Friday Finds

While going back thru my DUGGINS research in Preble County, Ohio, I was able to download a copy of the 1881 book, History of Preble County, Ohio. While I had previously used this source, I was using the book form and not able to search it like I can now. I also had not known as much about my CRAWFORD FAN club as I do now. Thus, it is highly unlikely that I would have realized the wealth of information contained in the section, The Pioneers of Gasper.

page 175

THE PIONEERS OF GASPER.
It has generally been thought that the first settler in
this township was Gasper Potterf, after whom the town
ship was named, but after a careful investigation the
writer finds that Silas Dooley, sr., settled on Paint creek,
in the western part of the township, in 1805, while
Potterf located on Seven Mile creek, in the eastern
part, in 1806. We will, therefore, begin with Silas
Dooley, sr. The writer gleans most of his facts respecting
the settlement of Mr. Dooley from an interview held
with a friend a few years prior to the death of the aged
pioneer, and published at the time in the Eaton Register,
February 20, 1873.
Silas Dooley, sr., was born in a blockhouse in Madi
son county, Kentucky, March 8, 1786. He was the
seventh child of Moses Dooley, who emigrated with his
family—a wife and five children—in 1781, from Bedford
county, Virginia
, a distance of five hundred miles, the
mother carrying her youngest child in her arms and
walking most of the way, having no other way of travel
ling, except on pack horses. The route led through
mountainous country, and numerous dangers lurked in
their pathway, but despite the hardships endured they
arrived safely in Kentucky. The savage barbarities of
the Indians compelled the settlers to live in forts strongly
garrisoned. The Indian massacres of 1782-3 disheartened
the settlers very much, and they longed for liberty
from their enforced imprisonment. Moses Dooley,
chafing under the long confinement and apprehensive of
the safety of the morals of his children, who were often
thrown into bad company, concluded at all hazards to
move to a farm.
Accordingly, with several others he settled in the midst
of a canebrake in Madison county, Kentucky. There
they erected a school-house and educated their children.
In 1805 Moses Dooley, with his son, Silas, accompanied
by Jacob Railsback, started for Ohio in search of
land. They came to Springfield, now Springdale, Hamilton
county, Ohio, and spent the first night with Elder Thompson,
a Presbyterian minister. As Mr. Thompson was at
that time in need of a hand Silas was hired for one
month.
On Monday morning the company started for Seven
Mile, arriving on the next: Sunday at the house of John
Pottenger, which was located about a mile and a half north
of the present site of Camden. They made his home
their headquarters during the three or four days they were
prospecting for suitable locations for settlement. Mr.
Dooley chose ‘one hundred and sixty acres of land on
Paint creek, now owned principally by John Overholser.
Jacob Railsback selected a quarter section on Seven Mile,
in Gasper township, which land is now owned by the
Huffmans. The party then turned their faces homeward,
Silas stopping at Springfield to fulfil his engagement
with Elder Thompson. His work was rail splitting, at
ten dollars per month. With a part of the first money
received he paid for his axe.
Moses Dooley and Jacob Railsback went on to Cincinnati,
‘and then entered the land they had selected. The
price was two dollars per acre, to be paid in specie, one
fourth in hand and the residue in three annual instalments.
The payment of sixteen dollars gave the settlers
the refusal of the land for forty days, and a second-payment
of eighty dollars secured it for two years.
After finishing his job of rail splitting Silas Dooley
came back to Seven Mile and engaged to clear two acres
of land one foot and under, for James Crawford, commonly
called “Big Jimmie.” He also cleared two acres
for John Pottenger.
Now comes the turning point in Silas Dooley’s life.
Homesick, out of work, without money and poorly clad,
he became discouraged and resolved to go home to his
native Kentucky. Having no other means of accomplishing
the two hundred and fifty miles that lay between
himself and his relatives, be resolved to walk. Just as
he was getting under way he met Captain David E.
Hendricks, who immediately hired him to clear six acres
of land, for which he was to receive three dollars and
fifty cents per acre. This clearing is now occupied by
the town of Camden. The same year Robert Runyon
put the cleared land in corn. At the same time Captain
Hendricks had three other bands chopping and splitting
rails, viz: Isaac Wiseman, James Wright, and Thomas
Combs, a half Indian. The chopping went steadily on
until the deer became so tame that they would browse
off the tops of the trees while the men would be cutting
up the trunks. They worked in different places for
Captain Hendricks, and cleared part of the ground on
which Eaton now stands. Messrs. Wiseman and Dooley
cut down a giant poplar tree on the lot now occupied
by the Presbyterian church. Thus was his time occupied
until the arrival of his father, mother and brother,
David, who came toward the close of the year 1805.

page 176
The family was soon busily engaged in making the farm
previously entered habitable. The first house consisted
of a camp hut, constructed of round poles, enclosing,
three sides and leaving one end open for the fire in front.
They had a skillet and a Dutch oven, in which they
boiled and baked, and made sugar. Their farm was
well stocked with sugar trees, and the largest and best of
them were tapped, and a considerable quantity of sugar
made by Mrs. Dooley. She tried the Indian plan of
making sugar, viz: To allow the sugar water to freeze
and to throw away the successive coats of ice that would
form on the surface of the liquid until nothing but the
finest quality of molasses would remain. She made
sugar also by making a clay furnace, and then inverted
the skillet lids and baked a clay rim around them, in
which she boiled the sugar water. By dint of hard
labor the family felled the timber, picked and cleared
away the brush, and thus prepared six acres of land for
the reception of corn, which they constantly attended,
and managed to lay by. A few days after the noted eclipse,
which occurred in June, 1806, they went to James
Crawford’s
and held a Thanksgiving meeting. After this
they started back to Kentucky to remove the balance of
their family; and in August of the same year they got
started, bringing their teams and a number of cattle with
them. They were accompanied by one or two neighbor
families.
Upon their arrival they cut and hewed the
logs for their cabin. The Indians often came from Fort
St. Clair, and camped by the big sulphur springs on the
farm of Silas Dooley, afterwards owned by his son,
Hayden. i
In the spring of 1807 Silas Dooley entered a quarter
section on Paint creek, three and a half miles southwest
of Eaton. In that same year he cleared five acres of
this land, and raised thereon a good crop of corn, despite
the thefts of the squirrels. The following winter
he was sick, and did nothing until spring, when he broke
up his cleared ground again and prepared to plant. But
at this junction Silas stopped work, and Cornelius, Katie
and Polly VanAusdal, and perhaps Sallie Curry, were
the guests invited to the wedding, for Silas Dooley
wouldn’t stop work for anything short of his own wed
ding. On the fifth of May, 1808, he was married to
Johanna Westerfield, the daughter of Samuel Wester
field. The affair was held on the sixth at his father’s,
and the honeymoon was spent in planting corn. Then
he set to work to construct a round log cabin, fourteen
feet square, with a puncheon floor and large, open fire
place, and he testified that there were spent the happiest
days of his life.
In the War of 1812 Mr. Dooley was a member of
Captain David E. Hendricks’ rifle company, which was
not subject to the draft, as the militia volunteered in a
body. It was a full company of sixty-four men, rank
and file, and was raised in the Paint and Upper Seven
Mile settlements. Many families were thus left destitute
of male help, but the parents, wives, and daughters
put their hands to the plow, rolled logs, and carried and
burned brush.
Silas Dooley procured a substitute in the person of
Nathaniel Bloomfield, the father of William Bloomfield,
of Eaton.
In 1819 Mrs. Dooley, the mother of Silas, died and
was buried in a coffin furnished at an expense not exceeding
one dollar.
Mr. Dooley, sr., traveled extensively through parts of
Indiana and Ohio while engaged in the ministry of the
Gospel. In the winter of 1822 he was suddenly smitten
with winter fever, and sending for Silas and George,
he told them of his approaching death, and requested
George to take his measure for his coffin, which was to
be made similar to that of his wife. George replied.
“Oh father, I can’t do that!” The old gentleman told
him to measure Silas, who was of the same height as
his father. Moses Dooley soon breathed his last, and in
order to get the coffin there in time, secured the assistance
of the late William Caster. Silas Dooley, died
July 8, 1877, aged ninety-one years and four months.
Of his family of five sons and two daughters, all are
dead save Silas Dooley, jr., who lives on the home
place.
Hayden W. Dooley was born in Preble county, in 1814,
and in 1836 was married to Adaline A. Runyon, born in
1817, and died in 1872. They had two children. Marquis
L. was born October 16, 1837, and Mary E. was
born December 7, 1838.
Silas Dooley, jr., the youngest son of Silas Dooley, the
pioneer of Gasper township, was born on the home place,
where he now resides. In 1846 he was married to Isabel,0
daughter of Alexander and Rebecca McCracken,
who settled in Preble county about 1818. To Mr. and
Mrs. Dooley have been born two children, one of whom,
Emma, wife of William Morton, is still living. Mr. Doo
ley owns a farm of one hundred and sixty-two acres of
land adjoining his residence.

Thanks to this article I know the DOOLEY clan migrated to Preble County, Ohio about the same time as my CRAWFORD families — from the same area of Kentucky. In addition, I now know that the DOOLEY family was from BEDFORD County Virginia. This one clue might help me track my CRAWFORD family in Virginia.

New Connection

In your genealogy research, do you have a FAN (Family Associates, Neighbors) club? If so, do you ever see a name and question whether to add him/her to your FAN club? If so, that’s how I felt about Moses Dooley.

It was like that name, Moses Dooley, kept cropping up in different places and times. My first notes for Moses Dooley are from tax records for Preble County Ohio — living in the same community as my ancestor, James Crawford (wife Sally Smith Duggins) and ‘big’ James Crawford (wife Martha Knight).

Thinking that I should find Moses Dooley in Kentucky with these same Crawford families, I looked back at my Kentucky notes and discovered that I didn’t record anything about Moses Dooley. Rechecking the tax records, I found Moses Dooley in 1794 Madison County, Kentucky — on the same page as several Crawfords. [Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY. Film #8126 DGS 7834478. Crawford James, William, 1794 Tax bookx 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 197; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.]

Assuming the Moses Dooley of Preble County, Ohio is the same person as the Moses Dooley of Madison County, Ky, that places Moses Dooley traveling a similar migration path as that traveled by the two James Crawford families.

A brief study of the information about Moses Dooley on the FamilySearch tree [L66r-BYH] revealed other connection points with my research:

  • Moses Dooley was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1748. Augusta County, is where my ancestor, James Crawford, is said to have been born.
  • Moses Dooley died in 1822 in Preble County, Ohio. James Crawford was living in Preble County, Ohio in 1822 and died there in 1854.
  • Moses Dooley’s grandson, Silas Dooley married Isabel McCracken. Isabel’s grandparents were Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley. The Sellers family is part of my Crawford FAN club.
  • Moses Dooley’s son, Abner married Nancy Douglas. Nancy is the daughter of George and Rebecca Douglas. George Douglas is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford is believed to be the mother of Sarah Crawford (md Williiam Sellers), Mary Crawford (md. James Sellers) and James Crawford (md Martha Knight)

With all of these loose connections to my Crawford family, I decided to see what else I could learn about Moses Dooley and his family. Digging thru Google searches, I stumbled upon a biography of Reuben Dooley, son of Moses Dooley.

Not only does this biography provide a lot of detail about Reuben Dooley and his parents, but it provides details for their migration path. This path took the family from Bedford County, Virginia to Madison County, Kentucky in 1781. From there the family moved to Barren County, Kentucky and then to Preble County, Ohio.

This migration path is very similar to that of the Preble County Crawfords. Deeds place James and Martha in Barren County, Kentucky prior to moving to Preble County, Ohio. Marriage records place both James in early Kentucky. James and Martha were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1793. James and Sally were married in Garrard County Kentucky in 1799. Both James are believed to have been born in Augusta County, Virginia, one in 1770 and the other in 1772.

Although I haven’t found any relationship between my Crawford line and the Dooleys, this biography provides support for the migration of the Preble County James Crawfords South onto the Marrowbone out of the Garrard County Kentucky area prior to the migration North into Preble County, Ohio.

I am glad I followed that ‘nudge’ to do more research on Moses Dooley. He is now an ‘official’ member of my Crawford FAN club.

Botetourt Virginia Titheables

Last Wednesday, I had the opportunity to visit the Family History Center in Topeka, Kansas. During this visit, I was able to access digitized images from Botetourt County, Virginia. I was thankful these records were available at the family history center since they were locked at affiliate libraries.

Botetourt County, Virginia
List of Tithables, 1770-1789
FS Film 9106467 DGS 7856374

Looking for Crawford, Douglass, Maxwell

1770

Image 9
Anderson, Lemuel – 1
Crawford, James – 1
Dooley Kenery – 1

Image 14 – List of Tithebles take in by William Ingles
Image 15 James Craford – 1

Image 16 –
Henry Dooley
Samuel Bozewell

image 17 – start of 1771

Image 19 – List of tithables take by Benjamin Estil 1771
Wm Maxwell
J L Maxwell
John Maxwell
Image 20 – left side – col. 2 – Wm Crawford

Image 20 – right side – List of Tithables taken by John Boxman

image 22
List of the Tithables on the Head of Little River

Image 23
List of Tithables [my] Company
John Maxwell

Image 25 A list of the tithables in the Lower District
of New River

Image 26
A list of tithables taken from the north side
Buffelo Creek to the County line & from Mountain [Harris]
tax for the year 1771
William Crawford

Image 29
Tithables no returned at Agt Court 1771

Image 31
A list of tithables taken in by Walter Crockett from William
Sayers to the Head of Holstans RiVer for the year 1771

Image 33
A list of Tithables in Capt Campbells Company

Image 34
A list of Tithables in Capt Bledsow Company
John Douglass
John Douglass

Image 37
John Crawford – 2
John Crawford – 2
Wm Crawford – 1

Image 42 – 1772

Image 45 List of tithables on Jacksons River including the Cord parchased and Down James River as Lord as James Lawrence
taken according to order Court by John Robinson Jun the 10th 1772

Image 47
Lists Tithables for
Craigs Creek taken
by Ben Hawkins 1772
Crawford John – 1
Crawford John Junr – 1
Crawford Andrew – 1
Crawford William – 1
Crawford Elias – 1

image 52 List of Tithables taken in Capt James Thompson’s Company 1772
Henry Dooley

Image 58
A list of Tithables in Capt Doachs and my own company for the year 1772
Walter Crockett

Image 61 A list of the Tithables on the North side of Buffaloe Creek
Botetourt County taken by Wm McKee 1772

Image 63 – new list – but no heading at top of page
Crawford John – 1
Crawford Samuel – 1

Image 68 A list of tithables in Capt Campbells for 1772 take by R D.

Image 70 A list of tithables in Capt Bledsoes & Capt Looney Company for 1772
Returnt to R. Douch

Image 72
A list of the tithables in the upper settlement of Little River

Image 73
A list of the tithables on new river & sinking creek

Image 76 A list of tithables taken in by James McGavock from James River to Buffalo Creek from Mountain to Mounty of the year 1772
Craford William 2
Maxwell John – 2
Maxwell James – 1
Maxwell William – 2
Maxwell THomas – 1

Image 78 List of titheables taken by Ohis[ons]

1773

image 83 – 177[3] A list of tithable taken by order of court
Wm Mc[th]ee
names on lists
Crawford John – 1
Crawford John Junr – 1
Crawford William – 1
Crawford Josiah – 1
Crawford Andrew – 1
Crawford Andrew [z] 1

Image 85 A list of tithables taken by Benjamin Estil for year 1773
Crawford William – 2
Maxwell John – 1
Maxwell William – 1

Img 86 – Maxwell Thomas – 1

image 87 The list of tithables from William Huggards up Jacsons River to the County line and to the western waters

Image 90 A list of the tithables on the waters of Breenbriers 1773

Image 91 – right side – List of the tithables from Buffalo Creek to the North River Below the great road taken by James [timbold] in compliance to an order of court to him Directed 1773

image 92
A list of the tithables from the mouth of Craigs Creek up the cowpaster to the county line
and up jecksons river to William Hogarts

Image 97
A list of tithables taken by Geo Skillens for a part of the County of Botetourt and order of the court for the year 1773

image 99 Lit of delinquents

Image 101 List of deliquents
Thos Maxwell – no inhabitant Fincast Co – 0

Dooley

Have you ever seen a name in a deed or court document and thought to yourself, ‘Hey, I’ve seen that name before?’ Well that was my situation when I was looking at tax records for Barren County, Kentucky.

Since I found James Crawford with 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone listed on the 1800 tax list for Barren County, KY, I started looking for other people owning land on the Marrowbone. That’s when I found Moses Dooly Junr also owning 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone.

Not only was Moses Dooly Junr in Barren County, but so was his father and brothers.

I remembered the Dooly name from my Garrard County map of the original land owners. Moses Dooly had a land grant (#912) for land in the line fork of Sugar Creek.

This land is near the Mary Crawford land purchased from Richard Cave. Mary’s land would be to the East of Moses Dooley’s land. Just to the Southwest of Moses Dooley’s land is the land grant for Jacob Myers. Some of this land was sold to George Douglas. George Douglas then sold a portion to Rebekah Crawford.

So when I saw Moses Dooly Junr as a potential neighbor to James Crawford, I started paying attention to the Dooly family. Since James and Martha Crawford sold 200 hundred acres of land on the Marrowbone (see Barren County Connection), I believe the James Crawford in the tax record is the James Crawford married to Martha Knight. However, I haven’t found the deed for James’ purchase of the land. Thus, I can’t say for certain which James Crawford is listed in the tax record.

As I was researching the two James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio, I discovered the Dooly family on the tax records in Preble County, Ohio. The 1816 Preble County, Ohio tax list shows Moses Dooley Senr and Moses Dooley along with several other members of the family.

Since I’ve found the Dooley family and likely both James Crawford families in Barren County, KY and Preble County, OH, I began wondering if Moses Dooley was on the tax lists for Lincoln or Madison Counties. Thus, I returned to the tax lists for Lincoln County, KY where I had previously found George Douglas and Rebekah Crawford along with some Sellars families in 1787. I didn’t find any Dooley names living near Rebekah Crawford in 1787. So, I checked Madison County, KY where I found Moses Dooley and John Doly in 1787.

This places Moses Dooley in the same taxing district as Mary Crawford, James Crawford and William Crawford in 1787. 

This may all be coincidence, but it appears that the Dooley clan followed the same migration path from the Garrard County, Kentucky area in 1787 to the Barren County, Kentucky area in 1799 to Preble County, Ohio in 1816.
Thus, I’ve added the Dooley surname to my FAN club.