Migration Clues

Have you used city directories to help locate a person between census years? Although I’m not finding as much detail in tax lists, I am finding that they help track migration in the early 1800s.

I’ve been doing FAN club research in early Kentucky. So far, I’ve been concentrating on the area that became Garrard County. Because of changing county boundaries, I’ve searched tax lists for Madison, Garrard and Lincoln counties.

  • Tax Man Cometh – Madison County, KY 1787-1796
  • Garrard County Tax – 1797-1806
  • Lincoln County Taxes  

Since I’ve identified the Crawford land holdings during this time period. I’m now searching the Garrard County tax lists from 1807 to 1824 to identify the time period when the various families moved away.
Families that could potentially be in Garrard County between 1807 and 1824

  • Rebekah Crawford – owned land between Sugar Creek and Boone’s Mill Creek
  • James Crawford, husband of Martha Knight and likely son of Rebekah Crawford
  • James Sellers, husband of Mary Crawford (likely daughter of Rebekah Crawford)
  • William Sellers, husband of Sarah Crawford (likely daughter of Rebekah Crawford)
  • Alexander Moore, husband of Mary Crawford – owned land on Sugar Creek and on Paint Lick Creek
  • James Crawford, husband of Sally Duggins
  • James Crawford, husband of Rebecca Anderson — owned land on Paint Lick Creek
  • William Crawford – owned land on Paint Lick Creek

I was able to find the following families:

  • James Crawford with land on Paint Lick in 1807, 1808, 1809
  • William and Isaac Crawford in 1809 
  • Two Isaac Croffords listed in 1810
  • Isaac Crawford in 1811
  • Alexander Moore with land on Paint Lick in 1807
  • James Sellers with 100 acres on Sugar Creek in 1807, 1808, 1810-1817
  • James Sellers with 148 acres on Sugar Creek in  1821, 1823, and 1824
  • Wm S[?] with 100 acres on sugar Creek purchased from Downing in 1819
  • James Sellers with land in Barren County in 1807

The William and Isaac Crawford in the 1809 tax list could be the sons of the James Crawford who owned land on Paint Lick. However, I can’t explain two individuals named Isaac Crawford at that time.

Since I believe most of these families move away from Garrard County, this tax information helps me know approximately when they made the move. For example, I’ve already found records for Alexander Moore in Fleming County, KY by 1810. With this tax information, I now know that I should look for records for Alexander Moore in Fleming County starting in 1808.
Thus, my next steps should include:

  • Locating records for James Crawford in Indiana starting in 1810
  • Check Barren County records for James Sellers between 1817 and 1821
  • Continue looking for James Sellers in the Garrard County, KY tax lists
  • Research Isaac Crawford in Indiana to see if I can verify that he is the son of James Crawford
  • Research William Crawford in Missouri to see if I can verify that he is the son of James Crawford
  • Figure out who that second Isaac Crawford might be
  • Continue searching for court records, bonds or any other type of record to verify that James Seller owned land in Garrard County
  • Continue searching for records for the sale of land by James Sellers

____________Notes from the Garrard County, KY tax lists
Garrard County KentuckyTax Books 1807-1824Family Search Film 7989 DGS 7834437
1807

Image 11

  • Crawford Ja – 146 acres – do – do – Tho Kennedy – same- same – 1 white male > 21, 1 white male 16-21 – 8 horses
  • Crawford Wm – no land shown – 1 male > 21, 3 horses

Image 29 – M
Image 31

  • Moore Alexr – 50 acres Garrard – Paint Lick – 1 male > 21 – 4 horses
  • Moore Alexr – 50 acres Madison – Paint Lick

Image 38 – S

  • NO SELLERS

Image 46 – #2

Image 53 – C

Image 55

  • Douglas Nathan – 60 acres Garrard Sugar Jas Downing – same -same 1 male > 21 – 1 black – 5 horses

Image 73

  • Sellers James – 100 acres Garrard – Sugar – Jno Downing – same – same – 1 male > 21 – 5 horses
  • Sellers James — 200 acres Barren – Noboble – Aron Harlin – sme – 

Image 82 – 1808
Image 88

  • James Crawford – 146 acres Garrard Pt Lick t Kennedy – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 male 16-21 6 horses
  • Wm Crawford – no land given 1 male > 21, 3 horses


Image 91

  • Alexr Duggins – noe land  1 male – 1 horse

Image 97

  • Kennedy families

images 99-101

  • No Alexander Moore

Images 105-107

  • No SELLERS

image 113 — book 2
Image 118 – C
Image 120

  • Doulgas Nathan – 60 acres Garrard Sugar C – Wm Miller – same – same – 1 mal > 21 – 1 black over 16 – 1 total black – 6 horses

Image 129 – M

  • No Alexander Moore

Image 138 – S

  • Sellers James – 100 acres – Garrard – Sugar C – Jno Downing – same – same – 1 male – 6 horses


Image 146 – 1809
Image 153 -C

  • Crawford Jas – 146 acres Garrard Paint Lick Thos Kennedy – do – do – 1 male > 21 – 6 horses
  • Crawford Wm – 1 male > 21, 2 horses
  • Crawford Isaac – 1 male > 21, 2 horses

Image 160

  • Kennedy family

Image 163-164

  • No Alexander Moore

Image 169-170 – S

Image 177 – Book 2
Image 181 – C
Image 189- M

  • No Alexander Moore

Image 195 – S

Image 197 –

  • Dunor Sallers – 1 male > 21, 4 horses

Image 203 – 

1810
Image 214 – C
Image 216

  • Crofford Isaac — 1 male > 21, 2 horses
  • Crofford Issac – 1 male > 21, 2 horses

Image 217

  • Douglas Nathaniel 60 acres Garrard Sugar Creek – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 4 total blacks, 6 horses

Image 230

  • Kennedy family

image 233 – M

  • No Alexander Moore

Index 245 – S

  • Sellers James – 100 acres Garrard – Sugar Creek – Jno Downing – same – same – 1 male > 21, 7 horses

Image 260 1811
Image 271 – C

Image 272

  • Isaac Crawford – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 1 total black, 2 horses

Image 274

  • Nathan Douglas – 60 acres – Garrard County – Sugar Cr – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 4 total Blacks, 6 horses

Image 288 – M

  • No Alexander Moore

Image 298 – S
Image 299 –

  • James Sellers — 100 acres – same (Garrard) – same (Sugar Cr) – 1 male > 21, 6 horses

Image 310 1812
IMage 318 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 321

  • Nathan Douglas – 60 acres – Garrard – Sugar Cr – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 5 total blacks, 6 horses

Image 332

  • Kennedy

Image 334 – M

  • No Alexander Moore

Image 345 – S

  • James Sellers — 100 acres – Garrard – Sugar Creek – Wm Downing – same – same – 1 male > 21, 6 horses

Image 355 – missed people

Image 358 – 1813
Image 363 – C

  • No Crawford
  • No Douglas

Image 371 M

  • NO Alexander Moore

Image 376 – S
Image 378

  • James Sellers – 100 acres – Garrard – Sugar Creek – Jno Downing – same – same – 1 male > 21, 7 horses

image 381 book 2

Image 381 – C –

  • No Crawford

Image 381 –

  • Nathan Douglas – 60 acres – Garrard – Boons Cr – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 6 total blacks, 6 horses

Image 384 book 3

Image 387 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 394 –

  • Kennedy Family

Image 401 – S
Image 409 – 1814
Image 419 – C

  • NO Crawford

Image 421 – D

Image 422 –

  • Nathan Douglas – 60 acres – Garrard – Sugar Creek – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 6 total blacks, 5 horses

Image 434 –

  • Kennedy family

Image 448 – S

  • James Sellers — 100 acres – Garrard – Sugar Cr – J Downing – same – same – 1 male > 21, 6 horses

Image 461 – 1815

Image 473 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 476 – D

Image 477

  • Nathan Douglass – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 6 total blacks – 5 horses – ONLY QUOTES IN LAND SECTION – No Number of Acres

Image 508 – S

  • Michael Saller (or Salter) 150 acres – same – Sugar Ck – Saint Clair – 1 male > 21 – 8 total blacks, 4 horses

Image 509

  • Wm Saller (or Sutton) – 1 male > 21, 1 horse
  • James Saller (or Sutton) 1 male > 21, 1 horse

Image 510

James Sellers – 100 acres – Garrard – Sugar Ck – Downing – same – Same – 1 male > 21, 7 horses


Image 522 – 1816
Image 532 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 534 – D
Image 546 – K

Image 547 –

  • Kennedy family

Image 561 – S

Image 562 –

  • James Sellers – 104 1/2 acres – Garrard – Sugar Ck – Downing – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 1 total black, 8 horses

Image 576 – 1817

Image 587 – C

Image 590 – D

Image 591

  • Nathan Douglas – 78 3/4 acres Garrard – Gilliards – Harrod – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses

Image 604 –

  • Kennedy family

Image 617 – S

Image 619


James Seller
s – 104 1/2 – Garrard – Sugar Cr – Downing – same – same – 2 males > 2, 8 horses

Image 631 – 1818
Image 642 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 646 – D

Image 647 –

  • Nathan Douglas – 78 3/4 acres – Garrard – Gilbert Ck – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses

Image 661 –

  • Kennedy family

Image 677 – S

Image 679

  • John F Sellers – 1 male > 21, 2 horses
  • John Sellers — 1 male > 21, 1 horse
  • NO James Sellers

Image 691 – 1819

Image 701 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 705 – D

  • Nathan Douglas – 78 acres – Garrard – Gilbert Cr – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses
  • Samuel Douglas – 1 male > 21, 1 horse

Image 721 – M

Image 733 – S

  • No James Sellers

Image 734 —

  • William S? with 100 acres on Sugar Creek – Downing

Image 749 1820
Image 763 – C

  • NO Crawford

image 767 – D

  • Nathan Douglas – 78 3/4 acres Garrard – Gilberts Ck – Daniel – same – same – 1 male over 21, 1 black over 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses

Image 790 – M

  • No Alexander Moore

Image 806 – S

  • No Sellers

Image 822 – 1821

Image 833 – C

  • NO Crawford

Image 837 – D

Image 837

  • Samuel Douglas – 1 male > 21, 1 horse
  • Nathan Douglas – 78 3/4 acres – Garrard – Gilberts C – Craig – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses
  • William Douglas – 1 male > 21, 1 horse

Image 854 – M

  • NO Alexander Moore


Image 867 – S
Image 868

  • James Sellers – 148 Garrard – Sugar Creek – Downing – same – same – 2 males over 21, 8 horses

image 882 – 1822
image 892 – C

  • No Crawford

Image 895 – D

  • William Douglas – 1 male > 21, 20 horses
  • Nathan Douglas 78 3/4 acres Garrard – Gilberts Ck – Criag – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 black over 16, 5 total blacks, 4 horses

Image 923 – S

  • John Sellars – 1 male > 21, 2 horses
  • bottom 3 names illegible

image 924 –

  • no Sellars – bottom 10 names illegible

image 925 –

  • no Sellars – bottom 8 names illegible

Image 926 –

  • No Sellers – bottom 3 names illegible / others hard to read

Image 937 1823

Image 950 – C

  • No Crawford – but some names very faint

Image 954 – D

Image 955

  • Nathan Douglass 78 – Garrard – Gilberts – Craig – “ – “ 1 male > 21, 1 black male > 16, 5 total blacks, 4 horses
  • William Douglass – 1 male > 16, 3 horses

Image 991 – S

Image 993 – faded

Image 994 –

  • John Sellers – 1 male > 21, 2 horses
  • James Sellers – 148 acres Garrard – Sugar Cr – Downing – 2 males > 21, 4 horses

Image 1009 1824

Image 1020 – C
Image 1024 – D

  • Nathan Douglass – 78 3/4 – Garrard – Gilbert’s Ck – Craig – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 5 total blacks, 3 horses

Image 1061 – S

Image 1062

  • James Sellers – 148 (or 168) acres – Garrard – Sugar Cr – Downing – same – same – 2 males > 21, 1 black > 16, 1 total black, 6 horses

Rebecca’s Land

Have you ever found you have attributed a record to the wrong person? Unfortunately, with same name research that can happen too easily.

As I was transcribing deeds that I thought were for James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford of Garrard County, Kentucky, I began to question whether these deeds were for this James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford.

There were some clues in the deeds that should have led me to a different James Crawford.

The first clue was the signatures. Rebecca’s name was above James’.

There was another clue within the deed. Instead of saying, James Crawford and his wife, Rebecca, the deed said Rebecca and James Crawford.

The third clue wasn’t as obvious: Rebecca and James Crawford were living in Barren County, Kentucky.

As I was transcribing the deed, I began to wonder if this was a deed for the widow Rebecca Crawford. Based on marriage records, it has been theorized that this Rebecca Crawford was the mother of the James Crawford that married Martha Knight. James and Martha did own land in Barren County, Kentucky.

When I plotted the deed on Deed Mapper and compared it to the plot of land Rebecca Crawford purchased from George Douglas, I could lay one deed on top of the other.

Even though the deeds looked like they were for the same piece of land, there was one major discrepancy — or at least I thought there was. The Crawford to Aldridge deed referenced the Myers pre-emption. I was under the impression that the land Rebecca Crawford purchased from George Doulgass was part of the Douglass survey. 

So, I started searching the Lincoln County, KY grantor index for the sale of land by Jacob Myers. That’s when I found that Jacob Myers sold land to George Douglass! The description of the land placed it on Sugar Creek and Boons Mill Creek matching the description of the land sold by George Douglass to Rebecca Crawford. 

In Deed Mapper, Rebecca Crawford’s deed can be laid over the George Douglas purchase.

Thus, I think the Garrard County Kentucky deed showing the sale of land by Rebecca and James Crawford to James Aldridge is for the same piece of land purchased by Rebecca Crawford from George Douglass. I believe this Rebecca Crawford is the widow shown in the tax records for Lincoln County, KY.

Thus, I had the deed attached to the wrong James and Rebecca Crawford!

__________________________

Garrard County Kentucky
Deed book A
page 602

This indenture made this 27th day of September Anno Dom
1804 between Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford of the county
of Barren and Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part and
James Aldridge of the county of Garrard and Commonwealth
aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said Rebecca &
James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred an
eighty eight pounds current money of Kentucky to them in hand paid
the receipt they do hereby acknowledge and for themselves their heirs
do freely clearly and absolutely bargain and sell unto the aforesaid
James Aldridge and unto his heirs and assigns forever
One certain tract or parcel of land containing by survey ninety nine
acres situate lying and being in the county of Garrard an on
the dividing ridge between Boons Mill Seat Creek and Sugar Creek and is
bounded as follows to wit Beginning at a sugar tree and Iron Wood
on the Hickman Road thence N 36 E 240 poles to a stone from thence
N54W 70 poles to two sugar trees from thence S 35W 230 poles to a Buck
and sugar tree on the South side of the Hickman Road from thence
with the meanders on the road to a large black walnut standing
near the same on the south side from thence S 54E 6 poles to the beginning
with its appertainances to him the said James Aldridge and unto his
heirs and assigns forever. to have and to hold the said ninety nine
acres of land with all and every of its rights members and appertain
ances unto him the said James Aldridge and unto his heirs & assigns
forever and the said Rebecca and James Crawford for them selves
and their heirs do and shall and will by these presents warrant
and defend the title of the afore said tract of land & premises
against the claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever that
shall or may here after claim the same unto the afore said James
Aldridge and unto his heirs and assigns forever. In testimony
whereof the said Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford have
here unto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and
year first above written

Rebecca (her mark) Crawford seal
James Crawford seal

Signed Sealed and
delivered in the presence of

This indenture of bargain and sale from Rebecca Crawford and
James Aldridge was acknowledge din my office
the 26 of Sept 1804 and is admitted to record
Teste
Benj Letcher CeCC
_

___________________________

Lincoln County Kentucky
Deed Book A

Pages 225-227

page 225 (image 123)

Myers to Douglass
This Indenture made this sixteenth day of May Anno
Dom One thousand seven hundred and eighty six between
Jacob Myers of the county of Lincoln of the one part and George
Douglass of the same county of the other part Witnesseth
that the said Jacob Myers for and in Consideration of the sum
of five hundred pounds current money of Virginia to him in
hand paid the receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge
hath granted sold aliened [enpossed] and confirmed and by
these presents the said Jacob Myers for himself and his heirs
do freely clearly and absolutely grant sell alien [enposs] and
confirm unto the said George Douglass and unto his heirs &
assigns forever a certain tract or parcel of land con
taining by survey five hundred acres situate lying &

page 226
being in Lincoln County on the Waters of Boons Mill Creek
and Sugar Creek, and is bounded s follows viz Beginning
at a sugar and two beech trees the South west corner of said
Jacob Myers preemption as asssignee of Edward Davis from
thence North thirty six degrees east two hundred and thirty
one poles to a beach sugar and ash trees the North west cor
ner of said pre-emption from thence south fifty four de
grees East three hundred and forty seven poles to a beech and
two sugar trees from thence south thirty six degrees west
two hundred and thirty one poles to a beach and sugar tree
from thence North fifty four degrees west three hundred &
forty seven poles to the beginning with all woods and under
woods water and water courses there unto belonging or in
any wise appertaining unto the same with the reversion &
reversions remainder and Remainders rents [isoues]
and profits of all and singular the said Land and premises
to him the said George Douglass and to his heirs and
assigns forever to have and to hold the said five
hundred acres of land (be the same more or less and all and
ever of its rites members and appertenances unto the said
George Douglass and to his heirs and assigns forever and the
said Jacob Myers for himself and his heirs do freely
clearly and absolutely give up all right title interest
claim and demand whatever he has unto the aforesaid
land and premises before mentioned unto George Douglass
and unto his heirs and assigns forever and the said Jacob
Myers for himself and his heirs do and shall and will forever
warrant and defend the title of the aforesaid five hun
dred acres of land and premises and by these presents will
forever warrant and defend the the same against any person
or persons that shall or may hereafter claim the same
unto the aforesaid George Douglass and unto his heirs and assigns

page 227 (image 124)
assigns forever. In witness whereof the said Jacob
Myers hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal
the day and year above written.
Jacob Myers SS
Signed Sealed & delivered
in Presence of
John Bryant
William Henry
Andrew Lynam

Received this 16th day of May 1786 of Mr George
Douglass five hundred pounds current money of
Virginia. It being the full demand for the within men
tioned land and premises recd fr me
Jacob Myers
Test
John Bryant
William Henry
At a court held for Lincoln County the 16th day of
May 1786 this indenture was acknowledged by the
said Jacob Myers to be his act and deed and ordered to be
recorded

Rebekah’s Land

In 1786, Rebekah Crawford purchased 100 acres on the headwaters of Sugar and Boons Mill Creek in Lincoln County, Kentucky.

Kentucky, Lincoln County. Deeds, 1780-1866; indexes, 1780-1955. Film #192238 (DGS 7896460). Rebekah Crawford, 1 June 1786 Book A: page 244-245; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.

George Douglass and Rebekah his wife
to Rebekah Crawford

page 246 – image 133
This indenture made this fifth day of June Anno Dom One thousand seven hundred and eighty six between George Douglass and Rebecah Douglass his wife of the County of Lincoln of the one part and Rebekah Crawford of the same county of the other part, Witnesseth that the said George Douglass and Rebekah his wife for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred pounds current money of Virginia to them in hand paid the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge hath granted sold, aliened enforced and confirmed, and by these presents the said George Douglass and Rebekah his wife for themselves and their heirs do freely clearly and absolutely grant sell alien enforce and confirm unto the said Rebekah Crawford and unto her heirs and assigns forever a certain tract dividend or parcel of land, containing one hundred acres situate lying and being in Lincoln County on the head waters of sugar Creek and Boons mill Creek and is bounded as follows, To wit: Beginning at a white oak and ash tree made corner betwixt said Douglass and Crawford from thence south thirty six degrees west two hundred and thirty one pole with Douglasses line to a sugar tree and two iron wood trees standing in the line of Myers Preemption from thence North fifty four degrees west sixty nine poles to an Elm and two Beach trees corner to John Matthews land from thence with said Matthews line North thirty six degrees East two hundred and thirty one poles to two sugar trees corner to said John Matthews land in the line of said Myers preemption and with said line south fifty four degrees east sixty nine poles to the beginning. With all Woods and under woods water and water courses thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining unto the same with the reversion and reversions remainder and remainders rentss [?] and profits of all and singular the said land and premises before mentioned and of every part and parcel thereof to her the said, Rebekah Crawford, and to her heirs and assigns forever. to have and to hold the said one hundred acres of land be the same more or less and all and every of its rights members and appurtenances unto the said, Rebekah Crawford and unto her heirs and assigns forever. And the said George Douglass and Rebekah his wife for themselves and their heirs do freely and clearly give up all right, title, interest, claim and demand whatsoever they have in and to the aforesaid land and premises with their rights members and appurtenances unto the said Rebekah Crawford unto her heirs and assigns forever. And the said George Douglas and Rebakah his wife for themselves and their heirs do and shall and will forever warrant and defend the title of the aforesaid one hundred acres of land & premises and will by these presents for defend the same against any person or persons that shall or may hereafter claim the same, unto the aforesaid Rebekah Crawford and unto her heirs and assigns forever. In witness whereof the said George Douglas and Rebekah Douglas his wife have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and year above written.
George Douglass (Seal) and
Rebekah Douglas (seal)

signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us
Charles Campbell
John Bryant
John Douglass

Received this fifth day of June, anno Dom one thousand seven hundred and eighty six one hundred pounds current money of Virginia, it being the full demand for the within mentioned land and premises.
recd
George Douglass
Test
John Bryant
John Mathews
John Douglass