Crawford Marriages

Have you ever felt the need to go back thru your genealogy research hoping that some new insight can be obtained from those notes and records located years ago? That’s where I’m at with my Crawford research. I started with some marriage records from Augusta County, Virginia.

Vogt John & T. William Kethley, Augusta County Marriages, 1748-1850 (N.p.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1986).

While reviewing these records, I found that I already had most of these Crawfords in my database. However, I often was missing their spouse and/or documentation of their marriage.

In the process of re-looking at these records, I also took the time to find them on FamilySearch so I could see what other researchers might have on these families.

Below are my notes for Crawford males and females married in Augusta County prior to 1801.

Augusta County Marriages 1748-1850


by John Vogt & T. William Kethley
Iberian Publishing Company, np, 1986

Only transcribing marriages prior to 1801

page 66 – Men’s Names

Alexander Crawford [FS LZN5-951 – grandson of Alexander & Mary(McPHeeters) Crawford] & Rachel Lessley [Leslie FS 2W3B-9BV] – 20 Feb 1793 consent William Bell

Andrew [FS 9jHH-3KJ] & Rachel Hunter [FS MYMQ-2MC] – 22 Aug 1799 d William who consents & Mary Hunter who consent test – William Crawford Andrew of age b – William Benson

George [FS KLBL-VM2 – son of Patrick Crawford] & Nancy Winters [FS LZLH-G9W] – 22 Jun 1789; b – Robert Gamble Min – Benjamin erwin – 23 Jun 1789

James & ?? 30 Oct 1762; license only

James & Mary Crawford  27 Dec 1786; b – George Crawford wit – _____ Urquhart min – Archibald Scott – 18 Mar 1786 min- Archibald Scott – 31 Jan 1797

John (FS LHNZ-MB7) & Rebecca Allen (FS M1QM-1MW) 5 Jul 1791; d James, who consents wit – David Hanna & Daniel Early b – James Allen min – John McCune 5 Jul 1791

John (FS KZYZ-8X8)& Sally Newman (FS LC7L-3JW) 11 Fe b1797; widower Sally (of age) d Leavy b – Joshua Parry min – Archibald Scott – 24 Feb 1797

Robert(FS LHXT-KP8) & Anne Allen (FS K67S-K3J) 9 Jan 1787; b – Andrew Anderson certificate by William Craig min – William Wilson – 10 Jan 1788

Samuel (FS LKR7-VMY) & Elizabeth Craig (FS G79H-T62) 9 Oct 1790 ; d Margaret, who consents wit – Alexander & James Craig b – William Crawford min – archibald Scott – 12 Oct 1790

William (FS G9VM-S44) & Martha Cooper (FS KH5R-B3X) 16 Jun 1786; min – Samuel Shannon – 16 Jun 1786

page 263 – Women’s Names


Ann (FS LY4M-KRK) & William Robertson (FS 27S1-FBK) 2 Jun 1788; b – John Crawford min – William WIlson – 3 Jun 1788

Florence (FS LH5N-4DC) & Christian Surface (FS LZNG-P51) 17 Jul 1799; “Sirfes?’ both of oage b- Martin Surface, bro of Christian

Isabella (FS LHD8-6JW) & James Ritchey (FS LHD8-6TT) 16 Fe b1798; d James Crawford, dec. con – Hugh Fulton test – Robert Fulton James Ritchey from Rockbridge b – John Fulton min – Archibald Scott 22 Feb 1798

Margaret (FS KCRZ-JDT) & Daniel Fall (FS LYHW-VD6)30 Aug 1797; d John who consents test – John Rees b – James Brown min – William Wilson – 31 Aug 1797

page 264

Martha (FS LZZ1-66K) & Andrew Anderson (FS l41L-V37) 12 Mar 1788; b – John Miller min William Wilson – 13 Mar 1788

Martha (FS LCZF-9NC) & Robert Poage (FS LCZF-936) 16 Sep 1791; d James who consents b- Robert Crawford & John Robertson b – William Crawford min – William Wilson – 15 sept 1791

Martha (FS KGMT-W76) & Andrew Stull (FS KVLK-9VL)  7 May 1798; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Andrew Steele’ d William b – William Crawford min – William Wilson – 9 May 1798

Mary (FS MYM7-8DX) & William Bell (FS MYM7-8D9) 1 Mar 1796; Mary (of age) d James Crawford, dec. b – Alexander St Clair Approbation of Jane Crawford min – William Wilson – 3 Mar 1796 –

Nancy (FS LCZH-DXP) & James Tallman (FS LCPB-226) 4 Dec 1790; Bond lists James’s name s Tolman d William b – John Armstrong s Benjamin, who consents wit – William Tallman & THomas Hunter min – Archibald Scott – 10 Dec 1790

Polly (FS KL6W-NRL) & John Armstrong (FS KLYG-VFZ) 4 Dec 1790; d William B – James Tallman min – Archibald Scott 10 Dec 1790

Rachel & William Bell 17 Sep 1799; widower & widow (of Charles) b Alexander Crawford

Rachel [Barclay? FS LHZ6-DL2 widow of John Crawford [FS LCMX-T8Y] & John Poage [FS LBKT-RF5]26 Nov 1792; b – THomas Wilson  min – William Wilson – 27 Nov 1792

Sarah [FS GSMP-GLR] & Theobald John Campbell [FS MYMH-CVN] 7 Aug 1792; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Polly’ b – John Campbell Sr mini William Wilson 9 Aug 1792

Violet (FS LHGZ-WMK) & David Gwinn (FS LHJ6-RHM) 11 Nov 1790; Minister’s return spells name as ‘Grim or Ginn’ d William who consents b – J Lyle Jr min – John Montgomery 11 Nov 1790

I am thankful that I reviewed this lists of marriages and took the time to figure out how each of these couples connected to the various Crawford lines in Augusta County, Virginia. Now to see if I have something else hidden in my files to help me piece together these families.

Crawford Clan DNA Challenge

Have you had your DNA tested? If so, did DNA help you answer a question? Based on Facebook posts I’ve seen, it appears that DNA is helping adoptees to connect with their birth family.

In my case, I wasn’t hoping to identify a close relative. Instead, I was hoping (and still am hoping) to identify my 5th great grandparents — particularly on my dad’s CRAWFORD line. It’s been 3 years since I first spit in a test tube (autosomal DNA) and since my brother swabbed his cheek (yDNA). That’s 3 years of working with various DNA results and few clues about this mysterious CRAWFORD grandfather.

As I’m trying to learn more about our yDNA results, so I can make sense of how we might fit in the Crawford Clan, I’ve come to a couple of conclusions:

  • There’s too little data – I need more 5th, 6th and 7th cousins to do a yDNA test
  • Determining relationships is VERY dependent on the accuracy of BOTH of our family trees

The closest matches at 37 and 67 markers do not have a common earliest known ancestor. Nor were any of these earliest known ancestors in my paper research — even in my broader research of Kentucky James Crawford families.

As I was able to upgrade the yDNA test to 111 markers, the genetic distances increased to 6 and I still had a wide variety of potential relatives (their earliest known ancestors).
Since the BigY results have come back, my branch of the BigY tree was identified as R-A13336.

Besides identifying my branch on the tree, the BigY test confirmed my placement in the R1b-01B Ardmillan group on the Crawford DNA project. According to the project administrator, I could share a common ancestor with any of the people in the R1b-01 section of the project. 
Unfortunately, I still have no idea how I might be related to any of my matches in the R-A13336 haplogroup. However, I do recognize several of the other ‘earliest known ancestors’ in this area of the Crawford project.

The two “James Crawford b1758” likely refer to the James Crawford married to Rebecca Anderson. This James Crawford owned land on Paint Lick Creek in Madison/Garrard Counties, Kentucky prior to his move to Jefferson County, Indiana. This is the same area of Kentucky where my ancestor was married in 1799 along with several other Crawford (William, Rebecca, and Mary) families. I suspect that my ancestor is somehow related to these other Crawfords but have not been able to locate any documentation to support that suspicion.
Another Crawford researcher has James, William and the spouses of Rebecca and Mary as grandsons of Col. John Crawford and great-grandsons of Robert Crawford II and Mary Shaw. This researcher has William Crawford (b. 1691 and d. 1767) as a second son to Robert Crawford II. According to this researcher, sons of William (1691-1767)  include Patrick (d. 1787) and Alexander (1716-1764). William, Patrick and Alexander are likely listed as the following earliest known ancestors in the Crawford yDNA project:  Patrick (b. 1723 and d. 1787), William (b. 1691 and d. 1761) and Alexander (b. 1715 -d 1764).
This same researcher believes my James Crawford may be the son of Mary Crawford, and thus a grandson of Col. John Crawford and great grandson of Robert Crawford II. (Again, I don’t have any documentation to support this theory.) If this is the case, then my James Crawford (1772-1854) would be a first cousin twice removed to the Alexander Crawford, married to Mary McPheeters, who was killed in 1764. This theory also makes James Crawford (1758-1836) an uncle to my James Crawford. The R1b-01B grouping of yDNA results supports this theory.
A search of the Crawford yDNA project for male children of William Crawford and Mary Ann Douglas (grandsons of Robert and Mary Shaw Crawford) did not locate any ‘earliest known ancestors’ listing for Robert, John, Edward, James, Thomas, William or George using the suggested birth and death information. As stated previously, there is a listing for Patrick in the R1b-01C section and a listing for Alexander Crawford (b. 1715-D1764) in the R1b-01F Ardmillan Outliers section.
Unfortunately, using other trees to locate the documentation to verify this theory becomes very tricky. Many Crawford trees with family going back to the area of Augusta County, Virginia prior to the revolutionary war find the information about the family of Alexander Crawford and his wife Mary McPheeters and try to fit their tree into Alexander’s family. 
Thus, the challenges ahead:

  • Find more Crawford descendants of these Augusta County, VA lines and encourage them to have their yDNA tested.
  • Identify descendants with GedMatch kits and encourage them to participate in the autosomal Crawford gedmatch project
  • Encourage my known Crawford autosomal DNA matches to transfer their DNA data to GedMatch and join the project
  • Figure out a communication method to connect everyone
  • Work with other researchers to document the various Crawford families with roots going back to Augusta County, Virginia (map from

Please consider joining me in this

Augusta County, VA Crawford project!

James Crawford of Jefferson County Indiana

(Report created from RootsMagic using the Narrative Report feature)

1. James Crawford was born in 1758 in Augusta, Commonweath of Virginia.15

     According to biographies, he served in the military for 3 months under Capt. Wm Colbert and Col. Patrick Lockhart and 3 months under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan between 1776 and 1780.1,67 He served in the military in 1778 in Botetourt (historical), Botetourt, Virginia, United States.24,8 James served in the military for 3 mos. under Capt. Alex Henley and Col. Morgan.4

     He witnessed the will of John Crawford on 7 Apr 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.912 He was the parent of Anne Crawford born in 1780.13

     James filed land entry papers  in Jun 1782 in Madison, Virginia, United States.14

     He was the parent of William Crawford born in May 1784.13
        He  purchased land from Thomas Kennedy containing 200 acres on Paint Lick Creek adjoining the John Kennedy station on 19 Apr 1786 in Lincoln, Virginia, United States.15

     James was the parent of Mary Polly Crawford born in Jun 1786.13,16
     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1787 in Madison,Virginia, United States.17 He was juror  in Aug 1787 in Madison, Virginia, United States.1819 James was the parent of Isaac Crawford born in 1788.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.20 He  sold land being 50 acres on Paint Lick Creek for 50 pounds to David Rice on 26 Aug 1788 in Madison, Virginia, United States.21 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1789 in Madison, Virginia, United States.22

     He was the parent of James Maxwell Crawford born on 4 Mar 1790.13

     He was listed on the tax rolls in 1791 in Madison, Virginia, United States.23 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1792 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.24 He was the parent of Elizabeth Crawford born in Apr 1792.13,16 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1794 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.25 James was the parent of Jane Crawford born in 1795.13 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1795 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.26 He was listed on the tax rolls in 1796 in Madison, Kentucky, United States.27

     James was appointed surveyor of the road between 1797 and 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.28 He lived in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA in 1798.29 On 3 Oct 1798, he  sold land being two hundred acres of land on Silver Creek, the balance of six hundred acres obtained in two surveys by John Anderson, deceased in Madison, Kentucky, United States.2930 James was listed on the tax rolls in 1800 in Garrard, Kentucky, United States.31 He was the parent of Cynthia Crawford born in 1802.13

     He lived in Jefferson, Indiana Territory, United States in Mar 1811.6 James filed land entry papers  on 4 Feb 1812 in Jeffersonville, Clark, Indiana, United States.28,32 He  sold land  on 12 Nov 1812 in Garrard County, Kentucky, USA.3334 He of Garrard County, Kentucky made full payment for the Northeast quarter of Section number twenty-nine of township number four North in Range number ten East of the second principal meridian on 5 May 1814 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.35 James  sold land on Irvin’s branch of Creek part of section number  twenty nine of township number four north of range number ten east on 4 Aug 1815 in Jefferson, Indian Territory, United States.3637 He lived with 1 male over 45, 2 females 16 thru 25, 1 female over 45 who was listed as James Crawford in Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1820.38 He  purchased lot #80 in town of Vernon from John & Polly Vawter on 20 Oct 1820 in Jennings, Indiana, United States.3940

     James lived in Madison Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States in 1826.41 He  sold land being the NE quarter of section 29 in township number 4 north of range number ten east to James M. Crawford on 7 Apr 1826 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.42

     He died on 3 Apr 1836 at the age of 78 in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,35 James was buried at Hebron Cemetery in Jefferson, Indiana, United States.1,45,4344

James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson3,4546 were married in 1779 in Montgomery, Virginia, United States.6,12 Other records indicate they were married in 1783 in Virginia, United States.3,47 Other records indicate they were married in 1790.1,4,48Rebecca Anderson, daughter of John Anderson and Ann Irvine, was born in 1761.16,4916131313,1613131313,161313 She died in 1840 at the age of 79.49 She was buried in 1840 at Hebron Cemetery in Monroe Township, Jefferson, Indiana, United States.43,49 Rebecca was also known as Rebecca Crawford.1

        1. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1938), p. 108. Hereinafter cited as Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana.        

2. Interview with James Vawter Crawford and Mary F. Cowgill  “Crawford” Coon ([address for private use], Shedd, Oregon), by WPA Interviews for Linn County Oregon and transcribed by Patricia Dunn, transcribed 2000. transcription held by WPA Interviews ([address for private use],        

3. Mary Hedges Reiner, compiler, Oregon State Roster of Ancestor DAR 1963 (Portland, Oregon: 1929), p. 84; digital image, ( : viewed online April 2017.        

4. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in INdiana, James Crawford, database  with images on-line, : viewed online July 2017.        

5. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave ( : viewed onlin August 2016), memorial for James Crawford (1758-1836), Find a Grave Memorial no. #29998479, created by Amy Tomica, citing Hebron Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Sharon Kay Dean, James Crawford.        

6. Grace Vawter Bicknell, Vawter Family in America: with the Allied Families of Branham, Crawford,Wise, Lewis, Stribling, Glover, Moncrief (Indianapolis: The Hollenbeck Press, 1905), ; digital images, Internet Archive ( : accessed .        

7. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots in the American Revolution Buried in Indiana (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), p. 108.        

8. Lineage Book / National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Washington, D.C.: NSDAR, 1892-), Vol. 40 (Crawford.KY.040). Hereinafter cited as DAR Lineage Books.        

9. Will of John Crawford, 7 April 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, ; Montgomery County Courthouse, Christiansburg, Virginia; 32608, Book B page 38, Family History Library, .        

10. TravelinTeachers Family Tree: Douglas Family ( : viewed online November 2016), George Douglas.        

11. John Crawford Will, 1779, Fincastle and Montgomery Counties Vol. B Wills, Montgomery County.        

12. Virginia, Montgomery. County Court Order Books, v.1-4, 1773-1790.  Film #32622 DGS 7897248. John Crawford, 1779 2: image 292; digitized images, FamilySearch : viewed online April 2019.        

13. Florence Wilson Houston, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: Press of C. E. Pauley & Co., 1916), p. 255; digitized copy, Internet Archive ( : downloaded copy May 2019.        

14. James Thompson, Land Entries for Madison County, Kentucky, 1780-1793, Crabb Anne, Transcriber (Richmond, KY: Anne Crabb, 1996), p. 19, Crawford James.        

15. Kentucky, Lincoln County. Deeds, 1780-1866; indexes, 1780-1955.  Film #192238. Kennedy to Crofford, 19 Apr 1786 Book A: p 219 image 120; digital images, Family Search : viewed online February 2019.        

16. Melish Mrs. Charles, Pioneer Women ( : viewed online May 2019), Crawford.        

17. Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799 (Miami Beach, FL: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1992), Crawford, Mary (exempt). Hereinafter cited as Madison County, Kentucky Taxpayers, 1787-1799.        

18. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 195.         

19. Madison County Kentucky, Vol. A-B, 1786-1800: image 15, James Crofford; FHL microfilm 183274.        

20. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874. Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, KY.  Film #8126 DGS 7834478. William Crawford, 1788 Tax Books 1787-1797, 1799-1807: image 63; digital images, Family Search : viewed online February 2019.        

21. Kentucky, Madison County. Book of Deeds.  Film ##007896910. James Crawford, 26 Aug 1788 Vol. B 1791-1793: page 269, 270, 271 (images 292, 293); digital images, Family Search : viewed online January 2019.        

22. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, James Crawford, William Crawford, Mary Crawford, 1789; .        

23. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford William, James, Mary, 1791; .        

24. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford, William, Mary, James, 1792; .        

25. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1794; .        

26. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James, William, 1795; .        

27. Kentucky, Madison. Tax Books, 1787-1874, Crawford James and William, 1796; .        

28. Interview, James Vawter Crawford and his mother Mary F. Cowgill (Crawford) Coon, transcribed 2000.        

29. Kentucky, Madison. Book of Deeds.  Film #007896911. James Crawford, 3 Oct 1798 Vol. D 1796-1800: page 712-714; digital images, Family Search : viewed online January 2019.        

30. Houston Florence Wilson, Laura Cowan Blaine, Ella Dunn Mellette, Maxwell History and Genealogy (Indianapolis, IN: C. E. Pauley & Co, 1916), p. 261; digital images, Google Books ( : viewed online August 2016; Madison County Kentucky Deeds D-712.        

31. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, James Crawford, 1800; database with images, : viewed online March 2019. Original Source: Second Census of Kentucky, 1800.        

32. Thelma M. Murphy, “Certificates Issued to Kentuckians from Jeffersonville, Ind. Land Office,” Kentucky Ancestors 15 (Oct 1979); digital image, Kentucky Historical Society ( : viewed online January 2019), page 71.        

33. History of Garrard County Kentucky and Its Churches (New York: Hobson Book Press, 1947), p. 420        

34. Garrard County, Kentucky, Vols. C-D 1806-1813: 309, James Crawford and Rebecca to Thomas Kennedy; FHL microfilm 83243.        

35. United States Bureau of Land Management, “General Land Office Records,” database with images, BLM.Gov ( : viewed online April 2019), James Crawford.        

36. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891.  Film ##1310264. James Crawford, 4 Aug 1814 Book A: p. 152; digitized images, FamilySearch : viewed online May 2019.        

37. Entry;  , “Jefferson County Deeds” Special p.99 (Crawford.IN.084).        

38. 1820 U.S. Census, Jefferson County, Indiana, population schedule, Jefferson County, Indiana, image 23, James Crawford; digital image, ( : viewed online October 2016); NARA microfilm publication M33.        

39. Indiana, Jennings. Deed Records V. A Apr 1818 – Nov 1828.  Film #1305298. Vawter to Crawford, 20 Oct 1820 Book A: page 115; digitized images, FamilySearch : viewed online June 2019.        

40. “Jennings County Deed Book A,” Hoosier Journal of Ancestry (Vol. 10), (Crawford.IN.068).        

41. “Madison Township 1826 Voters” Special #4 (Crawford.IN.084).        

42. Indiana, Jefferson. Deed Records, 1812-1891, James Crawford, 7 Apr 1826; .        

43. Jefferson County Cemetery Records Volume 1 (: DAR, 1941), p. 329 (Crawford.IN.081). Hereinafter cited as Jefferson County Cemetery Records.        

44. “Abstracts of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots,”,  ( : viewed online (July 2017), James Crawford; Hatcher, Patricia Law. Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, vol. 1-4.        

45. Maxwell History and Genealogy, 255.        

46. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave ( : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Mari K. “Polly” Crawford Guthri (1786-1834), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65800390,        

47. Norman Bloss Mavity, The Mavity Family (Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., 1954), p. 7; digital copy, ( : viewed online April 2019.        

48. DAR Lineage Books, page 178 volume 97 (Crawford.KY.040).        

49. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave ( : viewed online August 2016), memorial for Rebecca Anderson (1761-1840), Find a Grave Memorial no. #32605052,

Will of David Crawford

One of the suggestions for breaking down a brick wall is to go back thru one’s previous research. I can’t say that I’ve broken thru my brick wall, but I can say that this review process is helping me learn about other Crawford families in the area.

So, last night, I continued the process when I found my handwritten notes from the book, Index to the Recorded Kentucky Wills to 1851: The Testators. It appears that I transcribed the information for all of the Crawfords. Curious about the contents of some of these early wills, I used FamilySearch to locate the 1805 will for David Crawford.

This will names the children, gives the married name of the daughters, identifies some slaves and identifies several pieces of land. Based on the information in the will, I believe this will is for David Crawford IV whose FamilySearch ID is L55C-CW6.

Jefferson County Kentucky
Will Books
FS Film 9043 DGS 7637316

David Crawford IV L55C-CW6
Children Named

  • son David Crawford
  • son Reuben Crawford
  • son Nathan Crawford
  • daughter Sally Cocke
  • daughter Elizabeth Davis
  • daughter Nancy Jones
  • son Charles Crawford
  • son Nelson Crawford
  • son William Crawford

Book 1 page 161
Image 91

I David Crawford of Amherst County
and State of Virginia being of sound
mind and recollection at this time
and wishing to dispose of all my worldly
Estate do constitute and make this my
last will and testament in writing
in four manner and substance vise
I desire that all my just and verified
debts if ny there be honestly paid by
my executors herein after mentioned out of
the first money that comes into their hands
belonging to my Estate
I give unto my son David Crawford
one Negro boy named Frank one feather

page 162
bed and furniture and half the land I own
the fork of herods Creek in the State of
Kentucky to him his heirs and assigns for
I give unto my son Reuben Crawford one
negro boy named Jacob one bed and furniture
and the other half of my land in the fork
of herods Creek in the State of Kentucky
to him his heirs and assigns forever
I give unto my son Nathan Crawford all
that tract of land which I wond in Shelby
County state of Kentucky lying in the
fork of Bearshe[uses] Creek containing
fifteen hundred acres be the same more
or less and on which he now lives to
him his heirs and assigns forever
I give to my daughter Sally Cocke
a negro boy named Adam and eighty 
pounds in money to her his heirs and
assignes forever which Negro boy she has
already received in possession as also
the eighty pounds
The property which I have heretofore
given to my daughter Elizabeth Davis &

image 92
page 163

Nancy Jones and which they have had
in possession thereby ratify and confirm to
them their heirs and assigns forever
I give and bequeath unto my son [Croel]
Crawford that tract of land I purchased
of Richard Taliaf[ero] & on which he
now lives containing three hundred
and ninety five acres be the same
more or less but with the variation
(vise) all the said tract of land
lying immediately on the west side of the 
road now passing through the gap of the
tobacco Mountain and running to Elias
Wills’s Rode and so much of my former
tract of land as may be on the west side
of the road which is to be his Eastern
Boundary to him his heirs and assigns
I give unto my son Nelson Crawford the
sum of fifty pounds current money
with legal interest theron from
the year one thousand seven hundred
and eighty six until it shall be
paid it being to make the balance

page 164
of two hundred pounds for the land he
now lives on to make it equal in value
to the land which I have given to my
son John Crawford & now bequeath unto
my son Charles Crawford to him his heirs
and assigns forever provided never the less
that in my life time I should pay my said
son Nelson the afsd sum of fifty pounds
with interest as aforesaid or give my bond
payable for the same in that case this 
bequith to be null and voide
I give and bequeth unto Wm Crawford
all that tract of land lying on and adjoining
the buffaloe Ridge in the County of Amherst
containing two hundred and sixty two acres
be the same more or less and granted by
patent bearing date the 17th of May 
1789 to him his heirs and assigns forever
Thence to my beloved wife the land I now
live on also one hundred and ninety four
acres adjoining which I purchased of
Robert Johnston also fifty acres adjoin
ing which I took Up & surveyed as also
the land I purchased of Wm Haynes
for her use and comfortable support
during her natural life & after her

image 93
page 165

decease to be sold by my executors to the
best advantage either for ready money
or on such credit as shall be agreed on
by a majority of such my legatees on the
summons of them or their legal representa
tives as may be Interested therein its then
my desire that five hundred pounds of
purchase money  be paid by my executors 
to each of my sons Reuben and David Crawford
then the remainder of the purchase money
to be equally amongst all my children male or
female or their legal representatives share &
share alike excepting my two sons Reuben and 
David Crawford & who are to have no part
I also lend to my beloved wife during her
natural life all my slaves and other person
nal Estate of every kind whatever except such
slaves and other personal Estate already
disposed of and after her death such slaves
and personal Estate with their Increase
equally divided between all my children 
or their legal representatives vise my
sons John William Nelson Charles Nathan
Reuben and David Crawford and my daughters
Elizabeth Davis, Nancy Jones & Sally Cocke

page 166
In the following manner that is to say as
the slaves which I possess have been mostly
raised and brought up by myself and to
whom I am attached from long and personal
guidance and direction
I wish them not sold out of the family or
owned by any but my sons who bear my name
and therefore direct that their intrinsic
value with their increase be ascertain ed
[by] three judicious and discreet men chosen by
a majority of all my children or their legal
representatives that  may attend for that
purpose they and each of them having six mon
ths previous notice thereof and after such
alotment or division of my slaves amongst my
sons or their legal representatives my afsd
three daughters Elizabeth Davis, Nancy Jones
& Sally Cocke to receive their afsd equal share
& proportion of their value in money also
the other remaining personal estate after
the death of my beloved wife to bee equally
divided amongst all my children male or
female or their legal representatives share
& share alike & if my said children or their
legal representatives should not agree
to the mode or manner of specifically dividing

image 94
page 167

The said property then it shall be sold by
my executors for cash or credit and the money
equally divided as aforesaid
If the whole or majority of children or legatees
should think it expedient they may assign
unto my beloved wife any one of my negroes to be
disposed of at her death as she may think
proper and it is my further will and desire
that the whole of the estate both real and
personal which I have lent unto my beloved
wife for her comfortable support and maintain
ance during her natural life shall be under
the guidance management & direction of my
executors but so as to not abridge impair or
lessen her future use and enjoyment of the 
I desire that each of my children or legatees
at the final distribution of my Estate pay
to my son Nathan Crawford five pounds in
money as some compensation to him for not
receiving all that assistance support in 

page 168
setting out in life in a remote and distant
country which my other children may have
[received] I also remit to him the increase of the
money which he owed me until the same be paid
Whereas I have my son JOhn’s bond in the 
penalty of ten thousand pounds to make me
a fee simple right and title to all the lands
which he located or surveyed in his own name
for me on the western waters and State of 
Kentucky and whereas I have by this my
will bequeathed unto my sons Nathan
Reuben and David Crawford part of the
afsd lands as herein before mentioned
particularly described and dis[egorated]
land have also given unto my three daugh
hters Elizabeth Jones Mary Jones  &
Sally Cocke one other tract of the sd land
containing one thousand acres be the same 
more or less to be equally divided among
them or their legal representatives which
said land and gift Thereby ratify and com
firm to them their heirs and assigns for
ever [?] will & direction that my said son John

image 96
page 169

do convey and warrant the fee simple right
& title in & to afsd mentioned tracts of
land (or any of the afsd lands not here in
mentioned) from the claim of himself
or any other person claiming through or
under him agreeable and in conformity
to the disposition which I have made
of them in this my will or the laws of
this country may direct the tract of
land which he sold to Thomas [Luens]
and has conveyed is exempted from this
It is my will and desire that if any of
my above children should die without
lawful issue or children begotten of their
bodies before the receive their  respective
proportions that then the legacess to
remain annexed to the bulk of my estate
to be divided amongst my surviving children
& legatees agreeable to this my will
The crops which I may have on hand unsold
and the debts and monies which may be
own me I direct to be applied to the

page 170
payment of my debts if any in the first
place and the balance to be divided amongst
all my children unless my executors or a
majority of my children should think it
necessary and advisable to to lend the
whole or any part thereof to my beloved w
ife for her immediate use & accommo
dation to be repaid by her from the profits
of the estate which I hve lent during life
I request & direct that if any difference or
dispute should arise respecting the me
aning of this my will the bond ending
parties or party shall choose each then man
and the a third  person & their opinion in
writing of the intention of my will shall
be obligatory and binding as if determined
in a court of law
I appoint my son John Wm  B
Nelson and Charles Crawford executors of
this my last will and testament hereby
revoking all others heretofore made
trusting to their zealous fidelity to execute
the same with integrity & upright to [usness]

image 97
page 171

Thereby promoting harmony peace & happi
ness of my family It is times my whereof
I have here unto set my hand and seal
this 14th day of December one thousand eight
hundred and one
David Crawford
Signed Sealed & acknowledged
in presence of use the undersigned
Wm Pryor
John (his mark) Pryor
Stetta Sullivan
Article to the within will the 216 acres of lane ment
ioned in my will given to my
son William to be sold the money to be equally 
divided amongst my legatees
After my death should there be more stock
than is necessary to support my wife or
any surplus whatever it may be sold to
pay any debt I may owe
It is my will that my son John to have 
the management of all my plantation affairs
It is my desire that my sons David and
Reuben be furnished with all those
Necessaries equal with the rest of my

page 172
children that has gone off if it is not
done in my lifetime
Witness my hand this
14 day of march 1802
David Crawford
WB the negroes left my wife are Mirgo and
Dillay his wife Nead and Charity his wife
& Daphney & their increase Gabriel and
Sarah all of which to be equally div
ided amongst my legatees
Wm Pryor
John Pryor
Stella (her mark) Sullivan
At a court held for Amherst County
the 20th day of Sept 1802 this will
with the codicil was proven by the oaths
of Wm Pryor and John Pryor two subscri
bing witnesses thereto & ordered to be reco
rded & certified for obtaining prove at there
in due form is granted to john Crawford
Wm Crawford Nelson Crawford 7 Charles
Crawford the executors in said will named
they having made oath & given bond with
Charles Taliafarro Danl Wanwich 

image 98
page 173

Nelson Anderson & Wm Pryor the security
in the penalty of forty thousand dollars
amount money conditioned as the law
Test L Garland D.C.
A copy Test L garland D C
At a County Court held for Jefferson
County on Monday 4th March 1805
The transcript of David
Crawfords will on the motion of Nathan
was produced in open court & ordered to
be recorded
Worden Cope

Botetourt Virginia Titheables

Last Wednesday, I had the opportunity to visit the Family History Center in Topeka, Kansas. During this visit, I was able to access digitized images from Botetourt County, Virginia. I was thankful these records were available at the family history center since they were locked at affiliate libraries.

Botetourt County, Virginia
List of Tithables, 1770-1789
FS Film 9106467 DGS 7856374

Looking for Crawford, Douglass, Maxwell


Image 9
Anderson, Lemuel – 1
Crawford, James – 1
Dooley Kenery – 1

Image 14 – List of Tithebles take in by William Ingles
Image 15 James Craford – 1

Image 16 –
Henry Dooley
Samuel Bozewell

image 17 – start of 1771

Image 19 – List of tithables take by Benjamin Estil 1771
Wm Maxwell
J L Maxwell
John Maxwell
Image 20 – left side – col. 2 – Wm Crawford

Image 20 – right side – List of Tithables taken by John Boxman

image 22
List of the Tithables on the Head of Little River

Image 23
List of Tithables [my] Company
John Maxwell

Image 25 A list of the tithables in the Lower District
of New River

Image 26
A list of tithables taken from the north side
Buffelo Creek to the County line & from Mountain [Harris]
tax for the year 1771
William Crawford

Image 29
Tithables no returned at Agt Court 1771

Image 31
A list of tithables taken in by Walter Crockett from William
Sayers to the Head of Holstans RiVer for the year 1771

Image 33
A list of Tithables in Capt Campbells Company

Image 34
A list of Tithables in Capt Bledsow Company
John Douglass
John Douglass

Image 37
John Crawford – 2
John Crawford – 2
Wm Crawford – 1

Image 42 – 1772

Image 45 List of tithables on Jacksons River including the Cord parchased and Down James River as Lord as James Lawrence
taken according to order Court by John Robinson Jun the 10th 1772

Image 47
Lists Tithables for
Craigs Creek taken
by Ben Hawkins 1772
Crawford John – 1
Crawford John Junr – 1
Crawford Andrew – 1
Crawford William – 1
Crawford Elias – 1

image 52 List of Tithables taken in Capt James Thompson’s Company 1772
Henry Dooley

Image 58
A list of Tithables in Capt Doachs and my own company for the year 1772
Walter Crockett

Image 61 A list of the Tithables on the North side of Buffaloe Creek
Botetourt County taken by Wm McKee 1772

Image 63 – new list – but no heading at top of page
Crawford John – 1
Crawford Samuel – 1

Image 68 A list of tithables in Capt Campbells for 1772 take by R D.

Image 70 A list of tithables in Capt Bledsoes & Capt Looney Company for 1772
Returnt to R. Douch

Image 72
A list of the tithables in the upper settlement of Little River

Image 73
A list of the tithables on new river & sinking creek

Image 76 A list of tithables taken in by James McGavock from James River to Buffalo Creek from Mountain to Mounty of the year 1772
Craford William 2
Maxwell John – 2
Maxwell James – 1
Maxwell William – 2
Maxwell THomas – 1

Image 78 List of titheables taken by Ohis[ons]


image 83 – 177[3] A list of tithable taken by order of court
Wm Mc[th]ee
names on lists
Crawford John – 1
Crawford John Junr – 1
Crawford William – 1
Crawford Josiah – 1
Crawford Andrew – 1
Crawford Andrew [z] 1

Image 85 A list of tithables taken by Benjamin Estil for year 1773
Crawford William – 2
Maxwell John – 1
Maxwell William – 1

Img 86 – Maxwell Thomas – 1

image 87 The list of tithables from William Huggards up Jacsons River to the County line and to the western waters

Image 90 A list of the tithables on the waters of Breenbriers 1773

Image 91 – right side – List of the tithables from Buffalo Creek to the North River Below the great road taken by James [timbold] in compliance to an order of court to him Directed 1773

image 92
A list of the tithables from the mouth of Craigs Creek up the cowpaster to the county line
and up jecksons river to William Hogarts

Image 97
A list of tithables taken by Geo Skillens for a part of the County of Botetourt and order of the court for the year 1773

image 99 Lit of delinquents

Image 101 List of deliquents
Thos Maxwell – no inhabitant Fincast Co – 0

Captain Love’s Company of Militia

On my way home from the Northeast Kansas Library System’s monthly board meeting, I stopped in Topeka to use the library and archives at the Kansas State Historical Society. One of the books I used was Montgomery County, Virginia: The First 100 Years. [Text by Judge C. W. Crush; Index by Mrs. Frances Terry Ingmire. St. Louis, MO: Mrs Terry Ingmire, 1982.]

On page 94 of this book is a list of Captain Love’s Company of Militia. Since James Crawford was listed as a lieutenant for the company, this list may prove useful to my Crawford research. By knowing the names of the various men in this company, I can search their pension records for mention of James Crawford (or any other Crawford).

Page 94

A list of Capt. Love’s Compy. of Militia — April 5th 1781
William Love, Capt.
James Crawford, Lt.
James Smith, Lt.
James White, Ensign
George Erving, Sergt
David Busher, Sergt
Philip Dutting
John Lashley
John King
Abram Gooding
Christley Vaught
George Vaught
Nathan Morgan
Archy Reagh
William Smith
Peter Neast
Warren Filpot
Adm Dulton
Peter Greger
Peter Laughton
James Fork
John Vaught
David Vaught
Jese James
James James
William Moore
John Brown
Geo. Douglas
Danl. Pearee
Edward Crawford
Michl Plankepicker
Gasper Vaught
David Kirkwood
William James
Kaser Wells
Hugh Con
Christopher Bulyes
Mikl. Burton
John Burton
Zac. Plankepicker
Michl. Branser
John Hunt

Todd to Crawford Deed Fayette County Kentucky

Fayette County, Kentucky County Court, Deed Book B, 1786-1807
FS Film 1490705 item 3 DGS 8201383
Image 481 – Index C
Crawford Jas Todd [?] D 57

Image 532 – Deed on page 57 – 14 March 1780 Levi Todd and Jane his wife to James Crawford

Page 57

This Indenture made this fourteenth day of Marcy
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty
between Levi Todd and Jane his wife of the county of
[Fay]ette and Commonwealth of Virginia of the one part and James
[Cra]wford of the aforesaid county and Commonwealth of the other part
[wi]tnesseth that the said Levi Todd and Jane his wife for an
[in] consideration of the sum of one hundred and twenty pounds
[between] them paid have granted bargained and sold and bye these pre-
[sen]ts do grant bargain and sell unto the said James Crawford
[a] certain tract of land on which he now lives, on the waters of
[the] East fork of Hickman being part of said Levi Todds pre-
[em]ption granted him by patent estimated to contain one hun
[dre]d and fifty acres or more or less (a plat of which is hereto an
[nex]ed) bounded as follows, Beginning at a large white oak
[nev]er before cornered for the above mentioned Levi Todds preemp
[tion], running thence North sixty degrees west two hundred and
[twen]ty poles with the heirs of Hugh McNary deceased to a small
[whi]te oak corner about 3 1/2 poles from a small branch and near
[Wa]lnut Hill meeting house : running thence north East one hun
[dre]d and twenty eight poles to a red oak corner and a red oak
[an]d white oak growing from one stock, thence running South
[six]ty degrees East one hundred and sixty five poles to a white
[?] corner thence South twenty degrees West with Daniel Mosebey
[on]e hundred and twenty six poles to the Beginning to have & to
[ho]ld the said tract of land with all its appurtenances unto the
[sai]d James Crawford his heirs and assigns forever to his and
[?] only proper use and behoof. And  the said Levi Todd and
[Ja]ne his wife do for themselves their heirs executors and administrators
[?] covenant and agree with the said James Crawford his heirs
[and] assigns that he or they may at any time and at all times here
[af]ter continue enter in and upon the aforesaid tract of land
[a]nd premises and the same freely and fully and quietly

page 58

and enjoy with all its appurtenances forever, and that the
premises aforesaid are and shall remain free of and from
all former or future gifts grants bargains sales dower judge
ments executions and incumbrances whatsoever by the said
grantees or any other person or persons done or permitted
and also that they do and will warrant and forever defend
the said land and premises from themselves their heirs and
the claim of all persons whatsoever. In witness whereof the
said Levi Todd and Jane his wife have hereto set their
hand and seals the day and year above written
Levi Todd (seal)
Jean Todd (seal)
Signed Sealed & acknowledge in presence of
Eli Cleveland
Thos Hall
William McNary


Fayette County March Com 1786
This deed was produced in court proved by
the oaths of Eli Cleveland Thomas Hall and William
McNary subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded
Test Levi Todd Co Com

Fayette County December Court 1804
This indenture of bargain and sale from Levi Todd
and Jean his wife to the late Revd James Crawford was pro
duced in Court and is ordered to be again recorded agreeably
to law the former record having been destroyed by fire
Test David Todd DC

Who Is This James Crawford?

Have you ever run across a record in a county you’ve been researching and have no idea how the person in the record fits with known families in that area? Well, that’s my situation — and it is anoter James Crawford.

James and Martha Crawford sold land in Barren County, Kentucky. Tax lists for Barren County show a James Crawford with 200 acres on the Marrowbone River. These tax lists also show another James Crawford with 50 acres on the Marrowbone. This second James Crawford is thought to be James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford.

I’ve also identified the family of David Crawford who died in Barren County, KY in 1812.

Now, I’ve found a deed for a James Crawford and Patsy his wife selling land in Wythe County Virginia to Peter Kinson. This 1806 deed indicates that James and Patsy were living in Montgomery County, Ohio at the time.

So, who is this James Crawford? Patsy could be a nickname for Martha. Unfortunately, every record I’ve seen for James and Martha use her given name and not the nickname, Patsy.

Being in Montgomery County, Ohio in 1806 would imply that James and Patsy were early settlers of that state.

Based on that, I checked History.Geo’s First Landowners Project. There are 3 entries for James Crawford in Preble County. Two of these entries are for James and Martha while the third is for James and Sally. The Montgomery county entry is for Robert C. Crawford in 1816. Darke County has two entries: Alexander Crawford 1832 and Norman B Crawford 1831.

The Bureau of Land Management’s General Land Office Records has 3 entries for Crawford in Montgomery County. All of those entries are for Robert Crawford.

A search of ‘Settlers and Builders’ of Ohio does not include any James Crawford nor any Crawford in Montgomery County, Ohio.

Since the 1882 book, History of Montgomery County, Ohio has been digitized and is part of the book collection on FamilySearch, I searched it for James Crawford. Other than references to Col. William Crawford, the only Crawford reference from the early history was in a section on James Grimes. James Grimes emigrated from Rockbridge County, Virginia in 1805 travelling thru Crab Orchard, Kentucky. The James Grimes section names Mr. Crawford as one of those who made the trip with him.

At this point, I can’t place the James Crawford in this deed.

Did I Find a Marriage Record

Have you ever looked at a court document trying to figure out who all of the people are and suddenly realize you may have stumbled across something totally different?

Well, that was my situation yesterday. I found additional documentation for the 1779 will of John Crawford in Montgomery County, Virginia (Order Book 2, image 292),

At a court c/ and held for Montgomery County April 7th 1779

Last will and testament of John Crawford deceased proven by oath of George
[D]ouglas James Crawford and Bazewell Maxwell and ordered to be recorded

Administration of the Estate of Jno Crawford deceased with  the will annexed
[?]granted Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford who entered into bond
[?] [a]nd security according to law

Ordered that Patrick Campbell James Campbell Robert Black and Archbald
Reaugh or any three of them being first sworn appraise the personal estate
and slaves if any of John Crawford Decd and make return thereof to the next

Inventory and appraisement of the Estate of John Maxwell decd returned
[?] Court and Ordered to be recorded

When I first looked at this entry, I was trying to link this record to my Kentucky research. One of the Crawfords I’m researching in Kentucky is Rebekah Crawford. Rebekah Crawford appears on the 1787 tax list in Lincoln County, Kentucky.

It is believed that Rebekah’s husband was John Crawford — the same John Crawford mentioned in the Montgomery County court record. I had previously located John Crawford’s will in the Montgomery County Virginia Wills Book B on image 474. 

I leave to my true and loving wife, Rebecah her thirds during her life and if she merys the estate is to be sold the land into be equally divided between my two sons James & Nathan Craford and a equal devid mong all the chidren of the stock and housal plenishingJohn Crawford

Since Rebekah Crawford of Lincoln County, Virginia is believed to be the mother of the James Crawford who married Martha Knight, this will could be for Rebakah’s husband. However, I don’t have any mention of a Nathan Crawford in my research. Thus, I needed more proof. 

I believe that yesterday I found the support to tie the will of John Crawford in Montgomery County, Virginia to Rebekah Crawford in Lincoln, County, Kentucky. The names of the witnesses to the Montgomery County will are also found in the area of Kentucky where Rebekah lived.

Rebekah may have been listed on the tax roles in Lincoln County, Kentucky, but the land she purchased lies in what is now Garrard County, Kentucky. Rebekah purchased that land from George Douglass. George Douglass is believed to be the brother of Rebekah Crawford. 

Other Crawfords living in Garrard County include James and William Crawford. James’ wife was Rebecca Anderson Maxwell. James and his wife Rebecca, along with Bazewell Maxwell and his wife and others are the grantors on a deed for land from the John Anderson estate. Thus, James Crawford and Bazewell Maxwell are brothers-in-law.

Thus, all three witnesses to the John Crawford will can be found in Garrard County, Kentucky.

As I re-read the court entries, I couldn’t figure out the reference to Rebecca Maxwell. None of the information I have suggested that Rebecca Crawford remarried. Then it dawned on me — Rebecca Anderson Maxwell married James Crawford. 

I think the marriage bond of Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford is buried between entries regarding the will of John Crawford.

[?]granted Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford who entered into bond
[?] [a]nd security according to law

Unfortunately, the left side of the page is missing, so I will never know for certain that this is a record for a marriage bond. However, the names, date and place fit.

So, what do you think?

Are the witnesses enough to tie the death of John Crawford in Montgomery County, Virginia to Rebecca Crawford of Lincoln/Garrard Counties, Kentucky?

Is that a record of a marriage bond for Rebecca Maxwell and James Crawford?

Reading History

In your genealogy research, have you read the historical accounts?

Even though the experts recommend ‘knowing’ the history of a location, I have only skimmed county histories looking for my family name. I’ve never seriously read the history – until last night.

Last night, I read the book, The Travelling Church: An Account of the Baptist Exodus from Virginia to Kentucky in 1781 under the Leadership of Rev.Lewis Craig and Capt. William Ellis on Internet Archive. This book is about an ENTIRE church community packing up and leaving Spottsylvania County, Virginia for Logan’s Fort in Kentucky.

I didn’t find mention of the Crawford family in this book. I have clues suggesting my Crawford line came from Montgomery or Augusta Counties, Virginia – not Spottsylvania County. I have clues suggesting the Crawfords were Presbyterian – not Baptist.

Even though I did not find my family in this book, I learned a great deal by reading it.

  • Prior to the revolution, only ministers of the Episcopal (state church) were free to preach in Virginia. Pastors of other denominations, like Baptists and Presbyterians, were required to obtain a license. The group of Baptists that migrated to Kentucky were “Seperate Baptists”. They refused to obtain the license and some of them were jailed for preaching without a license.
  • Although they started out with wagons, they gave up those wagons at Fort Chiswell. The rest of the journey over the mountains was made on foot. Their supplies and young children were carried by pack horses or on the shoulders of the Negro slaves in the group.
  • Even though they planned to be in Kentucky before winter set in, they were delayed due to Indian activities along the trail. Thus, this ‘travelling church’ left Abingdon in November to follow the Wilderness Road across the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky
  • Salt was a precious commodity
  • They established Craig’s Station. Craig’s station is South of where Mary Crawford purchased land and West of  the Kennedy land where James Crawford settled. 

I’ve learned that the experts are correct. I need to read the histories. Thus, I’m searching for more digital copies about the history of early Kentucky. I’m also hoping our snowy weather will come to an end so I can plan a trip to the Midwest Genealogy Center where I can read to my hearts content.