My mind is ‘jumping up and down’ with joy this morning. Another CRAWFORD researcher contacted me this morning to let me know he had found out his haplogroup: R-Y88686. That is the SAME haplogroup as my brother.
We FINALLY have some evidence that we are related!
We both descend from James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. His James Crawford was born in 1770 in Augusta County, Virginia and died in 1833 in Warren County, Indiana. My James was born in 1772 in Virginia and died in 1854 in Preble County, Ohio.
Both men were living in Kentucky prior to 1800. His James married Martha Knight in 1793 in Lincoln County, Kentucky. My James married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky. (Garrard County was formed in 1797 from Lincoln and Madison counties.)
In 1811, his James filed land entry papers showing he had made the final payment for the SW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7 Range 2 East in Preble County, Ohio. In 1816, my James filed similar land entry papers showing he had made the final payment for the NW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 East in Preble County, Ohio. Yes, they owned adjoining land.
These two families appear to have migrated together for over 100 years. Thus, we have long suspected a relationship.
Not only has our yDNA tests shown us that we need to keep looking for that relationship, but it has added a third James Crawford to the mix. This James was also in Garrard County prior to 1800. James was born in Augusta County, Virginia in 1758 and died in Jefferson County, Indiana in 1836. In 1779, this James Crawford married Rebecca Anderson Maxwell in Montgomery County, Virginia.
So that’s three members of our haplogroup:
three James Crawfords
all in Garrard County, Kentucky prior to 1800
all born in Virginia – likely in early Augusta County, Virginia
no father/son relationship between any of the three James Crawfords
The fourth member of our haplogroup descends from William Nelson Crawford. William was born in 1829 in Ohio. Little information about William has been found prior to his marriage to Julia Ann Decious in 1864 in Lassen, California. By 1877, William and Julia were living in Klickitat County, Washington. William died in Klickitat County in 1907.
This William Crawford may have been the 21 year old William Crawford listed in the household of William Crawford (son of James and Martha Crawford) on the 1850 census in Pike Township, Warren County, Indiana.
If so, that would place William Nelson Crawford in Warren County, Indiana along with James and Martha Crawford and their children and with my ancestor Nelson G. Crawford, son of James and Sally Crawford.
This new haplogroup information says these four families are related. We just need to do more digging to figure out how!
Do you use siblings and their descendants to help you locate information on one of your ancestors? Over the years, I’ve found that following these siblings and their families has led me to information I would never have found by just tracking my ancestoral lines.
Thus, I have decide to re-study Nelson G. Crawford’s sister, Polly and her family. Nelson and Polly are the only children that I’ve been able to verify as children of my brick wall ancestor, James Crawford.
James Crawford’s will actually identifies one of Polly’s children in his will: Martha Jane Stoner.
Even though Martha Stoner is identified in James’ will, tracking her descendants has proven difficult. I believe Martha married Jonathan Sheffer in 1862 in Preble County, Ohio.
An 1870 census record for a household of Jonathan Shaffer in Preble County, Ohio includes four children: Emma, Albert, Laura and Charles.
Finding documents to tie Jonathan Sheffer (Shaffer) and his family to other descendants of James Crawford has proven to be difficult. Even proving that the Laura Shaffer shown in the census is the wife of Abner Needham is tricky.
Researchers of FamilySearch have identified the children of Abner Needham. However, the current consensus for his wife’s name is Laura Scheffler. So not only is there a question of who Laura’s parents are, but also how her surname is spelled.
Thus, I decided to look at some of the original records to see how the name is spelled. First, the marriage record for Jonathan and Martha (shown above) uses the SHEFFER spelling for the name. However, this same record also appears to spell Martha’s name as STOVER and not Stoner.
The marriage record for Abner Needham shows Laura’s name as Laura Sheffer and identifies Jonathan D Sheffer as her father.
So, where is the Schlepper spelling coming from? My guess is that it is coming from a birth record for one of Abner and Laura’s children. The index for Preble County birth records shows the variation in the spelling of Laura’s surname.
However, viewing the actual documents, I believe that the name does not have an ‘L’ in it.
Additional records that show the parents of the Needham children include the marriage record and the death certificate for Chester Needham.
Based on these various documents, I believe that the spelling of Laura’s name is Sheffer or Shaffer and not Scheffler.
However, I can’t prove that Laura Sheffer descends from James Crawford. I am missing document tying the Sheffer family to other descendants of Polly Crawford and John Stoner. In addition, I have not been able to identify any DNA matches thru this line.
Thus, I’m inviting readers to prove me wrong — to provide proof that I’ve made a wrong conclusion regarding Martha Jane Stoner and her family.
1. Martha Jane Stoner was born about 1837 in Ohio, United States.1
She was listed on the census as a 13 year old white female born OH and was listed as Martha Stover at Gasper Twp. in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 2 Aug 1850.2
She was on the census as a 33 year old female born Ohio and was listed as Martha Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.3–4
Martha was also known as Martha Jane Sheffer.
Martha Jane Stoner and Jonathan Sheffer were married on 27 Mar 1862 in Preble, Ohio, United States.5–10
Jonathan Sheffer, son of Samuel Shaffer and Mary Ann Donahoo, was born on 8 Jul 1840 in Highland, Ohio, United States.11
He was on the census as a 32 year old male born Ohio and was listed as Jonathan Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.3,12
He died on 4 Jun 1930 at the age of 89 in Detroit, Pike, Illinois, United States.11
Jonathan was buried on 6 Jun 1930 at Blue River in Detroit, Pike, Illinois, United States.11 Martha Jane Stoner and Jonathan Sheffer had the following children:
11. Emma Shaffer was born about 1864 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13
She was on the census as a 6 year old female born Ohio and was listed as Emma Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.12,14
She lived in Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio on 11 Jun 1880.15–16
12. Albert F. Shaffer was born on 18 May 1866 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13,17
Hewas listed as a 4 year old male born Ohio and was listed as Albert F. Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 8 Aug 1870.12–13
He lived in Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio on 11 Jun 1880.18
Albert died on 4 Nov 1894 at the age of 28 in Eaton, Preble, Ohio, United States.17
He was buried at Preble County Home Cemetery in Eaton, Preble, Ohio, United States.17
13. Laura A. Shaffer was born about 1869 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13
She was listed as a 1 year old female born Ohio and was listed as Laura A. Shaffer in Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1870.12–13
She lived in Lanier Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 15 Jun 1880.19
Laura lived in Harrison Township, Montgomery, Ohio in 1900.24
She died on 9 Jul 1901 at the age of 32 in Montgomery, Ohio, United States.25–26
She was buried at Greencastle in Dayton, Montgomery, Ohio, United States.25–27
14. Charles E. Sheffer14 was born in May 1870 in Preble, Ohio, United States.14
He lived in Lanier Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 8 Aug 1870.12
1. 1850 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, [CivilDivision], [ED], [PageID] Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], [HouseholdID], [Person]; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : [AccessType] [AccessDate]); National Archives Publication M432. [FileNumber] [WebAddress].
2. 1850 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Gasper Township, Preble County, Ohio, image 4 of 23, household 577, James Crawford.
3. Gilbert, Audrey, 1870 Preble County Ohio Census (: , ), (Doc. #: CRAWFORD.OH.086).
4. 1870 U.S. Census, DeKalb County, Indiana, population schedule, Jackson Township, DeKalb County, Indiana, page 315 (image 1 of 29) Image [Image] of [ImageTotal], household 7, John Sheffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132. [WebAddress].
9. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2018), Martha Stover / Johnathan D. Sheffer.
10. “Ohio, Compiled Marriage Index, 1803-1900,” , Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2019), Martha Stover – Jonathan Sheffer.
11. “Illinois, Deaths and Stillbirths Index, 1916-1947,” database on-line, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), Jonathan Shaffer.
12. 1870 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Lanier Township, Preble County, Ohio, page 156, household 90, Jonathan Sheffer; digital image, Ancestry.com(www.ancestry.com: viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T132. Found online at [WebAddress]
13. Gilbert, Audrey, 1870 Preble County Ohio Census (: , ).
14. Gilbert, Audrey, 1870 Preble County Ohio Census (: , ), p. 70 (Crawford.OH.086).
15. Preble County, Ohio 1880 Census (Uttica, KY: McDowell Publications, 1983), page 25, ED 2, SD 203 (Ancestry image 22 of 32). Hereinafter cited as Preble County, Ohio 1880 Census.
16. 1880 U.S. Cneus, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio, ED 203, Page 25, household 231, Emma Sheffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017); NARA microfilm publication T9.
17. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Albert F. Sheffer (1866-1894), Find a Grave Memorial no. #115425935, created by Historybuff, citing Preble County Home Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio;, Albert F. Shefffer.
18. 1880 U.S. Cneus, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio, ED 203, page 25, household 228, Frank Sheffer.
19. 1880 U.S. Cneus, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, Lanier Township, Preble County, Ohio, ED 200, page 24, , Laura Sheffer.
20. “Abner D Needham,” Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio), 14 September 1930; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online February 2018).
21. “Ohio, Births and Christenings INdex, 1774-1973,” database, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2019), Chester Dare Needham.
22. Ohio, Montgomery. Birth and Death Records, 1866-1910. Film ## 4017450. Chester Dare Needham, 29 apr 1889 Vol. 4digital images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 3 July 2020.
25. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), memorial for Laura Alice Needham (? – 1901), Find a Grave Memorial no. #102071608,
26. “Needham- Laura,” The Dayton Herald (Dayton, Ohio), 10 July 1901, page 2; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 4 July 2020).
27. “Local news,” Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio), 10 July 1901, page 7; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 4 July 2020).
28. Michigan, County Marriages, 1820-1940, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, Chester Needham, 11 April 1910; database with images, Ancestry ancestry.com . viewed online 3 July 2020. Original Source: Marriage Records. Michigan Marriages. FamilySearch.
29. Michigan, Marriage Records, 1867-1952, Chester Needham, digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020). Original Source: Michigan, Marriage Records, 1867-1952.
30. Genealogical & Historical Records of Preble County, Ohio (http://gen2.pcdl.lib.oh.us : viewed online 3 July 2020), Laura Shefffer.
31. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database Laura A. sheffer.
32. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database Laura A. Sheffer – Abner Needham.
33. “Abner D Needham,” Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio), 13 September 1930; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online February 2019).
34. “Michigan, Death Records 1867-1952,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), Chester D Needham.
35. “World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database, Ancestry (Ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), Russell Jacob Needham.
36. Ohio, Montgomery. Birth and Death Records, 1866-1910, Russell Needham, Jan 1892; .
37. “Ohio, Births and Christenings INdex, 1774-1973,” database Russell Needham.
38. “U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942,” digital images, NARA Record Group: Records of the Selective Service System, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), Russel Jacob Needham; citing .
39. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), memorial for Russell Jackson Needham (? – 1964), Find a Grave Memorial no. #139773720,
40. “Needham, Russell J.,” The Journal Herald (Dayton, Ohio), 25 July 1964, page 6; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 3 July 2020).
41. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 July 2020), memorial for Caroline B Hammer Needham (? – 1954), Find a Grave Memorial no. #139773675,
Have you ever gone back thru some old research to discover that you’ve missed some details that might help break thru a brick wall?
Well, I decided to review my research of Polly Crawford and her family. Polly is the sister of my ancestor, Nelson G. Crawford. Unfortunately, I don’t have a lot of research for Polly and her family.
I decided to begin my review by looking at marriage records from Preble County, Ohio to see what I could learn about Polly and her children.
In looking thru my notes, I discovered that I had pulled records for Crawford, Duggins, and Sellers surnames from Ancestry’s database Marriage Records Vol. I 1808-1830 and Vol. II 1831-1840 for Preble County, Ohio.
In looking thru this data, I recognized names for children of several known residents of Preble County Ohio: James and Sally Crawford (my ancestor, James and Martha Crawford, Nathan Sellers, and William and Sarah (Crawford) Sellers.
However, there were several Crawford and Sellers names that I didn’t recognize. Thus, I decided to use the tree on FamilySearch to see whether I could figure out who all of these people are. To my surprise, I discovered some additional families whose children were married in early Preble County, Ohio.
Joseph Sellers / Rachel Summers – Joseph is a brother to Nathan Sellers and William Sellers (Joseph Sellers FamilySearch LBK3-VH6)
David Lloyd Daniel Crawford (FamilySearch L2QD-4RS)
William Crawford / Isabella McClure (FamilySearch L8WF-J2M)
Thomas L. Crawford (FamilySearch KZYF-WRL)
Even though I can connect Joseph Sellers and his family to other Sellers families in my data, I don’t know enough about these three Crawford families to place them in my vast pool of Crawford data.
Information on FamilySearch for David Lloyd Daniel Crawford and Thomas L. Crawford indicates that these two families had at least some tie to Maryland. FamilySearch has both of these men as sons of David Crawford II (1740-1812) and Lydia Loyd and grandson of David Crawford I (1710-1785) and Jane Douglas.
On the other hand, William Crawford has Virginia ties – BOTETOURT Virginia ties. FamilySearch shows William as the son of John Crawford (1720-1796) and Margaret Jane Brown.
At this point, I have nothing to tie these three Crawford families to the other Crawford families living in Preble County, Ohio prior to 1830: James Crawford and wife Sally Duggins and James Crawford and wife Martha Knight.
So now, I not only need to update my research of Polly Crawford Stoner and her children but I need to research these other Crawford families in early Preble County, Ohio.
Below is a listing of the various families. Bold text indicates that their marriage record was found in the Ancestry resource.
Nathan A. Sellers / Sarah Finley
Mary Sellers md 1797 Benjamin Neal Bourbon KY
Elizabeth Sellers md 1797 William Snodgrass Bourbon KY
Flones Eleanor Sellers md 1807 Daniel McCoy Bourbon KY
Jannet Jane Sellers md 1811 Henry Duggins Preble OH
Sally Sarah Sellers md 1805 Bourbon KY
Margaret Sellers md 1809 John Bell
Nancy Sellers md 1810 John Hawkins
Elsa Ann Sellers md 1810 Preble James Cox
Nathaniel Finley Sellers md 1822 Mary Barnes Preble OH
Rebecca Finley Sellers md 1818 Alexander McCracken Preble OH
William David Sellers / Sarah Crawford
Nathan Douglas Sellers md 1818 Susanna Hawk Preble
Anna M Sellers md 1840 George Morrow Preble
Rebekah Crawford Sellers
Nancy Sellers md 1817 John Scott Sellers Preble
John Howard Sellers md 1825 Catharine Auter Preble
Mary (Polly) Sellers md 1830 Jacob Swihart Preble
Margaret Sellers md 1832 Harvey Wilson Preble
Celia Amanda Sellers md 1837 William West Preble
Jane Hunter Sellers
Joseph Sellers (FS LBK3-VH6) / Rachel Summers
Mary Elizabeth Sellers md 1810 George Hardy ?Preble
Sally Sellers md 1818 Jacob Hawk Preble
Robert A Sellers md 1819 Elizabeth Ward Preble
John Scott Sellers md 1817 Nancy Sellers Preble
Joseph Sellers Jr md 1821 Elizabeth Ward
Jane Sellers md 1821 Ebenezer Bridge Preble
Nancy Jane Sellers md 1820 Benjamin Goldsmith Preble
David Sellers md 1838 Isabella Shields Preble
Orpha B. Sellers md 1837 David Johnson Cass IN
William B Sellers md 1831 Rebecca McLane Cass, IN
James Crawford / Martha Knight
Elizabeth Crawford md 1816 Moses Lincoln
Sarah Crawford md 1817 David Shankland Preble, OH
Mary Polly Crawford md 1831 Oliver Swank Warren IN
John Douglas Crawford md 1819 Mrs. Sarah Crawford 1819 Preble
William Allen Crawford md 1827 Letitia Snodgrass Preble
Rebecca Crawford md 1854 William Hatton Warren IN
Nancy Crawford md 1832 Washington Pugh Warren IN
James S. Crawford md 1835 Rachel Shelby Knox IN
Harvey Harrison Crawford md 1834 Mary Pugh Warren IN
Celinda Crawford md 1840 John French Warren IN
James Sellers / Mary Crawford
John Crawford Sellers md 1821 Fannie Brown Garrard, KY
Rebecca Sellers md John Finley Seller (son John Selelrs & Elizabeth Finley) Garrard, KY
Nathan Sellers me 1824 Mary Yowell Lincoln KY
Sarah Sellers md 1826 William Elder Garrard KY
William Harvey Sellers md 1830 Mariah Williams Putnam, IN
Harrison Perry Sellers md 1833 Margaret Vanlandingham Putnam, IN
James Nelson Sellers md 1838 Matilda McCoy Missouri
James Crawford / Sally Duggins – my line
Nelson Crawford md in Warren County, IN
Polly Crawford md in Preble County, OH
Henry Duggins md in Preble County, OH
William A. Duggins md in Preble County, OH
David Lloyd Daniel Crawford (FamilySearch L2QD-4RS)
Elizabeth Betty Crawford md 1825 Robert Webb Rush IN
Lydia Crawford md 1826 James McManus (no place given)
David Henry Crawford md 1834 Nellie Eleanor Roberts Clinton OH — NOT SURE HE BELONGS IN THIS FAMILY
Sarah Crawford md 1831 Samuel Stallard Rush IN
David Aperman Crawford md 1835 Margaret Cassady Rush, IN
William Crawford (FamilySearch L8WF-J2M)/ Isabella McClure
Elizabeth Crawford md 1809 Jacob Lybrook Preble, OH
Mary Crawford md 1811 Samuel Hanna no place given
Eleanor Crawford md 1813 James Hanna Franklin, IN
Phoebe Crawford md 1819 William Hanna Franklin, IN
Anna Crawford md 1819 Jacob Miller Franklin, IN
Sarah Crawford md 1821 John Hanna Franklin, IN
Maria Crawford md 1824 John Shultz IN
Isaac Crawford md 1829 Mary Ann Shroyer Union, IN
Martha Crawford md 1825 Samuel Eikenbary Franklin, IN
Rebecca Crawford md 1827 Thomas Wolverton, Union, IN
Isabella Crawford md 1832 Jeremiah Bake Union, IN
Thomas L. Crawford (FS KZYF-WRL) md Mary “Polly” Carney
John Crawford – possibly John Crawford who married Polly Hawk in 1817
Mary Crawford md 1822 Joseph Olmstead Preble, OH
Susanah Crawford md ~1820 George Loy OH
Samuel Crawford md 1823 Elizabeth Loy Preble, OH
Thomas Crawford md ? Delilah Teford
Below is the data I abstracted from the Ancestry record for Preble County Ohio marriages. I have added probably family ties based on my the family structures found on FamilySearch.
Ancestry.com. Preble County, Ohio Marriage Records Vol. I 1808-1830 and Vol. II 1831-1840 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.Original data: Short, Anita. Preble County, Ohio Marriage Records, 1808-1840 2 vols. in 1. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1994.
Image 19 0f 161 — Image saved to Crawford\Ohio folder OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-VolOne-image19-Crawford Crawford, Evan A. to Allillia Roebuck 11-13-1823 by George Chideler, M G. page 119 [FS Evan Crawford LZ69-FZC Evan is son of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]
Crawford, Jacob to Polly Miller 2-12-1818 by Richard Shourt, J. P. page 72 [FS Jacob Crawford LK7S-QH6 Jacob is son of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]
Crawford, John to Polly Hawk 11-13-1817 by John Hardy, M. G. page 60 [FS John Crawford KCHX-RHV]
Crawford Samuel to Elizabeth (no last name given) 4-6-1823 by Peter Banta, J. P. page 118 [FS Samuel Crawford LTSL-DXY], Samuel is son of Thomas L. Crawford and Mary Carney]
Crawford William, A [FS 2SHS-ZG6] to Luticia Snodgrass 3-15-1827 by Robert Rhea, J.P. page 157 [William son of James and Martha]
Image 35 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im35-Crawford Huet, Philip to Hannah Crawford 11-4-1813 by Martin Ruple page 34 [FS Philip Huet KZDJ-6Q2]
Image 40 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im40-Crawford Lincoln, Moses J to Elizabeth Crawford [FS 4JKG-G67] 9-19-1816 by R. Dooly page 54 (Elizabeth Crawford is the daughter James and Martha)
image 50 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-IM50-Crawford Olmsted, Joseph to Polly Crawford 3-21-1822 by Isaac Stephens, J. P. page 108 [FS Joseph Olmsted LK7D-2ZR Mary is daughter of Thomas L. Crawford and Mary Carney]
Image 52 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im52-Crawford Philips, Valentine to Abigale Crawford 11-6-1817 by John Quinn, J. P. page 63 [FS Valentine Philips LK7S-CZP Abigail is daughter of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]
Image 59 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im59-Crawford Shanklin, David to Sally Crawford [FS K2CT-K2Z] 9-27-1817 by John Hardy, M. G. page 66 (Sally Crawford is the daughter James and Martha)
image 23 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im23-Duggins
Duggin, Willian to Sally Neal 4-29-1819 by John Hardy, M. G. page 89 [William Duggin is step-son of James Crawford, son of Sarah Smith Duggins Crawford]
Dugin, Henry to Jannet Sellers 5-16-1811 by John Hardy page 19 [Henry Dugin is step-son of James Crawford, son of Sarah Smith Duggins Crawford] [Jannet Sellers is daughter of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]
Hardy, George to Polly Sellers 1-16-1810 by Samuel Westerfield page 8 [Polly Sellers is Mary Elizabeth Sellers (FS MVRB-7LX) daughter of Joseph and Rachel Sellers]
Image 32 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-IM32-Sellers
Hawk, Jacob to Sally Sellers 9-1-1818 by James Crawford, J. P. page 77 [Sally Sellers (FS LWBM-2JD) is daughter of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]
Hawkins, John to Nancy Sellers 7-9-1810 – lisc [Nancy Sellers (FS LKT4-GHD) is daughter of Nathan Sellers and Sarah Finley]
image 35 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im35-Sellers Huffman, Simeon to Nancy Sellers 12-14-1828 by Thomas Winters, M. G. page 173
Image 42 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im42-Sellers McCracken, Alexander to Rebecka Sellers 4-16-1818 by John Hardy, J. P. page 72 [Rebecka Sellers is dauther of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]
Image 58 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im58-Sellers Sellars, Nathan D to Susanah Hawk 9-22-1818 by James Crawford, J. P. pag e78 [Nathan D Sellers (FS LWBM-R9L) is son of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]
Sellers, Ephrain to Katharine Boffworth 1-9-1817 by William Williams, M.G. pge 56 [Ephraim Sellers may be Ephraim Zellers (FS LCPK-6WC)]
Sellers, John to Nancy Sellers 12-11-1817 by John Hardy, M.G. page 69 [John Sellers (FS 27FC-TWH) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers] [Nancy Sellers is daughter of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]
Sellers John H to Catherine I Auter 3-8=1825 by Robert Rhea, J. P. page 136 [John Sellers (FS L4TB-PGX) is son of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]
Sellers, Joesph to Elizabeth Sellers 7-27-1821 by James Crawford, J. P. page 108 [Joseph Sellers (FS L8Q1-LV3) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers; Elizabeth Sellers is widow of Robert Sellers] Sellers, Nathan F to Mary Barnes 11-5-1822 by Isaac Stephens, J. P. page 106 [Nathan F. Sellers is son of Nathan A. Sellers and Sarah Finley]
Sellers, Robert to Elizabeth Ward 5-13-1819 by James Crawford, J. P. page 90 [Robert Sellers (FS L8Q1-LVL) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]
Image 63 – page 57 Swihart, Jacob to Mary Selelrs 6-24-1830 by David Bridge, J.P. page 201
image 132 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-Im132-Selelrs Sellers, David to Isabella Shields 1-23-1838 by Henry Kumler, M. G. pge 360 [David Sellers (FS L8QR-KPZ) is son of Joseph Sellers and Rachel Summers]
image 142 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-Im142-Sellers West, William H. to Celia Amanda Sellers 8-3-1837 by I. Stephens, J. P. page 334 [Celia Amanda Sellers (FS L4TB-5DY) is daughter of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]
image 144 saved as OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-IM144-Sellers Wilson, Harry H. to Margaret Sellers 2-2-1832 by David Bridge, J. P. page 234 [Margaret Sellers (L4TB-5Q4) is daughter of William David Sellers and Sarah Crawford]
image 145 saved as Oh-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-im145-Sellers Zeller, Isaac (FS KH4V-2GF) to Levinia Enochs 3-1-1838 by Henry Kesling, J. P. page 347
Zellers, David A to Susan E Sellers (FS KHH7-KNG) 11-17-1840 by George Bonebreak, Eld. page 384
image 122 saved as Oh-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol2-Im122-Sellers Morrow, George [FS LCXK-QR5] to Anna M. Sellers 11-5-1840 by John M. Gray, J. P. (no page # 390-391) [Anna M. Sellers is Fannie Marie Sellers (FS LK5P-Q3C), daughter of Nathan Douglas Sellers and Susanna Hawk]
Image 61 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im61-Crawford Stoner, John to Polly Crawford 1-18-1821 by R. Dooley, M.G. page 109 [Polly Crawford is daughter of James and Sally Crawford]
Image 41 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im41-Crawford Lybrook, Jacob to Elizabeth Crawford 8-17-1809 by Train Caldwell page 6 [FS Jacob Lybrook KD71-FPZ Elizabeth is daughter of William Crawford and Isabella McClure]
image 17 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im17-Crawford Casada, Thomas to Rachel Crawford 12-23-1817 – lisc [FS Thomas Cassady Jr LK7S-Q13 Rachel is daughter of David Lloyd Daniel Crawford]
Bride’s Index image 74 – OH-PReble-Marriage-Records-Im74-BridesIndex Bride’s Index image 75 – OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Im75-BridesIndex
Image 11 OH-Preble-Marriage-Records-Vol1-Im11-Crawford Black, Jacob to Sally Crawford 1-1-1829 by N. Benjamin, J.P. page 174 [FS for Jacob Black LZXB-W85]
Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.
Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907 Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford) Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off and see you and family and next time I am through if possible. Kindly regards to your family From you affectionate uncle. J.. H. Crawford (James H. Crawford)
Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
Cause of death unknown
Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
Cause of death unknown
Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
Cause of death unknown
Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
According to 1850 census – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
Great grandparents – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.
This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.
Unfortunately, it is pointing out one of my frustrations with my DNA results. I have several verified second and third cousin DNA matches on my Crawford line but we never got a DNA circle for my 3rd great grandfather, Nelson G. Crawford. When Ancestry released ThruLines, I was hoping to locate some fourth cousins thru one of Nelson’s other children.
However, the ThruLines for Nelson G Crawford only includes DNA matches going thru my 2nd great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford. It does not include any lines going thru the siblings of Washington Marion Crawford.
When I looked at the ThruLines for my 4th great-grandfather, James Crawford, matches are shown for descendants of Nelson’s sister, Polly Crawford and for all of the matches thru my 2nd great-grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford.
Since Washington Marion Crawford had five siblings that lived to adulthood and had families, I expected to find ThruLines thru at least some of those siblings. Thus, I am wondering why ThruLines hasn’t helped identify any fourth cousin Crawford matches.
I have several theories:
My fourth cousin descendants of Nelson G. Crawford haven’t done a DNA test thru Ancestry
These 4th cousins have done a DNA test but either don’t have a tree or haven’t connected their DNA test to their tree.
The trees for my 4th cousins Crawford matches don’t go back far enough to connect to my research — in other words, I haven’t done enough descendancy research
Nelson’s middle name is different on various trees causing trees to not ‘match’
My tree is wrong
I’m hoping that I have enough evidence to disprove the theory of an incorrect tree. But, I will continue my search for documentation of Nelson G. Crawford and his family. To help other researchers, I have researched many of Nelson G. Crawford’s descendants. My information regarding Nelson can be found
James Crawford was born on 17 Apr 1772 in Virginia, British Colonial America.1–5
He was listed on the tax rolls in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.6
7 He registered a stock mark in 1811 in Washington Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.8 James voted in first election in 1814 in Washington Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.9 He filed land entry papers indicating full payment for the NW 1/4 S14 T7 Range2E on 8 Jun 1816 in Ohio, United States.10
He was listed on the tax rolls in 1818 in Preble, Ohio, United States.11 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1819 in Preble, Ohio, United States.12 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1820 in Preble, Ohio, United States.13 He was listed with 1 male 10-16, 1 male 45 and over, 1 female under 10, 2 females 10-16, 2 females 16-26, 2 females 45 and over in Washington Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1820.14 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1821 in Preble, Ohio, United States.15
He sold land of Preble County Ohio, being the E 1/2 NW 1/4 S14 T7 R2E for $300 on 11 Dec 1821 in Preble, Ohio, United States.16 He purchased on 11 Dec 1821 in Preble, Ohio, United States.17 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1822 in Preble, Ohio, United States.18
He was listed on the tax rolls in 1823 in Preble, Ohio, United States.19 He was listed on the tax rolls from 1827 to 1850 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.20 James was listed with 1 male 20-30, 1 male 50-60, 1 female 15-20, 1 female 20-30, and 1 female 50-60 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States in 1830.21 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1832 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States.22
He was listed with 1 male 5-10, with 1 male 10-15, 1 male 60-70, 1 female under 5, 1 female 15-20 and 1 female 70-80 in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 1 Jul 1840.23 James was listed as 78 year old white male farmer born VA with $2000 in real estate along with Sarah Crawford and Martha Stoner at Gasper Twp. in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 2 Aug 1850.24 He bequethed $50 to his granddaughter, Martha Stoner7,25–26
He signed a will on 25 Oct 1851 in Preble, Ohio, United States.7,26 James died on 5 Jul 1854 at the age of 82 in Preble, Ohio, United States.2–3,5,27–28 He was buried after 5 Jul 1854 in Mound Hill, Preble County, Ohio.3,5,28 James Crawford and Sarah “Sally” Smith were married on 12 Sep 1799 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.29–35Sarah “Sally” Smith was born on 25 Feb 1770 in Virginia, United States.2,28,36–37 She on 24 Jul 1780 in Richmond, Richmond (city), Virginia, United States.38 She was also known as Sarah Duggins on 22 Jan 1788. Sally sold land on 16 Jun 1794 in Amherst, Amherst, Virginia, United States.39 She sold land on 16 Jun 1794 in Amherst, Amherst, Virginia, United States.40 She lived in Preble, Ohio, United States in 1807.27 Sally lived 80 year old white female born VA at Gasper Twp. in Gasper Township, Preble, Ohio, United States on 2 Aug 1850.24 She sold land on 19 Jan 1856 in Preble, Ohio, United States.41 She died on 2 May 1856 in Preble, Ohio, United States.2,27–28,37 Sally was buried after 2 May 1856 in Mound Hill, Preble County, Ohio.28,37
1. Gilbert, Audrey, Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio (Owensboro, KY: McDowell Publications, 1981), p. 13 (Crawford.OH.015, 059).
2. Ohio Death and Cemetery Records (: ), p. 115 Preble County Ohio Mound Hill Cemetery Section 6, Eaton Ohio (Crawford.OH.009). Hereinafter cited as Ohio Death and Cemetery Records.
4. James Crawford, Mound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Ohio (); photo taken by Marcia Philbrick.
5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for James Crawford (1772-1854), Find a Grave Memorial no. #8559177, created by Beverly, citing Mound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio; accompanying photograph by Marcia Philbrick, James Crawford.
6. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crofford, 1800; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.
8. Records of Stock Marks Washington Township Preble County Ohio (: ), p. 57 (Crawford.OH.087).
9. History of Preble County Ohio (Cleveland, OH: H. Z. Williams, 1881), p. 135.
10. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov (http://glorecords.blm.gov : viewed online March 2019), William Sellers and James Crawford.
11. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, OHio 1816-1838. Film #528382 DGS 4849213. James Crawford, 1818 : image 73; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online March 2019.
12. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, Crawford James Junr, 1819; .
13. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, Crawford James Jnr, 1820; .
14. 1820 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Washington Township, p. 106, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.
15. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, Crawford James Jnr, 1821; .
16. Ohio, Preble. Deeds, 1819-1824. Preble County Recorder of Deeds, Eaton, OH. James Crawford, 11 Dec 1821 5: 86; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online June 2018.
18. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, James Crawford, 1822; .
19. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio 1816-1838, James Crawford, 1823; .
20. , Preble County Ohio Personal Property Tax List 1827-1842 (Utica, KY: McDowell Publications, 1987), 1827 (Crawford.OH.054). Hereinafter cited as Preble County Ohio Tax List 1827-1850.
21. 1830 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Gasper Township, Preble County, Ohio, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online February 2018); NARA microfilm publication M19. .
22. Ohio, Preble. Duplicate Tax Records of Preble County, Ohio, 1831-1834. CRAWFORD, 1832 Tax Record Vol 1118: image 288 and 292; database with images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online April 2018.
23. 1840 U.S. Census, Preble County, Ohio, population schedule, ; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com ; NARA microfilm M704.
24. 1850 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Gasper Township, Preble County, Ohio, image 4 of 23, household 577, James Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2016); National Archives Publication M432.
25. Probate packet for James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio, , .
26. Ohio, Preble. Will Book C. Film #Film 005868427. James Crawford, 28 Jul 1854 Book C: image 555; digital image, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.
27. Gilbert, Audrey, Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio (Owensboro, KY: McDowell Publications, 1981), p. 13 (Crawford.OH.015).
28. , (Crawford.OH.062), Mound Hill Cemetery, , .
29. Preble County Ohio Will Abstracts 1836-1854 Volume II (Arcanum, Ohio: Anita Short, 1967), p. 31.
30. , Record of marriages in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive; records of wills in Garrard County, Kentucky for the period of years 1796 to 1851 inclusive (Wallins Creek, Kentucky: Burns, 1933), p. 29 (Crawford.KY.043). Hereinafter cited as Garrard County Kentucky Marriages and Wills 1796-1851.
32. “Kentucky, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), James Crawford – Sally Duggins.
33. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1783-1965, Garrard, Kentucky, Sally Duggins, 12 Sep 1799; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com . viewed online March 2018.
34. Kentucky, Garrard. Marriages, 1797-1954. Film #004260348. James Crawford – Sally Duggins, Sept 12, 1799 17997-1853: 78 (image 10); digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.
35. Garrard County, Kentucky, Courthouse, Bond for marriage of James Crawford and Sally Duggins, #101, James Crawford, 12 September 1799; County Clerk, Garrard County, Kentucky, Lancaster, KY.
36. Gilbert, Audrey, Obituary Abstracts 1850-1890 from Eaton Register & Eaton Democrat newspapers in Eaton, Preble County, Ohio (Owensboro, KY: McDowell Publications, 1981), calculated birth p. 13 (Crawford.OH.015).
37. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Sally Smith Crawford (1770-1856), Find a Grave Memorial no. #8559179,
38. , The Deeds of Amherst County Virginia 1807-1827 Books L-R (Easely, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1985), p. 17 (Duggins.VA.004). Hereinafter cited as The Deeds of Amherst County, Virginia 1807-1827.
39. , E-mail message from (Amherst County, Virginia) to , Book G, page 383 (Duggins.VA.005).
41. Ohio, Preble County. Deeds, 1805-1963. Film #008587952. Sally Crawford, Jan 1856 44: 225; digital image, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org
Have you ever seen a name in a deed or court document and thought to yourself, ‘Hey, I’ve seen that name before?’ Well that was my situation when I was looking at tax records for Barren County, Kentucky.
Since I found James Crawford with 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone listed on the 1800 tax list for Barren County, KY, I started looking for other people owning land on the Marrowbone. That’s when I found Moses Dooly Junr also owning 200 acres of land on the Marrowbone.
Not only was Moses Dooly Junr in Barren County, but so was his father and brothers.
I remembered the Dooly name from my Garrard County map of the original land owners. Moses Dooly had a land grant (#912) for land in the line fork of Sugar Creek.
This land is near the Mary Crawford land purchased from Richard Cave. Mary’s land would be to the East of Moses Dooley’s land. Just to the Southwest of Moses Dooley’s land is the land grant for Jacob Myers. Some of this land was sold to George Douglas. George Douglas then sold a portion to Rebekah Crawford.
So when I saw Moses Dooly Junr as a potential neighbor to James Crawford, I started paying attention to the Dooly family. Since James and Martha Crawford sold 200 hundred acres of land on the Marrowbone (see Barren County Connection), I believe the James Crawford in the tax record is the James Crawford married to Martha Knight. However, I haven’t found the deed for James’ purchase of the land. Thus, I can’t say for certain which James Crawford is listed in the tax record.
As I was researching the two James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio, I discovered the Dooly family on the tax records in Preble County, Ohio. The 1816 Preble County, Ohio tax list shows Moses Dooley Senr and Moses Dooley along with several other members of the family.
Since I’ve found the Dooley family and likely both James Crawford families in Barren County, KY and Preble County, OH, I began wondering if Moses Dooley was on the tax lists for Lincoln or Madison Counties. Thus, I returned to the tax lists for Lincoln County, KY where I had previously found George Douglas and Rebekah Crawford along with some Sellars families in 1787. I didn’t find any Dooley names living near Rebekah Crawford in 1787. So, I checked Madison County, KY where I found Moses Dooley and John Doly in 1787.
This places Moses Dooley in the same taxing district as Mary Crawford, James Crawford and William Crawford in 1787.
This may all be coincidence, but it appears that the Dooley clan followed the same migration path from the Garrard County, Kentucky area in 1787 to the Barren County, Kentucky area in 1799 to Preble County, Ohio in 1816. Thus, I’ve added the Dooley surname to my FAN club.
Preble County, Ohio Wills V.1, B-C 1808-1854 FS Film 564860 DGS 5868427
Image 555 page 389
James Crawford Will The State of Ohio Preble County In the Matter of James Crawfords Will Be it remembered that heretofore to with before the Probate Court within and for the County of Preble and State of Ohio, held at the Court House in Eaton the 28th day of July Eighteen hundred and fifty four, by John V. Campbell Judge of said Court the last will and testament of James Crawford late of Gasper Township in the County deceased was this day brought before the Court and was proved by the oaths of Isaac Stephens and Edward Laning two of the witnesses thereto whose examinations were reduced to writing, and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that the said James Crawford at the time of executing said will was of full age of sound mind and memory and not under any restraint. It is ordered that said will and the proof so reduced to writing be recorded. And thereupon our motion of Nelson G. Crawford the Executor in said will named. It is ordered that Letters Testamentary be granted to the said Nelson G. Crawford who thereupon gave in Undertaking with William Duggins senr. and Nathaniel R Lockwood security to the acceptance of the Court in the penalty of Eight hundred Dollars conditioned according to law whereupon it is ordered by the Court that Joseph L. Campbell, John Halderman jr and Thomas Stephens appraise the personal property of said estate said will is in the words & figures following to wit. I James Crawford, of Preble County Ohio, do make and publish this my last will and testament in the manner following and first. It is my will that all my just debts and funeral expenses be fully paid out of my estate and secondly, I give devise and bequeth
to my wife Sally Crawford the full use privilege and benefit of all my estate both real and personal to be held used, occupied and enjoyed by her during her natural life for the purposes of affording her a comfortable and competent support and maintainance during her said natural life and for no other use or purpose. I give and bequeth to my grand daughter Mary Ann Wikle fifty dollars to be paid to her out of my estate within a reasonable time after the death of my said wife. I give and bequeth to my grand daughter Martha Jane Stoner fifty Dollars to be paid to her out of my estate at the time last above mentioned. And lastly, I give, devise and bequeth to my son Nelson G Crawford all the residue and remainder of my estate both real and personal of every kind and description whatever to be held used occupied and enjoyed by him and his heirs and assigns forever as an absolute estate of inheritance subject however to the incumbrance of the life estate herein created in favor of my said wife and the two legacies herein before mentioned to my said grand daughters. I wish it distinctly understood that at the decease of my said wife and on payment of the two legacies above mentioned my said son Nelson is to have all of my estate and property, real and personal of every kind and description whatever as I have said before and I do hereby appoint my said son Nelson G. Crawford Executor of this my last will and testament. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 25th day of October 1851 James Crawford (seal) Signed and sealed in the presence of us: I Stephens E Laning said testimony is in the word and figures following to wit The State of Ohio Preble County Probate Court of Preble County July 28th AD 1854. Personally appeared in open Court Isaac Stephens & Edward Laning of lawful age, who being duly sworn depose and say that the paper writing now exhibited in Court is the last will and testament of James Crawford late of Preble County deceased That they saw him sign and heard him acknowledge the same; that they signed the same as witnesses in his presence and at his request and that at the time of executing the same, he was of full age, of sound mind and memory, and not under any restraint. I, Stephen E Laning, Sworn & subscribed in open Court the 28th day of July AD 1854, John W. Campbell, Probate Judge And afterward to wit: before the Probate Court aforesaid, to wit on the 3rd day of October AD 1854 Sally Crawford widow of James Crawford late of this county deceased this day appeared in open court and made her election to take the provisions of her deceased husbands will in lien of her dower.
Have you ever questioned whether an ancestor lived in a certain place because the migration path was illogical?
Well, that is the case with our Crawford research. James Crawford and Martha Knight were married in Lincoln County, KY in 1793. James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in Garrard County, KY in 1799. Both families migrated to Preble County, Ohio.
So when clues pointed to at least one of them being in Barren County, KY (South of Lincoln and Garrard), those clues were questioned because it seemed illogical for these couples to migrate South before migrating North to Ohio.
That gut feeling was proven incorrect when a Barren County deed was discovered. This 1821 deed was for the sale of land by a James Crawford of Preble County, Ohio. Records place both James Crawfords in Preble County, Ohio at the time. So far, no record has been found for a third James Crawford in Preble County, Ohio in 1821.
Since the deed identifies the wife of James Crawford as Martha, this deed places James and Martha owning land in Barren County, KY. Another set of deeds for the sale of land in Garrard County, KY by Rebecca Crawford and James Crawford, both of Barren County, provide additional evidence that James Crawford was in Barren County, KY (See Rebekah’s Land)
Barren County Kentucky Deed Book J page 1 Family Search Film #007899153 image 12
This Indenture made the eleventh day of December in the year of or Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between James Crawford of the county of Preble state of Ohio of the one part and John Moorehead of Barren County Kentucky state of the other part and witnesseth that the said James Crawford for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred dollars recents to the said James Craw ford in hand paid the receipt of which is hereby acknowledge have granted bargained aliened conveyed & confirmed & by these presents do grant bargain sell alien convey and confirm unto the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns forever a certain tract of land containing two hundred acres of the county of Barren & State of Kentucky on the waters of Marrawbone bounded as follows to wit: beginning at a maple & hickory running thence west 119 poles to a chestnut & hickory thence south 179 poles to two black oaks thence east 179 poles to a popular & dogwood thence north 179 poles crossing a branch to an ash and hicory thence west 60 poles to the beginning to have and to hold the said granted patented & bargained premaces with all the privileges and appurtenances to the same belonging or in any wise apertaining in the only proper use benefit and behoof of the said John Moorehead his heirs and assigns. and the said James Crawford doth for himself his executors and administrators do hereby covenant promise & grant to and with the said John Moorhead his heirs & assigns that before the ensealing ‘ho’ the sd James Crawford was the true sole & lawful owner of the above barga ined premises & was lawfully seized and possessed of the the same in his own rights and good perfect & absolute estate of inheritance in the fee simple and had in himself good right full powers lawful authority to grant bargain sell convey and confirm the said bargained premises in the manner aforesaid and that the said John Moorehead his heirs & assigns shall at and at all times forever hereafter by force & virtue of those presents lawfully peaceably and quietably have hold use occupy possess & enjoy the said demises & Bargained premises with the appertenances free & clearly acquitted exonhorated are discharge of an all & all manners of former or other gifts [grow] to sales incumbrances if what name or nature soever that might in any measure or degree obstruct or make void this present deed. Furthermore, the said James Crawford for himself his heirs executors & administrators doth covenant & engage the above demise premasis to him the said John Morehead his heirs & assigns agants the lawful claims of any person or persons whatsoever forever hereafter to warrant secure & defend by these presents
page 2 In testimony whereof, the said James Crawford & Martha his wife has hereunto set their hands and seal the day and year first above written James Crawford Martha (her mark) Crawford Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us David Williamson Nathan D Sellers The state of Ohio Preble County SS Before us the undersigned two of the justices of the peace in & for the sd county came personaly James Crawford and Martha Crawford wife of the said James Crawford the within named grantors she bing examined separate & apart from her said husband they acknowledge the within deed of conveyance to be their voluntary act and deed for the use and purpose therein mentioned In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 11th day of December 1822 Isaac Stephens David Williamson
Kentucky, Barren County. Deeds. Film #007899153. James Crawford to Alexander Moorehead, 11 Dec 1821 J: 1-2; digital images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online January 2019.
Have you ever ‘lost’ an ancestor for a period of time? That’s my situation with my ancestor, James Crawford.
James and Sally Duggins are married in Garrard County, Kentucky in 1799. In 1813, there is a land record where James Crawford has made full payment for the NW 1/4 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2. Thus, I’m trying to figure out where James and Sally were living shortly after their marriage. The county history suggests that James was living in Preble county by 1810. Unfortunately, there are TWO James Crawfords living near each other. This makes it difficult to determine which James Crawford is being referenced.
Since Kentucky tax lists have been helping me figure out who was living where in Lincoln, Garrard and Madison counties. Unfortunately, the Preble County, Ohio tax lists do not begin until 1816.
However, these tax lists contain two clues that I overlooked the first time I used them.
James Crawford owning the NORTHWEST quarter of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 appeared on the tax lists at a later time than the James Crawford owning the SOUTHWEST quarter of the same section
The James Crawford owning the NORTHWEST quarter was referred to as James Crawford Junior
When I first used these tax lists, I likely hadn’t figured out who owned which piece of ground. That knowledge is essential to understanding these tax lists.
James Crawford and Sally Duggins purchased the NW 1/2 of Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 as tenants in common with William Sellers in 1813.
James Crawford and Martha Knight purchased the SW 1/4 Section 14, Township 7, Range 2 in 1811
These tax lists reinforced what I and other researchers have assumed: My James Crawford ancestor was the one referred to as Junior Unfortunately, I still don’t know where James and Sally were living between 1799 and 1813. My notes from the tax lists thru 1820: Preble County Ohio Tax Records 1816-1826 FS Film 528382 DGS 48949213
Duggins (step-sons of James Crawford who married Sally Smith Duggins)
Lincoln, Moses married 1816
Shanklin, David married 1817
Crawford William Allen (b1803)
1816 Image 9 – C Image 10
Crawford James – 150 acres – R 2 T7 S14 NO PART GIVEN- Preble 3 D – 37 C – 5 M
NO Other Crawford
Dugans Henry – 50 acres – R2 T7 S10 SE same 1D – 12C – 5
Image 20 – L
No Moses Lincoln
Sellers Joseph – 150 acres – R2 – T7 Section 10 NE – same – 3-60
Sellers Joseph – 160 acres – R2 – T7 S14 – SW – same – 3-60