Land on the Wabash

Have you ever tried to track down land deeded in a will, especially when the will doesn’t provide a specific description of the land? That’s my case when trying to identify the land Zebulon Foster received thru the will of his father, Richard Foster.

I will and bequeath unto my
third son Zebulon Foster all the lands I have in the State
of Indiana on the waters of the Wabash River as follows
to wit: That if it should be considered that the said lands
at first cost should be more than his equal share of my
estate hereafter then he shall pay back the overpaid to the
said estate, and I also give to him one sorrel mare in
consideration of services rendered since he was of age, not
to be accounted as any part of his legacy. 

Indiana, Warren. Deed Records, 1827-1901. Film #1977054 DGS 8071879. Richard Foster, June 1831 Vol 11: page 420; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022.

Fortunately, Richard Foster made it easy to find this land since he purchased the land from the U.S. government. In all Richard Foster purchased four pieces of land

West Half of the Southeast Quarter of Section 10 Township 21 Range 9

Certificate
No. 6762

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Richard Foster, of Pike county, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land office of the Untied States, a certificate of the Register of th Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Richard Foster
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled, “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the West half of the South East quarter of Section ten, in township twenty one North of range nine West in the District of Lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Richard Foster
Now Know ye, That the United States of America in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Richard Foster,
and to his heirs, the said tract above described. To
Have and to Hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Richard
Foster, and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I, Andrew Jackson
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the tenth day of April in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty nine, and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-third
By the President, A. J.
[G.G.] Commissioner of the General Land Office

Northeast Quarter Section 10 Township 21 Range 9

Certificate
No 6763

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Richard Foster, of Pike county, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land office of the Untied States, a certificate of the Register of th Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Richard Foster
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled, “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the North East quarter of Section Ten, in township twenty one North of range Nine West in the District of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing one hundred and sixty acres.

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Richard Foster
Now Know ye, That the United States of America in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Richard Foster,
and to his heirs, the said tract above described. To
Have and to Hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Richard
Foster, and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I Andrew Jackson
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the tenth day of April in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty nine, and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-third
By the President, A. J.
[G.G.] Commissioner of the General Land Office

West 1/2 Northwest 1/4 Section 14 Township 21 Range 9

Certificate
No. 8511

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Richard Foster, of Pike county, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land office of the Untied States, a certificate of the Register of th Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Richard Foster
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled, “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the West half of the North west quarter of Section fourteen in Township twenty-one, North
of Range nine West, in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville
containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Richard Foster
Now Know ye, That the United States of America in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Richard Foster,
and to his heirs, the said tract above described. To
Have and to Hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Richard
Foster, and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I Andrew Jackson
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of October November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine thirty, and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fourth fifth
By the President, A. J.
G. G. E. H. Commissioner of the General Land Office

West 1/2 NE 1/4 Section 15 Township 21 Range 9

Certificate
No. 8512

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Richard Foster, of Pike county, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land office of the Untied States, a certificate of the Register of th Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Richard Foster
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled, “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the West half of the North East quarter of Section fifteen in Township twenty-one, North
of Range nine West, in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville
containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Richard Foster
Now Know ye, That the United States of America in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Richard Foster,
and to his heirs, the said tract above described. To
Have and to Hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Richard
Foster, and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I Andrew Jackson
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-thirty, and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth
By the President, A. J.
E. H. Commissioner of the General Land Office

A search of the First Landowners Project helps me place this land on a map.

Then a look at an 1877 plat map of Warren County reveals that Zebulon Foster still owned the land in Sections 10 and 15. However, the plat map does not indicate an owner of the NE quarter of section 10. Nor does Zebulon Foster own the land that was in section 14.

Now that I’ve identified the ‘Land on the Wabash’, I need to figure out what happened to the land during Zebulon Foster’s lifetime.

Friday Finds

Do you have old handwritten notes in your genealogy files? I have lots of pages of such notes. Whether looking at a book or microfilm, I often took notes instead of making photocopies.

One of those pages of notes was from a biography of George W. Crawford found in the book, Biographical History of Tippecanoe, white, Jasper, Newton, Benton, Warren and Pulaski Counties, Indiana, Volume I.

Fortunately, this book is one of the many digitized and found on Archive.org. Thus, I was able to transcribe the entire biography of George W. Crawford.

Crawford-IN-014-Geo-W-Crawford-Tippecanoe-White-Jasper-Newton-Warren

George Crawford Biography

Biographical History of Tippecanoe, White, Jasper, Newton, Benton, Warren adn Pulaski Counties, Indiana. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899

p. 398

Born on the old homestead which he now owns and occupies, in Pike township, Warren county, George W. Crawford is one of the honored old residents of this locality. His parents, William Allen and Lutitia (Snodgrass) Crawford, were pioneers of this county, as they came here in 1829, and entered the identical tract of land now in the possession of George W. and cultivated by him for many years.
William A. Crawford was born in Kentucky, July 23, 1803, and was but two years old when his parents took him to Preble county, Ohio. There he grew to manhood, and was married to Miss Snodgrass March 15, 1827, and within two years the young couple came to this section of Indiana. Here they bravely mastered the difficulties of frontier life, and by industry and preserving labor made a comfortable home in the wilderness and reared their children to be good and useful citizens in whatever community they should dwell. Every one who knew them was their friend and their house was an example of unlimited cheer and hospitality. Faithful and consistent members of the Christian church, their daily lives were beautiful reflections of that of the Master who disciples they professed to be. The father passed to the better land April 24, 1854. The mother, born in Harrison county, Kentucky, July 22, 1805, a child of Samuel and Sarah (Sellars) Snodgrass, is still living. Though now in her ninety-fourth year, she is remarkably sound in mind and body, and her senses of sight and hearing are but little impaired. She was about nineteen years of age when she went with her parents to Preble county, Ohio, and there she was married. She became a typical frontiers-woman, brave, self-possessed, industrious and self-reliant and in the first years of her residence in this section she had abundant need of all the fortitude and endurance which she possessed. She was equal to the burdens placed upon her, and imparted strength and courage to every

page 399

one who came within range of her helpful, fearless nature. Her home is now made with her daughter, Mrs. Robb, of West Lebanon, Warren county.
William A. and Lutitia Crawford were the parents of seven sons and four daughters. Two of the sons, James Samuel and William Marion, were heroes of the war of the Rebellion — heroes whose lives were offered up willing sacrifices to their loved country. Both enlisted in Company E, Eighty-sixth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry. James S. was taken prisoner at the battle of Murfreesboro, and died in the hands of the Confederates; and William M. died at Camp Dennison, September 6, 1862. The eldest daughter, Jane married Benton Williams and died a number of years ago. Three other children died in early life. The surviving members of the family are George W., John D., of West Lebanon; Harvey of Dodge City, Kansas, Margaret, wife of Bolivar Robb, of West Lebanon; and Sarah Elizabeth, wife of Henry A. Houpt, of Pike township.
George W. Crawford was born October 30 1846, and has never lived at any other place than on the old homestead. He is a practical and successful farmer and in highly respected by a large circle of friends and well-wishers. Socially, he is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias, a member of the Woodmen of the World, and in his political views he is an uncompromising Republican. One of the notable and interesting events of his somewhat uneventful life was the journey through the western states, commonly known hereabout as the “Pilgrimage,” and frequently mentioned in this work, in connection with the history of hte participants of this delightful trip. It was made in the autumn of 1891, and over two months were spent by these seven old friends and neighbors in visiting the chief points of interest in the western states, National Park, etc.
January 4, 1875, G. W. Crawford married Miss Sarah E. Porter, daughter of Elias Porter, a pioneer of this county. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford have a son and a daughter, named respectively Donald Porter and Stella L.

This biography is NOT for my line of Crawfords but for the James and Martha (Knight) line. Since my family seemed to migrate alongside James and Martha, there are quite a few details in this biography that may help with researching my line.

  • 1803 – Kentucky – William A. Crawford’s place of birth
  • 1805 – Harrison County KY – Lutitia’s place of birth / residence of Samuel and Sarah (Sellars) Snodgrass
  • 1824 – Preble County, OH – approximate arrival time of Snodgrass family
  • 1827 – Preble County OH – William A. Crawford married Miss Snodgrass
  • 1829 – Warren County, IN – William and Lutitia arrival

Not only does this biography help me build a timeline, but viewing the digital copy of the book contains a hint of a second volume which is not part of my handwritten notes. In the index, there is an entry for George W Crawford and Lutitia Crawford. The page number for Lutitia was 885 which is greater than the number of pages in the book I viewed. A search of Google turned up a digital copy of Volume 2 in the Indiana State Library collection.

On page 885 is a biography of Mrs. Lutetia Crawford which is very similar to the information about her in the George W. Crawford biography.

A search of volume II for the word, Crawford, turned up another biography related to the James and Martha Crawford family. On page 953, is the biography of Parmenas G. Smith. The wife of Parmenas Smith was identified as Eliza M. Shankland, daughter of David Shankland and his wife, Sarah Crawford. Since Sarah was a daughter of James and Martha Crawford, Eliza Shankland was their granddaughter. Thus, this biography will also help build the timeline for the travel of the Crawford families.

Biographical History of Tippecanoe, White, Jasper, Newton, Benton, Warren adn Pulaski Counties, Indiana, Volume II. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899.

Digital copy in Indiana State Library Digital Collections / https://indianamemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p1819coll6/id/24466

page 953

Parmenas G. Smith

Parmenas G. Smith, who after a life of industry and indefatigable toll is now spending the evening of his span of years in retirement at his pleasant home in West Lebanon, Warren county, is a native of Bourbon county, Kentucky, his birth having occurred October 9, 1821. He was one of the eight children, three of whom were sons, of George W. and Mary Smith, who in

page 954
1830 emigrated to Vermilion county, Illinois. Two of the sons and two of the daughters still living. The father, George W. Smith, died March 30, 1853.
It twas in 1840 that P. G. Smith came to Warren county, and December 11th of that year his marriage to Eliza M. Shankland was celebrated. She is a daughter of David Shankland, one of the early pioneers of this county. Born in Nicholas county, April 9, 1795, a son of John Shankland, who had located in that state soon after the close of the Revolutionary war, he left home at twenty years of age and dwelt for a few years in Ohio. He was married in Preble county, that state, September 27, 1817, to Sally Crawford, whose brother William was a pioneer of Warren county. In October, 1829, David Shankland, wife and six children arrived in this county and took up their abode upon government land in Pike township. There the father cleared a fine farm and resided until his death, Jun 11, 1872, the result of an accident, he having been thrown from his wagon. His wife, who was in the wagon, also, was badly injured, but recovered. She died April 16, 1875. They were esteemed members of the Christian church, and were relied upon to do all within their power in support of good causes. He was very fond of music, possessed a fine voice, and at various times taught a singing school with marked success. In the early days of his residence here he had fine sport as a hunter, as wolves, deer and other wild game were abundant, and he was an excellent marksman. Three of the six children who accompanied him to this state survive: Mrs. Smith; David, now of the state of Oregon; and Mrs. Sarah Byers, of Steuben township, Warren county.
The eldest child of P. G. Smith and wife, and their only son, Columbus, died when two years and three months old. Their four daughters are, respectively: Jane, wife of George W. Compton; Mrs. Amanda M. Cronkhite; Sally J., wife of Joseph Whitten; and Anna M. Mrs William Siddens.
Mr. and Mrs. Smith are devoted members of the Christian church, and have endeavored to embody in their lives the noble principles in which they believe. They have tried to aid and uplift their fellow men, lending a helping hand to the poor and needy, and cheering and sympathizing with those in trouble.

Will in Deed Book

Is this an April Fool’s Joke?

Have you ever encountered a will entered into a deed book? I’ve seen those ‘et al’ deeds where the land is split between children, or deeds from the administrator of an estate to a child or children, but I don’t recall ever finding an actual will in a deed book.

However, while searching the deed indexes of Warren County, Indiana for FOSTER deeds, I found the will of Richard Foster on page 420 of volume 11 of the deeds.

Warren County Indiana
Deed records, 1827-1901

Deed records, V. 10-11, 1841-1850 Film 1977054 GS 8071879

Foster Richard Will & Testament Book 11 page 420

IN the name of God Amen, I Richard Foster of the County of Pike
and State of Ohio being sick and weak in body but of sound dis
posing mind and memory and understanding considering the
certainty of death and uncertainty of the time thereof and being
desirous to settle my worldly affairs and thereby be the better
prepared to leave this world when it shall please God to call me
home do therefore make and publish this my last will and
testament in manner and form following that is to say firstly
I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God and my
body to the Earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my
Executrix hereinafter named and after my dets and fun
eral charges are paid second I will and bequeath unto my
third son Zebulon Foster all the lands I have in the State
of Indiana on the waters of the Wabash River as follows
to wit: That if it should be considered that the said lands
at first cost should be more than his equal share of my
estate hereafter then he shall pay back the overpaid to the
said estate, and I also give to him one sorrel mare in
consideration of services rendered since he was of age, not
to be accounted as any part of his legacy. Thirdly, I will and
bequeath unto my beloved wife Rachel all the reside of my
lands and covenants with all my goods and shattels moneys
and credits after paying all my just debts so long as she shall
remain my widow for the purpose of raising my children and
to be at her disposal during the — Fourthly I will that at the
death of my wife that the two oldest of my children, to wit
Jeremiah B Foster and John Foster shall account for the ad
vancement made to them as per receipts and Zebulon Foster
according to the bequest made above and then an equal dii
[decid] struck between all my children, to wit, Jeremiah
B Foster, John Foster, Eliza Wilson, Zebulon Foster, Cassandra
Foster, Lemuel G Foster, Asenath Foster, Thomas Foster,
Seth C. Foster and Rachel Foster share and share alike.
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint y dear wife
Rachel Foster to sole executrix of this my last will
and testament revoking and annulling all former wills by
me heretofore made satisfying and confirming this and none
other to be my last will and testament. In testimony whereof
I Richard Foster have to this my will consisting of one sheet of paper
set my hand and seal this seventh day oF June in the year
of our Lord God (1831) one thousand eight hundred and thirty
one
(seal)
Signed & Seal in presence of us
Be it known on the day before the above will was wrote the deceased richard Fostr called
on us to bear witness that the above was his will In testimony
whereof we have hereunto set our hand and seals as witness

Indiana, Warren. Deed Records, 1827-1901. Film #1977054 DGS 8071879. Richard Foster, June 1831 Vol 11: page 420; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022.
Indiana, Warren. Deed Records, 1827-1901. Film #1977054 DGS 8071879. Richard Foster, June 1831 Vol 11: page 420; digitized images, Family Search http://www.familysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022.

Since the version transcribed into the deed book does not identify the witnesses of the will, I looked for the actual will in the records for Pike County, Ohio. The will is recorded on page 54 of volume 1 of Pike County, Ohio will records.

Pike County Ohio
Will Record
Vol. 1
page 54

State of Ohio
Pike County

Pike Court of common Pleas June Term
being the 20th day of June AD 1831

Be it remembered that on this day the last will
and testament of Richard Foster late of Pike county deceased
was [exhibited] in open court and proved by the oaths of Joseph Foster
George Johnston and James Davis in all things agreeable to the statute
in such cases mad and provided as follows to wit”
State of Ohio Pike County
This day personally appeared before the Court of Common Please ina nd
for said County the within name Joseph Foster George Johnston
and James Davis who being duly sworn did depose and say that they
were present at the time of speaking the testamentory words named
in the within instrument by the said Richard Foster, now deceased
that the same was immediately reduced to writing and was read over to the
said Richard Foster and then and there declared to be his last will and
testament and that he then and there desire @ these deponents to bear
testimony that such was his will which they accordingly did and within
six days thereafter attested the same as such that the same was done
and made by the said Richard Foster in his last sickness and that at
the time of making said will he the said Richard was of sound mind
and memory and these deponents are entirely disinterested unto the
subject matter of said will.
Sworn to and subscribed
in open Court June 20th 1831
Joseph Foster
George Johnston
James Davis

And the Court being satisfied that said will has been duly executed
and that the testator was of full age and of sound mind and memory
and not under any restraint at the time of executing the same It
is therefore ordered by the Court that said Will be admitted to record
pursuant to statute which said will reads in the word following “to wit,”
In the name of God Amen
I Richard Foster of the County of Pike and State of Ohio being sick
and week in body but of sound disposing mind memory and
understanding considering the certainty of death and uncertainty of
the time thereof and being desirous to settle my worldly affairs
and thereby be the better prepared to leave this world when it shall
please God to call me home do therefore make and publish this my
last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say
I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God and my body to
the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executrix here
in after named and after my debts and funeral charges are paid
Second I will and bequeath unto my third son Zebulon Foster

page 55
all the land I have in the State of Indiana on the waters of the Wabash river as
follows “to wit” that if it should be considered that the said lands at first
cost should be more than his equal share of my estate hereafter then he shall
pay back the overplus to the said estate andI also givve to him one sorrel
mare in consideration of services rendered since he was of age not to be
accounted as any part of his legacy. Thirdly I will and bequeath unto
my beloved wife Rachel all the reside of my lands and tenements
with all my goods and chattels moneys and credits after paying all
my just bills so long as she shall remain my widow for the purpose
of raising my children and to be at her disposal during the Fourthly
I will that at my death of my wife that the two eldest of my children, “to wit,”
Jeremiah B foster & John Foster shall account for the advancement
made to them as per receipts and Zebulon Foster according to the bequest
made above and them and equal dividend be struck between all my
children, “to wit,” Jeremiah B. Foster, John Foster, Eliza Wilson, Zebulon
Foster, Cassandra Foster, Lemuel G Foster, Asenith Foster, Thomas
Foster, Seth C Foster and Rachel Foster share and share alike
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my dear wife Rachel
Foster to be sole executrix of this my last will and testament revoking
and annulling all former wills by me heretofore made ratifying and
confirming this and none other to be my last will and testament
In testimony whereof I Richard Foster have to this my will consisting
of one sheet of paper, set my hand and seal this seventh day of June
in the year of our Lord God (1831) one thousand eight hundred
and thirty one
Seal
Signed and sealed in presence of us
Be it known that on the day the above Will was wrote the deceased
Richard Foster, called us to bear witness that the above was his
will. In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands as
witness this 13th day of June one thousand eight hundred
and thirty one
Joseph Foster Seal
George Johnston seal
James Davis seal

Ohio Probate Records, 1789-1996, Pike County, Will Record Vol. 1 1815-1865, Richard Foster, 1831; digitized images, FamilySearch (www.famlysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022).
Ohio Probate Records, 1789-1996, Pike County, Will Record Vol. 1 1815-1865, Richard Foster, 1831; digitized images, FamilySearch (www.famlysearch.org : viewed online 17 March 2022).

Since these two records are very similar, it is obvious that finding the copy of the will in a deed book is not an April Fool’s joke. This is just another example of why I like to use records found in a Recorder of Deeds office.

Ignored?

As you look at your pedigree chart, do you have ‘favorite’ lines to research? Are there lines that haven’t received as much of your attention? Readers of this blog are well aware that I have favorites – particularly my Crawford line.

While updating my research of Zebulon and Caroline (Ostrander) Foster, it became obvious that I had not equally researched my various lines. The research I had on this family was basically census, marriage and cemetery records. Even though I was aware that Zebulon owned land in Indiana, I had not done any land record research for him.

When looking back over my years of research, accessing these land records is much easier today than when I began my genealogy journey. Prior to the family History Library digitizing their collection of microfilm, I had to travel to access these records. Thus, lines that were in published genealogies were relegated to my ‘ignore for now’ pile. Since a group of researchers, led by Wayne E Dawson, put together The History and Ancestry of Rev. John Foster, 1735-1800, my Foster research got put in the ‘ignore for now’ file.

Thankfully, those deed records have been digitized. While I can’t access the Warren County, Indiana land records from home, I can view them at Seneca Free Library which is an affiliate library. Thus, I only have to travel 0.5 miles to view these records.

A search of the general index to deeds for Warren County, Indiana from 1826 to 1864 revealed quite a few FOSTER records. However, entries for Zebulon Foster did not appear until volume 3 where his first appearance in the index indicates Zebulon Foster purchased land from George Pence in 1854.

Besides Zebulon Foster, there are land transactions for the following Fosters:

  • Joseph Foster
  • Fredrick Foster
  • John Foster – possibly Zebulon’s older brother
  • Jeremiah B Foster – likely Zebulon’s older brother
  • David Foster
  • Lackey Foster
  • Joshua Foster
  • Samuel B Foster
  • John G Foster
  • Houston Foster
  • William Foster
  • Hamilton Foster
  • Paulina Foster
  • William B Foster
  • Arthur Foster
  • Russell Foster
  • Daniel Foster
  • Mary Foster
  • Mary A Foster
  • Henry Foster
  • Polly Foster
  • Horace Foster
  • Richard Foster

While it will take some time to work with all of these deeds, they will help me separate the various FOSTER families in Warren County, Indiana while improving the documentation I have on my Zebulon Foster family and removing that ‘ignored’ status from this line.

Friday Finds – Crawford Obits

Do you have clippings of obituaries in your genealogy files? Or do you prefer the digital versions of the newspapers. I have both. Since I can access a lot of newspapers from my own home, I do prefer the digital versions. However, those digital copies are a luxury that earlier genealogists did not have.

Instead, they collected clippings. And I was fortunate to connect with such a researcher / clipper of Warren County Indiana thru Walter Salts. His collection of binders of clippings was donated to the Illiana Genealogical and Historical Society in Danville, Illinois.

Buried in my files are photocopies of pages from these binders. While going thru my past Indiana research, I came across one set of these photocopies that contains the obituaries of James H. Crawford and his first wife, Eliza Jane (Swisher).

Mrs. Elisha Briggs, of this place, last Monday received intelligence of the death of her brother’s wife, Mrs. Eliza Jane Crawford, which occurred after an illness of several weeks, at Dodge City, Kans., on Friday July 8th, 1892, at 7:20 a.m. Deceased was the wife of James H. Crawford, who several years since removed from this county and located in Kansas. She was over 50 years of age and leaves an husband an six children, the youngest of whom is 18 years of age. Mrs. Crawford died of heart trouble. The funeral was held at the Methodist Church, of which denomination she had been a worthy and exemplary member for many years, at 2 o’clock p.m. last Sunday.

probably from Warren Republican July 14, 1892 issue

In that same set of photocopies was the obituary for J. H. Crawford. There is a handwritten date on the obit: 7-16-1908.

J. H. Crawford Dead

J. H. Crawford died at his home in Dodge City, Kan., Wednesday of last week and was buried Friday. He was somewhere near 75 years of age at the time of his death and his passing away was probably due in a great measure to his advanced age.

Mr. Crawford was formerly a resident of this county, residing on the farm between here and Williamsport which he sold to the Ringel Bros.’ father when he left here for Kansas many years ago. Mr. Crawford has many friends in this county who will be grieved to learn of his demise.

EG p. 52

And then on another page of clippings is a full obituary for Eliza J. Swisher Crawford

Eliza J. Swisher Crawford

Eliza J., daughter of John and Emelia Swisher, was born in Warren county, Indiana, July 14th, 1835.

She was converted when a child, and united with the Methodist Episcopal Church at “Crow’s Grove,” Indiana, since called “Swisher’s Chapel,” in honor of her grandfather, who was a pioneer in that country.

Her parents died before she was grown, leaving in her charge two younger brothers and a sister, she being the eldest of four children. The charge she faithfully kept, always looking after their welfare s though they were her own children.

On April 10th, 1856, she was married to James H. Crawford at the residence of her uncle, William F. Wood, where she then lived. There were born unto them seven children – William N., John D., Charles H. (died in infancy), Abraham L, Jennie, Henry C., and Clara V.

In 1878 she, with her family, immigrated to Ford county, Kansas, here she has since resided.

She has been in feeble health for several ears, but on Easter Sunday was taken ill with what, at that time, seemed a slight indisposition, but in spite of all that loving hands and medical skill could do continued to grow worse until the morning of July 8th, at 7:20 o’clock, when, surrounded by husband and family she quietly crossed the dark river, after bidding them a fond farewell, and entreating them to meet her in heaven.

The funeral services were held in the M.E. Church, on Sunday, at 2:30 p.m. attended by a large concourse of friends many being unable to get inside the church. The remains were interred in the Maple Grove cemetery.

She was a pious and devoted Christian. Among her leading characteristics was her love and devotion to the wants of her family. The greatest happiness she ever knew was in promoting the happiness of her loved ones.

While the family are overcome with grief at parting with their dearest loved one, they humbly bow to the Divine will and say with her, “He doeth all things well.” she was loved by all who knew her and her loss is deeply mourned by all. — Dodge City, (Kan.,) Globe-Republican

likely from Warren Republican July 28, 1892

While these obituaries are similar to the ones found in the Dodge City, Kansas papers, they provide a glimpse of the family from the county of their birth. The digital versions of the Dodge City newspapers can be found on Newspapers.com. Below are citations for those obituaries:

Eliza Crawford

“Died,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 16 July 1892, page 4; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 6 February 2022).

“Obituary,” The Dodge City Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), 18 July 1892, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online October 2019).

James Crawford

“Pioneer Citizen Sleeps into Peaceful Death,” The Journal-Democrat (Dodge City, Kansas), 10 July 1908, page 4 col. 6; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 22 December 2021)

“Old Settler Gone,” The Globe-Republican (Dodge City, Kansas), 9 July 1908, page 1; digital images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 6 February 2022).

William Duggins Indiana land

Would you consider yourself a ‘straight-line’ researcher or a ‘branching out’ researcher. In other words do you only research ancestors or do you branch out and research their siblings. I have to admit to being a ‘branching out’ researcher along with a multiple shrubs researcher.

As I’ve been going back thru my research, I recently realized that I haven’t reviewed my research for my ancestors half brothers, William and Henry Duggins. Since I recently discovered that William received patents for land in Warren county, Indiana where my ancestor, Nelson Crawford also patented land, I decided that I need to review my research for William and do some more digging into his life.

A search of the Bureau of Land Management records reveals that William Duggins received two patents for land in Warren County, Indiana. The first is certificate No. 35937 dated 1 July 1852.

The United States of America
Certificate
No. 35937

To all to whom these presents shall come, Greetings:
Whereas William A. Duggins, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land Office at Crawfordsville, whereby it appears that full payment has been madd by the said
William A Duggins
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820 entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

The West half of the South East quarter and the East half of the South West
quarter and the North East quarter of the south east quarter and the
North West quarter of the South West quarter of section thirty in town-
ship twenty three, north of range nine west, in the District of lands
subject to sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing two hundred
and thirty six acres, and ninety four hundredths of an acre

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the general Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tracts have been purchased by said William A. Duggins

Now know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and Granted, and by these presents Do Give and grant,
unto the said William A. Duggins
and to his heirs, the said tracts above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said
William A. Duggins,
and to his heirs and assigns forever,

In testimony Whereof, I Millard Fillmore
President of the United States of American, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and
the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of July,
in the Year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty two, and of the
Independence of the United States the Seventy Sixth
By the President: Millard Fillmore
By Alex. McCormick Apt Sec’y
E. S. Terry, Recorder of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, William A Duggins, 1 July 1852; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 11 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

The second patent was for certificate Number 36087 dated 1 August 1853.

The United States of America

Certificate
No. 36087

To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas William A Duggins of Preble County Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the
Land office at Crawfordsville whereby it appears that full payment has been amde by the said
William A. Duggins
according to the provisions of the
Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820 entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the South East quarter of the South East quarter and
the South West quarter of the South West quarter of section Thirty, in
Township Twenty Three North of Range Nine West int he District of Lands
Subject to sale at Crawfordsville Indiana containing twenty six acres
and ninety four hundredths of an acre

according to the official plat of the survey of said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor
General, which said tract has been purchased by the said William A. Duggins
Now Know ye, that the
United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of Congress,
in such case made and provided, Have given and granted, and by these presents Do give and Grant,
unto the said William A. Duggins
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights,
privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said William A. Duggins

and to his heirs and assigns forever

In testimony whereof, I, Franklin Pierce
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters be made patent, and
the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of August,
in the Year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty third and of the
Independence of the United States the Seventy eighth
By the President, Franklin Pierce
By Jno H Wheeler Apt Sec’y
J H Granger Recorder of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, William A. Duggins, 1 August 1853; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 11 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

A search of the ‘First Landowner’s’ database on the History.Geo website for Duggins in township 23N of range 9W reveals that William A. Duggins was the first land owner of the south half of section 30 of T23N R9W in Warren county, Indiana

This map shows that William Duggins’ land in section 30 is just south of land his half brother, Nelson Crawford, owned in section 19. Seeing them as neighbors in Warren County, Indiana reinforces the idea that I need to expand my knowledge of William Duggins and his family.

Friday Finds

Guardian record for Celia C. Crawford, daughter of Nelson G. Crawford, deceased, of Warren County, Indiana.

Warren County Indiana

Probate File 29
Martha Crawford gdn Celia A. Crawford

The State of Indiana
Warren County. SS

The undersigned applicant for Letters of Guardianship on the persons and estates of
Celia C. Crawford, aged 16 years December 10, 1864
minor heirs of Nelson G Crawford, late of Warren County
Indiana; said minors reside in Warren County, in the State of Indiana
Said ward’s
own personal property of the probably value of two thousand dollars
Martha Crawford

The State of Indiana, Warren County, SS:
Martha Crawford being duly sworn, says that the material
facts contained in the above statement and application for Letters of Guardianship
on the persons and estates of the persons therein named, are correct and true, as he
verily believes; and further saith not.
Martha Crawford
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm Smith Clerk
of the Court of Common Pleas of warren County

page 2

Guardian’s Inventory
An inventory and appraisement of the property belonging to Celia C
Crawford
minor heir
of Nelson G Crawford, deceased, made by
Martha Crawford, Guardian of said minors,
this 28 day of December, 1868

1868
Dec 28 To amt received of James
Crawford on account
of said ward $2083.00

page 3

We Martha Crawford, James H. Crawford and Elisha V Briggs
are bound unto the State of Indiana, in the sum of
Four thousand dollars, for the payment of which, we bind ourselves, jointly
and severally, firmly by these presents. Sealed and dated this 27th day of
Oct 1868
If the above bound Martha Crawford will faithfully discharge her duties as
Guardian of the person and property of Celia C Crawford
minor heir of Nelson G Crawford deceased, then the above
obligation is to be void, else to remain in force.
Martha Crawford
James H Crawford
Elisha V Briggs
Approved, by me
the 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

State of Indiana, Warren County, ss.
I, Martha Crawford swear that I will honestly and faithfully discharge
the duties of my trust as Guardian of Celia C. Crawford
minor heirs of Nelson G Crawford deceased, according to law, so help me God
Martha Crawford
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

State of Indiana, Warren County, ss.
I, James H. Crawford swear that I am worth, over and above my
indebtedness, in realty four thousand dollars, as I believe, so help me God.
James H Crawford
Subscribed and sworn to before me the 27 day of Oct 1868.
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

State of Indiana, Warren County, ss.
I, Elisha V. Briggs swear that I am worth, over and above my
indebtedness in realty two thousand dollars, as I believe, so help me God
Elisha V Briggs
Subscribed and sworn to before me the 27 day of Oct 1868
Wm C Smith Clerk
C.C.P. of Warren County

Date Conflict

Recently, Judy Russell shared the blog post, The Source of the Source, where she encouraged readers to Always go for the original. As I was reviewing my sourcing for Moses J. Lincoln, son-in-law of James and Martha Crawford, I encountered different dates for land entrys.

At the time I did my original research, I was using the book, Crawfordsville Indiana Land Entries, 1820-1830, that was compiled by Janet C. Cowen. I photocopied the pages for the Crawford and Foster surnames but took handwritten notes for Moses Lincoln and other sons-in-law of James and Martha Crawford.

I had used these handwritten notes and the recorded dates to create ‘land entry’ facts for Moses Lincoln. Knowing that the images of these patents were readily available online and that I should seek out these original sources, I located and downloaded the patent images.

That’s when I discovered two things:

  • There was a 5th patent that I did not have written down in my notes
  • The dates on the patents had been crossed out and a different date written in.

If I hadn’t looked for the images of the patents, I doubt I would have found that 5th patent for 160 acres of land. Thanks Judy Russell for the reminder to always go for the original!

#4695

Certificate
No. 4695

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln
according to the provisions of the Act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled u8220“An act making further provisions for the sale of the Public Lands,u8221” for

the East half of the South West quarter of Section Nine, in Township Nineteen North of Range Three West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty acres

according tot he official plat of the survey of th said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J. Lincoln
Now Know Ye, that the United States of American, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have Given and Granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs the said tract above described: To have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appur-
tenances, of whatsoever nature thereto belonging, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs and assigns forever.

In testimony whereof, I, John Quincy Adams
President of the United States of America, have caused these letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the tenth day of January, in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty first

By the President J. Q. A.

G. G. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln, 10 January 1827; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8241

Certificate
No. 8241

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,”

the North West quarter of section twenty one in Township twenty-one North of Range
eight West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana
containing one hundred and sixty acres,

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth.

A. J.
By the President

E. H. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8241, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8455

Certificate
No. 8455

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln of Preble county, Ohio,
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville,
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J. Lincoln
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled u8220“An act making further provisions for the sale of the Public Lands,u8221” for

the East half of the North West quarter of Section thirty, in Township twenty-one North of Range
eight West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana, containing eighty
acres
according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln

Now Know Ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and, by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J. Lincoln
and to his heirs and assigns forever
In testimony whereof, I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the independence of the United States the
fifty fifth
A. J.
By the President
E. H.
G. G. Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8455, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#8514

Certificate 8514

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Preble County, Ohio
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the West half of the North West quarter of section nine in township twenty-one North of Range Eight, West in the district of lands offered for sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first day of November in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-fifth.

A. J.
By the President

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #8514, 1 November 1830; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

#12865

Certificate 12865

The United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas, Moses J. Lincoln, of Warren County, Indiana
has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a cetificate of the Register of the Land Office at Crawfordsville
whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Moses J Lincoln,
according to the provisions of the act of Congress of the 24th of April 1820, entitled “An act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands,” for

the East half of the South East quarter of Section seventeen in township twenty-one North of Range eight West, in the district of land subject to sale at Crawfordsville, Indiana containing eighty acres

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been pur-
chased by the said Moses J Lincoln
Now know ye, that the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, and in conformity with the several
acts of Congress, in such case made and provided, have given and granted, and by these presents, do give and grant, unto the said Moses J Lincoln
and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to
have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities and appurtenances, of whatsoever nature thereunto belonging, unto the said Moses J
Lincoln and to his heirs and assigns forever.
In testimony, whereof I, Andrew Jackson,
President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto
affixed.

Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the third day of February in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty one and of the Independence of the United States the
fifty-sixth.

A. J.
By the President

Commissioner of the General Land Office

U.S. General Land Office Records, 1776-2015, Moses J Lincoln #12865, 3 February 1831; database with images, Ancestry.com (: viewed online 6 February 2022). Original Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.

Robert Crawford Genealogy

As I was going back thru my photocopies and handwritten notes for my Crawford research in Indiana, I came across a letter from Carl Butts. With this letter was information regarding the descendants of Robert Crawford. Even though the information in this genealogy places Robert Crawford in the vicinity of Warren County, Indiana before 1850, it does not match up with the 1850 census information for Robert Crawford. Thus, it looks like there may have been two Robert Crawfords in the region at the time.

Below is a transcription of the letter and accompanying genealogy.

Letter from Carl Butts with
Genealogy of Robert Crawford enclosed
Crawford.IN.047

April 20, 1993

Dear Marcia
I was pleased to hear from you,
I don’t have much on the Crawford family.
My Grandfather Henry Crawford was killed in
a coal mine cave in, in the Oakwood, Ill. coal
mine. when my mother was seven years old, my
mother was buried on my [foureheen] birthday
Several of my aunts & uncles would visit some
in the twentys & early thirtys I still remember
uncle Charley, Aunt Hannah [Frome] and Uncle George
I am sending what I have, and will be
glad to receive anything you may have, Thank
you for every thing.
Yours Truly
Carl P. Butts
RH Box 284
Veedersburg, IN 47987-9567

Robert Crawford [likely LXSN-QVH] was born in Virginia, later moved to Ohio. He married
Eliabeth Diadem, who was born in Kentucky. Their children were:

Robert R., born September 3, 1809 in Ohio
Nancy
Harriet
Issac
James
Andrew
Samuel
Joseph
Margaret

Robert R. Crawford [KDWX-2KW], the son of Robert and Elizabeth Crawford, was born
in Ohio on September 3, 1809. Moving to Indiana as a young man, he married Mary
Ann Hair on March 31, 1833 at Covington (Fountain County) Indiana. They later
moved to Warren County, Indiana near Foster, just west of the Wabash River. Their
children were:
James C. – born September 20, 1836 in Indiana
Margaret A. – born July 16, 1837, in Indiana
Ira A. – born September 7, 1839 in Indiana
William A. – born December 21, 1841 in Indiana
Lemuel B. – born March 28, 1844 in Indiana
Henry L. – born August 22, 1846 in Indiana
Amanda – born October 15, 1849 in Indiana
Issac G. – born January 4, 1851 in Indiana
George O. – born December 31, 1853 in Indiana
Walter F. – born March 8, 1855 in Indiana
Charles H. – born January 17, 1858 in Indiana
Hannah Jane – born March 21, 1860 in Indiana

They later moved to Illinois. Mary Ann (Hair) Crawford was born on July 1,
1815 in Indiana and died November 25, 1880 in Vermilion County, Illinois.. Robert R.
Crawford died on February 5, 1884 in Vernilion County, Illinois.
Henry L. Crawford was born on August 22, 1846 in Warren County, Indiana
near Foster, the son of Robert R. and Mary Ann (Hair) Crawford. He was a veteran
of the Civil War, enlisting at Indianapolis, Indiana under his middle (?) name. He
married Jennie Crawford; one son was born to this union. (His name was Allen or Albert Crawford, and it is believed that he lived near Paris. (Edgar County) Illinois.)
Henry L. Crawford later re-married, marrying Ella Jackson in 1887. they
lived in Oakwood, (Vermilion County) Illinois. Their children were Lula Ellen born
On October 11, 1889, and Shirley Esthern born in 1892. Ella (Jackson) Crawford was
born near Crawfordsville (Montgomery County) Indiana. she died in 1895. Henry
died in 1898. They were buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Vermilion County, Illinois.
Ella (Jackson) Crawford had two sisters, Alice (Jackson) Lowe and Elizabeth (Jackson) Lewis, living near Crawfordsville, Indiana in Montgomery County
Lula Ellen Crawford was born on October 11, 1889 in Oakwood (Vermilion
County) Illinois,, the daughter of Henry L. and Ella (Jackson) Crawford. She was
sent to the Orphan’s Home after the death of her father. She later went to live
with the Wildman Family of Clay County, Illinois, near Flora, where she lived until
she was about twenty years old. She married CHarles Bradley Mearns in 1909 the
son of William J. and Libby Mearns of Xemia (Clay county) Illinois. They lived in
Tilden (Randolph County) Illinois. There were two children born to this union,
one daughter, Leta Mae, dying in infancy and one son, Charles Vernon, born on May
25, 1912. Lula’s husband Charles died in 1912.
Lula Ellen (Crawford) Mearns re-married, marrying James Philip Butts, the
son of Jonathan R. and Hester M. (McKinney) Butts on July 12, 1913 in Covington,
(Fountain County) Indiana. They were married by Reverend E. W. Stickler. They lived

in Van Buren Township in Fountain County, Indiana one mile north of Veedersburg.
Lula Ellen died July 4, 1933 and James Philip died February 14, 1958. Interment
was at Rockfield Cemetery east of Veedersburg, Indiana
There were five children born to this unions
James Emory – born May 9, 1914
Ina May – born May 17, 1915
Ambia Gayle – born November 20, 1916
Shirly Esther – born February 7, 1918; died January 9, 1928
Carl Philip – born July 6, 1919
James Emory Butts lives in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan, where he has
lived since September 25, 1935 and has been employed by Fisher Body Division, G.M.C.,
Flint Plant #1, since September 26, 1935. He married Treva E. Wagamon on May 30,
1940 in Greenville (Darke County) Ohio. She was born December 26, 1915 five miles
east of Greenville, in Richland Township, Darke County, Ohio, the daughter of Lewis
M. and Sylvia B. (Kissel) Wagamon. There was one son born to this union, Norman
Lewis Butts on December 18, 1945 in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan, where he sitll
resides.
James Emory later married Phyllis Louise Alden on May 2, 1953. She was
born November 4, 1914 in Byron, (Shiawassee County) Michigan, the daughter of Rollin
C. and Elizabeth M. (Bruce) Alden.
Ina Mae Butts married Chester S. France, the son of Wesley and Ida France,
August 4, 1932. They live in Catlin (Vermilion County) Illinois. They have two
children: Beverley Jean, born March 29, 1934; and Michael Lee, born November 5, 1949.
Ambia Gayle Butts married David H. Coffman, the son of Thomas J. and Clare
Ann (Hart) Coffman, September 11, 1936. They live in Wayne (Wayne County) Michigan
and have one child, Carol Ann, born on August 13, 1956.
Carl Philip Butts married Beverly Jane Drollinger, the daughter of Clarence
W. and Edith Drollinger, on August 19, 1943. They live north of Veedersburg (Fountain

County) Indiana and have three children: James Philip, born June 11, 1944; Edith Ellen, born December 14, 1945; and David William, born December 23, 1949.
Charles Vernon Mearns lives in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan, where
he has lived since 1933. He married Thelma Brooks November 6, 1938. She was the
daughter of Millie (McGill) Brooks. There was one son born to this union, Roger K. Mearns, born September 9, 1939, in Flint. Charles Vernon Mearns later married
Lucille Gladys Duby July 7, 1951 in Flint (Genesee County) Michigan. she was
born February 15. 1919 in Fenton, (Genesee County) Michigan, the daughter of Maurice
P. and Gladys M. (Runyan) Duby. Charles d. 2 July 1982
Shirley Esther Crawford, daughter of Henry L. and Ella (Jackson) Crawford
was born in 1892 in Oakwood, (Vermilion County) Illinois. After the death of her
father, Henry L. Crawford, she was adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Tom Hurst of Chicago,
(Cook County) Illinois, her name becoming Esther Hurst. She married Chester Fitzwater
of Findlay, (Shelby County) Illinois. There were tow children born to this union,
their names being Fern and Reber. Fern Fitzwater married Thurman Dempsey and she
lives in Benson, Arizona. Reber Fitzwater was killed in an airplane during World
Warr II. Esther Fitzwater died March 7, 1925. Interment was at Oakwood Cemetery.
Oakwood (Vermilion County) Illinois, beside her natural father and mother, Henry
L. and Ella (Jackson) Crawford.
Lula Ellen (Crawford) Butts, lived with Mr. and Mrs. Wildman on a farm five
miles north of Flora (Clay County) Illinois. She attended the Golden Methodist
Church near Louisville, Illinois.

There are some Crawford’s mentioned in the Fountain and Montgomery County
history book by H. W. Beckwith, at the Covington, Indiana Library
They could of been relatives or Robert R. Crawford, they lived there at the
same time as he lived at Foster in Warren County.
The town of Portland (or Portland Arch) name has been changed to Fountain; it
is seven miles north of Covington and Foster on the Wabash River in Fountain County.
Doctor Crawford practiced medicine int he town of Portland in Fountain County
Indiana from 1835 to 1847. He was born in Warren County, Ohio.
Dr. and Elizabeth (Cline) Crawford’s daughter’s name was Hanna J. Crawford
She was born September 22, 1828 and she married Joish L. Orcutt October 11, 1848.
They lived east of Portland near Rob Roy.
John Crawford was pastor of the Cole Creek Presbyterian Church, in the town
of Portland (Fountain) from 1835 to 1839.
Crawfordsville, Indiana in Montgomery County was laid out in 1823 by Major
Ambrose Whitlock. The town was christened in honor of Colonel William Crawford
of Virginia, a distinguished soldier of the American Revolutionary War.
There was a William Crawford who was Montgomery County Surveyor in 1826 and lived in Crawfordsville.
The first permanent settlement in Fountain County, Indiana was in Van Buren
township near Veedersburg by three families in 1822.
There were Indians living in Fountain County, Indiana until about 1838. They
were mostly the Miami and some Delaware’s; they were friendly to the settlers.
There were other Indians in the general area, the Shawnees, Kickappos and Potawatomis.
The Cherokee Indiana originally lived in Virginia; they were later pushed into the Carolina’s. The Osage Indians originally lived in Missouri, and were pushed into Oklahoma.

Shankland Family

Since I’ve been going back thru my Warren County Indiana research, I decided to update my research on the family of James Crawford and Martha Knight Crawford, starting with the family of their daughter, Sarah Crawford Shankland.

Sources for this family:

  1. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), memorial for David Shankland (1795-1872), Find a Grave Memorial no. #126472341, created by Alan L. Fisher, citing Shanklin Hill Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Shirley Benham, David Shankland.
  2. 1820 U.S. Census, Preble County Ohio, population schedule, Washington Township, Preble County, Ohio, page 105 Image 2 of 6, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M33
  3. Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton Indiana. Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883)
  4. Cowen, Janet C., Crawfordsville Indiana Land Entries 1820-1830 (Indianapolis, IN: Janet C. Cowen, 1985), (Crawford.IN.088).
  5. A History of Warren County, Indiana (Williamsport, IN: Warren County Historical Society, 1966), p. 70 (Crawford.IN.002)
  6. Warren County Centennial 1827 1927 (Williamsport, IN: Warren Graphics, 1982)
  7. 1830 U.S. Census, Warren County Indiana, population schedule, Warren County, Indiana, page 179, line 10, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022).
  8. “Washington, Select Death Certificates, 1907-1960,”Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online (November 2019), David Shankland.
  9. “Washington, Death Records, 1883-1960,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022), David Shankland.
  10. Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton Indiana. Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883), p. 50 “Voters of Washington Township, 1836” (Crawford.IN.024)
  11. 1840 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Warren County, Indiana, page 144 Image 33 of 80, line 6, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M704
  12. Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton Indiana. Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883), p. 78 (Crawford.IN.024)
  13. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren, Indiana, page 23 Image 7 of 18, family 39, David Shanklin; digital image, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M432
  14. 1860 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 55 Image 25 of 25, family 389, David Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication M653
  15. 1870 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 61 Image 4 of 27, family 466, Smith Parmenna; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2019); NARA microfilm publication T132
  16. Short, Anita, Preble County Ohio Marriage Records (Greenville, Ohio: Anita Short, 1966), Vol. 1 p. 53 (Crawford.OH.002).
  17. “Ohio, Compiled Marriage Index, 1803-1900,” , Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online October 2019), Sally Crawford.
  18. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2019), Sally Crawford.
  19. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online November 2019), memorial for Sallie Crawford Shankland (11795-1875), Find a Grave Memorial no. #126472360, created by Alan L. Fisher, citing Shanklin Hill Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana;, Sallie Crawford Shankland.
  20. Sellers, William David, William Sellers, his Bible, bought of David McDill (: , ); Linda Sellers Foster, , email from Mary Baker dated June 2001 (Sellers.OH.010)
  21. Indiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1789-1999, James Crawford, February 1834; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online December 2019).
  22. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Eliza M Smith, 22 April 1907; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2019).
  23. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), memorial for Eliza M. Shankland Smith (1818-1907), Find a Grave Memorial no. 326856358,
  24. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Amanda M Cronkhite, 21 March 1936; .
  25. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, Sarah Julia Whitten, 5 December 1930; .
  26. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 2, family 28, Permenis Smith.
  27. 1860 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, warren County, Indiana, page 37, family 262, Parmean Smith.
  28. 1880 U.S. Census, Warren, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, Ed 59, Page 3 Image 3 of 12, family 18, P G Smith; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T9
  29. 1900 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Pike Township, Warren County, Indiana, Ed 10, Sheet 3B Image 6 of 24, family 76, Permelius Smith; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022); NARA T623
  30. “Indiana, WPA Death Index 1882-1920,”Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (2 February 2022), Eliza M Smith.
  31. “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Dodd, JOrdan. Indiana Marriages 1802-1892, Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (2 February 2022), Eliza M Shankland.
  32. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), Eliza M Shankland.
  33. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, viewed online (2 February 2022), Eliza M Shankland.
  34. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), John Shankland.
  35. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 February 2022), memorial for James Crawford Shankland (1822-1861), Find a Grave Memorial no. #65037994, created by Renae Burgess Linn, citing Shanklin Hill Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana; accompanying photograph by Alan L. Fisher, James Crawford Shankland.
  36. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 23, family 38, James C Shanklin.
  37. 1860 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben township, Warren county, Indiana, page 55, family 391, Jas C Shankland.
  38. “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Dodd, Jordan. Indiana Marriages 1802-1892, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  39. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database James C Shankland.
  40. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  41. “Indiana, Marriages, 1810-2001,” database, Ancestry, (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  42. “Web: Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,”State Library of Indiana, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Boone, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), James C Shankland.
  43. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 3 February 2022), memorial for Kendal Shankland (1825-1882), Find a Grave Memorial no. #44822382,
  44. 1850, Warren County Indiana, Population Schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 2, family 24, Kendall Shanklin.
  45. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011, David Shankland, 3 July 1941; .
  46. 1860 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, population schedule, Prairie Green, Iroquois County, Illinois, page 44, family 1758, Kendall Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed onilne 4 February 2022).
  47. “U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865,”Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com: accessed 4 February 2022), card for Kendall Shankland, Iroquois County, Illinois; citing Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registrations, 1863-1865, NM-65.
  48. “Indiana, Marriages, 1810-2001,” database Laura Mabel Smalley.
  49. 1870 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, population schedule, Prairie Green Township, Iroquois County, Illinois, page 6, family 42, Kendel Shankland; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T132.
  50. 1870 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, Non-Population Schedule, Prairie Green township, Iroquois County, Illinois Image 2 of 3, line 1, Kendall Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); Archive collection number T1133
  51. 1880 U.S. Census, Iroquois County Illinois, population schedule, Prairie Green township, Iroquois County, Illinois, enumeration district (ED) Ed 7, page 11, family 97, Shankland Ken; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 3 February 2022).
  52. “Indiana, Compiled Marriage Index, 1802-1892,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Dodd, Jordan. Indiana Marriages 1802-1892, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), Kendall Shankland.
  53. “Indiana, Compiled Marriages, 1802-1850,” database Kendall Shankland.
  54. “Web: Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,”State Library of Indiana, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), Kendall Shankland.
  55. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Boone County, Indiana, viewed online (3 February 2022), Kendall Shankland.
  56. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 4 February 2022), memorial for David Shankland (1829-1908), Find a Grave Memorial no. #37559553, created by Reverand Larry, citing Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery, Snohomis, Snohomish county, Washington;, David Shankland.
  57. 1870 U.S. Census, Nevada County CA, population schedule, Meadow Lake Township, Nevada County, California, page 36 Image 36 of 50, family 461, David Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T132
  58. 1880 U.S. Census, Santa Cruz County California, population schedule, Pajora Township, Santa Cruz County, California, ED 91, page 46 Image 10 of 44, family 459, David Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T9
  59. 1900 U.S. Census, Snohomish County, Washington, population schedule, Snohomish, Snohomish County, Washington, ED 220, Sheet 14B Image 28 of 44, family 350, David Shankland; digital images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T623
  60. Washington state Department of Health, “Washington Death Records Index, 1940-2017,” database, Washington State Archives, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 2 February 2022), David Shankland.
  61. Oregon, Oregon, State Deaths, 1864-1968, William Shankland, 24 January 1926; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022). Original Source: Oregon Death Records, 1864-1970; Oregon State Archives.
  62. Kentucky, County Marriages, 1783-1965, David Shankland, 7 October 1850; database with images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022).
  63. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online 4 February 2022), memorial for Sarah A. Shankland Byers (1832-1908), Find a Grave Memorial no. 349525062,
  64. 1870 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, page 64 Image 7 of 27, family 486, Elijah Byers; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022); NARA microfilm publication T132
  65. 1880 U.S. Census, Warren, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, Warren County, Indiana, ED 59, Page 1, family 1, Byres Elijah.
  66. 1900 U.S. Census, Warren County, Indiana, population schedule, Steuben Township, warren County, Indiana, ED 124, Sheet 6B, family 151, Sarah Byers.
  67. Missouri, Wills and Probate Records, 1766-1988, Sarah A Byers, 4 March 1907; digital iamges, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 4 February 2022). Original Source: Missouri County District and Probate Courts.
  68. Indiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1789-1999, Sarah A Byers, 15 December 1908; .
  69. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1806-1861,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (4 February 2022), Sarah Shankland; State library of Indiana.
  70. “Indiana, Marriage Index, 1800-1941,”Ancestry.com, (www.ancestry.com : County Court Records at Williamsport, IN, Warren County, Indiana, viewed online (4 February 2022), Sarah Shankland.