville Hawley (G8DL-QHR) 1886-1964
William Harding Hawley (GC7W-VWG) 1901-1988
Birdie Jennie Hawley (GC7W-KHX) 1899-1996

Endnotes:

  1. 1870 U.S. Census, Fayette County, Iowa, population schedule, Fremont, Fayette County, Iowa, page 5 Image 5 of 13, household 56, Harding Abel; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online January 2018)
  2. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 1 November 2020), memorial for May Hawley (1867-1934), Find a Grave Memorial no. #46625124, created by L Nystrom, citing HIllcrest Cemetery, Estelline, Hamline County, South Dakota; accompanying photograph by L Nystrom, May Hawley.
  3. 1900 U.S. Census, Deuel County, South Dakota, population schedule, Clear Lake, Deuel County, South Dakota, ED 129, Sheet 2B Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], family 46, E. B. Hawley; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 1 November 2020)
  4. 1880 U.S. Census, Mitchell County, Iowa, population schedule, Cedar Township, Mitchell County, Iowa, page 18 Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 180, Abel Harding; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online January 2018); NARA microfilm publication T9
  5. “Iowa, State Census, 1895,”State Historical Society of Iowa, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (1 November 2020), May Hawley.
  6. Social Security Administration, “Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007,” database on-line, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/60901/ : viewed online 1 November 2020), Birdie J Grothaus.
  7. “South Dakota, Birth Index, 1856-1917,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 16 October 2021), William Harding Hawley.
  8. 1910 U.S. Census, King County, Washington, population schedule, Seattle, King County, Washington, enumeration district (ED) ED 58, Sheet 20A, family 44, Edwin Hawley; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 16 October 2021); NARA microfilm publication T624.
  9. 1920 U.S. Census, Deuel County, South Dakota, population schedule, Clear Lake, Deuel County, South Dakota, ED 126, Sheet 2A Image 3 of 18, family 29, E. B. Hawley; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 16 October 2021)
  10. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2018), memorial for Martha G Harding Corbett (1888-1931), Find a Grave Memorial no. #150778946, created by Merrily Lawson, citing cremated, ;, Martha G Harding Corbett.
  11. South Dakota, Death Index, 1879-1955, Lettie M. Hawley, 18 March 1934; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 16 October 2021). Original Source: Index to South Dakota Death Records, 1905-1955.