Measles

Did you have the measles as a child? Or, perhaps you’ve had the measles vaccine. In today’s society, an adult catching the measles is rare. However, during the civil war, measles played a deadly role.

The article, The Impact of Disease on the Civil War, provides some statistics regarding the impact of this disease.

 From the records during the Civil War, we know that two thirds of the soldiers died from infectious diseases. In the Union army over 67,000 men had measles and more than 4,000 died

Thus, finding that an ancestor had the measles should not be surprising. However, finding that the disease caused lifelong disabilities is somewhat surprising.

Declaration for Original Invalid Pension

State of Kansas

Woodson County

On the 2 day of June, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and ninety personally appeared before me, clerk of the District Court, a court of record within and for the County and State aforesaid, George Mentzer aged 51 years, a resident of ______, county of Woodson, State of Kansas, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical George Mentzer who was enrolled on the 15 day of Sept, 1861, in Company C of the 24 Mass Regiment of Vol Inft Commanded by Colonel Stephenson and was honorably discharged at Petersburg on the 15 day of Sept, 1864,that his personal description is as follows: Age, 51 years; height 5 feet 8 inches; complexion, light; hair, brown; eyes, Grey. That while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and in the line of his duty at Annaplis in the Sate of Maraland on or about the ____ day of November, 1861, he contracted measles and tool cold resulting in lung disease & kidney disease resulting heart decease and efection of eyes.

That he was treated in hospitals as follows: did not go to any hospital but was treated on board of boat think the name was [Videtoe]

That he has not been employed inthe military or naval service otherwise that as stated above.

That since leaving the service this applicant has resided in Northborough Mass, Kewanee Ills and in the State of Woodson Co Kas, and his occupation has been that of a farmer. That prior to his entry into the service above named he was a man of good, sound physical health being when enrolled aa Private. That he is now wholy disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor by reason of his injuries, above described, received in the service of the United States; and he therefore makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the invalid pension roll of the United States.

He herby appoints with full power of substitution and revocation, Hugh Brady of Yates Center, Kans his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim. that he has never received nor applied for a Pension. That his Post-Office address is Yates Center county of Woodson State of Kansas.

George Mentzer

Late Pri Co C 24th Regt Mass Infty Vols

Attest: W. E. Hogueland

G. R. Stephenson

This pension was followed by an affidavit given by John Minnick of Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois.

General Affidavit

State of Illinois, County of Henry

In the matter of the application for pension of George Mentzer, late Pri Co C 24th Regt Mass Infty Vols

On this 27th day of June A.D. 1890, personally appeared before me a notary public in and for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, John Minnick aged 68 years, a resident of Kewanee in the County of Henry and State of Illinois whose post-office address is Kewanee, Ill and Jacob P Keneval aged 56 years, a resident of Kewanee in the County of Henry and State of Illinois whose post-office address is Kewanee, Illinois well known to me to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declare in relation to the aforesaid case as follows: That we have been well and personally acquainted with George Mentzer for five years, and ____ years respectively, and that he then lived in Kewanee, Our acquaintance with him began in the year 1866 and continued till in 1871, when he left here for Kansas. He complained of having had measels while in the army and in conversing with him we became satisfied that he had some lung trouble; the kind and ext[eal] of which we cannot now remember fully. We are confident his lungs were affected.

We also remember that his eyes were weak and looked somewhat inflamed.

In Nov 1890, the Bureau of Pensions sent a request for additional information:

Department of the Interior

Bureau of Pensions

Eastern Div

Knowles Ex’r

No. 78[Eal]70

Geo. Mentzer

Co. C 24 Mass Vols

Washington D.C., Nov. 29, 1890

It is alleged that George Mentzer enlisted Sept 15, 1861 and served as a _____ in Co. C, 24th Reg’t Mass. Vols. and was discharged at Petersburg, Sept. 15, 1864.

It is also alleged that while in duty at Annapolis, Md. on or about Nov. 1861, he was disabled by measles, resulting in lung, kidney and heart diseases and affection of eyes and was treated in hospitals of which the names, locations, and dates of treatment as follows: on board boat ‘Vidette’

In case of the above-named soldier the War Department is requested to furnish an official statement of the enrollment, discharge, and record of service so far as the same may be applicable to the foregoing allegation, together with full medical history. Please give the rank he held at the time he is claimed to have incurred the disability alleged, and if records show that he was not in line of duty during that period, let the fact be stated.

Very Respectfully,

[Green] G Raum
Commissioner

The Officer in Charge of the Record and Pension Division, War Department

In December of 1890, George Mentzer filed an additional statement regarding his military service.

Yates Center Dec 28 1890

[8 am Claim of Pension]

In reply to your call no 13 will pay 1st after my discharge at Petersberg, Va in the fall of 1864 I went to Boston Mass remained there the fall of 64 & 65 from there to Northborough Mass remained there the Spring of 66 moved to Kewanee Ills remained there for about five years removed from there to Kas Woodson County in 1871 and have lived hear ever since. I am board a boat think it was the [vinelette] going form Anaplas Maryland to Roanoak Island was taken with measles and the settled on my lungs and eyes. have had but little treatment from physicians only such as I have furnished. Have continually suffered with my disabilities

George Mentzer

According to the web site, Naval Illustrators, the boat mentioned in the above affidavits was likely the Vidette. The Vidette was an armed US troop transport that carried Companies A, C and F of the 24th Massachusetts Infantry. So far, I haven’t been able to find a source to verify a measles outbreak aboard the Vidette. However, HathiTrust has the regimental history, The Twenty-Fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers 1861-1866 by Alfred S. Roe which does include information about the use of the Vidette by the regiment.

Grand Army Members

As we celebrate Memorial Day by honoring those who died while serving in the U.S. military, I would like to take today to honor my ancestors who served for the Union during the civil war.

Washington Marion Crawford

  • Sergeant in Company H of the 2nd Regiment New York Cavalry Volunteers
  • Enlisted 3 Aug 1861
  • Captured 22 Sept 1863 at Liberty Mills
  • Imprisoned at Belle Isle until March 1864
  • Imprisoned at Andersonville Mary 1864 to Nov 1864
  • Imprisoned at Charleston, South Carolina Nov 1864
  • Paroled 7 Dec 1864
  • Mustered out 8 Apr 1865

Richmond Fisk Hammond

  • Company E 17 Illinois Volunteers
  • enlisted 25 May 1861 as a private
  • honorably discharged 21 Aug 1861 in Missouri
  • 1st Illinois Cavalry Volunteers
  • Enlisted 1 March 1862
  • Discharged from 1st Illinois Calvary Volunteers
  • Company H of the 102nd Infantry
  • Enlisted 26 Jul 1862
  • Deserted 2 Sep 1862
  • Company D of the 14 Illinois Cavalry
  • Enlisted as a private 29 Sep 1862
  • Appointed Sergeant 1 Mar 1863
  • Captured near Atlanta 3 Aug 1864
  • Imprisoned at Andersonville
  • Imprisoned at Charleston, South Carolina
  • Paroled May 1865
  • Mustered out 12 May 1865

Hiram M. Currey

Albert Hutchinson

Noah Washington Briles

Alexander Briles

James Marshall Ricketts

George Mentzer

As I compiled this information, I realized that two of my ancestors, Albert Hutchinson from my father’s side of the tree and Noah Briles from my mother’s side of the tree, served in the same regiment.

GAR Monument

Most of us have heard of Gettysburg National Military Park. Spread throughout this park are monuments honoring the soldiers who fought there. But, have you heard of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park?

Don’t feel bad because I hadn’t either. That was until I studied a document I have for George Mentzer.

May future generations never forget the debt of gratitude they owe to the Brave Boys in Blue who on land and sea volunteered their services during that memorable struggle for the preservation of our Union, and may our motto always be

“Liberty and Union, Now and Forever,

One and Inseperable”

To all whom it may concern

Know ye that

George Mentzer

was enrolled, in a private of Company C

24th Regt. Massachusetts Vol. Infantry on the 26th day of Sept. 1861 and was

Honorably Discharged

September 30th A.D. 1864

His complete Record of Service and a copy of his discharge can be found in Carnahan’s

Manual of the Civil war

a companion to this Souvenir

This design for a National Monument was Dedicated to the Grand Army of the Republic and Kindred Societies by

The Easel Monument Association

and by them will be erected in the center of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park when the location of said park shall have been determined by the sale of this Souvenir

Underneath the Souvenir is the following information:

This is to certify that George Mentzer is a contributor to the Easel Monument Project and that his name counts and votes in favor of the State of Kansas in the contest for the location of the Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park. This souvenir was presented by him to his wife Emeline Aug 13 1898.

An article on the front page of the 8 Sep 1898 issue of The Columbus Advocate (Columbus, Cherokee County, Kansas) discusses the sale of these souvenirs in Kansas.

S. A. Matsler and his staff of assistants representing The Easel Monument Association have been operating in our town and county for some time with the result that a great deal of interest has been taken in the movement for erecting “The Union Soldiers and Sailors National Park.” The distribution of The Easel Monument Souvenirs has been almost completed, and as they are beautiful works of art and finished in an artistic manner they are giving general satisfaction to the ex-soldiers of our county who have been so fortunate as to patronize the movement and secure the souvenirs for their families. We hope that these sons may be successful in their work in other counties and receive the good will of all interested in a patriotic movement.

According to the souvenir, information about George Mentzer’s discharge is supposed to be in the book Manual of the Civil War. Full text versions of this book are available on Archive.org and on Google Books. However, a search of this book does not contain any MENTZER information.

The website, The Easel Monument: A Relic from the Civil War, discusses the souvenirs and the proposed monument and park. The website, Vermont in the Civil War, contains an extract from the book which gives a detailed description of the monument. In modern day terms, the proposed monument proved to be a scam and the park was never built.

Iowa First Cav

Have you ever tracked an ancestor’s military service thru the various battles? I have to admit this is something that I have not done.

As I was working with the pension file for my ancestor, Noah W. Briles, I became curious about his unit’s service, particularly in Texas. Noah enlisted in Company I of the 1st Regiment of the Iowa Cavalry in June of 1861 for three years. When his time expired, he re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer on 1 January 1864. Noah was mustered out at Austin, Texas on 15 Feb 1866.

Since a document from the War Department indicates that Noah Briles took ill and was hospitalized on 17 Aug 1863 in Clarendon, Arkansas, I am trying to figure out where the unit was at that time along with how they ended up in Texas.

The Wikipedia article on the Iowa First Cavalry provides a synopsis of the military action of the unit. In August of 1862, the unit was in Arkansas.

On Aug. 18, 1862, the army crossed the White River at Clarendon, Ark., and on the 27th was fought the Battle of Bayou Meto, in which the regiment took a prominent part, driving the enemy across the bayou and making a dashing charge to save the only bridge across that deep and miry stream from destruction. In this charge the regiment lost 1 killed and 36 wounded, 1 mortally. The regiment then took the advance of the cavalry in the move on Little Rock.

Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Iowa_Cavalry_Regiment

Unfortunately, the Wikipedia article leaves out most of 1863. Even though small text is used on their page, the National Parks page for the 1st Regiment, Iowa Calvary contains more detail

Expedition from Huntsville to Buffalo River January 9-12, 1863. At Lake Springs till April, 1863. Operations against Marmaduke in Southeastern Missouri April 17-May 3. Jackson, Mo., April 27. Castor River, near Bloomfield, April 29. Bloomfield April 30. Chalk Bluffs, St. Francis River, April 30-May 1. At Lake Springs till July. Expedition against Little Rock, Ark., July 1-September 10. Expedition from Greensborough to Helena, Ark., July (Detachment). Brownsville, Ark., August 25. Near Bayou Metoe August 26. Reed’s Bridge or Bayou Metoe August 27. Austin August 31. Ashley’s Mills September 7. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Elizabethtown October 1. Vance’s Store October 2. Expedition to Arkadelphia November 26-December 1. Reconnoissance from Little Rock December 5-13. Princeton December 6. Expedition to Camden December 15. Steele’s Expedition to Shreveport, La., March 23-May 3, 1864.

National Park Service. 1st Regiment Iowa Cavalry – https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UIA0001RC

Thus, the unit was in the vicinity of Little Rock, Arkansas when Noah Briles became ill. Recovering from his illness, Noah Briles was again with his unit when they were moved to Alexandria, Louisianna and then to Texas.

Moved to Alexandria, La., June 15-22; thence to Hemstead, Tex., August 8-26. Moved to Austin, Tex., October 20-November 4, and duty there till February, 1866. Mustered out February 15, 1866. Moved to Iowa February 19-March 12, and discharged March 16, 1866.

National Park Service. 1st Regiment Iowa Cavalr – https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UIA0001RC

Instead of being mustered out at the end of the war, the First Iowa Calvary joined other units at Alexandria, Louisiana to create the 2nd Cavalry Division.

Ultimately, the Iowans left Arkansas on February 12, 1865,
for Tennessee, where the troops anticipated operations against
Nathan Bedford Forrest’s mounted guerrillas. Just as they found
themselves in a position to acquire the national reputation that
they knew they deserved, the war ended. Unfortunately, the end
of the war did not mean the end of service for the First Iowa Cavalry.
Instead of being mustered home, the Hawkeye horsemen
were ordered to join the Twelfth and Fifth Illinois, Second Wisconsin,
and Seventh Indiana cavalries at Alexandria, Louisiana,
to create the Second Cavalry Division, Department of Texas, Division of the Gulf.
The weary regiment was not finally mustered
out of service until February 1866.

Crosson, David. The Martinet and the Mob. State Historical Society of Iowa. 1989. https://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=9349&context=annals-of-iowa

While in Texas, the commanding officer of the 2nd Cavalry Division was Major General George Armstrong Custer. While serving under Major General Custer, the Iowa troops felt that they were mistreated. After the 1st Iowa Cavalry was mustered out, the Iowa State House of Representatives passed a resolution condemning General Custer.

the committee concluded that the First Iowa Cavalry had “received from the hands
of Major-General Custer . .. such ill treatment as no other Iowa
soldiers have ever been called upon to endure; that such treatment
or punishment was dishonorable to the General inflicting
it, degrading to the name of American soldier, unworthy of the
cause in which they were engaged, and in direct and flagrant
violation of the laws, of Congress and the rules and articles of

For decades afterwards, the collective memory of the former
regiment remained embittered by the nightmare of service
under Custer in Texas, and the veterans toiled diligently to
expunge their record of this particularly unpleasant episode.

Crosson, David. The Martinet and the Mob. State Historical Society of Iowa. 1989. https://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=9349&context=annals-of-iowa

It was only by trying to learn more about my great-great grandfather’s service that I uncovered this information about the 1st Iowa Cavalry and General Custer. Unfortunately, I don’t have any letters, diaries or other documents to help understand Noah Briles’ role in this conflict between members of the 1st Iowa Cavalry and General George Armstrong Custer.

Muster Roll

From Albert Hutchinson’s Civil War Military File

Mustered In

H 1 Cav Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Appears with rank of Pvt on
Muster and Descriptive Rolle of a Detach-
ment of U.S. Vols. forwarded
for the 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry. Roll dated
Davenport Iowa, Sept. 30, 1962
Where born North Hampton New York
Age 25 years; occupation farmer
When enlisted Sept. 1 186_
Where enlisted Independence
For what period enlisted 3 years
Eyes Black; hair black
Complexion dark; height 5 ft 4 in
When mustered in – _ 186_
Where mustered in – _ 186_
Bounty Paid $ _ 100; due $ ___100 Whee credited _______
Company to which assigned _
Valuation of horse, $ _ 1– Valuation of horse equipments, $ __ 1000
Remarks: Bounty $25; Premium $4
Bookmark General Notation, 2601 A, 1876
Easterling, Copyist
(339)

Supplies own horse

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Jan. & Feb. 1863
Present or absent Presents
Stoppage, $ _ 100 for __
Due Gov’t, $ _100 for _
Valuation of horse, $ _ 100 Valuation of horse euqipments, $ _ 100
Remarks: furnished horse
& horse equipments
since Jan 1/63.
Equipments not
paid for but charged
on Dec’r rolls
Book mark: __
Lowny
Copyist
(358)

Mustered Out

H 1 Cav Iowa
Alberth Hutchinson
Pvt, Co D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
age 25 years
Appears on
Detachment Muster-out Roll
of the organization named above. Roll Dated
Little Rock, Ark Mch 14 1864
Muster out date Dec 31, 1863
Last paid to Dec 31, 1863
Clothing account:
Last Settled , 186 ; drawn since $ __ /100
Due soldier $ _ /100; due U.S. $ _ /100
Am’t for cloth’g in kind or money adv’d $ 36 37/100
Due U.S. for arms, equiments, &c., $ _ /100 Bounty paid $25 00/100; due /100
Valuation of horse, $ _ /100 Valuation of horse equipments, $ _ /100
Remarks: Clothing account settled
to Aug. 31, 1863. Clothing allowance
due from Aug. 31, 63 Stop
for one sabre knot, one [screw]
covey
Book Mark: _
G W Davis
Copyist

Re-Enlisted

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co D, 1 reg’t Iowa Cavalry.
Appears on
M. and D. Roll of Veteran Volunteers
of the organizaton named above. Roll dated
Little Rock Ark, Mch 14, 1864
When enlisted Jany 1, 1864
[to date from] re Enlistment
When mustered in Mch 14, 1864
Bounty paid $ _ /100; due $ 60 00/100 Company to which assigned D Valuation of Horse, $ /100
Valuation of horse equipments, $ __
/100
Remarks: $13 advance pay & 2 00/
premium due
Residence. Independence
Buchanan Co Iowa 3rd Dist
Book Mark:
Meding
Copyist

Absent without Leave

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for May & June 1864
Present or Absent Absent
Stoppage, $ _ /100 for _
Due Gov’t, $ _/100 for
Valuation of horse, $ /100 Valuation of horse equipments, $ /100
Remarks: Vet Vol Third Enstall-
ment Bounty due absent
without leave since June
1786
Dismounted
Book mark: _
[Furman]
copyist

Docked Pay for absence

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for July & Aug 1864
Present or absent Present
Stoppage, $_____/100 for _
Due Gov’t, $ /100 for
Valuation of horse, $_____?100
Valuation of horse equipments, $ _/100
Remakrs: Vet Vol. 3rd Install-ment bounty due [Slot] for
absence without leave
from Juen 18 to June 30th
64 by order of Gen B Fisk
Book mark:__
[Furman]
copyist

Mustered Out

H 1 Cav. Iowa
Albert Hutchinson
Pvt, Co. D, 1 Reg’t Iowa Cavalry
age 27 years
Appears on Co. Muster-out Roll, dated
Austin Tex, Feb 15, 1866
Muster out date Feb 15, 1866
Last paid to June 30, 1865
Clothing account
Last settled , 186 ; drawn since $ /100
Due Soldier $1 10/100; due U.S. $ /100
am’t for cloth’g in kind or money adv’d $ /100
Due U.S. for arms, equipments, &c., $ 14 48/100
Bounty paid $ 200 00/100; Due $ 140 00/100
Valuation of horse, $ _ /100
Valuation of horse equipments, $ _ /100
Remarks: Joined as a recruit
as within state. Reenlisted
as a veteran Jan 17 64
arms retained per G.O.
no 101 series of 1866
Book mark: 885-B-188 (over)
S W Williams
copyist

Over
June 14 10524559 1891
driver & cone wrench &
one bushe wiper & thong
mustered out pursuant
to circular from the War
Dept. dated Feb 11, 1864
authorizing the renenlist
ment as Vet vols of
recruits of 1862 in old
organizations of the
state of Iowa, with the
condition that he for
foeits the $100 Bounty
provided by Sec. 5, act
of congress approved
July 22, 1861
Dischrged by virtue
of reenlistment as Vet
vol. per G.O. No. 191 &
War Dept, Series
of 1863

GAR Encampment

While searching Newspapers.com for ‘Marion Crawford,’ I came across the following G.A.R. article.

G.A.R.

We are under obligations to Mr. J. L. Slaven for the names of the members of Lewis Post, of this city, who contemplate attending the encampment at St. Louis. Thos of the Post who attend will leave this city on Sunday, September, 25th. So far as is known at present the following members will attend.

H. Juneau
Dr. D. D. Rose
N. P. Laughton
W. J. Howard
Marion Crawford
Wm. Tilghman
P. R. Hobble
C. C. Routzhan
J. L. Slaven
Col. J. H. Straughn

The above list not only mentions Marion Crawford but his brother-in-law, Dr. Daniel Rose. Further information about Marion Crawford’s attendance at the encampment have not been found. Many newspapers contain an extensive account of the encampment.

This YouTube video provides a brief history of the G.A.R. in St. Louis

Andersonville

While going thru the military information I have compiled for Richmond F Hammond, I’ve found that his military records do not match up with the information in the pension file affidavits. One of those areas of ‘disagreement’ was his imprisonment at Andersonville.

Richmond Hammond’s military records indicate that he was missing in action since August 3, 1864. However, his ‘Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records’ does not list any prisons.

His military record does indicate that he was on the muster roll of detachment of Paroled Prisoners at Benton Barracks, Missouri. The muster roll for May and June 1865 indicates that Richmond Hammond was “Delivered” Feb. 25, 1865 at Goldsboro, North Carolina.

The proof for his imprisonment comes from affidavits filed as part of his pension application. The earliest affidavit containing this information is from 1868.

Declaration for Invalid Pension

State of Illinois

County of Knox

On this _____ day of ____ 1868, before me, the clerk of the circuit Court in and for the County and State above named, and by law duly authorized to administer oaths for general purposes, personally appeared Richmond F Hammond who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is aged twenty seven years, and is a resident of Ontario Township County of Knox, in the state of Illinois and that he is the identical Richmond F Hammond who was a Sergeant in Company ‘D’ commanded by Captain H. C. [Carsics] in the 14th Regiment Cavalry, Ill Volunteers, commanded by Colonel Horace Capun, in the war of 1861 and 1862. That he volunteered as above stated at Galesburg, county of Knox, in the state of Illinois on or about the twenty ninth day of September, 1862, for the term of three years or during the war, and was honorably discharged at Springfield Ill on the Sixteenth day of June, 1865.

That while in the said service and in the line of his duty at Andersonville prions in the State of Georgia on the _____ day of September 1864 he received the following wound or disability, to wit*:

that on or about 5th day of August 1864 he was taken prisoner near Atlanta State of Georgia and taken to Andersonville prison and remained a prisioner about nine months and while in said prison and in the tenure of the United States and in the line of his duty he became diseased with the scurvey which effected the left hip joint attended with the loss of power of the muscle so that he is almost wholy unable to perform manuel labor

That since leaving said service this applicant has resided at Ontario in said county of Knox and his occupation has been farming and his Post-Office address is Oneida Knox county State of Illinois

He makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the Invalid Pension Roll of the United States under the Act of Congress approved July 14, 1862, and amendments thereto, by reason of the disability above stated; and hereby constitutes and appoints Col T C smith his attorney to prosecute this claim and procure a Pension Certificate, and also to receive from the Pension Office the certificate of discharge filed herewith.

Richmond F. Hammond (signature)

Sworn to, subscribed and acknowledged before me, the day and year first above named, and on the same day personally appeared Jehial Hammond and William I Reese residents of Ontario Township County of Knox in the State of Illinois and made oath that they are personally acquainted with Richmond F Hammond who has made and subscribed the foregoing declaration in their presence, and that they have every reason to believe, from teh appearance of teh applicant, and their acquaintance with him, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be, that they reside as above stated, and are disinterested in this claim for a Pension.

That since leaving the service of the United States as aforesaid, his habits have been uniformly good, and his occupations has been a farmer

Jehial Hammond (signature)
William I Reece (signature)

Sworn to and subscribed before me; and I certify that i am not interested in this claim or concerned in its prosecution; that i believe the affiants to be respectable and credible witnesses, and that the claimant is the person he represents himself to be.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said Court this 28th day of March A.D., 1868

Joh[? A]berdein Clerk

A General Affidavit dated 8 Mar 1898 provides further information about Richmond Hammond’s imprisonment.

General Affidavit

State of Kansas County of Ford

In the matter of Richmond F Hammond late member Co D 14″ Reg’t Ill Cav Vols

On this 8 day of March A.D. 1898, personally appeared before me Richmond F Hammond aged 17 years, a resident of Dodge City in the county of Ford and state of Kansas and well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:

my chronick diarehea was contracted while I was a prisoner of War at Andersonville, Geo in the summer and Fall of 1864 and continued on me while I was at Charleston South Carolina and at Florence South Caroline wheas I cam near loosin my life with it and it has continued on me ever sinse and I farther state that the Doctor that attended me when I got home from rebel prison is dead so is the next one and that is the reason why I cannot get the evidence of them.

I did not serve in the Navel or military services of the United States prior to May 23, 1861 and no subsequent to June 16 1865

Affiant’s post office address is Dodge City Ford Co Kansas

Richmond F Hammond (signature)

stamped 18 Mar 1898

Even though the memorandum from prisoner of war records does not list Andersonville, I believe that the two affidavits supplied by Richmond Hammond are sufficient proof of his imprisonment at Andersonville.

Certificate of Disability

Pension File of Washington Marion Crawford

Officer’s Certificate of Disability of Soldier
Invalid Pension

Pension Office – Circular No. 6 – Act of July 14, 1865

Army of the United States
To All whome It May Concern

It is hereby Certified, that (1) Washington M Crawford late a Private
of Captain [Jame] Irvin Company H of the 2nd Regiment of (2)
New York, Cavalry vols, in the War of 1861 was
enrolled into the service of the United States at Washington DC in the State of
___________________________ on the 3rd day of August A.D. 1861 to serve
for a period of 3 years, and was honorably discharged at New York City
in the State of New York on or about the 8 day of April
A.D. 1865 by reason of (3) ________________________


and by occupation when enrolled a farmer. That during the service of the said
(1) Washington M Crawford he became disabled form performing the duties of a soldeir
on or about 22 day of Sept A.D. 1863, in consequence of (4)
being captured by the enemy on 22d Sept
1863 and released on Dec 10 1864.
incurred in the service aforesaid and whilst in the line of his duty, in the manner and at the time and place, as follows:
He was captured near Liberty Mills Va. Taken by Enemy
to Libby Prison thence Belle Island, thence Andersonville
thence Charleston, thence Florence SC thence back to
Liberty and released Dec. 10 1864. That while
in Prison he contracted disease of the throat
bronchitis from excessive exposure and ill
treatment in prison during fifteen months
and he is thereby not only incapaciated for military duty, but in the opinion of the undersigned, is (6)
disabled from obtaining his substance by manual labor. That the said soldier was in good health at the time he entered the service
and the disability above referred to affected him while in the service and at his discharge, as follows, (7)
He was unable to do duty after his release
from prison, in consequence of the disease
aforesaid of the throat and [prostration]that
resulted from prison life and exposure
during the same.
This certificate is based upon official information and personal knowledge of facts. That the undersigned is
disinterested in making the certificate of facts.
[Smie] Irvin
Capt Co H 2 N Y Cav
Given at Chambersburg
Date Feb 25 1870

Miller Affidavit

The following affidavit by James H. Miller is part of the pension file for Washington Marion Crawford.

State of Il
County of Macon

I James (H) Miller a resident of Decatur
County of Macon State of Illinois late
Private of Company H of the 2nd Regiment
of N.y. Cavalry vols; on oath depose
and say that I was well acquainted with
Washington M Crawford lad a sergeant of Comp
any H of the 2nd Regiment of New York Cavalry Vols.
in the war of 1861 and while in the military service
of the United States in the line of his duty and
without fault or improper conduct of his own
while confined in Andersonville prison in the
State of Georgia from March 1864 to the 9th
day of September same year said Soldier
contracted disease induced by starvation and exposure
which was usually  termed scurvy and rheumatism
but having no technical knowledge of such diseases can
only say that he was affected very much as a great
many others were by extreme loss of flesh and delib
itated condition and with swelling of the extremities
I was with him in other prisons besides Anderson
ville and it was the common talk among comrades of
my company that we never expected to see him get out
alive and my impression was when I saw him last
that he would not then live a month.
I pass this judgment on the symptoms he seemed
to have

2nd page

in comparison with men who died from the effects
of starvation
I am fully convinced in my own mind that his
entire dibility was caused
by lack of proper food and other cruelties perpetrated on
prisoners at Andersonville as he was always healthy
and ready for duty when with the company.
Such a length of time having now lapsed I do not
know that I could enumerate all the prisons
that he was in with me but if any stronger statement
is necessary on my part I shall cheerfully give it.
I know the facts above stated from my own
personal knowledge as I was with him before is
capture, during his incarceration and at the time of
his release, but cannot now state where I parted
with him after release.

I am not in any way interested in this claim for
pension my post office address is Decatur, Macon
Co. Ill. Box 167
James H Miller
A. G. Present

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 21st
day of November AD 1883 I certify that I read the
foregoing affidavit to the affiant before execution
and that the affiant is to me well known and
is respectable and worthy of full credit as a witness
and that I am not interested in this claim for
pension.
G. P. Hardy Clerk
(official signature)

Prisoner

General Affidavit
State of Indiana
County of Warren

In the matter of the original invalid pension claim of
Washington M. Crawford
Personally came before me, a Henry C. Johnson, Clerk WCC, in  and for
aforesaid County and State, Washington M. Crawford,
West Lebanon, Ind.
aged 41 years, well known to me to be a reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly
sworn, declare in relation to aforesaid case, as follows:


I was taken prisoner Sept. 22, 1863 and was
released Dec 10 1864 my term of service expired
August 3 1864 soon after my return to Anapolis
Md I was furloughed home and remained there
sixty days then I was sent to NY City
and discharged never having seen the regim
to which I belonged and never even
having any symptom of Bronchitus
before my imprisonment I was never
treated by my regimental Surgeon

Washington M. Crawford

Attest
John C Goodwine
Jacob G McClean