Seriously Burned

Do you remember being told as a child to not play with matches or to stay away from the stove? While our lifestyles have gotten safer, it is still possible for a child to get burned.

While researching my RALSTON line, I discovered a newspaper article about a cousin who did get too close to ashes.

Seriously Burned
While playing in their playhouse last Tuesday one of Mr. Lighter’s little girls living west of town and south of the river had the misfortune to accidentally get severely burned. She had gone to the ash pile to get some ashes which were to be used as pepper in the playhouse and while sitting down getting the ashes her dress caught fire and she did not know it until a blaze was discovered. She started to run to the house but her father met her, picked her up and put her in a water tank. This put out the fire but not before she was considerably burned.

“Seriously Burned,” Dodge City Reporter (Dodge City, Kansas), 26 January 1900, page 5; digital images, ( : viewed onlin3 14 May 2022

A couple of weeks later, little Ruth Elva Lighter died from being burned.

W. E. Lighter’s Little Girl Died Last Saturday

Two weeks ago today the Reporter contained an account of the burning of W. E. Lighter’s little girl. She was brought to town whee she could be near the attending physician who gave all the medical assistance possible, but to no avail. Last Saturday morning she died.
Her name was Ruth Elva Lighter and she was six years and one month of age.
This unfortunate little girl at the time was burned had just recovered from a bad case of the measles and this was the first day she had been allowed to play out doors. She had not been out thirty minutes when her clothes caught fire and burned her so badly as to cause her death.
The funeral services were held Sunday afternoon at the Presbyterian church conduced by Rev. William Westwood. The remains were interred in the G.A.R. cemetery west of town.

“W. E. Lighter’s Little Girl Died Last Saturday,” Dodge City Reporter (Dodge City, Kansas), 9 February 1900, page 5; digital images, ( : viewed online 14 May 2022).

Memorial Day

Today is the day that was established to honor those who died while serving our country. Can you identify your ancestors or cousins whom we would honor today? Although I am aware of some of my cousins, I cannot readily name them.

However, my genealogy program is a database. Thus, I should be able to use the program and create a list. Unfortunately, searching for this type of information in a database requires that data be entered accurately. And I can attest to the fact incomplete or missing data in my file will impact my ability to pull this information.

Knowing that my mom has a couple of 2nd cousins who died during World War II, I started trying to create a list of those who died during that war. My first step was to create a group. This feature is located under the command palette, whose icon is located in the upper right corner of RootsMagic 8.

Opening the list of commands, I scroll down to GROUPS. Since I want to create a group, I’m looking for the command to ‘Add, delete or modify the list of gorups’.

Clicking that choice opens the GROUPS window. This window shows my existing groups and has buttons to add (new), edit, delete or rename a group.

To create my group, I click on the NEW button. A window opens prompting me to enter a name for this group. For this example, I’m going to name my group ‘WWII Deaths’.

That opens a window titled RootsMagic Explorer that shows a list of everyone in my file with boxes for checkmarks to indicate group membership. Since I’m creating this group from scratch, I want to use the MARK button.

Clicking the MARK button opens a pull-down menu showing my choices. Since I’m wanting to create a list based on the death date and place, I want to use the ‘By Data Fields’ choice.

This opens a window that allows me to select data fields and create a ‘sentence’ defining my search. Sometimes figuring out this ‘sentence’ is trial and error. This is also where incomplete data can impact the results. For my first ‘trial’, I’m going to search for those people with a military fact who died between 7 Dec 1941 and 2 Sept 1945. I am using 7 Dec 1941 as my start date since that is the date in which the United States was attacked.

When I click the OK button, the software searches my file and finds 9 people that have a military fact who died during the specified time period.

To finish creating the group, I have to click on the OK button and then click on the SELECT button in the lower right corner of the window. If I forget to click SELECT, my group is not created. That closes the selection window and returns me to the group window, where I have to again click OK to close the window.

The easiest way to review my group is to use the INDEX on the side of the PEOPLE screen. The default for the Index is to SHOW EVERYONE.

When I click on the ‘Show Everyone’ box, a menu opens showing the groups I have created.

If I scroll down the list, I can locate my newly created WWII DEATHS group.

Selecting the WWII DEATHS group causes the index to display the members of this group.

Looking at that list, I have several people born before 1900 who were included on the list. I have two options to ‘clean up’ this list. One option is to look at each person in question, evaluate their information and then remove them from the list if they don’t meet my criteria.

For example, Lloyd William Barnes is on my list with a death date of 14 Dec 1941. He also has a military fact, but it is dated 1918.

Below his parents is the GROUP information. When I click on the word GROUPS, it opens a list of all of my groups on the right side of the person window.

Scrolling down, I can locate the WWII Deaths group and remove the check mark by that group and then close the person window. That removes him from the list of people in the group under the index.

I can continue working my way thru the group one person at a time, or I could edit my group and add a statement to help narrow the selection. In this case, I might add a statement requiring the birth date to be after 1900. To do this, I follow the same procedure used to open the GROUPS menu. Then I scroll down to locate my group, WWI Deaths.

This time, I want to click on the EDIT button. This opens the RootsMagic Explorer window where I can mark/unmark members in this group. Since I’m editing an existing group, I usually check UNMARK and select prior to going back in and editing my selection. This makes sure that those I don’t want in the group are removed. Once I’m back in the RootsMagic Explorer window, I select MARK and pick BY DATA FIELDs as before. My previous ‘sentence’ is still there. I only need to ADD to it. Thus, I’m gong to add a 4th line for the Birth Date is after 31 Dec 1899.

Clicking OK causes the program to search using my new criteria. Five people are now marked. This is where I need to remember to click SELECT after clicking the OK button.

Working my way thru these 5 people, I can verify that I have information entered for each of them about their death during World War II.

Using this process, I created groups for the Korean War, World War II, World War I and the Civil War.

Korean War Deaths

  • John Frederick Christy

World War II Deaths

World War I Deaths

  • None

Civil War Deaths

  • John Nelson Ralston
  • John Wesley Roberts

While creating these groups is the easiest way I know of to identify these cousins deserving to be honored this Memorial Day. However, this method is not perfect. (Remember, it depends on the completeness and accuracy of my data.) Since I remembered writing about a service member who died when his plane crashed, I expected him to be on my list. And, he is NOT.

My blog post, Plane Down, identifies him as 2nd Lieutenant Gene Marion Ashmore.

Checking what information I have for Gene Marion Ashmore, I can verify that he has a military fact. However, his death date is outside of the dates I used for my search. It is a few days AFTER the official end of World War II. Thus, the computer did not add his name to my group of WWII Deaths.

Since I would like to be able to include him in my list of WWII veterans to be honored on Memorial Day, I can manually add him to the list. If I click on GROUPS (below his parents) and then scroll down my list of groups, I can locate the ‘WWII Deaths’ group.

When I return to the index and select the WWI Deaths group, I can verify that he has been added.

As my database grows, I will either need to remember to update these lists as I identify a veteran or use the GROUPS menu to edit the group.

How about you? Can you identify people in your tree to be honored on Memorial Day?

Some Gave All

Since 2010, Nutfield Genealogy has challenged local genealogists to photograph and transcribe war memorials through its Honor Roll Project. Even though I’ve been aware of this challenge, I haven’t taken the time to photograph and then transcribe any of the many memorials in Nemaha county, Kansas. This year, I am contributing to the project.

The picture below is from the veterans wall on the East side of Seneca. This wall was established by the local veterans under the leadership of John Rottinghaus. It is a beautiful and moving tribute to the many veterans of Nemaha County. This particular section of the display honors those who died serving our country.

1st Column (Left to Right)

  • Tate Moses S-Sgt MIA after Bombing Raid on Rumanian Oil Field
  • Sgt Earle Taylor Co F 1st Kansas Inf Co F 137 Inf Killed in Action October 2, 1918 World War I
  • Pvt Palmer Jones 41 Co 164 Dep Brig Co I 356 Inf Died from Wounds Oct 10, 1918 WWI
  • John L. Graham Captain Co D 8th Kansas Inf KIA Sept 19, 1863 Chickamauga Ga
  • William Clampett Pvt Co D 8th Kansas Inf KIA Sept 19, 1863 Chickamauga GA
  • Robert M Hale 1st Sgt Co D 8th Kansas Inf KIA Sept 19 1863 Chickamauga GA

2nd column

  • Sgt Joseph Henry Co K 47 Inf Co 139 Inf Died from Wounds October 10, 1918 World War I
  • Clare F Sparling Corporal Company E 353rd Infantry Died Sept 19 1918 Buried St Mihiel Thiaucourt France
  • Pvt Joseph M Grew Co C 1st KS Inf Co C 137 Inf Div Killed in Action Oct 18, 1918 WW I
  • Eitel F Thieme Corporal Co 353 Infantry Killed in Action November 1 1918 World War I
  • Delbert M Moyer PFC Co M 125th Inf 32th Div Army Killed in action July 31 1918 WWI Buried in Belgium

3rd column

  • Pvt Joseph Gress Arrived in France Mar 1918 7th Inf Brig 3rd Inf Div Died Oct 18 1918 Buried Romagne Fr
  • Schultejans Bernard PFC army 26th Infantry Div KIA Luxembourg 44 Buried Luxembourg WWII Purple Heart
  • Robert G Griffith US Army Air Force POW Bronze Star Purple Heart Died 1942 Bataan Death March Philippines
  • Pvt John W Levick Co F 1 Ks Inf Co F 137 Inf Killed in Action October 2, 1918 World War I
  • David W Armstrong Pvt Co A 21 F Sig Bn Co A 828 F Sig En Repl Det Killed in Action Oct 9 1918 WWI

4th column

  • Joseph M Boeding Third Class Navy Lost at Sea 1945 on Submarine USS Trigger Okinawa Purple Heart
  • St Sgt Earl Meyer Wounded in France Returned to Duty KIA St Lo France July 23 1944 WWII Purple Heart
  • LT Haley Skinner 66th Pursuit Squadron group 57 Missing in Action April 4 1942 WWII Purple Heart
  • George W Springer Lieut Air Corps 406th FB Squadron 371st Fighter KIA 1944 German WWII Purple Heart
  • Lieut Robert Shaw Flier Army Missing in Action over Germany 1944 WW II Purple Heart

5th column

  • George Bieri Navy Fire Controlman KIA When aircraft Carrier Liscombe Bay Was Sunk WWII Purple Heart
  • Sgt Elgin Strahm Amphibious Boat Service US Army Killed in Action Southwest Pacific WW II Purple Heart
  • Sgt Lewis Barrett European Theater Killed in Action August 12 1944 WWII Purple Heart
  • Raymond Rokey Capt Infantry KIA France 28th Infantry Div World War II Purple Heart
  • Joseph Enneking PFC Co K 410 Inf KIA in Action France oct 4 1944 Buried in France Purple Heart

6th column

  • Pvt George Weeks Killed in action November 9 1944 France WWII Purple Heart
  • Bernard A Becker St Sgt 560 Bomb Squadron 388 Bomb Gr Lost Contact over Europe KIA WWII Purple Heart
  • Winterscheidt St Sgt Lawrence Radioman on B-25 Killed in Action New Britain WWII Purple Heart
  • Tech5 Ralph Allen Company B 34th Tank Battalion KIA Dec 14 1944 Western Germany WW II Purple Heart
  • Sgt Roy L fund 137th Infantry 35th Division Killed in Action Normandy July 1944 WWII Purple Heart

7th column

  • Raymond Woltkamp Flight Officer B24 Liberator First Pilot Shot Down June 16 1944 Purple Heart
  • Sgt Carol E Domer Lost at Sea 1943 Near New Guinea 90th Bob Group Located 2002 Purple Heart
  • Lt Ernest Swart Pilot B24 Flying Tigers over Hump Killed Jan 1945 China WWII
  • Hunninghake Henry J St Sgt Headquarters Co 357th Infantry KIA Normandy 1944 WWII Purple Heart
  • Maj Arlie Higgins POW Phillippines KIA Oct 24 1944 Japanese Ship was Sunk Bearing POW WWII Purple Heart

8th Column

  • George E Kohake Sn 2nd Class Navy Cl-62-Birmingham KIA May 4 1945 Buried at Sea WWII Purple Heart
  • Sgt Frank Schafer Tank Commander KIA 1945 France Purple Heart World War II
  • Richard Bindel St Sgt Engineer Turret Gunner B24 Liberator Missing 1944 over France WW II Purple Heart
  • Sgt Virgil Brown Engineer on B24 Liberator Bomber Failed to Return from Mission 1944 WWII Purple Heart
  • Pvt Francis Long Killed in Action Lubang Island 1945 World War II Purple Heart

9th Column

  • Patrick C Reid Captain US Army FA Bn 8th Inf Div Killed in Action July 14 1953 Tumok Korea
  • William Guilford Pvt Infantry Killed in Action near Aachen Germany Sept 1944 WWII Purple Heart
  • Corp Cyril Nolte One of First Inf Division to Enter France Killed in Actin Sept 1944 WWII Purple Heart
  • Kellenberger Galen PFC runner Radio Man L Co 47th Inf KIA April 21 1945 WWII Purple Heart
  • Donald Hall Navy Lost at Sea Jan 16 1944 aboard Submarine USS Corvina WW II Purple Heart

10 Column

  • Ronald Lee Haug SSgt E5 Army 101 st Airborne KIA Feb 13 1970 Thua Thien South Vietnam
  • Ronald Ray Ward PFC US Army 199th Light Inf Brigade Bien-Hoa Vietnam KIA May 23 1969 Purple Heart
  • Cecil T Thompson 4 Air Commando Sq S Sgt Air Force Oak Leaf Cluster KIA Vietnam Jan 9 1967 Purple Heart
  • Edward R Lukert Sgt 22nd Infantry 3rd Bat 4th Div Died by Dau Tieng Vietnam June 11 69 Purple Heart
  • Joseph L Becker SFC US Army Missing in Action Korea Nov 2 1950 Bronze Star Purple Heart
  • Harry Bieri Chief Fire Control US Battleship USS New York Sunk Battle of Midway KIA WWII Purple Ht

On This Day

Have you ever looked up what happened on a date for a significant family event? I’ve never done this before, but a quick Google search reveals several sites that provide this type of information.

So what happened on today, May 28th? Below are a few events occurring on May 28th

  • 1533 – Archbishop of Canterbury declared marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn to be valid
  • 1754 – French and Indian War – first engagement involved the Virginia militia under Col. George Washington
  • 1830 – President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act which forcibly relocated native Americans
  • 1893 – John Muir organized the Sierra Club in San Francisco
  • 1934 – Dionne quints were born in Canada
  • 1936 Alan Turing submitted a paper on computable numbers
  • 1937 – Volkswagen company was founded
  • 1940 – WWII – Belgium surrendered to Nazi Germany to end the Battle of Belgium
  • 1999 – Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece, The Last Supper, put back on display after being restored

So, were you aware that your genealogy program could generate this information? I wasn’t.

I was going to create a group with event dates that included May 28 and then print such a list. While looking for a report to print the list, I discovered the “On This Day’ report in RootsMagic 8.

Since the PUBLISH menu shows the most recent report types that I’ve used, the ‘On This Day’ report does not appear on the page.

Thus, I have to click on the ‘All Reports and Charts’ to see the entire list of available reports.

When I click on the ‘On This Day List’ I can select the month and day and type of events for the report.

Below are excerpts from a report for the date of May 28.

Family Events

Famous Births

Famous Deaths

Famous Events

This report in RootsMagic contains much more information than I could ever put together from the various web sites. Thus, I’m glad I discovered this report!

Friday Find

Charles Goodrich Hamond

Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and Knox County

page 218

Hammond, Charles Goodrich, Railway Manager, was born at Bolton, Conn., June 4, 1804 spent his youth in Chenango County, N.Y., where he became Principal of the Whitesboro Seminary (in which he was partially educated), and entered mercantile life at Canandaigua; in 1834 removed to Michigan, where he held various offices, including member of the Legislature and Auditor: in 1852 completed the construction of the Michigan Central Railroad (the first line from the East) to Chicago, and took up his residence in that city. In 1855 he became Superintendent of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, but soon resigned to take a trip to Europe for the benefit of his health. Returning form Europe in 1869, he accepted the Superintendency of the Union Pacific Railroad, but was compelled to resign by failing health, later becoming Vice-President of the Pullman Palace Car Company. He was Treasurer of the Chicago Relief & Aid Society after the fire of 1871, and one of the founders of the Chicago Theological Seminary (Congregational); also President, for several years, of the Chicago Home for the Friendless. Died, April 15, 1884.

Charles G. Hammond evidently had a very successful career with the railroads. A search of for an obituary found several obituaries that provide more details about his successful life.

“The Long Roll,” The Chicago Tribune, 16 Apr 1884, page 2. (Available on

Included in the obituary found in the April 16, 1884 issue of The Chicago Tribune were details about the Ancestry of Charles G. Hammond.

His Ancestry

Col. Hammond’s blameless private life and his eminent success and long and important public services are but another illustration that “blood will tell.” He comes of a long line of intellectual and substantial Christian people. His mother was a Goodrich — a most worthy representative of the old Connecticut family whose name she bor. To Edward Hubbard, Esq., the well-known genealogist and family historian of this city, The Tribune is indebted for the following:

Memoranda of the ancestry of Charles Goodrich Hammond — Col. Hammond was born at Bolton, Conn., June 4, 1804, and was the eldest son of Chester and Fanny (Goodrich) Hammond. His earliest ancestor of whom we have positive knowledge was Thomas Hammond, of Lavenham, Suffolk County, England, who married Rose Trippe May 14, 1573.

They had seven children, five daughters and two sons, whose baptisms are given on the parish register at Lavenham, A.D. 1574 to 1587. The two sons, William, baptized Oct. 20, 1575, and Thomas, baptized Jan. 9, 1856, emigrated to America. William settled at Watertown, Mass., where he died at the age of 87 in 1662. Thomas Jr., with his wife Elizabeth, lived at Cambridge Village (Newton), Mass., where he died Sept. 20, 1675, 200 years ago, at the patriarchal age of 89, leaving two sons and two daughters and what was then a handsome estate inventorying L1,155 16s 2d.

Thomas Hammond third, married Elizabeth daughter of Isaac Stedman, in 1662, and died of small-pox Oct. 20, 1678. They had seven children, of whom the third, Isaac, born Dec. 20, 1668 married Ann Kendrick, daughter of Elijah and Hannah (Jackson) , and had four sons and three daughters. The youngest of these, Elijah Hammond, born Oct. 7, 1711, married Oct. 13, 1732, Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Kingsbury. They, Elijah and Mary Hammond, had children — no record of the number. The eldest, Nathaniel, born Sept. 16, 1733, married for his first wife Dorothy Tucker, and for his second, Eleanor Olmsted. This Nathaniel Hammond lived in Bolton, Conn, and was the father of sixteen children — nine by his first wife Dorothy, and seven by Eleanor — of whom Charles, born Nov. 25, 1779, married oct, 18, 1801, Frances, daughter of John Goodrich, a descendent in the sixth generation from William Goodrich and Sarah Marvin, of Wethersfield, Conn., 1648, ancestor of “Peter Parley” and many other distinguished representatives of that name. Among his other ancestors may be found the names of Bacon, Coleman, Edwards, Jackson, Kendrick, Kingsbury, Stedman, Thompson and Treat — all names of honorable mention among the early settlers of New England.

Women in Our Trees

Do you ever feel like our family history research is centered on the men in the tree? Have you been able to add details to a 2nd or 3rd great grandmother’s life beyond her vitals, census records and birth of her children? I know I struggle with that.

That’s why resources that provide a glimpse into the lives of our female ancestors are precious. One such source was written by women about women to celebrate Cleveland’s centennial. That source is a four part work titled, Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve and is available on FamilySearch.

Since my Hammond ancestors migrated from Connecticut to the Western Reserve in Ohio, I am fortunate to find information on my Hammond, Hale and Fisk ancestors in part three of this wonderful work.

Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve

The Women’s Department of the Cleveland Centennial Commission

Part 4
December 1897

page 755
Pioneer Women of bath
Summit county

Bath was organized in 1818 and called
Wheatland, afterwards Hammondsburg,
a name it retained as late as 1847, although
changed for many years
Owen Brown of Hudson. father of the
celebrated John Brown of Ottowasomia;
was a commissioner in 1818, and had
absolute authority to name the town.
“Hammondsburg” was considered rather
lengthy, and for postal convenience,
some of the old settlers thought one with
less letters in it would be preferrable, so
Brown named it Bath.
If any people in this country were
marked out as founders of a new community,
it was the little colony of less
than twenty souls from Connecticut
that settled on the west bank of the
Cuyahoga in Bath in the fall of 1810.
It was like the ancient Greek colonies,
“a miniature company complete in
itself.” Not only did they bring with
them to their new homes their industrious
and frugal habits, their wooden
clocks and spinning wheels, but their
Thanksgiving and other Connecticut
holidays, and their unyielding faith in
their religious creed, and planting them
all in this new community as coincidents
in the fresh soil they were to inhabit.
The site which they were to occupy
was in the region of surpassing loveli.
ness. From the surrounding hills could

page 756
be seen the picturesque Cuyahoga in its
winding course, its banks studded with
majestic forests, not yet despoiled by the
woodman’s axe, and all the land around
lovely with the peculiar beauty of hill,
stream and valley.
Jason Hammond and his wife, Rachel
Hale of Bolton, Ct., were the principal
personages of this colony. Early in the
spring of 1810 they purchased by exchange
of Thos. Bull, 1200 acres in the
northeast part of the township (then
called Wheatland), and in the fall came
on with their family and formally began
the settlement. Some weeks previous
to their removal their eldest son, Theodore,
was sent on in advance to select
the land they were to occupy and prepare
a temporary shelter for the family
when they should arrive. But it was
hard for Rachel Hammond to sever
family and social ties and remove so far
west into a wilderness without company,
so Jonathan Hale, her brother, and Mrs.
Elijah Hale, her sister, both at the head
of families, were persuaded to join the
colony. Besides, the greater the number
to go, the greater security.
This arrangement was carried out and
Jonathan Hale sent on in company with
Theodore Hammond to select his land
and prepare shelter for his family. He
had precisely the same contract with
Bull as did Hammond, only his choice
of land was second. According to his
first letter to his family, still in Connecticut,
after his arrival on the ground, he
had in view only 150 acres, but after
seeing the land he must have decided to
take more, as his deed from Bull, dated
September 8, 1810, nearly two months
after his arrival in Bath, describes fully
500 acres. By reason of the “first choice”
Theo. Hammond (who was twenty-one
years of age) and his father’s family became
the first bona fide settlers in Bath
township. The train for the removal of
this colony consisted of ox teams and
one span of horses, and started from
Bolton at the close of August, and proceeded
to East Hartford. a short distance
west where the Hale families
joined it. The Hales were Glastenbury
people. Elijah, the father of the Rev.
Edward Payson Hammond, the evangelist,
was master of the train as far west
as Cleveland.
Rachel, since her marriage to Jason
Hammond, had seen little of the hardships
of life, but no woman in all the
west brought to bear to the new situation
a braver heart or more practical
mind. From the first she was a pioneer.
The train was stocked with everything
for the journey and for the subsistance of
the families, some time after reaching
their destination. Rachel, the eldest
daughter of Rachel Hammond, drove the
span of horses from Bolton to Bath. Not
a hitch occurred on the whole journey,
although they had a “rocky” time of it, and
were over forty days on the road.
Rachel Hammond, wife of Jason, was
a Hale, born in Glastenbury, Ct. 1758;
came to Bath in fall of 1810, died November,
1842, aged eighty-four, and
buried at Bath in ground set apart for a
public cemetery by her husband. She
was a model housekeeper. Her pewter
mugs and platters were the brightest,
but the old wooden trenchers so long in
use had been supplanted by “blue—eyed”
crockery. Three utensils brought from
Connecticut were indispensable: the cast
iron bake oven, an iron pot and the
black earthen teapot; the last the chief
of the kitchen outfit. Rachel claimed
that in this
she could make a better article of tea
than in any of the later vessels for that
purpose, and as long as she had charge
of the cooking she would use nothing
else. Tea was the old folk’s beverage,
and when “store tea” gave out, as it
often did, sage, pennyroyal or any other
nutritious herb of the fields was substituted.
Rachel never cooked a meal by any
other than the open fire-place. There
is a tradition in the family that she
could conjure up an excellent meal with
only a piece of salt pork for foundation.
The nearest grist mill was located at
Newbury, forty miles distant, but a
domestic mill for milling corn was set up
at home which answered the purpose
very well. It was made of hollowing
out the top of a ‘hardwood stump for a
mortar, rigging a heavy pestle on a
spring pole over the mortar, and with it
pounding the corn fine enough to cook.
Rachel’s linen for the table and bed
was the result mainly of her labor before
marriage. After her marriage she
did very little weaving, although a great
deal of that kind of work was done in the

Page 757
family. Her first home in Bath was a
double log cabin of four rooms and two
huge fire-places, with a drawing capacity
that literally annihilated the surrounding
It was a query in the settlement what
she could want with so much house-room,
unless she intended to start a tavern!
She lived in this log cabin eight years,
when she moved into the new frame house
erected in 1818, but not finished until
1836, six years after her husband’s death.
Shortly after this she abdicated her place
as housekeeper to her daughter-in-law,
Mrs. Eleanor Sears Jones, wife of Lewis
Hammond, “who succeeded to that important
position. Rachel Hammond
was noted for making excellent loaf cake,
but her strength as a woman extended
far beyond her household affairs.
When neighbors were down with chills
and fever then were her womanly
qualities most conspicuous; her very
touch seemed to soothe the burning
heat and accelerated pulse. If
were only present, the sick took courage.
She understood quite well how to treat
many of the common diseases. Physicians
were scarce, and those who‘ were
in the country were intensely allopathic.
Her religion was practical and earnest.
She and her husband were the first to
take steps for the organization of the
church at Bath center. Both would have
died for the creed of John Calvin. Her
evenings were the delight of her family.
The huge fire-places in winter sent out
a warmth and glow that cheered every
heart and drove out all the gloom which
“crowded around the walls.” When
there were no baskets to make, staves to
split, harness to mend, apples to pare,
there was corn to shell, tow to spin,
ropes to braid or walnuts to crack. Her highest
ambition was to do well her duty,
and “to get wisdom, to get understanding
and forget it not.” She was the mother
of six children, five of whom came west
with her, two daughters and three sons;
Rachel, her eldest daughter, born 1791,
married Leman Farnani (brother of
Everett) ‘and lived and died in Richfield
township. She survived her five children,
then, January, 1868, at the age of
seventy-seven was herself called to rest.
A more loving Christian woman has
rarely lived; kind, true and charitable
to all, to her friends and relatives dear
beyond measure. She taught one of the
first schools in Bath. Her hand all
through life was ever ready in all benevolent,
religious and educational work.
She had annually great quantities of
choice fruit and honey, free gifts to the
worthy poor or friends who asked for
them. In 1855 when Gen. L. V. Beirce
published his “Reminiscences of Summit
County,” she addressed him a spirited
letter criticising severely his account
of the settlement of Bath township.
Rachel Farnam was a good singer and
often led in the choir at Bath before her
marriage. She and all her daughters
were members of the Presbyterian
church in Richfield. Her children were
Darwin and Eleanor; three died young.
She was a faithful, frugal and industrious wife.
Mary Hammond, the youngest daughter
of Mrs. Hammond, born at Bolton,
Ct. 1796, married Dr. Horatio Cooley,
second James Chapman and lived and
died at Chatham, Medina County, where
she is buried. She returned to her
father’s home with her two children
after death of Dr. Cooley, where she remained
until her second marriage. She
was the “worker” of the family where
all were workers. The weaving fell
pretty much to her, and some of the
fabrics she turned out of her loom would
do credit to our modern mills. She was
very active and bright in her work. hardly
knowing fatigue or sorrow in her
young days. She was a splendid example
of what the union of great
physical and mental vigor can do. Like
her sister Rachel, she was an active and
zealous worker in church and Sabbath
school. She had two children by Cooley
and five or six by Chapman. Her eldest
son, Samuel Cooley, is still living and
a resident of Knox County, Ill. Her
grandson, Col. Orrin Cooley, who died
In 1893, gained distinguished honors in
that county. Her eldest daughter, Au-
rilla, married Benj. Stanton of New
York and removed to St. Johns Mich.,
fully forty years ago, where she died and
was buried.
When Mary M. Chapman’s “intended”
brought with him his cousin, a
Methodist minister, to “tie the knot,”
(they came. the night before the wedding)
her parents. stout Presbyterians,
were so exasperated at this that it was with

Page 758
great difficulty they would admit the
good brother into the house. He remained
over night and the following
day officiated at the wedding, but during
that time he received no attention from
the “old folks.”
We can hardly appreciate the prejudice
against Methodists in that day.
That very house, after the death of
Mary’s father, became known all over
the Western Reserve as the “house of
Methodist ministers,” and her brother
Lewis was the founder of the church at
Niles, and class leader of it for nearly
twenty years!
Rebecca Farnam, daughter of John
and Mary Farnam, born at Canaan, Ct.
in 1791, came with her parents to Hudson,
O. early in 1800, thence to Richfield,
Summit County, where she married
at the age of twenty-four, Theodore
Hammond early in 1815, and settled in
Bath, where she died. She had five
children, viz: Maria, died at age of sixty eight;
Jason, accidentally killed at age
of eleven; Augustus, still living; Sarah,
married Nathan Jones about 1840, and
died 1848; James, living in Knox
County, Ill., a rich farmer. He was four
months old when his mother died.
Rebecca’s father was in the Revolutionary
war, and for some time acting as
aide-de-camp to Gen. Washington. Her
mother was a woman of great mental
force; lived to be ninety-five. Rebecca
inherited from her a love for all good
culture, and her home was a constant
school house. Like her mother, she was
fond of reading. One who knew her
intimately says: “She was charitable,
gentle, kind, patient, loving and devoted
to her family and friends.” She was
very zealous and active in educational
work. The site for the select school at
Hammond’s Corners was donated by her
husband. She gave great promise of
much greater usefulness in life, when at
the age of thirty-three, she was called
home by her Master in heaven. Her
brother, Everett, if we except Col. Perkins
of Akron, was the largest landholder
in Summit County.
Mary Fisk, born in 1800 at Watertown,
N. Y., married Theo. Hammond as his
second wife, in 1825. She was sister to
Mrs. Horatio Hammond. When the
first settled minister was called at Bath,
he and his wife lived for a time at Mrs.
Hammond’s. Being “the minister” he
was a privileged character and at liberty
to go where he pleased. For some time
after he came to live in the family the
cream, as it came to the surface on the
milk, mysteriously disappeared. This
troubled Mrs. Hammond; a watch was
stationed and the reverend brother was
for his luncheon. She was the mother
of twelve children, some of them dying
in infancy and early age. Those that
lived to have names were: Mary, Theodore,
Eloise, Rebecca, Oliver, William,
Olive, Trypheas, Lucy, Milan and
Emily; ‘but all are dead save Theodore
and the last two.
Emily, the youngest, is fifty—one, married
and living in Arkansas; Theodore
is a rich farmer in Knox County, Ill.
Rebecca, the third daughter, was a
graduate of Miss Strong’s at Hudson.
0., and later was herself a popular and
successful teacher at Galesburg. Her
death was very much deplored and the
newspapers of that place gave a very
extended account of her character and
school—work at the time of her decease.
Eleanor Sears Jones, wife of Lewis
Hammond, was born 1800 at Dighton,
Mass. married 1823, at the home of Gen.
O. M. Oviatt of Richfield. She with
her parents removed from Massachusetts
to Bristol, Ontario County, N. Y.
in 1802. Her grandfather, Capt. Alden
Sears, was one of the founders of that
town. Her father dealt largely in unimproved
lands in middle and western
N. Y., and failed. There were ten children,
eight coming to Ohio; Eleanor,
with her brother, Jason, first settled at
Richfield, where she taught school for
a couple of years. Her home was a
famous place for Methodists. During
“quarterly meeting” time as many as
six ministers with their wives would be
present at a time. She never sat down
to eat without company, and an extra
cover laid in anticipation of a call.
In her home were three large brick
bake ovens, the largest with a capacity
for twenty—six two pound loaves. Two
batches of bread were turned out weekly
from this oven. One of the other ovens
was used to bake pies. Hers was a pie
family. From the first, almost, she
took charge of the household, not with-
standing “grandmother” Hammond

Page 759
lived in the family nearly twenty years
thereafter. She was permitted to take
her ease and quietly live in a room
specially provided for her. Eleanor was
a capital manager. More than twenty
cows were milked each day and an
abundance of good cheese and butter
made on the premises in the grass season,
rarely any of which was sold, but
consumed in the family. She was an
accomplished equestrian, and thought
nothing of riding to Richfield or Bath
Center, six and eight miles, to attend
meeting. She had a set of chinaware
brought by her grandfather Sears from
China, which she set out on rare occasions.
Once her brass candle-sticks
turned up missing, but found some days
later in a large jar of boiled cider, where
her youngest “hopeful” had carefully
deposited them for safe keeping. In
winters she had a graceful custom of
inviting five young ladies, one from a
family, her nieces, to make her a visit
and remain four to six weeks. The
young ladies had a sitting room to themselves,
received their own company, and
were in the family only at meal and
prayer times. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hammond
were fair singers and led the singing
in the family and church at Niles.
She was exceedingly charitable; many
times has she packed up food and other
articles and sent them six or eight miles
and everything not consumed in the
family was given away to the worthy
Not a lock was used on dwelling or
store rooms. Her circle of acquaintances was
very large. Her funeral was
one of the largest ever held in the township,
the Methodist minister from Akron
conducting the services. Her life was a
very useful one. She had eight children,
one only of whom was a girl, and she
died young.
Louisa Fisk married Horatio Hammond,
youngest son of Jason and
Rachel, She was an earnest and faithful
worker in the Congregational church
at this place, of which both were lifelong
members. In June, 1848, her
family removed to Galesburg, Ill., arriving
in time to celebrate the 4th of
July at the home of her sister there, Mrs.
Theo. Hammond. From here they
removed to Oneida, Ill. and lived on a
R0xanna(Fields) Hammond, who
with her husband, Calvin, came to Bath
in June, 1815, was born at Fairley, Vt.

She was one of the first to become
interested in the church at Bath
center, where Mr. Hammond is buried_
Her son, Royal, was elected deacon of
that church at the age of twenty-five.
After the death of Mr. Hammond she
made her home with him, and when he
removed to Ontario, Ill. in 1844, she
accompanied him, and died there in

Her son drove 1500 head of sheep
west at the time of their removal, being
49 days on the road, and she drove the
wagon a great part of the way and doing
all the cooking. In speaking of his
mother recently Royal says: “She was a
very energetic and healthy woman. She
began on a farm right in the woods.”
Theodore, the son of Elijah and Sarah
Hale, married Irene Lyman, born 1814,
at Brattleboro, Vt. She came to Strongsville,
O. when she was three years old.
She was one of the sweetest dispositioned
women the world ever knew.
She had eight children, four living;
Celia E. is in Oberlin, O. Mrs. Irene
Hale died August, 1871.
Sally C. Upson, fist wife of William
Hale (a little boy when his father Jonathan
moved to Bath in 1810),was born
in Tallmadge, married Mr. Hale
November, 1823 and came to live at the
old Hale homestead. Six months after
she died while absent on a visit to Tallmadge.
For second wife Mr. Hale
married, 1831, Harriet Carlton, born
March 18, 1811, died 1854. She was a
niece of Mrs. Jonathan Hale, second
wife. She had five children; Sarah,
Lucy, Olivia, Othello and Josephine.
Othello only now living.
Jane_ Mather, born in Northfield,
Summit County, O., 1821, married, 1838,
Andrew Hale, brother of William, and
settled in the old Hale homestead, where
she still resides. She was a daughter of
Mrs. Jonathan (Mather) Hale. She had
six children; Pamelia, Sophronia,
Clara, Charles 0., Alida and John, all
married and living; Betsey Mather,
another daughter of Mrs. Jonathan
(Mather) Hale, born 1823 at Northfield,
moved to Bath in 1840 and married
Sanford Rogers of Bath. She taught
school at $1.25 per week to buy wedding

Page 760
outfit. Resided in Bath eight years,
when she moved to Galesburg, Ill. She
had four children, three born in Bath.
Josiah Fowler came to Bath with the
colony in 1810, married there and lived
on a farm adjoining Elijah Hale, but
the maiden name of his wife is not recalled.
Another settler about this time
was Polly (Brown) Barber. She lived
in the family of Jason Hammond nine
years. Barber died and she married
second, Fanning. She died in Bath.
She used to say that her life was made
up of “nines.” Her father died when
she was nine years old; at nine she went
to live at Mr. Hammond; she lived there
nine years; when she married Barber,
he lived nine years; she was a widow
nine years, and then married Fanning,
and in nine years he died.
Shortly after the settlement .in the
valley was fairly under way, it began to
spread to the hills, and soon the village
was founded, with post office, school,
church, tannery, shops of various kinds,
and other New England appliances for
a thrifty community. The site for the
store and school house was donated by
Theodore Hammond, the first bona fide
settler of the township. He became of
age in the May preceding his removal
from Connecticut and was at that time
unmarried. He afterwards was appointed
the agent of the proprietor of the remaining
unsold land, and as such representative
settled a number of additional
worthy families about the
The married ladies of the colony were
sisters and sister-in-law, they practically
making one family of the whole settlement.
Mercy S. Piper, the first wife of Jonathan
Hale, was born in Acton, Mass.,
April 28, 1779. She was the fourth
child in the family of seventeen children
of Samuel Piper, who was a soldier in
the Revolutionary war. With her
parents she moved to Eastbury, Conn.
about 1783 and married Jonathan Hale
of Glastonbury in 1802. Their home
was in Glastonbury until 1810, when as
previously stated with the families of
Jason Hammond and Elijah Hale they
moved to Bath. In addition to a good
education she had also learned the trade
of a tailoress and many a pioneer was
made happy by receiving from her deft
fingers nicely made garments, the material
of which had been grown, carded, spun
and woven right in the neighborhood.
Leaving comfortable homes on the
banks of the Connecticut and settling in
rudely constructed log houses in the
wilderness meant many privations.
Mrs. Hale was capable of mastering
them all, and her pluck and courage were
often brought to the front. Eighteen
miles from a post office, few books,
no newspapers, no physicians within
miles, and plenty of fever and ague, wild
animals numerous and quite often Indians,
called for indomitable courage.
When the war of 1812 broke out they
were in constant fear of the Indians and
slept with their door barricaded and
their gun and ax by the side of their
bed ready for any emergency.
She was the mother of five children,
three of whom were born in Connecticut—
Sophronia, William and Pamelia;
and two in Bath—Andrew and James,
the latter only now living (1896) in
Akron, O. She was a noble and kindhearted
woman and died in Bath, October
16, 1829. Her eldest daughter,
Sophronia, who helped so materially in
her mother’s work until the old log
house was discarded and a spacious
brick was built, was married to Ward
K. Hammond, May 31, 1827 and settled
on a farm near Hammond’s Corners,
living there until 1837, when they moved
to Delaware County, Ohio, and from
thence to Davis County, Ill., where she
died February 5, 1873.
Her descendants are many, and are
widely scattered through the Western
making their impress wherever they go.
Pamelia, her youngest daughter, was
married September 28, 1828 to William
C. Oviatt, who had been a contractor
of blacksmith work in the building of
the Ohio canal, and afterward carried on
an extensive business in carriage manufacturing
at Tallmadge, O. She had no
children of her own, but adopted and
kindly cared for two orphan children,
one the wife of a prosperous farmer in
Nebraska, and the other a prominent
surgeon in Wisconsin.
Sarah Hale, wife of Elijah Hale, and
sister to Rachel Hale Hammond and
Jonathan Hale, was born in Glaston-

Page 761
bury, Conn., Feb. 16, 1771; married her
cousin, Elijah Hale, December 25, 1799
and came to Bath as above stated in

She was a remarkably kindhearted
woman and keenly felt the
separation from her mother, even to her
old age often making preparations and
talking about “going home to see
mother.” She was very strict in her
observance of the Sabbath, which for
her began at sundown Saturday evening
and closed at sundown on Sunday
evening. Her children were Eveline,
Mary and Theodore. The first two
were born in Glastonbury, Conn.,
Eveline, 1801, and Mary, 1804.
Eveline married John Bosworth, Dec.
6, 1821 and moved to Edinburg, Portage
County, where she died May 1,,

She was the mother of two children,
Augusta, who married John Bell.
and who is now living at Muskegon,
Mich. and Eveline, who married James
Cook and is living at Weymouth, Ohio.
The former has numerous descendants
in Michigan and Washington, but the
latter has none.
Mary lived single until October 14,
1860, when she married Deacon Ethel
Strong of Edinburg, O., where she went
to reside. Several years later her husband
dying, she returned to her old
home in Bath, but when her brother
Theodore moved to Oberlin, P. she
moved to Weymouth and spent the remainder
of her days with her niece,
Mrs. Cook.
Of the sixteen who came to Bath in
1810, she was the last one to die.
Royal Hammond, one of the Bath
pioneers who is still living at Galesburg,
Ill. tells of his walking with Mary
through the woods to Richfield to
school and how they came across a
wolf, which graciously let them pass
without molestation, and how they once
caught and killed two young raccoons,
and skinning them proposed to sell
their skins and buy for one a pocket
knife and for the other a side comb.
And how their teacher one day saw a
large flock of deer feeding near the
school house, and telling the pupils to
keep still he ran across the lots for his
gun, expecting to kill one, but while
gone so much noise had been made
that the deer were frightened, and the
teacher came back and gave them all
a good scolding. “Aunt Mary” was
married at the age of fifty—six. She
wore a bonnet made from the silk dress
worn by her grandmother, Rachel Tal-
cott, when she was married in 1758,
In a part of Jason Hammond’s residence
was taught the first school with
pupils of all grades and sizes. Among
the teachers were Roxanna and Phoebe
Jones, sisters of Nathan. The former,
while riding a spirited coal-black colt,
which she was breaking, met for the
first time a young engineer, who was
engaged in laying out and constructing
the Ohio canal, Capt. Richard Howe, to
whom she was married in 1827. A year
later she removed to Akron and organized
the first Sunday school in that place.
This was done in the school house on lot
No. 35, which is still used for school
Mrs. Howe continued her Sunday
school ministrations with but few brief
intermissions for a full half century.
She was the mother of seven children,
four of whom are living.
Phoebe Jones, closing her school labors,
married Ira Hawkins, who was a
canal superintendent for a quarter of a
century, at what is now “Ira” post office,
“Hawkins” station on the Cleveland Terminal
& Valley Railway. Leaving
there they removed to the Hawkins
homestead, three miles west of Akron.
They left two sons and one daughter and
three orphan children, whom they
brought up as their own. Early in life
she made it a rule to devote at least half
an hour every day to solid reading, and
to this she adhered, though much of the
time was snatched from sleep after the
family had retired.
Jason Hammond’s son Lewis married
Eleanor Jones, the eldest of the three
sisters, and in time succeeded to his
father’s estate.
A sad accident happened to the family
of Mrs. Eleazar King, which cast a
gloom over the remainder of her life.
They came to Bath in 1826. leaving one
married daughter in Massachusetts.
Lucy King went back to visit this sister,
Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson, and both
were returning to the home in Bath when
they were lost on the steamer Erie that
burnt on Lake Erie in 1843.
To the early settlement of the township
Ontario County, New York, contributed
more than any other locality.
Of ‘Puritanic descent, they brought with

Page 762
them some characteristic traits of their ;
ancestry and planted them in the western
wilds. Of the Jones family two brothers‘
not mentioned settled in Westfield
and one in Norton. They were children
of Major Sylvanus Jones, who traced
his descent from Capt. Jones of
and Phoebe Sears Jones, whose ancestral
head on this continent was a passenger
in that memorable voyage.
Massachusetts, Connecticut and Pennsylvania
contributed their quota to this
settlement, and it is claimed that a former
resident of the town, distinguished
in war and jurisprudence, General and
Judge A. C. Voris, is indebted for some
peculiarities to a dash of aboriginal blood
coursing through his veins. Julia Coe
Voris came originally from Connecticut
and became the mother of thirteen Children,
bearing well her part in peopling
a new territory. Her children were early
taught industry, frugality and self-reliance,
and today three generations of her
descendants revere her memory. .
Mrs. Diana Sturdevant and her husband,
Joel, were the first of quite a colony
of relatives that came from Susquehanna
County, Pa., and settled on the
Smith Road on the line of Bath and
Copley. They made the journey with
horses and wagon. Her father, Orlen
Capron, accompanied them on horseback
to help select a place on which to settle.
The father assured Diana when they
started that he would not leave her in a
place he would not like to live himself.
They settled a short distance east of Latta’s
Corners. Then the father returned
to Pennsylvania. In 1820 a daughter,
Amy, was born to Mr. and Mrs. Sturdevant.
Amy is now Mrs. James Arnold,
of Copley, and to her bright and
active memory we are indebted for many
facts that could not has been secured
Mrs. Arnold remembers, when a little
girl, of hearing Mrs. Rachel Latta tell
with what anxiety and dread she and her
family waited to hear the result of the
battle on Lake Erie. The neighbors
were few and far between. Some started
but they had their wagon loaded and
waited. If the British were victorious
they were to move quickly farther east,
where the settlers were more numerous,
for they expected to be overpowered by
the Indians and scalped without mercy.
Mrs. Latta’s family were great hunters;
though not the first settlers in Bath were
the first in the southern part of the town,
coming in the spring of 1810. There
were seven girls in this family, viz.:
Mary, Charlotte, Sally, Ursula, Rachel,
Betsey and Florinda.
There was an Indian camp a short distance
south of the Latta home on Latta
Run, for some time after they came. One
afternoon Sally was over there playing
with the children, and they asked her
to eat supper with them. She did not
like to displease them by not staying, but
did not think she could relish roast
skunk, so left at the risk of offending
In 1823 there was quite a number added
to the colony, of which Mr. and Mrs.
Joel Sturdevant were the first. Orlen
Capron and his first wife, Amy Carpenter,
and his mother, Martha Metcalf;
Comfort Capron and wife, Mary Ann
Osmun; Hilen Capron and wife, Fanny
Osmun, who settled in Bath; Ara Capron
and wife, Eliza Sweet, and Alfred
Sweet and wife, Clarissa Capron; then
came later Ibra Capron and wife, Louisa
Aldrich, who settled in Copley. They
traveled by wagon and were three weeks
on the road, camping out at night most
of the time. With them came also three
pioneer children, Julia Capron, a babe
of a few months; Hannah Sweet, one
year old, and Leah Aldrich Capron, one
year old. They had been on the road
but a short time when they found that
little Julia could not stand riding over
the rough roads; so her father and mother
took turns walking and carried her
in their arms on a pillow to the end of
the journey. She is now ‘Mrs. Wallace
Nelson, of Cleveland, O.
Hannah Sweet at the age of sixteen
had charge of a family of seven other
motherless children. She spun, wove,
made clothes, and had all responsibility
for four years, when the father married
again, and she married Rial Conkling,
of Bath.
Leah Capron was a most successful
home and neighborhood doctor and
nurse. With home-made remedies she
relieved many distresses. She married
R. R. Marsh and lived many years in
Kent, O.
With this colony too came
that was too tall for the shelf, so it stood

Page 763
ninety years on the floor.” Though in
1840 the grandchildren numbered about
forty, not one had dared to penetrate the
mysteries of that huge clock-case. We
could watch with longing the operation
of pulling up the heavy weights and arranging
the calendar, but must not meddle.
The old clock is still in a good State
of preservation in the home of Alfred
Capron, of |Copley, a grandson of Amy
and Orlen Capron. Several others of
the same families were added to this colony
in 1832.
Mrs. Morris ‘Miller, nee Hetty B.
Looker, came from Tompkins County:
N. Y., in 1817 to Boston township on
the Cuyahoga river, with her husband
and three sons. They were eleven days
on Lake Erie from Buffalo to Cleveland
in the little sloop, Livona. Fever and
ague, which was a disease none along
the river could escape, took hold of them
so severely they could not work, so they
moved to Bath in 1823.
The first six months their log house
had neither doors, windows nor chimney,
and Mrs. Miller did the cooking
and baking for a family of seven by the
side of a big stump, and before winter
she and her little boys hauled stone from
the creek on a hand sled and built a
chimney and bake oven.
Many descendants of these families
are now living in Bath and Copley, all
good, worthy citizens.
Mrs. Mary A. Capron, being of a
quiet, inquisitive nature, and also very
kind and sympathetic, seemed al-
ways to know who in the neighborhood
was in need of a kind word or deed: and
was ready in that same quiet way to
encourage and help. Her firm but gentle
discipline was felt wherever_ = she
moved. She was busy all her life of
eighty-four years, because she liked to
be, and it was her delight, even to the
last year, to have the earliest vegetables
from a garden of her own cultivating,
with which to treat her friends. She
settled in Bath in 1823. Mrs. Capron’s
youngest daughter, Alfe Capron, was a
very successful school teacher.
Mrs. Mehitable Brown was one of
Bath’s model housekeepers. Whatever
of other work she did, and she was a
skilled tailoress, her house was always
a pattern of neatness and order. Mrs.
Brown’s granddaughter, Mary Brown, is
a graduate of the Long Island College
Training School for Nurses; was matron
of Akron‘s hospital for some time, and
is now Mrs. W. C. Jacobs, of Akron.
Her husband is Akron’s most noted physician.
Another granddaughter of Mrs.
Brown, Miss Hattie Brown is a graduate
of the Akron high school and is a
very successful young teacher in the
Akron schools at present.
In 1834 Margaret Moore bade Farewell
to her lover, Joseph Brinley, in Frank—
lin County, Pa., and with others of her
family started on horseback to seek a
new home in Ohio, having Copley in
view, as her sister Mary had settled there
earlier. It ‘did not take young Joseph
long to decide that Pennsylvania had
no charms for him when
Next day he started for Ohio, too, and
it seems with a determination to catch
the party so lately gone, for he overtook
them before they were out of the state,
at a little place called Bloody Run, where
by the proper authority the words that
united Joseph Brinley and Margaret
Moore for life were spoken. They settled
in a short time on one of the most
desirable farms in Bath, where they
stayed the rest of their lives, and where
a son, Joseph, and a daughter, Margaret,
are still living. Margaret Brinley was
a successful school teacher for several
Mrs. Elisha Miller, nee Sarah Woodford,
moved from Farmington, Conn.,
to Bath in February, 1827, traveling the
entire distance by sled. She had her
husband and four daughters for company.—
Emeline, Clarinda, Lowley and
Mrs. Wm. Davis, nee Ann Sewell,
with husband and six small children, left
friends and native land in Lincolnshire,
Eng., to make a home in the United
States. They settled first in N. Y. then
came to Bath in 1840. The order, discipline
and domestic harmony in the
one-roomed log cabin, where she raised
her twelve good boys and girls, was
never more complete in any royal palace,
and would have been a blessing to all the
homes in this land of freedom.
A daughter of Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Ann
Wyckhoff, is a fashionable dressmaker
located at Ghent.
The foregoing embraces the record of
the early settlers in Bath township.
Hundreds of others came in later, but

Page 764
even their names we have not the
space to give. The very exalted character
of the original colony naturally attracted
other good people, until all the
desirable unimproved lands were taken
But these pioneer scenes and women,
Indians, wild animals and forests, to~
gether with the little earthen steeper, the
loom, pea porridge, the ancient dinner
horn, and the “moss-covered bucket
which hung in the well,” have passed
away for all time, and in their narrow
“The rude forefathers of
Historians—Mrs. O. W. Hale, of Akron;
Eleanor Hammond Hilliard, of
Cleveland; Mrs. H. W. Howe, of Bath.

The women of northwestern Ohio were fortunate to be remembered in this wonderful work!

Books on Family Search

Recently, I saw a rant on Facebook about those who complain about the global tree on FamilySearch while ignoring all of the other resources available on the FamilySearch site. And I agree with the poster of the FB rant that there are lots of resources available on the FamilySearch site.

Since I’m currently going thru my tree and my older research notes, I’m coming across quite a few notes taken from a source that is often forgotten in today’s Internet age: BOOKS. One of the resources mentioned in the ‘rant’ was the collection of books available thru the FamilySearch site. Thus, I can use this book collection to verify the information found in these old notes.

One such set of old notes that I recently uncovered contains information about my ancestor, Jason Hammond, but leaves a lot to be desired when it comes to creating a source citation.

Since I wanted more information for this source, I searched Google for “history of western reserve”. While the top result was not a book reference, I came across a possibility.

This particular book was full text on Google Books. Thus, I was able to locate page 359 and verify that it was the desired book.

Curious about what a search of books on the FamilySearch site would reveal, I searched for the term: Western Reserve and had 319,756 results!

When I put quote marks around the phrase, the number of results was reduced significantly, but still over 20,000.

Using the advanced search, I searched for the title: History of the Western Reserve. Again, I got a ton of results.

Since my Google search had identified an author, I edited my advanced search to add Upton as the author. That search limited my results to 19, with the first item being the book in question.

Using a digital copy of the book allows me to ‘search’ the entire contents of the book which has the potential to locate additional references. It also allowed me to not only transcribe the section of interest but also to scroll backwards to verify that page 359 was in the section of the book about Summit County.

History of the Western Reserve v. 1
by Harriet Taylor Upton
Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1910

page 334 – Summit County section begins

page 359
Bath Township

Bath township received its first settler in the person of Jason Hammond in the year of 1810. It was originally called Wheatfield, but with the coming of the Hammonds and their prominence in its affairs the name gradually disappeared and the entire township was for many years known as Hammondsburg. Deacon Jonathan Hale and Mr. Hammond left Connecticut within four days of each other, Mr. Hale filing the second claim in the township. Upon its political organization in 1818, it was Deacon Hale who was the means of giving its present name, Bath. At the first meeting of town officers one of the questions put was, What shall it be called, and Mr. Hale spoke emphatically as follows: “Call it Jerusalem, or Jericho, or Bath or anything but Hammondsburg,” and the majority voted to have it christened Bath.
When Messrs. Hammond and Hale located in the township, the Cuyahoga valley was inhabited by a band of Ottawa Indians, the chief of which was Skikellimus, the father of the famous Logan. The present hamlet of Hammond Corners was named after the pioneer settler of Bath Township. Ghent is a flourishing hamlet, in which are several saw and grist mills and evidences of considerable business.

Now, to go back and check out some of those 20,000 books on the Western Reserve!

Hammond Civil War Service

Have you ever researched a military unit’s history to write about an ancestor’s military service? I have to admit, that I haven’t done much of that research.

While going thru my HAMMOND files, I re-discovered a document that provides lots of details about the military service of my second great-grandfather, Richmond F. Hammond. This magic document is a certificate from the Soldiers and Sailors Historical and Benevolent Society.

Certificate of Records
To all whom it may concern

Requested to every American
is a priceless legacy

Preserved to us by the valor
of the Boys in Blue

This Certifies that Richmond F. Hammond

Enlisted from Knox County, Illinois, on the 25th day of May,
1861, to serve three years or during the war, and was mustered
into the United States service at Galesburg, Ill., on th same
day, as a Private of Captain Roderick R. Harding’s Company “E”
Fulton Ross commanding.

Shortly afterward he was taken sick at Bird’s Point, Mo.,
and was confined in hospital at Iron Mountain, Mo., until Au-
gust 21, 1861, when he received an HONORABLE DISCHARGE by
reason of a Surgeon’s Certificate of Disability.

He re-enlisted at Galesburg, Ill, March 1, 1862 to serve
three years or during the war, and was mustered into the United
States service as a Private of COMPANY “G”, 1ST REGIMENT ILL-
NOIS VOLUNTEER CAVALRY, Colonel Thomas A. Marshall commanding.
This regiment had been captured at Lexington, Mo., on Sep-
tember 18, 1861, and was awaiting exchange, but on July 14, 1862,
it was mustered out at St. Louis Mo.

He re-enlisted at Galesburg, Ill., September 29, 1862, to
sere three years or during the war, and was mustered into the
U.S. service at Peoria, Ill., as a Private of Captain E. L.
Colonel Horace Capron commanding.

The Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry was recruited and organ-
ized in the fall and wither of 1862, with headquarters at
Peoria. January 7, 1863, the 1st and 2nd Battalions were mus-
tered, and February 6, the Third Battalion. On March 8, it
started for the front, and arrived at Glasgow, Ky., April 17,
where it was assigned to the 2nd Brigade, Stoneman’s Division,
Cavalry Corps, Army of the Ohio. Two hours later the Brigade
started to attack the rebels at Celina on the Cumberland River,
marching day and night. Pursued and attacked Colonel Hamilton’s
rebel force near Turkey Neck Bend, driving the enemy into the
mountains of Tennessee, capturing a number of prisoners, sever-
al pieces of artillery, 800 stand of arms, a wagon train of
supplies and the Commander’s papers. It pursued the Rebel
raider, John Morgan, from July 4, until he was captured, the
expedition covering 2,100 miles. The regiment participated in
the following engagements, viz: Buffington Island, Ohio; Cum-
berland Gap; Bristol, siege of Knoxville, Bean’s Stations, Dand-
ridge, and Franklin, Tenn. January 30, 1864, the 14th alone
was designated to fight the “Thomas Legion” of whites and IN-
dians in North Carolina. February 2, it surprised the “Legion”
in the mountains, killing and capturing the greater part, for
which the regiment was highly complimented in a despatch from
General Grant. June 13, it started to join General Stoneman’s
command organized for the Atlanta Campaign. July 27, it left
Lost Mountain on the famous Macon Raid, reaching the City on
the 30th. At Sunshine Church, after a hot battle with the
enemy, General Stoneman decided to surrender his command, Colo-
nel Capron, with the 14th regiment, first receiving permission
to cut his way out, which he did with success, taking his com-
mand with him. August 3, at one o’clock A.M., Colonel Capron,
supposing he was beyond the reach of the enemy, ordered a halt,
and about daylight the men were attacked. Being without sleep
for seven days and nights, they could not be aroused. In this
condition, many were killed or captured. After this raid, the
scattered fragments joined the line of battle in front of At-
lanta. September 15, the regiment returned to Kentucky, where
it was remounted and re-equippped. November 8, moved to Waynes-
boro, Ga., where it disputed Hood’s advance, and took part in
the engagements which followed on the 23rd and 24th. It after-
wards took part in engagements at Duck River and Nashville, and
was later stationed at Pulaski, Tenn., performing guard and
camp duty, until July 31, 1865, when it was mustered out, hav-
ing marched over 10,000 miles during its service.
The said Richmond R. Hammond was promoted to Sergeant of

Record continued : –

Compiled form Official and Authentic Sources by the
Soldiers and Sailors
Historical and Benevolent Society
In testimony whereof I hereunto set
my hand and cause to be affixed the
seal of the Society
[D]one at Washington DC this 13th day
of Sept. A.D. 1907
[M Wallingsford]
No. 62730

Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, 803 N. 8th, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Richmond F. Hammond Certificate of Record form Soldiers and Sailors Historical and Benevolent Society. photocopy from unknown source.

Page 2

-: Record No. 62730. concluded :-
Company D, 14th Illinois Cavalry.
He was captured during Stoneman’s raid in Georgia, Aug. 3,
1864, and taken to Andersonville prison, thence to Charleston,
S.C., thence to Florence, S.C., thence to Wilmington, N.C.,
thence to Raleigh, N.C., and from there to Goldsboro, N.C.,
where he was paroled and sent to Wilmington, at close of the

He was constantly with his command during its service as
above outlined, until captured, and rendered faithful and meri-
torious service to his Country.

He received a final HONORABLE DISCHARGE at Springfield, Ill.
on the 16th day of June, 1865, to date May 30, 1865, by reason
of General Order from War Department.

He is the son of Horatio and Louisa (Fisk) Hammond, and was
born in Licking County, Ohio, on the 20th day of November, 1840.
He was untied in marriage to Sarah E. Ralston, in Knox County,
Ill., January 1, 1867, from which union were born six children,
four of whom are living, viz: – Stella M., Nellie E., Jessie
M., and Clyde N.

His wife died on the 28th day of March, 1892.
His second marriage was to Mary E Myers, at Dodge City,
Kan. on the 7th day of November, 1897, from which union was
born one child, viz: Hattie L. This wife died March 14, 1901
He was married to Mary E. Grim at Larned, Kan., on the
28th of October, 1906.

He is a member of Lewis Post, No. 294, Department of Kansas
Grand Army of the Republic, of which he is at present (1907)
Officer of the Day, and has held all other offices including

He has held civil office as Justice of the Peace.
His brothers, Jehial P. and George M., served in the 71st
Illinois and 5th Iowa, respectively. His father served in the
war of 1812. His grandfather, Jason Hammond, served in the
Revolutionary War.

His son, Clyde N., served in the 21st Kansas Volunteers in
the Spanish-American War.

These facts are thus recorded and preserved for the benefit
of all those who may be interested.

Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, 803 N. 8th, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Richmond F. Hammond Certificate of Record form Soldiers and Sailors Historical and Benevolent Society. photocopy from unknown source.

While I have no record of how a photocopy of this document came to be in my possession, I am very thankful for locating this rare document in my files!

Jason Hammond Will

Recently, Randy Seaver wrote about ‘de-cluttering’ in his ‘Rabbit Holes with Randy,’ post. That post caused me to again think about my files and the fact that my nieces and nephew don’t have the space nor desire to ‘inherit’ my mass of genealogy papers.

Thus, as I’m working to update my records for my 3rd great grandfathers, I’m also going back thru the paper copies of records that I’ve yet to digitize. One of the documents in my Hammond file is the will of my 4th great-grandfather, Jason Hammond.

Since my paper copy was difficult to read, I was able to download the images from FamilySearch to create a transcription.

Medina County, Ohio
Probate record Old Wills
Vol. 1818-1835
Film 423849 DGS 5866035

page 325
Nov Term 1831

Jason Hammond’s Will
Be it remembered that heretofore that is to say at a term
of the Court of Common Pleas begun and held at the Court
house in the town of Medina within and for the County of
Medina on Monday the eleventh day of April, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty one
by and before the Hon. Frederick Brown senior [associate] Judge
and the Hon. John Freese and Reuben Smith associate
judges of said county holding said court, then and there
came Theodore Hammond, Lewis Hammond and Horatio
Hammond, executors named in the last will & testament
of Jason Hammond, late of Bath in said county deceased,
by [Van] R. Humphrey their attorney and presented to said
Court the last will and testament of Sd Jason Hammond,
which is in these records and figures following, that is to say

In the name of God, Amen, I Jason Hammond of Bath in Medina
County and State of Ohio do now make this my last will and testament
in the following manner (vis)
Item 1st I order all my just debts to e paid by my executors
hereinafter named with the legacies that is mentioned in the items.
Item 2d I give and bequeath to my wife Rachel Hammond the
use and improvements one third part of lots NO. 29 & 30 during her
natural life and I also give to her one good yoke of oxen one
good riding horse one good cow & ten sheep and all my household
furniture except good feather beds which is to be divided between
Theodore Hammond Lewis Hammond & Horatio Hammond after
my decease.
Item 3d I give and bequeath to my son Theodore Hammond
Lots No. 24 25 that I had of Thomas Bull which I have given
him a deed of gift of lot No. 25 & part of lot No 14 bounded as follows
south on Highway running East & west to the center road west on Allen
B. Smith north on Sarah Hale Est on Richfield Road about 23
acres more or less
Item 5th I give and bequeath to my son Lewis Hammond
Lots no. 29 & 30 and part of lot No 14 about 8 or 10 acres more
or less bounded South & West on Richfield Road. North on Sarah Hale
East on Theodore Hale — I give and bequeath one third part of the
sawmill for twenty years after my decease and then to be Theodore
Hammonds with his mother Rachel Hammond one third part of
the House & Barn
Item 6th I give and bequeath to my son Horatio Hammond
Lots No. 27, 28 with part of Lot No. 14 about one acre and half

page 326
Jason Hammond Will
East on Theodore Hale West on Highway – I give and bequeath one
third part of the saw mill for twenty years after my decease and then
to be to be Theodore Hammonds
Item 6th I give and bequeath to my daughter Rachel Farnum four
hundred dollars with what she has had that is on book charged a
gainst her – one half of the beds & bedding – that is remaining not dispose
of in Item No 2. are to be divided between Rachel & Mary equally
between them – and not to be appraised and no Inventory to be
taken of them
Item 7th I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary Cooley four
hundred dollars with what she has had that is on the book charged
against her, one half of the beds & bedding that is remaining not dis
posed of in Item No 2 Rachel& Mary is to be equally between
them & not to be apprised and not inventory to be taken of them
Mary to have the weavers loom and all the apparatus belonging
to it & a right to the north east bed room & the chamber above
in the [?] part of the house with a privilege to the oven well
& sellar so long as she remains in the situation she now is
Item 8th I give my chattles horses sheep & hogs with all my
farming tools my carpenters tools such as two saws cross cut & steel
plate hand say augers chisels two broad axes to my sons Theodore
Theodore Lewis & Horatio Hammonds equally divided between them
amongst themselves all the remaining part of my estate real and
personal to be divided equally between them & my sons Theodore Lewis
& Horatio Hammond they are to pay Rachel & Mary their legacy
Each one to pay equally alike as the same stated in the 6th Item
& 7th Item in [?] chattles horses sheep pork wheat flower & one
fourth part in cash within three years after my decease
Item 9th I do hereby appoint my sons Theodore Hammond
Lewis Hammond & Horatio Hammond to be the executors of this
my last will & testament in witness hereof I have hereunto
set my hands and seal this first day of March 182[6]
Jason Hammond (SS)
Sealed & declared by the Testator
to be his last will and testament in the presence
of us the subscribed who have seen him write
his name and have subscribed hereunto
our names as witness in his presence of
each other
Allen Hammond
Frederick A Sprague
N. B. If these should ever be any thing got from lands on & [Foster]
it shall be divided equally between all five of them
And at the same time of said Court as aforesaid came

Page 327
A Sprague one of the subscribing witnesses to said will
who being duly sworn proved said will to the satisfaction
fo this court, as far as the testimony of one witness can prove
a will and it appearing that Allen Hammond, one of
the witnesses of said will resided without this state to wit
in Elbridge, Onandago County in the State of New York
It’s therefore ordered that a commission with the will an
nexed be directed to Sheldon Pardee of Salina in said Onan
dago County to take the deposition of the said Allen Ham
mond, [?] the probate of said will
And afterwards to wit on the nineteenth day of April, in
the year aforesaid a commission with the will annexed was
issued from the office of the clerk of said Court, and directed
to the said Shelden [Pardee} agreeably to the order of said court
and afterwards, to wit at a Term of the said court
begun and held at the Court house in the town of Medina
within and for the County of Medina, on Monday the seventh
day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and thirty one, bu and before th Hon Reuben Woods
President and th Hon Frederick Brown and Reuben Smith
Associate Judges of said county then and there came the said
executors by their said attorney and produced the deposi
tion of Allen Hammond one of the subscribing witnesses of
said will, which with the proof take at the last term of
this court proved the executors of the will by the deceased
to the satisfaction of tis court, which said will with the
proof so taken are fully approved and ordered to be

Ohio, Medina County. Old Wills 1818-1835. Film #423849 DGS 5866035. Jason Hammond, 11 April 1831 : page 325 (image 184); digital images, FamilySearch : viewed online 5 May 2022.

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

 It’s Saturday Night – 

Time for more Genealogy Fun! 

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible music here) is to:

1)  How many entries are there on Find A Grave for your exact current surname, and the birth surnames of your grandparents?  What about your spouse’s grandparents birth surnames?

Since I was curious about how this data might be used to track migration, I not only searched for the total number but also for the states along the probable migration path back to what is believed to be the country of origin. Since the spelling of the name can and likely did change over time, this data does not prove anything. It was just fun exploring the possibilities.

My Side


  • Total: 147,657
  • United States: 120,794
  • Kansas: 2,356
  • Indiana: 3,909
  • Ohio: 8,879
  • Kentucky: 4,050
  • Virginia: 3,225
  • Scotland: 2,644
  • Ireland: 485
  • Northern Ireland: 1,701


  • Total: 3,830
  • United States: 2,969
  • Kansas: 79
  • Illinois: 107
  • Indiana: 77
  • Ohio: 132
  • Pennsylvania: 159
  • Virginia: 14
  • Scotland: 2
  • England: 229


  • Total: 1,212
  • United States: 1,173
  • Kansas: 123
  • North Carolina: 248
  • Virginia: 13
  • Germany: 0 (spelling of name changed in Virginia)


  • Total: 3,759
  • United States: 3,675
  • Kansas: 85
  • Illinois: 137
  • Massachusetts: 51
  • Germany: 0
  • Wales: 0
  • England: 0

Husband’s Side


  • Total: 4,199
  • United States: 3,953
  • Kansas: 87
  • Iowa: 33
  • Ohio: 86
  • Pennsylvania: 15
  • Massachusetts: 330
  • England: 46


  • Total: 2,753
  • United States: 2,655
  • Pennsylvania: 424
  • New York: 344
  • New Jersey: 180


  • Total: 594
  • United States: 435
  • Kansas: 17
  • Germany: 72


  • Total: 114,238
  • United States: 76,826
  • Kansas: 1,745
  • Ohio: 6,355
  • Virginia: 2,152
  • Wales: 5,904

Thanks Randy for this challenge to look at our data on Find a Grave!