Washington Marion Crawford’s military discharge

To all whom it may concern
Know ye, that Washington M Crawford
Sergeant of Captain _____
Company (H) 2nd Regiment of New York Cav.
Volunteers who was enrolled on the third day of August
one thousand eight hundred and sixty one to serve three years or
during the war, is hereby Discharged form the service of the United States
this eight day of April 1865, at New York
City by reason of Expiration of term of service
No objection to his being re-enlisted is known to exist.

Said Washington M Crawford was born in Warren County
in the State of Indiana, is twenty six years of age
five feet ten inches high, fair complexion, grey eyes
sandy hair, and by occupation when enrolled, a farmer

Given at New York city this Sixth day of
May 1865

Henry [A Eller]
Capt [143] U.S. Infnty
Commanding the Regt

M[ust] Off

Back of discharge paper

W M Crawford

Received for Record Dec
13th 1866 at 10 Oclock A.M.
and recorded in miscellaneous
Record No. 1 Page 129

Geo Adams
R. W. Co. Ind

W M Crawford
Get This Recorded

RM8 Troubleshooting

Are you a new user to RootsMagic 8? Have you discovered the various paths RootsMagic has provided to get help?

Yes, there is the RootsMagic Users group on Facebook that is a place to get a quick, simple answer. However, those answers get buried in comments making it difficult for others or even yourself to find them back. Some of the previewers of RM8 asked that a different tool be provided to users so that these discussions could easily be followed and searched.

RootsMagic responded with their new COMMUNITY – community.rootsmagic.com. This site can be found by pulling down the LEARN menu on the RootsMagic site and picking Online Community.

There is also a link to the Community on the Home Page of RootsMagic 8.

The site does require a user ID / password. By using this site to ask questions, everyone will be able to learn from the answers. AND, those questions and answers will be findable a week, month or year from now.

The online community is a great place to get help resolving simple issues. Hopefully, it will also revolve into a place to discuss various ways to utilize these new features in RM8.

However, there are times when RM8 crashes or generates error messages that require additional Technical Support. For those times, there is a link on the RM8 Home page to Technical Support.

This link opens the Technical Support site on RM.

The Online Support button will take you to the Support Wiki.

If the Wiki does not help with resolving the issue, then back on the Technical Support page is a button in the Lower right corner of the page to ‘LEAVE A MESSAGE’

This ‘Leave Message’ button may open to a CHAT window. When support isn’t available to chat, one can still enter a description of the problem and leave a message.

When I used this button to submit an issue I am having with TreeShare, I then received emails indicating that a ticket had been opened and with a link to that ticket.

I had to create a user ID and password to login to the support site to see my ticket.

Not only can I see my original ticket, but by logging in, I was able to add a screen shot showing the error messages that popped up. I was also able to add a comment today indicating that the recently released upgrade did not resolve the issue.

RootsMagic has provided us with these tools to allow us to not only help each other thru the community but to submit support issues to generate a support ticket. As we use these tools, may we also have the grace to recognize that all of those working to bring us RootsMagic 8 have been putting in untold hours to bring us this product.

Thus, I will wait patiently for my issue to be resolved.

Genealogy Fun


Here is your assignment if you choose to play along (cue the Mission Impossible music):
1)  We all have 8 biological great-grandparents.  Where and when were they born, where and when did they marry, and where and when did they die?

I confess. It isn’t Saturday night, but often Sunday morning when I write these blog posts.

This week’s task is an easy one. All I have to do is open my genealogy software and pull out the needed information.

Two of my eight great grandparents were born in Kansas. The other six came to Kansas as a child with their parents. They all lived most of their lives in Kansas and are buried in Kansas.

  • Judson Foster Crawford, the son of Washington Marion Crawford and Mary Foster Crawford, was born 15 April 1866 in Warren County, Indiana. He died 19 Feb 1949 in Dodge City, Kansas.
  • Josie Winifred Hammond, the daughter of Richmond Fisk Hammond and Sarah Ellen Ralston Hammond, was born 9 Feb 1874 in Knoxville, Knox County, Illinois. She and Judson Crawford were married 24 Dec 1890 in Dodge City, Kansas. Josie died 27 Sep 1954. Josie and Judson are buried in Maple Grove Cemetery in Dodge City.
  • Hiram Miles Currey, son of Hiram M. Currey and Angelina Jane Burke Currey, was born 23 Oct 1866 in Missouri (likely Platte County). Hiram married Winnie May Hutchinson in Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri. Hiram and Winnie lived in Leavenworth County before moving west to try farming in Rooks County, Kansas. Discovering that he wasn’t a farmer, the family returned to eastern Kansas and lived in Olathe where Winnie died. Hiram lived in the Kansas City area before moving to western Kansas to live near and with his daughter, Winnie Crawford. Hiram died 15 Sep 1943 in Dodge City and is buried in Maple Grove Cemetery
  • Winnie Mae Hutchinson, the daughter of Albert Hutchinson and Julia Harding Hutchinson, was born 6 May 1871 in Osage, Mitchell County, Iowa. She died 23 Sep 1913 in Olathe, Johnson County, Kansas. Winnie is buried in the Olathe City Cemetery, Olathe, Kansas.
  • Edward Grant Briles, the son of Noah Washington Briles and Sarah Jane Thompson Briles, was born 18 Jul 1869 in Coffey County, Kansas. E. G. Briles died 23 Jul 1951 in St. Mary’s Hospital in Emporia, Kansas. He is buried in Crandall Cemetery in southern Coffey County, Kansas.
  • Frances, Artlissa Ricketts, daughter of James Marshall Ricketts and Rachel Elmeda Chrsty Ricketts, was born 7 April 1868 in Clinton County, Indiana. She went by the nickname, “Artie”. Artie and E. G. Briles were married 19 Feb 1890 in Woodson County, Kansas. Artie died 28 Apr 1947 in Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas. She is buried beside her husband in Crandall Cemetery, Coffey County, Kansas.
  • Charles Oliver Mentzer, son of George Mentzer and Emeline Minnick Mentzer, was born 1 July 1869 in Kewanee, Henry County, Illinois. Charles married Nettie Adell Wells on 18 Oct 1893 in Yates Center, Woodson County, Kansas. Charles died 15 Aug 1955 in Newman Hospital in Emporia, Lyon County, Kansas. He is buried in Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Kansas.
  • Nettie Adell Wells, daughter of Thurston Kennedy Wells and Salome Adell Crandall, was born 5 Feb 1873 in Woodson County, Kansas. Spending her life in rural Woodson County, she died 9 Feb 1939 in Neosho Falls, Woodson County, Kansas. Nettie is buried alongside her husband in Yates Center Cemetery, Yates Center, Kansas.
Me with my grandmother, Winnie Currey Crawford and my great grandmother, Josie Winifred Hammond Crawford

RM8 Media

Do you use your genealogy software to attach media files? I have to admit that I’m not always consistent in the way I handle media files in RootsMagic.

The RM8 Community Preview group on Facebook had the following question posted that caused me to investigate how I’m attaching media.

Is there a way to see all of the media attached to a person like there is in RM7?


In the process of investigating this, I discovered my own inconsistent use of media. I first checked my grandfather, Leon Crawford, to see how media was showing up in my RM8 file. There is a media icon to the right of his name and to the right of most of the facts in his timeline.

When I clicked on the image icon to the right of his name, it displayed the images in a scrolling list to the right.

When an image is highlighted in the list, the file name, caption and other details are shown in the bottom half of the right side of the edit person window.

Scrolling down the list of media, I find a lot of images have been attached to my grandfather. However, the images from census pages are not shown in this list.

If I click on the media icon next to a residence fact, the census image appears in the Media window.

When I switched to one of my grandfather’s sisters, my lack of consistency was very apparent. There aren’t any media icons next to her facts! And there is only 1 media file attached to her name.

I’ve obviously only attached one media file to Bernice Crawford’s name. But what is going on with the facts? I’m fairly good at remembering to attach the file to the source. To investigate this, I clicked on the ‘Residence’ fact for 1910. That revealed that ZERO media files were attached to the fact.

Knowing that I typically attach media to a source, I clicked on the one source – and cannot tell whether media is attached.

Clicking ion the > to the right of the citation opens the screen to edit the citation.. I had to enlarge the Edit Person window in order to see the media details. Otherwise, I had to scroll down to locate the media information for the citation.

Clicking on the > to the right of Media opens the Media information

Clicking on the > to the right of the Media image opens the Edit Media window.

On the EDIT MEDIA screen, I can see that this media was tagged 10 times. Clicking on the > to the right of the TAGS opens the list of those tags.

This list of tags tells me that the image of the 1910 census was used in 9 citations for the 1910 census of Ford County, Kansas. In addition, it is attached to an event for Leon Russel Crawford. Since there is no EVENT tag for Bernice Crawford in this list, it isn’t appearing in the Media column for her 1910 Residence Event.

To add this media to Bernice’s event, I can click on the large + sign at the top of the list of tags.

That opens the ‘Add or Edit Media Tag’ Window. This window defaults to adding the media to a person. However, pulling down the Person tag type allows the selection of other ways to tag the media, including EVENT.

When EVENT is selected, the ‘Add or Edit Media Tag’ window changes to allow for the selection of a person and an event.

Clicking on the Select Person window opens RootsMagic Explorer. Here I can either scroll down to locate Bernice Crawford or Enter her name in the FILTER window at the top of the list of people. When using the filter, be sure to type the name in reverse order: last name, first name.

Highlight the correct person in the list.

And then click the SELECT button in the bottom right corner of the Explorer window. That places the person’s name in the Person window of the ‘Add or Edit Media Tag’ window.

Click on the Event box to open the list of events.

Select the desired event and click the OK button. Then decide whether this image is the primary photo for the event and whether to include it in the individual’s scrapbook. Since this is the only image attached to Bernice’s 1910 residence fact, I do want it as the primary photo. I don’t usually include images from sources in the scrapbook for the individual. But, this says “Include in scrapbook for this event.” Thus, I will have to investigate what an event scrapbook is. I will put a check mark here for now.

I had to close Bernice’s Edit Person window and reopen it to get the Media icon to appear for the 1910 residence fact.

Another way to add media for an event is directly from the Edit Person window. Clicking on the empty media square will open the Add Media window on the right side of the screen.

Clicking on Add Media opens the ‘Add Media’ window. If this is new media that has not been previously added, I can add it using the file name (or by browsing for the file).

Clicking on the icon to the right of the filename opens Windows File Eplorer allowing me to browse to the actual file.

However, I don’t want to add another copy of this media file. Instead, I need to select it from media that already exists in RootsMagic. Thus, I click on the Select Existing Media option.

My practice in RM7 was to click on the LIST icon. This placed the images in order by the file name. Since I developed the practice of naming my files with the following convention, date-source-type-surname-firstname, it was easy to scroll to the desired file.

In RM8, I don’t seem to be able to sort (or to quickly sort) the media when the list icon is selected.

Instead, I need to use the SEARCH window in the upper right corner of the ‘Add Media’ window.

This process requires me to KNOW the filename of the image I want to attach!

Working with the thumbnails will be next to impossible for me. First, I wasn’t always adding captions to my source images. Second, my captions are based on the source and not the individual in the image. Thus, I have quite a few images from the 1895 Kansas census for several counties. Looking at the thumbnails, I have NO IDEA which image shows the individual I am working with.

Thus, I will need to work with the list of files and not the thumbnails.

Even though the screens look different, RootsMagic 8 and RootsMagic 7 attach media in a similar fashion:

  • To the PERSON
  • To the EVENT
  • To the SOURCE

In RootsMagic 7, there is a Multimedia List Report. This report has LOTS of options

A similar report exists in RM8.

The report in RM8 not only lists the filenames but how those files are attached to the person. That information is not included in the RM7 report.

I obviously have data issues with my media files. When I try to create a multimedia list for Bernice with ‘Source Media Items’ selected I get media files that should not be attached to Bernice.

If I pick Citation Media Items instead of Source Media Items, the resulting report is even worse. I get pages and pages of files, most of which are citations NOT attached to Bernice. (These reports are similar in RM7.)

Another media report that can be printed is the SCRAPBOOK report. This report will ONLY include images that have been marked for inclusion in the scrapbook.

Besides working with Media on an individual basis, I can use the MEDIA menu item on the left side of the screen to work with ALL of my media files.

The three vertical dots in the upper right corner of the Media window opens the Media toolbar.

Although I could work my way thru fixing my media issues from this screen, I believe it will be easier to work with individuals.

Figuring out how RootsMagic 8 handles media has shown me that I have work to do. This includes:

  • Fixing broken links
  • Adding captions to media files
  • Adding media to events
  • Marking media for use in the scrapbook

I can do most of these tasks in RootsMagic 7. Thus, I have more work to do as I go back thru my tree.

My Tree

Are you ‘blessed’ with a window in your office? In the early years of my teaching career at Nemaha Valley, my classroom had windows. Those two small windows got ‘covered up’ by construction. When I moved across the hall to the library, I was in the center of the building — with no view of the outside.

Thus, I cherish my windows in my genealogy office. Not only do I have a window, but I have a tree. This tree is full of life, especially in the winter. The squirrels climb all over the tree and jump from it to neighboring trees as they figure out ways to get to the bird feeders. Since we fill the feeders with peanuts, there are several kinds of wood peckers that can be found in and around the tree. Blue jays, cardinals, and finches can also be found ‘hanging out’ in the tree. And of course, our neighbor’s cat loves to climb the tree in search of those birds.

My tree has had a hard life. It suffered significant damage during the 2007 ice storms.

Not wanting to lose the tree, we had it ‘bolted’ back together. And it thrived.

Until the evening of Friday, August 20th. During a thunderstorm, the wind took out several branches in the center of the tree.

By the time we cut back the branches that hang over the street and those approaching our roof, very little of this tree will be left. Thus, the tree will be coming down in the next few weeks.

Throwback Thursday

Leslie George Mentzer

My great-uncle

Leslie and Vesta Mentzer
Marriage Announcement
Leslie Mentzer
Leslie and Vesta Mentzer
60th Wedding Anniversary
Leslie Mentzer
Back row: Roberta and Letha / Front Row: Leslie Mentzer and Pauline Mentzer Briles

No Car

#52Ancestors #Transportation

Did you ever have a grandparent or older relative tell you that they walked to school – 3 miles in the snow and uphill all the way? Even though we view that statement as an exaggeration today, parts of it were likely true for many of our ancestors. They often did walk to school even in the snow. And it may have been 3 miles to school.

Having a car has always been part of my life, but it wasn’t always a part of my parents’ life. A car was not part of my dad’s life growing up either. His dad, Leon Crawford, walked to work at the Santa Fe railroad yards in Dodge City.

When the family lived at 510 Avenue G, near the corner of Military Avenue and Avenue G, the walk to the railroad shops on the south sides of the tracks would have been fairly short.

That walk to work got significantly longer when the family moved to 911 Second at the corner of Elm Street and Second Avenue. While living on 2nd avenue, not only was Leon walking to work, but his wife, Winnie was also walking to work. Winnie worked in the Eckles department store at the corner of Walnut and Second. Even though this was only a four block walk, Winnie made this walk in high heels. (Map pictured above is from a 1911 Sanborn map.)

I’m not sure when my grandparents purchased their first car, but it was prior to my dad’s marriage in 1951. My parents were married in Emporia, Kansas in June of 1951. Although Kansans remember the 1951 flood that occurred in July, it was also flooding at the time of my parents’ wedding. My dad described the flooding during an interview with him prior to his death as he described how he and his parents traveled from Dodge City to Emporia, Kansas.

D – We got married in First Christian Church in Emporia, Kansas June 9 1951, 1951 was the year of the great flood. But the great flood didn’t occur until after June. Minor floods occurred the end of May and all of June before the major one in July and if you get out a Kansas map we traveled from Dodge City to  — o jeepers – should’ve got out a Kansas map myself – o just a minute – now I can’t even read it

Me ah Florence

D – We traveled from Dodge City on 50 to Florence and had to go North at Florence and then across Herington and then across and then clear across north of Emporia and then south into Emporia and my best man Curt Craig and he traveled for 3 hours in various distances to get to Emporia and my usher Clair Conard was in Lawrence and he had a hard time I don’t know how long it took him a while to get to Emporia. That flood also cost me several jobs that summer

Since my dad was riding with his parents to his wedding, he did not own a car at the start of his marriage. After their marriage, my parents moved to Glasco, Kansas where my father taught science in the local high school. During that first year of their marriage, my parents did not own a car. My mother shared that she rode in the back of the doctor’s car to get from Glasco to the hospital in Beloit, Kansas for the birth of her first child.

We lived in Glasco Kansas we did not own a car. The hospital was in Concordia, no Beloit. The doctor said don’t worry about it, I’ll drive you. So when the time came, yea he came and picked us up and drove us. The problem was he had a brand new car and at that time you were supposed to break new cars in by driving them at varying speeds and not very fast. I thought we would never ever get to the hospital.

Later in the interview, my parents discussed how they would get from Glasco to their parents in Emporia or Dodge City for visits.

Me – I didn’t realize you hadn’t had a car when you lived in Glasco until probably the last month but when you were telling me about that you also told me how you got to Dodge City or Emporia to see your parents from Glasco

D – first of all we didn’t have a car when we lived in Glasco. We didn’t own a car until we lived in Emporia for the first time.  Getting — I don’t remember many times us that we went to Emporia or that we went to Dodge City

M – Yes – we I can’t remember I think it was probably with (you said it was with friends) drove with

Me – you rode with them part way …

M – yea they took us and there was a rest area on the high way coming down this side of Marion and daddy met us there and brought us on in to Emporia and they lived in what town close to Great Bend –

D Ellinwood –

M – and we would ride with them to Ellinwood and Gene’s folks would come there to pick us up.

It is hard for me to imagine life without a car to go to work, to church or even the grocery store. And I live in a small town where walking to these places is feasible.

I am thankful that I took the time to interview my parents for these glimpses into their daily life. I have a transcription of the interviews and have uploaded them as memories for my father on FamilySearch.

Lewis Crandall Heirs

Which type of source do you often use to help piece together potential family relationships? For me, land records have proven over and over again to hold information to help me verify a relationship.

When it came to figuring out the parents and siblings of Salome Crandall Wells, I not only had to use land records but also probate records.

In November of 1834, Jane Crandall petitions the court for payment for her support of the minor children of Lewis Crandall.

The undersigned administrators
of the Estate of Lewis Crandall, dec’d, makes the
following statement, Jane Crandall, one of the heirs
of the dec’d having charge of the minor children, one
of which is rendered helpless by siness. It is
therefore asked that there be [???] order made b the
Court for her [???], this 11th day of November 183.
$15 will probably be necessary
A. H. McCrurry, Attorney

Ordered that the administrator of the Estate
of Lewis Crandall pay to Jane Crandall for the
support of the children in her care and to supply the
wants of the one that is sick, the sum of fifteen
dollars and any money in his hand belonging
to said Estate, and the receipt of said Jane
shall be his voucher.
Nov. 11th 1834
E Mayne, County Judge

Van Buren County Probate Court Volume E page 48

In a filing in Probate Court, Anna Crandall, widow of Lewis Crandall, petitioned for her dower to be set aside.

Estate of Lewis Crandall
To the County Court of
Van Buren County
I am petitioners Anna Crandall [Attorney?]
to the Court that she is the widow of Lewis Crandall dec’d
Your petitin shows that the said husband departed
this life [unto] about the ? day of March 1832 and at the time
of his decease he was seized of and owned in fee simple the following
described real estate, lying in said County of Van Buren to wit
[W] part of S.E. [1/11] Sec 28 Town 69 Range 9 one hundred acres
Your petitioning [showed] that as widow of Lewis Crandall dec’d she
is entitled to one third in value of said real estate in fee simple
as her dower.
Your petitioner therefore [proposes] the Court to appoint
informed to set apart and assigns to your petitioner forever, one third
in value of said real estate as her dower
Respectfully Submitted
[????? ss ?] Caldwell
Attorney for Anna Crandall

Ordered that [???] the [?????] bu [publication in the
newspaper [????] until the [??? ??? ] of the County
[ ] petition will be

[????] County Judge

Van Buren County Iowa, Probate Record Volume E, page 271.

Then, in November 1855, the court ordered a ‘Legal Notice” to the heirs of Lewis Crandall be placed in the Kasangua Republican newspaper.

Lewis Crandall Estate
And now comes up for hearing the matter of the petitioner
of Anna Crandall widow of Lewis Crandall dec’d in which
she prays the Court to appoint referee to make an appportionment
of dower to her in the real estate of her late husband
An order having been made at the October term of the cases
court that notices should be given by publication in the
Kasangua Republican a copy of which notice being this day
filed together with the proof of the same, it is ordered
that they be recorded in words as follows to wit

Legal Notice
To the heirs and all others interested in the Estate of
Lewis Crandall Deceased ;
You will take notice that
there is now on file in the office of the County Judge of
Van Buren County Iowa a petition of Anna Crandall
claiming that she is the widow of Lewis Crandall, deceased, and
praying the County Court of said County to appoint referees
to set apart and assign to her dower in the following decd
certified bond of which said Lewis died siezed to wit:
the North part of the South East quarter section twenty eight (28)
township sixty nine (69) range nine(9) containing one hun
dred (100) acres said petitioner claims that she is entitled
to one third in value of said land in fee simple as her claim
as aforesaid. Said petition will be heard and determined
before said Court on the first Monday in November 1855
By order of the County Court
? A. Caldwell
Attorney for Petitioner

Van Buren County, Iowa Probate Records Vol. E page 299

To figure out the heirs of Lewis Crandall, I had to turn to the records for the land. In 1841, this fractional quarter of section twenty eight (28) in township number sixty nine (69) of range number nine (9) west was purchased by Lewis Crandall.

This indenture made the 1st day of March in the year
of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and forty one between
E Manning of the County of Van Buren and Territory of

Iowa of the first part and Lewis Crandall of the county
and territory aforesaid of the second part witnesseth that
the said party of the first for and in consideration of the
sum of one hundred and twenty-five dollars and other cons
iderations in hand paid by the said party of the second
part the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath given
granted bargained sold conveyed and confirmed and
to those presents do give grant bargain sell convey and
confirm unto the said party of the second part to his heirs
and assigns forever the following descripbed [Messauge] piece
or parcel of land to wit the South East fractional quarter
of section twenty eight (28) in township number sixty
nine (69) of range no nine (9) West excepting said reser
ving however forty four acres and fourty four hundredths
sold and conveyed by Ruben Wright to James McMann
which part or particion of said tract is surveyed & set off
on the south part of said fractional quarter being the
quantity of land hereby conveyed or intended to be
conveyed to be one hundred acres agreeable to the
certificate of purchase dated at Burlinton IT Novem
ber 15th 1838 be the same
Together written all and singular the appurtances There
unto belonging To have and to hold the same unto the
same party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever
and the said party of the first part doth covenant and
forever defend the title to the said premises against
the claim of all and every person whatever claiming
the same by from or under him. In testimony where
of the said party of the first part hereto sets his hand and
seal the day and year first above written;
Signed seald and delivered in presence of
George G. Wright (witness)
Jacob Lane (witness)
Edwin Manning (signed / sealed)

Territory of Owa County of Van Buren
In and for said County do hereby certify that on this
day the within named Edwin Manning known to
me to be the person whose name is subscribed to thee fore
going instrument as party think personally appeared
before me said acknowledged the execution thereof to
be his free and voluntary act and deed for the uses and
proposed therein expression given under my hand

Livale Kinney J
Filed for record March 1st 1841 at 2 o’clock PM
Isiah Lane Recorder

In December 1856, Anna Crandall sells the land set aside as her dower to Owen Tuttle.

Ann Crandall to Owen Tuttle

For and in consideration of the sume of two hundred
Dollars, I hereby sell and convey unto Owen Tuttle of the County
of Van Buren and State of Iowa the following described real
estate to wit thirty acres off the South part of the North part
of the South East Quarter of Section Twenty Eight Township
Sixty Nine Range Nine West in the County of Van Buren and
State of Iowa it being the dower of Anna Crandall as set
apart by the commissioners appointed by the County Court for that
purpose from the Estate of Lewis Crandall Dec’d as the same appraised
by the report of said Commissioners and as the same appears of Record
on Page 336 of Probate Record for said County and Dated December
16th 1855 and I [recant] and defend the title against the
lawful claims of all person whomsoever witness my hand this
the 18day of December AD 1856
Anna Crandall

Van Buren County, Iowa Deed Book R page 195

That left about seventy acres of the north side of the SE fractional quarter of Section 28 in township 69 of range 9 West. In April of 1855, Freelove Crandall sold her undivided seventh to Thomas C Dodson. This deed was recorded in 1867.

Free[l]ove Crandall to Thomas C. Dotson

Know all men in these presents that I Freelove Crandall of the County of Van
Buren and State of Iowa for and in consideration of the sum of one Hundred
dollars to me paid by Thomas C Dodson the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged
[have] granted bargained and sold and by these presents do convey unto the said
Thomas C Dodson all my rights title and interest as heir to the estate of
Lewis Crandall due on undivided seventh of South (70) acres off the North
side of the South East fractional quarter of section twenty eight (28) township
sixty nine (69) north of range nine (9) west containing seventy acres to
have and to hold the same forever and I hereby warrant and affix the same
to the said Thomas C Dodson his heirs and his assignees forever [by my]
hand this [twentieth] day of April AD 1855. Freelove [Crandall]

Deed Book 3, page 208
State of Iowa
Van Buren County
On this 19th day of April 1860 before me J.S. Steven County Judge in and for said county personally
Came Freelove Crandall personally know to be me to the identical person whose
Name is affixed to the above deed as grantor and acknowledged the same to be
Her voluntary act and deed. Witness by my hand and the seal of said County the
Day and year above mention.
J. S. Sloan Co Judge
Filed for Record the 26th day of Dec AD 1867 at 11 o’clock AM

Van Buren County, iowa Deed Book 3 page 207 and 208

On 31 January 1856, Jane Crandall married Clinton Dodson (Thomas C. Dodson.)

In September of 1857, Salome Crandall sold her portion of the land to Thomas C. Dodson.

Salome Crandall to Thomas C Dodson
Know all men by these presents that I Salome Crandall of the County of Mahaska and State of Iowa for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred dollars the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged do hereby convey all my rights to the
And interest to the un? South of seventy acres in the South East fractional quarter of Section no twenty eight (28) in Township no Sixty nine north of Range no nine West to Thomas C. Dodson of the County of Van Buren and State of Iowa and I hereby warrant and defend the title to said property to the said Thomas C. Dodson his heirs and assigns forever In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my name on the 15 day of September in the year of our Lord one Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty Seven
Salome Crandall
A. West
H. Temple
State of Iowa Mahaska County
On this the 15th day of September AD 1857, before me the undersigned Notary
Public in and for said County appeared the above named Saloma Cordwell
Personally known to me to be the identical person whose name is affixed to the foregoing
[ ?deed?] conveyance as granter and acknowledge the same to be her voluntary act
And deed for the purpose therein approved In testimony whereof I have hereunto
Set my hand and affixed my Notarial Seal at my office in Oskaloosa this
Day and year above noted.
Henry Temple
Notary Public
Filed for record the 26th day of Dec AD 1867 at 11 o’clock A. M.

Van Buren County, Iowa Deed Book 3 page 207

In October 1862, Mr. T. A. H. McCrary, guardian of the minor heirs of Lewis Crandall sold four sevenths of those 70 acres to Thomas C. Dodson. The deed identified those minor heirs as John N. Crandall, Eliza Ann Crandall, Elsey Crandall and Lewis Crandall, Jr.

John N. Crandall & others by guard’n to T. C. Dodson
Know all men by these presents Mr. T. A. H. McCrary of th County of
Van Buren and State of Iowa Guardian for the minor heirs of Lewis Crandall
Dec ?ver? John N. Crandall, Eliza Ann Crandall, Elsey Crandall & Lewis
Crandall JR by virtue of the power conferred upon me by law for an in consideration
Of the sume of four hundred and eighty dollars the receipt whereof is hereby
Acknowledge do hereby convey to Thomas C. Dodson his heirs and assignes the
Undivided interests of the above mentioned heirs being four sevenths of seventy
Acres off the north side of the SouthEast fractional quarter of Section no twenty
Eight in Township sixty nine north of Range no nine West The said A.
H McCrary hereby ???? himself his heirs and assigns to ???? and one ????
The title to said Real Estate to the said Thomas C. Dodson and his heirs
Forever In testimony whereof thereunto [execute] my name this October 18th
AD 1862.
H. McCrary
State of Iowa
County of Van Buren Before me a Notary public in and for said County
And State this day personally approved A. H. McCrary to me [with] known and
Who regard the foregoing instrument of writing in my presence as guardian and
Grantor and acknowledged the same to be his voluntary act and [deed] [Jr] [Minor]
Whereof I have set my hand and Seal Notarial this the 18th day of October
AD 1862 To [action] whereof I have set my hand and Seal Notarial this
The 18th day of October AD 1862 James L. Loring
State of iowa
Van Buren County
And now comes the matter of the foregoing deed of
Conveyance of A. H. McCrary guardian of John N.
Crandall, Eliza Ann Crandall, Elsey Cranall and Lewis Crandall Jr
Minor heirs of Lewis Cranda deceased to Thomas C Dodson and the Court
After fully understanding the matter of said heirs it is therefore ordered and
[ ] by the Court that the same to and [m ] is confirmed and approved
Dec 5th 1862 H [Shanklin], Co Judge
Filed for record the 28th day of December AD 1867 at 11 o’clock AM

Van Buren County, Iowa Deed Book 3 page 207-208

The deeds for the land identify six of the heirs of Lewis Crandall: Freelove, Salome, John N., Eliza Ann, Elsey, and Lewis, Jr. Since there were 7 portions of land, there is a 7th heir. I believe that heir to be Jane Crandall, wife of Clinton Dodson. Since other records refer to Jane’s husband as Thomas C. Dodson, I believe that the Thomas C. Dodson who purchased the land from the 6 identified heirs is Thomas C. Dodson. Thus, 70 acres of Lewis Crandall’s land likely passed to his son-in-law, Thomas Clinton Dodson, husband of Jane Dodson.

I would never have figured out this family if I hadn’t used both the probate and land records, along with the marriage record for Jane Crandall.

Thurston Wells’ Marriages

When researching your ancestors, have you encountered a biography that has a grain of truth to it, but has some of the facts confused?

That is my case with the biography of Thurston K. Wells found in Woodson County Historical Society’s publication “In the Beginning”.

The Thurston K. Wells Family

Thurston K. Wells was born Feb. 26, 1821 in Sullivan, New York. His parents were Ozias and Mary Kennedy Wells. Thurston spent his early life in Michigan and Iowa. He was a log sealer or woodsman and injured his knee with an ax and he was unable to serve in the Civil War.

Thurston was married twice. He was married first Mar. 20, 1861 in Van Buren, N.Y. but his first wife’s name is not known. They had 2 sons, Francis Owen Wells and William Hall Wells, both being born in N.Y. State.

After the death of his first wife Thurston evidently went to the state of Michigan. He was married to Salone Crandall. Their first three children’s, Freddie L., Mary A., Anna M. Wells were born in Michigan, but their youngest daughter was born in Woodson County, KS., Feb. 5, 1873.

Thurston K. Wells and family must have came to Woodson County about 1871. He took a claim of 80 acres of land from the State of Kansas, in the north half of the N.E. quarter of Sec. 22, Twp. 24, Range 15. This would be five miles north of Yates Center and on west side. Here Thurston probably with the help of his son Francis O. Wells. They had worked together in the timber in Iowa before coming to Kansas, where Francis helped build the railroad from Neosho Falls to Yates Center.

Thurston Wells received the Patent for his 80 A. of school land Aug. 15, 1876, when he fulfilled his five years of living there in their cabin. Thurston died June 3, 1893.

No author, “The Thurston K. Wells Family,” In the Beginning (Woodson County Historical Society), Vol. 19 (#73): page 8.

Aspects of this biography may be accurate, but the information regarding his marriages is not. First, the date of 20 March 1861 is the date of his second marriage. This marriage was to Saloma Crandall and occurred in Van Buren County, Iowa.

Thurston K. Wells Affidavit of T. K. Well
March 19th 1861
Saloma Crandle Affidavit of T. K. Wells

To the County Court of Van Buren County Iowa
This certifies that on the 20th day of March AD 1861 at Mr. George
Tuttles in said County according to law and by authoriaty I duly
joined in marriage Mr. Thurston K. Wells and Miss
Saloma Crandle.
Given under my hand the 20th day of March AD 1861
Eld. David Thomson

Iowa, Van Buren County. Marriage records v. A-C 1837-1861. Film #967640 DGS 4309553. Saloma Crandle, 19 Mar 1861 Book C: page 221; digital images, FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 1998.967640 DGS 4309553

Even though many records indicated that Thurston was married and had two sons before his marriage to Salome Crandall, locating a marriage record has proven difficult. However, another researcher provided a clue to a short news story. This one sentence news story provides more details about Thurston’s first marriage.

In this town on the [18]th inst, by Rev. George Colgrove, Mr. Thurston K. wells and Miss Sarah A. Hall, all of this town.

“Married,” Chittenango Phenix (Cazenovia, New York), 21 May 1851, page 3; digital image, Advantage Preservation – The Cazenovia Public Library (http://cazenovia.advantage-preservation.com/ : viewed online 30 May 2021).

This newspaper account provide the name of Thurston’s first wife and the date of their marriage. This information helps piece together not only the life of Thurston Kennedy Wells, but also that of his sons, Francis Owen Wells and William Hall Wells.


Does your tree go back to colonial times? If so, have you tried to find revolutionary war ancestors? When I first started researching my tree, I looked for a Crawford that served. Unfortunately, I still haven’t been able to get my tree back far enough on my Crawford line to have a potential patriot.

Since I had a copy of my great grandmother’s application to the Daughters of the American Revolution, I gave up looking for a Crawford patriot and applied using her application — and I was denied. Her application used Jason Hammond (1762-1842) as her patriot ancestor.

However, the line thru this Jason Hammond is closed. My application was modified to go thru Jason’s father, Nathaniel Hammond (#A050625) who provided patriotic service for Connecticut.

After my application was approved, I quit looking at most of my other branches. Wanting to have a patriot ancestor on my mom’s side of the tree, I did investigate the Buckles line.

Recently, I was curious about how many patriot lines I might have in my tree. Thus, I started researching the men in the 8th generation of my tree to see if someone with similar information was listed in the DAR ancestor file. And I found quite a few ancestors on the DAR site.

Paternal Side

  • Elizur Talcott (1709-1797 #A113367 provided patriotic service and served as a Colonel for Connecticut in the 6th Regiment militia under Brigadier General Wolcott
  • John Foster (1735-1800) #A041635 served as a private for Maryland under Capt. Peter Mantz
  • Daniel Harris (abt 1737-1821) #A051563 served as a private for Virginia under Capt. James Kearny, Cols Thomas Hartly, Hubley
  • Samuel Demarest (1707-1785) #A131555 possibly served for York County, Pennsylvania.
  • Simon Van Arsdale (1746-1802) #A117118 served as a Major for Pennsylvania under Col. Andrew in the York County militia and also as a Captain under Col. McPherson and an ensign under Capt. Hugh Campbell
  • Henry Banta (1718-1805) #A005785 provided patriotic service for Pennsylvania
  • Harmanus Ostrander (1729-1803) #A210554 served as a private for new York in the Ulster county militia
  • Ebenezer Merry (1748-1809) #A078189 served as a private for Connecticut under Lt. Seymour and Maj Newberry
  • Stephen Peabody (1753-1838) #A086830 served as a sergeant for Massachusetts under Capt. Jabes West and Col. Jonathan Eddy

Maternal Side

  • Benjamin Rush (1752-1819) #A100014 provided patriotic service in North Carolina by furnishing supplies in 1780
  • James Buckles (1733-1797) #A016515 served as a Captain for Virginia in the Berkeley County militia
  • Thomas Dawson (1760-1832) #A030832 provided patriotic service for Virginia by furnishing supplies
  • Oliver Miles (1738-1820) #A078880 served as a private for Massachusetts under Lt. Ephraim Wheeler and Col Eleazor Brooks
  • John Josselyn Junior (1735-1810) #A063118 served as a Captain for Massachusetts under Col. John Whetcomb at Lexington and in the 8th Worcester County Militia under Col Job Cushing. He was also a town treasurer.
  • Nathaniel Wells Senior (1730-1804) #A122573 served as a private for Connecticut under Capt. James Chapman and Col. Samuel Holden Parsons
  • Oliver White (1724-1789) served as a private for Massachusetts under Capt Eliakim Smith at Lexington and under Captains Smith, Moses Kellogg and Col. Jonathan Ward
  • David Kennedy (1730-1792) #A064685 served as a private for Connecticut at Lexington
  • Comfort Barnes (1737-1816) #A006295 was a civil servant and provided patriotic service for Massachusetts. He served on the Committee of Safety or Correspondence.

I never dreamed I had this many potential patriots in my tree! Now, I have to not only document their service but make sure I have documented my line back to them.