Same Alexander?

Do you struggle with ‘same name’ issues in your genealogy research? I know that over the years I have struggled to either separate two people or prove that the records I found apply to my ancestor and not to someone else of the same name.

My newest struggle is with someone that I currently can’t even connect to my tree. I found an Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1788. This marriage is one of four Crawford marriages that occurred in early Lincoln County:

  • 1788 – Alexander Crawford married Margaret McElwee
  • 1791 – Mary Crawford married James Sellers
  • 1793 – James Crawford married Martha Knight
  • 1796 – Sarah Crawford married William David Sellers

My ancestor, James Crawford married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. Garrard County was formed from Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1796 — the year Sarah and William Sellers were married.

Thus, these 5 Crawford couples were married in the area of 1788 Lincoln County, Kentucky within an 11 year time period. Based on the marriage bonds and some land records, it is believed that Mary, Sarah and the James that married Martha Knight are all children of Rebekah Crawford who purchased land in Garrard County from George Douglas.

Since my ancestor, the James Crawford who married Sally Duggins, lived in the same area as the James Crawford who married Martha Knight, it is thought that they are somehow related, possibly cousins.

So that leaves Alexander Crawford. Is Alexander a sibling to Mary, James and Sarah? Or, is he possibly a sibling to my James Crawford?

In hopes of proving that Alexander Crawford is a sibling to one of these two families, I’ve done some research on Alexander. Although I haven’t done extensive research on Alexander, I have established a basic timeline for him.

Birthabt Jan 1767Augusta County, Colony of Virginia, British Colonial America
Tax1789Lincoln, Kentucky, United States
Tax1800Pulaski, Kentucky, United States
Residence1810Somerset, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States
Residence1820Somerset, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States
Death7 Jul 1823Pulaski, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States9
Burial1823Mount Pleasant Baptist Cemetery, Pulaski, Pulaski, Kentucky, United States

Since my goal was to figure out whether this Alexander Crawford was related to any of the other Crawford families in early Garrard County, Kentucky, I started looking at trees hoping to find someone with parents for Alexander Crawford.

And I found several trees showing Rev. James Crawford and Rebecca McPheeters as the parents of Alexander. This lineage would make the Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee a grandson of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

Although Rev. James Crawford may have been an itinerant minister, he did not live in the Garrard County area. Instead he raised his family in Fayette County. Thus, I decided to look at information about the descendants of Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford to see if the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County was a grandson.

Thus, I turned to the book, Descendants of Alexander & Mary McPheeters Crawford: Pioneer Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia by Amanda Crawford Arbogast Forbes and Lucetta Crawford Smmis. This book identifies the children of Rev. James Crawford as

  • Mary Crawford – died unmarried
  • Martha Crawford (1775-1831) married Charles McPheeters
  • Alexander Crawford (1782-1845)
  • Elizabeth Crawford (1789-1845) married Joseph Galloway
  • Sarah Crawford (1801-1841) unmarried
  • Rebecca Crawford (1803-1833) unmarried
p. 205.

Also in the book is some information from the Fayette County, Kentucky will of Alexander Crawford.

p. 206.

Comparing the information I have compiled for the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County, Kentucky with the information in the book about descendants of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters, I don’t believe these two Alexander Crawfords are the same person.

However, I am basing my conclusion on one book. Since that isn’t sufficient evidence to convince others, more research is needed to support my conclusion. Perhaps in the process, I will stumble on something that leads to information connecting the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County to the Crawfords of Garrard County.

Sources for Alexander Crawford who married Margaret McElwee:

        1. Dodd, Jordan R., Kentucky Marriages Early to 1800 (: Precision Indexing Publishers, ), p. 49.

        2. “Family Tree”, database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016), Alexander Crawford / Margaret McElwee Family; undocumented and unnamed family tree submitted by wendyhar, [contact information for private use]; Crawford Tree.

        3. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 September 2020), memorial for Alexander Crawford (1767-1823), Find a Grave Memorial no. #186274065, created by Sandra Lytch, citing Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky;, Alexander Crawford.

        4. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Tax Books, 1787-1875.  Film #DGS 007834472. Alexander Crofford, 1789 : image 104; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 4 September 2020.

        5. “Kentucky, Tax Lists 1799-1801,” database online, Genealogy Publishing Company, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2019), Alexander Crawford.

        6. “Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes ndex, 1810-1890,” database, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019), Alexander Crawford.

        7. 1810 U.S. Census, Pulaski County, Kentucky, population schedule, Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky, image 16, Crawford Alexander; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2019).

        8. 1820 U.S. Census, Pulaski County, Kentucky, population schedule, Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky, image 7, Alexr Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online August 2019).

        9. “Family Tree,” database, Ancestry.com, Alexander Crawford / Margaret McElwee Family.

        10. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 September 2020), memorial for Alexander Crawford (1767-1823), Find a Grave Memorial no. #186274065,

        11. “Family Tree,” database, Ancestry.com, Alexander Crawford / Margaret McElwee Family.

        12. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 September 2020), memorial for Alexander Crawford (1767-1823), Find a Grave Memorial no. #186274065,

New Connection

In your genealogy research, do you have a FAN (Family Associates, Neighbors) club? If so, do you ever see a name and question whether to add him/her to your FAN club? If so, that’s how I felt about Moses Dooley.

It was like that name, Moses Dooley, kept cropping up in different places and times. My first notes for Moses Dooley are from tax records for Preble County Ohio — living in the same community as my ancestor, James Crawford (wife Sally Smith Duggins) and ‘big’ James Crawford (wife Martha Knight).

Thinking that I should find Moses Dooley in Kentucky with these same Crawford families, I looked back at my Kentucky notes and discovered that I didn’t record anything about Moses Dooley. Rechecking the tax records, I found Moses Dooley in 1794 Madison County, Kentucky — on the same page as several Crawfords. [Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY. Film #8126 DGS 7834478. Crawford James, William, 1794 Tax bookx 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 197; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.]

Assuming the Moses Dooley of Preble County, Ohio is the same person as the Moses Dooley of Madison County, Ky, that places Moses Dooley traveling a similar migration path as that traveled by the two James Crawford families.

A brief study of the information about Moses Dooley on the FamilySearch tree [L66r-BYH] revealed other connection points with my research:

  • Moses Dooley was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1748. Augusta County, is where my ancestor, James Crawford, is said to have been born.
  • Moses Dooley died in 1822 in Preble County, Ohio. James Crawford was living in Preble County, Ohio in 1822 and died there in 1854.
  • Moses Dooley’s grandson, Silas Dooley married Isabel McCracken. Isabel’s grandparents were Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley. The Sellers family is part of my Crawford FAN club.
  • Moses Dooley’s son, Abner married Nancy Douglas. Nancy is the daughter of George and Rebecca Douglas. George Douglas is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford is believed to be the mother of Sarah Crawford (md Williiam Sellers), Mary Crawford (md. James Sellers) and James Crawford (md Martha Knight)

With all of these loose connections to my Crawford family, I decided to see what else I could learn about Moses Dooley and his family. Digging thru Google searches, I stumbled upon a biography of Reuben Dooley, son of Moses Dooley.

Not only does this biography provide a lot of detail about Reuben Dooley and his parents, but it provides details for their migration path. This path took the family from Bedford County, Virginia to Madison County, Kentucky in 1781. From there the family moved to Barren County, Kentucky and then to Preble County, Ohio.

This migration path is very similar to that of the Preble County Crawfords. Deeds place James and Martha in Barren County, Kentucky prior to moving to Preble County, Ohio. Marriage records place both James in early Kentucky. James and Martha were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1793. James and Sally were married in Garrard County Kentucky in 1799. Both James are believed to have been born in Augusta County, Virginia, one in 1770 and the other in 1772.

Although I haven’t found any relationship between my Crawford line and the Dooleys, this biography provides support for the migration of the Preble County James Crawfords South onto the Marrowbone out of the Garrard County Kentucky area prior to the migration North into Preble County, Ohio.

I am glad I followed that ‘nudge’ to do more research on Moses Dooley. He is now an ‘official’ member of my Crawford FAN club.

DNA JOY!

My mind is ‘jumping up and down’ with joy this morning. Another CRAWFORD researcher contacted me this morning to let me know he had found out his haplogroup: R-Y88686. That is the SAME haplogroup as my brother.

We FINALLY have some evidence that we are related!

We both descend from James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. His James Crawford was born in 1770 in Augusta County, Virginia and died in 1833 in Warren County, Indiana. My James was born in 1772 in Virginia and died in 1854 in Preble County, Ohio.

Both men were living in Kentucky prior to 1800. His James married Martha Knight in 1793 in Lincoln County, Kentucky. My James married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. (Garrard County was formed in 1797 from Lincoln and Madison counties.)

In 1811, his James filed land entry papers showing he had made the final payment for the SW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7 Range 2 East in Preble County, Ohio. In 1816, my James filed similar land entry papers showing he had made the final payment for the NW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 East in Preble County, Ohio. Yes, they owned adjoining land.

These two families appear to have migrated together for over 100 years. Thus, we have long suspected a relationship.

Not only has our yDNA tests shown us that we need to keep looking for that relationship, but it has added a third James Crawford to the mix. This James was also in Garrard County prior to 1800. James was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1758 and died in Jefferson County, Indiana in 1836. In 1779, this James Crawford married Rebecca Anderson Maxwell in Montgomery County, Virginia.

So that’s three members of our haplogroup:

  • three James Crawfords
  • all in Garrard County, Kentucky prior to 1800
  • all born in Virginia – likely in early Augusta County, Virginia
  • no father/son relationship between any of the three James Crawfords

The fourth member of our haplogroup descends from William Nelson Crawford. William was born in 1829 in Ohio. Little information about William has been found prior to his marriage to Julia Ann Decious in 1864 in Lassen, California. By 1877, William and Julia were living in Klickitat County, Washington. William died in Klickitat County in 1907.

This William Crawford may have been the 21 year old William Crawford listed in the household of William Crawford (son of James and Martha Crawford) on the 1850 census in Pike Township, Warren County, Indiana.

If so, that would place William Nelson Crawford in Warren County, Indiana along with James and Martha Crawford and their children and with my ancestor Nelson G. Crawford, son of James and Sally Crawford.

This new haplogroup information says these four families are related. We just need to do more digging to figure out how!

Crawford – Duggins Marriage Bond

Garrard County, Kentucky, Courthouse, Bond for marriage of James Crawford and Sally Duggins, #101, James Crawford, 12 September 1799; County Clerk, Garrard County, Kentucky, Lancaster, KY.

This is to certyfy that I am willing
to join in marriage with James Crawford
given under my hand this day duly [signed]

Know all men by these presents that
we James Crawford and James Sellers are
heto and firmly bound unto James Garrard
Esq. Governor of Kentucky in the just and
full sum of Fifty pound currant money
to which payment will and truly to be
made we bind our selves our heirs & jointly
and severally firmly by these presents [sealed] and
dated this 12 day of Sept. 1799

The condition of the above obligation
is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly
into to be solemnized between the above bound
James Crawford and Sally Duggins for

which a license has issued now if there
be no lawful cause to obstruct the sd
marriage then the above obligation so
be void Else to remain in full force and
virtue

James Crawford (seal)
James Sellers (seal)

yDNA – Big News

In your genealogy research, have you ever suspected a relationship but never could find evidence to support your suspicions?

Well that’s been the case with my James Crawford research and I now have yDNA evidence to support that suspicion!

My brothers yDNA has been placed in the R-Y88686 haplogroup. My first match was to descendants of Edward Crawford of Tennessee. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to verify that our two lines resided in the same area at the same time let alone discover a family connection.

With today’s notice of a new Big Y match, I now have a match with a familiar line. The new match is a descendant of James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford.

The James and Rebecca Crawford family is one of several Crawford families in the Garrard County area of Kentucky prior to 1800 that I’ve been researching. Although I have been able to piece together a lot of information on these various Crawford families, I’ve never been able to find anything connecting my James Crawford who married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, KY to any of these other families.

These DNA results not only support my suspicions but give me incentive to continue researching these various Crawford families in hopes of someday figuring out how my Crawford line connects.

These families include:

  • My line: James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford who migrated from Kentucky to Preble County, Ohio. Their son, Nelson Crawford, migrated from Ohio to Warren County, Indiana around 1830. Most of Nelson Crawford’s children, including my ancestor, Washington Marion Crawford, migrated from Indiana to Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Martha Knight – James and Martha were married in 1791 in Lincoln County, KY. They owned land in Barren County, KY before migrating to Preble County, Ohio. Around 1830, James and Martha and their children migrated to Warren County, Indiana. Their grandson, Harvey Harrison Crawford, migrated to Ford County, Kansas and eventually settled in Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson were married in 1779 in Montgomery County, Virginia. James purchased land from Thomas Kennedy along Paint Lick Creek in what was Lincoln County, Kentucky at the time. By 1811, James and Rebecca along with most of their children and families had migrated to Jefferson County in Indiana Territory. THIS IS THE LINE WITH A yDNA MATCH.
  • Rebekah Crawford purchased 100 acres of land on the headwaters of Sugar and Boons Creek in 1786. She is listed as a widow on the Lincoln County tax records in 1787. Rebekah is believed to be the mother of the James Crawford who married Martha Knight along with Mary Crawford who married James Sellers and Sarah Crawford who married William Sellers. It is also believed that Rebekah was the sister of George Douglas and widow of John Crawford. More evidence is needed to prove all of these relationships.
  • Mary Crawford is listed as ‘exempt’ on various tax records in Madison County, Kentucky prior to 1800. In 1791, Mary purchased 100 acres of land on Sugar Creek in what became Garrard County, Kentucky. In 1793, Mary married Alexander Moore in Madison County, KY. Alexander and Mary Moore migrated to Fleming County, Kentucky, which is where it is believed that Mary died.

Perhaps with the help of the Crawford yDNA project and other Crawford researchers, we will be able to figure out this branch of the Crawford family!

Garrard County Names

Do you use a list of FAN (Friends, Acquaintances, Neighbors) club names when researching county records for your family? If so, do you ever struggle with remembering how the members of your FAN club fit together? If so, you are not alone.

As I’m getting back into my CRAWFORD research and Garrard County, Kentucky records by reading an order book, I’ve found that I not only need a list of names, but a diagram of how they might fit together. Since I don’t own any software to easily create such a diagram, I used Microsoft Publisher and multiple text boxes to create my diagram of the CRAWFORD families in early Garrard County, Kentucky along with some associated families.

In the early tax records for the area, I have identified four CRAWFORD families with land in what becomes Garrard County: Rebekah Crawford, William Crawford, James Crawford and Mary Crawford. Based on research of these four families, their spouses and potential children, I have been able to identify contemporaries who had ties to these families. This is the generation that settled the region.

  • Absalom Adams (father of Feathergill Agams)
  • Feathergill Adams
  • Isaac Anderson
  • James Anderson
  • John Anderson (father of Rebecca Anderson)
  • Rebecca Anderson
  • Samuel Anderson
  • Samuel Campbell
  • James Crawford
  • John Crawford
  • William Crawford
  • George Douglas(s)
  • Rebekah Douglas(s)
  • John Gass
  • John Kennedy (brother of Thomas Kennedy)
  • Bazeleel Maxwell
  • John McElwee
  • Jacob Miller
  • William Morrison
  • Nathan Sellers

Since many of the potential children of the four CRAWFORD families were married in early Kentcuky, I can add their spouses to my list. This is the generation that mostly moved away from the Garrard County area.

  • John Crafton
  • Robert Creath
  • Elizabeth Davis
  • Alexander Duggins
  • William Guthrie
  • David Hall
  • Martha Knight
  • Nancy Miller (daughter of Jacob Miller)
  • James Sellers (son of Nathan Sellers)
  • William Sellers (son of Nathan Sellers)
  • Sally Smith
  • Abigail Trowbridge
  • Beverly Vawter
  • Lucy Vawter

As I read the court order book, I will be looking for any mention of the following surnames:

  • Adams
  • Anderson
  • Campbell
  • Crafton
  • Crawford
  • Creath
  • Davis
  • Douglas(s)
  • Duggins
  • Gass
  • Guthrie
  • Hall
  • Kennedy
  • Knight
  • Maxwell
  • McElwee
  • Miller
  • Morrison
  • Sellers
  • Smith
  • Trowbridge
  • Vawter

Hopefully, these court records will help me learn more about these Crawford families and their migration to Kentucky. 

Adams on Sugar Creek

Garrard County, Kentucky
Deeds 1787-1902; indexes, 1899-1960

Vol. C 1793-1796
Family Search DGS 183284 Film 008141322

Book C page 554 – image 291

This Indenture made this 6th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five Between Charles Bland of the County of Madison and State of Kentucky of the one part and Fethergill Adams of the state and County aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that for an inconsideration of the sum of one hundred and twenty pounds current money of the aforesaid state to him in hand paid by the said Fethergill Adams, the receipt whereof the said Charles Bland do hereby acknowledges and himself therewith fully satisfied and contented hath granted bargained sold aliened and confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain sell alien and confirm unto the said Feathergill Adams one certain tract or parcell of land containing one hundreds and twenty six acres situate lying and being in the County of Madison and on the waters of Shugar Creek being the [apperend] of a seven hundred acre survey assigned to Walker Daniel by Green Glay and bounded as follows to wit Begining at three beech trees standing in Moses Dooley’s south and north line of his five hundred acre survey and on the west side of a small drain extending from thence south eighty one degrees east at thirty four poles crossing Jno Clarks road in all one hundred and ninety four poles to three beach trees standing in William McClures line thence

image 292 — Page 555

with his line south forty five degrees west two hundred and seventy poles to a Shugartree standing in the said Dooleys south and north line thence with sd Dooleys line north two hundred and eighteen poles to the Beginning with its appurtenances To have and to hold the said land and premises with every of its appurtenances unto the said Feathergill Adams and his heirs forever and the said Charles Bland for himself his heirs exors and admors the said tract of land and premises unto the said Feathergill Adams his heirs Exors and Admors shall and will warrante and defend against the claim of him the said Charles Bland his heirs executors and Administrators or from any other person or persons by or under him or them and against the claim of all and every other person or persons whatsoever In witness whereof the said Charles Bland for himself his heirs exors and Admors hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal the day and date above written.
Charles Bland (LS)
Phillis (her mark) Bland (LS)
Signed Sealed acknowledged
and delivered in presence of

At a court held for Madison County on Tuesday the 6th day of October 1795.
This Indenture was acknowledged by Charles Bland and Phillis his wife to be their act and deed she being first privately examined as the law Directs and relenquished her right of dower therein and ordered to be records.
Teste Will Irving MCC

Possible Distant Cousins

Have you tested your DNA? If so, have you been able to break through a brick wall using your DNA results?
My main purpose for testing my DNA was to learn more about my Crawford ancestry. Since I already have identified my 4th great grandfather on my Crawford line, I was hoping to identify his siblings and parents via DNA. So far, my results have not helped me get thru that brick wall.
However, there is one DNA test that has puzzled me for quite some time. This is the sole test that shows up when I search my matches for ancestors born in Garrard County, Kentucky: i******. I share 23 cM across 2 segments with i****** and one of my brothers shares 24 cM across 2 segments with i******.
When I looked at shared matches with i******, I found two other matches that appear to have the same common ancestors: Isaac Crawford and Nancy Miller. In looking at matches shared with these two other matches, I discovered a fourth match who descends from a different Garrard County family.

I believe Isaac Crawford is the son of James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. However, the trees for the I, D and J matches either don’t go back that far or have a different father for Isaac.
Based on my research of the records of Madison, Lincoln and Garrard Counties in Kentucky, I am theorizing that my ancestor James Crawford (md. Sally Duggins)  is somehow related to the other Crawford families in that area prior to 1800: Rebecca Crawford, Mary Crawford, James Crawford (md Rebecca Anderson) and/or William Crawford. It is believed that James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William are brothers and that Rebecca is the widow of a third brother. Because of the ages, my current theory is that my ancestor, James (md Sally Duggins) is the nephew of James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William Crawford. Thus, I would be a 7th cousin to I, D, and J IF Isaac is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford and IF my theory about the uncle/nephew relationship is correct.
To figure out whether these DNA shared matches support my being a 7th cousin to I, D, and J, I looked at the Shared Centimorgan Project to see if the amount of shared DNA was within the range for 7th cousins. Since one of my brothers doesn’t share any DNA with any of these individuals, our range of shared DNA is none to 34 cM. According to the shared cM project, we could share anywhere from 0 to 57 cM and be 7th cousins.

Thus, we are within the range to be 7th cousins. 
This does NOT prove that we are both related to James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. We could easily be related on some other line that my bias is preventing me from recognizing. However, it does support the possibility of a relationship. Thus, I will continue researching the families of James and Rebecca Crawford as well as the families of William, Rebecca and Mary Crawford.

Clues from a Letter

Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.

Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907
Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford)
Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather
Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died
about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather
Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our
Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here
death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren
County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from
Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents
came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from
Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to
be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only
tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off
and see you and family and next time I am through if possible.
Kindly regards to your family
From you affectionate uncle.
J.. H. Crawford
(James H. Crawford)

Clues:

  • Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
  • nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
  • Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
    • Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
  • Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
    • According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
    • According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
    • Cause of death unknown 
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census  – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
    • Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
  • Great grandparents  – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
    • James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
    • James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
    • yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
    • Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
    • This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
    • Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
    • No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
    • DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.

This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.

Anne Crawford Creath

1. Anne Crawford was the child of James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson.1 She was born about 1780. She was also known as Anne Creath.

Anne Crawford and Robert Creath were married on 21 Jul 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.19

Robert Creath10 was the parent of Deborah Hodges Creath born on 15 Jun 1801.11 He was the parent of Rebecca Creath born on 11 Jan 1803.11 He was the parent of Polly Creath born on 19 Feb 1805.11 Robert was the parent of William M. Creath born on 7 May 1809.1112

     He lived with 1 male under 10, 1 male 10-15, 1 male 26-44, 4 females under 10, 1 female 26-44 in Madison, Kentucky, United States in 1810.13

     He served in the military in the 2 Regiment (Jennings) Kentucky Volunteers in 1812 in Kentucky, United States.1415

     Robert was the parent of Anna Creath born about 1813.11 He was the parent of Margaret Creath born about 1814.11 He was the parent of James A. Creath born about 1817.11

     Robert lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1820.16  In 1830, he lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States.17 He lived with 1 male 15-19, 1 male 20-29, 1 male 60-69, 2 females under 5, 1 female 20-29 in Johnson, Ripley County, Indiana in 1840.18

     Robert  sold land land being the NW corner of the SE quarter of Section 32 Township 7 Range 12 East to James Creath on 1 Apr 1847 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.19 He  sold land being a part of the South East quarter of section thirty two in township seven North of Range Twelve East on 16 Aug 1847 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.20

     He lived as a 78 year old male born in South Carolina who was listed as Robert Creath in Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana on 11 Sep 1850.21

     Robert died in 1851 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.22

     He filed land entry papers for land being the the South West quarter of section thirty two, in Township seven, North of Range ten East on 1 Mar 1851 in Indiana, United States.23

     He had his estate probated in 1854 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.11,2427 Anne Crawford and Robert Creath had the following children:

11. Deborah Hodges Creath28 was the child of Robert Creath11 She was born on 15 Jun 1801 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930

     She lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.29

     Deborah died on 22 Apr 1880 at the age of 78 in Catlin, Vermilion, Illinois, United States.30 She was buried at Oakridge Cemetery in Catlin, Vermilion, Illinois, United States.30
Deborah Hodges Creath and John B Carrington were married on 26 Feb 1845.31John B Carrington28,31 lived in Brown Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.29

12. Rebecca Creath28 was the child of Robert Creath11 She was born on 11 Jan 1803 in Kentucky, United States.32

     She lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1860.33 Rebecca lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1870.34

     She died on 12 Mar 1876 at the age of 73 in Maysville, DeKalb, Missouri, United States.32 She was buried at Thomas Cemetery in DeKalb, Missouri, United States.32
Rebecca Creath and Joseph Shannon were married on 5 Sep 1822 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.3538Joseph Shannon28,35 lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1860.33 He lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1870.34

13. Jane Creath was born about 1805 in Versailles, Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States.

14. Polly Creath28 was the child of Robert Creath.11 She was born on 19 Feb 1805. 

     She was the parent of Robert Grimes.11 Polly was the parent of Sarah Grimes born .11

     She died in 1836 at the age of 31.
Polly Creath and William Grimes were married on 19 Aug 1823 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.3941William Grimes was born (date unknown).

15. William M. Creath was born on 7 May 1809. He was the child of Robert Creath.1112

     He was a farmer.12

     William was the parent of James Anderson Creath born .1112 He was the parent of Malinda Creath born .1112,42 He was the parent of Thomas Creath born .11 William was the parent of Luther Creath born .11 He was the parent of Richard Creath born .1112,42

     He was buried in Sep 1848. William died on 26 Sep 1848 at the age of 39 in Ripley Co., Indiana.
Levisa (Leitha) Martin12,4346 was born (date unknown).

16. Cynthia Creath was born on 27 Jul 1811 in Kentucky, United States.15,47

     She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.48 She lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1860.49 Cynthia lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1870.50 She lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1880.51 She lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1900.52

     Cynthia died on 11 Apr 1913 at the age of 101 in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States.15,47 She was buried at Neeper Cemetery in Kahoka, Clark, MIssouri.15
Cynthia Creath and Reuben Hodges were married on 30 Oct 1825 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.5356Reuben Hodges28,53 lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.48 He lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1860.49 He lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1870.50 Reuben lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1880.51

17. Anna Creath was born about 1813 in Kentucky, United States.57 She was the child of Robert Creath.11

     She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.57

     Anna was the parent of Charles Lester Roberts.58

     She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.59 She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1870.60 Anna lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1880.61

     She died on 11 Sep 1885 at the age of 72 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.62 She was buried at Blair Cemetery in Ripley, Indiana, United States.62
Anna Creath and John B Roberts were married on 24 Dec 1834 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.53,6365John B Roberts28,66 was born on 28 Oct 811.67 He lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.5758 He lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.59 John lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1870.60 He lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1880.61 He died on 31 May 1885 at the age of 1073 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.67 John was buried at Blair Cemetery in Ripley, Indiana, United States.67

18. Margaret Creath28 was born about 1814 in Indiana, United States.68 She was the child of Robert Creath.11

     She lived in Monroe Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1860.68 Margaret lived in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1870.69
Margaret Creath and William Phelps were married on 16 Feb 1837 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.7072William Phelps28,68,70 was born (date unknown).

19. James A. Creath7374 was born in 1817 in Indiana, United States.73 He was the child of Robert Creath.11

     He lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1840.75

     James  purchased land being the NW corner of the SE quarter of Section 32 Township 7 Range 12 East from Robert Creath on 1 Apr 1847 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.19

     He lived in Shelby Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.21

     He was the administrator of the estate of Robert Creath in Jan 1854 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.11

     James lived in Otter Creek Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.76
James A. Creath and Lucretta Wetherbee were married on 19 Oct 1836 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.74,7779Lucretta Wetherbee7374 was born about 1818 in New York, New York, United States.73 She lived in Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana in 1850.21 She lived in Otter Creek Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.76
1A. Pricilla Creath was born on 13 Jul 1820 in Versailles, Ripley, Indiana, United States.

Sources
        1. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/maxwellhistoryge00hous : downloaded copy May 2019.        

2. Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records: Abstracts of Early Wills, Deeds and Marriages (Lexington, KY: Keystone Printery, 1929), Garrard County Marriages page 103 (Crawford.KY.019). Hereinafter cited as Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records.        

3. Record of marriages in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive; records of wills in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive (Wallins Creek, Kentucky: Burns, 1933), p. 29 (Crawford.KY.043). Hereinafter cited as Garrard County Kentucky Marriages and Wills 1796-1851.        

4. Garrard County, Kentucky, Register 1797-1853, Creath/Crawford, 21 July 1800; database with images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online November 2016.[WebAddress].        

5. Harry Kennet McAdams, Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records: Garrard County, Kentucky Lancaster Court House (Lexington, KY: Mrs. H. K. McAdams, 1929), p. 103; digital image of book, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019.        

6. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1783-1965, Garrard County, Kentucky, Ann Crawford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com . viewed online April 2019.        

7. Garrard County, Kentucky, Register 1797-1853, Ann Crawford, July 21 1800; .        

8. “Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019), Ann Crawford – Robert Creath.WebAddress].        

9. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954, Robert Creath, 1800; database with images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

10. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017.        

11. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records.  Film #1311906 DGS 7663850. Robert Creath, 24 Jan 1854 Vol. 1: page 102; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

12. Archibald Shaw, Editor, Historyy of Dearborn County Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions (Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bown & Company, Inc., 1915), p. 1011; digitized image, Archive.org (www.archive.org : viewed online July 2019.        

13. 1810 U.S. Census, Madison County, Kentucky, population schedule, Madison County, Kentucky, page 201, Robert Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm publication M252.        

14. “U.S., War of 1812 Service Records 1812-1815,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], National Archives, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (May 2019), Robert Creath; Index to Compiled Military Service Recors for the Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812. WebAddress].        

15. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online May 2019), memorial for Cyntha Creath Hodges (1811-1913), Find a Grave Memorial no. #53146253, citing Neeper Cemetery, Kahoka, Clark County, Missouri; accompanying photograph by M.R. and D. A. Gates, Cyntha Creath Hodges.        

16. 1820 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Ripley County, Indiana, page 79, Robert Creek; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

17. 1830 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Ripley County, Indaian, page 15, Robert Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm publicatin M19.        

18. 1840 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson, Ripley County, Indiana, page 226, Robert Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm pubication M704.        

19. Indiana, Ripley County. Deed Records.  Film #1312543 DGS 8059694. Robert Creath, 1 Apr 1847 Vol. O: page 329; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

20. Indiana, Ripley County. Deed Records, Robert Creath, 16 Aug 1847; .        

21. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana, household 97, James Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA Microfilm Publication M432.        

22. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, 3 Jan 1852; .        

23. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online July 2019), Robert Creath.        

24. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, January 1852; .        

25. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, March 1852; .        

26. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, 1852; .        

27. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, January 24th 1854.        

28. “Family Tree”, database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016), Robert Creath; undocumented and unnamed family tree submitted by libbyjulie, [contact information for private use].        

29. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, rown Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 289, family 77, John B. Carrington.        

30. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2019), memorial for Deborah Creath Carrington (1801-1880), Find a Grave Memorial no. #144545928,        

31. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019), Deborah Hodges – John Carrington.WebAddress].        

32. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2019), memorial for Rebecca Creath Shannon (1803-1876), Find a Grave Memorial no. #57875621,        

33. 1860 U.S. Census, DeKalb County, Missouri, population schedule, Camden Township, DeKalb County, MIssouri, page 21, family 144, Joseph Shannon; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019).        

34. 1870 U.S. Census, DeKalb County, MIssouri, population schedule, Camden Township, DeKalb County, Missouri, page 14, family 98, Jacob Shannon; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019).        

35. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (April 2019), Rebecca Creth – Joseph Shannon. WebAddress].        

36. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2019), Joseph Shannon. WebAddress].        

37. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT: Yates Publishing, 2004), Rebecca Creath.        

38. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2019), Rebecca Creatu; State library of Indiana. WebAddress].        

39. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Polly Creth.        

40. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019), Polly Creth.WebAddress].        

41. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Polly Creth.        

42. Indiana, Ripley. Court Order Books.  Film #234932 Item 2 DGS 8033914. Creath, 1851 Vol. E: page 306-308; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

43. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database William Creth.        

44. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Wiliam Creath.        

45. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] William Creth.        

46. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] William Creth.        

47. “Missouri Vital Statistics” (Certificate of Death, ), Cynthia Hodges. Hereinafter cited as “Missouri Vital Statistics”.        

48. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, image 12, family 154, Reuben B. Hodges.        

49. 1860 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Union Township, Clark County, Missouri, p. 136, family 963, R. B. Hodges; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

50. 1870 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Union Township, Clark County,Missouri, p. 2, family #8, Reuben Hodges; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

51. 1880 U.S. Census, Clark County Missouri, populuation schedule, Union Township, Clark County, Missouri, ED 40, Page 18, family 155, Hodges Reuben B; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

52. 1900 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Clark County, Missouri, ED 29, Sheet No. 7, HHOusehold 135, Hodges Mrs Cyntha; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

53. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” database Cinthy Creath – Reuben Hodges.        

54. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Cinthy Creth.        

55. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Cinthy Creth.        

56. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database Cinthy Creth.        

57. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 227, family 151, John B Roberts.        

58. Indiana, Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Charles Roberts, Nov 1930; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019.        

59. 1860 U.S. Census, Ripley County Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 34, household #230, John B. Roberts; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online May 2019).        

60. 1870 U.S. Census, Ripley County Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 147, household 22, John B Roberts; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online May 2019).        

61. 1880 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, ED 157, page no. 36, household 365, John B Roberts; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

62. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online April 2019), memorial for Anna Creath Roberts (? – 1885), Find a Grave Memorial no. #38825528,        

63. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database John B. Roberts.        

64. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] John B Roberts.        

65. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Ann Creth.        

66. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” database Ann Creath – John B Roberts.        

67. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online May 2019), memorial for John B. Roberts (1811-1885), Find a Grave Memorial no. #38825527,        

68. 1860 U.S. Census, Clark County, Indiana, population schedule, Monroe Township, Clark County, Indiana, page 136, family 1002, William A. Phelps; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019).        

69. 1870 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Jeffersonville Ward 2, Clark County, Indiana, page 9, family 81, Margaret Phelps.        

70. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Margret Creath – William Phelp.        

71. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database William Phelp.        

72. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] William Phelp.        

73. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana, household 97, James Creath.        

74. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] James A Creath – Lucetta Wtherbee.        

75. 1840 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Ripley County, Indiana, page 180, line 9, James Creth.        

76. 1860 U.S. Census, Ripley County Indiana, population schedule, Otter Creek Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 138, family 965, James A Keith.        

77. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database James A Croath.        

78. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] James A. Croath.               

79. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana,