Crawford – Duggins Marriage Bond

Garrard County, Kentucky, Courthouse, Bond for marriage of James Crawford and Sally Duggins, #101, James Crawford, 12 September 1799; County Clerk, Garrard County, Kentucky, Lancaster, KY.

This is to certyfy that I am willing
to join in marriage with James Crawford
given under my hand this day duly [signed]

Know all men by these presents that
we James Crawford and James Sellers are
heto and firmly bound unto James Garrard
Esq. Governor of Kentucky in the just and
full sum of Fifty pound currant money
to which payment will and truly to be
made we bind our selves our heirs & jointly
and severally firmly by these presents [sealed] and
dated this 12 day of Sept. 1799

The condition of the above obligation
is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly
into to be solemnized between the above bound
James Crawford and Sally Duggins for

which a license has issued now if there
be no lawful cause to obstruct the sd
marriage then the above obligation so
be void Else to remain in full force and
virtue

James Crawford (seal)
James Sellers (seal)

yDNA – Big News

In your genealogy research, have you ever suspected a relationship but never could find evidence to support your suspicions?

Well that’s been the case with my James Crawford research and I now have yDNA evidence to support that suspicion!

My brothers yDNA has been placed in the R-Y88686 haplogroup. My first match was to descendants of Edward Crawford of Tennessee. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to verify that our two lines resided in the same area at the same time let alone discover a family connection.

With today’s notice of a new Big Y match, I now have a match with a familiar line. The new match is a descendant of James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford.

The James and Rebecca Crawford family is one of several Crawford families in the Garrard County area of Kentucky prior to 1800 that I’ve been researching. Although I have been able to piece together a lot of information on these various Crawford families, I’ve never been able to find anything connecting my James Crawford who married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, KY to any of these other families.

These DNA results not only support my suspicions but give me incentive to continue researching these various Crawford families in hopes of someday figuring out how my Crawford line connects.

These families include:

  • My line: James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford who migrated from Kentucky to Preble County, Ohio. Their son, Nelson Crawford, migrated from Ohio to Warren County, Indiana around 1830. Most of Nelson Crawford’s children, including my ancestor, Washington Marion Crawford, migrated from Indiana to Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Martha Knight – James and Martha were married in 1791 in Lincoln County, KY. They owned land in Barren County, KY before migrating to Preble County, Ohio. Around 1830, James and Martha and their children migrated to Warren County, Indiana. Their grandson, Harvey Harrison Crawford, migrated to Ford County, Kansas and eventually settled in Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson were married in 1779 in Montgomery County, Virginia. James purchased land from Thomas Kennedy along Paint Lick Creek in what was Lincoln County, Kentucky at the time. By 1811, James and Rebecca along with most of their children and families had migrated to Jefferson County in Indiana Territory. THIS IS THE LINE WITH A yDNA MATCH.
  • Rebekah Crawford purchased 100 acres of land on the headwaters of Sugar and Boons Creek in 1786. She is listed as a widow on the Lincoln County tax records in 1787. Rebekah is believed to be the mother of the James Crawford who married Martha Knight along with Mary Crawford who married James Sellers and Sarah Crawford who married William Sellers. It is also believed that Rebekah was the sister of George Douglas and widow of John Crawford. More evidence is needed to prove all of these relationships.
  • Mary Crawford is listed as ‘exempt’ on various tax records in Madison County, Kentucky prior to 1800. In 1791, Mary purchased 100 acres of land on Sugar Creek in what became Garrard County, Kentucky. In 1793, Mary married Alexander Moore in Madison County, KY. Alexander and Mary Moore migrated to Fleming County, Kentucky, which is where it is believed that Mary died.

Perhaps with the help of the Crawford yDNA project and other Crawford researchers, we will be able to figure out this branch of the Crawford family!

Garrard County Names

Do you use a list of FAN (Friends, Acquaintances, Neighbors) club names when researching county records for your family? If so, do you ever struggle with remembering how the members of your FAN club fit together? If so, you are not alone.

As I’m getting back into my CRAWFORD research and Garrard County, Kentucky records by reading an order book, I’ve found that I not only need a list of names, but a diagram of how they might fit together. Since I don’t own any software to easily create such a diagram, I used Microsoft Publisher and multiple text boxes to create my diagram of the CRAWFORD families in early Garrard County, Kentucky along with some associated families.

In the early tax records for the area, I have identified four CRAWFORD families with land in what becomes Garrard County: Rebekah Crawford, William Crawford, James Crawford and Mary Crawford. Based on research of these four families, their spouses and potential children, I have been able to identify contemporaries who had ties to these families. This is the generation that settled the region.

  • Absalom Adams (father of Feathergill Agams)
  • Feathergill Adams
  • Isaac Anderson
  • James Anderson
  • John Anderson (father of Rebecca Anderson)
  • Rebecca Anderson
  • Samuel Anderson
  • Samuel Campbell
  • James Crawford
  • John Crawford
  • William Crawford
  • George Douglas(s)
  • Rebekah Douglas(s)
  • John Gass
  • John Kennedy (brother of Thomas Kennedy)
  • Bazeleel Maxwell
  • John McElwee
  • Jacob Miller
  • William Morrison
  • Nathan Sellers

Since many of the potential children of the four CRAWFORD families were married in early Kentcuky, I can add their spouses to my list. This is the generation that mostly moved away from the Garrard County area.

  • John Crafton
  • Robert Creath
  • Elizabeth Davis
  • Alexander Duggins
  • William Guthrie
  • David Hall
  • Martha Knight
  • Nancy Miller (daughter of Jacob Miller)
  • James Sellers (son of Nathan Sellers)
  • William Sellers (son of Nathan Sellers)
  • Sally Smith
  • Abigail Trowbridge
  • Beverly Vawter
  • Lucy Vawter

As I read the court order book, I will be looking for any mention of the following surnames:

  • Adams
  • Anderson
  • Campbell
  • Crafton
  • Crawford
  • Creath
  • Davis
  • Douglas(s)
  • Duggins
  • Gass
  • Guthrie
  • Hall
  • Kennedy
  • Knight
  • Maxwell
  • McElwee
  • Miller
  • Morrison
  • Sellers
  • Smith
  • Trowbridge
  • Vawter

Hopefully, these court records will help me learn more about these Crawford families and their migration to Kentucky. 

Adams on Sugar Creek

Garrard County, Kentucky
Deeds 1787-1902; indexes, 1899-1960

Vol. C 1793-1796
Family Search DGS 183284 Film 008141322

Book C page 554 – image 291

This Indenture made this 6th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five Between Charles Bland of the County of Madison and State of Kentucky of the one part and Fethergill Adams of the state and County aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that for an inconsideration of the sum of one hundred and twenty pounds current money of the aforesaid state to him in hand paid by the said Fethergill Adams, the receipt whereof the said Charles Bland do hereby acknowledges and himself therewith fully satisfied and contented hath granted bargained sold aliened and confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain sell alien and confirm unto the said Feathergill Adams one certain tract or parcell of land containing one hundreds and twenty six acres situate lying and being in the County of Madison and on the waters of Shugar Creek being the [apperend] of a seven hundred acre survey assigned to Walker Daniel by Green Glay and bounded as follows to wit Begining at three beech trees standing in Moses Dooley’s south and north line of his five hundred acre survey and on the west side of a small drain extending from thence south eighty one degrees east at thirty four poles crossing Jno Clarks road in all one hundred and ninety four poles to three beach trees standing in William McClures line thence

image 292 — Page 555

with his line south forty five degrees west two hundred and seventy poles to a Shugartree standing in the said Dooleys south and north line thence with sd Dooleys line north two hundred and eighteen poles to the Beginning with its appurtenances To have and to hold the said land and premises with every of its appurtenances unto the said Feathergill Adams and his heirs forever and the said Charles Bland for himself his heirs exors and admors the said tract of land and premises unto the said Feathergill Adams his heirs Exors and Admors shall and will warrante and defend against the claim of him the said Charles Bland his heirs executors and Administrators or from any other person or persons by or under him or them and against the claim of all and every other person or persons whatsoever In witness whereof the said Charles Bland for himself his heirs exors and Admors hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal the day and date above written.
Charles Bland (LS)
Phillis (her mark) Bland (LS)
Signed Sealed acknowledged
and delivered in presence of

At a court held for Madison County on Tuesday the 6th day of October 1795.
This Indenture was acknowledged by Charles Bland and Phillis his wife to be their act and deed she being first privately examined as the law Directs and relenquished her right of dower therein and ordered to be records.
Teste Will Irving MCC

Possible Distant Cousins

Have you tested your DNA? If so, have you been able to break through a brick wall using your DNA results?
My main purpose for testing my DNA was to learn more about my Crawford ancestry. Since I already have identified my 4th great grandfather on my Crawford line, I was hoping to identify his siblings and parents via DNA. So far, my results have not helped me get thru that brick wall.
However, there is one DNA test that has puzzled me for quite some time. This is the sole test that shows up when I search my matches for ancestors born in Garrard County, Kentucky: i******. I share 23 cM across 2 segments with i****** and one of my brothers shares 24 cM across 2 segments with i******.
When I looked at shared matches with i******, I found two other matches that appear to have the same common ancestors: Isaac Crawford and Nancy Miller. In looking at matches shared with these two other matches, I discovered a fourth match who descends from a different Garrard County family.

I believe Isaac Crawford is the son of James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. However, the trees for the I, D and J matches either don’t go back that far or have a different father for Isaac.
Based on my research of the records of Madison, Lincoln and Garrard Counties in Kentucky, I am theorizing that my ancestor James Crawford (md. Sally Duggins)  is somehow related to the other Crawford families in that area prior to 1800: Rebecca Crawford, Mary Crawford, James Crawford (md Rebecca Anderson) and/or William Crawford. It is believed that James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William are brothers and that Rebecca is the widow of a third brother. Because of the ages, my current theory is that my ancestor, James (md Sally Duggins) is the nephew of James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William Crawford. Thus, I would be a 7th cousin to I, D, and J IF Isaac is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford and IF my theory about the uncle/nephew relationship is correct.
To figure out whether these DNA shared matches support my being a 7th cousin to I, D, and J, I looked at the Shared Centimorgan Project to see if the amount of shared DNA was within the range for 7th cousins. Since one of my brothers doesn’t share any DNA with any of these individuals, our range of shared DNA is none to 34 cM. According to the shared cM project, we could share anywhere from 0 to 57 cM and be 7th cousins.

Thus, we are within the range to be 7th cousins. 
This does NOT prove that we are both related to James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. We could easily be related on some other line that my bias is preventing me from recognizing. However, it does support the possibility of a relationship. Thus, I will continue researching the families of James and Rebecca Crawford as well as the families of William, Rebecca and Mary Crawford.

Clues from a Letter

Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.

Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907
Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford)
Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather
Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died
about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather
Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our
Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here
death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren
County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from
Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents
came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from
Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to
be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only
tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off
and see you and family and next time I am through if possible.
Kindly regards to your family
From you affectionate uncle.
J.. H. Crawford
(James H. Crawford)

Clues:

  • Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
  • nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
  • Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
    • Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
  • Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
    • According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
    • According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
    • Cause of death unknown 
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census  – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
    • Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
  • Great grandparents  – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
    • James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
    • James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
    • yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
    • Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
    • This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
    • Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
    • No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
    • DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.

This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.

Anne Crawford Creath

1. Anne Crawford was the child of James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson.1 She was born about 1780. She was also known as Anne Creath.

Anne Crawford and Robert Creath were married on 21 Jul 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.19

Robert Creath10 was the parent of Deborah Hodges Creath born on 15 Jun 1801.11 He was the parent of Rebecca Creath born on 11 Jan 1803.11 He was the parent of Polly Creath born on 19 Feb 1805.11 Robert was the parent of William M. Creath born on 7 May 1809.1112

     He lived with 1 male under 10, 1 male 10-15, 1 male 26-44, 4 females under 10, 1 female 26-44 in Madison, Kentucky, United States in 1810.13

     He served in the military in the 2 Regiment (Jennings) Kentucky Volunteers in 1812 in Kentucky, United States.1415

     Robert was the parent of Anna Creath born about 1813.11 He was the parent of Margaret Creath born about 1814.11 He was the parent of James A. Creath born about 1817.11

     Robert lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1820.16  In 1830, he lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States.17 He lived with 1 male 15-19, 1 male 20-29, 1 male 60-69, 2 females under 5, 1 female 20-29 in Johnson, Ripley County, Indiana in 1840.18

     Robert  sold land land being the NW corner of the SE quarter of Section 32 Township 7 Range 12 East to James Creath on 1 Apr 1847 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.19 He  sold land being a part of the South East quarter of section thirty two in township seven North of Range Twelve East on 16 Aug 1847 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.20

     He lived as a 78 year old male born in South Carolina who was listed as Robert Creath in Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana on 11 Sep 1850.21

     Robert died in 1851 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.22

     He filed land entry papers for land being the the South West quarter of section thirty two, in Township seven, North of Range ten East on 1 Mar 1851 in Indiana, United States.23

     He had his estate probated in 1854 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.11,2427 Anne Crawford and Robert Creath had the following children:

11. Deborah Hodges Creath28 was the child of Robert Creath11 She was born on 15 Jun 1801 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930

     She lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.29

     Deborah died on 22 Apr 1880 at the age of 78 in Catlin, Vermilion, Illinois, United States.30 She was buried at Oakridge Cemetery in Catlin, Vermilion, Illinois, United States.30
Deborah Hodges Creath and John B Carrington were married on 26 Feb 1845.31John B Carrington28,31 lived in Brown Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.29

12. Rebecca Creath28 was the child of Robert Creath11 She was born on 11 Jan 1803 in Kentucky, United States.32

     She lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1860.33 Rebecca lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1870.34

     She died on 12 Mar 1876 at the age of 73 in Maysville, DeKalb, Missouri, United States.32 She was buried at Thomas Cemetery in DeKalb, Missouri, United States.32
Rebecca Creath and Joseph Shannon were married on 5 Sep 1822 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.3538Joseph Shannon28,35 lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1860.33 He lived in Camden Township, DeKalb, Missouri, United States in 1870.34

13. Jane Creath was born about 1805 in Versailles, Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States.

14. Polly Creath28 was the child of Robert Creath.11 She was born on 19 Feb 1805. 

     She was the parent of Robert Grimes.11 Polly was the parent of Sarah Grimes born .11

     She died in 1836 at the age of 31.
Polly Creath and William Grimes were married on 19 Aug 1823 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.3941William Grimes was born (date unknown).

15. William M. Creath was born on 7 May 1809. He was the child of Robert Creath.1112

     He was a farmer.12

     William was the parent of James Anderson Creath born .1112 He was the parent of Malinda Creath born .1112,42 He was the parent of Thomas Creath born .11 William was the parent of Luther Creath born .11 He was the parent of Richard Creath born .1112,42

     He was buried in Sep 1848. William died on 26 Sep 1848 at the age of 39 in Ripley Co., Indiana.
Levisa (Leitha) Martin12,4346 was born (date unknown).

16. Cynthia Creath was born on 27 Jul 1811 in Kentucky, United States.15,47

     She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.48 She lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1860.49 Cynthia lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1870.50 She lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1880.51 She lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1900.52

     Cynthia died on 11 Apr 1913 at the age of 101 in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States.15,47 She was buried at Neeper Cemetery in Kahoka, Clark, MIssouri.15
Cynthia Creath and Reuben Hodges were married on 30 Oct 1825 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.5356Reuben Hodges28,53 lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.48 He lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1860.49 He lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1870.50 Reuben lived in Union Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1880.51

17. Anna Creath was born about 1813 in Kentucky, United States.57 She was the child of Robert Creath.11

     She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.57

     Anna was the parent of Charles Lester Roberts.58

     She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.59 She lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1870.60 Anna lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1880.61

     She died on 11 Sep 1885 at the age of 72 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.62 She was buried at Blair Cemetery in Ripley, Indiana, United States.62
Anna Creath and John B Roberts were married on 24 Dec 1834 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.53,6365John B Roberts28,66 was born on 28 Oct 811.67 He lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.5758 He lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.59 John lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1870.60 He lived in Johnson Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1880.61 He died on 31 May 1885 at the age of 1073 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.67 John was buried at Blair Cemetery in Ripley, Indiana, United States.67

18. Margaret Creath28 was born about 1814 in Indiana, United States.68 She was the child of Robert Creath.11

     She lived in Monroe Township, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1860.68 Margaret lived in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States in 1870.69
Margaret Creath and William Phelps were married on 16 Feb 1837 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.7072William Phelps28,68,70 was born (date unknown).

19. James A. Creath7374 was born in 1817 in Indiana, United States.73 He was the child of Robert Creath.11

     He lived in Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1840.75

     James  purchased land being the NW corner of the SE quarter of Section 32 Township 7 Range 12 East from Robert Creath on 1 Apr 1847 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.19

     He lived in Shelby Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1850.21

     He was the administrator of the estate of Robert Creath in Jan 1854 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.11

     James lived in Otter Creek Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.76
James A. Creath and Lucretta Wetherbee were married on 19 Oct 1836 in Ripley, Indiana, United States.74,7779Lucretta Wetherbee7374 was born about 1818 in New York, New York, United States.73 She lived in Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana in 1850.21 She lived in Otter Creek Township, Ripley, Indiana, United States in 1860.76
1A. Pricilla Creath was born on 13 Jul 1820 in Versailles, Ripley, Indiana, United States.

Sources
        1. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/maxwellhistoryge00hous : downloaded copy May 2019.        

2. Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records: Abstracts of Early Wills, Deeds and Marriages (Lexington, KY: Keystone Printery, 1929), Garrard County Marriages page 103 (Crawford.KY.019). Hereinafter cited as Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records.        

3. Record of marriages in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive; records of wills in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive (Wallins Creek, Kentucky: Burns, 1933), p. 29 (Crawford.KY.043). Hereinafter cited as Garrard County Kentucky Marriages and Wills 1796-1851.        

4. Garrard County, Kentucky, Register 1797-1853, Creath/Crawford, 21 July 1800; database with images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online November 2016.[WebAddress].        

5. Harry Kennet McAdams, Kentucky Pioneer and Court Records: Garrard County, Kentucky Lancaster Court House (Lexington, KY: Mrs. H. K. McAdams, 1929), p. 103; digital image of book, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019.        

6. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1783-1965, Garrard County, Kentucky, Ann Crawford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com . viewed online April 2019.        

7. Garrard County, Kentucky, Register 1797-1853, Ann Crawford, July 21 1800; .        

8. “Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019), Ann Crawford – Robert Creath.WebAddress].        

9. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954, Robert Creath, 1800; database with images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

10. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017.        

11. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records.  Film #1311906 DGS 7663850. Robert Creath, 24 Jan 1854 Vol. 1: page 102; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

12. Archibald Shaw, Editor, Historyy of Dearborn County Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions (Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bown & Company, Inc., 1915), p. 1011; digitized image, Archive.org (www.archive.org : viewed online July 2019.        

13. 1810 U.S. Census, Madison County, Kentucky, population schedule, Madison County, Kentucky, page 201, Robert Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm publication M252.        

14. “U.S., War of 1812 Service Records 1812-1815,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], National Archives, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (May 2019), Robert Creath; Index to Compiled Military Service Recors for the Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812. WebAddress].        

15. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online May 2019), memorial for Cyntha Creath Hodges (1811-1913), Find a Grave Memorial no. #53146253, citing Neeper Cemetery, Kahoka, Clark County, Missouri; accompanying photograph by M.R. and D. A. Gates, Cyntha Creath Hodges.        

16. 1820 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Ripley County, Indiana, page 79, Robert Creek; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

17. 1830 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Ripley County, Indaian, page 15, Robert Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm publicatin M19.        

18. 1840 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson, Ripley County, Indiana, page 226, Robert Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA microfilm pubication M704.        

19. Indiana, Ripley County. Deed Records.  Film #1312543 DGS 8059694. Robert Creath, 1 Apr 1847 Vol. O: page 329; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

20. Indiana, Ripley County. Deed Records, Robert Creath, 16 Aug 1847; .        

21. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana, household 97, James Creath; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016); NARA Microfilm Publication M432.        

22. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, 3 Jan 1852; .        

23. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online July 2019), Robert Creath.        

24. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, January 1852; .        

25. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, March 1852; .        

26. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, 1852; .        

27. Indiana, Ripley County. Will Records, Robert Creath, January 24th 1854.        

28. “Family Tree”, database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2016), Robert Creath; undocumented and unnamed family tree submitted by libbyjulie, [contact information for private use].        

29. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, rown Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 289, family 77, John B. Carrington.        

30. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2019), memorial for Deborah Creath Carrington (1801-1880), Find a Grave Memorial no. #144545928,        

31. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019), Deborah Hodges – John Carrington.WebAddress].        

32. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2019), memorial for Rebecca Creath Shannon (1803-1876), Find a Grave Memorial no. #57875621,        

33. 1860 U.S. Census, DeKalb County, Missouri, population schedule, Camden Township, DeKalb County, MIssouri, page 21, family 144, Joseph Shannon; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019).        

34. 1870 U.S. Census, DeKalb County, MIssouri, population schedule, Camden Township, DeKalb County, Missouri, page 14, family 98, Jacob Shannon; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019).        

35. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (April 2019), Rebecca Creth – Joseph Shannon. WebAddress].        

36. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2019), Joseph Shannon. WebAddress].        

37. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT: Yates Publishing, 2004), Rebecca Creath.        

38. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” [ItemType:Lower:Abbrev], Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2019), Rebecca Creatu; State library of Indiana. WebAddress].        

39. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Polly Creth.        

40. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019), Polly Creth.WebAddress].        

41. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Polly Creth.        

42. Indiana, Ripley. Court Order Books.  Film #234932 Item 2 DGS 8033914. Creath, 1851 Vol. E: page 306-308; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online July 2019.        

43. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database William Creth.        

44. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Wiliam Creath.        

45. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] William Creth.        

46. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] William Creth.        

47. “Missouri Vital Statistics” (Certificate of Death, ), Cynthia Hodges. Hereinafter cited as “Missouri Vital Statistics”.        

48. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, image 12, family 154, Reuben B. Hodges.        

49. 1860 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Union Township, Clark County, Missouri, p. 136, family 963, R. B. Hodges; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

50. 1870 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Union Township, Clark County,Missouri, p. 2, family #8, Reuben Hodges; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

51. 1880 U.S. Census, Clark County Missouri, populuation schedule, Union Township, Clark County, Missouri, ED 40, Page 18, family 155, Hodges Reuben B; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

52. 1900 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Clark County, Missouri, ED 29, Sheet No. 7, HHOusehold 135, Hodges Mrs Cyntha; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

53. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” database Cinthy Creath – Reuben Hodges.        

54. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Cinthy Creth.        

55. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Cinthy Creth.        

56. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database Cinthy Creth.        

57. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 227, family 151, John B Roberts.        

58. Indiana, Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Charles Roberts, Nov 1930; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019.        

59. 1860 U.S. Census, Ripley County Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 34, household #230, John B. Roberts; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online May 2019).        

60. 1870 U.S. Census, Ripley County Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 147, household 22, John B Roberts; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online May 2019).        

61. 1880 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Johnson Township, Ripley County, Indiana, ED 157, page no. 36, household 365, John B Roberts; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2019).        

62. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online April 2019), memorial for Anna Creath Roberts (? – 1885), Find a Grave Memorial no. #38825528,        

63. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database John B. Roberts.        

64. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] John B Roberts.        

65. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Ann Creth.        

66. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” database Ann Creath – John B Roberts.        

67. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online May 2019), memorial for John B. Roberts (1811-1885), Find a Grave Memorial no. #38825527,        

68. 1860 U.S. Census, Clark County, Indiana, population schedule, Monroe Township, Clark County, Indiana, page 136, family 1002, William A. Phelps; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2019).        

69. 1870 U.S. Census, Clark County, Missouri, population schedule, Jeffersonville Ward 2, Clark County, Indiana, page 9, family 81, Margaret Phelps.        

70. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Margret Creath – William Phelp.        

71. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database William Phelp.        

72. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] William Phelp.        

73. 1850 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Shelby Township, Ripley County, Indiana, household 97, James Creath.        

74. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] James A Creath – Lucetta Wtherbee.        

75. 1840 U.S. Census, Ripley County, Indiana, population schedule, Ripley County, Indiana, page 180, line 9, James Creth.        

76. 1860 U.S. Census, Ripley County Indiana, population schedule, Otter Creek Township, Ripley County, Indiana, page 138, family 965, James A Keith.        

77. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database James A Croath.        

78. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] James A. Croath.               

79. Dodd, Jordan, “Indiana,

James Crawford of Jefferson County Indiana

(Report created from RootsMagic using the Narrative Report feature)

1. James Crawford was born in 1758 in Augusta, Commonweath of Virginia.15

     According to biographies, he served in the military for 3 months under Capt. Wm Colbert and Col. Patrick Lockhart and 3 months under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan between 1776 and 1780.1,67 He served in the military in 1778 in Botetourt (historical), Botetourt, Virginia, United States.24,8 James served in the military for 3 mos. under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan.4

     He witnessed the will of John Crawford on 7 Apr 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.912 He was the parent of Anne Crawford born in 1780.13

     James filed land entry papers  in Jun 1782 in Madison, Virginia, United States.14

     He was the parent of William Crawford born in May 1784.13
        He  purchased land from Thomas Kennedy containing 200 acres on Paint Lick Creek adjoining the John Kennedy station on 19 Apr 1786 in Lincoln, Virginia, United States.15

     James was the parent of Mary Polly Crawford born in Jun 1786.13,16
     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1787 in Madison,Virginia, United States.17 He was juror  in Aug 1787 in Madison, Virginia, United States.1819 James was the parent of Isaac Crawford born in 1788.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.20 He  sold land being 50 acres on Paint Lick Creek for 50 pounds to David Rice on 26 Aug 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.21 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1789 in Madison, Virginia, United States.22

     He was the parent of James Maxwell Crawford born on 4 Mar 1790.13

     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1791 in Madison, Virginia, United States.23 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1792 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.24 He was the parent of Elizabeth Crawford born in Apr 1792.13,16 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1794 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.25 James was the parent of Jane Crawford born in 1795.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1795 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.26 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1796 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.27

     James was appointed surveyor of the road between 1797 and 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.28 He lived in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA in 1798.29 On 3 Oct 1798, he  sold land being two hundred acres of land on Silver Creek, the balance of six hundred acres obtained in two surveys by John Anderson, deceased in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.31 He was the parent of Cynthia Crawford born in 1802.13

     He lived in Jefferson, Indiana Territory, United States in Mar 1811.6 James filed land entry papers  on 4 Feb 1812 in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States.28,32 He  sold land  on 12 Nov 1812 in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA.3334 He of Garrard County, Kentucky made full payment for the Northeast quarter of Section number twenty-nine of township number four North in Range number ten East of the second principal meridian on 5 May 1814 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.35 James  sold land on Irvin’s branch of Creek part of section number  twenty nine of township number four north of range number ten east on 4 Aug 1815 in Jefferson, Indian Territory, United States.3637 He lived with 1 male over 45, 2 females 16 thru 25, 1 female over 45 who was listed as James Crawford in Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1820.38 He  purchased lot #80 in town of Vernon from John & Polly Vawter on 20 Oct 1820 in Jennings, Indiana, United States.3940

     James lived in Madison Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1826.41 He  sold land being the NE quarter of section 29 in township number 4 north of range number ten east to James M. Crawford on 7 Apr 1826 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.42

     He died on 3 Apr 1836 at the age of 78 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,35 James was buried at Hebron Cemetery in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,45,4344

James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson3,4546 were married in 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.6,12 Other records indicate they were married in 1783 in Virginia, United States.3,47 Other records indicate they were married in 1790.1,4,48Rebecca Anderson, daughter of John Anderson and Ann Irvine, was born in 1761.16,4916131313,1613131313,161313 She died in 1840 at the age of 79.49 She was buried in 1840 at Hebron Cemetery in Monroe Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States.43,49 Rebecca was also known as Rebecca Crawford.1

        1. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1938), p. 108. Hereinafter cited as Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana.        

2. Interview with James Vawter Crawford and Mary F. Cowgill  “Crawford” Coon ([address for private use], Shedd, Oregon), by WPA Interviews for Linn County Oregon and transcribed by Patricia Dunn, transcribed 2000. transcription held by WPA Interviews ([address for private use], http://www.lgsoregon.org/lgstng/showmedia.php?mediaID=22398).        

3. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017.        

4. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in INdiana, James Crawford, database  with images on-line, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017.        

5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed onlin August 2016), memorial for James Crawford (1758-1836), Find a Grave Memorial no. #29998479, created by Amy Tomica, citing Hebron Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Sharon Kay Dean, James Crawford.        

6. Grace Vawter Bicknell, Vawter Family in America: with the Allied Families of Branham, Crawford,Wise, Lewis, Stribling, Glover, Moncrief (Indianapolis: The Hollenbeck Press, 1905), ; digital images, Internet Archive (us.archive.org : accessed .        

7. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots in the American Revolution Buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), p. 108.        

8. Lineage Book / National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Washington, D.C.: NSDAR, 1892-), Vol. 40 (Crawford.KY.040). Hereinafter cited as DAR Lineage Books.        

9. Will of John Crawford, 7 April 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, ; Montgomery County Courthouse, Christiansburg, Virginia; 32608, Book B page 38, Family History Library, .        

10. TravelinTeachers Family Tree: Douglas Family (http://travteach-douglass.tripod.com/ : viewed online November 2016), George Douglas.        

11. John Crawford Will, 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, Montgomery County.        

12. Virginia, Montgomery. County Court Order Books, v.1-4, 1773-1790.  Film #32622 DGS 7897248. John Crawford, 1779 2: image 292; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online April 2019.        

13. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/maxwellhistoryge00hous : downloaded copy May 2019.        

14. James Thompson, Land Entries for Madison County, Kentucky, 1780-1793, Crabb Anne, Transcriber (Richmond, KY: Anne Crabb, 1996), p. 19, Crawford James.        

15. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Deeds, 1780-1866; indexes, 1780-1955.  Film #192238. Kennedy to Crofford, 19 Apr 1786 Book A: p 219 image 120; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

16. Melish Mrs. Charles, Pioneer Women (www.jeffersoncountylocalhistory.org/fampioneerwomen : viewed online May 2019), Crawford.        

17. Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799 (Miami Beach, FL: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1992), Crawford, Mary (exempt). Hereinafter cited as Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.        

18. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 195.         

19. Madison County Kentucky, Vol. A-B, 1786-1800: image 15, James Crofford; FHL microfilm 183274.        

20. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY.  Film #8126 DGS 7834478. William Crawford, 1788 Tax Books 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 63; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

21. Kentucky, Madison County. Book of Deeds.  Film ##007896910. James Crawford, 26 Aug 1788 Vol. B 1791-1793: page 269, 270, 271 (images 292, 293); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

22. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, James Crawford, William Crawford, Mary Crawford, 1789; .        

23. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford William, James, Mary, 1791; .        

24. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford, William, Mary, James, 1792; .        

25. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1794; .        

26. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1795; .        

27. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James and William, 1796; .        

28. Interview, James Vawter Crawford and his mother Mary F. Cowgill (Crawford) Coon, transcribed 2000.        

29. Kentucky, Madison. Book of Deeds.  Film #007896911. James Crawford, 3 Oct 1798 Vol. D 1796-1800: page 712-714; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

30. Houston Florence Wilson, Laura Cowan Blaine, Ella Dunn Mellette, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: C. E. Pauley & Co, 1916), p. 261; digital images, Google Books (books.google.com : viewed online August 2016; Madison County Kentucky Deeds D-712.        

31. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crawford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.        

32. Thelma M. Murphy, “Certificates Issued to Kentuckians from Jeffersonville, Ind. Land Office,” Kentucky Ancestors 15 (Oct 1979); digital image, Kentucky Historical Society (www.kyhistory.com : viewed online January 2019), page 71.        

33. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 420        

34. Garrard County, Kentucky, Vols. C-D 1806-1813: 309, James Crawford and Rebecca to Thomas Kennedy; FHL microfilm 83243.        

35. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online April 2019), James Crawford.        

36. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891.  Film ##1310264. James Crawford, 4 Aug 1814 Book A: p. 152; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online May 2019.        

37. Entry;  , “Jefferson County Deeds” Special p.99 (Crawford.IN.084).        

38. 1820 U.S. Census, Jefferson County, Indiana, population schedule, Jefferson County, Indiana, image 23, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

39. Indiana, Jennings. Deed Records V. A Apr 1818 – Nov 1828.  Film #1305298. Vawter to Crawford, 20 Oct 1820 Book A: page 115; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2019.        

40. “Jennings County Deed Book A,” Hoosier Journal of Ancestry (Vol. 10), (Crawford.IN.068).        

41. “Madison Township 1826 Voters” Special #4 (Crawford.IN.084).        

42. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891, James Crawford, 7 Apr 1826; .        

43. Jefferson County Cemetery Records Volume 1 (: DAR, 1941), p. 329 (Crawford.IN.081). Hereinafter cited as Jefferson County Cemetery Records.        

44. “Abstracts of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots,” Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), James Crawford; Hatcher, Patricia Law. Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, vol. 1-4.        

45. Maxwell History and Genealogy, 255.        

46. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Mari K. “Polly” Crawford Guthri (1786-1834), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65800390,        

47. Norman Bloss Mavity, The Mavity Family (Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., 1954), p. 7; digital copy, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019.        

48. DAR Lineage Books, page 178 volume 97 (Crawford.KY.040).        

49. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Rebecca Anderson (1761-1840), Find a Grave Memorial no. #32605052,

George W. Crawford

Have you ever just stumbled across something that others may seem minor when it provides major clues. That’s what happened yesterday when I did a simple Google search for ‘Isaac Crawford Nancy Miller’.

That search led to a biography of George W. Crawford of Gentry County, Missouri in the book, The History of Gentry and Worth Counties, Missouri on page 421.

George W. Crawford

section 5, township 61,l range 30, is the owner of 223 acres of land, about
120 acres of which are under fence and in a fine state of cultivation. He
has a comfortable house, a good barn and a fine orchard. Mr. Crawford
the son of Isaac and Nancy (Miller) Crawford, both Kentuckians by birth.
During his infancy his parents died, and he was reared by his grand
parents. At the age of two years he was taken to Garrard County, Ken-
tucky, where he remained until ten years of age. In 1833, he moved
to Clay County, Missouri, continuing to reside there until about the year
1838, when he came to Gentry County. In 1846, he went to Santa Fe,
New Mexico, returning to Gentry County in the spring of 1847. In
1849, he took a trip to California and remained there until June, 1851,
when he again came to Gentry County, and here he has since lived. He
located on his present farm in 1852, and is a prominent farmer and stock
raiser of this vicinity. Mr. Crawford was married in Gentry County,
October 14, 1852, to Elizabeth Wheeler, who was born in Garrard County,
Kentucky, September 3, 1833. She is the daughter of Benjamin and
Sophia (Bradshaw) Wheeler, both of Garrard County. The result of 
this union was twelve children, ten of whom were living: Sophia J., James
A., Benjamin, Isaac N., Ulysses, Annie, Miriam, Cenie Margaret, Lueva
and Elsie. Mr. Crawford and wife are both members of the Baptist
Church.

Not only does this biography contain information about the travels of George W. Crawford as an adult, but it explains how Isaac Crawford’s children got from Indiana to Kentucky.

Since several of Nancy Miller’s siblings settled in the same area of Missouri at about the same time, this biography suggests that I need to do more research on those Miller siblings to learn more about the children of Isaac and Nancy Crawford.

Thanks Google for leading me to this biography. These are fantastic hints!

James or George

Do you have a brick wall? Does that brick wall involve identifying the father of an ancestor? At some point, many of us face such a brick wall.

One of my brick walls involves my ancestor, James Crawford. My James Crawford married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. All of my research efforts have not punched a hole in this brick wall. Thus, I’m using the FAN (friends acquaintances, and neighbors) club method to branch out and try to find a way around this brick wall. I’m currently researching all of the Crawford families in the area of Garrard County, Kentucky during its early days of settlement.

One of those families is James Crawford and his wife Rebecca Anderson. My current theory is that this James Crawford might be an uncle to my ancestor. Thus, I’m hoping that by researching James and Rebecca and their children, I might find something relating to my James Crawford. Unfortunately, identifying the children of James and Rebecca is proving to be difficult.

I found information about this family in the Florence Wilson Houston book, Maxwell History and Genealogy

This book identifies the children of James and Rebecca as William Crawford, James Crawford, Isaac Crawford, Ann Crawford, Jane Crawford, Cynthia Crawford, and Polly Crawford. Even though this information is just a hint, it has proven valuable in locating records for the children of James and Rebecca. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to locate a will, probate record or even a deed that identifies these children as the children of James and/or Rebecca Crawford.

When it comes to Isaac Crawford, some other researchers show his father as George Crawford and not James. Thus, I’m trying to figure out whether there are two Isaac Crawfords in the Garrard County, Kentucky area at the same time or whether someone has an incorrect father for Isaac Crawford – and that someone could be me.

My theory: The Isaac Crawford married to Nancy Miller is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford. 

Do I have any rock solid evidence to support this theory? No! I only have tidbits of information that might connect Isaac to James and Rebecca Crawford. Most of what I have simply places Isaac Crawford in the same area as James and Rebecca during the same time period.

I have found records placing James and Rebecca Anderson living along Paint Lick Creek in Madison and Garrard Counties, Kentucky.

In that same area, several sources indicate that Isaac Crawford married Nancy Miller on 2 Dec 1808.

In 1809, there is an Isaac Crawford on the tax list for Garrard County, Kentucky. A James Crawford and a Wm Crawford are listed on the same page of this tax list. (Note: This page does not include a George Crawford.)

Isaac is also listed on the 1810 and 1811 tax lists for Garrard County, Kentucky. However, James Crawford is not listed on these tax lists. In 1811, James Crawford is said to have moved to Jefferson County, Indiana (Vawter Family in America).

Since James Crawford moved to Indiana, it is possible that a son named Isaac might also move to Indiana. In 1815, an Isaac Crawford registered land at the Jeffersonvlle land office. Jefferson County, Indiana deeds indicate that an Isaac Crawford and Nancy his wife sold land in Jefferson County, Indiana. Isaac and Nancy again sell land in 1822. In 1823, an Isaac Crawford purchases land in Bartholomew County, Indiana. Other researchers indicate that Isaac and Nancy (Miller) Crawford died in 1824.

I have yet to find a record or records linking Isaac Crawford to James Crawford, thus, I have to consider the possibility that there are either two Isaac Crawfords married to a Nancy or that Isaac’s father is George Crawford. My next step is to contact other researchers to see if they can provide information to prove or disprove my theory.

The first place I looked was on the FamilySearch tree. That tree currently shows George Crawford as the father of Isaac. Since the change log allows me to see who made changes to Isaac Crawford [LQ5D-25H],  I can see who is in the ‘James camp’ and who is in the ‘George camp’.

I have used the FamilySearch messaging system to contact these researchers – and I have received a hint that there is a court record involving Isaac’s sister, Polly Guthrie, that may identify the children of James.

Some might wonder why I’m spending so much time investigating Isaac since he isn’t my ancestor. The primary reason is that I’m hoping that by following James and Rebecca’s children, grandchildren, etc. I will stumble across some clue that will take me around my brick wall and identify the parents or siblings of my ancestor. My second reason is that one of my DNA matches descends from Isaac and my match is in the ‘George’ camp.

Check out Isaac Crawford on my RootsMagic website and let me know who you think his father is.