Civil War Deaths

Have you ever had a conversation with a friend that was totally unrelated to your genealogical research that caused you to go search your data for facts related to that discussion?

That happened to me when a friend described a trip she and her mother and sisters took to the Atlanta area. During the trip they visited the Kennesaw mountain battlefield. During their tour, they were told that the fighting stopped to allow both sides to bury the dead on the battlefield due to the stench. This battle fact was recorded in the first hand account written by Confederate Private Sam Watkins.

On the third morning the Yankees raised a white flag, asked an armistice to bury their dead, not for any respect either army had for the dead, but to get rid of the sickening stench.  I get sick now when I happen to think about it.  Long and deep trenches were dug, and hooks made from bayonets crooked for the purpose, and all the dead were dragged and thrown pell mell into these trenches.  Nothing was allowed to be taken off the dead, and finely dressed officers, with gold watch chains dangling over their vests, were thrown into the ditches.  During the whole day both armies were hard at work, burying the Federal dead….

Watkins, Sam. The Dead Angel. https://www.battlefields.org/learn/primary-sources/dead-angle

Discussing this battle, the comment was made that so many had died while fighting the civil war. Knowing that none of my second great-grandfathers who served were killed during their service. I was curious as to whether I have anyone in my file who died during military service in the civil war, I decided to investigate.

To begin my search, I created a marked group of those people who have a military fact with a date between 1860 and 1866.

That identified 76 individuals in my tree with military facts dated between 1860 and 1866. To narrow down the list to those who died during the civil war, I added a line to my search for a death date before 1866.

That left me with nine people who died while serving in the military during the civil war. Since I already had a custom report showing military information and date of death, I used that report.

This produced a report showing the military information for each of the nine along with their death date.

Unfortunately, I don’t have the cause of death for all nine of these civil war deaths. Thus, further research is needed to learn how all of these men died.

Now that I know how to pull this information from RootsMagic, I can create similar reports for other wars.

Honoring the Veterans in My Family

Anyone who has lived in Emporia, Kansas realizes that Veteran’s Day is a MAJOR holiday. Today, we take time to honor those who have served and who are serving. Thus, I would like to take a walk thru my family tree to honor my veteran ancestors.

World War II

Eugene Crawford

Between 15 Feb 1945 and 1 Aug 1946, Eugene served at the Naval Training Center in Gulfport, Mississippi and at the Naval Training Center in Great Lakes, Illinois. He shipped out on the USS Oneida (APA-221) towards the end of the War in the Pacific as seaman 1st class in the U.S. Naval Reserves. He received the Victory Medal and the American Campaign Medal.


Esther Crawford Noll

Esther served as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps in the European Theater between 1942 and 1945.

Hugh Judson Crawford

Hugh Crawford served in the U.S. Navy Seabees

Walter Emery Briles

Walter enlisted in March 1942 in Los Angeles, California serving in the U.S. Army. Walter was discharged in 1944 but re-enlisted in 1946 and served until 1958.

World War I

Leon Crawford

LeonCrawford began his military service on 26 April 1917 in Dodge City, Kansas. He was appointed wagoner 2nd class gunner in the 25th AA Battery, 1st AA Sector. Leon was a wagoner at St. Misner 2nd Battle of the Marne from 31 March 1918 to 31 May 1918 in France.

Leon served with others from Dodge City including his brother-in-law Russel Horton and his brother, Marion.

War between the States

Washington Marion Crawford

Washington Marion Crawford enlisted in Company H of the 2nd Regiment of the New York Calvary Volunteers on 3 August 1861 serving as a sergeant. W. M. Crawford was captured in September 1863 and was imprisoned in Andersonville and Belle Isle. He was paroled on 7 Dec 1864 in Florence, South Carolina.

Richmond Fisk Hammond

Richmond Fisk Hammond enlisted as a private in Company E 177 Illinois Volunteers on 26 May 1861. He also served in the 1st Illinois Calvary Volunteers and in Company D 14th Regiment Illinois Calvary. Richmond Hammond was captured near Atlanta, Georgia on 5 Aug 1864 and was imprisoned at Andersonville.

Richmond Hammond and Washington Marion Crawford both moved to Dodge City, Kansas after the war. Richmond’s daughter, Josie, married Washington’s son Judson in Dodge City.

Other Civil War Veterans

Hiram M. Currey served as a private in Company B of the 12th Regiment of the Kansas State Militia in 1864.

Albert Hutchi(n)son began his military service on 1 Sept 1862 in Independence, Iowa. He served as a private in Company D of the 1st Regiment of the Iowa Calvary Volunteers. Albert re-enlisted on 1 Jan 1864 in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Noah Washington Briles enlisted on 13 Jun 1861 in Ottumwa, Iowa serving in Company I of the 1st Regiment Iowa Calvary Volunteers. His father, Alexander Briles served in 1864 under Captain John Douglas in Company I of the Kansas State Militia.

James Marshall Ricketts enlisted 11 Sept 1863 in Indianapolis, Indiana serving in Company K of the 7th Indiana Cavalry.

George Mentzer began his military service on 25 Sep 1861 serving in Company C of the 24th Massachusetts Infantry.

Alexander Briles served with the Kansas Militia under Captain John Douglas in Company I.

Revolutionary War

Nathaniel Hammond served the revolutionary cause by supplying provisions to the soldiers families between 1776 and 1783 in Bolton, Connecticut.

There could easily be other revolutionary war ancestors in my tree. However, I haven’t proven my descent from any of the other known patriots.

Mustered Out

Have you ever discovered an obituary in a location that you never imagined? While searching for an obituary on a collateral line, I stumbled across a brief obit in a ‘Mustered Out’ column in the National Tribune (Washington, D.C.)

Since I had never encountered this type of obit before, I was curious to see if I could find an ancestor in a similar “Mustered Out” column. Thus, I searched for my great-great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford who died in 1889. And – I found it!

Crawford — At Dodge City, Kan., recently, ofheart failure, W. M. Crawford Co. H, 2d N. Y. Cav.,aged 51 years. He was captured Sept. 22, 1863, andfor more than 14 months suffered all the crueltiesof Belle Isle, Andersonville and prisons of the South, returning to his home the last day of De-cember, 1864, a mere wreck of his former self, fromthe effect of which he never recovered. He was amember and had been an officer of Lewis Post No.294. He always had a kind word for his comradesand was interested in their affairs. It was his re-quest frequently expressed, that he be buried bythe Post and that ex-Andersonville prisoners actas pallbearers which request was fully carried out.His last act was to respond promptly and cheer-fully to a call to take charge of old Fort Dodgewhich is being refitted and beautified for a StateSoldiers’ Home. He leaves a wife, two sons andtwo daughters; also, one brother, two sisters andmany friends.
I don’t know the extent of this ‘Mustered Out’ column, but I found an 1889 record and a 1910 record. Now, I need to search for all of my civil war veterans to see if I can find a mustered out entry for them!

Honoring Those Who Served

In honor of Memorial Day, a group of bloggers initiated the “Honor Roll Project“. As stated on the project home page,

Just find a military honor roll in your hometown park, or in front of a civil building, or inside on a plaque – Anywhere!  Photograph it, transcribe the names and post it to your blog.

There are several ‘military honor rolls’ in Seneca, Kansas. The most prominent one is the wall on the East side of town.

Memorial (640x483)

About two years ago, I photographed the wall. Although not the best photos, they have been shared in an album on the Nemaha County Historical Society‘s Facebook page. The album is titled, Seneca Military Wall.

I have been working on transcribing all of this info. The Civil War portion of the wall has been transcribed into a spreadsheet and shared on the web page: Civil War (and Earlier) Names on the Wall. For a more complete list of names on the wall, see 2018-05-28-Military-Wall. (Note: transcription is NOT finished!)

I invite everyone to participate in the honor roll project! Find your relative’s name on a flag post, roll of honor, or other military memorial. Take a photograph, transcribe the info and share using the hashtag #honorrollproject.

Let’s flood the Internet in honor of those who served!

Brothers Served in France during World War I

Leon Russel Crawford

 

Military 26 Apr 1917 (age 23) and was appointed wagoner 2nd class gunner 25th A.A. Battery 1st A.A. Sector; Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States
Military from 31 Mar 1918 to 31 May 1918 (from age 24 to 24) as wagoner at St. Misner 2nd Battle of the Marne; France
Military from 28 Jun 1918 to 8 Nov 1918 (from age 24 to 24) as wagoner in the outer defense of Paris; France
Military 20 Feb 1919 (age 25) U.S.S. Ohio; Brest, Bretagne, France
Military 15 Mar 1919 (age 25) sent telegram to parents saying had arrived and all was well; Camp Stuart, Virginia, United States
Military 28 Mar 1919 (age 25) received an honorable discharge from the United States Army; Camp Funston, Kansas

Marion Richmond Crawford

Military 23 Apr 1917 (age 21) enlisted in U. S. Army serving with Battery D of the 13th Field Artillery; Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States
Military 1918 (about age 23) with Battery D of the 13th Field Artillery; Camp Green, Charlotte, North Carolina
Military Oct 1918 (about age 23) fought in the Battle of the Argonne Forest as a member of the 13th Field Artillery; France
Military 18 Jul 1919 (age 23) U.S.S. Zeelandia; Brest, Bretagne, France
Military 6 Aug 1919 (age 23) was discharged from service at Camp Dodge, Iowa, United States

Proud to Serve: Eugene Crawford

When I visited with my dad, Eugene Crawford, about his military record the dates and locations didn’t make sense when put together with his high school graduation. However, one comment stuck with me: “I flunked out of radio school.” This coming from someone who would become a physics teacher at the college level and who would obtain his amateur radio license.

For the longest time, other than his military discharge (on file in the Record of Deeds office in Dodge City), this was all I had in regards to his military service. That’s because we were told that military records from World War I and World War II had been lost in a fire. Thus, I didn’t try to obtain his full military file. That changed when I learned a few years ago that the navy records exist. Now that I have his military record, all of the dates and locations make sense.

Military 6 Feb 1945 (age 17) passed the Eddy Test and was technically qualified for Radio Technician training in the U.S. Navy
Military 15 Feb 1945 (age 17) enlisted in the United States Naval Reserves; U.S. Naval Reserve Station, Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, United States
Military 15 Feb 1945 (age 17) U.S. Navy Recruiting Station, Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, United States
Military 16 May 1945 (age 17) was received; the U.S. Naval Reserve Station, Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States
Graduation 17 May 1945 (age 17) Dodge City Senior High School, Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States
Military 20 May 1945 (age 17) was recalled to active duty; U.S. Naval Reserve Station, Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, United States
Military 21 May 1945 (age 17) was transferred to the; U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
Military 21 May 1945 (age 17) reported for active duty; U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
Military 9 Jul 1945 (age 17) was granted recruit leave from 9 Jul 1945 to 14 July 1945; U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
Military 20 Jul 1945 (age 17) was transferred to the Navy Training College for study of pre-radio material; Wright Junior College, Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States
Military 15 Aug 1945 (age 17) was transferred to the Naval Training School (EE & RM) for a course of instructions; U.S. Naval Training Center, Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
Military 4 Sep 1945 (age 17) was discharged from class V-6 US Naval Reserve
Military 5 Sep 1945 (age 17) enlisted in the U.S. Navy as a seaman 1st class radio technician; Naval Training Center, Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
Military 5 Sep 1945 (age 17) reported for active duty in the U.S. Navy; Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
Military 23 Oct 1945 (age 17) was discharged this date for convenience of the government; Naval Training Center, Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
Military 23 Oct 1945 (age 17) voluntarily enlisted in Class V6 US Naval Reserve; Gulfport, Harrison, Mississippi, United States
Military 4 Jan 1946 (age 18) was transferred to the Naval Training Center; Great Lakes, Lake, Illinois, United States
Military 1 May 1946 (age 18) was transferred to receiving station; Shoemaker, California
Military 20 May 1946 (age 18) was transferred for duty aboard the USS Oneida (APA-221). The USS Oneida (APA-221) was a Haskell-class attack transport
Military 1 Jun 1946 (age 18)  served outside the continental limits of the United States in the Pacific Ocean around Guam and Samar from 1 Jun 1946 to 16 July 1946 aboard the USS Oneida (APA-221)
Military 24 Jul 1946 (age 18) was transferred to the receiving station; Treasure Island, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States
Military 1 Aug 1946 (age 18) received an honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy as Seaman First Class V-6 USNR; U.S. Naval Personnel Separation Center, Norman, Cleveland, Oklahoma, United States

 

Even though his military records do not say that he flunked out of radio school, there is a hint to that buried in the records. In September 1945, Eugene’s branch of service and rank changed as he became a 1st class radio technician. Eugene was transferred to Gulfport, Mississippi where the Navy had a Naval Training School (Radio) during WWII. Then on the 23rd of October, Eugene was discharged from the U.S. Navy – for the convenience of the government. Eugene was then enlisted (re-enlisted) in the U.S. Naval Reserves and transferred (back) to the Great Lakes Naval Training Center.

WWI Group Pics

Photo Album Finds

Names on back of photo

Emrich – Rebmrnovich – ? – Scott – Clark – Pilgrim – CRAWFORD

Rowe – Cline – Dweggins – Hiller – Madsen – Kaufman – Garlick

(person with arrow is Leon Crawford)

 

 

Names on back of photo:

Scott – Belizzi – Terry – Saylor – Geffeny – Beacacek

Croathers – Cole – Wooten – Blevins – Chapman

Morton – Stampler – Cartwright – CRAWFORD – Garlick

Oliver – Jacobson – Lacy – Ferguson

(person with arrow is Leon CRAWFORD)

 

 

 

 

Patriots (and Tories)

As we celebrate Independence Day, I began thinking about my ancestors that participated to make today possible.

My great grandmother, Josie Hammond, joined the Daughters of the American Revolution thru her great-grandfather, Jason Hammond. At the time, it was believed that Jason fought for Connecticut. Unfortunately, there are several Jason Hammonds in Connecticut at the time and records make it difficult to know for sure which one served. Thus, my DAR application is thru Jason’s father, Nathaniel Hammond. Nathaniel Hammond didn’t fight for the cause but helped the fight by providing supplies to the troops.

I also have a verifiable revolutionary ancestor on my mother’s side: William Buckles. William served in the Berkeley (Virginia) militia 1778. Other potential revolutionary ancestors include Cheney Ricketts (Pennsylvania), Oliver White (Massachusetts), George Thurston (Rhode Island), George Crandall (New York). With most of my lines going back to colonial New England or Virginia, it is likely that I will discover more patriots as I verify new ancestors.

Besides having numerous patriot ancestors, I have at least one Tory ancestor. My great-great grandmother, Julia Harding, was the daughter of William G. Harding. William Harding migrated to Iowa from New Brunswick, Canada – where Julia was born. The Harding family settled in New Brunswick shortly after the end of the revolutionary war on a land grant from the King. Prior to the revolution, the family was living in the state of New York.

I look forward to discovering more ancestors from this time period – Patriots or Tories.

 

Military Record FOUND!

crawford-eugene-b1927-1945-us-navyWhen it comes to military records from World War II, the saying ‘Time Heals’ has some merit. During my early days of researching my family history, I was told that my dad’s military file probably didn’t exist. This wasn’t because someone threw it away but because of a fire in the building housing the personnel files. Thus, I had been content with a copy of his discharge record from the Ford County Recorder of Deed’s Office. That was until recently, when I found out some files survived and other files are being reconstructed. Thus, I tried again — AND — received his complete file. I am so thankful that I sought out this record! Below is his military history as outlined by various documents in his file.

Eugene David Crawford passed the Eddy Test and was technically qualified for Radio Technician training in the U.S. Navy on 6 Feb 1945. The Eddy Test was a test given to identify men with the capability and aptitude for being trained as electronics maintenance technicians in the U.S. Navy.

Eugene enlisted in the United States Naval Reserves on 15 Feb 1945 at U.S. Naval Reserve Station in Kansas City, Missouri.  On 15 Feb 1945 at the U.S. Navy Recruiting Station in Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, he was ordered to active duty without pay and to proceed to home at 512 Avenue ‘G”, Dodge City, Kansas and upon arrival he should consider himself released from active duty to await further orders.

On 16 May 1945, Eugene was received at the U.S. Naval Reserve Station in Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas.  On 17 May 1945, he graduated from Dodge City Senior High School in Dodge City, Ford, County Kansas. He was recalled to active duty on 20 May 1945 at U.S. Naval Reserve Station in Kansas City, Missouri.

Eugene was transferred to the U.S. Naval Training Center in Great Lakes, Illinois on 21 May 1945. He reported for active duty on 21 May 1945 at the U.S. Naval Training Center in Great Lakes, Illinois. He was granted recruit leave from 9 Jul 1945 to 14 July 1945 at the U.S. Naval Training Center in Great Lakes, Illinois.

On July 20, 1945, Eugene was transferred to the Navy Training College for study of pre-radio material at Wright Junior College in Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. He was transferred to the Naval Training School (EE & RM) for a course of instructions at U.S. Naval Training Center in Gulfport, Mississippi on 15 Aug 1945. He was discharged from class V-6 US Naval Reserve on 4 Sep 1945. Eugene enlisted in the U.S. Navy as a seaman 1st class radio technician on 5 Sep 1945 at Naval Training Center in Gulfport, Mississippi. He reported for active duty in the U.S. Navy on 5 Sep 1945 in Gulfport, Mississippi.

Eugene was discharged from the U.S. Navy on 23 Oct 1945 for convenience of the government at Naval Training Center in Gulfport, Mississippi. Eugene voluntarily enlisted in Class V6 US Naval Reserve on 23 Oct 1945 in Gulfport, Mississippi. On Jan 4, 1946, he was transferred to the Naval Training Center at Great Lakes, Illinois. (In talking about his military experience, dad said he ‘flunked out’ of radio school. This is somewhat ironic in that Eugene Crawford majored in science in college and spent most of his career teaching science — including physics. As a retiree, Eugene earned his Amateur Radio license.)

oneida2On the first of May, 1946, Eugene was transferred to receiving station in Shoemaker, California. Eugene was transferred for duty aboard the USS Oneida (APA-221) under Captain Harry A. Guthrie, U.S. Navy on 20 May 1946. The USS Oneida (APA-221) was a Haskell-class attack transport. He served outside the continental limits of the United States in the Pacific Ocean around Guam and Samar from 1 Jun 1946 to 16 July 1946 aboard the U.S.S. Oneida (APA-221) During this time, the U.S.S. Oneida participated in Operation Magic Carpet, returning veterans to the states. (In talking about his shipboard experience, dad said one of the soldiers being transported home was a former grade school classmate who had moved away from Dodge City.)

On 24 July 1946, Eugene was transferred to the receiving station at Treasure Island in San Francisco, San Francisco County, California. He  received an honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy as Seaman First Class V-6 USNR on 1 Aug 1946 in Norman, Oklahoma.

 

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