Have you ever run across a record in a county you’ve been researching and have no idea how the person in the record fits with known families in that area? Well, that’s my situation — and it is anoter James Crawford.
James and Martha Crawford sold land in Barren County, Kentucky. Tax lists for Barren County show a James Crawford with 200 acres on the Marrowbone River. These tax lists also show another James Crawford with 50 acres on the Marrowbone. This second James Crawford is thought to be James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford.
I’ve also identified the family of David Crawford who died in Barren County, KY in 1812.
Now, I’ve found a deed for a James Crawford and Patsy his wife selling land in Wythe County Virginia to Peter Kinson. This 1806 deed indicates that James and Patsy were living in Montgomery County, Ohio at the time.
So, who is this James Crawford? Patsy could be a nickname for Martha. Unfortunately, every record I’ve seen for James and Martha use her given name and not the nickname, Patsy.
Being in Montgomery County, Ohio in 1806 would imply that James and Patsy were early settlers of that state.
Based on that, I checked History.Geo’s First Landowners Project. There are 3 entries for James Crawford in Preble County. Two of these entries are for James and Martha while the third is for James and Sally. The Montgomery county entry is for Robert C. Crawford in 1816. Darke County has two entries: Alexander Crawford 1832 and Norman B Crawford 1831.
The Bureau of Land Management’s General Land Office Records has 3 entries for Crawford in Montgomery County. All of those entries are for Robert Crawford.
Since the 1882 book, History of Montgomery County, Ohio has been digitized and is part of the book collection on FamilySearch, I searched it for James Crawford. Other than references to Col. William Crawford, the only Crawford reference from the early history was in a section on James Grimes. James Grimes emigrated from Rockbridge County, Virginia in 1805 travelling thru Crab Orchard, Kentucky. The James Grimes section names Mr. Crawford as one of those who made the trip with him.
At this point, I can’t place the James Crawford in this deed.
ne of the challenges I regularly face when researching my Crawford brick wall is trying to verify the identity of a James Crawford. That is the case with my attempt to rule out David Crawford of Barren County, KY as the father of my ancestor, James Crawford.
The 1812 will of David Crawford indicates he had a son named James, James Fisher Crawford to be exact. I believe that the James F Crawford in the 1860 and 1870 census records is this same James Crawford.
Unfortunately, I haven’t found a record that clearly proves that the James Crawford in the census record is the same James Crawford in the will. However, I have found three land records that may provide supporting evidence. One is a partition of land by the sons of James F Crawford.
Another deed is the purchase of land by the ‘Heirs of David Crawford.’ The third deed is the sale of land by Polly Crawford to James Crawford. I believe the partition deed is referencing the land from these other two deeds.
Overlaying the two images shows that the land descriptions are not an exact match. However, I believe they are close enough to consider the possibility that they reference the same land.
Below are the deeds involved in this study:
1828 Deed Herod Bybee to Heirs of David Crawford
Barren County, Kentucky Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935 Vols. L-M 1826-1833 FS Film 209725 DGS 7899154
1828 Crawford heirs David Herod Bybee Deed Book L page 298 tract on Beaver Creek
This Indenture made and entered into this 18th day of July 1828 between Herod Bybee of the one part and and the heirs and Devisees of David Crawford deceased of the other part all of Barren County and State of Kentucky Witnesseth that the said Herod Bybee for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars the payment whereof is hereby acknowledged hath bargained and sold and by these presents doth bargain sell alien and convey unto the said heirs and devisees of David Crawford Deceased a certain tract or parcel of land situate in the County aforesaid on the waters of the [links] of Beaver Creek and bounded as follows to wit Beginning on a red Oak the North West corner of a 200 acre survey the name of John Bybee thence South 11 east 159 Poles to two hickories on Levi Hollonworths line thence with his line South 78 East 128 poles to a Sasafras and Sycamore thence North 12 west 198 poles to a red and post oak thence south 88 west 93 poles to the beginning to have and to hold unto the said heirs and devisees of David Crawford deceased the aforesaid tract of land with all & singular the appurtenances tot hem and their heirs forever and the said Herod Bybee doth covenant and agree to warrant and defend the title of said tract of land unto the said heirs & devisees of David Crawford deceased against the claims of all manner of persons whatsoever In testimony whereof the said Herod Bybee hath herewith set his hand and seal the day and date above written. Herod Bybee
Barren County Kentucky, to wit I William Logan Clerk of the County Court for the County aforesaid do certify that that the foregoing deed of conveyance from Herod Bybee to the heirs and Devisees of David Crawford deceased was acknowledge before me by the said Herod Bybee to be his act and deed, whereupon the aforesaid deed of conveyance and this certificate hath been duly admited to record in m office this 18th day of July 1828 Test DWL
1842 Deed Polly Crawford to James F Crawford
Barren County Kentucky Land Records
Vol. P-Q, 1838-1842 FS Film 209727 DGS 8568124
1842 Crawford Polly to James F Crawford Deed Q page 392 dated 1841 110 A Beaver Cr
This Indenture made this third day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty one between Polly Crawford of the County of Barren Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and James F Crawford of the County and Commonwealth aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said Polly Crawford for and in consideration of one hundred & [twenty] dollars in hand paid the receipt whereof hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained & sold and by these presents doth grant bargain & sell unto the said James F Crawford his heirs and assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate & lying in the County Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Beaver Creek & bounded as follows to wit beginning on H Dickson SE corner two Spanish Oaks thence N23E 50 poles to two black oaks thence S 81 W 100 poles to a stake thence South 44 poles to a stone thence S 80 W 121 poles to a forked chestnut thence S 70 E 12 poles to two chestnuts Wm Bells N w corner thence with his line S 66 E 220 poles to a stake thence to the beginning containing one hundred & ten acres be the same more or less together with all & singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging [or] any wise appurtenances to have and to hold the land hereby conveyed with the appurtenances unto the said James F Crawford his heirs and assigns forever and the said Polly Crawford for herself her heirs executors and administrators the aforesaid tract of land and appurtenance unto the said James F Crawford his heirs or
assigns against the claim or claims of all & every person or persons whatsoever claiming by through or under her the said Polly Crawford but from no other person in witness whereof the said Polly Crawford hath hereunto set her hand the day & date first above written Polly (her mark) Crawford Signed Sealed & delivered in presence of S Anderson Thomas Lo[v]e State of Kentucky, Barren County I Thomas J Helm Clerk of the county Court for said county certify that the deed from Polly Crawford to James F Crawford [was] on this day proven before me by the oath of Samuel Anderson & Thomas Love subscribing witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of said polly Crawford whereupon the same & this certificate has been recorded in my office Given under my hand the 21 day of March 1842 Thos J Helm BCC
1878 Deed of Partition
Barren County Kentucky Deeds Vols. 12-14 1875-1880 FS Film 469203 DGS 8150775
1878 Crawford David M & MB to WT & Mary J Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 127 A Beaver Cr 1878 Crawford Mary J W T to D M & M B Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 87 A Beaver Creek
Vol 13 starts on image 336 page 103 on image 388
Crawford to Crawford This deed of partition made and entered into this 14th day of January 1876 between Wm Crawford & Mary J Crawford and D M Crawford all of the county of Barren and State of Kentucky Witnesseth that whereas we are the joint owners of a certain tract of land in the county and state aforesaid and on the waters of Beaver Creek, we have this day divided said tract of land and the said D M Crawford takes the following boundary: Beginning at a stone running thence N 11 1/2 W 50 1/2 poles to a post oak, thence N 19 3/4 E 72 poles to a Gum and persimmon thence S 81 1/4 W 108 1/4 poles to a stone, thence S 2 W 60 3/4 poles to a stone thence S 83 1/2 W 101 3/4 poles to a double chestnut thence S 64 E 109 poles to a chestnut thence N 79 1/2 E 100 1/4 poles to the beginning containing 87 acres and the said W T Crawford & Mary Crawford the re- mainder which is bounded as follows to wit: Begin ning at a stone on the South side of a road, running thence N 7 3/4 W 194 poles to a black oak thence West 93 poles to a stone thence with the dividing line S 79 1/2 W 100 1/4 poles to a chestnut thence S 64 E 116 poles to a post oak, thence S 9 E 14 poles to a stone, thence S 3 1/2 W 23 poles to a stone thence S 40 W 46 poles to a stone in Johnsons line the lines and corners from the above post oak to Johnson line were made by an agreement between us and Nickols) thence S 67 E 37 1/2 poles to a Stake and pole north of a fur thence S 71 E 103 1/2 poles to the beginning containing 127 acres and we hereby war- rant the same reciprocally free from all claims with covenant of General warranty. Given under our hands this 17th day of January 1876 W T Crawford Mary J Crawford David M Crawford M B Crawford State of Kentucky Barren County I W W Franklin clerk of the county court for said county hereby certify that the foregoing joint deed between W T Crawford & D M Crawford was acknowl edged before J m Renfro an acting deputy for J P Nackols former clerk of the court by all the parties thereto to be
their act and deed as appears by his endorsement thereon as follows “1846 January 26” acknowledged by W T Crawford & Mary J Crawford, D M Crawford and his wife M B Crawford J M Renfro DC for J P Nuckols B C C “ and on the 7th day of June 1878 siad deed was filed for record whereupon the same and this certificate have been recorded. Given under my hand this 17th day of Jun 1878 W W Franklin CBCC by H C Crunshan DC
I found the following deed in Barren County for a James Crawford and his wife, Patsy. This James Crawford was living in Montgomery County, Ohio in 1806. I currently do not know anything about this James Crawford.
Vols. Before A 1798-1807 Vol. A 1799-1899 FS Film 209719 DGS 7899149
Vol. A page 277 Image 270
Page 277 Crawford to Kinson
This Indenture made this 29th day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and six between James Crawford and Patsy his wife of the County of Montgomery and State of Ohio of he one part and Peter Kinson of he County of Wythe and State of Virginia of he other part witnesseth that the said James and Patsy his wife in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars to them in hand paid, before the insealing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowled ged have bargained and sold and by these presents do bargain and sell unto the said Peter his heirs and Assigns a certain tract or parcel of land containing one hundred acres by survey lying & being in the County of Wythe on the waters of Cripple Creek and bounded s followeth: to wit, Beginning at a white oak in a line of Peter Colheps and Frederick Branstetter thence S 25 degrees E 38 poles between a black and white Oaks S 47 degrees W 18 poles to a double white Oak caplin S 77 degrees W 40 poles to two white oak saplins S 52 degrees West 82 poles to a spa- nish oak N 80 degrees W 58 poles to a white oak S 57 degrees W 44 poles to two large white Oaks N 47 degrees W 50 poles to two white Oaks thence N 71 degrees E 268 poles to the Beginning To have and to hold the said parcel of land with
all and singular its appurtenances unto the sd Peter Kinson his Heirs and Assigns forever and the said James & Patsey his wife for themselves and their heirs the said tract of Land with the appurtenances unto the said Peter his heirs & assigns free from the claim or claims of them and their heirs and all and every person or persons whatsoever shall and will warrant and forever defend by these presents In witness whereof the said James Crawford and Patsey his wife have here unto set their hands and seals the day and year first above written. James Crawford Patsey Crawford
Signed Sealed and Delivered in presence of W Logan ACopy Teste W Logan Clk
Barren County To wit August the 30th This Indenture was acknowledged by the within named James Crawford to be his Act and Deed and a Copy thereof was admited to Record in my Office & Certified to be Recorded in Wythe County Teste W Logan Clk
One of the tasks handed me during my ‘Brick Wall’ Consultation was to review all of my data and document the elimination of individuals as potential fathers to James Crawford (1772-1854) of Preble County, Ohio.
Thus, I’m digging thru both my memory and my files. My memory was telling me that I had found a will for a Crawford in Barren County, Kentucky that eliminated this person as a father to James. Digging thru my files, I found some handwritten notes about a will in Barren County, Kentucky.
Thanks to FamilySearch’s digitization of the microfilm, I was able to locate the will and transcribe it.
Barren County Kentucky Wills Mixed Records, Vols. 1-2 1799-1829 FS Film 209740 DGS 4818752
Pge 200 Image 115 Will of David Crawford
In the name of God Amen I David Craford of Barren County and State of Kentucky being in sound mind & memory thanks to God for the same I hereby make and ordain this my last will and statement Beginning as followeth vix Items I give and be- queath unto my loveing wife Polly all the land whereupon I now live containing one hundred acres more or less one bay mare called Couney bridle and saddle one Horse Jack all the gear with one Plow and irons one weeding hoe three Cows and Calves three yews and lambs all the stock of hogs & all the House hold & Kitchen furniture to have and to hold during her single life or widow hood Item All the residue of my Estate not mentioned I wish sold to the best advantage & after my just debts paid I wish applied to the maintaining & schooling of all my children equally to them their heirs and assigns forever Item provided my beloved wife shall intermarry my wish and desire is that all that I have mentioned except the land shall be sold and equally divided between all my children. Item provided my wife shall intermarry my wish & desire is the land shall be equally divided between my two sons Jesse and James Fisher, to them their heirs and assigns forever. I hereby nominate and appoint Samuel Douglass and my wife Polly Executors to this my last will and Testament given my hand and seal this tenth day of April 1812. David (his mark) Crawford Patrick Boisseau George Douglass
Barren County Kentucky Wills Mixed Records, Vols. 1-2 1799-1829 FS Film 209740 DGS 4818752
Pge 358 Image 195
Estate of David Crawford D Crawford settlement Agreeable to an order of the Court of Barren County to us Directed we the subscribers have examined the accounts of Samuel Douglass Executor and Polly Crawford Executrix to the Estate of David Crawford [vz ?] and find the sum of one hundred and fifteen dollars 32 1/2 cents in the hands of Samuel Douglass due the Estate and find the sume of Ninety Eight Dollars and 20 cents in the hands of Polly Crawford due the Estate [to be wise] the sum of one hundred and twenty eight dollars 5 cents of Different notes not yet collected given under our hand this 17th of August 1816 Samuel Douglass Due to the Estate of D Crawford 115.32 By Commission for his services 10.00 105.32 Polly Crawford due to the estate D Crawford 98.30 Do not collected 28.05 _______ 331.68 Patrick Boisseaur Wm Renick Joseph Neville Barker T Anderson returned August 1816 &O.R.
Have you ever seen a name in a deed or court document and thought to yourself, ‘Hey, I’ve seen that name before?’ Well that was my situation when I was looking at tax records for Barren County, Kentucky.
Since I found James Crawford with 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone listed on the 1800 tax list for Barren County, KY, I started looking for other people owning land on the Marrowbone. That’s when I found Moses Dooly Junr also owning 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone.
Not only was Moses Dooly Junr in Barren County, but so was his father and brothers.
I remembered the Dooly name from my Garrard County map of the original land owners. Moses Dooly had a land grant (#912) for land in the line fork of Sugar Creek.
This land is near the Mary Crawford land purchased from Richard Cave. Mary’s land would be to the East of Moses Dooley’s land. Just to the Southwest of Moses Dooley’s land is the land grant for Jacob Myers. Some of this land was sold to George Douglas. George Douglas then sold a portion to Rebekah Crawford.
So when I saw Moses Dooly Junr as a potential neighbor to James Crawford, I started paying attention to the Dooly family. Since James and Martha Crawford sold 200 hundred acres of land on the Marrowbone (see Barren County Connection), I believe the James Crawford in the tax record is the James Crawford married to Martha Knight. However, I haven’t found the deed for James’ purchase of the land. Thus, I can’t say for certain which James Crawford is listed in the tax record.
As I was researching the two James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio, I discovered the Dooly family on the tax records in Preble County, Ohio. The 1816 Preble County, Ohio tax list shows Moses Dooley Senr and Moses Dooley along with several other members of the family.
Since I’ve found the Dooley family and likely both James Crawford families in Barren County, KY and Preble County, OH, I began wondering if Moses Dooley was on the tax lists for Lincoln or Madison Counties. Thus, I returned to the tax lists for Lincoln County, KY where I had previously found George Douglas and Rebekah Crawford along with some Sellars families in 1787. I didn’t find any Dooley names living near Rebekah Crawford in 1787. So, I checked Madison County, KY where I found Moses Dooley and John Doly in 1787.
This places Moses Dooley in the same taxing district as Mary Crawford, James Crawford and William Crawford in 1787.
This may all be coincidence, but it appears that the Dooley clan followed the same migration path from the Garrard County, Kentucky area in 1787 to the Barren County, Kentucky area in 1799 to Preble County, Ohio in 1816. Thus, I’ve added the Dooley surname to my FAN club.
Have you ever re-looked at some tax records and discovered that you can now figure out who these people might be when before they were just a list of names found in that county?
Well, that has been my experience as I’m going back thru some of my Crawford Kentucky research in hopes that it leads me back another generation.
I’ve recently re-looked at Madison, Lincoln and Garrard county tax lists and combined with land records, I have a much better understanding of who the various Crawfords listed in these tax roles are. Since I have deeds indicating James Crawford (husband of Martha Knight) lived in Barren County, Kentucky, I decided to re-look at those tax records.
I first searched the Barren County KY tax lists some time ago. Based on the “V20-0014” notation on my notes, I’m guessing I used the American Genealogical Lending Library to research these records at home.
Unfortunately, at the time, I didn’t know enough about the family for this information to help me.
Since that time, I’ve discovered a couple of land records that place James Crawford in Barren County, KY. The first one I found was for the sale of 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone in 1821. The second deed was for the sale of Rebecca (Rebekah) Crawford’s land in Garrard County, KY in 1804.
These deeds and my additional knowledge about the families and neighbors has made easier for me to figure out the Barren County, KY tax records.
David Crawford who is listed in 1799 and later is an unknown (image 10)
James Crawford who is found on image 31 with 200 acres on the Marrowbone
The Dooley and Douglass families are found in these early tax lists.
By 1800, James Crawford owned an additional 50 acres on the Marrowbone and 200 acres in Cumberland County (image 67)
By 1802 William Sellers is listed with 100 acres of land in Barren County (image 141)
By 1802, there is a second James Crawford (image 119)
By 1805 James Crawford Jr is listed with 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone (image 275)
By 1806, William Sellers is no longer listed as owning land on the Marrowbone. There is a James Crawford owning 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone (image 335)
In 1806, there is a James Crawfford owning 190 acres of land on the East Fork of the Barren River (image 372)
By 1808, no Crawfords are listed owning land on the Marrowbone
Based on this information, I’ve developed some theories:
James Crawford shown in the tax list owning 200 acres on the Marrowbone is the James Crawford who sold 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone in 1821
James Crawford listed as ‘little’ or ‘junior’ is the other James Crawford who migrated to Preble County – the one married to Sally Smith Duggins
William Sellers is the William Sellers who purchased land in Ohio as a tenant in common with James Crawford
The Dooley and Douglas families in the Barren County tax records are the same Dooley and Douglas families from Garrard County, KY
James and Martha left Barren County earlier than James and Sally – thus arriving in Preble County earlier
I will need to find land and/or court records to help prove these theories. Notes from the tax lists: Barren County Kentucky
Tax Books 1799-1816
FS Film 7865 DGS 7834396
image 4 – 1799 Image 9 – C Image 10
Crawford David — 1 male > 21, 1 horseNote: David Crawford is between two Cochrans
Image 20 – S
Image 26 1800 Image 31 – C
Crawford James – 200 acres Barren Marrowbone – Thomas Minor – 1 male > 21, 3 horses
Cole Stephen – 200 acres Barren Marrowbone Stephen Cole 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 1 total black, 4 horses
Have you ever questioned whether an ancestor lived in a certain place because the migration path was illogical?
Well, that is the case with our Crawford research. James Crawford and Martha Knight were married in Lincoln County, KY in 1793. James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in Garrard County, KY in 1799. Both families migrated to Preble County, Ohio.
So when clues pointed to at least one of them being in Barren County, KY (South of Lincoln and Garrard), those clues were questioned because it seemed illogical for these couples to migrate South before migrating North to Ohio.
That gut feeling was proven incorrect when a Barren County deed was discovered. This 1821 deed was for the sale of land by a James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. Records place both James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio at the time. So far, no record has been found for a third James Crawford in Preble County, Ohio in 1821.
Since the deed identifies the wife of James Crawford as Martha, this deed places James and Martha owning land in Barren County, KY. Another set of deeds for the sale of land in Garrard County, KY by Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford, both of Barren County, provide additional evidence that James Crawford was in Barren County, KY (See Rebekah’s Land)
Barren County Kentucky Deed Book J page 1 Family Search Film #007899153 image 12
This Indenture made the eleventh day of December in the year of or Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between James Crawford of the county of Preble state of Ohio of the one part and John Moorehead of Barren County Kentucky state of the other part and witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars recents to the said James Craw ford in hand paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledge have granted bargained aliened conveyed & confirmed & by these presents do grant bargain sell alien convey and confirm unto the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns forever a certain tract of land containing two hundred acres of the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Marrawbone bounded as follows to wit: beginning at a maple & hickory running thence west 119 poles to a chestnut & hickory thence south 179 poles to two black oaks thence east 179 poles to a popular & dogwood thence north 179 poles crossing a branch to an ash and hicory thence west 60 poles to the beginning to have and to hold the said granted patented & bargained premaces with all the privileges and appurtenances to the same belonging or in any wise apertaining in the only proper use benefit and behoof of the said John Moorehead his heirs and assigns. and the said James Crawford doth for himself his executors and administrators do hereby covenant promise & grant to and with the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns that before the ensealing ‘ho’ the sd James Crawford was the true sole & lawful owner of the above barga ined premises & was lawfully seized and possessed of the the same in his own rights and good perfect & absolute estate of inheritance in the fee simple and had in himself good right full powers lawful authority to grant bargain sell convey and confirm the said bargained premises in the manner aforesaid and that the said John Moorehead his heirs & assigns shall at and at all times forever hereafter by force & virtue of those presents lawfully peaceably and quietably have hold use occupy possess & enjoy the said demises & Bargained premises with the appertenances free & clearly acquitted exonhorated are discharge of an all & all manners of former or other gifts [grow] to sales incumbrances if what name or nature soever that might in any measure or degree obstruct or make void this present deed. Furthermore, the said James Crawford for himself his heirs executors & administrators doth covenant & engage the above demise premasis to him the said John Morehead his heirs & assigns agants the lawful claims of any person or persons whatsoever forever hereafter to warrant secure & defend by these presents
page 2 In testimony whereof, the said James Crawford & Martha his wife has hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written James Crawford Martha (her mark) Crawford Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us David Williamson Nathan D Sellers The state of Ohio Preble County SS Before us the undersigned two of the justices of the peace in & for the sd county came personaly James Crawford and Martha Crawford wife of the said James Crawford the within named grantors she bing examined separate & apart from her said husband they acknowledge the within deed of conveyance to be their voluntary act and deed for the use and purpose therein mentioned In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 11th day of December 1822 Isaac Stephens David Williamson
Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #007899153. James Crawford to Alexander Moorehead, 11 Dec 1821 J: 1-2; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.