Civil War Report

Below is a list of the individuals in my RootsMagic file that have a military fact between 1861 and 1865. This report was created using a marked group and the Facts List report found in RootsMagic 7.

NameDateDescription/Place
Barrett, Williamabt 1844 
 20 Jun 1846New Albany, Floyd, Indiana, United States
 9 Feb 1847Matamoras, Mexico
 bet 1861 and 1865Iowa, United States; as a member of Co. I 156h Iowa Infantry
 1864Plymouth (historical), Plymouth, Iowa, United States
 14 Oct 1864Fort Dodge, Webster, Iowa, United States
   
Betzer, Anthony R.14 Aug 1862in Company F Iowa 24th Infantry
 3 Sep 1862was mustered in
 14 May 1863was wounded at Champion Hills MS
 19 Sep 1864severely wounded at Winchester, VA
 15 Feb 1865transferred to V. R. C.
 28 Jun 1865Washington, D. C.; mustered out
Briggs, Elisha Vancebet 7 Jul 1863 and 6 Jul 1865in Co. F 72nd Indiana
Briles, Alexander1864Kansas, United States; under Captain John Douglas in Company I of the Kansas State Militia
Briles, Branson1864Kansas, United States; under Captain John Douglass in Company I of the Kansas Militia
Briles, John F.1864Kansas, United States; under Captain John Douglass in Company I of the Kansas Militia
Briles, NathanSep 1863Shawnee, Kansas, United States; in Company H of the 15th Kansas Calvary
 2 Oct 1863Kansas, United States; mustered into Company H, 15th Cavalry
 22 May 1865mustered out
Briles, Noah Washington13 Jun 1861Ottumwa, Wapello, Iowa, United States; enlisted in Company I, 1st Regiment, Iowa Cavalry Volunteers
  as a private in Company I, 1st Regiment, Iowa Cavalry Volunteers
 1 Jan 1864re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer in Company I of the First Iowa Cavalry
 15 Feb 1866Austin, Travis, Texas, United States; mustered out
Burke, William Carrol Tennessee, United States; as a private in the 4th Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry
 31 Dec 1862Murfreesboro, Rutherford, Tennessee, United States; suffered a severe arm injury by serving the the Confederate Army
Crandall, Hampton Lillibridge1 Jan 1863by enlisting in the Iowa 7th Cavalry
 31 Jan 1865Omaha, Douglas, Nebraska, United States; mustered out
Crandall, Horace Stanley20 Feb 1864as a private in Co. I 1st Iowa Cavalry. He was furloughed out sick. According to his muster out information, he died of disease.
Crandall, John Nafus20 Feb 1864enlisted in Company G of the 3rd Iowa Cavalry
 9 Aug 1865Atlanta, Fulton, Georgia, United States
Crawford, Daniel13 Sep 1862enlisted in Company A 36th Iowa Infantry
 27 Mar 1865Keokuk, Iowa, United States; discrached
Crawford, James H.bet 1861 and 1865Co. F 72nd Regiment Indiana Infantry as scout and assistant wagon master
 18 Oct 1883Leavenworth, Leavenworth, Kansas, United States; attended soldiers reunion
Crawford, James Samuelabt 1861 in Company E 86th Regiment Indiana Volunteers during the civil war. He died of measles after being captured at Stone River Dec 31, 1862. He was last seen at West Point, Georgia, January 5, 1863.
Crawford, John Maxwell9 Aug 1862St. Francois, Missouri Territory; enlisted as a Corporal in Company C 33rd Missouri Infantry
Crawford, Stanford Riley26 Oct 1861Arkansas, United States; as a private in Company D of the 1st (Stirman’s) Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry of the Confederate Troops
Crawford, Washington Marion3 Aug 1861began military service as a Sergt in Co. H 2nd  Regiment New York Cavalry Volunteers
 27 Aug 1861The  2nd New York Cavalry was better known as the “Harris Light Horse”
 30 Jun 1863last paid for military service
 22 Sep 1863Liberty Mills, Orange, Virginia, United States; was captured
 bet Sep 1863 and Mar 1864Belle Isle, Lancaster County, Virginia; was imprisoned
 bet Mar 1864 and Nov 1864Andersonville Prison, Macon County, Georgia; was imprisoned
 Nov 1864Charlesteon, South Carolina; imprisoned
 7 Dec 1864Florence, Florence, South Carolina, United States; paroled
 8 Apr 1865New York, New York, United States; was mustered out as a Sergeant
 25 Feb 1870Chambersburg; was granted a ‘Certificate to Disability of Soldier’
Crawford, William Marionabt 1861Warren, Indiana, United States; in Co. E 86th Regiment Indiana Volunteers. He died at Camp Dennison in Ohio.
Currey, George Byron27 Feb 1856Oregon, United States; began military service as a 2nd Lieutenant in Co. D, 2nd Regiment for 90 days on Captain William’s Muster Roll
 26 May 1856Oregon, United States
 1857Oregon, United States; during the Indian War under Captain Williams
 abt 1861Wasco, Oregon, United States; raised Company E
 12 Nov 1861Oregon, United States; enlisted in First Oregon Infantry as 1st Lieutenant
 20 Mar 1862promoted to Captain of 1st Oregon Cavalry
 22 Mar 1865promoted to Lt. Colonel of 1st Oregon Cavalry
 24 Mar 1865promoted to Colonel of regiment
 Jul 1865placed in command of the department of the Columbia, which embraced all of the troops in the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho
 14 Jul 1865appointed commander of California sub-District of Oregon
 20 Nov 1865 
 26 Jun 1866made Commander of the Department of the Columbia
Currey, Hiram M.8 Oct 1864Atchison, Atchison, Kansas, United States; to Company B of the 12th Cavalry Regiment of the Kansas State Militia under Captain Samuel Hollister
 27 Oct 1864discharged
Curry, James Barnesbet 1861 and 1865 
 bet 1861 and 1865Missouri, United States
 29 Mar 1862Saint Joseph, Buchanan, Missouri, United States
 31 May 1863Sedalia, Pettis, Missouri, United States
Curry, James Leander26 Dec 1861Oregon, United States; in Company E of the 1st Cavalry
  along with Lt. Hobart commanded Oregon Cavalry as it cleared a road to Canyon City and thence to Ft. Boise
Curry, William L.24 Apr 1861Ohio, Kentucky, United States; for a term of three months
 1 Sep 1861as a private in Company K, first Ohio Volunteer Cavalry and upon the organization of the company was appointed first sergeant
 16 Jun 1862promoted to second lieutenant
 25 Jul 1862Courtland, Alabama; captured
 Feb 1863remained a prisoner until
 3 Mar 1863first lieutenant
 4 Jan 1864Pulaski, Giles, Tennessee, United States; reenlisted
 14 Dec 1864promoted to captain
 30 Dec 1864Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee, United States
Duggins, John F.30 Oct 1861enlisted for service in the Union army in Company C, Seventy-fifth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, under Captain Harris
 2 May 1863was taken prisoner at Chancellorsville and held for six weeks before being exchanged
 May 1864captured near Lake George, Florida
 bet 19 May 1864 and 26 Nov 1864in prison
 13 Jan 1865Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, United States; discharged
Foster, James Coke3 Jun 1853commissioned as captain of Company A, Fifty-ninth regiment of colored troops
 17 Oct 1861a private in Company F, Fifty-third Ohio Infantry
 1 Jan 1862promoted to second lieutenant
 Sep 1862transferred to Company I
 18 Jun 1864commissioned as major
 31 Jan 1866discharged
   
Foster, Samuel Douglasbet 1861 and 1865as a major
Foster, William F.24 May 1864 
 29 Sep 1864Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, United States; discharged from the military having served as a private in Company K of the 135th Indiana Infantry
Gilmore, Josephbet 1861 and 1862in Company I of the 27th Indiana volunteers. He died from wounds received at Gettysburg.
Guthrie, Samuel Wilsonbet 1861 and 1865 
Hammond, George M.15 Jul 1861enlisted in the 5th Infantry Iowa Regiment
 30 Jul 1864Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee, United States; mustered out
Hammond, Jehiel P.1861–1865Company B 72nd Illinois Infantry
Hammond, Richmond Fisk25 May 1861Galesburg, Knox, Illinois, United States; enlisted as a private in Company E 17 Ills  Vols
 21 Aug 1861Missouri, United States; honorably discharged
 1 Mar 1862reenlistedin the 1st Illinois Cavalry Volunteers
 14 Jul 1862St. Louis (city), Missouri, United States; discharged from the 1st Illinois Cavalry Volunteers
 26 Jul 1862Galesburg, Knox, Illinois, United States; enlisted as a private in Company H of the 102nd Infantry
 2 Sep 1862Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States; deserted
 29 Sep 1862enlisted as a private in Company D of the 14 Illinois Calvary
 1 Mar 1863was appointed Sergeant in company D 14 Illinois Cavalry
 3 Aug 1864captured near Atlanta, Georgia.
  Georgia, United States; was held prisoner
  Charleston, South Carolina; held as a prisoner
  Florence, South Carolina; held prisoner
 May 1865Benton, Missouri; stationed as part of a detachment of paroled prisioners
 12 May 1865Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States; was mustered out by telegram
Harding, Abel9 Feb 1865enlisted in Company K Wisconsin 49th Infantry Regiment
 8 Nov 1865St. Louis, Missouri, United States; mustered out of Company K Wisconsin 49th Infantry
Hodge, Wm. W.bet 1861 and 1865in the 128th regiment Indiana Volunteers
Hunt, Robert G.10 Dec 1861enlisting in Company E 35th Regiment Indiana Volunteers
 19 Jun 1862was discharged because of an injured knee
 15 Aug 1863enlisted in Co. B 7th Regimental Calvary
 18 Feb 1864was honorably discharged
Hutchinson, Albert30 Sep 1862Iowa, United States; Albert Hutchinson enlisted as a private in Company D of the 1st Regiment of the Iowa Cavalry Volunteers command by Captain Jinks.
 31 Dec 1863Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas, United States; was mustered out of Company D 1st Regiment of the Iowa Cavalry
 1 Jan 1864Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas, United States; reenlisted
 14 Mar 1864Sumner Township, Buchanan County Iowa; was mustered in as a private in Iowa First Calvary Company D
 Jun 1864had 3rd installment bounty due withheld for being absent without leave from June 18, 1864 to June 30th, 1864
 15 Feb 1866Austin, Travis, Texas, United States; discharged from the military
Mentzer, Charles Lewisabt 1863in the 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Co D
Mentzer, George25 Sep 1861Massachusetts, United States; enlisted in Company C Twenty-Fourth Massachusetts Infantry
 25 Sep 1864George Mentzer’s term of service ended
 6 Jun 1890applied for a pension based on service in 24th  Massachusetts Infantry
Mentzer, Japhet1864Kansas, United States; under Captain John Douglass in Company I of the Kansas Militia
Mentzer, RufusJun 1863listed as subject to mulitary duty
Miller, Alen Cope1861enlisted in the confederate army
 abt 1863was taken prisoner
Minnick, John W.Aug 1861John W. Minnick served as a private in Company A 42nd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was killed at the battle of Stone River.
Minnick, Wilson J.18 May 1864enlisted in Company H,  Illinois 134th Infantry
 25 Oct 1864Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States; mustered out of the military
Nidey, Reason5 Sep 1861Indiana, United States; enlisted in Company E of the 8th  Indiana Infantry
 26 Oct 1861Middletown, Indiana; listed as ‘deserted’ from Company E, 8th Regiment, Indiana Infantry
Ralston, James McCormick1862in Company I of the 102nd Regiment of the Illinois Infantry
Ralston, John Nelson9 Aug 1862Oneida, Knox, Illinois, United States; as a private in Company I of the 102nd Regiment Illinois Infantry
Reed, Francis Marionfrom 23 Sep 1864 to 15 Aug 1865 
 15 Aug 1865Victoria, Victoria, Texas, United States
Reed, John C.from 11 Sep 1863 to 23 Jul 1864in Company K, 7th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry
Ricketts, Andrew Duncanbet 1861 and 1865veteran of the Union Army
Ricketts, JacobAug 1864in Company D, 57th Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry
 5 Jul 1865New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, United States; discharged
Ricketts, James Marshall18 Aug 1863Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, United States; as a private in Co. K 7 Regiment of the Indiana Cavalry Volunteers
 17 Sep 1863mustered into Company K 7th Regiment Indiana Volunteers Cavalry
 Nov 1863Memphis, Shelby, Tennessee, United States; was reported absent sick and in hospital
 bet Dec 1864 and 19 Sep 1865in Company K 7th Indiana Cavalry
 19 Sep 1865Hempstead, Waller, Texas, United States; discharged from the military
Roberts, John Wesley7 Sep 1862Lawrenceburg; mustered into Co. E 83 Regt. Indiana Volunteers
Rose, Daniel DeVinneyabt 1861–1865Michigan, United States; in the Michigan infantry
Ruark, Harrisonbet 1861 and 1865in the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry 45th Regiment
Ruggles, Thomas1864Kansas, United States; under Captain John Douglass in Company I of the Kansas Militia
Sellers, John L.4 Sep 1862in Company L of the 45th Regiment of the 3rd Indiana Cavalry
Sellers, Joseph Brownabt 1861in Company I of the 27th Indiana Volunteers
 2 May 1864was wounded in right leg in Battle of Chancellorsville
 15 May 1864was in battle at Resaca (New Hope Church) where he lost his left leg
Sellers, Nathan Finleybet 1861 and 1865in civil war
Sheets, Austin1861Sioux City, Woodbury, Iowa, United States; as a member of the Frontier Guards
Simkins, James Bailey9 Aug 1862serving in Company H, 102nd Illinois Infantry
 6 Jun 1865Washington, D. C.; mustered out of the military
Smith, George W1862enlisted in Company K Thirty-Third indiana Volunteers
Spragg, Fred13 Aug 1862in Company C, Iowa 27th Infantry Regiment
Stoner, Nelson Crawford12 May 1864Fidelity, Jersey, Illinois, United States; Company H of the 133rd Illinois Infantry serving as a corporal
 31 May 1864Butler, Montgomery, Illinois, United States; mustered in
 24 Sep 1864Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States; mustered out
Strahan, Samuel Parker20 Apr 1861Winchester, Randolph, Indiana, United States; enlisted and later recruited the fifty-fourth Indiana Infantry
 8 Dec 1863was wounded and discharged from the military
 Aug 1864re-enlisted
Thompson, Daniel GSep 1862Company K, Forty-Second Indiana Regiment and was elected Captain
 Dec 1863was discharged by reason of ill-health
Thompson, Francis Marion13 Aug 1862enlisted in Company D 29th Iowa Volunteer Infantry
  in Company D 29th Iowa Infantry
 10 Aug 1865discharged
Thompson, James Allen13 Aug 1862as a private in Company D of teh 29th Regiment Iowa Infantry
Thompson, John E.22 Apr 1864in the 29th Iowa Infantry
Thompson, John L.13 Aug 1862in Company D 29th Iowa Infantry
Wells, William O.Aug 1862Calhoun, Michigan, United States; enlisted in company A of the 25th Michigan Infantry
 1865 
Wilson, John Wesley1861enlisted in the northern army during the Civil War
 1864was honorably discharged
Young, Barzillaabt 1861in the civil war
Young, Richard Corwine Ricketts10 Aug 1861Iowa, United States; in Company 8 of the Iowa Infantry
Young, Thomas Kent2 Nov 1861enlisted as a private in Company I, Iowa 13th Infantry Regiment
 1 Nov 1864mustered out of Company I, Iowa 13th Infantry Regiment

Civil War Veterans

Have you ever wondered which of your relatives served during the civil war? Or have you wondered who served for which side? I can tell you which of my 2nd great grandfathers served, but I don’t have information about their siblings or cousins stored in my brain.

Thus, I decided to try and create a list of everyone for whom I have a military service fact during the civil war using my genealogy software program, RootsMagic 7.

The first step to creating this list is to create a marked group. To do that, I click on the icon above the index of people that (at least to me) looks like a folder with people poking out.

Clicking on that icon changes the screen from a list of people (Index) to a list of Groups. The top of this list contains a pull down box that allows me to select the group. Once a group is selected, the members of the group are displayed. To the right of the drop down menu is the group icon.

Clicking on this icon to the right of the drop down menu opens up the ‘Named Group’ window. This window has buttons to manage the groups, including the ‘New’ button.

Clicking the ‘New’ button on the NAMED GROUPS window opens the SELECT PEOPLE window. I can manually go thru and select people to create a group. However, most of the time, I’m not certain whom to put in a group and rely on the computer to search for people to add to a group. To do this, I click on the MARK GROUP button.

When I click on MARK GROUP a menu appears.

For this project, I want to use the “Select people by data fields” option. Clicking on that option opens a window where I can search for information.

This is where I have to think like the computer program and build my statements to pull out the people I want. Since this project involves locating individuals who served during the civil war, I’m going to use the MILITARY fact DATE to build my search criteria.

When I clicked OK, RootsMagic searched my database and found 76 people which it marked. Clicking OK on the SELECT PEOPLE window opens a window to ENTER NAME FOR THE GROUP.

Now, I can switch to that group and browse thru the list of members.

Now that I have marked those with a military fact between 1860 and 1867, I can print a report. The ‘Individual List’ report allows me to print a list of these people and include their spouses.

However, that report isn’t very informative. Using the ‘Fact List’ report, I can print a list of these individuals along with their military facts. To create this report, I have to indicate that I want a list of people with a military fact. Then I want to narrow the list down to just those people in the ‘Military Civil War’ group.

This creates a report showing their name and each of their military facts. The date and description/place associated with the military fact is displayed.

Not only do I have a list of those who served during the civil war, I can see that I have some ‘clean-up’ to do with these facts. For example, I often customized the sentence to use the words enlisted or discharged.

This customization does not appear on the fact list report. Thus, my report isn’t very informative. To improve my ability to pull this information, I need to put this information in the description field and then use the description in the sentence.

By doing that, I get a more detailed sentence.

This small change also impacts the Fact List report. I now have the word enlisted appearing on the report.

Now, I just need to work my way thru the individuals in my marked group to make sure their military facts include details in the description.

Civil War Deaths

Have you ever had a conversation with a friend that was totally unrelated to your genealogical research that caused you to go search your data for facts related to that discussion?

That happened to me when a friend described a trip she and her mother and sisters took to the Atlanta area. During the trip they visited the Kennesaw mountain battlefield. During their tour, they were told that the fighting stopped to allow both sides to bury the dead on the battlefield due to the stench. This battle fact was recorded in the first hand account written by Confederate Private Sam Watkins.

On the third morning the Yankees raised a white flag, asked an armistice to bury their dead, not for any respect either army had for the dead, but to get rid of the sickening stench.  I get sick now when I happen to think about it.  Long and deep trenches were dug, and hooks made from bayonets crooked for the purpose, and all the dead were dragged and thrown pell mell into these trenches.  Nothing was allowed to be taken off the dead, and finely dressed officers, with gold watch chains dangling over their vests, were thrown into the ditches.  During the whole day both armies were hard at work, burying the Federal dead….

Watkins, Sam. The Dead Angel. https://www.battlefields.org/learn/primary-sources/dead-angle

Discussing this battle, the comment was made that so many had died while fighting the civil war. Knowing that none of my second great-grandfathers who served were killed during their service. I was curious as to whether I have anyone in my file who died during military service in the civil war, I decided to investigate.

To begin my search, I created a marked group of those people who have a military fact with a date between 1860 and 1866.

That identified 76 individuals in my tree with military facts dated between 1860 and 1866. To narrow down the list to those who died during the civil war, I added a line to my search for a death date before 1866.

That left me with nine people who died while serving in the military during the civil war. Since I already had a custom report showing military information and date of death, I used that report.

This produced a report showing the military information for each of the nine along with their death date.

Unfortunately, I don’t have the cause of death for all nine of these civil war deaths. Thus, further research is needed to learn how all of these men died.

Now that I know how to pull this information from RootsMagic, I can create similar reports for other wars.

Measles

Did you have the measles as a child? Or, perhaps you’ve had the measles vaccine. In today’s society, an adult catching the measles is rare. However, during the civil war, measles played a deadly role.

The article, The Impact of Disease on the Civil War, provides some statistics regarding the impact of this disease.

 From the records during the Civil War, we know that two thirds of the soldiers died from infectious diseases. In the Union army over 67,000 men had measles and more than 4,000 died

Thus, finding that an ancestor had the measles should not be surprising. However, finding that the disease caused lifelong disabilities is somewhat surprising.

Declaration for Original Invalid Pension

State of Kansas

Woodson County

On the 2 day of June, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and ninety personally appeared before me, clerk of the District Court, a court of record within and for the County and State aforesaid, George Mentzer aged 51 years, a resident of ______, county of Woodson, State of Kansas, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical George Mentzer who was enrolled on the 15 day of Sept, 1861, in Company C of the 24 Mass Regiment of Vol Inft Commanded by Colonel Stephenson and was honorably discharged at Petersburg on the 15 day of Sept, 1864,that his personal description is as follows: Age, 51 years; height 5 feet 8 inches; complexion, light; hair, brown; eyes, Grey. That while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and in the line of his duty at Annaplis in the Sate of Maraland on or about the ____ day of November, 1861, he contracted measles and tool cold resulting in lung disease & kidney disease resulting heart decease and efection of eyes.

That he was treated in hospitals as follows: did not go to any hospital but was treated on board of boat think the name was [Videtoe]

That he has not been employed inthe military or naval service otherwise that as stated above.

That since leaving the service this applicant has resided in Northborough Mass, Kewanee Ills and in the State of Woodson Co Kas, and his occupation has been that of a farmer. That prior to his entry into the service above named he was a man of good, sound physical health being when enrolled aa Private. That he is now wholy disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor by reason of his injuries, above described, received in the service of the United States; and he therefore makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the invalid pension roll of the United States.

He herby appoints with full power of substitution and revocation, Hugh Brady of Yates Center, Kans his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim. that he has never received nor applied for a Pension. That his Post-Office address is Yates Center county of Woodson State of Kansas.

George Mentzer

Late Pri Co C 24th Regt Mass Infty Vols

Attest: W. E. Hogueland

G. R. Stephenson

This pension was followed by an affidavit given by John Minnick of Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois.

General Affidavit

State of Illinois, County of Henry

In the matter of the application for pension of George Mentzer, late Pri Co C 24th Regt Mass Infty Vols

On this 27th day of June A.D. 1890, personally appeared before me a notary public in and for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, John Minnick aged 68 years, a resident of Kewanee in the County of Henry and State of Illinois whose post-office address is Kewanee, Ill and Jacob P Keneval aged 56 years, a resident of Kewanee in the County of Henry and State of Illinois whose post-office address is Kewanee, Illinois well known to me to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declare in relation to the aforesaid case as follows: That we have been well and personally acquainted with George Mentzer for five years, and ____ years respectively, and that he then lived in Kewanee, Our acquaintance with him began in the year 1866 and continued till in 1871, when he left here for Kansas. He complained of having had measels while in the army and in conversing with him we became satisfied that he had some lung trouble; the kind and ext[eal] of which we cannot now remember fully. We are confident his lungs were affected.

We also remember that his eyes were weak and looked somewhat inflamed.

In Nov 1890, the Bureau of Pensions sent a request for additional information:

Department of the Interior

Bureau of Pensions

Eastern Div

Knowles Ex’r

No. 78[Eal]70

Geo. Mentzer

Co. C 24 Mass Vols

Washington D.C., Nov. 29, 1890

It is alleged that George Mentzer enlisted Sept 15, 1861 and served as a _____ in Co. C, 24th Reg’t Mass. Vols. and was discharged at Petersburg, Sept. 15, 1864.

It is also alleged that while in duty at Annapolis, Md. on or about Nov. 1861, he was disabled by measles, resulting in lung, kidney and heart diseases and affection of eyes and was treated in hospitals of which the names, locations, and dates of treatment as follows: on board boat ‘Vidette’

In case of the above-named soldier the War Department is requested to furnish an official statement of the enrollment, discharge, and record of service so far as the same may be applicable to the foregoing allegation, together with full medical history. Please give the rank he held at the time he is claimed to have incurred the disability alleged, and if records show that he was not in line of duty during that period, let the fact be stated.

Very Respectfully,

[Green] G Raum
Commissioner

The Officer in Charge of the Record and Pension Division, War Department

In December of 1890, George Mentzer filed an additional statement regarding his military service.

Yates Center Dec 28 1890

[8 am Claim of Pension]

In reply to your call no 13 will pay 1st after my discharge at Petersberg, Va in the fall of 1864 I went to Boston Mass remained there the fall of 64 & 65 from there to Northborough Mass remained there the Spring of 66 moved to Kewanee Ills remained there for about five years removed from there to Kas Woodson County in 1871 and have lived hear ever since. I am board a boat think it was the [vinelette] going form Anaplas Maryland to Roanoak Island was taken with measles and the settled on my lungs and eyes. have had but little treatment from physicians only such as I have furnished. Have continually suffered with my disabilities

George Mentzer

According to the web site, Naval Illustrators, the boat mentioned in the above affidavits was likely the Vidette. The Vidette was an armed US troop transport that carried Companies A, C and F of the 24th Massachusetts Infantry. So far, I haven’t been able to find a source to verify a measles outbreak aboard the Vidette. However, HathiTrust has the regimental history, The Twenty-Fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers 1861-1866 by Alfred S. Roe which does include information about the use of the Vidette by the regiment.

Grand Army Members

As we celebrate Memorial Day by honoring those who died while serving in the U.S. military, I would like to take today to honor my ancestors who served for the Union during the civil war.

Washington Marion Crawford

  • Sergeant in Company H of the 2nd Regiment New York Cavalry Volunteers
  • Enlisted 3 Aug 1861
  • Captured 22 Sept 1863 at Liberty Mills
  • Imprisoned at Belle Isle until March 1864
  • Imprisoned at Andersonville Mary 1864 to Nov 1864
  • Imprisoned at Charleston, South Carolina Nov 1864
  • Paroled 7 Dec 1864
  • Mustered out 8 Apr 1865

Richmond Fisk Hammond

  • Company E 17 Illinois Volunteers
  • enlisted 25 May 1861 as a private
  • honorably discharged 21 Aug 1861 in Missouri
  • 1st Illinois Cavalry Volunteers
  • Enlisted 1 March 1862
  • Discharged from 1st Illinois Calvary Volunteers
  • Company H of the 102nd Infantry
  • Enlisted 26 Jul 1862
  • Deserted 2 Sep 1862
  • Company D of the 14 Illinois Cavalry
  • Enlisted as a private 29 Sep 1862
  • Appointed Sergeant 1 Mar 1863
  • Captured near Atlanta 3 Aug 1864
  • Imprisoned at Andersonville
  • Imprisoned at Charleston, South Carolina
  • Paroled May 1865
  • Mustered out 12 May 1865

Hiram M. Currey

Albert Hutchinson

Noah Washington Briles

Alexander Briles

James Marshall Ricketts

George Mentzer

As I compiled this information, I realized that two of my ancestors, Albert Hutchinson from my father’s side of the tree and Noah Briles from my mother’s side of the tree, served in the same regiment.

GAR Monument

Most of us have heard of Gettysburg National Military Park. Spread throughout this park are monuments honoring the soldiers who fought there. But, have you heard of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park?

Don’t feel bad because I hadn’t either. That was until I studied a document I have for George Mentzer.

May future generations never forget the debt of gratitude they owe to the Brave Boys in Blue who on land and sea volunteered their services during that memorable struggle for the preservation of our Union, and may our motto always be

“Liberty and Union, Now and Forever,

One and Inseperable”

To all whom it may concern

Know ye that

George Mentzer

was enrolled, in a private of Company C

24th Regt. Massachusetts Vol. Infantry on the 26th day of Sept. 1861 and was

Honorably Discharged

September 30th A.D. 1864

His complete Record of Service and a copy of his discharge can be found in Carnahan’s

Manual of the Civil war

a companion to this Souvenir

This design for a National Monument was Dedicated to the Grand Army of the Republic and Kindred Societies by

The Easel Monument Association

and by them will be erected in the center of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park when the location of said park shall have been determined by the sale of this Souvenir

Underneath the Souvenir is the following information:

This is to certify that George Mentzer is a contributor to the Easel Monument Project and that his name counts and votes in favor of the State of Kansas in the contest for the location of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park. This souvenir was presented by him to his wife Emeline Aug 13 1898.

An article on the front page of the 8 Sep 1898 issue of The Columbus Advocate (Columbus, Cherokee County, Kansas) discusses the sale of these souvenirs in Kansas.

S. A. Matsler and his staff of assistants representing The Easel Monument Association have been operating in our town and county for some time with the result that a great deal of interest has been taken in the movement for erecting “The Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park.” The distribution of The Easel Monument Souvenirs has been almost completed, and as they are beautiful works of art and finished in an artistic manner they are giving general satisfaction to the ex-soldiers of our county who have been so fortunate as to patronize the movement and secure the souvenirs for their families. We hope that these sons may be successful in their work in other counties and receive the good will of all interested in a patriotic movement.

According to the souvenir, information about George Mentzer’s discharge is supposed to be in the book Manual of the Civil War. Full text versions of this book are available on Archive.org and on Google Books. However, a search of this book does not contain any MENTZER information.

The website, The Easel Monument: A Relic from the Civil War, discusses the souvenirs and the proposed monument and park. The website, Vermont in the Civil War, contains an extract from the book which gives a detailed description of the monument. In modern day terms, the proposed monument proved to be a scam and the park was never built.

Iowa First Cav

Have you ever tracked an ancestor’s military service thru the various battles? I have to admit this is something that I have not done.

As I was working with the pension file for my ancestor, Noah W. Briles, I became curious about his unit’s service, particularly in Texas. Noah enlisted in Company I of the 1st Regiment of the Iowa Cavalry in June of 1861 for three years. When his time expired, he re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer on 1 January 1864. Noah was mustered out at Austin, Texas on 15 Feb 1866.

Since a document from the War Department indicates that Noah Briles took ill and was hospitalized on 17 Aug 1863 in Clarendon, Arkansas, I am trying to figure out where the unit was at that time along with how they ended up in Texas.

The Wikipedia article on the Iowa First Cavalry provides a synopsis of the military action of the unit. In August of 1862, the unit was in Arkansas.

On Aug. 18, 1862, the army crossed the White River at Clarendon, Ark., and on the 27th was fought the Battle of Bayou Meto, in which the regiment took a prominent part, driving the enemy across the bayou and making a dashing charge to save the only bridge across that deep and miry stream from destruction. In this charge the regiment lost 1 killed and 36 wounded, 1 mortally. The regiment then took the advance of the cavalry in the move on Little Rock.

Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Iowa_Cavalry_Regiment

Unfortunately, the Wikipedia article leaves out most of 1863. Even though small text is used on their page, the National Parks page for the 1st Regiment, Iowa Calvary contains more detail

Expedition from Huntsville to Buffalo River January 9-12, 1863. At Lake Springs till April, 1863. Operations against Marmaduke in Southeastern Missouri April 17-May 3. Jackson, Mo., April 27. Castor River, near Bloomfield, April 29. Bloomfield April 30. Chalk Bluffs, St. Francis River, April 30-May 1. At Lake Springs till July. Expedition against Little Rock, Ark., July 1-September 10. Expedition from Greensborough to Helena, Ark., July (Detachment). Brownsville, Ark., August 25. Near Bayou Metoe August 26. Reed’s Bridge or Bayou Metoe August 27. Austin August 31. Ashley’s Mills September 7. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Elizabethtown October 1. Vance’s Store October 2. Expedition to Arkadelphia November 26-December 1. Reconnoissance from Little Rock December 5-13. Princeton December 6. Expedition to Camden December 15. Steele’s Expedition to Shreveport, La., March 23-May 3, 1864.

National Park Service. 1st Regiment Iowa Cavalry – https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UIA0001RC

Thus, the unit was in the vicinity of Little Rock, Arkansas when Noah Briles became ill. Recovering from his illness, Noah Briles was again with his unit when they were moved to Alexandria, Louisianna and then to Texas.

Moved to Alexandria, La., June 15-22; thence to Hemstead, Tex., August 8-26. Moved to Austin, Tex., October 20-November 4, and duty there till February, 1866. Mustered out February 15, 1866. Moved to Iowa February 19-March 12, and discharged March 16, 1866.

National Park Service. 1st Regiment Iowa Cavalr – https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UIA0001RC

Instead of being mustered out at the end of the war, the First Iowa Calvary joined other units at Alexandria, Louisiana to create the 2nd Cavalry Division.

Ultimately, the Iowans left Arkansas on February 12, 1865,
for Tennessee, where the troops anticipated operations against
Nathan Bedford Forrest’s mounted guerrillas. Just as they found
themselves in a position to acquire the national reputation that
they knew they deserved, the war ended. Unfortunately, the end
of the war did not mean the end of service for the First Iowa Cavalry.
Instead of being mustered home, the Hawkeye horsemen
were ordered to join the Twelfth and Fifth Illinois, Second Wisconsin,
and Seventh Indiana cavalries at Alexandria, Louisiana,
to create the Second Cavalry Division, Department of Texas, Division of the Gulf.
The weary regiment was not finally mustered
out of service until February 1866.

Crosson, David. The Martinet and the Mob. State Historical Society of Iowa. 1989. https://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=9349&context=annals-of-iowa

While in Texas, the commanding officer of the 2nd Cavalry Division was Major General George Armstrong Custer. While serving under Major General Custer, the Iowa troops felt that they were mistreated. After the 1st Iowa Cavalry was mustered out, the Iowa State House of Representatives passed a resolution condemning General Custer.

the committee concluded that the First Iowa Cavalry had “received from the hands
of Major-General Custer . .. such ill treatment as no other Iowa
soldiers have ever been called upon to endure; that such treatment
or punishment was dishonorable to the General inflicting
it, degrading to the name of American soldier, unworthy of the
cause in which they were engaged, and in direct and flagrant
violation of the laws, of Congress and the rules and articles of

For decades afterwards, the collective memory of the former
regiment remained embittered by the nightmare of service
under Custer in Texas, and the veterans toiled diligently to
expunge their record of this particularly unpleasant episode.

Crosson, David. The Martinet and the Mob. State Historical Society of Iowa. 1989. https://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=9349&context=annals-of-iowa

It was only by trying to learn more about my great-great grandfather’s service that I uncovered this information about the 1st Iowa Cavalry and General Custer. Unfortunately, I don’t have any letters, diaries or other documents to help understand Noah Briles’ role in this conflict between members of the 1st Iowa Cavalry and General George Armstrong Custer.

Muster Roll

From Albert Hutchinson’s Civil War Military File

Mustered In

H 1 Cav Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Appears with rank of Pvt on
Muster and Descriptive Rolle of a Detach-
ment of U.S. Vols. forwarded
for the 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry. Roll dated
Davenport Iowa, Sept. 30, 1962
Where born North Hampton New York
Age 25 years; occupation farmer
When enlisted Sept. 1 186_
Where enlisted Independence
For what period enlisted 3 years
Eyes Black; hair black
Complexion dark; height 5 ft 4 in
When mustered in – _ 186_
Where mustered in – _ 186_
Bounty Paid $ _ 100; due $ ___100 Whee credited _______
Company to which assigned _
Valuation of horse, $ _ 1– Valuation of horse equipments, $ __ 1000
Remarks: Bounty $25; Premium $4
Bookmark General Notation, 2601 A, 1876
Easterling, Copyist
(339)

Supplies own horse

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Jan. & Feb. 1863
Present or absent Presents
Stoppage, $ _ 100 for __
Due Gov’t, $ _100 for _
Valuation of horse, $ _ 100 Valuation of horse euqipments, $ _ 100
Remarks: furnished horse
& horse equipments
since Jan 1/63.
Equipments not
paid for but charged
on Dec’r rolls
Book mark: __
Lowny
Copyist
(358)

Mustered Out

H 1 Cav Iowa
Alberth Hutchinson
Pvt, Co D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
age 25 years
Appears on
Detachment Muster-out Roll
of the organization named above. Roll Dated
Little Rock, Ark Mch 14 1864
Muster out date Dec 31, 1863
Last paid to Dec 31, 1863
Clothing account:
Last Settled , 186 ; drawn since $ __ /100
Due soldier $ _ /100; due U.S. $ _ /100
Am’t for cloth’g in kind or money adv’d $ 36 37/100
Due U.S. for arms, equiments, &c., $ _ /100 Bounty paid $25 00/100; due /100
Valuation of horse, $ _ /100 Valuation of horse equipments, $ _ /100
Remarks: Clothing account settled
to Aug. 31, 1863. Clothing allowance
due from Aug. 31, 63 Stop
for one sabre knot, one [screw]
covey
Book Mark: _
G W Davis
Copyist

Re-Enlisted

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co D, 1 reg’t Iowa Cavalry.
Appears on
M. and D. Roll of Veteran Volunteers
of the organizaton named above. Roll dated
Little Rock Ark, Mch 14, 1864
When enlisted Jany 1, 1864
[to date from] re Enlistment
When mustered in Mch 14, 1864
Bounty paid $ _ /100; due $ 60 00/100 Company to which assigned D Valuation of Horse, $ /100
Valuation of horse equipments, $ __
/100
Remarks: $13 advance pay & 2 00/
premium due
Residence. Independence
Buchanan Co Iowa 3rd Dist
Book Mark:
Meding
Copyist

Absent without Leave

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for May & June 1864
Present or Absent Absent
Stoppage, $ _ /100 for _
Due Gov’t, $ _/100 for
Valuation of horse, $ /100 Valuation of horse equipments, $ /100
Remarks: Vet Vol Third Enstall-
ment Bounty due absent
without leave since June
1786
Dismounted
Book mark: _
[Furman]
copyist

Docked Pay for absence

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for July & Aug 1864
Present or absent Present
Stoppage, $_____/100 for _
Due Gov’t, $ /100 for
Valuation of horse, $_____?100
Valuation of horse equipments, $ _/100
Remakrs: Vet Vol. 3rd Install-ment bounty due [Slot] for
absence without leave
from Juen 18 to June 30th
64 by order of Gen B Fisk
Book mark:__
[Furman]
copyist

Mustered Out

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
age 27 years
Appears on Co. Muster-out Roll, dated
Austin Tex, Feb 15, 1866
Muster out date Feb 15, 1866
Last paid to June 30, 1865
Clothing account
Last settled , 186 ; drawn since $ /100
Due Soldier $1 10/100; due U.S. $ /100
am’t for cloth’g in kind or money adv’d $ /100
Due U.S. for arms, equipments, &c., $ 14 48/100
Bounty paid $ 200 00/100; Due $ 140 00/100
Valuation of horse, $ _ /100
Valuation of horse equipments, $ _ /100
Remarks: Joined as a recruit
as within state. Reenlisted
as a veteran Jan 17 64
arms retained per G.O.
no 101 series of 1866
Book mark: 885-B-188 (over)
S W Williams
copyist

Over
June 14 10524559 1891
driver & cone wrench &
one bushe wiper & thong
mustered out pursuant
to circular from the War
Dept. dated Feb 11, 1864
authorizing the renenlist
ment as Vet vols of
recruits of 1862 in old
organizations of the
state of Iowa, with the
condition that he for
foeits the $100 Bounty
provided by Sec. 5, act
of congress approved
July 22, 1861
Dischrged by virtue
of reenlistment as Vet
vol. per G.O. No. 191 &
War Dept, Series
of 1863

GAR Encampment

While searching Newspapers.com for ‘Marion Crawford,’ I came across the following G.A.R. article.

G.A.R.

We are under obligations to Mr. J. L. Slaven for the names of the members of Lewis Post, of this city, who contemplate attending the encampment at St. Louis. Thos of the Post who attend will leave this city on Sunday, September, 25th. So far as is known at present the following members will attend.

H. Juneau
Dr. D. D. Rose
N. P. Laughton
W. J. Howard
Marion Crawford
Wm. Tilghman
P. R. Hobble
C. C. Routzhan
J. L. Slaven
Col. J. H. Straughn

The above list not only mentions Marion Crawford but his brother-in-law, Dr. Daniel Rose. Further information about Marion Crawford’s attendance at the encampment have not been found. Many newspapers contain an extensive account of the encampment.

This YouTube video provides a brief history of the G.A.R. in St. Louis

Andersonville

While going thru the military information I have compiled for Richmond F Hammond, I’ve found that his military records do not match up with the information in the pension file affidavits. One of those areas of ‘disagreement’ was his imprisonment at Andersonville.

Richmond Hammond’s military records indicate that he was missing in action since August 3, 1864. However, his ‘Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records’ does not list any prisons.

His military record does indicate that he was on the muster roll of detachment of Paroled Prisoners at Benton Barracks, Missouri. The muster roll for May and June 1865 indicates that Richmond Hammond was “Delivered” Feb. 25, 1865 at Goldsboro, North Carolina.

The proof for his imprisonment comes from affidavits filed as part of his pension application. The earliest affidavit containing this information is from 1868.

Declaration for Invalid Pension

State of Illinois

County of Knox

On this _____ day of ____ 1868, before me, the clerk of the circuit Court in and for the County and State above named, and by law duly authorized to administer oaths for general purposes, personally appeared Richmond F Hammond who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is aged twenty seven years, and is a resident of Ontario Township County of Knox, in the state of Illinois and that he is the identical Richmond F Hammond who was a Sergeant in Company ‘D’ commanded by Captain H. C. [Carsics] in the 14th Regiment Cavalry, Ill Volunteers, commanded by Colonel Horace Capun, in the war of 1861 and 1862. That he volunteered as above stated at Galesburg, county of Knox, in the state of Illinois on or about the twenty ninth day of September, 1862, for the term of three years or during the war, and was honorably discharged at Springfield Ill on the Sixteenth day of June, 1865.

That while in the said service and in the line of his duty at Andersonville prions in the State of Georgia on the _____ day of September 1864 he received the following wound or disability, to wit*:

that on or about 5th day of August 1864 he was taken prisoner near Atlanta State of Georgia and taken to Andersonville prison and remained a prisioner about nine months and while in said prison and in the tenure of the United States and in the line of his duty he became diseased with the scurvey which effected the left hip joint attended with the loss of power of the muscle so that he is almost wholy unable to perform manuel labor

That since leaving said service this applicant has resided at Ontario in said county of Knox and his occupation has been farming and his Post-Office address is Oneida Knox county State of Illinois

He makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the Invalid Pension Roll of the United States under the Act of Congress approved July 14, 1862, and amendments thereto, by reason of the disability above stated; and hereby constitutes and appoints Col T C smith his attorney to prosecute this claim and procure a Pension Certificate, and also to receive from the Pension Office the certificate of discharge filed herewith.

Richmond F. Hammond (signature)

Sworn to, subscribed and acknowledged before me, the day and year first above named, and on the same day personally appeared Jehial Hammond and William I Reese residents of Ontario Township County of Knox in the State of Illinois and made oath that they are personally acquainted with Richmond F Hammond who has made and subscribed the foregoing declaration in their presence, and that they have every reason to believe, from teh appearance of teh applicant, and their acquaintance with him, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be, that they reside as above stated, and are disinterested in this claim for a Pension.

That since leaving the service of the United States as aforesaid, his habits have been uniformly good, and his occupations has been a farmer

Jehial Hammond (signature)
William I Reece (signature)

Sworn to and subscribed before me; and I certify that i am not interested in this claim or concerned in its prosecution; that i believe the affiants to be respectable and credible witnesses, and that the claimant is the person he represents himself to be.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said Court this 28th day of March A.D., 1868

Joh[? A]berdein Clerk

A General Affidavit dated 8 Mar 1898 provides further information about Richmond Hammond’s imprisonment.

General Affidavit

State of Kansas County of Ford

In the matter of Richmond F Hammond late member Co D 14″ Reg’t Ill Cav Vols

On this 8 day of March A.D. 1898, personally appeared before me Richmond F Hammond aged 17 years, a resident of Dodge City in the county of Ford and state of Kansas and well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:

my chronick diarehea was contracted while I was a prisoner of War at Andersonville, Geo in the summer and Fall of 1864 and continued on me while I was at Charleston South Carolina and at Florence South Caroline wheas I cam near loosin my life with it and it has continued on me ever sinse and I farther state that the Doctor that attended me when I got home from rebel prison is dead so is the next one and that is the reason why I cannot get the evidence of them.

I did not serve in the Navel or military services of the United States prior to May 23, 1861 and no subsequent to June 16 1865

Affiant’s post office address is Dodge City Ford Co Kansas

Richmond F Hammond (signature)

stamped 18 Mar 1898

Even though the memorandum from prisoner of war records does not list Andersonville, I believe that the two affidavits supplied by Richmond Hammond are sufficient proof of his imprisonment at Andersonville.