Boot Hill

Dodge City

“Cowboy Capital of the World”

“Queen of the Cowtowns”

For anyone interested in cowboys or the old west cattle drives a trip to the Boot Hill Museum in Dodge City, Kansas is a ‘must see’ destination. Housed in a replica of ‘Front Street’, Boot Hill offers a combination of history and entertainment, complete with gunfights and shows at the Long Branch Saloon.

As a genealogist, Boot Hill has proven to be a source of information about my family. As a child, I remember a photograph or postcard that was on display in the building at the top of the hill. This photo was taken of early Dodge City from the Boot Hill area looking toward downtown. My memory says that the house my grandparents lived in was in that photo. Later, while touring the displays housed in the ‘Front Street’ buildings I discovered a minute book for the Ford County Agricultural Society that just happened to be opened to a page mentioning my great great grandfather, Richmond Fisk Hammond.

On a trip to Dodge to visit my grandmother, she encouraged me to visit Boot Hill to see if they had any photographs. Thinking I might find the photo from my childhood memory, I went. Even though I didn’t locate that photo, I did come away with a marvelous find: the only known photo of my great great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford.

In addition to obtaining his picture, I found a group picture that included my great grandfather, Judson Crawford and another group picture containing Judson’s brother, Nelson Crawford.

If you want to find an unusual source for genealogical information, it would be Boot Hill for me. I never imagined that I would find these photos at Boot Hill. I am thankful that they are preserving the early history of Dodge City.

Golden Anniversary

As we have recently celebrated Valentine’s Day, I thought I’d reshare one of the poems my great-grandmother, Josie Winifred Hammond wrote, titled “Our Golden Wedding.”

Fifty years, ’tis a long look back
To that far off winter day,
When we started out, just a pair of kids.
Together to tread life’s way
There were no airplanes or radios then
Automobiles were unheard of too
There wasn’t a telephone in the town
And electric lights were few.
When we started housekeeping by ourselves
There wasn’t much work to do,
For the house we had was very small,
And the table was set for two.
Then the babies started coming along,
And we worked early and late,
By the time we moved into a home we owned
The table was set for eight.
Then another girl happened along
But before she had a place of her own,
The oldest girl and the man of her choice
Had started another home.
Then two boys went away to war
And things were in an awful fix.
We worked for the Red Cross and sold liberty bonds
And the table was set for six.
Then the boys came home, but soon Cupid’s darts
Drove a boy and a girl from the hive.
And death’s cold hand took another boy
And the table was set for five.
Then a boy and a girl went away to school
A teacher and a nurse to be.
And now the table looks awfully small,
When its only set for three
The boy at school found a wee small girl
That he just must have for a wife
But the nurse still seems content
To live a single life.
Then the youngest girl met a farmer
And married as most girls do.
And we’re right back where we started from
And the table is set for two.
But as the years have come and gone.
And good times or hard times we’d see
I’ve never grown tired of seeing
That same face across the table from me.

Josie kept a ledger containing poems and other writings about her family and her life in Dodge City, Kansas. Josie’s ledger was transcribed and shared via the Kansas Collection.

Josie Hammond

Josie Winifred Hammond1, female, was born on 9 Feb 1874 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.117

She was the child of Richmond Fisk Hammond and Sarah Ellen Ralston.17

In Jul 1880, in Union, Hardin, Iowa, United States, Josie W. Hammond was listed on the 1880 census living in the household of Richmond Hammond. According to the census, Josie was 6 years old and born in Illinois.18

She married Judson Foster Crawford on 24 Dec 1890 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.35,10,1941

She  presented a program for Quarto-centennial Celebration of Lewis Post GAR in Apr 1891 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.42

On 4 Mar 1892, Bernice Crawford was born.43

On 6 Feb 1894, Leon Russel Crawford was born.4

On 1 Jul 1895, Josie lived in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States. She was listed as a 21 year old female born in Illinois in the household of 28 year old J F Crawford. Also listed in the household were 3 year old Bernice Crawford, 1 year old Leon Crawford and 25 year old FOrrest Hammond.44

On 24 Oct 1895, Marion Richmond Crawford was born.4

In 1897, she registered to vote in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.45

On 30 Apr 1900, Helen Marjorie Crawford was born.4

Josie Crawford was listed as the wife of 34 year old J. F. Crawford on the 1900 census in Dodge City, Kansas. According to the census, Josie was born Feb 1874 in Illinois. Josie and J.F. had been married 9 years. Josie was the mother of 4 children all of whom were living in 1900. Also listed in the household were 8 year old Bernice Crawford, 6 year old Leon Crawford, 4 year old Marion Crawford, 3 month old Helen Crawford and a servant, 18 year old Amy Roth46

On 16 Sep 1902, Hugh Judson Crawford was born.4

On 6 Feb 1905, Esther Stella Crawford was born.4

In 1905, she lived in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States. She was listed as a 31 year old female in the household of 39 year old J. F. Crawford. Also listed in the household were 13 year old Bernice, 11 year old Leon, 9 year old Marion, 5 year old Helen, 2 year old Hugh and a 3 month old baby.47

Josie witnessed the sell of land by Mary Foster  on 18 Oct 1907 in Ford, Kansas, United States.48

On 10 Nov 1909, Lois Elida Crawford was born.4

On 28 Apr 1910, in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States, Josie was listed as the wife of J. F. Crawford on the 1910 census in Dodge City, Kansas. According to the census, Josie was 36 years old and born in Illinois. Josie was the mother of 7 children, all of whom were living.49

She witnessed the marriage of George James Allen and Bernice Crawford on 10 Nov 1911 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.4,5051

Josie W. Crawford was listed as a 40 year old female in the household of 48 year old J F Crawford on the 1915 Kansas census living in Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas. Also listed in the household were 21 year old Leon, 19 year old Marion, 14 year old Hellen, 12 year old Hughie, 9 year old Ester and 5 year old Louis.52

Between 1917 and 1954, she was a member of the Eastside Bible Class in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.53

In 1920, Josie was listed as the 45 year old wife of Judson F. Crawford on the census living in Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas. According to the census, Josie was born in Illinois. Also listed in the household were 17 year old Hugh J, 23 year old Marion, 14 year old Esther and 11 year old Lois.5455

In 1924, she lived at 404 Ave G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.56

In 1925, Josie Crawford was listed as a 51 year old female in the household of 59 year old J. F. Crawford living in Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas. According to the census, Josie was born in Illinois. Also listed in the household were 22 year old Hugh Crawford, 20 year old Ester Crawford, 15 year osl Lois Crawford and 12 year old Jenny Neal57

Josie W Crawford was listed as the wife of Judson F Crawford on the 1930 census living in Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas. According to the census, Josie was 56 years old and born in Illinois. Josie was married at age 16.58

She lived at 504 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1935.59

Josie W. Crawford  was listed as the wife of Judson F Crawford on the 1940 census living at 504 Avenue G in Dodge City, Kansas. According to the census, Josie was 66 years old and born in Illinois.59

Josie lived at 504 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1942.60

She lived in Picacho, Pinal, Arizona, United States in 1949.61

In Feb 1949, she was recognized as a member of the First Methodist Church for fifty years in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.62

Josie signed a will on 16 Mar 1951 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.63

Josie Crawford was listed in the household of Leon Crawford on the 1953 Dodge City, Kansas census. According to the census, Josie was 79 years old.64

She died on 27 Sep 1954 at the age of 80 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.12,5,7,12,6569

She was buried on 29 Sep 1954 at Maple Grove Cemetery in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.2,78,12,70

ENDNOTES:

        1. Josie W. Crawford, death certificate #54 013520 (27 September 1954), Kansas State Board of Health, Division of Vital Statistics, Topeka, Kansas.

        2. Tombstone, Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City Kansas read by Marcia Philbrick, 1996, Josie W. Crawford tombstone (Crawford.KS.153)

        3. [ArticleTitle], Dodge City Daily Globe, , [Date], [Page], “Mrs. Crawford, 80, Dies in Hospital” 27 Sept 1954 page 1 col. 7.

        4. Crawford, Judson F., Judson F. Crawford Family Bible (n.p.: , n.d.); Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, KS, photocopy in Crawford.Washington.Notebook

        5. “Judson Foster Crawford”, Gladys Crawford, compiler, The Crawford Family (n.p., Gladys Crawford, n.d.), (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.047)

        6. History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America With an Account of the Early History of the Family in Normandy and Great Britain (Oneida, NY: Ryan & Burkhart, 1904)

        7. BillionGraves, digital images of tombstone, BillionGraves (billiongraves.com : viewed online June 2017), memorial for Josie W Crawford, BillionGraves created by mcphilbrick, citing Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by mcphilbrick, Josie W. Crawford.

        8. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online June 2017), memorial for Josie Winifred Hammond Crawford (1874-1954), Find a Grave Memorial no. #110355978, created by Marcia Philbrick, citing Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by Tim Tompkins, Josie Winifred Hammond Crawford.

        9. “Family Data Collections – Births,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (October 2017), Josie Winifred Hammond.

        10. Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Source number: 2.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MP1.

        11. Ancestry.com, Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009), Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, Kansas; 1895 Kansas Territory Census; Roll: v115_48; Line: 16.

        12. Ancestry Database, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

        13. Edmund West comp., Family Data Collection – Births (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001).

        14. , Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925, 1915 Kansas Census; Roll: ks1915_88; Line: 21.

        15. , Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925, 1925 Kansas Census; KSHS microfilm KS1925_49; line 9.

        16. , Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925, 1905 Kansas Census; KSHS micriflm roll: ks1905_53; Line: 14.

        17. Richmind Fisk Hammond, Military and penion record of Richmond Fisk Hammond (: U.S. Government), Richmond F Hammond 1915 Affidavit.

        18. 1880 U.S. Census, Hardin County, Iowa, population schedule, Union, Hardin County, Iowa, ED 127, page 29 Image 27 of 40, household 213, Hammond Richmond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9

        19. Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, Dec. 26, 1890, page 3 col. 4, (Crawford.Judson.Notebook).

        20. Ford County Kansas Marriage Records: Book B, page 153 (Crawford.KS.003C) (Crawford.Judson.Notebook), Ford County Clerk, Dodge City, Kansas

        21. , [Date], [Page], clipping regarding golden wedding anniversary (Crawford.Judson.Notebook).

        22. Judson Crawford entry, Sept. 1950 Journal Entry of Final Settlement, ; , . Hereinafter cited as Final Settlement.

        23. Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 26 Dec 1890, page 3, col. 4.

        24. Kansas, Central Division of Vital Statistics, Marriage Record (24 December 1890), Judson F. Crawford and Josie W. Hammond; State of Kansas, Topeka, KS.

        25. “Mr. Judd Crawford …,” Marriage Announcement, Dodge City Times (Dodge City, Kansas), 26 December 1890, image 3; digital image, Chronicling America (chroniclingamerica.loc.gov : online April 2016); Kansas State Historical Society.

        26. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : viewed online 2000.

        27. “Family Data Collection — Marriages,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2017), Josie Winifred Hammond.

        28. , Dodge City Times (Dodge City, Kansas: n.p., n.d.), (Crawford.Judson.Notebook); Dec. 26, 1890; page 3 col. 4.

        29. , Ford County Kansas Marriage Records, Ford County Clerk, Dodge City, Kansas (N.p.: n.p., n.d.), Book B, page 153 (Crawford.KS.003C) (Crawford.Judson.Notebook).

        30. , Dodge City Daily Globe, . (N.p.: n.p., n.d.), “Mrs. Crawford, 80, Dies in Hospital” 27 Sept 1954 page 1 col. 7.

        31. , Dodge City Daily Globe, ., clipping regarding golden wedding anniversary (Crawford.Judson.Notebook).

        32. , Crawford, Judson F., Judson F. Crawford Family Bible (: , ); Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, KS. Hereinafter cited as Family Bible Judson F. Crawford. (N.p.: n.p., n.d.), photocopy in Crawford.Washington.Notebook.

        33. , Judson Crawford entry, Sept. 1950 Journal Entry of Final Settlement, ; , . Hereinafter cited as Final Settlement. (N.p.: n.p., n.d.).

        34. , , Crawford, Gladys, compiler, The Crawford Family (Judson Foster Crawford) , 1967)><, >. (N.p.: n.p., n.d.), (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.047).

        35. , Dodge City Times, 26 Dec 1890, page 3, col. 4.

        36. , Kansas, Central Division of Vital Statistics; State of Kansas, Topeka, KS. (N.p.: n.p., n.d.), Marriage Record; 24 December 1890; Judson F. Crawford and Josie W. Hammond.

        37. , “,” Dodge City Times (Dodge City, Kansas), ; digital image, Chronicling America (chroniclingamerica.loc.gov : accessed ). (N.p.: n.p., n.d.), Mr. Judd Crawford …; Marriage Announcement; 26 December 1890; image 3; online; April 2016; Kansas State Historical Society.

        38. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/) : [AccessType] [AccessDate]; Judson Foster Crawford – Josie Winifred Hammond.

        39. Edmund West comp., Family Data Collection – Marriages (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001).

        40. “Local news,” Dodge City Times (Dodge City, Kansas), 26 December 1890, page 3; Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online April 2018).

        41. “Weddings,” The Globe-Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), 31 December 1890, page 5; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online April 2018).

        42. “Resolution of Thanks,” The Globe-Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), 29 April 1891; Newspapers.com (http://www.newspaprs.com : viewed online August 2017).

        43. Crawford, Judson F., Judson F. Crawford Family Bible (n.p.: , n.d.); Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, KS

        44. 1895 Kansas Census, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, Kansas state census, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 10 Image 15 of 97, household 77, J F Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        45. “Voters Register, 1886-1902,” ; microfilm, page 27; Records of the City of Dodge City, Kansas 1875-1928; Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas. 1897 Ladies.

        46. 1900 U.S.Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 49, Sheet 18A Image 35 of 42, household 383, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA T623

        47. 1905 Kansas State Census, Ford County, Kansas, Kansas State Census, , page 42 Image 83 of 178, household 291, J F Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        48. Ford County Kansas, , Vol 31, page 570; Mary Crawford, et al to Peter Hinemann, 18 September 1907; Register of Deeds, Dodge City Kansas.

        49. 1910 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kanass, ED 45, Sheet 3B Image 6 of 30, household 16, Crawford JF; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T624

        50. Dodge City Globe Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), Dodge City, Kansas, 16 Nov 1911, page 5, col. 1 (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.013).

        51. Ford County Kansas Marriage Records: License Book 1903-1912 p447 / Affidavit Book C p 447, Ford County Clerk, Dodge City, Kansas

        52. 1915 Kansas State Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 2 Image 73 of 279, household 9, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        53. , 13 Mary 1954, page 7.

        54. 1920 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 53, Sheet 7B Image 14 of 22, dwelling 161, Crawford Judson F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T625

        55. Etrick’s Directory of Ford County 1920 (Dodge City, Kansas: Etrick Printery, 1920), page 27, Crawford; digital image, Heritage Quest (interactive.ancestryheritagequest.com : viewed online September 2016).

        56. Etrick’s Ford County Directory: Containing an Alphabetical List of Business Firms and Private Citizens of Dodge city (Dodge City, Kansas: The Etric Company, 1924),  page 30, Crawford, Judson.

        57. 1925 Kansas Census, Ford County Kansas, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 14 Image 182 of 202, dwelling 3, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)

        58. 1930 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 5, Sheet 16B Image 32 of 42, dwelling 365, Crawford Judson F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA T626

        59. 1940 U. S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 29-6A, Sheet 16B Image 33 of 41, household 358, Crawford Judson F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)

        60. Ford County (Kansas) Directory (n.p.: n.p., 1942), page 43 (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.023).2

        61. “Mrs. Stella Root,” Sapulpa Daily Herald (Sapulpa, OK), 22 December 1949, page 7; digital imge, Newspapes.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 29 December 2020).

        62. , 5 Feb 1949.

        63. Last Will and Testament of Josie Crawford, prepared by Frederick L. Hall, Attorney at Law; Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        64. Kansas, City and County Census Records 1919-1961, Dodge City, 1953; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2017). Original Source: Population Schedules and Statistical Rolls: Cities (1919-1961).

        65. Mrs. Crawford, 80, Dies in Hospital after Brief Illness, Dodge City Daily Globe, Dodge City, Kansas, 27 September 1954, page 1, column 7.

        66. Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Josie W. Hammond Funeral Book. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        67. Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Josie W. Crawford Funeral Program. Passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        68. “Family Data Collections – Deaths,”Ancestry,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (October 2017), Josie Winifred Hammond.

        69. Edmund West comp., Family Data Collection – Deaths (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001).

        70. Computer Printout for Maple Grove Cemetery (Dodge City, KS: Dodge City, Kansas, 5/29/1985), Record 4038 Z2 log 4 block 95 section 3 (Crawford.KS.080)

Family Legends

Do you have family stories that get told again and again. In my family, most of those stories were more recent and easily proven. A couple that come to mind were stories of the flooding when my parents were married and my brother’s premature birth. These are the stories I grew up hearing.

As I’ve researched my family tree, I’ve come across stories related to the revolutionary war that I’ve yet to prove. The first was that Hiram M. Currey of Champaign County, Ohio served with George Washington at Valley Forge. The second is a story that a Crandall ancestor took part in the Boston Tea Party.

One revolutionary war story that I didn’t think I’d have trouble proving was that my ancestor, Jason Hammond, fought in the revolutionary war. After all there is a listing for Jason Hammond with a wife named Rachel Hale in the 1994 edition of the DAR Patriot Index.

My great aunt, Esther Crawford Noll, was listed in the 1980 directory for the Kansas Society of the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution.

And, I have a partially filled out, hand written copy of an application to the DAR for my great-grandmother, Josie Hammond Crawford.

The National Archives microfilm, ‘Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army during the Revolutionary War’, contains a record for a Jason Hammond serving under Col. Wells.

However, my application to the DAR thru Jason Hammond was denied, not because I couldn’t prove my relationship to Jason Hammond, but because I couldn’t prove his service. The DAR has closed applications for Jason Hammond.

Since my application was accepted thru Jason’s father, Nathaniel Hammond, the reason for denial was not that the proof was not up to current standards.

Thus, it appears that the ‘same name’ issue strikes again. Even though I don’t have any other Jason Hammonds in my file of an appropriate age to have served, it is possible and even likely that there were other Jason Hammonds living in Connecticut at the time of the revolutionary war.

For now, this story of a revolutionary ancestor has been placed on the shelf as ‘legend’. At some point, I may try to prove otherwise, but for now, it is just a legend.

Sarah Hammond

Sarah Ellen Ralston Hammond

One source indicates Sarah Ellen Ralston was born on 11 May 1848.1

Most sources indicate she was born on 11 May 1849 in Armstrong, Pennsylvania, United States.29

She was the child of James Barr Ralston.10

Sarah E. Ralston was listed on the 1850 census as a 1 year old female born in Pennsylvania. Sarah was listed in the household of James B Ralston in North Buffalo Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania..11

Sarah lived in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States in 1854.8

 Sarah Ralston was listed on the 1860 census as an 11 year old born in Pennsylvania. She was living in the household of J. B. Ralston. in Ontario, Knox County, Illinois.12 .

She married Richmond Fisk Hammond on 1 Jan 1867 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.1,3,8,1318

On 6 Feb 1868, a daughter, Estella Mabel Hammond, was born in in Illinois, United States.1819

On 28 Nov 1868, a son, Forest Clinton Hammond, was born in in Illinois, United States.18

Sarah was listed on the 1870 census as the wife of Richmond F Hammond living in Ontario Township, Knox County, Illinois. According to the census, Sarah was 21 years old and was born in Pennsylvania..2021

On 23 Nov 1871, a daughter, Nellie Elida Hammond, was born in in Illinois, United States.18

She lived in Iowa, United States in 1874.22

On 9 Feb 1874,a daughter, Josie Winifred Hammond, was born in in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.18

, A son, Glenn M Hammond, was born.

She witnessed the death of a son, Glenn M Hammond, on 11 Feb 1878.1

On 11 Jun 1879, Clyde Nelson Hammond was born.18

In Jul 1880, Sarah was listed as Sarah E. Hammond, a 31 year old female born in Pennsylvania, in the household of Richmond F. Hammond on the census living in Union, Hardin, Iowa, United States.23

She lived in Kansas, United States in 1884.22

She died on 18 Oct 1892 at the age of 43 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.1,34,6,89,2425

Sarah was buried on 20 Oct 1892 at Maple Grove Cemetery in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.4,8,2630

Obituary

Died at her home in this city, October 19th, 1892, Mrs Sarah Ellen Ralston, wife of our esteemed townsman, R. F. Hammond.

Mrs. Hammond was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, May 11th, 1848. She moved with her parents to Knox county, Illinois, in 1854, where she was married to R. F. Hammond, who during her long years of suffering patiently ministered at her bedside, and generously sacrificed all else for her comfort.

They were married on Enw Year’s Day of 1867, and three years after Mrs. Hammond developed the incurable form of scrofula from which for 23 years, she was a sufferer and endured a lingering death with Christian faith and heroism. In 1874 they moved to Iowa, and from there in 1884 to Kansas. At an early period of her life, Mrs. Hammond accepted the teaching of Jesus, and became one of his most ardent disciples. In the storm of physical agony that swept over her life, she ever realized that the divine area was underneath her, and she distinctly heard the voice of the Redeemer say —  “Peace be still”. She endured her trials and bore her burden for Jesus’s sake, and illustrated to her friends, the power there is in a child-like faith in God. The services in her memore were held at the First Presbyterian church and were conducted by Rev. S E. Busser. The interment was made in the G.A.R. cemetery. the entire community aimed to express to Mr. Hammond and his family the sympathy they felt, and the offering of the hope-reviving flowers laid on her casket with tearful appreciation of her wort, was very beautiful and suggestive. A large detail of soldiers from the Home and the city, representing Lewis Post G.A.R. of which Mr. Hammond is the Commander, attended the funeral in a body, and assisted their comrades in this the severest battle of his life.

The text taken for her funeral service was Matthew 11, 26 and 29: “Come unto me all ye that labor and are heave laden and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn of me, and ye shall find rest unto your souls”. The music was provided by Mr. T. C. Owen and his accomplished daughter Miss Anna. The lesson of her faith and patience was developed by the minister and the sweet word “Come” of the text seemed to be uttered by her to all her friends here below, and every one realized the blessedness of that text that rest to the people of God. The storm is over, the harbor of haven reached and the welcome words hears, “Enter into the joy of the Lord”.

From the Dodge City Globe Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), Dodge City, Kansas, [Date], [Page], “Obituary” 28 Oct 1892, page 1, col. 4


ENDNOTES:

        1. History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America With an Account of the Early History of the Family in Normandy and Great Britain (Oneida, NY: Ryan & Burkhart, 1904)

        2. “Family Data Collections – Births,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), Sarah Ellen Ralston.

        3. “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), Sarah Ellen Ralston.

        4. Ancestry Database, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

        5. Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Source number: 19.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MP1.

        6. Edmund West comp., Family Data Collection – Individual Records (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000), Birth year: 1849; Birth city: Armstrong Co; Birth state: PA.

        7. Edmund West comp., Family Data Collection – Births (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001).

        8. “Obituary,” The Globe-Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), 28 October 1892, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        9. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 29 December 2020), memorial for Sarah Ellen Ralston Hammond (1849-1892), Find a Grave Memorial no. #42816979, created by Del Crumbaugh (Gates/Connell), citing Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by Lellani MCDowell, Sarah Ellen Ralston Hammond.

        10. “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,” [ItemType:lower:Abbrev] Sarah Ellen Ralston.

        11. 1850 U.S. Census, Armstrong County Pennsylvania, population schedule, North Buffalo Township, Armstrong County, PA, page 169 Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 129, James B Ralston; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M432

        12. 1860 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario, Knox County, Illinois, page 170-171 Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 1244, J. B> Ralston; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M653

        13. Marriage Certificate, Richmond F. Hammond and Sarah El Ralston (Hammond.Notebook).

        14. “Illinois, County Marriages, 1800-1940,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2017), Richmond Hammond.

        15. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : [AccessType] [AccessDate]; [Page].

        16. “Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920,” Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : July 2017 (viewed online), Richmond Hammond – Sarah E Ralston.

        17. Ancestry.com, Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015).

        18. Richmind Fisk Hammond, Military and penion record of Richmond Fisk Hammond (: U.S. Government), Richmond F Hammond 1915 Affidavit.

        19. Social Security Administration, “Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007,” database on-line, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/60901/ : viewed online September 2017), Richmond F Hammind.

        20. 1870 Federal Census Knox County, Illinois Volume Two (Galesburg, IL: Knox County Genealogical Society, 1990), page 338a (Hammond.IL.027). Hereinafter cited as 1870 Federal Census Knox County Illinois.

        21. 1870 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario Township, Knox County, Illinois, page 3 Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 18, Richmond F Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132

        22. Dodge City Globe Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), Dodge City, Kansas, [Date], [Page], “Obituary” 28 Oct 1892, page 1, col. 4 (Hammond.KS.008).

        23. 1880 U.S. Census, Hardin County, Iowa, population schedule, Union, Hardin County, Iowa, ED 127, page 29 Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 213, Hammond Richmond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9

        24. Obituary, Dodge City Globe Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), Dodge City, Kansas, 28 Oct 1892, Page 1, col. 4 (Hammond.KS.008).

        25. Tombstone, Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City Kansas read by Marcia Philbrick, 1996, (Hammond.Notebook)

        26. Computer Printout for Maple Grove Cemetery (Dodge City, KS: Dodge City, Kansas, 5/29/1985), Rec#12977 Z2 lot 9 block 56 WGAR (Crawford.KS.080)

        27. Treesearcher : GAR Cemetery, Vol. 9 no. 2 April 1967 (Hammond.KS.014).

        28. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online September 2016), memorial for Sarah Ellen Ralston Hammond (1849-1892), Find a Grave Memorial no. #42816979,

        29. “Obituary,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 22 October 1892, page 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        30. “GAR Cemetery,” Treesearcher (April 1967 Vol. 9 no. 2), Page 68.

Richmond F. Hammond

Richmond Fisk Hammond was born on 20 Nov 1840 in Licking, Ohio, United States.111 Richmond Hammond was listed on the 1850 US Census. It appears he is the sole member of the household since the rest of the family is not listed on the previous page. According to the census, Richmond was 10 years old and born in Ohio.12 Rich F Hammond is listed on the 1860 census in the household of Horatio Hammond. According to the 1860 census, Rich was 19 years old and born in Ohio.13

     He  began military service as a private in Company E 17 Ills  Vols on 25 May 1861 in Galesburg, Knox, Illinois, United States.11,1416 He was honorably discharged on 21 Aug 1861 in Missouri, United States.11 Richmond  reenlisted  in the 1st Illinois Cavalry Volunteers on 1 Mar 1862 .11,15,17 He was discharged from the 1st Illinois Cavalry Volunteers on 14 Jul 1862 in Saint Louis, St. Louis (city), Missouri, United States.11 He  enlisted as a private in Company H of the 102nd Infantry on 26 Jul 1862 in Galesburg, Knox, Illinois, United States.8,1719 Richmond deserted on 2 Sep 1862 at Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.17 He enlisted as a private in Company D of the 14 Illinois Calvary on 29 Sep 1862.11,17 On 1 Mar 1863, he  was appointed Sergeant in company D 14 Illinois Cavalry.11 Richmond was captured near Atlanta, Georgia. on 3 Aug 1864 .11,20 He was held prisoner at Andersonville in Georgia, United States.11 He was held as a prisoner in Charleston, South Carolina.11 Richmond was held prisioner in Florence, South Carolina.11 In May 1865, he was stationed as part of a detachment of paroled prisioners at Benton Barracks in Benton, Missouri.11 He  was mustered out by telegram on 12 May 1865 in Springfield, Illinois.11

     He married Sarah Ellen Ralston on 1 Jan 1867 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.2,2128

     On 6 Feb 1868, Estella Mabel Hammond was born in in Illinois, United States.27,29

     Richmond received pension  on 11 Apr 1868 .30

     On 28 Nov 1868, Forest Clinton Hammond was born in in Illinois, United States.27

     Richmond F Hammond was listed as the head of household on the 1870 U.S. Census. According to the census, Richmond was 29 years old and born in Ohio. Also listed in the household was Sarah, Stella, and Forrest Hammond.31

     On 23 Nov 1871, Nellie Elida Hammond was born in in Illinois, United States.27

     On 9 Feb 1874, Josie Winifred Hammond was born in in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.27 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1875 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.32

     He witnessed the birth of Glenn M Hammond on 4 Sep 1877.2 Richmond witnessed the death of Glenn M Hammond on 11 Feb 1878.2

     On 11 Jun 1879, Clyde Nelson Hammond was born.27

     Richmond F Hammond was listed on the 1880 census as the head of household. According to the census, Richmond was a 39 year old farmer who was born in Ohio. Also living in the household was his wife, Sarah E, daughters: Estella M, Nellie E and Josie W; and sons: Forest C and Clyde N.33

     He lived in Kansas, United States in 1884.28 On 1 Oct 1885,  he filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim for the n-w1/4, s-e 1/4 and s-w 1/4 of n-e 1/4 and s-e 1/4 of n-w 1/4 and n-e 1/4 of s-w 1/4 of sec 20 tp 27 s of r 14 w in Larned, Pawnee, Kansas, United States.34 Richmond lived in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1886.10 On 31 Mar 1886, he was a member the Lewis Post G.A.R. in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.35 On 24 Jun 1886, he went to Hodgeman county to put up a farm house and was absent a few weeks.36

     On 21 Jan 1887, Richmond filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim and that said proof will be made for his Homestead Application for the lots 1 and 2 and S 1-2 N E 1/4 sec 6 Twp 27 S R26 W  in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.37 In Aug 1887,  he had the contract for building the new school houses in district No. 28 and in district no. 57 in Ford, Kansas, United States.38 He  was on list of petit jurors on 13 Nov 1888 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.39

     Richmond  presented a program titled, “Profits of Sorghum for Feed and Syrup,” at Farmer’s Convention in Feb 1889 in Ford, Ford, Kansas, United States.4041 He was listed on the ‘Enrollment of Civil War Veterans’ on 8 Mar 1889 in Ford, Ford, Kansas, United States.20 On 5 Jun 1889, he was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.20,42

     Richmond filed land papers regarding land being lots 1 and 2 and the S 1/2 of the NE 1/4 of Section 6 Township 27 Range 26 on 13 Dec 1889 in Ford, Ford, Kansas, United States.43

     He was member of the Lewis Post No. 294 G. A. R. serving as O.D. on 9 Jan 1890 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.44

     He filed land entry papers full payment has been made for the northwest quarter of the south east quarter; the south west quarter of the north east quarter; the south east quarter of the north west quarter and the north east quarter of the south west quarter of section twenty in township twenty seven South of range fourteen West of the sixth Principal Meridian containing one hundred and sixty acres on 26 Feb 1890 in Kansas.4546

     In Mar 1891, Richmond received an increase in his pension in Kansas.47 He was the Commander of Lewis Post, G.A.R., has been appointed an aide de camp on the Staff of the National Commander of the G.A.R. in 1892.4849 He was called before the Kinsley medical pension board on 10 Feb 1892 .50

     Richmond was a member of the Grand Templar Lodge serving as Sentinel on 25 Mar 1892 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.5152 In 1894, he was a member of the Lewis Post No. 394 Grand Army of Republic having served as a seargeant in the Illinois cavalry in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.5354

     On 1 Apr 1897, Hattie Louisa Hammond was born.27

     He married Mary McClure on 7 Nov 1897 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.6,23,27,55 On 31 Dec 1897, he was a member of the Lewis Post of the G.A.R. in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.56

     Richmond Hammond was listed on the 1900 census as the head of household. According to the census, Richmond was born Nov 1840 in Ohio and was 59 years old. Mary was listed as Richmond’s second wife. Also in the household was a daughter, Hattie, a son Clyde, stepdaughters Gertrude and Olive Myers and a stepson, Allen Myers.57

     R F Hammond was listed on the 1905 Kansas census as the head of household. According to the census, R. F. Hammond was 64 years old. Also listed in his household were Forrest and Hattie Hammond.4 In 1906, Richmond was a member of the Lewis Post G.A.R. in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.58

     He married Mary A. Reynolds on 29 Oct 1906 in Kinsley, Edwards, Kansas, United States.27

     He  purchased land being lots 11 and 12 in block 18 on 4 Aug 1908 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.59 In 1909, he resided  in Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States.11

     Richmond sold land land being lots 11 and 12 of Block 18 on Wet Spruce Street to Margaret P. Glasgow on 29 Jan 1909 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.60

     Richard F Hammond was listed on the 1910 census as the head of household living in Downey, Los Angeles County, California. According to the census, Richard was 69 years old and born in Ohio. Mary Hammond was listed as his second wife. Also listed in the household was his daughter, Hattie L. and a stepson Charles E Grim.61 He lived in Compton, Los Angeles, California, United States in 1914.5,6263

     He  was admitted to the soldiers’ home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 8 Apr 1914.15 Richmond was discharged from Sawtelle Soldier’s home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 21 Apr 1914.15 He was readmitted to Sawtelle Soldier’s home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 26 Sep 1917. He was discharged from Sawtelle Soldier’s home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 14 Apr 1920. Richmond was readmitted to Sawtelle Soldier’s home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 26 Jul 1920.15 He was discharged from Sawtelle Soldier’s home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 26 Apr 1922.15 He was admitted to Sawtelle Soldier’s home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States on 28 Oct 1922.15 Richmond lived at Soldier’s Home in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States in 1926.64

     He died on 8 Apr 1928 in Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California, United States at the age of 87.3,7,11,6569 On 11 Apr 1928, he was buried at Los Angeles National Cemetery in Los Angeles, California, United States.3,66,6974

ENDNOTES:

        1. Genealogy of the Family of Horatio Hammond, Ontario Illinois in the Direct Line from Thomas Hammond (Galesburg, Illlinois: Colville Printer, 1876)

        2. History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America With an Account of the Early History of the Family in Normandy and Great Britain (Oneida, NY: Ryan & Burkhart, 1904)

        3. Ancestry Database, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

        4. Ancestry.com, Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009), Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, Kansas; 1905 Kansas Territory Census; Roll: ks1905_53; Line: 27.

        5. Ancestry.com, U.S. National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007).

        6. Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Source number: 63.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MP1.

        7. Ancestry.com, California, Death Index, 1905-1939 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013).

        8. Ancestry.com, Web: Illinois, Databases of Illinois Veterans Index, 1775-1995 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015).

        9. Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Source number: 19.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MP1.

        10. Ancestry.com, Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Post Reports, 1880-1940 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010).

        11. Richmind Fisk Hammond, Military and penion record of Richmond Fisk Hammond (: U.S. Government), (Hammond.Richmond.Notebook).

        12. 1850 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, , page 418 (and 417), household 1539, Richmond Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M432.

        13. 1860 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario, Knox County, Illinois, page 171 Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], househodl 1248, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M653

        14. Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (: National Park Service)

        15. United States, National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldeirs, 1866-1938, Richmond F. Hammond, April 1914; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016).

        16. Illinois, Illinois Civil War Detail Report, Richmond F. Hammond, 25 May 1861; database, Cyberdrive Illinois (http://www.ilsos.gov : viewed online September 2016). Original Source: Illinois State Archives.

        17. Illinois, Illinois Civil War Detail Report, Richmond F. Hammond, 26 July 1862; .

        18. History of Knox County Illinois : together with sketches of the cities, villages and townships; record of its volunteers in the late war; educational, religious, civil and political history … biographical sketches … history of Illinois (Chicago: Blakely Brown & Marsh, 1878)

        19. Illinois, Web: Illinois, Databases of Illinois Veterans INdex, 1775-1995, Richmond F Hammond, database on-line, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2017. Original Source: Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls.

        20. Kansas, Enrollment of Civil War Veterans, 1889, R F Hammond, 1889; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2017). Original Source: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, Kansas State Historical Society.

        21. Marriage Certificate, Richmond F. Hammond and Sarah El Ralston (Hammond.Notebook).

        22. “Illinois, County Marriages, 1800-1940,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online May 2017), Richmond Hammond.

        23. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : [AccessType] [AccessDate]; [Page].

        24. “Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : July 2017 (viewed online), Richmond Hammond – Sarah E Ralston.

        25. “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,”Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), Sarah Ellen Ralston.

        26. Ancestry.com, Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015).

        27. Richmind Fisk Hammond, Military and penion record of Richmond Fisk Hammond, Richmond F Hammond 1915 Affidavit.

        28. “Obituary,” The Globe-Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), 28 October 1892, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        29. Social Security Administration, “Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007,” database on-line, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/60901/ : viewed online September 2017), Richmond F Hammind.

        30. U.S., Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934, Richmond F Hammond, 1868; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2017).

        31. 1870 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario Township, Knox County, Illinois, page 3 Image 3 of 23, household 18, Richmond F Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132

        32. Knox County, Illinois 1875 Personal Property Tax Lists (Galesburg, IL: Knox County Illinois Genealogical Society, 1990), p. 105 (Hammond.IL.020). Hereinafter cited as Knox County Illinois 1875 Tax List.

        33. 1880 U.S. Census, Hardin County, Iowa, population schedule, Union, Hardin County, Iowa, ED 127, page 29, household 213, Hammond Richmond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9

        34. “Land Office, Larned, Kansas, Oct. 1, ’85,” The Pratt County TImes (Pratt, Kansas), 23 October 1885, page 3; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        35. Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Post Reports, 1880-1940, R T Hammond, 1886; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online December 2020).

        36. Local News, Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 24 Jun 1886, page 4, (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.091).

        37. “Land Office,” The Jacksonian (Cimarron, Kansas), 21 January 1887, page 2; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        38. “Local News,” The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), 9 August 1887, page 5; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        39. Local News, Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 18 Oct 1888, page 2, (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.097).

        40. Local News, Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 21 Feb 1889, page 2, (Doc. #:  CRAWFORD.KS.095).

        41. Ford County Agriculural Society Minute Book, , Boot Hill Museum, Dodge City, Kansas.

        42. Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Post Reports, 1880-1940. Hammond R F, 5 Jun1889 database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2017.

        43. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online 20 December 2020), Richmond F Hammond.

        44. Local News, Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 9 Jan 1890, Page 3 col. 2, (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.097).

        45. Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images Richmond F Hammond.

        46. “Publication Notice,”  The Pratt County TImes (Pratt, Kansas), 12 June 1891, page 2; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 22 December 2020).

        47. “Kansas Pension,” The Leavenworth Times (Leavenworth, Kansas), 5 March 1891, page 8; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        48. Local News, Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 9 Dec 1892, page 3, col. 1.

        49. Journal of the Twenty-Sixth National Encampment Grand Army of the Republic (Albany, NY: S..H. Wentworth, 1892), p. 334, 335, 336; digital images, Google Books (books.google.com : online February 2016.

        50. “Local news,”  The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), 18 February 1892, page 5; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 21 December 2020).

        51. Local News, Dodge City Times, Dodge City, KS, 25 March 1892, page 1, col. 3.

        52. Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Post Reports, 1880-1940, R F Hammond, 1892; .

        53. Grand Army of Republic Roster of Kansas Posts (: Kansas GAR, 1894)

        54. 1894 Roster of posts and members of the Grand Army of the Republic (Topeka, KS: Grand Army of the Republic — Department of Kansas, 1894), p. 68 Lewis Post No. 394 Dodge City (Crawford.KS.124).

        55. Ford County Kansas Marriage Records: Record B, 28 Jan 1887 to 25 June 1903, #309  (Hammond.KS.015) (Hammond.Notebook), Ford County Clerk, Dodge City, Kansas

        56. Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Post Reports, 1880-1940, R F Hammond, 31 Dec 1897; .

        57. 1900 U.S.Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kanss, ED 49, Sheet 14B, household 298, Richmond Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA T623

        58. Kansas, Grand Army of the Republic Post Reports, 1880-1940, R F Hammond, 1906; .

        59. Ford County Kansas, , [VolumePage]; [ItemOfInterest], [RecordDate]; Register of Deeds, Dodge City Kansas.

        60. Ford County Kansas, , Book 36, page 231, R F Hammond and Mary Hammond, his wife, 1909.

        61. 1910 U.S. Census, Los Angeles County, California, population schedule, Downey Township, Los Angeles County, California, ED 23, sheet 13A Image 25 of 30, household 280, Richard F Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)

        62. Watts and Compton Direcotry, 1914-1915 (Wtts, Cal.: V. R. Franklin, 1914), page 68, Richmond F. Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016).

        63. Ancestry.com, U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011).

        64. California, Voter Registrations, 1900-1968, Richmond F Hammond, 1926; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online June 2019). Original Source: great Register of Voters, 1900-1968.

        65. Dodge City Daily Globe, , “Dodge City Pioneer Dies in California” Tuesday, April 10, 1928, page 1 (Hammond.Notebook).

        66. “California Death Certificate” (Standard Certificate of Death, ), Richmond F. Hammond #28-020505 (Hammond.Notebook). Hereinafter cited as “California Death Certificate”.

        67. California, California Death Index 1905-1939, Richmond Hammond, 8 April 1928; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016).

        68. Edmund West comp., Family Data Collection – Deaths (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001).

        69. Ancestry.com, U.S., Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1925-1963 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

        70. , Photographs (Hammond.Notebook), Los Angeles National Cemetery, , .

        71. “Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1925-1963,” digital images, U.S., Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1925-1963 (www.ancestry.com : online February 2016), Richmond F. Hammond, image 1351 of 3935; Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, Record Group 92 National Archives at Washington, D.C., microfilm M1916. Found online at [WebRecord].

        72. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online September 2016), memorial for Richmond Fisk Hammond (1840-1928), Find a Grave Memorial no. #3714346, created by US Veterans Affairs / Maintained by Del Crumbaugh, citing Los Angeles National Cemetery, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California;, Richmond Fisk Hammond.

        73. National Cemetery Administration, “U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca. 1775-2006,”Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (September 2016), Richmond F. Hammond; National Cemetery Administration.

        74. National Cemetery Administration, U.S. Veterans’ Gravesites, ca.1775-2006 (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006).

Andersonville

While going thru the military information I have compiled for Richmond F Hammond, I’ve found that his military records do not match up with the information in the pension file affidavits. One of those areas of ‘disagreement’ was his imprisonment at Andersonville.

Richmond Hammond’s military records indicate that he was missing in action since August 3, 1864. However, his ‘Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records’ does not list any prisons.

His military record does indicate that he was on the muster roll of detachment of Paroled Prisoners at Benton Barracks, Missouri. The muster roll for May and June 1865 indicates that Richmond Hammond was “Delivered” Feb. 25, 1865 at Goldsboro, North Carolina.

The proof for his imprisonment comes from affidavits filed as part of his pension application. The earliest affidavit containing this information is from 1868.

Declaration for Invalid Pension

State of Illinois

County of Knox

On this _____ day of ____ 1868, before me, the clerk of the circuit Court in and for the County and State above named, and by law duly authorized to administer oaths for general purposes, personally appeared Richmond F Hammond who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is aged twenty seven years, and is a resident of Ontario Township County of Knox, in the state of Illinois and that he is the identical Richmond F Hammond who was a Sergeant in Company ‘D’ commanded by Captain H. C. [Carsics] in the 14th Regiment Cavalry, Ill Volunteers, commanded by Colonel Horace Capun, in the war of 1861 and 1862. That he volunteered as above stated at Galesburg, county of Knox, in the state of Illinois on or about the twenty ninth day of September, 1862, for the term of three years or during the war, and was honorably discharged at Springfield Ill on the Sixteenth day of June, 1865.

That while in the said service and in the line of his duty at Andersonville prions in the State of Georgia on the _____ day of September 1864 he received the following wound or disability, to wit*:

that on or about 5th day of August 1864 he was taken prisoner near Atlanta State of Georgia and taken to Andersonville prison and remained a prisioner about nine months and while in said prison and in the tenure of the United States and in the line of his duty he became diseased with the scurvey which effected the left hip joint attended with the loss of power of the muscle so that he is almost wholy unable to perform manuel labor

That since leaving said service this applicant has resided at Ontario in said county of Knox and his occupation has been farming and his Post-Office address is Oneida Knox county State of Illinois

He makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the Invalid Pension Roll of the United States under the Act of Congress approved July 14, 1862, and amendments thereto, by reason of the disability above stated; and hereby constitutes and appoints Col T C smith his attorney to prosecute this claim and procure a Pension Certificate, and also to receive from the Pension Office the certificate of discharge filed herewith.

Richmond F. Hammond (signature)

Sworn to, subscribed and acknowledged before me, the day and year first above named, and on the same day personally appeared Jehial Hammond and William I Reese residents of Ontario Township County of Knox in the State of Illinois and made oath that they are personally acquainted with Richmond F Hammond who has made and subscribed the foregoing declaration in their presence, and that they have every reason to believe, from teh appearance of teh applicant, and their acquaintance with him, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be, that they reside as above stated, and are disinterested in this claim for a Pension.

That since leaving the service of the United States as aforesaid, his habits have been uniformly good, and his occupations has been a farmer

Jehial Hammond (signature)
William I Reece (signature)

Sworn to and subscribed before me; and I certify that i am not interested in this claim or concerned in its prosecution; that i believe the affiants to be respectable and credible witnesses, and that the claimant is the person he represents himself to be.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said Court this 28th day of March A.D., 1868

Joh[? A]berdein Clerk

A General Affidavit dated 8 Mar 1898 provides further information about Richmond Hammond’s imprisonment.

General Affidavit

State of Kansas County of Ford

In the matter of Richmond F Hammond late member Co D 14″ Reg’t Ill Cav Vols

On this 8 day of March A.D. 1898, personally appeared before me Richmond F Hammond aged 17 years, a resident of Dodge City in the county of Ford and state of Kansas and well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:

my chronick diarehea was contracted while I was a prisoner of War at Andersonville, Geo in the summer and Fall of 1864 and continued on me while I was at Charleston South Carolina and at Florence South Caroline wheas I cam near loosin my life with it and it has continued on me ever sinse and I farther state that the Doctor that attended me when I got home from rebel prison is dead so is the next one and that is the reason why I cannot get the evidence of them.

I did not serve in the Navel or military services of the United States prior to May 23, 1861 and no subsequent to June 16 1865

Affiant’s post office address is Dodge City Ford Co Kansas

Richmond F Hammond (signature)

stamped 18 Mar 1898

Even though the memorandum from prisoner of war records does not list Andersonville, I believe that the two affidavits supplied by Richmond Hammond are sufficient proof of his imprisonment at Andersonville.

Complicated Service

For the past several days I’ve been working on the narrative report for my ancestor, Richmond Fisk Hammond. What should have been a relatively simple clean-up of sentences and sources has become more complicated.

Two blocks of text are proving particularly difficult. One of the blocks is about Richmond’s filing of land papers in Ford County, Kansas while the other block concerns his military record.

After reviewing the paragraph about the land holdings, I have concluded that I don’t have adequate documentation to support what I have recorded as a fact. I have reference to a deed but I do not have the actual copy of the deed. The footnote not only references the purchase of the land but also the filing of homestead papers. Thus, I at least need a copy of the deed and probably the actual homestead land file. So today’s mail contains requests for both.

The text about his military service is a different story. I have a copy of his pension file and his military service file and it is confusing. Below is a screenshot of what I currently have in RootsMagic regarding his service:

Since that is a lot of different units, I probably have a mistake in there someplace. Without re-checking his file, the only fact I’m certain of is that he was a prisoner of war at Andersonville.

In a 1921 ‘Declaration for Pension,’ Richmond provides the following

EnlistedGalesburg, IL26 May 1861PrivateCo E17 Ills Infty Volz
Discharged[?]nton, Mo21 Aug 1861
enlisted1 Mar 18621st Illinois Cavly Vols
dischargedSt. Louis, Mo14 Jul 1862
enlisted29 Sep 1862Co D14 Ills Calvary
dischargedSpringfield, Ill16 Jun 1865

The above information is consistent with an affidavit dated 29 May 1912. Unfortunately, what I have from his military file doesn’t confirm the 1st Illinois Calvary service and includes documents for service in Company H Regiment 102 of the Illinois Infantry.

An 1896 pension document confirms the August 1861 discharge date.

Roll May 25th to Aug 31 / 61 “Discharged at Ir[ino]ton Aug 20, 1861”
It has this day (Aug 11, 1896) been determined by this Department from the records and evidence furnished by the auditor for the War Department that this man was discharged the service Aug. 20, 1861, for disability nature not stated.
There is no certificate of disability in his case file

I also have military records indicating that Richmond Hammond was on the muster roll for Company D of the 14 Regiment of the Illinois Calvary. Richmond Hammond was shown as ‘present’ during 1863 and January/February of 1864. However, he is recorded as ‘missing in action on August 3, 1864. Richmond Hammond is mustered out on May 30, 1865.

The additional pages of a military record are for a Richmond F Hammond who was a private in Company H 102 Regiment Illinois Infantry. According to these papers

Richmond F Hammond enlisted as a private in Capt. Shinn’s Co., 102 Reg’t Ill. Inf
age 22 years
Appears on Company Muster-in Roll
of the organization named above. Roll Dated
Knoxville, Ill, Sept 2 1826

Richmond F Hammond Pvt, Co H 102 Reg’t Illinois Infantry
Appears on Company Muster Roll
for Nov 1, 62 to Fe 28 1836
Remarks: Deserted at Knoxville, Ill. Sept 17, 1862

Richmond F Hammond Pvt, Co H, 102 Reg’t Illinois Infantry
Appears on Co. Muster-out Roll, dated
Nr. Washington D.C., June 6, 1865
Last paid to One mos ad. pay
Remarks: Deserted Sept. 17, 1862, Knoxville, Ill. Last heard from in 14″ Ill Vol Cavalry

Adding this stint of service (non-service), his timeline is as follows:

enlistedGalesburg, IL26 May 1861PrivateCo. E17 Ills Infty Volz
discharged[?]nton, Mo21 Aug 1861
enlisted1 Mary 18621st Illinois Cavly Vols
dischargedSt. Louis, Mo14 Jul 1862
enlistedKnoxville, IL2 Sep 1862PrivateCapt. Shinn’s Co.102 Reg’t Ill Inf
deserted17 Sep 1862
enlisted29 Sep 1862PrivateCo D14 Ills Cavalry
missingAthens, GA3 Aug 1864
dischargedSpringfield, IL16 Jun 1865Serg’tCo D14 Ills Cavalry

Thus, it looks like I need to locate documentation for Richmond’s service in the 1st Illinois Cavalry. Based on the fact that I don’t have military records to document this service, I’m guessing that I did not receive a copy of his entire military file. Before trying to re-order his military and pension files, I’m going to try and locate documentation for this missing service record using other sources. Wish me luck!

1921 Hammond Declaration

Declaration for Pension

Act of May 1, 1920

State of California, County of Los Angeles, ss:

On this 2[0] day of May A.D. 1921 personally appeared before me, a notary public, within and for the county and state aforesaid, Richmond F. Hammond who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is 80 year of age, and a resident of Soldiers Home county of Los Angeles, State of California; and that he is the identical person who was Enrolled at Galesburg Ills, under the hame of Richmond F Hammond on the 26th day of May, 1861, as a Private in Company E of Ills Infty Volz

in the service of the United States, in the Civil War, and was honorably discharged at [Clinton} Mo on the 21st day of August, 1861. That he also served reEnlisted March 1st 1826 1st Illinois Cavly Vols was discharged July 14 1862 at St Louis Mo Re Enlisted in Co D 14 Ills Cavlary Sept 29 1862 Discharged June 16 1865 at Springfield Ills.

That his personal description at enlistment was as follows: Height 5 feet 9 1/2 inches; complexion, light; color of eyes, blue; color of hair, dark; that his occupation was Blacksmith; that he was born November 20th 1840 at Lickin County Ohio.

That he requires the regular personal aid and attendance of another person on account of the following disabilities:

Paralysis of the hands and feet from the knees to the bottom of my feet. Feet and hands cold and numb at all times. used wheeled chair at times can move by aid of a cane & requiring aid in dressing myself; stomach and bowels out of order; heart and kidneys deficient; total physical disablity

That since leaving the service he has resided at Illinois, Iowa, Kansas and California and his occupation has been Carpenter.

That he is a pensioner under Certificate No. 118.839

That he makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension roll of the Unites States under the provisions of the act of May 1, 1920

Richmond F Hammond
PO Box 542 Soldiers Home Calif

Witnesses:

George D Ingraham
Soldiers Home Calif

Edward J Scott
Soldiers HOme Calif

Subscribed and sowrn to before me this 26th day of May A.D. 1921 and I hereby certify that the contenst of the abov declaration were fully make known and expalined to the applicant before swearing, … and that i have no interest, direct or indirect in the presecution of this claim.

James J Fitzgenerll
Notary Public
Soldiers Home Calif

Hammond Affidavit

State of Kansas County of Ford

In the matter of Richmond F Hammond, late member of Co D 14″ Reg’t Ill Cav Vols

On this 8 day of March A.D. 1898 personally appeared before me RIchmond F Hammond aged 57 years, a resident of Dodge City in the county of Ford and State of Kansas well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:

My Chronick diarehea was contracted while I was a Prisoner of War at Andersonville, Geo in summer and fall of 1864 and continued on me while I was at Charleston South Carolina and at Florence South Carolina wheas I came near loosing my life with it and it has continued on me ever sense and I farther state that the Doctor that attended me when I got home from Rebel prisons is dead so is the next one and that is the reason why I cannot get the evidence of them.

I did not serve in the Naval or military service of the United States prior to May 23, 1861 nor subsequent to June 16 1865

Affiant’s post office address is Dodge City Ford Co Kansas

Richmond F Hammond

Stamped: Mar 18 1898