DNA JOY!

My mind is ‘jumping up and down’ with joy this morning. Another CRAWFORD researcher contacted me this morning to let me know he had found out his haplogroup: R-Y88686. That is the SAME haplogroup as my brother.

We FINALLY have some evidence that we are related!

We both descend from James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. His James Crawford was born in 1770 in Augusta County, Virginia and died in 1833 in Warren County, Indiana. My James was born in 1772 in Virginia and died in 1854 in Preble County, Ohio.

Both men were living in Kentucky prior to 1800. His James married Martha Knight in 1793 in Lincoln County, Kentucky. My James married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. (Garrard County was formed in 1797 from Lincoln and Madison counties.)

In 1811, his James filed land entry papers showing he had made the final payment for the SW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7 Range 2 East in Preble County, Ohio. In 1816, my James filed similar land entry papers showing he had made the final payment for the NW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 East in Preble County, Ohio. Yes, they owned adjoining land.

These two families appear to have migrated together for over 100 years. Thus, we have long suspected a relationship.

Not only has our yDNA tests shown us that we need to keep looking for that relationship, but it has added a third James Crawford to the mix. This James was also in Garrard County prior to 1800. James was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1758 and died in Jefferson County, Indiana in 1836. In 1779, this James Crawford married Rebecca Anderson Maxwell in Montgomery County, Virginia.

So that’s three members of our haplogroup:

  • three James Crawfords
  • all in Garrard County, Kentucky prior to 1800
  • all born in Virginia – likely in early Augusta County, Virginia
  • no father/son relationship between any of the three James Crawfords

The fourth member of our haplogroup descends from William Nelson Crawford. William was born in 1829 in Ohio. Little information about William has been found prior to his marriage to Julia Ann Decious in 1864 in Lassen, California. By 1877, William and Julia were living in Klickitat County, Washington. William died in Klickitat County in 1907.

This William Crawford may have been the 21 year old William Crawford listed in the household of William Crawford (son of James and Martha Crawford) on the 1850 census in Pike Township, Warren County, Indiana.

If so, that would place William Nelson Crawford in Warren County, Indiana along with James and Martha Crawford and their children and with my ancestor Nelson G. Crawford, son of James and Sally Crawford.

This new haplogroup information says these four families are related. We just need to do more digging to figure out how!

Stoner – Shaffer – Needham Connection

Do you use siblings and their descendants to help you locate information on one of your ancestors? Over the years, I’ve found that following these siblings and their families has led me to information I would never have found by just tracking my ancestoral lines.

Thus, I have decide to re-study Nelson G. Crawford’s sister, Polly and her family. Nelson and Polly are the only children that I’ve been able to verify as children of my brick wall ancestor, James Crawford.

James Crawford’s will actually identifies one of Polly’s children in his will: Martha Jane Stoner.

James Crawford will naming Martha Jane Stoner

Even though Martha Stoner is identified in James’ will, tracking her descendants has proven difficult. I believe Martha married Jonathan Sheffer in 1862 in Preble County, Ohio.

Marriage record Jonathan Sheffer and Martha Stoner (Stover)

An 1870 census record for a household of Jonathan Shaffer in Preble County, Ohio includes four children: Emma, Albert, Laura and Charles.

Finding documents to tie Jonathan Sheffer (Shaffer) and his family to other descendants of James Crawford has proven to be difficult. Even proving that the Laura Shaffer shown in the census is the wife of Abner Needham is tricky.

Researchers of FamilySearch have identified the children of Abner Needham. However, the current consensus for his wife’s name is Laura Scheffler. So not only is there a question of who Laura’s parents are, but also how her surname is spelled.

Thus, I decided to look at some of the original records to see how the name is spelled. First, the marriage record for Jonathan and Martha (shown above) uses the SHEFFER spelling for the name. However, this same record also appears to spell Martha’s name as STOVER and not Stoner.

The marriage record for Abner Needham shows Laura’s name as Laura Sheffer and identifies Jonathan D Sheffer as her father.

Marriage record Abner Needham and Laura Sheffer

So, where is the Schlepper spelling coming from? My guess is that it is coming from a birth record for one of Abner and Laura’s children. The index for Preble County birth records shows the variation in the spelling of Laura’s surname.

Abner Needham children in birth records

However, viewing the actual documents, I believe that the name does not have an ‘L’ in it.

Chester Needham’s birth record
Lavina Needham’s birth record
Russel Needham’s birth record

Additional records that show the parents of the Needham children include the marriage record and the death certificate for Chester Needham.

Chester Needham’s marriage record
Chester Needham death certificate

Based on these various documents, I believe that the spelling of Laura’s name is Sheffer or Shaffer and not Scheffler.

However, I can’t prove that Laura Sheffer descends from James Crawford. I am missing document tying the Sheffer family to other descendants of Polly Crawford and John Stoner. In addition, I have not been able to identify any DNA matches thru this line.

Thus, I’m inviting readers to prove me wrong — to provide proof that I’ve made a wrong conclusion regarding Martha Jane Stoner and her family.

1. Martha Jane Stoner was born about 1837 in Ohio, United States.1

She was listed on the census as a 13 year old white female born OH and was listed as Martha Stover at Gasper Twp. in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 2 Aug 1850.2

She was on the census as a 33 year old female born Ohio and was listed as Martha Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.34

Martha was also known as Martha Jane Sheffer.

Martha Jane Stoner and Jonathan Sheffer were married on 27 Mar 1862 in Preble, Ohio, United States.510

Jonathan Sheffer, son of Samuel Shaffer and Mary Ann Donahoo, was born on 8 Jul 1840 in Highland, Ohio, United States.11

He was on the census as a 32 year old male born Ohio and was listed as Jonathan Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.3,12

He died on 4 Jun 1930 at the age of 89 in Detroit, Pike, Illinois, United States.11

Jonathan was buried on 6 Jun 1930 at Blue River in Detroit, Pike, Illinois, United States.11 Martha Jane Stoner and Jonathan Sheffer had the following children:

11. Emma Shaffer was born about 1864 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13

She was on the census as a 6 year old female born Ohio and was listed as Emma Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.12,14

She lived in Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio on 11 Jun 1880.1516

12. Albert F. Shaffer was born on 18 May 1866 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13,17

Hewas listed as a 4 year old male born Ohio and was listed as Albert F. Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 8 Aug 1870.1213

He lived in Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio on 11 Jun 1880.18

Albert died on 4 Nov 1894 at the age of 28 in Eaton, Preble, Ohio, United States.17

He was buried at Preble County Home Cemetery in Eaton, Preble, Ohio, United States.17

13. Laura A. Shaffer was born about 1869 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13

She was listed as a 1 year old female born Ohio and was listed as Laura A. Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.1213

She lived in Lanier Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 15 Jun 1880.19

Laura lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

She died on 9 Jul 1901 at the age of 32 in Montgomery, Ohio, United States.2526

She was buried at Greencastle in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.2527

Laura was the parent of Anna Keller.2829

Laura A. Shaffer and Abner Needham were married on 12 Aug 1885 in Preble, Ohio, United States.3031

Abner Needham32 was born about 1846.20

He lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

He died on 12 Sep 1930 at the age of 84 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.20,33

The funeral of Abner was held on 15 Sep 1930.20

He was buried on 15 Sep 1930 at Greencastle Cemetery.20

He was the parent of Anna Keller.2829 Laura A. Shaffer and Abner Needham had the following children:

131. Chester Needham was born on 29 Apr 1889 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.2122,24,34

He lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

Chester lived in Detroit, Michigan, United States in 1930.20,33

He died on 16 Oct 1943 at the age of 54 in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.34

He was buried on 20 Oct 1943 at Grand Lawn Cemetery in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.34

Chester Needham and Anna Keller were married on 11 Apr 1910 in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.2829

Anna Keller was born in 1891.

She was the child of Abner Needham and Laura A. Shaffer.2829

132. Russell Jacob Needham24,35 was born in Jan 1892 in Ohio, United States.24,3637

He was born on 23 Jan 1893.35

Russell lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

He registered for the military draft  in 1918 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.35

He lived in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States in Sep 1930.20,33

Russell registered for the military draft  in 1942 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.38

He died in 1964 at the age of 72 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.3940

He was buried on 27 Jul 1964 at Dayton Memorial Park Cemetery in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.3940

Caroline B Hammer41 died in 1954.41

She was buried in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.41

133. Frederick Needham24 was born in Mar 1896 in Ohio, United States.24

He lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

Frederick lived in Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States in Sep 1930.20,33

He lived in Bedford, Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States in 1964.40

134. Laura Lovina Needham24 was born on 11 Feb 1891 in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.2324,42

She lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

Laura lived in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States in 1930.33

_____ Kingery20 was born (date unknown).

Laura Lovina Needham and Thomas Brett were married on 5 Sep 1933 in Richmond, Indiana.23

Thomas Brett23

135. Emma Needham was born in Jun 1899 in Ohio, United States.24

She lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24

Emma lived in San Diego, California, United States in Sep 1930.20,33

She lived in Los Angeles, California, United States in 1964.40

_____ Brown20 was born (date unknown).

14. Charles E. Sheffer14 was born in May 1870 in Preble, Ohio, United States.14

He lived in Lanier Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 8 Aug 1870.12

  Sources:

      1. 1850 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, [CivilDivision], [ED], [PageID] Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], [HouseholdID], [Person]; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : [AccessType] [AccessDate]); National Archives Publication M432. [FileNumber] [WebAddress].

        2. 1850 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Gasper Township, Preble County, Ohio, image 4 of 23, household 577, James Crawford.

        3. Gilbert, Audrey, 1870 Preble County Ohio Census (: , ), (Doc. #:  CRAWFORD.OH.086).

        4. 1870 U.S. Census, DeKalb County, Indiana, population schedule, Jackson Township, DeKalb County, Indiana, page 315 (image 1 of 29) Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 7, John Sheffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132. [WebAddress].

        5. Gilbert, Audrey, Preble County, Ohio Marriages:  1860-1898 (: , ).

        6. Gilbert, Audrey, Preble County, Ohio Marriages:  1860-1898 (: , ), p. 96 (Crawford.OH.085).

        7. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 database, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7836/). Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 : [AccessType] [AccessDate]; [Page].

        8. Dodd, JOrdan, “Ohio, Marriages, 1803-1900,”Ancestry.com, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2017), Jonathan Sheffer.

        9. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2018), Martha Stover / Johnathan D. Sheffer.

        10. “Ohio, Compiled Marriage Index, 1803-1900,” , Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2019), Martha Stover – Jonathan Sheffer.

        11. “Illinois, Deaths and Stillbirths Index, 1916-1947,” database on-line, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), Jonathan Shaffer.

        12. 1870 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Lanier Township, Preble County, Ohio, page 156, household 90, Jonathan Sheffer; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132. Found online at [WebAddress]

        13. Gilbert, Audrey, 1870 Preble County Ohio Census (: , ).

        14. Gilbert, Audrey, 1870 Preble County Ohio Census (: , ), p. 70 (Crawford.OH.086).

        15. Preble County, Ohio 1880 Census (Uttica, KY: McDowell Publications, 1983), page 25, ED 2, SD 203 (Ancestry image 22 of 32). Hereinafter cited as Preble County, Ohio 1880 Census.

        16. 1880 U.S. Cneus, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio, ED 203, Page 25, household 231, Emma Sheffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9.

        17. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Albert F. Sheffer (1866-1894), Find a Grave Memorial no. #115425935, created by Historybuff, citing Preble County Home Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio;, Albert F. Shefffer.

        18. 1880 U.S. Cneus, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio, ED 203, page 25, household 228, Frank Sheffer.

        19. 1880 U.S. Cneus, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, Lanier Township, Preble County, Ohio, ED 200, page 24, , Laura Sheffer.

        20. “Abner D Needham,” Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio), 14 September 1930; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online February 2018).

        21. “Ohio, Births and Christenings INdex, 1774-1973,” database, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2019), Chester Dare Needham.

        22. Ohio, Montgomery. Birth and Death Records, 1866-1910.  Film ## 4017450. Chester Dare Needham, 29 apr 1889 Vol. 4digital images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 3 July 2020.

        23. “Indiana, Marriages, 1810-2001,” database, Ancestry,  (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2019), Lavina Kingery.

        24. 1900 U.S. Census, Montgomery County, Ohio, population schedule, Harrison Township, Montgomery County, Ohio, ED 87, Sheet 16 A Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], family 423, Abner Needham; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed onlnie February 2019). https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/7602/4117773_00433?pid=41239697.

        25. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), memorial for Laura Alice Needham (? – 1901), Find a Grave Memorial no. #102071608,

        26. “Needham- Laura,” The Dayton Herald (Dayton, Ohio), 10 July 1901, page 2; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 4 July 2020).

        27. “Local news,”  Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio), 10 July 1901, page 7; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 4 July 2020).

        28. Michigan, County Marriages, 1820-1940, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, Chester Needham, 11 April 1910; database with images, Ancestry ancestry.com . viewed online 3 July 2020. Original Source: Marriage Records. Michigan Marriages. FamilySearch.

        29. Michigan, Marriage Records, 1867-1952, Chester Needham, digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020). Original Source: Michigan, Marriage Records, 1867-1952.

        30. Genealogical & Historical Records of Preble County, Ohio (http://gen2.pcdl.lib.oh.us : viewed online 3 July 2020), Laura  Shefffer.

        31. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database Laura A. sheffer.

        32. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database Laura A. Sheffer – Abner Needham.

        33. “Abner D Needham,”  Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio), 13 September 1930; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online February 2019).

        34. “Michigan, Death Records 1867-1952,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), Chester D Needham.

        35. “World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database, Ancestry (Ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), Russell Jacob Needham.

        36. Ohio, Montgomery. Birth and Death Records, 1866-1910, Russell Needham, Jan 1892; .

        37. “Ohio, Births and Christenings INdex, 1774-1973,” database Russell Needham.

        38. “U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942,” digital images, NARA Record Group: Records of the Selective Service System, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), Russel Jacob Needham; citing .

        39. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), memorial for Russell Jackson Needham (? – 1964), Find a Grave Memorial no. #139773720,

        40. “Needham, Russell J.,” The Journal Herald (Dayton, Ohio), 25 July 1964, page 6; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 3 July 2020).

        41. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), memorial for Caroline B Hammer Needham (? – 1954), Find a Grave Memorial no. #139773675,

        42. Ohio, Montgomery. Birth and Death Rec

Data Review – Preble County Ohio Marriages

Have you ever gone back thru some old research to discover that you’ve missed some details that might help break thru a brick wall?

Well, I decided to review my research of Polly Crawford and her family. Polly is the sister of my ancestor, Nelson G. Crawford. Unfortunately, I don’t have a lot of research for Polly and her family.

I decided to begin my review by looking at marriage records from Preble County, Ohio to see what I could learn about Polly and her children.

In looking thru my notes, I discovered that I had pulled records for Crawford, Duggins, and Sellers surnames from Ancestry’s database Marriage Records Vol. I 1808-1830 and Vol. II 1831-1840 for Preble County, Ohio.

In looking thru this data, I recognized names for children of several known residents of Preble County Ohio: James and Sally Crawford (my ancestor, James and Martha Crawford, Nathan Sellers, and William and Sarah (Crawford) Sellers.

However, there were several Crawford and Sellers names that I didn’t recognize. Thus, I decided to use the tree on FamilySearch to see whether I could figure out who all of these people are. To my surprise, I discovered some additional families whose children were married in early Preble County, Ohio.

  • Joseph Sellers / Rachel Summers – Joseph is a brother to Nathan Sellers and William Sellers (Joseph Sellers FamilySearch LBK3-VH6)
  • David Lloyd Daniel Crawford (FamilySearch L2QD-4RS)
  • William Crawford / Isabella McClure (FamilySearch L8WF-J2M)
  • Thomas L. Crawford (FamilySearch KZYF-WRL)

Even though I can connect Joseph Sellers and his family to other Sellers families in my data, I don’t know enough about these three Crawford families to place them in my vast pool of Crawford data.

Information on FamilySearch for David Lloyd Daniel Crawford and Thomas L. Crawford indicates that these two families had at least some tie to Maryland. FamilySearch has both of these men as sons of David Crawford II (1740-1812) and Lydia Loyd and grandson of David Crawford I (1710-1785) and Jane Douglas.

On the other hand, William Crawford has Virginia ties – BOTETOURT Virginia ties. FamilySearch shows William as the son of John Crawford (1720-1796) and Margaret Jane Brown.

At this point, I have nothing to tie these three Crawford families to the other Crawford families living in Preble County, Ohio prior to 1830: James Crawford and wife Sally Duggins and James Crawford and wife Martha Knight.

So now, I not only need to update my research of Polly Crawford Stoner and her children but I need to research these other Crawford families in early Preble County, Ohio.

Below is a listing of the various families. Bold text indicates that their marriage record was found in the Ancestry resource.

Nathan A. Sellers / Sarah Finley

  •   Mary Sellers md 1797 Benjamin Neal Bourbon KY
  •   Elizabeth Sellers md 1797 William Snodgrass Bourbon KY
  •   Flones Eleanor Sellers md 1807 Daniel McCoy Bourbon KY
  •   Jannet Jane Sellers md 1811 Henry Duggins Preble OH
  •   Sally Sarah Sellers md 1805 Bourbon KY
  •   Margaret Sellers md 1809 John Bell
  •   Nancy Sellers md 1810 John Hawkins
  •   Elsa Ann Sellers md 1810 Preble James Cox
  •   Nathaniel Finley Sellers md 1822 Mary Barnes Preble OH
  •   Rebecca Finley Sellers md 1818 Alexander McCracken Preble OH

William David Sellers / Sarah Crawford

  •   Nathan Douglas Sellers md 1818 Susanna Hawk Preble
  •         Anna M Sellers md 1840 George Morrow Preble
  •   Rebekah Crawford Sellers
  •   Nancy Sellers md 1817 John Scott Sellers Preble
  •   John Howard Sellers md 1825 Catharine Auter Preble
  •   Mary (Polly) Sellers md 1830 Jacob Swihart Preble
  •   Margaret Sellers md 1832 Harvey Wilson Preble
  •   Celia Amanda Sellers md 1837 William West Preble
  •   Jane Hunter Sellers

Joseph Sellers (FS LBK3-VH6) / Rachel Summers

  •   Mary Elizabeth Sellers md 1810 George Hardy ?Preble
  •   Mary Sellers
  •   Sally Sellers md 1818 Jacob Hawk Preble
  •   Nathan Sellers
  •   Robert A Sellers md 1819 Elizabeth Ward Preble
  •   John Scott Sellers md 1817 Nancy Sellers Preble
  •   Joseph Sellers Jr md 1821 Elizabeth Ward
  •   Jane Sellers md 1821 Ebenezer Bridge Preble
  •   Nancy Jane Sellers md 1820 Benjamin Goldsmith Preble
  •   David Sellers md 1838 Isabella Shields Preble
  •   Elizabeth Sellers
  •   Orpha B. Sellers md 1837 David Johnson Cass IN
  •   William B Sellers md 1831 Rebecca McLane Cass, IN

James Crawford / Martha Knight

  •   Elizabeth Crawford md 1816 Moses Lincoln
  •   Sarah Crawford md 1817 David Shankland Preble, OH
  •   Mary Polly Crawford md 1831 Oliver Swank Warren IN
  •   John Douglas Crawford md 1819 Mrs. Sarah Crawford 1819 Preble
  •   William Allen Crawford md 1827 Letitia Snodgrass Preble
  •   Rebecca Crawford md 1854 William Hatton Warren IN
  •   Nancy Crawford md 1832 Washington Pugh Warren IN
  •   James S. Crawford md 1835 Rachel Shelby Knox IN
  •   Harvey Harrison Crawford md 1834 Mary Pugh Warren IN
  •   Celinda Crawford md 1840 John French Warren IN

James Sellers / Mary Crawford

  •   John Crawford Sellers md 1821 Fannie Brown Garrard, KY
  •   Rebecca Sellers md John Finley Seller (son John Selelrs & Elizabeth Finley) Garrard, KY
  •   Nathan Sellers me 1824 Mary Yowell Lincoln KY
  •   Sarah Sellers md 1826 William Elder Garrard KY
  •   William Harvey Sellers md 1830 Mariah Williams Putnam, IN
  •   Harrison Perry Sellers md 1833 Margaret Vanlandingham Putnam, IN
  •   James Nelson Sellers md 1838 Matilda McCoy Missouri

James Crawford / Sally Duggins – my line

  •   Nelson Crawford md in Warren County, IN
  •   Polly Crawford md in Preble County, OH
  •   Henry Duggins md in Preble County, OH
  •   William A. Duggins md in Preble County, OH

David Lloyd Daniel Crawford (FamilySearch L2QD-4RS)

  •   Jacob Crawford md 1818 Mary Miller Preble OH
  •   Rachel Crawford md 1817 Thomas Cassady Preble OH
  •   Abigail Crawford md 1817 Valentine Phillips Preble OH
  •   Evan A Crawford md 1823 Mildred Roebuck Preble OH
  •   Elizabeth Betty Crawford md 1825 Robert Webb Rush IN
  •   Lydia Crawford md 1826 James McManus (no place given)
  •   David Henry Crawford md 1834 Nellie Eleanor Roberts Clinton OH — NOT SURE HE BELONGS IN THIS FAMILY
  •   Sarah Crawford md 1831 Samuel Stallard Rush IN
  •   David Aperman Crawford md 1835 Margaret Cassady Rush, IN

William Crawford (FamilySearch L8WF-J2M)/ Isabella McClure

  •   Elizabeth Crawford md 1809 Jacob Lybrook Preble, OH
  •   Mary Crawford md 1811 Samuel Hanna no place given
  •   Eleanor Crawford md 1813 James Hanna Franklin, IN
  •   Phoebe Crawford md 1819 William Hanna Franklin, IN
  •   Anna Crawford md 1819 Jacob Miller Franklin, IN
  •   Sarah Crawford md 1821 John Hanna Franklin, IN
  •   Martha Crawford
  •   Maria Crawford md 1824 John Shultz IN
  •   Isaac Crawford md 1829 Mary Ann Shroyer Union, IN
  •   Martha Crawford md 1825 Samuel Eikenbary Franklin, IN
  •   Rebecca Crawford md 1827 Thomas Wolverton, Union, IN
  •   Isabella Crawford md 1832 Jeremiah Bake Union, IN

Thomas L. Crawford (FS KZYF-WRL) md Mary “Polly” Carney

  •   John Crawford – possibly John Crawford who married Polly Hawk in 1817
  •   Mary Crawford md 1822 Joseph Olmstead Preble, OH
  •   Susanah Crawford md ~1820 George Loy OH
  •   Samuel Crawford md 1823 Elizabeth Loy Preble, OH
  •   Evan Crawford
  •   Sarah Crawford
  •   Thomas Crawford md ? Delilah Teford

Below is the data I abstracted from the Ancestry record for Preble County Ohio marriages. I have added probably family ties based on my the family structures found on FamilySearch.

Ancestry.com. Preble County, Ohio Marriage Records Vol. I 1808-1830 and Vol. II 1831-1840 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.Original data: Short, Anita. Preble County, Ohio Marriage Records, 1808-1840 2 vols. in 1. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1994.

Image 19 0f 161 — Image saved to Crawford\Ohio folder OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-VolOne-image19-Crawford
Crawford, Evan A. to Allillia Roebuck 11-13-1823 by George Chideler, M G. page 119 [FS Evan Crawford LZ69-FZC Evan is son of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]

Crawford, Jacob to Polly Miller 2-12-1818 by Richard Shourt, J. P. page 72 [FS Jacob Crawford LK7S-QH6 Jacob is son of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]

Crawford, John to Polly Hawk 11-13-1817 by John Hardy, M. G. page 60 [FS John Crawford KCHX-RHV]

Crawford Samuel to Elizabeth (no last name given) 4-6-1823 by Peter Banta, J. P. page 118 [FS Samuel Crawford LTSL-DXY], Samuel is son of Thomas L. Crawford and Mary Carney]

Crawford William, A [FS 2SHS-ZG6] to Luticia Snodgrass 3-15-1827 by Robert Rhea, J.P. page 157 [William son of James and Martha]

Image 35 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im35-Crawford
Huet, Philip to Hannah Crawford 11-4-1813 by Martin Ruple page 34 [FS Philip Huet KZDJ-6Q2]

Image 40 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im40-Crawford
Lincoln, Moses J to Elizabeth Crawford [FS 4JKG-G67] 9-19-1816 by R. Dooly page 54 (Elizabeth Crawford is the daughter James and Martha)

image 50 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-IM50-Crawford
Olmsted, Joseph to Polly Crawford 3-21-1822 by Isaac Stephens, J. P. page 108 [FS Joseph Olmsted LK7D-2ZR Mary is daughter of Thomas L. Crawford and Mary Carney]

Image 52 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im52-Crawford
Philips, Valentine to Abigale Crawford 11-6-1817 by John Quinn, J. P. page 63 [FS Valentine Philips LK7S-CZP Abigail is daughter of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]

Image 59 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im59-Crawford
Shanklin, David to Sally Crawford [FS K2CT-K2Z] 9-27-1817 by John Hardy, M. G. page 66 (Sally Crawford is the daughter James and Martha)

image 23 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im23-Duggins

Duggin, Willian to Sally Neal 4-29-1819 by John Hardy, M. G. page 89 [William Duggin is step-son of James Crawford, son of Sarah Smith Duggins Crawford]

Dugin, Henry to Jannet Sellers 5-16-1811 by John Hardy page 19 [Henry Dugin is step-son of James Crawford, son of Sarah Smith Duggins Crawford] [Jannet Sellers is daughter of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]

image 13 OH-PReble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im13-Sellers

Bridge Ebenezer to Jane Sellers 4-5-1821 by Isaac Stephens, J.P. page 103 [Jane Sellers (FS K2MJ-ZXM) is daughter of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]

image 19 (saved with Crawford surname)
Cox, James to Elsa Sellers 1-2-181- by James Crawford, J. P. page 8 [Elsa Sellers is daughter of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]

image 28 saved as Oh-Preble-Marriage-Records-vol1-im28-Sellers

Goldsmith, Benjamin to Nancy Sellers 3-16-1820 by James Crawford, J. P. page 94 [Nancy Sellers (FS LHRG-WGJ) is daughter of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]

image 30 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im30-Sellers

Hardy, George to Polly Sellers 1-16-1810 by Samuel Westerfield page 8 [Polly Sellers is Mary Elizabeth Sellers (FS MVRB-7LX) daughter of Joseph and Rachel Sellers]

Image 32 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-IM32-Sellers

Hawk, Jacob to Sally Sellers 9-1-1818 by James Crawford, J. P. page 77 [Sally Sellers (FS LWBM-2JD) is daughter of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]

Hawkins, John to Nancy Sellers 7-9-1810 – lisc [Nancy Sellers (FS LKT4-GHD) is daughter of Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley]

image 35 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im35-Sellers
Huffman, Simeon to Nancy Sellers 12-14-1828 by Thomas Winters, M. G. page 173

Image 42 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im42-Sellers
McCracken, Alexander to Rebecka Sellers 4-16-1818 by John Hardy, J. P. page 72 [Rebecka Sellers is dauther of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]

Image 58 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im58-Sellers
Sellars, Nathan D to Susanah Hawk 9-22-1818 by James Crawford, J. P. pag e78 [Nathan D Sellers (FS LWBM-R9L) is son of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]

Sellers, Ephrain to Katharine Boffworth 1-9-1817 by William Williams, M.G. pge 56 [Ephraim Sellers may be Ephraim Zellers (FS LCPK-6WC)]

Sellers, John to Nancy Sellers 12-11-1817 by John Hardy, M.G. page 69 [John Sellers (FS 27FC-TWH) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers] [Nancy Sellers is daughter of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]

Sellers John H to Catherine I Auter 3-8=1825 by Robert Rhea, J. P. page 136 [John Sellers (FS L4TB-PGX) is son of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]

Sellers, Joesph to Elizabeth Sellers 7-27-1821 by James Crawford, J. P. page 108 [Joseph Sellers (FS L8Q1-LV3) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers; Elizabeth Sellers is widow of Robert Sellers]
Sellers, Nathan F to Mary Barnes 11-5-1822 by Isaac Stephens, J. P. page 106 [Nathan F. Sellers is son of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]

Sellers, Robert to Elizabeth Ward 5-13-1819 by James Crawford, J. P. page 90 [Robert Sellers (FS L8Q1-LVL) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]

Image 63 – page 57
Swihart, Jacob to Mary Selelrs 6-24-1830 by David Bridge, J.P. page 201

image 132 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-Im132-Selelrs
Sellers, David to Isabella Shields 1-23-1838 by Henry Kumler, M. G. pge 360 [David Sellers (FS L8QR-KPZ) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]

image 142 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-Im142-Sellers
West, William H. to Celia Amanda Sellers 8-3-1837 by I. Stephens, J. P. page 334 [Celia Amanda Sellers (FS L4TB-5DY) is daughter of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]

image 144 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-IM144-Sellers
Wilson, Harry H. to Margaret Sellers 2-2-1832 by David Bridge, J. P. page 234 [Margaret Sellers (L4TB-5Q4) is daughter of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]

image 145 saved as Oh-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-im145-Sellers
Zeller, Isaac (FS KH4V-2GF) to Levinia Enochs 3-1-1838 by Henry Kesling, J. P. page 347

Zellers, David A to Susan E Sellers (FS KHH7-KNG) 11-17-1840 by George Bonebreak, Eld. page 384

image 122 saved as Oh-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-Im122-Sellers
Morrow, George [FS LCXK-QR5] to Anna M. Sellers 11-5-1840 by John M. Gray, J. P. (no page # 390-391) [Anna M. Sellers is Fannie Marie Sellers (FS LK5P-Q3C), daughter of Nathan Douglas Sellers and Susanna Hawk]

Image 61 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im61-Crawford
Stoner, John to Polly Crawford 1-18-1821 by R. Dooley, M.G. page 109 [Polly Crawford is daughter of James and Sally Crawford]

Image 41 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im41-Crawford
Lybrook, Jacob to Elizabeth Crawford 8-17-1809 by Train Caldwell page 6 [FS Jacob Lybrook KD71-FPZ Elizabeth is daughter of William Crawford and Isabella McClure]

image 17 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im17-Crawford
Casada, Thomas to Rachel Crawford 12-23-1817 – lisc [FS Thomas Cassady Jr LK7S-Q13 Rachel is daughter of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]

Bride’s Index image 74 – OH-PReble-Marriage-Records-Im74-BridesIndex
Bride’s Index image 75 – OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Im75-BridesIndex

Image 11 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im11-Crawford
Black, Jacob to Sally Crawford 1-1-1829 by N. Benjamin, J.P. page 174 [FS for Jacob Black LZXB-W85]

Clues from a Letter

Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.

Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907
Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford)
Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather
Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died
about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather
Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our
Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here
death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren
County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from
Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents
came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from
Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to
be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only
tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off
and see you and family and next time I am through if possible.
Kindly regards to your family
From you affectionate uncle.
J.. H. Crawford
(James H. Crawford)

Clues:

  • Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
  • nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
  • Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
    • Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
  • Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
    • According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
    • According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
    • Cause of death unknown 
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census  – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
    • Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
  • Great grandparents  – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
    • James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
    • James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
    • yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
    • Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
    • This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
    • Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
    • No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
    • DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.

This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.

Crawford ThruLines Question

I like Ancestry’s new ThruLines feature!

Unfortunately, it is pointing out one of my frustrations with my DNA results. I have several verified second and third cousin DNA matches on my Crawford line but we never got a DNA circle for my 3rd great grandfather, Nelson G. Crawford. When Ancestry released ThruLines, I was hoping to locate some fourth cousins thru one of Nelson’s other children.

However, the ThruLines for Nelson G Crawford only includes DNA matches going thru my 2nd great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford. It does not include any lines going thru the siblings of Washington Marion Crawford.


When I looked at the ThruLines for my 4th great-grandfather, James Crawford, matches are shown for descendants of Nelson’s sister, Polly Crawford and for all of the matches thru my 2nd great-grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford.

Since Washington Marion Crawford had five siblings that lived to adulthood and had families, I expected to find ThruLines thru at least some of those siblings. Thus, I am wondering why ThruLines hasn’t helped identify any fourth cousin Crawford matches.

I have several theories:

  • My fourth cousin descendants of Nelson G. Crawford haven’t done a DNA test thru Ancestry
  • These 4th cousins have done a DNA test but either don’t have a tree or haven’t connected their DNA test to their tree.
  • The trees for my 4th cousins Crawford matches don’t go back far enough to connect to my research — in other words, I haven’t done enough descendancy research
  • Nelson’s middle name is different on various trees causing  trees to not ‘match’
  • My tree is wrong

I’m hoping that I have enough evidence to disprove the theory of an incorrect tree. But, I will continue my search for documentation of Nelson G. Crawford and his family.
To help other researchers, I have researched many of Nelson G. Crawford’s descendants. My information regarding Nelson can be found

If you are a Crawford researcher with family in Preble County, Ohio, Warren County, Indiana or Ford County, Kansas, please contact me. I would love to see how our research might connect!

James Crawford Husband of Sally

James Crawford was born on 17 Apr 1772 in Virginia, British Colonial America.15

     He was listed on the tax rolls  in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.6

7 He registered a stock mark in 1811 in Washington Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.8 James  voted in first election in 1814 in Washington Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.9
He filed land entry papers indicating full payment for the NW 1/4 S14 T7 Range2E on 8 Jun 1816 in Ohio, United States.10

     He was listed on the tax rolls  in 1818 in Preble, Ohio, United States.11 James was listed on the tax rolls  in 1819 in Preble, Ohio, United States.12 He was listed on the tax rolls  in 1820 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13 He was listed with 1 male 10-16, 1 male 45 and over, 1 female under 10, 2 females 10-16, 2 females 16-26, 2 females 45 and over in Washington Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1820.14 James was listed on the tax rolls  in 1821 in Preble, Ohio, United States.15

     He sold land of Preble County Ohio, being the E 1/2 NW 1/4 S14 T7 R2E for $300 on 11 Dec 1821 in Preble, Ohio, United States.16 He  purchased  on 11 Dec 1821 in Preble, Ohio, United States.17 James was listed on the tax rolls  in 1822 in Preble, Ohio, United States.18

     He was listed on the tax rolls  in 1823 in Preble, Ohio, United States.19 He was listed on the tax rolls  from 1827 to 1850 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.20 James was listed with 1 male 20-30, 1 male 50-60, 1 female 15-20, 1 female 20-30, and 1 female 50-60 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States in 1830.21 He was listed on the tax rolls  in 1832 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.22

     He was listed with 1 male 5-10, with 1 male 10-15, 1 male 60-70, 1 female under 5, 1 female 15-20 and 1 female 70-80 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1840.23 James was listed as 78 year old white male farmer born VA with $2000 in real estate along with Sarah Crawford and Martha Stoner at Gasper Twp. in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 2 Aug 1850.24 He bequethed $50 to his granddaughter, Martha Stoner7,2526

     He signed a will on 25 Oct 1851 in Preble, Ohio, United States.7,26 James died on 5 Jul 1854 at the age of 82 in Preble, Ohio, United States.23,5,2728 He was buried after 5 Jul 1854 in Mound Hill, Preble County, Ohio.3,5,28
James Crawford and Sarah “Sally” Smith were married on 12 Sep 1799 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.2935Sarah “Sally” Smith was born on 25 Feb 1770 in Virginia, United States.2,28,3637 She  on 24 Jul 1780 in Richmond, Richmond (city), Virginia, United States.38 She was also known as Sarah Duggins on 22 Jan 1788. Sally  sold land  on 16 Jun 1794 in Amherst, Amherst, Virginia, United States.39 She  sold land  on 16 Jun 1794 in Amherst, Amherst, Virginia, United States.40 She lived in Preble, Ohio, United States in 1807.27 Sally lived 80 year old white female born VA at Gasper Twp. in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 2 Aug 1850.24 She  sold land  on 19 Jan 1856 in Preble, Ohio, United States.41 She died on 2 May 1856 in Preble, Ohio, United States.2,2728,37 Sally was buried after 2 May 1856 in Mound Hill, Preble County, Ohio.28,37

        1. Gilbert, Audrey, Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio (Owensboro, KY: McDowell Publications, 1981), p. 13 (Crawford.OH.015, 059).        

2. Ohio Death and Cemetery Records (: ), p. 115 Preble County Ohio Mound Hill Cemetery Section 6, Eaton Ohio (Crawford.OH.009). Hereinafter cited as Ohio Death and Cemetery Records.        

3. Ancestry, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).        

4. James Crawford, Mound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Ohio (); photo taken by Marcia Philbrick.        

5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for James Crawford (1772-1854), Find a Grave Memorial no. #8559177, created by Beverly, citing Mound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio; accompanying photograph by Marcia Philbrick, James Crawford.        

6. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crofford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.        

7. Anita ShortPreble County Ohio Wills Vol. II 1836-1854 (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995), image 91 of 98 – page 31; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online January 2019; https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/49305/FLHG_PrebleCntyWills-0091?pid=85857.        

8. Records of Stock Marks Washington Township Preble County Ohio (: ), p. 57 (Crawford.OH.087).        

9. History of Preble County Ohio (Cleveland, OH: H. Z. Williams, 1881), p. 135.         

10. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online March 2019), William Sellers and James Crawford.        

11. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, OHio 1816-1838.  Film #528382 DGS 4849213. James Crawford, 1818 : image 73; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online March 2019.        

12. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, Crawford James Junr, 1819; .        

13. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, Crawford James Jnr, 1820; .        

14. 1820 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Washington Township, p. 106, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

15. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, Crawford James Jnr, 1821; .        

16. Ohio, Preble. Deeds, 1819-1824. Preble County Recorder of Deeds, Eaton, OH. James Crawford, 11 Dec 1821 5: 86; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2018.        

17. Ohio, Preble. Deeds, 1819-1824, Crawford James, 15 Jan 1822; .        

18. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, James Crawford, 1822; .        

19. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, James Crawford, 1823; .        

20. , Preble County Ohio Personal Property Tax List 1827-1842 (Utica, KY: McDowell Publications, 1987), 1827 (Crawford.OH.054). Hereinafter cited as Preble County Ohio Tax List 1827-1850.        

21. 1830 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Gasper Township, Preble County, Ohio, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2018); NARA microfilm publication M19. .        

22. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio, 1831-1834. CRAWFORD, 1832 Tax Record Vol 1118: image 288 and 292; database with images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online April 2018.        

23. 1840 U.S. Census, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, ; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com ; NARA microfilm M704.         

24. 1850 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Gasper Township, Preble County, Ohio, image 4 of 23, household 577, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2016); National Archives Publication M432.         

25. Probate packet for James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio, , .        

26. Ohio, Preble. Will Book C.  Film #Film 005868427. James Crawford, 28 Jul 1854 Book C: image 555; digital image, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

27. Gilbert, Audrey, Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio (Owensboro, KY: McDowell Publications, 1981), p. 13 (Crawford.OH.015).        

28. , (Crawford.OH.062), Mound Hill Cemetery, , .        

29. Preble County Ohio Will Abstracts 1836-1854 Volume II (Arcanum, Ohio: Anita Short, 1967), p. 31.         

30. , Record of marriages in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive; records of wills in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive (Wallins Creek, Kentucky: Burns, 1933), p. 29 (Crawford.KY.043). Hereinafter cited as Garrard County Kentucky Marriages and Wills 1796-1851.        

31. Dodd, Jordan, “Virginia, Marriages, 1660-1800,” Ancestry.com, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (July 2016), Salley Smith.         

32. “Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), James Crawford – Sally Duggins.         

33. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1783-1965, Garrard, Kentucky, Sally Duggins, 12 Sep 1799; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com . viewed online March 2018.        

34. Kentucky, Garrard. Marriages, 1797-1954.  Film #004260348. James Crawford – Sally Duggins, Sept 12, 1799 17997-1853: 78 (image 10); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.        

35. Garrard County, Kentucky, Courthouse, Bond for marriage of James Crawford and Sally Duggins, #101, James Crawford, 12 September 1799; County Clerk, Garrard County, Kentucky, Lancaster, KY.        

36. Gilbert, Audrey, Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio (Owensboro, KY: McDowell Publications, 1981), calculated birth p. 13 (Crawford.OH.015).        

37. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Sally Smith Crawford (1770-1856), Find a Grave Memorial no. #8559179,        

38. , The Deeds of Amherst County Virginia 1807-1827 Books L-R (Easely, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1985), p. 17 (Duggins.VA.004). Hereinafter cited as The Deeds of Amherst County, Virginia 1807-1827.        

39. , E-mail message from (Amherst County, Virginia) to , Book G, page 383 (Duggins.VA.005).       

41. Ohio, Preble County. Deeds, 1805-1963.  Film #008587952. Sally Crawford, Jan 1856 44: 225; digital image, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org 

Dooley

Have you ever seen a name in a deed or court document and thought to yourself, ‘Hey, I’ve seen that name before?’ Well that was my situation when I was looking at tax records for Barren County, Kentucky.

Since I found James Crawford with 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone listed on the 1800 tax list for Barren County, KY, I started looking for other people owning land on the Marrowbone. That’s when I found Moses Dooly Junr also owning 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone.

Not only was Moses Dooly Junr in Barren County, but so was his father and brothers.

I remembered the Dooly name from my Garrard County map of the original land owners. Moses Dooly had a land grant (#912) for land in the line fork of Sugar Creek.

This land is near the Mary Crawford land purchased from Richard Cave. Mary’s land would be to the East of Moses Dooley’s land. Just to the Southwest of Moses Dooley’s land is the land grant for Jacob Myers. Some of this land was sold to George Douglas. George Douglas then sold a portion to Rebekah Crawford.

So when I saw Moses Dooly Junr as a potential neighbor to James Crawford, I started paying attention to the Dooly family. Since James and Martha Crawford sold 200 hundred acres of land on the Marrowbone (see Barren County Connection), I believe the James Crawford in the tax record is the James Crawford married to Martha Knight. However, I haven’t found the deed for James’ purchase of the land. Thus, I can’t say for certain which James Crawford is listed in the tax record.

As I was researching the two James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio, I discovered the Dooly family on the tax records in Preble County, Ohio. The 1816 Preble County, Ohio tax list shows Moses Dooley Senr and Moses Dooley along with several other members of the family.

Since I’ve found the Dooley family and likely both James Crawford families in Barren County, KY and Preble County, OH, I began wondering if Moses Dooley was on the tax lists for Lincoln or Madison Counties. Thus, I returned to the tax lists for Lincoln County, KY where I had previously found George Douglas and Rebekah Crawford along with some Sellars families in 1787. I didn’t find any Dooley names living near Rebekah Crawford in 1787. So, I checked Madison County, KY where I found Moses Dooley and John Doly in 1787.

This places Moses Dooley in the same taxing district as Mary Crawford, James Crawford and William Crawford in 1787. 

This may all be coincidence, but it appears that the Dooley clan followed the same migration path from the Garrard County, Kentucky area in 1787 to the Barren County, Kentucky area in 1799 to Preble County, Ohio in 1816.
Thus, I’ve added the Dooley surname to my FAN club.

Will of James Crawford

Preble County, Ohio
Wills V.1, B-C 1808-1854
FS Film 564860 DGS 5868427

Image 555
page 389

James Crawford Will
The State of Ohio Preble County
In the Matter of James Crawfords Will
Be it remembered that heretofore to with before
the Probate Court within and for the County of Preble
and State of Ohio, held at the Court House in Eaton the
28th day of July Eighteen hundred and fifty four, by
John V. Campbell Judge of said Court the last will
and testament of James Crawford late of Gasper Township
in the County deceased was this day brought before
the Court and was proved by the oaths of Isaac Stephens
and Edward Laning two of the witnesses thereto whose
examinations were reduced to writing, and it
appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that the said
James Crawford at the time of executing said will
was of full age of sound mind and memory
and not under any restraint. It is ordered that
said will and the proof so reduced to writing be
recorded. And thereupon our motion of Nelson G. Crawford
the Executor in said will named. It is ordered that Letters
Testamentary be granted to the said Nelson G. Crawford
who thereupon gave in Undertaking with William
Duggins senr. and Nathaniel R Lockwood security
to the acceptance of the Court in the penalty of
Eight hundred Dollars conditioned according
to law whereupon it is ordered by the Court that
Joseph L. Campbell, John Halderman jr and
Thomas Stephens appraise the personal property
of said estate said will is in the words & figures
following to wit. I James Crawford, of Preble
County Ohio, do make and publish this my last
will and testament in the manner following
and first. It is my will that all my just debts
and funeral expenses be fully paid out of my estate
and secondly, I give devise and bequeth

Page 390

to my wife Sally Crawford the full use privilege and
benefit of all my estate both real and personal to be held
used, occupied and enjoyed by her during her natural life
for the purposes of affording her a comfortable and competent
support and maintainance during her said natural life and
for no other use or purpose. I give and bequeth to my
grand daughter Mary Ann Wikle fifty dollars to
be paid to her out of my estate within a reasonable
time after the death of my said wife. I give and
bequeth to my grand daughter Martha Jane Stoner
fifty Dollars to be paid to her out of my estate at the
time last above mentioned. And lastly, I give, devise
and bequeth to my son Nelson G Crawford all the residue and
remainder of my estate both real and personal of every kind
and description whatever to be held used occupied and
enjoyed by him and his heirs and assigns forever as an
absolute estate of inheritance subject however to the
incumbrance of the life estate herein created in favor
of my said wife and the two legacies herein before mentioned
to my said grand daughters. I wish it distinctly understood
that at the decease of my said wife and on payment of the
two legacies above mentioned my said son Nelson is to
have all of my estate and property, real and personal
of every kind and description whatever as I have said
before and I do hereby appoint my said son Nelson
G. Crawford Executor of this my last will and
testament. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and seal this 25th day of October 1851
James Crawford (seal)
Signed and sealed in the presence of us: I Stephens E Laning
said testimony is in the word and figures following to wit
The State of Ohio Preble County Probate Court of Preble
County July 28th AD 1854. Personally appeared in open Court
Isaac Stephens & Edward Laning of lawful age, who being duly
sworn depose and say that the paper writing now exhibited in Court
is the last will and testament of James Crawford late of Preble County deceased
That they saw him sign and heard him acknowledge the same; that they
signed the same as witnesses in his presence and at his request and that at the time
of executing the same, he was of full age, of sound mind and memory, and not
under any restraint. I, Stephen E Laning, Sworn & subscribed
in open Court the 28th day of July AD 1854, John W. Campbell, Probate Judge
And afterward to wit: before the Probate Court aforesaid, to wit
on the 3rd day of October AD 1854 Sally Crawford widow
of James Crawford late of this county deceased this day
appeared in open court and made her election to take
the provisions of her deceased husbands will in lien
of her dower.

Barren County Connection

Have you ever questioned whether an ancestor lived in a certain place because the migration path was illogical?

Well, that is the case with our Crawford research. James Crawford and Martha Knight were married in Lincoln County, KY in 1793. James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in Garrard County, KY in 1799. Both families migrated to Preble County, Ohio.

So when clues pointed to at least one of them being in Barren County, KY (South of Lincoln and Garrard), those clues were questioned because it seemed illogical for these couples to migrate South before migrating North to Ohio.

That gut feeling was proven incorrect when a Barren County deed was discovered. This 1821 deed was for the sale of land by a James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. Records place both James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio at the time. So far, no record has been found for a third James Crawford in Preble County, Ohio in 1821.

Since the deed identifies the wife of James Crawford as Martha, this deed places James and Martha owning land in Barren County, KY. Another set of deeds for the sale of land in Garrard County, KY by Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford, both of Barren County, provide additional evidence that James Crawford was in Barren County, KY (See Rebekah’s Land)

Barren County Kentucky
Deed Book J page 1
Family Search Film #007899153 image 12

This Indenture made the eleventh day of December in the year of or Lord
one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between James Crawford of the
county of Preble state of Ohio of the one part and John Moorehead
of Barren County Kentucky state of the other part and
witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in consideration
of the sum of two hundred dollars recents to the said James Craw
ford in hand paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledge
have granted bargained aliened conveyed & confirmed & by these presents
do grant bargain sell alien convey and confirm unto the said John
Moorhead his heirs & assigns forever a certain tract of land containing
two hundred acres of the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on
the waters of Marrawbone bounded as follows to wit: beginning
at a maple & hickory running thence west 119 poles to a chestnut
& hickory thence south 179 poles to two black oaks thence east 179
poles to a popular & dogwood thence north 179 poles crossing a 
branch to an ash and hicory thence west 60 poles to the beginning
to have and to hold the said granted patented & bargained premaces
with all the privileges and appurtenances to the same belonging
or in any wise apertaining in the only proper use benefit and behoof
of the said John Moorehead his heirs and assigns. and the said
James Crawford doth for himself his executors and administrators
do hereby covenant promise & grant to and with the said John Moorhead
his heirs & assigns that before the ensealing ‘ho’ the sd James
Crawford was the true sole & lawful owner of the above barga
ined premises & was lawfully seized and possessed of the
the same in his own rights and good perfect & absolute
estate of inheritance in the fee simple and had in himself good
right full powers lawful authority to grant bargain sell convey
and confirm the said bargained premises in the manner aforesaid
and that the said John Moorehead his heirs & assigns shall at
and at all times forever hereafter by force & virtue of those
presents lawfully peaceably and quietably have hold use
occupy possess & enjoy the said demises & Bargained premises
with the appertenances free & clearly acquitted exonhorated are
discharge of an all & all manners of former or other gifts [grow]
to sales incumbrances if what name or nature soever that might
in any measure or degree obstruct or make void this present
deed.
Furthermore, the said James Crawford for himself his heirs
executors & administrators doth covenant & engage the above demise
premasis to him the said John Morehead his heirs & assigns
agants the lawful claims of any person or persons whatsoever
forever hereafter to warrant secure & defend by these presents

page 2
In testimony whereof, the said James Crawford & Martha his wife has
hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written
James Crawford
Martha (her mark) Crawford
Sealed and Delivered
in the presence of us
David Williamson
Nathan D Sellers

The state of Ohio Preble County SS
Before us the undersigned two of
the justices of the peace in & for the sd county came personaly James
Crawford and Martha Crawford wife of the said James Crawford
the within named grantors she bing examined separate & apart from
her said husband they acknowledge the within deed of
conveyance to be their voluntary act and deed for the use and purpose therein
mentioned In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and
seals this 11th day of December 1822
Isaac Stephens
David Williamson

Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #007899153. James Crawford to Alexander Moorehead, 11 Dec 1821 J: 1-2; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.

Arrival in Ohio

Have you ever ‘lost’ an ancestor for a period of time? That’s my situation with my ancestor, James Crawford.

James and Sally Duggins are married in Garrard County, Kentucky in 1799. In 1813, there is a land record where James Crawford has made full payment for the NW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2. Thus, I’m trying to figure out where James and Sally were living shortly after their marriage. The county history suggests that James was living in Preble county by 1810. Unfortunately, there are TWO James Crawfords living near each other. This makes it difficult to determine which James Crawford is being referenced.

Since Kentucky tax lists have been helping me figure out who was living where in Lincoln, Garrard and Madison counties. Unfortunately, the Preble County, Ohio tax lists do not begin until 1816.

However, these tax lists contain two clues that I overlooked the first time I used them.

  • James Crawford owning the NORTHWEST quarter of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 appeared on the tax lists at a later time than the James Crawford owning the SOUTHWEST quarter of the same section
  • The James Crawford owning the NORTHWEST quarter was referred to as James Crawford Junior

When I first used these tax lists, I likely hadn’t figured out who owned which piece of ground. That knowledge is essential to understanding these tax lists.

  • James Crawford and Sally Duggins purchased the NW 1/2 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 as tenants in common with William Sellers in 1813.
  • James Crawford and Martha Knight purchased the SW 1/4 Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 in 1811

These tax lists reinforced what I and other researchers have assumed:
My James Crawford ancestor was the one referred to as Junior
Unfortunately, I still don’t know where James and Sally were living between 1799 and 1813.
My notes from the tax lists thru 1820:
Preble County Ohio
Tax Records
1816-1826
FS Film 528382 DGS 48949213

Looking for

  • Crawford,
  • Sellers
  • Duggins (step-sons of James Crawford who married Sally Smith Duggins)
  • Lincoln, Moses  married 1816
  • Shanklin, David married 1817
  • Crawford John
  • Douglas b1798
  • Crawford William Allen (b1803)

1816
Image 9 – C
Image 10

  • Crawford James – 150 acres – R 2 T7 S14 NO PART GIVEN- Preble 3 D – 37 C – 5 M
  • NO Other Crawford

Image 11

  • Dugans Henry – 50 acres – R2 T7 S10 SE same 1D – 12C – 5

Image 20 – L

  • No Moses Lincoln

Image 30

  • Sellers Joseph – 150 acres – R2 – T7 Section 10 NE – same – 3-60
  • Sellers Joseph – 160 acres – R2 – T7 S14 – SW – same – 3-60

Image 31

  • Sellars Nathan 80 acres R2 – T8 – S36 NW Preble – 1-80
  • NO SHANKLAND

image 40 – 1817

POOR COPY

Missing first part of alphabet pages torn

image 44-45 – parts of names missing –

  • NO MOSES LINCOLN found

image 54 – 2 – parts of names are missing

Image 55 –

  • Sellers, Nathan with 80 acres R2T8S35 NW — but other names torn away

Image 56

  • Sellers William – 40 acres R2T7S14 SW – Crawford from James Crawford

Image 65 – 1818
Image 72 – C

  • Crawford James – 110 S14-T7-R2 SW Preble 1-65Image 73
  • Crawford James Junr – 75 – S14-T7R2 NW Preble -12-50 new entry

Image 74 – D

  • NO John Douglas Crawford or any other CRAWFORD
  • Dougan Henry – 50 – s10-T7-R2 SW Preble – 75

IM 82 – L

  • NO MOSES LINCOLN

Image 94

  • Sellers Joseph – 160 – S4 T7 R2 SW Preble 2-40
  • Sellers Joseph – 160 S10-T7 R2 NE Preble 2-49Sellers Joesph – 160 S10 T7 R2 – NW Prelbe 2-40
  • Sellers Nathan – 80 – S35 -T8 R2 Nw Preble -120
  • Sellers Nathan 40 – S10 T7 R2 Sw – 1-10Sellers Nathan 38 S9 T7 R2 NE Preble -55
  • Sellers William 40 – S14 T7 R2 SW Preble -60
  • NO David SHANKLAND

Imge 105 – 1819
Image 113

  • Crawford James – 110 acres – S14 T7 R2 Sw Preble 1-72-5image 114
  • Crawford James Junr – 75 S14 T7 R2 NW Preble 1-31-2

Image 116

  • Dugan Henry – 50 S10T7R2 SW Preble 87-5
  • No Moses Lincoln

Image 139 – S

  • Sellers – Joseph 160 S4-T7-R2 SW Preble
  • Sellers Joseph 160 S10 T7R2 NE Preble
  • Sellers Joseph – 160 S10 T7 R2 NW
  • Sellers Nathan 80 S35-T8R2 NW
  • Sellers Nathan 110 S10T7R2 Sw
  • Sellers Nathan 38 S9T7R2 NE
  • Sellers William 40 S14T7R2 SW

Image 142

  • Sellers William 75 S14T7R2 NW Preble

image 150 – 1820

Image 159 

Image 160

  • Crawford David L – 162 R2T9S25

Image 162

  • Crawford James 110 R2T7S14 SW
  • Crawford James Jnr 75 – R2T7S14 NW

Image 164

  • Duggins Henry 50 R2T7S10 SW

Image 181

  • Lincoln Moses J 30 R2T7S14 NE

Image 197

  • Sellers Nathan Senr 110 R2T7S10 SW
  • Sellers Nathan Senr 38 R2T7S9 SE
  • Sellers Nathan Senr 80 R2T8S35 NWImage 198
  • Sellers William 75 R2T7S14 NW
  • Sellers William 40 R2T7S14 SW

Image 199

  • Sellers Joseph M 80 R2T7S10 NW

Image 200

  • Sellers Robert (Estate of) 80 R2T7S4 sW
  • Sellers Joseph Senr 80 R2T7S10 NW
  • Sellers Joseph Senr 35 R3T4S26 SE