Early New Brunswick Probate Records, 1785-1835 by Hale, R. Wallace c1989
HARDING, George Parish of Maugerville, Sunbury Co. Will dated 10 February 1807, proved 22 January 1808. Already made provision in some considerable degree for some chil dren. Son Valentine HARDING 5 pounds. Son Jonathan HARDING half of Lot 22 in Maugerville. Son John HARDING the lot where I live, Lot 24, he to pay my daughter Elizabeth MILES 100 Guineas sterling. Daughter Elizabeth MILES all livestock and all Negro slaves or servants. Granddaughter Elizabeth Ann HARDING my household furni ture. Grandson George Horatio Nelson HARDING my bay mare. Elijah MILES, John Murray BLISS, and son Jonathan HARDING execu tors. Witnesses: Joseph CLARKE, John HAZEN, Philip WILLIAMS.
HARDING, William City of Saint John, St. John Co. Will dated 6 January 1818, proved 30 March 1818. Wife Leah use of all property, except the tan yard, for life, but not to dispose of any part. Son Thomas the tan yard and all the grounds and appurtenances lying in Dukes Ward now in his possession, con sisting of three lots fronting on Germain Street and a lot on the corner of Queens and Germain Streets. Residue of estate, after the decease of my wife, to my children, being seven in number, George, William, Thomas. Nancy, Sarah. Mary and Elizabeth as tenants in common, subject that daughter Sarah, being left a widow, shall have the house and lot in Duke’s Street. Granddaughter Sarah Ann, daughter of my son John, 100 pounds at age 18. Sons George HARDING, William HARDING and Thomas HARDING executors. Witnesses: Henry STENING, Christopher BURNETT. Charles J. PETERS.
Hale R. Wallace, Early New Brunswick Probate Records, 1785-1835 (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1989), page 198 – Harding.
Do you have same name challenges in your tree? If you are like me, those challenges are throughout your tree. I’ve written before about the challenge of separating records for two men of the same name in the same location. However, another challenge that I face is a given name that is used generation after generation. My HARDING line is an example of this where the given name William appears in at least 4 generations.
When that is compounded by the siblings use of the name ‘William’ for their sons, it can become a struggle to figure out which record belongs to which William. The grantor/grantee indexes for land in New Brunswick illustrates this problem. It shows quite a few William Harding deeds.
While I likely need to retrieve all of these HARDING deeds, I’m starting with my third great grandfather who fortunately used his middle initial on at least some of his land transactions. Unfortunately, the first two deeds I acquired are between William G. Harding and another William Harding. While I could assume that this second William was the father of William G. Harding, I currently have no proof of that. I also have no proof that the William Harding in both deeds is the same person. Thus figuring out these land records is going to prove very challenging!
1830 Deed William Harding sells land to William G. Harding
New Brunswick Canada Deeds
Vol. U Film 846742 page 214
Willm Harding Deed William G Harding
No 5095 Know all men by these presents that I William Harding Esquire of the Parish of Westfield in the County of Kings and Province of New Brunswick Yeoman and Elizabeth his wife for and in consideration of the sum of six hundred pounds lawful money of the said Province to the said William Harding Esquir in hand well and truly paid by William Gillies Harding of the Parish of Westfield aforesaid farmer at or before the ensealing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof the said William Harding Esquire doth here by acknowledge have granted bargained & sold and by these presents do grant bargain and sell to the said William Gillies Harding his heirs
page 215 and assigns all that lot piece or parcel of ground situate lying and being in the Long Reach in the parish of Westfield County of Kings and Province aforesd known and distinguished as lot no five and bounded as follows on the lower side by a poplar tree running North 45 degrees East (to reserved land belonging to said William Harding Esquire) to a Rock Maple Tree marked with a blaze and three hacks thence south 45 degrees East 135 chains thence north 45 degrees wet 60 rods till it joins lot No 4 thence North 45 degrees West till it joins Saint Johns River containing about two hundred acres more or less (a reservation being made of a piece of land between lots & 6 containing 25 rods & 12 feet the upper boundary lot No 6 is a pine stump lying between the piece of land and lot number 6 and likewise of the new part of the house now n possession of William Harding Esquire and one half of the barn situated on the said lot to the sole use and behoof of the said William Harding Esq together with all and singular the dwelling houses, farms and out houses buildings and fences therein (reservations above excepted) and all and every of the appurtenances thereunto belonging to have and to hold the said lot piece and parcel of ground with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said William Gillies Harding his heirs & assigns to the only use and behoof of the said William Gillies Harding his heirs and assigns forever In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this twenty seventh day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty. William Harding (seal) Elizabeth Harding (seal) Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Henry Nase Joel Waters Junr Westfield KC Be it remembered that on this 28th day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty personally appeared before me Henry Nase Esquire Judge of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the said County of Kings, William Harding Esquire and Elizabeth his wife the grantors within the named, and do acknowledged the foregoing instrument to be their act and deed & that they executed the same freely & voluntarily for the purpose therein mentioned and the said Elizabeth Harding being also by me examined and separate and apart from her said husband acknowledged that she executed the same freely and voluntarily without any fear threat or compul sion of or from her said husband. Henry Nase J.C.[I.] Filed & Registered the foregoing Deed this 29th day of September 1830 Ninyon [Chatomes] Register
1832 Deed William G Harding to William Harding
New Brunswick, Canada Land Petitions, 1784-1845
V. W1-Y3 1785-1845 Film 86743 DGS 8632792
Volume W1 page 399
William G Harding Deed to William Harding Esq
No 5596 Know all men by these presents that I William Gillis Harding of the parish of Westfield and County of Kings and Province of New Bruns wick Yeoman and Elizabeth his wife for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred pounds of lawful money of the said province to the said William Gillis Harding in hand well and [freely] paid by William Harding esq his heirs and assigns all that piece and parcel of land situated lying and being in the Long Reach in the parish of Westfield County of Kings & Province aforesaid containing fifty acres bounded as follows in the upper side by reserved land belonging to the said William Harding Esquire and Measuring Fifteen Rods from a Certain rock Maple Tree marked with a blaze and three Hacks down the River St John to a certain stake thence South 45 degrees east 135 chains thence North 45 degrees West 15 Rods till it joins the reserved land thence north 45 degrees west till it joins the River St John together with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging. To have and to hold the said piece and parcel of land with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said William Harding Esqr his heirs and assigns forever. In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this twenty fifth day of April in the year o our Lord one thousand
page 400 thousand and thirty two William G. Harding (seal) Elizabeth Harding (seal) Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of George Harding Junr Abel Harding
Kings County Be it remembered that on this 11th day of May in the year of Lord 1832 personally appeared before me Henry Nase Esquire one of his Majesty’s Justices of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the said County William G. Harding and Elizabeth his wife and acknowledged the same to be their act and deed by them executed for the purposes therein contained and Elizabeth his wife being by me examined separate and apart from her said husband acknowledged that she executed the same freely and voluntarily without fear threat or compulsion from her said Husband Henry Nase – JCP
Recd & Registered the foregoing Deed this 20th day of October 1832 Ninyon Chalones – Register
Harding, George: from NY. He was a member of the corps of Guides during the War. In COt 1783, he purchased land at Mauger- ville, Sunbury Co. In a grant of 1786, he received land on Saint John River, in the Long Reach, Westfield Parish, Kings Co. In 1795, he was living in Burton Parish, Sunbury Co. and in 1801 was living in Maugerville, Sunbury Co. A son was John.
Dubeau Sharon, New Brunswick Loyalists: A Bicentennial Tribute (Agincourt, Ontario: Generation Press, 1983), pae 66 – Harding.
Harding, William: from Newburgh, Ulster CO. NY. He joined the British in 1776 and served as a pilot, as he had owned a sloop. IN 1782, he went to Annapolis, NS and arrived in NB. Apr 1783. He settled first at Maugerville Sunbury Co. and later on Belleisle Bay, kings CO. He had also received a townlot at Parrtown in 1784. In 1784, he was a claimant to the British government for losses suffered in America. In 1803, he was a member of the Springfield Parish Baptist Church, Kings Co. He died at Saint John 24 Mar, 1818, aged 72, and is buried in the Old Burial Ground. His wife was Leah Gillies. two children were: John who died 17 Aug 1810, aged 23 and Mary who married William Stenning in 1806 at St. John. (She died in the late 1840’s at Milledgeville)
Dubeau Sharon, New Brunswick Loyalists: A Bicentennial Tribute (Agincourt, Ontario: Generation Press, 1983), pae 66 – Harding.
Have you ever tried to re-create your steps to a genealogy conclusion? As I’m working thru my research of my third grandfather, William G. Harding, I’m trying to re-create the research steps that has led me to conclude that he had two wives.
My research of William G. Harding’s family would have started with his daughter Julia. Researching Julia Harding Hutchinson is where my genealogy quest began. Her granddaughter, my grandmother, wanted to know where Julia was buried. Since my grandmother lost her mother at the age of 10, she knew very little about her mother’s family. The one piece of information that was recorded in the CURREY family Bible was that Winnie May (my grandmother’s mother) was born in 1871. The added location of birth was likely written in by my grandmother.
Starting with that lone piece of information, I began to learn about Winnie’s family and was able to identify her mother as Julia Harding Hutchinson. The 1880 census record for Mitchell county, Iowa shows a 9 year old Winnie Huchardson living in the household of Albert and Julia Huchardson. Julia was listed as a 40 year old born in New Brunswick. Back tracing, Julia and Albert were found on the 1860 census living in Black Hawk County, Iowa where they were married in 1859.
Julia’s place of birth was a key fact that helped me begin to identify her siblings and parents. Also living in Black Hawk county, Iowa in 1860 was the Wm G Harding family. Wm G Harding’s birthplace was listed as New Brunswick. The household also included:
Elizabeth Harding – age 38 and born in Scotland
Thomas Harding – age 21 and born in New Brunswick
Joseph Ponsford – age 19 and born in New Brunswick
Rachel Ponsford – age 16 and born in New Brunswick
Henry Harding – age 14 and born in New Brunswick
Walter Ponsford – age 13 and born in New Brunswick
Alexander H. Ponsford – age 10 and born in New Brunswick
Hattie Harding – age 3 and born in Wisconsin
Hearing about a genealogy of the Harding family of New Brunswick, I purchased a copy. This two volume work by Mrs. Raymond Caron and Brenda Caron is a descendancy of George and William Harding of New York and New Brunswick. In addition, this work provides a lot of historical information about these two men and how they became Loyalists during the revolutionary war and their eventual removal from New York to New Brunswick. While I had grand hopes of finding Julia Harding in this work, I was somewhat disappointed.
Below is the information for the only Julia Harding that could fit with what I already knew about Julia Harding Hutchinson.
Following the numbering system, I located the information for William Gillies Harding in the book.
While the book identifies a mother for Julia, it only indicates 2 children for William Gillies Harding. It also implies that the family left New Brunswick for Wisconsin shortly after 1830. Based on this information, I should have been able to find a Julia Harding in the household of a William Harding living in Wisconsin in 1850. Instead, the only census record of the time that I’ve found placing a young Julia Harding born in New Brunswick in the household of a William Harding is the 1851 census for Kings County, New Brunswick. That census record has the following living in the household:
William G. Harding – age 47
Caroline Harding – age 20
Abel Harding – age 18
Thomas Harding – age 16
Alijah Harding – age 14
Julia Harding – age 11
Isabella Harding – age 9
Henry Harding – age 5
While the 1860 census for William G. Harding has a potential wife, Elizabeth, listed in the household, the 1851 census does not list an Elizabeth as a potential wife. In addition, the 1851 census record does not list any female old enough to be the mother of all of the other members of the household.
Thus, additional records are needed to prove or disprove that the 1860 census, the information from the book and the 1851 census all piece together one family. The obituary for Mrs. Eliza Harding helps to explain the household found in the 1860 census.
Deaths Mr[s]. Eliza Harding, mother of Joseph and A. H. Ponsford, died at her residence, in Mt. Vernon twp., Monday morning at 6 o’clock, after a long sickness. Deceased was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1817, and came to this county with her husband, Wm. Harding, in 1858, and has resided on the same farm ever since. She leaves seven children, A. H. Ponsford, Mrs. W. H. Stickney, Minnie and Hattie Harding, all of this county, Jos. Ponsford and W. F. Ponsford of Kimball, and Mrs. Sarah Wilber, of Wisconsin.
“Deaths,” Iowa State Reporter (Waterloo, IA), 26 May 1887, page 7; digital image, NewspaperArchive (newspaperarchive.com : viewed online 5 August 2022).
Since several of the sons carry the PONSFORD surname, I believe that Eliza Harding’s marriage to Wm Harding was a second marriage. That would explain why there is an Elizabeth listed in the 1860 census but missing from the 1851 census.
During one of my trips to the Family History Library at Salt Lake, I discovered a deed that proves that the 1851 census and the 1860 census are the same family and that Eliza was the second wife!
Know all men by these presents; that Julia E. Flewwelling of Nyack Rockland County New York have made constituted and appointed and by these presents do make constitute and appoint Abel Harding of Racine, State of Wisconsin my true and lawful attorney for me and in my name, place and stead to sell my Farm in Black hawk County, Iowa for the best price he can obtain for the same either for all cash, or part cash and Bond and Mortgage to secure the balance and to execute good and sufficient Deed to the purchaser or purchasers thereof in my name and in my act an Deed the proceeds of such sale to be divided into nine equal parts and be distributed by my said Attorney as follows, one ninth to the wid ow of William Harding of Waterloo Blackhawk County and one ninth thereof to each of the eight children of said William Harding viz: Caroline Spragg, Abel Harding, Thomas F Harding, Julia Hutch ins, Isabella Palmer and Henry Harding (children by the first wife of said William Harding) Hatty C Harding Minnie [T]Harding children by his second wife should a mortgage be taken by my said attorney, I authorize and empower him to arrange with the said children to take the same on account of their share in such proceeds or to convert said mortgage in cash by assigning the same, as he shall deem best, giving and granting unto my said attorney full power and authority to do
page 456 and perform all and every act and thing whatsoever requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises as fully to all intents and purposes, as I might or could do if personally present, with full power of substitution and revocation, hereby ratifying and confirming all that my said attorney or his substitute shall lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof. In Testimony, Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 22d day of October in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty six Julia E Flewwelling
W. S. Rev Stanit $1.00 J E F Oct 22 1866 Sealed and delivered in the presence of W. Mackay Rose S Maquire
State of New York City and county of New York I Charles Nettleson Commissioner for Iowa in New York do hereby certify that on this twenty third day of October A.D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty six it was satisfactorily proved before me by the oath of W. Mackay personally known to me to be a credible and disinterested witness and to be the person whose name is subscribed to the within instrument as a witness thereto that Julia E. Flewwelling now absent her residence being in Nyack, Rockland County, New York is personally known to him to be the identical person whose name is affixed to the within Instrument appointor and that the same was executed by the said Julia E. Flewwelling whose name is thereunto subscribed as appointer in the presence of said W. Mackay who subscribed his name to such instrument as a witness thereof at the date therein mentioned. In Testimony Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official seal this 23d day of October A.D. 1866 Charles Nettleson SS Commissioner for Iowa in New York Filed for Record Nov. 3d 1866 at 2 1/2 o’clock P.M.
Iowa, Black Hawk County. Deed records, 1853-1908. Film #1034556 DGS 795355. Julia Flewelling, 22 Oct 1866 Vol. Q: pages 455-456; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 6 August 2022.
Thus, I believe the following:
William G. Harding had two wives. The first is likely Elizabeth Fowler as identified in the Harding Genealogy and the second is Eliza, mother of the Ponsford children.
The mother of Julia and her siblings Caroline, Abel, Thomas, Abigail, Isabella and William Henry, likely died before 1846 in New Brunswick and thus isn’t listed with the family on the 1851 census.
Elizabeth Fowler Harding is not buried in Black Hawk County, Iowa but likely buried in New Brunswick.
While the Flewwelling deed provides a wealth of information, more records are needed to support this family.
Hiram Currey, Hiram Currey Family Bible (New York: American Bible Society, 1880); Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, KS, Family Record — Marriages “Hiram M. Currey and Angelina Jane Burke was married at Weston Missouri by the Rev. J. B. Write on the 3d day of August 1856”
Mrs. Raymond Caron, author, Life and Times of George and William Harding: Newburgh, New York 767-1783 and Saint John, New Brunswick, Brenda Beryl Caron, 2 volumes (Westmont, Quebec: B. B. H. Caron, maybe 1980), Vol. 2 page 89 #2262 Julia Melinda.
1860 U.S. Census, Black Hawk County, Iowa, population schedule, Mt. Vernon Township, Black Hawk County, Iowa, page 118 Image 7 of 10, household 54, Wm G. Harding; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016); NARA microfilm publication M653
1851 Canadian Census, Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada, Canadian census, Westfield, Kings County, New Brunswick, 1851 Image 9 of 90, William Harding; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Nova Scotia Archives and Record Management
“Deaths,” Iowa State Reporter (Waterloo, IA), 26 May 1887, page 7; digital image, NewspaperArchive (newspaperarchive.com : viewed online 5 August 2022).
Iowa, Black Hawk County. Deed records, 1853-1908. Film #1034556 DGS 795355. Julia Flewwelling, 22 Oct 1866 Vol. Q: pages 455-456; digitized images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 6 August 2022.
Have you ever thought that your efforts researching your family history were similar to putting together a jigsaw puzzle? When I started my genealogy research, I was working with the family stories and documents that my grandmothers provided. Gathering that information and piecing it together was like putting together the border of a puzzle.
As I began to gather information from other sources, it was like turning pieces colored side up. As I evaluated that information, I was able to begin putting the pieces together into family groups. Sometimes, I found that it takes negative evidence, or pieces that just don’t seem to fit, to help put that family together.
When trying to figure out who Julia Harding Hutchinson’s mother was the clues from ‘negative evidence’ were very helpful. The 1887 will for Eliza Harding was one of those pieces of evidence.
Will of Eliza Harding, Deceased In the name of God amen. I Eliza Harding of the Township of Mt Vernon in Black Hawk County State of Iowa being of sound mind and memory to make publish and declare this my last will & testament in manner following, viz First, I give and bequeath to my son A. H. Ponsford the farm in said Mt Vernon Township now occupied by me and known as the homestead and containing eighty acres to be held used and enjoyed b him to & for his sole and exclusive use and benefit forever subject however to be payment of the charges hereinafter men- tioned and which are t be & remain a charge on said land until the same are removed by full payment & sat isfaction Second I give and bequeath to my daughter Hattie C. Harding the sum of two hundred dollars to be paid to her by my said son A. H. Ponsford within four years after my decease and I do further direct that my said daughter shall have the right to retain her home on the first above mentioned home farmso long as she shall desire a home or until she shall have acquired a house of her own or shall have married. Third, I give & Bequeath to my daughter Minnie T. Harding the sum of Two hundred dollars to be paid to her by the said A. H. Ponsford in manner and form as is provided in the last foregoing provision and I do also direct that she shall have the right of keeping and maintain ing a home on said home farm so long as she may desire or shall need such home. Fourth – I give and bequeath to my won Walter Ponsford the sum of twenty five dollars to be paid to him by the said A. H. Ponsford in manner & form so as is provided in the last foregoing provision
Fifth I give and bequeath to my son Joseph Ponsford the sum of Twenty Five Dollars to be paid to him by the sad A. H. Ponsford in manner & form as is provided in the last forgoing provision
Sixth – I direct that the personal property of which I may be possessed at the time of my decease shall be held & received by my children and shall
page 251 be by their divided & distributed among them as they may decree best Seventh – I give and bequeath to my daughter Rachel Stickney of Cedar Falls Iowa the sum of twenty dollars to be paid to her by the said A. H. Ponsford in manner as is mentioned in the two last foregoing provisions (the 4th & 5th) Eighth – I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah the sum of five dollars to be paid to her in the manner & form as provided in the last foregoing provision. Ninth – I name nominate & appoint my said son A. H. Ponsford executor of this my last will & Testament hereby revoking any all former or other wills by me made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 18th day of April AD 1887 Eliza Harding
We whose names are hereunto subscribed as witnesses do hereby certify that the foregoing instrument consist ing of three pages was on the day of the date thereof signed and declared by the said Eliza Harding to be her last will & Testament in the presence of us who at her request and in her presence & in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses. William Evverts S H. Packard
State of Iowa Black Hawk County I A. J. Edwards Clerk of the District Court of the State of Iow in and for said Black hawk County do hereby certify that the foregoing Will of Eliza Harding deceased was on the 26th day of September 1887 duly proved and admitted to probate and record in said District Court in accordance with law. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said Court at my office in Waterloo in said County on this 26th day of September AD 1887 A J Edwards Clerk District Court Black Hawk Co Iowa
Iowa, Wills and Probate Records, 1758-1997, Eliza Harding, 18 April 1887; database with images, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 14 September 2021). Original Source: Iowa, County, District and Probate Courts.
Eliza’s will appears to name her children:
A. H. Ponsford
While this will appears to list the children of Eliza Harding, my ancestor, Julia Harding, is visibly absent from this will. Also missing from this will are the siblings of Julia identified in other records: Caroline, Abel, Thomas, Abigail, Isabella and William Henry. In 1887, Julia and her siblings were married and scattered between Bremer County, Iowa, and Richardson county Nebraska.
While this will would suggest that these are two separate Harding families, the 1860 census record for the Wm G Harding household in Mount Vernon Township, Black Hawk County, Iowa is one puzzle piece tying the families together. The Wm G Harding household in 1860 included the following people:
Wm G Harding, age 54 and born in New Brunswick
Elizabeth Harding, age 38 and born in Scotland
Thomas Harding, age 21 and born in New Brunswick
Joseph Ponsford, age 19 and born in New Brunswick
Rachel Ponsford, age 16 and born in New Brunswick
Henry Harding, age 14 and born in New Brunswick
Walter Ponsford, age 13 and born in New Brunswick
Alexander H Ponsford, age 10 and born in New Brunswick
Hattie Harding, age 3 and born in Wisconsin
This 1860 census record appears to combine most of Eliza’s children and some of Julia’s siblings in the household of Wm G Harding. Using a birth place of New Brunswick as a clue, the Harding family was found on the 1851 census living in Westfeld, Kings County, New Brunswick.
William G Harding – male – widowed – age 47 – native – farmer
Caroline Harding – f – single – age 20 – native
Abel Harding – M – single – age 18 – native
Thomas Harding – M – single – age 16 – native
Abigail Harding – F – single – age 14 – native
Julia Harding – F – single – age 11 – native
Isabella Harding – F – single – age 9 – native
Henry Harding – male – single – age 5 – native
This 1851 census record lists Julia and her siblings in the household of William G. Harding. Eliza Harding is not listed on this record. Nor are any of the Ponsford children. Also absent from this record is a potential mother for the Harding children.
These two pieces of negative evidence, Eliza’s will which does not mention Julia and the 1851 New Brunswick census which does list Julia but does not list Eliza, are the basis for my current conclusion that Eliza is not the mother of Julia Harding.
However, I need additional evidence.
Marriage record for William G. Harding and Eliza
Census record for Eliza and her Ponsford children in 1850 or 1851
Eliza’s marriage record to a Ponsford
Death and/or burial records for William Harding’s first wife
Death an/or burial records for the father of the Ponsford children
Unfortunately, my puzzle will not be complete until I locate these hidden pieces of the puzzle.