Augusta County VA Court Records Vol 2

Do you ever do research in a county where you hope you ancestor resided? That’s what I’ve been doing with some books containing Augusta County, Virginia records. While some might wonder why I would spend time doing this, I have my reasons.

  • Formed in 1744, Augusta County was the ‘parent’ county to a large portion of western Virginia.
  • According to the 1850 census, my ancestor, James Crawford, was born in Virginia around 1772.
  • Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters were killed in Augusta county in 1764.
  • Many Crawford descendants with Virginia roots can trace their ancestry back to Alexander or his brothers George and Patrick who also resided in Augusta County.

Thus, I’ve been reading Lyman Chalkley’s Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. Thankfully, the digitized version of the book is available on the FamilySearch site. This allowed me to do a search for ‘CRAWFORD’ to quickly locate various Crawford entries. This volume contained quite a few marriage records which I shared in a previous post.

Below are my notes from the court and military records. My personal notes are in italics.

page 19

Judgments

page 21

(74) Cap. Daniel McAnaire to be overseer of above road [not sure what road this refers to] with the following tithables: Samuel Wallis, Alexr. Crawford, john Elliott, Dvid Trimble, JohnHogshead, Alexr. Gardner, Sampson Archer, Alexr. Gibson, Robt. Davis, Thomas gardner, Walter trimle, John Sixby, David stuart, Ro. Renix, Francis Gardner, John Trimble, Thomas Beard, Ro. Gilkason, John Archer, James bell, James Mills, James Dyer, Charles Clendening, wm. Hogshead, Ro. Ralstone, John Moffet, Saml Lusk, James Phillips, Danl. Brealey, Mathew Edmonston, James Trimble, John Ferguson, Wm. Anderson, John Spears, John McKenney, Wm. Brady, Ro. Armstrong, James Miller

Page 29

June 19, 1747

(239) Robert Patterson and James Allen to view a road from John Pick-

ens’ Mill to Lower Meeting House, and Andrew Lewis and ro. Poage view

a road from said Mill to the Co. Ho.

page 30

August 19,, 1747

(248) John Pickens and Wm. Bell to be overseers of teh road (see p. 239

above) from Co. Ho. to Picken’s Mill, with these tithables: Wm. Lewis,

James Robertson, Thomas Gordon, Wm. Baskins, James Lasley, James

Wallis, Danl. Deniston., Daniel Deniston, Jr., William Bell, Jr., John Poge,

geo. Crawford

Page 41

august 28, 1750

(421)Benj. Skoot, John Knowles, Joel Hornback, John West, Thomas

Crawford, George Baffenbarger, John Christian Carlock, David Craig, John

Walker, Jr., George Say, George Say, Jr. Simon say, John cunninghandm,

wm. Cunningham, Henry Landcisco, John Colley, Burket Reager, Henry

arr, Daniel Richardson, Nathaniel Clearey, added to list of tithables

Page 46

June 11, 1751 – August 27, 1751

(176) This book begins august 1749, but there are no orders but those of suits and actions until August 27, 1751, when a new Court was organized under a commission from the Hon. Lewis burwell, President of Virginia, dated 11th June, 1751, directed to … John Anderson

page 48

Novembere 27 171

(206) Grand Jury Presentments: Elisha Job, swearing more than four oaths; Owen Crawford, for drinking health of king James and refusing to drink to King George

February 19, 1751/2

(241) Certificates for wolves’ heads a mountain to 50,600 lbs. tobacco certified

page 50

May 20, 1752

(249) Joseph Kenaday fined for abusing the Court

page 55

November 15, 1752

(361) Samuel Givins, robert Patrick, to view, and ro. Patrick, Wm. Hines, John Hawes, Joseph Bell, wm. Bell, Wm. Finla, Archd. stewart, Richd, Pilson, Wm. Johnston, Ro. Wilson, John Hind, geo. Skilleron, Hugh Ross, Andr. Baskin, John Givins, Saml. Henderson, John Ramsey, Alexr. Henderson, Saml. Henderson, Nathl. Woodroof, David Logan and George Douglass, clear and keep in repair, a road from James Givin’s Mill to the road over Wood’s New Gap at foot of mountain.

page 56

March 21, 1753

(415) Joseph Long and James Young, overseers, with Robert Young, Joseph Long, samuel Gibson, Solomon Whitley, John Collier, William Hall, Gilbert Crawford, George Gibson, John Ruckman, Thomas BUrton, Wm. Wadington, Wm. Brown, James Moore, John Hanna, James Huston, Wm. Todd, James Bats, James Todd, James Young, Patrick Young, John Carr and James Campbell — keep the road from Joseph Long’s Mill to James Young’s Mill, thence to the Great Road on James THompson’s Planation

page 60

November 23, 1753

(75) John Mathews to be oversserr of road from North Fork of James river, near John Mathew’s to Renix’s Rod, with these workers: … John Maxwell

page 62

March 23, 1754

(126) Road ordered from Campbell’s School House to Renix’s Road — Saml. Walker, overseer — with these workers: … John Maxwell

page 63

April 3, 1754

(186) Patrick Hair, convict servant of John Anderson, confvicted of stealing out of the courtyard, nigh the house of Wm. Murray, sundry goods, property of Rev. Robert McMordie

page 65

August 24, 1754

(288) Patrick Crawford vs Thomas story

James Randolph, a witness is about to leave the Colony. Ded. Potestm. de bene Esse

page 67

May 23, 1755

(439) Wm. Crawford — witness from Bedford

page 74

John Crawford vs William Sterrett – O.S. 34; N S. 12 — William came to Virginia from Pennsylvania, where he had resided. James Elliott removed to Kentucky. John Crawford had a brother, William. Bond signed by William Sterrett of Augusta County, dated 24th February, 1792. James Elliott, a citizen of Tennessee, deposes 16th August, 1803, in Augusta County. James left Virginia in fall or winter of 1798, for Kentucky.

page 97

Daniel Fall of Augusta vs. John Crawford – O.S. 72; N. S. 24 — Bill filed 18th June, 1805. Patrick Crawford of Augusta died testate, but intestate as to much of his estate. He left children and grandchildren, among them Margaret Crawford, wife of complainant and daughter of John Crawford who at Patrick’s death was infant and only child of Margaret Crawford, one of daughters of Patrick had married John Crawford and died before Patrick. Matty Anderson deposes that John Crawford married her sister, who died shortly after birth of her first child. Before death she wished her sister Betsey Robertson to take the child. Fall’s wife had an aunt (McFeeters).

page 101

Sitlington heirs vs. Sitlington’s widow — O.S. 79; N.S. 27 — Bill, 3d December 1805. Orators are viz: James Kelso, and Elizabeth his wife, John Young and Polly, his wife; Nathan Crawford and Jane, his wife; Jennet Sloan (Kean?), Andrew Beaty and Agness his wife; Edward McLaughlin and Jane his wife; of whom Elizabeth, Polly Jane Crawford, Jennet and Agness are the daughters and Jane Erwin is granddaughter of Sutlington, deceased. John was brother of whole blood of Andrew Sutlington, of Bath. Andrew died 1787 without issue, widow Elizabeth. He made a will, dated 1801, and this suit is to contest it on account of inability by age and infirmity, being 90 years old. Andrew had written to John in Ireland to come to Virginia. He married Elizabeth when aged. She was a Montgomery? Her brother (?) John was a preacher. Defendants are viz: Elizabeth Sutlington (widow of Andrew) Jacob Warwick, Andrew Sutlington Warwick, Andrew Sutlington (son of Robert Sutlington), John Montgomery, and Andrew Erwin. Jacob Warwick answers that oratrix, Jane McLaughlin, is niece of Andrew Sutlington, who is understood to have had a half-sister, Mrs. Sherman, living in Pennsylvania at his death. Andrew had married the mother of Jacob. Elizabeth answers that John Sutlington had a son, Robert, now living in Bath. James Erwin is brother of Jane McLaughlin. Andrew died 15th April, 1804. He was in his 85th year. John Sutlington came tot he country in 1774. Andrew and Elizabeth were married in 1779. Andrew Sitlington’s will dated 12th October, 1801. Proved in Bath County, June, 1804. Wife Elizabeth; legatee Gean Crawford, wife of Nathan Crawford, Legatee, Andrew Sitlington Crawford, son of Nathan. Legatee Gennet Sloan and her daughter, Polly Sloan. Legatee Polly Young, wife of John Young. Legatee Agness Beaty, wife of Andrew Beaty, Legatee Elizabeth Keso, wife of James Kelso. Legatee Elizabeth, Sitlington Kelso, daughter of Elizabeth Kelso, Legatee nephew, James Erwin. Legatee nephew, Andrew Erwin. Legatee niece Jean McGloughlin, wife of Edward, and her son, Andrew McGloughlin. Legatee Andrew Sitlington McDonald, son of Samuel. Legatee Elizabeth McDonald, daughter of John. Legatee Elizabeth McDonald, daughter of Samuel. Legatee Andrew Sitlington Warwick, son of Jacob. Legatee Andrew Sitlington, son of Robert. Letter by Andrew to John dated Greenbrier, 25th September, 1776, speaks of brother William (in Pennsylvania), and brother Thomas, of sister Elizabeth.

Nathan Crawford mentioned above is likely [2W64-JDF] on FamilySearch.

page 113

Crawford vs. Kenney — O.S. 115; N. S. 39 — Bill, 27th December, 1805. Orator, John Crawford. In 1751 Morris Offriel entered 200 acres in Augusta adjoining William Davis’s survey. Morris did not complete his title and another survey was made by Daniel Offriel, son and heir-at-law of Morris, on 100 acres of the tract, on which in 1785 James Bell also made an entry. Chesley and Jacob Kenney, brothers, are in possession. James Bell died and devised the land to his sons, John and Samuel Bell, who conveyed to C. Kinney, who conveyed to Jacob. William Bell, aged 68 years, deposes 16th June, 1808, he has lived 60 years and upwards adjoining the land, being two years old when his father settled where deponent lives. John Elliott, aged 60 years upwards, the lower road on the plat was built 20 or 25 years after the affiant knew the upper road laid down by said defendants, to have been in use. The last was the old road and had been long used before the other was cut or opened. Maj. Samuel Bell, aged 48 or 49, deposes 2d April, 1808; has lived all his life in the neighborhood of the land in controversy on the near Buffalo Gap; there was a beautiful piece of pine timber on it. Samuel’s father has been dead six or seven years and was about 70 years old. Samuel’s grandfather and defendant’s (Bell’s) grandfather were brothers. Francis Gardner, aged 46 years, deposes, 1808; he was born and lived (except 2 or 3 years of childhood) in the neighborhood; his father was Thomas Gardner, who owned lands adjoining. Thomas was killed by Indians when Francis was very young. Francis Bell, aged 38, deposes 23d January, 1808, that he has lived all his life near the land in controversy; son of James Bell, who has been dead more than 5 years. Robert Wallace deposes that he was well acquainted with Morris Offriel and Daniel Offriel. Daniel was cousin of

page 114

deponent. Agnes Offriel deposes, 14th November, 1808, that she is widow of Daniel. They lived within two miles of the land from the time they were married upwards of thirty years ago, till the death of her husband ten years ago. William Bell, Jr., deposes 12th March, 1808; son of James and brother to John and Samuel. William is now in 40th year.

page 126

Lessley vs. Lessley — O. S. 145; N. S. 50 — Bill, 29th September, 1804. Complainants are, viz: Rachel Crawford (wife of Alexander), Salley Henderson (wife of John), Polly Bell (wife of Robert), Agness Evans (wife of Morgan), only children, heirs and devisees of James Lesly, deceased of Augusta. James died in 1775 testate. The widow died a few weeks after James, leaving oratrixes infants. Two executors in 1779 sold the land to Robert Rogers, who afterwards moved to Tennessee, Blount County. Elizabeth McCune deposes 24th November, 1775, in Augusta, that her daughter, Mary Lessley, on her death bed, &c. Elizabeth was wife of Samuel McCune.

Rachel Lesley Crawford likely 2W3B-9BV on FamilySearch with Alexander Crawford LZN5-951 as spouse. Alexander is shown as son of William and Rachel (Sawyers) Crawford and thus grandson of Alexander Crawford.

page 143

John Anderson vs. Gilford and Anderson — O.S. 173; N.S . 61 – Bill, 1811. Orator had allowed his son, James Anderson, to occupy part of his plantation, and lent him a negro slave, which was attached upon execution from the Superior Court of law for Greenbrier. James Anderson came to Greenbrier to reside more than 20 years ago. Will of John Anderson of Greenbrier County. Wife, Elizabeth; daughter, Elizabeth, son, James; daughter, Peggy Reed; son James’s children, viz: Rebeckah, John, Wlizabeth, Willia, Washington, Davis, James, Nancy, Crawford and the child James’s wife is now pregnant with; son James wife Nancy (Agness); son-in-law William Ward; Rebecca Ward. Dated 16th January 1810. Never recorded (Objected to because testator is still living.)

page 160

George Crawford to George or John Dunn — 13,000 acres in Fayette County, W. Va. John Wehrle, Charleston, W. Va. John Bowyer interested.

page 161

Crawford vs. Hines — O.S. 199; N. S. 70 — Bill 104. In 1782 Rev. Edward Crawford of Washington County, entered 2418 acres on Little Guyandotte in Montgomery County, now Kenawha County. In January, 1783, he entered 252 acres adjoining. James Hines, under direction of Thomas Tease, deputy surveyor of Montgomery, made the survey for 2,670 acres adjoining Fry’s military survey at mouth of Little Guyandotte in 1785. In 1781 Jno (James) Madison entered 1,000 acres about 15 miles above mouth of Big Guyandotte about 21 miles away, which Madison assigned to Hines, and Hines made another survey for orator, Rev. Edward Crawford, without orator’s knowledge on 18 Mile Creek, which falls into the Ohio about three miles above Little Guyandotte, and a grant was issued to orator. Hines assigned the 2,670 acres to Thos. Hannan. Copy of entry by Rev. Edward Crawford for 252 acres dated 28th January, 1783. Copy of entry for Rev. Edward Crawford for 2,418 1/2 acres, dated 11th April, 1782. Plats and surveys. Orator had a son, Saml. L. Crawford. Thos. Tease deposes in Campbell County, Virginia, 19th April, 1813. John Vanbiber, aged 79, deposes in Mason County, Virginia, 12th April 1813. Has been acquainted with Little Guyandotte since 1875 or 1786. John Allen deposes in Mason County, 12th April 1813. He lived at Point Pleasant 26 years. Entry 17th September, 1782, by John Madison of Monongalia County, 1,000 acres on Ohio River. Entry 12th November, 1781, by Rev. M. James Madison, 1,000 acres. Jacob Persinger deposes in Botetourt, 22d April, 1813, he went with Cap. Arbuckle to keep garrison at Fort Randolph, which is now Point Pleasant. In 1776, in September, Thomas Toys, James Mooney, and deponent went down the Ohio to kill some buffaloe for the garrison.

page 203

Thomas McCarthy vs. Massinbrid — O.S. 270; N. S. 95 — Bill 1811. In 1798, Thomas McCarty, Sr., father of orator, bought of George Massinbird adjoining tracts on little Levels in Bath adjoining Chas. Kinneston, William Hughes, Jno McNeile, Wm. Poage, Jacob Kinneson, Lazurus Bartley, Jno McNeil, James Laird, 1,010 acres. James Crawford of Augusta claimed 270 acres. Thomas, Sr., conveyed to Thomas, Jr.,  500 acres who sold 111 acres to Edmund McGinnis. The remainder of the 1,1010 acres Thomas, Sr., and Jr., sold to Wm. Poage, estimated at 899 acres. Since 25th March, 1799, Thomas, Sr., has died, leaving orator sole heir and distributee. Suite was brought in District Court by heirs of James Crawford and judgment rendered for them for 270 acres. Deputy Surveyor Thos. Arbuckle surveyed 322 acres instead of 270 acres. 970 acres conveyed by Massinbird to Thomas, Sr. , was patented to Wm. and George, Clendennin, assignee of Nathaniel Day, Jr.; Joseph Day and John Ellis, 11th November, 1784, by certificate of settlement right by survey 14th November, 1782. James Crawford’s representatives are, viz: Widow, Mary Crawford and children, viz: Sarah, James, William, John, Polly. Answer.

page 204

27th June, 1815, of Polly and Elizabeth Crawford, infants. Certificates of survey of the land in 1769 for THos. Rafferty. James Crawford, father of Polly and Elizabeth, was eldest son and heir of George Crawford, who died intestate, as to said land. Answer claims that John Robinson & Co., patentees of 100,000, were the Greenbrier Company. William Poage was nephew of William Poage. Deed, 5th October, 1797, by Thos. McCarthy Sr., to Thos. McCarthy, Jr., 500 acres on Little Levels in Greenbrier. Recorded in Bath County, October, 1797. Col. Andrew Anderson deposes 29th October, 1818, in Stuanton at the tavern of Dabney Cosby, he married eldest daughter of George Crawford of Augusta. She died 1      2th August, 1786. George died between 1780 and 1784. James ws eldest son of George. Deponent knew Samuel Lewis who moved from Augusta to Greenbrier, and he was called Colonel and was son of Gen. Andrew Lewis. Archd. Stuart deposes, giving a list of the names o the members of the Greenbrier Company (Which was John Robinson & Co.) in the handwriting of Edmund Pendleton: John Robinson, Sr.; Thomas Nelson, Jr.; John Robinson, jr.; Wm. Beverley, Robert Lewis, Beverley Robinson, Henry Weatherburne, John Lewis, John Craig, Wm. Lewis, John Wilson, Charles Lewis. Deed, 14th May 1796, by George Massingbird of Bath to Thos. McCarty of Hardy County, 970 acres on Little Levels of Bath adjoining Wm. Poage, Jacob and Charles  Kynoston, Lazarus Bartley, John McNeil and James Laird. Patent, 1783, to James Crawford for 270 acres by survey 26th April, 1769, part of order of Council to Greenbrier County for 100,000 acres, which order was confirmed by decree of Court of Appeals, 2d May, 1783, in Greenbrier County. Original letter 11th January, 1795, by James Crawford to George Messingbird in Greenbrier. Deed, 9th June 1798, by George Massinbird to Thomas MaCarthy, both of Bath County, 970 acres. Recorded. Deed, 1st June, 1790, by William and George Clendennin of Kanawa County to George Massingbird of Greenbrier, 970  acres by survey, 1782, on Little Levels, &c. Recorded in Greenbrier, 27th July, 1790. George Clendennin’s heirs are, viz: Widow Jemima Clendennin; children, vix: Mary Cantril, wife of John Cantril; Cynthia, wife of _____ Lamb; Parthenia, wife of Andrew Bryant. Copy of Court of Appeals, 2d May, 1783, confirming surveys under Loyal and Greenbrier Companies by orders of Council. Patent, 1783, to James Crawford, 270 acres in Greenbrier. Patent, 11th November, 1804, to William and George Clendennin by certificate in right of settlement (assignees of Nathaniel Day, Jr., Joseph Day and John Ellis), 970 acres by survey, 1782.

Likely Captain James Crawford [LQR8-7GN], son of George Crawford [LZJF-47B] and grandson of William Crawford [LVQ4-928]  making James a nephew of Alexander Crawford

page 210

Coleman’s heirs vs. Penn’s heirs – O.S. —; N.S. 98 – Bill, 30th March 1812, by William, Robert H. Reuben and Lindsey Coleman, heirs and devisees of Geo. Coleman. On 4th May, 1782, Gabriel Penn conveyed to George Coleman 562 acres in Amherst. Gabriel died testate, in Amherst leaving children, viz: James and Edmund Penn; Elizabeth wife of William Long; Late Elizabeth Callaway, widow of James Callaway; Sophia, wife of William S. Crawford; Pamelia, wife of Thomas Haskins; Matilda, wife of Abner Nash; Fannie, wife of William White; Nancy, widow of John McCredie, deceased, late widow of Alexander Brydie; Sarah wife of Thomas Crews; Catherine wife of _____ Holder. Elizabeth Braxton recovered dower in said lands as widow of Carter Braxton, to whom they were patented. Colemans seek to recover from Penns. will of Gabriel Penn of Amherst Son, James, lands by military land warrant, surveyed to Gabriel’s deceased brother, William Penn; daughters, Betsey Callaway, Sophia Crawford, Permelia Haskins, Matilda Nash Fanny White, Nancy Penn (infant] son Edmund (infant); daughters, Sally and Catharine Penn (infants); wife, Sarah; sons-in-law, William Crawford and James Callaway. Dated 21st November 1794. Recorded in Amherst, 16th July 1798.

page 221

Poage vs. Abney — O.S. 300; N. S. 106 – Plat and survey by W. Crawford of 9,000 acres under proclamation dated at Williamsborough, 19th February, 1754, and subsequent order of Council, 15th December, 1769, for Peter Hogg in forks of Ohio and Great Kanawha. Cor. Adam Stevens, John Polston.

page 224

Jno. Crawford vs. Wm. Bell – O.S. 304; N. S. 108 — Involves land devised by David Bell in 1779 in Augusta. Answer by John and David Bell in Fayette County, Ky., sons of David.

page 236

Trotter vs. Crawford — O.S. 319; N.S. 114 — Bill, 2d July, 1813. Patent 22d July, 1799, to Jesse Blan (Blain), 109 acres in Greenbrier on head of Second Creek adjoining Christopher Hand, formerly Pettyjohn. Patent to Jessy Blann, 1st April, 1793, 220 acres in Greenbrier on Second Creek near Peter Kinder and Motiston Pettyjohn. 1811, assigned to John Caroll. 1811, assigned to George Crawford. 1811, assigned to John Trotter.

page 245

Bourland vs. Dean — O.S. 342; N.S. 124 — Bill, August, 1812, by William Bourland and wife Mary, William Crawford and Margaret, John Kincaid and Alice, James Kincaid and Elizabeth, James Anderson and Nancy, James Venable and Sarah, Andrew McClung and Jean. The females are daughters of John Dean, deceased, of Bath, who died 1810 or 1811 at age of nearly 90, testate. Suit against Wm. McC. Deane, the only other child to set aside the will, and certain deeds. Will of John Dean. Wife, Agness; son, William; daughter Elizabeth, Elzse, Sarah, Jane; daughter, Margaret Crawford; daughter Molly Borland; daughter, Nancy. Dated 7th AUgust, 1790. Recorded in Bath, March, 1811. Deed, 10th April, 1807, by John Dean to William Dean, 1,660 acres on Jackson’s River joining Andrew Bourland. Recorded in Bath, April, 1807. Deed, 9th April, 1806, by same to same, 1,661 acres on Mill Run and other branches of Jackson’s River. Recorded in Bath, April, 1806. William Ward deposes in Bath, 17th July, 1813, knew JOhn Dean from time Wm. was a small boy. John was sheriff of Bath, 1794. Wm. has lived in Kentucky. 22d January, 1814, Anthony (Anton) Courtner deposes, in Lewisburg, at house and tavern of James and Hugh McLaughlin. 22d January, 1814, Catherine Courtner deposes knew John 16 years before his death, living his neighbor. John McClenachan deposes, John Dean died 20th November last, 3 years ago. 26th February, 1814, Capt. Wm. Byrd deposes, in Botetourt, at house of Jno. Allen, Sr., was born, raised and lived within two miles of John Dean. 3d November, 1821, John Byrd deposes, James Blackburn left the County before death of Jno. Dean. James Venable left 10-12 years ago. 3d November, 1821, Alexr. McClenachan deposes, Lewis Myers left the County in 1803. Thos. Barker left the County in 1803-4. Jas. Blackburn left the County in

page 246

1802 or 3. 3d November, 1821, Andrew Bourland deposes, William Bourland is his brother. Wm. moved to Kentucky. 26th October, 1822, Wm. Bourland deposes, at house of Benj. Vance in Woodford County, Ky. 20th May, 1813, W. H. Cavendish deposes, he knew Jno. Dean more than 40 years. 20th May, 1813, Alexr. McClintic deposes, he know Jno Dean more than 30 years. 20th May, 1813, Henrietta Taylor deposes, she knew Jno Dean more than 20 years. 20th May, 1813, John Byrd deposes, he knew Jno. Dean 45 years. 20th May, 1813, Jeremiah Burns, deposes, he was a preacher.

page 250

McClure vs. Crawford — O.S. 363; N.S. 131 — Bill, April, 1813, by John McClure and Walker Stuart and Mary, his wife, late Mary McClure, only son and daughter of Malcom McClure, who, 2d May, in 1791, died testate, in Rockbridge, leaving widow Elizabeth, who after five years married Alexander Crawford. Sarah Loggan, daughter of Alexander Crawford deposes; Betsy Logan, daughter of Alexander Crawford, deposes.

Mary McClure is possibly 9KPM-JKH

page 259

Crawford vs. Crawford – O.S. 385; N. S. 141 – Bill, 1821, by Wm Bell and Margaret Crawford, executors of James Crawford, who died in Augusta, testate. Will dated, 1798, leaving six children, four sons and two daughters — and one daughter was born after his death. His son George died unmarried and infant. William died unmarried. Sarah married Charles McClung, Elizabeth married Samuel McClung; Polly, the posthumous daughter, married John Allen, Sarah and Polly are both dead. In January, 1819, John Crawford, married oratrix Margaret, who is daughter of William Bell, orator. John’s mother, Mary, lived a time with her daughter Elizabeth in Greenbrier. John died 24th February, testate, but will has not been proved.

Margaret Bell likely 2ZYG-ZJK, wife of John Crawford 28MK-ST2. If so, John Crawford is son of Captain James Crawford LQR8-7GN, whose wife was Mary. This makes John Crawford a grandson of George Crawford LZJF-47B and Elizabeth Poage LZGF-N5C.

page 264

Record Books in Circuit Court Office

Book Marked “Records.”

page 266

Book Marked “Records from September, 1789, to April, 1793,” District Court

page 270

Book Marked “Record Book 1834.”

page 51 — Will of John Singleton, of the Cowpasture, Bath County. Son-in-Law, James Kelso. Only surviving son, Robert singleton; daughter Jane Crawford; daughter, Jennet Slown; daughter, Elizabeth Kelso; daughter, Mary Young; daughter, Ann Baty. Dated 12th September, 1792. Recorded in Bath, January 1798

could not find this family on FamilySearch

page 271 Book Marked “Records”

page 274

Marriage Licenses, Marriage Bonds, and Marriages

Augusta County

page 276 (likely list of people purchasing license)

1762 … October 30, David Doage, James Crawford

page 376

Land Entry Book NO. 1, Augusta Records

page 379

1748, May 10th — George Gardner, 400 acres on Dry Branch, near lands of Alex. Crawford and THos. Gardner

page 384

Guardians’ Bonds, Augusta County

18th November, 1783 — William Crawford, ditto (guardian) for Thomas Sayers, ditto (orphan) of Jas. Sawyers

page 386

15th January, 1793 — James Crawford ditto (guardian) of Jno Crawford, orphan of Jno. Crawford

— _____ 1797 — Rob. Crawford, guardian of Peggy Rankin, orphan of Thos. Rankin

page 387

— —— 1797 – Wm. Crawford, ditto (guardian) of Martha Rankin, ditto (orphan) of Thos. Rankin

20th February —— — Geo. Crawford, ditto (guardian) of Polly, Margt, Samuel Stuart, ditto (orphan) of John Stuart

24th February, 1800 — Wm. Bell, guardian of George, orphan of James Crawford

page 388

26th January, 1801 — Robt Crawford, guardian of Sam. Crawford, orphan of George Crawford

26th January, 1801 – Robt Crawford, guardian of James Crawford, orphan of George Crawford

26th January, 1801 — Wm. Crawford, guardian of William Crawford, orphan of George Crawford

page 388

Administrators’ Bonds

page 395

Fee Books of Augusta Court

Name or nickname and designation of residence, or occupation

page 406

1770

page 407

page 102 James Crawford, Borden’s Land

1772 page 73 James Crawford, Borden’s Land

page 410

1783

page 57 Wm. Crawford, North Mountain

page 411

1785

page 141 John Crawford, North Mountain

page 413

Delinquents

1755

Thos. Crawford, not found

page 416

1755 List of Robert Breckinridge, Sheriff

Gilbert Crawford

page 419

1766 – Mr. Gilbert’s list

Martin Crawford, not found, one

1766 – Supernumeraries

James Crawford, 1

1767 – Col. Preston’s List

James Crawford, Peter Cutright, runaway

page 423

Delinquents and Supernumeraries, 1782; List of James Davis

page 424

Patt Crawford, not found

page 427

Insolvents and Delinquents, 1799

Wm Crawford (S. R.) to French Broad

page 429

Tithables

Tithables 1781 William McPheeter’s List

John Crawford

page 430

Tithables, 1781; Alexander Robertson’s List

Patrick Crawford and sons George and John

James and George Crawford

Tithables, 1783 – in Capt. Given’s and Campbell’s COmapnies

James and George Crawford

page 431

1784 in Capt. Givens and Rankin’s Companies

Pat Crawford and son George

page 432

Augusta Parish Vestry Book

page 440

page 147 – 1755: Samuel Givens processioned as follows, vka: For Patt: Crawford, present … John Finley and Alex. Crawford processed as follows, viz … for Alex. Crawford

NOTE: This entry likely contains neighbors of Alex. Crawford

page 442

page 162 .. Alexander Crawford and John Finley, in Captain Thomas Armstrong’s Company

page 16 John Finley and Wm. Thompson in Captain Alexander Thompson’s Company .. George Crawford … between bounds of Companies of Captains Alex. Thompson, Israel Christian, Abram Smith, Rob. Scott, Ludwick Francisco, from thence to Swift Run Gap

page 444

page 179 – 1756: Processioned in Capt. Israel Christian’s Company by John Henderson and Wm. Baskins … for Widow Crawford

page 449 (probably 1764)

page 378 — David Cunningham and Samuel Downey, from Burden’s line to Jenning’s Gap between Keneday’s Road and the North Mountain. … Geo. Crawford

page 451

page 385 – 1765: Processioned by Collier and McCampbell … for Margery Crawford

page 452

page 409 – For John Smith … for John Crawford, where he now lives;

page 458

page 449 — 1767-68: Processioned for James Simpson and John Mitchell: Wm. Crawford

page 462

pae 267 – 1759

page 269. — Alex. Crawford, Michael Hogshead, in Capt. George Moffett’s Company

page 270. James Allen, Sr. and Pat. Crawford, in Capt. James Alexander’s Company

page 465

Revolutionary Declarations

page 466

Samuel McCune, Sr’s., Declaration: … drafted as militiaman in August, 1776, at Stauton under Captain Thomas Smith and Lieut. Charles Baskins … Was again drafted in August, 1781; rendevouzed at Teass under Capt. Francis Long and Lieut. John Crawford

page 471

John Bell’s Declaration, 22d December 1834; Mentions Maj. John Crawford

William Armstrong’s Declaration, 26th October, 1832 … drafted for three months in March, 1778 or 1779

page 472

was under the command of Capt. James Bell, Lieut. John Wackub, Ensign Alex. Crawford;  …

page 481

Military Services

page 488

Thomas Coppedge’s Declaration, April 15th, 1832 .. in regiment of Col. Crawford

page 503

Notes of Military Services in Frederick County, Virginia

COurt Martial Records, 1755-1761

page 506

Declarations, Services and Heirs of Soldiers

page 507

1820-1822, Minute Book, page 1, John Hefferlyn, Thomas Crawford

The Preston Papers

Copies of Musters of Augusta County

page 510

From State Historical Society of Wisconsin

1757, February … John Crawford, Jr., at Craig’s Creek, killed; John Alex. Crawford at Craig’s Creek, wounded;

halkley Lyman, Chroniccles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800, volume 2 (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Company, no date), digital images, FamilySearch.org, http://www.familysearch.org viewed online 25 January 2023.

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

 Calling all Genea-Musings Fans: 

 It’s Saturday Night again – 

Time for some more Genealogy Fun!!

Come on, everybody, join in and accept the mission and execute it with precision. 

1)  Pick an ancestor, any ancestor.  What do you know about them?  What source type(s) do you have for each item? Answer the 20 questions below about your chosen ancestor.

2) Tell us about it in your own blog post, in a comment on this post, or in a Facebook post.  Please leave a link on this post if you write your own blog post.

Here’s mine:

1)  Ancestor’s birth name: 

2)  Ancestor’s parents: 

  • Unknown

3)  Ancestor’s birth date and place: 

4)  Ancestor’s baptism/christening date and place: 

  • Unknown

5)  Ancestor’s spouse birth name:

  • Sarah “Sally Smith Duggins (Find A Grave / Obituary Abstracts / Marriage Records)

6)  Ancestor’s spouse parents: 

  • Ann Shoemaker (Virginia, Amherst county. Register of Marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, 1763-1853. Film #30273 DGS 7578824. Alexander Duggins Jr, 1788 Jan 22; page 40; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 6 August 2022.)

7)  Ancestor’s spouse birth date and place:  25 Feb 1770, Virginia

8)  Ancestor’s spouse death date and place: 2 May 1856, Preble County, Ohio

  • 2 May 1856 (Find a Grave Memorial no. #8559179)
  • Preble County, Ohio (Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio)

9)  Children of Ancestor and spouse: 

  • Polly Crawford – two children named in will of James Crawford
  • Nelson Garret Crawford – named in will of James Crwaford

10)  Ancestor’s death date and place:  5 July 1854 – Preble County, Ohio

  • 5 Jul 1854 (Find a Grave Memorial 8559177 )
  • Preble County, Ohio (Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio)

11)  Ancestor cause of death: 

  • Unknown

12)  Ancestor’s burial location:  Mound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio

13)  Ancestor’s occupation(s):

  • Farmer (1850 Preble County, Ohio Census)

14)  Ancestor’s  military service:

  • Unknown

15)  Ancestor’s residences: 

  • Virginia — place of birth (1850 Census)
  • Garrard County, Kentucky (Marriage Record, tax record)
  • Possibly Barren County, Kentucky (tax records – listed as James Jr or James (small) in record with James (big) Senr)
  • Preble County, Ohio (land records, tax records, 1850 census)

16)  Ancestor’s land records: 

  • 50 acres on Marrowbone (tax records for James Crafford Jr — but deed yet to be located)
  • NW 1/4 Section 14 Township 7 Range 2 East (Bureau Land Management Patent)

17)  Ancestor’s probate records: 

  • Will of James Crawford – 28 July 1854 – Preble County, Ohio (Preble County OH Will Book C page 389)

18)  How do you keep track of this information?:

  • RootsMagic 8 software

19)  What records do you need to find?: 

  • Anything identifying siblings
  • Anything identifying parents
  • Deed for 50 acres of land on the Marrowbone to James Crawford

20)  Have you written an ancestor genealogical sketch about this person?: 

DNA

Early Augusta County VA Marriages

Do you ever go thru a book containing county records in hopes of finding your ancestors? That’s what I’ve been doing for the past couple of weeks. I’ve been reading the digital version of Chalkley’s Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia.

Unfortunately, I didn’t find anything to connect to my Crawford family in Garrard County, Kentucky. However, I did find a lot of marriage records for Crawford family members in Augusta County, Virginia. Many of these records are for descendants of Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters or for descendants of Alexander’s brothers, George and Patrick.

While I haven’t researched all of these people, I was able to match most of the records up with individuals on FamilySearch. Thus, the text in italics is my attempt to identify the couple.

page 274

Marriage Licenses, Marriage Bonds, and Marriages

Augusta County

page 276 (likely list of people purchasing license)

1762 … October 30, David Doage, James Crawford

page 278

Marriage Bonds

Augusta County

page 280

1786 — December 27, James Crawford and Mary Crawford; surety, Geo. Crawford; witness, _____ Urquhart

page 285

1790 — December 4 John Armstrong and Polly Crawford, daughter of Wm. Crawford; surety, James Tallman

likely John Armstrong, KLYG-VFZ and wife Mary Polly Crawford (1771-1854) KL6W-NRL, daughter of William Crawford L61L-JRK and thus granddaughter of Alexander Crawford.

page 286

1789 – June 22, George Crawford and Nancy Winters; surety, Robert Gamble.

likely George Crawford (1756-1824) KLBL-VM2 and Nancy Winters (1770-1834) LZLH-G9W. George is son of Patrick Crawford (1723-1787) L41K-QNP and Sarah Wilson.

page 287

1790 – October 9, Samuel Crawford and Elizabeth Craig, daughter of Margaret Craig (consent); witnesses, Alexander Craig, James Craig; surety, Wm. Crawford.

likely Samuel Crawford (1759-1795) G79X-KJM and wife Elizabeth Craig [G79H-T62]. Samuel was a son of Alexander Crawford.

page 288

1790 – November 11, David Gwin and Violet Crawford, daughter of William Crawford (consent) ; surety J. Lyle, Jr.

likely Violet Jane Crawford (1774-1825) LHGZ-WMK and husband David Gwin LHJ6-RHM. Violet is daughter of William Crawford [LYQF-53W] and Margaret Henderson

page 289

1789 – May 2, William Jameson and Margaret Craig, daughter of Samuel Craig (consent); witnesses, James Craig, Samuel Crawford; surety, James Craig.

likely Margaret Craig {MLQY-3QS] and husband, Wililam Jameson [LH&V-SML]. Margaret likely sister to Elizabeth Craig who married Samuel Crawford.

page 289

1789 – August 24, James Kelso and Betsy Sitlington, daughter of John

page 290

Sitlington (consent); witnesses, Alexander Crawford, Andrew Sitlington. James is son of Hugh Kelso (consent). Witnesses, John Walker, John Moore, John Stewart; surety, Alexander McPheeters.

Elizabeth Sitlington (1772-1811) LJJW-5PD and James Kelso (1761-1832) K45D-QNP, daughter of John Sitlington LJJW-3PV. Her sister, Elizabeth Jane Jean [LZK8-VWF] is wife of Nathan Crawford [2W64-JDF]

page 292

1790 – December 4, James Tolman and Nancy Crawford, daughter of Wm. Crawford, surety, John Armstrong. James is son of Benj. Tolman (consent) Witnesses, Em. Tallman, Thomas Hunter.

Nancy Crawford (1770-1852) L6FL-88W and James Tallman (1771-1846) LCPB-226; Nancy is daughter of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers and thus granddaughter of Alexander Crawford.

page 293

1792 — September 18, George Berry and Polly Connelly, daughter of Thomas Connelly (consent); witnesses, Alexander Connelly, John Connelly, James Crawford; surety, Thomas Connely.

George Berry [GV7P-59H] and Mary Connelly [LRY-D5J], daughter of Thomas Connely [GV7G-SPS] — not sure who James Crawford is

1791 – July 5, John Crawford and Rebecca Allen, daughter of James Allen (consent); witnesses, David Hanna, Danl. Early; surety, James Allen.

Major John Crawford [LHNZ-MB7] and Rebecca Allen [M1QM-1MW]. John Crawford is son of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson [LJJ3-MZX]

page 294

1792 – August 7, John Campbell and Sarah Crawford; surety, John Campbell, Sr.

Theodore John Campbell [MYMH-CVN] and Sarah Polly Crawford [GSMP-GLR]. Theodore John Campbell is son of John Campbell [97RV-3B4] Sarah’s parents unknown

page 298

1792 – November 26, John Poage and Rachel Crawford; surety, Thomas Wilson.

Likely John Poage [9M9W-VMM] and Rachel Crawford [MBNQ-4YD] – Rachel does not have parents on FS

1791 – September 16, Robert Poage and Martha Crawford, daughter of James Crawford (consent); witnesses, Robert Crawford, John Robertson; surety, Wm Crawford.

FamilySearch likely has this couple as Martha Craword [LCZF-9NC] and Robert Poage [LCZF-936] – but Martha’s father is listed as George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B]

page 301

1788 – March 12, Andrew Anderson and John Miller, surety. Andrew Anderson and Martha Crawford.

Likely Martha Crawford [LZZ1-66K] and Col. Andrew Anderson [L41L-v37]. Martha is daughter of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson. Col. Andrew Anderson is son of John ANderson [LZK8-7T6]

page 302

1787 – January 9, Robert Crawford and Andrew Anderson, surety. Robert Crawford and Anne Allen, certificate by Wm. Craig.

Robert Crawford (1767-1810) [LHXT-KP8] and Anne Allen [K67S-K3J]. Robert is son of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

page 306

1788 — June 2., Wm. Robertson and John Crawford, surety. Wm Roberston and Ann Crawford.

Anne Crawford (1753-?) [LY4M-KRK] and William Robertson {9H52-F64]. Anne Crawford is daughter of John Crawford [M7BM-7T5] and Mary Ann Douglas [M7BM-W3R]

pge 309

1793 – February 20, Alex. Crawford and Phillip Dyer, surety. Alex. Crawford and Rachel Lessley, Consent by Wm. Bell. Affidavit of Rachel’s full age

Alexander Crawford [LZN5-951] and Rachel Lessley (1772-1841) [2W3B-9BV] Alexander is son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1]

page 316

1796 – March 1, Wm. Bell and Alex. St. Clair, surety. Wm. Bell and Mary Crawford (of age), daughter of James Crawford deceased. Approbation of Jane Crawford.

Mary Crawford [MYM7-8DX] and William Bell [MYM7-8D9]. Mary is daughter of James Crawford [G79P-1M6]

page 324

1797 – February 11, John Crawford and Joshua Parry, surety. John Crawford, widower and Sally Newman, of age, daughter of Leavy Newman.

Two possibilities for John Crawford. One [LHNZ-C1X] son of Andrew Crawford [MWSF-GC6] and Agnes Batey [LH1Z-689] married Sarah Newman [LC7L-3JW]. Other Lt. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] song of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV] and Mary McPheeters married Sarah Newman (LC7L-3JW]

1797 – January 2, James Crawford and Thomas Sawyers, surety. James Crawford and Nancy Sawyers, daughter of James Sawyers, deceased, Hannah Sawyers (consent). Teste: John Thompson.

James Crawford [L6FL-682] married Nancy Ann Sawyers [LZN5-S8Q]. James son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1] Nancy son of James Sawyers JR [LZXX-7WV] and Hannah Hays [9JVS-1KX] James would be grandson of Alexander Crawford.

page 325

1797 – August 30, Daniel Fall and James Brown. surety. Daniel Fall and Margaret Crawford, daughter of John Crawford (consent). Teste: John Rees.

Margaret Crawford [KCRZ-JDT] and Daniel Fall [MRZZ-SQ2]. Margaret daughter of Lt. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] making her a granddaughter of Alexander Crawford.

page 329

1798 – November 26, John Poage and Wm. Poage, surety. John Poage and Martha Rankin. Consent by Wm. Crawford, guardian. Test. Alex. Poage. John Poage swears he was 21 last May.

Martha Rankin [L1DK-G3Y] and John Davis Poage [LCVH-LGP or L654-MTQ]. Martha daughter of Capt. Thomas Rankin [LCQ8-3MS] and Mary Crawford [LCQ8-33M] Mary Crawford Rankin daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

1798 – February 16, James Ritchey and John Fulton, surety. James Ritchey and Isabella Crawford, daughter of James Crawford, deceased, Hugh Fulton consents. Teste: Robewrt Fulton. James Ritchey was from Rockbridge.

Isabella Crawford — possibly [GZD9-6K8] or [L1VG-2T9] married James Ritchey [LHD8-6TT] OR James Rickey [L1VL-T6T] — Isabella may be daughter of James Crawford, Jr [G7GQ-PSW] or Rev. James Crawford [LZN5-SCD]

page 330

1798 – May 7, Andrew Stull and Wm. Crawford, surety. Andrew Stull and Martha Crawford, daughter of above Wm. Crawford.

Martha Crawford [KGMT-W76] and Andrew Stull [KVLK-9VL]. Not sure who Wm. Crawford is but he may be same Wm. Crawford mentioned in John Poage and Martha Rankin marriage.

page 331

1799 – August 22, Frederick Almerode, son of George Almeroht (consent), Wm. Benson, John Lotz, sureties, Frederick Almerode and Jane Benson, daughter of above Wm. Benson (consent). Witness, Chas B. Rhoades, Teste as to Frederick: John Brown. Teste as to Jane: Andrew Crawford.

Frederick Almarode or Ameroth [LWJG-C53] and Jane Benson [LWJG-CR6]; not sure who Andrew Crawford is.

1799 – September 17, Wm. Bell and Alex. Crawford, surety. Wm. Bell (widower) and Rachel Crawford, widow of Wm. Crawford.

Possibly Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1] wife of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] — but no link to a husband named William Bell. William Bell [LJK3-BQ2] and Rachel Sawyers [LJK3-BNT]

1799 – August 22, Andrew Crawford and Wm. Benson, surety. Andrew

page 332

Crawford and Rachel Hunter, daughter of Wm. Hunter (consent), Mary Hunter (consent). Teste: Wm. Crawford, Andrew is of age.

Rachel Hunter [G84F-N49] and Andrew Crawford [9JHH-3KJ]. Andrew is son of William Crawford [LYQF-53W] and Margaret Henderson [LDF7-9N4] William Crawford is shown as son of William Crawford [M4D3-S96] and brother to John Crawford [GS5C-5SY] married to Jane Byers [GS5C-VJ9]

page 335

1799 – July 17, Christian Surface and Martin Surface, surety. Christian Sirfes and Florence Crawford. Both of Age. Christian and Martin are brothers.

Florence Crawford [LH5N-4DC] and Christian Surface [LZNG-P51]; Florence daughter of George Crawford [LCMX-RR8] and Florence Henderson [G3FG-2C1] and granddaughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

page 343

1800 – April 9, George Poage, of Bath County, and Robert Crawford of Augusta sureties. George Poage and Margaret Rankin, daughter of the late Thomas Rankin. “Bath County. I do hereby certify my consent that my son George obtain a license to marry Peggy Rankin, daughter of Thomas Rankin, deceased, but who is under the guardian care of Robt. Crawford, of Augusta County. Witness my hand and seal this 25th March, 1800 — Wm. Poage (seal). Teste: Robert Poage, Wm. Poage, Jr.

George Poage [L4BN-RJ8] and Margaret Rankin [LCVH-LY4]; Margaret daughter of Capt. Thomas Rankin {LCQ8-3MS] and Mary Crawford [LCQ8-33M]. Mary daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

page 345

Record of Marriages in Augusta County Beginning 15th March 1785

page 347

December 30th (1786)

James Crawford and Mary Crawford

1786 June 16th Wm. Crawford and Martha Cooper

William Crawford [G9VM-S44] and Martha Cooper [KH5R-B3X] / William Crawford is son of James Crawford [MSW9-B31] and Mary Stewart [MSW9-BQY]

page 348

1789 June 23d, George Crawford and Nancy Winters

George Crawford [KLBL-VM2] and Nancy Winters [LZLH-G9W]; George son of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson [LJJ3-MZX]

page 349

1790 December 10th

John Armstrong and Polly Crawford

Mary Polly Crawford [KL6W-NRL] and John Armstrong [KLYG-VFZ]; Mary Polly Crawford daughter of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1]

page 350

1788

January 10th, Robert Crawford and Anne Allen;

Robert Crawford [LHXT-KP8] and Anne Allen [K67S-K3J]; Robert son of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

March 13th Andrew Anderson and Martha Crawford

Martha Crawford [LZZ1-66K] and Col. Andrew Anderson [L41L-V37]; Martha daughter of Patrick Crawford [L41K-QNP] and Sarah Wilson [LJJ3-MZX]

June 3d William Robertson and Anne Crawford

Anne Crawford [LY4M-KRK] – shown with 2 different William Robertson husbands; one married 25 Jan 1788 — [9H52-F64] and other married June 1788 [27S1-FBK]/ no source given for January marriage / guessing the two William Robertson entries should be merged; Anne shown as daughter of John Crawford [M7BM-7T5] and Mary Ann Douglas [ M7BM-W3R]

page 351

1790

November 11th, David Grim (Ginn) and Violet Crawford

Violet Jane Crawford [LHGZ-WMK] and David Gwin [LHJ6-RHM], Violet daughter of William Crawford [LYQF-53W] and Margaret Henderson [LDF7-9N4]

page 352

1791

September 15th, Robert Poage and Martha Crawford

Martha Crawford [LCZF-9NC] and Robert Poage [LCZF-936]; Martha daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B] and Elizabeth Poage[LZGF-N5C]

1792

August 9th, Theo’d Jno Campbell and Polly Crawford

Two possibilities: Sarah Polly Crawford [GSMP-GLR] and Theodore John Campbell [MYMH-CVN]

OR Sarah Crawford [LCQQ-QYY] and Rev. John Poage Campbell [2782-1J2]; Sarah daughter of George Crawford Sr [LZJF-47B and Elizabeth Poage [LZGF-N5C]

both use same marriage date — but have different children

page 353

1792

November 27th, John Poage and Rachel Crawford

Three possibilities — likely all same and need merged —

Rachel Mrs Crawford [MYMM-97B] and John Poage [MYMM-9WH] – no marriage date

Rachel Crawford [MBNQ-4YD] and John Poage [9M92-VMM] with 27 Nov 1793 marriage date and no sources

Rachel Crawford [97WN-VZZ] and ? [DTWR-9SK] with marriage date of 27 Nov 1792 and no sources

page 355

1797

January 31st, James Crawford and Nancy Sawyers

James Crawford [L6FL-682] and Nancy Ann Sawyers [LZN5-S8Q]; James is son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1] and grandson of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV]

1796

March 3d Wm Bell and Mary Crawford

Mary Crawford [MYM7-8DX] and William Bell [MYM7-8D9]; Mary daughter of James Crawford [G79P-1M6]

page 356

1797

August 31st Daniel Fall and Margaret Crawford

Margaret Crawford [KCRZ-JDT] and Daniel Fall [MRZZ-SQ2]; FS shows Margaret as daughter of LT. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] and thus granddaughter of Alexander.

1797 By Rev. Archd. Scott

February 24 — John Crawford and Sally Newman

Two possibilities:

Lt. John Crawford [KZYZ-8X8] and Sarah Newman [LC7L-3JW]; Lt. John shown as son of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV]

John Crawford [LHNZ-C1X] and Sarah Newman [LC7L-3JW]; John shown as son of Andrew Crawford [MWSF-GC6] and Agnes Batey [LH1Z-689]

The book, Descendants of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford, supports Lt. John Crawford as husband of Sarah Newman.

1798 By Rev. Archd. Scott:

February 22d – James Ritchey and Isabell Crawford

Isabella Crawford [GZD9-6K8] and James Ritchey [LHD8-6TT]; Isabella daughter of James Crawford JR [G7GQ-PSW] and Isabell Campbell [GXXR-NJH]; James son of James Crawford SR [K4NJ-YS6]who is shown as son of John Crawford [K8DR-C3B] and Jennet Robertson [MSL3-4Q3]

1798  by Rev. Wm. Wilson

May 9th Andrew Steele and Martha Crawford

Martha Crawford [KGMT-W76] and Andrew Stull [KVLK-9VL]

page 358

Memorandum of Marriages for 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 1795

page 359

1793

February 21st, Alexander Crawford and Rachel Lesley

Alexander Crawford [LZN5-951] and Rachel Leslie LEsley [2W3B-9BV]; Alexander son of William Crawford [L61L-JRK] and Rachel Sawyers [LHXY-BX1]and grandson of Alexander Crawford [LRVH-5GV]

Chalkley Lyman, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800, volume 2 (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Company, no date), digital images, FamilySearch.org, http://www.familysearch.org viewed online 25 January 2023.
page 324

Virginia Scotch-Irish

Do you have Scottish ancestry? For those of us whose ancestral line leads back to Augusta County, Virginia with hints of Scottish ancestry, the Lyman Chalkey books are a goldmine.

While most of the entries in volume one just put a person in a particular place and time, some entries actually help figure out the family units. Page 427 contains such an entry naming the daughters of George Crawford.

page 427
County Court Chancery Decrees Decided
1823, 1823, 1825 (I to N)
Henry Miller, and Hannah, late Hannah Crawford, Peter Hanger, Jr. and Patsey, late —— Crawford vs. James Bourland, et. al. — Daughters of George Crawford. George died intestate, leaving six children, viz, the two female plaintiffs, Polly Bourland, who married James Bourland; Nancy Miller, late Nancy Crawford, who married John Miller; Jane McCue, who married Franklin McCue, Peggy Crawford, minor. Bill for petition. Report of Commissioners, filed, 25th December, 1824

A second entry for Hannah Crawford Miller is found on page 537. Combined with the entry on page 427, the two entries contain enough information to locate the family of George Crawford on FamilySearch.

page 537
File No. 927 —Miller Vs. Bourland. Henry Miller and wife Hannah, late Crawford, Peter Hanger, Jr., and Patsey, his wife, late Crawford, complain that George Crawford owned valuable land on Middle River. Crawford died testate, leaving six children, viz: female plaintiffs, Nancy, wife of John Miller; Jane, wife of Franklin McCue; and Peggy Crawford, a minor.

Another entry has enough information to identify a James Crawford family [LRJJ-96F] Since this entry also identifies Patrick Crawford as a sibling of James, it may be a tie to William Crawford and his wife, Mary Ann Douglas.

page 370
May, 1774 (A)
Brown vs. Pattison. Chancery writ, 29th March 1769. James Brown and Jane, his wife, late Jane Crawford, daughter of James Crawford, deceased, oratrix’s father, died, 1751, possessed of considerable estate, intestate, leaving widow and two children, to wit, oratrix and her brother, James. Widow Elizabeth, Robert Patterson and George Anderson qualified administrators. ORator and oratrix married in July 1769. Prayer for settlement. Patrick Crawford was brother of James, deceased. Elizabeth (widow) was Elizbeth Robertson, sister of William Robertson.

There are also several entries that are likely for the children of Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford after the parents were killed.

page 147
March 19, 1768
(6) William Crawford is appointed guardian to Mary Crawford, orphan of Alexr. Crawford

page 148
May 19, 1768
(141) Rebecca Crawford, aged 16, orphan of Alexr. Crawford, chose William Crawford, her guardian.

page 155
March 21, 1769
(84) Court appoints William McPheeters, Jr., guardian of Alexr. and Robert Crawford, orphans of Alexr. Crawford

page 170
March 17, 1773
(17) Samuel Crawford, aged 14, orphan of Alexr. Crawford, chose Saml. McPheeters guardian.

Then on page 437 is an entry where Patrick Crawford consents to the marriage of his sister, Mary Crawford, to John Poage. Since Alexander Crawford (1715-1764) is said to have a brother named Patrick, this may be a marriage record for Alexander’s sister, Mary Crawford.

page 437
1751-1752
Certificate of Patrick Crawford that he is willing that John Poage shall get license to marry his sister, Mary Crawford, 30th May, 1751

While Chalkey’s Chronicle helps document the Crawford families in Augusta County, Virginia, there are some drawbacks:

  • Many entries just contain a name and no other information to identify them in the Crawford family tree
  • The FamilySearch tree has 20 children for William Crawford and Mary Ann Douglas including two named Alexander, two named Patrick and two named Margaret.
  • Too many trees try to link to Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford.

Since a descendant of Alexander Crawford (1715-1764) has completed a BigY test, DNA might help sort out these Crawford families in Augusta County.

However, we need more descendants of these Virginia Crawford families to participate. BigY tests will likely go on sale for DNA day in April and ‘scholarships’ may be available.


In the meantime, there is a lot of information in Chalkey’s volume one to figure out.

Chalkey, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement of Virginia.
Roselyn, VA : The Commonwealth Printing Co., 1912
Volume I

digital version on Archive.org
also on FamilySearch.org

page 13
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. 1
August 20, 1746
page 21
(74) Cap. Daniel McAnaire to be overseer of the above road with the following titheables: Samuel Wallis, Alexr. Crawford, John Elliot, David Trimble, John Hogshead, Alexr. Gardner, Sampson, Archer, Alexr. Gibson, Robt. Davis, Thomas Gardner, Walter Trimble, John Sixby, David Stuart, Ro. Renix, Francis Gardner, John Trimble, Thomas Beard, Ro. Gilkason, John Archer, James Bell, James Mills, James Dyer, Charles Clendening, Wm. Hogshead, Ro. Ralstone, John Moffet, Saml. Lusk, James Phillips, Danl. Brealey, Mathew Edmonston, James Trimble, John Ferguson., Wm. Anderson, John Spears, John McKenney, Wm. Brady, Ro. Armstrong, James Miller

June 19, 1747
page 30
(248) John Pickens and Wm. Bell, to be overseers of the road (see p. 239 above) from Co. Ho. to Picken’s Mill, with these tithables: Wm Lewis, James Robertson, Thomas Gordon, Wm. Baskins, James Lesley, James Wallis, Danl. Deniston, Daneil Deniston, Jr., William Bell, Jr., John Poge, Geo Crawford.

page 35
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. II

page 41
August 28, 1750
(421) Benj. Skoot, John Knowles, Joel Hornback, John West, Thomas Crawford, George Baffenberger, John Christian Carlock, David Craig, John Walker, Jr., George Say, George Say, Jr., Simon Say, John Cunningham, Wm. Cunningham, Henry Landcisco, John Colley, Burket Reager, Henry Carr, Daniel Richardson, Nathaniel Clearey, added to list of tithables.

PAGE 45
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. III

page 48
November 27, 1751
(206) Grand Jury Presentements: Elisha Job, swearing more than four oaths; Owen Crawford, for drinking health of King James and refusing to drink to King George; James Shaw, swearing three oaths; Robert Armstrong, a common swearer; John Grems, a common swearer.

page 57
March 21, 1753
(415) Joseph Long nd James Young, overseers, with Robert Young, Joseph Long, Samuel Gibson, Solomon Whitley, John Collier, William Hall, Gilbert Crawford, George Gibson, John Ruckman, Thomas Burton, Wm. Wadington, Wm. Brown, James Moore, John Hanna, James Huston, Wm. Todd, James Bats, James Todd, James Young, Patrick Young, John Carr and James Campbell — keep the road from Joseph Long’s Mill to James Young’s Mill, thence to the Great Road on James Thompson’s Plantation.

page 59
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. IV

page 65
August 24, 1754
(288) Patrick Crawford vs. Thomas Story
James Randolph, a witness, is about to leae the Colone. Ded. Petestm. de bene Esse

Page 67
May 23, 1755
(430) Wm. Crawford — witness from Bedford

page 69
Additional notes from Order Book IV. From beginning of Book IV to March 21, 1754)

Page 70
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. V

page 77
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. VI

page 81
August 19, 1758
(200) William Erwin, suit abates by death of Alexr. Crawford and one other, David Stuart, Wm. Hodge, Jacob Van Leers, John Henderson with three others, added to tithables. Aler. McKenny added to tithables.

Page 89
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. VII

page 98
May 22, 1762
(232) John Stewart vs. James Crawford
Slander – judgment for plaintiff

page 104
Augusta County Court Records
Oder Book No. VIII

page 113
June 19, 1764
(498) Alexr. Crawford, security for Thos. Gardner, now decd., for administration of estate of Thos. Gardner, decd., asks counter security, and Rebecca, administratrix of Thomas, summoned

page 114
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. IX

page 117
November 24, 1764
page 118
(224) Alexr. Crawford vs Mathew Harper. — Abates by death of plaintiff

page 118
March 20, 1765
(243) Elizabeth Bell complains of her master, James Crawford

page 119
March 23, 1765
(283) James McGrawger vs. James Crawford — Abates by death of plaintiff

page 124
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. X

page 133
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XI

page 147
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XiI

page 147
March 19, 1768
(6) William Crawford is appointed guardian to Mary Crawford, orphan of Alexr. Crawford

page 148
May 19, 1768
(141) Rebecca Crawford, aged 16, orphan of Alexr. Crawford, chose William Crawford, her guardian.

page 152
November 15, 1768
(473) Surveyors of highway: Cornelius Ruddle, from Reeder’s Mines to Michael Warring’s; John Crawford, vice George Poage, from Pedler Ford to Bullet’s Springs.

page 153
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XIII

page 155
March 21, 1769
(84) Court appoints William McPheeters, Jr., guardian of Alexr. and Robert Crawford, orphans of Alexr. Crawford

page 156
June 20, 1769
(204) William Beates runaway servant of William Crawford

page 159
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book NO. XIV

page 166
March 18, 1772
(331) Patrick Boyd to be bound to John Crawford to learn trade of blacksmith

page 169
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XV
page 170
March 17, 1773
(17) Samuel Crawford, aged 14, orphan of Alexr. Crawford, chose Saml. McPheeters guardian.

(21) John Crawford qualified Constable

page 174
August 19, 1773
(165) Thos. Brown and Wm. Crawford — road surveyors on new road from Staunton to Buffalo Gap, via Trimbles Mill.

page 176
Nov. 18, 1773
(239) Wm. Gragg, vice John Crawford — Constable

page 179
April 19, 1774
(442) Wm. Crawford qualified deputy surveyor under Thomas Lewis

page 181
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XVI

page 183
(30 New Commission from Dunmore, vix: Silas Hart, John Dickinson, James Lockhart, John Christian, Daniel Smith,* John Poage, Abraham Smith,* George Moffett,* Alexr. McClenachan,* Mathew Harrison, Michael Bowyer,* John Grattan, Thomas Hughes, Elijah McClenachan,* Josiah Davidson, John Skidmore, John Campbell, Thos. Smallman, John Gibson, John Stephenson, John Cannon, Silas Hedge, William Gee (McGee?), Archd. Alexander, Felix Gilbert,* Samuel McDowell,* Sampson Mathews,* William Bowyer,* George Mathews, Alexr. Robertson,* John Hayes,* James Craig, John Frogg, Wm. Teas,* George Croghan, Edward Ward, Dawsey Pentecost, Wm. Crawford, John McCullough, Geo. Vallendegham and David Shepherd. (Those marked (*) qualified.)

page 184
March 20, 1775
left edge of page covered up – used book on FS
(51) Called Court — Robert Crawford

page 189
Nov. 20, 1776
(134) Patrick Boyd complains of abuse by his master, John Crawford

page 193
August 19, 1777
(213) Following recommendations: John Givens as Captain, vice Capt. Laird; Robert Campbell, as First Lieutenant; James Crawford, as Second Lieutenant; Felty Shirley, as Ensign.

page 207
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XVII

page 226
May 25, 1782
(412)Ann Helena Attwaters relinquished dower in a lot and hous in ??? of woodland in deed by her husband to Wm. Crawford, Moses Estey and John Beech

page 228
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book NO. XVIII

page 233
November 18, 1783
(141) William Crawford is appointed guardian to Thomas Sawyer, orphan of James Sawyers

page 238
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XIX

page 240
May 17, 1735
(18) New Commission, viz: Thomas Adams, William Bowyer, THomas Hughart, * ALexr. St. Clair, Charles Cameron, William McPheeters,* Joseph Bell, Samuel Vance, John Givens, David Stephenson, Richard Mathews, Robert Porterfield, Jacob Warrick, George Moffet, Alexr. Robertson, Elijah McClenachan,* Thomas Hughes,* George Poage, James Steel, John Wilson, Samuel Lewis, John Taite,* Robert Gamble, James Crawford, Jr., James Davis, Alexr. Crawford, John McKemey. (Those marked (*) qualified.)

page 244
March 21, 1786
(278) (288) Samuel Vance and Alexr. Crawford qualified Justices.

page 246
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XX

page 246
July 18 1786
(80) George Crawford allowed for a gun lost in the service
(83) Following recommended as Captains, vis. Thomas Turk, Jr. James Crawford and James Bell, Jr. As Lieutenants, viz: John Stuart, James Rankin and John Trimble. As Ensigns: David Henderson, James Kerr, Michael Kellar

page 252
(455) Estate of Margaret Crawford, deceased, comd. to John Crawford.

page 255
October 22, 1788
(615) Court appoints James McChesney guardian of his son George, ingant under 14 years, who is a legatee of Patrick Crawford

page 256
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XXI

page 266
Augusta County Court Recos
Order Book No. XXII

page 267
October 18, 1791
(13) John and Mary Ranking being dead, admn. de bonis non of Thomas Rankin, deceased, is granted James Rankin and Robert Crawford

page 271
Dec 18, 1792
(212-213) Rachel, widow of William Crawford, deceased, releases dower in land conveyed by William’s partners to Robert McCullock

page 272
left edge of page covered up
March 25, 1793
(258) Thomas Turk, Jr. Jr., James Frazer, James Crawford, John Erwin and William Bell as Captains in 1st Battalion — recommended.

March 25, 1793
(259) James Allen as Lieutenant of Company of infantry in 1st Bat
talion – recommended. Robert Rennick as Lieutenant of Company of in-
fantry in 2d Battalion-recommended. Alex. Anderson as Ensign of a
Company of Infantry in 1st Battalion — recommended Alex. Crawford as
Ensign of a company of Infantry in 2d Battalion; Robert Gratton as Cap
tain of a Company of Cavalry to be raised in Staunton — recommended
David Parry as First Lieutenant of said Company; William Abney as sec
ond Lieutenant of said Company; Jacob Geiger as Cornet of said Company.

April 16, 1793
(263) Rachel Poage, late Rachel Crawford, executrix of John Crawford, deceased to settle her accounts.

page 274
July 16, 1793
(303) William Bell qualified deputy surveyor. John Crawford qualifed Lieutenant, see pages 258-9; WM. Bell, Jr., qualified Ensign, see pages 258-9

page 275
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XXIII

page 284
Augusta County Court Records
Order Book No. XXIV

page 285
Sept 20, 1796
(67) Adam Hawpe, as Lieutenant in a Company of Infantry in 2d Battalion, 32d Regiment, vice Robert Rennick, who refuses. Samuel Finley, as Ensign, vice Alex. Crawford, resigned.

page 288
January 16, 1798
(left edge covered up — used copy of book on FamilySearch to figure out left edge)
(249) Polly Stuart, orphan of John Stuart, chose George Crawford as
her guardian

page 292
February 19, 1799
(470) George Crawford exempted from levy on account of age and infirmity

page 292
County Court Judgments
Augusta County

page 306
Judgments
AUgust, 1751
Downs vs. Crawford — Patrick Crawford was a horse trader

page 327
County Court Judgments
August 1801 (M to Z)
May 1762
Robert Breckinridge vs. John Milton — Defendant, in 1761, became wgoner for that summer a year’s campaign. William Crawford deposes, in Frederick, 8th April 1762: “As he returned from the Dunkar Bottom to Augusta he saw Captain Breckinridge’s waggoner, &c.”

page 327
August, 1762 (B)
Anthony Nisle vs. James Crawford — To a house sold you in Miller’s Town, alias Woodstock, September, 1761

page 329
August, 1762
James Crawford vs. Widow Hanna Sawyers — 1761

page 332
March, 1765 (A)
McGranger vs. James Crawford, of Augusta, Storekeeper. — Bond, 27th April 1762.

page 332
May, 1765 (A)
Crawford vs. Alexander Sawyers (Sayers?). — Writ, 28th March, 1765. Defendant drowned Writ, 25th June, 1764. Kept off by force of arms.

page 333
October, 1765 (A)
Fulton vs. Crawford. — Robert Fulton, a schoolmaster

page 335
September, 1763 (B)
Elizabeth Crawford vs. Stephen Loy — Attachment, 17th April 1763. Stephen Loy, of Frederick Town, in Maryland, to Thomas Fulton. Bond 25th March, 1762,

page 335
August, 1764 (A)
Matthews vs. McBride. (Address) To Mr. Saml. Crawford, at George Gibson’s nearl COllierstown

page 349
October, 1765 (C)
McClenachan vs. Crawford — Account Robert McClenachan, 1760-61, to wages as storekeeper of James Crawford.

page 354
March, 1768 (D2)
James Crawford vs. Samuel Patterson. — Attachment. Defendant is of Halifax County. Bond by him, 8th September, 1766.

page 365
March, 1772 (B)
Elizabeth Crawford, an infant, by George Crawford, her next friend, vs. John Archer — Debt. Writ, 12th December, 1772

page 370
May, 1774 (A)
Brown vs. Pattison. Chancery writ, 29th March 1769. James Brown and Jane, his wife, late Jane Crawford, daughter of James Crawford, deceased, oratrix’s father, died, 1751, possessed of considerable estate, intestate, leaving widow and two children, to wit, oratrix and her brother, James. Widow Elizabeth, Robert Patterson and George Anderson qualified administrators. ORator and oratrix married in July 1769. Prayer for settlement. Patrick Crawford was brother of James, deceased. Elizabeth (widow) was Elizbeth Robertson, sister of William Robertson.

page 375
March, 1780 (A)
Commonwealth vs. Robert Craig, r. – 10th September, 1779. Deposition of James Anderson, at the funeral of Widow Crawford on first Tuesday or Wednesday in August last. Defendant said that King was perjured for establishing the Catholic Church in Canada, when Craig said defendant was perjured for swearing allegiance to the State of Virginia. Craig was a violent Tory, as shown by the depositions.

page 376
November, 1780 (A)
another copy found on Family Search that does NOT have edge covered up
John Herndon, of Spottsylvania, vs. Thomas Reeves (lately of Spottsyl-
vania). — Chancery writ, 1st September, 1770. In July, 1768, defendant
mortgaged negroes to plaintiff and then brought the slaves to Augusta and
sold one to Robert Reid and one to James Crawford, also defendant’s bill
to enforce mortgage. Answers says he negroes were sold under execution
in Rockingham and bought by defendants, Reid and Crawford. No service.
on Reid

page 377
March, August and September, 1782
Crawford vs. John Logan of New Jersey. — Attachment on an account dated November 15, 1779. Attachment dated 1782.

page 394
March, 1791 (A to L)
Peter Heiskell vs. Wm. Kinkead, Crawford and Bengle Andrews. — Writ, 19th May, 1790. Catherine Lowdermilk, Wife of Michael L.

page 418
November, 1800
John Crawford vs. Timothy and Joseph Green. — Case, 9th June, 1800. No inhabitants

page 419
March, 1801 (M to Z)
David Moore, brother of William, vs. William Jolly. — William made a contract with Jolly to build a furnace for William. Jolly engaged himself at the iron works of Mr. Crawford in Greenbrier. Work was negligently done, and Jolly went to Pennsylvania.

page 422-423
May, 1811 (F to I)
Fisher vs. Alfred — Contract, 1809, with George Alfred as schoolmaster, signed by Alexander Nelson, Samuel Lessley, Joshua Hiden, James Johnston, Archibald Griffey, George Tevenbaugh, Daniel Fisher, John Brown, Jane Crawford, John C. Baskin, Charles Baskin, James Anderson, George Anderson, Thomas Galbreath, James Kelley, Robert Hansberger.

page 423
October and December, 1813
Crawford’s orphans v. Crawford’s Administrator — Charles Surface and Florence, his wife, late Florence Crawford.

page 427
County Court Chancery Decrees Decided
1823, 1823, 1825 (I to N)
Henry Miller, and Hannah, late Hannah Crawford, Peter Hanger, Jr. and Patsey, late —— Crawford vs. James Bourland, et. al. — Daughters of George Crawford. George died intestate, leaving six children, viz, the two female plaintiffs, Polly Bourland, who married James Bourland; Nancy Miller, late Nancy Crawford, who married John Miller; Jane McCue, who married Franklin McCue, Peggy Crawford, minor. Bill for petition. Report of Commissioners, filed, 25th December, 1824

page 430
County Claims, 1800-1807
Old Deeds, Wills, Inventories, Powers of Attorney, Etc., to Be Filed)
William Crawford (Agent for Moses Easty, Crawford, Beach & Co.) to Henry Miller, 3d April 1785. Original

Original Petitions and Papers Filed in the County Court
page 433
John Trotter’s petition vs Capt. Daniel McAnaire, 4th Tuesday in February, 1749-50 Certificate that John is a very poor man, but had lived honest for some years in our neighborhood for what we know. Patric Martin, John Trimble, Jacob Lockhart, Andrew Pickens, Alexander Crawford.

page 437
1751-1752
Certificate of Patrick Crawford that he is willing that John Poage shall get license to marry his sister, Mary Crawford, 30th May, 1751

page 439
1753-1754 (part 1)

page 440
Inquisition on body of Nicholas Grout (Trout), 17th July, 1753. Jurors do say that the said Nicholas Trout, in simplicity, without malice, playing with Peter Hull and seizing a gun in said Hull’s hands and pulling its muzzle towards him she accidentally went off without any act or knowledge of the said Hull and discharged herself with a ball and two great shots into ye breast of said Trout, of which he died immediately on ye spot, and quit ye gun wherewith ye same was done was entirely in fault for not keeping her bounds, but going off without force or consent. In teste: Peter Scholl, Coroner; John Stevenson, Ledwick Francisco, John Mac Michel, James Bruster, Thomas Wats, Thomas Crawford, Patrick Milican, John Wilson, Jacob Harman, Niclas Noll, Hennery Daly, Jacob Nicholas.

page 440-441
Petition for road from Joseph Lang’s mill to James Young’s mill and by William Hall’s on the North Rier and into the Great Road on James Thompson’s plantation. It is our course to meeting, mill and market. John Carr, James Campbell, Robert Young, Joseph Long, Samuel Gibson, Solomon Whitly, John Collyer, William Hall, Gilbert Crawford, George Gibson John Ruckman, James Barton, William Waddington, William Brown, James Moore, John Hanna, James Hutton, William Todd, James Bates, James Footd, James Young, Patrick Young.

1753-1754, Pt 1

To the Worshipful Court of Augusta, now sitting: We, the inhabitants of this County, have long felt the smart of the great indulgence the ordinary keepers of this County have met with in allowing them to sell such large quantities of rum and wine at an extravagant arate, by which our money is
page 442
drained out of the County, for which we have not return but a fresh supply to pick our pockets. We, your petitioners, humbly pray your worship to put a stop to the said liquors, which would encourage us to pursue our laborious designs, which is to raise sufficient quantities of grant which would sufficiently supply us with liquors and the money circulate in this County to the advantage of us, the same. We hope that your worships will discover to us that you have a real regard for the good of the Counts, and lays us under an obligatin to pray for your prosperity. Robert Stevenson, James Hamilton, Alexander Walker, James Robertson, James Stevenson, John Christian, Alexander Blair, Thomas Shiels, Robert Christian, Thomas Stewart, James Allen, Joseph Hanna, Francis Beaty, Mathew Lyle, Archibald Reah, John Walker, (?), Samuel Downey, Danial McAnair (McEvear), Robert Spears (Syers), Daniel Danison, Robert Moffet, Aleander Henderson, ANdrw Hamilton, John Finley, THomas Beard, Archibald Armstrong, William Mackan, James Campbell, John Vance, John Archer, James Reburn, Alexander Gibson, William lewis, George Scott, Joseph Bell, James Coyls, William Logen, Samuel McCune, John Caruth, Patrick Hays, Robert Sayers, Andrew McCombe, James Montgomery, James Scott, George Crawford, John Allen, Edward Spear, James Brown, John King, John Anderson, William Logan, Patrick Campbell, Jacob Lockhart, Sam Wallace, James Knox, John Carlile, Charles Campbell, Mathew Harper, John Jackson, James miller, John Hutcheson, William Palmer, Samuel Love, James Miller, John Henderson, Zachariah Bell (Belche), Andrew Ewin, John Thompson, Loftus Pullin, James Gay, Alexander Craig, Thomas Teat, William Wallace, John Wilson, Alexander Ritchey, James McGee, John Thompson, Samuel Calhoon, John Trimble, Alexander Thompson, William Snodon, Newman McGonigle, John Trimble, Archibald Allison, John Brown, William Thompson.

page 459
August, 1768 (B)
Whitesides vs. Crawford — Bond dated 17th May, 1763, by James Crawford to William Hutchinson. Test, Wm. Preston, Susanna Preston

page 481
December 1790
List of present justices. George Moffett, William Bowyer, Elijah McClenachan, Alexander St. Clair, Alexander Robertson, Thomas Hughart, Joseph Bell, John Tate, David Stephenson, Richard Mathews, Robert Porterfield, John McKemy, decd, James Ramsey, Robert Douthat, James Searight, James Berry, William McPheeters, James Steel (refused to act since he was sheriff), Samuel Vance in bath County; John Wilson in Bath County; Charles Cameron in Bath County; Robert Gamble, Richmond; Alexander Crawford, Rockbridge County; Alexander Gibson, Alexander Nelson, Joseph Bell, Jr. William Moffett, James Poage, Kentucky.
A list of the names and order of the Justices of the Peace for the County of August, as they stand in the commission dated, March 24, 1778, viz: Thomas Adams, John Poage, Alexander McClenachan, Alexander Robertson, John Lewis, William McPheeters, Peter Hanger, John Dickinson, George Moffett, William Bowyer, Thomas Hughart, Alexander St. Clair, James Steel, Samuel Vance, John Christian, Sampson Mathews, Michal Bowyer, Elijah McClenachan, John Kinkade, James Tate, John McCreery, James Bell, John Wilson. Additional commons, dated 28th April 1785: David Stephenson, James Crawford, Jr., Jacob Warrick, Robert Gamble, Robert Porterfield, Richard Mathews, James Davis, John McKeemy. Additional commission dated 3d November 1788: Alexander Nelson, James Searight, John White, John Lewis, Robert Douthat, William Moffett, James Berry, Joseph Bell, Jr., James Poage, John Peebles. Additional commission, 13th June, 1786: Zachariah Johnston, James Ramsey, James P. Cock, James Stephenson, Alexander Gibson, Moses Hinkle.

page 528
Old Papers

Miscellaneous Papers
page 531
October 1765 (C)
McClenachan vs. Crawford — James Crawford, debtor to James Simpson. To the balance of accounts (excep my wates) on settlement, L0,15,0. To my wages as your storekeeper for a year in 1760 and 1761, L24. (Signed) E. E., per Robert McClenachang

page 537
File No. 927 —Miller Vs. Bourland. Henry Miller and wife Hannah, late Crawford, Peter Hanger, Jr., and Patsey, his wife, late Crawford, complain that George Crawford owned valuable land on Middle River. Crawford died testate, leaving six children, viz: female plaintiffs, Nancy, wife of John Miller; Jane, wife of Franklin McCue; and Peggy Crawford, a minor.

Crawfords in Early Kentucky

Do you have family in early Kentucky? If so, have you wished for a statewide census to help you locate various family members? Unfortunately, those early statewide census records don’t exist. Instead, various sources used the county tax records to create a list of inhabitants.

While looking for books for Nemaha county, Kansas, I stumbled across the book Crawford Family History [Genealogical Research Institute, c1973] on my bookshelf. In that little book is a chapter titled, 1790 Census. This chapter includes a list of CRAWFORDs arranged by state.

While the chapter implies that these names are from 1790 records, a reading of the chapter indicates differently for Kentucky.

Additional names from a reconstructed 1800 census schedule (compiled from lists of taxpayers) for the state of Kentucky are also included.

Thus, the names listed for Kentucky are for 1800 and not 1790.

While the above list is helpful, it is also deceiving. Since the list was created from tax lists, one is dependent on the availability and legibility of those tax lists.

For example, based on other research, I’m aware of a David Crawford in Barren County. However, there isn’t a David Crawford on the compiled list. The 1799 tax list for Barren County includes a David Crawford.

There is also only one James Crawford in Barren County and none in Garrard or Madison counties.

1800 Tax list Barren County Kentucky

In 1801, the tax list again shows a David Crawford along with James Crawford with multiple parcels of land.

1801 Tax List Barren County, Kentucky

By 1802, there are now two James Crawfords but David is missing.

1802 Tax List Barren County, Kentucky

Since I was aware of several James Crawford families in early Kentucky, I also wanted to identify those in Kentucky around 1790. I found a copy of the book, “First Census” of Kentucky 1790 on the FamilySearch site. This book is a compilation of residences from tax records. It lists the following CRAWFORDs living in Kentucky.

page 24
Craford, James Fayette 11/16/1790
Craford, James, Sr. Fayette 1/11/1790
Craford, William Fayette 1/11/1790
Crawford, Hugh Nelson 11/26/1792
Crawford, Hugh, Sr. Nelson 12/3/1792
Crawford, Isaac Fayette 2/27/1790

page 25
Crawford, James Madison 4/28/1789
Crawford, Jno. Lincoln 4/21/1790
Crawford, John Nelson 10/24/1792
Crawford, Joseph Jefferson 4/30/1789
Crawford, Mary Madison 4/22/1789
Crawford, Mary Madison 4/22/1789
Crawford, Robert Jefferson 5/2/1789
Crawford, Samuel Nelson 12/3/1792
Crawford, William Madison 4/29/1789

Heinemann, Charles B., compiler. “First Census” of Kentucky 1790. Provo, Utah: Stevenson’s Genealogical Center, 1940. available online at FamilySearch.org.

Since I had already done a bit of research in Kentucky tax records for the early counties, I decided to check the remaining counties that were present in 1789. (map on mapofus.org/kentucky)

Based on that search of Kentucky tax records, I came up with the following CRAWFORD listings.

1787
• Lincoln County, KY Image 5 — Crofford John – 4 horses, 4 cattle
• Lincoln County, KY Image 21 – Crawford Rebekah (widow) – recorded on July 5th – no horses or cattle
• Madison County KY – Image 10 – Crawford Mary – 3 horses, 11 cattle
• Madison County, KY – image 10 –Crawford James – 6 horses, 15 cattle
• Madison County, KY – Image 11 – Crawford Willm – 6 horses, 8 cattle

1788
• Madison County, KY – Image 63 Crawford William – 1 white male taxable – 6 horses
• Madison County, KY – image 63 – Crawford, James – 1 white male taxable – 5 horses
• Madison County, KY – image 62 – Crawford Mary – 2 horses

1789
• Jefferson County, KY – image 9 – Crawford, Joseph 1 horse
• Jefferson County, KY – image 9 – Crawford, Robert, 1 male 16-21, 2 horses
• Lincoln County, KY Image 61 – Crawford Rebeca – 1 male 16-21; 6 horses
• Lincoln County, KY Image 104 – Crofford, Alexander – 9 horses
• Lincoln County, KY Image 117 – Crawford, John – 5 horses
• Madison County, KY – Image 82 – Crawford, Mary – 1 white tithable >16, 3 horses
• Madison County, KY – Image 82 – Crawford, James – 1 white tithable >16 – 7 horses
• Madison County, KY – image 82 – Crawford, William – 1 white tithable > 16, 4 horses
• Mercer County, KY – NIL

1790
• Lincoln County, KY Image 128 – Crawford John – 4 horses
• Lincoln County, KY Image 140 – James Crofford – 3 horses

1791
• Jefferson County, KY – image 40 – Crawford, Joseph – no horses (nothing)
• Madison County, KY image 123 – Crawford William – 2 [tithables] 5 [horses]
• Madison County, KY – Image 123 – Crawford James – 1 [tithable] 7 ]horses]
• Madison County, KY – image 123 – Crawford Mary 1 [tithable] 3[ horses]
• Mason County, KY – Image 17 – Crawford John 1 male > 16, 1 black > 16
• Woodford County, KY – image 54 – Josiah Crawford – 1 titheable, 2 horses

1792
• Bourbon County, KY image 134 – Crofford William – 1 male > 21, 2 horses. 5 cattle
• Madison County, KY Image 132 – Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 males 16-21; 13 horses; 16 cattle; 180 acres
• Madison County, KY Image 132 – Crawford Mary — 1 male 16-21; 4 horses; 10 cattle; 100 acres
• Madison County, KY Image 132 – Crawford James – 1 male > 21; 2 horses – 1 cattle
• Madison County, KY Image 132 – Crawford James – 1 male > 21; 9 horses; 25 cattle; 150 acres
• Madison County, KY Image 133 – Crawford Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 9 cattle; 64 acres
• Nelson County, KY – Image 7 — Crawford John – 1 male > 21, 1 horse
• Nelson County, KY – Image 7 — Crawford Hugh – 1 Male > 21, 1 black < 16, 2 horses, 9 cattle, 112 acres

• Nelson County, KY – Image 7 — Crawford Hugh Snr – 1 male > 21, 4 horses, 11 cattle
• Nelson County, KY – Image 7 — Crawford, Samuel 1 male > 21, 1 horse

Mercer County missing 1790-1794

1795
• Mercer County, KY – Image 12 Crawford Jas 1 white male > 21, 1 horse, 5 cows
• Mercer County, KY Image 23 Crawford William 1 male > 21, 2 horses, 9 cows

As with the 1800 list, I found people in the earlier tax lists that are not in the “First Census” book. The most obvious discrepancy is Rebekah who is found on the 1787 and 1789 tax lists in Lincoln County, Kentucky.

Rebekah purchased 100 acres of land on the headwaters of Boone and Sugar Creeks in 1786. This land in Garrard county isn’t sold until after 1800. Thus, one would think there would be a tax record for this land.

This study of census/tax records will help me figure out the various Crawford families in early Kentucky and their migration.

Crawford Immigration

We’re all pretty familiar with the term, “Fake News.” But, have you thought of that term in relation to your genealogy research?

While digging thru my genealogy bookshelf, I came across a book that I purchased quite a few years ago called Crawford Family History. This book was published in 1973 by the American Genealogical Research Institute.

Within that book, is a chapter on ‘Ancestral Emigrants.’ On pages 31-32 of the book is the following statement:

“For a start, if your ancestors immigrated in or prior to 1800, the chances are good that you need look no further. The listing which follows contains all known recorded immigrants of the Crawford family for that time frame.”

On page 33, there is a list of Crawford immigrants:

  • Aaron Crawford: born 1680; emigrated from Tyrone, Ireland to Rutland, Massachusetts, in the spring of 1713, children were Samuel, John and Alexander.
  • Daniel Crawford: transported from Newgate Prison to Maryland n board the ship Patapscoe on 17 March 1728; indentured servant.
  • Henry Crawford: emigrated from Paisley, Scotland, to New York on board the ship Matty on May 1774, aged 25; weaver.
  • James Crawford: emigrated from England to Maryland in January 1711/12; clerk.
  • James Crawford: emigrated from Londonderry, Ireland, to Newton, Massachusetts, around 1730; later moved to Union, Connecticut; married to Elizabeth Campbell; children were Margaret and Robert.
  • John Crawford; born 1600, died 1676; emigrated from Ayrshire, Scotland, to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1643; killed during Bacon’s Rebellion.
  • John Crawford: transported from Newgate Prison to Maryland on board the ship Margarett on 11 May 1719; indentured servant.
  • John Crawford: emigrated from Paisley, Scotland, to New York on board the ship Commerce in February 1774, aged 35; weaver; married to Margaret ——; chilren were Lawrence, Margaret, and John.
  • Robert Crawford: emigrated from Bristol, England, to Maryland in February 1774, aged 22; rope maker,; indentured servant.
  • Robert Crawford: emigrated from Scotland to Georgia on board the ship Georgia Packet in September 1775, aged 16; yeoman.
  • Thomas Crawford; emigrated from England to Maryland in January 1703/04; clerk.
  • Thomas Crawford; transported from Newgate Prison to Maryland on board either the ship Speedwell or the ship Mediterranean on 21 April 1741; indentured servant.
  • William Crawford; immigrated to Virginia in 1648
  • William Crawford; also known as John Cole; transported from Newgate Prison to Maryland on bard the ship Worcester Frigate on 20 February 1718/19; indentured servant

I would love for this to be true, but that would imply that tracing the descendants of these men along with our ancestors would lead to a connection. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to make such a connection with any of my Crawford research.

While checking for more information on any of these Crawford immigrant, I looked at the book, Early Ancestors of the Crawfords in America on archive.org. That book has a chapter called The Great Immigration. This book implies that there were many more immigrants than those identified in the Crawford Family History book.

page 38 – The Great Immigration

Before 1718 there were some settlers in America from Scotland and a few Scotch from Ulster. After the civil was in England in the time of Charles I, a considerable number of Scotch prisoners of war were sent to the American colonies and sold into service.

There was a settlement of Scotch-Irish on the coast of Main as early as 1670 which was afterward dispersed by the Indians.

The great immigration from Ulster came in 1718 and
the following quarter century, when, it has been estimated,
one-third of the Scotch population left home and migrated
to America. No doubt this exodus from Donegal and
Derry stimulated the same action among the people of
Scotland. In 1718 a petition signed by three hundred and
eleven persons of North Ireland was addressed to Governor
Shute of New England.

The signatures attached to this petition are arranged
in eight columns but, unfortunately, the residences are not
given. Among them is the name of James Crawford

During the year 1718, several shiploads of the Scotch-
Irish signers of that petition and their friends and neighbors
emigrated to America. Five shiploads landed in Boston;
so many, in fact, invaded the town that the officials
were greatly disturbed. During the late summer and
autumn, from five hundred to seven hundred Scotch-Irish
protestants entered the port of Boston. They were not
very welcome, although Cotton Mather and his church,
with other clergymen, in spite of the stiff Presbyterianism
of the newcomers, did all they could to make them comfortable.
Indeed, in this immigration Mather saw a great
opportunity for the spread of the Gospel. The town authorized
the selectmen to spend an amount not exceeding
£1500, which the town then had on hand, for food. The
town “Granarys” were opened and corn sold to prevent
profiteering, yet the price of grain doubled during the
winter of 1718-19. With the coming of spring these people
were pushed out as rapidly as possible among the frontier
towns, especially in Worcester County.
During the next ten years many more came. The central
towns of Massachusetts and the northern towns of Connecticut,
the middle portion of New Hampshire, and parts
of Maine were largely settled by North-of-Ireland Scotch
people. Large numbers of them also went to Pennsylvania,
Virginia, and the Carolinas.

page 58

The Scotch-Irish in Northern Ireland and the American
Colonies (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1936), by
Maude Glasgow, is a vigorous presentation of the subject,

page 59
if somewhat partisan, and shows evidence of much research
into original sources. Somewhat more than half
of the book is devoted to the history of the Scotch in
Ireland and the remainder to the Scotch-Irish in America.
The history of Ireland, especially during the seventeenth
century, is a highly controversial subject. The point of
view of the author, whether Catholic, Presbyterian, or
Church of England, too often is allowed to determine the
selection of and the emphasis put upon historical sources.
But it must be admitted on all sides that the sufferings of
the Scotch inhabitants of Ulster, particularly during the
troubles of 1641 and 1689, were such as to be now almost
unbelievable.
James Crawford, the writer’s first American ancestor,
married Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of George Campbell
of Londonderry. Her grandmother, then a little girl,
was living with her parents in Londonderry. During the
rebellion of 1641 the enemy came in the night, burned
the house, and killed her father and motherr She escaped
from the chamber window in her night clothes and was
the only one of her family saved from death. She wandered
in the fields and bogs for days, living on roots. While
wandering alone she saw a “company of murderers” and
took refuge under a bridge over which they passed. Finally
she was found and cared for by friends. Elizabeth’s sister,
Margaret, married Hugh Crawford, a nephew of James.
It was she, when an old lady, who told her grandson,
Honorable Ingoldsby Work Crawford, of Union, Connecticut,
then a little boy, the story of her grandmother’s
sad and terrible experience in that awful time. Neither of
these fine old grandmothers hesitated to state with the
utmost frankness who the enemy were.

page 62-63
The early migrants from Ulster were mostly from the
Counties of Donegal, Londonderry, and Tyrone, with
some few from Down and Fermanagh. The ships sailed
largely from the northern ports — Londonderry, Belfast,
Donegal, and Coleraine.
Among the Crawfords of that day there were: —
Hugh of Donegal, among whose descendants were men of
ability in Ireland, Canada, and South Africa
Robert, descendants at Sparmount
Aaron, Coppy (Coppagh), settled in Rutland, Massachusetts
Moses, Enniskillen, died on voyage, son James settled in New
York, Crawford County
John, Castle Dawson, sailor, died in Boston
Alexander, settled in Oakham, Massachusetts
John, born in Donegore
Oliver, born in Donagheady
Thomas, born in Belfast
Thomas, born in Belfast
William, born in Omagh
(The last five all settled in Worcester County, Massachusetts.)
John, who came to Boston in 1732; his family died out in the
third generation, except son Hugh
James, his brother, Londonderry, ancestor of the Vermont
Crawfords
Hugh (John’s son), ancestor of the Connecticut Crawfords
Daniel, pew-holder in church at Charleston, South Carolina
Archibald, ruling elder, Ballycarry
John, same, Donegore (may be above John)
Malcolm, same, Donegore
Oliver, same, Donaghaddy (see above)
Robert, same, Carrickfergus
Thomas, merchant at Belfast (see above)
Thomas, ruling elder, Belfast (see above)
William, commissioner at Belfast
William, ruling elder, Omagh (see above).
William, same, in Brigh
There was a Crawford, first name unknown, at Merrymeeting
Bay, Maine, birthplace unknown.
It may be interesting to note that there are towns called
“Crawford” in the following States: Colorado, Georgia,
Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Mississippi, Nebraska, Ohio,
Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington; and towns called
“Crawfordsville” in Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana,
and Oregon. There are also eighteen counties in the
United States named “Crawford.”

The FamilySearch tree also supports a number of Crawford immigrants. I did a search for David Crawford born 1625 in Scotland and dying 1704 in Virginia setting the birthplace and deathplace to exact. That produced a list of over 60 people with the Crawford surname who were born in Scotland and died in Virginia.

While it is fairly obvious that the information in the Crawford Family History book is inaccurate, it is also obvious that I’m still not close to figuring out my Crawford lineage.

Nelson G. Crawford

One of my January blog posts was about how I was finding issues in my family tree that was causing me to go back over some of my research. While I listed several issues, a faithful reader provided another reason in a comment:

new records now available online

While working with ‘suggestions’ on WikiTree, I found that I had a source tied to my great-great grandmother’s birth without any notes or images to verify that the source contained information for her birth. In addition, the footnote for the source was not very informative.

Thankfully, this book is available online via FamilySearch. Thus, I was able to access the book to create a better source citation, transcribe the entry and save images to my computer.

With RootsMagic 8, I was also able to merge my new source with the older incomplete source. Thus, all of the citations for this biography were also updated.

Nelson G. Crawford

page 274

Nelson G. Crawford, postmaster of Dodge city, was born in West Lebanon, Indiana, October 29, 1881, son of W. Marion and Mary (Foster) Crawford. The father was born in Indiana and devoted his entire life to farming. He died at Dodge City in September [1?]. The mother who was active in church work, was born in Warren County, Indiana, August 26, 1842, and [?] at Dodge City, January 21, 1929.
Educated first in the public schools of Dodge City, Nelson G. Crawford attended Dodge City High School four years, until 1899. In the summer of 1900 he [en]tered postal service at Dodge City, being designated [the] assistant postmaster in May, 1901.
With the exception of about two months, May and June 1906, Mr. Crawford has been in the postal [ser]vice ate Dodge City, as assistant postmaster until [his] appointment as postmaster on February 4, 1938. [He] was re-appointed on February 5, 1932. Mr. Crawford [was] a Republican.
On July 7, 1907, he was married to Cora B. Adams at Dodge City. She was born at Salem, Indiana, [daugh]

page 275
ter of John G. and Surrilda (Adams) Adams. Before her marriage she was employed y a mercantile firm at Dodge City.
Mr. Crawford is a member of the National Association of Postmasters, the Service Postmasters Association, the Chamber of Commerce, the Kiwanis Club (president, 1925; district trustee, 1928), and St. Bernard Lodge No. 222 of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, the Royal Arch Masons, the Royal and Select Masters (past commander), the Knights Templar and Midian Temple of the Shrine at Wichita. HI religious affiliation is with the Methodist Episcopal Church. His club is the Dodge City Country Club. (Photograph in Album).
Residence: Dodge City

Sarah Mullin Baldwin, editor, Illustriana Kansas: biographical sketches of Kansas men and women of achievement who have been awarded life membership in Kansas illustriana society (Hebron, Nebraska: Illustriana Incorporated, 2933), pages 274-275, 1289; digital images, FamilySearch, http://www.familysearch.org viewed online 30 January 2023.

Thankfully, these digital resources are available. Without them, I would not have been able to access this book from home.

Plane Crash Part 3

Have you ever given up in a search for a source? One could say that is what I did when trying to identify a clipping a cousin shared with me regarding the death of his father in a plane crash.

While I tried to locate the article in Newspapers.com, I did not broaden my search to other newspaper archives when I wrote the post, Killed in a Plane Crash. After a reader of my blog challenged me to look further, I checked Newspaper Archive and found several articles about the plane crash in the Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph.

“Tragedy Hits Home,” Gazette Telegraph (Colorado Springs, Colorado), 4 March 1991, page A1; digital images, NewspaperArchive (www.newspaperarchive.com : viewed online 1 January 2023).

Gazette Telegraph
March 4, 1991
page A3

Hope, Promise die with local passengers
by Raymond McCaffrey

As United Airlines Flight 585 turned toward the mountains and began its descent into Colorado Springs Municipal Airport on Sunday morning, the passengers were full of hope and promise.
Then suddenly, about 9:45 a.m., the jet veered nose first toward the ground, with all those dreams in the balance.

C. Clay Crawford and his wife, Jo, also were coming back from a trip to Hawaii. Crawford, former chief executive officer of CF&I Steel in Pueblo, was a well-know Colorado Springs community leader. He and Jo were living out their golden years in style — they had spent almost a month in Hawaii. They stopped in Denver on Sunday and had breakfast with a son.
Their daughter was to pick them up in Colorado Springs.

C. Clay Crawford had been at the helm of CF&I until 1976, when it was still thriving. He was known to go on the floor with the workers on a daily basis. He found out not only about what they were working on but also about them personally.
After leaving he spent time in Indonesia under the auspices of International Executive Service Corp., where he taught steel makers cost and accounting.
His wife, Jo, was a “beautiful and vivacious lady,” said Mary Beth Naye, a good friend. Jo frequently held parties in her home to help raise money for the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo. She also helped with the fashion shows for the benefit of the Pioneers museum and was active in numerous community social affairs.
Naye said the Crawfords had changed their minds several times about when to return. They hadn’t been expected to get back until tomorrow. “I guess this was destined,” Naye said.

Hope, Promise Die with Local Passengers, Gazette Telegraph (Colorado Springs, Colorado), 4 March 1991, page A3; digital images, NewspaperArchive (www.newspaperarchive.com : viewed online 1 January 2023).

Gazette Telegraph
March 5, 1991

Businessmen, vactioners among United 585 passengers

C. Clay, 72 and Jo Crawford, 65, of Colorado Springs, were returning from a month’s vacation in Hawaii. Friends said the couple loved to travel and had made annual trips to the islands for the last few years. They had a fondness for the Far East.
He was the president of CF&I Steel in Pueblo until retiring in 1976. He then spent time in Indonesia with International Executive Service Corp., counseling workers there on how to set up and run steel mills.
He earned a degree in metallurgical engineering in 1940 from the Colorado School of Mines and worked for the Army Corps of Engineers form 1940-1946.
He was a member of the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo board of directors, a trustee of the Western Museum of Mining and Industry, a past chairman of the St. Mary Corwin Hospital Fund in Pueblo, and a member of the Colorado Association of Commerce.
Jo Crawford, described by friends as a “beautiful and vivacious lady,” was a volunteer for numerous community groups and raised money for the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo and Pioneers Museum.
She also served on the building committee of the First United Methodist Church and was a former member of the board of the Sangre de Cristo Arts and Conference Center in Pueblo.
Both belonged to the Garden of the Gods Club.
“She was always willing to do anything you asked her to do,” said friend Mary Beth Naye.
They are survived by his children, Crete Crawford Wood of New Canaan, Conn.; Wilson Clay Crawford and James Paul Crawford of Denver; and her daughters, Laurel Jo McLean and Dottie Stout of Colorado Springs and Mary Leslie Gray of Tulsa, Okla. Together they had 10 grandchildren.

“Businessmen, vactioners among United 585 passengers,” Gazette Telegraph (Colorado Springs, Colorado), 5 March 1991, page B2; digital images, NewspaperArchive (www.newspaperarchive.com : viewed online 1 January 2023).

Plane Crash Part 2

In my post, Killed in Plane Crash, I shared some clippings from unknown papers regarding the death of C. Clay Crawford in a plane crash in March 1991. A reader suggested that they might be able to locate the paper.

Thinking that the article might be from a Pueblo Colorado newspaper, I checked the archives of The Pueblo Chieftain and located three articles about C. Clay Crawford.

The Pueblo Chieftain (Pueblo, Colorado)
4 March 1991

Death comes in explosive crash

By Karen Vigil
25 people killed as
airliner disintegrates
in Widefield park

WIDEFIELD — United Airlines Flight 585 ended here Sunday morning in a fireball explosion that killed its 20 passengers and five crew members.

The plane that nose-dived into Widefield Community Park about 9:55 a.m. narrowly missed an apartment complex and homes in a residential area. An 8-year-old girl standing in her apartment was knocked to the ground by the impact of the crash, but that was the only injury on the ground.

The twin-engine Boeing 737-200 was making a southern approach to the Colorado Springs Municipal Airport when it slammed into the narrow park, leaving only charred grass and unrecognizable pieces of planes and body parts.

A twisted scrap of burned fuselage with the airlines’ red, white and blue logo, a tire and an engine were the biggest pieces of the plane scattered over the five-acre site.

The biggest part of the plane was partially buried in a crater — about 15 to 20 feet deep, said Louis Mathews, an emergency medical technician at the Security Fire Department.

Eight-year-old Michelle Summerson, who lives in the Widefield Apartment Complex about 100 yards from the accident, was thrown backward from the doorway where she was standing. Her head was slightly bruised. She was treated for the injury and released, according to a spokeswoman for Memorial Hospital.

Among the known dead were Puebloans Clay and Jo Crawford. Crawford was formerly the presi dent of CF&I Steel Corp.

The names of the plane’s 20 passengers were not released Sunday night. United is expected to release the passenger and flight crew list this morning, according to Sgt. Dean Kelsey of the El Paso County Sheriff’s Department.

Colorado Springs residents known to have been on the flight include three employees of the U.S. Olympic Committee, according to Mike Moran, a spokesman for the committee.

They were Dr. Peter J. van Handel, 45, a senior sports physiologist; Dr. Andrezj J. Komor, 39, a sports biochemist; and Dan Birknoltz, a cycling development coach and coordinator.

The plane’s pilot and co-pilot were from San Francisco. The three flight attendants were from the New York City area.

Speaking for United, Kelsey said, the relatives of the passengers were being housed by the airline at the Red Lion Inn in Colorado Springs.

Authorities at Stapleton International Airport in Denver, the plane’s last stop before the crash, set up a lounge where relatives of passengers could go for information and comfort, said airport official Richard Boulware.

Before arriving in Denver, the plane had stopped in Moline, Ill. The stop before that was Peoria, Ill.

As relatives and friends absorbed the news, the crash site — about 2 acres in size — was the focus of work by firefighters, sheriff’s deputies, Colorado State Patrol troopers, spectators and media.

While there were no official reports of the cause of the plane crash, witnesses and officials speculated that the pilot avoided hitting the apartment complex and the nearby residential area by skill — or luck.

“It was either one of those,” Kelsey said.

Mathews said it “looks like the plane came straight down.”

“It looks like the aircraft went in at a straight angle,” he said. “It looks like there are parts in the ground.”

Mathews said emergency crews arrived to find a “large amount of fire,” but “it was knocked out quickly.”

Several witnesses stated that they’d seen the plane nearly upside down fly between two buildings in the apartment complex. Some said the twin-engine jet actually clipped buildings. Six windows were broken by the explosion’s vibrations.

Then, witnesses said, the plane traveled up and then straight down into the park. Several apartment house residents said they saw flames coming from one of the plane’s engines.

Residents in the area weren’t questioning the pilot’s motive for crashing the plane in the park. They were shaken but relieved at the thought of what might have happened,.

“I am not going on a plane again,” said apartment resident Mike Miller. “It was too close to home.”

While residents dealt with the question of why they were spared, authorities combed through the park that had been marked by yellow barricade tape where they marked each plane fragment and other debris.

Hundreds of chards of glass and metal attached to the yellow tape dotted the park. An evergreen tree, whose branches were cut by the sharp metal, stood sentry near a human leg that had been propelled about 200 yards from the wreckage.

Emergency workers scoured the area for personal belongings of passengers. Only a few bags containing torsos were removed from the area. Kelsey said a decision was made to leave the body parts in the grass overnight to help investigators determine the direction of the explosion.

By sunset, large Air Force portable lights had been set up around the park to maintain security, Kelsey said. National Transportation Safety Board and United officials were at the scene with more expected to arrive Sunday night.

No work would be done Sunday night at the crash site, according to Kelsey, who confirmed that wind possibly contributed to the crash. The weather was clear but there were high, gusty winds in the area at the time of the crash, said Sheriff’s Lt. Bill Mistretta. The National Weather Service said winds were from the northwest — at 23 mph to 32 mph.

Airline and NTSB officials would continue sifting through the wreckage today, Kelsey said.

Arnold Scott of the NTSB’s Denver office said officials probably would be able to release the investigation results in about a week.

Emergency workers said both of the plane’s black boxes containing cockpit recordings had been pulled from the site, but Kelsey would not confirm those reports.

It was the third major accident involving U.S. airlines in three months. On Dec. 3, two Northwest Airlines jets collided on the ground at the Detroit Airport, killing eight people. On Feb. 1, a USAir jet landing at the Los Angeles airport struck a commuter plane on the runway, killing 34 people.

Boeing spokesman Craig Martin in Seattle said the Boeing 737-200 was delivered to now-defunct Frontier Airlines in May 1982.

Martin said United bought the plane in June 1986. He said the aircraft was “relatively young,” with only 26,000 air hours. It had a capacity of 109 passengers.


The Pueblo Chieftain
March 4, 1991

Puebloans are among the victims

C. Clay Crawford

. . . returning home

Former CF&I Steel President C. Clay Crawford and his wife Jo were among the 25 people killed Sunday when a United Airlines Boeing 737 crashed in a suburban Colorado Springs neighborhood.

The Puebloans were returning from Hawaii, where they had been visiting family friends.

The Crawfords were on the final leg of their return journey. They had flown to California, then to Denver before boarding United Flight 585 bound for Colorado Springs Municipal Airport.

The news shocked CF&I President Frank Yaklich Jr.

“All of us at CF&I are sad dened. He was a great contributor to CF&I,” Yaklich said. “It’s a shock to all of us right now.”

Crawford headed CF&I for six years. He was elected president of the company in 1970. He retired in April 1976, after 30 years with the company.

Crawford joined CF&I in 1946 after having served in the Pacific as a major in the Army Corps of Engineers.

A graduate of the Colorado School of Mines, he held various managerial positions with CF&I before being named works man ager in 1961. He was named vice president for operations in 1965 and served as vice president and general manager of the Pueblo plant before ascending to the company’s presidency.

Active in civic affairs, Crawford served as chairman of St. Mary-Corwin Hospital’s Development Fund Campaign, as chairman of the Colorado Association of Commerce and Industry, as a trustee of the Western Museum of Mining and Industry in Colorado Springs, and as a board member of the Colorado Safety Association.

Robert J. Slater succeeded Crawford as CF&I president. Yaklich became the company’s president in 1980.


Crawford’s love of minerals shared with everyone


By Staff Writer
October 16, 1994
Publication: Pueblo Chieftain, The (CO)
Word Count: 576
By MARVIN READ

C. Clay Crawford

The Pueblo Chieftain

COLORADO SPRINGS – Tucked away amidst the gigantic and powerful tools of mining and smelting at the Western Museum of Mining and Industry is a small – tiny, in relation to everything around it – display of rocks, minerals, ores and crystals.

About 40 percent of the 100-plus items had been donated by the late C. Clay Crawford, who was president of CF&I Corp. from 1970 until he retired in April 1976. He and his wife, Jo Moore Crawford, died March 3, 1991, in a still-unexplained crash of a United Airlines Boeing 737 in Widefield, south of Colorado Springs, on final landing approach.

The crash site is less than 25 miles south of the WMMI, located directly east of the Air Force Academy. Crawford was first elected to the museum’s board of directors in 1974 and was elected president in 1977.

The display, established as a memorial last March, is both deceptively small and elaborately beautiful. Half the collection focuses on five metals which have brought wealth to many in Colorado: Gold, silver, molybdenum, lead and zinc.

The remaining items represent a rainbow of mineral wealth: The yellows of apatite, the lavender of amethyst, the blue-greens of turquoise, the rich red of vanadite and the flower-like detailings of the rose-colored barite.

“Mr. Crawford’s great love was to educate children, especially about minerals. He loved to take his grandchildren and other youngsters on rock hunts,” said Linda LeMieux, executive director of the museum, located in four buildings on 27 acres just off Interstate 25’s exit 156A.

“It’s nice that we can still use a good share of what was his collection,” Ms. LeMieux said, adding, “We love to show what he collected and so much enjoyed.”

Most of the specimens are from Colorado, Ms. LeMieux said.

The museum itself is an impressive collection of working machinery – including a CF&I steam shovel that operated at the Sunrise Mine in southeastern Wyoming from 1927-1939 – photos, memorabilia, faux mine shafts, an old-time bar, and several displays of what mined metals can be fashioned into.

Centerpiece of the main building, the Schisler-Molloy Library and Exhibit Building, is a huge Corliss Steam engine, so large that its flywheel alone weighs in at 17 tons.

The museum contains an 11,000-book library, which can be used on-site by researchers and students.

Museum vistors, students and outreach students total about 35,000 yearly, Ms LeMieux said.

In such a setting, the Crawford memorial exhibit seems overshadowed, but the cases in which the specimens are contained also hold magnifying glasses, enabling viewers to “get lost” in the eons-old complexities of nature and her elaborate fashionings of grains, glitters, specks, colors and textures.

Members of Crawford’s family cooperated with the exhibit, Ms LeMieux said, and they were present at a formal, low-key, by-invitation-only opening of the exhibit today.

“The family is very pleased with the exhibit,” she said, adding that “This just seemed to be the right time to have the display.”

The museum is open Monday-Saturday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.

While perhaps not many but the most avid of rock and gem hunters would fully appreciate the fragile beauty of the Crawford exhibit, no one can fail to put it in perspective among the other displays, implements and tools of the mining industry.

Crawford, an avid collector not only of rocks and minerals, but also of pueblo pottery, contemporary lithographs, 19th-century folk oils and Oriental art, would have exulted in the juxtaposition of the fragile and the mammoth.

While the two articles from 1991 about the plane crash are very similar to what I’ve already found, the third article about Clary Crawford’s love of minerals would not have been located if not for the prompt to locate the unidentified article!

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

 It’s Saturday Night again – 

Time for some more Genealogy Fun!!

Come on, everybody, join in and accept the mission and execute it with precision. 

1)  Have you made genealogy goals for 2023?  What are they?  Which one would you be most excited to see accomplished?

When it comes to my 2023 goals, they appear to be pretty boring. Basically, I’m continuing to research my ancestors.

As always, the goal I would be most excited about accomplishing would to find records or DNA identifying the parents or siblings of my ancestor, James Crawford. To that end, I have recently

  • had a 4th cousin volunteer for a BigY DNA test
  • joined the Crawford project on WikiTree
  • learned of another Sellers-Crawford connection leading back to Moses Crawford and his father English Crawford which I want to investigate
  • want to research the various Botetourt County Virginia Crawford families I’ve identified
  • started reading Kentucky court records looking for Crawford and/or FAN club connections
  • began creating an ‘index’ of my Heartland Genealogy Blog on WikiTree

Hopefully, I will find something that helps me connect my CRAWFORD line to the greater Crawford tree!