Do you have a branch of your tree that is hanging on by a thread? I’m not talking about a brick wall, but a branch with ancestors identified but finding documentation has proven to be difficult.
That’s my situation with the ancestors of Rachel Harris Currey. To be honest, I don’t have a lot of documentation supporting Rachel Harris as the mother of my 2nd great grandfather, Hiram Currey (1835-1901). While I had identified Rachel Harris as the wife of Hiram Currey of Peoria, Illinois, it wasn’t until I transcribed the papers for a land dispute that I realized those papers helped document Rachel Harris as the wife of Hiram Currey.
In those documents, Harris Whitaker is a witness to a statement indicating that Hiram M. Currey “raised a crop in the south west fractional qr of Sec 5 in town 10 North of Range 9 East.” Later in the documents, a statement by William M C Bogardus identifies either Harris Whitaker or James Cannon as a son of Hiram Currey
and further one of the witnesses is Curry’s own son;
In 1824, a Hiram M. Curry married a Rachel Whitaker in Edgar County, Illinois.
I John W. McReynolds a licensed Minister of the gospel of the Methodist Episcopal Church do here by certify that by virtue of a license issued by the Clerk of the Commissioners Court of Edgar County I joined together in the holy state of Matrimony Hiram M. Curry and Rachel Whitaker on the twenty eighth day of September 1824 – given under my hand and seal the 4th day of October 1824 J S McReynolds (seal) Licensed Minister
Edgar County Illinois, marriage no. Book, LA page 2 (28 September 1824), Hiram M. Curry and Rachel Whitaker; Clerk of the Commissioner’s Court, Paris, Illinois.
I believe that the Rachel Whitaker of the Edgar County, Illinois marriage license was a widow at the time of the above marriage and that her married name was Harris. In 1820, a Rachel Harris married Andrew Miller in Switzerland County, Indiana.
March 22 1820 Granted marriage license to Miller Whittaker and Rachel Harris, Joseph Taque’s being first sworn who was a subscribing witness to Peter Harris’ consent
“Indiana Marriages, 1811-2019,” database with images, FamilySearch (familysearch.org : viewed online July 2017), Miller Whitaker – Rachel Harris.
These marriage records in combination with the statements in the land dispute point to Hiram Currey’s wife being Rachel Harris, daughter of Peter Harris. And that’s where the documentation holding this branch of my tree together gets even thinner. So far, I haven’t found anything connecting Peter to Rachel beyond the marriage record. Nor, have I found anything connecting Peter to parents or siblings.
However, other trees, including the FamilySearch tree have identified Peter’s wife and the ancestors of Rachel Harris Whitaker Currey.
That small thread connecting Hiram Currey of Peoria to Rachel Harris Whitaker opened up a treasure trove of potential ancestors. While I need to locate documentation to support all of these ancestors, I do have evidence that supports my relationship to Rachel and her ancestors: DNA.
When I searched my matches for the BANTA surname, one of my matches shares 29 cm with me. Thus, I was hoping to see a BANTA in her tree leading to a common ancestor. Instead, the CRAWFORD surname jumped out at me. When I scrolled down, I found that we share quite a few surnames with SMITH and THOMPSON being on the list.
Because my tree is heavily colonial, I often encounter this multitude of potential connections. While I may connect with the above match on the BANTA line, that is one of quite a few possible connections. Thus, I rely on Ancestry’s ThruLines to help find those common ancestors.
Since I have added Rachel’s parents and grandparents to my tree, Ancestry’s ThruLines has uncovered DNA matches to descendants of her grandparents. Below is a chart showing the number of matches from other lines to these potential ancestors.
7 thru Hiram Currey (1835-1901)
7 thru Caroline Currey
13 thru Rachel Harris
Rachel S. VanArsdale
13 thru Rachel Harris
7 thru Peter Harris
3 thru Annie Harris; 2 thru Samuel N. Harris and 2 thru Ellen Harris
7 thru Peter Harris
3 thru Annie Harris; 2 thru Samuel N. Harris and 2 thru Ellen Harris
Simon G. VarArsdale
7 thru my line
1 thru Jane VanArsdale; 11 thru Jacob V Osdol; 3 thru Lucretia Van Ausdall; 16 thru Eleanor S V Arsdaele; 3 thru Theodore W. Vanosdol and 10 thru Anna Van Arsdale
7 thru my line
1 thru Jane VanArsdale; 11 thru Jacob V Osdol; 3 thru Lucretia Van Ausdall; 16 thru Eleanor S V Arsdaele; 3 thru Theodore W. Vanosdol and 10 thru Anna Van Arsdale 6 thru Maria H Williamson (child of 1st marriage)
Below are images from Ancestry’s ThruLines showing the potential DNA connections for Rachel’s ancestors using my DNA results.
I realize that without a chromosome browser to compare all of these results, I cannot use DNA to prove that I am related to these potential ancestors. In the meantime, I have a lot of ancestors to document!
Do you have any ancestor in your tree for whom you have lots of information but over a limited time period? That’s my situation with Hiram M. Currey of Peoria County, Illinois. However, there are many unanswered questions regarding Hiram M. Currey.
Do I have proof he is my ancestor? Not Really! I have a Bible record indicating my ancestor, Hiram M. Currey of Leavenworth County, Kansas was born in 1835 in Peoria. However, the handwriting in this Bible suggests that this birth information was written sometime after his birth and possibly by his wife after their marriage. I do NOT have any land record or probate record connecting the two Hirams.
Am I sure all of the facts I have gathered are for this Hiram M. Currey? Not Really! The given name, Hiram, is fairly common but I have not placed another Hiram Currey (or Curry) in Illinois at the same time as the Peoria Hiram. However, there is some inconsistency with the other information gathered for Hiram M. Currey of Peoria. In some records, Hiram M. Curry is serving as a private or a sergeant during the Indian Campaigns, while in December 1832, there is a report from the Commissioners on the conduct of the Pottawatomi to the Illinois senate that is signed by Hiram M. Curry.
Am I sure that the father of Hiram M. Currey of Peoria is the Hiram M. Currey that served as treasurer of Ohio? Not really! Again I have no documents connecting Hiram M. Currey of Peoria to his parents.
Do I know where Hiram M. Currey of Peoria died? NO! I have copies of some correspondence that suggests Hiram M. Currey “went to the gold fields”. There was a group from Peoria, Illinois that did go to California seeking gold. However, I have yet to find any evidence that Hiram M. Currey was part of that group or any other group heading west.
Hiram M. Currey of Peoria, Illinois
Hiram M. Currey was born about 1787.
On 4 Apr 1822 he was admitted into the practice of law, the 1st attorney of Rush County and was at once made prosecutor in Rush, Indiana, United States.1–2
He was admitted to practice law on 26 Sep 1822 in Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, United States.3–4
On 10 Oct 1822 Hiram was an appointed the first prosecuting attorney in Shelby County, Indiana.5–9
He resigned as prosecuting attorney in Apr 1823 in Rush, Indiana, United States.1
He was assessed $225 in 1825 in Ten Mile Creek, Peoria, Illinois, United States.10–12
Hiram lived in Medina Township, Peoria, Illinois, United States about 1825.13
He was appointed Constable about Jul 1825 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.14–16
He purchased lot 9 in Block No. 2 at $51.00 during the first public sale of lands on 10 Jul 1826 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.17
Hiram ran for county commissioner in Aug 1826 in Peoria, Illinois, United States.18
His nomination for justice of peace for Peoria County was approved by Illinois House of Representatives on 26 Dec 1826.19–21
Hiram’s confirmation by the Senate for his nomination by the Illinois House of Representatives for justice of peace representing Peoria County was announced on 27 Dec 1826.22
He was commissioned justice of peace on 5 Jan 1827 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.23–24
He was a lawyer in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.25
Hiram was a candidate for county commissioner on 14 Aug 1828 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.26
He was a candidate for justice of peace on 18 Oct 1828 in La Salle District, Peoria County, Illinois.27
He was an early settler in in Spring Bay Township, Tazewell County, Illinois in 1829.28–29
Hiram received 28 votes for justice of the peace and was elected to the office on 29 Aug 1829 in LaSalle Precinct, Peoria County, Illinois.30–33
On 9 Nov 1829 he was a Justice of Peace in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.34
In 1830, he was to have performed a marriage ceremony in the home of John Hammett but did not arrive until late in Mossville, Peoria, Illinois, United States.35
Hiram was listed with 1 male age 10-15, 2 males age 30-40, 1 female under 5, 1 female age 20-30 on the 1830 census in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States36
He was commissioned major of Peoria battalion on 4 Mar 1830 in Illinois, United States.37–38
Between 16 Jun 1831 and 26 Jun 1831, he served in Capt. Pike’s Company of the Rock River Rangers as a private in the IL Volunteer Militia in the Sac & Fox War. Hiram M. Currey enrolled at Fort Armstrong.39–40
Hiram performed the first marriage solemnized between white people in this region between Harris W. Miner and Miss Nancy Gross about 1832 in Stark, Stark, Illinois, United States.41–42
He was appointed along with Charles Ballance as commissioners to a road towards Knoxville that passes on north line of in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States in 1832.43
He served in the military as 2 Sergeantt in Capt. Eads’ Company of Mounted Rangers in Stillman’s Battalion, Illinois Mounted Volunteers on 23 Apr 1832 in Illinois.44–46
Hiram was listed on the muster roll of Captain Abner Eads Company of Mounted Ranging Volunteers enrolled on an Order from Commander in Chief of the Militia of the State of Illinois to Brigadier General Isaiah Stillman for the service of the United States and served as Orderly Sergt. from May 17th to the 21st of May 1832 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.45,47–48
He ended military service on 28 Jun 1832 in Illinois, United States having served as 2 Sergeant in Captain Ead’s Company Mounted Rangers in Stillman’s Battallion, Illinois Mounted Volunteers.44,46
On 6 Nov 1832 from Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States, he sent a letter and petition to General Atkinson regarding burning of land and bridge by Winnebago Indians. The letter is signed Hiram M. Curry, major Peoria Add Battn of Ill Militia.49
Hiram was identified at the bottom of a letter from Henry Atkinson, Jefferson Barracks dated 16 Nov 1832 while residing in Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois.50–52
He held the office of Commissioner on the conduct of the Pottawatomi in Dec 1832 in Illinois, United States.51,53–54
He applied to enter land (SW 1/4 S5 T10N R9E of 4th Principle Meridian) by preemption agreeably to Act of Congress of 19 June 1834 in 1834 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.43
Hiram purchased the SW1/4 Section 9 Township 9N Range 8E of the 4th Principal Meridian from Lewis Hallock and Sophia his wife of Peoria Co., IL on 17 Oct 1834 in Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois.55
He sold the SW1/4 Section 9 Township 9N Range 8E in the Military Bounty Tract of Illinois to Blewford Stringer for $200.00 on 18 Oct 1834.56
He was mentioned in tax list in 1835 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.57
Hiram was involved in a land dispute with Isaac Underhill regarding whether Hiram M. Curry was actually residing on the land he had claimed by preemption being the SW fractional quarter Section 5 Township 10 North Range 9 East of the 4th principal meridian between 1836 and 1840 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.58
He taught school in a cabin near where the residence of Moses Neal now stands in 1836 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.30,59
He filed land entry papers on 19 Mar 1836 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States claiming he occupied and raised a crop on the SW fraction quarter of Section 5 Township 19 N Range 9 East of 4th principal Meridian in year 1833.43
Hiram filed land entry papers paying $44.20 for the SW fractional quarter of Section 5 Township 10 N Range 9 E of the 4th principal meridian containing 35 acres on 30 May 1836 in Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois.43,60
He sold 78 and 99/100 acres in the E 1/2 NW 1/4 S30T11NR9E of 4th principal meridian for $800.00 to Thomas M. Currey on 9 Jul 1836 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.61
He purchased the E 1/2 of the NW 1/4 Section 30 Township 11N Range 9E of the 4th Principal Meridian being 78 and 99/100 acres for $150 from Linus Scoville and his wife Elizabeth Scoville on 9 Jul 1836 in Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois.62
His certificate #8250 for SW1/4 S5T10NR9E was cancelled on 3 Oct 1838 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.43
Hiram was listed on the 1840 census with 1 male under 5, 1 male 30-40, 1 female under 5, 1 female 30-40 at La Salle Precinct in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.63
He was a candidate for representative in 1840 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.64
He purchased land being the E1/2 of the NW1/4 Section 30 Township 11N Range 9E of 4th principle meridian on 23 Nov 1840 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States.65
Hiram sold land by quit claim to Isaac Underhill the S 1/2 of Section 5 Township 10N Range 9E of 4th principal meridian acquired by virtue of preemption for the sum of $150.00 on 28 Mar 1842 in Illinois, United States.66
He was commissioned lieutenant colonel of 1st regiment on 31 Dec 1842 in Illinois, United States.67–68
He was member of school trustees on 27 Nov 1844 in Woodford, Woodford, Illinois, United States.69
Hiram M. Currey married Rachel Harris on 28 Sep 1824 in Edgar, Edgar, Illinois, United States. The couple was married by John W. McReynolds, a licensed minister of the gospel of the Methodist Episcopal Church.72–77
Rachel Harris, daughter of Peter Harris and Rachel Simonse VanArsdale, likely died before 28 March 1842 when a deed for sale of land by Hiram M. Curry does not mention a wife..66
1. Rush County Indiana: From the earliest time to the present, with biographical sketches, notes, etc., together with a short history of the northwest, the Indiana Territory and the State of Indiana (Chicago: Brant & Fuller, 1888), pages 397-399, 408; digital images, Archive.org, https://archive.org/details/historyofrushcou00chic viewed online 27 December 2020.
4. Jacob Piatt Dunn, Greater Indianapolis: The history, the industries, the institutions and the people of a city of homes, volume 1 (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1910), p. 588; digital images, Archive.org, https://archive.org/details/greaterindianapo01dunn viewed online 5 July 2021.
5. Edward H. Chadwick, Chadwick’s History of Shelby County Indiana (Indianapolis, Indiana: B. F. Bowen & Company, 1909), p. 197; digital image, Ancestry.com, https://www.ancestry.com viewed online 5 July 2021.
6. Chadwick, Chadwick’s History of Shelby County Indiana, p. 58.
7. Chadwick, Chadwick’s History of Shelby County Indiana, p. 190.
8. Chadwick, Chadwick’s History of Shelby County Indiana, p. 198.
9. Chadwick, Chadwick’s History of Shelby County Indiana, p. 181.
10. David McCulloch, Editor, Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Peoria County, volume ii (Chicago and Peoria: Munsell Publishing Company Publishers, 1902), p. 55 (image 54 of 843); digital image, Archive.org, https://archive.org/ viewed online 5 July 2021.
11. James M. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois: A Record of settlement, organization, progress and achievement: Volume 1, illustrated (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1912), page 133 (image 184 of 628); digital images, Archive.org, https://archive.org viewed online 5 July 2021.
12. Northern Illinois 1825 Tax List, Hiram Curry, 1825; transcription, Genealogy Trails (http://genealogytrails.com : viewed online 5 July 2021). Original Source: Originally published in an Illinois State Genealogical Society publication from Chicago Historical Society’s manuscript collection.
13. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, page 281 (image 280 of 465).
14. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, p. 132.
15. McCulloch, Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Peoria County, p. 144.
16. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, page 327 (image 326 of 465).
17. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, page 327 (image 326 of 465).
18. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, page 97.
19. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Senate Journal 1827-27; House Journal 1826-27.
20. Journal of House of Representatives of the State of Illinois 1826 (Vandalia, IL: )
21. Journal of House of Representatives of the State of Illinois 1826 (Vandalia, IL: ), Fifth General Assembly at their First Session begun and held at the town of Vandalia, Dec 6, 1826, p.132-133
22. Journal of House of Representatives of the State of Illinois 1826 (Vandalia, IL: ), Fifth General Assembly at their First Session begun and held at the town of Vandalia, Dec 5, 1826, p.132-133
23. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Executive Record 1818-1832 Vol. 1, page 149.
24. Illinois Executive Record 1818-1832, volume 1 (Springfield, Illinois: n.p., n.d.), page 149; Microfilmed, Illinois State Archives, photocopy obtained 1999.
25. Andreas A. T., Atlas Map of Peoria County, Illinois: Compiled Drawn & Published from Personal Examinations and Surveys (Chicago: A. T. Andreas, 1873), page 22; FamilySearch, http://www.familysearch.org viewed online 22 September 2022.
26. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Election returns vol. 8, p. 18.
27. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Election Returens Vol. 11 page 452.
28. The Past and Present of Woodford County, Illinois (Chicago: Wm LeBaron Jr. & Co, 1878), p. 224-225. Digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 12 September 2022.
29. The Woodford County History (Bloomington, Illinois: Woodford County Board of Supervisors, 1968), page 169. digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 12 September 2022.
30. The History of Peoria County, Illinois (Chicago: Johnson & Company, 1880), page 608; digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 20 September 2022.
31. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Election Returns 1828-29 vol. 12, page 78.
36. 1830 U.S. Census, Peoria, Putnam Counties, Illinois, population schedule, Peoria, Putnam Counties, Illinois, page 592 (299) Image 1 of 10, Hiram M Currey; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)
37. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Executive Record 1818-1832 Vol. 1, page 229.
38. Illinois Executive Record 1818-1832, volume 1 (Springfield, Illinois: n.p., n.d.), page 229; Microfilmed, Illinois State Archives, photocopy received from IL Archives September 2022.
39. White, Virgil, Index to Volunteer Soldiers in Indian Wars and Disturbances 1815-1858 (Waynesboro, TN: National Historical Publishing Co., 1994), p. 334 (Curry.IL.024).
40. Army Indian Campaign Service Records Index, 1815-1858, Hiram M. Currey, database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestroy.com : viewed online 14 September 2022).
41. , “”, Prairie Roots : Spring 1976 Vol. III, No. 3 (Curry.IL.099).
42. E. H. Shallenberger, Stark County and Its Pioneers (Cambridge, Illinois: B. W. Seaton, Prairie Chief Office, Book and Job Printer, 1876), page 33; digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 18 September 2022.
43. Hiram M. Curry (Peoria County) Preemption, certificate no. #8250, Quincy, Illinois , Land Office; Land Entry Papers 1800-1908; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
44. Hiram M. Curry, Military Record of Hiram M. Curry for service in the Black Hawk War (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government), company muster-out roll Hiram M. Curry. Hereinafter cited as Military Record.
45. Ellen M. Whitney, Compiler, The Black Hawk War 1831-1832, volume 1 (Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Library, 1970), page 197; digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 18 September 2022.
46. Isaac H. Elliott, Adjutant-General of the State of Illinois, Record of the Services of Illinois Soldiers in the Black Hawk War, 1831-1832, and in the Mexican War, 1846-8 (Springfield, Illinois: H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1882), page 151; digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 18 September 2022.
47. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, p. 259 (image 258 of 465).
48. The History of Peoria County, Illinois (Chicago: Johnson & Company, 1880), page 352; digital image, Archive.org, http://www.archive.org viewed online 16 September 2022.
49. Letter from Gen Atkinson to Adjutant General attaching Curry letter and Peoria memorial; Letters 1832 A (NARA microfilm publications Microcopy No. 567, roll 66); Register of letters received, 1812-1889; Letters received by the Office of the Adjutant General, main series, 1805-1821, 1822-1860, 1861-1870, 1870-1880; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. consulted as FHL microfilm 1182066 DGS 8921496; available on FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org, images 777-781.
50. Whitney, Ellen M., compiler, The Black Hawk War 1831-1832 (Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Library, 1970), p. 1229 – John Dixon Letter / footnotes.
51. Dec 1832 Letter from Gen. Atkinson to Maj Hiram Curry; Chicago Agency, 1824-1847 Chicago Agency 1824-1834 (NARA microfilm publications M234, roll 132); Letters received, 1824-1881; registers of letters received, 1824-1880; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. consulted as FHL microfilm 1660862 DGS 8275279; available on FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org, images 243-245.
52. Jane Douma Pearson NARA volunteer, (Herndon, VA) to Marcia Philbrick, letter, 16 February 1995; Crawford Family Papers, privately held by . , Seneca, Kansas, 2022. includes images from NARA microfilm.
53. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Senate Journal p. 92.
54. Journal of the Senate of the Eighth General Assembly of the State of Illinois: at their first session, begun and held in the town of Vandalia December 3, 1832 (Vandalia, Illinois: Greiner & Sherman, 1833), p. 89-92; digital image, Google Books, google.com/books viewed online 13 September 2022.
55. Deed of Sale, Peoria County, IL: Book F page 135 (Curry.IL.031), .
56. Deed of Sale, Peoria County, IL: Book F, page 136 (Curry.IL.032) .
57. Letter from Peoria Public Library (Peoria, IL) to Marcia Philbrick, 8 Feb1983; (), Illinois Champion and Peoria Republican Dec. 16, 1835 p. 3c-2 DTV.
58. Hiram M. Curry, Land Dispute, Court Records, No. 8250 (CURRY.IL.092).
59. Rice, Peoria City and County Illinois, page 281 (image 280 of 465).
60. “Illinois, Public Land Purchase Records, 1813-1909,” Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Illinois, volume 697; page 130 viewed online (20 September 2022), Hiram M Curry.
61. Deed of Sale, Peoria County, IL: Book F, page 506 (Curry.IL.029) .
62. Deed of Sale, Peoria County, IL: Book F, page 505 (Curry.IL.084) .
63. 1840 U.S. Census, Peoria County, Illinois, population schedule, LaSalle Precinct, Peoria County, Illinois Image 5 of 8, Hiram Currey; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M704
64. Letter, Peoria Public Library to Marcia Philbrick, 8 Feb1983, (PR &NWG April 17, 1840 p.3 c. 1).
65. Deed of Sale, Peoria County, IL: Book O, page 249 (Curry.IL.034) .
66. Deed of Sale, Peoria County, IL: Book M, pg 444 (Curry.IL.030) .
67. Index to Early Illinois Records (: Illinois State Historical Society, ), Executive Record 1837-1843, vol. 3, page 393.
68. Records of the Illinois Territory Exeuctive Register: October 19, 1837 through January 1843, microfilmed (Springfield, Illinois: Illinois State Archives, n.d.), volume 3 page 393 – Hiram Curry.
69. The Past and Present of Woodford County, Illinois containing A history of the County — its Cities, towns, &c.,; a Directory of the Tax-Payers; War Record of its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion; Portraits of Early settlers of Prominent Men; General and Local Statistics; Map of Woodford County; History of Illinois, Illustrated; History of the Northwest, Illustrated; Constitution of the United Sttes, Miscellaneous Matters, Illustrated (Chicago: Wm. Le Baron & Co., 1878), p. 398 Schools – Partridge Twp. (Curry.IL.040).
70. Entry, Curry Family Research, , letter from Ethel Tomlinson, daughter of Elizabeth Currey, granddaughter of Providence Currey(Curry.OR.156); , . Hereinafter cited as Curry Family Research.
71. “Nellie Rose Jones,” undated; letter, Colver Family Papers; Collection No. AX 126; University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon; photocopy obtained from Steven Shook. contains typewritten notes from other letters.
73. “Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920,” Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), HIram M Curry – Rachel Whitaker.
74. “Illinois, County Marriages, 1800-1940,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019), H. M. Curry.
75. Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1940. Film #114661387. Hir M Curry and Rachel Whitaker, 28 Sep 1824; page 2; database with images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online March 2019.
76. Edgar County Illinois, marriage no. Book, LA page 2 (28 September 1824), Hiram M. Curry and Rachel Whitaker; Clerck of the Commissioner’s Court, Paris, Illinois.
77. Edgar County Illinois, index to marriages no. Book, SA page 2, (28 September 1824), Hiram M. Curry and Rachel Whitaker.
Provenance: a record of ownership; the place of origin
Have you ever thought about the provenance for some of the records in your family files? As I’ve been recently reviewing the notes / resources for an ancestor, Hiram M. Currey, I came across a set of 1924 letters for which I have no record of their source.
These letters provide the only clue I have about the whereabouts of Hiram M. Currey after 1844. Thus, figuring out the source of the letters is critical to determining how reliable the information in the letters might be.
While I suspected that I might have received these letters from one of two CURREY researchers that I corresponded with prior to 2000, I started trying to figure out the source by identifying the authors of the letters.
Ada Maddux — granddaughter of Providence Montz Currey
Since I couldn’t figure out Ada’s maiden name, I looked thru my RootsMagic file for a granddaughter of Providence Currey named Ada and found an Ada A. McCain. A Google search for Ada McCain turned up a RootsWeb site for Ada’s mother, Eliza Ann Currey which contains a reference to these letters in the endnotes.
Since the author of the web site is one of the researchers I corresponded with, I now know the provenance of these letters!
There are a LOT of clues in these letters about the CURREY family, but only a brief mention of Hiram Curry.
Providence Curry had a brother Tom Curry, and a brother Hiram Curry. Hiram Curry went to the goldfields of California in the early days before Providence Curry and his family came to Oregon, and they lost all trace of him, and never knew what became of him. Max Currey, a son of Hiram Currey, lived with Mrs. Ashley (daughter Providence Curry) for sometime. He became a dentist and lived in Kansas City.
This letter provides the following clues:
Hiram is a brother to Providence and Thomas Currey
Hiram went to California before 1853
Hiram had a son named Max who was a dentist
While I’ve been able to locate documents connecting Hiram to his brothers, I have not been able to verify the other clues.
However, these letters may provide the only clue to where I might find Hiram Currey after 1844!
Set of letters from Oregon
Nellie Rose Jones (Mrs. Wilber A)
I have been looking over more old letters, particularly the Curry letters, and have out about 23 letters in envelope send to you to read. As I re-read the letters I made notes of Items that seemed to me of special interest-. I am typing these notes for you. As you reed the letters you may find something I have overlooked, but I believe my notes contain the highlights. You may have a copy of the WILL of the grandfather of Samuel Colver, Jr. but I am not sure so am enclosing a copy. Then the letter of the Mrs. Willis of San Francisco and her notes gathered from ^he Newberry Library, Chicago, gives me the exact date of the marriage of Samuel Colver Sr., and Rachel Curry, and the place. Also tell that my great great grandfather, Hiram N. Curry, who was State Treasurer of Ohio from 1516 to 1820, speculated with public money and resigned his office in Feb. 1820. I am led to believe that he was about 60 years of age that time, and married for the second time in 1821. $1800 seems to be the amount of his defalcation. He was In Ohio in 1805. maybe before. He lived to be a very old man and died I in or near Crawfordsville, Indiana, it seems. Best wishes for success, (Mrs. William A.) Nellie Rose Jones
My notes from the letters follow; Providence Curry was the brother of Rachel Curry Colver (Mrs. Samuel Colver, Sr., ) She was born 1791 and was my maternal great grandmother. Providence Curry had a brother Tom Curry, and a brother Hiram Curry. Hiram Curry went to the goldfields of California in the early days before Providence Curry and his family came to Oregon, and they lost all trace of him, and never knew what became of him. Max Currey, a son of Hiram Currey, lived with Mrs. Ashley (daughter Providence Curry) for sometime. He became a dentist and lived in Kansas City.
Providence Curry also had a sister Sarah, who never married and a sister, Rebecca Currey Marks. They lived in Crawfordsville, Indiana In his later years Hiram Currey, father of Rachel Currey Colver Providence Currey, Ton Currey, Hiram Currey, Sarah Currey and Rebecca Curry Marks, lived In Crawfordsville, Indiana, and married again in his old age. (Note, He married in Ohio in 1821 – his second marriage, then went to Indiana. Nellie Rose Jones)
One daughter of Providence Currey was Ida Currey, who married an older brother of [?] above
page – 2 circuit Judge of this district, (Note – I believe he was principal of) the Grants Pass public schools around 1890. He was there a number of years if I am not mistaken. N. R. J.) Their son now lives in Salem, Oregon, and is clerk of the supreme court. His Mother lives with him (1-29-1951). She is the youngest daughter of Providence Currey and is first cousin of my grandfather, Samuel Colver, Jr.
Colonel George B. Currey was a brother of Ida Currey Benson. He was a man of some prominence in early Oregon history. Note- Members «f the Curry – Currey family spell the name either way.
According to W. L. Curry of Ohio, his great grandfather was James Curry who came from Ireland to Virginia in 1762. He lived In Staunton, Va. Dr. Spencer Garwood says Rachel Curry was a sister of Otway Curry – but W. L. Curry says he does not know who she was, though he knew her personally.
Hiram M. Curry was State Treasurer of Ohio 1816 – 1820 – resigned February, 1820. ( From Howe’s Collections of Ohio) Vol. 1, page 168 H. M. Curry lived in Champaign county, Ohio. Page 141 – Mr. Kilbourn was chairmen of a committee to consider the petition for relief of the bondsmen of H. M. Curry, former State Treasurer,
History of Logan and Champaign counties 1805 – 1921- page 250 July 24, 1806, married, Samuel Colver to Rachel Curry – Found In Newberry Library, Chicago.
Provedence Monts Curry came from Kentucky, Harrodsburg, according to his granddaughter, Ada Marks, who wrote to me in 1924.
Ada McCain Maddux, Kentland, Indiana, granddaughter of Providence Monts Currey (she spells it Provedenze), who was a brother of my great grandmother, Rachel Currey, says, in a letter me dated March 29, 1924 “Mother (Elizabeth Currey) has told me that the grandfathers lived to b be over one hundred and In the letter that my grandfather wrote her tells of his grandfather being 114. 1 think that the grandfather is burled either at Thorntown, Indiana, or Crawfordsville. Ind.*(Note; I believe she means her great grandfather, Hiram Currey.)
Howe’s Historical Collections of Ohio, Vol. I, page 165 Treasurers of Ohio, John Armstrong, 1792-1803; William McFarland, 1803- 1816; Hiram M. Currey, 1816-1820, resigned February, 1820. A term of office was three years, then could be re-elected for two .
Vol. 6 p. 135. Vote in the 5th district for congressman, H. M. Curry received 105 votes from Champaign county
Page 141 – Actions of General Assembly of 1823-24 State of Ohio. Mr. Kilbourn was chairman of a committee to consider the petition for relief of the bondsmen of H. M. Curry, former State Treasurer, By this examination it appears to the satisfaction of your committee that the purchase of property to which the raid Curry applied the public money, in the full amount of hie defalcation, was all made prior to his re-election to the treasurry office; that the petitioners had no knowledge of his defalcation, nor was the fact then apprehended by tho treasury committee.
page – 3 The petitioners certainly had reason to believe that the General Assembly would not re-elect a known defaulter, nor one with whom after the annual examination and report, they were not well satisfied, and so believing they entered into the security bonds in question; but the actual defalcation was soon after discovered.
It thus appears that the said petitioners have done more in effecting security to the State by the property of said Curry than was contemplated by the resolution of the Legislature, in that they have removed the incumbrance on the property by paying $1800 in cash, and they have exhibited with their memorial the Treasurer’s receipt given in conformity to the provisions of the said resolution, for §55.73 more than the sum originally due the State from said Curry.
During the time they were making these laudable and efficient exertions, and to the present time, expensive and vigorous prosecutions have been carried on against then by the agent of the State, which is not justly chargeable against them.
—prayer of said petition is reasonable and the petitioners should be discharged from all liabilities in the premises without further payment. ( these lost two lines were the finding of the committee to look into the matter of the petition.) -——a committee was appointed to look Into the property and the auditor was authorized to rent it.
Vol. 15 – page 93 – Reference to H. M. Curry, Treasurer of State —to pay order of $33,000 for erection of State and public Buildings at Columbus, Ohio, In 1817.
Vol. 3 page 37 – Marriage record Franklin county. Vol. 1814-1830 August 30, 1821, Hiram M. Curry and Elizabeth Lane, by Charles Henkel.
Vol. 1 page 36 – Franklin county. June 14, 1805, Alexander Reed and Phebe Cary, married by Hiram Merick Curry. (Note by N. R. J., This proves that he was living in Ohio in 1805 – so Samuel Colver and Rachel Curry were married there , too. )
Vol. 2, page A04 – 404 A Mr. Henry Smith. Union county, came in 1836 when age ?, with parents from Columbia county, N. Y. —writes recollections —-‘the Colvers, Millers, and Davenports were kin.* He continues – schools- debating society weekly,— ‘ I recall the names of three or four who displayed a good deal of ability in these forensic contests; Samuel and Hiram Colver, who were young lawyers, sons of the early pioneer, Samuel Colver.
Note by Nellie Rose Jones; All of the above Information was gathered In the Newberry Library, Chicago, Ill., by Leone Cady Willis, 215 Santa. Rosa Ave., San Francisco, California. She is a descendant of Angelina Colver who was a sister of Samuel Colver, Sr., and her letter to me was in 1934.
Mrs. Nellie Jones, some time ago I received a letter from you seeking for some information about the Currey family and I have not answered it sooner in hopes that I could find out what you wanted to Know. My mother Is living with me, she is 83 years old and is the daughter of Providence Currey, who was the brother of Rachel Currey Oliver, You stated in your letter that Providence Currey had only one brother, Tom, and my mother tells me that there was another brother, Hiram, who went to the gold fields of California in the early days “before Providence Currey and his family came to Oregon and they lost all trace of him and never knew what became of him. Max Currey, a son of Hiram Currey lived with my mother’s family for some time . He finally “became a dentist and the last known of lived in Kansas city. Providence Currey also had two sisters, Sarah who never married and Rebecca Currey Marks, They lived at Crawfordsville. Ind. Mother does not know the names of either of her grand parents on the Currey side. Her grand father lived to “be a very old man and married a second time when he was quite old and lived at Crawfordsville “but that is all she knows about him.
I should be interested to know more about this society you speak of, can you join it if you have Currey ancestry? I will see if I can find any way of getting the names of my great grand parents. I have an aunt living in San Jose, she Is the youngest of mother’s sisters and she might Know. her address is 465-N-12th st. San Jose. Cal. Mother has one brother living, P.M. Currey, his address at present is Andrews, Oregon.
I am very sorry not to “be able to give you more information but If this little is of any use to you I am glad and hope to hear from you again some time. We are some sort of cousins I believe. Yours sincerely.
Ethel (Currey Ashley) Tomlinson
Boise Idaho 1602 State & 16 St Feb 9 1924
Dear Cousin if you will permit me to say cousin
I am writing you in answer to a letter Carrie Harvey just sent me I cannot give you the information but I think I can put you in touch with a cousin who can
I made a visit to my aunts home in Indiana about twenty years ago this aunt has since died but her Daughter whose address I will give you might know as I think they have better record of the family than we here in the west
My Mother is still living is now 83 years of age she makes her home with my sister whose address, I will also send you she to may be able to give this information
I wrote her some time ago as I knew you were trying to get the lineage of this branch of the family
I will also write to this cousin in the east we did coraspond for several years but finally dropped off now I should apologize to you for useing type and especially since I am just learning and make so many mistakes I haven’t learned how to space or use the quotation marks am not taking any instructions am just picking it up off hand and some may think I am starting in late but I do not as I have three more years yet before, reaching my three score years and if I can make the letters at all one can read it better than my writing as I am a very poor scribe
I am also getting track of another Uncle who may be able to give some information will write you again when I hear more definately Sincerely yours Emma G. Harden
Maddux Auto Shade Co. (letterhead) Manufacturers of Shades For all makes of Closed Cars, Public Buildings Homes, Etc. Office No. 5 Boone Bldg. Factory 408 Scott St. Covington, Kentucky
[Wrote[ to Will Curry and Mr. Maddux April 4, 1924
March 29, 1924
Mrs Wilbur A. Jones, Klamath Falls, Ore.
Dear Cousin:— Your letter was forwarded to me here from Kentland, some days ago, and would have answered sooner, but thought that we might go back to Kentland for a few days.
As to information, to the D.A.R. organization, I can give you nothing sure, but think that a cousin of ours in Indianapolis, Ind. will have the facts, as he was in correspondence along that line some years ago.
If you will address him Will Currey, Indianapolis Times he will answer you I am sure.
In the home at Kentland is a paper; or rather a letter that my grandfather Provedenze Monts Curry wrote to my mother, that gives the line of family as he knew it. The family came from Ky. I think Harrodsburg. They were originally from Greece, and the name was spelled Kuri.
Here in Covington, and Cincinnati the name Curry is as common as
Smith, some of us are ‘bootleggers, and some in very high standing; also there are colored people of that name. The family were slave holders and I have heard that they had many slaves, but I think that the number was not as many as has come down to the present generation.
We will be in Kentland sometime this summer and I will then get the letter and make copies of it to send to you.
I am so glad to got the address of Mrs. Harden, as I had not had any word from her for some years. She made us a visit in Kentland while my parents and brother were living.
This Will Curry of whom 1 spoke is a son of Tom Curry of Oregon Missouri, and his fathers name was Tom. I think.
I think that the grandfather is burried either at Thorntown, Ind. or Crawfordsvillle.
While we lived in Goodland, Ind there was a cousin of mother’s made us a visit, and her name was Sarah Marks Billings, her home was in Monmouth Ill. She afterwards stayed with us six months in Gallatin Mo. where father preached. She returned to Monmouth and we lost trace of her hearing that she had married a Do. of St Louis Mo. she was about sixty at this time. I did know the name of the mamex man whom she married but have forgotten it.
I am the only living member of my family, my father died in 1914, March 16, and mother died in April of 1916. Then just three years ago my only brother dropped dead, from heart trouble.
Two years ago I married the best man that ever a woman had, and am very happy, we have lived at Hammond, Ind. where Mr. Maddux is an Internal Revenue officer, but his health failed, so we came here for the winter, we keep a flat here where we can come and rest when we get tired of the office work.
We will be here for several weeks yet, and may not go back at all.
I will call Will Curry when we are in Indianapolis, and see what he can tell me, but you had better write him as it is uncertain when we will leave here.
I always say that all the Curries are related, good, bad and indiffer- ent.
Mother has told me that the grandfathers lived to be over one hundred and in the letter that my grandfather wrote her tells of his grandfather being 114. So you see that we have a good chance to see many changes yet to come.
I do not know where to place you, are you a grand daughter of one of my mother’s sisters?
I saw where a Monty Curry was arrested for bootlegging in Cin. not many days ago, and persume that he is some of the family, but did not hunt him up. Then I saw the death of a very much respected man of that name who died in Cal. and was being buried n Cin. just last week.
Mother always thought that there were none of the family in the war, but she might have been mistakened.
If I can be of any more help, will be pleased to do so, You can address me as Mrs A. Dick Maddux, Covington KY. Apt. 6 Boone Bldg. Emma will remember me as Ada McCain.
Yours most sincerely,
Ada M. Maddux
Now that I know the provenance of these letters, I not only can craft a citation that includes that provenance but also seek out the original papers from Oregon!
“Nellie Rose Jones,” undated; letter, Colver Family Papers; Collection No. AX 126; University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon; photocopy obtained from Steven Shook. contains typewritten notes from other letters.
For those interested in the Currey/Colver families in Oregon, some of the Colver Family Papers are available on the Oregon Digital page. Unfortunately, I couldn’t find these letters in that online collection.
I’m sure my readers have NEVER obtained a photocopy of a record without making sure the source of the copy was attached to the record. However, I have to admit that I do have at least one such record (and probably more) in my files.
The record in question is a court document. It is likely from a court in Illinois, but I don’t know which court.
Unknown Court Record Possibly Peoria County IL
Bond for Appeal Dixon vs Ridgway
Filed Nov. 30 1829 John Dixon Clk
Know all men by these presents that we John Dixon and Norman Hyde are held and formerly bound to David Ridgway in the penal sum of fifty Dollars for which payment will and truly to be made we bind our selves our heirs executors and administrators firmly by this presents signed with our hands and sealed with our seals and dated this twenty ninth day of November A.D. 1929
Now the conditions of the above obligation is such that whereas David Ridgway hath recovered a judment against the above bon[d] John Dixon before Hiram M. Curry a Justice of the pace in and for Peoria County from which judgment the said Dixon hath to him an appeal Now if the above bond John Dixon shall pay what ever Judgment and [?] be made [?} remain in full force and virtue John Dixon (seal) Norman Hoye (seal)
When I opened the image of the document in Paint.net (my free image manipulation software), I was able to change the contrast enough to read some of the stamp at the bottom of the document. Thus, I believe the stamp identifies the source as the “Illinois State Historical Library.” Since I had made a research trip to Springfield, it is possible that I obtained this court document during that trip.
Since the document involved John Dixon, I did a search for ‘John Dixon papers Illinois’. One of the results of that search was a link to the obituary for John Dixon in the collection, “Papers of Abraham Lincoln”.
Since I still don’t know the source of this court record, I’m going to have to do more digging
Have you ever gone back thru your notes and sources for an individual and wished you had done a better job of documenting your findings? That’s my situation as I’m creating research notes for Hiram M. Currey of Peoria County, Illinois.
While I only have information for about 30 years of his life, I have quite a few details for those 30 years. Much of my research dates back to the pre-Internet days and thus is photocopies and handwritten notes. One of those citations appears to be a valid citation.
Whitney, Ellen M., compiler, The Black Hawk War 1831-1832 (Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Library, 1970), vol. 2, p. 1229.
So, I started searching Google to see if I could find a digital copy of the book. And volumes 1 and 2 are on Archive.org. Unfortunately, page 1229 is not found in volume 2. A further search of Google reveals that there is a Part 3: Letters and Papers: Appendices and Indexes (Goodreads). So far, I haven’t found a digital copy of this book.
Further digging in my files found a 1995 letter from the National Archives that included images from NARA microfilm of letters regarding the Indian situation around Peoria. While this letter contained the images, I wasn’t sure how to document the letter and images. Thus, I started looking for the images online — and found them on FamilySearch.
6 November 1832 Letter from Major Hiram M. Curry of Peoria to General Atkinson which includes a memorial from citizens of Peoria and Putnam Counties
Registers of letters received, 1812-1889; Letters received by the Office of the Adjutant General, main series, 1805-1821, 1822-1860, 1861-1870, 1871-1880
Letters, 1832 A Film 1182066 DGS 8921496
Peoria Novr 6th 1832 (Copy) General Atkinson Sir, It is with considerate regret that I am compelled to inform you that the Pottawatamies and Winnebagoes are doing considerable mischief in different neighborhoods by burning the woods and prairies they have burned the Bridge over the Inlet of the Winnebago swamps. They have threated the lives of some of our citizens without being provoked so to do by any white person. They made it their business to set the prairies on fire so as to fire our farms that are on the frontier. I wish your candid dir- ection what to do on such occasions. I am very respectfully (signed) Hiram M. Curry Major Peoria Add Battn of Ill Militia
We the undersigned citizens of Peoria and Putnam Counties have seen and read the above letter of Major Curry and do unhesitatingly say the above is correct as supported by the depositions of several citizens, we wish that you would take the subject under your consideration and grant such relief as you may deem most expedient
Image 781 for the public good and the Indians welfare. Attest. Stealing of horses may be added — if the Indians are not kept away it may cause some thing very serious, we wish for peace.
[Jeriel] Root Simon Reed James Pierce Mahlon Linton Horace Miner Hiram Cleveland Nicholas Stume Marshall B Silliman Resola Cleveland Thomas Winn Ezekiel Thomas
Column 2 of names Charles B Pierce Joel Hinks Monott Silliman John Cleveland Erastus C Root Moses Clifton Richard Cannon Thomas B. Reed Joseph Cleveland George Miatz John Love High Montgomery
Letter from Gen Atkinson to Adjutant General attaching Curry letter and Peoria memorial; Letters 1832 A (NARA microfilm publications Microcopy No. 567, roll 66); Register of letters received, 1812-1889; Letters received by the Office of the Adjutant General, main series, 1805-1821, 1822-1860, 1861-1870, 1870-1880; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. consulted as FHL microfilm 1182066 DGS 8921496; available on FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org, images 777-781.
16 Nov 1832 Letter from Br Gen H. Atkinson to Maj. Hiram M. Curry of Peoria, Illinois
69 (Copy) Heads Qrs: Right Wing Western Dept Jefferson Barracks 16th Novr 1832
I have received your letter of the 6th instant in reference to the conduct of the Pottawatamie and Winne- bago Indians in the neighborhood of Peoria. I have to desire that you will take an Interpreter with you if one can be had and go to the encampment of the Pottowata mies and caution them against committing any act of depredation on the lands or property of the frontier in- habitants and that they must fall back upon their own lands. That should they continue their improper con- duct that teh Rangers will be ordered out to drive them off. I write to day to the Pottawatamies Agent at Chicago informing him of the conduct of the Indians in your neighborhoods, and requesting him to have them withdrawn. with great respect, Sir Your [mo abt] servt (signed | H. Atkinson Br Gen U.S. Army
Maj Hiram M Curry Peoria Illinois
Nov 1832 Letter from Gen. Atkinson to Maj Hiram Curry; Chicago Agency, 1824-1847 Chicago Agency 1824-1834 (NARA microfilm publications M234, roll 132); Letters received, 1824-1881; registers of letters received, 1824-1880; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. consulted as FHL microfilm 1660862 DGS 8375279; available on FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org, images 246.
16 Nov 1832 letter from Br Gen H. Atkinson to Col. Owen, Indian Agent
Head Qrs: Right Wing Western Dept. Jefferson Barracks 16th Novr 1832
Sir, I have received a Memorial from a number of the citizens of Peoria and its neighborhood com- plaining of depredations committed by a party of Potto- wattomie Indians who are hunting on the Bureau and near Peoria. The report sets forth stealing of Horses and burning the Prairie and wood lands to the destruction of the fences of their farms. The bridge across the Winnebago inlet on the post routes to Galena has also been burned by the Pottowattomies it is supposed. Be sides these acts they have molested travellers and threatened the inhabitants, causing much alarm. I have to request that you will send down and have the Indians of your Agency, complained of called back upon their own lands, and admonished to refrain in future from similar encroachments. with great respect sir, Your [mo abt] servt (signed) H. Atkinson Br Gen US Army
Col Owen Indian Agent Chicago Michigan
Nov 1832 Letter from Gen. Atkinson to Maj Hiram Curry; Chicago Agency, 1824-1847 Chicago Agency 1824-1834 (NARA microfilm publications M234, roll 132); Letters received, 1824-1881; registers of letters received, 1824-1880; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. consulted as FHL microfilm 1660862 DGS 8375279; available on FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org, images 247
1832 letter from John Dixon to Genl H. Atkinson
(Copy) Dixons Ferry Novr 6th 1832
Dear Sir, Your letter of the 16th [ulto] was received during my absence, I now immediately on my return hasten to answer your inquiries. With regard tot he complaint of the In habitants about Peoria I will say, and hold myself ac- countable for the assertion that there has not been a Win- nebago across the Winnebago swamp to the south for the last seven months. they fear to travel in any direction without first consulting the whites. They are the most hum- bled people I ever met with. The war has had an astonish- ing effect on them and if I am permitted to manage them as I now do I will pledge all I possess that they go peaceably across the Wisconsin in the spring, I know to a certainty that there is no other calculation amongst them. With regard to the Pottowattomies I can say nothing from my own knowledge, the reports are much against them. The people who have been at the spot differ in opin- ion as to whether the Bridge was burned by accident or design on the subject I am not able to given an opinion only to state the facts that on the day it was burned there was
image 908 a large body of Pottowattomies near it, and the Prairie about it was burnt that day. After weighing all the re- ports, I am led to the conclusion that their conduct towards the whites has been improper but to what interest I am not able to say. I shall do all in my power to get facts. I have sent a confidential Winnebago to them to find out how the Bridge came burned. Very respectfully Your obl servt (signed) John Dixon
Genl H. Atkinson Jefferson Barracks Mo
Letter from Gen Atkinson to Adjutant General attaching Curry letter and Peoria memorial; Letters 1832 A (NARA microfilm publications Microcopy No. 567, roll 66); Register of letters received, 1812-1889; Letters received by the Office of the Adjutant General, main series, 1805-1821, 1822-1860, 1861-1870, 1870-1880; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. consulted as FHL microfilm 1182066 DGS 8921496; available on FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org, images 907-908.
While I could have taken the easy way out and created a citation for the reply to my letter, I am glad that I pursued locating digital images of the documents.
Have you ever requested land papers from the National Archives? Although I have quite a few potential requests that I could make, I’ve only requested a couple of them. One request was for the papers associated with the claim of Hiram M. Curry in Peoria County, Illinois.
While Hiram M. Curry filed for and paid for 35.36 acres in the south west quarter of section five of township number 10 north of the base line in range number nine East of the 4th principal meridian, the claim was contested by Isaac Underhill.
While several of the affidavits claim bribery of witnesses by Isaac Underhill, Hiram Curry’s claim #8250 was eventually cancelled. These land entry papers are an interesting read and well worth whatever I spent to obtain the copy.
National Archives Land Entry File
Curry, Hiram M. Certificate #8250 Land Office: Quincy, Illinois
I do solemnly swear that I was in actual occupancy of and raised a crop on the South west fractional qr of Sec 5 town 10 North of Range 9 East of the 4th principal Meridian in the year 1833 and that I was in actual possession and occupancy of the same at the passage of the law on the 19th of June 1834 and am still in possession and I hereby apply to enter the same by preemption agreeably to the Act of Congress n that care made and provided Hiram M Currey
Sworn to and subscribed before me n this 19th day of March 1836 Linus Scovill JP
We do solemnly swear that Hiram M Currey was in actual occupancy of and raised a crop n the south west fractional qr of Sec 5 in Town 10 North of Range 9 East of the 4th principal Meridian n the year 1833 and that he was in actual occupancy of the same on the 19th of June 1834 and still is in possession and that we are not interested or directly or indirectly in his obtaining a preemption Silas Allen James Cannon Harris (his mark) Whitaker
page 2 shall be entitled to receive a patent for the lot above described Pre Act 1834 Saml Alexander Register
Charles [Ballance] of Peoria of lawful age agrees and says in addition to his foregoing that he has been acquainted with Hiram M Curry since early in 1832 that in the latter part said year this deponent and said Curry were two of the commissioners appointed by the County of Peoria to locate a road towards Knoxville to pass on the North line of the above described tract that his deponent was then in the house of said Curry and has frequently been on the premises same and states of his own knowl- edge that said Curry has ever since resided on said land with his family Neither has he ever heard of his having had any other home during said time nor has he heard of any other person having a claim to said land until the last week C Ballance Subscribed & Sworn to before me on this 30th day of May 1836 J. H. [Raentor] J. P.
page 3 Sworn to and subscribed before me on this 19th day of March 1836 Linus Scovill JP
We do swear that the subscribing witnesses to the within preemption proof are persons of respectability and their oath entitled to credit William Fletcher Thompson Linus Scovill [Jun] Sworn to and subscribed before me on this 26th day of March 1836 Linus Scoville J. P
I do hereby certify that the above named witnesses are persons of respectability and their oath entitled to credit Linus Scovill JP
State of Illinois Peoria County To Wit – I William Mitchell clerk of the County Commissioners Court for said County do certify that Linus Scovill Esqr whose names appears to the foregoing certificates was on the day of the date thereof an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said County, duly commissioned and qualified [seal] to [?] record in my office; and that as such — [rest missing]
page 4 It is hereby certified, that in pursuance to law Hiram M. Curry of the County of Peoria and state of Illinois on this day purchased of the Register of this Office, the lot or South West fractional quarter of section Five in Township No Ten North of the base line Range nine West of the 4th principal meridian containing 35 35/100 acres at the rate of one dollars and twenty five cents per acre amounting to forty four dollars and twenty cents for which the said Hiram M Curry has made payment in full as required by law, No therefore e it known, that on presentation of this certificate the Commissioner of the [?] [Hiram M Curry] shall be entitled to receive a patent for the lot above described Pre Act 1834 Saml Alexander Register NOTE: CANCELLED written over top of document
Charles Ballance statement below above document
page 5 — same as page 4
page 6 State of Illinois Peoria County Clerks Office County Commission [?] William Mitchell clerk of said court do hereby certify that Linus Scovill Esqr whose name appears to the within certificate was at this time the same was made an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said County duly commissioned and qualified as appears of record in my office and that as such full faith and credit an act of right ought to be given to be his official acts given under my hand and seal of said Court at Peoria this 25th day of May AD 1836 William Mitchell Clk Co Comm PC
page 7 We James Cannon and Harris Wittaker do solemnly swear that Hiram M Curry is not entitled to a preemption to the South west fractional qr of sec no 5 10N 9 East for which he has our evidence to his preemption papers bearing date 19th March aD 1836 We were altogether unacquainted with the boundarys of said fractional qr until a recent survey of the same and hereby swear that said Curry never cultivated any part thereof to our knowledge as set fort in said preemption papers James Cannon Harris (his mark) Wittaker
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 24th day of May 1836 Linus Scovill Justice of the Peace
page 8 I William M C Bogardus hereby make oath that Hiram M Curry is not entitled to a preemption to the SW factional qr of Sec No 5 10 North 9 East for which he has my affidavit concerning I do not want the Register to receive said affidavit as there is a mistake in the same and further that I swear that the section lines do not come within three or four rods of the fence whee he states that he cultivated the same, and further one of the witnesses is Curry’s own son; and the other is under age W M C Bogardus
State of Illinois Peoria County I Lewis Bigelow, an acting Justice of the peace within and for the county of Peoria, hereby certify that on the 23 day of May AD 1836 the above named William M C Bogar dus personally appeared before me and made oath to the truth of the foregoing affidavit by him sub scribed Lewis Bigelow, J. Peace
Page 9 State of Illinois Peoria County Clerks Office County Commissioners Court William Mitchell clerk of said court do hereby certify that Lewis Bigelow Esqr whose name appears to the foregoing certificate was at the time the same was made an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said county regularly commissioned and qualified as appears of record in my office and as such [full] [faith] and credit are and [of rights] ought to be given to all his official acts In tes- timony whereof I have hereunto [subcribed] my hand and seal of said Court at Peoria this twenty fifth day of may AD 1836 William Mitchell Clk
page 10 I Alexander Fo[r]sh being of lawful age and first duly sworn testify that sometime in the summer of the year 1836 in the town of Peoria I heard a conver- sation between Isaac Underhill and another indi- vidual respecting his [operations] at Rome on the Illinois River in which said Underhill boasted of having defeated the pre-emption of a settler in that neighborhood by procuring his witnesses to swear that their affidavits by which they established the pre-emp tion were not true. In that part of the conversation which was in my hearing he stated distinctly that he had paid one of said witnesses to wit William M. C. Bogar- dus the sum of two hundred dollars or four hundred dollars (I am not certain which) to procure him to go before a justice of the peace and recant upon oath his former affidavit My impression is that he did not give the name of the person whose pre-emp tion he had endeavored to destroy but he described it as being a fraction and otherwise so spoke of it as to leave no doubt that it was the pre-emption of Hiram M Curry to which he alluded and further this affiant saith not Alex H Fa[sh] State of Illinois Peoria County I William Martin a justice of the peace in and for said county do hereby certify that on the ninth day of November AD 183 person ally appeared before me Alexander H Fa[sh] and was by me sworn to the truth of the foregoing affidavit given under my hand the date aforesaid Wm Martin JP
State of Illinois Peoria County I, William Mitchell, Clerk of the County Commissioners’ Court for said county, do hereby certify that William Martin Esquire, whose name appears to the foregoing certificate, was on the day of the date thereof, an acting Justice of the Peace, in and for the county aforesaid, duly commissioned and qualified, as it appears to me of record in my office; and that, as such, full faith and credit are due to all his official acts. In Testimony Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and affixed the seal of said court, at Peoria, this Seventh day of December 1839 William Mitchell Clerk
page 11 I Charles Ballance do solemnly swear that shortly after Isaac Underhill had filed the affidavits of William M C Bogardus, and others in the land office to defeat H. M. Curry’s right of pre-emption to a tract of land adjoining Peoria in the county of Peoria Ill that said Curry stated tome that said Bogardus had ackn owledged to him that said Underhill had bulied him for the sum of four hundred dollars to swear to an affi davit contradicting his former affidavit which he had made to establish said Curry’s pre-emption that supposing if said statement was true it was not [susceptible] of proof [Issued] to the attention to it Until about two months ago said Curry in- formed me he could prove said [?] by Alexander H Fash [first] not having an opportunity to take his affidavit then and his residence being several miles from here I had not a convenient opportunity to take it until November 9th last past and it was not then forwarded to the general land office because I wanted to procure further testimony especially the testimony of Luther Sears who was an associate of said Underhill and who I understood from Fash knew all about it On this day I called on said Search who stated that he heard said Bogardus and Underhill bargain ing about said affidavit. Underhill offered a price to Bogardus if he would upon oath recant his former affidavit Bogardus refused to do it for the price offered but agreed to do it for a large price After or [number] offers were made and refused a sum was agreed upon and
page 12 the affidavit was made out and sworn to by said Bogardus, and the price paid by said Underhill, as he understood from them both, but what was the amount paid said Sears could not recollect. After said matter was arranged said Sears stated that said Underhill explained the transaction to him and told him that it was Hiram M Curry’s pre- emption claim near Rome that said affidavit was taken to defeat. Said Underhill explained his having to give so high a price for this affidavit to be that in addition to the reluctance of the witness to contradict himself, he was interested in Curry’s claim, and it was necessary to give him more then his interest [amounted] to to get him to swear against Curry Said Sears who seemed to know all about the said transaction stated that he had “no doubt there was perjury n the business.” I then asked him I he would give and affidavit stating these fact, to which he answer ed that being a friend of Mr. Underhills he would not give any statement on oath as the subject unless required in a court of justice and in this case he would swear to the facts as detailed to me and related above and further this affi ant saith not Charles Ballance Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th day of December AD 1839. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of the county Commissioners Court of Peoria County, State of Illinois this day last above said William Mitchell Clk
page 13 State of Illinois Peoria County I Linus Scovill of lawful age being fist duly sworn depose and say that I am the Justice of the peace of said county before whom the witness so were sworn who established Hiram M. Curry’s right of Pre-emption to the South West fractional quarter o Section No 5 in township 10 North of the base line and range No 9 East of the 4th principal meridian and when James Cannon and Har ris Whitaker were afterwards bought before me by Isaac Underhill to recant upon oath the statements they had formerly made I at first refused to swear them to said last mentioned affidavits on ac count of its apparently involving them in perjury and I enquired of them their motive for so great in consistency. They informed me that Isaac Underhill and Jefferson Taliaferro (who had floated on said Curry’s claim) informed them that they (said Under- hill & Taliaferro) had had said land surveyed and had ascertained that no part of the field which said Curry had cultivated in 1833 was on said tract of land and therefore as said Curry had during said year cultivated nowhere else they were quilty of perjury in swearing he had cultivated a part of said tract during said year and that said Underhill and Taliaferro had threatened to present them for perjury unless they would recant upon oath the statements aforesaid respecting said Curry’s pre-emption. I further state that I am well acquainted with all the parties and the premises in dispute that said Curry is a poor man who to my certain knowledge has lived upon the land in dispute ever since some time in the year 1832 until a few months past his family has
page 14 been absent (as is said) upon a visit to distant relatives That I called to see said Curry some time the fall of of 1833 and found him sowing a crop of what and had at the time a crop of corn and pumpkins grown The field he was cultivating was always understood to be the fraction of section 5 township 10 north of range 9 east partly on the NW qr and partly on the SW qr but having nev er surveyed it have not say possibly where our east & west line would run but have no doubt that the house and part of the field are on the SW frac tional quarter Said witnesses are very young and could I presume be easily frightened or per suaded to make such recantation without any criminal intention I was at the time said Curry settled on said land living said neighborhood and have ever since lived there Given from under my hand this 28th day of January 1837 Linus Scovill (seal) State of Illinois Peoria County This day personally appeared before me William Mitchell a notary public of said county Linus Scovill personally known to me to be the identical person who subscribed and sworn to the foregoing instrument of writing and deposed that the statements therein made are just and true according tot he best of his knowledge & beliefs I also certify that the said Linus Scovill is a man of integrity & credibility and that his statements on oath may be relied on Given under my hand and seal notarial at Peoria this 28th January AD 1837 William Mitchell Not Pub PC
page 15 State of Illinois Peoria County I William Mitchell Clerk of the County Commissioners Court with & for said county do hereby certify that Thomas Phillips Esqr is the County Surveyor within and for the county of Peoria aforesaid (duly commissioned & qualified) that his commission was dated on the 12th day of August A.D. 1835 and will expire in August 1839 as it appears to me of record in my office and that his signature to the foregoing certificate is genuine In testimony whereof I have herein set my hand and seal of said Court at Peoria this 15 day of May AD 1838 William Mitchell Clerk
I Charles Ballance upon oath do state that the above certificate of Thomas Phillips as signed by him in my presence C Ballance Subscribed & sworn to before me this 15 day of May AD 1838 William Mitchell Clk County Commissioners Court Peoria County Ill
page 16 Surveyor’s Office Peoria County State of Illinois I Thomas Phillips sur- veyor of said county do hereby certify that I have surveyed section No five in township ten North of the base line and range nine East of the fourth principal meridian according to the original field notes or copy of which I have procured from the surveyor General office at St. Louis and find by accurate measurement that the East and West line run ning through the middle of said section runs through the field said to have been cultivated by Hiram M. Curry in the year 1833 dividing it in such a manner as to throw a part of said cultivation on the South West fractional quarter and the residue which is much the larger portion on the North West fraction quarter of said section Given from under my hand at my office this 26 day of November 1836 Thomas Phillips [SC]
page 17 survey map
State of Illinois Peoria County I Thomas Phillips County Surveyor within & for the aforesaid county; do hereby state on oath that I surveyed in the year 1837 fractional section 5 10 North, Range 9 East of the 4 principal meridian; and that no part of the south west fractional quarter, of the fractional section aforesaid [bore no] appearance of ever having been enclosed or cultivated. The cultivation by which it appears Hiram M Curry proved a right of preemption to the said fractional quarter was on the adjoining [contested] quarter. The nearest part of the said cultivation doe not come within fourteen chains of the fractional quarter claimed by Curry.. Deponent further states that a certificate signed by himself and forwarded to the Commissioners of the general land office, certifying that Curry’s improvements were on said fraction aforesaid; was an [imposition] practised on said deponent by one Charles Ballance of Peoria, Ills; and that said deponent signed the same without fully understanding the contents of said certificate; said deponent further states from the best of his knowledge & belief the above plat of said fractional qr claimed by Curry is a correct one: Given under my hand this twenty fourth day of May in the year
page 18 One Thousand Eight Hundred & thirty Eight [SL} Phillips CJPC Subscribed and sworn t before me William Mitchell clerk of the county Commissioners Court within and for the County of Peoria and State of Illinois this 26 day of May AD 1838 Given under my hand and seal of said Court at Peoria this 26th day of May AD 1838 William Mitchell Clerk
Sideways text Survey& affidavit of Thos Phililps County Surveyor Peoria Cy Ill relative to SW qr 5 10th 9E
In relation to Hiram M Curry’s Claim to Sd qr section G.S.O. Filed by King & Wilson 9th June 1838 C.S. P. recd 9 Jun 1838
page 19 State Bank of Illinois 4 [? 4,20] Receiver’s Office, Quincy, Illinois No. 8250 May 30, 1836 Received from Hiram M Curry Peoria County, Illinois the sum of Forty four dollars and twenty cents, being in full payment for the South wet fractional quarter of section No. five Township No. Ten north of the base line of Range NO. nine East of the 4th principal meridian, containing thirty five acres, and 36/100 of an acre, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre $44.20 Thos Carlin Receiver Pre act 1834 Con[flictng] with entry 7392
page 20 Canceled Certificate 8250 and proof belonging thereto Certificate Canceled [Ss] letter to R&R 3d Oct 1838 also letter from the Hon John T Stuart dated 30 Dec 1839 X Comm & reply of 2d Jany 1840 & letter of same date to R & R
page 21 No. 8250 30 day of May 183 I Hiram M Curry of Peoria County of Illinois do hereby apply for the purchase of the South West fractional qr of section numbered five in township numbered ten north of range numbered nine east of the fourth principal meridian, containing thirty five 36/100 acres, according to the returns of the Surveyor General, for which I have agreed with the Register to give at the rate of one dollar and twenty five cents per acre.
I, Samuel Alexander, Register of teh land Office at quincy, Illinois, do hereby certify that the quarter section above descried contains 35 36 acres, as mentioned; and that the price agreed upon is $1 25 per acre Pre Act 1834 Conflicting 7392 Saml Alexander Register
When you come across a database that is actually an index to other records, do you try and locate those original records? As I’m creating research notes for Hiram M. Currey of Peoria County, Illinois, I’m finding a need to do just that.
At some time in the past, I used the record, “Index to Early Illinois Records. The only other information I wrote down about the source was “Z125-0054”, which I think may have been the microfilm number used by the now defunct American Genealogical Lending Library. If so, then this source may source, “Name Index to Early Illinois Record” on FamilySearch.
One set of notes that I recorded from this source indicated that Hiram M. Curry was a commissioner on the conduct of the Pottawatomie. This information was found in the 1832-1833 Senate Journal. Thus, I started trying to find this Senate Journal. Once I figured out that this was the Eighth General Assembly for the State of Illinois, I was able to find the journal on Google Books,
In that journal there is a Commissioner’s Report that begins on page 89, concludes on page 92 and is signed by the four commissioners, including Hiram M. Curry. Thus, I was able to locate the original document referenced in the index!
Journal of the Senate of the Eighth General Assembly of the State of Illinois at their first session, begun and held in the town of Vandalia December 3, 1832 Vandalia: Printed by Greiner & Sherman, 1833
Available on Google Books
COMMISSIONER’s REPORT. VANDALIA DEC, 13TH, 1832.
page 89 To the Governor of the State of Illinois
Sm-The undersigned appointed by your Excellency, and by Brigadier General Atkinson of the United States Army,- and instructed to repair to the frontier of the state, to enquire into the alleged depredations of the Pottawatamie Indians, upon the persons and· property, of the citizens of that section, and to take certain measures in the event, that sufficient cause should appear, for the alarm of the in• habitants- Beg leave to report the following statement of their proceedings, under their appointment. Pursuant to the instructions of your Excellency. and of Brigadier General Atkinson, the undersigned repaired to the settlements on and in the vicinity of Bureau Creek, in Putnam county, the theatre, as was reported, of the Indian outrages. They immediately instituted inquiries among the inhabitants, the results of which, verified by certificates, letters and affidavits of respectable· persons, were, that the Pottawatamies had come down from their own lands upon the ceded lands in the possession of the whites, with the alleged purpose of hunting for the winter support of themselves and families. A large body, composed of about two hundred and fifty, including men, women and children, formed this party, They were in expectation of an additional force of one hundred, or thereabouts, of warriors and hunters. This purpose of hunting, the undersigned are compelled to state, if originally entertained as the sole object of the expedition, seems to have yielded to more unfriendly and mischievous notions. The Indians have taken two horses from the white inhabitants; have shot another; they have killed the hogs of
Page 90 the inhabitants; have wantonly destroyed the hay, house and other property of the· people, by firing the prairies, regardless of consequences, and in contempt of the frequent solicitations of the owners of property, necessarily exposed, to desist. A highly valuable bridge, across the inlet of the Winnebago Swamp, has been burnt, under circumstances tending strongly to implicate the Indians in a deliberate and incendiary act of mischief and destruction. Menacing attitudes, and threat repeatedly assumed and made by the Indians, have excited the fears of the citizens, and the undersigned deem, upon an acquaintance with, and close observation of the Indian character, these fears well grounded. It is the opinion of reflecting men whom we consulted, and in whose opinion we entirely concur, that unless suitable measures be taken to drive the Indians to their own country, or to awe them into peaceable behavior, some seriously hostile steps. towards the whites, in the course of the present winter, may be foreboded. Already, indeed, they, the Indians, have attempted to surround, in a body, to the number of thirty or forty, some travelers, and actually, it is feared, fired with too much an intention to kill, two guns upon them. Although not literally instructed to hold any intercourse with the Indians themselves, for any other purpose than to notify them of the necessity of their prompt withdrawal to their own country, the undersigned deem it within the scope of their duties, to demand an explanation from the chiefs, of the offensive conduct of their people. They accordingly caused an assemblage of some of the principal chiefs and warriors of the Pottawatamies for the double purpose of hearing their excuses or justification, and warning them of the evil consequences of their longer remaining in the country of the whites. In the “talk” which was had upon that occasion, the Indians denied the committal of the aggressions laid to their charge, and justified their inroad into the country by a permit, they said they had received from their agent at Chicago. The charges made against them, the undersigned deemed sufficiently proven, to justify the entire belief in their truth, this denial not withstanding; and we accordingly advised them to fall back upon their own country, answering them that no offi-
cer had authority to grant them any .such permission as they justified under. That they really had any written permit the undersigned had the assurance of the Indians, corroborated by the statements of some of the whites, who alleged they had seen the written permit of the agent. — The documents themselves were not produced to us. On the part of the general government, the undersigned H. M. Curry, acting under the direction of General Atkinson, gave the Indians to understand that they must evacuate the country in eight days, or incur the displeasure of the United States. In this notification the remainder of the undersigned concurred: and all. now unite in the wish that it may have the effect to prevent the effusion of blood. Such was the state of alarm along the frontier, and in so daring a height had the insolence of the Indians arisen; that the undersigned believed, resort would have, ere this, been had to arms, had not the measures taken by yourself and Gen. Atkinson been adopted. The militia of the different parts of the country was in a state of readiness, and only awaited the orders of their respective · commanders to proceed against the Indians. lt had become unsafe in the opinion of some of the inhabitants, for females to be without the protection of their· husbands, fathers or brothers; and loaded guns were considered essential to the security of sleeping families. ln the course of the talk held with the Indians they expressed unequivocally their willingness to exchange “their territory and move across the river Mississippi; and if it be not entirely unappropriate in this Report, the undersigned would express their sincere wish that the government of the United States should as speedily as circumstances would permit, conclude this exchange, and effect the removal of these troublesome neighbors of our frontier citizens. Nothing short of their removal will secure the tranquility and forward the improvement of that part of the state. The undersigned were desired officially to communicate to you the grateful feelings entertained by the citizens o Putnam county, for the prompt interposition of your authority, from which, in conjunction with the similar exercise of his power on the part of General Atkinson, they anticipate some future peace and security.
page 92 The undersigned found it necessary to procure the services of John C. Owings, who understood the Pottawatomie language, as interpreter.. They have given him a certificate of his services, which occupied ten days. Accompanying this Report, are submitted numerous letters, certificates and affidavits, together with a report of the talk held by us with the Indians to which we refer your Excellency for the details of our operations, and for the evidence we have been able to collect, touching the facts adverted to in this Report.
(Signed) SAMUEL WHITESIDES, HIRAM M. CURRY, WM. MOORE, THOS: REYNOLDS, Commissioners
Journal of the Senate of teh Eighth General Assembly of the State of Illinois: at their first session, begun and held in the town of Vandalia December 3, 1832 (Vandalia, Illinois: Greiner & Sherman, 1833), p. 89-92; digital image, Google Books, google.com/books viewed online 13 September 2022.
Not only did I locate the transcription, but I found the images!
Do you have any documents in your files that you do not remember how you learned of their existence? That’s the case with today’s Friday Find.
This document is photocopies of pages from the Illinois Executive Record. According to my handwritten notations on the copies, this was from Volume 1 for the years 1818-1832. I have not been able to locate this source online.
Buried in the photocopies from the 1827 and 1829 pages are two little pieces of information about Hiram M Curry of Peoria County, Illinois
page 149 Vandalia January 5, 1827 Peoria Issued Commissions to Hiram M Curry & Isaac Waters as justices of the Peace for Peoria County
page 211 Vandalia September 2 1829 10 Issued commission to Hiram M Curry Justice of the peace for the County of Peoria
Have you ever encountered a census record where the family had an extra child that you were unaware of? Professional researchers will caution us to not make assumptions from those listed in a household when the relationship is not stated. However, it is very easy to look at that census record and think the household is one family.
My first encounter with a household on the 1850 census record not being a family unit was with the record for Jane Barnes Currey and her children. Jane’s husband, Thomas M. Currey, died in 1848. In 1850, Jane is shown still living in Carroll County, Indiana with the following in her household:
James Currey age 26 and born in Indiana
Elizabeth Currey age 21 and born in Indiana
Amanda Currey age 19 and born in Indiana
Helen Currey age 17 and born in Indiana
Caroline Currey age 8 and born in Indiana
Hiram Currey age 15 and born in Indiana
Catharin Barnes age 15 and born in Indiana
Both James and Hiram have ‘Farm’ listed as their occupation. Based on this one record, it would be easy to assume that Hiram is a member of this family. However, a search of Carroll County Indiana Probate Records uncovers documents that identify the heirs of Thomas M. Currey.
Probate Order Book Carroll County, Indiana Book 2 page 520
May Term 1848 — 3rd Day May 10
Austin C Sheets Administrator of the estate of Thomas M. Curry deceased vs Sarah C Sheets James B Curry Mary I Curry Elizabeth J Curry Easter A Curry Helen M Curry Caroline T Curry
Application to sell land
And now at this time comes the said Administrator by M Allen his atty and files his petition in the words & figures following (insert) praying for a sale of certain real estate therein named and there upon he files in open court an inventory and appraisement of the real estate in the words & figures following (insert) and thereupon the said petitioner files in open court the written consent of the said defendants Sarah C Sheets James B Curry Mary I Currey who are of lawful age [manning] the service of process herein arise consenting that a decree shall be [entered]at the present term of this for the sale of the lands described in said petition and thereupon comes into open court James B Curry who is the guardian of the persons and property of said defendents Elizabeth J Currey Easter A Curry Helen M Curry & Caroline T Curry who are minors under the age of twenty one years and [bears the using] and service of process herein and enters his appearance for the said defendants & minors and consents that proceedings in this cause may be had and the case heard at the present term of this court and thereupon said Administrator now files in open court his additional bond with John Barr his security which is in the words & figures following (insert) which is by the court approved and the court after being fully advised in the [promises use after] having heard the proof, and allegations of the parties It is therefore ordered adjudged by the court now here that the said Thomas M Curry deceased at the time of his was seized in fee simple of the following lands situate in said county of Carroll, State of Indiana to wit The west half of the south west quarter of Section No (26) twenty six Township No (24) twenty four Range No (1) one east Also the East half of the south east quarter of section no (27) twenty seven same township and range and that said decedent at the time of his death held a title bond from Martin Shinn for the south west quarter as the South East quarter of section No (27) twenty seven same Township and Range on which said last mentioned land full payment had been mad by said decendant
page 521 in his lifetime that it is further ordered adjudged and decreed by the court that said Administrator proceed to sell said land at public sale at the court house door in Delphi on the first Monday in June 1848 after having [adm?t?d] the time and place of sale in Carroll express a newspaper of general circulation printed and published in said county and by putting up written notices in the Township where the land is situate according to law that it is further ordered adjudged & Decreed by the court that said Administrator sell the said land on the following terms to wit eight hundred dollars cash in hand and the balance in two equal payments twelve and eighteen months from the day of sale the purchaser giving good free hold security for the payment of said purchase money and it is further ordered that said real estate shall not be sold for less than two thirds of its appraised value after subtracting all loyal incumbrances on the same and it is further ordered ajudged decreed by the court that if said Administrator shall fail to sell said land at public sale as above directed that then he shall proceed to sell the same at private sale to the highest bidder so that the amount shall not be less than two thirds the appraised value thereof after directing incumbrances as aforesaid [and said Administrator as part his proceedings to the next term of this court & this cause is continued.
Indiana, Carroll County. Probate Records, 1829-1913; indexes, 1844-1891. Film #2200813 DGS 7708858. Petition to sell Thomas Currey’s land, 10 May 1848 Vol. 2: page 520-521; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed before 2016.
Hiram Currey is missing from the probate document. That combined with the fact that he is listed after the other Currey children would suggest that he is NOT a child in this family. Without the probate record, I would likely have assumed that 15 year old Hiram was a child of Jane Currey.
Thus, I’m thankful that other researchers taught me to look beyond a single record and to collect as much information as I can on each member of a family.
4. Leon Russel Crawford-9785: born 6 February 1894 in Newton, Harvey, Kansas, United States; married 24 December 1919 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States; died 3 October 1976 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
5. Winnie Letha Currey-9786: born 30 June 1903 in Lansing, Leavenworth, Kansas, United States; died 11 February 1992 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
6. Edward Osmond Briles-9795: born 21 June 1891 in Burlington, Coffey, Kansas, United States; married 29 October 1915 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States; died 28 May 1956 in Emporia, Lyon, Kansas, United States.
7. Pauline Edith Mentzer-9796: born 28 March 1896 in Woodson, Kansas, United States; died 16 July 1984 in Emporia, Lyon, Kansas, United States.
8. Judson Foster Crawford-177: born 15 April 1866 in Warren, Indiana, United States; married 24 December 1890 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States; died 19 February 1949 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
9. Josie Winifred Hammond-178: born 9 February 1874 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States; died 27 September 1954 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
10. Hiram Miles Currey-502: born 23 October 1866 in Missouri, United States; married 13 May 1891 in Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri, United States; died 15 September 1943 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
11. Winifred Mae “Winnie” Hutchinson-503: born 6 May 1871 in Osage, Mitchell, Iowa, United States; died 23 September 1913 in Olathe, Johnson, Kansas, United States.
12. Edward Grant Briles-2065: born 18 July 1869 in Coffey, Kansas, United States; married 19 February 1890 in Woodson, Kansas, United States; died 23 July 1951 in St. Mary’s Hospital, Emporia, Lyon, Kansas, United States.
13. Frances Artlissa “Artie” Ricketts-2707: born 7 April 1868 in Clinton, Indiana, United States; died 28 April 1947 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.
14. Charles Oliver Mentzer-1709: born 1 July 1869 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States; married 18 October 1893 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States; died 15 August 1955 in Newman Hospital, Emporia, Lyon, Kansas, United States.
15. Nettie Adell Wells-1710: born 5 February 1873 in Woodson, Kansas, United States; died 9 February 1939 in Neosho Falls, Woodson, Kansas, United States.
16. Washington Marion Crawford-190: born 21 April 1838 in Warren, Indiana, United States; married 4 March 1860 in West Lebanon, Warren, Indiana, United States; died 23 August 1889 in Fort Dodge, Ford, Kansas, United States.
17. Mary Foster-191: born 28 August 1842 in West Lebanon, Warren, Indiana, United States; died 21 January 1929 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
18. Richmond Fisk Hammond-221: born 20 November 1840 in Licking, Ohio, United States; married 1 January 1867 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States; died 8 April 1928 in Soldier’s Home, Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States.
19. Sarah Ellen Ralston-222: born 11 May 1849 in Armstrong, Pennsylvania, United States; died 18 October 1892 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.
20. Hiram M. Currey-515: born 13 August 1835 in Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, United States; married 3 August 1856 in Weston, Platte, Missouri, United States; died 2 March 1901 in Lansing, Leavenworth, Kansas, United States.
21. Angelina Jane Burke-516: born 30 October 1836 in Kentucky, United States; died 26 March 1901 in Lansing, Leavenworth, Kansas, United States.
22. Albert Hutchinson-520: born about 1838 in Northhampton, Fulton County, New York; married 14 September 1859 in Black Hawk, Iowa, United States; died 22 July 1896 in Doniphan, Doniphan, Kansas, United States.
23. Julia Harding-521: born 1840 in New Brunswick, Canada; died 4 January 1892 in Doniphan, Doniphan, Kansas, United States.
24. Noah Washington Briles-2055: born 1840 in Randolph, North Carolina, United States; married 9 August 1866 in Ottumwa, Wapello, Iowa, United States; died 14 July 1879 in Coffey, Kansas, United States.
25. Sarah Jane Thompson-2056: born 7 August 1843 in Warrick, Indiana, United States; died 17 August 1930 in Neosho Township, Coffey, Kansas, United States.
26. James Marshall Ricketts-2733: born 28 November 1847 in Clinton, Indiana, United States; married 12 July 1866 in Frankfort, Clinton, Indiana, United States; died 28 November 1920 in Liberty Township, Woodson, Kansas, United States.
27. Rachel Elmeda Christy-2734: born 28 April 1845 in Clinton, Indiana, United States; died 27 January 1927 in Iola, Allen, Kansas, United States.
28. George Mentzer-1694: born 12 June 1838 in Stow, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States; married 1 January 1868 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States; died 19 January 1912 in Yates Center, Woodson, Kansas, United States.
29. Emeline Minnick-1695: born 26 August 1848 in Pittsburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania; died 13 September 1927 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.
30. Thurston Kennedy Wells-1701: born 26 February 1821 in Sullivan, Madison, New York, United States; married 20 March 1861 in Van Buren, Iowa, United States; died 3 June 1893 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.
31. Salome Adell Crandall-1702: born 24 June 1836 in Ohio, Kentucky, United States; died 30 August 1893 in Woodson, Kansas, United States.
32. Nelson G. Crawford-199: born 17 October 1808 in Preble, Ohio, United States; married 3 September 1833 in Warren, Indiana, United States; died 21 March 1864 in Warren, Indiana, United States.
33. Martha Smith-200: born 3 August 1815 in Indiana, United States; died 1 August 1871 in Warren, Indiana, United States.
34. Zebulon Foster-214: born 19 August 1808 in Pike, Ohio, United States; married 14 February 1833 in Pike, Ohio, United States; died 5 September 1889 in Warren, Indiana, United States.
35. Caroline Ostrander-215: born 23 March 1814 in Ross, Ohio, United States; died 3 June 1871 in Warren, Indiana, United States.
36. Horatio Hammond-223: born 24 October 1798 in Connecticut, United States; married 14 April 1825 in Medina, Medina, Ohio, United States; died 7 November 1879 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.
37. Louisa Fisk-224: born 5 August 1806 in Watertown, Jefferson, New York, United States; died 17 August 1874 in Ontario, Knox, Illinois, United States.
38. James Barr Ralston-1232: born 20 December 1811 in Pennsylvania, United States; married about 1836 in Armstrong, Pennsylvania, United States; died 4 July 1904 in Grundy, Iowa, United States.
39. Nancy Jane McCormick-1233: born 15 October 1818 in Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, United States; died 3 November 1907 in Grundy, Iowa, United States.
40. Hiram M. Currey-517: born about 1787; married 28 September 1824 in Edgar, Edgar, Illinois, United States.
41. Rachel Harris-1278: died before 28 March 1842.
42. Henry F. Burke-518: born 30 April 1811; married 22 October 1835 in Monroe, Kentucky, United States; died 30 October 1845 in Weston, Platte, Missouri, United States.
43. Elizabeth Ann Bland-519: born 25 December 1813; died before 5 May 1876 in Platte City, Platte, Missouri, United States.
44. Aaron Hutchinson-10394: born 1803 in Smyrna, Chenango County New York; died 28 March 1837 in New York, New York, United States.
45. Sarah Merry-10395: born 1813; died 6 March 1845 in New York, New York, United States.
46. William Gillies Harding-560: born about 1803 in New Brunswick, Canada; married 16 September 1830 in Westfield Parish, Kings, New Brunswick; died 15 August 1865 in Mount Vernon Township, Black Hawk, Iowa, United States.
47. Elizabeth Fowler-10029: born 1804 in Westfield Parish, Kings, New Brunswick; died 29 January 1846 in Westfield Parish, Kings, New Brunswick.
48. Alexander Briles-2059: born 14 March 1817 in North Carolina, United States; married 2 August 1836 in Randolph, North Carolina, United States; died 14 January 1900 in Neosho Township, Coffey, Kansas, United States.
49. Sarah Rush-2060: born 1816 in North Carolina, United States; died 2 September 1872 in Coffey, Kansas, United States.
50. William Taylor Thompson-2064: born 29 December 1820 in Ohio, Kentucky, United States; married 30 October 1842 in Warrick, Indiana, United States; died 12 September 1898.
51. Polly Ann Evans-4511: born 25 July 1821 in Indiana, United States; died 14 April 1896 in Wapello, Louisa, Iowa, United States.
52. John Lewis Ricketts-2735: born 22 November 1812 in Fleming, Kentucky, United States; married 3 December 1846 in Clinton, Indiana, United States; died 23 December 1888 in Clinton, Indiana, United States.
53. Orilda Matilda Reed-2736: born 20 January 1828 in Jennings, Indiana, United States; died 28 June 1900 in Clinton, Indiana, United States.
54. Samuel Christy-7734: born 11 September 1819 in Indiana, United States; married 3 March 1842 in Fayette, Ohio, United States; died 24 March 1904 in Clinton, Indiana, United States.
55. Lyda Gallimore-7735: born 25 March 1824 in Ohio, Kentucky, United States; died 1 February 1864 in Clinton, Indiana, United States.
56. Phillip Andrew Mentzer-1697: born about March 1793; married 23 May 1816; died 19 December 1845 in Stow, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States.
57. Orinda Miles-1698: born 14 January 1798 in Gardner, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States; died 18 October 1861 in Stow, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States.
58. John Minnick-1696: born 22 June 1822 in Pennsylvania, United States; married before 1850; died 21 April 1903 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.
59. Elizabeth Mary Jones-1806: born about 1816 in Pennsylvania, United States; died 20 July 1869 in Kewanee, Henry, Illinois, United States.
60. Ozias Wells-1833: born 15 May 1796 in Northampton, Fulton County, New York; married 18 March 1818 in Sullivan, Madison, New York, United States; died 5 August 1832 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, United States.
61. Mary Kennedy-1834: born 21 February 1799 in Halfmoon, Saratoga, New York, United States; died 23 March 1885 in Kalamo, Eaton, Michigan, United States.
62. Lewis Crandall-1796: born 19 August 1807 in prob Genesee County, New York; married; died March 1852 in Van Buren, Iowa, United States.
63. Almira Nafus-4939: died before 1846.
64. James Crawford-219: born 17 April 1772 in Virginia, British Colonial America; married 12 September 1799 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States; died 5 July 1854 in Preble, Ohio, United States.
65. Sarah “Sally” Smith-1441: born 25 February 1770 in Virginia, United States; died 2 May 1856 in Preble, Ohio, United States.
66. _____ Smith-5399: married.
67. Hannah _____-5398: born 24 September 1790; died 10 May 1847 in Warren, Indiana, United States.
68. Richard Foster-216: born 1 July 1779 in Maryland, United States; married 26 February 1801 in Frederick, Maryland, United States; died 7 June 1831 in Pike, Ohio, United States.
69. Rachel Browning-217: born 17 June 1780 in Maryland, United States; died 23 March 1858 in Pike, Ohio, United States.
70. Dr. Edward Ostrander-5427: born 22 November 1769 in Troy, Rensselaer, New York, United States; married 1796 in New York, New York, United States; died after 3 May 1835 in Kingston, Ross, Ohio, United States.
71. Margaret Forbes-5428: born 30 May 1772 in Rensselaer, Rensselaer, New York, United States; died 8 August 1824 in Green Township, Ohio.
72. Jason Hammond-226: born 1 February 1762 in Bolton, Tolland, Connecticut, United States; married 24 April 1788 in Glastonbury, Hartford, Connecticut, United States; died 21 September 1830 in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.
73. Rachel Hale-227: born 11 December 1758 in Glastonbury, Hartford, Connecticut, United States; died 11 November 1842 in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.
74. Jonathan Fisk-225: born 3 September 1780; married; died 9 April 1857 in New York, United States.
75. Mary Arnold-7772: born 1778; died 24 October 1862 in Ontario Township, Knox, Illinois, United States.
76. David Franklin Ralston-9086: born 28 October 1785 in Ireland; married 1810 in Worthing, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania; died 28 March 1862 in Armstrong, Pennsylvania, United States.
77. Hannah Barr-9087: born 21 July 1779; died 1 August 1861.
78. James B McCormick-9772: born 1785; married 1812; died 14 October 1839.
79. Sarah Hall-10438: born 1790; died 1844.
80. Hiram Mirick Currey-1363: born in England, United Kingdom; married.
81. Sarah Reagan-1511: died 2 December 1820 in Worthington, Franklin, Ohio, United States.
82. Peter Harris-10846: married 23 April 1801 in Henry, Kentucky, United States.
83. Rachel Simonse VanArsdale-16331.
84. John Burke-10238: born 1783 in James River, Tidewater County, Virginia; married in Virginia, United States; died 1842 in Jackson, Tennessee, United States.
85. Elizabeth Graves-10304: born 1786 in Halifax, Halifax, Virginia, United States; died 1831 in War Trace Creek, Jackson County, Tennessee.
86. Eli Bland-581: married; died 1826 in New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
87. Sarah Susan Anderson-582.
88. Aaron Hutchinson-10396: born 1767 in New London, New London, Connecticut, United States; died 22 May 1833 in Caledonia, Livingston, New York, United States.
89. Hannah Nettleton-10397: born 1764; died 21 February 1846 in Caledonia, Livingston, New York, United States.
90. Whiting Merry-16337: born 4 June 1781 in Kinderhook, Columbia, New York; married; died 26 May 1841 in Mumford, Monroe, New York, United States.
91. Elizabeth Peabody-16340: born 5 March 1783 in Maugerville, Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada; died 12 March 1816.
92. William Harding-10036: born 16 June 1772; married 8 August 1793; died 1847 in Long Beach, New Brunswick.
93. Elizabeth Flewelling-10037: born 1772.
94. Thomas Fowler-16345: born 1785; died 1877.
96. John Briles-2057: born 27 October 1775; married 1795; died before November 1855 in Randolph, North Carolina, United States.
97. Nancy Ann Beckerdite-2058: died before 1840 in Randolph, North Carolina, United States.
98. Noah Rush-2393: born 9 January 1778 in Randolph, North Carolina, United States; married; died 6 May 1870 in Randolph, North Carolina, United States.
99. Sarah Clark-2402: born 1790.
100. John Thompson-4601: born 4 March 1797 in Kentucky, United States; married 1 February 1820 in Ohio, Kentucky, United States; died 14 August 1857 in Adams, Iowa, United States.
101. Sarah Iglehart-4600: born 24 March 1800 in Maryland, United States; died 5 February 1877 in Adams, Iowa, United States.
102. James Evans-8272: born 1793 in Kentucky, United States; married 18 August 1818 in Warrick, Indiana, United States; died.
103. Sarah (Sally) Garret-8273: born 1801; died 2 October 1871.
104. Edward Ricketts-2746: born about 1787 in Pennsylvania, United States; married 1 November 1810 in Fleming, Kentucky, United States; died 8 September 1838 in Rush, Indiana, United States.
105. Sarah Story-2747: born 28 December 1789 in Bryant, Franklin, Kentucky, United States; died 3 August 1854 in Rush, Indiana, United States.
106. John C. Reed-5748: born about 1800 in New York, New York, United States; married 9 December 1822 in Jennings, Indiana, United States; died 18 August 1864 in Memphis, Shelby, Tennessee, United States.
107. Mary Buckles-5749: born 6 December 1792 in Shepardstown, Berkely County, Virginia (now West Virginia); died 14 February 1867 in Berlin, Clinton County, Indiana.
108. Ebenezer Christy-13075: born 1784 in Virginia, United States; died 1837 in Fayette, Ohio, United States.
109. Rachel Elizabeth Dawson-13076: born 1803; died 1881.
110. Isom Gallimore-8849: born 1799 in North Carolina, United States; married; died 3 March 1859.
111. Judith Bentley-8850.
112. Phillip Andre Mentzer-6243: married 8 July 1792 in Hollis Street Church, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States; died 1801 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States.
113. Isabella Motes-6244.
114. Oliver Miles-1699: born 27 September 1772 in Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States; married 27 January 1796 in Leominster, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States; died 12 December 1855.
115. Sarah Joslin-1700.
116. Adam Minick-6634.
117. Esther Elisabetha Schiedel-16364: born 1801; died 1888.
118. Henry Jones-16365: born 1785; died 1826.
119. Catherine Bovey-16366: born 1786; died 1842.
120. Green Wells-4795: born 24 September 1764 in Rhode Island, United States; married 11 February 1789 in Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States; died 13 December 1845 in Barre, Orleans County, New York.
121. Abigail White-4813: born 24 September 1770 in Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States; died 30 July 1852 in Barre, Orleans County, New York.
122. John Kennedy-4796: born 1 February 1767 in Volentown; married; died 28 August 1831 in Sullivan, Madison, New York, United States.
123. Anna Barnes-4842: born 28 April 1775 in Williamstown; died 17 February 1820 in Sullivan, Madison, New York, United States.
124. Hampton Lillibridge Crandall-4934: born 1778 in RI or CT; married about 1805 in prob Genesee County, New York; died 1 January 1863 in Bentonsport, Van Buren, Iowa, United States.
125. Freelove Butler-4935: born about 1780 in prob CT; died after 1840 in Bentonsport, Van Buren, Iowa, United States.
126. William S. Nafus-16367: born 1774; died 1850.
127. Salome Carpenter-16368: born 1775; died 1837.