It’s tax season again. I’m betting that unless one has a child applying for a college scholarship, most people haven’t started their taxes yet. I know I haven’t. I’d rather be spending my time researching.
So why was I buried in tax information yesterday? Well, I was going back thru some old research in pre 1800 tax lists for Madison County, Kentucky. I’ve looked at the tax information before, but didn’t have a good understanding of the various families to be able to identify the people listed.
Between 1787 and 1796, the following Crawford households are found in Madison County, Kentucky:
- Mary Crawford (found 1787-1792)
- James Crawford (found 1787-1796)
- William Crawford (found (1787-1796)
- James Crawford – appears in 1792
- Alexander Crawford – appears in 1792
- John Crawford – appears in 1795
- William Crawford Jr – appears in 1795
- Edward Crawford — appears in 1795 – under a different commissioner’s list
Everyone but Edward Crawford is missing in the 1797 list. This may be due to the creation of Garrard County, KY from part of Madison and part of Lincoln County.
So are any of these my ancestor, James Crawford (1772-1854)? If I have his birth year correct, then he would not have turned 21 until 1793. So are any of these possibly his parent or sibling?
The Mary Crawford in these tax lists is likely the same Mary Crawford that married Alexander Moore. She may be the mother of James Crawford (1772-1854). This is the same Mary Crawford who purchased land from Richard Cave. (Mary Crawford – wife of Alexander Moore)
1787 Madison County Kentcuky Tax list image 10 on Family Search film 8126
1787 Madison County Kentucky Tax list image 11 on Family Search film 8126
In terms of the James Crawford in the 1787 list, he is shows as having land on Paint Lick that was purchased from Thos L Kennedy in 1796.
1796 Madison County Kentucky Tax List image 333 on Family Search film 8126
I found the deed for this land transaction in Lincoln County Kentucky Deeds, Vol. A page 219. In 1812, James Crawford and Rebecca his wife of County of Jefferson, Territory of Indiana sold 150 acres of that land back to Thomas Kennedy. (Garrard County Kentucky Deeds, Book D, p309) Thus, I believe the James Crawford in the 1787-1796 tax lists to be the James Crawford who was married to Rebecca Anderson.
When it comes to William, I haven’t been able to locate his purchase of 180 acres on Paint Lick that was part of the John Kennedy grant. Thus, I haven’t been able to use land transactions to identify his wife.
Other researchers believe that James Crawford was the son of James and Margery Crawford and grandson of Col. John Crawford. James and Margery had son named William. Researchers have placed this William Crawford in this area of Kentucky prior to his migration to Ste. Genevieve in the Louisiana Territory. Thus, the William in these early tax lists could be the brother of James Crawford. These same researchers believe that Mary is the widowed sister-in-law of James and William. I need more documentation to support this relationship, but my current theory is that James and William are brothers.
So, who are the ‘newcomers’ [James and Alexander] to the list in 1792?
1792 Madison County Kentucky Tax List image 132 on Family Search film 8126
Based on the possessions, James might have just turned 21, but Alexander is likely older. Could James be the son of Mary, James or William? William did have a son named James, but my current knowledge of the family indicates he was born in 1782 making him too young. James also had a son named James who was born in 1790. Thus, he is also too young. Thus the James that appears in 1792 is likely the son of Mary. A second study of the 1792 list shows the same date for Mary and the James with 2 horses and different dates for William and James (with 9 horses).
In terms of Alexander’s identity, I believe he is the Alexander Crawford that married Margaret McElwee in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1788. However, I need to collect more records for him to verify that these are the same man. I don’t know how Alexander fits with Mary, James and William. Other researchers believe he descends from Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters. That is possible since their descendants are found throughout early Kentucky.
A similar situation occurs in 1795 with the addition of John, William Jr and Edward.
1795 Tax List Madison County Kentucky image 210 on Family Search film 8126
Since Edward’s listing occurs in a different district than James and William, I don’t believe he is the son of Mary, James or William. Again James‘ sons are too young to appear on this tax list.
Assuming this William is the brother of James, he has two sons that could appear on the 1795 tax list: William (b about 1771) and John (b about 1774). The tax commissioner visited both Williams on the 23rd of May but visited John on the 25th of April.
A John Crawford married Sarah McAlester in August of 1794 in Madison County, Kentucky. A check of the tax list for McAlesters shows a Sarah McAlester. The date of her visit was the 25th of April. This would suggest that the Sarah McAlester of the tax list may be the mother of the Sarah McAlester married to John Crawford and that they were living near each other.
So what have I proven? Absolutely nothing! I need more documentation.
However, I do believe I have circumstantial evidence for the following relationships:
- Mary Crawford, James Crawford and William Crawford are somehow related.
- James Crawford of the 1792 listing may be the son of Mary Crawford
- John Crawford and William Crawford may be the sons of William Crawford
- John Crawford‘s wife may be the daughter of Sarah McAlester
I still need to do the same analysis with tax lists from Lincoln County, Kentucky and possibly Garrard and Barren counties.
Below are my notes from viewing these tax lists:
Madison County, Kentucky
Tax Books, 1787-1874
Tax books 1787-1797, 1799-1807
List of taxable property within the district of Michael McNeely
Commissioner in the county of Madison for the year 1787
July 9 1787 Crawford (or Cranford) Mary – 3 horses, 11 cattle
July 9, 1787 Cooley, William – Willm Cooley – 4 hourses 7 cattle
July 9, 1787 Clarke John John Clarke – 4 horses, 4 cattle
July 11, 1787 Care, James
July 11, 1787 Crawford James – Jas Crwford – 6 horses 15 cattle
July 11, 1787 Coughron Dinnis
July 17, 1787 Crawford Willm Wm Crawford 6 horses 8 cattle
Image 23 – No Sellers
People recorded on July 9 (neighbors of Mary)
People recorded on July 11 (neighbors of James)
Kennedy J L
People recorded on July 17 (neighbors of William)
List of Taxable Property within the district of John Miller, Commissioner in the county of
Madison for the year 1787
A book for the solicitor
Richmond Sept 8 1787
A book containing a list of taxable property in one of the district
layed of by Court in Madison
County for Andw Kennedy
a commissioner in the year 1787
A list of taxable property within the district of Robert Rode?
County of Madison for year 1788
C’s mostly illegible
list of taxable property within the district of Michael McNeeley
Commissioner in the county of Madison for the year 1788
March 22 Crawford William– 1 white male taxable – 6 horses
March 22 Crawford James – 1 white male taxable – 5 horses
March 21 Crawford Mary – 2 horses
A list of tithables and taxa
ble property in the district of Aaron
Lewis Commission in the County of
Madison District of Kentucky
for the year 1789
List of taxable property in the district of Michael McNeeley
Commissionery in the County of Madison for theyear 1789
Crawford Mary – number of white tithable > 16 — ONE – 3 horses
Crawford James – 1 white tithable >16 – 7 horses
Crawford William – 1 white tithable > 16 – 4 horses
Duggan William – 1 white tithable > 16
Mary Crawford also on image 90
Kennedy’s are in this set of tax records, but the Crawfords are missing
Madison County 1790
John Pitman Return
Madison County 1791
Crawford William 2 (heading illegible – but likely 2 thitheables) — 5 (likely horses)
Crawford James – 1 (likely titheable) – 7 (likely horses)
Crawford Mary – 1 (likely titheable) – 3 (likely horses) — note on right side of page
Sellers, Wm – 1 (likely tithable) – 3 (likely horses)
Madison County 1792
17th – Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 males 16-21; 13 horses; 16 cattle; 180 acres
3rd – Crawford Mary — 1 male 16-21; 4 horses; 10 cattle; 100 acres
3rd – Crawford James – 1 male > 21; 2 horses – 1 cattle
4th – Crawford James TS – 1 male > 21; 9 horses; 25 cattle; 150 acres
6th – Crawford Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 9 cattle; 64 acres
Dark / mostly illegible
there is a Crawford
No Alexander Moore on image 165
image 174 — very faint
Crawford, Evan ????
Crawford, James 1 male >21, 8 horses – 15 cattle – 146 acres
Crawford, James 1 male >21, 1 horse, 3 cattle
Crawford, Alexander, 1 male >21, 2 horses, 5 cattle
Crawford, William, 1 male >21, 3 males 16-21, 13 horses, 20 cattle
Duggin, William, 1 male >21, 1 horse, 6 cattle
Madison County 1795
Crawford James – 1 male >21; 5 horses; 17 cattle; 146 acres
Crawford John – 1 male > 21, 2 horses, 6 cattle
Crawford William Jr – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
Crawford William Sr – 1 male > 21; 1 male 16-21; 12 horses; 28 cattle; 180 acres
Duggins, William – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 8 cattle
Duggins, Daniel – 1 male >21
Moore Alexander – 1 male >21; 3 horses; 3 cattle
Crawford Edward – 1 male >21, 2 horses; 3 cattle
Crawford James – 1216 acres Paint Lick Madison County Thos L Kennedy Grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 6 horses; 25 cattle [200 Acres – James/Rebecca]
Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
Crawford, William – 180 acres paint Lick, Madison county; John Kennedy grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 7 horses; 25 cattle
Crawford, John – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 13 cattle
Duggins, Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse
Duggins, David- 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 2 cattle
Duggins Benjamin – 1 male > 21; 1 horse
Duggins Daniel 45 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 1 cattle
Duggins William 50 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
Moore Alexander – 50 acres Paint Lick Madison County ; 1 male >21; 2 horses; 7 cattle
Image 406 – Image Downloaded
Crawford Edwd – 1 male > 21; 3 horses
Madison County 1800
but Kennedy and Maxwell families in this group
Quit at image 538
Madison County 1801