Kennedy to Crawford Deed

Deed-KY-Lincoln-Crawford-Kennedy

Lincoln County Kentucky
Deed Book A
page 219 image 120
FH Microfilm 192238

Kennedy to Crofford

This Indenture maid this 19th day of April in
the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and
eight six between Thos Kennedy of the county of
Lincoln and State of Virginia of the one part and James
Crofford of the state and county aforesaid of the other


part Witnesseth that for and in consideration of
the sum of one hundred pounds current money
paid by the said James Crofford to sd
Kennedy he hath granted bargained and sold and by
these presents do grant bargain and sell unto the sd James
Crofford his heirs exceters admrs or assigns one certain
trackt or parcel of land containing two hundred acres
of land lying in the county of Lincoln on the waters of
Paint lick ajoining John Kennedy Station place on the
north and bounded as foullieth to wit beginning at
the north east corner of John Kennedy station settlement
at a sugartree thence west with said Kennedy line one
hundred and fifty poles to two sugartrees on said Kennedy
line and on Samuel Gordons line, thence North ten
degrees East two hundred and thirteen and half poles to a
sugartree bounded by Gordons line thence East one
hundred and fifty poles to small Elm tree thence south
ten degrees west [two] hundred and thirteen & half poles to the

the beginning with all ways waters water courses proffits
heridetaments unto the said James Crofford his heirs and
assigns forever doth hereby warrant and forever defend the
said described land and witness whereof I have hereunto
set my hand and seal the day and year above written
Thos Kennedy
Agness Kennedy
Signed sealed & delivered
In the presence of us
At a court continued and held for Lincoln County the
19th day of April 1786
This indenture was acknow
ledged by the said Thomas Kennedy and Agnes his wife (she be
ing first privily examined as the law directs to be their act
and deed and ordered to be recorded.
Test Willis Green CLB

Sellers Mystery

Have you ever seen names on documents and wondered how they fit into your tree? That’s my situation right now with the SELLERS family!

My ancestor, James Crawford, married Sally Duggins in Garrard County, Kentucky in 1799. James Sellers signed the bond and was one of the parties named in the bond.

Know all men by these presents that
we Jams Crawford and James Sellers are
hito and firmly bound unto James Garrard
Esqr Governor of Kentucky in the just and
full sum of fifty pounds current money
to which payment will and trust to be
made we bind ourselves our heirs [so] jointly
and surrally firmly by these presents seald and
dated this 12th day of Sept 1799
Th eCondition of the above obligation
is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly
into to be solemnized between the above bound
James Crawford and Sally Duggins for 
which a licenses has issued now if there 
be no lawful cause to obstruct the sd
marriage then the above obligation so
be void. Else to remain in full force and 
virtue
James Crawford (seal)
James Sellers (seal)

In 1816, James Crawford and William Sellers purchased land in Preble County Ohio as joint tenants.

Ex of Such June 18 1816
James Madison, President of the United States of America
To all To Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting
know Ye, that William Sellers assignee of George Harlan and
James Crawford in his own right
having deposited in the General Land Office a Certificate of the Register of the Land Office
at Cincinnati whereby it appears that full payment has been made for
the Northwest quarter of Section Fourteen of Township Seven
in Range Two lying East of the Meridian line
of the lands directed to be sold at Cincinnati
by the Act of Congress, entitled “An act providing for the sale of the lands of the United
States in the territory north-west of the Ohio, and above the mouth of Kentucky river,” and
of the acts amendatory of the Same: There is granted, by the United States, unto
the said William Sellers & James Crawford the quarter lot or
section of land above described: To have and to hold the said quarter
lot or section of land, with the appurtenances, unto the said
William Sellers & James Crawford their heirs and assigns forever, as
tenants in common and not as joint tenants
In Testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be made
Patent, and the seal of the General Land-Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand at the City of Washington, the first
day of June in the year of our Lord, one thousand
eight hundred and sixteen and of the Independence
of the United States of America, the fortieth.
By the President, James Madison
Josiah Meigs Commissioner of the General Land Office

So who are James and William Sellers?

James and William Sellers are likely two of the seven identified children of Nathaniel Sellers. Nathaniel and several sons, including James, Samuel and William, appear on the early tax lists in Lincoln County, Kentucky. Two other sons, Joseph and Nathan, are on tax lists in Bourbon County, Kentucky during the same time period.

In 1791, James Sellers married Mary Crawford. Five years later (in 1796), William Sellers married Sarah Crawford. Thus, there is a connection between the Sellers and the Crawford families.

However, James and William Sellers are believed to be brothers-in-law to the James Crawford that married Martha Knight. James Sellers and Samuel Sellers witnessed the consent given by John Goodpastor for the marriage of Martha Night to James Crawford.

This is to certify that I John Goodpastor
gardien do fully give my Consnet to the
Marrage contract between James Crawford
and Martha Night as witness my hand and
Seal this ninth day of March 1793
John Goodpastor
James Sellers
Samel his mark Sellers
The bond for the marriage of James Crawford and Martha Night was guaranteed by Nathan Douglass.

Know all men by these presents that we James Crawford
and Nathan Douglass are held and firmly bound unto
His Excellency Isaac Shelby Esquire Governor of Kentucky in
the sum of fifty pounds current money to the payment
whereof to be made to the said Governor and his sucessors we
bind our selves our heirs etc firmly by these presents, sealed
with our seals and dated the 12th day of March 1793
The Condition of the above obligation is such that whereas
then is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between
the above bound James Crawford and Martha Night for
which a license has paid Now if these be no lawful cause
to obstruct the said marriage then this obligation to be void
or else to remain in full force
James Crawford
Nathan Douglass
Sealed Delivered
in presence of
Willes Green

The James Crawford who married Martha Knight (Night)  is believed to be the son of Rebekah Crawford and thus the brother to Mary Crawford who married James Sellers and to Sarah Crawford who married William Sellers.

Since land records show that James and Martha Crawford owned land in Barren County, it has been assumed that the James Crawford on the sale of land by Rebecca Crawford was the James Crawford married to Martha Knight.

Thus, it is believed that the children of Rebekah Crawford include James, husband of Martha, Mary and Sarah. This explains the Sellers names on the marriage consent for Martha Night.

However, it doesn’t explain a connections between James Crawford, husband of Sally Duggins, and James or William Sellers.

Thus the mystery!

At this time, my hypothesis is that my ancestors mother was a sister to James, William and Samuel Sellers. That would make James Crawford (Sally Duggins) a nephew to James Sellers who signed the marriage bond and a nephew to William Sellers who was a joint tenant.

My autosomal DNA results support this hypothesis. I have identified 9 DNA matches who trace their line back to Nathaniel David Sellers, father of James and William Sellers. This would make us some aspect of a sixth cousin. On average, we share 11.5 cM. When I checked the Shared cM Project, there is a 61.80% probability that we could be sixth cousins.  Unfortunately, I have several surnames in common with each of those matches. This makes it difficult to use the DNA to prove my hypothesis.

So, can you help unravel this mystery?

Suit Against George Douglass

Lincoln County Kentucky
Court Order Books 1781-1919

Vols. 2 1785-1786
FS Film 192253 – DGS 7763893
A suit against George Douglass for ejectment was discontinued.

Image 339

June Court 1785

Solomon Saveall of the
Demise of James Speed Plt
ag
George Douglass
In Ejectment for one
Missuage one plan
tation 900 acres of
land fifty acres of mea
dow and fifty acres of
pasture situate in the Parish and
County aforesaid
Ordered that the suit be discontinued

John Crawford on Jury

Lincoln County Kentucky
Court Order Books 1781-1919

Vols. 2 1785-1786
FS Film 192253 – DGS 7763893

John Crawford served on a jury during the February 1785 Court in Lincoln County, Kentucky.
Image 325

February Court 1785

Samuel McDowell assee
of Ann Lindsay Exr of Wil
liam Poage Deceased Plt
ag
Abraham Chapline Deft
In Case
This day dam the parties by their Attornies, and there upon
came also a jury, to wit, Richard Jackman, William
Stafford, Charles Gabliff, James Mason, James THomp
son, John Patterson, John McKee, William Patton, Samuel
continued on next page

Samuel McKee, John Crawford, Nathaniel Logan and
Thomas Black who being elected tryed and Sworn well and truly
to try the Issue joined upon their Oaths do say that the
Defendant does not owe to the Plaintiff the Debt in Declaration
mentioned nor any penny thereof as by pleading he hath alledged.
It is therefore considered by the Court that the Plaintiff take no
thing by his Bill, but for his fals clamour be in Mercy
and that the Defendant go hence without day and recover a
gainst the Plaintiff his Costs by him about his defence in
His behalf incurred and the said Plaintiff may be taken.

1785 Kentucky Court

Lincoln County Kentucky
Court Order Books 1781-1919

Vols. 2 1785-1786
FS Film 192253 – DGS 7763893

William Crawford served on a jury in the Lincoln County, Court during the February 1785 term.

Image 321

February Court 1785
John Seekright of the Demise of John Parks
[?ale] an Infant by his
Guardians John Cowan
and Joseph Davis Plt
ag
John Kincaid
In Ejectment for one
[messuage] one tenement
and 1000 acres of land
Situate in the County
of Lincoln and Parish
of Kentucky

This day came the parties by their Attornies and there
upon came also a jury, to wit, James Davis, James Logan
James Thompson, James Knox, John Edmunson, Jo
seph Scott, Edward Worthington, John Patterson, John
Berry, George Davidson, Thomas Montgomery and
William Crawford who being elected tried and sworn well
and truly to try the Issue joined upon their oaths do say
that the Defendant is guilty of the Trespass and Ejecment
in the declaration mentioned, It is therefore considered
continued on next page

by the court that the Plaintiff recover against the said Defen
dant his [Tennyet] to come of and in the lands in the Declaration
mentioned, and his costs by him about his suit in this behalve
expended and the said defendant n Mercy.

John Kennedy Deceased

Lincoln County Kentucky
Court Order Books 1781-1919

Vols. 1-2 1781-1786
FS Film 192253 – DGS 7763893

Image 227

July court 1784
On the motion of Martha Kennedy who made oath
and executed and acknowledged bond as teh law di
rects a certificate is granted her for obtaining
letters of Administration of the Estate of John
Kennedy Deceased

Ordered that George Hart, Samuel Denis Aquil
la Carmack and and Thomas Henry or any three of
them being first sworn do appraise the Estate of
John Kennedy deceased and return the apprais
ment to the court

Cowan vs Crawford

Lincoln County Kentucky
Court Order Books 1781-1919

Vols. 1-2 1781-1786
FS Film 192253 – DGS 7763893

Image 168

February Court 1784

John Cowan Pltf
against
William Crawford Deft
In Tx over
By consent of the parties, it is ordered that all
matters in difference between them relative to this
first be referred to the arbitration and determination
of James Speed and Joseph Davies and their award
or the award of such persons as they shall choose for
umpire in case they disagree to be made the
judgement of the court

Image 179

page 154
March Court 1784

John Cowan Plt
against
William Crawford Deft
In [Trover or Frover]
This day came the parties by their attor
nies and the arbitrators to whom all
matters in difference between the said
parties were referred, returned their report
in these words, to wit, 5th March 1784
“We the within refferees do award that
The plaintiff be cast in his suit and pay
costs. James Speed, Joseph Davis
It is therefore the opinion of the Court that
the defendant go hence without day and
recover against the plaintiff his costs by him
about his suit in this behalf incurred

Maybe Brothers

Have  you ever found people of the same surname in a census record and later wondered whether they were an unknown sibling? If so, then you understand when I wonder whether Alexander Crawford could be a sibling to the other Crawfords who married in Lincoln County, Kentucky prior to 1800?

Alexander Crofford is listed on the 1789 tax list for Lincoln County, Kentucky. Even though I have been researching other Crawford families in this area, I had ignored Alexander Crofford because other researchers have identified Alexander Crawford as a descendant of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

However, when I found Alexander Crawford on the Pulaski County, Kentucky tax lists along with William Crawford, I began to research Alexander Crawford.

  • Adams Crawford Land
  • Adams Will

The will of Thomas Adams identified the wife of Alexander Crawford as Margaret McElwee, niece of Thomas Adams. Since Alexander Crawford married Margaret McElwee in Lincoln County, Kentucky in 1788, I believe the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County, Kentucky is the same Alexander Crawford found in the Pulaski County records.

The Find a Grave entry for Alexander Crawford uses family relationships in Augusta County, Virginia to make the case that the Alexander Crawford of Pulaski County, Kentucky is likely descended from Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford — or a relative of this Alexander Crawford.


I would like to argue that Alexander Crawford is related to one or more of the Crawford families in early Lincoln and Madison Counties.

First, most of the connected families identified on the Find a Grave site are found in Lincoln County. William McElwee appears on court records for 1783. Several Logan family members are on the 1787 tax list for Lincoln County, Kentucky. 

Also located in Lincoln County, Kentucky are several Crawford family members: James Crawford, John Crawford, John Crawford, William Crawford, Rebekah Crawford and Mary Crawford.

William Crawford and James Crawford lived along the Paint Lick Creek. Tax records indicate that both owned land surveyed by the Kennedys. This William Crawford is the same William Crawford found on the Pulaski County Kentucky tax records along with Alexander Crawford.

Besides Alexander Crawford, three other Crawfords were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky. Mary Crawford marriage James Sellers in 1791. James Crawford married Martha Knight in 1793. Sarah Crawford married William Sellers in 1795. Rebekah Crawford gave permission for the marriage of Mary and Sarah. It is believed that Rebekah Crawford’s maiden name was Douglas. Nathan Douglas and James Crawford provided the bond for the marriage of James and Martha. Thus, Mary, James and Sarah are believed to be children of Rebekah and thus siblings.

Alexander Crawford and Margaret McElwee were married in 1788 in Lincoln County, Kentucky. Unfortunately, none of the names listed on the marriage bond connect Alexander Crawford to the other Crawfords. However, the date and place support the theory that Alexander Crawford is a sibling of Mary, James and Sarah Crawford.

At this time, all I have is circumstantial evidence tying Alexander Crawford to the other Crawford families in Lincoln County, Kentucky. I invite all Alexander Crawford researchers to join me in trying to locate documentation of Alexander’s parents.

Two of Them

Have you ever suspected that there were two men of the same name in a community but lacked the proof? Once I discovered John Crawford owning land on the Hanging Fork of Dix River, I’ve wondered about the possibility of two John Crawfords.

Thanks to the help of other researchers, I’ve placed two brothers, James and William living along Paint Lick Creek. We’ve suspected that their brother’s (John) widow was Rebecca Crawford who purchased land from George Douglass.

The deeds found for the John Crawford land on Hanging Fork do not support his being the father of the Sarah and Mary Crawford who married William and James Sellers in Lincoln County, Kentucky. Thus, it is unlikely that he is the husband of Rebecca Crawford.

As I was reading the Lincoln County Court Order book for 1783, I came across verification of TWO John Crawfords living in the area at that time. These records also show that William and James Crawford were also living in that vicinity at that time.

In the November Court of 1783, William Crawford was a defendant in a case brought by Jonathan Taylor. This petition was dismissed.

During that same court (November 1783) a jury was seated for the case of Ebenezer Miller, Executor of Cough Overton deceased against Arthur Owings. That jury included James Crawford, John Crawford and John Crawford. Yes – TWO – John Crawfords are listed on the jury.

Just in case I thought the clerk mistakenly wrote the name down twice, another case, William Overall against James Wray, also has James Crawford, John Crawford and John Crawford on the jury.

So, my theory is that the William Crawford named as a defendant and the James Crawford on the juries are the brothers living along Paint Lick. I believe one of the John Crawfords is the John Crawford owning land on Hanging Fork. I believe the other John Crawford is the brother to James and William and husband of Rebecca Crawford (or Mary Crawford).

If my theory about the second John Crawford is correct, then I should find mention of his death in these court proceedings or in the proceedings for Madison or Garrard counties. Thus, I need to continue reading court order books!
______

Image 157
November Court 1783

John King Assee of
James Espy who was
Assee of Jonathan Taylor
against
William Crawford Deft
Upon a petition

Ordered that the petition be discontinued

Image 158 (continues on next page)
November Court 1783

Ebenezer Miller – Executor
of Clough Overton Deceased Plt
agt
Arthur Owings Deft
In Debt

Image 159 – page 134
This day came the parties by their attor
nies and there upon came also a jury, to wit,
Mansah Singleton, James Kerr, James
Crawford, James MClure, William Pol
look, John Crawford, James Barnett
Alexander Collier, William Dyer, William
Bush, Matthias Yokum and John Craw
ford who being elected tried and sworn well
and truly to try the Issue joined upon their
oaths do say that the defendant does owe
to the Plaintiff the debt in the declaration
mentioned and they do assess the plaintifs
damages by occasion thereof to eight pounds
in discharge of that debt it is therefore con
sidered by the court that the plt recover a
gainst the said defendant his damages afore
said in form aforesaid assessed and his costs
by him in this behalf expanded and the said
defendanting mercy

Image 160
page 135 November Court 1783

William Overall Plt
against
James Wray Deft
in Trespass
This day came the parties by their Attor
nies and there upon came also a Jury
to wit, James Kerr, James Crawford,
James McClure, William Pollock, John
Crawford, James Barnett, Alexander
Collier, William Dyer, William Bush,
John Crawford, James Allen and a Nehe
miah Poor who being elected tried and
sworn well and truly to try the Issue joined
upon theor oaths do say that the defendant
is in no wise quilty of teh trespass in the De
claration mentioned as by pleading he hath
alledged it is therefore the opinion of the court
that the plaintiff take nothing by his bill
but for his false clamour be in mercy
and that the said defendant go hence without
day and recover against the plaintif his
cost by him about his defence in this behalf
responded.

John Crawford on Jury

Lincoln County Kentucky
Court Order Books 1781-1919

Vols. 2 1785-1786
FS Film 192253 – DGS 7763893

John Crawford served on a jury in the February 1785 court for Lincoln County, Kentucky
Image 325

February Court 1785

Samuel McDowell asseeof Ann Lindsay Exr of William Poage Deceased PltagAbraham Chapline DeftIn CaseThis day dam the parties by their Attornies, and there uponcame also a jury, to wit, Richard Jackman, WilliamStafford, Charles Gabliff, James Mason, James THompson, John Patterson, John McKee, William Patton, SamuelContinued on next page

Samuel McKee, John Crawford, Nathaniel Logan andThomas Black who being elected tryed and Sworn well and trulyto try the Issue joined upon their Oaths do say that theDefendant does not owe to the Plaintiff the Debt in Declarationmentioned nor any penny thereof as by pleading he hath alledged.It is therefore considered by the Court that the Plaintiff take nothing by his Bill, but for his false clamour be in Mercyand that the Defendant go hence without day and recover against the Plaintiff his Costs by him about his defence inHis behalf incurred and the said Plaintiff may be taken.