When I visited with my dad, Eugene Crawford, about his military record the dates and locations didn’t make sense when put together with his high school graduation. However, one comment stuck with me: “I flunked out of radio school.” This coming from someone who would become a physics teacher at the college level and who would obtain his amateur radio license.
For the longest time, other than his military discharge (on file in the Record of Deeds office in Dodge City), this was all I had in regards to his military service. That’s because we were told that military records from World War I and World War II had been lost in a fire. Thus, I didn’t try to obtain his full military file. That changed when I learned a few years ago that the navy records exist. Now that I have his military record, all of the dates and locations make sense.
||6 Feb 1945 (age 17)
||passed the Eddy Test and was technically qualified for Radio Technician training in the U.S. Navy
||15 Feb 1945 (age 17)
||enlisted in the United States Naval Reserves; U.S. Naval Reserve Station, Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, United States
||15 Feb 1945 (age 17)
||U.S. Navy Recruiting Station, Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, United States
||16 May 1945 (age 17)
||was received; the U.S. Naval Reserve Station, Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States
||17 May 1945 (age 17)
||Dodge City Senior High School, Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States
||20 May 1945 (age 17)
||was recalled to active duty; U.S. Naval Reserve Station, Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, United States
||21 May 1945 (age 17)
||was transferred to the; U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
||21 May 1945 (age 17)
||reported for active duty; U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
||9 Jul 1945 (age 17)
||was granted recruit leave from 9 Jul 1945 to 14 July 1945; U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
||20 Jul 1945 (age 17)
||was transferred to the Navy Training College for study of pre-radio material; Wright Junior College, Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States
||15 Aug 1945 (age 17)
||was transferred to the Naval Training School (EE & RM) for a course of instructions; U.S. Naval Training Center, Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
||4 Sep 1945 (age 17)
||was discharged from class V-6 US Naval Reserve
||5 Sep 1945 (age 17)
||enlisted in the U.S. Navy as a seaman 1st class radio technician; Naval Training Center, Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
||5 Sep 1945 (age 17)
||reported for active duty in the U.S. Navy; Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
||23 Oct 1945 (age 17)
||was discharged this date for convenience of the government; Naval Training Center, Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
||23 Oct 1945 (age 17)
||voluntarily enlisted in Class V6 US Naval Reserve; Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
||4 Jan 1946 (age 18)
||was transferred to the Naval Training Center; Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
||1 May 1946 (age 18)
||was transferred to receiving station; Shoemaker, California
||20 May 1946 (age 18)
||was transferred for duty aboard the USS Oneida (APA-221). The USS Oneida (APA-221) was a Haskell-class attack transport
||1 Jun 1946 (age 18)
|| served outside the continental limits of the United States in the Pacific Ocean around Guam and Samar from 1 Jun 1946 to 16 July 1946 aboard the USS Oneida (APA-221)
||24 Jul 1946 (age 18)
||was transferred to the receiving station; Treasure Island, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States
||1 Aug 1946 (age 18)
||received an honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy as Seaman First Class V-6 USNR; U.S. Naval Personnel Separation Center, Norman, Cleveland, Oklahoma, United States
Even though his military records do not say that he flunked out of radio school, there is a hint to that buried in the records. In September 1945, Eugene’s branch of service and rank changed as he became a 1st class radio technician. Eugene was transferred to Gulfport, Mississippi where the Navy had a Naval Training School (Radio) during WWII. Then on the 23rd of October, Eugene was discharged from the U.S. Navy – for the convenience of the government. Eugene was then enlisted (re-enlisted) in the U.S. Naval Reserves and transferred (back) to the Great Lakes Naval Training Center.
In my genealogy go-over, I’m trying to add images for resources used many years ago. One of those resources that I’m trying to re-locate is a printout of the cemetery lot records for Maple Grove cemetery in Dodge City. I know I used that record in Dodge City. However, I think I also used it at the Kansas State Historical Society in Topeka. In trying to locate that document, I found a microfilm of the cemetery lot register in the manuscript collection of the Historical Society. Also in that collection were voter registration records for Dodge City.
Knowing that I could add information for my Dodge City ancestors, I spent an afternoon at the Kansas archives reading microfilm of voter registration logs from the 1890s. (Microfilm Ford County: Voter register, 1886-1902 (by wards) [MS 160])
Imaging my SURPRISE, when I found not only my male ancestors, but also some of my FEMALE ancestors.
Yes — the Ladies registered to VOTE in 1897 in Dodge City, Kansas.
On this list is my great-grandmother, Josie Winifred Crawford (Crawford JW) and my great-great-grandmother, Mary Crawford (Crawford M).
What a wonderful surprise!
Photo Album Finds
Names on back of photo
Emrich – Rebmrnovich – ? – Scott – Clark – Pilgrim – CRAWFORD
Rowe – Cline – Dweggins – Hiller – Madsen – Kaufman – Garlick
(person with arrow is Leon Crawford)
Names on back of photo:
Scott – Belizzi – Terry – Saylor – Geffeny – Beacacek
Croathers – Cole – Wooten – Blevins – Chapman
Morton – Stampler – Cartwright – CRAWFORD – Garlick
Oliver – Jacobson – Lacy – Ferguson
(person with arrow is Leon CRAWFORD)
This indenture made this 23 day of March and year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninety one between Richard Cave and Elizabeth his wife of the county of Woodford and District of Kentucky of the one part and Mary Crawford of the County of Madison and District aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said Richard Cave and Elizabeth his wife for and in consideration of the sum of seventy pounds current money of Virginia to them in hand paid by the said Mary Crawford the receipt whereof he the said Richard Cave and Elizabeth his wife doth hereby acknowledge and themselves therewith fully sattisfied and content hath granted bargained sold aliened and confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain sell alien and confirm unto the said Mary Crawford one certain tract or parcel of land containing by survey one hundred acres situate lying and being in the aforesaid county of Madison and on the waters of Sugar Creek and is bounded as follows (to wit) Beginning at a black walnut and buck tree standing in the line of Richard Caves survey four hundred acres on said Creek and corner to William McChears hundred acres extending from thence south one hundred and fifty six poles to a sugar tree and Hickory from thence north sixty four degrees west seventy two poles to a Buck thence north forty five degrees west one hundred and eighteen poles to four Linns growing from one root from thence North forty poles to a Buckeye and Sugar tree corner to William McCluer and from thence East one hundred and sixty poles binding on McCluers line to the beginning including the said Mary Crawfords clearing and improvements with its appurtenances to have and to hold the said land and premises with every of its appertinences unto the said Mary Crawford and her heirs forever and the said Richard Cave for himself his heirs executors and administrators the said land and premises unto the said Mary Crawford heir heirs executors and administrators shall and will warrant and for ever defend against the claim of him the said Richard Cave and Elizabeth his wife their heirs executors and administrators or from any other person or persons claiming by or under them and against the claim of all and every other person or persons whatsoever In witness whereof the said Richard Cave and Elizabeth his wife for themselves their heirs exeuctors and administrators hath hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals this day and year first above written
Signed sealed acknowledged
and delivered in the presents of
(The three letters in the second line the word Woodford interlined before send)
witnesses for Richd Cave
witnesses for Elizabeth Cave
images 205-206-207 of 429
- Madison County Kentucky, Book of Deeds, Vol. A 1787-1790: images 205, 206, 207, Mary Crawford, grantee; FamilySearch microfilm # 007896910.
Even though I’ve been adding sources to events in my family tree for years, I hadn’t written a ‘proof’ argument until the last month. For my first proof argument, I decided to write out my reasoning behind my great-grandfather’s name: Washington Marion Crawford.
When I started researching my family, my grandmother was my primary source of information. Even though she married into the Crawford family, she knew a lot about the family. Besides the photo albums, grandma took me on a tour of the cemetery. Since I grew up knowing about what I considered to be ‘the’ family plot, I was surprised when she showed me other plots containing my great-great grandparents. The Crawford plot for my great-great grandparents was where I first encountered the ‘mystery of the name’. The tall family stone showed my great-great grandfather as Marion Crawford. Even though my grandmother had not met him, she knew of him as Marion Crawford. Near the tall headstone was a military stone – with a different name: Wash N Crawford.
Thus started the quest to figure out his name. Over time, I collected a wide variety of records using different variations of his name. For my proof argument, I decided to look at those records again and see how each record recorded his name.
Sources using Marion Crawford
- Obituary – Ford County Republican
- 1850 Census – Warren County, Indiana – household of Nelson Crawford
- 1880 Census — Warren County, Indiana
- Family Tombstone
Sources using M Crawford
- 1885 Kansas Census – Ford County, Kansas
Sources using Washington Crawford
- 1860 Census – Warren County, Indiana
Sources using W. Marion Crawford
- Obituary – Dodge City Times
- Lewis Post No. 294 GAR – Resolution
Sources using Washington M. Crawford
- Coroner’s Report
- U.S. Records of Headstones of Deceased Union Veterans 1879-1903 (FamilySearch)
- Headstones Provided for Deceased Union Civil War Veterans 1879-1903 (Ancestry)
- Certified copy of marriage license – Warren County, Indiana
- Military and Pension file for Washington M. Crawford
Sources using Wash N Crawford
Based on the fact that all of the legal documents (marriage license, military record, coroner’s report, etc.) use the name Washington M. Crawford, I have concluded that his first name is Washington. Based on the fact that an obituary and the resolution for the GAR post identify him as W. Marion Crawford, I have concluded his middle name is Marion. Thus, I believe his legal name was
Washington Marion Crawford
even though family often referred to him as Marion Crawford.
My ancestor, James Crawford, died in Preble County, Ohio in 1854. In 1821, he sold a piece of land to Wm Sellers. This Preble County Deed (Book 5, page 87), identifies the seller as James Crawford Junr and indicates that James was from Preble County, Ohio. The deed is signed by James Crawford and Sally Crawford. Sally’s signature is significant since it identifies my James Crawford and not another James Crawford living in Preble County at the time.
James Crawford married Sally Duggins in Garrard County, Kentucky on 12 Sep 1799. So far, this marriage record is the only piece of data I have that I can say for certain applies to this particular James Crawford.
In trying to learn more about my Crawford ancestry and to try and identify family units in early Kentucky, I have been going back thru the tax records. Besides tracking the CRAWFORD surname thru these tax records, I am also following the DUGGINS and the SELLERS surname.
At this point, I’ve transcribed the tax records for Lincoln, Madison, Garrard counties Kentucky and Preble county Ohio and am working on Barren County, Kentucky. All of these records are being summarized into what is becoming a fairly large table in Exel.
Hopefully, this study of the tax lists will help me identify the various CRAWFORD families in this area of Kentucky prior to 1800. This is an ongoing project since I likely need to add several more counties and then locate the land records for the property identified in these tax records.