James Crawford Land in Warren County Indiana

One of the challenges with my CRAWFORD research is separating my CRAWFORD family from the family of James and Martha Crawford. My ancestor, Nelson G. Crawford is the son of James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford.

Both James Crawford families lived in Preble County, Ohio before James and Martha and their children along with my ancestor, Nelson G. Crawford, moved to Warren County, Indiana. So, when I saw that Nelson Crawford was a first land owner in section 8 with James Crawford listed as a first landowner in both section 5 and section 8, I had to wonder if this could be MY James Crawford.


So, when I found the will of James Crawford (wife Martha) on Ancestry, I realized that I needed to put the land descriptions in the will onto a map. Below are the land descriptions from James Crawford’s will and images of the sections from First Landowners Project web site.

Home Place:- – Given to wife Martha and then to daughter, Celinda
North end of Quarter Section No 21 Range 8 West Township 21N

Harvey H Crawford
south half of section No 21 Range 8 West Township 21 N

Polly Swank
East half of SW quarter section no five T21N R8 west

Rebeekah
West half of section no 5 T21N R8 West

Nancy
East Half NW Quarter Section 8 T21N R8 W

By looking at the map, I can see that Polly Swank and Rebekah Crawford received the James Crawford land near Nelson G. Crawford via the will of their father James Crawford. Thus, the James Crawford who registered land near Nelson G. Crawford is not the father of Nelson G. Crawford.

Looking at other areas of Warren County on the First Landowners Project, there are several Crawford tracts of land in sections 25, 26, 35, 36 of Township 21 North Range 9 West and section 1 of Township 20 North of Range 9 West.

Will of James Crawford 

Indiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1789-1999, James Crawford, Feb 1834; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online December 2019).

Page 11
State of Indiana Warren County

Be it remembered that on the 12th day of February AD 1834 there was filed in the office of the clerk of the Probate Court of said County a will and testament of James Crawford late of said county deceased which will & Testament and affidavit or probate anexed thereto reads in the words & figures following to wit

“In the name of God amen I James Crawford of the county of Warren and State of Indiana being at present of sount and disposing mind and memory do make and publish this and no to be my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say — First I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Martha the whole of the farm where on I now live that is to say eight acres acrss the norht end of the quarter section No 21 R8 W T 21N Together with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging and I do fur give and bequeath unto her all the stock and other property belonging to said farm, together with all my household furniture all of which is to be for her use and disposal during her natural lifetime — And at the death of my above name wife Martha I then give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Clinda the whole of the above described eight acres of land whereon I now live to be for her use and disposal forever. And I do further will and bequeath unto my beloved son Harvey H Crawford all the South half of the above named and described quarter section so soon as he becomes of full and lawful age to be at his use and disposal forever. And I further give and bequeath unto him a young horse known by the name of Poney to be at his disposal forever.

page 12

And I do also give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Polly Swank the East half of the SW quarter section no five T21 N R8 West to be at her sole use and disposal forever to make her equal with my daughter Betsy Lincoln and Sally Shanklin John D Crawford and William A Crawford and James S Crawford — And I do also give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Rebeekah; all the west half of the above described section no five T21 N R8 West to be at her sole use and disposal forever — And I do also give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Nancy all the East half of the North West quarter Section Eight T21N R8 W to be at her sole use and disposal forever — And I do more over give and bequeath unto my beloved sons James & Harvey Crawford one hundred dollars out of a note which I hold on Adam Swinehart which money is to be laid out for an eight acre lot of land to be equally divided between them both, and be at their disposal forever.
And I do hereby ratify and confirm this and no other to be my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of Sepber in the year of our Lord 1831. And I do hereby constitute my friends William Pugh and D. D. Hall to be my executors of this my last will and Testament.
James Crawford (seal)
Attest
John C Irvin
James Higgenbottom

State of Indiana Warren County
Warren Probate Court February Term A.D. 1834
Be it remembered that on the 12th day of February aforesaid being the third judicial day of the aforesaid term of the court into open court

page 13

came John C Irvin and James Higenbottom the subscribing witnesses to the annexed will and testament of James Crawford who being duly sworn upon their oaths say that they saw the said James the testator sign and seal said will and heard him proclaim it to be his last will and testament and that they verily believe at the time of his doing the same he the said James was of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding and that they at that time subscribed their names as witnesses thereunto at his the said Testator request
John C Irvin
James Higginbottom

Sworn to and subscribed in open court this twelfth day of February AD one thousand eight hundred and thirty four

James Cunningham Clerk
by L Kenkennon Depty

Recorded the twelfth day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty four.
James Cunningham Clerk of the
Probate Court of Warren County Indiana

Crawford Pioneer Dies

Warren County Pioneer Is Dead

Mrs. Margaret Robb Passes Away at 94; Entire Life Spen in West Lebanon Vicinity

West Lebanon, Ind. April 21
(Special) — Mrs. Margaret Robb, said to have been Warren county’s oldest resident, died yesterday at her home here at the age of 94 years. She observed her birthday last Friday and on the preceding Sunday relatives and friends arranged a birthday party in her honor.
Mrs. Robb was born April 18, 1836, three miles south of West Lebanon, on the farm where her brother, George W. Crawford, 83, now resides. It was entered by her father in 1838. The brother is the sole surviving member of a family of 11 children. The parents were William and Leutitia Crawford, pioneers of the county. Mrs. Robb had been a member of the Christian Church for nearly 80 years and was the teacher of the beginners’ class in the Sunday school for 40 years. She was formerly president of the Aid society.
In 1836 she married Bolivar Robb who died in 1913. Besides her brother she leaves many nieces and nephews. The funeral will be held at the Christian church Tuesday afternoon at 2 o’clock, Rev. Louis Hotelling officiating. Burial in West Lebanon cemetery.

Celinda Margaret Lydia Crawford was the daughter of William and Lutitia (Snodgrass) Crawford and granddaughter of James and Martha (Knight) Crawford.

Clues from a Letter

Do you ever re-look at a document and discover a new clue? That was my experience when a 4th cousin sent me a copy of a letter – a letter that I think I’ve seen before.

Dodge City, Kansas, March 29, 1907
Dear nephew (William Clay Crawford)
Your ????? to hand. I am glad to hear from you. Your Grandfather
Crawford lived to be 56. Died with colic. Your Grandmother died
about the same age with typhoid. From your Great Grandfather
Crawford lived until the age of 72 and died with sunstroke. our
Great Grandmother Crawford lived 78-don’t remember what caused here
death. Your Grandparents were born in Ohio and died in Warren
County, Indiana (W. Lebanon?). Your Great Grandparents moved from
Kentucky and died in southern Ohio. Your Great Great grandparents
came from Scotland and are buried in Kentucky not far from
Lexington. You are of strong hearty people and ought to live to
be an old man with proper care of your health. I am in only
tolerable health myself. I am muscular paralysis. Will stop off
and see you and family and next time I am through if possible.
Kindly regards to your family
From you affectionate uncle.
J.. H. Crawford
(James H. Crawford)

Clues:

  • Names in parentheses suggest this is a transcription and not a typed letter
  • nephew, William Clay Crawford, son of a brother of James H. Crawford
  • Grandfather – Nelson G. Crawford – died at age 56 of colic
    • Born Oct 1808, died March 1864 – age 55 / cause of death unknown
  • Grandmother – Martha Smith Crawford – died of typhoid
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandfather – James Crawford – lived until 72 and died of sunstroke
    • According to tombstone, James Crawford was born April 1772 and died July 1854 at age 82
    • Cause of death unknown
  • Great Grandmother – Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – lived until 78
    • According to tombstone, Sally Crawford was born Feb 1770 and died May 1856 at age 86
    • Cause of death unknown 
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census – Nelson G. Crawford born in Ohio
    • According to 1850 census  – Martha Crawford born in Indiana
  • Grandparents – Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Smith Crawford – died in Warren County, Indiana (W. Lebanon)
    • Both Nelson G. Crawford and Martha Crawford are buried in the West Lebanon (Warren County) Indiana cemetery
  • Great grandparents  – James Crawford and Sally Smith Duggins Crawford – moved from Kentucky and died in southern Ohio
    • James Crawford and Sally Duggins were married in 1799 in Garrard County, Kentucky
    • James Crawford and Sally Crawford are buried in the cemetery in Eaton (Preble County), Ohio
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – came from Scotland
    • yDNA evidence supports tie to Crawford family in Scotland
  • Great Great Grandparents – ? unknown – buried near Lexington
    • Parents of James Crawford have not been identified
    • This statement could be about either SMITH family (Martha’s line or Sally’s line)
    • Current records for James Crawford are from Garrard County, Kentucky
    • No evidence of a relationship between Rev. James Crawford of Lexington, Kentucky and James Crawford who married Sally Duggins
    • DAR records from this time period (1907) have records for two different James Crawfords mixed up. Thus, it is possible that this statement is a result of similar confusion about several different James Crawford families.

This letter supports a lot of my current findings. It also reminded me that my research isn’t done – that I need to continue seeking records. In reviewing this letter, I discovered that I need to review my documentation and bring it up to today’s standards.

Crawford ThruLines Question

I like Ancestry’s new ThruLines feature!

Unfortunately, it is pointing out one of my frustrations with my DNA results. I have several verified second and third cousin DNA matches on my Crawford line but we never got a DNA circle for my 3rd great grandfather, Nelson G. Crawford. When Ancestry released ThruLines, I was hoping to locate some fourth cousins thru one of Nelson’s other children.

However, the ThruLines for Nelson G Crawford only includes DNA matches going thru my 2nd great grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford. It does not include any lines going thru the siblings of Washington Marion Crawford.


When I looked at the ThruLines for my 4th great-grandfather, James Crawford, matches are shown for descendants of Nelson’s sister, Polly Crawford and for all of the matches thru my 2nd great-grandfather, Washington Marion Crawford.

Since Washington Marion Crawford had five siblings that lived to adulthood and had families, I expected to find ThruLines thru at least some of those siblings. Thus, I am wondering why ThruLines hasn’t helped identify any fourth cousin Crawford matches.

I have several theories:

  • My fourth cousin descendants of Nelson G. Crawford haven’t done a DNA test thru Ancestry
  • These 4th cousins have done a DNA test but either don’t have a tree or haven’t connected their DNA test to their tree.
  • The trees for my 4th cousins Crawford matches don’t go back far enough to connect to my research — in other words, I haven’t done enough descendancy research
  • Nelson’s middle name is different on various trees causing  trees to not ‘match’
  • My tree is wrong

I’m hoping that I have enough evidence to disprove the theory of an incorrect tree. But, I will continue my search for documentation of Nelson G. Crawford and his family.
To help other researchers, I have researched many of Nelson G. Crawford’s descendants. My information regarding Nelson can be found

If you are a Crawford researcher with family in Preble County, Ohio, Warren County, Indiana or Ford County, Kansas, please contact me. I would love to see how our research might connect!

Crawford Will – Warren County, Indiana

Warren County, Indiana
Will Books

Found on Ancestry
Indiana Wills and Probate Records, 1798-1999
Warren > Will Records, Vol 1-3, 1830-1883; Will records, Vol 4, 1884-1895

Volume 3
Index:
Crawford Nelson C – 49
Crawford Martha – 184

Page 49

State of Indiana
Warren County, ss
Be it remembered that on this 14’ day of June AD 1864
the last will and Testament of Nelsen G Crawford late of
Warren County, deceased, was presented for Probate and
proven by John Briggs, and was duly admitted to probate
and said last will and Testament and Proof thereof reads as
follows to wit

Be It known that I Nelson G Crawford of the County of
Warren and state of Indiana considering the uncer-
tanity of this mortal life do make publish and
declare this to be my last Will and Testament
as follows to wit:
First, I do give and bequeath unto my beloved wife
Martha the one third of all my property, both personal
and real in fee simple and also the remainder thereof
during the term of her natural lifetime, saving
and excepting such of my property as is
otherwise disposed of and bequeathed in this
my last will and testament
Secondly, In as much as I have advanced unto my
son James H Crawford and to my son Marion
and to my son William C and to my daughter
Mary E intermarried with Elisha V Briggs, the
sum of one thousand dollars each, I do now
thenceforth give and bequeath unto each and
every one of them the sum of fifty dollars
only, that is to say fifty dollars to each of my
children above named,
Third, In as much as I have advanced unto my daughter
Amanda S intermarried with Harrison H Woodward
who is now deceased, the sum of nine hundred
dollars I do therefor give and bequeath with the
said Amanda S Woodward the sum of one hundred
and fifty dollars in addition to said advancement,
Fourth I do give and bequeath unto my daughter
Celia C Crawford the sum of one thousand and
fifty dollars and I do appoint my said wife
to be the guardian of said Celia C and to have the
care control and education of said Celia C

page 50

and to marriage and control the property herin bequeathed
to her and for that purpose it shall not be necessary
for my said wife to give any bond bur marriage said
Celia C Crawford property herin bequeathed as she
shall think best. And the care maintenance and
education of said Celia C shall be paid out of the
property bequeathed herein to my wife, Martha Crawford
the said Martha exercising her best judgment with
regard thence
Fifth, I do make constitute and appointing John C Lincoln
of Warren County as the lawful executor of this
my last will and testament and I desire him to
pay out of my estate the bequests herein made in
the following order to with: first unto my daughter
Amanda S Woodward the amount herein bequeathed
to her after paying the expences of my funeral and
my indebtedness. secondly unto my daughter Celia C
the amount bequeathed herein to her, and thirdly the
other bequests in the oder he shall think best
Nelson G Crawford
Signed published and declared by the testator
to be his last will and testament in our presence
and we hereunto subscribe our names as witnesses
in the presence and at the request of the testator
and in the presence of each other
March 16, 1864
[Clive] R [Hudson]
John Briggs
State of Indiana
Warren County
Be it remembered that on the 14 day of June 1864
John Briggs one of the subscribing witnesses to the
within and foregoing will and testament of Nelson
G Crawford late of said county deceased personally
appeared before William C Smith clerk of the Court
of Common Please of Warren County in the state
of Indiana and being duly sworn by the clerk of
said court upon his oath declared and testified
as follows that is to say that on the 16 day of
March AD 1864 he saw the said Nelson G
Crawford sign his name to said instrument

page 51

in writing as and for his last will and testament and
that this deponent at the same time heard the said
Nelson G Crawford declare the said instrument to be
in writing to be his last will and testament and
that the said instrument in writing was at the
same time at the request of the said Nelson G Crawford
and with his consent attested and subscribed by
the said John Briggs in the presence of said
Testator and in the presence of each other
as subscribing witnesses [thence] and that the said Nelson G
Crawford was at the time of the signing and subscribing
of the said instrument in writing aforesaid and of full age
(that is more than twenty one years of age) and of sound
and disposing mind and memory and not under
any coercion or restraint as the said deponent verily
believes and further [deponest] says not
John Briggs
Sworn and subscribed by the said John Briggs
before me William C Smith clerk of said court
at Williamsport the 14 day of June 1864
In attestation whereof I have hereunto
subscribed my name and affixed the
seal of said Court
William C Smith

Page 184

State of Indiana
Warren County
Be it remembered that on the 16 day of August
1871 there was filed in the office of the clerk of
the Court of Common Pleas the last will and
Testament of Martha Crawford late of said county
deceased and duly proved & admitted to probate
and said last will and testament reads as
follows to wit
In the name of God Amen
I Martha Crawford of Williamsport Warren
County, Indiana of sound mind and
desposing memory knowing the uncertainty of
life and the certainty of death do make and
publish this my last will and testament
as follows to wit
First I direct that after my decease I be
buried beside my husband the late Nelson
G Crawford and that my burial and
tombstones be according to my circumstances
in life
Second I direct that after my decease all
my just debts and funeral expenses
including tombstones be first paid
Third I give and bequeath to my daughter
Celia C Crawford the sum of three hundred
dollars over and above the bequest
contained in the following items
Fourth after the payment of the last mentioned
bequest of three hundred dollars to my daughter
Celia C Crawford I give and bequeath the
remainder of my property of whatsoever kind
to my children James H Crawford Washington
M Crawford Mary E Briggs Sara
A Woodward and Celia C Crawford they
to [have] equally and alike in the same
Fifth I appoint my son James H Crawford
my executor of this my last will and
testament and request that he will
carry out the same

page 185

witness my hand & seal this 13 day of
September AD 1869
Martha Crawford (seal)
Jas H Bonebrake
H P Downing
State of Indiana
Warren County
Be it remembered that on the 19”
day of August 1871 [Hannas] P Downing one of the
subscribing witnesses to the within and foregoing
last will and testament of Martha Crawford late
of said county deceased personally
appeared before Thomas F Bryant Clerk of
the Court of Common Pleas of Warren County
in the state of Indiana and being
duly sworn by the clerk of said court upon
his oath declared and testified as follows
that is to say: that on the 13 day of September
1869 he saw the said Martha Crawford sign
her name to said instrument in writing as and
for her last will and testament and that
[this] deponent at the same time heard
the said Martha Crawford declare the said
instrument to be her last will and testament
and that said instrument in writing was
as the same time at the request of the said
Martha Crawford and with her consent attested
and subscribed by the said Jame S Bonebrake
& Hermas P Downing in the presence of said
testator and in the presence of each
other as subscribing witnesses thereto
and that the said Martha Crawford was
at the time of the signing and subscribing
of the said instrument in writing as aforesaid
of free age (that is more than twenty one
years of age) and of sound and disposing
mind and memory and not under any
coercion or restraint as the said deponent
verily believes and further deponent says not
H. P. Downing

page 186

sworn to and subscribed by the said
Hermas P Downing before me Thomas F
Bryant Clerk of said court at Williamsport
the 19 day of August 1871
In attestation whereof I have hereunto
subscribed my name and affixed the
seal of said court
Thomas F Bryant clk

Ellsworth to Crawford

Warren County Indiana
Deed Records
Deed records, v. 10-11, 1841-1850
FS Film 1977054 DGS 8071879

Book 10 page 113

of Warren County Indiana

This Indenture made this twenty sixth day of Septem
ber in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun
dred and forty eight between Henry L Elsworth of the
County of Tippecanoe and State of Indiana of the first
part and Nelson Crawfords of the County of Warren State
of Indiana of the second part witnesseth that the said
party of the first part for and in consideration of the sum
of two hundred dollars to the said party of the first party by
the party of the second part in hand paid, the receipt where
of is hereby acknowledged, has granted bargained & sold
and by these presents does grant bargain alien sell con
vey and confirm unto the said party of the second part his
heirs and assigns forever all the following described
piece or parcel of land situated in the County of Warren
and State of Indiana to with The North East quarter of the
North East Quarter of Section No Seven (7) in Township
No twenty one (21) north of Range No Eight (8) West
containing forty acres more or less together with all the rights priv
ileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging to have and to hold
the above described premises with all the improvements and
appurtenances to the same belonging to the said party of the se
cond part his heirs and assigns forever, and the said party of the
first part for himself and his heirs does hereby covenant with
the said party of the second part and his heirs that he is lawfully
seized in fe of the premises aforesaid and has good right ful pow
er and lawful authority to sell and convey the same in man –
ner aforesaid : that the premises are free and clear from all
incumbrances whatsoever and that he will forever warrant and
defend the same and the quiet and peaceable possession there
of together with the appurtenances to the same belonging or ap
pertaining unto the said Nelson Crawford his heirs and as
signs against the lawful claims of all persons whomsoever
In witness whereof the said Henry L Ellsworth
the day and year first above written
Henry L Ellsworth (seal)
Signed sealed and delivered in
presence of R M Allen
State of Indiana
Warren County
I Robert M Allen one of the justices of the
of the peace of said County do hereby certify that the a
bove named Henry L Ellsworth came personally
before me and acknowledged the forgoing instrument
of writing to be his voluntary act and deed, for the pur
pose therein mentioned. In witness of which thereunto
set my hand and seal this twenty sixth day of Septem
ber A D. 1848
R M Allen (seal)
Justice of the Peace
Recorded Nov 20th 1848
Wm P Boyer Recorder Warren Co IA
by C R Boyer Deputy

McAllilly to Crawford Deed

Warren County Indiana
Deed Records, v. 8-9, 1844-1848
FS Film 1977053 DGS 8071878 (locked)

Book 8 page 487

This Indenture made the tenth day of December AD One Thousand
eight hundred and forty four between James J McAlliley of the county of Warren
and State of Indiana of the first part and Nelson G Crawford of the County of
Warren and State of Indiana of the second part witnesseth that the said party
of the first part for and in consideration of two hundred and fifty dollars
lawful money of the United States to him in hand paid by the said party of the second
part the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged by the said party of the first part
has granted bargained sold aliened released conveyed and confirmed
and b these presents doth grant bargain sell alien release convey and con
firm unto the said party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever all
that tract or parcel of land lying and being in the County of warren and State
of Indiana to wit: the SouthEast quarter of the North Est quarter of Section
Seven in Township twenty one North of Range Eight West in the District of
lands subject to sale at Crawfordsville Indiana containing forty acres
according to the official platt of the Survey of the said lands returned to the
General Land Office by the Surveyor General. To have and to hold the above
described premises hereby sold and conveyed unto the said Nelson G Crawford
his heirs and assigns forever. Together with all the and singular the appurten
ances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertainig to his own proper use and
behoof and the said party of the first part for himself his heirs executors and
administrators doth covenant grant and agree to and with the said party of
the second part his heirs and assigns that they the said party of the first part is the
true and lawful owner of the said premises, and has good right full power
and lawful authority to sell and convey the same in manner and form afore
said and further that he the said party of the first part for himself his heirs exec-
utors and administrators will warrant and forever defend the aforesaid
tract of land with the appurtenances and every part thereof to the said
party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever against the legal
claim or claims of all and every person or persons whomsoever In testimo
ny whereof the said James J McAlilly has here unto set his hand

Page 488

and seal the day and year first above written
signed sealed & delivered
James J McAlilly (seal)
in presence of
E Sidney Thomas

State of Indiana Warren County
Be it remembered that on this tenth day of December AD 1844
personally appeared before me E Sidney Thomas a notary Public
in and for the county in the state aforesaid James J McAlilly the
above named grantor and acknowledged the above deed of conveyan
ce to be his voluntary act and deed for the purposes therein expressed
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my
official seal at office in Williamsport the day and year
above written
E Sidney Thomas N. P. W. Co. Ia
Recorded October 17th AD 1846 Wm R Boyer Recorder
of Warren county Indiana by Walter B Miller – Dep

James Crawford Will

The will of James Crawford, husband of Martha Knight, was entered into court records on 12 February 1834 in the Probate Court of Warren County, Indiana.

Indiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1789-1999, James Crawford, 5 Sep 1931; database with images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online March 2019.

page 11

Record of

[State of Indiana Warren County

Be it remembered that on the 12th day of February
AD 1834 there was filed in the office of the Clerk of
the Probate Court of said County a will and tes
tament of James Crawford late of said county
deceased which will & Testament and affidvit
or probate anexed thereto reads in the words &
figures following to wit]

“In the name of God amen I James Crawford
of the County of Warren and State of Indiana being at
present of sount and disposing mind and memory
do make and publish this and no to be my last will
and testament in manner and form following to wit
is to say — First I give and bequeath unto my
beloved wife Martha the whole of the farm where
on I now live that is to say Eighty acres across the
north end of the quarter section No 21 R8 W T21 N
Together with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging
and I do fur : give and bequeath unto her all
the stock and other property belong to said farm
together with all my household furniture all of
which is to be for her use and disposal during her
natural lifetime – And at the death of my
above name wife Martha I then give and bequeath
unto my beloved daughter Celinda the whole of
the above described eighty acres of land whereon
I now live to be for her use and disposal forever
And I do further will and bequeath unto my
beloved son Harvey H Crawford all the south
half of the above named and described quarter
section so soon as he becomes of full and lawful
age to be at his sue and disposal forever – And I
further give and bequeath unto him a young
horse known by the names of Poney to be at his
disposal forever.

page 12

And I do also give and bequeath unto my beloved
daughter Polly Swank the East half of SW quar
ter section no five T21N R8West – to be at her
sole use and disposal forever to make her equal with
my daughters Betsey Lincoln and Sally Shanklin
John D Crawford and William A Crawford and
James S Crawford – and I do also give and beque
ath unto my beloved daughter Rebekah all the west
half of the above described section No five T21 N R
8 west to be at her sole use and disposal forever
And I do also give and bequeath unto my beloved
daughter Nancy all the East half of the Northwest
quarter section eight T21 N R8W to be at her
sole use and disposal forever — And I do more
over give and bequeath unto my beloved sons James
& Harvey Crawford one hundred dollars out of a
note which I hold on Adam Swinehart which
money is to be laid out for an eight acre lot of
band to be equally divided between them both and
be at their disposal forever
And I do hereby ratify and confirm this and no oth
er to be my last will and testament. In witness
whereof I have here unto set my hand and seal
this fifth day of Sepber in the year of our Lord
1831. And I do hereby constitute my Friends Will
iam Pugh and D. D. Hall to be my executors of
this my last will and testament.
James Crawford (seal)
Attest
John C Irvin
James Higgenbottrom
State of Indiana Warren County Sct
Warren Probate Court February Term Ad 1834
Be it remembered that on the 12th day of Februa
ry aforesaid being the third judicial day of the
aforesaid term of the court into open court

page 13

came John C Irvin and James Higenbottrom the
subscribing witnesses to the anexed will and testament
of James Crawford who being duly sworn upon their
oaths say that they saw the said James the testator
sign and seal said will and heard him proclaim
it to be his last will and tesament and that they
verily believe at the time of his doing the same he
the said James was of sound and disposing mind
memory and understanding and that they at that
time subscribed their names as witnesses thereto at his
the said Testators request.
John C. Irvin
James Higginbottrom
Sworn to and subscribed in open court this twelfth
day of February AD one thousand eight hundred
and thirty four
James Cunningham Clerk
By J Kinkennon depty
Recorded the twelfth day of February in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
thirty four
James Cunningham Clerk of the
Probate Court of Warren County Indiana

Heirs of James Crawford

While obtaining a digital image of a deed, I decided to re-do my research of land records in Warren County, Indiana for the Crawford surname. Not only does my ancestor, Nelson G. Crawford, and his descendants have land records in Warren County, but also the James Crawford married to Martha Knight and his descendants have land records in Warren County.

One of the finds (or re-finds) from this deed research was a deed identifying the heirs of James Crawford and Martha Knight.

Warren County Indiana
Deeds

Book 8 – Deed records, v. 8-9, 1844-1848 FS film 1977053

Image 174
Page 282


This Indenture made the twenty first day of October in the year of our Lord
Eighteen hundred and forty four between James S Crawford and Rachel
Crawford his wife, Harvy H Crawford, Polly Crawford his wife William
H Crawford and Lutitia Crawford his wife and Moses J Lincoln and Eliza
beth Lincoln his wife formerly Elizabeth Crawford David Shankling and
Sarah Shankling his wife formerly Sarah Crawford Washington M Pugh and
Nancy Pugh his wife formerly Nancy Crawford Oliver Swank and Mary
Swank his wife formerly Mary Crawford John French and Celinda French his
wife formerly Celinda Crawford and Rebecca Crawford the Heirs of James
Crawford Deceased of the County of Warren and State of Indiana of the first
part and John Alexander of the County and State aforesaid of the other part
Witnesseth that the said above named persons for and in consideration of
the sum of Three Hundred Seventy five dollars to them in hand paid by the
said John Alexander the receipt whereof thea doth hereby acknowledge hat gran
ted bargained sold conveyed and confirmed, and doth by these presents grant
bargain sell convey and confirm unto the said John Alexander his heirs and
assigns forever a certain tract or parcel of land in the County of Warren afore
said it being the East half of the South East quarter of S35 in T21 N of Range 9

next page (page 283)

of Warren County Indiana
West lands subjected to sale at Crawfordsville estimated to contain eighty
acres to be the same more or less together with all the appurtenances thereunto
belonging and the  reversions remainders and profits thereof and all the estate
title and interest of the said above named persons in and to the same
To have and to hold the premises aforesaid with all the appurtenances to
the only proper use benefit and behoof of the said John Alexander, his
heirs and assigns forever. And the said above named persons for himself his
heirs executors and administrators doth covenant and agree to and with
the said John Alexander their heirs and assigns that he the said above
named parson is lawfully seized in fee of the premises aforesaid that
they are free from all incumbrance, and that they has good right to sell
and convey the same in manner and form aforesaid and further that
they and their heirs executors and administrators shall and will war
rant and defend the said premises to the said John Alexander his
heirs and assigns against the lawful claims of himself and his heirs
and also against the lawful claim or claims of all and every other person
or persons whatsoever. And the said Rachel Crawford the wife of
James S Crawford and Polly Crawford the wife of Harvey H Crawford
and Lutitia Crawford the wife of William A Crawford and Elizabeth
Lincoln the wife of Moses J Lincoln Sarah Shankling the wife of David
Shankling Nancy Pugh the wife of Washington M Pugh Mary Swank
the wife of Oliver Swank Celinda French the wife of John French and
Rebecca Crawford doth hereby relinquish all their right and title of
dower of and in the premises aforesaid In witness whereof the said above
named parsons have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year
above written.

Moses J Lincoln (seal)
Elizabeth her mark Lincoln (seal
Oliver Swank (seal
Mary Swank (seal)
Washington M Pugh (seal)
Nancy Pugh (seal)
David Shankland (seal)
Sarah Shankland (seal)
Rebecca her mark Crawford
James S Crawford (seal)
Rachel Crawford (seal)
William A Crawford (seal)
Lutitia Crawford (seal)
John his mark French (seal)
Celinda French (seal)
Harvey H Crawford (seal)
Polly D Crawford (seal

Singed Sealed and Delivered
in presence of
J [N] Wilson

State of Indiana Warren County to wit
Be it remembered that the within named James S Crawford and Rachel his
wife Harvy H Crawford and Polly his wife William A Crawford and Lutitia
his wife, Moses J Lincoln and Elizabeth his wife, David Shankling Sarah his
wife Washington M Pugh and Nancy his wife Oliver Swank and Mary Swank
his wife John French and Celinda his wife and Rebecca Crawford this
day personally before me the undersigned Justice of the Peace of the County

Page 284

Record of Deeds
of Warren and acknowledged that they signed sealed and deliv
ered the within indenture as their act and deed for the purposes
therein specified and the said above named persons being of
full age and being by me duly examined separate and apart from their
said husbands and the contents of the said indenture being made known
to her declared that they relinquished all their right and title of dower in
and to the lands and tenements in the within indenture set forth
and described and that they voluntarily and of their own free will and
accord and without any coercion or compulsion of their husbands sig
ned sealed and delivered the said indenture as their act and deed for
the purposes aforesaid. Given under my hand and seal at Williamsport
in the County aforesaid this 21 day of October in the year of our Lord eigh
teen hundred and forty four. J. N. Wilson a Justice of teh peace (seal)
Recorded December 30th AD 1845
Wm R Boyer Recorder of Warren County Indiana