James Crawford of Jefferson County Indiana

(Report created from RootsMagic using the Narrative Report feature)

1. James Crawford was born in 1758 in Augusta, Commonweath of Virginia.15

     According to biographies, he served in the military for 3 months under Capt. Wm Colbert and Col. Patrick Lockhart and 3 months under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan between 1776 and 1780.1,67 He served in the military in 1778 in Botetourt (historical), Botetourt, Virginia, United States.24,8 James served in the military for 3 mos. under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan.4

     He witnessed the will of John Crawford on 7 Apr 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.912 He was the parent of Anne Crawford born in 1780.13

     James filed land entry papers  in Jun 1782 in Madison, Virginia, United States.14

     He was the parent of William Crawford born in May 1784.13
        He  purchased land from Thomas Kennedy containing 200 acres on Paint Lick Creek adjoining the John Kennedy station on 19 Apr 1786 in Lincoln, Virginia, United States.15

     James was the parent of Mary Polly Crawford born in Jun 1786.13,16
     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1787 in Madison,Virginia, United States.17 He was juror  in Aug 1787 in Madison, Virginia, United States.1819 James was the parent of Isaac Crawford born in 1788.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.20 He  sold land being 50 acres on Paint Lick Creek for 50 pounds to David Rice on 26 Aug 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.21 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1789 in Madison, Virginia, United States.22

     He was the parent of James Maxwell Crawford born on 4 Mar 1790.13

     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1791 in Madison, Virginia, United States.23 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1792 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.24 He was the parent of Elizabeth Crawford born in Apr 1792.13,16 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1794 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.25 James was the parent of Jane Crawford born in 1795.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1795 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.26 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1796 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.27

     James was appointed surveyor of the road between 1797 and 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.28 He lived in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA in 1798.29 On 3 Oct 1798, he  sold land being two hundred acres of land on Silver Creek, the balance of six hundred acres obtained in two surveys by John Anderson, deceased in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.31 He was the parent of Cynthia Crawford born in 1802.13

     He lived in Jefferson, Indiana Territory, United States in Mar 1811.6 James filed land entry papers  on 4 Feb 1812 in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States.28,32 He  sold land  on 12 Nov 1812 in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA.3334 He of Garrard County, Kentucky made full payment for the Northeast quarter of Section number twenty-nine of township number four North in Range number ten East of the second principal meridian on 5 May 1814 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.35 James  sold land on Irvin’s branch of Creek part of section number  twenty nine of township number four north of range number ten east on 4 Aug 1815 in Jefferson, Indian Territory, United States.3637 He lived with 1 male over 45, 2 females 16 thru 25, 1 female over 45 who was listed as James Crawford in Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1820.38 He  purchased lot #80 in town of Vernon from John & Polly Vawter on 20 Oct 1820 in Jennings, Indiana, United States.3940

     James lived in Madison Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1826.41 He  sold land being the NE quarter of section 29 in township number 4 north of range number ten east to James M. Crawford on 7 Apr 1826 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.42

     He died on 3 Apr 1836 at the age of 78 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,35 James was buried at Hebron Cemetery in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,45,4344

James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson3,4546 were married in 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.6,12 Other records indicate they were married in 1783 in Virginia, United States.3,47 Other records indicate they were married in 1790.1,4,48Rebecca Anderson, daughter of John Anderson and Ann Irvine, was born in 1761.16,4916131313,1613131313,161313 She died in 1840 at the age of 79.49 She was buried in 1840 at Hebron Cemetery in Monroe Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States.43,49 Rebecca was also known as Rebecca Crawford.1

        1. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1938), p. 108. Hereinafter cited as Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana.        

2. Interview with James Vawter Crawford and Mary F. Cowgill  “Crawford” Coon ([address for private use], Shedd, Oregon), by WPA Interviews for Linn County Oregon and transcribed by Patricia Dunn, transcribed 2000. transcription held by WPA Interviews ([address for private use], http://www.lgsoregon.org/lgstng/showmedia.php?mediaID=22398).        

3. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017.        

4. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in INdiana, James Crawford, database  with images on-line, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017.        

5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed onlin August 2016), memorial for James Crawford (1758-1836), Find a Grave Memorial no. #29998479, created by Amy Tomica, citing Hebron Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Sharon Kay Dean, James Crawford.        

6. Grace Vawter Bicknell, Vawter Family in America: with the Allied Families of Branham, Crawford,Wise, Lewis, Stribling, Glover, Moncrief (Indianapolis: The Hollenbeck Press, 1905), ; digital images, Internet Archive (us.archive.org : accessed .        

7. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots in the American Revolution Buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), p. 108.        

8. Lineage Book / National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Washington, D.C.: NSDAR, 1892-), Vol. 40 (Crawford.KY.040). Hereinafter cited as DAR Lineage Books.        

9. Will of John Crawford, 7 April 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, ; Montgomery County Courthouse, Christiansburg, Virginia; 32608, Book B page 38, Family History Library, .        

10. TravelinTeachers Family Tree: Douglas Family (http://travteach-douglass.tripod.com/ : viewed online November 2016), George Douglas.        

11. John Crawford Will, 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, Montgomery County.        

12. Virginia, Montgomery. County Court Order Books, v.1-4, 1773-1790.  Film #32622 DGS 7897248. John Crawford, 1779 2: image 292; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online April 2019.        

13. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/maxwellhistoryge00hous : downloaded copy May 2019.        

14. James Thompson, Land Entries for Madison County, Kentucky, 1780-1793, Crabb Anne, Transcriber (Richmond, KY: Anne Crabb, 1996), p. 19, Crawford James.        

15. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Deeds, 1780-1866; indexes, 1780-1955.  Film #192238. Kennedy to Crofford, 19 Apr 1786 Book A: p 219 image 120; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

16. Melish Mrs. Charles, Pioneer Women (www.jeffersoncountylocalhistory.org/fampioneerwomen : viewed online May 2019), Crawford.        

17. Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799 (Miami Beach, FL: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1992), Crawford, Mary (exempt). Hereinafter cited as Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.        

18. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 195.         

19. Madison County Kentucky, Vol. A-B, 1786-1800: image 15, James Crofford; FHL microfilm 183274.        

20. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY.  Film #8126 DGS 7834478. William Crawford, 1788 Tax Books 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 63; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

21. Kentucky, Madison County. Book of Deeds.  Film ##007896910. James Crawford, 26 Aug 1788 Vol. B 1791-1793: page 269, 270, 271 (images 292, 293); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

22. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, James Crawford, William Crawford, Mary Crawford, 1789; .        

23. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford William, James, Mary, 1791; .        

24. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford, William, Mary, James, 1792; .        

25. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1794; .        

26. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1795; .        

27. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James and William, 1796; .        

28. Interview, James Vawter Crawford and his mother Mary F. Cowgill (Crawford) Coon, transcribed 2000.        

29. Kentucky, Madison. Book of Deeds.  Film #007896911. James Crawford, 3 Oct 1798 Vol. D 1796-1800: page 712-714; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

30. Houston Florence Wilson, Laura Cowan Blaine, Ella Dunn Mellette, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: C. E. Pauley & Co, 1916), p. 261; digital images, Google Books (books.google.com : viewed online August 2016; Madison County Kentucky Deeds D-712.        

31. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crawford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.        

32. Thelma M. Murphy, “Certificates Issued to Kentuckians from Jeffersonville, Ind. Land Office,” Kentucky Ancestors 15 (Oct 1979); digital image, Kentucky Historical Society (www.kyhistory.com : viewed online January 2019), page 71.        

33. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 420        

34. Garrard County, Kentucky, Vols. C-D 1806-1813: 309, James Crawford and Rebecca to Thomas Kennedy; FHL microfilm 83243.        

35. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online April 2019), James Crawford.        

36. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891.  Film ##1310264. James Crawford, 4 Aug 1814 Book A: p. 152; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online May 2019.        

37. Entry;  , “Jefferson County Deeds” Special p.99 (Crawford.IN.084).        

38. 1820 U.S. Census, Jefferson County, Indiana, population schedule, Jefferson County, Indiana, image 23, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

39. Indiana, Jennings. Deed Records V. A Apr 1818 – Nov 1828.  Film #1305298. Vawter to Crawford, 20 Oct 1820 Book A: page 115; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2019.        

40. “Jennings County Deed Book A,” Hoosier Journal of Ancestry (Vol. 10), (Crawford.IN.068).        

41. “Madison Township 1826 Voters” Special #4 (Crawford.IN.084).        

42. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891, James Crawford, 7 Apr 1826; .        

43. Jefferson County Cemetery Records Volume 1 (: DAR, 1941), p. 329 (Crawford.IN.081). Hereinafter cited as Jefferson County Cemetery Records.        

44. “Abstracts of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots,” Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), James Crawford; Hatcher, Patricia Law. Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, vol. 1-4.        

45. Maxwell History and Genealogy, 255.        

46. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Mari K. “Polly” Crawford Guthri (1786-1834), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65800390,        

47. Norman Bloss Mavity, The Mavity Family (Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., 1954), p. 7; digital copy, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019.        

48. DAR Lineage Books, page 178 volume 97 (Crawford.KY.040).        

49. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Rebecca Anderson (1761-1840), Find a Grave Memorial no. #32605052,

George W. Crawford

Have you ever just stumbled across something that others may seem minor when it provides major clues. That’s what happened yesterday when I did a simple Google search for ‘Isaac Crawford Nancy Miller’.

That search led to a biography of George W. Crawford of Gentry County, Missouri in the book, The History of Gentry and Worth Counties, Missouri on page 421.

George W. Crawford

section 5, township 61,l range 30, is the owner of 223 acres of land, about
120 acres of which are under fence and in a fine state of cultivation. He
has a comfortable house, a good barn and a fine orchard. Mr. Crawford
the son of Isaac and Nancy (Miller) Crawford, both Kentuckians by birth.
During his infancy his parents died, and he was reared by his grand
parents. At the age of two years he was taken to Garrard County, Ken-
tucky, where he remained until ten years of age. In 1833, he moved
to Clay County, Missouri, continuing to reside there until about the year
1838, when he came to Gentry County. In 1846, he went to Santa Fe,
New Mexico, returning to Gentry County in the spring of 1847. In
1849, he took a trip to California and remained there until June, 1851,
when he again came to Gentry County, and here he has since lived. He
located on his present farm in 1852, and is a prominent farmer and stock
raiser of this vicinity. Mr. Crawford was married in Gentry County,
October 14, 1852, to Elizabeth Wheeler, who was born in Garrard County,
Kentucky, September 3, 1833. She is the daughter of Benjamin and
Sophia (Bradshaw) Wheeler, both of Garrard County. The result of 
this union was twelve children, ten of whom were living: Sophia J., James
A., Benjamin, Isaac N., Ulysses, Annie, Miriam, Cenie Margaret, Lueva
and Elsie. Mr. Crawford and wife are both members of the Baptist
Church.

Not only does this biography contain information about the travels of George W. Crawford as an adult, but it explains how Isaac Crawford’s children got from Indiana to Kentucky.

Since several of Nancy Miller’s siblings settled in the same area of Missouri at about the same time, this biography suggests that I need to do more research on those Miller siblings to learn more about the children of Isaac and Nancy Crawford.

Thanks Google for leading me to this biography. These are fantastic hints!

James or George

Do you have a brick wall? Does that brick wall involve identifying the father of an ancestor? At some point, many of us face such a brick wall.

One of my brick walls involves my ancestor, James Crawford. My James Crawford married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. All of my research efforts have not punched a hole in this brick wall. Thus, I’m using the FAN (friends acquaintances, and neighbors) club method to branch out and try to find a way around this brick wall. I’m currently researching all of the Crawford families in the area of Garrard County, Kentucky during its early days of settlement.

One of those families is James Crawford and his wife Rebecca Anderson. My current theory is that this James Crawford might be an uncle to my ancestor. Thus, I’m hoping that by researching James and Rebecca and their children, I might find something relating to my James Crawford. Unfortunately, identifying the children of James and Rebecca is proving to be difficult.

I found information about this family in the Florence Wilson Houston book, Maxwell History and Genealogy

This book identifies the children of James and Rebecca as William Crawford, James Crawford, Isaac Crawford, Ann Crawford, Jane Crawford, Cynthia Crawford, and Polly Crawford. Even though this information is just a hint, it has proven valuable in locating records for the children of James and Rebecca. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to locate a will, probate record or even a deed that identifies these children as the children of James and/or Rebecca Crawford.

When it comes to Isaac Crawford, some other researchers show his father as George Crawford and not James. Thus, I’m trying to figure out whether there are two Isaac Crawfords in the Garrard County, Kentucky area at the same time or whether someone has an incorrect father for Isaac Crawford – and that someone could be me.

My theory: The Isaac Crawford married to Nancy Miller is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford. 

Do I have any rock solid evidence to support this theory? No! I only have tidbits of information that might connect Isaac to James and Rebecca Crawford. Most of what I have simply places Isaac Crawford in the same area as James and Rebecca during the same time period.

I have found records placing James and Rebecca Anderson living along Paint Lick Creek in Madison and Garrard Counties, Kentucky.

In that same area, several sources indicate that Isaac Crawford married Nancy Miller on 2 Dec 1808.

In 1809, there is an Isaac Crawford on the tax list for Garrard County, Kentucky. A James Crawford and a Wm Crawford are listed on the same page of this tax list. (Note: This page does not include a George Crawford.)

Isaac is also listed on the 1810 and 1811 tax lists for Garrard County, Kentucky. However, James Crawford is not listed on these tax lists. In 1811, James Crawford is said to have moved to Jefferson County, Indiana (Vawter Family in America).

Since James Crawford moved to Indiana, it is possible that a son named Isaac might also move to Indiana. In 1815, an Isaac Crawford registered land at the Jeffersonvlle land office. Jefferson County, Indiana deeds indicate that an Isaac Crawford and Nancy his wife sold land in Jefferson County, Indiana. Isaac and Nancy again sell land in 1822. In 1823, an Isaac Crawford purchases land in Bartholomew County, Indiana. Other researchers indicate that Isaac and Nancy (Miller) Crawford died in 1824.

I have yet to find a record or records linking Isaac Crawford to James Crawford, thus, I have to consider the possibility that there are either two Isaac Crawfords married to a Nancy or that Isaac’s father is George Crawford. My next step is to contact other researchers to see if they can provide information to prove or disprove my theory.

The first place I looked was on the FamilySearch tree. That tree currently shows George Crawford as the father of Isaac. Since the change log allows me to see who made changes to Isaac Crawford [LQ5D-25H],  I can see who is in the ‘James camp’ and who is in the ‘George camp’.

I have used the FamilySearch messaging system to contact these researchers – and I have received a hint that there is a court record involving Isaac’s sister, Polly Guthrie, that may identify the children of James.

Some might wonder why I’m spending so much time investigating Isaac since he isn’t my ancestor. The primary reason is that I’m hoping that by following James and Rebecca’s children, grandchildren, etc. I will stumble across some clue that will take me around my brick wall and identify the parents or siblings of my ancestor. My second reason is that one of my DNA matches descends from Isaac and my match is in the ‘George’ camp.

Check out Isaac Crawford on my RootsMagic website and let me know who you think his father is.

Aristippus Brown

As part of my CRAWFORD research, I’m trying to determine whether the Isaac Crawford of Jefferson County, Indiana is the same Isaac Crawford who married Nancy Miller in Garrard County, Kentucky. Thus, I’m trying to locate information on potential children. One of those potential children is Elizabeth Crawford who married Aristippus Brown in Clinton County, Missouri.

Unfortunately, I’m having trouble locating much information on Aristippus Brown. What I’ve been able to locate is a marriage record, land records and mentions in county histories.

Aristippus Brown was married to Elizabeth Crawford in Clinton County, Missouri on 3 August 1836.

According to the History of Davies and Gentry Counties, MIssouri, Aristippus Brown was from Kentucky and lived near Genntryville in 1839. The history indicates that Aristippus Brown moved to California.

In May of 1840, Aristippus Brown and Elizabeth Brown his wife, sold land in Garrard County, Kentucky. This deed identifies Elizabeth as Elizabeth Crawford, daughter of Isaac Crawford and granddaughter of Jacob Miller.

Garrard County Kentucky
Land and Property

Deeds, Vols. N-O 1838-1843
FamilySearch Film 183247 DGS 8568105

Page 396

No. 1381 
Aristippus Brown [sc] to William W Duff
Deed
This Indenture made and entered into this 2nd day of May in the
year 1840 between Aristippus Brown and Elizabeth Brown his
wife, late Elizabeth Crawford, daughter of Isaac Crawford son
in law of Jacob Miller decd of the County of Clinton and State of
Missouri, by James Crawford their attorney in fact of and part
and William W Duff of Garrard County and State of Kentucky
of the other part, witnesseth that the said James Crawford attorney
as afsd for and in consideration of the sum of seventy five dollar
rs to him in hand paid, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledg
ed has sold and by these presents conveys to the said Duff, all

page 397

the right, title and interest of the said Brown and wife in
and to a tract of 197 1/2 acres of land, lying in Garrard Co Ky
on the waters of Paint Lick, and being the same on which
their ancestor Jacob Miller died, and from whom said Interest
descended, being the one sixth of one eleventh part of said land
supposed to be a fraction over three acres to the said Duff
his heirs [jc]
And the said Brown and Elizabeth his wife, by their said
attorney James Crawford by these presents covenant and agree
to and with said Duff that they will warrant and forever def
end the title to the Interest aforesaid free adn discharged of
all right Interest claim or demand of themselves their heirs
or assigns and from the claim or claims of all and every other
person or persons, whatever to said Duff, his heirs [jc] absolutely
In testimony whereof the said parties of the first part 
by their aforesaid attorney have hereunto set their hands and affix
ed their seals the date afsd
Aristipus Brown (seal)
Elizabeth Brown (seal)
by James A Crawford (seal)
State of Kentucky
Garrard County
I certify that this deed from Aristippus
Brown and Elizabeth Brown his wife, by James A. Crawford
their attorney to William W. Duff was produced to me in my
office on the 2nd day of May 1840 and acnd by the said
James A. Crawford attorney as afsd to be his act and deed
for the purposes therein mentioned.
Whereupon the said deed together with this certificate
is truly recorded, this 2nd day of May 1840.
Alex R McKee ck

According to the ‘Early History of Gentry County’ published in the 13 February 1936 edition of the Albany Ledger (Albany, Missouri), Aristippus Brown was living in Miller Township of Gentry County about 1845.

In June of 1845, Aristippus Brown of Mills Township was appointed justice of the peace according to the History of Davies and Gentry Counties.

In July 1847, Aristippus Brown sold land in Gentry County being a fractional part of section 33, Township 56 range 33 containing twenty five acres. The deed did not mention a wife.

Gentry County, Missouri
Deeds v. C-D 1842-1850
FS Film 1005936 DGS 8593563

Page 41

This deed, made and entered into this twelfth day of July, eighteen hundred and
forty seven by and between Aristippus Brown of Gentry County and State of Missouri
of the first part, and William R. Powe of Clinton County and State of Missouri of the
second part, witnesseth, that the said party of the first part for and in consideration
of the sum of one hundred and eighty dollars to him in hand paid by the said party
of the second part receipt whereof is hereby confessed and acknowledged has granted,
bargains and sold, and by these presents doth grant, bargain and sell, convey and
confirm unto the said party of the second part, and to his heirs and assigns forever,
a certain tract, piece or parcel of land, lying and being in the County of Clinton and
State of Missouri to wit: the lot or South part of fractional section thirty three (33)
in Township fifty six(56) of range thirty three (33) containing twenty five acres
and twenty hundredths of an acre more or less. To have and to hold the same, with all
the rights privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining
unto him, the said party of the second part, his heirs and assigns forever; the said Aris
tippus Brown, party of the first part hereby covenanting that he his heirs executors and ad-
ministrators will warrant and defend the title to the said premises and every part thereof,

page 42

to him the said party of the second part & to his heirs and assigns, against the lawful
claim or claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever, claiming or to claim the
same or any part thereof.
It witness whereof, the said party of the first part has hereunto set his hand and
seal, the day and year first herein written.
Aristippus Brown (SS)
Done in presence of
State of Missouri
County of Clinton ss
Be it remembered that on this twelfth day of July eighteen
hundred and forty seven, before me, the undersigned Clerk of the Circuit Court with-
in and for the County aforesaid, personally came Aristippus Brown, who is personally
known to me to be the same person whose name is subscribed to the foregoing instrument
of writing, as party thereto, and he acknowledged the same to be his act and deed
for the purposes therein mentioned.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal
(S.S.) of said Court, on the day and year above written.
Winslow Turner, Clerk
Mem. The foregoing deed was received by me for record on the 12th day of
July A.D. 1847.
Winslow Turner, Recorder.

In June 1848, Aristippus Brown filed patents for two tracts of land in Gentry County, Missouri. Certificate 5112 was for 40 acres in section 1, Township 60 Range 31. Certificate 4664 was for the SE 1/4 Section 36, Township 60, Range 31. (Bureau of Land Management)

Certificate
No. 5112


The United States of America
To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Aristippus Brown, of Gentry County, Missouri
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Plattsburg whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said
Aristippus Brown
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled “An Act making further provision for the sale of Public Lands,” for
Lot number One of the North East fractional quarter
of section one in Township sixty one of Range thirty
one in the District of Lands subject to sale as Platts
burg, Missouri, containing, Forty acres
according to the official plat of the survey of said lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said
Aristippus Brown
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents do Give and Grant,
unto the said, Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs, the said tract above described; to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights
privileges, immunities and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said
Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs and assigns forever
In Testimony whereof, I James K Polk
President of the United States of American, have caused these letters to be made Patent, and
the seal, of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of June
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight and of the 
Independence of the United States the seventy second
by the President; James K Polk
by J F Stephens [Afor} Sec’y
S H Laughlin Recorder of the General Land Office

______

Bureau of Land Management
Patent Image

Pre-Emption
Certificate
No. 4664


The United States of America

To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas Aristippus Brown of Gentry County Missouri
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Plattsburg, whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said
Aristippus Brown
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled “An Act making further provision for the sale of Public Lands,” for
the South East quarter of Section Thirty Six in Township Sixty
two of Range Thirty one in the District of Lands subject to 
sale at Plasttsburg Missouri containing one hundred and 
sixty acres
according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said Aristippus Brown
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents do Give and Grant,
unto the said Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging unto the said Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony whereof, I James K Polk
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and
the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the Tenth day of June
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight and of the
independence of the United States the twenty second
By the President: James K Polk
by J K Stephens [Sfor] Sec’y
S. H. Laughlin, Recorder of the General Land Office

In 1876, Aristippus Brown was listed on the California Voter Registration records living in Lake County, California.

I’m hoping that by learning more about Aristippus Brown, his wife Elizabeth Crawford and her siblings I’ll be able to determine whether the Isaac and Nancy Crawford of Jefferson County, Indiana is the Isaac Crawford who married Nancy Miller in Garrard County, Kentucky.

Sellers Deed

Have you ever encountered some random information in a Facebook post that led you to look for additional records? That was my experience recently when someone posted in the Families of Garrard County, Kentucky group about the Sellers-Kennedy riot.

Since my Crawford family left Garrard County before 1820, I haven’t paid much attention to the history of the county after that. One of the Crawford lines I’m tracking from the Garrard County area had two daughters marry into the Sellers family. (William Sellers married Sarah Crawford and James Sellers married Mary Crawford) These particular Sellers families also moved out of the county.

At this point, I don’t know how the Sellers of the 1873 riot connect to the Sellers family of the 1790s but I’m guessing they do connect.

One of the comments on the post mentioned the search for Sellers deeds. When I looked back at my research, I realized I did not have the deed for the sale of land. Since those records are easily accessible on FamilySearch, I located that deed today.

At first glance, this deed may be for land that belonged to James Sellers and Mary Crawford.

Garrard County, Kentucky
Land and Property

Deeds, Vols. R-S 1849-1859
Family Search Film 183249 DGS 8191827

Deed Book R page 480
image 245

No 3799 Isaac Marksbury Commissioner to James Anderson
(deed)
This indenture made and entered into this day of September 1830 between Isaac
Marksbury Commissioner appointed under a decree of the Garrard Circuit Court
pronounced at the June Term 1830 wherein James Sellars heirs are complete and
James Sellar heirs are deft of one part and James Anderson of Garrard County
of the other part, witnesseth that whereas by a former decree of the Garrard Circuit
Court pronounced in the above suit, the said Isaac Marksbury as Commissi
oner was authorized and directed to sell a certain tract of land lying on the
waters of Sugar Creek, which descended to the said heirs from their ancestor James
Sellars, which sale was mad and Nathan Sellars became the purchaser
thereof, and it appearing that said Nathan has sold said land to the said 
James Anderson, and the said Garrard Circuit Court having appointed
& authorized the said Isaac Marksbury to make the conveyance, to said
Anderson now therefor in consideration thereof the said Isaac Marksbury
by these presents does sell alien en[seoss] and convey unto the said James
Anderson the following tract or parcel of land lying and being in the
County of Garrard and bounded as follows to wit Beginning at A
a stone corner to James Anderson running from thence N 80 degrees W 160 poles
to a stake another corner of said Anderson in Downings back line, thence
with said line N 10 degrees E 160 poles to a large poplar thence S 80 degrees E 160 poles to
an old stump on a washed hill side thence South 10 degrees W 26 poles to a
stake in a field thence East 28 poles to 3 beeches in the creek thence
up the creek with its meanders S 20 degrees W 28 poles S42 degrees W 10 poles to the mouth
of a branch at a sugar tree thence up the branch N 80 degrees W 21 1/2 poles
to an Elm in the old line thence with said line S 10 degrees W 102 poles to the
beginning containing 164 acres and 3 roods.

page 481

To have and to hold the afsd tract or parcel of land with all and
singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging to him the said James
Anderson his heirs [pd] in fee simple forever and the said Isaac
Marksbury as Commissions afsd does covenant that he will warr
ant and defend the title of said land to him the said Anderson
his heirs [fd] against the claim or claims of all persons claiming throu
gh or by the heirs of James Sellars, decd.
In Testimony whereof he has hereto set his hand and seal 
the day & year above
Isaac Marksbury
Commissioner
Garrard circuit Sct
It appears from the records of the Garrard Circuit Court
Clerks office of which court I am clerk that this deed was produced
in open County by Isaac Marksbury Comm on the 24th day of March
1831, and acknowledged by him to be his act and deed approved
and ordered to be recorded and handed over to the clerk of the Garr
ard County Court for record in his office.
I have therefor recorded the same in the deed Book
of the Garrard Circuit Court & have handed the same to the
Clerk of the Garrard County Court to be by him recorded
this 2nd April 1830.
Alex R McKee Clerk
Garrard Circuit Ct
This deed has a clue that hopefully will lead to more records:

decree of the Garrard Circuit Court pronounced at the June Term 1830
Now to locate the correct set of court records and find the Sellars case in those records!

Deeds Identifying Miller Heirs

I’m trying to figure out whether the Isaac Crawford and wife Nancy of Jefferson County, Indiana are the Isaac Crawford who married Nancy Miller in Garrard County, Kentucky. Thus, I’m tracking the transfer of land by heirs of Jacob Miller, Nancy Miller’s father.

In May 1840, James and John Crawford were identified as sons of Isaac Crawford when they sold their 1/6th of 1/11th of Jacob Miller’s land to William Duff. Going back through the deeds, I have identified three other deeds where protions of Jacob Miller’s land was sold to William Duff. Two of those deeds also involve heirs of Isaac Crawford.

Aristippus Brown to William Duff — 2 May 1840

Garrard County Kentucky
Land and Property

Deeds, Vols. N-O 1838-1843
FamilySearch Film 183247 DGS 8568105

Book N
Page 396

No. 1381
Aristippus Brown [sc] to William W Duff

Deed
This Indenture made and entered into this 2nd day of May in the
year 1840 between Aristippus Brown and Elizabeth Brown his
wife, late Elizabeth Crawford, daughter of Isaac Crawford son
in law of Jacob Miller decd of the County of Clinton and State of
Missour, by James Crawford their attorney in fact of and part
and William W Duff of Garrard County and State of Kentucky
of the other part, witnesseth taht the said James Crawford attorny
as afsd for and in consideration of the sum of seventy five dollar
rs to him in hand paid, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledg
ed has sold and by these presents conveys to the said Duff, all

page 397

the right, title and interest of the said Brown and wife in
and to a tract of 197 1/2 acres of land, lying in Garrard Co Ky
on the waters of Paint Lick, and being the same on which
their ancestor Jacobe Miller died, and from whom said Interest
descended, being the one sixth of one eleventh part of said land
supposed to be a fraction over three acres to the said Duff
his heirs [jc]
And the said Brown and Elizabeth his wife, by their said
attorney James Crawford by these presents covenant and agree
to and with said Duff that they will warrant and forever def
end the title to the Interest aforesaid free adn discharged of
all right Interest claim or demand of themselves their heirs
or assigns and from the claim or claims of all and every other
person or persons, whatever to said Duff, his heirs [jc] absolutely
In testimony whereof the said parties of the first part 
by their aforesaid attorney have hereunto set their hands and affix
ed their seals the date afsd
Aristipus Brown (seal)
Elizabeth Brown (seal)
by James A Crawford (seal)
State of Kentucky
Garrard County
I certify that this deed from Aristippus
Brown and Elizabeth Brown his wife, by James A. Crawford
their attorney to William W. Duff was produced to me in my
office on the 2nd day of May 1840 and acnd by the said
James A. Crawford attorney as afsd to be his act and deed
for the purposes therein mentioned.
Whereupon the said deed together with this certificate
is truly recorded, this 2nd day of May 1840.
Alex R McKee ck

George W Crawford to W Wo Duff  – 6 Nov 1844
Garrard County KentuckyLand and Property
Deeds, Vols. P-Q 1843-1859FamilySearch Film 183248 DGS 8568106
Book Ppage 253

No 2489 George W Crawford to W W DuffDeed
For and in consideration of the sum of $75.00 to me paid thereceipt of which I acknowledge I George W Crawford of Garrard CountyKentucky have sold aliened and conveyed and by these presents do sell alien andconvey unto William W. Duff of the County and State afsd all the right titleinterest and claim I hold in a tract of 197 1/2 acres of land lying n theCounty afsd on the waters of Paint Lick Creek and being the same on which my ancestor Jacob Miller decd was from whence said interest descendedbeing the one sixth of one eleventh supposed to be three acres to the saidWilliam W Duff his heirs and assigns forever and I do by these presentscovenant and agree to [?] with said Duff to warrant and forever defendthe title to the interest afsd free from the claim of myself my heirs etcand from the claims of all and every other person or persons whatsoever to thesaid William W Duff his heirs [sc] absolutely and forever.In testimony whereof I the said George W Crawford hereto set myhand and affixed my seal this 6th day of November 1844George W CrawfordState of KentuckyGarrard CountyI Alexander McKee clerk of the Garrard County Court do certifythat the foregoing deed of conveyance from George W Crawford to WilliamW Duff was this day produced to me in my office and acknowledgedby the said Crawford to be his act and deed for the purposes therein mentioned.Whereupon the same is timely admitted to record. Given under my handthis 6 day of November 1844Alex R McKee ck

Henry Miller and wife Jane to William w Duff – 3 Oct 1844
Garrard County KentuckyLand and Property
Deeds, Vols. P-Q 1843-1859Family Search film 183248 DGS 8568106
Deed Book P 
Page 244

No 2479 Henry Miller & wife to William W DuffDeed
This Indenture mad this the 3rd day of October in the year of ourLord one thousand eight hundred and forty four between Henry Millerand Jane his wife of the County of Washington and state of Kentucky of theone part and William W Duff of the County of Garrard and state afsdof the other part Witnesseth that the said Henry Miller and Jane hiswife for and in consideration of the sum of twenty five dollars per acre [jc]in hand paid to them, the receipt where of they do hereby acknowledge hathgranted bargained and sold and by these presents do grant, bargain and sellunto the said William W Duff his heirs and assigns forever, a certain tract orparcel of land, containing one hundred and ninety seven and a half acreswith the exception of nine acres and a fraction belong to the heir ofIsaac and Nancy Crawford lying and being in the county of Garrard, on thewater of Paint Lick creek. Beginning at a white oak and sugar tree marked(A) corner to Mrs Henderson thence with her line North 73 E 35 3/4 poles to astone corner to A Wallace decd thence with his line North 16 West 73 poles toa Lynn on the South Bank of Sd branch corner to said Wallace thence withhis line North 9 3/4 East 70 poles to a stone in a lane, his corner, thencealong the lane with Wallace North 14 west 49 poles to another stone cornerto Wallace on Browns line thence North 70 East 50 poles to a stone in a branchcorner to Lackey thence South 59 1/4 West 80 poles to a stake (now a stone)
page 245

corner to said Lackey near the road at the turn of the lane, thence South11 West 162 poles to a large white oak (and two dogwoods gone) thence South29 East 64 3/4 poles to a sugar tree, corner to Mrs. Henderson, thence South80 East 99 poles to a fallen red oak (now a stone) corner to Mrs. Hendersonthence 21 West 49 3/4 poles to th beginning. To have and to hold thesaid tract of land with its appurtenances to the said William W Duff, hisheirs and assigns forever, and the said Henry Miller and Jane his wife forthemselves their heirs exr and admrs to warrant and forever defend the saidtract of land except the above named 9 acres belong to the Crawfordheirs with its appurtenances to the said Wm W Duff his heirs and assignsagainst the claim of all and every person or persons whatsoever.In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hand and seals thisday and year first above writtenHenry MillerJane MillerState of KentuckyWashington CountyI William P Booker clerk of the county court for the countyaforesaid do certify that on the day of the date hereof this deed from HenryMiler and Jane his wife to William W Duff was acknowledged before meby the said Henry Miller to be his act and deed and the said Jane Millerwife of the said Henry being examined by me privily and apart fromher husband declared that she did freely and willingly seal anddeliver said writing and wishes not to retract it, and acknowledges saidwriting again shown and explained to her to be her act and deed,andconsented that the same may be recorded. Whereupon said deed togetherwith the foregoing certificate is certified to the proper office for recordwhere the premises be. Given under my hand the 3d day of Oct 1844W B Booker CWCBy J P S[horn] DCKentucky Garrard County [Jct]I Alexander R McKee clerk of the Garrard county court do certifythat the deed from Henry Miller and Jane his wife to William W Duff wasthis day produced to me in my office for record. Whereupon the said deedtogether with the certificate thereon [and ?] and the certificate are trulyrecorded. Given under my hand this 25th day of October 1844att Alex R McKee ckby John Wilson DC

Miller Heirs – Crawford Deed

Garrard County Kentucky
Index to deeds, 1797-1935; deeds, 1797-1866; births, 1789-1801

Deeds, Vols. N-O 1838-1843
FS Film 183247 DGS 8568105

Book N page 406

No 1387 James & John Crawford to Wm W Duff


This Indenture made and entered into this 13th day of May
in the year 1840, between James Crawford & John Crawford, sons
of Isaac Crawford, who was a son-in-law of Jacob Miller, decd
of the County of Garrard & State of Kentucky on their part, and
William Duff of the sd County and State of the other part, witness
eth that sd James Crawford & John Crawford for and in consideration
of the sum of twenty five dollars each to them in hand paid
the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged have sold and by theses
presents do convey tot he sd Duff all the right, title and Interest
they hold in a tract or parcel of land containing 197 1/2 acres, lying
in Garrard Cty Ky on the waters of Paint Lick, and being the same
on which their ancestor Jacob Miller died and from whence sd int
erest descended, being the one sixth of one eleventh of said land
to each James and John Crawford supposed to be sixth acres to the
said Duff, his heirs [jc] and the said James and John Crawford
by these presents covenant and agree to and with said Duff
that they will warrant and forever defend the title, the inter
est aforesaid free and discharged of all right, interest, claim or
demand of themselves their heirs or assigns and from the clai
m or claims of all and every other person or persons whatever
to the sd Duff, his heirs absolutely.
In testimony whereof the parties of the first part have
hereunto set their hands and seals the date afsd
James A Crawford (seal)
John Crawford (seal)
State of Kentucky
Garrard County
I certify that this deed form James
A. Crawford and John Crawford to William W Duff was pro
duced to me in my office on the 13th day of May 1840 and ack
nd by the said James A. and John Crawford to be their act and
deed for the purposes therein mentioned.
Whereupon the said deed, together with this certificate is
truly recorded this 13th day of May 1840
Alex R McKee ck
Garrard County Court

Same Name Issue with Ancestry Hints

Is something causing Ancestry’s hinting system to merge people of the same name?

I’m in the process of trying to disprove several Crawford men as the father of my James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. Today, I’m trying to work on Rev. James Crawford (1752/3 to 1803) of Fayette County, Kentucky. I’ve found James Crawford [LZN5-SCD] in some of the Fayette County, KY records on Family Search. However, I have yet to find anything that would link James to his children. Thus, I decided to see if the Ancestry tree hints would help.

I’ve had Rev. James Crawford along with several other Crawford families from early Kentucky in my tree for quite some time. Thus, I expected to find legitimate hints. Instead, I found a lot of hints for other James Crawfords, whom I also have in my tree. At first, I just assumed that other researchers had confused some of these Crawford families in their trees. However, when I looked at the hints for Ancestor Member trees, I realized that I was ONLY seeing member trees for a DIFFERENT James Crawford.

All of the suggested trees were for James Crawford married to Rebecca Anderson. These trees also had Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters as the parents of James Crawford. When I looked at the hints I ignored, there were some hints that pertained to James and Rebecca of Indiana.

In addition, there were hints for James Crawford of Fleming County, Kentucky. This James Crawford married Sarah VanSandt.

Thus, it appears that multiple trees are merging these various James Crawford families.

Since the hints, suggested trees, and suggested member connects link to these other families, I’m beginning to think some computer algorithm is suggesting that these James Crawfords are the same individual versus separate men. I’m also curious as to why my search didn’t generate any hints for the trees that contain Rev. James Crawford. 

When I searched Public Member Trees for James Crawford with a death date of 1803 in Fayette County, Kentucky, I did find several trees — trees that should have been suggested in my original hint search.

What I also discovered, is that there is no agreement about Rev. James Crawford’s wife and/or parents in these various trees.

I don’t know whether I can influence these results, but I am going to try by .

  • Contacting the various tree owners for James and Rebecca Anderson and James and Sarah Vansandt to see what data they might have indicating that these James Crawfords are the same individual
  • Contacting the various tree owners for Rev. James Crawford to find out what data they might have for his wife and/or his parents.

On a positive note, when I did a search for James Crawford, died 1803 in Kentucky, the search found images for the correct James. Unfortunately, that same search did not find member trees for the correct James.

My question to the blogging community: Have you noticed people of the same name being combined by the Ancestry hint system? If so, would you have any idea what is causing the issue?

Sellers Mystery

Have you ever seen names on documents and wondered how they fit into your tree? That’s my situation right now with the SELLERS family!

My ancestor, James Crawford, married Sally Duggins in Garrard County, Kentucky in 1799. James Sellers signed the bond and was one of the parties named in the bond.

Know all men by these presents that
we Jams Crawford and James Sellers are
hito and firmly bound unto James Garrard
Esqr Governor of Kentucky in the just and
full sum of fifty pounds current money
to which payment will and trust to be
made we bind ourselves our heirs [so] jointly
and surrally firmly by these presents seald and
dated this 12th day of Sept 1799
Th eCondition of the above obligation
is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly
into to be solemnized between the above bound
James Crawford and Sally Duggins for 
which a licenses has issued now if there 
be no lawful cause to obstruct the sd
marriage then the above obligation so
be void. Else to remain in full force and 
virtue
James Crawford (seal)
James Sellers (seal)

In 1816, James Crawford and William Sellers purchased land in Preble County Ohio as joint tenants.

Ex of Such June 18 1816
James Madison, President of the United States of America
To all To Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting
know Ye, that William Sellers assignee of George Harlan and
James Crawford in his own right
having deposited in the General Land Office a Certificate of the Register of the Land Office
at Cincinnati whereby it appears that full payment has been made for
the Northwest quarter of Section Fourteen of Township Seven
in Range Two lying East of the Meridian line
of the lands directed to be sold at Cincinnati
by the Act of Congress, entitled “An act providing for the sale of the lands of the United
States in the territory north-west of the Ohio, and above the mouth of Kentucky river,” and
of the acts amendatory of the Same: There is granted, by the United States, unto
the said William Sellers & James Crawford the quarter lot or
section of land above described: To have and to hold the said quarter
lot or section of land, with the appurtenances, unto the said
William Sellers & James Crawford their heirs and assigns forever, as
tenants in common and not as joint tenants
In Testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be made
Patent, and the seal of the General Land-Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand at the City of Washington, the first
day of June in the year of our Lord, one thousand
eight hundred and sixteen and of the Independence
of the United States of America, the fortieth.
By the President, James Madison
Josiah Meigs Commissioner of the General Land Office

So who are James and William Sellers?

James and William Sellers are likely two of the seven identified children of Nathaniel Sellers. Nathaniel and several sons, including James, Samuel and William, appear on the early tax lists in Lincoln County, Kentucky. Two other sons, Joseph and Nathan, are on tax lists in Bourbon County, Kentucky during the same time period.

In 1791, James Sellers married Mary Crawford. Five years later (in 1796), William Sellers married Sarah Crawford. Thus, there is a connection between the Sellers and the Crawford families.

However, James and William Sellers are believed to be brothers-in-law to the James Crawford that married Martha Knight. James Sellers and Samuel Sellers witnessed the consent given by John Goodpastor for the marriage of Martha Night to James Crawford.

This is to certify that I John Goodpastor
gardien do fully give my Consnet to the
Marrage contract between James Crawford
and Martha Night as witness my hand and
Seal this ninth day of March 1793
John Goodpastor
James Sellers
Samel his mark Sellers
The bond for the marriage of James Crawford and Martha Night was guaranteed by Nathan Douglass.

Know all men by these presents that we James Crawford
and Nathan Douglass are held and firmly bound unto
His Excellency Isaac Shelby Esquire Governor of Kentucky in
the sum of fifty pounds current money to the payment
whereof to be made to the said Governor and his sucessors we
bind our selves our heirs etc firmly by these presents, sealed
with our seals and dated the 12th day of March 1793
The Condition of the above obligation is such that whereas
then is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between
the above bound James Crawford and Martha Night for
which a license has paid Now if these be no lawful cause
to obstruct the said marriage then this obligation to be void
or else to remain in full force
James Crawford
Nathan Douglass
Sealed Delivered
in presence of
Willes Green

The James Crawford who married Martha Knight (Night)  is believed to be the son of Rebekah Crawford and thus the brother to Mary Crawford who married James Sellers and to Sarah Crawford who married William Sellers.

Since land records show that James and Martha Crawford owned land in Barren County, it has been assumed that the James Crawford on the sale of land by Rebecca Crawford was the James Crawford married to Martha Knight.

Thus, it is believed that the children of Rebekah Crawford include James, husband of Martha, Mary and Sarah. This explains the Sellers names on the marriage consent for Martha Night.

However, it doesn’t explain a connections between James Crawford, husband of Sally Duggins, and James or William Sellers.

Thus the mystery!

At this time, my hypothesis is that my ancestors mother was a sister to James, William and Samuel Sellers. That would make James Crawford (Sally Duggins) a nephew to James Sellers who signed the marriage bond and a nephew to William Sellers who was a joint tenant.

My autosomal DNA results support this hypothesis. I have identified 9 DNA matches who trace their line back to Nathaniel David Sellers, father of James and William Sellers. This would make us some aspect of a sixth cousin. On average, we share 11.5 cM. When I checked the Shared cM Project, there is a 61.80% probability that we could be sixth cousins.  Unfortunately, I have several surnames in common with each of those matches. This makes it difficult to use the DNA to prove my hypothesis.

So, can you help unravel this mystery?

Did I Find a Marriage Record

Have you ever looked at a court document trying to figure out who all of the people are and suddenly realize you may have stumbled across something totally different?

Well, that was my situation yesterday. I found additional documentation for the 1779 will of John Crawford in Montgomery County, Virginia (Order Book 2, image 292),

At a court c/ and held for Montgomery County April 7th 1779

Last will and testament of John Crawford deceased proven by oath of George
[D]ouglas James Crawford and Bazewell Maxwell and ordered to be recorded

Administration of the Estate of Jno Crawford deceased with  the will annexed
[?]granted Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford who entered into bond
[?] [a]nd security according to law

Ordered that Patrick Campbell James Campbell Robert Black and Archbald
Reaugh or any three of them being first sworn appraise the personal estate
and slaves if any of John Crawford Decd and make return thereof to the next
Court.

Inventory and appraisement of the Estate of John Maxwell decd returned
[?] Court and Ordered to be recorded

When I first looked at this entry, I was trying to link this record to my Kentucky research. One of the Crawfords I’m researching in Kentucky is Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford appears on the 1787 tax list in Lincoln County, Kentucky.

It is believed that Rebekah’s husband was John Crawford — the same John Crawford mentioned in the Montgomery County court record. I had previously located John Crawford’s will in the Montgomery County Virginia Wills Book B on image 474. 

I leave to my true and loving wife, Rebecah her thirds during her life and if she merys the estate is to be sold the land into be equally divided between my two sons James & Nathan Craford and a equal devid mong all the chidren of the stock and housal plenishingJohn Crawford

Since Rebekah Crawford of Lincoln County, Virginia is believed to be the mother of the James Crawford who married Martha Knight, this will could be for Rebakah’s husband. However, I don’t have any mention of a Nathan Crawford in my research. Thus, I needed more proof. 

I believe that yesterday I found the support to tie the will of John Crawford in Montgomery County, Virginia to Rebekah Crawford in Lincoln, County, Kentucky. The names of the witnesses to the Montgomery County will are also found in the area of Kentucky where Rebekah lived.

Rebekah may have been listed on the tax roles in Lincoln County, Kentucky, but the land she purchased lies in what is now Garrard County, Kentucky. Rebekah purchased that land from George Douglass. George Douglass is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. 

Other Crawfords living in Garrard County include James and William Crawford. James’ wife was Rebecca Anderson Maxwell. James and his wife Rebecca, along with Bazewell Maxwell and his wife and others are the grantors on a deed for land from the John Anderson estate. Thus, James Crawford and Bazewell Maxwell are brothers-in-law.

Thus, all three witnesses to the John Crawford will can be found in Garrard County, Kentucky.

As I re-read the court entries, I couldn’t figure out the reference to Rebecca Maxwell. None of the information I have suggested that Rebecca Crawford remarried. Then it dawned on me — Rebecca Anderson Maxwell married James Crawford. 

I think the marriage bond of Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford is buried between entries regarding the will of John Crawford.

[?]granted Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford who entered into bond
[?] [a]nd security according to law

Unfortunately, the left side of the page is missing, so I will never know for certain that this is a record for a marriage bond. However, the names, date and place fit.

So, what do you think?

Are the witnesses enough to tie the death of John Crawford in Montgomery County, Virginia to Rebecca Crawford of Lincoln/Garrard Counties, Kentucky?

Is that a record of a marriage bond for Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford?