Sarah “Sally Smith Duggins (Find A Grave / Obituary Abstracts / Marriage Records)
6) Ancestor’s spouse parents:
Ann Shoemaker (Virginia, Amherst county. Register of Marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, 1763-1853. Film #30273 DGS 7578824. Alexander Duggins Jr, 1788 Jan 22; page 40; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 6 August 2022.)
7) Ancestor’s spouse birth date and place: 25 Feb 1770, Virginia
While trying to find a deed for 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone that I think my ancestor, James Crawford may have owned, I was trying to find the original land entry. Unfortunately, I haven’t found any land entries or deeds for this land. However, while looking at land entry records in Green County, I found several entries for members of my CRAWFORD FAN club: namely Douglas and Dooley.
The first is an entry by Nathaniel Douglass for 200 acres. At this point, I’m not sure this Nathaniel Douglas fits in my FAN Club. My FAN club includes George Douglass and his descendants. George had a son named Nathan. FamilySearch does not have any brothers identified for George Douglas. Could the Nathaniel Douglas in the land entry be George’s son, Nathan? Maybe. But lots of research would need to be done to prove that Nathan and Nathaniel are the same person.
Image 109 – page 136
1799 Jany 14
No 503 We do hereby certify that Nathaniel Douglass is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeable to an act of the assembly entitled “An act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers & located as follows upon a branch of [Tillwill] waters of [Obeys] & Cumberland rivers beginning at a poplar & [pointers] thence extending N70E S20ES70W & N20W for quantity so as to include his improvement.
Then, I found an entry for Jacob Dooley. At this point, I don’t believe Jacob Dooley is a son of FAN club member, Capt. Moses Dooley. This might be an entry for the brother of Capt. Dooley, Private Jacob Dooley. The deatils for Private Jacob Dooley indicate that he resided in Madison County, KY, making it possible that this land entry is for him. Thus, I have added a discussion to that those more familiar with Private Jacob Dooley can determine whether he entered land in Green County, Kentucky.
Image 132 page 183
1799 May 3
Jacob Dooly enters 200 acres of second rate land by virtue of a certificate of settlement No 630 Beginning at William Prices Se corner on a Black Oak & Mulberry thence N 35W20 poles to Williams Mullins Walnut & Mulberry corner thence with hsi line & S55W 280 poles to a dogwood & poplar thence S35E30 poles to a forked white walnut thence N 63E200 poles with Sims line to 2 black oaks thence S27E60 poles to 3 maples in a swamp thence 115 poles to Maple & Sweet Gum thence N 100 poles to Walnut & hickory thence N 30 W 80 poles to a state in Prices line thence with his line S55W 70 poles to the Beginning
In 1798, brothers, George and Ruben Dooley entered adjoining land.
image 100 – page 118
1798 Dec 14
No 747 We do hereby certify that Ruben Dooley is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the assembly entitled an act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers to locate as follows on the waters of little Barren Beginning on the north side of a branch below a large cave opposite his improvement running southwardly & westwardly for quantity including his improvement.
Kentucky, Green County. Land entry books, 1780-1898, 1908, 1918. Film #1877097 DGS 8272154. Ruben Dooley, Dec 1798; page 118; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 November 2022.
image 100 – page 118
1798 Dec 14 No. 748 We do hereby certify that George Dooley is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the Assembly entitled “an act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers & located as follows on the waters of Little Barren Beginning on Ruben Dooleys eastward line running southw ardly with said Rubens line and eastwardly for quantity incl uding his improvement.
Kentucky, Green County. Land entry books, 1780-1898, 1908, 1918. Film #1877097 DGS 8272154. George Dooley, 17898; page 118; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 November 2022.
Finally, in 1799 is an entry for Moses Dooley for land on the Marrowbone.
Image 118 page 154-155
1799 Feb 22
bottom of page 154 No 745 We do hereby certify that Moses Dooley is entitled to 200 acres of
page 155 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the assembly entitled “An act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers & located as follows on the waters of Marrowbone beginning 90 poles below his improvement on the south side of the creek [running] a westerly course 179 poles thence at right angles for quantity including his improvement.
Kentucky, Green County. Land entry books, 1780-1898, 1908, 1918. Film #1877097 DGS 8272154. Moses Dooley, 1799; page 154-155; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 November 2022.
This land entry could be for Capt. Moses Dooley or his son, Moses Dooley. A check of the tax records suggests that this entry is for the son since it is Moses Junr who owns land on the Marrowbone.
Not only did the 1800 tax list help me figure out which Moses Dooley entered land in 1799, it also alerted me to the fact that I’m missing two other DOOLEY land entries: one for Moses Dooley Senr and one for Thomas Dooley who evidently sold his land to Moses Dooley Senr.
image 98 – page 114
1798 Dec 14
No 835 – We do hereby certify that John Railsback is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the assembly entitled an act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers & located as follows in Green County on the waters of Marrow bone beginning at Ruben Dooley southwest corner on a line of military survey running thence with the military line south & from the beginning with Dooley’s line for quantity including his improvement.
No 734 We do hereby certify that Moses Dooley is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the assembly entitled an act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers & located as follows In the county of Green & on the middle fork of Little Barren river beginning at an Ash tree marked MD on the west side of the creek running to the cardinal points for quantity including the improvement near the center of the survey.
No 746 We do hereby certify that Thomas Dooley is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rate land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the assembly entitled an act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers & located as follows In Green county on the waters of little Barren beginning at Moses Dooleys senr most southwardly corner running south 179 poles then west 179 poles thence N 179 poles to Moses Dooleys Senr most SW corner thence to the beginning including his improvements.
Kentucky, Green County. Land entry books, 1780-1898, 1908, 1918. Film #1877097 DGS 8272154. Moses Dooley Senr, Dec 1798; page 114; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 November 2022.
These land entries place the Dooley family in the southern part of Kentucky prior to 1800. They provide another clue about the migration of my CRAWFORD FAN club.
Have you ever had a clue from one document that should lead you to another document, but it doesn’t? That’s my case with my James Crawford research in the early 1800s.
For background, my ancestor, James Crawford, married Sally Duggins in Garrard County, Kentucky in 1799. By 1811 he is living in Preble County, Ohio. In Ohio, his land entry is as a tenant in common with William Sellers. William Sellers married Sarah Crawford in 1796 in Lincoln County, KY. The consent for Sarah Crawford’s marriage was granted by Rebakah Crawford with James Crawford and James Sellers as witnesses. In 1793, a James Crawford obtained a bond to marry Martha Knight in Lincoln County, Kentucky. James and Martha owned land in Preble County, Ohio next to James and Sally Crawford.
While the obvious conclusion would be that all three families migrated from Garrard/Lincoln county Kentucky to Preble County, Kentucky, they likely took a detour. In 1821, James and Martha sell land in Barren County, Kentucky.
This Indenture made the eleventh day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between James Crawford of the county of Preble state of Ohio of the one part and John Moorehead of Barren County Kentucky state of the other part and witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars recents to the said James Craw ford in hand paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledge have granted bargained aliened conveyed & confirmed & by these presents do grant bargain sell alien convey and confirm unto the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns forever a certain tract of land containing two hundred acres of the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Marrawbone
page 2 In testimony whereof, the said James Crawford & Martha his wife has hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written James Crawford Martha (her mark) Crawford Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us David Williamson Nathan D Sellers
Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #7899153. James Crawford to Alexander Moorehead, 11 Dec 1821; J: 1-2; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.
While owning land in a county did not necessarily mean that the individual resided in the county, a search of the tax lists for Barren County, Kentucky has a James Crawford with 200 acres on the Marrowbone in 1800. By 1802, those tax lists show a Crawford James (small) [jr] and a Crawford James (big) Senr. James Crawford Senr is listed as owning 200 acres on the Marrowbones. A William Sellers is also found on the 1802 tax lists. By 1803, these tax lists show that Crafford James Jr owns 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone.
Since the Preble County, Ohio tax lists also uses the “Jr” designation for one of the James Crawfords, I think my James Crawford may also have lived in Barren County, KY along with James Crawford and William Sellers. Since I’ve established that James Jr in Preble county is my James Crawford, my theory is that the James Jr owning 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone is my James Crawford. However, I need to find the deed for the sale of the land on the Marrowbone.
And that’s where I’m puzzled! I can’t find such a deed in Barren County.
Since the tax lists indicate that the 50 acres on the Marrowbone were originally granted to Abner Dooley, I’ve tried tracking his land. Abner Dooley has land entered in Green County, Kentucky for 200 acres on the Marrowbone.
No. 735 We do hereby certify that Abner Dooley is entitled to 200 acres of 2nd rage land by virtue of his having improved the same agreeably to an act of the Assembly entitled “Al act for encouraging & granting relief to settlers” & located as follows In Green County on the Dividing ridge between the head of Marrowbone and the head of the Middle Fork of Little Barren Beginning in the head of a hollow on the Marrowbone waters at a linen tree marked AD & SC running to the cardinal points for quantity includued the improvement near the west side of the survey.
Kentucky, Green County. Land entry books, 1780-1898, 1908, 1918. Film #1877097 DGS 8272154. Abner Dooley, 14 Dec 1798; page 117 (image 99); digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 13 November 2022.
Searching for Abner Dooley deeds, I found one in Barren County, Kentucky from 1806 where Abner sells land to Michael Branstetter. The land description in this deed includes the following
Beginning at a lynn tree marked AD and SC
The tax records support this transfer of land. In 1806 Abner Dooley is shown with 197 acres on the L Barren. Then, in 1807, Michal Branstetter has 197 acres on L Barren that was originally entered by Ab Dooley.
If I go back to 1803, Abner Dooley is shown with two parcels of land: 200 acres on the L Barren and 50 acres on the Marrowbone.
Then, in 1804, Abner Dooley no longer has the 50 acres on the Marrowbone.
Looking at the 1803 tax list again, James Crawford Jr is listed with the 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone while another James Crawford is listed directly above with a total of 450 acres: 200 on the L Barren, 200 on Spring Creek and 50 on the Marrowbone.
Based on this tax list analysis, I am missing several deeds:
Abner Dooley’s land sale for 50 acres on the Marrowbone sometime after 1803
James Crawford’s purchase of 50 acres on the Marrowbone
Deeds for the sale of two different 50 acre parcels of land on the Marrowbone by James Crawford
James Crawford sale of 200 acres of land on Spring Creek (possibly in Cumberland county)
Does your FAN club ever surprise you? Have you ever found a new connection between members of your FAN club? I’ve recently been paying more attention to Moses Dooley and his family since he is in the same locations as my James Crawford.
As I’m starting to seriously research Moses Dooley and his family, I discovered that his son, Abner was married to Nancy Douglass. And of course, Douglass is another surname in my Kentucky FAN Club. According to FamilySearch, Nancy is the daughter of George Douglass.
While we still lack proof, it is suspected that George Douglass had a sister, Rebekah who married John Crawford. Based on their marriage records, Rebekah Crawford is thought to be the mother of James Crawford (wife Martha Knight), Mary Crawford (husband James Sellers) and Sarah Crawford (husband William Sellers). If Rebekah is a sister to George Douglass, then Nancy Douglass Dooley would be a niece. That would also make Nancy Douglass Cooley a first cousin to James Crawford (wife Martha).
While George Douglass’ will does not mention siblings, it does identify his children, including Nancy Dooley. This establishes a connection between the DOUGLASS and the DOOLEY families in my Kentucky Fan Club.
Will of George Douglass
Image 334 – page 74 George Douglas Will
In the name of God, Amen. I George Douglass of the County of Barren and State of Kentucky being in a weak and lonely state of health and knowing the uncertainty of death, but in my usual state of mind and memory do make and ordain this to be my last will & testament in the words and manner following, to wit I will devise and bequeth to my son Saml Douglass one negro girl named Fenny to him and his heirs forever I will devise and bequeath to my son William Douglass the sum of four hundred dollars to be deducted out of the money he justly owes me to him and his heirs forever. I will devise and bequeth to my daughter Salley Shaw one dollar in cash to her and her heirs forever. My will [?crossout mark] desire also is that my Negro girl Emily and my riding horse be sold and all my just debts collected and the money arising from the same to be equally divided between six legatees namely Mary Hill, Nancy Dooley, Betsy Bagby, Nathan Douglass, William Douglass, & Saml Douglass to theirs and their heirs forever and also will same equality between the heirs of my son John Douglass decd and the heirs of my daughter Milly Newland decd that is to say the heirs of my son John Douglass Desc all jointly to have one equal share with each one of the before mentioned six legatees and that one equal share to be equally divided among the said heirs of John Douglass Decd and the heirs of my daughter Milly Newland decd to have an equal share with the heirs of John Douglass Decd to them and their heirs forever. I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint Henry F Greenwood my executor tho this my last will & testament Acknowledged Signed and Sealed in presence of John Fox, J.A. Rice, William Bell George Douglass
Barren County, To Wit November Court 1820 The foregoing writing purporting to be the last will of George Douglass Decd ws produced in Court & John Fox, Jonathan A Rice and William Bell subscribing witnesses being sworn saith that the said writing was signed and delivered by the said George Douglas as his will, and that they believe he was in his proper sense and of a disposing mind and thereupon the said writing was ordered to be recorded as the true last will of the said George Douglass Deceased Test W. Logan Clk
Kentucky, Barren. Mixed Probate Records, Vols. 1-2 1799-1829. Film #film 209740 DGS 004818752. George Douglass, 1820; Book 2: page 74; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 February 2020.
Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible music here) is to:
1) What genealogical discovery surprised you? [Thank you to Linda Stufflebean for suggesting topics!]
This question almost stumped me. However, thinking back thru my research, there are some records that provided a surprising bit of information. This first document was a Garrard County, Kentucky deed for the sale of land by Rebecca and James Crawford.
Garrard County Kentucky Deed book A page 605
This indenture made this 27th day of September Anno Dom 1804 between Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford of the County of Barren and Common wealth of Kentucky of the one part and Rubin Arnold of the County of Garrard and Commonwealth afore said of the other part witnesseth that the said Rebecca and James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of twelve pounds current money of Kentucky to them in hand the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge and for them selves their heirs do freely clearly and absolutely bargain and sell unto the afore said Ruebin Arnold and unto his heirs and assigns for ever one certain tract or parcel of land containing by survey five acres and an half situate lying and being in the county of Garrard on the waters of Boon mill Seat Creek and is bounded as follows (to wit) beginning at an Elm and two Beech trees now a corner to Reubin Arnold formerly a corner of John Matthews form thence north thirty six degrees East thirty poles to a Buck and Sugar tree near the Hickman Road from thence keeping on the south side of said Road as it meanders to a large Black walnut standing on the south side of the said road in the line of Myer’s preemption from thence north four degrees west sixty poles to the beginning with its appertarnances to him the said Reuben Arnold and unto his heirs and assigns for ever to have and to hold and to hold the said five and an half acres of land with al and every of its appertainances rites and members unto him the said Reuben Arnold and unto his heirs and assigns forever and the said Rebecca and James Crawford for them selves their heirs do and shall and with by these presents for ever warrant and defend the title of the aforesaid land and premises agst the claim of all and every person or persons whatsoever that shall or may claim hereafter the same unto the afore said Reuben Arnold and unto his heirs & assigns forever In testimony where of the said Rebecca and James Crawford have here unto set their hand and affixed their seals the day and year above written Rebecca (her mark) Crawford seal James Crawford Seal Signed Sealed and acknowledged in the presents of
This indenture of bargain and sale from Rebecca and James Crawford to Reuben Arnold was acknowledged in my office the 26th day of sept 1804 and ordered to record Test Bent Jetcher CeCC
Kentucky, Garrard. Book of Deeds. Film #183242 (DGS 7899064). Crawford ro Arnold, 27 Oct 1804; Vol A: page 605 (image 314); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.
This deed by itself does not prove anything since there are multiple men named James Crawford living in the area of Garrard County Kentucky prior to 1800 along with at least two women named Rebekah Crawford.
James Crawford and wife Rebecca Anderson
Rebekah Crawford, land owner in Garrard County, KY
James Crawford and wife Martha Knight
James Crawford and wife Sally Duggins
And it doesn’t help that all three James Crawford families migrated NORTH to Indiana and Ohio. James and Rebecca Crawford migrated to Jefferson County, Indiana while James and Martha along with James and Sally migrated to Preble County, Ohio. So, who are the Rebekah Crawford and James Crawford that migrated SOUTH to Barren County, KY before selling land in Garrard County, Kentucky.
A search of Barren County, KY records uncovered an 1821 deed where James and Martha Crawford of Preble County, Ohio sold land in Barren County.
Barren County Kentucky Deed Book J page 1 Family Search Film #007899153 image 12
This Indenture made the eleventh day of December in the year of or Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between James Crawford of the county of Preble state of Ohio of the one part and John Moorehead of Barren County Kentucky state of the other part and witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars recents to the said James Craw ford in hand paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledge have granted bargained aliened conveyed & confirmed & by these presents do grant bargain sell alien convey and confirm unto the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns forever a certain tract of land containing two hundred acres of the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Marrawbone bounded as follows to wit: beginning at a maple & hickory running thence west 119 poles to a chestnut & hickory thence south 179 poles to two black oaks thence east 179 poles to a popular & dogwood thence north 179 poles crossing a branch to an ash and hicory thence west 60 poles to the beginning to have and to hold the said granted & bargained premances with all the privileges and appurtenances to the same belonging or in any wise apertaining in the only proper use benefit and behoof of the said John Moorehead his heirs and assigns. and the said James Crawford doth for himself his executors and administrators do hereby covenant promise & grant to and with the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns that before the ensealing ‘ho’ the sd James Crawford was the true sole & lawful owner of the above barga ined premises & was lawfully seized and possessed of the the same in his own rights and good perfect & absolute estate of inheritance in the fee simple and had in himself good right full powers lawful authority to grant bargain sell convey and confirm the said bargained premises in the manner aforesaid and that the said John Moorehead his heirs & assigns shall at and at all times forever hereafter by force & virtue of those presents lawfully peaceably and quietably have hold use occupy possess & enjoy the said demises & Bargained premises with the appertenances free & clearly acquitted exonhorated are discharge of an all & all manners of former or other gifts [grow] to sales incumbrances if what name or nature soever that might in any measure or degree obstruct or make void this present deed. Furthermore, the said James Crawford for himself his heirs executors & administrators doth covenant & engage the above demise premasis to him the said John Morehead his heirs & assigns agants the lawful claims of any person or persons whatsoever forever hereafter to warrant secure & defend by these presents
page 2 In testimony whereof, the said James Crawford & Martha his wife has hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written James Crawford Martha (her mark) Crawford Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us David Williamson Nathan D Sellers
The state of Ohio Preble County SS Before us the undersigned two of the justices of the peace in & for the sd county came personaly James Crawford and Martha Crawford wife of the said James Crawford the within named grantors she being examined separate & apart from her said husband they acknowledge the within deed of conveyance to be their voluntary act and deed for the use and purpose therein mentioned In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 11th day of December 1822 Isaac Stephens David Williamson
Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #7899153. James Crawford to Alexander Moorehead, 11 Dec 1821; J: 1-2; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.
This second deed indicates that James Crawford and wife Martha owned land in Barren County prior to their move to Preble County, Ohio. A James Crawford owning 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone is found on the 1800 tax list for Barren County, Kentucky.
Thus, the surprise isn’t the records, but the fact that James Crawford was living in Barren County, Kentucky!
Do you struggle with same name issues? If you are a regular reader of my blog, then you know that my genealogy is plagued by same name issues. One of those names being James Crawford.
Thus, when I find a document for a James Crawford in a county where my ancestor lived, I can’t be certain it is my ancestor. Nor am I certain that the document is for any of the James Crawfords that I’ve researched.
So, when I find a power of attorney deed in Barren County Kentucky during the time period that I believe not one but two of my James Crawford families lived, I have to question whether it fits with what else I know about these men. This particular deed appoints James Crawford and Moses Dooley as attorneys for John Singleton. At this time, I don’t know anything about John Singleton. But I do know that Moses Dooley was a land owner in Garrard County, Kentucky with land on Sugar Creek. This places Moses Dooley in the same area as Rebekah Crawford and Mary Crawford. I also know that there is a Moses Dooley on the tax roles in Barren County at the same time both James Crawfords are listed on those roles. And the Moses Dooley family is found in Preble County, Ohio with both James Crawfords. Thus, I think this deed involves one of these James Crawfords.
One of these James Crawfords was a justice of the peace in Preble County. Between 1814 and 1824, a James Crawford was a county commissioner. Once James and Martha moved to Indiana, references to a Crawford hold office in Preble County, Ohio stopped. Thus, I have concluded that the James married to Martha is the office holder. Based on that conclusion, I think this power of attorney deed might be for this James Crawford.
Barren County, Kentucky Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961
Vols. B-C 1801-1813 Film 209720 DGS 007899150
1803 Dooley et al Moses / John Singleton P.of A. Book B page 33
Know all men by these presents that I John Singleton of St Clair County in the Indiana Territory do hereby do make ordain constite and appoint Moses Dooley and James Crawford both of Barren County and State of Kentucky my true and lawful Attorneys for me and in my name to convey a certain tract of land lying in Barren County in the State of Kentucky on the head of the Glovers Creek containing one thousand acres as appears by deed from William Croghan to me and also for me and in my name to seal execute and deliver such deed as be the sd Moses hath agreed to give conveyances, bargain and sale for the absolute sale and disposal thereof or any part thereof with such clauses covenants and agreements to be [therein] contains as my said Attorney or either of them shall think fit and [appoint] hereby ratifying confirming all such deed conveyances bargains and sales ratifying confirming all such deed conveyances bargains and sales which shall any time hereafter be sealed and executed by my said Atttor neys or either of them touching and concerning the premises In witness whereof I hae hereunto signed my name and affixed my seal at Cahokia this 3rd day of September in the year of our Lord 1803 John Singleton (seal) Witness John [Hay} WIlliam Atchason
Illinois County Sct Be it remembered that on the 3 day of September 1813 personally appeared before me the [subin] one of the Justices of the said county the above named John Singleton who acknowledged the the above instrument of writing to be his voluntary act and deed in Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written N Parrot (seal)
Indiana territory St Clair County Sct I John Hay Esq [Prothanotary] of the Court of Common Pleas of the said County do hereby certify that Nicholos Jarrod Esqr the person taking the above acknowledgment is a Justice of the peace and Court of Common Pleas of the same county of St Clair and to all act and deeds by him subscribed as such full faith and credit is and right to be given. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of the said Court of common Pleas of the said county the third day of September one thousand eight hundred & three John Hay [Prothonatory] SClair
Barren County To wit October County Court 1803 This power of attorney from John Singleton to Moses Dooley and James Crawford was produced in Court with the two certificates thereon endorsed duly authenticated and was there upon ordered to be Recorded Test W Logan Clk
Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #209720 DGS 007899150. James Crawford, 3 sep 1803 Vol. B: page 33; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 21 February 2022.
Do ‘bright shiny objects’ cause you to change direction with your genealogy research? That’s where I find myself right now: chasing those bright shiny objects versus working on my stated goals. So, what has me distracted? My Crawford puzzle of course!
I’ve recently been updating my research of my 3rd great grandfather, Nelson Crawford — which is one of my 2022 goals. Since Nelson bought and sold land to and from descendants of James and Martha Crawford, updating my research on that family distracted me.
Then, I recently received an email from a descendant of James and Martha Crawford telling me about a message he received from a George Douglass descendant. This connection grabbed my attention since we believe that George Douglass is the uncle of James Crawford. We had already verified that George Douglass sold Rebekah Crawford land in Garrard County, Kentucky.
Since learning more about George Douglass may help us trace our Crawford lines back to Virginia, I decided to review my Douglass notes and see what else I could dig up. Like James and Martha who migrated from Garrard County to Barren County, George Douglass also made that trek. In looking at Barren County Kentucky land records, a George Douglass purchased 300 acres of land on Beaver Creek in 1808 from Levi Hollingsworth.
Vols. B-C 1801-1813 Film 209720 DGS 7899150
Image 117 Volume B page 210
Hollingsworth to Douglass Deed
This Indenture made this 24th day of February in the year of our Lord 1802 between Levi Hollingsworth of the City of Philadelphia by Thomas Badley his attorney in fact of the County of Fayatte and Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and George Douglass of the County of Barren and Commonwealth afrsd of the other part witnesseth that the sd Levi Hollingsworth for and in consideration of the sum of $400 current money of Kentucky to him in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained & sold and by these presents doth grant bargain sell & confirm unto the sd George Douglass his heirs or assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate and being in the County of Barren on the waters of Beaver Creek containing 300 acres and bounded as follows to wit) Beginning at a red oak & hickory and poplar John Mosby Shepherds north East corner of his survey of 1000 acres on the sinks of Beaver Creek N ° 390 and runing N 49 ° west 29 poles to a chestnut and hickory thence N 45 ° E 128 poles crossing Beaver Creek at 102 poles to Hickory & walnut standing in the edge of the Barrens thence with the Barrens S 79 ° W 148 poles thence North 73 ° West 210 poles thence North 70 ° West 127 poles to two Sycammores and hack berry on Beaver Creek in the edge of the Barrens thence south 186 poles to Shepherd North west corner a red [oak] poplar and hickory thence east with John Mosby Shepherds line 400 poles to the beginning which was entered surveyed & pattented in the name of Levi Hollingsworth it being within the District set apart for the officers and soldiers of Virginia state line together with all and singular the premises thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining to have & to hold
page 211 the land hereby conveyed with the appurtenances unto the sd George Douglass his heirs and and assigns forever and the sd Levi Hollingsworth for himself his heirs executors and administrators the afsd tract of land and premises unto the sd George Douglass his heirs or assigns against the claim or claims and every person or persons whatsoever doth and will warrant and forever defend by these presents In Witness whereof the sd Levi Hollingsworth by Thomas Bedley his attorney in fact duly authorized by power of attorney recorded in the clerks office of the Court of appeals hath hereunto set his hand and seal the day and date first above written. Levi Hollingsworth (seal) By Thomas Badly his Attorney in fact
Acknowledged in presents of Wm Todd
State of Kentucky Lexington District (to wit) as Deputy Clerk of he Court for the District aforesaid I do hereby certify that this indenture was this day acknowledged before me by Thomas Bradley as attorney in fact for Levi Hollingsworth party thereto and that a true copy thereof is entered on record in my office Given under my hand this 24th day of February 1802 Wm Todd Dc[S.D.C]
Barren County (to wit) September the 10th 1808 This Indenture form Levi Hollingsworth by his atty Thomas Bradley to George Douglass with the certificate thereon endorsed was proved to me in my office and at the request of the sd George Douglass was admitted to record [?} Test W Logan Clk
To try and understand what this parcel of land looked like, I plotted it in my Deed Mapper software.
Since Levi Hollingsworth was an original land owner, I was able to locate the survey and associated documents on the Kentucky Secretary of State Virginia and Old Kentucky Patent site. Levi Hollingsworth had an Old Kentucky patent – certificate number 1893. The 1785 survey of Levi Hollingsworth’s land looks very similar to the plot view from Deed Mapper.
In 1815, George Douglass sold 200 acres of this land to Joseph Neville.
Barren County Kentucky Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935
Vols D-E 1813-1818 Film 209721 DGS 7896473
Image 222 start of Volume E
1815 Douglass Geo to Joseph Nevill book E page 52 200 A Beaver Cr
Image 263 Volume E Page 52
This Indenture made this twenty third day of August one thousand eight hundred and fifteen between George Douglass of the County of Barren & State of Kentucky of the one part and Joseph Neville of the County & State aforesaid Witnesseth that the said George Douglass for and in consideration of the sum of eight hundred and twenty dollars to him in hand paid the receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledged doth bargain sell alien and convey unto the said Joseph Neville his heirs or assigns a certain tract or parcel of land lying & being in the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on the sinks of Beaver Creek which was entered and surveyed in the name of Levi Hollandsworth containing two hund red acres tot he same more or less and bounded as followeth (to wit) Beginning at a red oak hickory and poplar corner
to a 1000 acre survey of John Mosby Shepherd and runneth thence north fortynine degrees west twentynine poles to a Chestnut and hickory thence North forty five East one hundred and twenty eight poles to a hickory & walnut standing in the edge of the Beavers thence South seventy nine West one hundred & forty eight poles; thence North Seventy three West one hundred and fifty seven poles to a gum & two Spanish oaks thence South sixteen West seventy eight poles to a Black oak; thence North eighty eight degrees west one hundred and fifty poles to three black walnuts thence South sixty two poles to a red oak poplar & hickory thence East four hundred poles to the beginning. to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Nevill his heirs or assignees forever from me my heirs #c & from the claim of all & every other person or persons whatsoever shall forever warrant and in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal the day and date above written. George Douglass (seal) Signed sealed & Delivered in presence of Teste Rougherty Sherod Bybee
Barren County Sct October the 7th 1815 This Indenture of bargain and sale from George Douglass to Joseph Nevill was on the day of the date hereof acknowledged before me by the said Douglass to be his act and deed and there upon the same was admited to record in my office Teste T W Davis DCl
Below is a plot of the 200 acres (in pink) over the tope of the original 300 acre plot.
The final 100 acres of this piece of land was sold by Samuel Douglass in1829 to Thomas Br[oa]dy. This deed is on page 390 of volume L of Barren County Deeds (FamilySearch digitized microfilm)
While these deeds do not show any connection between the Douglass family and either Crawford family, they do place George Douglass in Barren County, Kentucky where James and Martha also owned land. The Crawford land was on Marrowbone Creek. At this time, I have no idea whether the Douglass land was close to the Crawford land or whether several hills and valleys separated the two pieces of land.
In your genealogy research, do you have a FAN (Family Associates, Neighbors) club? If so, do you ever see a name and question whether to add him/her to your FAN club? If so, that’s how I felt about Moses Dooley.
It was like that name, Moses Dooley, kept cropping up in different places and times. My first notes for Moses Dooley are from tax records for Preble County Ohio — living in the same community as my ancestor, James Crawford (wife Sally Smith Duggins) and ‘big’ James Crawford (wife Martha Knight).
Thinking that I should find Moses Dooley in Kentucky with these same Crawford families, I looked back at my Kentucky notes and discovered that I didn’t record anything about Moses Dooley. Rechecking the tax records, I found Moses Dooley in 1794 Madison County, Kentucky — on the same page as several Crawfords. [Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY. Film #8126 DGS 7834478. Crawford James, William, 1794 Tax bookx 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 197; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.]
Assuming the Moses Dooley of Preble County, Ohio is the same person as the Moses Dooley of Madison County, Ky, that places Moses Dooley traveling a similar migration path as that traveled by the two James Crawford families.
A brief study of the information about Moses Dooley on the FamilySearch tree [L66r-BYH] revealed other connection points with my research:
Moses Dooley was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1748. Augusta County, is where my ancestor, James Crawford, is said to have been born.
Moses Dooley died in 1822 in Preble County, Ohio. James Crawford was living in Preble County, Ohio in 1822 and died there in 1854.
Moses Dooley’s grandson, Silas Dooley married Isabel McCracken. Isabel’s grandparents were Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley. The Sellers family is part of my Crawford FAN club.
Moses Dooley’s son, Abner married Nancy Douglas. Nancy is the daughter of George and Rebecca Douglas. George Douglas is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford is believed to be the mother of Sarah Crawford (md Williiam Sellers), Mary Crawford (md. James Sellers) and James Crawford (md Martha Knight)
With all of these loose connections to my Crawford family, I decided to see what else I could learn about Moses Dooley and his family. Digging thru Google searches, I stumbled upon a biography of Reuben Dooley, son of Moses Dooley.
Not only does this biography provide a lot of detail about Reuben Dooley and his parents, but it provides details for their migration path. This path took the family from Bedford County, Virginia to Madison County, Kentucky in 1781. From there the family moved to Barren County, Kentucky and then to Preble County, Ohio.
This migration path is very similar to that of the Preble County Crawfords. Deeds place James and Martha in Barren County, Kentucky prior to moving to Preble County, Ohio. Marriage records place both James in early Kentucky. James and Martha were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1793. James and Sally were married in Garrard County Kentucky in 1799. Both James are believed to have been born in Augusta County, Virginia, one in 1770 and the other in 1772.
Although I haven’t found any relationship between my Crawford line and the Dooleys, this biography provides support for the migration of the Preble County James Crawfords South onto the Marrowbone out of the Garrard County Kentucky area prior to the migration North into Preble County, Ohio.
I am glad I followed that ‘nudge’ to do more research on Moses Dooley. He is now an ‘official’ member of my Crawford FAN club.
Have you ever run across a record in a county you’ve been researching and have no idea how the person in the record fits with known families in that area? Well, that’s my situation — and it is anoter James Crawford.
James and Martha Crawford sold land in Barren County, Kentucky. Tax lists for Barren County show a James Crawford with 200 acres on the Marrowbone River. These tax lists also show another James Crawford with 50 acres on the Marrowbone. This second James Crawford is thought to be James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford.
I’ve also identified the family of David Crawford who died in Barren County, KY in 1812.
Now, I’ve found a deed for a James Crawford and Patsy his wife selling land in Wythe County Virginia to Peter Kinson. This 1806 deed indicates that James and Patsy were living in Montgomery County, Ohio at the time.
So, who is this James Crawford? Patsy could be a nickname for Martha. Unfortunately, every record I’ve seen for James and Martha use her given name and not the nickname, Patsy.
Being in Montgomery County, Ohio in 1806 would imply that James and Patsy were early settlers of that state.
Based on that, I checked History.Geo’s First Landowners Project. There are 3 entries for James Crawford in Preble County. Two of these entries are for James and Martha while the third is for James and Sally. The Montgomery county entry is for Robert C. Crawford in 1816. Darke County has two entries: Alexander Crawford 1832 and Norman B Crawford 1831.
The Bureau of Land Management’s General Land Office Records has 3 entries for Crawford in Montgomery County. All of those entries are for Robert Crawford.
Since the 1882 book, History of Montgomery County, Ohio has been digitized and is part of the book collection on FamilySearch, I searched it for James Crawford. Other than references to Col. William Crawford, the only Crawford reference from the early history was in a section on James Grimes. James Grimes emigrated from Rockbridge County, Virginia in 1805 travelling thru Crab Orchard, Kentucky. The James Grimes section names Mr. Crawford as one of those who made the trip with him.
At this point, I can’t place the James Crawford in this deed.
ne of the challenges I regularly face when researching my Crawford brick wall is trying to verify the identity of a James Crawford. That is the case with my attempt to rule out David Crawford of Barren County, KY as the father of my ancestor, James Crawford.
The 1812 will of David Crawford indicates he had a son named James, James Fisher Crawford to be exact. I believe that the James F Crawford in the 1860 and 1870 census records is this same James Crawford.
Unfortunately, I haven’t found a record that clearly proves that the James Crawford in the census record is the same James Crawford in the will. However, I have found three land records that may provide supporting evidence. One is a partition of land by the sons of James F Crawford.
Another deed is the purchase of land by the ‘Heirs of David Crawford.’ The third deed is the sale of land by Polly Crawford to James Crawford. I believe the partition deed is referencing the land from these other two deeds.
Overlaying the two images shows that the land descriptions are not an exact match. However, I believe they are close enough to consider the possibility that they reference the same land.
Below are the deeds involved in this study:
1828 Deed Herod Bybee to Heirs of David Crawford
Barren County, Kentucky Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 Vols. L-M 1826-1833 FS Film 209725 DGS 7899154
1828 Crawford heirs David Herod Bybee Deed Book L page 298 tract on Beaver Creek
This Indenture made and entered into this 18th day of July 1828 between Herod Bybee of the one part and and the heirs and Devisees of David Crawford deceased of the other part all of Barren County and State of Kentucky Witnesseth that the said Herod Bybee for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars the payment whereof is hereby acknowledged hath bargained and sold and by these presents doth bargain sell alien and convey unto the said heirs and devisees of David Crawford Deceased a certain tract or parcel of land situate in the County aforesaid on the waters of the [links] of Beaver Creek and bounded as follows to wit Beginning on a red Oak the North West corner of a 200 acre survey the name of John Bybee thence South 11 east 159 Poles to two hickories on Levi Hollonworths line thence with his line South 78 East 128 poles to a Sasafras and Sycamore thence North 12 west 198 poles to a red and post oak thence south 88 west 93 poles to the beginning to have and to hold unto the said heirs and devisees of David Crawford deceased the aforesaid tract of land with all & singular the appurtenances tot hem and their heirs forever and the said Herod Bybee doth covenant and agree to warrant and defend the title of said tract of land unto the said heirs & devisees of David Crawford deceased against the claims of all manner of persons whatsoever In testimony whereof the said Herod Bybee hath herewith set his hand and seal the day and date above written. Herod Bybee
Barren County Kentucky, to wit I William Logan Clerk of the County Court for the County aforesaid do certify that that the foregoing deed of conveyance from Herod Bybee to the heirs and Devisees of David Crawford deceased was acknowledge before me by the said Herod Bybee to be his act and deed, whereupon the aforesaid deed of conveyance and this certificate hath been duly admited to record in m office this 18th day of July 1828 Test DWL
1842 Deed Polly Crawford to James F Crawford
Barren County Kentucky Land Records
Vol. P-Q, 1838-1842 FS Film 209727 DGS 8568124
1842 Crawford Polly to James F Crawford Deed Q page 392 dated 1841 110 A Beaver Cr
This Indenture made this third day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty one between Polly Crawford of the County of Barren Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and James F Crawford of the County and Commonwealth aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said Polly Crawford for and in consideration of one hundred & [twenty] dollars in hand paid the receipt whereof hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained & sold and by these presents doth grant bargain & sell unto the said James F Crawford his heirs and assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate & lying in the County Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Beaver Creek & bounded as follows to wit beginning on H Dickson SE corner two Spanish Oaks thence N23E 50 poles to two black oaks thence S 81 W 100 poles to a stake thence South 44 poles to a stone thence S 80 W 121 poles to a forked chestnut thence S 70 E 12 poles to two chestnuts Wm Bells N w corner thence with his line S 66 E 220 poles to a stake thence to the beginning containing one hundred & ten acres be the same more or less together with all & singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging [or] any wise appurtenances to have and to hold the land hereby conveyed with the appurtenances unto the said James F Crawford his heirs and assigns forever and the said Polly Crawford for herself her heirs executors and administrators the aforesaid tract of land and appurtenance unto the said James F Crawford his heirs or
assigns against the claim or claims of all & every person or persons whatsoever claiming by through or under her the said Polly Crawford but from no other person in witness whereof the said Polly Crawford hath hereunto set her hand the day & date first above written Polly (her mark) Crawford Signed Sealed & delivered in presence of S Anderson Thomas Lo[v]e State of Kentucky, Barren County I Thomas J Helm Clerk of the county Court for said county certify that the deed from Polly Crawford to James F Crawford [was] on this day proven before me by the oath of Samuel Anderson & Thomas Love subscribing witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of said polly Crawford whereupon the same & this certificate has been recorded in my office Given under my hand the 21 day of March 1842 Thos J Helm BCC
1878 Deed of Partition
Barren County Kentucky Deeds Vols. 12-14 1875-1880 FS Film 469203 DGS 8150775
1878 Crawford David M & MB to WT & Mary J Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 127 A Beaver Cr 1878 Crawford Mary J W T to D M & M B Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 87 A Beaver Creek
Vol 13 starts on image 336 page 103 on image 388
Crawford to Crawford This deed of partition made and entered into this 14th day of January 1876 between Wm Crawford & Mary J Crawford and D M Crawford all of the county of Barren and State of Kentucky Witnesseth that whereas we are the joint owners of a certain tract of land in the county and state aforesaid and on the waters of Beaver Creek, we have this day divided said tract of land and the said D M Crawford takes the following boundary: Beginning at a stone running thence N 11 1/2 W 50 1/2 poles to a post oak, thence N 19 3/4 E 72 poles to a Gum and persimmon thence S 81 1/4 W 108 1/4 poles to a stone, thence S 2 W 60 3/4 poles to a stone thence S 83 1/2 W 101 3/4 poles to a double chestnut thence S 64 E 109 poles to a chestnut thence N 79 1/2 E 100 1/4 poles to the beginning containing 87 acres and the said W T Crawford & Mary Crawford the re- mainder which is bounded as follows to wit: Begin ning at a stone on the South side of a road, running thence N 7 3/4 W 194 poles to a black oak thence West 93 poles to a stone thence with the dividing line S 79 1/2 W 100 1/4 poles to a chestnut thence S 64 E 116 poles to a post oak, thence S 9 E 14 poles to a stone, thence S 3 1/2 W 23 poles to a stone thence S 40 W 46 poles to a stone in Johnsons line the lines and corners from the above post oak to Johnson line were made by an agreement between us and Nickols) thence S 67 E 37 1/2 poles to a Stake and pole north of a fur thence S 71 E 103 1/2 poles to the beginning containing 127 acres and we hereby war- rant the same reciprocally free from all claims with covenant of General warranty. Given under our hands this 17th day of January 1876 W T Crawford Mary J Crawford David M Crawford M B Crawford State of Kentucky Barren County I W W Franklin clerk of the county court for said county hereby certify that the foregoing joint deed between W T Crawford & D M Crawford was acknowl edged before J m Renfro an acting deputy for J P Nackols former clerk of the court by all the parties thereto to be
their act and deed as appears by his endorsement thereon as follows “1846 January 26” acknowledged by W T Crawford & Mary J Crawford, D M Crawford and his wife M B Crawford J M Renfro DC for J P Nuckols B C C “ and on the 7th day of June 1878 siad deed was filed for record whereupon the same and this certificate have been recorded. Given under my hand this 17th day of Jun 1878 W W Franklin CBCC by H C Crunshan DC