Chasing Edward

When doing your genealogy research do you sometimes feel like you are going down a rabbit hole or chasing your tail? That’s what I sometimes feel like when I research descendants of a Crawford who is not my ancestor.

So yesterday, I was chasing my tail by researching the children of Edward Crawford (1762-1826) of Overton, Tennessee. Even though I don’t have any paper research connecting my Crawford line to Edward or even to Overton County, Tennessee, there is a DNA connection. Descendants of Edward Crawford have also done a Big Y DNA test and we have been assigned the same branch of the Big Y Haplotree: R-Y88686.

When I first received these DNA results, I couldn’t find a connection between my Crawford family in Garrard County, Kentucky and Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee. However, I remembered that I had found an Edward Crawford in the 1795 and 1796 tax lists for Madison County, Kentucky. Wondering whether the Edward Crawford in the tax lists of Madison County, KY is the same Edward Crawford who died in Overton County, TN.

Thus, I’ve been researching the children and grandchildren of Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee — hoping to find some clue that would lead back to Kentucky. As I was finding records for Edward’s children and their family, I was comparing my findings to the Edward Crawford [LD9R-8KW] family on the FamilySearch tree. During this comparison, I discovered that other researchers believe that David Crawford [9KMN-WNK], son of Edward and Abigail (Trowbridge) Crawford was born in Clark County, Kentucky.

Wait! A child of Edward was born in Kentucky – in Clark County, Kentucky? Since none of my research had taken me to Clark County, Kentucky, I had to look it up on a map. That’s when I discovered that Clark County was on the northeast border of Madison County.

Thus, I’ve started digging into Clark County records to see what I could learn about Edward Crawford. I started by looking for marriage records involving an Edward Crawford and I found reference to a marriage bond between an Edward Crawford and an Abigail Trowbridge.

Crawford, Edward and Abigail Trowbridge; surety, Silas Trowbridge 1798 Dec 3

Besides the marriage bond  of Edward Crawford, I found information for several other Crawford family marriage bonds on page 85.

page 85
Crawford, Cassillah and George S. Miller; surety, Moses Gentry 1810 Sep10

Crawford, Ceile, and Jehu Cole; surety, Jesse Cole. Jehu Cole guardian of Ceile Crawford 1806 Sep 23

Crawford, Edward and Abigail Trowbridge; surety, Silas Trowbridge 1798 Dec 3

Crawford, John and Dolly Fourt, daughter Peter and Mary Fourt (consent); witness, THomas Hansford; surety, James Ward 1796 Jun 28 [John Andrew Crawford 1765-1851 and Dorothy FOrt 1775-1846 in RootsMagic]

Crawford, Velentine and Susan Wray; surety, Archibald Crawford, consent of Benjamin Wray; witness, George Sharp 1800 Jan 10

Not only did I find information linking the an Edward Crawford of Kentucky to the Edward Crawford of Overton, Kentucky, but I have several other Crawfords to add to my FAN club and another Kentucky county to research.
George F. Doyle, Marriage Bonds of Clark County, Kentucky from the Formation of the County in 1793 to 1850: compiled from the original bonds in the office of the clerk of the Clark County Court, digital image (Winchester, Kentucky: Clark County Historical Society, 1933), page 85; digital image, FamilySearch, Film 183194 DGS 7896907 : viewed online 15 February 2020.

DNA Haplogroup

Thanks to some updates to the yDNA test I manage, my Crawford line (James Crawford – born 1772, died 1854) has been assigned a new Haplogroup: R-A13336. Previously, we had been grouped in the larger R-M269 Haplogroup. According to a Crawford project administrator, I also share the Y30725 terminal SNP with another match. It is my understanding that work is still being done to determine which is older: the A13336 or the Y30725.

Thus, I can use the R-A13336 haplogroup to identify my closest Crawford yDNA matches. These matches have identified the following ‘earliest known yDNA ancestors’.

  • Robert Crawford II – born 1752
  • Richard Crawford – born 1777 Barbados, d 1850 Curacao
  • John Crawford – died early 1700s
  • James Craufurd – born 1641 Scotland, died 1683 Delaware
  • Hugh Crawford 

If I also look at the R-Y30725 match, then I can add another earliest known yDNA ancestor

  • Edward Crawford – born 1770 in PA or VA, died 1826 Overton County, TN

At this point, I am clueless as to how my Crawford line might connect to these other Crawford lines. However, I am going to expand my research into the following areas:

  • Overton County, TN
  • Orange County, NC
  • Nelson County, KY

As I look at Crawford records in these new areas, I’m also going to look for ties between the families of early Garrard, Lincoln and Madison counties in Kentucky and the Crawford families in these new areas. I’m also hoping to collaborate with descendants of each of these matches. Hopefully, we can figure out how we are related and in the process find more yDNA cousins.

Edward Crawford Deed

Is Edward Crawford of Overton, Tennessee a brother to James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio? Is he the same Edward Crawford shown in the 1896 tax list for Garrard County, KY. To answer either of these questions, I need to learn more about Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee. Since I’m looking for a source tying two locations together, I’m starting with deeds.

Edward Crawford of Overton County, Tennessee purchased land in 1807 from Thomas Dillen.

Overton County, Tennessee

Deeds, V. A-C 1801-1813
FamilySearch Film 981131 DGS 7903546

Crawford Edward (grantee) from Thomas Dillon Book B page 13

In Column: Original Book B page 14 &c

Thomas Dillen
To Deed 300 acres on
waters of Obed’s river
Edward Crawford

This Indenture, made the fourteenth
day of November, in the year one
thousand eight hundred and
seven between Thomas Dillen
of the County of Davidson and
State of Tennessee of Te one part and Edward Craw-
ford of the County of Overton and State aforesaid of
the other part, Witnesseth: That the said Thomas
Dillen for and in consideration of the sum of four
hundred dollars, to him in hand paid, the receipt
whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath and by these
presents doth grant, bargain, sell, alien, enscoss
and confirm unto the said Edward Crawford, his
heirs and assigns forever, a certain tract of
parcel of land containing three hundred acres,
lying and being in the County of Overton, on the
waters of Obed’s river, one prong of Cumberland river,
on a north side of a creek called the Nettle Corner’s,
joining the north side of Jacob Beason’s line, beg-
inning on Jacob Beason’s northwest corner, on two
post oaks; thence east along said Beason’s line
926 poles to two black oaks; thence north, 65 1/2 E
100 poles to a white oak; thence north 160 poles to
a black oak and post oak; thence west 200 poles
to a black oak; thence south, 45 W, 43 poles to
a stake and from thence South 16 1/2 E 226 poles
to the beginning 300 acres more or less with all and
singular, the woods waters, water courses, profits,
commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances
whatsoever to the said tract of land belonging or
appertaining, and the reversion and reversions,
remainder and remainders, rents and issues
thereof, and all the estate, right, tittles, interest,
property, claims and demand of him the said
Thomas Dillen, his heirs and assigns forever,
of, in and to the same, and every part or parcel
thereof, either in law or equity, to have and to
hold the said 300 hundred acres of land, with
the appurtenances, unto the said Edward Crawford

page 14

his heirs and assigns forever, against the lawful title,
claim and demand of all and every person or
persons whatsoever will warrant and forever
defend by these presents.
In witness whereof, the said Thomas Dillen hath
hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year
above written.
Thomas Dillen (seal)
Signed sealed and delivered
in the presence of
Early Allison
John McDonald

State of Tennessee
Winchester District
October Term 1808
I Archibald W. Overton, clerk of the
Superior Court of law for the district aforsaid, do
hereby certify that Thomas Dillen appeared in open
court and acknowledged the due execution of
the within deed, and was ordered to be registered.
Let it be registered. Ar. W. Overton Clk.

Registered &c 29th May, 1809.

Curious as to what this parcel of land looked like, I entered the description into Deed Mapper.

And I got an open plot. I’ve double-checked the text in Deed Mapper against the image of the deed and don’t believe I’ve made a mistake in the transfer of the information. However, the resulting plot is not for 300 acres and is still open.

To figure out this deed, I will need to locate other deeds or maps showing various deed from the time period. Maybe I’ll even be lucky enough to find someone entering Overton County TN deeds into Deed Mapper’s online collection.

Left Turn

Have you ever come across a new piece of information that sends your genealogy research in a totally different direction? I’m sure you have as most of us encounter this from time to time.

Yesterday, I received such a piece of information. This wasn’t a document but a DNA result – a yDNA result. Apparently, my Crawford line is its own branch with my closest Crawford match being a descendant of Edward Crawford of Overton, Tennessee.

So, one of my new goals is to try and determine how this Edward Crawford might fit in with all of my James Crawford research. With only five Edwards in my database it is a relatively unusual name. Unfortunately, Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford had a son named Edward. Thus, there will be confusion in online trees as to the parents of Edward.

In looking back thru my Kentucky research notes, I do have some data placing an Edward Crawford in Madison County, Kentucky during the time period of my James Crawford research.

In 1795, Edward Crawford was listed on the tax records for Madison County, Kentucky as a male over 21 with 2 horses and 3 cattle. 

He is also listed in 1796. There are no other Crawford families listed in this group of tax records. Since the names are grouped by the first letter of the surname, it is difficult to determine neighbors. At this time, I have no idea whether this Edward Crawford is a relative of any of the other Crawford families in the region in the 1790s.

In hopes of finding a document that would link Edward Crawford of Tennessee to my research of Crawford Kentucky families, I decided to start with deeds. Thus, I did a search of Overton County, Tennessee deeds for the mention of any Crawford. 

Overton County TennesseeDeed, 1801-1903

Index to Deeds 1806-1904FamilySearch

Film 981130 DGS 7897658

Image 6

Deed Index (Direct and Reverse)1806-1859 Grantor on left / Grantee on right – starts with Book E

Image 20 – start of C

Image 23 – start of book I (goes from E to I – nothing n between)

Image 26

  • Crawford Thomas (grantor) to James Boyd Book K page 396 – skips book L and book M
  • Crawford Charles (grantor) to Isaiah Warthan Book N page 145
  • Crawford David (grantee) from James Haytee Book K page 228
  • Crawford W K from Garinhew et al book K page 347 or 547Crawford W K from W H Harrison Book K page probably 542

Image 27

  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to Arch Qualls Book N page 262
  • Crawford Alex from John Barksdale Book K page 407Image 29 – Book O
  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to Robt Allread Book O page 51
  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to Thompson Miller Book O page 107
  • Crawford Thomas (grantor) to James Boyd Book O page 154
  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to L W Hoover Book O page 404
  • Crawford Alex (Grantee) from  Hasely Wm Book O page 205Image 30 – Books a and B
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to Jesse Crawford Book B page 219
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to Anthony Flowers book B page 221
  • Crawford Edward (grantee) from Thomas Dillon Book B page 13D starts on image 31

Image 129

Deed Index (Direct and Reverse)1812-1865

Image 146 – start of C

Book C

  • Crawford Jesse (grantor) to Joseph Crawford Book C page 41
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to William Lee Book C page 42
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to Evin Toilhunter Book C page 94
  • Crawford John Sr (grantor) to James McDonnel – sale of negro Book C page 131
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor0) to Isaac Deuton book C page 298Book D
  • Crawford John (Grantor) to Isaac Gore) Book D pge 75
  • Crawford Edward (grantor) to John McDonald Book D page 104
  • Crawford Edward (grantor) to John McIver book D page 205
  • Crawford Joseph (Grantee) from Jesse Crawford Book ? 41
  • Crawford Joseph (grantee) from William Path Book D page 83
  • Crawford Edward (grantee) from John McDonald Book D page 110

Image 147

  • Crawford John Sen (grantor) to Simon Hinels Book D page 319

Image 153

  • Crawford Alexander Administrator (grantor) to Oliver P H Harris Book M page 252

Image 155

  • Crawford Alexander (grantee) from Madison Richardson Book P page 160

Image 156

  • Crawford A (grantee) from Thomas Maxwell Book P page 227

I found quite a few Crawford deeds prior to 1865. Now my task is to figure out whether any of them are related to each other or to my Kentucky Crawfords.