Certificate of Disability

Pension File of Washington Marion Crawford

Officer’s Certificate of Disability of Soldier
Invalid Pension

Pension Office – Circular No. 6 – Act of July 14, 1865

Army of the United States
To All whome It May Concern

It is hereby Certified, that (1) Washington M Crawford late a Private
of Captain [Jame] Irvin Company H of the 2nd Regiment of (2)
New York, Cavalry vols, in the War of 1861 was
enrolled into the service of the United States at Washington DC in the State of
___________________________ on the 3rd day of August A.D. 1861 to serve
for a period of 3 years, and was honorably discharged at New York City
in the State of New York on or about the 8 day of April
A.D. 1865 by reason of (3) ________________________


and by occupation when enrolled a farmer. That during the service of the said
(1) Washington M Crawford he became disabled form performing the duties of a soldeir
on or about 22 day of Sept A.D. 1863, in consequence of (4)
being captured by the enemy on 22d Sept
1863 and released on Dec 10 1864.
incurred in the service aforesaid and whilst in the line of his duty, in the manner and at the time and place, as follows:
He was captured near Liberty Mills Va. Taken by Enemy
to Libby Prison thence Belle Island, thence Andersonville
thence Charleston, thence Florence SC thence back to
Liberty and released Dec. 10 1864. That while
in Prison he contracted disease of the throat
bronchitis from excessive exposure and ill
treatment in prison during fifteen months
and he is thereby not only incapaciated for military duty, but in the opinion of the undersigned, is (6)
disabled from obtaining his substance by manual labor. That the said soldier was in good health at the time he entered the service
and the disability above referred to affected him while in the service and at his discharge, as follows, (7)
He was unable to do duty after his release
from prison, in consequence of the disease
aforesaid of the throat and [prostration]that
resulted from prison life and exposure
during the same.
This certificate is based upon official information and personal knowledge of facts. That the undersigned is
disinterested in making the certificate of facts.
[Smie] Irvin
Capt Co H 2 N Y Cav
Given at Chambersburg
Date Feb 25 1870

Miller Affidavit

The following affidavit by James H. Miller is part of the pension file for Washington Marion Crawford.

State of Il
County of Macon

I James (H) Miller a resident of Decatur
County of Macon State of Illinois late
Private of Company H of the 2nd Regiment
of N.y. Cavalry vols; on oath depose
and say that I was well acquainted with
Washington M Crawford lad a sergeant of Comp
any H of the 2nd Regiment of New York Cavalry Vols.
in the war of 1861 and while in the military service
of the United States in the line of his duty and
without fault or improper conduct of his own
while confined in Andersonville prison in the
State of Georgia from March 1864 to the 9th
day of September same year said Soldier
contracted disease induced by starvation and exposure
which was usually  termed scurvy and rheumatism
but having no technical knowledge of such diseases can
only say that he was affected very much as a great
many others were by extreme loss of flesh and delib
itated condition and with swelling of the extremities
I was with him in other prisons besides Anderson
ville and it was the common talk among comrades of
my company that we never expected to see him get out
alive and my impression was when I saw him last
that he would not then live a month.
I pass this judgment on the symptoms he seemed
to have

2nd page

in comparison with men who died from the effects
of starvation
I am fully convinced in my own mind that his
entire dibility was caused
by lack of proper food and other cruelties perpetrated on
prisoners at Andersonville as he was always healthy
and ready for duty when with the company.
Such a length of time having now lapsed I do not
know that I could enumerate all the prisons
that he was in with me but if any stronger statement
is necessary on my part I shall cheerfully give it.
I know the facts above stated from my own
personal knowledge as I was with him before is
capture, during his incarceration and at the time of
his release, but cannot now state where I parted
with him after release.

I am not in any way interested in this claim for
pension my post office address is Decatur, Macon
Co. Ill. Box 167
James H Miller
A. G. Present

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 21st
day of November AD 1883 I certify that I read the
foregoing affidavit to the affiant before execution
and that the affiant is to me well known and
is respectable and worthy of full credit as a witness
and that I am not interested in this claim for
pension.
G. P. Hardy Clerk
(official signature)

Prisoner

General Affidavit
State of Indiana
County of Warren

In the matter of the original invalid pension claim of
Washington M. Crawford
Personally came before me, a Henry C. Johnson, Clerk WCC, in  and for
aforesaid County and State, Washington M. Crawford,
West Lebanon, Ind.
aged 41 years, well known to me to be a reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly
sworn, declare in relation to aforesaid case, as follows:


I was taken prisoner Sept. 22, 1863 and was
released Dec 10 1864 my term of service expired
August 3 1864 soon after my return to Anapolis
Md I was furloughed home and remained there
sixty days then I was sent to NY City
and discharged never having seen the regim
to which I belonged and never even
having any symptom of Bronchitus
before my imprisonment I was never
treated by my regimental Surgeon

Washington M. Crawford

Attest
John C Goodwine
Jacob G McClean

Crawford Discharge

To all whom it may concern

Know ye, That Washington M. Crawford a
Sergeant of Captain
Company (H) 2nd Regiment of New York Cav.
Volunteers who was enrolled on the third day of August
one thousand eight Hundred and sixty one to serve three years or
during the war, is hereby Discharged from the service of the United States
this eight day of April 1865, at New York
City by reason of Expiration of term of service.
No objection to his being re-enlisted is known to exist.
Said Washington M. Crawford was born in Warren County
in the State of Indiana, is twenty six years of age
five feet ten inches high fair complexion, grey eyes
sandy hair, and by occupation, when enrolled, a farmer.
Given at New York City, this Sixth day of
May 1865
Henry [Allen]
Capt 12/3 U.S. Infnt
[Must] Off

Washington Crawford Affidavit

Affidavit from Washington Marion Crawford’s Pension File

State of Indiana Warren County SS

Before me the undersigned authority personally appeared Washington M Crawford who being by me first duly sworn says

 my age is 46 years.


In the matter of my claim for pension No 170744 my occupation has always been that of a farmer. For five year preceding my enlistment in Co H 2nd NY Cav I worked on a farm for my father in Washington township Warren County Ind except the last year prior to the breaking out of the war I moved to Jordan township and began farming for myself. I continued there until August 3rd 1861, when I enlisted in the army in the above named Co and regiment. I was in all the engagements the regiment was in from the time of its organization until the 22nd day of Sept 1863 when I was taken prisoner in an engagement between Gen Kilpatrick and Gen Stewart near Liberty Mills Va.

The circumstances under which my disability was incurred was hardships of prison life such as being confined with thirty five thousand men on about sixteen acres of ground with insufficient food and no shelter except a government blanket which makes a poor Shade

and no shelter from the rain whatever. I passed the winter of 1863 and 1864 in Bell Isle and in March 64 I was taken to Andersonville Ga where I incurred the disability during the summer of 1864. I went from there to Charleston SC and there eighteen days and was then taken to Florence SC where on the 7th of Dec 64 I was paroled in the agreement between two Commissioners to exchange ten thousand sick.

I arrived home in June 1865 and remained on the old homestead with my mother and was treated by Dr Tebbs and Dr Greeley who are both deceased. In 1866 I lived in Jordan township, tried farming and received treatment from Dr Frankeberger who is also deceased. In 1867 I lived in Washington township followed farming and was again treated by Dr Greely. I remained in Washington township until 1871 when I moved to Pike township and followed farming there until 1873 when I again moved to Washington township where I have remained to the present and have been following farming.

I am a constant sufferer with the following troubles: rheumatism, neuralgic bronchitis, piles and the effects of Scurvy in my feet My treatment since the death of Drs Tebbs of Williamsport Ind, Dr Greely of West Lebanon Ind, and DrFrankeberger of Jordan has been by Dr Leech who now resides at Crawfordsville Ind, Dr T B Campbell of West Lebanon, Ind and Dr. Osborne of West Lebanon Ind
I have performed manual labor every year since the war except the first year immediately after the war. I have not been able at any time since the war to do a full day’s work from the fact that my feet are so affected that I cannot stand the walking. My mussles also pain me so that I am compelled to stop. I am not able to do more than one fourth as much of any kind of farm work as I could before the war. When I do any heavy work it brings on piles when I am exposed.I suffer with Bronchitus. All the work I do must be done under great difficulties and with great pain. I am frequently confined to the house and sometimes to my bed but I can

not give dates as to time of said confinement. All I can do with any degree of certainty is to oversee the work and do chores.

I have not suffered at any time with any acute disease since my discharge from the Army.

Washington M Crawford

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th day of April 1884 and I certify that I have not interest in the claim this affidavit seeks to establish.
Henry C Johnson, Clk.
Fry Bryant Dep

Mustered Out

Have you ever discovered an obituary in a location that you never imagined? While searching for an obituary on a collateral line, I stumbled across a brief obit in a ‘Mustered Out’ column in the National Tribune (Washington, D.C.)

Since I had never encountered this type of obit before, I was curious to see if I could find an ancestor in a similar “Mustered Out” column. Thus, I searched for my great-great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford who died in 1889. And – I found it!

Crawford — At Dodge City, Kan., recently, ofheart failure, W. M. Crawford Co. H, 2d N. Y. Cav.,aged 51 years. He was captured Sept. 22, 1863, andfor more than 14 months suffered all the crueltiesof Belle Isle, Andersonville and prisons of the South, returning to his home the last day of De-cember, 1864, a mere wreck of his former self, fromthe effect of which he never recovered. He was amember and had been an officer of Lewis Post No.294. He always had a kind word for his comradesand was interested in their affairs. It was his re-quest frequently expressed, that he be buried bythe Post and that ex-Andersonville prisoners actas pallbearers which request was fully carried out.His last act was to respond promptly and cheer-fully to a call to take charge of old Fort Dodgewhich is being refitted and beautified for a StateSoldiers’ Home. He leaves a wife, two sons andtwo daughters; also, one brother, two sisters andmany friends.
I don’t know the extent of this ‘Mustered Out’ column, but I found an 1889 record and a 1910 record. Now, I need to search for all of my civil war veterans to see if I can find a mustered out entry for them!