Same?

In all of your genealogy research, have you ever run into a family where you think two of the children are the same person but you just can’t find the proof? That’s where I am with the family of Alzeda Hutchinson and her husband, William Frank (or Frank William) Ferguson. I have two potential daughters: Laveda and Mary Emma that may be the same person.

The 1920 census shows William F Furgurson as a 28 year old head of the household in Washington township, Buchanan County, Missouri. William Furgurson was employed as a laborer in the hide house. According to this census record, the family included

  • Wife, Sadie aged 28
  • Daughter, Lavada aged 9
  • Daughter Blanch aged 6
  • Daughter Ruth aged 3
  • Twin Daughter May aged 1 8/12
  • Twin son Ray aged 1 8/12

In 1930, there is a Frank Furgison living in Marion township, Doniphan County, Kansas. (Doniphan county, Kansas is across the Missouri River from Buchanan County, Missouri.) Frank was listed as a 38 year old laborer for a fruit farm. The family in this 1930 census record included

  • Wife, Sadie, aged 38
  • Daughter, Ruth aged 14
  • Son, Ray F aged 11
  • Son, Charles aged 6
  • Son, William, aged 4

In 1940, a Frank Ferguson was listed as a 48 year old head of household. He was employed as a hide handler by hide brokers. The family in this 1940 census record included:

  • Wife, Zady J aged 48
  • Son, Charles A aged 16
  • Son, William I aged 14
  • Son, Archie H aged 6

IF all three of these census records are for the same family, then the family would include the following children with birth years estimated from the census records:

  • Lavada, born about 1911
  • Blanche, born about 1912
  • Ruth, born about 1916
  • May, born about 1918
  • Ray born about 1918
  • Charles, born about 1924
  • William I, born about 1926
  • Archie H, born about 1934

The fact that May was listed on the 1920 census as a toddler twin but missing from the 1930 census led me to look for her death. There is a Missouri death certificate for Ella May Ferguson with parents of Frank Ferguson and Elzada Hutchinson. This record shows that Ella May died 2 Feb 1926 in Greene County, Missouri. Based on the census records, that left 7 children: 4 boys and 3 girls.

To help verify this family structure, I turned to obituaries. Since Ray (Frank Ray Ferguson) died in Germany during World War II, his obituary is the first one available.

Died in Germany
Private First Class Frank R Ferguson died in Germany July 4, according to word received by his wife, Mrs. Julia M. Ferguson, 6323 Sherman street. The 27 year old infantry man went overseas the first of March and served with the 99th division of the 3rd army. In addition to his wife, he is survived by three sons, Richard, Larry and Frank; his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ferguson of Parsons, Kan.; three brothers, Charles, William, and Archie and three sisters, Mrs. Mary Gualt, Mrs. Blanche Starks and Mrs. Ruth Fisher.

“Died in Germany,” St. Joseph News-Press (St. Joseph, Missouri), 3 August 1945, Page 8; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 24 September 2021).

Thus the six surviving children have been identified as

  • Charles
  • William
  • Archie
  • Mrs. Mary Gualt
  • Mrs. Blanche Starks
  • Mrs. Ruth Fisher

All of the names match up except for Mary. Mary is not listed on the census records. And, Lavada is mentioned on the census records but not named in this obiturary.

To keep track of which family members were mentioned in which records, I created a spreadsheet to track when each person was mentioned.

Vada Gault is mentioned in two later obituaries while Mary Gault is not. Mary Gault’s obituary in 1971 lists Blanche Burr, William and Archie as siblings. These three match up to the children of William Frank Ferguson and Alzeda Hutchinson that were still living in 1971.

Based on the current information I have for these individuals, I believe that Mary Emma Ferguson and Lavada Ferguson are the same person. However, I have not been able to locate any record that would support this conclusion. All I have are 2 obituaries that place Mary Emma Gault in the family and 2 other obituaries that place Veda Gault in the family.

So far, I haven’t found a family tree that merges Mary Emma Ferguson Gault and Lavada Ferguson Gault. I’m still looking for records that would help determine whether these are two separate individuals or the same person. But, my current theory is that they are the same individual.

Missing

As you look at your family pictures have you ever thought about who was missing from those photos? While working on a blog post about my great-grandparents, I added one of the only pictures I have of myself with a great grandparent.

Me, my grandmother Winnie Crawford and my great-grandmother, Josie Crawford

This picture is one of several taken during Christmas of 1953. While thinking about this picture, I remembered that I had pictures of myself and my mom or my dad from that same Christmas.

Me and my mom
1953 Christmas morning, me and my dad

In thinking about these pictures, I realized that this was the perfect opportunity for a four generation picture: me, my dad, my granddad and my great-grandmother. However, none of the pictures from this Christmas included my grandfather.

Thus, I started wondering why. My grandfather worked for the Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe railroad. Since the trains don’t stop for Christmas, he easily may have been working.

Unfortunately, there isn’t anyone living whom I can ask about whether my grandfather worked on holidays. His absence from these photos is the only clue that his job may have taken him away from family gatherings.

What about you? Do you have times when family members are missing from photos? If possible, take the time to ask other family members about these pictures and those missing from the photos. It may just open a door to additional family history.

Harding Puzzle Piece

Have you ever thought that your efforts researching your family history were similar to putting together a jigsaw puzzle? When I started my genealogy research, I was working with the family stories and documents that my grandmothers provided. Gathering that information and piecing it together was like putting together the border of a puzzle.

As I began to gather information from other sources, it was like turning pieces colored side up. As I evaluated that information, I was able to begin putting the pieces together into family groups. Sometimes, I found that it takes negative evidence, or pieces that just don’t seem to fit, to help put that family together.

When trying to figure out who Julia Harding Hutchinson’s mother was the clues from ‘negative evidence’ were very helpful. The 1887 will for Eliza Harding was one of those pieces of evidence.

#1472

Will of Eliza Harding, Deceased
In the name of God amen.
I Eliza Harding of the Township of Mt Vernon in
Black Hawk County State of Iowa being of sound mind
and memory to make publish and declare this my
last will & testament in manner following, viz
First, I give and bequeath to my son A. H. Ponsford
the farm in said Mt Vernon Township now occupied by
me and known as the homestead and containing eighty
acres to be held used and enjoyed b him to & for his
sole and exclusive use and benefit forever subject
however to be payment of the charges hereinafter men-
tioned and which are t be & remain a charge on said
land until the same are removed by full payment & sat
isfaction
Second I give and bequeath to my daughter Hattie
C. Harding the sum of two hundred dollars to be paid to
her by my said son A. H. Ponsford within four years after
my decease and I do further direct that my said
daughter shall have the right to retain her home on
the first above mentioned home farmso long as she shall
desire a home or until she shall have acquired a house
of her own or shall have married.
Third, I give & Bequeath to my daughter Minnie T. Harding
the sum of Two hundred dollars to be paid to her by the
said A. H. Ponsford in manner and form as is provided
in the last foregoing provision and I do also direct
that she shall have the right of keeping and maintain
ing a home on said home farm so long as she may
desire or shall need such home.
Fourth – I give and bequeath to my won Walter
Ponsford the sum of twenty five dollars to be paid
to him by the said A. H. Ponsford in manner & form so
as is provided in the last foregoing provision

Fifth I give and bequeath to my son Joseph
Ponsford the sum of Twenty Five Dollars to be paid
to him by the sad A. H. Ponsford in manner & form
as is provided in the last forgoing provision

Sixth – I direct that the personal property of
which I may be possessed at the time of my decease
shall be held & received by my children and shall

page 251
be by their divided & distributed among them as they
may decree best
Seventh – I give and bequeath to my daughter
Rachel Stickney of Cedar Falls Iowa the sum of
twenty dollars to be paid to her by the said A. H. Ponsford
in manner as is mentioned in the two last foregoing
provisions (the 4th & 5th)
Eighth – I give and bequeath to my daughter
Sarah the sum of five dollars to be paid to her
in the manner & form as provided in the last
foregoing provision.
Ninth – I name nominate & appoint my said
son A. H. Ponsford executor of this my last will &
Testament hereby revoking any all former or other
wills by me made. In witness whereof I have
hereunto set my hand this 18th day of April AD 1887
Eliza Harding

We whose names are hereunto subscribed as witnesses
do hereby certify that the foregoing instrument consist
ing of three pages was on the day of the date thereof
signed and declared by the said Eliza Harding to be
her last will & Testament in the presence of us who
at her request and in her presence & in the presence
of each other have hereunto subscribed our names
as witnesses.
William Evverts
S H. Packard

State of Iowa
Black Hawk County
I A. J. Edwards Clerk of the
District Court of the State of Iow in and for said Black hawk
County do hereby certify that the foregoing Will of Eliza Harding
deceased was on the 26th day of September 1887 duly proved
and admitted to probate and record in said District
Court in accordance with law.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set
my hand and affixed the seal of said Court at my
office in Waterloo in said County on this 26th day of
September AD 1887
A J Edwards
Clerk District Court Black Hawk Co Iowa

Iowa, Wills and Probate Records, 1758-1997, Eliza Harding, 18 April 1887; database with images, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 14 September 2021). Original Source: Iowa, County, District and Probate Courts.

Eliza’s will appears to name her children:

  • A. H. Ponsford
  • Hattie Harding
  • Minnie Harding
  • Walter Ponsford
  • Joseph Ponsford
  • Rachel Stickney
  • Sarah

While this will appears to list the children of Eliza Harding, my ancestor, Julia Harding, is visibly absent from this will. Also missing from this will are the siblings of Julia identified in other records: Caroline, Abel, Thomas, Abigail, Isabella and William Henry. In 1887, Julia and her siblings were married and scattered between Bremer County, Iowa, and Richardson county Nebraska.

While this will would suggest that these are two separate Harding families, the 1860 census record for the Wm G Harding household in Mount Vernon Township, Black Hawk County, Iowa is one puzzle piece tying the families together. The Wm G Harding household in 1860 included the following people:

  • Wm G Harding, age 54 and born in New Brunswick
  • Elizabeth Harding, age 38 and born in Scotland
  • Thomas Harding, age 21 and born in New Brunswick
  • Joseph Ponsford, age 19 and born in New Brunswick
  • Rachel Ponsford, age 16 and born in New Brunswick
  • Henry Harding, age 14 and born in New Brunswick
  • Walter Ponsford, age 13 and born in New Brunswick
  • Alexander H Ponsford, age 10 and born in New Brunswick
  • Hattie Harding, age 3 and born in Wisconsin
1860 U.S. Census, Black Hawk County, Iowa, population schedule, Mt. Vernon Township, Black Hawk County, Iowa, page 118 Image 7 of 10, household 54, Wm G. Harding; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2016); NARA microfilm publication M653

This 1860 census record appears to combine most of Eliza’s children and some of Julia’s siblings in the household of Wm G Harding. Using a birth place of New Brunswick as a clue, the Harding family was found on the 1851 census living in Westfeld, Kings County, New Brunswick.

  • William G Harding – male – widowed – age 47 – native – farmer
  • Caroline Harding – f – single – age 20 – native
  • Abel Harding – M – single – age 18 – native
  • Thomas Harding – M – single – age 16 – native
  • Abigail Harding – F – single – age 14 – native
  • Julia Harding – F – single – age 11 – native
  • Isabella Harding – F – single – age 9 – native
  • Henry Harding – male – single – age 5 – native
1851 Canadian Census, Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada, Canadian census, Westfield, Kings County, New Brunswich, 1851, William Harding; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Nova Scotia Archives and Record Management

This 1851 census record lists Julia and her siblings in the household of William G. Harding. Eliza Harding is not listed on this record. Nor are any of the Ponsford children. Also absent from this record is a potential mother for the Harding children.

These two pieces of negative evidence, Eliza’s will which does not mention Julia and the 1851 New Brunswick census which does list Julia but does not list Eliza, are the basis for my current conclusion that Eliza is not the mother of Julia Harding.

However, I need additional evidence.

  • Marriage record for William G. Harding and Eliza
  • Census record for Eliza and her Ponsford children in 1850 or 1851
  • Eliza’s marriage record to a Ponsford
  • Death and/or burial records for William Harding’s first wife
  • Death an/or burial records for the father of the Ponsford children

Unfortunately, my puzzle will not be complete until I locate these hidden pieces of the puzzle.

Misdirected

Do you ever go back thru your older research? If so, have you ever unearthed the possibility that you connected the wrong spouse? I think that I am uncovering such a mistake in my Hutchinson research.

I had William Henry Hutchinson’s daughter Ella May connected as Etta May to the family of Arthur Richard Worley. I’m not sure why I went down this path. In looking at the sources I had, the obituary for Mrs. May Worley seemed to support such a connection. This obituary was published in the St. Joseph News-Press (St. Joseph, Missouri) in March 1966 and listed Mrs. Fred Ferguson as a sister. Since Alzeda Hutchinson, a sister to Ella May, was married to William Frank Ferguson, I must have assumed that Ella May and Etta May were the same person.

So today, when I was working to update the descendants of Albert Hutchinson (1838-1896), I was reviewing sources and following Ancestry hints for Ella May. That’s when I ran into a red flag. The source that caused me to STOP and re-evaluate everything was a public member tree containing the wife of Arthur Richard Worley. This tree had Etta May’s maiden name as Posten and not Hutchinson.

Thanks to this small hint, I started looking at the sources I had for Ella (Etta) May Hutchinson to prove or disprove that she was married to Arthur Richard Worley.

One of those sources was an obituary for Ruth Pearl Presnell in the 3 July 1930 issue of the St. Joseph News-Press. Unfortunately, this obituary was not easily transcribed.

Presnell — Ruth Pearl, aged 33 years passed away at 4:30 a.m. Wednesd[ay] at a local hosptial. Mrs. Presnell is s[ur]vived by husband, R. D. Presnell 2[??] S. 13th; four children, Nina, Marvin, M[ar]tha, Sarah; parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. [?] Hutchinson, Springfield, Mo.; three bro[th]ers, Thomas, St. Joseph; William, Tan[ey] County, Mo., Roy, Springfield, Mo; th[ree] sisters, Alzada Ferguson, Wathena, Ka[?} Janey Guthrey, Galesbury, Ill. and [?} Worley, Taney County, Mo. Remains at Fleeman Funeral Home where servi[ces] will be conducted at 4 p.m. Thursd[ay] Burial Ashland Cemetery.

“Presnell,” St. Joseph News-Press (St. Joseph, Missouri), 3 July 1930, page 10; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 12 January 2020).

Hoping to find a better obituary, I searched Newspapers.com and found one in the St. Joseph Gazette.

Mrs. Ruth Pearl Presnell, 33, Dies in Hospital Here

Mrs. Ruth Pearl Presnell, thirty-three years old, wife of R. D. Presnell, 2531 South Thirteenth street died Wednesday morning at a local hospital. Besides her husband, she is survived by four children, Nina, Marvin, Martha and Sarah Presnell; her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Hutchinson, Springfield, Mo.; three brothers, Thomas Hutchinson, St. Joseph; William Hutchinson, taney County, Mo., and Roy Hutchinson, Springfield; and three sisters, Mrs. Alzada Ferguson, Wathena, Kan., Mrs. Janey Guthrie, Galesburg, Ill., and Mrs. May Worley, Taney County. The body is at Fleeman’s mortuary.

“Mrs. Ruth Pearl Presnell, 33, Dies in Hospital Here,” St. Joseph Gazette (St. Joseph, Missouri), 3 July 1930, page 3; Digitized images, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online 23 September 2021).

These obituaries fit everything else I know about the family of William Henry Hutchinson. They place Etta May Hutchinson Worley in Taney county Missouri in 1930. A search of the 1930 census for Taney county, Missouri reveals a May L. Worley in the household of Earl Worley. This couple is living in Buchanan County, Missouri in 1940.

At this point, I don’t have any information for Earl Worley and his wife after 1940. However, I think I’ve found sufficient information to disconnect Ella May Hutchinson from Arthur Richard Worley and his children.

Thus, I am thankful for the hint from the public member tree that caused me to review the family structure and sources for Ella May Hutchinson.

Ancestral Photos

Are you ever challenged to look at your genealogical data from a different viewpoint? For me, participating in Randy Seaver’s “Saturday Night Genealogy Fun” blogging prompts is that challenge. Each week he posts an assignment or challenge.

This week’s assignment:

Here is your assignment if you choose to play along (cue the Mission Impossible music):
1)  How many ancestors do you have photographs of?  What is your oldest ancestor photo (the year it was taken)?

To figure out the answer to this challenge, I decided to ‘print’ a pedigree chart for each of my grandparents. I configured these charts to display the primary photos I have assigned to each person.

Leon Crawford – 8 Pictures
Winnie Letha Currey Crawford – 3 Pictures
Edward Osmund Briles – 5 Pictures
Pauline Edith Mentzer Briles – 5 Pictures

Thus, I have pictures for 21 of my ancestors. The oldest pictures are for Nelson Crawford and Zebulon Foster. Both of these pictures are photocopies from a Warren County Indiana book.

Completing this task has also reminded me to keep on the lookout for other pictures of my ancestors.

RM8 Citation Names

Do you have a particular way you name images and other files saved while doing your genealogy research? Or, do you let the program create the name?

Now as I’m moving to RootsMagic 8, I’m faced with the need to decide how I’m going to answer that question in regards to naming my citations. Having worked with the preview version of RM8, I was aware of the need for a citation name. I was also aware that the importing of my data would automatically create a citation name for my existing citations. These imported names are based on the ‘Source Details’ in the RM7 source.

So, some of my sources imported with these weird citation names, many starting with “viewed online”.

Find a Grave Citations – RM8

Since playing around in the preview version, I’ve been thinking about these citation names. I know that I won’t be going back thru my existing citations to rename them.

So, I started looking at various types of sources to see what would happen if I let the program generate the citation name.

Deed Citations – RM 8
Pension Citations – RM 8
Census Citations – RM 8

I found that most of my citations have the person’s name included in the citation name. The one exception that I found to that was my newspaper citations. Since these use the article title to build the citation name, they often don’t include the person’s name.

Newspaper Citations – RM 8

Since I can easily find out who the citation is attached to, I’m not sure that this is an issue.

Based on this brief study of the citation names in my file, I’m going to give control to the software and let it continue generating the citation names.

RM8 WebSearch

When transitioning to new version of software, do you ever discover a feature or tool that you didn’t realize was available in the older version? That’s me when it comes to the WebSearch feature. Now, that I’ve discovered it, I want to figure out how to put this tool to work for me.

There are at least two ways to access this tool. The first is via the Command Palette.

The second is via the WebSearch icon on the Search screen.

When WebSearch is opened, the list of individuals in the file is on the bottom half of the column with options, including a choice of search providers, at the top.

Typing in the name of an individual will narrow the list.

Clicking on a name (to highlight them) and then clicking on FIND button, will search the chosen provider and show results in the RM window. There is an option to show the results in a browser if desired.

RootsMagic has built in many of the major research sites including

  • Ancestry
  • FamilySearch
  • Find a Grave
  • Find My Past
  • Fold3
  • Genealogy Bank
  • Google
  • Bing
  • MyHeritage
  • Yahoo!

I can add additional sites to the list by clicking on Edit providers.

This opens a window to remove a standard provider or to add a custom search provider. Clicking the ADD button opens a window with instructions.

So, to add a site like Newspapers.com, I typed the following in the search bar: John Doe (1700-1800)

When the search completed, I located the URL in the top of my browser window.

I copied that URL into the box for the Search Results URL and put Newspapers.com in the Provider name box.

That added Newspapers.com to my list of providers. When I tried to search Newspapers.com, it did not work. I’m assuming that is because RootsMagic does not know my user ID and password for the site.

When I put a CHECK in the box for External Browser and re-ran the search, a new tab opened in my browser searching Newspapers.com for the selected individual.

Not only can I add another genealogy site, I can add specific databases. For example, I use the Kansas census records a lot. Those census records are in the Ancestry database, Kansas, U.S., State Census Collection, 1855-1925. So, I followed the same procedure, except that I had to put the name and birth year in the respective boxes.

Even though I didn’t have a ‘death’ date, the search of the database worked. I was able to show the results in the RM screen and in my browser.

So, what about you? Do you have favorite sites or databases that you regularly use? If so, you may find this tool very useful.

Esther Stella Crawford

Esther Stella Crawford1 was born on 6 Feb 1905 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.28

She was the child of Judson Foster Crawford and Josie Winifred Hammond.2

She lived in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 1 Jul 1905.9 Esther Crawford was listed in the household of J. F. Crawford as “Baby Crawford”, a three month old female.

Esther lived at 2nd Ward in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 28 Apr 1910.10 Esther Crawford was listed on the 1910 census as the daughter of J. F. Crawford. According to the census, Esther was 5 years old and born in Kansas.

She lived in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 1 Jul 1915.11 Ester Crawford was listed in the household of J. F. Crawford as a 9 year old female.

She lived at Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States on 12 Jan 1920.12 Esther Crawford was listed on the 1920 census as the daughter of Judson F. Crawford. According to the census, Esther was 14 years old and born in Kansas.

In 1921, Esther was educated at Dodge City High School in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.13

In 1922, she was educated at Dodge City High School in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.14

In 1923, she was educated at Dodge City High School in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.15

In 1924, Esther was educated at Dodge City High School in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.16

She lived at 504 Ave G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1925.17 Ester Crawford was listed on the 1925 Kansas census in the household of J. F. Crawford. According to the census, Ester was 20 years old and born in Kansas.

In 1927, she was educated at Kansas State Teachers College in Emporia, Lyon, Kansas, United States.18

Esther accepted a position of operating nurse on 28 Jan 1929 in Fort Worth, Tarrant, Texas, United States.19

She lived in Fort Worth, Tarrant, Texas, United States on 8 Apr 1930.20 Esther Crawford was listed as a 25 year old roomer in the household of Mary Knode. According to the census, Esther was working as a nurse in the hospital.

On 30 Dec 1936, she lived in Tucson, Pima, Arizona, United States where she worked at Southern Methodist Hospital.2122

Esther enlisted in the U.S. Army on 1 Dec 1943.2324

She  served as a  between 1943 and 1945 .8,2529 Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps

She was discharged from the U.S. Army on 23 Dec 1945.2324

Esther lived at 808 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1953.30

She lived at 808 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1954.31

She lived at 808 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1956.32

Esther lived at 808 Avenue G in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States in 1957.33

She lived in Taos, Taos, New Mexico, United States in 1971.34

She lived 1914 Central Ave Apt 405 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States about 1980.3536

Esther died on 7 Jul 1987 at the age of 82 in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.4,78,3738

She was buried on 9 Jul 1987 at Maple Grove Cemetery in Dodge City, Ford, Kansas, United States.68,39

ENDNOTES:

        1. Josie Hammond Crawford entry, 2 Aug 1950 Last Will and Testament, ; , . Hereinafter cited as Last Will and Testament Josie Crawford.

        2. Crawford, Judson F., Judson F. Crawford Family Bible (n.p.: , n.d.); Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, KS, photocopy in Crawford.Washington.Notebook

        3. “Judson Foster Crawford”, Gladys Crawford, compiler, The Crawford Family (n.p., Gladys Crawford, n.d.), (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.047)

        4. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, “U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010,” database, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online July 2017), Estehr Noll.

        5. Social Security Administration, “U.S. Social Security Death Index,” database, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 7 December 2015), Esther Noll, 717-14-2160, before 1951.

        6. Find a Grave, database and images, Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com : viewed online August 2017), memorial for Esther Stella Crawford Noll (1905-1987), Find a Grave Memorial no. #110359985, created by Marcia Philbrick, citing Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by Bob Lawrence, Esther Stella Crawford Noll.

        7. Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Funeral ‘In Memory’ Esther S. Noll. saved by Marcia Philbrick from funeral.

        8. Obituary of Mrs. Carl F. Nolll, Dodge City Daily Globe (Dodge City, Kansas), , July 1987, page 2, (Crawford.Judson.Notebook).

        9. 1905 Kansas State Census, Ford County, Kansas, Kansas State Census, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 42 Image 83 of 178, household 291, J F Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        10. 1910 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kanass, ED 45, Sheet 3B Image 6 of 30, household 16, Crawford JF; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T624

        11. 1915 Kansas State Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 2 Image 73 of 279, household 9, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); Kansas State Historical Society

        12. 1920 U.S. Census, Ford County, Kansas, population schedule, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, ED 53, Sheet 7B Image 14 of 22, dwelling 161, Crawford Judson F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017); NARA microfilm publication T625

        13. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Dodge City High School, 1921; digital images, (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017).

        14. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Dodge City High School, 1922; .

        15. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Esther Crawford, 1923; .

        16. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Esther Crawford, 1924; .

        17. 1925 Kansas Census, Ford County Kansas, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas, page 14 Image 182 of 202, dwelling 3, Crawford J F; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017)

        18. United States, School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Kansas State Teachers College, 1927; .

        19. Dodge City Daily Globe, 28 Jan 1929, Page 3, (Doc. #: Crawford.KS.048).

        20. 1930 U.S. Census, Tarrant County, Texas, population schedule, Ft. Worth, Tarrant County, Texas, enumeration district (ED) ED 220-11, Sheet 21, line 13, Esther Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : viewed online 12 September 2021).

        21. Letter from Eugene, Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        22. Tucson City Directory 1936 (Tucson, AZ: Arizona DirectoryCo., 1936), page 197, Crawford; digital image, Ancestry.com, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online November 2017).

        23. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, “U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010,” database Esther Noll.

        24. Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. Army of the United States, Esther S. Crawford Separation Qualification Record. Image shared by Esther Benesch, niece of Esther Crawford.

        25. Military Identification, Esther S. Crawford, 2nd Lt; Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. War Department, the Adjutant General’s Office. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        26. Leave Record, Crawford, Esther N-789748; Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        27. Immunization Register, Crawford, Esther S. N789748; Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        28. Military Record and Report of Separation Certificate of Service, Esther S. Crawford N 789 748; Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. dated 31 Dec 1945. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        29. Army of the United States Certificate of Service, Esther S. Crawford N 789 748 1st Lieutenant 185th General Hospital; Crawford Family Papers; privately held by Marcia Philbrick, , Seneca, Kansas, 2016. passed down to Marcia Philbrick by Winnie Crawford.

        30. Kansas, City and County Census Records, 1919-1961, Esther Noll, 1953; database with images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online 12 September 2021). Original Source: Kansas State Board of Agriculture.

        31. Kansas, City and County Census Records, 1919-1961, Ester Noll, 1954; .

        32. Kansas, City and County Census Records, 1919-1961, Esther Noll, 1956; .

        33. Kansas, City and County Census Records, 1919-1961, Esther Noll, 1957; .

        34. “Horton,” El Paso Times (El Paso, Texas), 3 November 1971, page 19; digital image, Newspapers.com (www.newspapers.com : viewed online October 2019).

        35. “Voter Registration Lists, Public Record Filings, Historical Residential Records, and Other Household Database Listings”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : online 7 December 2015), Esther S. Noll; citing “U.S. Public Records Index, 1950-1993, Volume 2 (N.p.:n.p.n.d.).”

        36. Voter Registration Lists Public Record Filings, Historical Residential Records and other Household Database Listings, “U.S. Public Records Index, 1950-1993, Volume 2,” index, Ancestry, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed online September 2017), Esther S Noll.

        37. Social Security Administration, “U.S. Social Security Death Index”, database, Ancestry.com, Esther Noll, 717-14-2160, 1951.

        38. Ancestry Database, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012).

        39. BillionGraves, digital images of tombstone, BillionGraves (billiongraves.com : viewed online July 2017), memorial for Esther S Noll (1905-1987), BillionGraves created by mcphilbrick, citing Maple Grove Cemetery, Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas; accompanying photograph by mcphilbrick, Esther S. Noll.