Friday Finds

Do you have old handwritten notes in your genealogy files? I have lots of pages of such notes. Whether looking at a book or microfilm, I often took notes instead of making photocopies.

One of those pages of notes was from a biography of George W. Crawford found in the book, Biographical History of Tippecanoe, white, Jasper, Newton, Benton, Warren and Pulaski Counties, Indiana, Volume I.

Fortunately, this book is one of the many digitized and found on Archive.org. Thus, I was able to transcribe the entire biography of George W. Crawford.

Crawford-IN-014-Geo-W-Crawford-Tippecanoe-White-Jasper-Newton-Warren

George Crawford Biography

Biographical History of Tippecanoe, White, Jasper, Newton, Benton, Warren adn Pulaski Counties, Indiana. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899

p. 398

Born on the old homestead which he now owns and occupies, in Pike township, Warren county, George W. Crawford is one of the honored old residents of this locality. His parents, William Allen and Lutitia (Snodgrass) Crawford, were pioneers of this county, as they came here in 1829, and entered the identical tract of land now in the possession of George W. and cultivated by him for many years.
William A. Crawford was born in Kentucky, July 23, 1803, and was but two years old when his parents took him to Preble county, Ohio. There he grew to manhood, and was married to Miss Snodgrass March 15, 1827, and within two years the young couple came to this section of Indiana. Here they bravely mastered the difficulties of frontier life, and by industry and preserving labor made a comfortable home in the wilderness and reared their children to be good and useful citizens in whatever community they should dwell. Every one who knew them was their friend and their house was an example of unlimited cheer and hospitality. Faithful and consistent members of the Christian church, their daily lives were beautiful reflections of that of the Master who disciples they professed to be. The father passed to the better land April 24, 1854. The mother, born in Harrison county, Kentucky, July 22, 1805, a child of Samuel and Sarah (Sellars) Snodgrass, is still living. Though now in her ninety-fourth year, she is remarkably sound in mind and body, and her senses of sight and hearing are but little impaired. She was about nineteen years of age when she went with her parents to Preble county, Ohio, and there she was married. She became a typical frontiers-woman, brave, self-possessed, industrious and self-reliant and in the first years of her residence in this section she had abundant need of all the fortitude and endurance which she possessed. She was equal to the burdens placed upon her, and imparted strength and courage to every

page 399

one who came within range of her helpful, fearless nature. Her home is now made with her daughter, Mrs. Robb, of West Lebanon, Warren county.
William A. and Lutitia Crawford were the parents of seven sons and four daughters. Two of the sons, James Samuel and William Marion, were heroes of the war of the Rebellion — heroes whose lives were offered up willing sacrifices to their loved country. Both enlisted in Company E, Eighty-sixth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry. James S. was taken prisoner at the battle of Murfreesboro, and died in the hands of the Confederates; and William M. died at Camp Dennison, September 6, 1862. The eldest daughter, Jane married Benton Williams and died a number of years ago. Three other children died in early life. The surviving members of the family are George W., John D., of West Lebanon; Harvey of Dodge City, Kansas, Margaret, wife of Bolivar Robb, of West Lebanon; and Sarah Elizabeth, wife of Henry A. Houpt, of Pike township.
George W. Crawford was born October 30 1846, and has never lived at any other place than on the old homestead. He is a practical and successful farmer and in highly respected by a large circle of friends and well-wishers. Socially, he is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias, a member of the Woodmen of the World, and in his political views he is an uncompromising Republican. One of the notable and interesting events of his somewhat uneventful life was the journey through the western states, commonly known hereabout as the “Pilgrimage,” and frequently mentioned in this work, in connection with the history of hte participants of this delightful trip. It was made in the autumn of 1891, and over two months were spent by these seven old friends and neighbors in visiting the chief points of interest in the western states, National Park, etc.
January 4, 1875, G. W. Crawford married Miss Sarah E. Porter, daughter of Elias Porter, a pioneer of this county. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford have a son and a daughter, named respectively Donald Porter and Stella L.

This biography is NOT for my line of Crawfords but for the James and Martha (Knight) line. Since my family seemed to migrate alongside James and Martha, there are quite a few details in this biography that may help with researching my line.

  • 1803 – Kentucky – William A. Crawford’s place of birth
  • 1805 – Harrison County KY – Lutitia’s place of birth / residence of Samuel and Sarah (Sellars) Snodgrass
  • 1824 – Preble County, OH – approximate arrival time of Snodgrass family
  • 1827 – Preble County OH – William A. Crawford married Miss Snodgrass
  • 1829 – Warren County, IN – William and Lutitia arrival

Not only does this biography help me build a timeline, but viewing the digital copy of the book contains a hint of a second volume which is not part of my handwritten notes. In the index, there is an entry for George W Crawford and Lutitia Crawford. The page number for Lutitia was 885 which is greater than the number of pages in the book I viewed. A search of Google turned up a digital copy of Volume 2 in the Indiana State Library collection.

On page 885 is a biography of Mrs. Lutetia Crawford which is very similar to the information about her in the George W. Crawford biography.

A search of volume II for the word, Crawford, turned up another biography related to the James and Martha Crawford family. On page 953, is the biography of Parmenas G. Smith. The wife of Parmenas Smith was identified as Eliza M. Shankland, daughter of David Shankland and his wife, Sarah Crawford. Since Sarah was a daughter of James and Martha Crawford, Eliza Shankland was their granddaughter. Thus, this biography will also help build the timeline for the travel of the Crawford families.

Biographical History of Tippecanoe, White, Jasper, Newton, Benton, Warren adn Pulaski Counties, Indiana, Volume II. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899.

Digital copy in Indiana State Library Digital Collections / https://indianamemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p1819coll6/id/24466

page 953

Parmenas G. Smith

Parmenas G. Smith, who after a life of industry and indefatigable toll is now spending the evening of his span of years in retirement at his pleasant home in West Lebanon, Warren county, is a native of Bourbon county, Kentucky, his birth having occurred October 9, 1821. He was one of the eight children, three of whom were sons, of George W. and Mary Smith, who in

page 954
1830 emigrated to Vermilion county, Illinois. Two of the sons and two of the daughters still living. The father, George W. Smith, died March 30, 1853.
It twas in 1840 that P. G. Smith came to Warren county, and December 11th of that year his marriage to Eliza M. Shankland was celebrated. She is a daughter of David Shankland, one of the early pioneers of this county. Born in Nicholas county, April 9, 1795, a son of John Shankland, who had located in that state soon after the close of the Revolutionary war, he left home at twenty years of age and dwelt for a few years in Ohio. He was married in Preble county, that state, September 27, 1817, to Sally Crawford, whose brother William was a pioneer of Warren county. In October, 1829, David Shankland, wife and six children arrived in this county and took up their abode upon government land in Pike township. There the father cleared a fine farm and resided until his death, Jun 11, 1872, the result of an accident, he having been thrown from his wagon. His wife, who was in the wagon, also, was badly injured, but recovered. She died April 16, 1875. They were esteemed members of the Christian church, and were relied upon to do all within their power in support of good causes. He was very fond of music, possessed a fine voice, and at various times taught a singing school with marked success. In the early days of his residence here he had fine sport as a hunter, as wolves, deer and other wild game were abundant, and he was an excellent marksman. Three of the six children who accompanied him to this state survive: Mrs. Smith; David, now of the state of Oregon; and Mrs. Sarah Byers, of Steuben township, Warren county.
The eldest child of P. G. Smith and wife, and their only son, Columbus, died when two years and three months old. Their four daughters are, respectively: Jane, wife of George W. Compton; Mrs. Amanda M. Cronkhite; Sally J., wife of Joseph Whitten; and Anna M. Mrs William Siddens.
Mr. and Mrs. Smith are devoted members of the Christian church, and have endeavored to embody in their lives the noble principles in which they believe. They have tried to aid and uplift their fellow men, lending a helping hand to the poor and needy, and cheering and sympathizing with those in trouble.

Census Surprise

By now, most of my readers have already found their immediate family on the 1950 census. But I’m curious, were there any surprises in your work with the 1950 census?

Thanks to my preparation for the 1950 Census, finding my parents and grandparents was relatively easy. My dad’s family was found exactly where I expected – living at 911 Second Avenue in Dodge City, Kansas on ED 29-15.

1950 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 29-15, p. 14 Image 14 of 34, line 18, Crawford Leon; digital images, National Archives (1950census.archives.gov : viewed online 1 April 2022)

I even registered my email address to transcribe the CRAWFORD names found on this page.

So, on April 2nd, I expected to be able to search for the CRAWFORD surname to get back to the page. That’s when I discovered that the names were not being indexed as CRAWFORD but as CRAMFORD.

1950 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 29-15, p. 14 Image 14 of 34, line 18, Crawford Leon; digital images, National Archives (1950census.archives.gov : viewed online 1 April 2022)

When I looked at my transcription history and clicked on the ‘i’, I learned that I will have to wait for the ’24 hours’ to expire before my transcription would appear — and then only if approved by a moderator.

When I searched the county where my mother was living for the BRILES surname, I found that her sister was correctly indexed by the computer. However, the Briles family on the previous page had the surname correctly indexed but the given names were not correctly read.

1950 U.S. Census, Lyon County, Kansas, population schedule, Emporia, Lyon County, Kansas, ED 56-16, page 8 Image 8 of 26, line 28, Edward O. Briles; digital images, National Archies (1950census.archives.gov : viewed online 1 April 2022)

While discovering that I have to wait and hope that my transcriptions replace the computer indexing, those weren’t the only surprises in the 1950 census.

One of the first surprises was that I did not find my great-grandmother, Josie Crawford, living with my grandparents in Dodge City. Nor was she living in the household of my great-aunt, Esther Crawford Noll. Thus, she is likely living with a different child. I likely will need to wait for indexing to find her.

Another surprise was a chance discovery of my father living in Emporia, Kansas after finding him listed with his parents in Dodge City. Since my dad was a student at Kansas State Teachers College at the time, I shouldn’t have been surprised to find him in Emporia — but I wasn’t looking for him there.

1950 U.S. Census, Lyon County, Kansas, population schedule, Emporia, Lyon County, Kansas, ED 56-31, page 21 Image 21 of 57, Line 3, Eugene Crawford; digital images, National Archies (1950census.archives.gov : viewed online 1 April 2022)

However, my biggest surprise was finding E. G. Briles, whom I believe to be my great-grandfather with a wife named Anna. My great-grandmother, Frances Artlissa Ricketts Briles died in 1947, thus I expected to find Edward G. Briles as a widower. Thus, finding him in the 1950 census with a wife named Anna was a HUGE surprise.

1950 U.S. Census, Woodson County, Kansas, population schedule, Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas, ED 104-14, page 11 Image 11 of 25, line 21, E. G. Briles; digital images, National Archives (1950census.archives.gov : viewed online 1 April 2022)

A search of the Kansas, U.S., City and County Census Records, 1919-1961, confirms that an Anna Briles was living in Yates Center, Kansas with TWO people in her household in 1949 and 1950. Thus, I will need to do further research to see if I can verify a marriage for Edward G. Briles between 1947 and 1950.

So, how about you? Did you have any surprises in the 1950 census?

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun

It’s Saturday Night –

time for more Genealogy Fun!

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible music here) is to:

1) It’s National Women’s History Month, so I’m going to use today’s prompt from Lisa Alzo. What education did your mother receive? Your grandmothers? Great-grandmothers? Note any advanced degrees or special achievements.

My mother attended Kansas State Teachers College after graduating from Emporia High School. As a student, she met my dad and married him at the end of her junior year. While her formal education stopped while she raised a young family, her informal education began when she started working part time as a medical secretary. After the family’s move to Emporia, mom continued her work as a medical secretary at St. Mary’s Hospital. During this time, she completed requirements to become certified as an Accredited Record Technician. and was named the Director of the Medical Records department at St. Mary’s. At the same time, she was going back to college to complete her degree receiving a Bachelor of Science in Business from Emporia State University.

While my grandma Crawford (Winnie Letha Currey Crawford) only talked about her being in school when her mother died, I did find a newspaper article indicating that she received a diploma from Horace Mann School in 1916. I find this achievement extremely remarkable since Winnie was placed in a children’s home for a time after her mother’s death in 1913 when Winnie was 10.

While grandma Crawford rarely talked about her schooling, grandma Briles did. My grandmother, Pauline Edith Briles Mentzer, told me her diploma was for high school graduation. In reality, that diploma was for completing the Common School Course of Study in School District No. 9 in Coffey County, Kansas in 1913. Pauline did attend high school by going to Yates Center to live with her future sister-in-law, Lulu Cope. However, she is not mentioned in any of the lists of graduates for Yates Center. Since Pauline was married in 1915, she may not have actually graduated from high school.

According to the 1930 census, my great grandmother, Josie Hammond Crawford, did not attend school but could read and write.

My great grandmother, Winnie Hutchinson Currey, did not live long enough to be in the 1930 census. Since her family seems to have moved a lot, she may not have attended school.

Like Josie, my great grandmother, Francis Artlissa Ricketts Briles is recorded in the 1930 census as not attending school but able to read and write.

The same is true for Nettie Adell Wells Mentzer. She is recorded in the 1930 census as being able to read and write while not having attended school.

Since my great grandmothers were able to read and write, they were likely educated in the home. Even though they did not have a formal education, their daughters did attend school with some of them not only graduating from high school but going on to receive additional degrees. Esther Crawford Noll, daughter of Josie, completed her nursing degree and served as a nurse during World War II. Gladys Mentzer, daughter of Nellie, attended Kansas State Teachers College and obtained a lifetime teaching certificate.

Friday Finds – Crawford Obits

Do you have clippings of obituaries in your genealogy files? Or do you prefer the digital versions of the newspapers. I have both. Since I can access a lot of newspapers from my own home, I do prefer the digital versions. However, those digital copies are a luxury that earlier genealogists did not have.

Instead, they collected clippings. And I was fortunate to connect with such a researcher / clipper of Warren County Indiana thru Walter Salts. His collection of binders of clippings was donated to the Illiana Genealogical and Historical Society in Danville, Illinois.

Buried in my files are photocopies of pages from these binders. While going thru my past Indiana research, I came across one set of these photocopies that contains the obituaries of James H. Crawford and his first wife, Eliza Jane (Swisher).

Mrs. Elisha Briggs, of this place, last Monday received intelligence of the death of her brother’s wife, Mrs. Eliza Jane Crawford, which occurred after an illness of several weeks, at Dodge City, Kans., on Friday July 8th, 1892, at 7:20 a.m. Deceased was the wife of James H. Crawford, who several years since removed from this county and located in Kansas. She was over 50 years of age and leaves an husband an six children, the youngest of whom is 18 years of age. Mrs. Crawford died of heart trouble. The funeral was held at the Methodist Church, of which denomination she had been a worthy and exemplary member for many years, at 2 o’clock p.m. last Sunday.

probably from Warren Republican July 14, 1892 issue

In that same set of photocopies was the obituary for J. H. Crawford. There is a handwritten date on the obit: 7-16-1908.

J. H. Crawford Dead

J. H. Crawford died at his home in Dodge City, Kan., Wednesday of last week and was buried Friday. He was somewhere near 75 years of age at the time of his death and his passing away was probably due in a great measure to his advanced age.

Mr. Crawford was formerly a resident of this county, residing on the farm between here and Williamsport which he sold to the Ringel Bros.’ father when he left here for Kansas many years ago. Mr. Crawford has many friends in this county who will be grieved to learn of his demise.

EG p. 52

And then on another page of clippings is a full obituary for Eliza J. Swisher Crawford

Eliza J. Swisher Crawford

Eliza J., daughter of John and Emelia Swisher, was born in Warren county, Indiana, July 14th, 1835.

She was converted when a child, and united with the Methodist Episcopal Church at “Crow’s Grove,” Indiana, since called “Swisher’s Chapel,” in honor of her grandfather, who was a pioneer in that country.

Her parents died before she was grown, leaving in her charge two younger brothers and a sister, she being the eldest of four children. The charge she faithfully kept, always looking after their welfare s though they were her own children.

On April 10th, 1856, she was married to James H. Crawford at the residence of her uncle, William F. Wood, where she then lived. There were born unto them seven children – William N., John D., Charles H. (died in infancy), Abraham L, Jennie, Henry C., and Clara V.

In 1878 she, with her family, immigrated to Ford county, Kansas, here she has since resided.

She has been in feeble health for several ears, but on Easter Sunday was taken ill with what, at that time, seemed a slight indisposition, but in spite of all that loving hands and medical skill could do continued to grow worse until the morning of July 8th, at 7:20 o’clock, when, surrounded by husband and family she quietly crossed the dark river, after bidding them a fond farewell, and entreating them to meet her in heaven.

The funeral services were held in the M.E. Church, on Sunday, at 2:30 p.m. attended by a large concourse of friends many being unable to get inside the church. The remains were interred in the Maple Grove cemetery.

She was a pious and devoted Christian. Among her leading characteristics was her love and devotion to the wants of her family. The greatest happiness she ever knew was in promoting the happiness of her loved ones.

While the family are overcome with grief at parting with their dearest loved one, they humbly bow to the Divine will and say with her, “He doeth all things well.” she was loved by all who knew her and her loss is deeply mourned by all. — Dodge City, (Kan.,) Globe-Republican

likely from Warren Republican July 28, 1892

While these obituaries are similar to the ones found in the Dodge City, Kansas papers, they provide a glimpse of the family from the county of their birth. The digital versions of the Dodge City newspapers can be found on Newspapers.com. Below are citations for those obituaries:

Eliza Crawford

“Died,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 16 July 1892, page 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 6 February 2022).

“Obituary,” The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), 18 July 1892, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online October 2019).

James Crawford

“Pioneer Citizen Sleeps into Peaceful Death,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 10 July 1908, page 4 col. 6; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 22 December 2021)

“Old Settler Gone,” The Globe-Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), 9 July 1908, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 6 February 2022).

James Crawford Attorney?

Do you struggle with same name issues? If you are a regular reader of my blog, then you know that my genealogy is plagued by same name issues. One of those names being James Crawford.

Thus, when I find a document for a James Crawford in a county where my ancestor lived, I can’t be certain it is my ancestor. Nor am I certain that the document is for any of the James Crawfords that I’ve researched.

So, when I find a power of attorney deed in Barren County Kentucky during the time period that I believe not one but two of my James Crawford families lived, I have to question whether it fits with what else I know about these men. This particular deed appoints James Crawford and Moses Dooley as attorneys for John Singleton. At this time, I don’t know anything about John Singleton. But I do know that Moses Dooley was a land owner in Garrard County, Kentucky with land on Sugar Creek. This places Moses Dooley in the same area as Rebekah Crawford and Mary Crawford. I also know that there is a Moses Dooley on the tax roles in Barren County at the same time both James Crawfords are listed on those roles. And the Moses Dooley family is found in Preble County, Ohio with both James Crawfords. Thus, I think this deed involves one of these James Crawfords.

One of these James Crawfords was a justice of the peace in Preble County. Between 1814 and 1824, a James Crawford was a county commissioner. Once James and Martha moved to Indiana, references to a Crawford hold office in Preble County, Ohio stopped. Thus, I have concluded that the James married to Martha is the office holder. Based on that conclusion, I think this power of attorney deed might be for this James Crawford.

Barren County, Kentucky
Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961

Vols. B-C 1801-1813
Film 209720 DGS 007899150

1803 Dooley et al Moses / John Singleton
P.of A. Book B page 33

1803

Image 28

Know all men by these presents that I John Singleton of St Clair County
in the Indiana Territory do hereby do make ordain constite and appoint
Moses Dooley and James Crawford both of Barren County and State of Kentucky
my true and lawful Attorneys for me and in my name to convey a
certain tract of land lying in Barren County in the State of Kentucky
on the head of the Glovers Creek containing one thousand acres as appears
by deed from William Croghan to me and also for me and in my name
to seal execute and deliver such deed as be the sd Moses hath agreed to give
conveyances, bargain and sale for the absolute sale and disposal thereof
or any part thereof with such clauses covenants and agreements to be
[therein] contains as my said Attorney or either of them shall think fit and [appoint] hereby
ratifying confirming all such deed conveyances bargains and sales
ratifying confirming all such deed conveyances bargains and sales
which shall any time hereafter be sealed and executed by my said Atttor
neys or either of them touching and concerning the premises In witness whereof I hae
hereunto signed my name and affixed my seal at Cahokia this 3rd day
of September in the year of our Lord 1803
John Singleton (seal)
Witness
John [Hay}
WIlliam Atchason

Illinois County Sct Be it remembered that on the 3 day of September
1813 personally appeared before me the [subin] one of the Justices of the
said county the above named John Singleton who acknowledged the
the above instrument of writing to be his voluntary act and deed in
Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and
year above written
N Parrot (seal)

Indiana territory St Clair County Sct
I John Hay Esq [Prothanotary] of the Court of Common Pleas of the said
County do hereby certify that Nicholos Jarrod Esqr the person taking the
above acknowledgment is a Justice of the peace and Court of Common Pleas
of the same county of St Clair and to all act and deeds by him subscribed
as such full faith and credit is and right to be given.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
affixed the seal of the said Court of common Pleas of the
said county the third day of September one thousand eight
hundred & three
John Hay [Prothonatory]
SClair

Barren County To wit October County Court 1803
This power of attorney from John Singleton to Moses Dooley and
James Crawford was produced in Court with the two certificates
thereon endorsed duly authenticated and was there upon ordered to
be Recorded
Test W Logan Clk

Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #209720 DGS 007899150. James Crawford, 3 sep 1803 Vol. B: page 33; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 21 February 2022.

William Duggins Indiana land

Would you consider yourself a ‘straight-line’ researcher or a ‘branching out’ researcher. In other words do you only research ancestors or do you branch out and research their siblings. I have to admit to being a ‘branching out’ researcher along with a multiple shrubs researcher.

As I’ve been going back thru my research, I recently realized that I haven’t reviewed my research for my ancestors half brothers, William and Henry Duggins. Since I recently discovered that William received patents for land in Warren county, Indiana where my ancestor, Nelson Crawford also patented land, I decided that I need to review my research for William and do some more digging into his life.

A search of the Bureau of Land Management records reveals that William Duggins received two patents for land in Warren County, Indiana. The first is certificate No. 35937 dated 1 July 1852.

The United States of America
Certificate
No. 35937

To all to whom these presents shall come, Greetings:
Whereas William A. Duggins, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Crawfordsville, whereby it appears that full payment has been madd by the said
William A Duggins
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820 entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

The West half of the South East quarter and the East half of the South West
quarter and the North East quarter of the south east quarter and the
North West quarter of the South West quarter of section thirty in town-
ship twenty three, north of range nine west, in the District of lands
subject to sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing two hundred
and thirty six acres, and ninety four hundredths of an acre

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the general Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tracts have been purchased by said William A. Duggins

Now know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and Granted, and by these presents Do Give and grant,
unto the said William A. Duggins
and to his heirs, the said tracts above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said
William A. Duggins,
and to his heirs and assigns forever,

In testimony Whereof, I Millard Fillmore
President of the United States of American, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and
the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of July,
in the Year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty two, and of the
Independence of the United States the Seventy Sixth
By the President: Millard Fillmore
By Alex. McCormick Apt Sec’y
E. S. Terry, Recorder of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, William A Duggins, 1 July 1852; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 11 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

The second patent was for certificate Number 36087 dated 1 August 1853.

The United States of America

Certificate
No. 36087

To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas William A Duggins of Preble County Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land office at Crawfordsville whereby it appears that full payment has been amde by the said
William A. Duggins
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820 entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the South East quarter of the South East quarter and
the South West quarter of the South West quarter of section Thirty, in
Township Twenty Three North of Range Nine West int he District of Lands
Subject to sale at Crawfordsville Indiana containing twenty six acres
and ninety four hundredths of an acre

according to the official plat of the survey of said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said William A. Duggins
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents Do give and Grant,
unto the said William A. Duggins
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said William A. Duggins

and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I, Franklin Pierce
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters be made patent, and
the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of August,
in the Year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty third and of the
Independence of the United States the Seventy eighth
By the President, Franklin Pierce
By Jno H Wheeler Apt Sec’y
J H Granger Recorder of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, William A. Duggins, 1 August 1853; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 11 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

A search of the ‘First Landowner’s’ database on the History.Geo website for Duggins in township 23N of range 9W reveals that William A. Duggins was the first land owner of the south half of section 30 of T23N R9W in Warren county, Indiana

This map shows that William Duggins’ land in section 30 is just south of land his half brother, Nelson Crawford, owned in section 19. Seeing them as neighbors in Warren County, Indiana reinforces the idea that I need to expand my knowledge of William Duggins and his family.

Friday Finds

Guardian record for Celia C. Crawford, daughter of Nelson G. Crawford, deceased, of Warren County, Indiana.

Warren County Indiana

Probate File 29
Martha Crawford gdn Celia A. Crawford

The State of Indiana
Warren County. SS

The undersigned applicant for Letters of Guardianship on the persons and estates of
Celia C. Crawford, aged 16 years December 10, 1864
minor heirs of Nelson G Crawford, late of Warren County
Indiana; said minors reside in Warren County, in the State of Indiana
Said ward’s
own personal property of the probably value of two thousand dollars
Martha Crawford

The State of Indiana, Warren County, SS:
Martha Crawford being duly sworn, says that the material
facts contained in the above statement and application for Letters of Guardianship
on the persons and estates of the persons therein named, are correct and true, as he
verily believes; and further saith not.
Martha Crawford
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm Smith Clerk
of the Court of Common Pleas of warren County

page 2

Guardian’s Inventory
An inventory and appraisement of the property belonging to Celia C
Crawford
minor heir
of Nelson G Crawford, deceased, made by
Martha Crawford, Guardian of said minors,
this 28 day of December, 1868

1868
Dec 28 To amt received of James
Crawford on account
of said ward $2083.00

page 3

We Martha Crawford, James H. Crawford and Elisha V Briggs
are bound unto the State of Indiana, in the sum of
Four thousand dollars, for the payment of which, we bind ourselves, jointly
and severally, firmly by these presents. Sealed and dated this 27th day of
Oct 1868
If the above bound Martha Crawford will faithfully discharge her duties as
Guardian of the person and property of Celia C Crawford
minor heir of Nelson G Crawford deceased, then the above
obligation is to be void, else to remain in force.
Martha Crawford
James H Crawford
Elisha V Briggs
Approved, by me
the 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

State of Indiana, Warren County, ss.
I, Martha Crawford swear that I will honestly and faithfully discharge
the duties of my trust as Guardian of Celia C. Crawford
minor heirs of Nelson G Crawford deceased, according to law, so help me God
Martha Crawford
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

State of Indiana, Warren County, ss.
I, James H. Crawford swear that I am worth, over and above my
indebtedness, in realty four thousand dollars, as I believe, so help me God.
James H Crawford
Subscribed and sworn to before me the 27 day of Oct 1868.
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

State of Indiana, Warren County, ss.
I, Elisha V. Briggs swear that I am worth, over and above my
indebtedness in realty two thousand dollars, as I believe, so help me God
Elisha V Briggs
Subscribed and sworn to before me the 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

Date Conflict

Recently, Judy Russell shared the blog post, The Source of the Source, where she encouraged readers to Always go for the original. As I was reviewing my sourcing for Moses J. Lincoln, son-in-law of James and Martha Crawford, I encountered different dates for land entrys.

At the time I did my original research, I was using the book, Crawfordsville Indiana Land Entries, 1820-1830, that was compiled by Janet C. Cowen. I photocopied the pages for the Crawford and Foster surnames but took handwritten notes for Moses Lincoln and other sons-in-law of James and Martha Crawford.

I had used these handwritten notes and the recorded dates to create ‘land entry’ facts for Moses Lincoln. Knowing that the images of these patents were readily available online and that I should seek out these original sources, I located and downloaded the patent images.

That’s when I discovered two things:

  • There was a 5th patent that I did not have written down in my notes
  • The dates on the patents had been crossed out and a different date written in.

If I hadn’t looked for the images of the patents, I doubt I would have found that 5th patent for 160 acres of land. Thanks Judy Russell for the reminder to always go for the original!

#4695

Certificate
No. 4695

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln
according to the provisions of the Act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled u8220“An act making further provisions for the sale of the Public Lands,u8221” for

the East half of the South West quarter of Section Nine, in Township Nineteen North of Range Three West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty acres

according tot he official plat of the survey of th said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J. Lincoln
Now Know Ye, that the United States of American, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have Given and Granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs the said tract above described: To have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appur-
tenances, of whatsoever nature thereto belonging, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs and assigns forever.

In testimony whereof, I, John Quincy Adams
President of the United States of America, have caused these letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the tenth day of January, in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty first

By the President J. Q. A.

G. G. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln, 10 January 1827; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8241

Certificate
No. 8241

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,”

the North West quarter of section twenty one in Township twenty-one North of Range
eight West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana
containing one hundred and sixty acres,

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth.

A. J.
By the President

E. H. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8241, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8455

Certificate
No. 8455

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln of Preble county, Ohio,
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville,
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J. Lincoln
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled u8220“An act making further provisions for the sale of the Public Lands,u8221” for

the East half of the North West quarter of Section thirty, in Township twenty-one North of Range
eight West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty
acres
according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln

Now Know Ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J. Lincoln
and to his heirs and assigns forever
In testimony whereof, I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the independence of the United States the
fifty fifth
A. J.
By the President
E. H.
G. G. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8455, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8514

Certificate 8514

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the West half of the North West quarter of section nine in township twenty-one North of Range Eight, West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth.

A. J.
By the President

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8514, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#12865

Certificate 12865

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Warren County, Indiana
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a cetificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the East half of the South East quarter of Section seventeen in township twenty-one North of Range eight West, in the district of land subject to sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the third day of February in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty one and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-sixth.

A. J.
By the President

Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #12865, 3 February 1831; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

Robert Crawford Genealogy

As I was going back thru my photocopies and handwritten notes for my Crawford research in Indiana, I came across a letter from Carl Butts. With this letter was information regarding the descendants of Robert Crawford. Even though the information in this genealogy places Robert Crawford in the vicinity of Warren County, Indiana before 1850, it does not match up with the 1850 census information for Robert Crawford. Thus, it looks like there may have been two Robert Crawfords in the region at the time.

Below is a transcription of the letter and accompanying genealogy.

Letter from Carl Butts with
Genealogy of Robert Crawford enclosed
Crawford.IN.047

April 20, 1993

Dear Marcia
I was pleased to hear from you,
I don’t have much on the Crawford family.
My Grandfather Henry Crawford was killed in
a coal mine cave in, in the Oakwood, Ill. coal
mine. when my mother was seven years old, my
mother was buried on my [foureheen] birthday
Several of my aunts & uncles would visit some
in the twentys & early thirtys I still remember
uncle Charley, Aunt Hannah [Frome] and Uncle George
I am sending what I have, and will be
glad to receive anything you may have, Thank
you for every thing.
Yours Truly
Carl P. Butts
RH Box 284
Veedersburg, IN 47987-9567

Robert Crawford [likely LXSN-QVH] was born in Virginia, later moved to Ohio. He married
Eliabeth Diadem, who was born in Kentucky. Their children were:

Robert R., born September 3, 1809 in Ohio
Nancy
Harriet
Issac
James
Andrew
Samuel
Joseph
Margaret

Robert R. Crawford [KDWX-2KW], the son of Robert and Elizabeth Crawford, was born
in Ohio on September 3, 1809. Moving to Indiana as a young man, he married Mary
Ann Hair on March 31, 1833 at Covington (Fountain County) Indiana. They later
moved to Warren County, Indiana near Foster, just west of the Wabash River. Their
children were:
James C. – born September 20, 1836 in Indiana
Margaret A. – born July 16, 1837, in Indiana
Ira A. – born September 7, 1839 in Indiana
William A. – born December 21, 1841 in Indiana
Lemuel B. – born March 28, 1844 in Indiana
Henry L. – born August 22, 1846 in Indiana
Amanda – born October 15, 1849 in Indiana
Issac G. – born January 4, 1851 in Indiana
George O. – born December 31, 1853 in Indiana
Walter F. – born March 8, 1855 in Indiana
Charles H. – born January 17, 1858 in Indiana
Hannah Jane – born March 21, 1860 in Indiana

They later moved to Illinois. Mary Ann (Hair) Crawford was born on July 1,
1815 in Indiana and died November 25, 1880 in Vermilion County, Illinois.. Robert R.
Crawford died on February 5, 1884 in Vernilion County, Illinois.
Henry L. Crawford was born on August 22, 1846 in Warren County, Indiana
near Foster, the son of Robert R. and Mary Ann (Hair) Crawford. He was a veteran
of the Civil War, enlisting at Indianapolis, Indiana under his middle (?) name. He
married Jennie Crawford; one son was born to this union. (His name was Allen or Albert Crawford, and it is believed that he lived near Paris. (Edgar County) Illinois.)
Henry L. Crawford later re-married, marrying Ella Jackson in 1887. they
lived in Oakwood, (Vermilion County) Illinois. Their children were Lula Ellen born
On October 11, 1889, and Shirley Esthern born in 1892. Ella (Jackson) Crawford was
born near Crawfordsville (Montgomery County) Indiana. she died in 1895. Henry
died in 1898. They were buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Vermilion County, Illinois.
Ella (Jackson) Crawford had two sisters, Alice (Jackson) Lowe and Elizabeth (Jackson) Lewis, living near Crawfordsville, Indiana in Montgomery County
Lula Ellen Crawford was born on October 11, 1889 in Oakwood (Vermilion
County) Illinois,, the daughter of Henry L. and Ella (Jackson) Crawford. She was
sent to the Orphan’s Home after the death of her father. She later went to live
with the Wildman Family of Clay County, Illinois, near Flora, where she lived until
she was about twenty years old. She married CHarles Bradley Mearns in 1909 the
son of William J. and Libby Mearns of Xemia (Clay county) Illinois. They lived in
Tilden (Randolph County) Illinois. There were two children born to this union,
one daughter, Leta Mae, dying in infancy and one son, Charles Vernon, born on May
25, 1912. Lula’s husband Charles died in 1912.
Lula Ellen (Crawford) Mearns re-married, marrying James Philip Butts, the
son of Jonathan R. and Hester M. (McKinney) Butts on July 12, 1913 in Covington,
(Fountain County) Indiana. They were married by Reverend E. W. Stickler. They lived

in Van Buren Township in Fountain County, Indiana one mile north of Veedersburg.
Lula Ellen died July 4, 1933 and James Philip died February 14, 1958. Interment
was at Rockfield Cemetery east of Veedersburg, Indiana
There were five children born to this unions
James Emory – born May 9, 1914
Ina May – born May 17, 1915
Ambia Gayle – born November 20, 1916
Shirly Esther – born February 7, 1918; died January 9, 1928
Carl Philip – born July 6, 1919
James Emory Butts lives in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan, where he has
lived since September 25, 1935 and has been employed by Fisher Body Division, G.M.C.,
Flint Plant #1, since September 26, 1935. He married Treva E. Wagamon on May 30,
1940 in Greenville (Darke County) Ohio. She was born December 26, 1915 five miles
east of Greenville, in Richland Township, Darke County, Ohio, the daughter of Lewis
M. and Sylvia B. (Kissel) Wagamon. There was one son born to this union, Norman
Lewis Butts on December 18, 1945 in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan, where he sitll
resides.
James Emory later married Phyllis Louise Alden on May 2, 1953. She was
born November 4, 1914 in Byron, (Shiawassee County) Michigan, the daughter of Rollin
C. and Elizabeth M. (Bruce) Alden.
Ina Mae Butts married Chester S. France, the son of Wesley and Ida France,
August 4, 1932. They live in Catlin (Vermilion County) Illinois. They have two
children: Beverley Jean, born March 29, 1934; and Michael Lee, born November 5, 1949.
Ambia Gayle Butts married David H. Coffman, the son of Thomas J. and Clare
Ann (Hart) Coffman, September 11, 1936. They live in Wayne (Wayne County) Michigan
and have one child, Carol Ann, born on August 13, 1956.
Carl Philip Butts married Beverly Jane Drollinger, the daughter of Clarence
W. and Edith Drollinger, on August 19, 1943. They live north of Veedersburg (Fountain

County) Indiana and have three children: James Philip, born June 11, 1944; Edith Ellen, born December 14, 1945; and David William, born December 23, 1949.
Charles Vernon Mearns lives in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan, where
he has lived since 1933. He married Thelma Brooks November 6, 1938. She was the
daughter of Millie (McGill) Brooks. There was one son born to this union, Roger K. Mearns, born September 9, 1939, in Flint. Charles Vernon Mearns later married
Lucille Gladys Duby July 7, 1951 in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan. she was
born February 15. 1919 in Fenton, (Genesee County) Michigan, the daughter of Maurice
P. and Gladys M. (Runyan) Duby. Charles d. 2 July 1982
Shirley Esther Crawford, daughter of Henry L. and Ella (Jackson) Crawford
was born in 1892 in Oakwood, (Vermilion County) Illinois. After the death of her
father, Henry L. Crawford, she was adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Tom Hurst of Chicago,
(Cook County) Illinois, her name becoming Esther Hurst. She married Chester Fitzwater
of Findlay, (Shelby County) Illinois. There were tow children born to this union,
their names being Fern and Reber. Fern Fitzwater married Thurman Dempsey and she
lives in Benson, Arizona. Reber Fitzwater was killed in an airplane during World
Warr II. Esther Fitzwater died March 7, 1925. Interment was at Oakwood Cemetery.
Oakwood (Vermilion County) Illinois, beside her natural father and mother, Henry
L. and Ella (Jackson) Crawford.
Lula Ellen (Crawford) Butts, lived with Mr. and Mrs. Wildman on a farm five
miles north of Flora (Clay County) Illinois. She attended the Golden Methodist
Church near Louisville, Illinois.

There are some Crawford’s mentioned in the Fountain and Montgomery County
history book by H. W. Beckwith, at the Covington, Indiana Library
They could of been relatives or Robert R. Crawford, they lived there at the
same time as he lived at Foster in Warren County.
The town of Portland (or Portland Arch) name has been changed to Fountain; it
is seven miles north of Covington and Foster on the Wabash River in Fountain County.
Doctor Crawford practiced medicine int he town of Portland in Fountain County
Indiana from 1835 to 1847. He was born in Warren County, Ohio.
Dr. and Elizabeth (Cline) Crawford’s daughter’s name was Hanna J. Crawford
She was born September 22, 1828 and she married Joish L. Orcutt October 11, 1848.
They lived east of Portland near Rob Roy.
John Crawford was pastor of the Cole Creek Presbyterian Church, in the town
of Portland (Fountain) from 1835 to 1839.
Crawfordsville, Indiana in Montgomery County was laid out in 1823 by Major
Ambrose Whitlock. The town was christened in honor of Colonel William Crawford
of Virginia, a distinguished soldier of the American Revolutionary War.
There was a William Crawford who was Montgomery County Surveyor in 1826 and lived in Crawfordsville.
The first permanent settlement in Fountain County, Indiana was in Van Buren
township near Veedersburg by three families in 1822.
There were Indians living in Fountain County, Indiana until about 1838. They
were mostly the Miami and some Delaware’s; they were friendly to the settlers.
There were other Indians in the general area, the Shawnees, Kickappos and Potawatomis.
The Cherokee Indiana originally lived in Virginia; they were later pushed into the Carolina’s. The Osage Indians originally lived in Missouri, and were pushed into Oklahoma.

Shankland Family

Since I’ve been going back thru my Warren County Indiana research, I decided to update my research on the family of James Crawford and Martha Knight Crawford, starting with the family of their daughter, Sarah Crawford Shankland.

Sources for this family:

  1. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), memorial for David Shankland (1795-1872), Find a Grave Memorial no. #126472341, created by Alan L. Fisher, citing Shanklin Hill Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Shirley Benham, David Shankland.
  2. 1820 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Washington Township, Preble County, Ohio, page 105 Image 2 of 6, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M33
  3. Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton Indiana. Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883)
  4. Cowen, Janet C., Crawfordsville Indiana Land Entries 1820-1830 (Indianapolis, IN: Janet C. Cowen, 1985), (Crawford.IN.088).
  5. A History of Warren County, Indiana (Williamsport, IN: Warren County Historical Society, 1966), p. 70 (Crawford.IN.002)
  6. Warren County Centennial 1827 1927 (Williamsport, IN: Warren Graphics, 1982)
  7. 1830 U.S. Census, Warren County Indiana, population schedule, Warren County, Indiana, page 179, line 10, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022).
  8. “Washington, Select Death Certificates, 1907-1960,”Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (November 2019), David Shankland.
  9. “Washington, Death Records, 1883-1960,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022), David Shankland.
  10. Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton Indiana. Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883), p. 50 “Voters of Washington Township, 1836” (Crawford.IN.024)
  11. 1840 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Warren County, Indiana, page 144 Image 33 of 80, line 6, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M704
  12. Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton Indiana. Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883), p. 78 (Crawford.IN.024)
  13. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren, Indiana, page 23 Image 7 of 18, family 39, David Shanklin; digital image, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M432
  14. 1860 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 55 Image 25 of 25, family 389, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M653
  15. 1870 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 61 Image 4 of 27, family 466, Smith Parmenna; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2019); NARA microfilm publication T132
  16. Short, Anita, Preble County Ohio Marriage Records (Greenville, Ohio: Anita Short, 1966), Vol. 1 p. 53 (Crawford.OH.002).
  17. “Ohio, Compiled Marriage Index, 1803-1900,” , Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2019), Sally Crawford.
  18. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2019), Sally Crawford.
  19. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online November 2019), memorial for Sallie Crawford Shankland (11795-1875), Find a Grave Memorial no. #126472360, created by Alan L. Fisher, citing Shanklin Hill Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana;, Sallie Crawford Shankland.
  20. Sellers, William David, William Sellers, his Bible, bought of David McDill (: , ); Linda Sellers Foster, , email from Mary Baker dated June 2001 (Sellers.OH.010)
  21. Indiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1789-1999, James Crawford, February 1834; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online December 2019).
  22. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Eliza M Smith, 22 April 1907; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2019).
  23. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), memorial for Eliza M. Shankland Smith (1818-1907), Find a Grave Memorial no. 326856358,
  24. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Amanda M Cronkhite, 21 March 1936; .
  25. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Sarah Julia Whitten, 5 December 1930; .
  26. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 2, family 28, Permenis Smith.
  27. 1860 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, warren County, Indiana, page 37, family 262, Parmean Smith.
  28. 1880 U.S. Census, Warren, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, Ed 59, Page 3 Image 3 of 12, family 18, P G Smith; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T9
  29. 1900 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Pike Township, Warren County, Indiana, Ed 10, Sheet 3B Image 6 of 24, family 76, Permelius Smith; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA T623
  30. “Indiana, WPA Death Index 1882-1920,”Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (2 February 2022), Eliza M Smith.
  31. “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Dodd, JOrdan. Indiana Marriages 1802-1892, Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (2 February 2022), Eliza M Shankland.
  32. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), Eliza M Shankland.
  33. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, viewed online (2 February 2022), Eliza M Shankland.
  34. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), John Shankland.
  35. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 February 2022), memorial for James Crawford Shankland (1822-1861), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65037994, created by Renae Burgess Linn, citing Shanklin Hill Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Alan L. Fisher, James Crawford Shankland.
  36. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 23, family 38, James C Shanklin.
  37. 1860 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben township, Warren county, Indiana, page 55, family 391, Jas C Shankland.
  38. “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Dodd, Jordan. Indiana Marriages 1802-1892, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  39. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database James C Shankland.
  40. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  41. “Indiana, Marriages, 1810-2001,” database, Ancestry, (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  42. “Web: Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,”State Library of Indiana, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Boone, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  43. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 February 2022), memorial for Kendal Shankland (1825-1882), Find a Grave Memorial no. #44822382,
  44. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 2, family 24, Kendall Shanklin.
  45. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, David Shankland, 3 July 1941; .
  46. 1860 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, population schedule, Prairie Green, Iroquois County, Illinois, page 44, family 1758, Kendall Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed onilne 4 February 2022).
  47. “U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865,”Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com: accessed 4 February 2022), card for Kendall Shankland, Iroquois County, Illinois; citing Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registrations, 1863-1865, NM-65.
  48. “Indiana, Marriages, 1810-2001,” database Laura Mabel Smalley.
  49. 1870 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, population schedule, Prairie Green Township, Iroquois County, Illinois, page 6, family 42, Kendel Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T132.
  50. 1870 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, Non-Population Schedule, Prairie Green township, Iroquois County, Illinois Image 2 of 3, line 1, Kendall Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); Archive collection number T1133
  51. 1880 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, population schedule, Prairie Green township, Iroquois County, Illinois, enumeration district (ED) Ed 7, page 11, family 97, Shankland Ken; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 February 2022).
  52. “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Dodd, Jordan. Indiana Marriages 1802-1892, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), Kendall Shankland.
  53. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database Kendall Shankland.
  54. “Web: Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,”State Library of Indiana, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), Kendall Shankland.
  55. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), Kendall Shankland.
  56. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 4 February 2022), memorial for David Shankland (1829-1908), Find a Grave Memorial no. #37559553, created by Reverand Larry, citing Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery, Snohomis, Snohomish county, Washington;, David Shankland.
  57. 1870 U.S. Census, Nevada County CA, population schedule, Meadow Lake Township, Nevada County, California, page 36 Image 36 of 50, family 461, David Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T132
  58. 1880 U.S. Census, Santa Cruz County California, population schedule, Pajora Township, Santa Cruz County, California, ED 91, page 46 Image 10 of 44, family 459, David Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T9
  59. 1900 U.S. Census, Snohomish County, Washington, population schedule, Snohomish, Snohomish County, Washington, ED 220, Sheet 14B Image 28 of 44, family 350, David Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T623
  60. Washington state Department of Health, “Washington Death Records Index, 1940-2017,” database, Washington State Archives, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), David Shankland.
  61. Oregon, Oregon, State Deaths, 1864-1968, William Shankland, 24 January 1926; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022). Original Source: Oregon Death Records, 1864-1970; Oregon State Archives.
  62. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1783-1965, David Shankland, 7 October 1850; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022).
  63. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 4 February 2022), memorial for Sarah A. Shankland Byers (1832-1908), Find a Grave Memorial no. 349525062,
  64. 1870 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 64 Image 7 of 27, family 486, Elijah Byers; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T132
  65. 1880 U.S. Census, Warren, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, ED 59, Page 1, family 1, Byres Elijah.
  66. 1900 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, warren County, Indiana, ED 124, Sheet 6B, family 151, Sarah Byers.
  67. Missouri, Wills and Probate Records, 1766-1988, Sarah A Byers, 4 March 1907; digital iamges, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022). Original Source: Missouri County District and Probate Courts.
  68. Indiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1789-1999, Sarah A Byers, 15 December 1908; .
  69. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (4 February 2022), Sarah Shankland; State library of Indiana.
  70. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (4 February 2022), Sarah Shankland.