Memorial Day

Today is the day that was established to honor those who died while serving our country. Can you identify your ancestors or cousins whom we would honor today? Although I am aware of some of my cousins, I cannot readily name them.

However, my genealogy program is a database. Thus, I should be able to use the program and create a list. Unfortunately, searching for this type of information in a database requires that data be entered accurately. And I can attest to the fact incomplete or missing data in my file will impact my ability to pull this information.

Knowing that my mom has a couple of 2nd cousins who died during World War II, I started trying to create a list of those who died during that war. My first step was to create a group. This feature is located under the command palette, whose icon is located in the upper right corner of RootsMagic 8.

Opening the list of commands, I scroll down to GROUPS. Since I want to create a group, I’m looking for the command to ‘Add, delete or modify the list of gorups’.

Clicking that choice opens the GROUPS window. This window shows my existing groups and has buttons to add (new), edit, delete or rename a group.

To create my group, I click on the NEW button. A window opens prompting me to enter a name for this group. For this example, I’m going to name my group ‘WWII Deaths’.

That opens a window titled RootsMagic Explorer that shows a list of everyone in my file with boxes for checkmarks to indicate group membership. Since I’m creating this group from scratch, I want to use the MARK button.

Clicking the MARK button opens a pull-down menu showing my choices. Since I’m wanting to create a list based on the death date and place, I want to use the ‘By Data Fields’ choice.

This opens a window that allows me to select data fields and create a ‘sentence’ defining my search. Sometimes figuring out this ‘sentence’ is trial and error. This is also where incomplete data can impact the results. For my first ‘trial’, I’m going to search for those people with a military fact who died between 7 Dec 1941 and 2 Sept 1945. I am using 7 Dec 1941 as my start date since that is the date in which the United States was attacked.

When I click the OK button, the software searches my file and finds 9 people that have a military fact who died during the specified time period.

To finish creating the group, I have to click on the OK button and then click on the SELECT button in the lower right corner of the window. If I forget to click SELECT, my group is not created. That closes the selection window and returns me to the group window, where I have to again click OK to close the window.

The easiest way to review my group is to use the INDEX on the side of the PEOPLE screen. The default for the Index is to SHOW EVERYONE.

When I click on the ‘Show Everyone’ box, a menu opens showing the groups I have created.

If I scroll down the list, I can locate my newly created WWII DEATHS group.

Selecting the WWII DEATHS group causes the index to display the members of this group.

Looking at that list, I have several people born before 1900 who were included on the list. I have two options to ‘clean up’ this list. One option is to look at each person in question, evaluate their information and then remove them from the list if they don’t meet my criteria.

For example, Lloyd William Barnes is on my list with a death date of 14 Dec 1941. He also has a military fact, but it is dated 1918.

Below his parents is the GROUP information. When I click on the word GROUPS, it opens a list of all of my groups on the right side of the person window.

Scrolling down, I can locate the WWII Deaths group and remove the check mark by that group and then close the person window. That removes him from the list of people in the group under the index.

I can continue working my way thru the group one person at a time, or I could edit my group and add a statement to help narrow the selection. In this case, I might add a statement requiring the birth date to be after 1900. To do this, I follow the same procedure used to open the GROUPS menu. Then I scroll down to locate my group, WWI Deaths.

This time, I want to click on the EDIT button. This opens the RootsMagic Explorer window where I can mark/unmark members in this group. Since I’m editing an existing group, I usually check UNMARK and select prior to going back in and editing my selection. This makes sure that those I don’t want in the group are removed. Once I’m back in the RootsMagic Explorer window, I select MARK and pick BY DATA FIELDs as before. My previous ‘sentence’ is still there. I only need to ADD to it. Thus, I’m gong to add a 4th line for the Birth Date is after 31 Dec 1899.

Clicking OK causes the program to search using my new criteria. Five people are now marked. This is where I need to remember to click SELECT after clicking the OK button.

Working my way thru these 5 people, I can verify that I have information entered for each of them about their death during World War II.

Using this process, I created groups for the Korean War, World War II, World War I and the Civil War.

Korean War Deaths

  • John Frederick Christy

World War II Deaths

World War I Deaths

  • None

Civil War Deaths

  • John Nelson Ralston
  • John Wesley Roberts

While creating these groups is the easiest way I know of to identify these cousins deserving to be honored this Memorial Day. However, this method is not perfect. (Remember, it depends on the completeness and accuracy of my data.) Since I remembered writing about a service member who died when his plane crashed, I expected him to be on my list. And, he is NOT.

My blog post, Plane Down, identifies him as 2nd Lieutenant Gene Marion Ashmore.

Checking what information I have for Gene Marion Ashmore, I can verify that he has a military fact. However, his death date is outside of the dates I used for my search. It is a few days AFTER the official end of World War II. Thus, the computer did not add his name to my group of WWII Deaths.

Since I would like to be able to include him in my list of WWII veterans to be honored on Memorial Day, I can manually add him to the list. If I click on GROUPS (below his parents) and then scroll down my list of groups, I can locate the ‘WWII Deaths’ group.

When I return to the index and select the WWI Deaths group, I can verify that he has been added.

As my database grows, I will either need to remember to update these lists as I identify a veteran or use the GROUPS menu to edit the group.

How about you? Can you identify people in your tree to be honored on Memorial Day?

Saturday Tidbits

1940 Draft


Courier Tribune
Thursday, November 21, 1940
page 1

Draft Order
(Official List Continued)

51 Wilbur Louis Roeder
52 Virgil Elmer Brockman
53 Walter Stauffer
54 Vincent Frank Wessel
55 Gerald Edwin Wiggins
56 Raymond Clarence Shaffer
57 George Darrel Hawley
58 Bernard Frances Runnebaum
59 Ferdinand Henry Niehues
60 Sylvester Joseph Wietharn
61 Edward john Hasenkamp
62 William Joseph Flaherty
63 Elmer Walter Allen
64 Willis Eugene Barnes
65 LeRoy Hunzeker
66 Raymond Hudson Weaver
67 Raymond Aloysius Ronnebaum
68 Bernard Aloysius Becker
69 Merle Vernon Chase
70 Roy Yens Gustin
71 Roland Paul Grote
72 Elmer Wagner
73 Orlo Henry Drinkwater
74 Austin W. Vogel
75 Emet Francis Hightower
76 Herman Arthur Beyreis
77 Joseph Hiald Moore
78 Eugene Francis showman
79 Anthony Francis Spielman
80 William Kenneth Rucker
81 Floyd Emerson Downing
82 Boyd Robert Cawood
83 David Meyer
84 Odile John Koelzer
85 Floyd Iven Baumgartner
86 Harry Gilmore Whittle Jr
87 Roy Meyer
88 Louis Ross Warfel
89 Norbert Andrew Stallbaumer
90 Virgil Vernon Bumgarner
91 Raymond William Rasmussen
92 Francis John Block
93 Ruben Stauffer
94 Raphael John Blocker
95 Emil Roy Edelman
96 Asia Roy Turpin
97 Paul Leon Irwin
98 Kenneth Edgar Hall
99 Louis Leroy Dannevik
100 Melvin Lester Deaver
101 Robert Goodrich Wilson
102 Amzi Gordon Mosteller
103 Ben Paul Kreutzman
104 Clarence Richard Hazlett
105 Leonard William Grimm
106 Edward Ferdinand Deters
107 James Jay Adriance
108 Ralph Benjamine Ward
109 Vincent August Buessing
110 Glenn Wilbur L[u]bbe
111 Raymond Eldrid Noland
112 Herman Louis Stallbaumer
113 William Robert Geren
114 Homer Leroy Turner
115 Eli Brunner
116 Roscoe George Smith
117 Allie John Hermesch
118 James Alvin Hoskins
119 Emmett Thackeray Dodson
120 Mirl Herman Bontrager
121 John Jessee Barrett
122 Melvin Elmer Rauss
123 Belford J. Duryea
124 William Audley Sneed
125 William Francis Koch
126 Clifton Allen Holland
127 Garth Edwin Brinkworth
128 George Lee Miller
129 Gregory Henry Holthaus
130 Elmer W. McConnaughey
131 James Milbern Johnstone
132 Raymond Clement Gugelman
133 Harry Charles Churchill
134 Francis James Levret
135 Henry Grady Stegall
136 Cyril John Stallbaumer
137 John Charles Baldwin
138 Firmin Joseph Koch
139 Wilbur Henry Keim
140 Edwin Henry Wietharn
141 Frank Edward Stuke
142 Lawrence Joseph Olberding
143 Lester Laverne Williamson
144 Leslie Kenneth Wright
145 Edwin August Brokamp
146 Fred Edward Amos
147 Henry Aloysius Holthaus
148 Howard Freeman bell
149 Orville Douglas Edman
150 Bert Andrew Simmons

Saturday Tidbits

1940 Draft Numbers

from page 1 of the November 18, 1940 issue of The Courier-Tribune

First Blanks This Week
To the Draftees

Questionnaires Will Likely Start into the Mails Wednesday

The Nemaha county draft board will send the first federal draft questionnaires to “draftees” this week probably starting with 50 on Wednesday.
The county has a total of 1695 men registered. There has been a great amount of clerical work in handling the registration cards, listing order numbers, preparing “cover sheets” in which each questionnaire will be filed, and now is re-sorting the registration cards and placing them in alphabetical arrangement.
The new draft board has been approved federally, B. E. Stratton is chairman, O. J. Ward is secretary and Loyd J. Cobun is the third member.
First questionnaires go to the men who want to enlist for their year of service, regardless of order number. Also for early handling are the men who have enlisted, as with the national guard, and are awaiting call.
Order numbers were assigned recently to registration cards. The county office is now completing a full order number list. The Courier-Tribune will print this list in the next few papers, as space permits, because it is official. A list of the first 500 order number was printed before, but was unofficial. Save this list below and watch for succeeding issues:
Official Order List

1 Ivan Harold Bryant We
2 Leo John Spielman Ba
3 Harvey Elmer Hittle Sa
4 William Zery Murphy Ce
5 Lawrence Jos Schmidt Sa
6 John Joseph Rilinger Se
7 Vernet Harry Randel C0
8 James Edward Wilcox Ba
9 Archie LeRoy Swogger Be
10 Alphla Henry Aberle Sa
11 Paul Raymond Mathewson Se
12 Aloysius Fred Otting Se
13 Leslie Gordon Tate Se
14 Lee William Henry Sa
15 James Oliver McCoy On
16 Wilbur James Grimm On
17 Earnest Shumaker We
18 Bernard J. Dalinghaus Ba
19 Donald Charles Wood Sa
20 Arthur Louis Becker Se
21 Raymond N. Buser We
22 Lorenzo Dale Fletchall Sa
23 Lee Cochran Ce
24 Gilbert C. Ridgway Se
25 Herman Jacob Engel We
26 Kenneth Sherman Taylor Ba
27 Gerald John Wempe Se
28 Aloysius August Steinlage Co
29 Emil Kenneth Haug Se
30 Frederick Henry Keen Go
31 Lloyd W. Frederickson Co
32 Albert Francis Olberding Se
33 Marion Richard Ford We
34 Roland August Surdez Ce
35 Alphonse Joseph Holthaus Se
6 Cletus John Engelken Se
37 Rayomon Lenord Sweet Co
38 James Patrick O’Toole Ax
39 Arthur R Harrter Sa
40 Edward John Vogel Be
41 Orval Merland Bryant We
42 Max Elvin Gutknecht Sa
43 James Catlet Kelley Sa
44 Anthony Aloysius Deters Ba
45 Vernon Nance Kistner Sa
46 Louis William Wiegers Se
47 Thomas Morse Reed Ci
48 Moses Edelman Sa
49 Cyril Francis Olberding Ba
50 Robert John Haug Ve

There is a change in the first 50 number from the unofficial list, No. 45, Vernon Nance Kistner, not having been included in the unofficial listing.

Saturday Tidbits

Page 8 of the November 11, 1940 issue of the Courier Tribune

Ralph Anderson, Hiawatha, son of Mr. and Mrs. J.S. Anderson, Oneida, a lieutenant in the naval radio reserve, has been called to Washington, D.C. His wife is packing her household goods and will join him soon. Ralph’s cousin, Harold Anderson, Sabetha is also a member of the naval radio reserve corps and is in training at Hiawatha. He is a senior in Sabetha high and expects to take up naval training when school is out. Ralph presented his cousin with his masterpiece, a navy radio set he had made.

Page 8 of the November 14, 1940 issue of the Courier Tribune

Mr. and Mrs. Guy Griffith received word from their son, Bob, last week that he had joined the Army air corps and has been at Hamilton Field, near San Francisco until recently, when he sailed for the Philippines.

Page 2 of the November 28, 1940 issue of the Courier Tribune

Defense Program Takes Higgins from Teaching
Arlie Higgins is a former Seneca young man who is called from school work by the national defense program. Arlie has been high school principal at Florence, Kansas, where he has taught three years. He is a member of the Reserve Officers corps of the army as well as a teacher and the army now comes first. Arlie was here the first of the week to visit his mother, Mrs. W. H. Higgins, then went on to Fort Crook, Nebr., where he has been assigned as captain of the 3rd infantry. He is called for a year’s duty. He will look for a place to live at Ft. Crook and then he and his wife will move their household goods from Florence.

Saturday Tidbits

Bell Fighter

The Army’s newest battle of the skies. Armed with five machine guns, the Bell Fighter is the most formidable fighting plane in the U. S. Air Corps

Planes such as the Bell Fighter pictured above are being added to the nation’s air force as fast as modern production methods can supply them. To man this equipment the army is daily adding to its ground and air strength.
The President’s recent proclamation increasing the regular army to 227,000 soldiers opens an unusual opportunity to intelligent young men with their eyes on the future.
Seven hundred young men meeting army requirements will be recruited before December 31 in the eight mid-western states of the Seventh Corps Area for service at McChord Field, the new Air Corps station near Tacoma, Washington.
Applicants must be 18 to 35 years of age, unmarried and must pass a physical examination. Enlistment is for three years and advancement rests largely with the individual. The army is rapidly becoming mechanized and the opportunity for the man with technical or craft training is greater than ever before, with substantial increases in pay ratings for specialists. Enlistments will be taken for the Air Corps proper and the Air Corps Medical and Quartermaster units.
An applicant for enlistment to the Air Corps must have a high school education, or its equivalent or a journeyman rating in a mechanical trade.
McChord Field adjoins Fort Lewis, Washington, recognized as the most ideally situated army post in the United States. Fort Lewis is midway between Tacoma, a city of 140,000 and Olympia, the State Capital. Seattle, 400,000 population is a two-hour drive on the Pacific highway. The Fort Lewis reservation, 76,000 acres is literally a hunter’s and fisherman’s paradise, with deer, ducks, geese, pheasant, trout and salmon in abundance. The reservation includes every kind of terrain, high mountains, beautiful forests and mountain streams and the sea itself. The climate is mild, there is seldom a freeze, and Fort Lewis is rarely muddy due to the sandy-loam soil. Information regarding the nearest recruiting station may be obtained at your post office.

From page 2 of the 30 November 1939 issue of the Courier Tribune

1939 Air Corps

The following articles about Nemaha countians in the air corp were found in the 1939 issues of Seneca area paper.

Want Forty Men for the Air Corps

Recruiting activities to strengthen the national defense hit a new high in Wichita recently when Major L. D. Bogan, army recruiting officer, issued a call for 40 men for the air corps in California.

This is the largest order for air corps men yet made through the Wichita office. the call, authorized by General Bishop,, commandant of the Seventh Corps Area at Omaha was for men for Moffet Field, California.

The men must be recruited by September 26th or 27th, Major Bogan said, because they must report at Moffet Field not later than September 30th.

Major Bogan said application for the 40 select positions among the best in any branch of Uncle Sam’s fighting services will be taken commencing September 15.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) September 18, 1939 page 2

Max Millen, youngest son of Mrs. Bertha Millen, Seneca, has joined the army air corps at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Max has been employed in Blackwell, Oklahoma for some time and likes his new work and his associates.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) August 28, 1939 page 3

May Go to Air Corps

Walter Lancaster, son of Mr. and Mrs. Mel Lancaster of Oneida was one of six recruits for the U.S. army air corps sent from Topeka to Ft. Riley for a final examination, which, if passed will permit them to go to Moffet Field, California for training.

Courier tribune (Seneca, KS) September 28, 1939 page 7

1939 ROTC

The following was found in a Seneca area paper about the military rank and assignments for three young Nemaha county men after serving in the R.O.T.C. at the University of Kansas.

Three students in the University of Kansas from Seneca have been appointed second lieutenants in the Officers’ Reserve Corps of the United States Army, it is announced by Col. Karl F. Baldwin, in command of the R.O.T.C. at the University. Vincent Carl Rethman, a senior in the School of Engineering, has been appointed to the Chemical Warfare Reserve; Lester Anthony Haug, also a senior in the School of Engineering, has been appointed to the Coast Artillery Reserve and Omer Funk, a graduate, has been appointed to the Infantry Reserve.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) May 8, 1939 page 3

1939 Navy Boys

Part 2

The following tidbits of local news regarding Nemaha men who served in the U.S. Navy in 1939.

Andrew J. Herold in Civil Service in Hawaii

Were it not for the old home paper the old home town would lose track of many old home town boys. It is the business of the newspaper to keep the reading public informed so far as it can. Those who have news of old home town boys should aid in this matter.

Old home town boy, Andrew J. Herold, is now in the Hawaiian Islands, stationed at Honolulu where he is an electrical engineer in the navy. Andrew has civilian civil service rating. He and his wife, went to the Islands about May 1st. this is work for which he always has had a bent and suits him much better than former employment with REA.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) June 26, 1939 page 2

Joe Schon, 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Schon, Lincoln and grandson of Mrs. C. D. Hinkley of Bern has joined the navy and is now in California.

Courier tribune (Seneca, KS) July 10, 1939 page 5

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Baugh are looking forward to a visit from their son, Bob, who is in the navy and has been stationed near Honolulu for the past six months.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) July 13, 1939 page 8

Mrs. Alta Robertson Elliott and her husband, R. H. Elliott live in apartment five at 3835 Third avenue, San Diego. Mr. Elliott is employed in air mechanical service at the Navy station on North Island.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) July 27, 1939 page 4

Reuben Bieri, U.S. Navy, reached Seneca last night on a 20-day leave.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) August 14, 1939 page 3

Kenneth Grigsby, Kansas City, wrote his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Claude Grigsby that he is thinking seriously of rejoining the Navy in which he served four years but did not “ship over” after his term expired in the spring of ’38. Kenneth is employed in the Sears Roebuck store in Kansas City.

Courier Tribune (Seneca, KS) September 21, 1939 page 8

Chief Master Sergeant

Have you ever celebrated when you find an obituary that details a military career? Well, I’m celebrating today! As I’m researching cousins, I’ve finally found an obituary that provides quite a few details about the military career of my second cousin twice removed, Everett Wayne Stoops.

Wayne Stoops

Feb. 19, 1919 — July 7, 2006
Retired Chief Master Sgt. Everett Wayne Stoops, U.S. Air Force, of Albany died Friday, July 7, after a valiant fight against complications of heart and lung disease. He was 87.
Born in Hamilton County, Ind., to Ernest and Edith (Christy) Stoops, he was one of eight children.
Graduating from high school at 16, he worked in the family grocery store. Enlisting in the Army Air Corps in 1940, he attended aircraft maintenance schools and participated in submarine patrol missions until crashing in a B-26 aircraft on Dec. 18, 1941. He served 34 months in Australia, New Guinea, Dutch Ne Guinea and Owi Island, maintaining and, in some cases, rebuilding planes before returning to the United States. He then married Wilma Ridenour of Indiana, whom he had met on a blind date before he went overseas and ask to marry him on their third date. He left the service in 1945 as a master sergeant, but after three years re-enlisted in the U.S. Air Force, where he remained for 30 years of active service.
He was stationed all over the world from England to Labrador, Canada, to Vietnam and the Philippines, and traveled to Scotland, Bermuda, Guam, Thailand, Japan, Hong Kong, Greenland and points in between. As often as possible, his family and their dogs accompanied him.
He was one of the first men to attain the rank of chief master sergeant, the highest a non-commissioned office can hold. Upon retirement, the family moved to Albany, where Wayne worked as parts manager for Dorsey Bus Company and then for J and J Electric until his final retirement in 1984. He continued to work part time until 1998.
He enjoyed camping neighborhood and family get-togethers, and taking his friends flying. He was a voracious reader, enjoying mysteries, westerns, war novels, nonfiction and the occasional Danielle Steel. An avid dog lover, he also discovered the joy of being owned by cats during the last 30 years of his life.
He was preceded in death by his parents, stepmother Lydia and siblings. Survivors include Wilma, his wife of 61 years; his daughter, Elizabeth “Libby” Stoops, her husband, Vernon Smith, and Grandson Connor Stoops-Smith; niece Nancy Gressler of Springfield; several nieces and nephews east of the Rockies; and many many friends.
Wayne will be remembered as a quiet man who valued his family and friends, loved animals, and was always available to lend a hand. He is missed.
A celebration of life will be at 2 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 5, at the American Legion, 1215 Pacific Blvd. S.E. Albany.
In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to Safe-Haven Humane Society or Heartland Humane Society.

“Obituaries,” Corvallis Gazette-Times (Corvallis, Oregon), 21 July 2006, page 4; digital images, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

Although I haven’t found another source to corroborate the airplane crash, I have been able to find items in the local Indiana newspapers that provide details about where Wayne Stoops was stationed during his military career.

Everett  Wayne Stoops1 was born on 19 Feb 1919 in Clarksville, Indiana.15 He was the child of Edith Ethel Christy and Ernest Evert Stoops.1,67 He lived in Wayne Township, Hamilton, Indiana, United States in 1920.8 Everett lived in Owen Township, Clinton County, Indiana in 1930.9 He enlisted in the Army Air Corps on 5 Jan 1940.4,7,10 He served in the military in May 1940 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.1112 Everett served in the military in Staten Island, New York.12 He served in the military in Dec 1942 at Lincoln Air Base in Lincoln, Lancaster, Nebraska, United States.13 He served in the military in Jun 1944 at Lowry Field in Denver, Colorado, United States.14 Everett served in the military in Greensboro, Guilford, North Carolina.14 He was discharged from the military on 20 Sep 1945 at Camp Atterbury.4,7,12 He registered for the military draft  on 26 Sep 1945 in Frankfort, Clinton, Indiana, United States.5 Everett enlisted in the Air Force on 24 Dec 1948.4,7 He served in the military witha a rank of Technical Sergeant in 1951 in Merced, California, United States.15 He lived in Salina, Saline, Kansas, United States in 1953.16 Everett served in the military in 1963 in Goose Bay, Alaska.1718 He was discharged from the military on 30 Jun 1973.4 He lived in Albany, Linn, Oregon, United States in 1988.67 Everett lived in Eugene, Lane, Oregon, United States in 1999.19 He lived in Albany, Linn, Oregon, United States in 2002.20 He died on 7 Jul 2006 at the age of 87.14,7 The funeral of Everett was held on 2 Aug 2006 in Albany, Linn, Oregon, United States.7


1. Social Security Administration, “Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007,” database on-line, Ancestry, ( : viewed online 21 November 2020), Everett Wayne Stoops.

2. Oregon, Death Index 1898-2008, Everett Wayne Stoops, 7 July 2006; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

3. Social Security Administration, “U.S. Social Security Death Index,” database, Ancestry, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021), Everett W Stoops, 307-16-3375, before 1951.

4. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, “U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010,” database, Ancestry, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021), Everett W Stoops.

5. “U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947,” database, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021), Everett W. Stoops.

6. “Ernest Stoops,” The Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana), 2 October 1988, page 6; digital image, ( : viewed online 21 November 2020).

7. “Obituaries,” Corvallis Gazette-Times (Corvallis, Oregon), 21 July 2006, page 4; digital images, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

8. 1920 U.S. Census, Hamilton County, Indiana, population schedule, Wayne Township, Hamilton County, Indiana, ED 114, Sheet 5A Image 9 of 11, family 109, Earnest Stoops; digital image, ( : viewed online 21 November 2020); NARA microfilm publication T625

9. 1930 U.S. Census, Clinton County, Indiana, population schedule, Owen Township, Clinton County, Indiana, enumeration district (ED) ED 12-17, Sheet 1B, family 19, Ernest Stoops; digital images, ( : viewed online 22 November 2020); NARA microfilm publication T626.

10. “Local News,” The Tipton Daily Tribune (Tipton, IN), 11 July 1942, page 5; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

11. “Local News,” The Tipton Daily Tribune (Tipton, IN), 30 May 1940, page 4; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

12. “Burlington,” The Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana), 20 September 1945, page 12; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

13. Palladium-Item (Richmond, IN), ; digital images, ( : accessed ).

14. “Local News,” Palladium-Item (Richmond, IN), 21 July 1944, page 9; digital images, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

15. “Local News,” The Tipton Daily Tribune (Tipton, IN), 30 May 1951, page 5; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

16. “Local News,” The Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana), 1 January 1953, page 17; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

17. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave ( : viewed online 30 December 2021), memorial for Sylvester Eugene Stoops (1913-1963), Find a Grave Memorial no. #8528622, created by Judy, citing Geetingsville Cemetery, Geetingsville, Clinton County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Judy, Sylvester Eugene Stoops.

18. “Christy Family Has 17th Reunion,” The Tipton Daily Tribune (Tipton, IN), 17 August 1963, page 3; digital image, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).

19. “Lois E Click, 81,” Journal and Courier (Lafayette, Indiana), 30 April 1999, page 22; digital images, ( : viewed online 22 November 2020).

20. “Juanita Eleanor Zook,” Journal and Courier (Lafayette, Indiana), 21 October 2002, page 18; digital images, ( : viewed online 31 December 2021).


Can you imagine spending the winter in the snow in Belgium during the winter of 1944-1945? Then can you imagine that when the war ended in Europe, you weren’t going home, but going to the Pacific theater instead?

Well, that was the case for many – but not all of the soldiers who survived the Battle of the Bulge. The Army established a point system to determine who got to go home versus who was sent to the Pacific. This process was discussed in an article in The Birmingham News.

The Birmingham News (Birmingham, Alabama)
22 Aug 1945
page 1

Army Bans Overseas Shipment for Enlisted Men with 75 Points
Washington, Aug. 22 (AP) The Army is banning overseas shipment of enlisted men with 75 or more discharge points. At the same time, it was learned that the War Department soon will direct all branches of the Army to cut below 37 the age limit for overseas duty.
At present, the ground forces are screening out of divisions slated for Japanese occupation duties all men 37 or older. The ground forces embrace all troops, including the infantry, except those in the service of supply or air forces.
The later two now are weeding out of redeployment units all men 38 or older.
Just how far the age limit may be reduced has not been determined. One problem is that men in the service forces, chiefly supply troops, are older on the average than those in the ground and air forces.
Enlisted men now can get out of the Army upon request if they are 38 or have a point discharge score of 85, based on a rating system that grants credit for combat, service and dependency.
The announcement that men with 75 or more points are not being sent overseas indicates that the discharge score may be reduced to that figure. However, this may be done in two separate cuts, because the Army says the score must be geared to available shipping.
The department said the 95th and 85th Divisions, the first two redeployed from Europe for service in the Pacific, were screened to eliminate all men with 75 or more points. The 37-year age limit also was used in screening the 95th, but not the 86th, the department reported, because there was not sufficient time to make the necessary personnel changes after the discharge age was lowered from 40 to 38. The age limit in the 86th was 38.
Some men in both the 95th and 8th Divisions have protested against being sent to Japan after having served in Europe. The 95th is now at Camp Shelby, Miss., and the 86th is on the West Coast awaiting shipment to Japan.

The Wikipedia article on the Demobilization of United States armed forces after WWII explains how the points were accumulated.

Soldiers were given one point for each month of military service and one additional point was given for each month of overseas service. Each battle star or decoration earned a soldier 5 points. Soldiers were awarded 12 points per dependent child up to a maximum of three children. A total of 85 points was needed for eligibility. Soldiers who had earned that number of points were to be demobilized as soon as transport back to the United States was available.