Mailbag

Do you remember the days of the SASE, putting one in a letter and then waiting for it to come back to you? (SASE: Self addressed stamped envelope) Well, even though I didn’t receive a SASE in the mail, I did receive a bounty of genealogy documents in the mail recently!

One package was from the Frankfort Community Public Library in Clinton County, Indiana and contained photocopies of probate records for my Ricketts/Reed family.

The other package was a thumb drive from Brad Quinlan. In June, he posted in the Facebook group, Descendants of Andersonville Prison, that he was making a trip to Washington, D.C. to do research and had time to take on more clients during that trip. Even though I had already requested the military and pension files for my civil war ancestors from the national archives, I did not know at the time about requesting the ENTIRE file. Not knowing what I might be missing, I elected to inquire about whether he had time to fulfill my requests. He did have time to take on my requests and a thumb drive arrived recently containing the images obtained from those files.

In both cases, there was an exchange of money. However, what I spent obtaining the records was a small percentage of what it would cost to pay travel expenses for me to obtain them myself.

I am thankful to have these records. Now, I have lots of work to do to get these transcribed!

  • Probate Record for John Ricketts (2MTW-355)
  • Partition file for John Ricketts’ estate
  • Probate record for Mary Reed (KLVH-CFM)
  • Military file for George Mentzer (LHKS-17Q)
  • Pension file for George Mentzer
  • Military file for James M. Ricketts (KV21-XBR)
  • Pension file for James M. Ricketts
  • Military file for Noah Briles (K2Q1-RG9)
  • Pension file for Noah Briles
  • Military files (3 of them) for Richmond F. Hammond (2B2M-GXK)
  • Pension file for Richmond F. Hammond
  • Military file for Washington Marion Crawford (KHFD-XRW)
  • Pension file for Washington Marion Crawford

Women in Our Trees

Do you ever feel like our family history research is centered on the men in the tree? Have you been able to add details to a 2nd or 3rd great grandmother’s life beyond her vitals, census records and birth of her children? I know I struggle with that.

That’s why resources that provide a glimpse into the lives of our female ancestors are precious. One such source was written by women about women to celebrate Cleveland’s centennial. That source is a four part work titled, Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve and is available on FamilySearch.

Since my Hammond ancestors migrated from Connecticut to the Western Reserve in Ohio, I am fortunate to find information on my Hammond, Hale and Fisk ancestors in part three of this wonderful work.

Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve

The Women’s Department of the Cleveland Centennial Commission

Part 4
December 1897

page 755
Pioneer Women of bath
Summit county
1810-1840

Bath was organized in 1818 and called
Wheatland, afterwards Hammondsburg,
a name it retained as late as 1847, although
changed for many years
previous.
Owen Brown of Hudson. father of the
celebrated John Brown of Ottowasomia;
was a commissioner in 1818, and had
absolute authority to name the town.
“Hammondsburg” was considered rather
lengthy, and for postal convenience,
some of the old settlers thought one with
less letters in it would be preferrable, so
Brown named it Bath.
If any people in this country were
marked out as founders of a new community,
it was the little colony of less
than twenty souls from Connecticut
that settled on the west bank of the
Cuyahoga in Bath in the fall of 1810.
It was like the ancient Greek colonies,
“a miniature company complete in
itself.” Not only did they bring with
them to their new homes their industrious
and frugal habits, their wooden
clocks and spinning wheels, but their
Thanksgiving and other Connecticut
holidays, and their unyielding faith in
their religious creed, and planting them
all in this new community as coincidents
in the fresh soil they were to inhabit.
The site which they were to occupy
was in the region of surpassing loveli.
ness. From the surrounding hills could

page 756
be seen the picturesque Cuyahoga in its
winding course, its banks studded with
majestic forests, not yet despoiled by the
woodman’s axe, and all the land around
lovely with the peculiar beauty of hill,
stream and valley.
Jason Hammond and his wife, Rachel
Hale of Bolton, Ct., were the principal
personages of this colony. Early in the
spring of 1810 they purchased by exchange
of Thos. Bull, 1200 acres in the
northeast part of the township (then
called Wheatland), and in the fall came
on with their family and formally began
the settlement. Some weeks previous
to their removal their eldest son, Theodore,
was sent on in advance to select
the land they were to occupy and prepare
a temporary shelter for the family
when they should arrive. But it was
hard for Rachel Hammond to sever
family and social ties and remove so far
west into a wilderness without company,
so Jonathan Hale, her brother, and Mrs.
Elijah Hale, her sister, both at the head
of families, were persuaded to join the
colony. Besides, the greater the number
to go, the greater security.
This arrangement was carried out and
Jonathan Hale sent on in company with
Theodore Hammond to select his land
and prepare shelter for his family. He
had precisely the same contract with
Bull as did Hammond, only his choice
of land was second. According to his
first letter to his family, still in Connecticut,
after his arrival on the ground, he
had in view only 150 acres, but after
seeing the land he must have decided to
take more, as his deed from Bull, dated
September 8, 1810, nearly two months
after his arrival in Bath, describes fully
500 acres. By reason of the “first choice”
Theo. Hammond (who was twenty-one
years of age) and his father’s family became
the first bona fide settlers in Bath
township. The train for the removal of
this colony consisted of ox teams and
one span of horses, and started from
Bolton at the close of August, and proceeded
to East Hartford. a short distance
west where the Hale families
joined it. The Hales were Glastenbury
people. Elijah, the father of the Rev.
Edward Payson Hammond, the evangelist,
was master of the train as far west
as Cleveland.
Rachel, since her marriage to Jason
Hammond, had seen little of the hardships
of life, but no woman in all the
west brought to bear to the new situation
a braver heart or more practical
mind. From the first she was a pioneer.
The train was stocked with everything
for the journey and for the subsistance of
the families, some time after reaching
their destination. Rachel, the eldest
daughter of Rachel Hammond, drove the
span of horses from Bolton to Bath. Not
a hitch occurred on the whole journey,
although they had a “rocky” time of it, and
were over forty days on the road.
Rachel Hammond, wife of Jason, was
a Hale, born in Glastenbury, Ct. 1758;
came to Bath in fall of 1810, died November,
1842, aged eighty-four, and
buried at Bath in ground set apart for a
public cemetery by her husband. She
was a model housekeeper. Her pewter
mugs and platters were the brightest,
but the old wooden trenchers so long in
use had been supplanted by “blue—eyed”
crockery. Three utensils brought from
Connecticut were indispensable: the cast
iron bake oven, an iron pot and the
black earthen teapot; the last the chief
of the kitchen outfit. Rachel claimed
that in this
LITTLE BLACK STEEPER
she could make a better article of tea
than in any of the later vessels for that
purpose, and as long as she had charge
of the cooking she would use nothing
else. Tea was the old folk’s beverage,
and when “store tea” gave out, as it
often did, sage, pennyroyal or any other
nutritious herb of the fields was substituted.
Rachel never cooked a meal by any
other than the open fire-place. There
is a tradition in the family that she
could conjure up an excellent meal with
only a piece of salt pork for foundation.
The nearest grist mill was located at
Newbury, forty miles distant, but a
domestic mill for milling corn was set up
at home which answered the purpose
very well. It was made of hollowing
out the top of a ‘hardwood stump for a
mortar, rigging a heavy pestle on a
spring pole over the mortar, and with it
pounding the corn fine enough to cook.
Rachel’s linen for the table and bed
was the result mainly of her labor before
marriage. After her marriage she
did very little weaving, although a great
deal of that kind of work was done in the

Page 757
family. Her first home in Bath was a
double log cabin of four rooms and two
huge fire-places, with a drawing capacity
that literally annihilated the surrounding
forests.
It was a query in the settlement what
she could want with so much house-room,
unless she intended to start a tavern!
She lived in this log cabin eight years,
when she moved into the new frame house
erected in 1818, but not finished until
1836, six years after her husband’s death.
Shortly after this she abdicated her place
as housekeeper to her daughter-in-law,
Mrs. Eleanor Sears Jones, wife of Lewis
Hammond, “who succeeded to that important
position. Rachel Hammond
was noted for making excellent loaf cake,
but her strength as a woman extended
far beyond her household affairs.
When neighbors were down with chills
and fever then were her womanly
qualities most conspicuous; her very
touch seemed to soothe the burning
heat and accelerated pulse. If
“AUNT RACHEL”
were only present, the sick took courage.
She understood quite well how to treat
many of the common diseases. Physicians
were scarce, and those who‘ were
in the country were intensely allopathic.
Her religion was practical and earnest.
She and her husband were the first to
take steps for the organization of the
church at Bath center. Both would have
died for the creed of John Calvin. Her
evenings were the delight of her family.
The huge fire-places in winter sent out
a warmth and glow that cheered every
heart and drove out all the gloom which
“crowded around the walls.” When
there were no baskets to make, staves to
split, harness to mend, apples to pare,
there was corn to shell, tow to spin,
ropes to braid or walnuts to crack. Her highest
ambition was to do well her duty,
and “to get wisdom, to get understanding
and forget it not.” She was the mother
of six children, five of whom came west
with her, two daughters and three sons;
Rachel, her eldest daughter, born 1791,
married Leman Farnani (brother of
Everett) ‘and lived and died in Richfield
township. She survived her five children,
then, January, 1868, at the age of
seventy-seven was herself called to rest.
A more loving Christian woman has
rarely lived; kind, true and charitable
to all, to her friends and relatives dear
beyond measure. She taught one of the
first schools in Bath. Her hand all
through life was ever ready in all benevolent,
religious and educational work.
She had annually great quantities of
choice fruit and honey, free gifts to the
worthy poor or friends who asked for
them. In 1855 when Gen. L. V. Beirce
published his “Reminiscences of Summit
County,” she addressed him a spirited
letter criticising severely his account
of the settlement of Bath township.
Rachel Farnam was a good singer and
often led in the choir at Bath before her
marriage. She and all her daughters
were members of the Presbyterian
church in Richfield. Her children were
Darwin and Eleanor; three died young.
She was a faithful, frugal and industrious wife.
Mary Hammond, the youngest daughter
of Mrs. Hammond, born at Bolton,
Ct. 1796, married Dr. Horatio Cooley,
second James Chapman and lived and
died at Chatham, Medina County, where
she is buried. She returned to her
father’s home with her two children
after death of Dr. Cooley, where she remained
until her second marriage. She
was the “worker” of the family where
all were workers. The weaving fell
pretty much to her, and some of the
fabrics she turned out of her loom would
do credit to our modern mills. She was
very active and bright in her work. hardly
knowing fatigue or sorrow in her
young days. She was a splendid example
of what the union of great
physical and mental vigor can do. Like
her sister Rachel, she was an active and
zealous worker in church and Sabbath
school. She had two children by Cooley
and five or six by Chapman. Her eldest
son, Samuel Cooley, is still living and
a resident of Knox County, Ill. Her
grandson, Col. Orrin Cooley, who died
In 1893, gained distinguished honors in
that county. Her eldest daughter, Au-
rilla, married Benj. Stanton of New
York and removed to St. Johns Mich.,
fully forty years ago, where she died and
was buried.
When Mary M. Chapman’s “intended”
brought with him his cousin, a
Methodist minister, to “tie the knot,”
(they came. the night before the wedding)
her parents. stout Presbyterians,
were so exasperated at this that it was with

Page 758
great difficulty they would admit the
good brother into the house. He remained
over night and the following
day officiated at the wedding, but during
that time he received no attention from
the “old folks.”
We can hardly appreciate the prejudice
against Methodists in that day.
That very house, after the death of
Mary’s father, became known all over
the Western Reserve as the “house of
Methodist ministers,” and her brother
Lewis was the founder of the church at
Niles, and class leader of it for nearly
twenty years!
Rebecca Farnam, daughter of John
and Mary Farnam, born at Canaan, Ct.
in 1791, came with her parents to Hudson,
O. early in 1800, thence to Richfield,
Summit County, where she married
at the age of twenty-four, Theodore
Hammond early in 1815, and settled in
Bath, where she died. She had five
children, viz: Maria, died at age of sixty eight;
Jason, accidentally killed at age
of eleven; Augustus, still living; Sarah,
married Nathan Jones about 1840, and
died 1848; James, living in Knox
County, Ill., a rich farmer. He was four
months old when his mother died.
Rebecca’s father was in the Revolutionary
war, and for some time acting as
aide-de-camp to Gen. Washington. Her
mother was a woman of great mental
force; lived to be ninety-five. Rebecca
inherited from her a love for all good
culture, and her home was a constant
school house. Like her mother, she was
fond of reading. One who knew her
intimately says: “She was charitable,
gentle, kind, patient, loving and devoted
to her family and friends.” She was
very zealous and active in educational
work. The site for the select school at
Hammond’s Corners was donated by her
husband. She gave great promise of
much greater usefulness in life, when at
the age of thirty-three, she was called
home by her Master in heaven. Her
brother, Everett, if we except Col. Perkins
of Akron, was the largest landholder
in Summit County.
Mary Fisk, born in 1800 at Watertown,
N. Y., married Theo. Hammond as his
second wife, in 1825. She was sister to
Mrs. Horatio Hammond. When the
first settled minister was called at Bath,
he and his wife lived for a time at Mrs.
Hammond’s. Being “the minister” he
was a privileged character and at liberty
to go where he pleased. For some time
after he came to live in the family the
cream, as it came to the surface on the
milk, mysteriously disappeared. This
troubled Mrs. Hammond; a watch was
stationed and the reverend brother was
caught
SKIMMING THE CREAM
for his luncheon. She was the mother
of twelve children, some of them dying
in infancy and early age. Those that
lived to have names were: Mary, Theodore,
Eloise, Rebecca, Oliver, William,
Olive, Trypheas, Lucy, Milan and
Emily; ‘but all are dead save Theodore
and the last two.
Emily, the youngest, is fifty—one, married
and living in Arkansas; Theodore
is a rich farmer in Knox County, Ill.
Rebecca, the third daughter, was a
graduate of Miss Strong’s at Hudson.
0., and later was herself a popular and
successful teacher at Galesburg. Her
death was very much deplored and the
newspapers of that place gave a very
extended account of her character and
school—work at the time of her decease.
Eleanor Sears Jones, wife of Lewis
Hammond, was born 1800 at Dighton,
Mass. married 1823, at the home of Gen.
O. M. Oviatt of Richfield. She with
her parents removed from Massachusetts
to Bristol, Ontario County, N. Y.
in 1802. Her grandfather, Capt. Alden
Sears, was one of the founders of that
town. Her father dealt largely in unimproved
lands in middle and western
N. Y., and failed. There were ten children,
eight coming to Ohio; Eleanor,
with her brother, Jason, first settled at
Richfield, where she taught school for
a couple of years. Her home was a
famous place for Methodists. During
“quarterly meeting” time as many as
six ministers with their wives would be
present at a time. She never sat down
to eat without company, and an extra
cover laid in anticipation of a call.
In her home were three large brick
bake ovens, the largest with a capacity
for twenty—six two pound loaves. Two
batches of bread were turned out weekly
from this oven. One of the other ovens
was used to bake pies. Hers was a pie
family. From the first, almost, she
took charge of the household, not with-
standing “grandmother” Hammond

Page 759
lived in the family nearly twenty years
thereafter. She was permitted to take
her ease and quietly live in a room
specially provided for her. Eleanor was
a capital manager. More than twenty
cows were milked each day and an
abundance of good cheese and butter
made on the premises in the grass season,
rarely any of which was sold, but
consumed in the family. She was an
accomplished equestrian, and thought
nothing of riding to Richfield or Bath
Center, six and eight miles, to attend
meeting. She had a set of chinaware
brought by her grandfather Sears from
China, which she set out on rare occasions.
Once her brass candle-sticks
turned up missing, but found some days
later in a large jar of boiled cider, where
her youngest “hopeful” had carefully
deposited them for safe keeping. In
winters she had a graceful custom of
inviting five young ladies, one from a
family, her nieces, to make her a visit
and remain four to six weeks. The
young ladies had a sitting room to themselves,
received their own company, and
were in the family only at meal and
prayer times. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hammond
were fair singers and led the singing
in the family and church at Niles.
She was exceedingly charitable; many
times has she packed up food and other
articles and sent them six or eight miles
to
SOME NEEDY FAMILY,
and everything not consumed in the
family was given away to the worthy
poor.
Not a lock was used on dwelling or
store rooms. Her circle of acquaintances was
very large. Her funeral was
one of the largest ever held in the township,
the Methodist minister from Akron
conducting the services. Her life was a
very useful one. She had eight children,
one only of whom was a girl, and she
died young.
Louisa Fisk married Horatio Hammond,
youngest son of Jason and
Rachel, She was an earnest and faithful
worker in the Congregational church
at this place, of which both were lifelong
members. In June, 1848, her
family removed to Galesburg, Ill., arriving
in time to celebrate the 4th of
July at the home of her sister there, Mrs.
Theo. Hammond. From here they
removed to Oneida, Ill. and lived on a
farm.
R0xanna(Fields) Hammond, who
with her husband, Calvin, came to Bath
in June, 1815, was born at Fairley, Vt.

She was one of the first to become
interested in the church at Bath
center, where Mr. Hammond is buried_
Her son, Royal, was elected deacon of
that church at the age of twenty-five.
After the death of Mr. Hammond she
made her home with him, and when he
removed to Ontario, Ill. in 1844, she
accompanied him, and died there in

Her son drove 1500 head of sheep
west at the time of their removal, being
49 days on the road, and she drove the
wagon a great part of the way and doing
all the cooking. In speaking of his
mother recently Royal says: “She was a
very energetic and healthy woman. She
began on a farm right in the woods.”
Theodore, the son of Elijah and Sarah
Hale, married Irene Lyman, born 1814,
at Brattleboro, Vt. She came to Strongsville,
O. when she was three years old.
She was one of the sweetest dispositioned
women the world ever knew.
She had eight children, four living;
Celia E. is in Oberlin, O. Mrs. Irene
Hale died August, 1871.
Sally C. Upson, fist wife of William
Hale (a little boy when his father Jonathan
moved to Bath in 1810),was born
in Tallmadge, married Mr. Hale
November, 1823 and came to live at the
old Hale homestead. Six months after
she died while absent on a visit to Tallmadge.
For second wife Mr. Hale
married, 1831, Harriet Carlton, born
March 18, 1811, died 1854. She was a
niece of Mrs. Jonathan Hale, second
wife. She had five children; Sarah,
Lucy, Olivia, Othello and Josephine.
Othello only now living.
Jane_ Mather, born in Northfield,
Summit County, O., 1821, married, 1838,
Andrew Hale, brother of William, and
settled in the old Hale homestead, where
she still resides. She was a daughter of
Mrs. Jonathan (Mather) Hale. She had
six children; Pamelia, Sophronia,
Clara, Charles 0., Alida and John, all
married and living; Betsey Mather,
another daughter of Mrs. Jonathan
(Mather) Hale, born 1823 at Northfield,
moved to Bath in 1840 and married
Sanford Rogers of Bath. She taught
school at $1.25 per week to buy wedding

Page 760
outfit. Resided in Bath eight years,
when she moved to Galesburg, Ill. She
had four children, three born in Bath.
Josiah Fowler came to Bath with the
colony in 1810, married there and lived
on a farm adjoining Elijah Hale, but
the maiden name of his wife is not recalled.
Another settler about this time
was Polly (Brown) Barber. She lived
in the family of Jason Hammond nine
years. Barber died and she married
second, Fanning. She died in Bath.
She used to say that her life was made
up of “nines.” Her father died when
she was nine years old; at nine she went
to live at Mr. Hammond; she lived there
nine years; when she married Barber,
he lived nine years; she was a widow
nine years, and then married Fanning,
and in nine years he died.
Shortly after the settlement .in the
valley was fairly under way, it began to
spread to the hills, and soon the village
of
HAMMOND’S CORNERS
was founded, with post office, school,
church, tannery, shops of various kinds,
and other New England appliances for
a thrifty community. The site for the
store and school house was donated by
Theodore Hammond, the first bona fide
settler of the township. He became of
age in the May preceding his removal
from Connecticut and was at that time
unmarried. He afterwards was appointed
the agent of the proprietor of the remaining
unsold land, and as such representative
settled a number of additional
worthy families about the
“Corner.”
The married ladies of the colony were
sisters and sister-in-law, they practically
making one family of the whole settlement.
Mercy S. Piper, the first wife of Jonathan
Hale, was born in Acton, Mass.,
April 28, 1779. She was the fourth
child in the family of seventeen children
of Samuel Piper, who was a soldier in
the Revolutionary war. With her
parents she moved to Eastbury, Conn.
about 1783 and married Jonathan Hale
of Glastonbury in 1802. Their home
was in Glastonbury until 1810, when as
previously stated with the families of
Jason Hammond and Elijah Hale they
moved to Bath. In addition to a good
education she had also learned the trade
of a tailoress and many a pioneer was
made happy by receiving from her deft
fingers nicely made garments, the material
of which had been grown, carded, spun
and woven right in the neighborhood.
Leaving comfortable homes on the
banks of the Connecticut and settling in
rudely constructed log houses in the
wilderness meant many privations.
Mrs. Hale was capable of mastering
them all, and her pluck and courage were
often brought to the front. Eighteen
miles from a post office, few books,
no newspapers, no physicians within
miles, and plenty of fever and ague, wild
animals numerous and quite often Indians,
called for indomitable courage.
When the war of 1812 broke out they
were in constant fear of the Indians and
slept with their door barricaded and
their gun and ax by the side of their
bed ready for any emergency.
She was the mother of five children,
three of whom were born in Connecticut—
Sophronia, William and Pamelia;
and two in Bath—Andrew and James,
the latter only now living (1896) in
Akron, O. She was a noble and kindhearted
woman and died in Bath, October
16, 1829. Her eldest daughter,
Sophronia, who helped so materially in
her mother’s work until the old log
house was discarded and a spacious
brick was built, was married to Ward
K. Hammond, May 31, 1827 and settled
on a farm near Hammond’s Corners,
living there until 1837, when they moved
to Delaware County, Ohio, and from
thence to Davis County, Ill., where she
died February 5, 1873.
Her descendants are many, and are
widely scattered through the Western
states,
NOBLE MEN AND WOMEN,
making their impress wherever they go.
Pamelia, her youngest daughter, was
married September 28, 1828 to William
C. Oviatt, who had been a contractor
of blacksmith work in the building of
the Ohio canal, and afterward carried on
an extensive business in carriage manufacturing
at Tallmadge, O. She had no
children of her own, but adopted and
kindly cared for two orphan children,
one the wife of a prosperous farmer in
Nebraska, and the other a prominent
surgeon in Wisconsin.
Sarah Hale, wife of Elijah Hale, and
sister to Rachel Hale Hammond and
Jonathan Hale, was born in Glaston-

Page 761
bury, Conn., Feb. 16, 1771; married her
cousin, Elijah Hale, December 25, 1799
and came to Bath as above stated in

She was a remarkably kindhearted
woman and keenly felt the
separation from her mother, even to her
old age often making preparations and
talking about “going home to see
mother.” She was very strict in her
observance of the Sabbath, which for
her began at sundown Saturday evening
and closed at sundown on Sunday
evening. Her children were Eveline,
Mary and Theodore. The first two
were born in Glastonbury, Conn.,
Eveline, 1801, and Mary, 1804.
Eveline married John Bosworth, Dec.
6, 1821 and moved to Edinburg, Portage
County, where she died May 1,,

She was the mother of two children,
Augusta, who married John Bell.
and who is now living at Muskegon,
Mich. and Eveline, who married James
Cook and is living at Weymouth, Ohio.
The former has numerous descendants
in Michigan and Washington, but the
latter has none.
Mary lived single until October 14,
1860, when she married Deacon Ethel
Strong of Edinburg, O., where she went
to reside. Several years later her husband
dying, she returned to her old
home in Bath, but when her brother
Theodore moved to Oberlin, P. she
moved to Weymouth and spent the remainder
of her days with her niece,
Mrs. Cook.
Of the sixteen who came to Bath in
1810, she was the last one to die.
Royal Hammond, one of the Bath
pioneers who is still living at Galesburg,
Ill. tells of his walking with Mary
through the woods to Richfield to
school and how they came across a
wolf, which graciously let them pass
without molestation, and how they once
caught and killed two young raccoons,
and skinning them proposed to sell
their skins and buy for one a pocket
knife and for the other a side comb.
And how their teacher one day saw a
large flock of deer feeding near the
school house, and telling the pupils to
keep still he ran across the lots for his
gun, expecting to kill one, but while
gone so much noise had been made
that the deer were frightened, and the
teacher came back and gave them all
a good scolding. “Aunt Mary” was
married at the age of fifty—six. She
wore a bonnet made from the silk dress
worn by her grandmother, Rachel Tal-
cott, when she was married in 1758,
In a part of Jason Hammond’s residence
was taught the first school with
pupils of all grades and sizes. Among
the teachers were Roxanna and Phoebe
Jones, sisters of Nathan. The former,
while riding a spirited coal-black colt,
which she was breaking, met for the
first time a young engineer, who was
engaged in laying out and constructing
the Ohio canal, Capt. Richard Howe, to
whom she was married in 1827. A year
later she removed to Akron and organized
the first Sunday school in that place.
This was done in the school house on lot
No. 35, which is still used for school
purposes.
Mrs. Howe continued her Sunday
school ministrations with but few brief
intermissions for a full half century.
She was the mother of seven children,
four of whom are living.
Phoebe Jones, closing her school labors,
married Ira Hawkins, who was a
canal superintendent for a quarter of a
century, at what is now “Ira” post office,
“Hawkins” station on the Cleveland Terminal
& Valley Railway. Leaving
there they removed to the Hawkins
homestead, three miles west of Akron.
They left two sons and one daughter and
three orphan children, whom they
brought up as their own. Early in life
she made it a rule to devote at least half
an hour every day to solid reading, and
to this she adhered, though much of the
time was snatched from sleep after the
family had retired.
Jason Hammond’s son Lewis married
Eleanor Jones, the eldest of the three
sisters, and in time succeeded to his
father’s estate.
A sad accident happened to the family
of Mrs. Eleazar King, which cast a
gloom over the remainder of her life.
They came to Bath in 1826. leaving one
married daughter in Massachusetts.
Lucy King went back to visit this sister,
Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson, and both
were returning to the home in Bath when
they were lost on the steamer Erie that
burnt on Lake Erie in 1843.
To the early settlement of the township
Ontario County, New York, contributed
more than any other locality.
Of ‘Puritanic descent, they brought with

Page 762
them some characteristic traits of their ;
ancestry and planted them in the western
wilds. Of the Jones family two brothers‘
not mentioned settled in Westfield
and one in Norton. They were children
of Major Sylvanus Jones, who traced
his descent from Capt. Jones of
THE MAYFLOWER,
and Phoebe Sears Jones, whose ancestral
head on this continent was a passenger
in that memorable voyage.
Massachusetts, Connecticut and Pennsylvania
contributed their quota to this
settlement, and it is claimed that a former
resident of the town, distinguished
in war and jurisprudence, General and
Judge A. C. Voris, is indebted for some
peculiarities to a dash of aboriginal blood
coursing through his veins. Julia Coe
Voris came originally from Connecticut
and became the mother of thirteen Children,
bearing well her part in peopling
a new territory. Her children were early
taught industry, frugality and self-reliance,
and today three generations of her
descendants revere her memory. .
Mrs. Diana Sturdevant and her husband,
Joel, were the first of quite a colony
of relatives that came from Susquehanna
County, Pa., and settled on the
Smith Road on the line of Bath and
Copley. They made the journey with
horses and wagon. Her father, Orlen
Capron, accompanied them on horseback
to help select a place on which to settle.
The father assured Diana when they
started that he would not leave her in a
place he would not like to live himself.
They settled a short distance east of Latta’s
Corners. Then the father returned
to Pennsylvania. In 1820 a daughter,
Amy, was born to Mr. and Mrs. Sturdevant.
Amy is now Mrs. James Arnold,
of Copley, and to her bright and
active memory we are indebted for many
facts that could not has been secured
elsewhere.
Mrs. Arnold remembers, when a little
girl, of hearing Mrs. Rachel Latta tell
with what anxiety and dread she and her
family waited to hear the result of the
battle on Lake Erie. The neighbors
were few and far between. Some started
but they had their wagon loaded and
waited. If the British were victorious
they were to move quickly farther east,
where the settlers were more numerous,
for they expected to be overpowered by
the Indians and scalped without mercy.
Mrs. Latta’s family were great hunters;
though not the first settlers in Bath were
the first in the southern part of the town,
coming in the spring of 1810. There
were seven girls in this family, viz.:
Mary, Charlotte, Sally, Ursula, Rachel,
Betsey and Florinda.
There was an Indian camp a short distance
south of the Latta home on Latta
Run, for some time after they came. One
afternoon Sally was over there playing
with the children, and they asked her
to eat supper with them. She did not
like to displease them by not staying, but
did not think she could relish roast
skunk, so left at the risk of offending
them.
In 1823 there was quite a number added
to the colony, of which Mr. and Mrs.
Joel Sturdevant were the first. Orlen
Capron and his first wife, Amy Carpenter,
and his mother, Martha Metcalf;
Comfort Capron and wife, Mary Ann
Osmun; Hilen Capron and wife, Fanny
Osmun, who settled in Bath; Ara Capron
and wife, Eliza Sweet, and Alfred
Sweet and wife, Clarissa Capron; then
came later Ibra Capron and wife, Louisa
Aldrich, who settled in Copley. They
traveled by wagon and were three weeks
on the road, camping out at night most
of the time. With them came also three
pioneer children, Julia Capron, a babe
of a few months; Hannah Sweet, one
year old, and Leah Aldrich Capron, one
year old. They had been on the road
but a short time when they found that
little Julia could not stand riding over
the rough roads; so her father and mother
took turns walking and carried her
in their arms on a pillow to the end of
the journey. She is now ‘Mrs. Wallace
Nelson, of Cleveland, O.
Hannah Sweet at the age of sixteen
had charge of a family of seven other
motherless children. She spun, wove,
made clothes, and had all responsibility
for four years, when the father married
again, and she married Rial Conkling,
of Bath.
Leah Capron was a most successful
home and neighborhood doctor and
nurse. With home-made remedies she
relieved many distresses. She married
R. R. Marsh and lived many years in
Kent, O.
With this colony too came
“MY GRANDFATHER’S CLOCK,
that was too tall for the shelf, so it stood

Page 763
ninety years on the floor.” Though in
1840 the grandchildren numbered about
forty, not one had dared to penetrate the
mysteries of that huge clock-case. We
could watch with longing the operation
of pulling up the heavy weights and arranging
the calendar, but must not meddle.
The old clock is still in a good State
of preservation in the home of Alfred
Capron, of |Copley, a grandson of Amy
and Orlen Capron. Several others of
the same families were added to this colony
in 1832.
Mrs. Morris ‘Miller, nee Hetty B.
Looker, came from Tompkins County:
N. Y., in 1817 to Boston township on
the Cuyahoga river, with her husband
and three sons. They were eleven days
on Lake Erie from Buffalo to Cleveland
in the little sloop, Livona. Fever and
ague, which was a disease none along
the river could escape, took hold of them
so severely they could not work, so they
moved to Bath in 1823.
The first six months their log house
had neither doors, windows nor chimney,
and Mrs. Miller did the cooking
and baking for a family of seven by the
side of a big stump, and before winter
she and her little boys hauled stone from
the creek on a hand sled and built a
chimney and bake oven.
Many descendants of these families
are now living in Bath and Copley, all
good, worthy citizens.
Mrs. Mary A. Capron, being of a
quiet, inquisitive nature, and also very
kind and sympathetic, seemed al-
ways to know who in the neighborhood
was in need of a kind word or deed: and
was ready in that same quiet way to
encourage and help. Her firm but gentle
discipline was felt wherever_ = she
moved. She was busy all her life of
eighty-four years, because she liked to
be, and it was her delight, even to the
last year, to have the earliest vegetables
from a garden of her own cultivating,
with which to treat her friends. She
settled in Bath in 1823. Mrs. Capron’s
youngest daughter, Alfe Capron, was a
very successful school teacher.
Mrs. Mehitable Brown was one of
Bath’s model housekeepers. Whatever
of other work she did, and she was a
skilled tailoress, her house was always
a pattern of neatness and order. Mrs.
Brown’s granddaughter, Mary Brown, is
a graduate of the Long Island College
Training School for Nurses; was matron
of Akron‘s hospital for some time, and
is now Mrs. W. C. Jacobs, of Akron.
Her husband is Akron’s most noted physician.
Another granddaughter of Mrs.
Brown, Miss Hattie Brown is a graduate
of the Akron high school and is a
very successful young teacher in the
Akron schools at present.
In 1834 Margaret Moore bade Farewell
to her lover, Joseph Brinley, in Frank—
lin County, Pa., and with others of her
family started on horseback to seek a
new home in Ohio, having Copley in
view, as her sister Mary had settled there
earlier. It ‘did not take young Joseph
long to decide that Pennsylvania had
no charms for him when
“PEGGY” WAS NOT THERE.
Next day he started for Ohio, too, and
it seems with a determination to catch
the party so lately gone, for he overtook
them before they were out of the state,
at a little place called Bloody Run, where
by the proper authority the words that
united Joseph Brinley and Margaret
Moore for life were spoken. They settled
in a short time on one of the most
desirable farms in Bath, where they
stayed the rest of their lives, and where
a son, Joseph, and a daughter, Margaret,
are still living. Margaret Brinley was
a successful school teacher for several
years.
Mrs. Elisha Miller, nee Sarah Woodford,
moved from Farmington, Conn.,
to Bath in February, 1827, traveling the
entire distance by sled. She had her
husband and four daughters for company.—
Emeline, Clarinda, Lowley and
Evaline.
Mrs. Wm. Davis, nee Ann Sewell,
with husband and six small children, left
friends and native land in Lincolnshire,
Eng., to make a home in the United
States. They settled first in N. Y. then
came to Bath in 1840. The order, discipline
and domestic harmony in the
one-roomed log cabin, where she raised
her twelve good boys and girls, was
never more complete in any royal palace,
and would have been a blessing to all the
homes in this land of freedom.
A daughter of Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Ann
Wyckhoff, is a fashionable dressmaker
located at Ghent.
The foregoing embraces the record of
the early settlers in Bath township.
Hundreds of others came in later, but

Page 764
even their names we have not the
space to give. The very exalted character
of the original colony naturally attracted
other good people, until all the
desirable unimproved lands were taken
up.
But these pioneer scenes and women,
Indians, wild animals and forests, to~
gether with the little earthen steeper, the
loom, pea porridge, the ancient dinner
horn, and the “moss-covered bucket
which hung in the well,” have passed
away for all time, and in their narrow
cell
“The rude forefathers of
sleep.”
Historians—Mrs. O. W. Hale, of Akron;
Eleanor Hammond Hilliard, of
Cleveland; Mrs. H. W. Howe, of Bath.

The women of northwestern Ohio were fortunate to be remembered in this wonderful work!

Books on Family Search

Recently, I saw a rant on Facebook about those who complain about the global tree on FamilySearch while ignoring all of the other resources available on the FamilySearch site. And I agree with the poster of the FB rant that there are lots of resources available on the FamilySearch site.

Since I’m currently going thru my tree and my older research notes, I’m coming across quite a few notes taken from a source that is often forgotten in today’s Internet age: BOOKS. One of the resources mentioned in the ‘rant’ was the collection of books available thru the FamilySearch site. Thus, I can use this book collection to verify the information found in these old notes.

One such set of old notes that I recently uncovered contains information about my ancestor, Jason Hammond, but leaves a lot to be desired when it comes to creating a source citation.

Since I wanted more information for this source, I searched Google for “history of western reserve”. While the top result was not a book reference, I came across a possibility.

This particular book was full text on Google Books. Thus, I was able to locate page 359 and verify that it was the desired book.

Curious about what a search of books on the FamilySearch site would reveal, I searched for the term: Western Reserve and had 319,756 results!

When I put quote marks around the phrase, the number of results was reduced significantly, but still over 20,000.

Using the advanced search, I searched for the title: History of the Western Reserve. Again, I got a ton of results.

Since my Google search had identified an author, I edited my advanced search to add Upton as the author. That search limited my results to 19, with the first item being the book in question.

Using a digital copy of the book allows me to ‘search’ the entire contents of the book which has the potential to locate additional references. It also allowed me to not only transcribe the section of interest but also to scroll backwards to verify that page 359 was in the section of the book about Summit County.

History of the Western Reserve v. 1
by Harriet Taylor Upton
Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1910

page 334 – Summit County section begins

page 359
Bath Township

Bath township received its first settler in the person of Jason Hammond in the year of 1810. It was originally called Wheatfield, but with the coming of the Hammonds and their prominence in its affairs the name gradually disappeared and the entire township was for many years known as Hammondsburg. Deacon Jonathan Hale and Mr. Hammond left Connecticut within four days of each other, Mr. Hale filing the second claim in the township. Upon its political organization in 1818, it was Deacon Hale who was the means of giving its present name, Bath. At the first meeting of town officers one of the questions put was, What shall it be called, and Mr. Hale spoke emphatically as follows: “Call it Jerusalem, or Jericho, or Bath or anything but Hammondsburg,” and the majority voted to have it christened Bath.
When Messrs. Hammond and Hale located in the township, the Cuyahoga valley was inhabited by a band of Ottawa Indians, the chief of which was Skikellimus, the father of the famous Logan. The present hamlet of Hammond Corners was named after the pioneer settler of Bath Township. Ghent is a flourishing hamlet, in which are several saw and grist mills and evidences of considerable business.

Now, to go back and check out some of those 20,000 books on the Western Reserve!

Hammond Civil War Service

Have you ever researched a military unit’s history to write about an ancestor’s military service? I have to admit, that I haven’t done much of that research.

While going thru my HAMMOND files, I re-discovered a document that provides lots of details about the military service of my second great-grandfather, Richmond F. Hammond. This magic document is a certificate from the Soldiers and Sailors Historical and Benevolent Society.

Certificate of Records
To all whom it may concern

Requested to every American
is a priceless legacy

Preserved to us by the valor
of the Boys in Blue

This Certifies that Richmond F. Hammond

Enlisted from Knox County, Illinois, on the 25th day of May,
1861, to serve three years or during the war, and was mustered
into the United States service at Galesburg, Ill., on th same
day, as a Private of Captain Roderick R. Harding’s Company “E”
17TH REGIMENT ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, Colonel Leonard
Fulton Ross commanding.

Shortly afterward he was taken sick at Bird’s Point, Mo.,
and was confined in hospital at Iron Mountain, Mo., until Au-
gust 21, 1861, when he received an HONORABLE DISCHARGE by
reason of a Surgeon’s Certificate of Disability.

He re-enlisted at Galesburg, Ill, March 1, 1862 to serve
three years or during the war, and was mustered into the United
States service as a Private of COMPANY “G”, 1ST REGIMENT ILL-
NOIS VOLUNTEER CAVALRY, Colonel Thomas A. Marshall commanding.
This regiment had been captured at Lexington, Mo., on Sep-
tember 18, 1861, and was awaiting exchange, but on July 14, 1862,
it was mustered out at St. Louis Mo.

He re-enlisted at Galesburg, Ill., September 29, 1862, to
sere three years or during the war, and was mustered into the
U.S. service at Peoria, Ill., as a Private of Captain E. L.
Foote’s COMPANY “D”, 14TH REGIMENT ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER CAVALRY,
Colonel Horace Capron commanding.

The Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry was recruited and organ-
ized in the fall and wither of 1862, with headquarters at
Peoria. January 7, 1863, the 1st and 2nd Battalions were mus-
tered, and February 6, the Third Battalion. On March 8, it
started for the front, and arrived at Glasgow, Ky., April 17,
where it was assigned to the 2nd Brigade, Stoneman’s Division,
Cavalry Corps, Army of the Ohio. Two hours later the Brigade
started to attack the rebels at Celina on the Cumberland River,
marching day and night. Pursued and attacked Colonel Hamilton’s
rebel force near Turkey Neck Bend, driving the enemy into the
mountains of Tennessee, capturing a number of prisoners, sever-
al pieces of artillery, 800 stand of arms, a wagon train of
supplies and the Commander’s papers. It pursued the Rebel
raider, John Morgan, from July 4, until he was captured, the
expedition covering 2,100 miles. The regiment participated in
the following engagements, viz: Buffington Island, Ohio; Cum-
berland Gap; Bristol, siege of Knoxville, Bean’s Stations, Dand-
ridge, and Franklin, Tenn. January 30, 1864, the 14th alone
was designated to fight the “Thomas Legion” of whites and IN-
dians in North Carolina. February 2, it surprised the “Legion”
in the mountains, killing and capturing the greater part, for
which the regiment was highly complimented in a despatch from
General Grant. June 13, it started to join General Stoneman’s
command organized for the Atlanta Campaign. July 27, it left
Lost Mountain on the famous Macon Raid, reaching the City on
the 30th. At Sunshine Church, after a hot battle with the
enemy, General Stoneman decided to surrender his command, Colo-
nel Capron, with the 14th regiment, first receiving permission
to cut his way out, which he did with success, taking his com-
mand with him. August 3, at one o’clock A.M., Colonel Capron,
supposing he was beyond the reach of the enemy, ordered a halt,
and about daylight the men were attacked. Being without sleep
for seven days and nights, they could not be aroused. In this
condition, many were killed or captured. After this raid, the
scattered fragments joined the line of battle in front of At-
lanta. September 15, the regiment returned to Kentucky, where
it was remounted and re-equippped. November 8, moved to Waynes-
boro, Ga., where it disputed Hood’s advance, and took part in
the engagements which followed on the 23rd and 24th. It after-
wards took part in engagements at Duck River and Nashville, and
was later stationed at Pulaski, Tenn., performing guard and
camp duty, until July 31, 1865, when it was mustered out, hav-
ing marched over 10,000 miles during its service.
The said Richmond R. Hammond was promoted to Sergeant of

Record continued : –

Compiled form Official and Authentic Sources by the
Soldiers and Sailors
Historical and Benevolent Society
In testimony whereof I hereunto set
my hand and cause to be affixed the
seal of the Society
[D]one at Washington DC this 13th day
of Sept. A.D. 1907
[M Wallingsford]
[Historian]
No. 62730

Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, 803 N. 8th, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Richmond F. Hammond Certificate of Record form Soldiers and Sailors Historical and Benevolent Society. photocopy from unknown source.

Page 2

-: Record No. 62730. concluded :-
Company D, 14th Illinois Cavalry.
He was captured during Stoneman’s raid in Georgia, Aug. 3,
1864, and taken to Andersonville prison, thence to Charleston,
S.C., thence to Florence, S.C., thence to Wilmington, N.C.,
thence to Raleigh, N.C., and from there to Goldsboro, N.C.,
where he was paroled and sent to Wilmington, at close of the
war.

He was constantly with his command during its service as
above outlined, until captured, and rendered faithful and meri-
torious service to his Country.

He received a final HONORABLE DISCHARGE at Springfield, Ill.
on the 16th day of June, 1865, to date May 30, 1865, by reason
of General Order from War Department.

He is the son of Horatio and Louisa (Fisk) Hammond, and was
born in Licking County, Ohio, on the 20th day of November, 1840.
He was untied in marriage to Sarah E. Ralston, in Knox County,
Ill., January 1, 1867, from which union were born six children,
four of whom are living, viz: – Stella M., Nellie E., Jessie
M., and Clyde N.

His wife died on the 28th day of March, 1892.
His second marriage was to Mary E Myers, at Dodge City,
Kan. on the 7th day of November, 1897, from which union was
born one child, viz: Hattie L. This wife died March 14, 1901
He was married to Mary E. Grim at Larned, Kan., on the
28th of October, 1906.

He is a member of Lewis Post, No. 294, Department of Kansas
Grand Army of the Republic, of which he is at present (1907)
Officer of the Day, and has held all other offices including
Commander.

He has held civil office as Justice of the Peace.
His brothers, Jehial P. and George M., served in the 71st
Illinois and 5th Iowa, respectively. His father served in the
war of 1812. His grandfather, Jason Hammond, served in the
Revolutionary War.

His son, Clyde N., served in the 21st Kansas Volunteers in
the Spanish-American War.

These facts are thus recorded and preserved for the benefit
of all those who may be interested.

Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, 803 N. 8th, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Richmond F. Hammond Certificate of Record form Soldiers and Sailors Historical and Benevolent Society. photocopy from unknown source.

While I have no record of how a photocopy of this document came to be in my possession, I am very thankful for locating this rare document in my files!

Jason Hammond Will

Recently, Randy Seaver wrote about ‘de-cluttering’ in his ‘Rabbit Holes with Randy,’ post. That post caused me to again think about my files and the fact that my nieces and nephew don’t have the space nor desire to ‘inherit’ my mass of genealogy papers.

Thus, as I’m working to update my records for my 3rd great grandfathers, I’m also going back thru the paper copies of records that I’ve yet to digitize. One of the documents in my Hammond file is the will of my 4th great-grandfather, Jason Hammond.

Since my paper copy was difficult to read, I was able to download the images from FamilySearch to create a transcription.

Medina County, Ohio
Probate record Old Wills
Vol. 1818-1835
Film 423849 DGS 5866035

page 325
Nov Term 1831

Jason Hammond’s Will
Be it remembered that heretofore that is to say at a term
of the Court of Common Pleas begun and held at the Court
house in the town of Medina within and for the County of
Medina on Monday the eleventh day of April, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty one
by and before the Hon. Frederick Brown senior [associate] Judge
and the Hon. John Freese and Reuben Smith associate
judges of said county holding said court, then and there
came Theodore Hammond, Lewis Hammond and Horatio
Hammond, executors named in the last will & testament
of Jason Hammond, late of Bath in said county deceased,
by [Van] R. Humphrey their attorney and presented to said
Court the last will and testament of Sd Jason Hammond,
which is in these records and figures following, that is to say

In the name of God, Amen, I Jason Hammond of Bath in Medina
County and State of Ohio do now make this my last will and testament
in the following manner (vis)
Item 1st I order all my just debts to e paid by my executors
hereinafter named with the legacies that is mentioned in the items.
Item 2d I give and bequeath to my wife Rachel Hammond the
use and improvements one third part of lots NO. 29 & 30 during her
natural life and I also give to her one good yoke of oxen one
good riding horse one good cow & ten sheep and all my household
furniture except good feather beds which is to be divided between
Theodore Hammond Lewis Hammond & Horatio Hammond after
my decease.
Item 3d I give and bequeath to my son Theodore Hammond
Lots No. 24 25 that I had of Thomas Bull which I have given
him a deed of gift of lot No. 25 & part of lot No 14 bounded as follows
south on Highway running East & west to the center road west on Allen
B. Smith north on Sarah Hale Est on Richfield Road about 23
acres more or less
Item 5th I give and bequeath to my son Lewis Hammond
Lots no. 29 & 30 and part of lot No 14 about 8 or 10 acres more
or less bounded South & West on Richfield Road. North on Sarah Hale
East on Theodore Hale — I give and bequeath one third part of the
sawmill for twenty years after my decease and then to be Theodore
Hammonds with his mother Rachel Hammond one third part of
the House & Barn
Item 6th I give and bequeath to my son Horatio Hammond
Lots No. 27, 28 with part of Lot No. 14 about one acre and half

page 326
Jason Hammond Will
East on Theodore Hale West on Highway – I give and bequeath one
third part of the saw mill for twenty years after my decease and then
to be to be Theodore Hammonds
Item 6th I give and bequeath to my daughter Rachel Farnum four
hundred dollars with what she has had that is on book charged a
gainst her – one half of the beds & bedding – that is remaining not dispose
of in Item No 2. are to be divided between Rachel & Mary equally
between them – and not to be appraised and no Inventory to be
taken of them
Item 7th I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary Cooley four
hundred dollars with what she has had that is on the book charged
against her, one half of the beds & bedding that is remaining not dis
posed of in Item No 2 Rachel& Mary is to be equally between
them & not to be apprised and not inventory to be taken of them
Mary to have the weavers loom and all the apparatus belonging
to it & a right to the north east bed room & the chamber above
in the [?] part of the house with a privilege to the oven well
& sellar so long as she remains in the situation she now is
Item 8th I give my chattles horses sheep & hogs with all my
farming tools my carpenters tools such as two saws cross cut & steel
plate hand say augers chisels two broad axes to my sons Theodore
Theodore Lewis & Horatio Hammonds equally divided between them
amongst themselves all the remaining part of my estate real and
personal to be divided equally between them & my sons Theodore Lewis
& Horatio Hammond they are to pay Rachel & Mary their legacy
Each one to pay equally alike as the same stated in the 6th Item
& 7th Item in [?] chattles horses sheep pork wheat flower & one
fourth part in cash within three years after my decease
Item 9th I do hereby appoint my sons Theodore Hammond
Lewis Hammond & Horatio Hammond to be the executors of this
my last will & testament in witness hereof I have hereunto
set my hands and seal this first day of March 182[6]
Jason Hammond (SS)
Sealed & declared by the Testator
to be his last will and testament in the presence
of us the subscribed who have seen him write
his name and have subscribed hereunto
our names as witness in his presence of
each other
Allen Hammond
Frederick A Sprague
N. B. If these should ever be any thing got from lands on & [Foster]
it shall be divided equally between all five of them
And at the same time of said Court as aforesaid came

Page 327
A Sprague one of the subscribing witnesses to said will
who being duly sworn proved said will to the satisfaction
fo this court, as far as the testimony of one witness can prove
a will and it appearing that Allen Hammond, one of
the witnesses of said will resided without this state to wit
in Elbridge, Onandago County in the State of New York
It’s therefore ordered that a commission with the will an
nexed be directed to Sheldon Pardee of Salina in said Onan
dago County to take the deposition of the said Allen Ham
mond, [?] the probate of said will
And afterwards to wit on the nineteenth day of April, in
the year aforesaid a commission with the will annexed was
issued from the office of the clerk of said Court, and directed
to the said Shelden [Pardee} agreeably to the order of said court
and afterwards, to wit at a Term of the said court
begun and held at the Court house in the town of Medina
within and for the County of Medina, on Monday the seventh
day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and thirty one, bu and before th Hon Reuben Woods
President and th Hon Frederick Brown and Reuben Smith
Associate Judges of said county then and there came the said
executors by their said attorney and produced the deposi
tion of Allen Hammond one of the subscribing witnesses of
said will, which with the proof take at the last term of
this court proved the executors of the will by the deceased
to the satisfaction of tis court, which said will with the
proof so taken are fully approved and ordered to be
recorded

Ohio, Medina County. Old Wills 1818-1835. Film #423849 DGS 5866035. Jason Hammond, 11 April 1831 : page 325 (image 184); digital images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 5 May 2022.

Stella Root Probate

Have you ever encountered a large probate file? In the papers my grandmother, Winnie Crawford, gave me was information regarding the estate of my great-grandmother’s sister, Stella Root. At some point, I wrote to Creek County, Oklahoma to request a copy of the probate file. And I received a 74 page file.

This probate file not only identifies Stella’s siblings, but also many of her husband’s nieces and nephews, along with mailing addresses.

Transcribed below are several pages from this file, including the will, the addresses and the final settlement.

Probate No. 5996
Stella M. Root, deceased
74 pages long

Jan 16, 1950

Creek County, Oklahoma
County Court

Jan. 16, 1950 – Before Hon. S. M. CUNNINGHAM, County Judge.
MR. JENNINGS If the Court please, petition was filed
by Mrs. Jos1e Crawford, sister of the deceased, asking for the probate of the will executed in 1927, and for the appointment of J. O. Edwards as administrator of the estate with the will annexed. The Exchange Trust Company was named in the will, and as your Honor remembers, it closed and became defunct years ago, and is no longer in business. Notice has been given pursuant to the order setting this cause for trial, and the proof of posting and mailing has been filed. No contest has been filed. The witnesses to the will are L.H. Childress, Mrs. Childress and M.L. Matson
Under the Statute, I take it that since there is no contest, one subscribing witness is sufficient.

Creek County, Oklahoma, Probate File, No. 5996 (16 January 1950), Stella Root, 30 December 1950; County Court, Sapulpa, Oklahoma.

Last Will and Testament

Page 7

Last Will & Testament
of
Stella M. Root

I, Stella M. Root, of the City of Sapulpa, in Creek County, State of
Oklahoma, being now in good health, strength of body and mind, but sensible
of the uncertainty of this earthly life, and desiring to make disposition
of my property and affairs while in health and strength, do hereby make,
publish and declare the following to be my last will and testament, hereby
revoking and canceling all other or former wills by me at any time made.

I direct the payment of all my just debts and funeral expenses

I give and device to my beloved niece, Pauline Alice Root, all of the oil, gas and mineral royalties or rights by me owned on, in and to the Southwest Quarter (SW1/4) of Section numbered Ten (10), Township Sixteen (16) North, Range Eleven (11) East, in Creek County, State of Oklahoma, and all of the personal property, wherever the same may be, of which I may die possessed, after the payment of my just debts and funeral expenses.

I give and devise tot he brothers and sisters of my late beloved husband, William P. Root, deceased, or to the children of such of said brothers or sisters as may be deceased, one half of all property remaining after the carrying out of the provisions of paragraphs numbered 1 and 2 hereof; it being my desire and intent that the above named Pauline Alice Root, shall take under this paragraph a proportion like unto that of her brothers and sister, in addition to the provision made for her herein in paragraph numbered 2 hereof.

All of the rest and residue of my estate I give and devise, in equal proportions, to the following named persons:
My beloved Father, R. F. Hammond
My beloved brother, Clyde N. Hammond, of Dodge City, Kansas
My beloved sister, Mrs. Nellie E. Bleecker of Scott city, Kansas
My beloved sister, Mrs. Josie Crawford, of Dodge City, Kansas

Provided: that in the event that my said Father, R. F. Hammond, does not survive me, then his share above provided for shall be and go in equal proportions to my above named brother and sisters, or their heirs.

I hereby appoint and designate Exchange Trust Company, of Tulsa, Oklahoma, sole executor of this, my last will and testament.

In Witness Whereof, I, Stella M. root, have to this my last will and testament, consisting of one sheet of paper, subscribed my name this 29th day of August, 1927.
(sgd) Stella M. Root

Subscribed by Stella M. Root in the presence of each of us, the undersigned, and at the same time declared by her to us to be her last will and testament, and we, thereupon, at the request of Stella M. Root, in her presence and in the presence of each other, sign our names hereto as witnesses this 29th day of August, 1927.

(sgd) Ethel Childress
L. H. Childress
W. L. Matson

Creek County, Oklahoma, Probate File, No. 5996 (16 January 1950), Stella Root, 30 December 1950; County Court, Sapulpa, Oklahoma.

Proof of Mailing and Posting

Page 27

In the County Court of Creek County,
State of Oklahoma
In the Matter of the Estate of
Stella M. Root, Deceased
Number 5996 Probate

Proof of Mailing and Posting

George H. Jennings, being first duly sworn, says, that he is the attorney
for the petitioner in the above entitled cause, and that on the 4th day of
January, 195, a duplicate original of the foregoing notice herein, was, by
him, enclosed in envelopes separately addressed to each of the following named
persons at the respective addresses set forth opposite their names, as follows:

George Root, Portland Oregon;
Dewey Johnson, Rt. 1, Box 583, Ft. Collins, Colorado;
Gertrude Cocksey, 195 west 29th, National City, California;
Walter Edwin Root, 416 Lincoln Street, Santa Cruz, California;
Maud Nelson, 423 Euclid Avenue, Albuquerque, New Mexico;
Nellie Stavrous, 1213 Vermont Street, Lawrence, Kansas;
Edith Hughes, 76 Roydon Road, New Haven, Connecticut;
Harold root, Elgin, Kansas;
Pauline Gibson, 411 South Main Street, Sapulpa, Oklahoma;
Georgie Glossip, 639 South Jefferson, Springfield, Missouri;
Estella Root, 76 Roydon Road, New Haven, Connecticut;
Nelle Be. Hardwick, 1817 South Boston, Tulsa 14, Oklahoma;
Ralph E. Bunyan, Pond Creek, Oklahoma;
Pearl Kolb, Pond Creek, Oklahoma;
Marjorie Saclwachter, Meeker, Oklahoma;
Myrtle Hills, Medford, Oklahoma;
Dorothy Bunyan, 210 Arcadia Place, San Antonia 9, Texas;
Clyde N. Hammond, 151 7th Avenue, North Payette, Idaho; and
Nellie I. Bleecher, 3328 Thorn Street, sand Diego, California;

and the same were, on said date, deposited in the United States Post Office at
Sapulpa, Oklahoma, with postage thereon duly prepaid.

Affiant further says that on the 4th day of January, 1950, he posted a duplicate original of said notice in each of the following places in Creek County, Oklahoma; one on the bulletin board in the lobby of the Court House; one on the bulletin board n the lobby of the Clayton Building; and one on the bulletin board in the lobby of the Berryhill Building, all in the city of Sapulpa.
[George Jennings]
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 16 day of January, 1950
Leela Wetchel
Deputy Clerk
My Commission expires:

Creek County, Oklahoma, Probate File, No. 5996 (16 January 1950), Stella Root, 30 December 1950; County Court, Sapulpa, Oklahoma.

Final Settlement

Page 68
In the County Court of Creek County,
State of Oklahoma
In the Matter of the Estate of
Stella Root, Deceased
Number 5996 Probate

Final Decree

This cause comes on to be heard on this 30th day of December, 1950, pursuant to the order entered herein on November 30, 1950, and to the order entered herein on December 21, 1950, and it appearing to the court that due notice of the settlement of the final account of J. O. Edwards, administrator with the will annexed of the estate of Stella Root, deceased, has been given as required by said order, and according to law; and the court having examined the final account of said administrator, and the vouchers produced by him, and having examined said administrator under oath, and it appearing to the court that the said J. O. Edwards, as such administrator, has well and truly accounted for every part of said estate, and there being no objections, and the court being fully advised:
It is ordered, adjudged and decreed by the court that the accounts of said J. O. Edwards, administrator, as aforesaid, be, and the same are hereby finally settled, allowed and adjusted by the court according to the terms and tenor of the final account of said administrator, as amended, on file herein, and distribution of said estate in accordance with the terms of the last will and testament of said Stella Root, deceased, is hereby ordered; and.
It appearing to the court on satisfactory proof and the evidence that the necessary expenses of the funeral and of the last illness of the deceased, and of the administration of said estate have been fully paid and satisfied;
and
It further appearing that no estate, inheritance or transfer tax is due to the State of Oklahoma from the waiver on file herein of the Oklahoma Tax Commission, and,

page 69
-2-
It further appearing that said estate has been fully administered and is ready for distribution, and
It further appearing to the court that due notice of the application for a final decree and for the distribution of said estate, in accordance with the terms of the last will and testament of said deceased, has likewise been duly given as required by the order of this court, and according to law: and,
It further appearing to the court that said decedent died testate and that the residue of the estate consists of the following described real and personal property:
Real Estate
The South 6.7 feet of Lot Two (2), and the North 43.3 feet of Lot Three (3) in Block Ninety-Six (96) of the Original Townsite of the City of Sapulpa, Creek County, Oklahoma; and
An undivided one-fourth (1/4) interest in and to the East Halve (E2) of the Northwest Quarter (NW4) and the Northeast Quarter (NE4) of the Northeast Quarter (NE4) of the Northwest Quarter (NW4) of the Northwest quarter (NW4) of Section Twenty-Three (23), Township Nineteen (19) North, Range Nine (9) East, Creek County, State of Oklahoma; which said property is involved in cause number 27764 of the causes pending in the District Court of Creek County, Stat of Oklahoma; and
Personal Property
Household and kitchen furniture and effect located upon the premises first above described; and,
it appearing to the court that said administrator, at the date of the filing of his final account herein, had on hand in cash, the sum of Three Hundred Twenty-nine and 94/100 Dollars ($329.94), and that since said date, said administrator has paid: (a) the sum of twelve Dollars (412.00); (b) the sum of Seventeen and 94/100 Dollars ($17.94); as additional cost deposit herein: (c) the sum of One Hundred Fifty Dollars ($150.00) for attorney fees, One Hundred Fifty Dollars ($150.00) as compensation for his services herein as such administrator; which said sum is, by the court, determined to be the reasonable compensation for said administrator.

Page 70
-3-
The Court further finds that under the terms of the last will and testament of said deceased, all of the personal property was bequeathed to Pauline Alice Root, now Gibson, and that all real estate belonging to said deceased was devised to the following named persons: (a) one-half interest therein to R. F. Hammond, Clyde N. Hammond, Nellie E. Bleecker and Josie W. Crawford, the father, brother and sisters, respectfully, of said deceased, said will providing that in the event said R. F. Hammond should predecease her, the said Stella Root, then his share should go, in equal portions, to the above named brother and sisters of such deceased; (b) one-half interest in and to said property being devised to the brothers and sister of William P. Root, deceased, or to the children of such of the brothers and sisters of the said William P. Root as may be deceased.
The court finds that the said R. F. Hammond died on April 8, 1928, during the lifetime of said deceased, and that an undivided on-half interest in the aforementioned and described real estate, and in and to all other ral estate belonging to said deceased, if any, should be distributed in equal shares, to the said Clyde N. Hammond, Nellie E. Bleecker and Josie W. Crawford.
The court further finds that the said William P. Root had two brothers and two sisters, namely: (a) George Root; (b) Edward Root; (c) Margaret Johnson; and (d) Mary Bunyan; George Root is now living; Edward Root died on June 14, 1914, and left the following named children, all of whom survived the said Stella Root, deceased: Gertrude Cooksey, Walter Edwin Root, Maud Nelson, Nellie Stavrous, Edith Hughes, Harold root, Pauline Alice Root, How Gibson, Georgia Glossip and Estella Root; Margaret Johnson died on May 30, 1942, leaving surviving a son Dewey Johnson, who survived the siad Stella Root; Mary Bunyan died on November 14, 1940, and left surviving the following named children, all of whom survived the said Stella Root: Nellie B. Hardwick, Ralph E. Bunyan, Pearl Kolb, Marjorie Sachwatcher, Myrtle Hills and Dorothy Bunyan, and that the interest so devised to the brothers and sisters of said William P. Root, deceased, or to the children of such brothers and sisters as may be deceased, should be distributed per stirpes and not per capita.

Page 71
-4-
It is therefore ordered, adjudged and decreed by the court that the aforementioned persons are the sole and only devisees under the terms of the last will and testament of said deceased, and that all of the aforementioned and described personal property, and all other personal property belonging to the said deceased, if any there be, be and the same is hereby ordered transferred, conveyed and assigned to the said Pauline Alice Root, now Gibson, and that the interest which said deceased owned in the above described real estate be, and the same is hereby ordered, transfered, vested, assigned and conveyed to the aforementioned persons in the proportions or shares set opposite their respective names, as follows: to Clyde N. Hammond, an undivided one-sixth interest; to Nellie E. Bleecker, an undivided one-sixth interest; to Josie W. Crawford, an undivided one-sixth interest; to George Root, an undivided one-eighth interest; to Gertrude Cooksey, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Walter Edwin Root, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Maud Nelson, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Nellie Starous, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Edith Hughes, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Harold Root, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Pauline Alice Root, now Gibson, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Georgia Glossip, an undivided one-seventy-second inteerest; to Estella Root, an undivided one-seventy-second interest; to Dewey Johnson, an undivided one-eighth interest; to Nelle B. Hardwick, an undivided one-forty-eighth interst; to Ralph E. Bunyan, an undivided one-forty-eighth interest; to Pearl Kolb, an undivided one-forty-eighth interest; to Marjorie Sachwatcher, an undivided one-forty-eight interst; to Myrtle Hlls, an undivided one-forty-eighth inters; and Dorothy Bunyan, an undivided one forty-eighth interest; to have and to hold the same to the above named persons in the proportions or shares above set forth forever
[S?] Cunningham
County Judge

Creek County, Oklahoma, Probate File, No. 5996 (16 January 1950), Stella Root, 30 December 1950; County Court, Sapulpa, Oklahoma.

Horatio Hammond

Horatio Hammond was born on 24 Oct 1798 in Connecticut, United States.15 He was baptized on 23 Jul 1799 in Southington, Hartford, Connecticut, United States.6 About 1826, he  resided on a farm a mile west of in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.1 Horatio was listed on the tax rolls in 1826 in Medina, Ohio, United States.7 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1827 in Medina, Ohio, United States.8 He  along with Jonathan Hale were the first directors of public school  in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.1 Horatio was listed on the tax rolls in 1828 in Medina, Ohio, United States.9 On 2 Apr 1829, George M. Hammond was born in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.10 He lived in Medina, Medina, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1830.11 On 22 Dec 1830, Francis N. Hammond was born in Bath Township, Summit, Ohio, United States. He was listed on the tax rolls in 1833 in Medina, Ohio, United States.12 Horatio and Louisa his wife, Theodore Hammond and Mary Hammond his wife, and Lewis Hammond and Elenor Hammond his wife sold 50 acres of land in township of Bath of the 12 range to Eleazar King on 23 Aug 1833 in Medina, Ohio, United States.13 On 4 Sep 1833, Lucius J. Hammond was born in Bath Township, Summit, Ohio, United States.14 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1834 in Medina, Ohio, United States.15 He, along with Royal Hammond, operated a store about 1835 in Hammond’s Corners, Ohio.1 Horatio was listed on the tax rolls in 1835 in Medina, Ohio, United States.16 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1836 in Medina, Ohio, United States.17 On 17 Oct 1836, Cornelius Rosewell Hammond was born in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.18 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1837 in Medina, Ohio, United States.19 Horatio  purchased land being one acre in lot 25 of Bath township for $1000 from Theodore Hammond on 24 Apr 1837 in Medina, Ohio, United States.20 He sold land being in lot 14 in Bath township to Josiah Fowler on 17 May 1837 in Medina, Ohio, United States.21 On 3 Apr 1838, he  purchased land being lot 25 in Bath township in No 3 of the 12 range with his brothers Theodore and Lewis in Medina, Ohio, United States.22 Horatio  resided on 24 May 1839 in Alexandria, Licking, Ohio, United States where he engaged in milling flour and also had a saw mill.1 He lived in Saint Albans Township, Licking, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1840.23 He  purchased lot 15 being 41.52 acres in section 16 of township 13N Range 2E on 16 Oct 1847 in Illinois.24 Horatio migrated  in Jun 1848 to Ontario, Knox, Illinois, United States.1 He  purchased lot 14 being 40 acres in section 16 township 13N Range 2E on 16 Oct 1848 in Illinois.25 He  purchased land being lot 16 in section 16 of township 13N in Range 2E on 16 Oct 1848 in Illinois.26 Horatio  purchased land being lot 9 of section 16 in township 1N of range 2E on 16 Oct 1848 in Illinois.27 He  purchased land being lot 13 SWSW of section 16 in township 13N of Rang 2E containing 41.69 acres on 18 May 1850 in Illinois, United States.28 He lived in Township 13N 1E, Knox County, Illinois on 1 Jul 1850.2930 Horatio was listed on the tax rolls in 1855 in Ontario Township, Knox, Illinois, United States.31 He lived in Ontario Township, Knox, Illinois, United States on 3 Jul 1855.32 He lived in Ontario, Knox, Illinois, United States on 10 Jul 1860.33 Horatio was listed on the tax rolls in 1865 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.34 He lived in Ontario Township, Knox, Illinois, United States on 25 Jul 1870.3536 He published a Hammond family genealogy in 1876 .1 Horatio signed a will on 1 Jul 1876 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.37 He died on 7 Nov 1879 at the age of 81 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.1,35,3840 He was buried on 8 Nov 1879 in Ontario Township, Knox, Illinois, United States.3,5,38 Horatio had his estate probated on 14 Nov 1879 in Knoxville, Knox, Illinois, United States.37

Horatio Hammond and Louisa Fisk were married on 14 Apr 1825 in Medina, Medina, Ohio, United States.12,4146 Louisa Fisk, daughter of Jonathan Fisk and Mary Arnold, was born on 5 Aug 1806 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States.1,47 She was born on 16 Aug 1806 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States.45 On 2 Apr 1829, George M. Hammond was born in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.10 On 22 Dec 1830, Francis N. Hammond was born in Bath Township, Summit, Ohio, United States. On 4 Sep 1833, Lucius J. Hammond was born in Bath Township, Summit, Ohio, United States.14 On 17 Oct 1836, Cornelius Rosewell Hammond was born in Bath, Summit, Ohio, United States.18 She lived in Galesburg, Knox, Illinois, United States in Jun 1848.41 Louisa lived in Township 13N 1E, Knox County, Illinois on 1 Jul 1850.30 She lived in Ontario, Knox, Illinois, United States on 10 Jul 1860.33 She lived in Ontario Township, Knox, Illinois, United States on 25 Jul 1870.4849 Louisa died on 17 Aug 1874 at the age of 68 in Ontario, Knox, Illinois, United States.12,5,45,47,5051 She was buried after 17 Aug 1874 at Ontario Cemetery in Ontario, Knox, Illinois, United States.5,5051

ENDNOTES

1. History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America With an Account of the Early History of the Family in Normandy and Great Britain (Oneida, NY: Ryan & Burkhart, 1904)

2. North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 for Horatio Hammond, Mrs. Sarah L Hammond Ayres, database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2017).

3. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Horatio Hammond (1793-1879), Find a Grave Memorial no. #33038046, created by GenealogyNavigator, citing Ontario Cemetery, Ontario, Knox County, Illinois; accompanying photograph by GenealogyNavigator, Horatio Hammond.

4. “Obituary,” The Inter Ocean (Chicago, Illinois), 14 November 1879, page 4; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 29 March 2021).

5. Knox County Genealogical Society, Cemeteries in Knox County, Ontario township (Knoxville, IL: Knox County Genealogical Society, n.d.), page 71.

6. Connecticut, Church Record Abstracts, 1630-1920, Horatio Hammond, 23 June 1799; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017). Original Source: Connecticut Church Records Index, Connecticut State Library.

7. Ohio, Medina. Tax Records 1822-1828.  Film #511796 DGS 4848988. Horatio Hammond, 1826 digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

8. Ohio, Medina. Tax Records 1822-1828.  Film #511796 DGS 4848988. Horatio Hammond, 1827 : page 22 (Image 509 of762); digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

9. Ohio, Medina. Tax Records 1822-1828.  Film #611796 DGS 4848988. Horatio Hammond, 1828 : page 19; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

10. Iowa, Death Records, 1904-1951.  Film #102902980. Geo M Hammond, 2 Aug 1911 database with images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 5 October 2020.

11. 1830 U.S. Census, Medina County Ohio, population schedule, Bath Township, Medina County, Ohio, page 210 (image 3 of 6), Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication M19.

12. Ohio, Medina County. Tax records 1833-1836.  Film #511798 DGS 4848990. Horatio Hammond, 1833 : page 26 (image 32 of 768); digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

13. Ohio, Medina County. Record of deeds, 1818-1871.  Film #475502 DGS 8150786. Horatio Hammond, 23 Aug 1833 Vol. G: page 493; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 1 May 2022.

14. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 25 March 2021), memorial for Lucius Jason Hammond (1833-1898), Find a Grave Memorial no. #87800586, created by Becky Doan, citing Maplewood Memorial Lawn Cemetery, Emporia, Lyon County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by Becky Doan, Lucius Jason Hammond.

15. Ohio, Medina County. Tax records 1833-1836.  Film #511798 DGS 4848990. Horatio Hammond, 1834 : page 5 (Image 223 of 768); digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

16. Ohio, Medina County. Tax records 1833-1836.  Film #511798 DGS 4848990. Horatio Hammond, 1835 : page 19; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

17. Ohio, Medina County. Tax records 1833-1836.  Film #511798 DGS 4848990. Horatio Hammond, 1836 : page 21; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

18. Oregon, State Deaths, 1864-1968, Cornelius Hammond, 15 December 1910; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 22 April 2022). Original Source: Oregon Death Records, 1864-1970; Oregon State Archives.

19. Ohio, Medina County. Tax Records 1837-1838.  Film #511799 DGS 4848991. Horatio Hammond, 1837 : page 20; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 25 April 2022.

20. Ohio, Medina County. Record of deeds, 1818-1871.  Film #475505 DGS 8097690. Horatio Hammond, 24 Apr 1837 Vol. N: page 32; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 1 May 2022.

21. Ohio, Medina County. Record of deeds, 1818-1871.  Film #475505 DGS 8097690. Horatio Hammond, 17 May 1837 Vol. N: Page 297; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 30 April 2022.

22. Ohio, Medina County. Record of deeds, 1818-1871.  Film #475506 DGS 8150789. Horatio Hammond, 3 Apr 1838 Vol. O: Page 405; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 30 April 2022.

23. 1840 U.S. Census, Licking County Ohio, population schedule, St Albans, Licking County, Ohio, ;age 68, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 29 March 2021); NARA microfilm publication M704.

24. “Illinois, Public Land Purchase Records, 1813-1909, “Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Illinois, Vol. 819; page 176 viewed online (25 April 2022), Horatio Hammond.

25. “Illinois, Public Land Purchase Records, 1813-1909, “Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Illinois, vol. 819; page 176accessed (25 April 2022), Horatio Hammond.

26. “Illinois, Public Land Purchase Records, 1813-1909, “Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Illinois, Vol 819; page 176viewed online (25 April 2022), Horatio Hammond.

27. Ibid.

28. “Illinois, Public Land Purchase Records, 1813-1909, “Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Illinois, Vol 819; page 175viewed online (25 April 2022), Horatio Hammond.

29. 1850 Agricultural Census, Knox County, Illinois, Agricultural Schedule, Knox County, Illinois, page 8453 Image 19 of 27, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017)

30. 1850 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population Schedule, Township 13N 1E, Knox County, Illinois, page 802 (image 15 of 16), family 1500, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 23 March 2020); NARA microfilm publication M432

31. Robison, Carley Ann and Margaret Jasperson. Knox County, Illinois 1855 Personal Property Tax List. (Galesburg, IL |N.p.: Knox County Genealogical Society |N.p., 197-? |N.d.) Film #977.349 R4. Hammond, 1855 : pages 45,; digitized copy, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 5 May 2022.977.349 R4

32. 1865 Illinois Census, Knox County, Illinois, Illinois State Census, Ontario Township, Knox County, Illinois Image 1 of 3, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017)

33. 1860 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario, Knox County, Illinois, page 171 Image 220 of 246, household 1248, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication M653

34. Spencer, Kate, Mildred Doubet and Shirley Graham. Knox County, Illinois 1865 Personal Property Tax Lists. (Galesburg, Illinois |N.p.: Knox County Genealogical Society |N.p., 1990 |N.d.) Film #977.349 R4. Hammond, 1865 : page 95; Digitized copy, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 5 May 2022.977.349 R4

35. 1870 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario Township, Knox County, Illinois, page 5 Image 3 of 23, family 17, Horatio Hammond; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132

36. United States, Indexed County Land Ownership Maps, 1860-1918, Horatio Hamond, 1870; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017).

37. Illinois, Wills and Probate Records, 1772-1999, Horatio Hammond, 14 November 1879; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017).

38. “Illinois Death Certificate” (Physician’s Certificate of Death, ), “Horatio Hammond”. Hereinafter cited as “Illinois Death Certificate”.

39. U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880, Horatio Hammond, November 1879; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017).

40. “Obituary,” The Inter Ocean (Chicago, Illinois), 14 November 1879, page 4; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 3 September 2020).

41. Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve (Cleveland: , 1896)

42. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : viewed online 24 April 2022.

43. North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 for Horatio Hammond, Mrs. Sarah L Hammond Ayres – NSDAR Lineage Book vol 89, .

44. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), Horatio Hammond – Louisa Fisk.

45. Edmund West, comp., “Family Data Collection — Individual Records,” database online, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), Louisa Fisk.

46. Ohio, Medina County. Marriage Records, V. A 1818-1841.  Film #423817 DGS 4016735. Horatio Hammond and Louisa Fisk, 14 Apr 1825 Vol. A: page 34; digital images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 24 April 2022.

47. Genealogy of the Family of Horatio Hammond, Ontario Illinois in the Direct Line from Thomas Hammond (Galesburg, Illinois: Colville Printer, 1876)

48. 1870 U.S. Census, Knox County, Illinois, population schedule, Ontario Township, Knox County, Illinois, page 3 (image 3 of 23), household 17, Horatio Hammond.

49. 1870 Federal Census Knox County, Illinois Volume Two (Galesburg, IL: Knox County Genealogical Society, 1990), page 338a (Hammond.IL.027)

50. Obituaries Knox County, Galesburg, Illinois Newspapers 1853-1897 (Galesburg, IL: Knox County Genealogical Society, 1985), p. 17 (Hammond.IL.024)

51. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Louisa A. Fisk Hammond (1806-1874), Find a Grave Memorial no. #33039038,

Go Over

Have you heard of Thomas MacEntee’s ‘genealogy do-over‘? While I wasn’t ready to throw out my years of research and totally start over, I am thankful that this challenge to ‘do over’ prompted me to not only go back thru my genealogy but also to learn about genealogy sources and processes.

As part of my go-over process, I’ve been (slowly) going back thru my ancestors to

  • Review the sources I have
  • Transcribe the deeds, wills and probate records I’ve collected
  • Utilize the hinting systems to locate additional sources
  • Utilize the available county records on FamilySearch
  • Search newspapers for obituaries, etc.

I am currently working on my 3rd great grandfathers, particularly Horatio Hammond. While I have cleaned up his narrative report and transcribed his will and some of his deeds, I am finding some of my sources are lacking. For example, there are several sources that refer to my old method of filing my notes.

When I open the ‘Hammond.IL.014’ document, I find handwritten notes that are likely from a book.

Since my notes don’t tell me an author or even the publishing information that I used in my citation, I can use WorldCat to see if I can get additional information about the source.

Since my notes include the ‘LDS’ notation, I’m assuming that I viewed this source during a visit to the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Thus, I can also use FamilySearch to see if I can locate information about the source. Since I’m not sure whether I recorded the title correctly, I opted to do a ‘KEYWORD’ search of the catalog instead of a TITLE search.

From the keyword search, I have 4 results, one of which is titled, “Knox County, Illinois 1855 personal property tax list.”

When I click on the title, a page for the book opens. FamilySearch provides a name for the author which was not in the WorldCat record.

In addition, I discovered that there is a DIGITAL version of the book. Since digital books are searchable, I discovered, that the search term, ‘Hammond’, occurs in the book 4 times. Since I only recorded one instance in my original notes, this is information on the Hammond family that I did not have.

Thanks to FamilySearch I have additional information about the Hammond family in Knox County Illinois along with information to craft a better source. Also, many thanks to Thomas MacEntee for the challenge to go back thru my research!

Death Certificate

Horatio Hammond

Do you have important documents in your genealogy file that you have no documentation or memory of how such document was obtained? That’s my case with the death certificate for Horatio Hammond.

Based on my notation on the document, I know that it was acquired during my very early research days. Thus, it was likely sent in response to a letter. Since the original letter requesting the document was not kept, the only clue I have to its origin is a statement included with the certificate from the Knox county (Illinois) clerk. Thanks to the added statement, I know that the document was sent to me in January 1983.

Physicians Certificate of Death
State of Illinois, Knox County
State Board of Health

1. Name Horatio Hammond
2. Age 81 years 0 months 14 days. Occupation Farmer
3. Date of death Nov 7th hour 8 am * Widower
4. Nationality and place where born Born in Connecticut
5. How long resident in this state Thirty-One (31) yrs
6. Place of death Ont Twnsp
7. Cause of death Chronic Nephritis
8. Duration of disease
9. Place and date of burial Ontario Ont Tp Nov 8 187[0]
10. Name and place of undertaker Wm Sumner Oneida Knox Co. Ills
Dated at Woodhull Dec 8th 1879 W. H. Lowry M.D.
Residence Woodhull

State of Illinois
County of Knox

Filed: December 11, 1879

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct coy of the Death Record of the Person named above and that this record was established and filed in my office in accordance with the provisions of the Illinois Statutes relating to the registration of deaths, births and stillbirths.

Dated: January 20 1983 [Yvonne Tahl]
Knox County Clerk
Galesburg, IL 61401

(SEAL)

“Illinois Death Certificate” (Physician’s Certificate of Death, ), “Horatio Hammond”.

Even though I didn’t do a good job of documenting this source at the time, I am very thankful that I kept it in my files.

More Hammond Deeds

Recently, Michael John Neill shared a genealogy tip to ‘Account for Every Acre‘. While that is excellent advice, I am having trouble doing just that while researching Horatio Hammond. As shared last week in my ‘Sibling Deeds‘ post, I have found two deeds involving Horatio Hammond and his brothers, Theodore and Lewis. A search of the Medina County, Ohio deed indexes from 1818-1858 locates two additional deeds. Unfortunately, these additional deeds do NOT account for every acre.

Horatio Hammond Purchase Land from Theodore Hammond in Lot 25

Medina County, Ohio
Deed Record
Volume N page 32

Theodore Hammond
To
Horatio Hammond

This Indenture was made this twenty fourth day
of April in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and thirty seven
by and
between Theodore Hammond and Mary his
wife of the Count of Medina in the State of Ohio of the one part, and
Horatio Hammond of the County and State aforesaid o
f the other part,
Witnesseth, that the said Theodore Hammond and Mary his wife for and
in consideration of the [just] sum of one thousand dollars received to our full sattis
fation have given granted bargained sold released and conveyed and
do by these presents give grant bargain sell release convey and confirm unto
the said Horatio Hammond and his heirs and assigns forever one peace of
Land or parcel of land situate and being in the township of Bath Medina
County State of Ohio being in Lot No 25
commensing at the North East
corner of said Lot at a stake in the ground and running with seventeen
rods to a stake in the ground thence south nine rods ten links to a stake
thence East seventeen rods to a stake thence north nine rods ten links to the
place of beginning to contain one acre of land. To have and to hold the
premises aforesaid with all the priviledges and appurtenances thereunto belong-
in or in any wise appertaining unto him the said Horatio Hammond and
unto his heirs and assigns forever, and the said Theodore Hammond and Mary
his wife for themselves and for their heirs executors and administrators covenant
and promise to and with the said Horatio Hammond his heirs and as
signs that they the said Theodore Hammond and Mary his wife are law
fully seized of the premises aforesaid that they have good right and lawful
authority to sell and convey the same in [manner] aforesaid and that the prem
ises are free and clear of and from all incumbrances whatever and further
that they said Theodore Hammond and Mary his wife will well and
truly warrant and forever Defend the premises herein and hereby granted unto
the said Horatio Hammond his heirs and assigns against the lawful claims
and demands of all and every person whomsoever.

page 33
In testimony whereof the said Theodore Hammond and Mary his wife party of the
first part have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year above written
Theodore Hammond (SS)
Mary Hammond (SS)
In presence of
Joseph Futton
Samuel P Wilson

State of Ohio
Medina County
Personally came before me the subscriber a Justice of the Peace for
said County Theodore Hammond and Mary Hammond signers
and sealers of the foregoing deed and acknowledged the signing and sealing thereof
to be their voluntary act and deed for the purposes therein expressed and the said
Mary Hammond being by me examined seperate and apart from her husband
she did declare upon such examination that she did voluntarily sign and seal
the same and that she is still satisfied their with given under my hand this
sixth day of May A.D. 1837
Joseph Fulton Justice of the peace
Received May 8th 1837 Recorded May 15th 1837 Oviatt Cole, Recr

Ohio, Medina County. Record of deeds, 1818-1871. Film #475505 DGS 8097690. Horatio Hammond, 24 Apr 1837 Vol. N: page 32; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 1 May 2022.

Horatio Hammond Sells Land in Lot 14

Medina County, Ohio
Deed Record,

Vol N page 297

Horatio Hammond
To
Josiah Fowler

This Indenture made this seventeenths day of
May A.D. 1837
by and between Horatio
Hammond and Louisa his wife of the County
of Medina in the State of Ohio
, of the one
part and Josiah Fowler of the County and State aforesaid of the other
part witnesseth that the said Horatio Hammond and Louisa his wife
for and in consideration of the just sum of one hundred and forty dollars
to them in hand paid have given granted bargained sold released and
conveyed and do by these presents give grant bargain sell release convey and con
firm unto the said Josiah Fowler and his heirs and assigns forever all that
tract or parcel of land situate and being in the County of Medina in the State
of Ohio, being in Lot No 14 in “Bath township in No 3 of the 12 range of
township in the Connecticut Western Reserve
commencing at the south west cor
ner of said lot at a stake thence running north twenty chains eleven links to
a stake in the ground thence East sixteen chains, ninety
one links to a stake in the ground thence south twenty chains seven links
to a stake in the ground thence south twenty chains eleven links
to a stake in the ground thence west sixteen chains ninety one links to the place
of begining to contain thirty four acres of land be the same more or less
To have and to hold the premises aforesaid with all the privileges
and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining unto him the
said Josiah Fowler and unto his heirs and assigns forever and the said Hora
tio Hammond and Louisa his wife for themselves and for their heirs executors and
administrators covenant and promise to and with the said Josiah Fowler
his heirs and assigns that they the said Horatio Hammond are Louisa his
wife are lawfully seized of the premises aforesaid that they have good right and
lawful authority to sell and convey the same in manner aforesaid and that the
lawful authority to sell and convey the same in manner aforesaid and that the
premises are free and clear of and from all incumbrances whatever and further
that they the said Horatio Hammond and Louisa his wife will well
and truly warrant and forever defend the premises herein and thereby granted
unto the said Josiah Fowler and to his heirs and assigns against the lawful
clams and demands of all and every person whomsoever

page 228 (image 493)

In testimony whereof the said Horatio Hammond and Louisa his
wife party of the first part have hereunto set their hands and seals
the day and year first above written
Horatio Hammond (ss)
Louisa Hammond (SS)

In presence of
Theodore Hammond
Allen B. Smith

State of Ohio
Medina County
Personally came before me the subscriber a
Justice of the Peace for sd County Horatio
Hammond and Louisa Hammond seiners
and sealers of the foregoing deed and acknowledged the seigning and sealin
thereof to be their volutary act and deed for the purposes therein expressed
and the said Louisa his wife of the said Horatio Hammond being by me
examined separate and apart form her husband she did declare upon
such examination that she did voluntarily seign the same and that she
is still satisfyed therewith. Given under my hand this 19t ay of may 1837
Joseph Fuller Justice of the Peace
Received Jun 28th 1837
Recorded July 1st 1837
Oviaty Cole Recr

Ohio, Medina County. Record of deeds, 1818-1871. Film #475505 DGS 8097690. Horatio Hammond, 17 May 1837 Vol. N: Page 297; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 30 April 2022.