Have you ever run across a little tiny clue that changes your entire thinking about family members?
Well, I may have run across just such a clue for my Crawford family members in early Lincoln County, Kentucky. In the 1783-1786 Court Order book for the Lincoln County Supreme Court of Kentucky (Family Search film 551323), I found mention of a deed for John and William Crawford on image 69.
Image 69 June the 18th 1785 Saturday the 18th day of June 1785 Present The Same judges as yesterday
The Heirs of John McClelland plts against John and William Crawford Defts Upon a Caveat Ordered that the former order herein be set aside and that the first be discontinued
So, who are John and William Crawford — and — are they the same as the John and William Crawfords I already have discovered in the area?
listed on Lincoln County, KY tax lists for 1787, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792 and 1795
patented 913 acres of land on Hanging Fork of Dick’s River
Power of Attorney deeds suggest that John Crawford did not have children
listed on the Garrard County, KY tax list for 1797
Tax list indicates that William Crawford owned 180 acres of land originally patented to John Kennedy
William Crawford is believed to be the brother of James Crawford
Listed on the Garrard County KY tax list for 1797
Tax list indicates that James Crawford owned 146 acres of land on Paint Lick Creek
Married to Rebecca Anderson Maxwell
Migrated to Indiana
Two Crawford widows, Rebekah and Mary, are also listed on these early tax lists. These widows are believed to be sister-in-laws to James and William of the Paint Lick area.
Based on previous research of the family, it has been theorized that Rebekah’s husband was John Crawford – and possibly the John Crawford that died in 1779 in Montgomery County, Virginia.
If the William Crawford in this court document is the same William Crawford shown on tax lists with land along the Paint Lick Creek, then it is possible that the John Crawford in this court document is his brother. This would mean that Rebekah Crawford’s husband was not John Crawford, brother of William and James.
There are a lot of ‘IFs’ here and more documentation is needed, but at this time, I believe that John Crawford of Hanging Fork in Lincoln County may be the brother of James and William Crawford.
Do you try and find every record you could on an ancestor? I used to think that I did. However, I have to admit that I haven’t always researched all available records for a community. I often stop with the indexed records and often avoid those non-indexed records.
It turns out I likely need to be using those records. A local historian from the Garrard County, Kentucky area contacted me last week. She had seen my blog post about not finding land records for the SELLERS families in the area. She provided lots of hints. One was a rumor that the Sellers acquired their land in Garrard County by trading a horse for it. She said that if the rumor was true, I might not find a deed. Another hint was to dig thru the court records — especially since there were a lot of legal battles over Kentucky land.
So, I’ve started my journey into court records.
I’ve started with the Madison County, Kentucky Court of Quarter Sessions. These court documents have been filmed and are available on the Family Search site — and there is even an index to them!
Madison County Kentucky Court of Quarter Sessions case files 1789-1802, indexes, 1789-1802
Case Files, 1-778, mixed dates ranging 1789-1802 FS Film 2115181 item 3 DGS 7838115
Crawford, Mary – Poe, William 587
The Commonwealth of Virginia to the Sheriff of Madison County greeting you are hereby commanded that of the goods & Chattles of Wm Poe and Thomas Guest late of your bailiwick you cause to be made three pound eleven shillings and eleven pence with interest there on from the [?] day of September 17 $$ until [pad] which late in our said County Court was adjudged to Mary Crawford for her debt also twenty three poun of Tabacco for her costs in that behalf expended whereof the said Wm Poe and Thomas Guest is [convert] as appears to use of record and th[?] you have the same before the justices of our said County court a[t] the Courthouse on the first Tuesday in October next to [rendects f] said Mary Crawford her debt and costs aforesaid and have then these this [writ] witness William Irvine Clerk of our said Court at the courthouse the 2[?] day of September 1789 and
Crawford vs Fifa Poe als to Oct 1789 no
Faded writing Damaged page
appears to be the back of pages
Madison (Sct) April Court 1795 William Crawford [P?] against Upon Attachment William Core Deft
The Constable having returned the attachment executed on three feather beds, furniture, [aglass brush] Ten gownds six peticoats two basons one dish One table one large silver spoon four small One fourteen tea dittos one silver candlestick A silver cream pot one case of knives & forks And thes articles the property of the said defendant And is ordered that the sheriff make sale of the [damaged – can’t read] much [damaged can’t read] Sufficient to satisfy the said William Crawford The fine of sixteen pounds which late in our court Of quarter sessions for the count of Madison Was adjudged to the said William Crawford for his debt also one pound seven shillings and four pense for his costs in the behalf [pended] whereof the said William Core is convict as appears to us of [Rund] and that you have the same before the Justices of our said Court at the Courthouse on the first Tuesday in June next to render tot hes aid William Crawford his debt and costs aforesaid Test Will June M
Crawford ve Poe [Pato]
May 17 88 [Ludgm] Box 1 Bundle 2
The worshipful Court of Madison county Mary Crawford humble showeth That William Loe stands indebted to her one heifer worth three pounds as per note and refuseth payment: Wherefore your petitioner prays judgement against him for the same with costs and shall pray &c.
Will Irvine [M]
Crawford vs Poe to May 1788 (Written sideways) a copy left May 16 88 John Adams
Bleed Thru The commonwealth of Virginia to the sheriff of Madison County, greeting: We command you, that you summon William Poe to appear before the Justices of our said County Court, at the Court-house of the said County, on the 4th Tuesday in May next then and there to answer the petition of Mary Crawford exhibited against him And have then there this writ. Witness William Irvine Clerk of our said Court, at the Court-house, the 25th day of April 1788 int he 12th year of the Commonwealth. Will Irvine
faded writing Know all men b these presents that we William Poe & Thomas Gass of the County of Madison and state of Virginia are held and firmly bound unto Mary Crawford of the County and State aforesaid in the just and full sum of seven pounds three shillings and ten pence lawfull money to which payment will and truly to be maid unto the said Mary Crawford her heirs or assigns we bind us our heirs executors and administrators jointly and severally firmly by these presents seald with our seals and dated this sixth day of September one thousand seven hundred and eighty eight. The condition of the above obligation is such that if the above bound William Poe or Thomas Gass or either of them their heirs executors or administrators do well and tru ly pay unto the above mentioned Mary Crawford her heirs or assigns the just and full sum of three pounds eleven shilling and elven pence with lawfull interest at or up pon the sixth day of September next it being for n execution issued out of the said County Court against William Poe by the said Mary Crawford for which we confess judge ment for the same if not paid and if paid then the above obligation to be void otherwise he remain in full force and virtue. Test John Adams Wm Poe (seal) Thos gast (seal)
faded writing Poe bond to Crawford sideways on left Commissioners and sheriff [Tees] in this Bond Nineteen shillings and five pence John Adams DJ sideways on right Madison County SS Mary Crawford came me a justice of the peace for the County of Madison & made oath that the money for which this bond was given in state due given under my hand this eight day of September 1789 [George] Adams
faded writing Madison Ss 6th September 1788 We the subscribed do hereby certify that the property of William Poe taken by execution at the [Instane] pf Mary Crawford, could not be sold for 3/4 of the real value in our opinion and that the [sevirty] is sufficient, given under our hands the day and dates above written John Manire James Adams Uriah Edwards
faded writing damaged page The Commonwealth of Virginia to the Sheriff of Madison County greeting we command you that of the goods & Chattels of William Poe lat of your baliwick you case to be made one pounds fifteen shillings also eighty eight pounds of tobacco and seven shillings & six pence which late in our said County Court of Madison were adjudged to Mary Crawford for her Debt & costs in that behalf extended whereof the said William Poe is [convert] as appears to us of record and that you have the same before the justices of our said County Court at the Courthouse on the fourth Tuesday in August next to render to the said Mary Crawford her debt & costs aforesaid and have these there this writ witness William Irvine Clerk of our said Court at the Courthouse this 23d day of July 1788 and in the thirteenth year of our Commonwealth Will Irvine
faded writing damaged page Crawford vs Poe FIFA To Augt 1788 Red No 1 bond delivered to C[Grump] sept 2d 1789 [strgth] bond returned Sideways on right Exed on a young man and exposed to sale agreeble late law but could not be sold and Poe given Gass Security Sept 6th 1788 John Adams
Kentucky, Madison. Court of Quarter Sessions case Files, 1789-1802, indexes, 1789-1802. Film #2115181 item 3 DGS 7838115. Mary Crawford, 1788 : Case #587 starting with image 2669; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.