Mailbag

Do you remember the days of the SASE, putting one in a letter and then waiting for it to come back to you? (SASE: Self addressed stamped envelope) Well, even though I didn’t receive a SASE in the mail, I did receive a bounty of genealogy documents in the mail recently!

One package was from the Frankfort Community Public Library in Clinton County, Indiana and contained photocopies of probate records for my Ricketts/Reed family.

The other package was a thumb drive from Brad Quinlan. In June, he posted in the Facebook group, Descendants of Andersonville Prison, that he was making a trip to Washington, D.C. to do research and had time to take on more clients during that trip. Even though I had already requested the military and pension files for my civil war ancestors from the national archives, I did not know at the time about requesting the ENTIRE file. Not knowing what I might be missing, I elected to inquire about whether he had time to fulfill my requests. He did have time to take on my requests and a thumb drive arrived recently containing the images obtained from those files.

In both cases, there was an exchange of money. However, what I spent obtaining the records was a small percentage of what it would cost to pay travel expenses for me to obtain them myself.

I am thankful to have these records. Now, I have lots of work to do to get these transcribed!

  • Probate Record for John Ricketts (2MTW-355)
  • Partition file for John Ricketts’ estate
  • Probate record for Mary Reed (KLVH-CFM)
  • Military file for George Mentzer (LHKS-17Q)
  • Pension file for George Mentzer
  • Military file for James M. Ricketts (KV21-XBR)
  • Pension file for James M. Ricketts
  • Military file for Noah Briles (K2Q1-RG9)
  • Pension file for Noah Briles
  • Military files (3 of them) for Richmond F. Hammond (2B2M-GXK)
  • Pension file for Richmond F. Hammond
  • Military file for Washington Marion Crawford (KHFD-XRW)
  • Pension file for Washington Marion Crawford

Friday Finds

While going back thru my DUGGINS research in Preble County, Ohio, I was able to download a copy of the 1881 book, History of Preble County, Ohio. While I had previously used this source, I was using the book form and not able to search it like I can now. I also had not known as much about my CRAWFORD FAN club as I do now. Thus, it is highly unlikely that I would have realized the wealth of information contained in the section, The Pioneers of Gasper.

page 175

THE PIONEERS OF GASPER.
It has generally been thought that the first settler in
this township was Gasper Potterf, after whom the town
ship was named, but after a careful investigation the
writer finds that Silas Dooley, sr., settled on Paint creek,
in the western part of the township, in 1805, while
Potterf located on Seven Mile creek, in the eastern
part, in 1806. We will, therefore, begin with Silas
Dooley, sr. The writer gleans most of his facts respecting
the settlement of Mr. Dooley from an interview held
with a friend a few years prior to the death of the aged
pioneer, and published at the time in the Eaton Register,
February 20, 1873.
Silas Dooley, sr., was born in a blockhouse in Madi
son county, Kentucky, March 8, 1786. He was the
seventh child of Moses Dooley, who emigrated with his
family—a wife and five children—in 1781, from Bedford
county, Virginia
, a distance of five hundred miles, the
mother carrying her youngest child in her arms and
walking most of the way, having no other way of travel
ling, except on pack horses. The route led through
mountainous country, and numerous dangers lurked in
their pathway, but despite the hardships endured they
arrived safely in Kentucky. The savage barbarities of
the Indians compelled the settlers to live in forts strongly
garrisoned. The Indian massacres of 1782-3 disheartened
the settlers very much, and they longed for liberty
from their enforced imprisonment. Moses Dooley,
chafing under the long confinement and apprehensive of
the safety of the morals of his children, who were often
thrown into bad company, concluded at all hazards to
move to a farm.
Accordingly, with several others he settled in the midst
of a canebrake in Madison county, Kentucky. There
they erected a school-house and educated their children.
In 1805 Moses Dooley, with his son, Silas, accompanied
by Jacob Railsback, started for Ohio in search of
land. They came to Springfield, now Springdale, Hamilton
county, Ohio, and spent the first night with Elder Thompson,
a Presbyterian minister. As Mr. Thompson was at
that time in need of a hand Silas was hired for one
month.
On Monday morning the company started for Seven
Mile, arriving on the next: Sunday at the house of John
Pottenger, which was located about a mile and a half north
of the present site of Camden. They made his home
their headquarters during the three or four days they were
prospecting for suitable locations for settlement. Mr.
Dooley chose ‘one hundred and sixty acres of land on
Paint creek, now owned principally by John Overholser.
Jacob Railsback selected a quarter section on Seven Mile,
in Gasper township, which land is now owned by the
Huffmans. The party then turned their faces homeward,
Silas stopping at Springfield to fulfil his engagement
with Elder Thompson. His work was rail splitting, at
ten dollars per month. With a part of the first money
received he paid for his axe.
Moses Dooley and Jacob Railsback went on to Cincinnati,
‘and then entered the land they had selected. The
price was two dollars per acre, to be paid in specie, one
fourth in hand and the residue in three annual instalments.
The payment of sixteen dollars gave the settlers
the refusal of the land for forty days, and a second-payment
of eighty dollars secured it for two years.
After finishing his job of rail splitting Silas Dooley
came back to Seven Mile and engaged to clear two acres
of land one foot and under, for James Crawford, commonly
called “Big Jimmie.” He also cleared two acres
for John Pottenger.
Now comes the turning point in Silas Dooley’s life.
Homesick, out of work, without money and poorly clad,
he became discouraged and resolved to go home to his
native Kentucky. Having no other means of accomplishing
the two hundred and fifty miles that lay between
himself and his relatives, be resolved to walk. Just as
he was getting under way he met Captain David E.
Hendricks, who immediately hired him to clear six acres
of land, for which he was to receive three dollars and
fifty cents per acre. This clearing is now occupied by
the town of Camden. The same year Robert Runyon
put the cleared land in corn. At the same time Captain
Hendricks had three other bands chopping and splitting
rails, viz: Isaac Wiseman, James Wright, and Thomas
Combs, a half Indian. The chopping went steadily on
until the deer became so tame that they would browse
off the tops of the trees while the men would be cutting
up the trunks. They worked in different places for
Captain Hendricks, and cleared part of the ground on
which Eaton now stands. Messrs. Wiseman and Dooley
cut down a giant poplar tree on the lot now occupied
by the Presbyterian church. Thus was his time occupied
until the arrival of his father, mother and brother,
David, who came toward the close of the year 1805.

page 176
The family was soon busily engaged in making the farm
previously entered habitable. The first house consisted
of a camp hut, constructed of round poles, enclosing,
three sides and leaving one end open for the fire in front.
They had a skillet and a Dutch oven, in which they
boiled and baked, and made sugar. Their farm was
well stocked with sugar trees, and the largest and best of
them were tapped, and a considerable quantity of sugar
made by Mrs. Dooley. She tried the Indian plan of
making sugar, viz: To allow the sugar water to freeze
and to throw away the successive coats of ice that would
form on the surface of the liquid until nothing but the
finest quality of molasses would remain. She made
sugar also by making a clay furnace, and then inverted
the skillet lids and baked a clay rim around them, in
which she boiled the sugar water. By dint of hard
labor the family felled the timber, picked and cleared
away the brush, and thus prepared six acres of land for
the reception of corn, which they constantly attended,
and managed to lay by. A few days after the noted eclipse,
which occurred in June, 1806, they went to James
Crawford’s
and held a Thanksgiving meeting. After this
they started back to Kentucky to remove the balance of
their family; and in August of the same year they got
started, bringing their teams and a number of cattle with
them. They were accompanied by one or two neighbor
families.
Upon their arrival they cut and hewed the
logs for their cabin. The Indians often came from Fort
St. Clair, and camped by the big sulphur springs on the
farm of Silas Dooley, afterwards owned by his son,
Hayden. i
In the spring of 1807 Silas Dooley entered a quarter
section on Paint creek, three and a half miles southwest
of Eaton. In that same year he cleared five acres of
this land, and raised thereon a good crop of corn, despite
the thefts of the squirrels. The following winter
he was sick, and did nothing until spring, when he broke
up his cleared ground again and prepared to plant. But
at this junction Silas stopped work, and Cornelius, Katie
and Polly VanAusdal, and perhaps Sallie Curry, were
the guests invited to the wedding, for Silas Dooley
wouldn’t stop work for anything short of his own wed
ding. On the fifth of May, 1808, he was married to
Johanna Westerfield, the daughter of Samuel Wester
field. The affair was held on the sixth at his father’s,
and the honeymoon was spent in planting corn. Then
he set to work to construct a round log cabin, fourteen
feet square, with a puncheon floor and large, open fire
place, and he testified that there were spent the happiest
days of his life.
In the War of 1812 Mr. Dooley was a member of
Captain David E. Hendricks’ rifle company, which was
not subject to the draft, as the militia volunteered in a
body. It was a full company of sixty-four men, rank
and file, and was raised in the Paint and Upper Seven
Mile settlements. Many families were thus left destitute
of male help, but the parents, wives, and daughters
put their hands to the plow, rolled logs, and carried and
burned brush.
Silas Dooley procured a substitute in the person of
Nathaniel Bloomfield, the father of William Bloomfield,
of Eaton.
In 1819 Mrs. Dooley, the mother of Silas, died and
was buried in a coffin furnished at an expense not exceeding
one dollar.
Mr. Dooley, sr., traveled extensively through parts of
Indiana and Ohio while engaged in the ministry of the
Gospel. In the winter of 1822 he was suddenly smitten
with winter fever, and sending for Silas and George,
he told them of his approaching death, and requested
George to take his measure for his coffin, which was to
be made similar to that of his wife. George replied.
“Oh father, I can’t do that!” The old gentleman told
him to measure Silas, who was of the same height as
his father. Moses Dooley soon breathed his last, and in
order to get the coffin there in time, secured the assistance
of the late William Caster. Silas Dooley, died
July 8, 1877, aged ninety-one years and four months.
Of his family of five sons and two daughters, all are
dead save Silas Dooley, jr., who lives on the home
place.
Hayden W. Dooley was born in Preble county, in 1814,
and in 1836 was married to Adaline A. Runyon, born in
1817, and died in 1872. They had two children. Marquis
L. was born October 16, 1837, and Mary E. was
born December 7, 1838.
Silas Dooley, jr., the youngest son of Silas Dooley, the
pioneer of Gasper township, was born on the home place,
where he now resides. In 1846 he was married to Isabel,0
daughter of Alexander and Rebecca McCracken,
who settled in Preble county about 1818. To Mr. and
Mrs. Dooley have been born two children, one of whom,
Emma, wife of William Morton, is still living. Mr. Doo
ley owns a farm of one hundred and sixty-two acres of
land adjoining his residence.

Thanks to this article I know the DOOLEY clan migrated to Preble County, Ohio about the same time as my CRAWFORD families — from the same area of Kentucky. In addition, I now know that the DOOLEY family was from BEDFORD County Virginia. This one clue might help me track my CRAWFORD family in Virginia.

Tax Lists

Have you used tax lists in your genealogy research? Over the years, I’ve used and re-used tax lists, primarily in Kentucky, to try and learn more about my Crawford ancestry. Most of that research was in Lincoln, Madison, Garrard and Barren counties in Kentucky. While those tax lists have proven helpful, they’ve also proven to be difficult. That’s because most of those tax lists have multiple listings for ‘James Crawford’. The difficulty came from trying to figure out which James was which and whether each of them might be related to either of the women listed in those records: Rebekah and Mary Crawford.

While going back thru my research for Henry Duggins (step-son of my James Crawford ancestor), I’ve been using the tax lists for Preble County, Ohio. Year in and year out, Henry Duggins is listed on those tax lists beginning in 1816. These tax lists provide clues to my Preble County Crawford Research.

  • William Duggins – brother of Henry / step son of James and Sally Crawford
  • James Crawford / wife Salley – step father of Henry and William — MY ANCESTOR
  • James Crawford / wife Martha – possible cousin to MY ANCESTOR

While Henry Duggins is on the tax lists in 1816, his brother, William is not fund until 1827 when he is listed with personal property. He is listed again in 1828 and 1829 with personal property.

1829 Preble County OH Tax List

Then in 1830, William Duggins is listed with land in range 2 township 7 section 10.

Thus, the question of William’s whereabouts prior to 1827. Since the 1820 census shows Wm Dougan on the 1820 census living in Washington Township, Preble County, Ohio, I believe that William was living in Preble County, Ohio but doesn’t own property and thus does not appear on the tax lists.

That brings us to the two James Crawford families.

  • When do they appear on the lists?
  • Do the tax lists help figure out which is which?

One James Crawford appears on the 1816 tax list with 150 acres in Range 2, township 7 section 14.

1816 tax list – Preble County, OH

At the end of the 1816 tax list, the commissioners, including a James Crawford, sign the list.

1816 Tax List Preble County Ohio

Since the tax list only contained one James Crawford, the land description is a clue to the identity of James. However, one has to find a deed for the sale of the land to determine the spouse of this James Crawford. That sale occurred in 1829 when James and his wife MARTHA sold that piece of land to Adam Swinehart.

1829 Deed Preble County Ohio, vol. 10 page 343-344

Thus, the James Crawford on the 1816 tax list is the James Crawford who married Martha Knight — and NOT my ancestor!

Then in 1818, two men named James Crawford are listed on the tax lists! One is listed as James Crawford while the second is listed as James Crawford Junr.

1818 Tax List Preble County OH James Crawford
1818 Tax List Preble County OH James Crawford Junr

By 1834, there is only one James Crawford listed on the tax rolls. Since I have already proven that James and Martha moved to Warren County, Indiana before 1834 while James and Sally remained in Preble County, Ohio until their death, I can conclude that the James Crawford on the 1834 tax roll is the James married to Sally.

1834 Tax List Preble County OH

Thus, James Crawford Jr is the James Crawford married to Sally. That makes the James Crawford who was a county commissioner the James Crawford married to Martha.

Since these two James Crawford families appear to migrate together, figuring out which one is James Crawford Junior may help me figure out the Barren County, KY tax lists. Both James Crawford Senr and James Crawford jr are listed on the 1805 tax list in Barren County, KY.

1805 Barren County KY tax list

Even though I suspect that the James Crawford Jr is my ancestor, I still need to find land records to verify that the James Crawford (jr) with 50 acres on the Marrowbone has a wife named Sally. So far, I haven’t been able to locate any records for that land.

While going back thru the Preble County Ohio tax lists to document Henry Duggins has been tedious, it has caused me to look at other records and piece together information on both the Duggins and the Crawford families.

Expanding the FAN Club

Have you ever gone back thru your sources for a person to discover that the source contains more information about your family and their FAN club than you originally realized? That’s the situation as I’m updating sources for Henry Duggins. Henry Duggins [KGM3-TX3] is the stepson of my 4th great-grandfather, James Crawford.

Because of this relationship, I expect to find some of my CRAWFORD FAN club members: the CRAWFORD and DUGGINS surname along with the SELLERS surname.

  • DUGGINS — Henry and William — stepsons of my ancestor James CRAWFORD
  • CRAWFORD — James and James — the two CRAWFORDs married in Garrard County, KY who seem to migrate together
  • SELLERS — Nathan – Father-in-law of Henry DUGGINS
  • SELLERS — James and William — brothers of Nathan who married Mary and Sarah CRAWFORD respectively
  • DOOLEY — land owner in Garrard County KY who appears to have followed same migration path as the two James Crawfords

Thus, when I find all of these surnames in a piece on the Religious History of Preble County in the 1881 History of Preble County, Ohio, I wonder how many of them may have also been in the area of Garrard county, Kentucky prior to 1800.

page 103
Religious History
The pioneer religious organization of Eaton, and, for that matter, of Preble County, was that of the Christian church. The Eaton church of this denomination was first organized at the house of Nathan Sellers, about one mile south of the village in the year 1807. The organization grew out of a camp meeting held on the premises of Mr. Sellers and conducted by Reuben Dooley, Barton W. Stone, David Purviance and William Kinkade. Elders Dooley and Stone had at this time just commenced their labors. The following, from Stone’s Biography, affords a glimpse of the manner of religious work then carried on and the difficulties which had to be surmounted. Stone says:

“We preached and baptized daily in Eaton for many days. No house could contain the people that flocked to hear. We had to preach in the open streets to the anxious multitude. At night, after service, the cries and prayers of the distressed in many houses around were truly solemn. Almost the whole town and neighborhood were baptized and added to the Lord. We left this place and preached and baptized in many others. We were poorly clad and had no money to buy clothes. Going on at a certain time through the barrens, a limb tore Brother Dooley’s striped linen pantaloons very much. He had no other, nor had I a pair to lend him. We consoled ourselves that we were in the Lord’s work and that He would provide. He tied his handkerchief over the seat, and we went on and preached to the people. That night we lodged with Brother Samuel Wilson, whose wife presented Brother Dooley a pair of home-spun linen pantaloons.”
Soon after the organization was effected in Eaton the public church was built in the southwest part of the village. That structure, which long remained standing, and became widely known as “the old Public church,” was used by the Christian church in common with other religious organizations. The church appears to have prospered for the first fifteen years of its existence, and to have numbered among its members many of the pioneer families of Preble county, among whom may be named the Sellers, Dooleys, Crawfords, Bruces, Brubakers, Hardys, Duggins, Bantas, Shidelers, Flemings, Baileys, Bloomfields, and Vanausdals. The early ministers of the church were Reuben Dooley, William Kinkade, David Purviance. John Hardy was pastor of the church at the time of his death, in 1819.

History of Preble County, Ohio: with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches (N.p.: H. Z. Williams & Bro., Publishers, 1881), Page 103 – Religious History; digital images, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 13 August 2022.

Wondering whether these four ministers had connections to my FAN club in Kentucky, I searched Google for each of them.

  • Reuben Dooley — son of Moses Dooley who settled in Madison County, KY in 1781. Reuben Dooley migrated to Preble County, OH in 1808 where his father lived. (History of the Restoration Movement).
  • William Kinkade, author of the book, The Bible Doctrine, was born in Pennsylvania and raised in Kentucky. His memorial on Find a Grave provides details about his life.
  • David Purviance’s biography indicates that he moved his family from Tennessee to Bourbon County, Kentucky in 1792, where his path would have crossed with the host of the 1807 Preble County, Ohio, camp meeting, Nathan Sellers.
  • Barton W. Stone may have also crossed paths with Nathan Sellers in Kentucky when Barton Stone was one of the ministers at the Cane Ridge Revival in Bourbon County, KY in 1801.

While I don’t know anything about the other pioneer families who were members of ‘the old public church’, two surnames caught my attention: Bantas and Vanausdals. These two surnames are in my tree — just not in my CRAWFORD branch of my tree. The Banta family was part of the Low Dutch Colony of White Oak Station in Madison County, Kentucky. (Wiki-Tree: Low Dutch Settlements in Kentucky)

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

 It’s Saturday Night – 

time for more Genealogy Fun! 

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible music here) is to:

1) What genealogical discovery surprised you? [Thank you to Linda Stufflebean for suggesting topics!]

This question almost stumped me. However, thinking back thru my research, there are some records that provided a surprising bit of information. This first document was a Garrard County, Kentucky deed for the sale of land by Rebecca and James Crawford.

Garrard County Kentucky
Deed book A page 605

This indenture made this 27th day of September Anno Dom 1804 between
Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford of the County of Barren and Common
wealth of Kentucky of the one part and Rubin Arnold of the County of Garrard
and Commonwealth afore said of the other part witnesseth that the said Rebecca
and James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of twelve pounds
current money of Kentucky to them in hand the receipt whereof they do hereby
acknowledge and for them selves their heirs do freely clearly and absolutely
bargain and sell unto the afore said Ruebin Arnold and unto his heirs and
assigns for ever one certain tract or parcel of land containing by survey five
acres and an half situate lying and being in the county of Garrard on the
waters of Boon mill Seat Creek and is bounded as follows (to wit) beginning
at an Elm and two Beech trees now a corner to Reubin Arnold formerly a
corner of John Matthews form thence north thirty six degrees East thirty poles
to a Buck and Sugar tree near the Hickman Road from thence keeping on
the south side of said Road as it meanders to a large Black walnut standing
on the south side of the said road in the line of Myer’s preemption from thence
north four degrees west sixty poles to the beginning with its appertarnances
to him the said Reuben Arnold and unto his heirs and assigns for ever to
have and to hold and to hold the said five and an half acres of land with
al and every of its appertainances rites and members unto him the said Reuben
Arnold and unto his heirs and assigns forever and the said Rebecca and James
Crawford for them selves their heirs do and shall and with by these presents for
ever warrant and defend the title of the aforesaid land and premises agst
the claim of all and every person or persons whatsoever that shall or may claim
hereafter the same unto the afore said Reuben Arnold and unto his heirs & assigns
forever In testimony where of the said Rebecca and James Crawford have
here unto set their hand and affixed their seals the day and year above written
Rebecca (her mark) Crawford seal
James Crawford Seal
Signed Sealed and acknowledged
in the presents of

This indenture of bargain and sale from Rebecca and James Crawford
to Reuben Arnold was acknowledged in my office the 26th day of sept 1804
and ordered to record
Test
Bent Jetcher CeCC

Kentucky, Garrard. Book of Deeds. Film #183242 (DGS 7899064). Crawford ro Arnold, 27 Oct 1804; Vol A: page 605 (image 314); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.

This deed by itself does not prove anything since there are multiple men named James Crawford living in the area of Garrard County Kentucky prior to 1800 along with at least two women named Rebekah Crawford.

  • James Crawford and wife Rebecca Anderson
  • Rebekah Crawford, land owner in Garrard County, KY
  • James Crawford and wife Martha Knight
  • James Crawford and wife Sally Duggins

And it doesn’t help that all three James Crawford families migrated NORTH to Indiana and Ohio. James and Rebecca Crawford migrated to Jefferson County, Indiana while James and Martha along with James and Sally migrated to Preble County, Ohio. So, who are the Rebekah Crawford and James Crawford that migrated SOUTH to Barren County, KY before selling land in Garrard County, Kentucky.

A search of Barren County, KY records uncovered an 1821 deed where James and Martha Crawford of Preble County, Ohio sold land in Barren County.

Barren County Kentucky
Deed Book J page 1
Family Search Film #007899153 image 12

This Indenture made the eleventh day of December in the year of or Lord
one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between James Crawford of the
county of Preble state of Ohio of the one part and John Moorehead
of Barren County Kentucky state of the other part and
witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in consideration
of the sum of two hundred dollars recents to the said James Craw
ford in hand paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledge
have granted bargained aliened conveyed & confirmed & by these presents
do grant bargain sell alien convey and confirm unto the said John
Moorhead his heirs & assigns forever a certain tract of land containing
two hundred acres of the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on
the waters of Marrawbone
bounded as follows to wit: beginning
at a maple & hickory running thence west 119 poles to a chestnut
& hickory thence south 179 poles to two black oaks thence east 179
poles to a popular & dogwood thence north 179 poles crossing a
branch to an ash and hicory thence west 60 poles to the beginning
to have and to hold the said granted & bargained premances
with all the privileges and appurtenances to the same belonging
or in any wise apertaining in the only proper use benefit and behoof
of the said John Moorehead his heirs and assigns. and the said
James Crawford doth for himself his executors and administrators
do hereby covenant promise & grant to and with the said John Moorhead
his heirs & assigns that before the ensealing ‘ho’ the sd James
Crawford was the true sole & lawful owner of the above barga
ined premises & was lawfully seized and possessed of the
the same in his own rights and good perfect & absolute
estate of inheritance in the fee simple and had in himself good
right full powers lawful authority to grant bargain sell convey
and confirm the said bargained premises in the manner aforesaid
and that the said John Moorehead his heirs & assigns shall at
and at all times forever hereafter by force & virtue of those
presents lawfully peaceably and quietably have hold use
occupy possess & enjoy the said demises & Bargained premises
with the appertenances free & clearly acquitted exonhorated are
discharge of an all & all manners of former or other gifts [grow]
to sales incumbrances if what name or nature soever that might
in any measure or degree obstruct or make void this present
deed.
Furthermore, the said James Crawford for himself his heirs
executors & administrators doth covenant & engage the above demise
premasis to him the said John Morehead his heirs & assigns
agants the lawful claims of any person or persons whatsoever
forever hereafter to warrant secure & defend by these presents

page 2
In testimony whereof, the said James Crawford & Martha his wife has
hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written
James Crawford
Martha (her mark) Crawford
Sealed and Delivered
in the presence of us
David Williamson
Nathan D Sellers

The state of Ohio Preble County SS
Before us the undersigned two of
the justices of the peace in & for the sd county came personaly James
Crawford and Martha Crawford wife of the said James Crawford
the within named grantors she being examined separate & apart from
her said husband they acknowledge the within deed of
conveyance to be their voluntary act and deed for the use and purpose therein
mentioned In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and
seals this 11th day of December 1822
Isaac Stephens
David Williamson

Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #7899153. James Crawford to Alexander Moorehead, 11 Dec 1821; J: 1-2; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.

This second deed indicates that James Crawford and wife Martha owned land in Barren County prior to their move to Preble County, Ohio. A James Crawford owning 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone is found on the 1800 tax list for Barren County, Kentucky.

Thus, the surprise isn’t the records, but the fact that James Crawford was living in Barren County, Kentucky!

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

It’s Saturday Night – 

time for more Genealogy Fun! 

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible music here) is to:

1) Who is a mysterious person in the family tree you’d like to learn more about? [Thank you to Linda Stufflebean for suggesting topics!]

When it comes to my tree, I have several mysteries. The ‘most’ mysterious would have to be my SMITH line – or should I say lines? And two of those SMITH mysteries are in my CRAWFORD line.

My third great grandfather, Nelson G. Crawford, married Martha SMITH in September 1833 in Warren County, Indiana. While I have yet to find any source tying Martha to her parents or siblings, I have found some evidence that suggests her mother may have been Hannah Smith. While Find a Grave does not contain a record for Hannah Smith, the book, Inscriptions from Western Warren County, Indiana Cemeteries, Volume II, by Rosella Jenkins, contains a major clue. A 56 year old Hannah Smith who died in 1847 is buried in the same cemetery as Martha Smith Crawford: the West Lebanon Cemetery.

While this book does not indicate the location of the burials, I was able to locate the stone during one of my visits to the cemetery. My memory says that the stone was located on the East side of an aisle across from the stones of Nelson and Martha Crawford. Unfortunately, when I made a return trip to the West Lebanon Cemetery, the stone for Hannah Smith was missing.

What I did find was a pile of tombstones around a tree and several deer wondering thru the cemetery. Thus, I think it likely that the deer pushed over tombstones which were then piled around the tree.

Not only did Nelson G. Crawford marry a SMITH, but his mother’s surname was also SMITH. Nelson’s father, James Crawford, married Sally Duggins in September 1799 in Garrard County, KY. Sally’s marriage to James Crawford was her second. She had previously been married to Alexander Duggins.

An Amherst County, Virginia marriage record for Alexander Duggins and Salley Smith indicates that Ann Shoemaker gave permission for the marriage.

Thus, I have hints as to the identity of the mothers of both Martha and Salley Smith – but not the fathers. These two lines have been a mystery in my tree for years!

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

 It’s Saturday Night – 

time for more Genealogy Fun! 

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible music here) is to:

1) Who is your current favorite ancestor to research and why? [Thank you to Linda Stufflebean for suggesting topics!]

Who is my favorite ancestor to research?

Why, JAMES CRAWFORD, of course!

The word cloud created by the categories I assign to my blog posts gives away the fact that I have written much more about my CRAWFORD research than any other topic.

One might ask, which JAMES CRAWFORD? and I would have to reply any/all of the five who seem to get ‘tangled up’ with each other in early Kentucky.

  • Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, KY
  • James and wife, Sarah VanZandt of Fleming County, KY
  • James and wife, Rebecca Anderson on Garrard County, KY and Jefferson County, IN
  • James and wife Martha Knight of Garrard County, KY, Preble County OH and Warren County, IN
  • and then there’s my line: James and wife Sally Smith Duggins or Garrard County, KY and Preble County OH

See my ‘Untangling James Crawford‘ page for more information on these five lines.

So why is James Crawford my favorite?

  • First, Crawford is my dad’s line
  • Second, it is challenging!
  • Third, I’ve always hoped to find a revolutionary war soldier in this line.

While I haven’t done much Crawford research in the past few months, that research will be my primary focus when I achieve my 2022 goals.

Friday Finds

Bolivar Robb Biography

As with past Friday Finds posts, this one begins with some handwritten notes. From these notes, I know that I was visiting the Kansas State Historical Society (KHS) when I wrote down the information.

Even though I don’t have a complete footnote, nor the information to compose one, I do have enough information to identify the book. I was able to locate a digital copy on archive.org at https://archive.org/details/biographicalhisttip01lewi/page/n5/mode/2up

The biography of Bolivar Robb starts on page 8.

Bolivar Robb
With perhaps a few exceptions, Bolivar Robb, of West Lebanon, Warren county, is the oldest pioneer of this county, in years residence here. He has lived in this portion of Indiana for seventy-two years, and in Warren county since 1830, and distinctly remembers the experiences of the pioneers during the ‘30s and ‘40s, and the primitive condition of everything here, and the inevitable hardships which had to be endured. He even

page 9

recalls the Black Hawk war of 1832, and incidents of that notable strife with the red men — one of the last stands of that race against the oncoming tide of civilization east of the Mississippi.
Early in the eighteenth century three brothers, James, William and John Robb, emigrated from the northern part of Ireland (where they were known as Scotch-Irish) to America, and made a settlement at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. It is supposed that from them are descended all persons bearing the surname of Robb in this country, but from which one of the brothers our subject traces his lineage is not definitely known. The great-grandfather of the subject was one John Robb, and the grandfather was Thomas Robb, both natives of the Keystone state. The latter, born in 1767, married Elizabeth Robb, a second cousin, and in 1800, when their son William (father of our subject) was about two years old, they removed to Erie county, Pennsylvania. Eight years later they went to Washington county, Kentucky, and in 1818 they took up their abode in Brown county, Ohio, settling near Ripley, the county seat. In 1830 Mr. Robb became a resident of Washington township, in the vicinity of Williamsport, Warren county, Indiana, but three years later he continued his journey westward, and died in DeKalb county, Illinois, September 4, 1850. From principle he was strongly opposed to slavery, and the unswerving traits of integrity, justice and honor which had descended to him from his Scotch-Irish ancestors were among his most noteworthy characteristics. He left the stern old “blue” Presybyterianism in which he and his forefathers had been reared, and until his death rejoiced in the liberty and light of the Disciples or Christian church, with which he early identified himself. While he was never an aspirant to official distinction, he occupied various local positions and was a justice of the peace for years, here and further east. His first wife, Elizabeth, died in Ohio, and Mr. Robb subsequently married Mrs. Sarah Friel, who survived him a short time. She had one son by her first marriage, Thomas and Elizabeth Robb were the parents of James and John (twins), William, Thomas, Robert, Mary, Anna and Elizabeth, all of whom have passed away. James served in the regular army of the United States for five years, and in the war of 1812 fought under the leadership of General Andrew Jackson, and later took part in the Seminole war. John also was in the war of 1812, fighting under General William H. Harrison. With the exception of Thomas, who died in youth, all of these brothers and sisters married and had families, and all except James and Thomas became residents of Indiana, the former settling in Illinois and the latter dying in Ohio.
William Robb, father of Bolivar Robb, was born in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, near Pittsbrug, November 10, 1798. He accompanied his parents to Brown county, Ohio, and there he married Abi Higinbotham, a native

page 10

of that county, born April 14, 1806. In the spring of 1827, William Robb, in company with his brothers-in-law, Joseph S. and Joseph P. Robb, built a small flat-boat and floated down the Ohio river to the mouth of the Wabash, and thence went up this river to Covington, in what is now Fountain county. Having selected and bought a tract of land near Vederburg, William Robb returned home on foot, and in the following autumn he brought his family to the new home in the wilderness, in a one-horse wagon. The family continued to reside on this homestead until March, 1830, when they removed to Warren county. Mr. Robb entered land about three-fourths of a mile west of the present court-house in Williamsport,, and here he continued to dwell until his death, June 10, 1885. His venerable wife died January 5, 1899, in her ninety-third year. Politically, he was a Democrat, and three times did he fill the office of sheriff, twice being elected and once being appointed to that position. Once he was appointed to fill out the unexpired term of county clerk, and for many years he was a school director, township trustee, etc. Of his seven children, Bolivar, William W. and Howard are residents of Warren county, and Alfred lives in Tennessee. Those who have entered the silent land are Frank; Eliza Jane, who was the wife of G. W. Armstrong; and Sarah E., who married James Jones, and had a son and daughter, both now deceased.

Bolivar Robb was born April 29, 1826, in Brown county, Ohio, and was but four years old when he came to this county. Here he managed to gain a fair education in the primitive subscription schools of that period, but his advantages were meager in the extreme. When he was eighteen, his father, who had been unfortunate in business, informed him that he could give him only a team of horses with which to make a start in independent life. The young man requested and received the equivalent of the horses in money, and with this he paid his way, as far as possible in Wabash College. He then taught for six successive winters. Schools were still carried on largely by subscription at the rate of about two dollars a pupil for a term, and the last winter that the young pedagogue taught he received fifty dollars for his services, and paid one dollar a week for his board and that of his horse. For thirty years he was engaged in contracting and building, and then he purchased the old homestead, which he managed for years and only recently sold. During Cleveland’s last administration he was postmaster of West Lebanon, where he has a pleasant home, and is living practically retired. He has always been prominent in the councils of the Democratic party of this locality. In June, 1843, he joined the Christian church of this village, and from that time to the present he has been one of the most active members, and was the first superintendent of the Sunday school here.
On the 25th of July , 1850, Mr. Robb married Sarah A. Acus, a native

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of Iroquois county, Illinois. She died April 8, 1853, and left an infant daughter who lived to the age of nine years. December 7, 1856, Mr. Robb wedded Margaret S. Crawford and their only child, Clara Jane, married E. S. Walker, who has been commander -in-chief of the Sons of Veterans of Indiana. Mrs. Walker, a lovely, well educated lady, died when in her thirtieth year and left and infant. Her loss has been deeply felt by her many sincere friends and particularly by her devoted parents, who are thus left childless in their declining years.

Biographical History of Tippecanoe White Jasper Newton, Benton, Warren and Pulaski Counties, Indiana, Volume I. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899.

Fathers

Celebrating fathers today!

I thought I’d share some pics of fathers/grandfathers with their children/grandchildren. Unfortunately, finding those snapshots in my files was difficult.

As you celebrate father’s day, please remember to take some photos of the fathers in your family interacting with their children.

Friday Finds

1840 Crawford Duff Deed

Garrard County Kentucky

Deeds Vol. N page 406

No 1387 James & John Crawford to Wm W Duff

This Indenture made and entered into this 13th day of May
in the year 1840 between James Crawford & John Crawford, sons
of Isaac Crawford, who was a son-in-law of Jacob Miller,
decd
of the County of Garrard & State of Kentucky of their part, and
William Duff of the sd County & State of the other part, witness
eth that sd James Crawford & John Crawford for and in consideration
of the sum of Twenty five dollars each to them in hand paid
the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged have sold and by these
presents do convey tot he sd Duff, all the right, title and Interest
they held in a tract or parcel of land containing 197 1/2 acres lying
In Garrard Cty Ky on the waters of Paint Lick and being the same
on which their ancestor Jacob Miller died and from whence sd int
erest descended
being the one sixth of one eleventh of said land
to each James and John Crawford supposed to be sixth acres
to the
said Duff, his heirs [p] and the said James and John Crawford
by these presents covenant and agree to and with said Duff
that they will warrant and forever defend the title, the inter
est aforesaid free and discharged of all right, Interest, claims or
demand of themselves their heirs or assigns and from the clai
m or claims of all and every other person or persons whatever
to the sd Duff, his heirs absolutely.
In testimony whereof the parties of the first part have
hereunto st their hands and seals the date afsd
James A Crawford (seal)
John Crawford (seal)

State of Kentucky
Garrard County
I certify that this deed form James
A Crawford and John Crawford to William W Duff was pro
duced to me in my office on the 13th day of May 1840 and ack
nd by the said James A and John Crawford to be their act and
deed for the purposes therein mentioned.
Whereupon the said deed, together with this certificate is
truly recorded this 13th day of May 1840
Alex R McKee ck
Garrard County Court

Kentucky, Garrard. Book of Deeds. Film #183247 DGS 8568105. John and James Crawford, 13 May 1840 Book N: page 406; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2019.