In the early days of Dodge City, not only did cattle come into town from Texas, but many of the local land owners raised cattle. Without fences around their land, these herds of cattle were allowed to roam freely, becoming mixed in with other herds of cattle.

Then in late spring, the cattle men would conduct a round-up to gather all of the cattle and separate the herds. The post, 1878 Cattle Drives, discusses this process.

It was the work of only a few hours to “cut out” and separate the cattle and start the herds back to their ranges again. Every animal is known by its brand, so that ownership is easily determined, and those that have drifted miles away during the winter storms and become a part of other herds are picked out in a few minutes, claimed by the owners and started back to the range.

The Dodge City papers provided a way for the local cattle men to register their brands by publishing images and information about the owner in the papers.

The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas) 4 Nov 1884, page 8 available on

After round-up, these cattle men had to brand the young calves in their herds. With a large number of cattle needing branded at the same time, these owners were in the market for anything that could speed up the process.

Thus, James H. Crawford’s installation of a ‘branding device’ appears to have been the solution.

About ten thousand head of cattle have been branded this season at the Crawford corrall, on the south side of the river, in the Parker machine. The capacity of this machine is about four hundred head of cattle daily. The price for branding is from seven to ten cents a head. This week one thousand head of Mathers cattle have been branded there. The machine is about twenty feet long and will hold from four to six head of cattle at a time. It is just wide enough for the passage of a full grown animal. When the cattle enter the machine they find on the bottom a wooden frame crossed by iron rods about six inches apart. when the machine is full the frame is elevated by pulleys operated by a horse. The legs of the animals are between the rods and presently the rods strike their abdomens and lift them from the ground, their bodies resting on the rods, with their legs swinging underneath. While in this helpless condition the branding irons are applied. It requires five men to work the machine.

Kansas Cowboy (Dodge City, Kansas) 27 Sep 1884, page 5 available on

Ford County Soldiers

While looking for news of my grandfather, Leon Crawford, during World War I, I came across the following article identifying the Ford county men serving during World War I.

Where Soldiers of Ford County Are

C. E. Smith Has Helped to Revise List of Ford County Men in Military Service

What is perhaps the most complete list of Ford county soldiers that has been made here, has just been prepared by Clyde E. Smith. Mr. Smith was asked by the local chapter of the Red Cross to mail to all of the Ford county soldiers some printed information that was available regarding the insurance which the government is offering to the men in the army. It was not known which of the Ford county men had taken advantage of the government insurance, so in order to get one of the letters to every man that could be reached Mr. Smith made a special effort to get as complete a mailing list as possible.

The letters urging the boys to take advantage of the government insurance were forwarded to the following soldiers:

Truck Company No. 3, 42nd Division, 117th Ammunition Train, American Expeditionary Forces, via New York:
Captain E. C. Theller
Clark Bruington
Otto Falkner
Sgt. Noble T. Foster
Jack Hale
Sgt. Clarence Hoyt
Leonard Hill
Lee E. Josephson
Calvin H. Lambert
Horace Pettijohn
Charles Russell
Sgt. H. L. Schall
Earl L. Woodward
Ed Horn

Corp. Jackson Schall, Hdq. 42nd Division, 117th Ammunition Train, American Expeditionary Forces, via New York.

Corp. Roy Bainbridge, Caisson Co. 2, 42nd Division, 117th Ammunition Train, American Expeditionary Forces, via New York.

Wagon Train, 42nd Division, 117th Ammunition Train, American Expeditionary Forces, via New York.
John P. Little
Lyle K. Samples
Louis E. Skililngton
Thos. A. Underwood
Earl E. Vance

Company B, 110th Military Police, Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla.
Captain J.R. Gary
Lieut. Wm. T. Hale
Lemuel L. Anders
Phinas C. Anders
Frank E. Arrington
Bernard M. Askew
Wm. L. Bailey
Charley Brentlinger
Oscar Ditch
Claud D. Dowdy
McKinley Downing
William L. Dye
Robert E. Engan
Earl D. Evans
Cress B. Evans
Wm. J. Foster
Lloyd H. Gillian
Allen Hole
Martin Hole
Jess C. Holmes
Thurman O. Hudson
George W. Johnson
Howard L. Johnson
Fred A. Jones
Robert F. Judd
Charles F. Knowlton
Albert W. Kunz
Ira Mallonee
Walter W. Mapes
Jay J. Mason
Jes McDowell
John L. Miller
John E. Miller
Fred E. Miller
Fred H. MIller
Floyd P. Myers
Lee B. Otto
Herbert S. Page
Frank Parker
Elwood Pendleton
Jim W. Perry
Robert C. Reeves
Carl A. Robert
Alexander W. Robertson
Charles C. Rockstrom
Elzy Sibert
Guy W. Snyder
Addison D. Stafford
Austin L. Tuttle
Martin S. Rapp
Paul Wallace
Libe E. Watson

F. K. Baldridge, Sanitary Detachment, 110th Military Police, Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla.

Harold Balderston, Ft. Omaha, Neb.

Charles Bill, Co. A, 43rd Inf., Camp Pike, Ark.

Sgt. Frank R. Bogan, Q.M.E.R.C., American Expeditionary Forces, Somewhere in France

Lieut. Eugene J. Broderick, First Prov. Regt., Camp Gordon, Ga.

Btn. Sgt. Major Lloyd E. Brown, 6th Battery, Camp Stanley, Texas, care R.O.T.C.

Leon Crawford, 14th Co., Anti-Aircraft Bat. of San Francisco, American Expeditionary Forces, via New York

Marion Crawford, Bat. D, 14th F. A., Ft. Bliss, Texas

Adlai O. Cullen, 24th Aero squad, Kelly Field, South San Antonio, Tex.

Wm. A. Davies, U.S.S. Pittsburg, New York City, to Postmaster

Lee Elliott, Co. A, 5th Field Bat. S. C., Ft. Leavenworth, Kas.

Raymond A. English, 89th Division, Hdq. Troop, Camp Funston, Kas.

Howard Eash, Hdq. Co., 137th Inf. Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla.

Carl F. Etrick, M. O. T. C. 45th B.M., Ft, Riley, Kas.

Maj Gordon L. Finley, 362nd Inf. Camp Lewis, Wash.

Vernon Fleming, 3rd Co. Recruits, Ft. Baker, Calif.

Midshipman John Gingrich, U.S.A. Naval Academy, Annpolis, Md

George Gingrich, U.S.A. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md.

Sgt. George Gould, Co. C, 1st Bat., S.C., Ft. Leavenworth, Kas.

Theordore F. Hobbs, Ft. Omaha, Neb.

Ben Hobble, 9th Co. of Los Angeles, Reservation t. Ft. Mac Arthur, Calif.

Fred E. Enderson, S.Q.R.C.T.C., Student Camp No. 4, Camp Sam B. Morse, Leon Springs, Texas.

J.W. Hubbard, Co. F, 18th Engineers Railway, American Expeditionary Forces, France

Frank Harbet, 36th Anna St., san Francisco, Calif.

Leon Lantz, Batt. A, 18th F. A., Ft. Bliss, Texas

John Lighter, Co. D, 3rd Engineers, Ft. Shafter, Honolula, H. I.

Fred Lighter, 20th Inf., Ft. Douglas, Utah

Allen Myers, 49th Aero Squad, Mineola, L. I.

James Madison, Hdq. Co. 43rd Inf. Camp Pike, Ark.

Louis Miller, Co. C, 1st Field Bat., Little silver, N.J.

Sammie Neuman, Camp Harry J. Jones, Douglas, Ariz.

Ulin Nickerson, Co. A, 5th Field Bat. S.C., Ft. Leavenworth, Kas.

Ernest M. Olson, Hdq. Co., 137th Inf., Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla

Clyde Orebaugh, Co. E, 11th Inf., American Expeditionary Forces, Paris, France, via New York

Earl Orebaugh, U.S.S. Huntington, New York City to Postmaster

C. A. Peebles, Jefferson Barracks, Mo.

Ray M. Reeves, Medical Dept. U.S.A., Ft. Leavenworth, Kas.

Robert W. Ramsey, 7th Reg. 86th Co., U.S. Marine Corps, Guantanamo, Cuba

Dr. Claud R. Riney, 616 Napa St., Naval Hospital, Vallejo, Calif.

Lieut A. H. Riney, 23rd Engineers, Camp Meade, Md.

homer sharp, Bat D, 14th F. A., Ft. Bliss, Texas.

Charles W. Smith, Co. F, 13th Railway Engineers, American Expeditionary Forces in France, care Adj. Gen. Washington, D.C.

Clifford Stone, Co. D, 2nd Balloon Squad, Aviation Supply Depot Barracks No. 22, Garden City, L.I.

Harold E. Stone, Co. D, 2nd Balloon Squad, Aviation Supply Depot barracks No. 22, Garden City, L.I.

Austin Tuck, Ft. Joseph E. Johnson, Jacksonville, Fla.

Sgt. Carl Turner, 14th Co., 164th Depo Brigade, Camp Funston, Kas.

Charles W. Trubey, care Hospital, Ft. Logan, Colorado

Clifford Tester, Hdq. Co. 13th Inf., Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla.

“Bugs” Waltrs, Co. D, 2nd Balloon Squad, Aviation Supply Depo Barracks No. 22, Garden City, L.I.

James Warren, Co. B, 7th Reb., U.S. Engineers, Ft. Leavenworth, Kas.

Wendell Westley, Hdq Co. 137th Inf., Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla.

James Wright, 33rd Aero Squadron, American expeditionary Forces care Adj. Gen., Washington, D. C.

Don Yandell, Balloon Co. A, Aviation Field, Ft. Sill, Okla

Dale Young, Hdq. Co., 137th Inf., Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla

Ralph G. Nevins, Co. No. 4, Q.M.C., Camp Joseph Johnson, Jacksonville, Fla.

Herchel Beals, Ft. Baker, Calif.

Block 27 E, 9th Receiving Co., Q.M.C., Camp Joseph E Johnston, Jacksonville, Fla.;
Ralph H. Burnett
Paul Russell

Camp Joseph E. Johnston, Receiving Co. S., Jacksonville, Fla:
Charles Eckles
John Jones
John Masterson
Cy Sprecker
Harry M. Starks

Camp Joseph E. Johnston, Jacksonville, Fla;
H. M. Christensen
Clarence Skillington
John Maholland
Frank Palmer
Richard Robinson

John W. Foley, Co. 16, Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mo.

Ernest A. Burtner, 1st Co. Engineers Repairs, Troop Depot, Ft. Leavenworth, Kas.

Crawford ThruLines Question

I like Ancestry’s new ThruLines feature!

Unfortunately, it is pointing out one of my frustrations with my DNA results. I have several verified second and third cousin DNA matches on my Crawford line but we never got a DNA circle for my 3rd great grandfather, Nelson G. Crawford. When Ancestry released ThruLines, I was hoping to locate some fourth cousins thru one of Nelson’s other children.

However, the ThruLines for Nelson G Crawford only includes DNA matches going thru my 2nd great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford. It does not include any lines going thru the siblings of Washington Marion Crawford.

When I looked at the ThruLines for my 4th great-grandfather, James Crawford, matches are shown for descendants of Nelson’s sister, Polly Crawford and for all of the matches thru my 2nd great-grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford.

Since Washington Marion Crawford had five siblings that lived to adulthood and had families, I expected to find ThruLines thru at least some of those siblings. Thus, I am wondering why ThruLines hasn’t helped identify any fourth cousin Crawford matches.

I have several theories:

  • My fourth cousin descendants of Nelson G. Crawford haven’t done a DNA test thru Ancestry
  • These 4th cousins have done a DNA test but either don’t have a tree or haven’t connected their DNA test to their tree.
  • The trees for my 4th cousins Crawford matches don’t go back far enough to connect to my research — in other words, I haven’t done enough descendancy research
  • Nelson’s middle name is different on various trees causing  trees to not ‘match’
  • My tree is wrong

I’m hoping that I have enough evidence to disprove the theory of an incorrect tree. But, I will continue my search for documentation of Nelson G. Crawford and his family.
To help other researchers, I have researched many of Nelson G. Crawford’s descendants. My information regarding Nelson can be found

If you are a Crawford researcher with family in Preble County, Ohio, Warren County, Indiana or Ford County, Kansas, please contact me. I would love to see how our research might connect!