Possible Distant Cousins

Have you tested your DNA? If so, have you been able to break through a brick wall using your DNA results?
My main purpose for testing my DNA was to learn more about my Crawford ancestry. Since I already have identified my 4th great grandfather on my Crawford line, I was hoping to identify his siblings and parents via DNA. So far, my results have not helped me get thru that brick wall.
However, there is one DNA test that has puzzled me for quite some time. This is the sole test that shows up when I search my matches for ancestors born in Garrard County, Kentucky: i******. I share 23 cM across 2 segments with i****** and one of my brothers shares 24 cM across 2 segments with i******.
When I looked at shared matches with i******, I found two other matches that appear to have the same common ancestors: Isaac Crawford and Nancy Miller. In looking at matches shared with these two other matches, I discovered a fourth match who descends from a different Garrard County family.

I believe Isaac Crawford is the son of James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. However, the trees for the I, D and J matches either don’t go back that far or have a different father for Isaac.
Based on my research of the records of Madison, Lincoln and Garrard Counties in Kentucky, I am theorizing that my ancestor James Crawford (md. Sally Duggins)  is somehow related to the other Crawford families in that area prior to 1800: Rebecca Crawford, Mary Crawford, James Crawford (md Rebecca Anderson) and/or William Crawford. It is believed that James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William are brothers and that Rebecca is the widow of a third brother. Because of the ages, my current theory is that my ancestor, James (md Sally Duggins) is the nephew of James (md Rebecca Anderson) and William Crawford. Thus, I would be a 7th cousin to I, D, and J IF Isaac is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford and IF my theory about the uncle/nephew relationship is correct.
To figure out whether these DNA shared matches support my being a 7th cousin to I, D, and J, I looked at the Shared Centimorgan Project to see if the amount of shared DNA was within the range for 7th cousins. Since one of my brothers doesn’t share any DNA with any of these individuals, our range of shared DNA is none to 34 cM. According to the shared cM project, we could share anywhere from 0 to 57 cM and be 7th cousins.

Thus, we are within the range to be 7th cousins. 
This does NOT prove that we are both related to James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson. We could easily be related on some other line that my bias is preventing me from recognizing. However, it does support the possibility of a relationship. Thus, I will continue researching the families of James and Rebecca Crawford as well as the families of William, Rebecca and Mary Crawford.

DNA Haplogroup

Thanks to some updates to the yDNA test I manage, my Crawford line (James Crawford – born 1772, died 1854) has been assigned a new Haplogroup: R-A13336. Previously, we had been grouped in the larger R-M269 Haplogroup. According to a Crawford project administrator, I also share the Y30725 terminal SNP with another match. It is my understanding that work is still being done to determine which is older: the A13336 or the Y30725.

Thus, I can use the R-A13336 haplogroup to identify my closest Crawford yDNA matches. These matches have identified the following ‘earliest known yDNA ancestors’.

  • Robert Crawford II – born 1752
  • Richard Crawford – born 1777 Barbados, d 1850 Curacao
  • John Crawford – died early 1700s
  • James Craufurd – born 1641 Scotland, died 1683 Delaware
  • Hugh Crawford 

If I also look at the R-Y30725 match, then I can add another earliest known yDNA ancestor

  • Edward Crawford – born 1770 in PA or VA, died 1826 Overton County, TN

At this point, I am clueless as to how my Crawford line might connect to these other Crawford lines. However, I am going to expand my research into the following areas:

  • Overton County, TN
  • Orange County, NC
  • Nelson County, KY

As I look at Crawford records in these new areas, I’m also going to look for ties between the families of early Garrard, Lincoln and Madison counties in Kentucky and the Crawford families in these new areas. I’m also hoping to collaborate with descendants of each of these matches. Hopefully, we can figure out how we are related and in the process find more yDNA cousins.

Re-Visiting Tax Lists

Do you ever find yourself retracing your research steps because you learn about a new family connection? Yep, that’s me. I’m going back thru the early tax lists for Madison County, KY.

I wrote about my journey with suspected CRAWFORD family members in my January 2019 post, Tax Man Cometh. At the time, I mentioned finding Edward Crawford in a different taxing district from the other Crawfords. I didn’t pursue Edward for several reasons. Since he wasn’t shown as a land owner, I wouldn’t find any deeds for him. I also didn’t have any information tying Edward to any of the other Crawfords in those early tax records.

Now, I have yDNA evidence showing a relationship to Edward Crawford of Overton, Tennessee. From what I’ve been able to learn about this Edward Crawford, his birthplace is thought to be Pennsylvania or Virginia.

I have NO evidence that the Edward Crawford in the Madison County tax lists is the same Edward Crawford who died in Overton County, Tennessee. I also currently have NO evidence that they are not the same person.

Thus, I’m going to revisit the tax lists to see if I can learn anything more about the Edward Crawford of Madison County, Kentucky.

As mentioned in my previous post, I found several Crawfords listed in these Madison County, KY tax lists.

  • Mary Crawford (found 1787-1792)
  • James Crawford (found 1787-1796)
  • William Crawford (found (1787-1796)
  • James Crawford – appears in 1792
  • Alexander Crawford – appears in 1792
  • John Crawford – appears in 1795
  • William Crawford Jr – appears in 1795
  • Edward Crawford — appears in 1795 –  under a different commissioner’s list

Edward is the only Crawford who appears on the 1797 tax list. Edward is also listed on the 1799 tax list but has not been found after that date.
Since the first wife of Edward Crawford of Overton, TN was named Mary Gentry, I also looked for any GENTRY families on these Madison County, KY tax lists. I found several GENTRY families with most owning land. 


Madison County, Kentucky Tax Books, 1787-1874 Tax books 1787-1797, 1799-1807 Film 8126DGS 7834478
Image 206

Madison County 1795

Image 210 

  • Crawford James – 1 male >21; 5 horses; 17 cattle; 146 acres

Image 211

  • Crawford John – 1 male > 21, 2 horses, 6 cattle
  • Crawford William Jr – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
  • Crawford William Sr – 1 male > 21; 1 male 16-21; 12 horses; 28 cattle; 180 acres

Image 212

  • Duggins, William – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 8 cattle
  • Duggins, Daniel – 1 male >21

Image 218

  • Moore Alexander – 1 male >21; 3 horses; 3 cattle

Image 218, 219, 220 – No William McClure, George Miller or Nancy Miller

Image 257

  • Crawford Edward – 1 male >21, 2 horses; 3 cattle

Image 258 – 1795

  • May 13 Gentry, Richard – 1 male > 21 – 0 male > 16 – 6 total blacks – 2 blacks under 16 – 5 horses – 40 cattle
  • Gentry, Robert – 1 male > 21, 2 total blacks – 1 black > 16 – 3 horses – 35 cattle
  • Gentry, David – 1 male > 21, 4 horses – 14 cattle

Image 266 1796

Image 271

  • Crawford Edwd – no land given – 2 males > 16, 2 horses, 4 cattle

Image 276

  • Gentry, Richard 100 acres Silver C Madison – entered Wm Dolton – survey Sam’l Davis – 1 male > 21, 5 blacks > 16, 7 total balcks, 6 horses, 52 cattle
  • Gentry, David – 100 acres Silver C Madison – entered Wm Hix – survey DO  – 1 male > 21, 3 horses, 14 cattle

Image 333

  • Crawford James – 1216 acres Paint Lick Madison County
  • Thos L Kennedy Grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 6 horses; 25 cattle [200 Acres – James/Rebecca]
  • Crawford William – 1 male >21; 2 horses; 6 cattle
  • Crawford, William – 180 acres paint Lick, Madison county; John Kennedy grant; 1 male >21; 1 male 16-21; 7 horses; 25 cattle
  • Crawford, John – 1 male >21; 1 horse; 13 cattle


Image 334

  • Duggins, Alexander – 1 male >21; 1 horse
  • Duggins, David- 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 2 cattle
  • Duggins Benjamin – 1 male > 21; 1 horse
  • Duggins Daniel 45 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 1 horse; 1 cattle
  • Duggins William 50 acres Sugar Creek Madison County – 1 male > 21; 2 horses; 6 cattle

Image 340

  • Moore Alexander – 50 acres Paint Lick Madison County ; 1 male >21; 2 horses; 7 cattle


Image 343

  • Nancy Miller — 100 acres on Paint Lick – obtained from John Kennedy


IMAGE 353 – 1797


Image 356 – C — No Crawford

Image 359

  • Gentry, Bartlett – 64 acres Ottr Cr Madison County – entered by Richd Henderson – surveyed RH – 1 male > 16, 1 black > 16, 2 horses, 6 cattle
  • Gentry, Josiah – 100 acres Otter Cr – Madison County entered by C Irvine R Clark – I & C – I & C – 1 male > 16, 2 blacks, 4 horses, 2 cattleImage 360
  • Gentry, David – 200 acres Taylor’s fork – Madison County entered by Will Hix – WH – WH – 2 males > 16, 4 cattle
  • Gentry, G. Bartin – 150 acres Otter Cr – Madison County – entered by Richd Henderson – RH – RH – 2 males > 16, 3 blacks – 7 horses – 5 cattle 


Image 375 – C — NIL Crawford


Image 406 – C

  • Crawford Edwd – 1 male > 21 – 3 cattle


Image 409

  • Gentry, Ricd – 100 acres – Silver Cr – Madison Co – entered by Wm Dolton – Surveyed Saml Bill = 1 mal > 21, 0 white > 16 – 6 total blacks – 7 blacks > 16 – 8 horses

Image 410 – David Gass

Image 415 – Thomas Maxwell – David Maxwell

Image 424 1799

Image 427 – C

image 428 – blurry – No Crawford

Image 435

  • Crawford, Edward – 1 male > 21 – 3 horses

Image 437

  • Gentry, Richard – 1 male > 21 – 0 male > 16, 7  blacks > 16, 14 total blacks, – 13 horses


Image 439

  • Maxwell Bazel

Image 448

  • Gentry Josiah – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 3 blacks > 16, 6 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry Bartlett – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 3 blacks > 16, 7 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry John – 1 male > 16, 2 horses
  • Gentry David – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 5 horses
  • Gentry, James 1 male > 16, 2 horses


Image 458 — 1800


Image 464 – C — No Crawford

Image 470

  • Gentry, Josiah – 100 acres Madison County, Otter Crk, entered by Chris Irvine, surveyed same – 1 w above 21, 3 blacks > 16, 8 total blacks, 3 horses
  • Gentry, Martin – 150 acres Madison County, Otter Crk, entered by Rich Henderson , same, 1 w male abve 21, 2 blacks > 16, 7 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry, Bartlett – 123 acres – Otter Crk, Madison County, 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 2 total blacks, 2 horses
  • Gentry, David – 100 acres – Madison County, Taylor’s Fork Sc – entered by W Hicks, surveyed by same – 1 male > 21, 6 horses
  • Gentry, James – 1 male > 21, 3 horses —


Image 492 – C – NIL Crawford


Image 495 – G – NIL Gentry


Image 498

  • Maxwell, Bazaleel

Image 506 – 1800 No 3


Image 511 – C  – NIL Crawford


Image 516 – G – NIL Gentry

Image 538 – 1801

Image 544 – C – No Crawford


Image 550 

  • Gentry Josiah – 100 acres Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Christ Irvine – same – same – 1 male > 21, 1 white male > 16, 3 black> 16, 8 total black, 4 horses
  • Gentry, John – 1 male > 21, 1 black, 3 horses
  • Gentry, Martin – 150 acres – madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Richd Henderson – same, same – 1 male > 21, 2 black > 16, 5 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry, Bartlet – 64 acres, Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Richd Henderson – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 2 total blacks, 5 horses
  • Gentry, Bartlet – 123 acres, Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Richd Henderson
  • Gentry, David – 100 acres, Madison County, Taylors Fork, entered by Wm Hicks – 1 male > 21 – 5 horses


Image 573 – C – NIL Crawford


Image 579

  • Gentry James – 1 male > 21, 1 horse

Image 603 – C – NIL Crawford


Image 606

Gentry Rich – 100 acres Silver Cr – Madison COunty – entered by Saml Davis – 1 male > 21, 8 blacks > 16, 17 total blacks, 18 horses

Image 618 – 1802

Image 624 – C – NIL Crawford

Image 635 – G – NIL Gentry


Image 661 – C – 

Image 662 

  • Crafford Joseph – 1 male > 21, 2 horses

Image 667

  • Gentry Josiah – 100 acres – Madison County, Otter Cr – entered by Christ Irvine – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 3 blacks > 16, 8 total blacks, 4 horses
  • Gentry, John – 1 male > 21, 4 horsesImage 668
  • Gentry Bartlett – 183 acres – Madison County, Otter Cr – 1 male > 21, 1 black > 16, 2 total blacks, 7 horses
  • Gentry David – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 7 horses
  • Gentry, Martin 150 acres, Madison County, Otter Cr, entered by Richd Henderson – same – same – 1 male > 21, 2 blacks > 16, 5 total blacks, 5 horses
  • Gentry, David Jun – 1 male > 21, 1 horses
  • Gentry, Enoch – 1 male > 21, 1 horse
  • Gentry, Isam – 1 male > 21


Image 691 – C – NIL Crawford

Image 694 –

  • Gentry Richard – 175 acres Madison County – David ?[unweather] – 1 male > 21, 1 male > 16, 8 Blacks > 16, 18 total blacks, 16 horses

Clues from a Letter

Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.

Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907
Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford)
Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather
Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died
about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather
Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our
Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here
death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren
County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from
Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents
came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from
Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to
be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only
tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off
and see you and family and next time I am through if possible.
Kindly regards to your family
From you affectionate uncle.
J.. H. Crawford
(James H. Crawford)

Clues:

  • Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
  • nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
  • Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
    • Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
  • Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
    • According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
    • According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
    • Cause of death unknown 
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census  – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
    • Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
  • Great grandparents  – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
    • James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
    • James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
    • yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
    • Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
    • This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
    • Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
    • No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
    • DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.

This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.

James Crawford of Jefferson County Indiana

(Report created from RootsMagic using the Narrative Report feature)

1. James Crawford was born in 1758 in Augusta, Commonweath of Virginia.15

     According to biographies, he served in the military for 3 months under Capt. Wm Colbert and Col. Patrick Lockhart and 3 months under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan between 1776 and 1780.1,67 He served in the military in 1778 in Botetourt (historical), Botetourt, Virginia, United States.24,8 James served in the military for 3 mos. under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan.4

     He witnessed the will of John Crawford on 7 Apr 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.912 He was the parent of Anne Crawford born in 1780.13

     James filed land entry papers  in Jun 1782 in Madison, Virginia, United States.14

     He was the parent of William Crawford born in May 1784.13
        He  purchased land from Thomas Kennedy containing 200 acres on Paint Lick Creek adjoining the John Kennedy station on 19 Apr 1786 in Lincoln, Virginia, United States.15

     James was the parent of Mary Polly Crawford born in Jun 1786.13,16
     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1787 in Madison,Virginia, United States.17 He was juror  in Aug 1787 in Madison, Virginia, United States.1819 James was the parent of Isaac Crawford born in 1788.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.20 He  sold land being 50 acres on Paint Lick Creek for 50 pounds to David Rice on 26 Aug 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.21 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1789 in Madison, Virginia, United States.22

     He was the parent of James Maxwell Crawford born on 4 Mar 1790.13

     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1791 in Madison, Virginia, United States.23 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1792 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.24 He was the parent of Elizabeth Crawford born in Apr 1792.13,16 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1794 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.25 James was the parent of Jane Crawford born in 1795.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1795 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.26 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1796 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.27

     James was appointed surveyor of the road between 1797 and 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.28 He lived in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA in 1798.29 On 3 Oct 1798, he  sold land being two hundred acres of land on Silver Creek, the balance of six hundred acres obtained in two surveys by John Anderson, deceased in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.31 He was the parent of Cynthia Crawford born in 1802.13

     He lived in Jefferson, Indiana Territory, United States in Mar 1811.6 James filed land entry papers  on 4 Feb 1812 in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States.28,32 He  sold land  on 12 Nov 1812 in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA.3334 He of Garrard County, Kentucky made full payment for the Northeast quarter of Section number twenty-nine of township number four North in Range number ten East of the second principal meridian on 5 May 1814 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.35 James  sold land on Irvin’s branch of Creek part of section number  twenty nine of township number four north of range number ten east on 4 Aug 1815 in Jefferson, Indian Territory, United States.3637 He lived with 1 male over 45, 2 females 16 thru 25, 1 female over 45 who was listed as James Crawford in Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1820.38 He  purchased lot #80 in town of Vernon from John & Polly Vawter on 20 Oct 1820 in Jennings, Indiana, United States.3940

     James lived in Madison Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1826.41 He  sold land being the NE quarter of section 29 in township number 4 north of range number ten east to James M. Crawford on 7 Apr 1826 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.42

     He died on 3 Apr 1836 at the age of 78 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,35 James was buried at Hebron Cemetery in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,45,4344

James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson3,4546 were married in 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.6,12 Other records indicate they were married in 1783 in Virginia, United States.3,47 Other records indicate they were married in 1790.1,4,48Rebecca Anderson, daughter of John Anderson and Ann Irvine, was born in 1761.16,4916131313,1613131313,161313 She died in 1840 at the age of 79.49 She was buried in 1840 at Hebron Cemetery in Monroe Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States.43,49 Rebecca was also known as Rebecca Crawford.1

        1. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1938), p. 108. Hereinafter cited as Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana.        

2. Interview with James Vawter Crawford and Mary F. Cowgill  “Crawford” Coon ([address for private use], Shedd, Oregon), by WPA Interviews for Linn County Oregon and transcribed by Patricia Dunn, transcribed 2000. transcription held by WPA Interviews ([address for private use], http://www.lgsoregon.org/lgstng/showmedia.php?mediaID=22398).        

3. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2017.        

4. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in INdiana, James Crawford, database  with images on-line, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017.        

5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed onlin August 2016), memorial for James Crawford (1758-1836), Find a Grave Memorial no. #29998479, created by Amy Tomica, citing Hebron Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Sharon Kay Dean, James Crawford.        

6. Grace Vawter Bicknell, Vawter Family in America: with the Allied Families of Branham, Crawford,Wise, Lewis, Stribling, Glover, Moncrief (Indianapolis: The Hollenbeck Press, 1905), ; digital images, Internet Archive (us.archive.org : accessed .        

7. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots in the American Revolution Buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), p. 108.        

8. Lineage Book / National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Washington, D.C.: NSDAR, 1892-), Vol. 40 (Crawford.KY.040). Hereinafter cited as DAR Lineage Books.        

9. Will of John Crawford, 7 April 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, ; Montgomery County Courthouse, Christiansburg, Virginia; 32608, Book B page 38, Family History Library, .        

10. TravelinTeachers Family Tree: Douglas Family (http://travteach-douglass.tripod.com/ : viewed online November 2016), George Douglas.        

11. John Crawford Will, 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, Montgomery County.        

12. Virginia, Montgomery. County Court Order Books, v.1-4, 1773-1790.  Film #32622 DGS 7897248. John Crawford, 1779 2: image 292; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online April 2019.        

13. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/maxwellhistoryge00hous : downloaded copy May 2019.        

14. James Thompson, Land Entries for Madison County, Kentucky, 1780-1793, Crabb Anne, Transcriber (Richmond, KY: Anne Crabb, 1996), p. 19, Crawford James.        

15. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Deeds, 1780-1866; indexes, 1780-1955.  Film #192238. Kennedy to Crofford, 19 Apr 1786 Book A: p 219 image 120; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

16. Melish Mrs. Charles, Pioneer Women (www.jeffersoncountylocalhistory.org/fampioneerwomen : viewed online May 2019), Crawford.        

17. Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799 (Miami Beach, FL: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1992), Crawford, Mary (exempt). Hereinafter cited as Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.        

18. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 195.         

19. Madison County Kentucky, Vol. A-B, 1786-1800: image 15, James Crofford; FHL microfilm 183274.        

20. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY.  Film #8126 DGS 7834478. William Crawford, 1788 Tax Books 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 63; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online February 2019.        

21. Kentucky, Madison County. Book of Deeds.  Film ##007896910. James Crawford, 26 Aug 1788 Vol. B 1791-1793: page 269, 270, 271 (images 292, 293); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

22. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, James Crawford, William Crawford, Mary Crawford, 1789; .        

23. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford William, James, Mary, 1791; .        

24. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford, William, Mary, James, 1792; .        

25. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1794; .        

26. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1795; .        

27. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James and William, 1796; .        

28. Interview, James Vawter Crawford and his mother Mary F. Cowgill (Crawford) Coon, transcribed 2000.        

29. Kentucky, Madison. Book of Deeds.  Film #007896911. James Crawford, 3 Oct 1798 Vol. D 1796-1800: page 712-714; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

30. Houston Florence Wilson, Laura Cowan Blaine, Ella Dunn Mellette, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: C. E. Pauley & Co, 1916), p. 261; digital images, Google Books (books.google.com : viewed online August 2016; Madison County Kentucky Deeds D-712.        

31. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crawford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.        

32. Thelma M. Murphy, “Certificates Issued to Kentuckians from Jeffersonville, Ind. Land Office,” Kentucky Ancestors 15 (Oct 1979); digital image, Kentucky Historical Society (www.kyhistory.com : viewed online January 2019), page 71.        

33. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 420        

34. Garrard County, Kentucky, Vols. C-D 1806-1813: 309, James Crawford and Rebecca to Thomas Kennedy; FHL microfilm 83243.        

35. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online April 2019), James Crawford.        

36. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891.  Film ##1310264. James Crawford, 4 Aug 1814 Book A: p. 152; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online May 2019.        

37. Entry;  , “Jefferson County Deeds” Special p.99 (Crawford.IN.084).        

38. 1820 U.S. Census, Jefferson County, Indiana, population schedule, Jefferson County, Indiana, image 23, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

39. Indiana, Jennings. Deed Records V. A Apr 1818 – Nov 1828.  Film #1305298. Vawter to Crawford, 20 Oct 1820 Book A: page 115; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2019.        

40. “Jennings County Deed Book A,” Hoosier Journal of Ancestry (Vol. 10), (Crawford.IN.068).        

41. “Madison Township 1826 Voters” Special #4 (Crawford.IN.084).        

42. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891, James Crawford, 7 Apr 1826; .        

43. Jefferson County Cemetery Records Volume 1 (: DAR, 1941), p. 329 (Crawford.IN.081). Hereinafter cited as Jefferson County Cemetery Records.        

44. “Abstracts of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots,” Ancestry.com,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), James Crawford; Hatcher, Patricia Law. Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, vol. 1-4.        

45. Maxwell History and Genealogy, 255.        

46. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Mari K. “Polly” Crawford Guthri (1786-1834), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65800390,        

47. Norman Bloss Mavity, The Mavity Family (Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., 1954), p. 7; digital copy, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online April 2019.        

48. DAR Lineage Books, page 178 volume 97 (Crawford.KY.040).        

49. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Rebecca Anderson (1761-1840), Find a Grave Memorial no. #32605052,

True or False?

Do you have ancestors living in the colonies prior to the revolutionary war? Have you applied to the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) or Sons of the American Revolution (SAR) for those ancestors? If so, have you ever encountered a warning that ‘future applicants must prove correct service’?

This happened to me when I applied for the DAR. I was trying to use my great-grandmother’s application (Josie Winifred Hammond Crawford – #319934) to apply.  She applied thru her great-grandfather, Jason Hammond (1762-1830). Unfortunately, I was told they wouldn’t accept Jason Hammond as a revolutionary war ancestor. Since there were other Jason Hammonds living in Connecticut at the time, I’m assuming that the other Jason Hammond was the one who served. Fortunately, I was able to apply thru Jason’s father, Nathaniel Hammond, who provided support for the revolutionary troops.

As I’m researching various James Crawford families in early Kentucky, I’ve found that the DAR has limited applications for one of those James Crawfords.

Unfortunately, many people for many years have mixed these men up. The James Crawford who has data in the ‘correction file’ is one of the James Crawfords living in Fleming County, Kentucky. This James was married to Sarah Vansant in 1786 in Botetourt County, Kentuckyand died in 1836. James Crawford is buried in the Hillsboro Cemetery in Fleming County, KY

The second James Crawford was married to Rebecca Maxwell Anderson. This James Crawford owned land along Paint Lick Creek in Madison and Garrard Counties, Kentucky before moving to Jefferson County, Indiana. James Crawford is buried in Hebron Cemetery in Jefferson County, Indiana.

Both men have tombstones indicating that they are revolutionary war veterans.

Since I’m trying to prove that the James Crawford of Jefferson County, Indiana is the uncle to my ancestor, I’ve been trying to learn about his life. Thus, when I learned about a biography of him, I wrote to the Madison Public Library to see if they had a copy of that biography.

I recently received a copy of that biography. It appears that this biography was clipped from a newspaper and placed in the 1916 DAR scrapbook.

James Crawford
Ancestor of Mrs. Jennie V. Johnson

James Crawford was born in the
colony of Virginia, in 1758. At the
early age of twenty years he ‘as
sisted in establishing American In
dependence,” by enlisting as a pri-
vate from Boetourt county, under
Capt. Wm. Colbert and Col. Patrick
Lockhart.
He served three months, and then, 
after a lapse of two years, he re-
enlisted for another three months
campaign under Capt. Alex Henley
and COl. Morgan. He was engaged
in the battle of Camden and the
skirmish on Tadkin river.
The next public record we have of
him is after his removal to Ken-
tucky, where he is mentioned as be-
ing a member of the first convention
held in Kentucky to frame a state
constitution. this body of men con-
vened at Danville in 1792, and as a
result Kentucky took her place
among the United States of America.
James Crawford continued to be
active in public affairs and served
as a member of teh house of repre
sentatives in 1821 and 1822.
He married Rebecca Anderson
and their daughter, Elizabeth, b-
came the wife of Rev. Beverly Vaw-
ter, who was so renowned in his day
as a preacher in the church of the
disciples. His son, Richard Beverly 
Vawter, who married Maria Lane, 
were the parents of Mrs. Jennie 
Vawter Johnson.
James Crawford applied for a pen-
sion April 1st, 1833, while living in
Fleming county, Ky. His claim was
allowed. He lived only three years
longer, dying at the age of seventy-
eight years. His remains lie buried
in Hebron cemetery, Jefferson coun-
ty, Ind.
A headstone has been provided by 
the government and will soon be
placed by the John Paul Chapter,
D.A.R.

I had hoped that this biography would open some doors in my James Crawford research. However, the middle part of the biography appears to pull information for several different James Crawfords. So the question becomes: What is TRUE and What is FALSE?

  • Born in Virginia in 1758 — likely TRUE for James Crawford who married Rebecca Anderson
  • Military Service — Likely FALSE – currently DAR is crediting this military service to the James Crawford who married Sarah Vansant. 
  • Member of first Kentucky territorial convention – likely FALSE. Other documents indicate that the Rev. James Crawford of Fayette County, KY was the person who was a representative to the  convention.
  •  Served as a member of the house of representatives in 1821 and 1822 — Likely FALSE. Other documents indicate that the James Crawford (1797-1836) of Fleming County is the one that served in the Kentucky House of Representatives. This James Crawford was married to Elizabeth Stockton.
  • Married to Rebecca Anderson — likely TRUE – land records indicate that the James Crawford of Indiana was married to Rebecca Anderson. 
  • Burial — likely TRUE – Find a Grave supports this burial information

Thus, I didn’t find this biography very helpful. However, it has shown me that I need to find corroborating documents for details in any biography that I find. 

This biography also illustrates why one might need to research everyone with the same name in a particular area. If I hadn’t researched these various James Crawford families, I would not have been able to identify aspects of this biography that are likely for the other James Crawfords.

George W. Crawford

Have you ever just stumbled across something that others may seem minor when it provides major clues. That’s what happened yesterday when I did a simple Google search for ‘Isaac Crawford Nancy Miller’.

That search led to a biography of George W. Crawford of Gentry County, Missouri in the book, The History of Gentry and Worth Counties, Missouri on page 421.

George W. Crawford

section 5, township 61,l range 30, is the owner of 223 acres of land, about
120 acres of which are under fence and in a fine state of cultivation. He
has a comfortable house, a good barn and a fine orchard. Mr. Crawford
the son of Isaac and Nancy (Miller) Crawford, both Kentuckians by birth.
During his infancy his parents died, and he was reared by his grand
parents. At the age of two years he was taken to Garrard County, Ken-
tucky, where he remained until ten years of age. In 1833, he moved
to Clay County, Missouri, continuing to reside there until about the year
1838, when he came to Gentry County. In 1846, he went to Santa Fe,
New Mexico, returning to Gentry County in the spring of 1847. In
1849, he took a trip to California and remained there until June, 1851,
when he again came to Gentry County, and here he has since lived. He
located on his present farm in 1852, and is a prominent farmer and stock
raiser of this vicinity. Mr. Crawford was married in Gentry County,
October 14, 1852, to Elizabeth Wheeler, who was born in Garrard County,
Kentucky, September 3, 1833. She is the daughter of Benjamin and
Sophia (Bradshaw) Wheeler, both of Garrard County. The result of 
this union was twelve children, ten of whom were living: Sophia J., James
A., Benjamin, Isaac N., Ulysses, Annie, Miriam, Cenie Margaret, Lueva
and Elsie. Mr. Crawford and wife are both members of the Baptist
Church.

Not only does this biography contain information about the travels of George W. Crawford as an adult, but it explains how Isaac Crawford’s children got from Indiana to Kentucky.

Since several of Nancy Miller’s siblings settled in the same area of Missouri at about the same time, this biography suggests that I need to do more research on those Miller siblings to learn more about the children of Isaac and Nancy Crawford.

Thanks Google for leading me to this biography. These are fantastic hints!

James or George

Do you have a brick wall? Does that brick wall involve identifying the father of an ancestor? At some point, many of us face such a brick wall.

One of my brick walls involves my ancestor, James Crawford. My James Crawford married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. All of my research efforts have not punched a hole in this brick wall. Thus, I’m using the FAN (friends acquaintances, and neighbors) club method to branch out and try to find a way around this brick wall. I’m currently researching all of the Crawford families in the area of Garrard County, Kentucky during its early days of settlement.

One of those families is James Crawford and his wife Rebecca Anderson. My current theory is that this James Crawford might be an uncle to my ancestor. Thus, I’m hoping that by researching James and Rebecca and their children, I might find something relating to my James Crawford. Unfortunately, identifying the children of James and Rebecca is proving to be difficult.

I found information about this family in the Florence Wilson Houston book, Maxwell History and Genealogy

This book identifies the children of James and Rebecca as William Crawford, James Crawford, Isaac Crawford, Ann Crawford, Jane Crawford, Cynthia Crawford, and Polly Crawford. Even though this information is just a hint, it has proven valuable in locating records for the children of James and Rebecca. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to locate a will, probate record or even a deed that identifies these children as the children of James and/or Rebecca Crawford.

When it comes to Isaac Crawford, some other researchers show his father as George Crawford and not James. Thus, I’m trying to figure out whether there are two Isaac Crawfords in the Garrard County, Kentucky area at the same time or whether someone has an incorrect father for Isaac Crawford – and that someone could be me.

My theory: The Isaac Crawford married to Nancy Miller is the son of James and Rebecca Crawford. 

Do I have any rock solid evidence to support this theory? No! I only have tidbits of information that might connect Isaac to James and Rebecca Crawford. Most of what I have simply places Isaac Crawford in the same area as James and Rebecca during the same time period.

I have found records placing James and Rebecca Anderson living along Paint Lick Creek in Madison and Garrard Counties, Kentucky.

In that same area, several sources indicate that Isaac Crawford married Nancy Miller on 2 Dec 1808.

In 1809, there is an Isaac Crawford on the tax list for Garrard County, Kentucky. A James Crawford and a Wm Crawford are listed on the same page of this tax list. (Note: This page does not include a George Crawford.)

Isaac is also listed on the 1810 and 1811 tax lists for Garrard County, Kentucky. However, James Crawford is not listed on these tax lists. In 1811, James Crawford is said to have moved to Jefferson County, Indiana (Vawter Family in America).

Since James Crawford moved to Indiana, it is possible that a son named Isaac might also move to Indiana. In 1815, an Isaac Crawford registered land at the Jeffersonvlle land office. Jefferson County, Indiana deeds indicate that an Isaac Crawford and Nancy his wife sold land in Jefferson County, Indiana. Isaac and Nancy again sell land in 1822. In 1823, an Isaac Crawford purchases land in Bartholomew County, Indiana. Other researchers indicate that Isaac and Nancy (Miller) Crawford died in 1824.

I have yet to find a record or records linking Isaac Crawford to James Crawford, thus, I have to consider the possibility that there are either two Isaac Crawfords married to a Nancy or that Isaac’s father is George Crawford. My next step is to contact other researchers to see if they can provide information to prove or disprove my theory.

The first place I looked was on the FamilySearch tree. That tree currently shows George Crawford as the father of Isaac. Since the change log allows me to see who made changes to Isaac Crawford [LQ5D-25H],  I can see who is in the ‘James camp’ and who is in the ‘George camp’.

I have used the FamilySearch messaging system to contact these researchers – and I have received a hint that there is a court record involving Isaac’s sister, Polly Guthrie, that may identify the children of James.

Some might wonder why I’m spending so much time investigating Isaac since he isn’t my ancestor. The primary reason is that I’m hoping that by following James and Rebecca’s children, grandchildren, etc. I will stumble across some clue that will take me around my brick wall and identify the parents or siblings of my ancestor. My second reason is that one of my DNA matches descends from Isaac and my match is in the ‘George’ camp.

Check out Isaac Crawford on my RootsMagic website and let me know who you think his father is.

Aristippus Brown

As part of my CRAWFORD research, I’m trying to determine whether the Isaac Crawford of Jefferson County, Indiana is the same Isaac Crawford who married Nancy Miller in Garrard County, Kentucky. Thus, I’m trying to locate information on potential children. One of those potential children is Elizabeth Crawford who married Aristippus Brown in Clinton County, Missouri.

Unfortunately, I’m having trouble locating much information on Aristippus Brown. What I’ve been able to locate is a marriage record, land records and mentions in county histories.

Aristippus Brown was married to Elizabeth Crawford in Clinton County, Missouri on 3 August 1836.

According to the History of Davies and Gentry Counties, MIssouri, Aristippus Brown was from Kentucky and lived near Genntryville in 1839. The history indicates that Aristippus Brown moved to California.

In May of 1840, Aristippus Brown and Elizabeth Brown his wife, sold land in Garrard County, Kentucky. This deed identifies Elizabeth as Elizabeth Crawford, daughter of Isaac Crawford and granddaughter of Jacob Miller.

Garrard County Kentucky
Land and Property

Deeds, Vols. N-O 1838-1843
FamilySearch Film 183247 DGS 8568105

Page 396

No. 1381 
Aristippus Brown [sc] to William W Duff
Deed
This Indenture made and entered into this 2nd day of May in the
year 1840 between Aristippus Brown and Elizabeth Brown his
wife, late Elizabeth Crawford, daughter of Isaac Crawford son
in law of Jacob Miller decd of the County of Clinton and State of
Missouri, by James Crawford their attorney in fact of and part
and William W Duff of Garrard County and State of Kentucky
of the other part, witnesseth that the said James Crawford attorney
as afsd for and in consideration of the sum of seventy five dollar
rs to him in hand paid, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledg
ed has sold and by these presents conveys to the said Duff, all

page 397

the right, title and interest of the said Brown and wife in
and to a tract of 197 1/2 acres of land, lying in Garrard Co Ky
on the waters of Paint Lick, and being the same on which
their ancestor Jacob Miller died, and from whom said Interest
descended, being the one sixth of one eleventh part of said land
supposed to be a fraction over three acres to the said Duff
his heirs [jc]
And the said Brown and Elizabeth his wife, by their said
attorney James Crawford by these presents covenant and agree
to and with said Duff that they will warrant and forever def
end the title to the Interest aforesaid free adn discharged of
all right Interest claim or demand of themselves their heirs
or assigns and from the claim or claims of all and every other
person or persons, whatever to said Duff, his heirs [jc] absolutely
In testimony whereof the said parties of the first part 
by their aforesaid attorney have hereunto set their hands and affix
ed their seals the date afsd
Aristipus Brown (seal)
Elizabeth Brown (seal)
by James A Crawford (seal)
State of Kentucky
Garrard County
I certify that this deed from Aristippus
Brown and Elizabeth Brown his wife, by James A. Crawford
their attorney to William W. Duff was produced to me in my
office on the 2nd day of May 1840 and acnd by the said
James A. Crawford attorney as afsd to be his act and deed
for the purposes therein mentioned.
Whereupon the said deed together with this certificate
is truly recorded, this 2nd day of May 1840.
Alex R McKee ck

According to the ‘Early History of Gentry County’ published in the 13 February 1936 edition of the Albany Ledger (Albany, Missouri), Aristippus Brown was living in Miller Township of Gentry County about 1845.

In June of 1845, Aristippus Brown of Mills Township was appointed justice of the peace according to the History of Davies and Gentry Counties.

In July 1847, Aristippus Brown sold land in Gentry County being a fractional part of section 33, Township 56 range 33 containing twenty five acres. The deed did not mention a wife.

Gentry County, Missouri
Deeds v. C-D 1842-1850
FS Film 1005936 DGS 8593563

Page 41

This deed, made and entered into this twelfth day of July, eighteen hundred and
forty seven by and between Aristippus Brown of Gentry County and State of Missouri
of the first part, and William R. Powe of Clinton County and State of Missouri of the
second part, witnesseth, that the said party of the first part for and in consideration
of the sum of one hundred and eighty dollars to him in hand paid by the said party
of the second part receipt whereof is hereby confessed and acknowledged has granted,
bargains and sold, and by these presents doth grant, bargain and sell, convey and
confirm unto the said party of the second part, and to his heirs and assigns forever,
a certain tract, piece or parcel of land, lying and being in the County of Clinton and
State of Missouri to wit: the lot or South part of fractional section thirty three (33)
in Township fifty six(56) of range thirty three (33) containing twenty five acres
and twenty hundredths of an acre more or less. To have and to hold the same, with all
the rights privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining
unto him, the said party of the second part, his heirs and assigns forever; the said Aris
tippus Brown, party of the first part hereby covenanting that he his heirs executors and ad-
ministrators will warrant and defend the title to the said premises and every part thereof,

page 42

to him the said party of the second part & to his heirs and assigns, against the lawful
claim or claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever, claiming or to claim the
same or any part thereof.
It witness whereof, the said party of the first part has hereunto set his hand and
seal, the day and year first herein written.
Aristippus Brown (SS)
Done in presence of
State of Missouri
County of Clinton ss
Be it remembered that on this twelfth day of July eighteen
hundred and forty seven, before me, the undersigned Clerk of the Circuit Court with-
in and for the County aforesaid, personally came Aristippus Brown, who is personally
known to me to be the same person whose name is subscribed to the foregoing instrument
of writing, as party thereto, and he acknowledged the same to be his act and deed
for the purposes therein mentioned.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal
(S.S.) of said Court, on the day and year above written.
Winslow Turner, Clerk
Mem. The foregoing deed was received by me for record on the 12th day of
July A.D. 1847.
Winslow Turner, Recorder.

In June 1848, Aristippus Brown filed patents for two tracts of land in Gentry County, Missouri. Certificate 5112 was for 40 acres in section 1, Township 60 Range 31. Certificate 4664 was for the SE 1/4 Section 36, Township 60, Range 31. (Bureau of Land Management)

Certificate
No. 5112


The United States of America
To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Aristippus Brown, of Gentry County, Missouri
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Plattsburg whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said
Aristippus Brown
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled “An Act making further provision for the sale of Public Lands,” for
Lot number One of the North East fractional quarter
of section one in Township sixty one of Range thirty
one in the District of Lands subject to sale as Platts
burg, Missouri, containing, Forty acres
according to the official plat of the survey of said lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said
Aristippus Brown
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents do Give and Grant,
unto the said, Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs, the said tract above described; to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights
privileges, immunities and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said
Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs and assigns forever
In Testimony whereof, I James K Polk
President of the United States of American, have caused these letters to be made Patent, and
the seal, of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of June
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight and of the 
Independence of the United States the seventy second
by the President; James K Polk
by J F Stephens [Afor} Sec’y
S H Laughlin Recorder of the General Land Office

______

Bureau of Land Management
Patent Image

Pre-Emption
Certificate
No. 4664


The United States of America

To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas Aristippus Brown of Gentry County Missouri
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Plattsburg, whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said
Aristippus Brown
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled “An Act making further provision for the sale of Public Lands,” for
the South East quarter of Section Thirty Six in Township Sixty
two of Range Thirty one in the District of Lands subject to 
sale at Plasttsburg Missouri containing one hundred and 
sixty acres
according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said Aristippus Brown
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents do Give and Grant,
unto the said Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging unto the said Aristippus Brown
and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony whereof, I James K Polk
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and
the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the Tenth day of June
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight and of the
independence of the United States the twenty second
By the President: James K Polk
by J K Stephens [Sfor] Sec’y
S. H. Laughlin, Recorder of the General Land Office

In 1876, Aristippus Brown was listed on the California Voter Registration records living in Lake County, California.

I’m hoping that by learning more about Aristippus Brown, his wife Elizabeth Crawford and her siblings I’ll be able to determine whether the Isaac and Nancy Crawford of Jefferson County, Indiana is the Isaac Crawford who married Nancy Miller in Garrard County, Kentucky.

Sellers Deed

Have you ever encountered some random information in a Facebook post that led you to look for additional records? That was my experience recently when someone posted in the Families of Garrard County, Kentucky group about the Sellers-Kennedy riot.

Since my Crawford family left Garrard County before 1820, I haven’t paid much attention to the history of the county after that. One of the Crawford lines I’m tracking from the Garrard County area had two daughters marry into the Sellers family. (William Sellers married Sarah Crawford and James Sellers married Mary Crawford) These particular Sellers families also moved out of the county.

At this point, I don’t know how the Sellers of the 1873 riot connect to the Sellers family of the 1790s but I’m guessing they do connect.

One of the comments on the post mentioned the search for Sellers deeds. When I looked back at my research, I realized I did not have the deed for the sale of land. Since those records are easily accessible on FamilySearch, I located that deed today.

At first glance, this deed may be for land that belonged to James Sellers and Mary Crawford.

Garrard County, Kentucky
Land and Property

Deeds, Vols. R-S 1849-1859
Family Search Film 183249 DGS 8191827

Deed Book R page 480
image 245

No 3799 Isaac Marksbury Commissioner to James Anderson
(deed)
This indenture made and entered into this day of September 1830 between Isaac
Marksbury Commissioner appointed under a decree of the Garrard Circuit Court
pronounced at the June Term 1830 wherein James Sellars heirs are complete and
James Sellar heirs are deft of one part and James Anderson of Garrard County
of the other part, witnesseth that whereas by a former decree of the Garrard Circuit
Court pronounced in the above suit, the said Isaac Marksbury as Commissi
oner was authorized and directed to sell a certain tract of land lying on the
waters of Sugar Creek, which descended to the said heirs from their ancestor James
Sellars, which sale was mad and Nathan Sellars became the purchaser
thereof, and it appearing that said Nathan has sold said land to the said 
James Anderson, and the said Garrard Circuit Court having appointed
& authorized the said Isaac Marksbury to make the conveyance, to said
Anderson now therefor in consideration thereof the said Isaac Marksbury
by these presents does sell alien en[seoss] and convey unto the said James
Anderson the following tract or parcel of land lying and being in the
County of Garrard and bounded as follows to wit Beginning at A
a stone corner to James Anderson running from thence N 80 degrees W 160 poles
to a stake another corner of said Anderson in Downings back line, thence
with said line N 10 degrees E 160 poles to a large poplar thence S 80 degrees E 160 poles to
an old stump on a washed hill side thence South 10 degrees W 26 poles to a
stake in a field thence East 28 poles to 3 beeches in the creek thence
up the creek with its meanders S 20 degrees W 28 poles S42 degrees W 10 poles to the mouth
of a branch at a sugar tree thence up the branch N 80 degrees W 21 1/2 poles
to an Elm in the old line thence with said line S 10 degrees W 102 poles to the
beginning containing 164 acres and 3 roods.

page 481

To have and to hold the afsd tract or parcel of land with all and
singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging to him the said James
Anderson his heirs [pd] in fee simple forever and the said Isaac
Marksbury as Commissions afsd does covenant that he will warr
ant and defend the title of said land to him the said Anderson
his heirs [fd] against the claim or claims of all persons claiming throu
gh or by the heirs of James Sellars, decd.
In Testimony whereof he has hereto set his hand and seal 
the day & year above
Isaac Marksbury
Commissioner
Garrard circuit Sct
It appears from the records of the Garrard Circuit Court
Clerks office of which court I am clerk that this deed was produced
in open County by Isaac Marksbury Comm on the 24th day of March
1831, and acknowledged by him to be his act and deed approved
and ordered to be recorded and handed over to the clerk of the Garr
ard County Court for record in his office.
I have therefor recorded the same in the deed Book
of the Garrard Circuit Court & have handed the same to the
Clerk of the Garrard County Court to be by him recorded
this 2nd April 1830.
Alex R McKee Clerk
Garrard Circuit Ct
This deed has a clue that hopefully will lead to more records:

decree of the Garrard Circuit Court pronounced at the June Term 1830
Now to locate the correct set of court records and find the Sellars case in those records!