100 Years Ago

Your mission, should you decide to accept it (cue the Mission Impossible! music) is to:

1)  Determine where your ancestral families were on 18 May 1919 – 100 years ago.

2)  List them, their family members, their birth years, and their residence location (as close as possible).  Do you have a photograph of their residence from about that time, and does the residence still exist?

My Grandparents

  • Leon Crawford was living with his parents at 504 Ave G in Dodge City
  • Winnie Letha Currey was likely living with her sister, Myrtle. Winnie traveled from Kansas City to Dodge City in 1918 to help Myrtle with the birth of her first child, Dorothy. Winnie and Leon were married on Christmas Eve in 1919 at Myrtle’s house.
  • Edward O. Briles and his wife Pauline (Mentzer) Briles were likely living in Woodson County in 1919. Edward’s World War I draft card indicated they were living in Everett Township, Woodson County in June of 1917. By 1920, they had moved to Allen County.

My Great Grandparents

  • Judson Foster Crawford and Josie Winifred (Hammond) Crawford were living at 504 Avenue G in Dodge City, Kansas.
  • Hiram Miles Currey was living at 4108 Penn Avenue in Kansas City, Missouri. His wife, Winnie May (Hutchinson) Currey, was no longer living.
  • Edward Grant Briles and Frances Artlissa (Ricketts) Briles were living in Liberty Township, Woodson County, Kansas
  • Charles Oliver Mentzer and Nettie Adell (Wells) Mentzer were living in Everett Township, Woodson County, Kansas.

My Great-great grandparents

  • Mary Foster Crawford was living at 911 Second in Dodge City, Kansas. Her husband, Washington Marion Crawford, was no longer living.
  • Richmond Fisk Hammond was living in Sawtelle Soldier’s Home in Los Angeles, California. His first wife, Sarah Ellen (Ralston) Hammond was no longer lving.
  • Sarah Jane (Thompson) Briles was living in Neosho Township, Coffey County, Kansas. Her first husband, Noah Washington Briles, was no longer living.
  • James Marshall Ricketts and Rachel Elmeda (Christy)Rickets were living in Liberty Township, Woodson County, Kansas.
  • Emeline (Minnick) Mentzer was living in Center Township, Woodson County, Kansas. Her husband, George Mentzer, was no longer living.

Two Degrees

Here is your assignment if you choose to play along (cue the Mission Impossible music):1)  Using your ancestral lines, how far back in time can you go with two degrees of separation?  That means “you knew an ancestor, who knew another ancestor.”  When was that second ancestor born?

My first thought was that I knew my great-grandmother, Josie Crawford.

Crawford Line: Josie Hammond Crawford was born in 1874. She would have known her grandfather, Horatio Hammond (1798-1879) and grandparents, James Barr Ralston (1811-1904) and Nancy Jane McCormick (1818-1907).

Josie would have also known her in-laws: Washington Marion Crawford (1838-1889) and Mary Foster Crawford (1842-1929). Josie’s father-in-law was a prisoner of war at Andersonville, as was her father, Richmond Fisk Hammond (1840-1928).

Currey Line: I kne my grandmother, Winnie Letha Currey (1903-1992). Winnie did not know any of her grandparents since they all died prior to her birth. Her mother, Winnie Mae Hutchinson, died in 1913, when my grandmother was ten. My grandmother did not know much about her heritage. Her thirst for knowledge about her mother’s family is what started my genealogy quest.

Briles Line: I knew my grandfather, Edward Osmond Briles (1891-1956). His grandfather, Noah Washington Briles (1840-1879) died before he was born. His grandmother, Sarah Jane Thompson Briles (1843) was still living in Coffey county, Kansas near where his parents lived. Also living in the area were his other grandparents,James Marshall Ricketts (1847-1920) and Rachel Elmeda Christy (1845-1927). Also living in the area was E. O. Briles’ great grandfather, Alexander Briles (1813-1900). Several of his other great granparents were living, but not in Coffey county, Kansas. William Taylor Thompson (1820-1898) and his wife, Polly Ann Evans (1821-1896) were living in Wapello County, Iowa. Orilda Matilda Reed Ricketts (1828-1900) was living in Clinton county, Indiana. Samuel Christy (1819-1904) was also living in Clinton county, Indiana. Whether the families visited each other is unknown.

Mentzer Line: I knew my great-grandfather, Charles Oliver Mentzer (1869-1955). He would have known his grandfather, John Minnick (1822-1903).

I connect within two degrees of separation to my third great grandfather, Horatio Hammond. Horatio Hammond was living in Knox county, Illinois where Josie Winifred Hammond was born.

Tax Roles

I’ve been trying to learn more about my ancestor, John Thompson (1797-1857) in hopes of identifying his parents. He married Sarah Iglehart in 1820 in Ohio County, Kentucky. Thus, I wanted to learn more about any Thompsons in Ohio County, Kentucky around the time of this marriage.

Fortunately, the Ohio County, Kentucky Tax Books, 1799-1875 are available for viewing on Family Search. Even though these images aren’t indexed, it was fairly easy to find the images for the ‘T’ portion of the alphabet. (Note: I also recorded information for the Igleharts while viewing this resource.)

I found a John Thompson listed in 1820. This John Thompson was over 21 and owned a horse.

1820-Tax-KY-Ohio-Thompson-JohnIn 1821, the only Thompson’s I found were a John Tompson and a John Thompson — both over 21 with John Tompson owning a horse. In 1822, there was only 1 Thompson (Tompson) listing — John Thompson with two horses. In 1823, John Thompson still owned 2 horses but he also owned 50 acres of land on the Rough watercourse.

1823-Tax-KY-OhioCounty-Thompson-JohnIn 1824, John Thompson was listed with 2 horses and NO LAND. A James Tomson was also listed.

1824-Tax-KY-OhioCounty-Thompson-JohnIn 1825, there weren’t any Thompsons listed on the tax role. This was true of 1826, 1827 and 1828.

Since it has been a while since I’ve used tax records in my research, I used the Family Search wiki for Kentucky Tax Records to learn more about these records and what they might be telling me about John Thompson.

From the data I collected, I now have more questions:

  • Is the John Thompson in the tax record the father of James Thompson? If so, then the John Thompson in the tax record would not be my ancestor.
  • Could John Thompson and James Thompson be brothers? If so, then the John Thompson in the tax record could be my ancestor?
  • Who was the 2nd John Thompson (Tompson) in 1821? Is this a father/son situation?
  • Is the John Thompson in these tax records from 1820 to 1824 my ancestor?

At this point, I don’t have enough information to determine whether these tax records are for my John Thompson.

Are you a THOMPSON researcher? Feel free to contact me on Facebook (Marcia Crawford Philbrick) or via email at mcphilbrick on gmail.com.







Two Julias

Have you ever looked at your genealogy and wondered, ‘How did I get that?’

That happened to me recently as I was researching the descendants of William Taylor Thompson of Wapello County, Iowa. William had a daughter, Julia. I had found a Wapello County, Iowa marriage record for Julia S Thompson to Edward Bates in 1868. Thus, I was following shaky leaf hints for Julia Thompson Bates.

In the process, I found the Find a Grave memorial for Julia A. Thompson Bates – who died in 1922. But wait, I have Julia Thompson dying before 1887.

So, where did I get the death information? And, is it correct? If so, does this mean I’ve mixed up two different Julia Thompsons?

I got the death date from the biography of W. T. Thompson in the Portrait and Biographical Album of Wapello County, Iowa. That biography lists the nine children of Mr. and Mrs. Thompson. This list of children includes ‘Julia is deceased’. Since the book was published in 1887, I concluded that Julia died before 1887. What also is telling from the biography is what it didn’t say about Julia. The name of the spouse is listed for the other daughters – but not for Julia.

After reviewing the biography in relation to the marriage record and Find a Grave record, I concluded that there were TWO Julia Thompsons of approximately the same age living in Wapello County at the same time.

Assuming I did mix-up two Julia Thompsons, I looked for a second Julia Thompson in the 1860 census for Wapello County, Iowa. I found a Juliann Thompson. age 8, in the household of Samuel and Eliza Thompson.

In other words, I likely had mixed up two different people!

Thus, I unlinked Julia Thompson, wife of Edward Bates, from the family of William and Polly (Evans) Thompson. I then added a daughter Julia to the family of William and Polly (Evans) Thompson with a death date prior to 1887. I also added an Identity fact linking the two Julia Thompsons. I use this fact when I have two individuals of the same name that could be the same person – but also might not be.


Confused Williams

Have you ever been tempted to pull someone else’s family history research into your tree? I know I have. Back in the days of PAF, another RICKETTS researcher shared a gedcom with me. Knowing he was a serious worker and that the file was full of information that could help me on my RICKETTS line, I imported his gedcom file into my file. So, when someone would ask me about a RICKETTS, I would have to confess that I had copied the info into my file and really didn’t know much about that particular individual.

Over time, I was able to figure out how to selectively weed that RICKETTS data so that I only had families I had researched. From this first hand experience, I know how erroneous information can creep into a tree. I do use other trees – for hints and to check my research.

I am currently researching my THOMPSON line. My ancestor, William Taylor Thompson, was born and married in Indiana. After his marriage, he moved to Wapello County, Iowa where he died. Hoping to see what other researchers had on William Taylor Thompson and to see if I have any THOMPSON DNA matches, I did a search of the public member trees on Ancestry. That’s when I discovered that the various trees are not in agreement on William’s death date.


My records indicate that William died in 1898. Thus, I was curious as to whether I had the wrong date. Thus, I looked at a tree to see where the 1892 death date might have come from.


I didn’t check every tree with an 1892 death date, but I’m guessing that most have other Ancestry Family Trees as the source. My next step was to try and figure out a source for the 1892 date. I did a search of Find a Grave for a William Thompson who died in 1892 in Iowa. That search resulted in a William Thompson who is buried in Ottumwa Cemetery, Wapello County, Iowa.


My research indicates that my ancestor, William Taylor Thompson, lived and likely died in Wapello County, Iowa. However, the census records that show a Sarah Thompson (my great-great grandmother) as a daughter of William Thompson indicate that William was born in Kentucky — and not Ireland.

Based on that same census research, I am aware of TWO men named William Thompson of approximately the same age living in Wapello County, Iowa. So I did another search of Find a Grave for a William Thompson who died in 1898 in Iowa. (NOTE: 1898 is the year of death I have for William Taylor Thompson.) That search generated another William Thompson buried in Ottumwa Cemetery, Wapello County, Iowa.


Based on these two Find a Grave records, it is easy to see how they could get mixed up. This leads to a bigger question, “Do I have the incorrect year of death?” Since I have documented a lot of events in the life of William Taylor Thompson, I think I have the correct date. However, I’m still on the lookout for additional records to support my conclusion that Sarah Thompson Briles is the daughter of William Taylor Thompson who died in 1898 in Wapello County, Iowa. This is why I don’t believe I’ll ever be ‘finished’ with my genealogy.

Thompson Deeds

As mentioned in a previous post, my John Thompson ancestor and another John Thompson of a similar age are both living in Warrick County, Indiana at the same time. I’m hoping that land records for Warrick County, Indiana will help me separate these two families. Buried in my paper files were some notes I took from the deed index books for Warrick County. Since there are additional notes in the margins of these notes, I’m assuming I looked at the deeds while on a research trip to the Family History Library in Salt Lake.


For some reason, I did not get copies of these deeds — and I need the actual deeds to track the land and separate the two men. Yesterday, I learned that my local library (Seneca Free Public Library) was an affiliate library. [HAPPY DANCE!] That meant that I could get copies of the deeds without having to travel to a family history center or another affiliate library.

So, I now have 22 Thompson deeds from Warrick County, Indiana to work with. From previous work with deeds, I learned that the wife’s name is likely to appear on a deed where the land is sold. Since I believe the wives of these two men have different names, I’m hoping to use the sale of land to figure out who lived where.

Since my ancestor, John Thompson, married Sarah Iglehart, I’m looking for a wife named Sarah. Below is an image of the deed where John and Sarah Thompson sell land.



Warrick County Indiana
Deed Book 9 page 240-241

John Thompson and Sarah Thompson his wife to Samuel C Bradford
19 Jun 1850

This indenture made this the nineteenth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty between John Thompson and Sarah Thompson his wife of the County of Wapello in State of Iowa [Apct] first part and Samuel C Bradford of the County of Warrick and state of Indiana of the second part witnesseth that said party of the first part for and in consideration of the sum of fifteen hundred dollars paid to the said party of the first part by the party of the second part in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged have granted bargained and sold and by these presents do grant bargain sell convey and confirm unto the said party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever all the following described pieces or parcel of land to with the West half of section no twenty five (25) and also the north west quarter of the south east quarter of section no twenty three all in township no five (5) South of Range No nine (9) west lying and being in the county of Warrick in the state of Indiana containing by estimate three hundred and sixty acres be the same more or less together with all the rights privileges and appertenances thereunto belonging to have and to hold the above described premises with all the improvements and appurtenances to the same belonging to the said party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever and the said party of the first part for themselves and their heirs do hereby covenant with the said party of the second part and his heirs that they are lawfully seized in fee of the premises aforesaid that the premises are free and clear from all incumbrances whatsoever and that they will forever warrant and defend the same and the quiet and peaceable possession thereof together with the appertenances to the same & belonging unto the same Samuel C. Bradford his heirs and assigns against the lawful claims of all persons whomsoever in witness whereof the said John Thompson and Sarah Thompson his wife who hereby relinquish her right of dower to the above described premises has hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first above written.
John Thompson (seal
Sarah (her mark) Thompson (seal)

In presence of
[no signatures]

State of Indiana
Warrick County SS
I J Wart B Moore Recorder in and for said county do hereby certify that the above named John Thompson came personally before me and acknowledge the foregoing instrument of writing to be his voluntary act and deed for the purpose therein mentioned. Also Sarah Thompson above named wife of the said John Thompson who being by me examined privately separate and apart from and with the hearing of her said husband and the full contents and [pinpost] of the said deed being by me made known to her she acknowledge that she voluntarily executed the same of her own free will and account and without any coercion or compulsion from her said husband. In witness of which I hereunto set my hand and seal at Boonville this nineteenth day of June AD 1850.
J. Wart B. Moore RWC (seal
By Isaac S Moore deputy

There are also deeds where a John Thompson and wife Eliza sell land.



Warrick County Indiana
Deed Book 4 page 37

1 April 1840
John Thompson and Eliza Thompson his wife to Eddy Brown

This indenture made and entered in to this first day of April one thousand eight hundred and forty between John Thompson and Eliza Thompson his wife of the one part and Eddy Brown of the other part both of the State of Indiana and the county of Warrick and Spencer witnesseth that the parties of the first part for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars to them paid in hand the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged that the parties of the first part has bargained sold and conveyed unto the said Eddy Brown his heirs and assigns all the tract and lot of land designated by the following nombers to wit the North west quarter of North East quarter of section no. Twelve in township four South of Range No. Six west containing 40 acres being and situate in the County of Warrick to have and to hold the same with all the appertenances belonging thereunto to the only proper use and benefit of the said Eddy Brown his heirs or assigns forever and the parties of the first part doth covenant and agree with the said Eddy Brown that they are lawfully seized in fee simple and that they have a lawful right to convey the same and that the premises are free from all incumbrances and the parties of the first part their heirs or assigns doth warrant and defend the same unto Eddy Brown his heirs or assigns from all claims that may come through them or their heirs forever in witness whereof the parties of the first

Continued on page 38

Part have hereunto set or caused to set their hands and seals the day and date above written

John Thompson (seal)
Eliza (her mark) Thompson (seal
George P Hall
John Scales

The State of Indiana
Warrick County
I James Asheley a justice of the peace in and for sd county do certify that John Thompson and Eliza Thompson his wife personaly apeared before me and the contents of the written and foregoing indenture made known to the wife and her examined separate and apart from her sd husband and she did acknowledge the with to be her voluntary act and deed for the purpose therein mentioned and desired that the same might be recorded as such. In testimony whereof I do hereunto set my hand and seal this the 10 day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty.
James Ashley JP

Now that I have two different land descriptions associated with two different wives, I can track the land descriptions and begin separating the deeds for these two men.


Thompson Will

Last week, I stumbled upon a hint that the father of my ancestor, John B Thompson, was David Thompson of Barren County, KY. Following that hint, I found the will of a David Thompson in Barren county, KY. Among his children was a John B. Thompson.


Unfortunately, there were a couple of clues in the will that suggested that the John B Thompson of the will was not my ancestor.

  • My ancestor was not living in Barren County, KY at the time and I currently have no record placing him in Barren County, KY
  • The list of children did not include where they lived. For example, it did not say John B Thompson of Warrick County, IN.
  • John B Thompson was named as one of the executors.

Trying to prove/disprove a link between my John B. Thompson and David Thompson of Barren County, KY, I did further research on the David Thompson family. I found a marriage record for David Thompson and Mary V Waller in the Virginia Marriages 1740-1850 database on Ancestry.

When I searched public member trees for a John Thompson with parents David Thompson and Mary Waller, I found several trees. Most of those trees had an 1850 census record for John B Thompson in Barren County, KY attached as a source. Since I have census records placing my John B. Thompson in Wapello county in 1850 and 1856, I don’t believe these are the same men.

I am concluding that the will for David Thompson of Barren County, KY is NOT for my ancestor. Below is a transcription of that will.

Barren County, Kentucky
Will Records, 1828-1856, Vol. 3
Image 63 of 249

Page 98

In the name of God amen I David Thompson of the County of Barren State of Ky having some afflictions in body of a sound perfect mind and memory thanks be to the Almighty God for the same knowing that it appointed for all men to die wishing to dispose of my worldly property that God has been pleased to bless me with do make & publish this my last will & testament in manner & form following
First, I give and bequeth to by beloved wife Mary V Thompson all my property I am in possession of or may be willed or devised to me, any way whatever all my tract of land whereon I now live with all the appurtenances there unto belonging all my negroes horses and stock of every description with my farming utensils house hold kitchen furniture and should there be any thing that is not here named I give and bequith the same and what is above named to my beloved wife during her natural life
2nd after my death I wish my wife to pay all my just debts out of the above named property and to give to the two children now living with us namely Jane Thompson and Nathan Thompson to be equal with those that has had the largest portion also all those that are married make them equal one with another according to her best judgement and what time she pleases or can conveniently share the property
3rdly where as I have a lawful claim to a certain piece or parcel of land whereon my son Wm Thompson now lives for which I have a title bond from Isaac Mize and when said right are made to me from sd Mize I intend to make general warranty deed to my son William and have recd full value of my son William for said land should I depart this life before said deed is made to said William my executor or executrix shall make said deed to said William Thompson and the land named in this third item is in no wise considered any part of his portion as I have received full value.
4th and lastly after the death of my wife it is my wish and desire all the residue of my property shall be equally divided among all my children namely William W Thompson Elizabeth G Wallis John B Thompson James G Thompson Lewis Thompson Jane Thompson Nathan Thompson should either of my children die without lawful issue their part shall revert back tot he rest of my children and their lawful representatives. I also constitute and appoint Mary V Thompson my beloved wife John B Thompson & Lewis Thompson my sole executrix and Executors to this my last will and testament. In testimone whereof I have hereunto set my hand seal this seventh day of May one thousand eight hundred and thirty five
David Thompson
signed sealed published & delivered by the above named David Thompson to be his last will & testament in the presence of us. Who at his request in his presents have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses to the same
Geo Shirly
Jas Reas
Jos R Compton
Abner H Snow

Kentucky, Barren. Will Records, 1828-1856. Film #004818753. David Thompson, 7 May 1835 vol. 3: page 98; digital images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online September 2018.


Which One

I descend from John Thompson — the John Thompson who married Sarah Iglehart in Ohio County, Kentucky, lived in Warrick County, Indiana, Wapello County, Iowa and Adams County, Iowa.

The 1830 and 1840 census records for Warrick County, Indiana include two men named John B Thompson.

1840 Census1840Census

1830 Census1830Census

Since I had researched this family, I already knew of most of the children and their birth dates. Using this information, I could calculate their ages and figure out how the family would show up on the 1830 and 1840 census.


After comparing the ages to the two census records, I highlighted the John B Thompson that I believe matches the family of my ancestor, John Thompson.

With an 1830 census record for John Thompson matching the ages of the family members, I elected to search for patent records in Warrick County, Indiana. The result turned up nine patents for a Thompson, with four of them named John.


Based on the land descriptions, there may be several family groups. I colored those in T4SR6W green and those in T4SR8W gold. Unfortunately, that left both John’s outside of the two groups.

I then used the website HistoryGeo to try and figure out which of the patents for John Thompson might be my John Thompson.


My John Thompson married Sarah Iglehart. Even though they married in Ohio County, Kentucky, I searched land patents for Iglehart or Igleheart in Warrick County, Indiana. I found Levi Iglehart with land fairly close to one of the John Thompsons with land in sections 23 and 24.


Since several of John Thompson’s children married an Evans, I then searched for patents registered by an Evans in Warrick County, Indiana.


When I zoomed out a bit, I found that John Thompson owned land in sections 23, 24 and 25. James Evans, a potential father-in-law of William Taylor Thompson (son of John Thompson) was in section 36. A little to the West, Levi Igleheart was in section 22 and Asa Iglehart was in section 21.


The proximity of all of these potential family members supports the theory that the John Thompson with patents in sections 23, 24 and 25 is the husband of Sarah Iglehart and father of William Taylor Thompson. If the land was sold while his wife was still living, the deed for the sale of the land would support this theory IF John’s wife is named Sarah.

These land records are valuable clues to the Thompsons, Igleharts and Evans families. However, further research is needed to verify my theories.




I am researching John Thompson who married Sarah Iglehart in 1820 in Ohio county, Kentucky. According to cemetery records, John was born in Kentucky. According to a history of Adams County, Iowa, John resided in Warrick county, Indiana before migrating to Wapella County, Iowa and then to Adams County, Iowa.

John and Sarah’s children include

  • William Taylor Thompson (1820-1898) md Mary Ann Evans
  • Jacob Thompson (1822-1905) md Rhoda Evans
  • Benjamin Franklin Thompson (1824-1875) md Catherine Black
  • Levi Thompson (1826-1828)
  • Martha Jane Thompson (1828-1848) md Alexander Van Winkle
  • Andrew J Thompson (1832-?)
  • Mary Elizabeth Thompson (1834-1917) md Henry Evans
  • John Lowe Thompson (1836-1917) md Martha Ingersoll
  • Francis Marion Thompson (1838-1921) md Martha Schooling
  • Sarah Ellen Thompson (1841-1844)
  • James Allen Thompson (1841-1868) md Margaret Scott

I am trying to identify John’s siblings and parents. Based on the birthplaces of the children, I believe John and Sarah were living in Warrick county, Indiana in 1840. A search of the 1840 census for Warrick county, Indiana shows several Thompsons, including TWO named John B Thompson.



I think the John B Thompson in Ohio, Warrick, IN is my John Thompson.

Is anyone researching any of these other families?

Are any of these men brothers?