yDNA – Big News

In your genealogy research, have you ever suspected a relationship but never could find evidence to support your suspicions?

Well that’s been the case with my James Crawford research and I now have yDNA evidence to support that suspicion!

My brothers yDNA has been placed in the R-Y88686 haplogroup. My first match was to descendants of Edward Crawford of Tennessee. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to verify that our two lines resided in the same area at the same time let alone discover a family connection.

With today’s notice of a new Big Y match, I now have a match with a familiar line. The new match is a descendant of James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford.

The James and Rebecca Crawford family is one of several Crawford families in the Garrard County area of Kentucky prior to 1800 that I’ve been researching. Although I have been able to piece together a lot of information on these various Crawford families, I’ve never been able to find anything connecting my James Crawford who married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, KY to any of these other families.

These DNA results not only support my suspicions but give me incentive to continue researching these various Crawford families in hopes of someday figuring out how my Crawford line connects.

These families include:

  • My line: James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford who migrated from Kentucky to Preble County, Ohio. Their son, Nelson Crawford, migrated from Ohio to Warren County, Indiana around 1830. Most of Nelson Crawford’s children, including my ancestor, Washington Marion Crawford, migrated from Indiana to Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Martha Knight – James and Martha were married in 1791 in Lincoln County, KY. They owned land in Barren County, KY before migrating to Preble County, Ohio. Around 1830, James and Martha and their children migrated to Warren County, Indiana. Their grandson, Harvey Harrison Crawford, migrated to Ford County, Kansas and eventually settled in Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson were married in 1779 in Montgomery County, Virginia. James purchased land from Thomas Kennedy along Paint Lick Creek in what was Lincoln County, Kentucky at the time. By 1811, James and Rebecca along with most of their children and families had migrated to Jefferson County in Indiana Territory. THIS IS THE LINE WITH A yDNA MATCH.
  • Rebekah Crawford purchased 100 acres of land on the headwaters of Sugar and Boons Creek in 1786. She is listed as a widow on the Lincoln County tax records in 1787. Rebekah is believed to be the mother of the James Crawford who married Martha Knight along with Mary Crawford who married James Sellers and Sarah Crawford who married William Sellers. It is also believed that Rebekah was the sister of George Douglas and widow of John Crawford. More evidence is needed to prove all of these relationships.
  • Mary Crawford is listed as ‘exempt’ on various tax records in Madison County, Kentucky prior to 1800. In 1791, Mary purchased 100 acres of land on Sugar Creek in what became Garrard County, Kentucky. In 1793, Mary married Alexander Moore in Madison County, KY. Alexander and Mary Moore migrated to Fleming County, Kentucky, which is where it is believed that Mary died.

Perhaps with the help of the Crawford yDNA project and other Crawford researchers, we will be able to figure out this branch of the Crawford family!

Chasing Edward

When doing your genealogy research do you sometimes feel like you are going down a rabbit hole or chasing your tail? That’s what I sometimes feel like when I research descendants of a Crawford who is not my ancestor.

So yesterday, I was chasing my tail by researching the children of Edward Crawford (1762-1826) of Overton, Tennessee. Even though I don’t have any paper research connecting my Crawford line to Edward or even to Overton County, Tennessee, there is a DNA connection. Descendants of Edward Crawford have also done a Big Y DNA test and we have been assigned the same branch of the Big Y Haplotree: R-Y88686.

When I first received these DNA results, I couldn’t find a connection between my Crawford family in Garrard County, Kentucky and Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee. However, I remembered that I had found an Edward Crawford in the 1795 and 1796 tax lists for Madison County, Kentucky. Wondering whether the Edward Crawford in the tax lists of Madison County, KY is the same Edward Crawford who died in Overton County, TN.

Thus, I’ve been researching the children and grandchildren of Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee — hoping to find some clue that would lead back to Kentucky. As I was finding records for Edward’s children and their family, I was comparing my findings to the Edward Crawford [LD9R-8KW] family on the FamilySearch tree. During this comparison, I discovered that other researchers believe that David Crawford [9KMN-WNK], son of Edward and Abigail (Trowbridge) Crawford was born in Clark County, Kentucky.

Wait! A child of Edward was born in Kentucky – in Clark County, Kentucky? Since none of my research had taken me to Clark County, Kentucky, I had to look it up on a map. That’s when I discovered that Clark County was on the northeast border of Madison County.

Thus, I’ve started digging into Clark County records to see what I could learn about Edward Crawford. I started by looking for marriage records involving an Edward Crawford and I found reference to a marriage bond between an Edward Crawford and an Abigail Trowbridge.

Crawford, Edward and Abigail Trowbridge; surety, Silas Trowbridge 1798 Dec 3

Besides the marriage bond  of Edward Crawford, I found information for several other Crawford family marriage bonds on page 85.

page 85
Crawford, Cassillah and George S. Miller; surety, Moses Gentry 1810 Sep10

Crawford, Ceile, and Jehu Cole; surety, Jesse Cole. Jehu Cole guardian of Ceile Crawford 1806 Sep 23

Crawford, Edward and Abigail Trowbridge; surety, Silas Trowbridge 1798 Dec 3

Crawford, John and Dolly Fourt, daughter Peter and Mary Fourt (consent); witness, THomas Hansford; surety, James Ward 1796 Jun 28 [John Andrew Crawford 1765-1851 and Dorothy FOrt 1775-1846 in RootsMagic]

Crawford, Velentine and Susan Wray; surety, Archibald Crawford, consent of Benjamin Wray; witness, George Sharp 1800 Jan 10

Not only did I find information linking the an Edward Crawford of Kentucky to the Edward Crawford of Overton, Kentucky, but I have several other Crawfords to add to my FAN club and another Kentucky county to research.
_________
George F. Doyle, Marriage Bonds of Clark County, Kentucky from the Formation of the County in 1793 to 1850: compiled from the original bonds in the office of the clerk of the Clark County Court, digital image (Winchester, Kentucky: Clark County Historical Society, 1933), page 85; digital image, FamilySearch, http://www.familysearch.org Film 183194 DGS 7896907 : viewed online 15 February 2020.

Garrard County Names

Do you use a list of FAN (Friends, Acquaintances, Neighbors) club names when researching county records for your family? If so, do you ever struggle with remembering how the members of your FAN club fit together? If so, you are not alone.

As I’m getting back into my CRAWFORD research and Garrard County, Kentucky records by reading an order book, I’ve found that I not only need a list of names, but a diagram of how they might fit together. Since I don’t own any software to easily create such a diagram, I used Microsoft Publisher and multiple text boxes to create my diagram of the CRAWFORD families in early Garrard County, Kentucky along with some associated families.

In the early tax records for the area, I have identified four CRAWFORD families with land in what becomes Garrard County: Rebekah Crawford, William Crawford, James Crawford and Mary Crawford. Based on research of these four families, their spouses and potential children, I have been able to identify contemporaries who had ties to these families. This is the generation that settled the region.

  • Absalom Adams (father of Feathergill Agams)
  • Feathergill Adams
  • Isaac Anderson
  • James Anderson
  • John Anderson (father of Rebecca Anderson)
  • Rebecca Anderson
  • Samuel Anderson
  • Samuel Campbell
  • James Crawford
  • John Crawford
  • William Crawford
  • George Douglas(s)
  • Rebekah Douglas(s)
  • John Gass
  • John Kennedy (brother of Thomas Kennedy)
  • Bazeleel Maxwell
  • John McElwee
  • Jacob Miller
  • William Morrison
  • Nathan Sellers

Since many of the potential children of the four CRAWFORD families were married in early Kentcuky, I can add their spouses to my list. This is the generation that mostly moved away from the Garrard County area.

  • John Crafton
  • Robert Creath
  • Elizabeth Davis
  • Alexander Duggins
  • William Guthrie
  • David Hall
  • Martha Knight
  • Nancy Miller (daughter of Jacob Miller)
  • James Sellers (son of Nathan Sellers)
  • William Sellers (son of Nathan Sellers)
  • Sally Smith
  • Abigail Trowbridge
  • Beverly Vawter
  • Lucy Vawter

As I read the court order book, I will be looking for any mention of the following surnames:

  • Adams
  • Anderson
  • Campbell
  • Crafton
  • Crawford
  • Creath
  • Davis
  • Douglas(s)
  • Duggins
  • Gass
  • Guthrie
  • Hall
  • Kennedy
  • Knight
  • Maxwell
  • McElwee
  • Miller
  • Morrison
  • Sellers
  • Smith
  • Trowbridge
  • Vawter

Hopefully, these court records will help me learn more about these Crawford families and their migration to Kentucky. 

Adams on Sugar Creek

Garrard County, Kentucky
Deeds 1787-1902; indexes, 1899-1960

Vol. C 1793-1796
Family Search DGS 183284 Film 008141322

Book C page 554 – image 291

This Indenture made this 6th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five Between Charles Bland of the County of Madison and State of Kentucky of the one part and Fethergill Adams of the state and County aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that for an inconsideration of the sum of one hundred and twenty pounds current money of the aforesaid state to him in hand paid by the said Fethergill Adams, the receipt whereof the said Charles Bland do hereby acknowledges and himself therewith fully satisfied and contented hath granted bargained sold aliened and confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain sell alien and confirm unto the said Feathergill Adams one certain tract or parcell of land containing one hundreds and twenty six acres situate lying and being in the County of Madison and on the waters of Shugar Creek being the [apperend] of a seven hundred acre survey assigned to Walker Daniel by Green Glay and bounded as follows to wit Begining at three beech trees standing in Moses Dooley’s south and north line of his five hundred acre survey and on the west side of a small drain extending from thence south eighty one degrees east at thirty four poles crossing Jno Clarks road in all one hundred and ninety four poles to three beach trees standing in William McClures line thence

image 292 — Page 555

with his line south forty five degrees west two hundred and seventy poles to a Shugartree standing in the said Dooleys south and north line thence with sd Dooleys line north two hundred and eighteen poles to the Beginning with its appurtenances To have and to hold the said land and premises with every of its appurtenances unto the said Feathergill Adams and his heirs forever and the said Charles Bland for himself his heirs exors and admors the said tract of land and premises unto the said Feathergill Adams his heirs Exors and Admors shall and will warrante and defend against the claim of him the said Charles Bland his heirs executors and Administrators or from any other person or persons by or under him or them and against the claim of all and every other person or persons whatsoever In witness whereof the said Charles Bland for himself his heirs exors and Admors hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal the day and date above written.
Charles Bland (LS)
Phillis (her mark) Bland (LS)
Signed Sealed acknowledged
and delivered in presence of

At a court held for Madison County on Tuesday the 6th day of October 1795.
This Indenture was acknowledged by Charles Bland and Phillis his wife to be their act and deed she being first privately examined as the law Directs and relenquished her right of dower therein and ordered to be records.
Teste Will Irving MCC

Boonesborough Connection

Do you ever attempt to connect a genealogy line to a major historical event? I’m sure most genealogists with families in the United States have tried to connect ancestors to military records related to any of our major wars. 
With my early Kentucky research, one of my goals is to figure out when they arrived in Kentucky. Thus, I checked the list of “Early Settlers of Boonesborough” for my Crawford families and did not find them listed. 

As I’ve dug into these Crawford families, I’ve started looking at other family ties. One of those ties is to the John Anderson family. John’s daughter, Rebecca, was married to James Crawford. Since I couldn’t find documentation of James’ arrival, I started looking for information for the arrival of Rebecca’s siblings. 
Thanks to a 1798 Madison County Kentucky deed, Rebecca’s father was identified as John Anderson and her siblings as the following:

  • Samuel Campbell and Mary his wife
  • Bez’l Maxwell and Margret his wife
  • James Crawford and Rebecca his wife
  • James Anderson and Hannah his wife
  • John Gass and Anne his wife
  • William M. Morris and Betsey his wife
  • Isaac Anderson
  • Samuel Anderson

Since Bazeleel Maxwell appears in many of the same records as James Crawford, I decided to try and learn more about this Anderson family. 
This took me back to Boonesborough — where I found several Anderson family members on The Fort Boonesbourough Monument:

  • Anderson, James – 1775
  • Anderson, Jemima
  • Anderson, John – 1780
  • Anderson, Mary – married Captain John Kennedy
  • Anderson, Nicholas

Besides the Anderson children, I found several of the spouses:

  • Gass. John – 1775 — s/o Capt. David Gass
  • Morris, William
  • Campbell, Samuel

Based on the names in the deed and the names at Boonesborough, it looks like John Anderson and several of his daughters were in Boonesborough. Missing from Boonesborough are sons Isaac and Samuel and daughters, Margret and Rebecca.
Since Rebecca Anderson was married to a sibling of Bazaleel Maxwell prior to her marriage to James Crawford, there is a strong family connection between Bazaleel Maxwell and James Crawford. Thus, I’ve been looking for Maxwell families when looking for my Crawford families. 
Thus, I found Bazaleel Maxwell listed on the tax list for Montgomery County, Virginia in 1782. (Kegley, Mary B., compiler and editor. Tax List of Montgomery County, Virginia, 1782. Roanoke, VA: Copy Cat, 1974.) 

Several Crawford families are also listed on this 1782 tax list, including Edward, James, a reference to the estate of John Crawford and Robert Crawford. 

So far, I don’t have anything to prove that the James Crawford in the 1782 tax list is the James Crawford who married Rebecca Anderson. However, the fact that a James Crawford and a Bazaleel Maxwell are both listed on the 1782 tax lists is incentive to continue researching the Crawford family in Montgomery County, Virginia prior to 1786 when James Crawford purchased land in Kentucky.

Possible Distant Cousins

Have you tested your DNA? If so, have you been able to break through a brick wall using your DNA results?
My main purpose for testing my DNA was to learn more about my Crawford ancestry. Since I already have identified my 4th great grandfather on my Crawford line, I was hoping to identify his siblings and parents via DNA. So far, my results have not helped me get thru that brick wall.
However, there is one DNA test that has puzzled me for quite some time. This is the sole test that shows up when I search my matches for ancestors born in Garrard County, Kentucky: i******. I share 23 cM across 2 segments with i****** and one of my brothers shares 24 cM across 2 segments with i******.
When I looked at shared matches with i******, I found two other matches that appear to have the same common ancestors: Isaac Crawford and Nancy Miller. In looking at matches shared with these two other matches, I discovered a fourth match who descends from a different Garrard County family.

I believe Isaac Crawford is the son of James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. However, the trees for the I, D and J matches either don’t go back that far or have a different father for Isaac.
Based on my research of the records of Madison, Lincoln and Garrard Counties in Kentucky, I am theorizing that my ancestor James Crawford (md. Sally Duggins)  is somehow related to the other Crawford families in that area prior to 1800: Rebecca Crawford, Mary Crawford, James Crawford (md Rebecca Anderson) and/or William Crawford. It is believed that James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William are brothers and that Rebecca is the widow of a third brother. Because of the ages, my current theory is that my ancestor, James (md Sally Duggins) is the nephew of James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William Crawford. Thus, I would be a 7th cousin to I, D, and J IF Isaac is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford and IF my theory about the uncle/nephew relationship is correct.
To figure out whether these DNA shared matches support my being a 7th cousin to I, D, and J, I looked at the Shared Centimorgan Project to see if the amount of shared DNA was within the range for 7th cousins. Since one of my brothers doesn’t share any DNA with any of these individuals, our range of shared DNA is none to 34 cM. According to the shared cM project, we could share anywhere from 0 to 57 cM and be 7th cousins.

Thus, we are within the range to be 7th cousins. 
This does NOT prove that we are both related to James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. We could easily be related on some other line that my bias is preventing me from recognizing. However, it does support the possibility of a relationship. Thus, I will continue researching the families of James and Rebecca Crawford as well as the families of William, Rebecca and Mary Crawford.

DNA Haplogroup

Thanks to some updates to the yDNA test I manage, my Crawford line (James Crawford – born 1772, died 1854) has been assigned a new Haplogroup: R-A13336. Previously, we had been grouped in the larger R-M269 Haplogroup. According to a Crawford project administrator, I also share the Y30725 terminal SNP with another match. It is my understanding that work is still being done to determine which is older: the A13336 or the Y30725.

Thus, I can use the R-A13336 haplogroup to identify my closest Crawford yDNA matches. These matches have identified the following ‘earliest known yDNA ancestors’.

  • Robert Crawford II – born 1752
  • Richard Crawford – born 1777 Barbados, d 1850 Curacao
  • John Crawford – died early 1700s
  • James Craufurd – born 1641 Scotland, died 1683 Delaware
  • Hugh Crawford 

If I also look at the R-Y30725 match, then I can add another earliest known yDNA ancestor

  • Edward Crawford – born 1770 in PA or VA, died 1826 Overton County, TN

At this point, I am clueless as to how my Crawford line might connect to these other Crawford lines. However, I am going to expand my research into the following areas:

  • Overton County, TN
  • Orange County, NC
  • Nelson County, KY

As I look at Crawford records in these new areas, I’m also going to look for ties between the families of early Garrard, Lincoln and Madison counties in Kentucky and the Crawford families in these new areas. I’m also hoping to collaborate with descendants of each of these matches. Hopefully, we can figure out how we are related and in the process find more yDNA cousins.

Re-Visiting Tax Lists

Do you ever find yourself retracing your research steps because you learn about a new family connection? Yep, that’s me. I’m going back thru the early tax lists for Madison County, KY.

I wrote about my journey with suspected CRAWFORD family members in my January 2019 post, Tax Man Cometh. At the time, I mentioned finding Edward Crawford in a different taxing district from the other Crawfords. I didn’t pursue Edward for several reasons. Since he wasn’t shown as a land owner, I wouldn’t find any deeds for him. I also didn’t have any information tying Edward to any of the other Crawfords in those early tax records.

Now, I have yDNA evidence showing a relationship to Edward Crawford of Overton, Tennessee. From what I’ve been able to learn about this Edward Crawford, his birthplace is thought to be Pennsylvania or Virginia.

I have NO evidence that the Edward Crawford in the Madison County tax lists is the same Edward Crawford who died in Overton County, Tennessee. I also currently have NO evidence that they are not the same person.

Thus, I’m going to revisit the tax lists to see if I can learn anything more about the Edward Crawford of Madison County, Kentucky.

As mentioned in my previous post, I found several Crawfords listed in these Madison County, KY tax lists.

  • Mary Crawford (found 1787-1792)
  • James Crawford (found 1787-1796)
  • William Crawford (found (1787-1796)
  • James Crawford – appears in 1792
  • Alexander Crawford – appears in 1792
  • John Crawford – appears in 1795
  • William Crawford Jr – appears in 1795
  • Edward Crawford — appears in 1795 –  under a different commissioner’s list

Edward is the only Crawford who appears on the 1797 tax list. Edward is also listed on the 1799 tax list but has not been found after that date.
Since the first wife of Edward Crawford of Overton, TN was named Mary Gentry, I also looked for any GENTRY families on these Madison County, KY tax lists. I found several GENTRY families with most owning land. 


Madison County, Kentucky Tax Books, 1787-1874 Tax books 1787-1797, 1799-1807 Film 8126DGS 7834478
Image 206

Madison County 1795

Image 210 

  • Crawford James – 1 male >21; 5 horses; 17 cattle; 146 acres

Image 211

  • Crawford John – 1 male > 21, 2 horses, 6 cattle
  • Crawford William Jr – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
  • Crawford William Sr – 1 male > 21; 1 male 16-21; 12 horses; 28 cattle; 180 acres

Image 212

  • Duggins, William – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 8 cattle
  • Duggins, Daniel – 1 male >21

Image 218

  • Moore Alexander – 1 male >21; 3 horses; 3 cattle

Image 218, 219, 220 – No William McClure, George Miller or Nancy Miller

Image 257

  • Crawford Edward – 1 male >21, 2 horses; 3 cattle

Image 258 – 1795

  • May 13 Gentry, Richard – 1 male > 21 – 0 male > 16 – 6 total blacks – 2 blacks under 16 – 5 horses – 40 cattle
  • Gentry, Robert – 1 male > 21, 2 total blacks – 1 black > 16 – 3 horses – 35 cattle
  • Gentry, David – 1 male > 21, 4 horses – 14 cattle

Image 266 1796

Image 271

  • Crawford Edwd – no land given – 2 males > 16, 2 horses, 4 cattle

Image 276

  • Gentry, Richard 100 acres Silver C Madison – entered Wm Dolton – survey Sam’l Davis – 1 male > 21, 5 blacks > 16, 7 total balcks, 6 horses, 52 cattle
  • Gentry, David – 100 acres Silver C Madison – entered Wm Hix – survey DO  – 1 male > 21, 3 horses, 14 cattle

Image 333

  • Crawford James – 1216 acres Paint Lick Madison County
  • Thos L Kennedy Grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 6 horses; 25 cattle [200 Acres – James/Rebecca]
  • Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
  • Crawford, William – 180 acres paint Lick, Madison county; John Kennedy grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 7 horses; 25 cattle
  • Crawford, John – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 13 cattle


Image 334

  • Duggins, Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse
  • Duggins, David- 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 2 cattle
  • Duggins Benjamin – 1 male > 21; 1 horse
  • Duggins Daniel 45 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 1 cattle
  • Duggins William 50 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle

Image 340

  • Moore Alexander – 50 acres Paint Lick Madison County ; 1 male >21; 2 horses; 7 cattle


Image 343

  • Nancy Miller — 100 acres on Paint Lick – obtained from John Kennedy


IMAGE 353 – 1797


Image 356 – C — No Crawford

Image 359

  • Gentry, Bartlett – 64 acres Ottr Cr Madison County – entered by Richd Henderson – surveyed RH – 1 male > 16, 1 black > 16, 2 horses, 6 cattle
  • Gentry, Josiah – 100 acres Otter Cr – Madison County entered by C Irvine R Clark – I & C – I & C – 1 male > 16, 2 blacks, 4 horses, 2 cattleImage 360
  • Gentry, David – 200 acres Taylor’s fork – Madison County entered by Will Hix – WH – WH – 2 males > 16, 4 cattle
  • Gentry, G. Bartin – 150 acres Otter Cr – Madison County – entered by Richd Henderson – RH – RH – 2 males > 16, 3 blacks – 7 horses – 5 cattle 


Image 375 – C — NIL Crawford


Image 406 – C

  • Crawford Edwd – 1 male > 21 – 3 cattle


Image 409

  • Gentry, Ricd – 100 acres – Silver Cr – Madison Co – entered by Wm Dolton – Surveyed Saml Bill = 1 mal > 21, 0 white > 16 – 6 total blacks – 7 blacks > 16 – 8 horses

Image 410 – David Gass

Image 415 – Thomas Maxwell – David Maxwell

Image 424 1799

Image 427 – C

image 428 – blurry – No Crawford

Image 435

  • Crawford, Edward – 1 male > 21 – 3 horses

Image 437

  • Gentry, Richard – 1 male > 21 – 0 male > 16, 7  blacks > 16, 14 total blacks, – 13 horses


Image 439

  • Maxwell Bazel

Image 448

  • Gentry Josiah – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 3 blacks > 16, 6 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry Bartlett – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 3 blacks > 16, 7 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry John – 1 male > 16, 2 horses
  • Gentry David – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 5 horses
  • Gentry, James 1 male > 16, 2 horses


Image 458 — 1800


Image 464 – C — No Crawford

Image 470

  • Gentry, Josiah – 100 acres Madison County, Otter Crk, entered by Chris Irvine, surveyed same – 1 w above 21, 3 blacks > 16, 8 total blacks, 3 horses
  • Gentry, Martin – 150 acres Madison County, Otter Crk, entered by Rich Henderson , same, 1 w male abve 21, 2 blacks > 16, 7 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry, Bartlett – 123 acres – Otter Crk, Madison County, 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 2 total blacks, 2 horses
  • Gentry, David – 100 acres – Madison County, Taylor’s Fork Sc – entered by W Hicks, surveyed by same – 1 male > 21, 6 horses
  • Gentry, James – 1 male > 21, 3 horses —


Image 492 – C – NIL Crawford


Image 495 – G – NIL Gentry


Image 498

  • Maxwell, Bazaleel

Image 506 – 1800 No 3


Image 511 – C  – NIL Crawford


Image 516 – G – NIL Gentry

Image 538 – 1801

Image 544 – C – No Crawford


Image 550 

  • Gentry Josiah – 100 acres Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Christ Irvine – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 white male > 16, 3 black> 16, 8 total black, 4 horses
  • Gentry, John – 1 male > 21, 1 black, 3 horses
  • Gentry, Martin – 150 acres – madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Richd Henderson – same, same – 1 male > 21, 2 black > 16, 5 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry, Bartlet – 64 acres, Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Richd Henderson – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 2 total blacks, 5 horses
  • Gentry, Bartlet – 123 acres, Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Richd Henderson
  • Gentry, David – 100 acres, Madison County, Taylors Fork, entered by Wm Hicks – 1 male > 21 – 5 horses


Image 573 – C – NIL Crawford


Image 579

  • Gentry James – 1 male > 21, 1 horse

Image 603 – C – NIL Crawford


Image 606

Gentry Rich – 100 acres Silver Cr – Madison COunty – entered by Saml Davis – 1 male > 21, 8 blacks > 16, 17 total blacks, 18 horses

Image 618 – 1802

Image 624 – C – NIL Crawford

Image 635 – G – NIL Gentry


Image 661 – C – 

Image 662 

  • Crafford Joseph – 1 male > 21, 2 horses

Image 667

  • Gentry Josiah – 100 acres – Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Christ Irvine – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 3 blacks > 16, 8 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry, John – 1 male > 21, 4 horsesImage 668
  • Gentry Bartlett – 183 acres – Madison County, Otter Cr – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 2 total blacks, 7 horses
  • Gentry David – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 7 horses
  • Gentry, Martin 150 acres, Madison County, Otter Cr, entered by Richd Henderson – same – same – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses
  • Gentry, David Jun – 1 male > 21, 1 horses
  • Gentry, Enoch – 1 male > 21, 1 horse
  • Gentry, Isam – 1 male > 21


Image 691 – C – NIL Crawford

Image 694 –

  • Gentry Richard – 175 acres Madison County – David ?[unweather] – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 8 Blacks > 16, 18 total blacks, 16 horses

Clues from a Letter

Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.

Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907
Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford)
Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather
Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died
about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather
Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our
Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here
death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren
County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from
Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents
came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from
Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to
be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only
tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off
and see you and family and next time I am through if possible.
Kindly regards to your family
From you affectionate uncle.
J.. H. Crawford
(James H. Crawford)

Clues:

  • Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
  • nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
  • Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
    • Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
  • Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
    • According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
    • According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
    • Cause of death unknown 
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census  – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
    • Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
  • Great grandparents  – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
    • James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
    • James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
    • yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
    • Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
    • This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
    • Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
    • No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
    • DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.

This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.

James Crawford of Jefferson County Indiana

(Report created from RootsMagic using the Narrative Report feature)

1. James Crawford was born in 1758 in Augusta, Commonweath of Virginia.15

     According to biographies, he served in the military for 3 months under Capt. Wm Colbert and Col. Patrick Lockhart and 3 months under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan between 1776 and 1780.1,67 He served in the military in 1778 in Botetourt (historical), Botetourt, Virginia, United States.24,8 James served in the military for 3 mos. under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan.4

     He witnessed the will of John Crawford on 7 Apr 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.912 He was the parent of Anne Crawford born in 1780.13

     James filed land entry papers  in Jun 1782 in Madison, Virginia, United States.14

     He was the parent of William Crawford born in May 1784.13
        He  purchased land from Thomas Kennedy containing 200 acres on Paint Lick Creek adjoining the John Kennedy station on 19 Apr 1786 in Lincoln, Virginia, United States.15

     James was the parent of Mary Polly Crawford born in Jun 1786.13,16
     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1787 in Madison,Virginia, United States.17 He was juror  in Aug 1787 in Madison, Virginia, United States.1819 James was the parent of Isaac Crawford born in 1788.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.20 He  sold land being 50 acres on Paint Lick Creek for 50 pounds to David Rice on 26 Aug 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.21 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1789 in Madison, Virginia, United States.22

     He was the parent of James Maxwell Crawford born on 4 Mar 1790.13

     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1791 in Madison, Virginia, United States.23 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1792 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.24 He was the parent of Elizabeth Crawford born in Apr 1792.13,16 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1794 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.25 James was the parent of Jane Crawford born in 1795.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1795 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.26 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1796 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.27

     James was appointed surveyor of the road between 1797 and 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.28 He lived in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA in 1798.29 On 3 Oct 1798, he  sold land being two hundred acres of land on Silver Creek, the balance of six hundred acres obtained in two surveys by John Anderson, deceased in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.31 He was the parent of Cynthia Crawford born in 1802.13

     He lived in Jefferson, Indiana Territory, United States in Mar 1811.6 James filed land entry papers  on 4 Feb 1812 in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States.28,32 He  sold land  on 12 Nov 1812 in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA.3334 He of Garrard County, Kentucky made full payment for the Northeast quarter of Section number twenty-nine of township number four North in Range number ten East of the second principal meridian on 5 May 1814 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.35 James  sold land on Irvin’s branch of Creek part of section number  twenty nine of township number four north of range number ten east on 4 Aug 1815 in Jefferson, Indian Territory, United States.3637 He lived with 1 male over 45, 2 females 16 thru 25, 1 female over 45 who was listed as James Crawford in Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1820.38 He  purchased lot #80 in town of Vernon from John & Polly Vawter on 20 Oct 1820 in Jennings, Indiana, United States.3940

     James lived in Madison Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1826.41 He  sold land being the NE quarter of section 29 in township number 4 north of range number ten east to James M. Crawford on 7 Apr 1826 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.42

     He died on 3 Apr 1836 at the age of 78 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,35 James was buried at Hebron Cemetery in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,45,4344

James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson3,4546 were married in 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.6,12 Other records indicate they were married in 1783 in Virginia, United States.3,47 Other records indicate they were married in 1790.1,4,48Rebecca Anderson, daughter of John Anderson and Ann Irvine, was born in 1761.16,4916131313,1613131313,161313 She died in 1840 at the age of 79.49 She was buried in 1840 at Hebron Cemetery in Monroe Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States.43,49 Rebecca was also known as Rebecca Crawford.1

        1. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1938), p. 108. Hereinafter cited as Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana.        

2. Interview with James Vawter Crawford and Mary F. Cowgill  “Crawford” Coon ([address for private use], Shedd, Oregon), by WPA Interviews for Linn County Oregon and transcribed by Patricia Dunn, transcribed 2000. transcription held by WPA Interviews ([address for private use], http://www.lgsoregon.org/lgstng/showmedia.php?mediaID=22398).        

3. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017.        

4. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in INdiana, James Crawford, database  with images on-line, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017.        

5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed onlin August 2016), memorial for James Crawford (1758-1836), Find a Grave Memorial no. #29998479, created by Amy Tomica, citing Hebron Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Sharon Kay Dean, James Crawford.        

6. Grace Vawter Bicknell, Vawter Family in America: with the Allied Families of Branham, Crawford,Wise, Lewis, Stribling, Glover, Moncrief (Indianapolis: The Hollenbeck Press, 1905), ; digital images, Internet Archive (us.archive.org : accessed .        

7. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots in the American Revolution Buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), p. 108.        

8. Lineage Book / National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Washington, D.C.: NSDAR, 1892-), Vol. 40 (Crawford.KY.040). Hereinafter cited as DAR Lineage Books.        

9. Will of John Crawford, 7 April 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, ; Montgomery County Courthouse, Christiansburg, Virginia; 32608, Book B page 38, Family History Library, .        

10. TravelinTeachers Family Tree: Douglas Family (http://travteach-douglass.tripod.com/ : viewed online November 2016), George Douglas.        

11. John Crawford Will, 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, Montgomery County.        

12. Virginia, Montgomery. County Court Order Books, v.1-4, 1773-1790.  Film #32622 DGS 7897248. John Crawford, 1779 2: image 292; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online April 2019.        

13. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/maxwellhistoryge00hous : downloaded copy May 2019.        

14. James Thompson, Land Entries for Madison County, Kentucky, 1780-1793, Crabb Anne, Transcriber (Richmond, KY: Anne Crabb, 1996), p. 19, Crawford James.        

15. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Deeds, 1780-1866; indexes, 1780-1955.  Film #192238. Kennedy to Crofford, 19 Apr 1786 Book A: p 219 image 120; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

16. Melish Mrs. Charles, Pioneer Women (www.jeffersoncountylocalhistory.org/fampioneerwomen : viewed online May 2019), Crawford.        

17. Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799 (Miami Beach, FL: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1992), Crawford, Mary (exempt). Hereinafter cited as Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.        

18. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 195.         

19. Madison County Kentucky, Vol. A-B, 1786-1800: image 15, James Crofford; FHL microfilm 183274.        

20. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY.  Film #8126 DGS 7834478. William Crawford, 1788 Tax Books 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 63; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

21. Kentucky, Madison County. Book of Deeds.  Film ##007896910. James Crawford, 26 Aug 1788 Vol. B 1791-1793: page 269, 270, 271 (images 292, 293); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

22. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, James Crawford, William Crawford, Mary Crawford, 1789; .        

23. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford William, James, Mary, 1791; .        

24. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford, William, Mary, James, 1792; .        

25. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1794; .        

26. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1795; .        

27. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James and William, 1796; .        

28. Interview, James Vawter Crawford and his mother Mary F. Cowgill (Crawford) Coon, transcribed 2000.        

29. Kentucky, Madison. Book of Deeds.  Film #007896911. James Crawford, 3 Oct 1798 Vol. D 1796-1800: page 712-714; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

30. Houston Florence Wilson, Laura Cowan Blaine, Ella Dunn Mellette, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: C. E. Pauley & Co, 1916), p. 261; digital images, Google Books (books.google.com : viewed online August 2016; Madison County Kentucky Deeds D-712.        

31. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crawford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.        

32. Thelma M. Murphy, “Certificates Issued to Kentuckians from Jeffersonville, Ind. Land Office,” Kentucky Ancestors 15 (Oct 1979); digital image, Kentucky Historical Society (www.kyhistory.com : viewed online January 2019), page 71.        

33. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 420        

34. Garrard County, Kentucky, Vols. C-D 1806-1813: 309, James Crawford and Rebecca to Thomas Kennedy; FHL microfilm 83243.        

35. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online April 2019), James Crawford.        

36. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891.  Film ##1310264. James Crawford, 4 Aug 1814 Book A: p. 152; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online May 2019.        

37. Entry;  , “Jefferson County Deeds” Special p.99 (Crawford.IN.084).        

38. 1820 U.S. Census, Jefferson County, Indiana, population schedule, Jefferson County, Indiana, image 23, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

39. Indiana, Jennings. Deed Records V. A Apr 1818 – Nov 1828.  Film #1305298. Vawter to Crawford, 20 Oct 1820 Book A: page 115; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2019.        

40. “Jennings County Deed Book A,” Hoosier Journal of Ancestry (Vol. 10), (Crawford.IN.068).        

41. “Madison Township 1826 Voters” Special #4 (Crawford.IN.084).        

42. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891, James Crawford, 7 Apr 1826; .        

43. Jefferson County Cemetery Records Volume 1 (: DAR, 1941), p. 329 (Crawford.IN.081). Hereinafter cited as Jefferson County Cemetery Records.        

44. “Abstracts of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots,” Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), James Crawford; Hatcher, Patricia Law. Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, vol. 1-4.        

45. Maxwell History and Genealogy, 255.        

46. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Mari K. “Polly” Crawford Guthri (1786-1834), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65800390,        

47. Norman Bloss Mavity, The Mavity Family (Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., 1954), p. 7; digital copy, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019.        

48. DAR Lineage Books, page 178 volume 97 (Crawford.KY.040).        

49. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Rebecca Anderson (1761-1840), Find a Grave Memorial no. #32605052,