Edward Crawford Deed

Is Edward Crawford of Overton, Tennessee a brother to James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio? Is he the same Edward Crawford shown in the 1896 tax list for Garrard County, KY. To answer either of these questions, I need to learn more about Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee. Since I’m looking for a source tying two locations together, I’m starting with deeds.

Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee purchased land in 1807 from Thomas Dillen.

Overton County, Tennessee
Deeds

Deeds, V. A-C 1801-1813
FamilySearch Film 981131 DGS 7903546

Crawford Edward (grantee) from Thomas Dillon Book B page 13

In Column: Original Book B page 14 &c

Thomas Dillen
To Deed 300 acres on
waters of Obed’s river
Edward Crawford

This Indenture, made the fourteenth
day of November, in the year one
thousand eight hundred and
seven between Thomas Dillen
of the County of Davidson and
State of Tennessee of Te one part and Edward Craw-
ford of the County of Overton and State aforesaid of
the other part, Witnesseth: That the said Thomas
Dillen for and in consideration of the sum of four
hundred dollars, to him in hand paid, the receipt
whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath and by these
presents doth grant, bargain, sell, alien, enscoss
and confirm unto the said Edward Crawford, his
heirs and assigns forever, a certain tract of
parcel of land containing three hundred acres,
lying and being in the County of Overton, on the
waters of Obed’s river, one prong of Cumberland river,
on a north side of a creek called the Nettle Corner’s,
joining the north side of Jacob Beason’s line, beg-
inning on Jacob Beason’s northwest corner, on two
post oaks; thence east along said Beason’s line
926 poles to two black oaks; thence north, 65 1/2 E
100 poles to a white oak; thence north 160 poles to
a black oak and post oak; thence west 200 poles
to a black oak; thence south, 45 W, 43 poles to
a stake and from thence South 16 1/2 E 226 poles
to the beginning 300 acres more or less with all and
singular, the woods waters, water courses, profits,
commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances
whatsoever to the said tract of land belonging or
appertaining, and the reversion and reversions,
remainder and remainders, rents and issues
thereof, and all the estate, right, tittles, interest,
property, claims and demand of him the said
Thomas Dillen, his heirs and assigns forever,
of, in and to the same, and every part or parcel
thereof, either in law or equity, to have and to
hold the said 300 hundred acres of land, with
the appurtenances, unto the said Edward Crawford

page 14

his heirs and assigns forever, against the lawful title,
claim and demand of all and every person or
persons whatsoever will warrant and forever
defend by these presents.
In witness whereof, the said Thomas Dillen hath
hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year
above written.
Thomas Dillen (seal)
Signed sealed and delivered
in the presence of
Early Allison
John McDonald

State of Tennessee
Winchester District
October Term 1808
I Archibald W. Overton, clerk of the
Superior Court of law for the district aforsaid, do
hereby certify that Thomas Dillen appeared in open
court and acknowledged the due execution of
the within deed, and was ordered to be registered.
Let it be registered. Ar. W. Overton Clk.

Registered &c 29th May, 1809.

Curious as to what this parcel of land looked like, I entered the description into Deed Mapper.

And I got an open plot. I’ve double-checked the text in Deed Mapper against the image of the deed and don’t believe I’ve made a mistake in the transfer of the information. However, the resulting plot is not for 300 acres and is still open.

To figure out this deed, I will need to locate other deeds or maps showing various deed from the time period. Maybe I’ll even be lucky enough to find someone entering Overton County TN deeds into Deed Mapper’s online collection.

Using Land to Verify Heirs

ne of the challenges I regularly face when researching my Crawford brick wall is trying to verify the identity of a James Crawford. That is the case with my attempt to rule out David Crawford of Barren County, KY as the father of my ancestor, James Crawford.

The 1812 will of David Crawford indicates he had a son named James, James Fisher Crawford to be exact. I believe that the James F Crawford in the 1860 and 1870 census records is this same James Crawford.

Unfortunately, I haven’t found a record that clearly proves that the James Crawford in the census record is the same James Crawford in the will. However, I have found three land records that may provide supporting evidence. One is a partition of land by the sons of James F Crawford.

Another deed is the purchase of land by the ‘Heirs of David Crawford.’ The third deed is the sale of land by Polly Crawford to James Crawford. I believe the partition deed is referencing the land from these other two deeds.

Overlaying the two images shows that the land descriptions are not an exact match. However, I believe they are close enough to consider the possibility that they reference the same land.

Below are the deeds involved in this study:

1828 Deed  Herod Bybee to Heirs of David Crawford

Barren County, Kentucky
Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935
Vols. L-M 1826-1833
FS Film 209725 DGS 7899154

1828 Crawford heirs David Herod Bybee Deed Book L page 298 tract on Beaver Creek

Image 156

Page 298

This Indenture made and entered into this 18th day of July 1828 between Herod
Bybee of the one part and and the heirs and Devisees of David Crawford deceased
of the other part all of Barren County and State of Kentucky Witnesseth that the
said Herod Bybee for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars
the payment whereof is hereby acknowledged hath bargained and sold and by these
presents doth bargain sell alien and convey unto the said heirs and devisees of
David Crawford Deceased a certain tract or parcel of land situate in the
County aforesaid on the waters of the [links] of Beaver Creek and bounded as follows
to wit Beginning on a red Oak the North West corner of a 200 acre survey
the name of John Bybee thence South 11 east 159 Poles to two hickories on Levi
Hollonworths line thence with his line South 78 East 128 poles to a Sasafras and
Sycamore thence North 12 west 198 poles to a red and post oak thence south 88 west
93 poles to the beginning to have and to hold unto the said heirs and devisees
of David Crawford deceased the aforesaid tract of land with all & singular the
appurtenances tot hem and their heirs forever and the said Herod Bybee doth
covenant and agree to warrant and defend the title of said tract of land unto the
said heirs & devisees of David Crawford deceased against the claims of all manner
of persons whatsoever In testimony whereof the said Herod Bybee hath herewith
set his hand and seal the day and date above written.
Herod Bybee

Barren County Kentucky, to wit
I William Logan Clerk of the County Court for the County aforesaid do certify that
that the foregoing deed of conveyance from Herod Bybee to the heirs and Devisees
of David Crawford deceased was acknowledge before me by the said  Herod Bybee
to be his act and deed, whereupon the aforesaid deed of conveyance and this certificate
hath been duly admited to record in m office this 18th day of July 1828
Test DWL

1842 Deed Polly Crawford to James F Crawford

Barren County Kentucky
Land Records

Vol. P-Q, 1838-1842
FS Film 209727 DGS 8568124

1842 Crawford Polly to James F Crawford Deed Q page 392 dated 1841 110 A Beaver Cr

This Indenture made this third day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and forty one between Polly Crawford of the County of Barren
Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and James F Crawford of the 
County and Commonwealth aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the
said Polly Crawford for and in consideration of one hundred & [twenty] dollars 
in hand paid the receipt whereof hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained
& sold and by these presents doth grant bargain & sell unto the said James F
Crawford his heirs and assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate & lying
in the County Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Beaver Creek &
bounded as follows to wit beginning on H Dickson SE corner two Spanish Oaks
thence N23E 50 poles to two black oaks thence S 81 W 100 poles to a stake
thence South 44 poles to a stone thence S 80 W 121 poles to a forked chestnut
thence S 70 E 12 poles to two chestnuts Wm Bells N w corner thence with his
line S 66 E 220 poles to a stake thence to the beginning containing one
hundred & ten acres be the same more or less together with all & singular
the appurtenances thereunto belonging [or] any wise appurtenances to have
and to hold the land hereby conveyed with the appurtenances unto the said
James F Crawford his heirs and assigns forever and the said Polly Crawford
for herself her heirs executors and administrators the aforesaid tract of
land and appurtenance unto the said James F Crawford his heirs or

page 393

assigns against the claim or claims of all & every person or persons whatsoever
claiming by through or under her the said Polly Crawford but from no
other person in witness whereof the said Polly Crawford hath hereunto
set her hand the day & date first above written
Polly (her mark) Crawford
Signed Sealed & delivered in
presence of
S Anderson
Thomas Lo[v]e
State of Kentucky, Barren County
I Thomas J Helm Clerk of the county Court for said county certify that
the deed from Polly Crawford to James F Crawford [was] on this day
proven before me by the oath of Samuel Anderson & Thomas Love
subscribing witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of said polly Crawford
whereupon the same & this certificate has been recorded in my office
Given under my hand the 21 day of March 1842
Thos J Helm BCC

1878 Deed of Partition

Barren County Kentucky
Deeds
Vols. 12-14 1875-1880
FS Film 469203 DGS 8150775

1878 Crawford David M & MB to WT & Mary J Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 127 A Beaver Cr
1878 Crawford Mary J W T to D M & M B Crawford D of D book 13 page 103 1876 87 A Beaver Creek

Vol 13 starts on image 336
page 103 on image 388

Crawford to Crawford
This deed of partition made and entered into this 14th day
of January 1876 between Wm Crawford & Mary J Crawford and
D M Crawford all of the county of Barren and State of Kentucky
Witnesseth that whereas we are the joint owners of a certain
tract of land in the county and state aforesaid and on the
waters of Beaver Creek, we have this day divided said tract
of land and the said D M Crawford takes the following
boundary: Beginning at a stone running thence N 11 1/2 W 50 1/2 
poles to a post oak, thence N 19 3/4 E 72 poles to a Gum and
persimmon thence S 81 1/4 W 108 1/4 poles to a stone, thence
S 2 W 60 3/4 poles to a stone thence S 83 1/2 W 101 3/4 poles to
a double chestnut thence S 64 E 109 poles to a chestnut
thence N 79 1/2 E 100 1/4 poles to the beginning containing
87 acres
and the said W T Crawford & Mary Crawford the re-
mainder which is bounded as follows to wit: Begin
ning at a stone on the South side of a road, running
thence N 7 3/4 W 194 poles to a black oak thence West 93
poles to a stone thence with the dividing line S 79 1/2
W 100 1/4 poles to a chestnut thence S 64 E 116 poles to a post
oak, thence S 9 E 14 poles to a stone, thence S 3 1/2 W 23 poles
to a stone thence S 40 W 46 poles to a stone in Johnsons
line the lines and corners from the above post oak to
Johnson line were made by an agreement between
us and Nickols) thence S 67 E 37 1/2 poles to a Stake and 
pole north of a fur thence S 71 E 103 1/2 poles to the
beginning containing 127 acres and we hereby war-
rant the same reciprocally free from all claims with 
covenant of General warranty. Given under our hands
this 17th day of January 1876
W T Crawford
Mary J Crawford
David M Crawford
M B Crawford
State of Kentucky
Barren County
I W W Franklin clerk of the county court
for said county hereby certify that the foregoing joint
deed between W T Crawford & D M Crawford was acknowl
edged before J m Renfro an acting deputy for J P Nackols
former clerk of the court by all the parties thereto to be 

page 104

their act and deed as appears by his endorsement
thereon as follows “1846 January 26” acknowledged by
W T Crawford & Mary J Crawford, D M Crawford and his
wife M B Crawford J M Renfro DC for J P Nuckols
B C C “ and on the 7th day of June 1878 siad deed was
filed for record whereupon the same and this certificate
have been recorded.
Given under my hand this 17th day of Jun 1878
W W Franklin CBCC
by H C Crunshan DC

David Crawford to Kinson

I found the following deed in Barren County for a James Crawford and his wife, Patsy. This James Crawford was living in Montgomery County, Ohio in 1806. I currently do not know anything about this James Crawford.

Vols. Before A 1798-1807 Vol. A 1799-1899
FS Film 209719 DGS 7899149

Vol. A page 277 Image 270

Page 277
Crawford to Kinson

This Indenture made this 29th
day of August in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and six between James
Crawford and Patsy his wife of the County of
Montgomery and State of Ohio of he one part and
Peter Kinson of he County of Wythe and State of
Virginia of he other part witnesseth that the said
James and Patsy his wife in consideration of the
sum of two hundred dollars to them in hand
paid, before the insealing and delivery of these
presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowled
ged have bargained and sold and by these presents
do bargain and sell unto the said Peter his heirs
and Assigns a certain tract or parcel of land
containing one hundred acres by survey lying &
being in the County of Wythe on the waters of
Cripple Creek and bounded s followeth: to wit,
Beginning at a white oak in a line of Peter
Colheps and Frederick Branstetter thence S 25 degrees E
38 poles between a black and white Oaks S 47 degrees W 18
poles to a double white Oak caplin S 77 degrees W 40 poles
to two white oak saplins S 52 degrees West 82 poles to a spa-
nish oak N 80 degrees W 58 poles to a white oak S 57 degrees W 44 poles
to two large white Oaks N 47 degrees W 50 poles to two white
Oaks thence N 71 degrees E 268 poles to the Beginning
To have and to hold the said parcel of land with

page 278

all and singular its appurtenances unto the sd
Peter Kinson his Heirs and Assigns forever and
the said James & Patsey his wife for themselves
and their heirs the said tract of Land with the
appurtenances unto the said Peter his heirs &
assigns free from the claim or claims of them
and their heirs and all and every person or persons
whatsoever shall and will warrant and forever defend
by these presents In witness whereof the said
James Crawford and Patsey his wife have here
unto set their hands and seals the day and year
first above written.
James Crawford
Patsey Crawford

Signed Sealed and Delivered
in presence of
W Logan ACopy Teste
W Logan Clk

Barren County To wit August the 30th
This Indenture was acknowledged by the within
named James Crawford to be his Act and
Deed and a Copy thereof was admited to
Record in my Office & Certified to be Recorded
in Wythe County
Teste W Logan Clk

Rebecca’s Land

Have you ever found you have attributed a record to the wrong person? Unfortunately, with same name research that can happen too easily.

As I was transcribing deeds that I thought were for James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford of Garrard County, Kentucky, I began to question whether these deeds were for this James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford.

There were some clues in the deeds that should have led me to a different James Crawford.

The first clue was the signatures. Rebecca’s name was above James’.

There was another clue within the deed. Instead of saying, James Crawford and his wife, Rebecca, the deed said Rebecca and James Crawford.

The third clue wasn’t as obvious: Rebecca and James Crawford were living in Barren County, Kentucky.

As I was transcribing the deed, I began to wonder if this was a deed for the widow Rebecca Crawford. Based on marriage records, it has been theorized that this Rebecca Crawford was the mother of the James Crawford that married Martha Knight. James and Martha did own land in Barren County, Kentucky.

When I plotted the deed on Deed Mapper and compared it to the plot of land Rebecca Crawford purchased from George Douglas, I could lay one deed on top of the other.

Even though the deeds looked like they were for the same piece of land, there was one major discrepancy — or at least I thought there was. The Crawford to Aldridge deed referenced the Myers pre-emption. I was under the impression that the land Rebecca Crawford purchased from George Doulgass was part of the Douglass survey. 

So, I started searching the Lincoln County, KY grantor index for the sale of land by Jacob Myers. That’s when I found that Jacob Myers sold land to George Douglass! The description of the land placed it on Sugar Creek and Boons Mill Creek matching the description of the land sold by George Douglass to Rebecca Crawford. 

In Deed Mapper, Rebecca Crawford’s deed can be laid over the George Douglas purchase.

Thus, I think the Garrard County Kentucky deed showing the sale of land by Rebecca and James Crawford to James Aldridge is for the same piece of land purchased by Rebecca Crawford from George Douglass. I believe this Rebecca Crawford is the widow shown in the tax records for Lincoln County, KY.

Thus, I had the deed attached to the wrong James and Rebecca Crawford!

__________________________

Garrard County Kentucky
Deed book A
page 602

This indenture made this 27th day of September Anno Dom
1804 between Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford of the county
of Barren and Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and
James Aldridge of the county of Garrard and Commonwealth
aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said Rebecca &
James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred an
eighty eight pounds current money of Kentucky to them in hand paid
the receipt they do hereby acknowledge and for themselves their heirs
do freely clearly and absolutely bargain and sell unto the aforesaid
James Aldridge and unto his heirs and assigns forever
One certain tract or parcel of land containing by survey ninety nine
acres situate lying and being in the county of Garrard an on
the dividing ridge between Boons Mill Seat Creek and Sugar Creek and is
bounded as follows to wit Beginning at a sugar tree and Iron Wood
on the Hickman Road thence N 36 E 240 poles to a stone from thence
N54W 70 poles to two sugar trees from thence S 35W 230 poles to a Buck
and sugar tree on the South side of the Hickman Road from thence
with the meanders on the road to a large black walnut standing
near the same on the south side from thence S 54E 6 poles to the beginning
with its appertainances to him the said James Aldridge and unto his
heirs and assigns forever. to have and to hold the said ninety nine
acres of land with all and every of its rights members and appertain
ances unto him the said James Aldridge and unto his heirs & assigns
forever and the said Rebecca and James Crawford for them selves
and their heirs do and shall and will by these presents warrant
and defend the title of the afore said tract of land & premises
against the claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever that
shall or may here after claim the same unto the afore said James
Aldridge and unto his heirs and assigns forever. In testimony
whereof the said Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford have
here unto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and
year first above written

Rebecca (her mark) Crawford seal
James Crawford seal

Signed Sealed and
delivered in the presence of

This indenture of bargain and sale from Rebecca Crawford and
James Aldridge was acknowledge din my office
the 26 of Sept 1804 and is admitted to record
Teste
Benj Letcher CeCC
_

___________________________

Lincoln County Kentucky
Deed Book A

Pages 225-227

page 225 (image 123)

Myers to Douglass
This Indenture made this sixteenth day of May Anno
Dom One thousand seven hundred and eighty six between
Jacob Myers of the county of Lincoln of the one part and George
Douglass of the same county of the other part Witnesseth
that the said Jacob Myers for and in Consideration of the sum
of five hundred pounds current money of Virginia to him in
hand paid the receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge
hath granted sold aliened [enpossed] and confirmed and by
these presents the said Jacob Myers for himself and his heirs
do freely clearly and absolutely grant sell alien [enposs] and
confirm unto the said George Douglass and unto his heirs &
assigns forever a certain tract or parcel of land con
taining by survey five hundred acres situate lying &

page 226
being in Lincoln County on the Waters of Boons Mill Creek
and Sugar Creek, and is bounded s follows viz Beginning
at a sugar and two beech trees the South west corner of said
Jacob Myers preemption as asssignee of Edward Davis from
thence North thirty six degrees east two hundred and thirty
one poles to a beach sugar and ash trees the North west cor
ner of said pre-emption from thence south fifty four de
grees East three hundred and forty seven poles to a beech and
two sugar trees from thence south thirty six degrees west
two hundred and thirty one poles to a beach and sugar tree
from thence North fifty four degrees west three hundred &
forty seven poles to the beginning with all woods and under
woods water and water courses there unto belonging or in
any wise appertaining unto the same with the reversion &
reversions remainder and Remainders rents [isoues]
and profits of all and singular the said Land and premises
to him the said George Douglass and to his heirs and
assigns forever to have and to hold the said five
hundred acres of land (be the same more or less and all and
ever of its rites members and appertenances unto the said
George Douglass and to his heirs and assigns forever and the
said Jacob Myers for himself and his heirs do freely
clearly and absolutely give up all right title interest
claim and demand whatever he has unto the aforesaid
land and premises before mentioned unto George Douglass
and unto his heirs and assigns forever and the said Jacob
Myers for himself and his heirs do and shall and will forever
warrant and defend the title of the aforesaid five hun
dred acres of land and premises and by these presents will
forever warrant and defend the the same against any person
or persons that shall or may hereafter claim the same
unto the aforesaid George Douglass and unto his heirs and assigns

page 227 (image 124)
assigns forever. In witness whereof the said Jacob
Myers hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal
the day and year above written.
Jacob Myers SS
Signed Sealed & delivered
in Presence of
John Bryant
William Henry
Andrew Lynam

Received this 16th day of May 1786 of Mr George
Douglass five hundred pounds current money of
Virginia. It being the full demand for the within men
tioned land and premises recd fr me
Jacob Myers
Test
John Bryant
William Henry
At a court held for Lincoln County the 16th day of
May 1786 this indenture was acknowledged by the
said Jacob Myers to be his act and deed and ordered to be
recorded

John Crawford of Lincoln County Kentucky

Do you ever go back thru your research (think Thomas MacEntee’s Genealogy Do-Over) and find a potential family member living nearby whom you have never researched?

Well, that happened to me when I was researching Rebekah Crawford in the tax records for Lincoln County. That’s where I found John Crawford.

  • 1787 Crofford John – 4 horses, 4 cattle
  • 1789 Crawford John – 5 horses
  • 1790 Crawford John – 4 horses
  • 1791 Crawford John – 4 horses
  • 1792 Crawford John – 5 horses, 17 cattle and 913 acres

The tax entry for 1795 included the watercourse for the land. John Crawford land was on Hanging Fork.

Since John Crawford wasn’t listed in the same tax book as Rebekah Crawford, I assumed that his land was further West. However, a Google search for Hanging Fork Kentucky proved me wrong.

Hanging Fork Creek is straight West of Lancaster, Kentucky (county seat of Garrard County). Rebekah Crawford’s land is across the Dix River to the North and slightly East of Hanging Fork Creek. Mary Crawford’s land is to the Northeast of Lancaster. James and William Crawford had land transactions with the Kennedy’s. The Kennedy land is in the Southeast corner of Garrard County. 

John Crawford first appears in the indexes for Lincoln County, Kentucky deeds selling land. Thus, I needed to search the early Kentucky land records to find his purchase of land. 

Since I recently watched the Legacy Family Tree Webinar: Finding Kentucky Land: Grants, Deeds and the Missing Pieces by J. Mark Lowe, I had some idea of where to try and find a land record for John Crawford. 
To start my search, I went to the Kentucky Historical Society and used their Index for Virginia Surveys and Grants. Just above the book is the ability to enter a ‘Text Search’.

I put Crawford in the search box and hit Go. That brought changed the list of files on the right side to include the number of times CRAWFORD was found in that particular file.

Scrolling thru the list of pages, I found a page with 6 records found. In playing around, I discovered that the page would move up and down. Thus, I could use my mouse to drag the page so I could see the bottom of the page.

By looking at the Watercourse column, I could find the information for John Crawford on Hanging Fork Creek. I recorded the information for John Crawford’s 913 acres of land.

Now, I had enough information to use the records of the Kentucky Secretary of State’s office. On their website, I found their page for Virginia and Old Kentucky Patent Series.

To search this collection, I first had to select a series. 

Since my index was for Virginia Survey and Grants, I selected Virginia Patents. The default sort order was patents. However, I found I could change that to name by pulling down.

Now, I could pull down the Select an Item box and scroll to John Crawford

When I selected Patent # 7612 for John Crawford, the screen began to load the various images available for this patent. For John Crawford, I was able to find the Patent, Survey and entry in the grant book.

Since I wanted to try and place John Crawford’s land on a current day map, I knew I would need surrounding deeds to help anchor his land to a map. Thus, I went back to the index and searched for Hanging. I found surveys for James Logan, Samuel Craig and William Craig on Hanging Fork Creek.
I’ve started the process of using Deed Mapper to plot out the various pieces of land. So far, I don’t have a deed referencing the Dix (Dick’s) River. Thus, I don’t know where these pieces of land lie on Hanging Fork Creek. In trying to figure out where this land might be in relation to the other Crawford families I’ve researched, I discovered that land on the West side of Hanging Fork Creek is in current Boyle County. 

Since John Crawford’s land straddled the creek, I will have to learn more about the records for Boyle County and add it to my list of counties to search in Kentucky.

At this point, all I have is questions:

  • Is John Crawford related to James and William Crawford?
  • Is the John Crawford who received a Virginia patent for land the Lt. John Crawford who served during the Revolutionary War from Montgomery County, Virginia?
  • Who are John Crawford’s descendants?
  • If John Crawford is a sibling of James and William Crawford, then who is Rebekah’s husband?
  • Where was Craig’s settlement that was mentioned in several of these patents?