New Connection

In your genealogy research, do you have a FAN (Family Associates, Neighbors) club? If so, do you ever see a name and question whether to add him/her to your FAN club? If so, that’s how I felt about Moses Dooley.

It was like that name, Moses Dooley, kept cropping up in different places and times. My first notes for Moses Dooley are from tax records for Preble County Ohio — living in the same community as my ancestor, James Crawford (wife Sally Smith Duggins) and ‘big’ James Crawford (wife Martha Knight).

Thinking that I should find Moses Dooley in Kentucky with these same Crawford families, I looked back at my Kentucky notes and discovered that I didn’t record anything about Moses Dooley. Rechecking the tax records, I found Moses Dooley in 1794 Madison County, Kentucky — on the same page as several Crawfords. [Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY. Film #8126 DGS 7834478. Crawford James, William, 1794 Tax bookx 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 197; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.]

Assuming the Moses Dooley of Preble County, Ohio is the same person as the Moses Dooley of Madison County, Ky, that places Moses Dooley traveling a similar migration path as that traveled by the two James Crawford families.

A brief study of the information about Moses Dooley on the FamilySearch tree [L66r-BYH] revealed other connection points with my research:

  • Moses Dooley was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1748. Augusta County, is where my ancestor, James Crawford, is said to have been born.
  • Moses Dooley died in 1822 in Preble County, Ohio. James Crawford was living in Preble County, Ohio in 1822 and died there in 1854.
  • Moses Dooley’s grandson, Silas Dooley married Isabel McCracken. Isabel’s grandparents were Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley. The Sellers family is part of my Crawford FAN club.
  • Moses Dooley’s son, Abner married Nancy Douglas. Nancy is the daughter of George and Rebecca Douglas. George Douglas is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford is believed to be the mother of Sarah Crawford (md Williiam Sellers), Mary Crawford (md. James Sellers) and James Crawford (md Martha Knight)

With all of these loose connections to my Crawford family, I decided to see what else I could learn about Moses Dooley and his family. Digging thru Google searches, I stumbled upon a biography of Reuben Dooley, son of Moses Dooley.

Not only does this biography provide a lot of detail about Reuben Dooley and his parents, but it provides details for their migration path. This path took the family from Bedford County, Virginia to Madison County, Kentucky in 1781. From there the family moved to Barren County, Kentucky and then to Preble County, Ohio.

This migration path is very similar to that of the Preble County Crawfords. Deeds place James and Martha in Barren County, Kentucky prior to moving to Preble County, Ohio. Marriage records place both James in early Kentucky. James and Martha were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1793. James and Sally were married in Garrard County Kentucky in 1799. Both James are believed to have been born in Augusta County, Virginia, one in 1770 and the other in 1772.

Although I haven’t found any relationship between my Crawford line and the Dooleys, this biography provides support for the migration of the Preble County James Crawfords South onto the Marrowbone out of the Garrard County Kentucky area prior to the migration North into Preble County, Ohio.

I am glad I followed that ‘nudge’ to do more research on Moses Dooley. He is now an ‘official’ member of my Crawford FAN club.

Crawford Marriages

Have you ever felt the need to go back thru your genealogy research hoping that some new insight can be obtained from those notes and records located years ago? That’s where I’m at with my Crawford research. I started with some marriage records from Augusta County, Virginia.

Vogt John & T. William Kethley, Augusta County Marriages, 1748-1850 (N.p.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1986).

While reviewing these records, I found that I already had most of these Crawfords in my database. However, I often was missing their spouse and/or documentation of their marriage.

In the process of re-looking at these records, I also took the time to find them on FamilySearch so I could see what other researchers might have on these families.

Below are my notes for Crawford males and females married in Augusta County prior to 1801.

Augusta County Marriages 1748-1850

Crawford.VA.030

by John Vogt & T. William Kethley
Iberian Publishing Company, np, 1986

Only transcribing marriages prior to 1801

page 66 – Men’s Names

Alexander Crawford [FS LZN5-951 – grandson of Alexander & Mary(McPHeeters) Crawford] & Rachel Lessley [Leslie FS 2W3B-9BV] – 20 Feb 1793 consent William Bell

Andrew [FS 9jHH-3KJ] & Rachel Hunter [FS MYMQ-2MC] – 22 Aug 1799 d William who consents & Mary Hunter who consent test – William Crawford Andrew of age b – William Benson

George [FS KLBL-VM2 – son of Patrick Crawford] & Nancy Winters [FS LZLH-G9W] – 22 Jun 1789; b – Robert Gamble Min – Benjamin erwin – 23 Jun 1789

James & ?? 30 Oct 1762; license only

James & Mary Crawford  27 Dec 1786; b – George Crawford wit – _____ Urquhart min – Archibald Scott – 18 Mar 1786 min- Archibald Scott – 31 Jan 1797

John (FS LHNZ-MB7) & Rebecca Allen (FS M1QM-1MW) 5 Jul 1791; d James, who consents wit – David Hanna & Daniel Early b – James Allen min – John McCune 5 Jul 1791

John (FS KZYZ-8X8)& Sally Newman (FS LC7L-3JW) 11 Fe b1797; widower Sally (of age) d Leavy b – Joshua Parry min – Archibald Scott – 24 Feb 1797

Robert(FS LHXT-KP8) & Anne Allen (FS K67S-K3J) 9 Jan 1787; b – Andrew Anderson certificate by William Craig min – William Wilson – 10 Jan 1788

Samuel (FS LKR7-VMY) & Elizabeth Craig (FS G79H-T62) 9 Oct 1790 ; d Margaret, who consents wit – Alexander & James Craig b – William Crawford min – archibald Scott – 12 Oct 1790

William (FS G9VM-S44) & Martha Cooper (FS KH5R-B3X) 16 Jun 1786; min – Samuel Shannon – 16 Jun 1786

page 263 – Women’s Names

Crawford

Ann (FS LY4M-KRK) & William Robertson (FS 27S1-FBK) 2 Jun 1788; b – John Crawford min – William WIlson – 3 Jun 1788

Florence (FS LH5N-4DC) & Christian Surface (FS LZNG-P51) 17 Jul 1799; “Sirfes?’ both of oage b- Martin Surface, bro of Christian

Isabella (FS LHD8-6JW) & James Ritchey (FS LHD8-6TT) 16 Fe b1798; d James Crawford, dec. con – Hugh Fulton test – Robert Fulton James Ritchey from Rockbridge b – John Fulton min – Archibald Scott 22 Feb 1798

Margaret (FS KCRZ-JDT) & Daniel Fall (FS LYHW-VD6)30 Aug 1797; d John who consents test – John Rees b – James Brown min – William Wilson – 31 Aug 1797

page 264

Martha (FS LZZ1-66K) & Andrew Anderson (FS l41L-V37) 12 Mar 1788; b – John Miller min William Wilson – 13 Mar 1788

Martha (FS LCZF-9NC) & Robert Poage (FS LCZF-936) 16 Sep 1791; d James who consents b- Robert Crawford & John Robertson b – William Crawford min – William Wilson – 15 sept 1791

Martha (FS KGMT-W76) & Andrew Stull (FS KVLK-9VL)  7 May 1798; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Andrew Steele’ d William b – William Crawford min – William Wilson – 9 May 1798

Mary (FS MYM7-8DX) & William Bell (FS MYM7-8D9) 1 Mar 1796; Mary (of age) d James Crawford, dec. b – Alexander St Clair Approbation of Jane Crawford min – William Wilson – 3 Mar 1796 –

Nancy (FS LCZH-DXP) & James Tallman (FS LCPB-226) 4 Dec 1790; Bond lists James’s name s Tolman d William b – John Armstrong s Benjamin, who consents wit – William Tallman & THomas Hunter min – Archibald Scott – 10 Dec 1790

Polly (FS KL6W-NRL) & John Armstrong (FS KLYG-VFZ) 4 Dec 1790; d William B – James Tallman min – Archibald Scott 10 Dec 1790

Rachel & William Bell 17 Sep 1799; widower & widow (of Charles) b Alexander Crawford

Rachel [Barclay? FS LHZ6-DL2 widow of John Crawford [FS LCMX-T8Y] & John Poage [FS LBKT-RF5]26 Nov 1792; b – THomas Wilson  min – William Wilson – 27 Nov 1792

Sarah [FS GSMP-GLR] & Theobald John Campbell [FS MYMH-CVN] 7 Aug 1792; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Polly’ b – John Campbell Sr mini William Wilson 9 Aug 1792

Violet (FS LHGZ-WMK) & David Gwinn (FS LHJ6-RHM) 11 Nov 1790; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Grim or Ginn’ d William who consents b – J Lyle Jr min – John Montgomery 11 Nov 1790

I am thankful that I reviewed this lists of marriages and took the time to figure out how each of these couples connected to the various Crawford lines in Augusta County, Virginia. Now to see if I have something else hidden in my files to help me piece together these families.

Crawford Genealogy Collaboration

My Crawford line is a brick wall! I’m fairly certain my line goes back to Virginia from Kentucky — but I can’t find any land records, court records or even family members to help me go back a generation. Many other Crawford researchers also have brick walls — maybe not in Kentucky, but somewhere in colonial America.

Not only are we struggling with our paper research, but it is difficult to break thru these brick walls by finding common ancestors from our DNA results. Since we are trying to go back 200 or more years, our autosomal DNA isn’t of much help. And, our yDNA matches are for names and places that aren’t familiar to us.


My earliest known Crawford ancestor is James Crawford born about 1772 in Virginia and died in 1854 in Preble County, Ohio. Our haplogroup is R-A13336. Our yDNA line and two others with the same haplogroup are in the R1b-01BArdmillan group. There are three with a haplogroup of R-A13336 in the group R1b-01FArdmillan Outliers. Also in this R1b-01FArdmillan Outliers group is a descendant of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

In order to figure out how my Crawford line is related to these other Crawford lines, I am going to need the help of other Crawford researchers. Based on my Kentucky research, I think a lot of these lines may go back to early Augusta County, Virginia.

If you are a Crawford researcher, I need your help!

  • If you are on Facebook, ask to join the Clan Crawford Association and DNA Research Forum
  • If you manage a yDNA test for a Crawford descendant and are not part of the Crawford DNA project, please join it.
  • If you know of a Crawford male descendant, consider asking them to do a yDNA test for at least 37 markers so they can participate in the Crawford DNA project
  • If you have done an autosomal DNA test (such as those done by Ancestry), please consider uploading your DNA to GedMatch. 
  • If you have DNA on GedMatch please consider volunteering to be part of a Crawford Autosomal DNA project (see post about this in the Clan Crawford Association Facebook group)

Watch for more on ways we can work together to unravel our Crawford brick walls!

Crawford Clan DNA Challenge

Have you had your DNA tested? If so, did DNA help you answer a question? Based on Facebook posts I’ve seen, it appears that DNA is helping adoptees to connect with their birth family.

In my case, I wasn’t hoping to identify a close relative. Instead, I was hoping (and still am hoping) to identify my 5th great grandparents — particularly on my dad’s CRAWFORD line. It’s been 3 years since I first spit in a test tube (autosomal DNA) and since my brother swabbed his cheek (yDNA). That’s 3 years of working with various DNA results and few clues about this mysterious CRAWFORD grandfather.

As I’m trying to learn more about our yDNA results, so I can make sense of how we might fit in the Crawford Clan, I’ve come to a couple of conclusions:

  • There’s too little data – I need more 5th, 6th and 7th cousins to do a yDNA test
  • Determining relationships is VERY dependent on the accuracy of BOTH of our family trees

The closest matches at 37 and 67 markers do not have a common earliest known ancestor. Nor were any of these earliest known ancestors in my paper research — even in my broader research of Kentucky James Crawford families.

As I was able to upgrade the yDNA test to 111 markers, the genetic distances increased to 6 and I still had a wide variety of potential relatives (their earliest known ancestors).
Since the BigY results have come back, my branch of the BigY tree was identified as R-A13336.

Besides identifying my branch on the tree, the BigY test confirmed my placement in the R1b-01B Ardmillan group on the Crawford DNA project. According to the project administrator, I could share a common ancestor with any of the people in the R1b-01 section of the project. 
Unfortunately, I still have no idea how I might be related to any of my matches in the R-A13336 haplogroup. However, I do recognize several of the other ‘earliest known ancestors’ in this area of the Crawford project.

The two “James Crawford b1758” likely refer to the James Crawford married to Rebecca Anderson. This James Crawford owned land on Paint Lick Creek in Madison/Garrard Counties, Kentucky prior to his move to Jefferson County, Indiana. This is the same area of Kentucky where my ancestor was married in 1799 along with several other Crawford (William, Rebecca, and Mary) families. I suspect that my ancestor is somehow related to these other Crawfords but have not been able to locate any documentation to support that suspicion.
Another Crawford researcher has James, William and the spouses of Rebecca and Mary as grandsons of Col. John Crawford and great-grandsons of Robert Crawford II and Mary Shaw. This researcher has William Crawford (b. 1691 and d. 1767) as a second son to Robert Crawford II. According to this researcher, sons of William (1691-1767)  include Patrick (d. 1787) and Alexander (1716-1764). William, Patrick and Alexander are likely listed as the following earliest known ancestors in the Crawford yDNA project:  Patrick (b. 1723 and d. 1787), William (b. 1691 and d. 1761) and Alexander (b. 1715 -d 1764).
This same researcher believes my James Crawford may be the son of Mary Crawford, and thus a grandson of Col. John Crawford and great grandson of Robert Crawford II. (Again, I don’t have any documentation to support this theory.) If this is the case, then my James Crawford (1772-1854) would be a first cousin twice removed to the Alexander Crawford, married to Mary McPheeters, who was killed in 1764. This theory also makes James Crawford (1758-1836) an uncle to my James Crawford. The R1b-01B grouping of yDNA results supports this theory.
A search of the Crawford yDNA project for male children of William Crawford and Mary Ann Douglas (grandsons of Robert and Mary Shaw Crawford) did not locate any ‘earliest known ancestors’ listing for Robert, John, Edward, James, Thomas, William or George using the suggested birth and death information. As stated previously, there is a listing for Patrick in the R1b-01C section and a listing for Alexander Crawford (b. 1715-D1764) in the R1b-01F Ardmillan Outliers section.
Unfortunately, using other trees to locate the documentation to verify this theory becomes very tricky. Many Crawford trees with family going back to the area of Augusta County, Virginia prior to the revolutionary war find the information about the family of Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters and try to fit their tree into Alexander’s family. 
Thus, the challenges ahead:

  • Find more Crawford descendants of these Augusta County, VA lines and encourage them to have their yDNA tested.
  • Identify descendants with GedMatch kits and encourage them to participate in the autosomal Crawford gedmatch project
  • Encourage my known Crawford autosomal DNA matches to transfer their DNA data to GedMatch and join the project
  • Figure out a communication method to connect everyone
  • Work with other researchers to document the various Crawford families with roots going back to Augusta County, Virginia (map from https://www.mapofus.org/virginia/)

Please consider joining me in this

Augusta County, VA Crawford project!