yDNA – Big News

In your genealogy research, have you ever suspected a relationship but never could find evidence to support your suspicions?

Well that’s been the case with my James Crawford research and I now have yDNA evidence to support that suspicion!

My brothers yDNA has been placed in the R-Y88686 haplogroup. My first match was to descendants of Edward Crawford of Tennessee. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to verify that our two lines resided in the same area at the same time let alone discover a family connection.

With today’s notice of a new Big Y match, I now have a match with a familiar line. The new match is a descendant of James and Rebecca (Anderson) Crawford.

The James and Rebecca Crawford family is one of several Crawford families in the Garrard County area of Kentucky prior to 1800 that I’ve been researching. Although I have been able to piece together a lot of information on these various Crawford families, I’ve never been able to find anything connecting my James Crawford who married Sally Duggins in 1799 in Garrard County, KY to any of these other families.

These DNA results not only support my suspicions but give me incentive to continue researching these various Crawford families in hopes of someday figuring out how my Crawford line connects.

These families include:

  • My line: James and Sally (Smith Duggins) Crawford who migrated from Kentucky to Preble County, Ohio. Their son, Nelson Crawford, migrated from Ohio to Warren County, Indiana around 1830. Most of Nelson Crawford’s children, including my ancestor, Washington Marion Crawford, migrated from Indiana to Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Martha Knight – James and Martha were married in 1791 in Lincoln County, KY. They owned land in Barren County, KY before migrating to Preble County, Ohio. Around 1830, James and Martha and their children migrated to Warren County, Indiana. Their grandson, Harvey Harrison Crawford, migrated to Ford County, Kansas and eventually settled in Dodge City, Kansas.
  • James Crawford and Rebecca Anderson were married in 1779 in Montgomery County, Virginia. James purchased land from Thomas Kennedy along Paint Lick Creek in what was Lincoln County, Kentucky at the time. By 1811, James and Rebecca along with most of their children and families had migrated to Jefferson County in Indiana Territory. THIS IS THE LINE WITH A yDNA MATCH.
  • Rebekah Crawford purchased 100 acres of land on the headwaters of Sugar and Boons Creek in 1786. She is listed as a widow on the Lincoln County tax records in 1787. Rebekah is believed to be the mother of the James Crawford who married Martha Knight along with Mary Crawford who married James Sellers and Sarah Crawford who married William Sellers. It is also believed that Rebekah was the sister of George Douglas and widow of John Crawford. More evidence is needed to prove all of these relationships.
  • Mary Crawford is listed as ‘exempt’ on various tax records in Madison County, Kentucky prior to 1800. In 1791, Mary purchased 100 acres of land on Sugar Creek in what became Garrard County, Kentucky. In 1793, Mary married Alexander Moore in Madison County, KY. Alexander and Mary Moore migrated to Fleming County, Kentucky, which is where it is believed that Mary died.

Perhaps with the help of the Crawford yDNA project and other Crawford researchers, we will be able to figure out this branch of the Crawford family!

Crawford yDNA

Did you know you can get a yDNA haplogroup from your Ancestry DNA? Until an administrator of the Crawford yDNA project posted directions on the Clan Crawford Association Ancestry and DNA Research Forum Facebook group, I didn’t know anything about this.

To do this, one needs to download Ancestry DNA and save the ZIP file in a known location. The file needs to remain ‘zipped’.

The blog post, Updated Method to Get yDNA Haplogroup from AncestryDNA Results explains the process.

The second step is to use the MorleyDNA.com Y-SNP Subclade Preditor. After giving consent for the use of the data, a screen will open to upload the zipped file containing AncestryDNA results

Once the data is uploaded, a screen will appear prompting you to prove you are not a robot and again asking for consent to use the data.

The processing is quick and opens a screen showing the results. Look for the box highlighted in green on the left side of the screen. That is the predicted haplogroup.

If you wish to share the findings with other CRAWFORD researches, you may either post your results as a comment to the Facebook post or as a comment to this blog. Please include the following information in your comment.Earliest known ancestor

  • Birthdate and place if known
  • Deathdate and place if known
  • Spouse’s name
  • Copy of information in the green box on the left (your haplogroup)

If your yDNA comes back any variety of R1b, I would be very interested in seeing if our research connects.

Crawford Genealogy Collaboration

My Crawford line is a brick wall! I’m fairly certain my line goes back to Virginia from Kentucky — but I can’t find any land records, court records or even family members to help me go back a generation. Many other Crawford researchers also have brick walls — maybe not in Kentucky, but somewhere in colonial America.

Not only are we struggling with our paper research, but it is difficult to break thru these brick walls by finding common ancestors from our DNA results. Since we are trying to go back 200 or more years, our autosomal DNA isn’t of much help. And, our yDNA matches are for names and places that aren’t familiar to us.


My earliest known Crawford ancestor is James Crawford born about 1772 in Virginia and died in 1854 in Preble County, Ohio. Our haplogroup is R-A13336. Our yDNA line and two others with the same haplogroup are in the R1b-01BArdmillan group. There are three with a haplogroup of R-A13336 in the group R1b-01FArdmillan Outliers. Also in this R1b-01FArdmillan Outliers group is a descendant of Alexander Crawford and Mary McPheeters.

In order to figure out how my Crawford line is related to these other Crawford lines, I am going to need the help of other Crawford researchers. Based on my Kentucky research, I think a lot of these lines may go back to early Augusta County, Virginia.

If you are a Crawford researcher, I need your help!

  • If you are on Facebook, ask to join the Clan Crawford Association and DNA Research Forum
  • If you manage a yDNA test for a Crawford descendant and are not part of the Crawford DNA project, please join it.
  • If you know of a Crawford male descendant, consider asking them to do a yDNA test for at least 37 markers so they can participate in the Crawford DNA project
  • If you have done an autosomal DNA test (such as those done by Ancestry), please consider uploading your DNA to GedMatch. 
  • If you have DNA on GedMatch please consider volunteering to be part of a Crawford Autosomal DNA project (see post about this in the Clan Crawford Association Facebook group)

Watch for more on ways we can work together to unravel our Crawford brick walls!

Left Turn

Have you ever come across a new piece of information that sends your genealogy research in a totally different direction? I’m sure you have as most of us encounter this from time to time.

Yesterday, I received such a piece of information. This wasn’t a document but a DNA result – a yDNA result. Apparently, my Crawford line is its own branch with my closest Crawford match being a descendant of Edward Crawford of Overton, Tennessee.

So, one of my new goals is to try and determine how this Edward Crawford might fit in with all of my James Crawford research. With only five Edwards in my database it is a relatively unusual name. Unfortunately, Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) Crawford had a son named Edward. Thus, there will be confusion in online trees as to the parents of Edward.

In looking back thru my Kentucky research notes, I do have some data placing an Edward Crawford in Madison County, Kentucky during the time period of my James Crawford research.

In 1795, Edward Crawford was listed on the tax records for Madison County, Kentucky as a male over 21 with 2 horses and 3 cattle. 

He is also listed in 1796. There are no other Crawford families listed in this group of tax records. Since the names are grouped by the first letter of the surname, it is difficult to determine neighbors. At this time, I have no idea whether this Edward Crawford is a relative of any of the other Crawford families in the region in the 1790s.

In hopes of finding a document that would link Edward Crawford of Tennessee to my research of Crawford Kentucky families, I decided to start with deeds. Thus, I did a search of Overton County, Tennessee deeds for the mention of any Crawford. 

Overton County TennesseeDeed, 1801-1903

Index to Deeds 1806-1904FamilySearch

Film 981130 DGS 7897658

Image 6

Deed Index (Direct and Reverse)1806-1859 Grantor on left / Grantee on right – starts with Book E

Image 20 – start of C

Image 23 – start of book I (goes from E to I – nothing n between)

Image 26

  • Crawford Thomas (grantor) to James Boyd Book K page 396 – skips book L and book M
  • Crawford Charles (grantor) to Isaiah Warthan Book N page 145
  • Crawford David (grantee) from James Haytee Book K page 228
  • Crawford W K from Garinhew et al book K page 347 or 547Crawford W K from W H Harrison Book K page probably 542

Image 27

  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to Arch Qualls Book N page 262
  • Crawford Alex from John Barksdale Book K page 407Image 29 – Book O
  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to Robt Allread Book O page 51
  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to Thompson Miller Book O page 107
  • Crawford Thomas (grantor) to James Boyd Book O page 154
  • Crawford Alex (grantor) to L W Hoover Book O page 404
  • Crawford Alex (Grantee) from  Hasely Wm Book O page 205Image 30 – Books a and B
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to Jesse Crawford Book B page 219
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to Anthony Flowers book B page 221
  • Crawford Edward (grantee) from Thomas Dillon Book B page 13D starts on image 31

Image 129

Deed Index (Direct and Reverse)1812-1865

Image 146 – start of C

Book C

  • Crawford Jesse (grantor) to Joseph Crawford Book C page 41
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to William Lee Book C page 42
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor) to Evin Toilhunter Book C page 94
  • Crawford John Sr (grantor) to James McDonnel – sale of negro Book C page 131
  • Crawford Joseph (grantor0) to Isaac Deuton book C page 298Book D
  • Crawford John (Grantor) to Isaac Gore) Book D pge 75
  • Crawford Edward (grantor) to John McDonald Book D page 104
  • Crawford Edward (grantor) to John McIver book D page 205
  • Crawford Joseph (Grantee) from Jesse Crawford Book ? 41
  • Crawford Joseph (grantee) from William Path Book D page 83
  • Crawford Edward (grantee) from John McDonald Book D page 110

Image 147

  • Crawford John Sen (grantor) to Simon Hinels Book D page 319

Image 153

  • Crawford Alexander Administrator (grantor) to Oliver P H Harris Book M page 252

Image 155

  • Crawford Alexander (grantee) from Madison Richardson Book P page 160

Image 156

  • Crawford A (grantee) from Thomas Maxwell Book P page 227

I found quite a few Crawford deeds prior to 1865. Now my task is to figure out whether any of them are related to each other or to my Kentucky Crawfords.