Two Wives

Have you ever worked with a family on FamilySearch that may be two families merged together? That’s my thought when it comes to Samuel Crawford, son of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford.

Assuming that the book, Descendants of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford would have some information about Samuel, I decided to see what it had to say about Samuel and his family.

page 260
Samuel Crawford
110 — Samuel Crawford, born 17 March 1759, Augusta County, Va. and will
proved in Augusta County, August 1795. He married 12 October 1790 (marriage
bond, 9 October), Elizabeth Craig, daughter of Samuel and Margaret Craig.
Margaret Craig gives her consent for this marriage. Augusta County Order Bk. XV,
p. 17 shows that Samuel, age 14, orphan of Alexander Crawford, chose Samuel
McPheeters as guardian, 17 March 1773. He is named as one of the executors in the
will of his brother, William Crawford, proved December 1792.

Samuel Crawford’s will is found in Will Bk. VIII. p. 176

“First: In the Name of God Amen, this the fourteenth day of February in the
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five, I, Samuel Crawford
of the County of Augusta and State of Virginia, bequeath my soul to God that gave
it never doubting but at the general resurrection, I shall receive the same by the
mighty power of God. And as having such worldly goods as it hath pleased God to
bless me with in this life.

“Second: I bequeath to my well beloved wife Elizabeth the whole use and profit
of my place where I now live: likewise the deeds, lands and locations adjoining the
same, until my son comes to the age of twenty-one years old, only that my son is
to be schooled and raised out of said profits and I give likewise to her the whole of
my household furniture and all my family tools and two cows her choice of the
flocks her saddle and one horse, her choice, and after my son comes to age to have
and enjoy to have one third of the profits of said lands.

“Thirdly: I bequeath to my son William the whole of the lands above written
and if he shall die under age then my wife is to enjoy lands forever or her heirs or
her heirs; and do empower my executors to sell a survey on the North Mountain
known by the name of ‘Timber Land’.

“I hereby authorize my brother James Crawford to recover settle for and sell a
certain tract of land in Cumberland granted to John Sawyers by William Griffin
and assigned to me and to account for same with my executors, and I authorize my
executors to sell a lot in the town of Nashville in Cumberland and to make a title
for the same. And I appoint my trusty friends William McFeeters, John Crawford
and my wife Elizabeth the executors of this my last Will and Testament.

“In witness whereof I herewith set my hand and seal this day and year
Signed, sealed, published and proclaimed in the presence of
John Young
Robert Wallace
Daniel Freel

page 261
“Recorded in bond of two thousand dollars in Augusta County Court in August
Teste: Jacob Kinney, Clerk

Samuel’s estate was appraised, 23 September 1795 by William Moffett,
Benjamin Brown, Samuel Bell.

Elizabeth Crawford, Samuel’s widow was living in Augusta County, Va. in June
1798 when her name appears on a deed from heirs of Samuel Craig deceased (Dd.
Bk. 30, pp. 48, 50, 51). 20 June 1798, John Crawford, William Jameson and
Margaret, James Craig and Elizabeth, Elizabeth Crawford, Samuel Craig, all heirs
of Samuel Craig, deceased who died intestate, now deed to Alexander Craig 112
acres on little River of the Calf Pasture.

Evidently Samuel and his brother John (#111) married sisters and their sister
Martha (#118) married a Craig brother.

According to Samuel’s will he and Elizabeth had one son:
1101 William Crawford, under age in February 1795. We have no further record
of this son.

Mildred Crawford papers, Augusta County, Va. Historical Society
Alexander Warwick Crawford chard, Alderman Library, University of Virginia
Will of Samuel Crawford, Augusta County, VA. Will Bk. VII, p. 176, 197
Augusta County Dd. Bk. 30, pp. 50, 51
Augusta County Marriages, Chalkley, Vol. II, p. 349; bond, Vol. II, p. 287
Augusta County Order Bk. XV, p. 17, orphan records.

Amanda Crawford Arbogast Forbes and Lucetta Crawford Sammis, compilers, Descendants of Alexander & Mary McPheeters Crawford: Pioneer Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1980), page 260 Samuel Crawford; FHL microfiche 6110842 at MidWest Genealogical Library.

This book identifies William Crawford as a son of Samuel and Elizabeth Craig as his wife. Thus, I have the following information about Samuel in my records.

Samuel Crawford was born in 1759 in Augusta, Virginia, United States.1

He chose Samuel McPheeters as his guardian on 17 Mar 1773 .2

He was witness to the marriage license for William Jameson and Margaret Craig. on 2 May 1789 in Augusta, Virginia, United States.3

Samuel died before 1795 at the age of 36.

He signed a will on 14 Feb 1795 in Augusta, Virginia, United States.1,4

Samuel Crawford and Elizabeth Craig obtained a marriage license on 9 Oct 1790 in Augusta, Virginia, United States.1,56

They were married on 12 Oct 1790 in Augusta, Virginia, United States.1

1. Amanda Crawford Arbogast Forbes and Lucetta Crawford Sammis, compilers,  Descendants of Alexander & Mary McPheeters Crawford: Pioneer Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1980), page 260 Samuel Crawford; FHL  microfiche 6110842 at MidWest Genealogical Library.

2. Lyman Chalkey, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia (Roselyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Company, 1912), page 169; digital images, FamilySearch, viewed online 21 January 2023.

3. Chalkley Lyman, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800, volume 2 (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Company, no date), page 289 – marriage William Jameson and Margaret Craig; digital images,, viewed online 25 January 2023.

4. Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1900, Samuel Crawford, 14 February 1795; database with images, ( : viewed online 24 January 2023). Original Source: Virginia County, District and Probate Courts.

5. Vogt John & T. William Kethley. Augusta County Marriages, 1748-1850. Iberian Publishing Company | n.p., 1986), p. 66 Samuel Crawford.

6. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia Volume 2, page 287 Marriage Samuel Crawford / Elizabeth Craig.

A marriage between Elizabeth Bradley and Samuel Crawford has not been found. However, it is possible that Samuel was married in 1780 to Elizabeth Bradley prior to his marriage to Elizabeth Craig. Samuel’s son, William, could be the son of either Elizabeth.

Augusta County VA Court Records Vol 2

Do you ever do research in a county where you hope you ancestor resided? That’s what I’ve been doing with some books containing Augusta County, Virginia records. While some might wonder why I would spend time doing this, I have my reasons.

  • Formed in 1744, Augusta County was the ‘parent’ county to a large portion of western Virginia.
  • According to the 1850 census, my ancestor, James Crawford, was born in Virginia around 1772.
  • Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters were killed in Augusta county in 1764.
  • Many Crawford descendants with Virginia roots can trace their ancestry back to Alexander or his brothers George and Patrick who also resided in Augusta County.

Thus, I’ve been reading Lyman Chalkley’s Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. Thankfully, the digitized version of the book is available on the FamilySearch site. This allowed me to do a search for ‘CRAWFORD’ to quickly locate various Crawford entries. This volume contained quite a few marriage records which I shared in a previous post.

Below are my notes from the court and military records. My personal notes are in italics.

page 19


page 21

(74) Cap. Daniel McAnaire to be overseer of above road [not sure what road this refers to] with the following tithables: Samuel Wallis, Alexr. Crawford, john Elliott, Dvid Trimble, JohnHogshead, Alexr. Gardner, Sampson Archer, Alexr. Gibson, Robt. Davis, Thomas gardner, Walter trimle, John Sixby, David stuart, Ro. Renix, Francis Gardner, John Trimble, Thomas Beard, Ro. Gilkason, John Archer, James bell, James Mills, James Dyer, Charles Clendening, wm. Hogshead, Ro. Ralstone, John Moffet, Saml Lusk, James Phillips, Danl. Brealey, Mathew Edmonston, James Trimble, John Ferguson, Wm. Anderson, John Spears, John McKenney, Wm. Brady, Ro. Armstrong, James Miller

Page 29

June 19, 1747

(239) Robert Patterson and James Allen to view a road from John Pick-

ens’ Mill to Lower Meeting House, and Andrew Lewis and ro. Poage view

a road from said Mill to the Co. Ho.

page 30

August 19,, 1747

(248) John Pickens and Wm. Bell to be overseers of teh road (see p. 239

above) from Co. Ho. to Picken’s Mill, with these tithables: Wm. Lewis,

James Robertson, Thomas Gordon, Wm. Baskins, James Lasley, James

Wallis, Danl. Deniston., Daniel Deniston, Jr., William Bell, Jr., John Poge,

geo. Crawford

Page 41

august 28, 1750

(421)Benj. Skoot, John Knowles, Joel Hornback, John West, Thomas

Crawford, George Baffenbarger, John Christian Carlock, David Craig, John

Walker, Jr., George Say, George Say, Jr. Simon say, John cunninghandm,

wm. Cunningham, Henry Landcisco, John Colley, Burket Reager, Henry

arr, Daniel Richardson, Nathaniel Clearey, added to list of tithables

Page 46

June 11, 1751 – August 27, 1751

(176) This book begins august 1749, but there are no orders but those of suits and actions until August 27, 1751, when a new Court was organized under a commission from the Hon. Lewis burwell, President of Virginia, dated 11th June, 1751, directed to … John Anderson

page 48

Novembere 27 171

(206) Grand Jury Presentments: Elisha Job, swearing more than four oaths; Owen Crawford, for drinking health of king James and refusing to drink to King George

February 19, 1751/2

(241) Certificates for wolves’ heads a mountain to 50,600 lbs. tobacco certified

page 50

May 20, 1752

(249) Joseph Kenaday fined for abusing the Court

page 55

November 15, 1752

(361) Samuel Givins, robert Patrick, to view, and ro. Patrick, Wm. Hines, John Hawes, Joseph Bell, wm. Bell, Wm. Finla, Archd. stewart, Richd, Pilson, Wm. Johnston, Ro. Wilson, John Hind, geo. Skilleron, Hugh Ross, Andr. Baskin, John Givins, Saml. Henderson, John Ramsey, Alexr. Henderson, Saml. Henderson, Nathl. Woodroof, David Logan and George Douglass, clear and keep in repair, a road from James Givin’s Mill to the road over Wood’s New Gap at foot of mountain.

page 56

March 21, 1753

(415) Joseph Long and James Young, overseers, with Robert Young, Joseph Long, samuel Gibson, Solomon Whitley, John Collier, William Hall, Gilbert Crawford, George Gibson, John Ruckman, Thomas BUrton, Wm. Wadington, Wm. Brown, James Moore, John Hanna, James Huston, Wm. Todd, James Bats, James Todd, James Young, Patrick Young, John Carr and James Campbell — keep the road from Joseph Long’s Mill to James Young’s Mill, thence to the Great Road on James THompson’s Planation

page 60

November 23, 1753

(75) John Mathews to be oversserr of road from North Fork of James river, near John Mathew’s to Renix’s Rod, with these workers: … John Maxwell

page 62

March 23, 1754

(126) Road ordered from Campbell’s School House to Renix’s Road — Saml. Walker, overseer — with these workers: … John Maxwell

page 63

April 3, 1754

(186) Patrick Hair, convict servant of John Anderson, confvicted of stealing out of the courtyard, nigh the house of Wm. Murray, sundry goods, property of Rev. Robert McMordie

page 65

August 24, 1754

(288) Patrick Crawford vs Thomas story

James Randolph, a witness is about to leave the Colony. Ded. Potestm. de bene Esse

page 67

May 23, 1755

(439) Wm. Crawford — witness from Bedford

page 74

John Crawford vs William Sterrett – O.S. 34; N S. 12 — William came to Virginia from Pennsylvania, where he had resided. James Elliott removed to Kentucky. John Crawford had a brother, William. Bond signed by William Sterrett of Augusta County, dated 24th February, 1792. James Elliott, a citizen of Tennessee, deposes 16th August, 1803, in Augusta County. James left Virginia in fall or winter of 1798, for Kentucky.

page 97

Daniel Fall of Augusta vs. John Crawford – O.S. 72; N. S. 24 — Bill filed 18th June, 1805. Patrick Crawford of Augusta died testate, but intestate as to much of his estate. He left children and grandchildren, among them Margaret Crawford, wife of complainant and daughter of John Crawford who at Patrick’s death was infant and only child of Margaret Crawford, one of daughters of Patrick had married John Crawford and died before Patrick. Matty Anderson deposes that John Crawford married her sister, who died shortly after birth of her first child. Before death she wished her sister Betsey Robertson to take the child. Fall’s wife had an aunt (McFeeters).

page 101

Sitlington heirs vs. Sitlington’s widow — O.S. 79; N.S. 27 — Bill, 3d December 1805. Orators are viz: James Kelso, and Elizabeth his wife, John Young and Polly, his wife; Nathan Crawford and Jane, his wife; Jennet Sloan (Kean?), Andrew Beaty and Agness his wife; Edward McLaughlin and Jane his wife; of whom Elizabeth, Polly Jane Crawford, Jennet and Agness are the daughters and Jane Erwin is granddaughter of Sutlington, deceased. John was brother of whole blood of Andrew Sutlington, of Bath. Andrew died 1787 without issue, widow Elizabeth. He made a will, dated 1801, and this suit is to contest it on account of inability by age and infirmity, being 90 years old. Andrew had written to John in Ireland to come to Virginia. He married Elizabeth when aged. She was a Montgomery? Her brother (?) John was a preacher. Defendants are viz: Elizabeth Sutlington (widow of Andrew) Jacob Warwick, Andrew Sutlington Warwick, Andrew Sutlington (son of Robert Sutlington), John Montgomery, and Andrew Erwin. Jacob Warwick answers that oratrix, Jane McLaughlin, is niece of Andrew Sutlington, who is understood to have had a half-sister, Mrs. Sherman, living in Pennsylvania at his death. Andrew had married the mother of Jacob. Elizabeth answers that John Sutlington had a son, Robert, now living in Bath. James Erwin is brother of Jane McLaughlin. Andrew died 15th April, 1804. He was in his 85th year. John Sutlington came tot he country in 1774. Andrew and Elizabeth were married in 1779. Andrew Sitlington’s will dated 12th October, 1801. Proved in Bath County, June, 1804. Wife Elizabeth; legatee Gean Crawford, wife of Nathan Crawford, Legatee, Andrew Sitlington Crawford, son of Nathan. Legatee Gennet Sloan and her daughter, Polly Sloan. Legatee Polly Young, wife of John Young. Legatee Agness Beaty, wife of Andrew Beaty, Legatee Elizabeth Keso, wife of James Kelso. Legatee Elizabeth, Sitlington Kelso, daughter of Elizabeth Kelso, Legatee nephew, James Erwin. Legatee nephew, Andrew Erwin. Legatee niece Jean McGloughlin, wife of Edward, and her son, Andrew McGloughlin. Legatee Andrew Sitlington McDonald, son of Samuel. Legatee Elizabeth McDonald, daughter of John. Legatee Elizabeth McDonald, daughter of Samuel. Legatee Andrew Sitlington Warwick, son of Jacob. Legatee Andrew Sitlington, son of Robert. Letter by Andrew to John dated Greenbrier, 25th September, 1776, speaks of brother William (in Pennsylvania), and brother Thomas, of sister Elizabeth.

Nathan Crawford mentioned above is likely [2W64-JDF] on FamilySearch.

page 113

Crawford vs. Kenney — O.S. 115; N. S. 39 — Bill, 27th December, 1805. Orator, John Crawford. In 1751 Morris Offriel entered 200 acres in Augusta adjoining William Davis’s survey. Morris did not complete his title and another survey was made by Daniel Offriel, son and heir-at-law of Morris, on 100 acres of the tract, on which in 1785 James Bell also made an entry. Chesley and Jacob Kenney, brothers, are in possession. James Bell died and devised the land to his sons, John and Samuel Bell, who conveyed to C. Kinney, who conveyed to Jacob. William Bell, aged 68 years, deposes 16th June, 1808, he has lived 60 years and upwards adjoining the land, being two years old when his father settled where deponent lives. John Elliott, aged 60 years upwards, the lower road on the plat was built 20 or 25 years after the affiant knew the upper road laid down by said defendants, to have been in use. The last was the old road and had been long used before the other was cut or opened. Maj. Samuel Bell, aged 48 or 49, deposes 2d April, 1808; has lived all his life in the neighborhood of the land in controversy on the near Buffalo Gap; there was a beautiful piece of pine timber on it. Samuel’s father has been dead six or seven years and was about 70 years old. Samuel’s grandfather and defendant’s (Bell’s) grandfather were brothers. Francis Gardner, aged 46 years, deposes, 1808; he was born and lived (except 2 or 3 years of childhood) in the neighborhood; his father was Thomas Gardner, who owned lands adjoining. Thomas was killed by Indians when Francis was very young. Francis Bell, aged 38, deposes 23d January, 1808, that he has lived all his life near the land in controversy; son of James Bell, who has been dead more than 5 years. Robert Wallace deposes that he was well acquainted with Morris Offriel and Daniel Offriel. Daniel was cousin of

page 114

deponent. Agnes Offriel deposes, 14th November, 1808, that she is widow of Daniel. They lived within two miles of the land from the time they were married upwards of thirty years ago, till the death of her husband ten years ago. William Bell, Jr., deposes 12th March, 1808; son of James and brother to John and Samuel. William is now in 40th year.

page 126

Lessley vs. Lessley — O. S. 145; N. S. 50 — Bill, 29th September, 1804. Complainants are, viz: Rachel Crawford (wife of Alexander), Salley Henderson (wife of John), Polly Bell (wife of Robert), Agness Evans (wife of Morgan), only children, heirs and devisees of James Lesly, deceased of Augusta. James died in 1775 testate. The widow died a few weeks after James, leaving oratrixes infants. Two executors in 1779 sold the land to Robert Rogers, who afterwards moved to Tennessee, Blount County. Elizabeth McCune deposes 24th November, 1775, in Augusta, that her daughter, Mary Lessley, on her death bed, &c. Elizabeth was wife of Samuel McCune.

Rachel Lesley Crawford likely 2W3B-9BV on FamilySearch with Alexander Crawford LZN5-951 as spouse. Alexander is shown as son of William and Rachel (Sawyers) Crawford and thus grandson of Alexander Crawford.

page 143

John Anderson vs. Gilford and Anderson — O.S. 173; N.S . 61 – Bill, 1811. Orator had allowed his son, James Anderson, to occupy part of his plantation, and lent him a negro slave, which was attached upon execution from the Superior Court of law for Greenbrier. James Anderson came to Greenbrier to reside more than 20 years ago. Will of John Anderson of Greenbrier County. Wife, Elizabeth; daughter, Elizabeth, son, James; daughter, Peggy Reed; son James’s children, viz: Rebeckah, John, Wlizabeth, Willia, Washington, Davis, James, Nancy, Crawford and the child James’s wife is now pregnant with; son James wife Nancy (Agness); son-in-law William Ward; Rebecca Ward. Dated 16th January 1810. Never recorded (Objected to because testator is still living.)

page 160

George Crawford to George or John Dunn — 13,000 acres in Fayette County, W. Va. John Wehrle, Charleston, W. Va. John Bowyer interested.

page 161

Crawford vs. Hines — O.S. 199; N. S. 70 — Bill 104. In 1782 Rev. Edward Crawford of Washington County, entered 2418 acres on Little Guyandotte in Montgomery County, now Kenawha County. In January, 1783, he entered 252 acres adjoining. James Hines, under direction of Thomas Tease, deputy surveyor of Montgomery, made the survey for 2,670 acres adjoining Fry’s military survey at mouth of Little Guyandotte in 1785. In 1781 Jno (James) Madison entered 1,000 acres about 15 miles above mouth of Big Guyandotte about 21 miles away, which Madison assigned to Hines, and Hines made another survey for orator, Rev. Edward Crawford, without orator’s knowledge on 18 Mile Creek, which falls into the Ohio about three miles above Little Guyandotte, and a grant was issued to orator. Hines assigned the 2,670 acres to Thos. Hannan. Copy of entry by Rev. Edward Crawford for 252 acres dated 28th January, 1783. Copy of entry for Rev. Edward Crawford for 2,418 1/2 acres, dated 11th April, 1782. Plats and surveys. Orator had a son, Saml. L. Crawford. Thos. Tease deposes in Campbell County, Virginia, 19th April, 1813. John Vanbiber, aged 79, deposes in Mason County, Virginia, 12th April 1813. Has been acquainted with Little Guyandotte since 1875 or 1786. John Allen deposes in Mason County, 12th April 1813. He lived at Point Pleasant 26 years. Entry 17th September, 1782, by John Madison of Monongalia County, 1,000 acres on Ohio River. Entry 12th November, 1781, by Rev. M. James Madison, 1,000 acres. Jacob Persinger deposes in Botetourt, 22d April, 1813, he went with Cap. Arbuckle to keep garrison at Fort Randolph, which is now Point Pleasant. In 1776, in September, Thomas Toys, James Mooney, and deponent went down the Ohio to kill some buffaloe for the garrison.

page 203

Thomas McCarthy vs. Massinbrid — O.S. 270; N. S. 95 — Bill 1811. In 1798, Thomas McCarty, Sr., father of orator, bought of George Massinbird adjoining tracts on little Levels in Bath adjoining Chas. Kinneston, William Hughes, Jno McNeile, Wm. Poage, Jacob Kinneson, Lazurus Bartley, Jno McNeil, James Laird, 1,010 acres. James Crawford of Augusta claimed 270 acres. Thomas, Sr., conveyed to Thomas, Jr.,  500 acres who sold 111 acres to Edmund McGinnis. The remainder of the 1,1010 acres Thomas, Sr., and Jr., sold to Wm. Poage, estimated at 899 acres. Since 25th March, 1799, Thomas, Sr., has died, leaving orator sole heir and distributee. Suite was brought in District Court by heirs of James Crawford and judgment rendered for them for 270 acres. Deputy Surveyor Thos. Arbuckle surveyed 322 acres instead of 270 acres. 970 acres conveyed by Massinbird to Thomas, Sr. , was patented to Wm. and George, Clendennin, assignee of Nathaniel Day, Jr.; Joseph Day and John Ellis, 11th November, 1784, by certificate of settlement right by survey 14th November, 1782. James Crawford’s representatives are, viz: Widow, Mary Crawford and children, viz: Sarah, James, William, John, Polly. Answer.

page 204

27th June, 1815, of Polly and Elizabeth Crawford, infants. Certificates of survey of the land in 1769 for THos. Rafferty. James Crawford, father of Polly and Elizabeth, was eldest son and heir of George Crawford, who died intestate, as to said land. Answer claims that John Robinson & Co., patentees of 100,000, were the Greenbrier Company. William Poage was nephew of William Poage. Deed, 5th October, 1797, by Thos. McCarthy Sr., to Thos. McCarthy, Jr., 500 acres on Little Levels in Greenbrier. Recorded in Bath County, October, 1797. Col. Andrew Anderson deposes 29th October, 1818, in Stuanton at the tavern of Dabney Cosby, he married eldest daughter of George Crawford of Augusta. She died 1      2th August, 1786. George died between 1780 and 1784. James ws eldest son of George. Deponent knew Samuel Lewis who moved from Augusta to Greenbrier, and he was called Colonel and was son of Gen. Andrew Lewis. Archd. Stuart deposes, giving a list of the names o the members of the Greenbrier Company (Which was John Robinson & Co.) in the handwriting of Edmund Pendleton: John Robinson, Sr.; Thomas Nelson, Jr.; John Robinson, jr.; Wm. Beverley, Robert Lewis, Beverley Robinson, Henry Weatherburne, John Lewis, John Craig, Wm. Lewis, John Wilson, Charles Lewis. Deed, 14th May 1796, by George Massingbird of Bath to Thos. McCarty of Hardy County, 970 acres on Little Levels of Bath adjoining Wm. Poage, Jacob and Charles  Kynoston, Lazarus Bartley, John McNeil and James Laird. Patent, 1783, to James Crawford for 270 acres by survey 26th April, 1769, part of order of Council to Greenbrier County for 100,000 acres, which order was confirmed by decree of Court of Appeals, 2d May, 1783, in Greenbrier County. Original letter 11th January, 1795, by James Crawford to George Messingbird in Greenbrier. Deed, 9th June 1798, by George Massinbird to Thomas MaCarthy, both of Bath County, 970 acres. Recorded. Deed, 1st June, 1790, by William and George Clendennin of Kanawa County to George Massingbird of Greenbrier, 970  acres by survey, 1782, on Little Levels, &c. Recorded in Greenbrier, 27th July, 1790. George Clendennin’s heirs are, viz: Widow Jemima Clendennin; children, vix: Mary Cantril, wife of John Cantril; Cynthia, wife of _____ Lamb; Parthenia, wife of Andrew Bryant. Copy of Court of Appeals, 2d May, 1783, confirming surveys under Loyal and Greenbrier Companies by orders of Council. Patent, 1783, to James Crawford, 270 acres in Greenbrier. Patent, 11th November, 1804, to William and George Clendennin by certificate in right of settlement (assignees of Nathaniel Day, Jr., Joseph Day and John Ellis), 970 acres by survey, 1782.

Likely Captain James Crawford [LQR8-7GN], son of George Crawford [LZJF-47B] and grandson of William Crawford [LVQ4-928]  making James a nephew of Alexander Crawford

page 210

Coleman’s heirs vs. Penn’s heirs – O.S. —; N.S. 98 – Bill, 30th March 1812, by William, Robert H. Reuben and Lindsey Coleman, heirs and devisees of Geo. Coleman. On 4th May, 1782, Gabriel Penn conveyed to George Coleman 562 acres in Amherst. Gabriel died testate, in Amherst leaving children, viz: James and Edmund Penn; Elizabeth wife of William Long; Late Elizabeth Callaway, widow of James Callaway; Sophia, wife of William S. Crawford; Pamelia, wife of Thomas Haskins; Matilda, wife of Abner Nash; Fannie, wife of William White; Nancy, widow of John McCredie, deceased, late widow of Alexander Brydie; Sarah wife of Thomas Crews; Catherine wife of _____ Holder. Elizabeth Braxton recovered dower in said lands as widow of Carter Braxton, to whom they were patented. Colemans seek to recover from Penns. will of Gabriel Penn of Amherst Son, James, lands by military land warrant, surveyed to Gabriel’s deceased brother, William Penn; daughters, Betsey Callaway, Sophia Crawford, Permelia Haskins, Matilda Nash Fanny White, Nancy Penn (infant] son Edmund (infant); daughters, Sally and Catharine Penn (infants); wife, Sarah; sons-in-law, William Crawford and James Callaway. Dated 21st November 1794. Recorded in Amherst, 16th July 1798.

page 221

Poage vs. Abney — O.S. 300; N. S. 106 – Plat and survey by W. Crawford of 9,000 acres under proclamation dated at Williamsborough, 19th February, 1754, and subsequent order of Council, 15th December, 1769, for Peter Hogg in forks of Ohio and Great Kanawha. Cor. Adam Stevens, John Polston.

page 224

Jno. Crawford vs. Wm. Bell – O.S. 304; N. S. 108 — Involves land devised by David Bell in 1779 in Augusta. Answer by John and David Bell in Fayette County, Ky., sons of David.

page 236

Trotter vs. Crawford — O.S. 319; N.S. 114 — Bill, 2d July, 1813. Patent 22d July, 1799, to Jesse Blan (Blain), 109 acres in Greenbrier on head of Second Creek adjoining Christopher Hand, formerly Pettyjohn. Patent to Jessy Blann, 1st April, 1793, 220 acres in Greenbrier on Second Creek near Peter Kinder and Motiston Pettyjohn. 1811, assigned to John Caroll. 1811, assigned to George Crawford. 1811, assigned to John Trotter.

page 245

Bourland vs. Dean — O.S. 342; N.S. 124 — Bill, August, 1812, by William Bourland and wife Mary, William Crawford and Margaret, John Kincaid and Alice, James Kincaid and Elizabeth, James Anderson and Nancy, James Venable and Sarah, Andrew McClung and Jean. The females are daughters of John Dean, deceased, of Bath, who died 1810 or 1811 at age of nearly 90, testate. Suit against Wm. McC. Deane, the only other child to set aside the will, and certain deeds. Will of John Dean. Wife, Agness; son, William; daughter Elizabeth, Elzse, Sarah, Jane; daughter, Margaret Crawford; daughter Molly Borland; daughter, Nancy. Dated 7th AUgust, 1790. Recorded in Bath, March, 1811. Deed, 10th April, 1807, by John Dean to William Dean, 1,660 acres on Jackson’s River joining Andrew Bourland. Recorded in Bath, April, 1807. Deed, 9th April, 1806, by same to same, 1,661 acres on Mill Run and other branches of Jackson’s River. Recorded in Bath, April, 1806. William Ward deposes in Bath, 17th July, 1813, knew JOhn Dean from time Wm. was a small boy. John was sheriff of Bath, 1794. Wm. has lived in Kentucky. 22d January, 1814, Anthony (Anton) Courtner deposes, in Lewisburg, at house and tavern of James and Hugh McLaughlin. 22d January, 1814, Catherine Courtner deposes knew John 16 years before his death, living his neighbor. John McClenachan deposes, John Dean died 20th November last, 3 years ago. 26th February, 1814, Capt. Wm. Byrd deposes, in Botetourt, at house of Jno. Allen, Sr., was born, raised and lived within two miles of John Dean. 3d November, 1821, John Byrd deposes, James Blackburn left the County before death of Jno. Dean. James Venable left 10-12 years ago. 3d November, 1821, Alexr. McClenachan deposes, Lewis Myers left the County in 1803. Thos. Barker left the County in 1803-4. Jas. Blackburn left the County in

page 246

1802 or 3. 3d November, 1821, Andrew Bourland deposes, William Bourland is his brother. Wm. moved to Kentucky. 26th October, 1822, Wm. Bourland deposes, at house of Benj. Vance in Woodford County, Ky. 20th May, 1813, W. H. Cavendish deposes, he knew Jno. Dean more than 40 years. 20th May, 1813, Alexr. McClintic deposes, he know Jno Dean more than 30 years. 20th May, 1813, Henrietta Taylor deposes, she knew Jno Dean more than 20 years. 20th May, 1813, John Byrd deposes, he knew Jno. Dean 45 years. 20th May, 1813, Jeremiah Burns, deposes, he was a preacher.

page 250

McClure vs. Crawford — O.S. 363; N.S. 131 — Bill, April, 1813, by John McClure and Walker Stuart and Mary, his wife, late Mary McClure, only son and daughter of Malcom McClure, who, 2d May, in 1791, died testate, in Rockbridge, leaving widow Elizabeth, who after five years married Alexander Crawford. Sarah Loggan, daughter of Alexander Crawford deposes; Betsy Logan, daughter of Alexander Crawford, deposes.

Mary McClure is possibly 9KPM-JKH

page 259

Crawford vs. Crawford – O.S. 385; N. S. 141 – Bill, 1821, by Wm Bell and Margaret Crawford, executors of James Crawford, who died in Augusta, testate. Will dated, 1798, leaving six children, four sons and two daughters — and one daughter was born after his death. His son George died unmarried and infant. William died unmarried. Sarah married Charles McClung, Elizabeth married Samuel McClung; Polly, the posthumous daughter, married John Allen, Sarah and Polly are both dead. In January, 1819, John Crawford, married oratrix Margaret, who is daughter of William Bell, orator. John’s mother, Mary, lived a time with her daughter Elizabeth in Greenbrier. John died 24th February, testate, but will has not been proved.

Margaret Bell likely 2ZYG-ZJK, wife of John Crawford 28MK-ST2. If so, John Crawford is son of Captain James Crawford LQR8-7GN, whose wife was Mary. This makes John Crawford a grandson of George Crawford LZJF-47B and Elizabeth Poage LZGF-N5C.

page 264

Record Books in Circuit Court Office

Book Marked “Records.”

page 266

Book Marked “Records from September, 1789, to April, 1793,” District Court

page 270

Book Marked “Record Book 1834.”

page 51 — Will of John Singleton, of the Cowpasture, Bath County. Son-in-Law, James Kelso. Only surviving son, Robert singleton; daughter Jane Crawford; daughter, Jennet Slown; daughter, Elizabeth Kelso; daughter, Mary Young; daughter, Ann Baty. Dated 12th September, 1792. Recorded in Bath, January 1798

could not find this family on FamilySearch

page 271 Book Marked “Records”

page 274

Marriage Licenses, Marriage Bonds, and Marriages

Augusta County

page 276 (likely list of people purchasing license)

1762 … October 30, David Doage, James Crawford

page 376

Land Entry Book NO. 1, Augusta Records

page 379

1748, May 10th — George Gardner, 400 acres on Dry Branch, near lands of Alex. Crawford and THos. Gardner

page 384

Guardians’ Bonds, Augusta County

18th November, 1783 — William Crawford, ditto (guardian) for Thomas Sayers, ditto (orphan) of Jas. Sawyers

page 386

15th January, 1793 — James Crawford ditto (guardian) of Jno Crawford, orphan of Jno. Crawford

— _____ 1797 — Rob. Crawford, guardian of Peggy Rankin, orphan of Thos. Rankin

page 387

— —— 1797 – Wm. Crawford, ditto (guardian) of Martha Rankin, ditto (orphan) of Thos. Rankin

20th February —— — Geo. Crawford, ditto (guardian) of Polly, Margt, Samuel Stuart, ditto (orphan) of John Stuart

24th February, 1800 — Wm. Bell, guardian of George, orphan of James Crawford

page 388

26th January, 1801 — Robt Crawford, guardian of Sam. Crawford, orphan of George Crawford

26th January, 1801 – Robt Crawford, guardian of James Crawford, orphan of George Crawford

26th January, 1801 — Wm. Crawford, guardian of William Crawford, orphan of George Crawford

page 388

Administrators’ Bonds

page 395

Fee Books of Augusta Court

Name or nickname and designation of residence, or occupation

page 406


page 407

page 102 James Crawford, Borden’s Land

1772 page 73 James Crawford, Borden’s Land

page 410


page 57 Wm. Crawford, North Mountain

page 411


page 141 John Crawford, North Mountain

page 413



Thos. Crawford, not found

page 416

1755 List of Robert Breckinridge, Sheriff

Gilbert Crawford

page 419

1766 – Mr. Gilbert’s list

Martin Crawford, not found, one

1766 – Supernumeraries

James Crawford, 1

1767 – Col. Preston’s List

James Crawford, Peter Cutright, runaway

page 423

Delinquents and Supernumeraries, 1782; List of James Davis

page 424

Patt Crawford, not found

page 427

Insolvents and Delinquents, 1799

Wm Crawford (S. R.) to French Broad

page 429


Tithables 1781 William McPheeter’s List

John Crawford

page 430

Tithables, 1781; Alexander Robertson’s List

Patrick Crawford and sons George and John

James and George Crawford

Tithables, 1783 – in Capt. Given’s and Campbell’s COmapnies

James and George Crawford

page 431

1784 in Capt. Givens and Rankin’s Companies

Pat Crawford and son George

page 432

Augusta Parish Vestry Book

page 440

page 147 – 1755: Samuel Givens processioned as follows, vka: For Patt: Crawford, present … John Finley and Alex. Crawford processed as follows, viz … for Alex. Crawford

NOTE: This entry likely contains neighbors of Alex. Crawford

page 442

page 162 .. Alexander Crawford and John Finley, in Captain Thomas Armstrong’s Company

page 16 John Finley and Wm. Thompson in Captain Alexander Thompson’s Company .. George Crawford … between bounds of Companies of Captains Alex. Thompson, Israel Christian, Abram Smith, Rob. Scott, Ludwick Francisco, from thence to Swift Run Gap

page 444

page 179 – 1756: Processioned in Capt. Israel Christian’s Company by John Henderson and Wm. Baskins … for Widow Crawford

page 449 (probably 1764)

page 378 — David Cunningham and Samuel Downey, from Burden’s line to Jenning’s Gap between Keneday’s Road and the North Mountain. … Geo. Crawford

page 451

page 385 – 1765: Processioned by Collier and McCampbell … for Margery Crawford

page 452

page 409 – For John Smith … for John Crawford, where he now lives;

page 458

page 449 — 1767-68: Processioned for James Simpson and John Mitchell: Wm. Crawford

page 462

pae 267 – 1759

page 269. — Alex. Crawford, Michael Hogshead, in Capt. George Moffett’s Company

page 270. James Allen, Sr. and Pat. Crawford, in Capt. James Alexander’s Company

page 465

Revolutionary Declarations

page 466

Samuel McCune, Sr’s., Declaration: … drafted as militiaman in August, 1776, at Stauton under Captain Thomas Smith and Lieut. Charles Baskins … Was again drafted in August, 1781; rendevouzed at Teass under Capt. Francis Long and Lieut. John Crawford

page 471

John Bell’s Declaration, 22d December 1834; Mentions Maj. John Crawford

William Armstrong’s Declaration, 26th October, 1832 … drafted for three months in March, 1778 or 1779

page 472

was under the command of Capt. James Bell, Lieut. John Wackub, Ensign Alex. Crawford;  …

page 481

Military Services

page 488

Thomas Coppedge’s Declaration, April 15th, 1832 .. in regiment of Col. Crawford

page 503

Notes of Military Services in Frederick County, Virginia

COurt Martial Records, 1755-1761

page 506

Declarations, Services and Heirs of Soldiers

page 507

1820-1822, Minute Book, page 1, John Hefferlyn, Thomas Crawford

The Preston Papers

Copies of Musters of Augusta County

page 510

From State Historical Society of Wisconsin

1757, February … John Crawford, Jr., at Craig’s Creek, killed; John Alex. Crawford at Craig’s Creek, wounded;

halkley Lyman, Chroniccles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800, volume 2 (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Company, no date), digital images,, viewed online 25 January 2023.

Early Augusta County VA Marriages

Do you ever go thru a book containing county records in hopes of finding your ancestors? That’s what I’ve been doing for the past couple of weeks. I’ve been reading the digital version of Chalkley’s Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia.

Unfortunately, I didn’t find anything to connect to my Crawford family in Garrard County, Kentucky. However, I did find a lot of marriage records for Crawford family members in Augusta County, Virginia. Many of these records are for descendants of Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters or for descendants of Alexander’s brothers, George and Patrick.

While I haven’t researched all of these people, I was able to match most of the records up with individuals on FamilySearch. Thus, the text in italics is my attempt to identify the couple.

page 274

Marriage Licenses, Marriage Bonds, and Marriages

Augusta County

page 276 (likely list of people purchasing license)

1762 … October 30, David Doage, James Crawford

page 278

Marriage Bonds

Augusta County

page 280

1786 — December 27, James Crawford and Mary Crawford; surety, Geo. Crawford; witness, _____ Urquhart

page 285

1790 — December 4 John Armstrong and Polly Crawford, daughter of Wm. Crawford; surety, James Tallman

likely John Armstrong, KLYG-VFZ and wife Mary Polly Crawford (1771-1854) KL6W-NRL, daughter of William Crawford L61L-JRK and thus granddaughter of Alexander Crawford.

page 286

1789 – June 22, George Crawford and Nancy Winters; surety, Robert Gamble.

likely George Crawford (1756-1824) KLBL-VM2 and Nancy Winters (1770-1834) LZLH-G9W. George is son of Patrick Crawford (1723-1787) L41K-QNP and Sarah Wilson.

page 287

1790 – October 9, Samuel Crawford and Elizabeth Craig, daughter of Margaret Craig (consent); witnesses, Alexander Craig, James Craig; surety, Wm. Crawford.

likely Samuel Crawford (1759-1795) G79X-KJM and wife Elizabeth Craig [G79H-T62]. Samuel was a son of Alexander Crawford.

page 288

1790 – November 11, David Gwin and Violet Crawford, daughter of William Crawford (consent) ; surety J. Lyle, Jr.

likely Violet Jane Crawford (1774-1825) LHGZ-WMK and husband David Gwin LHJ6-RHM. Violet is daughter of William Crawford [LYQF-53W] and Margaret Henderson

page 289

1789 – May 2, William Jameson and Margaret Craig, daughter of Samuel Craig (consent); witnesses, James Craig, Samuel Crawford; surety, James Craig.

likely Margaret Craig {MLQY-3QS] and husband, Wililam Jameson [LH&V-SML]. Margaret likely sister to Elizabeth Craig who married Samuel Crawford.

page 289

1789 – August 24, James Kelso and Betsy Sitlington, daughter of John

page 290

Sitlington (consent); witnesses, Alexander Crawford, Andrew Sitlington. James is son of Hugh Kelso (consent). Witnesses, John Walker, John Moore, John Stewart; surety, Alexander McPheeters.

Elizabeth Sitlington (1772-1811) LJJW-5PD and James Kelso (1761-1832) K45D-QNP, daughter of John Sitlington LJJW-3PV. Her sister, Elizabeth Jane Jean [LZK8-VWF] is wife of Nathan Crawford [2W64-JDF]

page 292

1790 – December 4, James Tolman and Nancy Crawford, daughter of Wm. Crawford, surety, John Armstrong. James is son of Benj. Tolman (consent) Witnesses, Em. Tallman, Thomas Hunter.

Nancy Crawford (1770-1852) L6FL-88W and James Tallman (1771-1846) LCPB-226; Nancy is daughter of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers and thus granddaughter of Alexander Crawford.

page 293

1792 — September 18, George Berry and Polly Connelly, daughter of Thomas Connelly (consent); witnesses, Alexander Connelly, John Connelly, James Crawford; surety, Thomas Connely.

George Berry [GV7P-59H] and Mary Connelly [LRY-D5J], daughter of Thomas Connely [GV7G-SPS] — not sure who James Crawford is

1791 – July 5, John Crawford and Rebecca Allen, daughter of James Allen (consent); witnesses, David Hanna, Danl. Early; surety, James Allen.

Major John Crawford [LHNZ-MB7] and Rebecca Allen [M1QM-1MW]. John Crawford is son of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson [LJJ3-MZX]

page 294

1792 – August 7, John Campbell and Sarah Crawford; surety, John Campbell, Sr.

Theodore John Campbell [MYMH-CVN] and Sarah Polly Crawford [GSMP-GLR]. Theodore John Campbell is son of John Campbell [97RV-3B4] Sarah’s parents unknown

page 298

1792 – November 26, John Poage and Rachel Crawford; surety, Thomas Wilson.

Likely John Poage [9M9W-VMM] and Rachel Crawford [MBNQ-4YD] – Rachel does not have parents on FS

1791 – September 16, Robert Poage and Martha Crawford, daughter of James Crawford (consent); witnesses, Robert Crawford, John Robertson; surety, Wm Crawford.

FamilySearch likely has this couple as Martha Craword [LCZF-9NC] and Robert Poage [LCZF-936] – but Martha’s father is listed as George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B]

page 301

1788 – March 12, Andrew Anderson and John Miller, surety. Andrew Anderson and Martha Crawford.

Likely Martha Crawford [LZZ1-66K] and Col. Andrew Anderson [L41L-v37]. Martha is daughter of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson. Col. Andrew Anderson is son of John ANderson [LZK8-7T6]

page 302

1787 – January 9, Robert Crawford and Andrew Anderson, surety. Robert Crawford and Anne Allen, certificate by Wm. Craig.

Robert Crawford (1767-1810) [LHXT-KP8] and Anne Allen [K67S-K3J]. Robert is son of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

page 306

1788 — June 2., Wm. Robertson and John Crawford, surety. Wm Roberston and Ann Crawford.

Anne Crawford (1753-?) [LY4M-KRK] and William Robertson {9H52-F64]. Anne Crawford is daughter of John Crawford [M7BM-7T5] and Mary Ann Douglas [M7BM-W3R]

pge 309

1793 – February 20, Alex. Crawford and Phillip Dyer, surety. Alex. Crawford and Rachel Lessley, Consent by Wm. Bell. Affidavit of Rachel’s full age

Alexander Crawford [LZN5-951] and Rachel Lessley (1772-1841) [2W3B-9BV] Alexander is son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1]

page 316

1796 – March 1, Wm. Bell and Alex. St. Clair, surety. Wm. Bell and Mary Crawford (of age), daughter of James Crawford deceased. Approbation of Jane Crawford.

Mary Crawford [MYM7-8DX] and William Bell [MYM7-8D9]. Mary is daughter of James Crawford [G79P-1M6]

page 324

1797 – February 11, John Crawford and Joshua Parry, surety. John Crawford, widower and Sally Newman, of age, daughter of Leavy Newman.

Two possibilities for John Crawford. One [LHNZ-C1X] son of Andrew Crawford [MWSF-GC6] and Agnes Batey [LH1Z-689] married Sarah Newman [LC7L-3JW]. Other Lt. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] song of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV] and Mary McPheeters married Sarah Newman (LC7L-3JW]

1797 – January 2, James Crawford and Thomas Sawyers, surety. James Crawford and Nancy Sawyers, daughter of James Sawyers, deceased, Hannah Sawyers (consent). Teste: John Thompson.

James Crawford [L6FL-682] married Nancy Ann Sawyers [LZN5-S8Q]. James son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1] Nancy son of James Sawyers JR [LZXX-7WV] and Hannah Hays [9JVS-1KX] James would be grandson of Alexander Crawford.

page 325

1797 – August 30, Daniel Fall and James Brown. surety. Daniel Fall and Margaret Crawford, daughter of John Crawford (consent). Teste: John Rees.

Margaret Crawford [KCRZ-JDT] and Daniel Fall [MRZZ-SQ2]. Margaret daughter of Lt. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] making her a granddaughter of Alexander Crawford.

page 329

1798 – November 26, John Poage and Wm. Poage, surety. John Poage and Martha Rankin. Consent by Wm. Crawford, guardian. Test. Alex. Poage. John Poage swears he was 21 last May.

Martha Rankin [L1DK-G3Y] and John Davis Poage [LCVH-LGP or L654-MTQ]. Martha daughter of Capt. Thomas Rankin [LCQ8-3MS] and Mary Crawford [LCQ8-33M] Mary Crawford Rankin daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

1798 – February 16, James Ritchey and John Fulton, surety. James Ritchey and Isabella Crawford, daughter of James Crawford, deceased, Hugh Fulton consents. Teste: Robewrt Fulton. James Ritchey was from Rockbridge.

Isabella Crawford — possibly [GZD9-6K8] or [L1VG-2T9] married James Ritchey [LHD8-6TT] OR James Rickey [L1VL-T6T] — Isabella may be daughter of James Crawford, Jr [G7GQ-PSW] or Rev. James Crawford [LZN5-SCD]

page 330

1798 – May 7, Andrew Stull and Wm. Crawford, surety. Andrew Stull and Martha Crawford, daughter of above Wm. Crawford.

Martha Crawford [KGMT-W76] and Andrew Stull [KVLK-9VL]. Not sure who Wm. Crawford is but he may be same Wm. Crawford mentioned in John Poage and Martha Rankin marriage.

page 331

1799 – August 22, Frederick Almerode, son of George Almeroht (consent), Wm. Benson, John Lotz, sureties, Frederick Almerode and Jane Benson, daughter of above Wm. Benson (consent). Witness, Chas B. Rhoades, Teste as to Frederick: John Brown. Teste as to Jane: Andrew Crawford.

Frederick Almarode or Ameroth [LWJG-C53] and Jane Benson [LWJG-CR6]; not sure who Andrew Crawford is.

1799 – September 17, Wm. Bell and Alex. Crawford, surety. Wm. Bell (widower) and Rachel Crawford, widow of Wm. Crawford.

Possibly Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1] wife of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] — but no link to a husband named William Bell. William Bell [LJK3-BQ2] and Rachel Sawyers [LJK3-BNT]

1799 – August 22, Andrew Crawford and Wm. Benson, surety. Andrew

page 332

Crawford and Rachel Hunter, daughter of Wm. Hunter (consent), Mary Hunter (consent). Teste: Wm. Crawford, Andrew is of age.

Rachel Hunter [G84F-N49] and Andrew Crawford [9JHH-3KJ]. Andrew is son of William Crawford [LYQF-53W] and Margaret Henderson [LDF7-9N4] William Crawford is shown as son of William Crawford [M4D3-S96] and brother to John Crawford [GS5C-5SY] married to Jane Byers [GS5C-VJ9]

page 335

1799 – July 17, Christian Surface and Martin Surface, surety. Christian Sirfes and Florence Crawford. Both of Age. Christian and Martin are brothers.

Florence Crawford [LH5N-4DC] and Christian Surface [LZNG-P51]; Florence daughter of George Crawford [LCMX-RR8] and Florence Henderson [G3FG-2C1] and granddaughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

page 343

1800 – April 9, George Poage, of Bath County, and Robert Crawford of Augusta sureties. George Poage and Margaret Rankin, daughter of the late Thomas Rankin. “Bath County. I do hereby certify my consent that my son George obtain a license to marry Peggy Rankin, daughter of Thomas Rankin, deceased, but who is under the guardian care of Robt. Crawford, of Augusta County. Witness my hand and seal this 25th March, 1800 — Wm. Poage (seal). Teste: Robert Poage, Wm. Poage, Jr.

George Poage [L4BN-RJ8] and Margaret Rankin [LCVH-LY4]; Margaret daughter of Capt. Thomas Rankin {LCQ8-3MS] and Mary Crawford [LCQ8-33M]. Mary daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

page 345

Record of Marriages in Augusta County Beginning 15th March 1785

page 347

December 30th (1786)

James Crawford and Mary Crawford

1786 June 16th Wm. Crawford and Martha Cooper

William Crawford [G9VM-S44] and Martha Cooper [KH5R-B3X] / William Crawford is son of James Crawford [MSW9-B31] and Mary Stewart [MSW9-BQY]

page 348

1789 June 23d, George Crawford and Nancy Winters

George Crawford [KLBL-VM2] and Nancy Winters [LZLH-G9W]; George son of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson [LJJ3-MZX]

page 349

1790 December 10th

John Armstrong and Polly Crawford

Mary Polly Crawford [KL6W-NRL] and John Armstrong [KLYG-VFZ]; Mary Polly Crawford daughter of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1]

page 350


January 10th, Robert Crawford and Anne Allen;

Robert Crawford [LHXT-KP8] and Anne Allen [K67S-K3J]; Robert son of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

March 13th Andrew Anderson and Martha Crawford

Martha Crawford [LZZ1-66K] and Col. Andrew Anderson [L41L-V37]; Martha daughter of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson [LJJ3-MZX]

June 3d William Robertson and Anne Crawford

Anne Crawford [LY4M-KRK] – shown with 2 different William Robertson husbands; one married 25 Jan 1788 — [9H52-F64] and other married June 1788 [27S1-FBK]/ no source given for January marriage / guessing the two William Robertson entries should be merged; Anne shown as daughter of John Crawford [M7BM-7T5] and Mary Ann Douglas [ M7BM-W3R]

page 351


November 11th, David Grim (Ginn) and Violet Crawford

Violet Jane Crawford [LHGZ-WMK] and David Gwin [LHJ6-RHM], Violet daughter of William Crawford [LYQF-53W] and Margaret Henderson [LDF7-9N4]

page 352


September 15th, Robert Poage and Martha Crawford

Martha Crawford [LCZF-9NC] and Robert Poage [LCZF-936]; Martha daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage[LZGF-N5C]


August 9th, Theo’d Jno Campbell and Polly Crawford

Two possibilities: Sarah Polly Crawford [GSMP-GLR] and Theodore John Campbell [MYMH-CVN]

OR Sarah Crawford [LCQQ-QYY] and Rev. John Poage Campbell [2782-1J2]; Sarah daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

both use same marriage date — but have different children

page 353


November 27th, John Poage and Rachel Crawford

Three possibilities — likely all same and need merged —

Rachel Mrs Crawford [MYMM-97B] and John Poage [MYMM-9WH] – no marriage date

Rachel Crawford [MBNQ-4YD] and John Poage [9M92-VMM] with 27 Nov 1793 marriage date and no sources

Rachel Crawford [97WN-VZZ] and ? [DTWR-9SK] with marriage date of 27 Nov 1792 and no sources

page 355


January 31st, James Crawford and Nancy Sawyers

James Crawford [L6FL-682] and Nancy Ann Sawyers [LZN5-S8Q]; James is son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1] and grandson of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV]


March 3d Wm Bell and Mary Crawford

Mary Crawford [MYM7-8DX] and William Bell [MYM7-8D9]; Mary daughter of James Crawford [G79P-1M6]

page 356


August 31st Daniel Fall and Margaret Crawford

Margaret Crawford [KCRZ-JDT] and Daniel Fall [MRZZ-SQ2]; FS shows Margaret as daughter of LT. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] and thus granddaughter of Alexander.

1797 By Rev. Archd. Scott

February 24 — John Crawford and Sally Newman

Two possibilities:

Lt. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] and Sarah Newman [LC7L-3JW]; Lt. John shown as son of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV]

John Crawford [LHNZ-C1X] and Sarah Newman [LC7L-3JW]; John shown as son of Andrew Crawford [MWSF-GC6] and Agnes Batey [LH1Z-689]

The book, Descendants of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford, supports Lt. John Crawford as husband of Sarah Newman.

1798 By Rev. Archd. Scott:

February 22d – James Ritchey and Isabell Crawford

Isabella Crawford [GZD9-6K8] and James Ritchey [LHD8-6TT]; Isabella daughter of James Crawford JR [G7GQ-PSW] and Isabell Campbell [GXXR-NJH]; James son of James Crawford SR [K4NJ-YS6]who is shown as son of John Crawford [K8DR-C3B] and Jennet Robertson [MSL3-4Q3]

1798  by Rev. Wm. Wilson

May 9th Andrew Steele and Martha Crawford

Martha Crawford [KGMT-W76] and Andrew Stull [KVLK-9VL]

page 358

Memorandum of Marriages for 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 1795

page 359


February 21st, Alexander Crawford and Rachel Lesley

Alexander Crawford [LZN5-951] and Rachel Leslie LEsley [2W3B-9BV]; Alexander son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1]and grandson of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV]

Chalkley Lyman, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800, volume 2 (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Company, no date), digital images,, viewed online 25 January 2023.
page 324

County Boundaries

How adventurous were your ancestors? Would they be considered pioneers? Did they seek out new homes in the territories formed as the United States expanded westward? If so, have you paid attention to the changing boundary lines for the counties?

Since my genealogy research started in Kansas where it wasn’t impacted by changes in county boundaries, I wasn’t aware these changes could impact my research. That all changed when I traced my CRAWFORD family back to Kentucky. My ancestor, James Crawford, married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. Thus, I tried to find his parents and siblings in Garrard County.

This quest to locate CRAWFORD relatives in Garrard County expanded to include Madison and Lincoln counties. In that quest, I found a James Crawford with land on Paint Lick Creek in Madison County. I also found a Rebekah Crawford who witnessed marriage bonds for Mary, Sarah and James Crawford in Lincoln County. It was only after getting a map of the early land owners of Garrard county, that I realized that the land owned by both James Crawford (on Paint Lick Creek) and Rebekah Crawford (on headwaters of Sugar and Boone’s creeks) is located in Garrard County.

When another genealogist introduced me to the site, Map of US, the interactive map for Kentucky helped me understand how the changing county boundaries affected my research.

Since the 1780 counties of Kentucky were formed from Kentucky county which was originally called Fincastle county, there are five counties that I have to research for my Garrard county CRAWFORD family: Fincastle, Kentucky, Lincoln, Madison and Garrard.

Thanks to the 1850 census, I believe that James Crawford was born in Virginia. There are clues that the family goes back to Augusta County, Virginia. Research of collateral lines has uncovered other CRAWFORD lines in Amherst and Rockbridge counties. From my Kentucky experience, I know that I have to pay attention to the possibility of changes in the county boundary lines.

Thus, I go to the Map of US site to visualize the changing boundary lines for Augusta County, Virginia.

1738 – Augusta County formed from Orange County

In 1761, the map shows the formation of Amherst County. While Amherst was not formed from Augusta county, it borders Augusta county.

1769 – Botetourt County formed from Augusta County

1772 – Fincastle County formed from Botetourt County

1776 – Kentucky and Montgomery counties formed (along with Washington county)

1778 – the western portions of Botetourt and Augusta counties are split off into new counties and Rockbridge county is formed between Botetourt and Augusta counties.

This map study has revealed that my CRAWFORD research in Virginia needs to be very broad! I need to look at records and histories for the following counties:

  • Amherst
  • Rockbridge
  • Augusta
  • Botetourt
  • Montgomery
  • Fincastle
  • Kentucky
  • and possibly all of the western counties formed from Augusta (including portions of Pennsylvania)

This also will likely mean broadening my FAN club to include the various CRAWFORD lines in these counties.

For it will likely require researching all of these places and all of these people to figure out my CRAWFORD line!

R1b Crawford

Are you the manager of a yDNA test? If so, has it helped you figure out your paternal lineage? I know that I began this yDNA journey hoping that the results would break down my Crawford brick wall. Even though my brick wall is still solid, clues are emerging thanks to an excellent Crawford project administrator and many who have completed BigY testing.

My brother’s yDNA test has placed our branch of the Crawford tree in the R1b-01 supergroup. Testers in this group are all under


Unfortunately, most of the others in this supergroup have brick walls hinting at a connection to Augusta County, Virginia.

Breaking down my Crawford brick wall likely means researching several of these lines. Unfortunately that also means

  • dealing with multiple men named James Crawford
  • dealing with trees determined to link to Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters
  • dealing with the very large area that original Augusta County covered, including Botetourt and Montgomery counties in Virginia
Early Botetourt County, Virginia

Thus, when I saw a post by Lucas McCaw in the R1b Y DNA Project group on Facebook about steps one could take to ‘maximize yDNA matching and genealogy’ I was challenged to see if I could use some of these steps – particularly steps 2 and 3 – to help with research in Augusta county.

Instead of contacting (re-contacting) my 37-111 yDNA matches, I started by building a spreadsheet for my matches. Fortunately, many of my matches have a tree attached to their test. This allowed me to put information about their Crawford line into the spreadsheet.

I plan to contact those who do not have a tree attached to see if they can provide enough information to fill in the blanks for their test. Surprisingly, very few of these lines have an obvious connection.

In creating this spreadsheet, I also discovered seven of my matches that do not have an ‘earliest known ancestor’ configured for their test. Nor, does it appear that they are part of the Crawford project. Thus, I plan to contact the managers of these tests to encourage them to attach an ancestor and to also join the Crawford yDNA project.

As a future task, I’m hoping to create a document containing links to these earliest known ancestors on sites such as FamilySearch, WikiTree and Since I have researched at least four of these lines, I will also include a link to those ancestors in my Ancestry tree.

With some of these lines appearing to converge in early Augusta County, I’m hoping that figuring out these various lines will help me sort out the various families in the records.

Crawford Tree Issues

I’m sure we can all agree that each of us needs to work toward having as accurate a family tree as possible. However, I’m willing to admit and hopefully you are too that there could be a mistake or two or several in my tree. Even with an effort to separate out people of the same name and to carefully document findings, those mistakes can still creep in.

Since I have a large database, the chances for such a mistake in my work is high. I hope that when someone else discovers that error in my tree they tell me about it and point me to sources to correct that error.

When it comes to my CRAWFORD research, there are a lot of common given names such as James, John, William, Alexander and Edward that make it difficult to distinguish families. Most of my CRAWFORD research traces the family from early Kentucky back to Montgomery, Botetourt and Augusta counties in Virginia. Augusata County, Virginia is where the family of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford raised their family.

And it is when Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford get attached to many many many Crawford trees that other CRAWFORD researchers get frustrated. This is particularly frustrating when working with yDNA tests to help identify family lines.

Several of the Kentucky CRAWFORD lines have participated in the CRAWFORD yDNA project. I believe all five of the Kentucky James Crawford families I’ve worked to untangle are all found in the R1b supergroup.

Crawford yDNA project – part of R1b group

The three families from the area of early Garrard county, Kentucky are in the same haplogroup: R-Y88686.

  • James Crawford b1772VA m1799Ky d1854OH – My line – in the R1b-01B Ardmillan group R-Y88686
  • James Crawford b1770 VA M Knight 1793 KY d1833 IN – in the R1b-01B Ardmillan group R-Y88686 — the Crawford family that was neighbors to my Crawford line for over 100 years
  • James Crawford b 1758 VA; d1836 IN – in the R1b-01B Ardmillan group R-Y88686 — the James Crawford married to Rebeccca Anderson Maxwell; this James owned land along Paint Lick Creek in Garrard County, Kentucky prior to migrating to Indiana.

I believe the James Crawford of Fleming county, Kentucky is represented on the project in the R1b-01C group as James Crawford b1758. This family also likely has roots in Montgomery, Botetourt and Augusta Counties in Virginia.

So where do descendants of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford fit in this yDNA study? There is one R1b test that indicates Alexander Crawford b1716 d1764 as the earliest known ancestor. Working with this tester, it appears that his line does descend from William Crawford and his wife Rachel Sawyers, making it a legitimate Alexander Crawford line. Currently this tester is in group R1b-01F. Based on this test, that would put Rev James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky in the R1b-01F group.

However, there are several other yDNA testers claiming Alexander Crawford as their earliest known ancestor.

I1-D5 group
I1-D9 group
I1-12 group
R1a-5 group

Granted, I’m not sure all four of the above tests are referring to the Alexander Crawford that was killed by Indians in 1764, but I’m guessing at least three of them are claiming Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford as their ancestors.

So which is it? Do Alexander Crawford’s descendants fall in the R1b-01F group? Or are they in the I1-D5 group, or the I1-D9 group, or the I1-12 group? Or what about the R1a-5 group? I don’t believe they can be in all FIVE yDNA groupings.

These examples from yDNA testing are just a small portion of the issue. A search of Ancestry trees for Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters reveals 5869 public trees contain this couple. Now, not all of those trees will represent descendants but many of them will. (My tree would be included in that count and I don’t descend from Alexander and Mary.)

Since I’m fairly certain that the James Crawford (1758-1836) who married Rebecca Anderson does not descend from Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford, I did a search for such a combination: James Crawford b1758, d1836, father Alexander Crawford, mother Mary McPheeters and spouse Rebecca. That search resulted in 2282 trees. Looking at the results, I found the James Crawford of Fleming County, KY (wife Sarah Van Zandt) on that list many times. Browsing down the list, I found James Crawford who married Rebecca Anderson.

Even though the DAR records for these two James Crawford have been confused over time, they are two separate families. Since they were both born in 1758, they can’t both be sons of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

Below is what I have for the family of Alexander and Mary Crawford.

If the above family is correct, then neither the James who married Rebecca Anderson nor the James who married Sarah Van Zandt are sons of Alexander and Mary Crawford.

There are a few books that I’ve used to figure out that my James Crawford does NOT descend from Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford:

  • Helen McPheeters Rice, The McPheeters Family (Winter Park, FL: No publisher, 1956). There is an digital edition of this book on FamilySearch.
  • William M. Clemens, Crawford Family Records: An Account of the First American Settlers and Colonial Families of the Name of Crawford (New York: William M. Clemens, 1914). This book is also available on FamilySearch.
  • Amanda Crawford Arbogast Forbes and Lucetta Crawford Sammis, Compilers, Descendants of Alexander & Mary McPheeters Crawford: Pioneer Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1980). The Family History Library has the book on microfiche. Microfiche of this book can be found at Midwest Genealogy Center (and possibly other major genealogy libraries). This book outlines descendants for several generations and includes lots of source references.

My Crawford family has roots in the same area that descendants of Alexander and Mary Crawford lived. Thus the records for my family line will be intermingled with the records for Alexander’s line. I’m guessing that there were other Crawford family lines also living in that area of Virginia prior to 1800.

Thus, a lot of work will need to be done to try and identify these various Crawford family lines in early Augusta county. If you have Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford as ancestors in your tree, are you willing to use the above resources and the documents mentioned in them to verify your descent? Until we get these family lines sorted out correctly, our DNA results won’t help identify that next generation. Are you willing to help sort these early Augusta County, Virginia Crawford families out?

New Connection

In your genealogy research, do you have a FAN (Family Associates, Neighbors) club? If so, do you ever see a name and question whether to add him/her to your FAN club? If so, that’s how I felt about Moses Dooley.

It was like that name, Moses Dooley, kept cropping up in different places and times. My first notes for Moses Dooley are from tax records for Preble County Ohio — living in the same community as my ancestor, James Crawford (wife Sally Smith Duggins) and ‘big’ James Crawford (wife Martha Knight).

Thinking that I should find Moses Dooley in Kentucky with these same Crawford families, I looked back at my Kentucky notes and discovered that I didn’t record anything about Moses Dooley. Rechecking the tax records, I found Moses Dooley in 1794 Madison County, Kentucky — on the same page as several Crawfords. [Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY. Film #8126 DGS 7834478. Crawford James, William, 1794 Tax bookx 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 197; digital images, Family Search : viewed online February 2019.]

Assuming the Moses Dooley of Preble County, Ohio is the same person as the Moses Dooley of Madison County, Ky, that places Moses Dooley traveling a similar migration path as that traveled by the two James Crawford families.

A brief study of the information about Moses Dooley on the FamilySearch tree [L66r-BYH] revealed other connection points with my research:

  • Moses Dooley was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1748. Augusta County, is where my ancestor, James Crawford, is said to have been born.
  • Moses Dooley died in 1822 in Preble County, Ohio. James Crawford was living in Preble County, Ohio in 1822 and died there in 1854.
  • Moses Dooley’s grandson, Silas Dooley married Isabel McCracken. Isabel’s grandparents were Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley. The Sellers family is part of my Crawford FAN club.
  • Moses Dooley’s son, Abner married Nancy Douglas. Nancy is the daughter of George and Rebecca Douglas. George Douglas is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford is believed to be the mother of Sarah Crawford (md Williiam Sellers), Mary Crawford (md. James Sellers) and James Crawford (md Martha Knight)

With all of these loose connections to my Crawford family, I decided to see what else I could learn about Moses Dooley and his family. Digging thru Google searches, I stumbled upon a biography of Reuben Dooley, son of Moses Dooley.

Not only does this biography provide a lot of detail about Reuben Dooley and his parents, but it provides details for their migration path. This path took the family from Bedford County, Virginia to Madison County, Kentucky in 1781. From there the family moved to Barren County, Kentucky and then to Preble County, Ohio.

This migration path is very similar to that of the Preble County Crawfords. Deeds place James and Martha in Barren County, Kentucky prior to moving to Preble County, Ohio. Marriage records place both James in early Kentucky. James and Martha were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1793. James and Sally were married in Garrard County Kentucky in 1799. Both James are believed to have been born in Augusta County, Virginia, one in 1770 and the other in 1772.

Although I haven’t found any relationship between my Crawford line and the Dooleys, this biography provides support for the migration of the Preble County James Crawfords South onto the Marrowbone out of the Garrard County Kentucky area prior to the migration North into Preble County, Ohio.

I am glad I followed that ‘nudge’ to do more research on Moses Dooley. He is now an ‘official’ member of my Crawford FAN club.

Crawford Marriages

Have you ever felt the need to go back thru your genealogy research hoping that some new insight can be obtained from those notes and records located years ago? That’s where I’m at with my Crawford research. I started with some marriage records from Augusta County, Virginia.

Vogt John & T. William Kethley, Augusta County Marriages, 1748-1850 (N.p.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1986).

While reviewing these records, I found that I already had most of these Crawfords in my database. However, I often was missing their spouse and/or documentation of their marriage.

In the process of re-looking at these records, I also took the time to find them on FamilySearch so I could see what other researchers might have on these families.

Below are my notes for Crawford males and females married in Augusta County prior to 1801.

Augusta County Marriages 1748-1850


by John Vogt & T. William Kethley
Iberian Publishing Company, np, 1986

Only transcribing marriages prior to 1801

page 66 – Men’s Names

Alexander Crawford [FS LZN5-951 – grandson of Alexander & Mary(McPHeeters) Crawford] & Rachel Lessley [Leslie FS 2W3B-9BV] – 20 Feb 1793 consent William Bell

Andrew [FS 9jHH-3KJ] & Rachel Hunter [FS MYMQ-2MC] – 22 Aug 1799 d William who consents & Mary Hunter who consent test – William Crawford Andrew of age b – William Benson

George [FS KLBL-VM2 – son of Patrick Crawford] & Nancy Winters [FS LZLH-G9W] – 22 Jun 1789; b – Robert Gamble Min – Benjamin erwin – 23 Jun 1789

James & ?? 30 Oct 1762; license only

James & Mary Crawford  27 Dec 1786; b – George Crawford wit – _____ Urquhart min – Archibald Scott – 18 Mar 1786 min- Archibald Scott – 31 Jan 1797

John (FS LHNZ-MB7) & Rebecca Allen (FS M1QM-1MW) 5 Jul 1791; d James, who consents wit – David Hanna & Daniel Early b – James Allen min – John McCune 5 Jul 1791

John (FS KZYZ-8X8)& Sally Newman (FS LC7L-3JW) 11 Fe b1797; widower Sally (of age) d Leavy b – Joshua Parry min – Archibald Scott – 24 Feb 1797

Robert(FS LHXT-KP8) & Anne Allen (FS K67S-K3J) 9 Jan 1787; b – Andrew Anderson certificate by William Craig min – William Wilson – 10 Jan 1788

Samuel (FS LKR7-VMY) & Elizabeth Craig (FS G79H-T62) 9 Oct 1790 ; d Margaret, who consents wit – Alexander & James Craig b – William Crawford min – archibald Scott – 12 Oct 1790

William (FS G9VM-S44) & Martha Cooper (FS KH5R-B3X) 16 Jun 1786; min – Samuel Shannon – 16 Jun 1786

page 263 – Women’s Names


Ann (FS LY4M-KRK) & William Robertson (FS 27S1-FBK) 2 Jun 1788; b – John Crawford min – William WIlson – 3 Jun 1788

Florence (FS LH5N-4DC) & Christian Surface (FS LZNG-P51) 17 Jul 1799; “Sirfes?’ both of oage b- Martin Surface, bro of Christian

Isabella (FS LHD8-6JW) & James Ritchey (FS LHD8-6TT) 16 Fe b1798; d James Crawford, dec. con – Hugh Fulton test – Robert Fulton James Ritchey from Rockbridge b – John Fulton min – Archibald Scott 22 Feb 1798

Margaret (FS KCRZ-JDT) & Daniel Fall (FS LYHW-VD6)30 Aug 1797; d John who consents test – John Rees b – James Brown min – William Wilson – 31 Aug 1797

page 264

Martha (FS LZZ1-66K) & Andrew Anderson (FS l41L-V37) 12 Mar 1788; b – John Miller min William Wilson – 13 Mar 1788

Martha (FS LCZF-9NC) & Robert Poage (FS LCZF-936) 16 Sep 1791; d James who consents b- Robert Crawford & John Robertson b – William Crawford min – William Wilson – 15 sept 1791

Martha (FS KGMT-W76) & Andrew Stull (FS KVLK-9VL)  7 May 1798; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Andrew Steele’ d William b – William Crawford min – William Wilson – 9 May 1798

Mary (FS MYM7-8DX) & William Bell (FS MYM7-8D9) 1 Mar 1796; Mary (of age) d James Crawford, dec. b – Alexander St Clair Approbation of Jane Crawford min – William Wilson – 3 Mar 1796 –

Nancy (FS LCZH-DXP) & James Tallman (FS LCPB-226) 4 Dec 1790; Bond lists James’s name s Tolman d William b – John Armstrong s Benjamin, who consents wit – William Tallman & THomas Hunter min – Archibald Scott – 10 Dec 1790

Polly (FS KL6W-NRL) & John Armstrong (FS KLYG-VFZ) 4 Dec 1790; d William B – James Tallman min – Archibald Scott 10 Dec 1790

Rachel & William Bell 17 Sep 1799; widower & widow (of Charles) b Alexander Crawford

Rachel [Barclay? FS LHZ6-DL2 widow of John Crawford [FS LCMX-T8Y] & John Poage [FS LBKT-RF5]26 Nov 1792; b – THomas Wilson  min – William Wilson – 27 Nov 1792

Sarah [FS GSMP-GLR] & Theobald John Campbell [FS MYMH-CVN] 7 Aug 1792; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Polly’ b – John Campbell Sr mini William Wilson 9 Aug 1792

Violet (FS LHGZ-WMK) & David Gwinn (FS LHJ6-RHM) 11 Nov 1790; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Grim or Ginn’ d William who consents b – J Lyle Jr min – John Montgomery 11 Nov 1790

I am thankful that I reviewed this lists of marriages and took the time to figure out how each of these couples connected to the various Crawford lines in Augusta County, Virginia. Now to see if I have something else hidden in my files to help me piece together these families.

Crawford Genealogy Collaboration

My Crawford line is a brick wall! I’m fairly certain my line goes back to Virginia from Kentucky — but I can’t find any land records, court records or even family members to help me go back a generation. Many other Crawford researchers also have brick walls — maybe not in Kentucky, but somewhere in colonial America.

Not only are we struggling with our paper research, but it is difficult to break thru these brick walls by finding common ancestors from our DNA results. Since we are trying to go back 200 or more years, our autosomal DNA isn’t of much help. And, our yDNA matches are for names and places that aren’t familiar to us.

My earliest known Crawford ancestor is James Crawford born about 1772 in Virginia and died in 1854 in Preble County, Ohio. Our haplogroup is R-A13336. Our yDNA line and two others with the same haplogroup are in the R1b-01BArdmillan group. There are three with a haplogroup of R-A13336 in the group R1b-01FArdmillan Outliers. Also in this R1b-01FArdmillan Outliers group is a descendant of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

In order to figure out how my Crawford line is related to these other Crawford lines, I am going to need the help of other Crawford researchers. Based on my Kentucky research, I think a lot of these lines may go back to early Augusta County, Virginia.

If you are a Crawford researcher, I need your help!

  • If you are on Facebook, ask to join the Clan Crawford Association and DNA Research Forum
  • If you manage a yDNA test for a Crawford descendant and are not part of the Crawford DNA project, please join it.
  • If you know of a Crawford male descendant, consider asking them to do a yDNA test for at least 37 markers so they can participate in the Crawford DNA project
  • If you have done an autosomal DNA test (such as those done by Ancestry), please consider uploading your DNA to GedMatch. 
  • If you have DNA on GedMatch please consider volunteering to be part of a Crawford Autosomal DNA project (see post about this in the Clan Crawford Association Facebook group)

Watch for more on ways we can work together to unravel our Crawford brick walls!

Crawford Clan DNA Challenge

Have you had your DNA tested? If so, did DNA help you answer a question? Based on Facebook posts I’ve seen, it appears that DNA is helping adoptees to connect with their birth family.

In my case, I wasn’t hoping to identify a close relative. Instead, I was hoping (and still am hoping) to identify my 5th great grandparents — particularly on my dad’s CRAWFORD line. It’s been 3 years since I first spit in a test tube (autosomal DNA) and since my brother swabbed his cheek (yDNA). That’s 3 years of working with various DNA results and few clues about this mysterious CRAWFORD grandfather.

As I’m trying to learn more about our yDNA results, so I can make sense of how we might fit in the Crawford Clan, I’ve come to a couple of conclusions:

  • There’s too little data – I need more 5th, 6th and 7th cousins to do a yDNA test
  • Determining relationships is VERY dependent on the accuracy of BOTH of our family trees

The closest matches at 37 and 67 markers do not have a common earliest known ancestor. Nor were any of these earliest known ancestors in my paper research — even in my broader research of Kentucky James Crawford families.

As I was able to upgrade the yDNA test to 111 markers, the genetic distances increased to 6 and I still had a wide variety of potential relatives (their earliest known ancestors).
Since the BigY results have come back, my branch of the BigY tree was identified as R-A13336.

Besides identifying my branch on the tree, the BigY test confirmed my placement in the R1b-01B Ardmillan group on the Crawford DNA project. According to the project administrator, I could share a common ancestor with any of the people in the R1b-01 section of the project. 
Unfortunately, I still have no idea how I might be related to any of my matches in the R-A13336 haplogroup. However, I do recognize several of the other ‘earliest known ancestors’ in this area of the Crawford project.

The two “James Crawford b1758” likely refer to the James Crawford married to Rebecca Anderson. This James Crawford owned land on Paint Lick Creek in Madison/Garrard Counties, Kentucky prior to his move to Jefferson County, Indiana. This is the same area of Kentucky where my ancestor was married in 1799 along with several other Crawford (William, Rebecca, and Mary) families. I suspect that my ancestor is somehow related to these other Crawfords but have not been able to locate any documentation to support that suspicion.
Another Crawford researcher has James, William and the spouses of Rebecca and Mary as grandsons of Col. John Crawford and great-grandsons of Robert Crawford II and Mary Shaw. This researcher has William Crawford (b. 1691 and d. 1767) as a second son to Robert Crawford II. According to this researcher, sons of William (1691-1767)  include Patrick (d. 1787) and Alexander (1716-1764). William, Patrick and Alexander are likely listed as the following earliest known ancestors in the Crawford yDNA project:  Patrick (b. 1723 and d. 1787), William (b. 1691 and d. 1761) and Alexander (b. 1715 -d 1764).
This same researcher believes my James Crawford may be the son of Mary Crawford, and thus a grandson of Col. John Crawford and great grandson of Robert Crawford II. (Again, I don’t have any documentation to support this theory.) If this is the case, then my James Crawford (1772-1854) would be a first cousin twice removed to the Alexander Crawford, married to Mary McPheeters, who was killed in 1764. This theory also makes James Crawford (1758-1836) an uncle to my James Crawford. The R1b-01B grouping of yDNA results supports this theory.
A search of the Crawford yDNA project for male children of William Crawford and Mary Ann Douglas (grandsons of Robert and Mary Shaw Crawford) did not locate any ‘earliest known ancestors’ listing for Robert, John, Edward, James, Thomas, William or George using the suggested birth and death information. As stated previously, there is a listing for Patrick in the R1b-01C section and a listing for Alexander Crawford (b. 1715-D1764) in the R1b-01F Ardmillan Outliers section.
Unfortunately, using other trees to locate the documentation to verify this theory becomes very tricky. Many Crawford trees with family going back to the area of Augusta County, Virginia prior to the revolutionary war find the information about the family of Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters and try to fit their tree into Alexander’s family. 
Thus, the challenges ahead:

  • Find more Crawford descendants of these Augusta County, VA lines and encourage them to have their yDNA tested.
  • Identify descendants with GedMatch kits and encourage them to participate in the autosomal Crawford gedmatch project
  • Encourage my known Crawford autosomal DNA matches to transfer their DNA data to GedMatch and join the project
  • Figure out a communication method to connect everyone
  • Work with other researchers to document the various Crawford families with roots going back to Augusta County, Virginia (map from

Please consider joining me in this

Augusta County, VA Crawford project!