Will in Deed Book

Is this an April Fool’s Joke?

Have you ever encountered a will entered into a deed book? I’ve seen those ‘et al’ deeds where the land is split between children, or deeds from the administrator of an estate to a child or children, but I don’t recall ever finding an actual will in a deed book.

However, while searching the deed indexes of Warren County, Indiana for FOSTER deeds, I found the will of Richard Foster on page 420 of volume 11 of the deeds.

Warren County Indiana
Deed records, 1827-1901

Deed records, V. 10-11, 1841-1850 Film 1977054 GS 8071879

Foster Richard Will & Testament Book 11 page 420

IN the name of God Amen, I Richard Foster of the County of Pike
and State of Ohio being sick and weak in body but of sound dis
posing mind and memory and understanding considering the
certainty of death and uncertainty of the time thereof and being
desirous to settle my worldly affairs and thereby be the better
prepared to leave this world when it shall please God to call me
home do therefore make and publish this my last will and
testament in manner and form following that is to say firstly
I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God and my
body to the Earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my
Executrix hereinafter named and after my dets and fun
eral charges are paid second I will and bequeath unto my
third son Zebulon Foster all the lands I have in the State
of Indiana on the waters of the Wabash River as follows
to wit: That if it should be considered that the said lands
at first cost should be more than his equal share of my
estate hereafter then he shall pay back the overpaid to the
said estate, and I also give to him one sorrel mare in
consideration of services rendered since he was of age, not
to be accounted as any part of his legacy. Thirdly, I will and
bequeath unto my beloved wife Rachel all the reside of my
lands and covenants with all my goods and shattels moneys
and credits after paying all my just debts so long as she shall
remain my widow for the purpose of raising my children and
to be at her disposal during the — Fourthly I will that at the
death of my wife that the two oldest of my children, to wit
Jeremiah B Foster and John Foster shall account for the ad
vancement made to them as per receipts and Zebulon Foster
according to the bequest made above and then an equal dii
[decid] struck between all my children, to wit, Jeremiah
B Foster, John Foster, Eliza Wilson, Zebulon Foster, Cassandra
Foster, Lemuel G Foster, Asenath Foster, Thomas Foster,
Seth C. Foster and Rachel Foster share and share alike.
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint y dear wife
Rachel Foster to sole executrix of this my last will
and testament revoking and annulling all former wills by
me heretofore made satisfying and confirming this and none
other to be my last will and testament. In testimony whereof
I Richard Foster have to this my will consisting of one sheet of paper
set my hand and seal this seventh day oF June in the year
of our Lord God (1831) one thousand eight hundred and thirty
one
(seal)
Signed & Seal in presence of us
Be it known on the day before the above will was wrote the deceased richard Fostr called
on us to bear witness that the above was his will In testimony
whereof we have hereunto set our hand and seals as witness

Indiana, Warren. Deed Records, 1827-1901. Film #1977054 DGS 8071879. Richard Foster, June 1831 Vol 11: page 420; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022.
Indiana, Warren. Deed Records, 1827-1901. Film #1977054 DGS 8071879. Richard Foster, June 1831 Vol 11: page 420; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022.

Since the version transcribed into the deed book does not identify the witnesses of the will, I looked for the actual will in the records for Pike County, Ohio. The will is recorded on page 54 of volume 1 of Pike County, Ohio will records.

Pike County Ohio
Will Record
Vol. 1
page 54

State of Ohio
Pike County

Pike Court of common Pleas June Term
being the 20th day of June AD 1831

Be it remembered that on this day the last will
and testament of Richard Foster late of Pike county deceased
was [exhibited] in open court and proved by the oaths of Joseph Foster
George Johnston and James Davis in all things agreeable to the statute
in such cases mad and provided as follows to wit”
State of Ohio Pike County
This day personally appeared before the Court of Common Please ina nd
for said County the within name Joseph Foster George Johnston
and James Davis who being duly sworn did depose and say that they
were present at the time of speaking the testamentory words named
in the within instrument by the said Richard Foster, now deceased
that the same was immediately reduced to writing and was read over to the
said Richard Foster and then and there declared to be his last will and
testament and that he then and there desire @ these deponents to bear
testimony that such was his will which they accordingly did and within
six days thereafter attested the same as such that the same was done
and made by the said Richard Foster in his last sickness and that at
the time of making said will he the said Richard was of sound mind
and memory and these deponents are entirely disinterested unto the
subject matter of said will.
Sworn to and subscribed
in open Court June 20th 1831
Joseph Foster
George Johnston
James Davis

And the Court being satisfied that said will has been duly executed
and that the testator was of full age and of sound mind and memory
and not under any restraint at the time of executing the same It
is therefore ordered by the Court that said Will be admitted to record
pursuant to statute which said will reads in the word following “to wit,”
In the name of God Amen
I Richard Foster of the County of Pike and State of Ohio being sick
and week in body but of sound disposing mind memory and
understanding considering the certainty of death and uncertainty of
the time thereof and being desirous to settle my worldly affairs
and thereby be the better prepared to leave this world when it shall
please God to call me home do therefore make and publish this my
last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say
I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God and my body to
the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executrix here
in after named and after my debts and funeral charges are paid
Second I will and bequeath unto my third son Zebulon Foster

page 55
all the land I have in the State of Indiana on the waters of the Wabash river as
follows “to wit” that if it should be considered that the said lands at first
cost should be more than his equal share of my estate hereafter then he shall
pay back the overplus to the said estate andI also givve to him one sorrel
mare in consideration of services rendered since he was of age not to be
accounted as any part of his legacy. Thirdly I will and bequeath unto
my beloved wife Rachel all the reside of my lands and tenements
with all my goods and chattels moneys and credits after paying all
my just bills so long as she shall remain my widow for the purpose
of raising my children and to be at her disposal during the Fourthly
I will that at my death of my wife that the two eldest of my children, “to wit,”
Jeremiah B foster & John Foster shall account for the advancement
made to them as per receipts and Zebulon Foster according to the bequest
made above and them and equal dividend be struck between all my
children, “to wit,” Jeremiah B. Foster, John Foster, Eliza Wilson, Zebulon
Foster, Cassandra Foster, Lemuel G Foster, Asenith Foster, Thomas
Foster, Seth C Foster and Rachel Foster share and share alike
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my dear wife Rachel
Foster to be sole executrix of this my last will and testament revoking
and annulling all former wills by me heretofore made ratifying and
confirming this and none other to be my last will and testament
In testimony whereof I Richard Foster have to this my will consisting
of one sheet of paper, set my hand and seal this seventh day of June
in the year of our Lord God (1831) one thousand eight hundred
and thirty one
Seal
Signed and sealed in presence of us
Be it known that on the day the above Will was wrote the deceased
Richard Foster, called us to bear witness that the above was his
will. In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands as
witness this 13th day of June one thousand eight hundred
and thirty one
Joseph Foster Seal
George Johnston seal
James Davis seal

Ohio Probate Records, 1789-1996, Pike County, Will Record Vol. 1 1815-1865, Richard Foster, 1831; digitized images, FamilySearch (www.famlysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022).
Ohio Probate Records, 1789-1996, Pike County, Will Record Vol. 1 1815-1865, Richard Foster, 1831; digitized images, FamilySearch (www.famlysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022).

Since these two records are very similar, it is obvious that finding the copy of the will in a deed book is not an April Fool’s joke. This is just another example of why I like to use records found in a Recorder of Deeds office.

James Crawford Attorney?

Do you struggle with same name issues? If you are a regular reader of my blog, then you know that my genealogy is plagued by same name issues. One of those names being James Crawford.

Thus, when I find a document for a James Crawford in a county where my ancestor lived, I can’t be certain it is my ancestor. Nor am I certain that the document is for any of the James Crawfords that I’ve researched.

So, when I find a power of attorney deed in Barren County Kentucky during the time period that I believe not one but two of my James Crawford families lived, I have to question whether it fits with what else I know about these men. This particular deed appoints James Crawford and Moses Dooley as attorneys for John Singleton. At this time, I don’t know anything about John Singleton. But I do know that Moses Dooley was a land owner in Garrard County, Kentucky with land on Sugar Creek. This places Moses Dooley in the same area as Rebekah Crawford and Mary Crawford. I also know that there is a Moses Dooley on the tax roles in Barren County at the same time both James Crawfords are listed on those roles. And the Moses Dooley family is found in Preble County, Ohio with both James Crawfords. Thus, I think this deed involves one of these James Crawfords.

One of these James Crawfords was a justice of the peace in Preble County. Between 1814 and 1824, a James Crawford was a county commissioner. Once James and Martha moved to Indiana, references to a Crawford hold office in Preble County, Ohio stopped. Thus, I have concluded that the James married to Martha is the office holder. Based on that conclusion, I think this power of attorney deed might be for this James Crawford.

Barren County, Kentucky
Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961

Vols. B-C 1801-1813
Film 209720 DGS 007899150

1803 Dooley et al Moses / John Singleton
P.of A. Book B page 33

1803

Image 28

Know all men by these presents that I John Singleton of St Clair County
in the Indiana Territory do hereby do make ordain constite and appoint
Moses Dooley and James Crawford both of Barren County and State of Kentucky
my true and lawful Attorneys for me and in my name to convey a
certain tract of land lying in Barren County in the State of Kentucky
on the head of the Glovers Creek containing one thousand acres as appears
by deed from William Croghan to me and also for me and in my name
to seal execute and deliver such deed as be the sd Moses hath agreed to give
conveyances, bargain and sale for the absolute sale and disposal thereof
or any part thereof with such clauses covenants and agreements to be
[therein] contains as my said Attorney or either of them shall think fit and [appoint] hereby
ratifying confirming all such deed conveyances bargains and sales
ratifying confirming all such deed conveyances bargains and sales
which shall any time hereafter be sealed and executed by my said Atttor
neys or either of them touching and concerning the premises In witness whereof I hae
hereunto signed my name and affixed my seal at Cahokia this 3rd day
of September in the year of our Lord 1803
John Singleton (seal)
Witness
John [Hay}
WIlliam Atchason

Illinois County Sct Be it remembered that on the 3 day of September
1813 personally appeared before me the [subin] one of the Justices of the
said county the above named John Singleton who acknowledged the
the above instrument of writing to be his voluntary act and deed in
Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and
year above written
N Parrot (seal)

Indiana territory St Clair County Sct
I John Hay Esq [Prothanotary] of the Court of Common Pleas of the said
County do hereby certify that Nicholos Jarrod Esqr the person taking the
above acknowledgment is a Justice of the peace and Court of Common Pleas
of the same county of St Clair and to all act and deeds by him subscribed
as such full faith and credit is and right to be given.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
affixed the seal of the said Court of common Pleas of the
said county the third day of September one thousand eight
hundred & three
John Hay [Prothonatory]
SClair

Barren County To wit October County Court 1803
This power of attorney from John Singleton to Moses Dooley and
James Crawford was produced in Court with the two certificates
thereon endorsed duly authenticated and was there upon ordered to
be Recorded
Test W Logan Clk

Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #209720 DGS 007899150. James Crawford, 3 sep 1803 Vol. B: page 33; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 21 February 2022.

Douglass Land on Beaver Creek

Do ‘bright shiny objects’ cause you to change direction with your genealogy research? That’s where I find myself right now: chasing those bright shiny objects versus working on my stated goals. So, what has me distracted? My Crawford puzzle of course!

I’ve recently been updating my research of my 3rd great grandfather, Nelson Crawford — which is one of my 2022 goals. Since Nelson bought and sold land to and from descendants of James and Martha Crawford, updating my research on that family distracted me.

Then, I recently received an email from a descendant of James and Martha Crawford telling me about a message he received from a George Douglass descendant. This connection grabbed my attention since we believe that George Douglass is the uncle of James Crawford. We had already verified that George Douglass sold Rebekah Crawford land in Garrard County, Kentucky.

Since learning more about George Douglass may help us trace our Crawford lines back to Virginia, I decided to review my Douglass notes and see what else I could dig up. Like James and Martha who migrated from Garrard County to Barren County, George Douglass also made that trek. In looking at Barren County Kentucky land records, a George Douglass purchased 300 acres of land on Beaver Creek in 1808 from Levi Hollingsworth.

Vols. B-C 1801-1813
Film 209720 DGS 7899150

Image 117
Volume B page 210

Hollingsworth to Douglass Deed

This Indenture made this 24th day of February in the year of
our Lord 1802 between Levi Hollingsworth of the City of
Philadelphia by Thomas Badley his attorney in fact of the
County of Fayatte and Commonwealth of Kentucky of the one part
and George Douglass of the County of Barren and Commonwealth
afrsd of the other part witnesseth that the sd Levi Hollingsworth
for and in consideration of the sum of $400 current money of
Kentucky to him in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby
acknowledged hath granted bargained & sold and by these presents
doth grant bargain sell & confirm unto the sd George Douglass
his heirs or assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate and being
in the County of Barren on the waters of Beaver Creek containing
300 acres and bounded as follows to wit) Beginning at a red
oak & hickory and poplar John Mosby Shepherds north East
corner of his survey of 1000 acres on the sinks of Beaver Creek
N ° 390 and runing N 49 ° west 29 poles to a chestnut and hickory thence
N 45 ° E 128 poles crossing Beaver Creek at 102 poles to Hickory &
walnut standing in the edge of the Barrens thence with the Barrens
S 79 ° W 148 poles thence North 73 ° West 210 poles thence North
70 ° West 127 poles to two Sycammores and hack berry on Beaver
Creek in the edge of the Barrens thence south 186 poles to
Shepherd North west corner a red [oak] poplar and hickory thence
east with John Mosby Shepherds line 400 poles to the beginning
which was entered surveyed & pattented in the name of Levi
Hollingsworth it being within the District set apart for the
officers and soldiers of Virginia state line together
with all and singular the premises thereunto belonging
or in any wise appertaining to have & to hold

page 211
the land hereby conveyed with the appurtenances unto the sd George
Douglass his heirs and and assigns forever and the sd Levi Hollingsworth
for himself his heirs executors and administrators the afsd tract of land
and premises unto the sd George Douglass his heirs or assigns against the claim
or claims and every person or persons whatsoever doth and will warrant and forever
defend by these presents In Witness whereof the sd Levi Hollingsworth by
Thomas Bedley his attorney in fact duly authorized by power of attorney
recorded in the clerks office of the Court of appeals hath hereunto set his hand
and seal the day and date first above written.
Levi Hollingsworth (seal)
By Thomas Badly his
Attorney in fact

Acknowledged
in presents of
Wm Todd

State of Kentucky Lexington District (to wit) as Deputy
Clerk of he Court for the District aforesaid I do hereby certify that this
indenture was this day acknowledged before me by Thomas Bradley
as attorney in fact for Levi Hollingsworth party thereto and that a
true copy thereof is entered on record in my office Given under my hand
this 24th day of February 1802
Wm Todd Dc[S.D.C]

Barren County (to wit) September the 10th 1808 This Indenture form
Levi Hollingsworth by his atty Thomas Bradley to George Douglass with
the certificate thereon endorsed was proved to me in my office and at the
request of the sd George Douglass was admitted to record [?}
Test W Logan Clk

To try and understand what this parcel of land looked like, I plotted it in my Deed Mapper software.

Since Levi Hollingsworth was an original land owner, I was able to locate the survey and associated documents on the Kentucky Secretary of State Virginia and Old Kentucky Patent site. Levi Hollingsworth had an Old Kentucky patent – certificate number 1893. The 1785 survey of Levi Hollingsworth’s land looks very similar to the plot view from Deed Mapper.

In 1815, George Douglass sold 200 acres of this land to Joseph Neville.

Barren County Kentucky
Deeds, 1798-1902, 1961; indexes, 1798-1935

Vols D-E 1813-1818
Film 209721 DGS 7896473

Image 222 start of Volume E

1815 Douglass Geo to Joseph Nevill book E page 52 200 A Beaver Cr

Image 263
Volume E Page 52

This Indenture made this twenty third day of August
one thousand eight hundred and fifteen between George
Douglass of the County of Barren & State of Kentucky
of the one part and Joseph Neville of the County & State aforesaid Witnesseth
that the said George Douglass for and in consideration
of the sum of eight hundred and twenty dollars to
him in hand paid the receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledged
doth bargain sell alien and convey unto the said Joseph
Neville his heirs or assigns a certain tract or parcel of land
lying & being in the county of Barren & State of Kentucky
on the sinks of Beaver Creek which was entered and surveyed
in the name of Levi Hollandsworth containing two hund
red acres tot he same more or less and bounded as followeth
(to wit) Beginning at a red oak hickory and poplar corner

page 53

to a 1000 acre survey of John Mosby Shepherd and
runneth thence north fortynine degrees west twentynine
poles to a Chestnut and hickory thence North forty five
East one hundred and twenty eight poles to a hickory
& walnut standing in the edge of the Beavers thence
South seventy nine West one hundred & forty eight
poles; thence North Seventy three West one hundred
and fifty seven poles to a gum & two Spanish oaks
thence South sixteen West seventy eight poles to a
Black oak; thence North eighty eight degrees west
one hundred and fifty poles to three black walnuts
thence South sixty two poles to a red oak poplar & hickory
thence East four hundred poles to the beginning. to have
and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with the
appurtenances unto the said Joseph Nevill his heirs or assignees
forever from me my heirs #c & from the claim of all
& every other person or persons whatsoever shall forever
warrant and in witness whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and affixed my seal the day and date above written.
George Douglass (seal)
Signed sealed & Delivered in
presence of
Teste Rougherty
Sherod Bybee

Barren County Sct October the 7th 1815
This Indenture of bargain and sale from George
Douglass to Joseph Nevill was on the day of the date
hereof acknowledged before me by the said Douglass
to be his act and deed and there upon the same was
admited to record in my office Teste T W Davis DCl

Below is a plot of the 200 acres (in pink) over the tope of the original 300 acre plot.

The final 100 acres of this piece of land was sold by Samuel Douglass in1829 to Thomas Br[oa]dy. This deed is on page 390 of volume L of Barren County Deeds (FamilySearch digitized microfilm)

While these deeds do not show any connection between the Douglass family and either Crawford family, they do place George Douglass in Barren County, Kentucky where James and Martha also owned land. The Crawford land was on Marrowbone Creek. At this time, I have no idea whether the Douglass land was close to the Crawford land or whether several hills and valleys separated the two pieces of land.

William Duggins Indiana land

Would you consider yourself a ‘straight-line’ researcher or a ‘branching out’ researcher. In other words do you only research ancestors or do you branch out and research their siblings. I have to admit to being a ‘branching out’ researcher along with a multiple shrubs researcher.

As I’ve been going back thru my research, I recently realized that I haven’t reviewed my research for my ancestors half brothers, William and Henry Duggins. Since I recently discovered that William received patents for land in Warren county, Indiana where my ancestor, Nelson Crawford also patented land, I decided that I need to review my research for William and do some more digging into his life.

A search of the Bureau of Land Management records reveals that William Duggins received two patents for land in Warren County, Indiana. The first is certificate No. 35937 dated 1 July 1852.

The United States of America
Certificate
No. 35937

To all to whom these presents shall come, Greetings:
Whereas William A. Duggins, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Crawfordsville, whereby it appears that full payment has been madd by the said
William A Duggins
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820 entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

The West half of the South East quarter and the East half of the South West
quarter and the North East quarter of the south east quarter and the
North West quarter of the South West quarter of section thirty in town-
ship twenty three, north of range nine west, in the District of lands
subject to sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing two hundred
and thirty six acres, and ninety four hundredths of an acre

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the general Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tracts have been purchased by said William A. Duggins

Now know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and Granted, and by these presents Do Give and grant,
unto the said William A. Duggins
and to his heirs, the said tracts above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said
William A. Duggins,
and to his heirs and assigns forever,

In testimony Whereof, I Millard Fillmore
President of the United States of American, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and
the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of July,
in the Year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty two, and of the
Independence of the United States the Seventy Sixth
By the President: Millard Fillmore
By Alex. McCormick Apt Sec’y
E. S. Terry, Recorder of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, William A Duggins, 1 July 1852; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 11 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

The second patent was for certificate Number 36087 dated 1 August 1853.

The United States of America

Certificate
No. 36087

To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas William A Duggins of Preble County Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land office at Crawfordsville whereby it appears that full payment has been amde by the said
William A. Duggins
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820 entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the South East quarter of the South East quarter and
the South West quarter of the South West quarter of section Thirty, in
Township Twenty Three North of Range Nine West int he District of Lands
Subject to sale at Crawfordsville Indiana containing twenty six acres
and ninety four hundredths of an acre

according to the official plat of the survey of said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said William A. Duggins
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents Do give and Grant,
unto the said William A. Duggins
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said William A. Duggins

and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I, Franklin Pierce
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters be made patent, and
the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of August,
in the Year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty third and of the
Independence of the United States the Seventy eighth
By the President, Franklin Pierce
By Jno H Wheeler Apt Sec’y
J H Granger Recorder of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, William A. Duggins, 1 August 1853; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 11 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

A search of the ‘First Landowner’s’ database on the History.Geo website for Duggins in township 23N of range 9W reveals that William A. Duggins was the first land owner of the south half of section 30 of T23N R9W in Warren county, Indiana

This map shows that William Duggins’ land in section 30 is just south of land his half brother, Nelson Crawford, owned in section 19. Seeing them as neighbors in Warren County, Indiana reinforces the idea that I need to expand my knowledge of William Duggins and his family.

Date Conflict

Recently, Judy Russell shared the blog post, The Source of the Source, where she encouraged readers to Always go for the original. As I was reviewing my sourcing for Moses J. Lincoln, son-in-law of James and Martha Crawford, I encountered different dates for land entrys.

At the time I did my original research, I was using the book, Crawfordsville Indiana Land Entries, 1820-1830, that was compiled by Janet C. Cowen. I photocopied the pages for the Crawford and Foster surnames but took handwritten notes for Moses Lincoln and other sons-in-law of James and Martha Crawford.

I had used these handwritten notes and the recorded dates to create ‘land entry’ facts for Moses Lincoln. Knowing that the images of these patents were readily available online and that I should seek out these original sources, I located and downloaded the patent images.

That’s when I discovered two things:

  • There was a 5th patent that I did not have written down in my notes
  • The dates on the patents had been crossed out and a different date written in.

If I hadn’t looked for the images of the patents, I doubt I would have found that 5th patent for 160 acres of land. Thanks Judy Russell for the reminder to always go for the original!

#4695

Certificate
No. 4695

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln
according to the provisions of the Act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled u8220“An act making further provisions for the sale of the Public Lands,u8221” for

the East half of the South West quarter of Section Nine, in Township Nineteen North of Range Three West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty acres

according tot he official plat of the survey of th said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J. Lincoln
Now Know Ye, that the United States of American, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have Given and Granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs the said tract above described: To have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appur-
tenances, of whatsoever nature thereto belonging, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs and assigns forever.

In testimony whereof, I, John Quincy Adams
President of the United States of America, have caused these letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the tenth day of January, in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty first

By the President J. Q. A.

G. G. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln, 10 January 1827; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8241

Certificate
No. 8241

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,”

the North West quarter of section twenty one in Township twenty-one North of Range
eight West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana
containing one hundred and sixty acres,

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth.

A. J.
By the President

E. H. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8241, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8455

Certificate
No. 8455

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln of Preble county, Ohio,
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville,
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J. Lincoln
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled u8220“An act making further provisions for the sale of the Public Lands,u8221” for

the East half of the North West quarter of Section thirty, in Township twenty-one North of Range
eight West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty
acres
according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln

Now Know Ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J. Lincoln
and to his heirs and assigns forever
In testimony whereof, I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the independence of the United States the
fifty fifth
A. J.
By the President
E. H.
G. G. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8455, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8514

Certificate 8514

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the West half of the North West quarter of section nine in township twenty-one North of Range Eight, West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth.

A. J.
By the President

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8514, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#12865

Certificate 12865

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Warren County, Indiana
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a cetificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the East half of the South East quarter of Section seventeen in township twenty-one North of Range eight West, in the district of land subject to sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the third day of February in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty one and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-sixth.

A. J.
By the President

Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #12865, 3 February 1831; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

Martha Crawford Deed

Warren County Indiana
Deeds

Deed Records V. 25, 1865-1874 (tax deeds) Deed records, v.26-27, 1866-1869
FS Film 1977156 DGS 8071885

Book 26 Page 248

This Indenture made this 30th day of April A.D. 1867 Witnesseth that
Danl. H Twomey a commissioner by Order of the Warren Circuit
Court in and for the County of Warren and State of Indiana in
the Case of Martha Crawford against William Jones. Martha S. Jones his
wife Jacob Held. Amanda J. Held his wife Henry Held and Nancy
Held his wife entered in Order book ‘No 8’ on page 434 conveys to
Martha Crawford of Warren County in the State of Indiana in
Consideration of Nine Hundred Dollars by her paid to William
Jones above named and a further consideration of One
Dollar to me paid the following described Real Estate to wit

Lot number one hundred and sixty one (161) in the 2nd
continuation West addition to the town of Williamsprot
also the following described land to wit. Beginning at the North
East corner of the above described lot no. 161 thence North 23 degrees 30 minutes
East twelve rods thence North 66 degrees 30 minutes west twenty rods thence South
23 degrees 30 minutes west ten rods to the north west corner of Said lot thence
South 61 degrees East twenty and seven tenths rodes ( 20 7/10 rods) to the place of
beginning containing one acre and sixty (60) poles more or less being a part
of the East half of the North East quarter of Section Eleven in Township
Twenty one (21) Range eight (8) west

In witness whereof the said Danl H. Twomey commissioner
as aforesaid has herunto set his hand and seal the day and year
first above written.
Danl. H. Twomey Commissioner
State of Indiana
County of Warren
Before me William C Smith Clerk of the Warren
Circuit Court in and for said county this 30th day of April A.D. 1867
came Danl. H Twomey commissioner above named and as such
commissioner acknowledged the execution of the annexed deed
witness my hand and seal of said court
William C. Smith Clerk
Examined approved and confirmed by me this 2nd day of May AD 1867
Jna Cowan
Judge W.C. Court
I certify that the deed of which the above and foregoing is a true copy
was duly stamped as provided by act of Congress
Recorded June 14th 1867

1859 Crawford Briggs Deed

IN 1859, Nelson Crawford and his wife Martha sold 80 acres of land to Mary Briggs and her husband Elisha Briggs for $1000.

Warren County, Indiana
Deed Records, 1827-1901

Volume 20 page 476
Film 1977058 DGS 8071883

By this deed Nelson G Crawford & Martha Crawford his
wife of Warren County in the State of Indiana convey and
warrant to Mary Elizabeth Briggs and Elisha V Briggs
of Warren County in the state of Indiana for the sum of
one thousand dollars the following real estate in Warren
County in the state of Indiana to wit
The East half of the North west quarter of Section twenty
four (24) in Township twenty two (22) North of range
Ten (10) West containing eighty acres more or less.
In witness whereof the said Nelson G Crawford and
Martha Crawford his wife have hereunto set their hands
and seals this 19th day of October A D 1859
Nelson G Crawford (seal)
Martha Crawford (seal)
The State of Indiana Warren County sct
Before me John B Wright Recorder of Deeds in
and for said County came Nelson G Crawford
and Martha Crawford his wife and acknowledged
the execution of the foregoing deed
Witness my hand and official seal this 19th
day of October 1859
John B wright Recorder W Co Ind
Recorded July 30 1862
William H Thomas R W Co Ia

1857 Nelson Crawford Deed

In 1857, Nelson Crawford sold 313 acres to Harrison Goodwine.

Warren County Indiana
Deed Records, 1827-1901

Volume 18 page 520
Film #1977057 DGS 8071882

This Indenture witnesseth that Nelson G Crawford
and Martha Crawford in consideration of thirty one
hundred & thirty dollars by them paid by Harrison
Goodwine the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged do
hereby grant bargain sell and convey to the said Harrison
Goodwine his heirs and assigns forever the following real
estate in Warren County and State of Indiana and
described as follows to wit, and being all of the South
half of Section No 30 thirty in Township No 23 twenty three
N of Range No 9 Nine West, containing 313 three hundred
and thirteen acres of land more or less together with
all the privileges and appurtenances to the same bel
onging to have and to hold the same to the said Harrison
Goodwine his heirs and assigns forever. The grantors their
heirs and assignees hereby covenanting with the grantee
his heirs and assigns that the title so conveyed is clear free
and unincumbered that they are lawfully seized of the
premises aforesaid as of a sure and indefeas
ible estate of inheritance in fe simple and that they
will warrant and defend the same against all claims
whatsoever. In witness whereof the said Nelson G
Crawford and Martha Crawford have hereunto set
their hands and seals this 3d day of July 1857.
Nelson G Crawford (seal)
Martha Crawford (seal)
State of Indiana Warren County, SS
Personally appeared before me the subscribed
John B Wright Recorder in and for said county
Nelson G Crawford and Martha Crawford his wife
the grantors in the above conveyance and acknowledged
the same to be their voluntary act and deed
Witness my hand and official seal this 3d day of
July 1857
John B. Wright, Recorder
Recorded June 23d 1859
John B. Wright, Recorder W Co Ind
By Henry U Wright, Dep

1855 Crawford Swank Deed

In 1855, Oliver Swank and his wife sold 160 acres to Nelson G. Crawford for $1200.

Warren County Indiana
Deed Records, 1827-1901

Volume 15 page 182
Film 1977056 DGS 8071881

By this deed Oliver Swank and Mary Swank his
wife of Warren County in the state of Indiana convey and
warrant to Nelson G. Crawford of Warren County in
the state of Indiana for the sum of twelve hundred dollars
the following real estate in warren County in the state
of Indiana to wit the north west quarter of section twenty
four 24 in township twenty two 22 North of Range Ten 10
west containing one hundred and sixty acres in witness
whereof the said Oliver Swank and Mary Swank his wife
has hereunto set their hands and seals this 5 day of April
AD 1853
Oliver Swank (seal)
Mary Swank (seal)
The state of Indiana
Warren County ct
Before me R M Allen Recorder
in and for said County, Oliver Swank and Mary Swank
his wife acknowledged the execution of the annexed deed
Witness my hand and official seal this 5 day of April 18[35]
R M Allen Recorder
SS
Recorded May 11 18[55]
R M Allen Recorder
by P w Allen Dep

1855 Duggins Crawford Deed

In 1855, William Duggins sold land he owned in Warren County, Indiana to his half brother, Nelson Crawford. The deed was for the sale of 313 acres for $1600.

Warren County Indiana
Deed Records, 1827-1901

Vol. 15, pages 402-403
FS Film #1977056, DGS 8071881

Know all men that William A. Duggins and Sarah Duggins
his wife of Preble County Ohio in [consideration] of sixteen hundred
dollars to them paid by Nelson G Crawford of Warren County
Indiana that receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged do hereby
bargain sell and convey to the said Nelson G Crawford his
heirs and assigns forever the following [premises] situate in the
township of Pine in the county of Warren and State of Indiana
and bargained and described as follows to wit and being
all of the South half of Section no thirty 30, in township no
twenty three 23, N of Range No nine 9 west containing 313
three hundred and thirteen acres of land more or less together
with all and singular the [priveleges] and appurtenances to
the same [Bem ging] to have and to hold the same to
the grantors there heirs and assigns hereby [onmantin] with
the grantee his heirs and assigns that the title so conveyed
is clear free and unencumbered and that they will warrant
and defend the same against all [Lawfull] claims whatsoever
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals
this third day of September AD 1833
William A Duggins (seal)
Sarah her mark Duggins (Seal)
Executed in presence of [Zane] Neal B Stephens
The State of Ohio Preble County SS. Be it remembered
that on this third day of September AD 1855 Before me a
Notary Public in and for said County personally came William
A. Duggins & Sarah his wife the grantors in the above
conveyance and acknowledged the signing and sealing thereof
to be their voluntary act and deed for the uses and purposes
therein mentioned And the said Sarah Duggins wife of
the said William A. Duggins being examined by me
separate and apart from her said husband and

page 403
the contents of said deed made known and explained to her by
me. She then declared that she did voluntarily sign seal
and acknowledged the same and that she is still satisfied [therewith]
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal
notarial the day and year above mentioned
B Stephens
notary Public
Recorded Nov 28 1855
R H Allen Recorder
by P w Allen Dep